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Homework 5-Hometown

Homework 5-Hometown

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Published by: liyiqing on Mar 11, 2013
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The Shang Dynasty established Aodu or Bodu in Zhengzhou. This pre-historical city had been long lost even before the time of the First Emperor of China. Since 1950 archaeological finds in a walled city in Eastern Zhengzhou known have provided evidence of Neolithic Shang Dynasty settlements in the area. Outside this city, in addition to remains of large public buildings, a complex of small settlements has been discovered. The site is generally identified with the Shang capital of Ao. It is preserved in the Shang Dynasty Ruins monument in Guanchen District. The Shang, who continually moved their capital due to frequent natural disasters, left Ao at around 13th century BC. The site, nevertheless, remained occupied; Zhou (post1050 BC) tombs have also been

discovered. In 605 it was first called Zhengzhou — a name by which it has been known virtually ever since. The name Zhengzhou came from the Sui Dynasty (AD 581), even though it was located in Chenggao, another town. The government moved to the contemporary city during the Tang Dynasty. It achieved its greatest importance under the Sui (AD 581–618), Tang (618–907), and early Song (960–1127) dynasties, when it was the terminus of the New Bian Canal, which joined the Yellow River to the northwest. There, at a place called Heyin, a vast granary complex was established to supply the capitals at Luoyang and Chang’an to the west and the frontier armies to the north. In the Song period, however, the transfer of the capital eastward to Kaifeng robbed Zhengzhou of much of its importance. It was a capital during the five dynasties of Xia,

Shang, Guan, Zheng, and Han, and a prefecture during the eight dynasties of Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing.

ed around Shangcheng lu. The best known tourist attraction is the Shaolin Temple, which is more than 50 miles southwest of downtown Zhengzhou. The Shaolin Temple is not only known as one of China’s important Buddhist shrines, but also as the ancient center of Chinese Kung-fu. Zhengzhou’s most notable cultural institution is the Henan Museum, one of China’s most important museums which includes exhibits from prehistoric times, including dinosaur fossils, prehistoric human remains, up through the Modern Eras. Zhengzhou Zoo is located on Hua Yuan Lu. The newly built Zhengzhou Botanic Garden is at the western edge of Zhengzhou city.

Main Sights
As an ancient Chinese capital and a traditional trading center, Zhengzhou maintains abundant cultural heritage that reflects its glorious history as well as the culture of Henan Province. Zhengzhou Confucius Temple, initially built in the Eastern Han Dynasty 1,900 years ago, is one of the oldest Confucius Temples in China. Other important architectural heritage in the city includes the Remains of the Shang Dynasty, Town God Temple, and Erqi Memorial Tower. There are the remains of the Shang Dynasty capital city (3,600 years ago) in Zhengzhou’s east side locat-

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Henan Museum Shaolin Temple Remains of the Shang Dynasty Town God Temple Erqi Memorial Tower. Zhengzhou Confucius Temple The Song Mountain The Yellow River The birthplace of Huangdi Shaolin Monastery Henan Opera Zhongyuan Tower Zhengzhou Zoo Henan Foods

郑州 China Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou is the capital and largest city of Henan province in north-central China. A prefecture-level city, it also serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province, as well as a major transportation hub for Central China. The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River, and is one of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China. With 8,626,505 inhabitants according to the 2010 census and 3,980,250 in its built-up area, the city is one of the main built up areas of Henan region. Zhengzhou is now a rapidly growing city.

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