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success

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Innowacyjny Matura Success Testing and Evaluation Book zawiera: placement test, testy leksykalnogramatyczne (A/B), testy sprawnociowe (A/B), testy semestralne/roczne, zestawy do egzaminu ustnego, pe e testy maturalne, n propozycje prac pisemnych i projektw, propozycje dotyczce oceniania oraz Test Master CD-ROM umoliwiajcy dostosowanie testw i innych materia w do potrzeb i umiejtnoci uczniw.

Intermediate Students Book

Nowy, dynamiczny kurs dla szk ponadgimnazjalnych, ktry zapewnia udane lekcje, atmosfer sprzyjajc nauce oraz sukces na egzaminie maturalnym i po nim.
Otwarte spojrzenie na wiat, inspirujce tematy oraz informacje o krajach anglojzycznych (Culture Shocks) motywuj uczniw do nauki. Intensywny rozwj sprawnoci jzykowych , strategie uczenia si i strategie egzaminacyjne (Train Your Brain) przygotowuj uczniw do matury oraz bieg go pos giwania si jzykiem e u angielskim. Czytelne przedstawienie gramatyki pomaga uczniom zrozumie (Work it out) i przyswoi (Check it out) zasady gramatyczne oraz unikn b dw jzykowych (Mind the trap!). Nacisk na sownictwo i funkcje jzykowe umoliwia uczniom naturalne uycie jzyka angielskiego w sytuacjach ycia codziennego (Speak Out). Regularne powtrki materiau w podrczniku ( ink Back!, ink Forward to Matura)samoocena ucznia w zeszycie , wicze Activator oraz plany oceny semestralnej i rocznej w Testing and Evaluation Book pomagaj uczniom ledzi postpy w nauce, uwierzy we w sne moliwoci i przej a odpowiedzialno za nauk. CD-ROM oraz dodatkowe materiay uzupeniajce w Teachers Support Book oraz Testing and Evaluation Book oszczdzaj czas nauczyciela i urozmaicaj lekcje.

Maturzystom polecamy:

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Materia dost pne dla nauczycieli: y Testing and Evaluation Book plus Test Master CD-ROM Placement Test Program nauczania Plan wynikowy Rozkad materiau

Intermediate Students Book


Stuart McKinlay Bob Hastings
Monika Cichmin ska
ISBN 83-88291-79-3

Komponenty kursu:
www.longman.com.pl

Students Book plus CD-ROM Activator plus Audio CD Teachers Support Book Class Audio CDs / Cassettes

Konsultacja: Barbara Czarnecka-Cicha

success

Unit
1 Join the club

Page

Grammar

Vocabulary
Clubs, societies, organisations Phrasal verbs Relationships; Clothes and accessories; Adjectives describing clothes Computers and mobile phones Courtroom Crimes and justice; Criminals; Anti-social behaviour Gapped sentences p.29 Gapped sentences p.29 Character eatures; Personality adjectives with negative preixes Phrasal verbs: relationships Natural disasters Wordbuilding p.49 Wordbuilding p.49 Personality adjectives Similies; Synonyms; Animal categories School, work; Success and ailure Wordbuilding p.67 Wordbuilding p.67

Reading
Article: two gangs o young people Extracts rom an article Reading skills: Identiying speculation p.11 Article: portable phones ruealse p.14; atching p.18 ruealse p.14; atching p.18 ultiple choice p.19 Article: unusual punishment Article: laughter in court Newspaper report atching p.26; ruealse p.26 atching p.26; ruealse ruealse p.26 Article: male and emale brains ruealse p.35 Article: dangers acing the world Reading skills: Reading eectively p.44; atching p.44 eectively p.44; p.44; atching p.44 Article: a pets view o humans Article: the octopus Opinion essay: zoos in the modern world modern world ultiple choice p.53 ultiple choice p.53 Success story Extract rom a novel ruealse p.62 ruealse p.62

Listening
Interview: a person that belongs to a club Why young people join groups atching p.8 atching p.8 ultiple choice p.8 choice p.8 ruealse p.11 p.11 Internet; Learning to use computers ruealse p.16 ruealse p.16 atching p.17 Radio programme: a amous person commits a crime Siblings arguing about how girlsboys are treated dierently ruealse p.36 ruealse p.36 ilm script: a meteor hitting the Earth Young people at a party A girl is practicing giving a presentation ruealse p.42 ruealse p.42 Lecture: Arican elephants Listening skills: aking notes p.54; Listening or speciic p.54; Listening or speciic inormation p.54 Interview: a pop star How to be a success

