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(CEA) brought out a report detailing parameters of the 800 kV class equipment and transmission line material based on the recommendations of Working Groups constituted following the decision of Government of India to select 800 kV (with 765 kV as the nominal voltage) as the next higher AC Transmission voltage in the country. Following this, a good number of lines were identified at this voltage. Though some of these lines have been installed maintaining 800 kV class parameters, they are being operated at 400 kV level for want of adequate power development. Accordingly associated substations continue to be at 400 kV level. But with the initiative taken to have electricity for all by the year 2012, coinciding with the end of 11th five-year plan, now it is a near-reality to charge the above mentioned lines at 765 kV and construct few more intra-regional and interregional lines at that level with a dozen or so number of substations. Keeping this in mind and the progress that has been further made and as experienced in few countries that have this class of transmission system, it was felt necessary to revive the Standing EHV Committee of CEA with representations from leading power utilities and manufacturers in the country. As per order of Ministry of Power it was reconstituted in the year 2000. A few meetings took place for revising the salient parameters of 800 kV class of equipment and transmission material and reviewing those for 400 kV level through separate groups. The present report is an outcome of the deliberations in the meetings and inputs received from the members concerned. It is expected that the contents would serve power utilities as the basis of design and engineering of 800 kV transmission system in the country. New Delhi December 31, 2002 (Dr. S.Mukhopadhyay) Chief Engineer (SETD), CEA
BASIC SYSTEM PARAMETERS OF 800 KV SYSTEMS 1. 2. 3. Rated voltage Nominal Voltage Rated frequency kV : kV : Hz : 800 765 50
4. System Neutral Earthing 5. 6. Rated current Short circuit current and duration A
: Effectively earthed : 2000 40 for one second
7. Creepage distance
Pollution site severity Low Medium Heavy Very Heavy
Specific creepage distance mm/kV* 16 20 25 31
* These are the values suggested in IEC- 815, 1986, which is applicable to System Voltage of up to 525kV. As the pollution withstand characteristics is known to be non-linear for higher voltages, requiring increased creepage distance in
0 (tolerance allowed = + 10%) Cooling kV(peak) kV(peak) kV(rms) Micro volts 2400 1550 830 500(Max. CIGRE suggest that this factor may be as high as 20% for 800 kV System. Studies by ENEL.) Transformers 2400 1550 830 1000(Max. Further. Ratings: Three phase rating Voltage MVA(Generally ratio Single phase units are envisaged) 630 MVA.800 21/765 MVA Tapping range percent A-off ckt taps/links +2 -6 (8 steps) alternatively B-On load taps +2 -6 (16 steps) tesla : Percent Impedance Voltage 15.9 .) kV(peak) 1950 kV(peak) 1550 kV (rms) Micro volts - ONAN/OFAF or OFAF or OFWF or ONAN/ODAF or ODAF/ODWF Maximum flux density in any part of core and yoke at rated MVA. Hence creepage distances presented in the Table are to be appropriately increased. voltage and frequency. Insulation Levels a) Substation equipment Reactors/ CBs/Isolators/CVTs/CTs Basic Insulation level Basic switching level Power frequency RIV at 508 kV rms b) Transmission lines Basic Insulation level Basic Switching level Power frequency RIV at 508 kV (rms) TRANSFORMER Generator Transformers 1. 1. 8. these values may not be suitable for station insulation since the influence of diameter is considerable on the pollution performance. EPRI.proportion to the non-linearity factor.
