Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus

Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing

Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing
Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus

© 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.

Lesson Objectives
• Learn about:
- Tray Efficiencies - Sizing (Design) of Trays and Packing - Rating of Trays and Packing

© 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.

© 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.

3-1

Aspen Technology, Inc.

3-2 Aspen Technology. Overall Efficiency • Direct conversion of actual trays to theoretical plates.Vaporization efficiencies . • Example: . . Inc.Add stages for condenser and reboiler => 23 total • Most common.Overall efficiency . • Not directly input to model. instead Overall Efficiency sets the number of stages in the RadFrac block.By stage .For column sections .Column with condenser. © 2002 AspenTech. but least flexible method.At 70% efficiency.Murphree efficiencies • Can be specified . All Rights Reserved.For individual components © 2002 AspenTech. reboiler and 30 trays . © 2002 AspenTech.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing RadFrac Efficiencies • Efficiency type . All Rights Reserved. 30 trays = 21 theoretical stages . All Rights Reserved.Overall .

• Using vaporization efficiency alters the T profile and this may alter relative volatility. • In general it is better to use Murphree efficiencies. © 2002 AspenTech. • As decreases. • Many correlations exist for Murphree efficiencies © 2002 AspenTech.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Vaporization Efficiency • At equilibrium: • With efficiency: y y i i Ki ix i K i ix • Efficiency should be different for different components. j 1 y K i. this is a Murphree vapor efficiency. 3-3 Aspen Technology. j 1 • Strictly. • Subscripts are i for components and j for stages. All Rights Reserved. j i. j x i. Murphree Efficiency Eff M i. All Rights Reserved. the vapor pressure must increase which means that the temperature must increase. j y y i. . © 2002 AspenTech. j i. All Rights Reserved. Inc.

All Rights Reserved. Inc. © 2002 AspenTech. • Efficiencies vary with composition. • Efficiencies are different for different components. 3-4 Aspen Technology. All Rights Reserved. and with location in the column. © 2002 AspenTech. with purity. . All Rights Reserved. » Next to physical properties.they can be under 10% or over 100%. The Problem with Efficiency • Efficiencies vary enormously . this is the most important thing to know to successfully model a column.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Specifying Efficiencies in the Column • RadFrac Efficiencies Options sheet • Do not specify efficiencies in both the column and in the tray rating forms © 2002 AspenTech.

All Rights Reserved. . All Rights Reserved. Inc. © 2002 AspenTech. © 2002 AspenTech. • Fit to plant data.RateFrac calculates actual separation for specified height of packing .It is hard to know well • RateFrac can be used to calculate HETP.RateFrac calculates actual separation . . © 2002 AspenTech. and NTU to HTU • Use of vendor data is common. 3-5 Aspen Technology. .Efficiency backed out from calculated compositions • Vendor packages.Separation is converted to NTU. . HETP • Comments similar to those for tray efficiency . All Rights Reserved. .Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Determining Column Efficiency • Previous experience.Use Data-fit to regress Murphree efficiency to data • RateFrac can be used to calculate efficiencies.It is important .Be sure experience is comparable • Generalized correlations.

. • You can use the computed pressure drop to update the column pressure profile.Specify column section diameter and other tray or packing details. Inc. downcomer backup. well-established literature methods are used. Sizing and Rating for Trays and Packing (2) • Rating Mode . All Rights Reserved. and pressure drop. © 2002 AspenTech. When vendor procedures are not available. © 2002 AspenTech. *pressure drop specification valid for packed columns only © 2002 AspenTech. 3-6 Aspen Technology. All Rights Reserved. The largest diameter is selected.Model calculates performance and hydraulic information such as flooding approach.Model determines column diameter to satisfy the flooding approach or pressure drop* specified for each stage. • Sizing Mode . All Rights Reserved. and perform pressure drop calculations for trayed and packed columns. rate. • The calculations are based on vendor-recommended procedures when available.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Sizing and Rating for Trays and Packing (1) • Aspen Plus has extensive capabilities to size. .