Speaking
Why people belong to clubs Speak Out: Giving and justiying opinions justiying opinions opinions Giving opinions: paintball games, conlicts Relationships; Describing clothes Giving and justiying opinions p.9 Interviewing a partner Photo description; Speak Out: Giving instructions p.17 Giving instructions p.17 Giving instructions p.17 Giving instructions p.17 Photo description p.17 Photo description p.17 Photo description
Speak Out: Agreeing and disagreeing; Expressing opinions Agreeing and disagreeing p.31 Agreeing and disagreeing p.31 Photo description p.24 Speak Out: Asking or and sking or and reusing permission

Writing

67 Present Simple and Present Continuous 89 1011 1213 Relexive pronouns; each other; Order o adjectives Matura link ycie Verbs in brackets p.7 towarzyskie 2 Keeping up to date 1415 Present Perect Simple and Present Perect Continuous Present Perect Continuous 1617 1819 2021 Matura link Nauka i Verbs in brackets p.15 technika 2223 Think Forward To Matura Revision 1 | Units 12 3 An eye for an eye? 2425 Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perect 2627 2829 used towould 3031 Matura link Pastwo i Verbs in brackets p.25 Verbs in brackets p.25 spoeczestwo 4 S(he) 3233 odals o possibility, ability, prohibition and obligation 3435 3637 3839 Matura link Czowiek owiek 4041 Think Forward To Matura Revision 2 | Units 34 5 The world ahead 4243 uture predictions; Adverbs o probabilty 4445 4647 uture: plans, intentions, arrangements, timetables, decisions 4849 Matura link wiat Verbs in brackets p.47 Verbs in brackets p.47 przyrody 6 Amazing animals 5051 Zero, irst and Second Conditionals; If and When clauses; As soon as, provided that, as long as, unless 5253 5455 5657 Matura link wiat Verbs in brackets p.51 Verbs in brackets p.51 przyrody ransormations p.55 ransormations p.55 5859 Think Forward To Matura Revision 3 | Units 56 7 Success! 6061 hird Conditional 6263 6465 Wish, if only 6667 Matura link Szkoa, Verbs in brackets p.61 Verbs in brackets p.61 Praca ransormations p.66 ransormations p.66

Description o a person Description o a person p.13 Photo description p.13 Photo description p.13

Personal letter Writing skills: Personal letter letter

Photo description p.35 Photo description p.35 Permission p.36 Roleplay: negotiating p.37 Roleplay: negotiating negotiating p.37

or and against essay Writing skills: or and against essay p.39 p.39

Speak Out: Giving presentations

opic presentation p.48 opic presentation p.48


Speak Out: Expressing probability Expressing probability p.55 Discussing visual material p.56 Discussing visual material p.56

Opinion essay and or and against essay or and against essay Writing skills: Opinion essay p.57 Opinion essay p.57

Speak Out: Giving advice Giving advice p.66 Giving advice p.66

Application orm Application orm Application orm p.67 Application orm p.67

Unit
8 Taking a break Matura link Podrowanie 9 To err is human Matura link Szkoa, Praca 10 Mysteries Matura link Czowiek, owiek, owiek, Dom 11 Beauty and health

Page

Grammar
he Passive ultiple choice p.69 Think Forward To Matura Revision 4 | Units 78 Reported speech: statements, time expressions Reported speech: uestions and Reported speech: uestions and imperatives Sentence transormation p.79 odals or speculation; odal perects Think Forward To Matura Revision 5 | Units 910 Articles have something done Cloze p.97; ransormations p.100 Indirect uestions

Vocabulary
ravelling ypes o sports ravelling by plane; At the airport; Collocations Collocations Reporting verbs Work; Education Verbs or storytelling Adjectives describing places and atmosphere

Reading
Brochure: extraordinary hotels Website Description o Edinburgh Description o Edinburgh Gapped text p.71 atching p.71 atching p.71 Accident reports Article: stories o school leavers Seuencing p.80 Short story by Saki Story about rivals Gapped text (sentences) p.88 ruealseNo ino p.88 Article: beauty Dierent text types Dierent text types Reading skills: Identiying text types p.99 Identiying text text types p.99 atching p.99 atching p.99 p.99 Article: New Orleans ilm review ruealse p.106 Review o computer games Opinion article: why we play games atching p.116 ultiple choice p.117 Letters to the editor Matching p.124 ruealse p.125
CD 1.1