5% 24 steps ±15% Percent Impedance Voltage HV HV IV IV LV LV 12. Connection symbol Terminals: a) LV Terminals 36 kV. oil filled type bushing mounted on turrets. 36 kV. suitable for connections to bus bars in isolated phase bus ducts which shall have spacing of 1500 mm for each 210 MVA single-phase unit of the 630 MVA three phase bank.5 -do14. Neutral ends : 36 kV porcelain bushing.0 ±15% 60 -do65 40 -do45 765/400/ 33 tolerance ±10% Max. No arcing horns shall be provided. 4.Withstand capability for 25% above the rated voltage Withstand capability for 40% above rated voltage minutes seconds : : 1 5 2. Auto Transformers 1.5 % | -7. flux density in any part of core and . 12500 amps.3 12. Connections : HV Star. bushings). Neutral effectively earthed LV Delta 3. dll (in 3 phase bank) ONAN/OFAF or ONAN/ ODAF or ODAF -do-do-do- 630/630/210 800/800/266.5% -7. condenser bushing with test tap. 2 Nos. No arcing horns shall be provided.5% -7. b) HV Terminal line end : 800 kV oil filled 1250 amps. 12500 Amp bushings per termination shall be used (Total 4 Nos. 3 phase bank.6 1000/1000/333.5% 24 steps + 4.6 MVA single phase unit of 800 MVA.5 40 25 Cooling : YN. For each of 266.5% 24 steps -do+4. Ratings Three phase rating HV/IV/LV MVA 315/315/105 Voltage ratio 765/220/ 33 765/400/33 Tapping range percent + 4.
switching Impulse and Power frequency voltage level.9 1 5 minutes : seconds : 2. No arcing horns shall be provided. No arcing horns shall be provided. Terminals: a) LV Terminals 52 kV oil filled condenser bushings. voltage and frequency Withstand capability for 25% above the rated voltage Withstand capability for 40% above the rated voltage. Um kV (rms) 17. The bushings shall be arranged in a line with 1000 mm spacing to allow mounting of to phase barriers. No arcing horns shall be provided. 800 kV oil filled condenser bushing with test tap. Connection : HV/IV Star auto with neutral effectively earthed : LV-Delta 3.yoke at rated MVA. tesla : 1. Highest voltage for equipment. No arcing horns shall be provided. dll . phase 40 kA (rms) for 1 second 40 and 63 kA(rms) for 1 second 40 kA (rms) for 1 second YNa0. Short Circuit Level : 800 kV 420 kV 245 kV 5. b) IV terminal c) HV Terminal Line end Neutral end Insulation Levels: Lightning. 36 kV porcelain bushing. Connection Symbol : 4.5(Neutral) 24(LV of GTs) 52 (LV of Auto Transformer) 245 420 800 Rated withstand Impulse voltage lightning switching (kV peak) 95 125 250 950 1300 1950 1050 1550 Rated power frequency short duration withstand voltage kV(rms) kV(peak) 38 50 95 395 245/420 kV oil filled condenser bushings with test tap.
of trip circuits Rated short circuit making current. Rated operating duty cycle 9.u. Rated line charging current : SF6 : Outdoor : 3 : 2 (independent) : : : : : : : : : 100 450 To limit switching surge over voltage to 1. Partial discharge At 1.) BUSHINGS : 1) The voltage and current ratings. 3. 5. Pre.5 3.000 1250 420 10. Type Installation No.insertion time ms 8.33 10 . basic insulation level and creepage distance of the bushings shall be as follows: Voltage Ratingk V(rms) 800 Current Creepage Distance Rating (mm) (Amp) 1250 16.In the event when transferred surges are higher than 250 (kV peak) the insulation level of tertiary winding and bushing are to be chosen accordingly. of poles No.9 p. Rated break time ms 10.5 x Um kV. Difference in the instants of closing of contacts between poles ms 13. 4.) 500 (Max.within a pole ms .800 5000 2) RIV at 508 kV (rms) micro volts : 3) Corona Extinction voltage kV(rms) : 4) Partial discharge level pico coloumbs : Basic Impulse Level kV (peak) 2100 1425 1025 250 1000 (Max. 2.between poles ms 12.-CO 40 100 2.500 2000 245 1250 6. Difference in the instants of opening of contacts .) 508 (Min. Closing time ms 11. 10 0-. Value of pre-insertion resistor ohm 7.) Switching Impulse Level kV(peak) 1550 1025 CIRCUIT BREAKERS 1. kA peak 6.3 second-CO-3 min.125 2000 52 1. pico coloumbs v3 500 (Max.