Tray geometry or Packing characteristics . © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved.Each section can have a different tray type.Pressure drop • These results are based on: . . 3-7 Aspen Technology. column is divided into sections . © 2002 AspenTech. . .A column can have an unlimited number of sections. Sizing and Rating for Trays and Packing (4) • Aspen Plus calculates sizing and performance parameters such as: .Column loadings (vapor and liquid traffic) .The tray details can vary from section to section. Inc.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Sizing and Rating for Trays and Packing (3) • For sizing and rating calculations. packing type.Transport properties © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved. and diameter. .Flooding approach or approach to maximum capacity .Downcomer backup .Column diameter .You can size and rate the same section with different types of trays and packing.

© 2002 AspenTech.MultiFrac . All Rights Reserved.RadFrac .Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Sizing and Rating for Trays and Packing (5) • Use the following Tray/Packing forms to enter specifications: .Pack Sizing . add tray rating calculations for the following configured trays: All Bubble Cap Trays One pass tray Tray Spacing: 2 ft Diameter: 5 ft Cap diameter: 3 in FILENAME: EX1B-MEG-COL-TRAYRATE. All Rights Reserved.Pack Rating • These capabilities are available in the following column unit operation models: . .Tray Rating . 3-8 Aspen Technology. Example: RadFrac Tray Rating Using the MEG column example. Inc.Tray Sizing .BKP © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.PetroFrac © 2002 AspenTech.

Packing Types • Aspen Plus can model a variety of random packings. . All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved.Bubble caps .Koch Flexipac.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Tray Types • You can choose from the following five commonly-used tray types: . Flexigrid © 2002 AspenTech.Sieve . Flexeramic. 3-9 Aspen Technology. CY. All Rights Reserved. Inc.Nutter Float Valve © 2002 AspenTech.Glitsch Grid . Mellapak.Sulzer BX. • You can also use any of the following types of structured packings: .Norton Intalox Structured Packing .Goodloe ® ® . © 2002 AspenTech. and Kerapak .Super-Pak and Ralu-Pak .Glitsch Ballast ® ® .Koch Flexitray .

For example. and number of valves: For Specify One-pass tray A single value Two-pass tray Three-pass tray Four-pass tray Up to two values. 3 . and two B panels for tray BB. B. Inc. one for each panel (A. cap positioning.and four -pass trays. Similar consideration is necessary for three. the number of caps per panel is the number of caps per tray divided by two. C and D) © 2002 AspenTech. two -pass trays have two A panels for tray AA. All Rights Reserved. B and C) Up to four values.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Trays (1) • When specifying Weir heights. © 2002 AspenTech. one for each panel (A. © 2002 AspenTech. • If you specify only one value for multi-pass trays. Therefore. All Rights Reserved.10 Aspen Technology. Trays (2) • The values for the number of caps and number of valves applies for each panel. that value applies to all panels. All Rights Reserved. . one for each panel A and B Up to three values.

© 2002 AspenTech. one for the side downcomer. 3 . one for the center downcomer Up to two values. and one for the off-center downcomer Three-pass tray Four-pass tray © 2002 AspenTech. one for the off-center downcomer Up to three values: one for the side downcomer. Inc. one for the center downcomer. .11 Aspen Technology. One Pass Tray Column Diameter Outlet Weir Length DC-WTOP WEIR-HT DCWBOT DC-HT DC-CLEAR © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved. one for the side downcomer. All Rights Reserved.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Trays (3) • When specifying downcomer clearance and width: For Specify One-pass tray A single value for the side downcomer Two-pass tray Up to two values. All Rights Reserved.

Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Two Pass Tray Column Diameter Outlet Weir Length CTR. 3 . All Rights Reserved. Panel C. C.DC Outlet Weir Length OFF-CTR. A B C Panel A. B. ~~ Three Pass Tray Column Diameter OFF-CTR. . DC Below ~ DCWBOT WEIR-HT DC-HT DCWTOP DCWBOT Panel A ~ Tray AA Side Downcomer DC-CLEAR Panel B Tray BB DC-HT Center Downcomer DC-CLEAR ~ ~ © 2002 AspenTech. B. C. All Rights Reserved. B. All Rights Reserved. DC DC-WTOP CTR. © 2002 AspenTech. Inc.DC DC-WTOP DC-WTOP WEIR-HT DC-HT DCCLEAR DC-WTOP B A DCOF DC-WBOT Panel A.12 Aspen Technology. © 2002 AspenTech. A.