Listening
Adventure story Listening skills: Listening eectively p.72 eectively p.72 Interview: career guidance Interview: career guidance meeting atching p.78 V trailer Radio programme ruealse p.86 ruealse p.86 Seuencing p.90 ultiple choice p.90 Conversation; Radio programme Radio programme ruealseNo ino p.101 ruealseNo ino p.101 Conversation Conversation: understanding modern art; Intonation ; Intonation ultiple choice p.108 ruealse p.108 atching p.109 Radio ootball programme Radio interview Conversations: making and responding to oers ultiple choice p.121 ultiple choice p.121 Radio adverts Conversation

Speaking
Checking in or a light Speak Out: Interpreting statistics Roleplay: giving and getting Roleplay: giving and getting inormation pp.71 and 73 inormation pp.71 and 73 Discussing visual material p.74 opic presentation Photo description Photo description Career guidance interview Speak Out: Discussing visual materials Photo description p.82 Discussing visual material p.83 opic presentation Photo description Photo description Speculating, giving evidence opic presentation p.87; Photo description p.88; Speculating description p.88; Speculating and giving evidence p.90 evidence p.90 alking about appearance opic presentation opic presentation Photo description Speak Out: Describing appearance appearance opic presentation p.000 opic presentation p.000 Photo description p.000 Photo description p.000 Describing appearance p.000 Describing appearance p.000 Roleplay: visiting London Discussing visual material alking about modern art; Speak Out: Participating in conversations alking about ilms Roleplay: giving and getting inormation p.105; Discussing visual material p.106 visual material p.106 Discussing addiction to sports and games Presentation on pastimes alking about sports Speak Out: aking and responding to oers Photo description pp.116117 Photo description pp.116117 opic presentation p.119 opic presentation Speak Out: aking and responding to complaints Roleplay: negotiating opic presentation p.126 aking and responding to complaints p.127 Roleplay: negotiating p.127

Writing
Description o a place Writing skills: Description o a Description o a place p.75

6869 7071 7273 7475 7475 7677 7879 8081 8283 8283 8485 8687 8889 9091 9293 9495 9697 9899 9899 100101 102103 Matura link Czowiek, Zdrowie 12 Its show time 104105 106107 108109 110111 Matura link Kultura 112113 13 Sports and games 114115 116117 118119 120121 Matura link Sport, Zdrowie 14 Who cares? 122123 124125 126127
Matura link Zakupyu i usugi, ywienie

Report o a career Report o a career guidance interview guidance interview Report p.83 Description o a place Story; Punctuation Writing skills: Story p.93 Story p.93 Description o a Description o a place p.91 place p.91

Adjectives describing appearance Adjectives describing appearance Hair styles Appearance Entertainment Art, theatre and music Base and strong adjectives; ilms and V programmes; Words used in ilm reviews programmes; Words used in ilm reviews Sentence transformation p.105 Think Forward To Matura Revision 6 | Units 1112 Quantiiers: both, neither, either, all, none, most Sports and venues; Linking words he possessive Pastimes Sports; Collocations and phrasal verbs Sentence transformation p.115 Verb patterns ood Advertising Shopping

Description o a Description o a person ilm review

ilm review p.111

Opinion essay

Opinion essay p.121 Opinion essay p.121

128129 Collocations Verbs in brackets p.123 Transformation p.115 130131 Think Forward To Matura Revision 7 | Units 1314

Letter o complaint Writing skills: Letter o complaint p.129

Culture Shocks p.132139 Student Activities p.140 Irregular Verbs p.144 Pronunciation able inside back cover

exts recorded on Class CDCassette CD ROM exts recorded on CD RO

Join the club!


Read, listen and talk about clubs, societies, youth groups and lifestyles, clothes and accessories. Practise Present Simple and Present Continuous, reexive pronouns. Focus on describing appearance, identifying speculation, giving and justifying opinions. Write a simple description.

Join the club!

Work it out
4 Study the table. Then match sentences a-f with rules 1-6. a More and more marketing people are joining these days. b I usually only come here on Friday evenings. c My wife is shopping at the moment. d Every day this week were collecting money. e You seem terrified. f Even journalists join clubs. Present Simple and Present Continuous We use the Present Simple: to talk about habits and routines. 1 c to talk about facts and generalisations. 2 c with state verbs (believe, belong, know, like, prefer, remember, see, seem, want, understand) when we describe what is happening now. 3 c NOT you are seeming terried. We use the Present Continuous: to talk about actions happening now. 4 c to talk about temporary situations. 5 c to talk about changes. 6 c

Complete the text with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Then listen and check.
1.10

GRAMMAR AND SPEAKING


1 Work in pairs. Tell your partner about any organisations you belong to or which groups you would like to join and why. Use these ideas to help you. sports clubs/teams sports team supporters club a political party school societies the fan club of a group/singer a charity Internet groups/forums a scouting organisation 2
1.10

Listen and answer the questions.