295 0. Type of disconnect No. 5. with circuit time constant not less than 20 ms at 220 V DC. 2.328 300 0. Anti pumping and trip free First pole to clear factor : 1.197 200 0.4 pu (kA) No shunt reactor With one of the two Both shunt reactors in the line shunt reactors failed in service 100 0.917 0.3 Type of auto reclosing : Single phase and 3-Phase.542 0. 6. 3.590 0. Typical Line Charging current at bus voltage of 1. 18. A : A : : : 2000 1 5 120% . 2.5 A to 10 A without Small inductive current switching over voltage exceeding 1.197 0.Continuous current 10 A DC.393 0.655 0. DISCONNECTS/EARTHING SWITCHES Line Length(km) 1. 15.459 : 0. A Type of operating mechanism : : : kA : : : 3 Vertical Break Outdoor 100 0.262 250 0.393 350 0. Breaking capacity shall be 2 No.9 p.491 0. 16. exclusively for purchaser’s use. Contacts should be reversible type at site.393 0. min.No.u. 4.Sl.262 0.131 150 0. of auxiliary contacts Amp.688 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 14. : 10 NO and 10 NC on each pole. of poles Installation Rated peak withstand current Rated magnetising current/ capacitive breaking & making current. : Pneumatic or hydraulic spring charged Type of operating mechanism or combination of these. 3. Rated primary currents Rated secondary current Number of cores Rated continuous thermal current.786 0. 17.7 Electrical/Manual INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS Current Transformers 1. 4.
Capacitor Voltage Transformers 1. Transformation Ratio 765 / v3 kV 110 / v3 V .knee point voltage Vk Maximum Exciting Current at Rated Vk/2 Maximum Secondary Winding Resistance. ms vii) Rated burden ohm : Single/Double energization CO/CO-t-CO : 2000/1A : 20 : 80 : : : : 240 for CO duty 100 & 40 for CO-t-CO duty 1000 7. Core I Line/ Equipment Protection Main.2 Purpose Main I Protection Main II Protection Metering.5 ohm Core III Metering 20001000500/1 0. Parameter Utilistation Transformation ratio Accuracy Class Rated Burden Min. Number of secondary windings : 3 2. burden.2 ISF <10 15 VA - Core IV Bus bar Protection 20001000/1 PS 20001000 volts 25-50 mA 10-5 ohm Core V Bus bar 20001000/1 PS 20001000 volts 25-50 mA 10-5 ohm Data for TPY/TPX Core(Alternative to Core I & Core II) i) ii) iii) iv) v) Duty cycle Ratio applicable Rated symmetrical short circuit current factor Rated primary time constant. 3.I 20001000500/1 PS 400020001000 volts 10-50-100 mA 15-5-2. accuracy and utilisation Winding I II III Rated Voltage Volt 110 /v3 110 /v3 110 /v3 Rated burden VA 50 50 50 Accuracy 3P 3P 0.5.5 Bushing CTs Not yet finalised. Rated secondary voltage.II 20001000500/1 PS 400020001000 volts 25-50-100 mA 10-5-2.5 ohm Core II Line/ Equipment Protection Main. ms Duration for flow of current Single energistation ms Double energisation ms vi) Time interval between two successive short circuit current.
4) Over-voltage Protection The relay to have two stages and shall be able to monitor phase to neutral voltage for all the three phases. Shunt Reactor Protection . 3) Directional Earth fault Scheme 1.) Less than 10 Two sets of directional earth fault relays. Neutral standby earth protection Delta circulating current protection.5 for 30 seconds 4400 50 508(Min. Stray conductance of the low Voltage terminal over entire carrier frequency range micro-Siemens 7. Voltage factor 5. Partial discharge level at 508 kV(rms) Pico coulombs Protection Schemes Line Protection 1) Main I Carrier aided distance protection suitable for use with different carrier modes. one for each main protection to cover high resistance faults. 2) Main II Carrier aided protection based on directional comparison using wave detection or phase comparison principles. Overload protection. Auto Transformer Protection 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Differential Protection (Percentage Biased) High impedance differential protection Over fluxing protection. Rated Capacitance pF 6. Corona extinction voltage kV(rms) 8. Back-up directional over current protection.4.
