Introduction When a current flows through a wire, magnetic field is produced.

A solenoid is a long wire coiled many turns, which results to producing a greater magnetic field. Iron cores may be placed inside the coil to enhance the field further since iron is an excellent magnetic conductor compared to air. Using solenoids as electromagnets have numerous applications in the field of science and engineering. In the field of medicine, equipments containing body fluids have tubes that have controlled flow due to linear solenoids. These types of solenoids are also used in hydraulics. Battery-operated solenoids may also function as locking mechanisms in cars and vaults. The experiment aims to apply the principles of magnetic fields into using a solenoid as an electromagnet. A device called the Vernier Magnetic Field sensor was connected to a LabPro Interface, which is then connected to a computer with software that graphs the measured magnetic field over a short period of time. The magnetic field sensor was used to determine magnetic field intensities in different parts of the solenoid. By recording the intensities at certain lengths of the solenoid, the relationship can be established between the various properties of the solenoid: the current passing, the number if turns per meter, and the magnetic field. With these data, it is now possible to calculate the experimental permeability constant, 0, given the equation

where B = magnetic field (T) n = turns per unit length (1/m) I = current (A) 0 = permeability constant (H/m) The theoretical value of 0 is 4 x 10-7 H/m or 1.26 x 10-6 H/m.