Every year, during the football season, I 1 _________ (usually/spend) my Saturday afternoons at Dundee United games. There are also about twenty away games a year but luckily my friends and I all 2_________ (belong) to the official supporters club so we 3_________ (travel) to the matches on the clubs coach. It saves us a lot of money train tickets 4 _________ (get) so expensive nowadays! United are almost bottom of the league at the moment. These days we 5_________ (play) quite well at home but our away games 6 _________ (not go) so well. But the atmospheres always great and violence is a thing of the past. In fact, more and more families with young children 7 _________ (come) to the games now. I 8 _________ (always/feel) Im part of a great big happy family!

Who is Kay? What people belong to the club? 3


1 . 1 0 Read and listen to the interview again. In pairs, discuss why you think the interviewer doesnt belong in The Carshalton Club.

Kay Parkes

Kay Parkes

Kay Parkes

Kay Parkes Kay Parkes

So Lord Parkes, what kind of person joins the Carshalton club? Well, it helps if you have a moustache. Im joking, of course. We are all top professional people politicians, lawyers, even an ex-Prime Minister. Although more and more marketing people are joining these days. And what do you all do? Well, people usually come here to play bridge or enjoy the food. Others come here to relax. Like Sir James over there. I usually only come here on Friday evenings. And Tuesday lunchtimes? Well, my wife is shopping at the moment so I decided to drop in. Anyway, the Carshalton also has a serious side. We do a lot of work for charity. For example, every day this week were collecting money to renovate the bar in the Royal Opera House. I see. Finally, can I join your club? Lord Parkes ... you seem terrified! But, but, you dont understand, the thing is youre A journalist? Even journalists join clubs, Lord Parkes. Were professionals too No, that isnt such a big problem. Its just that youre not one of us. Youre

Mind the trap!


Adverbs of frequency normally come before the main verb with Simple tenses. They usually have long hair. I occasionally argue with my parents. They come after the verb to be and other auxillary verbs (do, does, have etc). He is often late for school. She doesnt usually phone during the day. 5 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. 1 The number of people who take part in Internet discussion forums _________ (grow) very quickly now. 2 Shes got a part-time job for the summer she _________ (work) as a waitress. 3 My friend Mark is in the Scouts. He _________ (often/go) camping at the weekend. 4 I _________ (never see) Hannah any more she _________ (study) for her exams these days. 5 Most of the kids in my class _________ (usually/listen) to soul and hip hop. 6 _________ (you/still/belong?) that Judo club? 7 Shes not here at the moment - she _________ (visit) a friend. Can I take a message? 7 Work in pairs. Choose a club from Exercise 1. Why do you think people join this club? Choose 5 of these ideas and compare your answers with another pair. find an alternative family have fun learn new skills have a strong identity help your career help other people feel special or different feel safe/stronger escape from everyday life make new friends find people similar to you be fashionable

8 Work in pairs. Think of a group of people your own age that you spend a lot of time with and answer the questions. Then tell your partner. How do you usually spend your time together? Is anything interesting happening or changing in your group at the moment?

Join the club!

6 Study Speak Out. Then complete the table with the phrases you chose in Exercise 4.

SPEAK OUT | Giving and justifying opinions


Giving opinions In my opinion If you ask me To be honest Justifying opinions Everybody knows that The reason why is I mean

_________ _________ _________ _________

_________ _________ _________

Mind the trap!


We only use frankly (speaking) to give an opinion which we think is controversial or unpopular. Frankly, this lesson is a waste of time! Personally/To be honest, I love chocolate milkshakes! NOT Frankly 4 Read the questions. Then listen again and circle the correct answers.
1.10

1 Jane Webb is an expert on a sociology. b psychology. c student unions. 2 According to Jane Webb, when young people reach their teens a they look for new role models in their lives. b they accept the values of the adult world. c their parents and older brothers and sisters are against them. 3 Mark Mondale believes that a teenagers are the same as sixty years ago. b business makes a lot of money from every new fashion. c teenagers look for answers from people their own age. 4 Matt Hodges thinks that a when young people become friends they start listening to the same kind of music. b music is the reason that many people become friends. c young people have fun with one group of people and look for help from another. 5 Both Dr Webb and Dr Mondale think that a Matts answer proves their theories. b young people cant think for themselves. c psychology doesnt give easy answers for how teenagers behave. 6 The radio programme is a a phone-in. b a documentary. c a studio discussion.
1

1 . 1 0 Complete the conversation with expressions from Speak Out. Then listen and check.