an immediate printed record would be provided by the equipment. Whenever input status change occurs. ii) Event Logging Equipment The Event Logger is recommended to record the status of 800 kV Switchyard equipment and relays and occurances of alarms. 1. 3. POWER LINE CARRIER COMMUNICATION A. Coupling Devices. b) Disturbance Recording Equipment i) Disturbance Recorder Disturbance Recorder shall be micro-processor based and shall be used to record the graphic form of instantaneous value of voltage and current in all three phases. B. open or closed positions of relay contacts and breaker during the system disturbance condition. Method of coupling Nominal line side Impedance ohms Nominal equipment side Impedance ohms Bandwidth kHz Line Traps Phase to phase/3-phase coupling : 480 (phase to phase) : 150 (balanced) : 75(unbalanced) : 50-150 : . Circuit Breaker Failure Protection In the event of circuit breaker failure. 2. all circuit breakers connected to the Bus Section to which the fault circuit breaker is connected shall be tripped with minimum possible time delay. Other Equipments a) Distance to Fault Locator Distance to Fault Locator shall be installed for identifying the location of faults and for taking preventive measures against fault prone areas. 4.1) 2) 3) Differential protection Restricted earthfault protection Back-up protection Bus Bar Protection High speed differential protection with features for checking the security as required. open delta voltage and neutral current. It shall be possible to accommodate about upto 500 points.
Rated inductance at system frequency mH 2. 5.) 10 : : : : 50-500 4. . Blocking resistance ohms 3. 1. : : : : : 1 430 50-150 500(Max.4 msec : 20 (max. VF Protection Signalling 1. 4. 5. 6.0/2.5 or integral multiple thereof 75 (unbalanced) Not less than 10 : Upto 80 : 300-2000 or 300-2400 : : : +8 dB 0 dB 7 dB -3. Ohms Radio Interference voltage at : : : : : : Outdoor 8800 1550 1.) Speech + data : Protection 1 + Express speech : Protection 2 : Protection 3 E. Rated Bandwidth kHz 4. Nominal discharge current of protective device connected across main coil kA C. 3. Coupling Capacitors 1. 3. 2. Installation Rated capacitance Pico Farad Switching Impulse withstand voltage kV(peak) Voltage factor Equivalent series resistance over the entire carrier frequency range. PLC Terminal Carrier frequency range kHz Carrier frequency band Nominal Impedance at carrier frequency output ohms Return loss within the nominal carrier frequency band. 4.5 for 30 secs.2 PLC Channel No.5 dB D.) 6. 3. less than 40 2500 (max. 2. 4.1 PLC Channel No. Radio Interference Voltage at 508 kV(rms) Micro volts 5. 7. Transmission time PLC Channel No. 5.3 PLC Channel No. db Peak envelope power W Speech frequency band Hz Speech levels Four wire transmit Four wire receive Two wire transmit Two wire receive kHz 1. 2.
Minimum energy capability kj/kV NOTE:.0 sec. the bays arrangements shall be so selected that the rated current of 2000 A for different equipments is not exceeded under any contingency. Dynamic over voltage withstand capability for 3 peaks 0. 2.1 sec.) SURGE ARRESTERS 1. Maximum steep current impulse residual voltage at 20 kA kV(peak) 8. 8.No. Maximum switching impulse residual voltage at 2 kA kV(peak) 7. 508 kV(rms) Micro volts Partial discharge level Pico Couloumbs Corona extinction voltage kV(rms) : : Less than 10 508 (Min.This energy takes into account occurence of two successive line discharges followed by TOV profile as given at Sl. Type Arrester : Gapless (Metal Oxide) : 20 : 624 : 485 : : : 1430 1280 1630 Nominal discharge current kA Rated Arrester voltage kV(rms) Continuous operating voltage kV(rms) Maximum residual voltage at lighting impulse current of 20 KA kV(peak) 6.Transmission line class B. 10. Discharge capability A. kV(peak) 9.7. Maximum radio interference/ partial discharge at 508 kV (rms) micro volts/ picocoloumbs : : : : : 1240 1045 920 865 4 28 : 250/50 SWITCHYARD LAYOUT : Double bus Double breaker. kV(peak) 10.(8). Depending on the requirement of purchaser.However. 1. Switching Scheme . kV(peak) 1. 4. 5. kV(peak) | 0.0 sec.3 sec. 3. one and a half breaker scheme can also be adopted.