© 2002 AspenTech. To calculate the column pressure drop. All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved. . © 2002 AspenTech. D. • If using Overall efficiency. All Rights Reserved. B. Calculated pressure drops will be correct. A B B A Panel A.DC Outlet Weir Length SIDE DC CTR. each stage in RadFrac will correspond to more than one physical tray. Specifying Efficiencies in Tray Rating (2) • If specifying Murphree or Vaporization efficiency. each stage in RadFrac corresponds to one actual tray.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Four Pass Tray Column Diameter OFF-CTR.DC OFF-CTR. the assumed overall efficiency must be specified on the Tray Rating Design/Pdrop sheet.DC DC-WTOP DC-WTOP WEIR-HT DC-HT DC-WBOT DCCLEAR D D C DCOF Panel A. DC-WBOT Panel C. Inc. » Specify efficiency on either the Efficiencies form or on the Tray Rating form but not both. 3 . B.13 Aspen Technology. © 2002 AspenTech.

80% 55 torr FILENAME: EX1A-EBSTRYRENE-PACKSIZE. All Rights Reserved. 1. © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved. © 2002 AspenTech. . 3 . Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (1) Working with EB/Styrene example.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Specifying Efficiencies in Tray Rating (2) • Specified on Tray Rating Design/Pdrop sheet when column simulation is based on overall efficiency. add Packed Column Sizing information: Packing Type HETP Approach to Flooding Maximum Pressure Drop Norton IMTP 2 in. All Rights Reserved.5 ft. Inc.BKP © 2002 AspenTech.14 Aspen Technology.

All Rights Reserved. © 2002 AspenTech. 3 . All Rights Reserved.15 Aspen Technology. Inc. All Rights Reserved. . Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (3) Packed Column Sizing Input: © 2002 AspenTech.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (2) Packed Column Sizing Input: © 2002 AspenTech.

16 Aspen Technology. All Rights Reserved. . 3 . All Rights Reserved. Inc. Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (5) Packed Column Sizing Results: © 2002 AspenTech.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (4) Packed Column Sizing Input: © 2002 AspenTech. © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.

All Rights Reserved. Center downcomer width 7. All Rights Reserved. Actual number of trays 66 Tray spacing 1. 3 .Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Example: RadFrac Pack Sizing (6) Packed Column Sizing Results: © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.17 Aspen Technology. FILENAME:WS2A-HCLCOL-RATE. Valve density 12/sq. Tray efficiency 0.7 in.BKP © 2002 AspenTech. Workshop 2A: HCL Column Rating (1) Use Workshop 1. .5 in. Downcomer clearance 1.5 Weir height 2 in. Inc.1 in.ft. Side downcomer width 8. perform tray rating. Tray details: Tray type Nutter float Valve BDH Number of passes 2 Column diameter 7 ft.5 ft. © 2002 AspenTech.

© 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.18 Aspen Technology.384 (Stage 32) 5.329 (Stage 2) 0.65 psi © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved. .837 MMBtu/hr 10. Workshop 2A: HCL Column Rating Results (3) © 2002 AspenTech.927 MMBtu/hr 0. All Rights Reserved.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Workshop 2A: HCL Column Rating Results (2) Condenser Duty Reboiler Duty Maximum flooding factor Maximum DCBA Predicted P drop -9. 3 . Inc.

Use a Multiplier block to handle the feed variation. All Rights Reserved.Advanced Distillation with Aspen Plus Sizing and Rating of Trays and Packing Workshop 2B: Increased Throughput (1) Sensitivity Analysis Study the effect of an increase in flow rate on the flooding approach and downcomer/ backup tray spacing. Consider increases of 5 to 50%. 3 . All Rights Reserved. Inc.BKP © 2002 AspenTech. All Rights Reserved.19 Aspen Technology. HCL-PROD HCL-COL FEEDA MULT FEEDB VCM-EDC FILENAME:WS2B-HCLCOL-FLOW. Workshop 2B: Increased Throughput (2) Results: © 2002 AspenTech. © 2002 AspenTech. .