Listen to the extracts. Underline the words/ phrases the speakers use to give their opinion. Circle the phrases when they start to explain or justify their opinion.
1.10

SPEAKING AND LISTENING


1 In pairs, look at the photos and answer the questions. Were/are any of the fashions above popular in your country. Does the music you like influence the clothes you wear or your hairstyle? Why?/Why not? 2 Check you understand these words. Use a dictionary to help you. (anti)commercial role model peer acceptance fashion youth (adj) 3
1.10

It seems to me that its all a natural part of becoming an adult. The thing is, when young people are in their teens, they start to question the values and lifestyles of the adult world they see around them.
2

Kat Did you hear that discussion programme on Thames Radio last night? About why young people belong to different groups? Jay Yes, I did. 1_________, I thought it was pretty awful. 2_________, the presenter couldnt even control the guests! Kat 3_________, I found those two academics , really irritating. 4_________ making generalisations about young people is so unhelpful. Jay Im glad that young guy mentioned music though. 5_________, thats the most , important thing. 8 Work in pairs. Give your opinions on the topics below and justify them. Use Speak Out to help you. 1 Are friends more important than family for most young people? 2 Is it a waste of time and money to be fashionable? 3 Do peoples tastes in music have the most influence on how they look and behave? 4 Is it useful to make generalisations about young people?

As far as Im concerned becoming a Goth or a skater has absolutely nothing to do with looking for role models. Look at young people sixty years ago they looked and behaved like younger versions of their parents

Listen and match speakers 1-3 with opinions a-c.

1 Jane Webb c 2 Mark Mondale c 3 Matt Hodges c a Money and business is behind fashion and lifestyles. b Gangs are a way to share music, have fun and find acceptance. c Young people look for values and acceptance from people the same age.

Frankly, its all about money. If you think about it, every new youth fashion makes millions of dollars.
4

Personally, I believe its all about music. Im into nu-metal, my favourite band is BioToxine.

Off the streets | leadstory

Join the club!

Off the streets


Dan: I almost didnt come this morning but my friends persuaded me. There was a lot of aggression to begin with but everyone calmed down in the end. I bumped into an old friend from primary school who I hadnt spoken to for years but he seems just the same as ever - in fact I got on with him really well. The atmosphere in town is probably a lot better now. Its a typical Saturday afternoon on Cathedral Square in Peterborough, in the east of England. Two noisy gangs of young people are sitting in the centre of the square. One group are wearing tracksuits and baseball caps and brand-new white trainers. A lot of them are wearing jewellery like gold chains and earrings. Theyre the Chavs. Opposite them are the Goths. Theyre wearing black Doctor Marten boots, long black coats and black T-shirts with the names of their favourite bands on them. Some of them are wearing lipstick and eye-liner and a few of them have piercings. Nervous shoppers hurry past them, trying not to make eye contact. It seems to be quiet but you feel that at any moment a fight could start. The police say these young people are probably harmless perhaps they just hang around the square because theres nothing better to do. But older people say they are tired of putting up with the noise and litter. These kinds of problems certainly arent unique to Peterborough. But after trying several different methods, Peterborough City Council has a radical plan to change things. The councils controversial plan to bring peace to the city starts on a Tuesday morning during the half-term holiday. A group of fourteen Chavs and Goths of both sexes are travelling by bus to a secret location in the countryside, ten miles out of town. There are more Chavs than Goths maybe its hard for some Goths to get up in the mornings! When they finally arrive, supervisors ask them to put on camouflage clothing. And then the two gangs spend the rest of the morning pretending to shoot at each other. Dont worry the guns are not real (they fire plastic balls filled with paint) and its all for fun. But isnt it dangerous to fight aggression with aggression? Is a game of paintball really the best way to bring young people together? Steve Mayes, the organiser of the event, feels that it is. He thinks these controversial games give the two groups something to do and can start them talking. It gets rid of a lot of energy too its much better than playing games on playstations and Xboxes, he says. Meanwhile, the Chavs and Goths are fooling around: theres a lot of shouting and laughter and everyone appears to be having fun. At the end of the day Steve Mayes believes the event was a success - the two groups are already talking to each other. Its like football, says Denise, another organiser. You choose which team you belong to. But at the end of the day, Chavs and Goths are the same sort of people.