wire of 95 Kgf/ sq.54 mm St. Coefficient of linear expansion per degree C 14 Maximum allowable temperature degree C Earthwire : 1. .04 : 2187 : 146. 9.mm ( 1GPa) quality : 2 : 10.87 : 0. Number of earthwire 3.0 45 6" IPS tubular Aluminium pipe Quad All Aluminium Tarantulla Bus level Equipment Interconnecting level Crossover bus level Span length Low level (Above ground) (Meters) 12 12 27 15 (Rigid bus) TRANSMISSION LINE High level (Above ground) (Meters) 27 12 39 90 Conductor: 1. Modulus of Elasticity kg/cm2 13.S.6320 x 106 : 21.66 mm G. : 35. 3. 5.0 10.5 x 10 -6 : 95 mm kgf/sq.4 10.2.57 mm Al + 7/2. Quality of groundwire 5. Overall Diameter 4.S. 6. 4.C. 8. 3.mm kgs. 7. Ultimate Tensile strength : 7/3. Size 2. Clearance (Minimum) Phase to earth m Phase to Phase m Section clearance m Bay details i) Bay width m ii) Bus size (Tentative) a) Rigid bus/equipment Inter connecting bus b) Strung bus/Crossover bus iii) Bay Dimensions : : : : : : 6. 2.98 : 95 : 6972 : ACSR Bersimis : 4 : 450 : Horizontal Square : 690 : 42/4.mm Stranding and Wire Diameter Overall Diameter mm Approximate mass kg /km Ultimate Tensile strength kN D. Code Name Number of sub-conductor /phase Spacing between conductors mm Bundle arrangement Nominal Aluminium area sq.04242 : 560 : 0. 10. 11. Resistance at 20º C ohms/km Corona extinction kV(rms) voltage phase to ground 12.
0 x normal span (For plain terrain) : : : : 1. Resistance at 20º C Shield angle for towers (i) Outer phase (ii) Middle phase ohms/km : 2. Modulus of Elasticity kg/cm2 9.933 x 106 : 11. Configuration 2. 7. Number of circuit Configuration Normal span m Wind span Weight span : i) Suspension tower. 4. 2. No deformation load (67% of mechanical failing load of 210 KN) 4. ii) Angle tower. : 1.C. Number of discs per string(Size 280x170 mm. Maximum allowable temperature degree C Disc Insulators and Insulator Strings: Insulator strings 1. the minimum weight span be fixed suitably). max. 3.6. Downward Upward 6.8 x Normal span (for plain terrain) (For hilly terrain. 7. min. Maximum temperature of current carrying power conductor exposed to sun Maximum temperature of groundwire exposed to sun Clearances: Suspension string V-90º 2 x 35 (Each limb 35 discs) : 15º : The middle phase shall fall below the circle drawn with twoground wire points as diameter. EMS=210 KN creepage distance= 370 mm) 3. Maximum voltage across any disc across any disc phase to ground voltage of 462 kV(rms) Towers : 1.5 8. D. 5. 2 x Normal span 200 m Net span 95 º C : 53 º C .5 x Normal span 0. Coefficient of linear expansion per degree C 10.5 x 10 -6 : 53 Tension string Quadruple 4 strings in parallel 4 x 35 (Each limb 35 discs) Pilot string Single I 1 x 35 (35 discs) 2 x 140 KN 4 x 140 KN 1 x 140 KN Not more than 25 kV(rms) : Single circuit : Horizontal : 400 : 1. 8.
300 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm Zone III & IV Zone V & VI Quadruple tension string Jumper Zone I & II Nil 15º 30º Nil 20º 40º Nil 22º 45º Nil 20º iv) v) Mid span separation For ground undulation.300 mm 5.400 mm 15.300 5.300 mm 5.100 4.100 mm 4.100 mm 4.400 300 4.300 mm 5.400 1.500 'V' Suspension string (V.000 mm 5.400 mm 5.300 5.400 1.400 1.400 mm 1.100 mm 4.90º) ‘I’ Suspension string Zone I & II Swing Nil Nil 22º 45º Nil 27º 55º Nil 30º 60º Clearance 5.i) Minimum ground clearances as per Indian Electricity rules.100 mm Zone III & IV Zone V & VI Pilot string .400 mm 1. extra over ground clearance mm mm : : 12.400 mm 1.100 4.100 4. ii) As per interference limitations iii) Live conductor to grounded metal mm 12.
