DENSITY BASED TRAFFIC SIGNAL CONTROL WITH POWER SAVER STREET LIGHT

INTRODUCTION Normally, we will have the traffic signal lights programmed for a particular time intervals. But, here we will generate the traffic light signals based on the traffic, on the particular time. This type of traffic light signaling is now a day used in all the metropolitans. In present days power conservation or saving is one of the main issues of this country, there are lot of techniques employed to reduce the power consumption, and here we take example of street light management system and a small solution for way to reduce power consumption using present technologies.

DESCRIPTION

To monitor the density of the traffic, we will be keeping the few IR Sensors in the besides the road and depends upon the signals from the sensors the timing of the traffic signals will be changed. The sensors output is given to a comparator to digitize the output. Street light is a system which is used to manage the street light and also aim to save power from unnecessary usage. Initially all the street light’s are off from morning 6 AM to 6 PM. Then all street light is ON for period of 6PM to 10PM. After 10PM street lights will

be alternately switched ON and OFF for every 30 minutes up to 6AM. Because normally people are outside nearly up to 10PM after 10 PM to morning 6AM This is automated system which will automatically control the operation of street lights using LDR and timers; it will control the light ON and OFF sequences. Here we using microcontroller for controlling street light operation. The heart of the embedded system is the microcontroller. 8051 architecture based P89V51RD2 microcontroller from NxP is used to implement this project. Microcontroller acts as the heart of the project, which controls the whole system. It contains 1k RAM, 64k Flash, 3 Timers, 2 external interrupts, 1 UART, 32 GPIO’s, ISP programming support etc. KEIL IDE is used to program the microcontroller and the coding will be done using Embedded C.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

TRAFFIC DENSITY

STREET LIGHT

COMPONENTS USED
 Microcontroller - P89V51RD2

-Phillips

 IR sensors  Comparator  7 Segment display  LCD Display  LDR
 Red ,Green & white LEDs

SOFTWARES USED
 Keil – C compiler
 Orcad Capture

 Flash Magic

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