READING AND VOCABULARY


1 In pairs, look at the pictures and the title of the article. What do you think it is about? Then quickly read the text and check your predictions. 2 Read the text again. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)? 1 T 2 T k q 3 T k 4 w 5 O k 6 A G 3 Look at this sentence from the text and answer the questions. It seems to be quiet but you feel that at any moment a fight could start. 1 W ? a A w b w / w 2 W w w Q 1? 4 Find and underline the words which suggest that these sentences are speculation. 1 T 3 M w 4 M G 5 E 5 Study Train Your Brain and check your answers to Exercise 4.
c c c c c c

 Read Dans impressions of the day again. Underline the statements which are speculation. Use Train Your Brain to help you.  Vocabulary Find phrasal verbs 16 in the text and match them with meanings af. f. f. 1 c 2 w c 3 c 4 w c 5 w c 6 c

a q b w c d w e w w f w 8 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a phrasal verb from Exercise 7. 1 I _________ ! 2 Y I kw w _________ 3 T k w _________ w 4 G w! I _________ M k H w! 5 T w _________ 6 T _________ k  Work in pairs and answer the questions. 1 D k ? 2 wk w ? G Speak Out 9 3 W w w ? G w w w k

TRAIN YOUR BRAIN | Reading skills


Identifying speculation Writers often use speculation when they dont know all the facts. To identify speculation: 1 Read statements carefully and try to decide if it is a definite fact or an impression/guess. 2 Look out for typical words or phrases which suggest a statement is an impression/guess. Words often used for speculation Modal verbs could, might Other verbs seem, appear, look, think, feel, believe Adverbs possibly, probably, maybe, perhaps

10

11

One of the gang?

C I think its really important to belong to a gang. I hang around with other people from the estate. Were all into different clothes and music but we all grew up together and thats really important. We spend a lot of time on the phone to each other and help each other with our problems.

Join the club!

VOCABULARY AND WRITING


1 Think Back! Work in pairs. Put each word into the correct group. Then add as many other words as you can think of in three minutes. (gold) chain boots eyeliner sweater trainers coat earrings lipstick tracksuits T-shirt clothes make up footwear jewellery

4 Work in pairs and follow the instructions. Look at the photos of the Chavs and Goths on page 10 and choose one person. Describe what he/she is wearing. Try and guess who your partner is describing. 5 Choose a fashion or style that is popular with a group of people in your country. Write a description of about 200-250 words. Paragraph 1 Mention the clothes, accessories and make-up they usually wear. Paragraph 2 Mention the kind of music they listen to. Paragraph 3 Mention how they typically spend their free time.

B I think gangs are pathetic. People in gangs think theyre better than anyone whos different to them they take themselves so seriously. I prefer to decide what music I buy and what I wear myself. I dont want to be just one of the crowd. A I met my friends at college so they all live in different parts of town but we have one thing in common were all crazy about nu-metal. In fact, were teaching ourselves to play the guitar. We always really enjoy ourselves when we meet up at weekends.

2 Look at the texts below and complete the table for the nouns in bold. Describing clothes order of adjectives opinion size/ colour/ length shade trendy long style/cut material baggy baggy (compound) preposition + noun noun phrase top combat trousers with a hood

Mind the Trap!


We dont normally use reexive pronouns with these verbs: wash, dress, shave, brush. I shave before I have a shower. NOT I shave myself. 5 Complete the sentences with the correct reflexive pronoun. Tick the sentences in which the pronoun means independently.
c c c

GRAMMAR AND READING


1 Quickly read texts AC and answer the questions.
1.10

3 Put the adjectives in the correct order. Use the table in Exercise 2 to help you. striped/a(n)/old-fashioned/cotton silk/large/a/blue black/leather/tight nylon/cheap/white/a cotton/beige/baggy red/bright horrible/grey/woollen long/with a band logo on it/a /a ripped/with a patch/denim shirt blouse trousers tracksuit shorts lipstick socks T-shirt jeans

Which person 1 doesnt belong to a gang? 2 has known the people in his/her gang since childhood? 3 has similar interests to other people in his/her gang?