11.0 (single phase) dB mm : 81 for 50 MVAR 83 for 80 MVAR 85 for 110 MVAR 5800 ONAN Mineral oil to IS:335 (and as standardised for 800kV Power Transformers) : : Magnetisation characteristic Permissible unbalance current % among single phase reactors of a three phase bank.vi) Creep compensation for conductor through tensioning at the time of stringing : Height of tower may be increased instead of considering reduction in temperature over 9) Loadings : Loadings shall be determined for the two loading combinations including wind on tower as given below : . 4.3 to 0. 8. 5. Short time current Rating A(rms) A(rms) ) : 1 : 15 To be specified by purchaser after system studies. No arcing horns shall be provided : 145 kV oil filled condenser oil/ SF6 bushing 145 kV NEUTRAL GROUNDING REACTOR FOR GROUNDING SHUNT REACTOR.5. 7.4 p. Ratio of zero sequence reactance to positive sequence reactance. 80. Number of phases 2. 9. 10. 3. Rating (single phase) Winding connection Neutral earthing MVAR : 50. : Linear upto 1. Maximum continuous current 3.u. 6. : Slope of the characteristic in the saturated region shall be 0.Combination II SHUNT REACTORS 1. 2.Combination I As per IS: 802 -Part I-1995 . : ±2 : 1. Noise level at rated voltage and frequency Clearances of terminals in air (phase to earth) Type of cooling Type of cooling medium Terminals Line Terminals Neutral Terminal : : 800 kV oil filled condenser bushing with test tap. . : Star : Earthed through Neutral Grounding Reactor. 1. 110 in three phase banks.
9. 5.5 MVAR 75 for 50 MVAR 77 for 63 MVAR 77 for 80 MVAR : 52 kV. : 145 kV condenser bushing (as standardised for neutral of 800 kV shunt reactor) : 36 kV porcelain bushing : ONAN : Mineral oil to IS:335 (and asstandardized for "800 kV Power Transformers") : : 1050 230 Phase to earth air clearances a) Line end mm b) Neutral end mm 10. Magnetisation characteristics 6. 4.4.2/50 microsecond lightning impulse withstand voltage kV(peak) b) One minute power frequency withstand voltage kV(rms) 7. Noise level at rated voltage and frequency. Type of cooling Medium ohms ) To be specified by purchaser after system studies. 50. Terminals a) Line end b) Earth end 7. : : : 550 38 Graded insulation SHUNT REACTOR (Connected to tertiary of power transformer to provide back-up reactive compensation) 1. 80 : Star with neutral left inside. dB : : 250 95 : Linear upto 1. Terminals . Insulation levels a) Lightning impulse kV(peak) voltage withstand of the line terminal b) One minute power frequency kV(rms) voltage withstand of the earth terminals.u. Rated voltage kV Number of phases Rating (three phase) MVAR Winding connection Whether full or graded insulation Basic insulation level (for line and neutral end of winding and bushings) 36 3 31.3 p. voltage 530 480 : 74 for 31. 6.5. 3. Rated Impedance 5. 11. : Full insulation : : : a) 1. 63. : Linear upto short time current. Type of cooling 8. 800/2000 A oil filled condenser bushing with : : 10. Magnetisation characteristic 8. Minimum clearance in air Phase-phase mm Phase-earth mm 9. Whether full or graded insulation. 2.
a) Line Terminals 11. TVI.The minimum signal to noise ratio should be 30.650 2. Electrostatic field should be less that 10 kV/m below the outermost phase (2 m above the ground) and less than 2 kV/m at the edge of the right of way(45 m). Audio noise level for 800 kV system should be less than 55 dB(A). Type of cooling 12. INTERFERENCE LEVELS Transmission Lines 1. 4. Type of cooling medium test tap. PTCC: 1. No arcing horn shall be provided. 2. 3. RI should not exceed 50 dB for 80% of the time duration during the year. : ONAN with tank mounted or separately mounted radiator bank. volts . : Mineral oil to IS:335(and as standardised for"800 kV Power Transformers"). Maximum value of induced noise(noise interference) to be taken cognizance if noise is persistent). Micro volts - 2000 (measured) | . Maximum value of induced electromagnetic voltage for fault duration of equal to or less than 200 ms.
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