Work it out
2 Look at texts A and B and complete the table. Reexive Pronouns 1st person Singular _______ Plural _______ 2nd person yourself yourselves 3rd person himself herself _______

1 You shouldnt blame _________ for not passing the exam. It was very hard. 2 Mikes working part-time. He has to pay for his studies _________. . 3 Be careful with that knife you dont want to cut _________! ! 4 I grew these tomatoes _________. . 5 Nobody helped us so we had to do it _________. . 6 Please behave _________. Youre both . being very naughty. 6 Complete the sentences with the correct reflexive pronoun or each other.

c c c c c c

FASHION TRENDS

3 Look at the sentences and answer the questions. 1 We always enjoy ourselves when we meet. 2 I decide what clothes I wear myself. In which sentence does the reflexive pronoun mean without any help/independently? Where does the reflexive pronoun go in the sentence when it has this meaning? 4 Look at the sentence and decide what the context is. We make fun of each other a lot. a I laugh at myself and my friend laughs at herself. b I laugh at my friend and she laughs at me.

1 Richard and Kate are the perfect couple. They really love _________. . 2 Toms vain. Hes really in love with _________. . 3 Although they both live in Spain, they speak to _________ in French. 4 Shes weird shes always talking to _________. . 5 Everyone in our gang really gets on with _________. . 7 Write sentences about your relationships with your friends. Use reflexive pronouns or each other and the verbs below. Use the texts in Exercise 1 to help you. argue with get on with understand text believe in help make fun of enjoy phone My friends and I spend a lot of time together and text each other in the evenings. We often meet on Saturday afternoons and we always enjoy ourselves

WHATS NEW ON THE HIGH STREET


Callum is wearing a trendy baggy top with a hood, a brown cap, long baggy combat trousers, a chain and trainers. Hes also wearing a charity bracelet. Hannah is wearing a stylish cotton T-shirt with a design, a short denim jacket, blue cropped jeans, a studded belt and long leather boots. Shes wearing eyeliner and mascara.

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Tapescript
Grammar and Speaking, Exercise 2 Kay Parkes So Lord Parkes, what kind of person joins the Carshalton club? Well, it helps if you have a moustache. Im joking, of course. We are all top professional people politicians, lawyers, even an exPrime Minister. Although more and more marketing people are joining these days. And what do you all do? Well, people usually come here to play bridge or enjoy the food. Others come here to relax. Like Sir James over there. I usually only come here on Friday evenings. And Tuesday lunchtimes? Well, my wife is shopping at the moment so I decided to drop in. Anyway, the Carshalton also has a serious side. We do a lot of work for charity. For example, every day this week were collecting money to renovate the bar in the Royal Opera House. I see. Finally, can I join your club? Lord Parkes ... you seem terrified! But, but, you dont understand, the thing is youre A journalist? Even journalists join clubs, Lord Parkes. Were professionals too No, that isnt such a big problem. Its just that youre just not one of us. Youre

Kay Parkes

Kay Parkes

Kay Parkes Kay Parkes

Grammar and Speaking, Exercise 6 Every year, during the football season, I usually spend Saturday afternoons at Dundee United games. There are also about twenty away games a year but luckily my friends and I all belong to the official supporters club so we travel to the matches on the clubs coach. It saves us a lot of money train tickets are getting so expensive nowadays! United are almost bottom of the league at the moment. These days we are playing quite well at home but our away games arent going so well. But the atmospheres always great and violence is a thing of the past. In fact, more and more families with young children are coming to the games now. I always feel Im part of a great big happy family! Listening and Speaking, Exercise 2 Presenter Hippies punks skaters and now Chavs - theres no end to the number of teenage cults and fashions. But just what is it that makes young people choose to join a subculture? With me in the studio to discuss this is Dr Mark Mondale, professor of Sociology at Goodman Browne University in West Virginia, Dr Jane Webb, professor of Psychology at Uxbridge University, and Matt Hodges, head of the Students Union at Waterloo College in Liverpool. Mondale Hallo! Webb Hello! Matt Hi!

Presenter Lets start with you, Dr Webb. What does make a young person decide to become a Goth or a skater? Webb Well, Nigel, there are all sorts of different reasons, but it seems to me that its all part of becoming an adult. The thing is, when young people are in their teens, they start to question the values and lifestyles of the adult world they see around them. So parents, other adults or older brothers and sisters often stop being role models for teenagers for a time. Instead, young people look for new role models from their peers people of the same age. And of course theyre also looking for friendship or acceptance. Presenter Uh-huh, so youre saying that its a reaction against the adult world? Webb Thats right although in reality its much more complicated than Mondale Well I have to say I Presenter Yes? Dr Mondale? Mondale I have to say I cannot agree with that at all. As far as Im concerned, becoming a Goth or a skater has absolutely nothing to do with looking for role models. Look at young people sixty years ago, they looked and behaved like younger versions of their parents. Frankly, its all about money. If you think about it, every new youth fashion makes millions of dollars for the fashion and music industries. Webb So how do you explain groups who are completely anti-commercial like Goths, people who buy second-hand clothes and ... Mondale Well frankly that explains my theory exactly. By choosing not to buy ... Presenter Im sorry to interrupt but perhaps at this point we should ask Matt Hodges for his views. Matt? Matt Personally, I believe its all about music. Im into nu-metal, my favourite band is BioToxine. Its only natural that you want to spend your time with other people who enjoy and understand this music. And then these people become your friends - you have fun with them, they help you if you have problems and Webb Which is exactly my theory about looking for answers from people the same age Mondale Well actually, it shows that the music industry has the most say in what.. Webb You sociologists are all the same. You think people cant make up their own minds and Mondale Well the day that a Psychologist gives me a good explanation of how people behave is the day that I personally Webb Well Ive got three teenage sons so I do know what Im talking about here! Mondale Well, dont forget I was a teenager too! Presenter Well well have to leave it there. In next weeks programme were talking about what can be done to end the conflict between different youth groups. I hope you can join me

Listening and Speaking, Exercise 5 Webb It seems to me that its all part of becoming an adult. The thing is, when young people are in their teens, they start to question the values and lifestyles of the adult world they see around them.

5 Answers 1 It seems to me that; The thing is 2 As far as Im concerned; Look at 3 Frankly; If you think about it 4 Personally, 6 Answers Giving opinions: It seems to me that; As far as Im concerned; Frankly; Personally Justifying opinions: The thing is; Look at; If you think about it 7 Answers 1 To be honest 2 I mean 3 Personally 4 The thing is 5 As far as Im concerned Reading and Vocabulary 2 Answers 1 F 2 T 3 T 4 T 5 F 6 F 3 Answers 1 b 2 seems, feel, could 4 Answers 1 probably 2 believes 3 Maybe 4 appears 6 Answers he seems just the same as ever The atmosphere in town is probably a lot better now. 7 Answers 1 e 2 c 3 b 4 d 5 a 6 f 8 Answers 1 get on with 2 put up with 3 fool around 4 bumped into 5 calm down 6 hang around Grammar and Reading 1 Answers 1 B 2 C 3 A 2 Answers myself, ourselves, themselves 3 Answers The reflexive pronoun means without any help/independently in sentence 2. The reflexive pronoun goes at the end of the sentence when it has this meaning. 4 Answer B 5 Answers 1 yourself 2 himself 3 yourself 4 myself 5 ourselves 6 yourselves 6 Answers 1 each other 2 himself 3 each other 4 herself 5 each other Vocabulary and Writing 1 Answers Clothes: sweater; coat; tracksuit; T-shirt Make up: eyeliner; lipstick Footwear: boots; trainers Jewellery: (gold) chain; earrings 3 Answers an old-fashioned, striped, cotton shirt; a large, blue, silk shirt; tight, black, leather trousers; a cheap, white, nylon tracksuit; beige, baggy, cotton shorts; bright, red lipstick; horrible, grey, woollen socks; a long T-shirt with a band logo on it; ripped, denim jeans with a patch

Mondale As far as Im concerned becoming a Goth or a skater has absolutely nothing to do with looking for role models. Look at young people sixty years ago, they looked and behaved like younger versions of their parents. Mondale Frankly, its all about money. If you think about it, every new youth fashion makes millions of dollars. Matt Personally, I believe its all about music. Im into nu-metal, my favourite band is BioToxine. Its only natural that you want to spend your time with other people who enjoy and understand this music.

Listening and Speaking, Exercise 7 Kat Jay Kat Did you hear that discussion on programme on Thames Radio last night? About why young people belong to different groups? Yes, I did. To be honest, I thought it was pretty awful. I mean, the presenter couldnt even control the guests! Personally, I found those two academics really irritating. The thing is making generalisations about young people is so unhelpful. Im glad that young guy mentioned music though. As far as Im concerned, thats the most important thing.

Jay

Answer key
Grammar 1 Answers Kay is a journalist; Men. Usually professional people.

3 Answer Because she is a woman 4 Answers 1 b 2 f 3 e 4 c 5 d 6 a 5 Answers 1 is growing 2 is working 3 often goes 4 never see, is studying 5 usually listen 6 Do you still belong 7 Shes visiting 6 Answers 1 usually spend 2 belong 3 travel 4 are getting 5 are playing 6 arent going 7 are coming 8 always feel Speaking and Listening 3 Answers 1 c 2 a 3 b 4 Answers 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 a 6 c

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