TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING

PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. Page : R0 : 1

Uhde India Limited

CONTENTS Page 0.0 Cover Sheet List of illustrations 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 General Reciprocating Compressors Centrifugal Compressors Auxiliary Equipment Piping Arrangement Reference Code 1 2 3 3 4 4-5 5 5-6

Applicable Revision: Prepared:

Checked:

Approved:

Date: First Edition: R0 Prepared: AKB

Date: Checked: TNG

Date: Approved: RUD

Date: File Name:

Date: Server:

PUNE: KUMUS 207

Date: VKO: KUMUS 209

PIPING STUDY (PLAN) RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR . Page : R0 : 2 Uhde India Limited LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS SR.TRAINING MANUAL. DWG.NO.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 CHP1 CHP2 CHP3 CHP4 CHP5 CHP6 DESCRIPTION RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.NO.PIPING STUDY (ELEVATION) LUBE OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM SEAL OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM COMPRESSOR SUCTION DRUM / KNOCKOUT POT PULSATION DAMPENERS / VOLUME BOTTLES .

5 1. handling flammable materials.5m ht. 1. The piping routed simply with short run is less prone to vibration. The piping arrangement around the reciprocating compressor should be planned at grade level for ease of supporting with minimum changes in direction (Refer Fig. Page : R0 : 3 Uhde India Limited 1.7 . For open compressor house.8 1. the side cladding on all sides should be provided upto 1m below crane level. Built-in maintenance equipment viz. a thorough discussion should be held among the engineers of Piping.9 2.0 GENERAL Compressors are normally located inside a permanent shelter or building (Compressor House) for weather protection.1 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS Reciprocating compressor generates considerable vibrations due to unbalanced forces. The clearance above the compressor should be at least 3m more than the longest internal part to be removed.TRAINING MANUAL. ventilation and weather protection is assured by significant openings upto 2.0 2. travelling gantry with overhead crane / monorail with hoist and chain-pulley blocks as well as the drop-out areas shall be provided in the compressor house.3 1. pulsation etc. at grade level together with roof ventilators.1 1.4 1. if any.3 2. The general arrangement of compressor house shall consider the vendor drawings and vendor recommendation.2 For compressor.2 2.g. For this reason. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. pits and similar gas traps should be avoided within gas Compressor House.5m or half width of the compressors. This will eliminate chances of suffocation or explosion risk due to accumulation of heavy gases in pits. The substantial space required for lube oil and seal oil consoles shall be taken into consideration to prepare unit plot plan.7 1. air.4 2. The building foundation and the compressor foundation should be separate to avoid transmission of vibrations from compressor to the building structure. Process and Civil discipline to finalise the detail plot plan of the unit. The clear space between compressors shall be minimum 1. Except for lighter than air gases. but at the same time the line should be checked for the flexibility and the compressor nozzle loadings within the allowable limits furnished by the vendor. The compressor house can be fully covered by side cladding to grade level if handling non-hazardous materials e. The pulsation dampeners are used to eliminate pulsation in suction and discharge piping and to separate the source of vibration from the piping system. 2. for space and location of auxiliary units.CHP1. The clearance between rows of compressor and at the end of each compressor shall be also 1. 1. CHP2) The grade supports should be spaced unevenly to reduce harmonic motion in the piping. the reciprocating compressors should be located as close as possible to the grade level. trenches.6 2.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.6 1. The piping shall remain clear of the cylinders and the withdrawal space at cylinder heads.5m.5 2. For compressor house where a number of installations from multiple vendors are to be accomodated.

ASME PTC code recommends a minimum 3 times diameter of straight run piping between elbow and the inlet nozzle. The knockout pots. The vendor drawing of the filter shall be reviewed for correct inlet/outlet ducting and the supporting arrangement.4 3. 3. The designer shall ensure that all connections shown on the vendor piping and instrumentation diagrams are properly taken care in the piping layout. Lube Oil Consoles : Compressor bearings receive lubricating oil from the lube oil console (Refer Fig.8 3. The equipment for these compressors are discussed below. The console consists of lube oil reservoir.7 3. oil filters. The compressor suction lines must be free of any foreign particles that could damage the internals of the machine.2 AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT Centrifugal and reciprocating compressors and their drives require a variety of auxiliary equipment to support their operation. it is necessary to pass inlet gas through the suction drum or knockout pot.6 3.5 3.CHP5. The centrifugal compressor inside a building normally have foundations separate from the building foundation. The seal oil console consists of seal oil reservior. This vessel removes moisture and particles from the gas by passing it through a demister screen located just below the outlet nozzle. The maintenance facilities like overhead crane or monorail at the centre of the compressor bay and the drop-out area at one of the building or shed is the usual practice. All valves shall be arranged in such a way that they are accessible from the operating floor around the machine.2 3. exception being that for centrifugal compressor. These consoles may be either stand alone or be mounted directly onto the compressor frame.0 4.1 4. temperatures can often be higher and nozzle loadings on compressor casing is lower. 4. 4.1 CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS The general considerations for centrifugal compressor layout is same as the reciprocating compressor. the pipeline size is larger.CHP4). oil coolers and lube oil pumps. interstage exchangers can be located at grade outside the compressor house with auxiliary equipment consisting of lubricating.9 4. The centrifugal compressor with drive are generally mounted on the concrete table supported on RCC column.4 Inlet Filters : The inlet filters for air compressors are installed outside the building /shed at a level suitable for clean air suction without any obstruction in the air flow.5 Suction drum / knockout pot : As compressors require dry gas free of foreign particles.3 Seal Oil Consoles : The hydraulic seals located at the outer ends of the compressor shaft receive oil from the seal oil console (Refer Fig. oil filters and main seal oil pumps. . 4.TRAINING MANUAL. Strainers are installed in the inlet line between the isolation valve and the compressor inlet nozzle. the height of the travelling crane is to be carefully estimated so the machine components and rotors can be lifted over the adjacent equipment.0 3. A typical knockout pot is illustrated in Fig. seal and control oil systems be placed adjacent to the machine. Page : R0 : 4 Uhde India Limited 3.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.CHP3). : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. If the building is having installation of several compressors.3 3.

The pulsation dampeners are sized by the compressor vendor and are mounted directly on the cylinder nozzles. Volume bottles are used to reduce vibration.CHP6). They are located downstream of the discharge pulsation dampener and are similar to snubbers without internal baffles or choke tubes. The discharge line with its main components shall be routed clearing the compressor and its driver and supported independent of compressor foundation or building column foundation. 6. Chemical and Gas Industry Services.1 PIPING ARRANGEMENT The compressor house piping consist of suction / discharge piping. API 617 provides the acceptance criteria for nozzle loads.6 Pulsation dampener / volume bottles : The negative effects of vibration on the life of reciprocating compressors and associated piping can be minimized by the use of pulsation dampeners (Refer Fig. For reciprocating compressors.Air. Type of compressor Type of suction Type of discharge Short suction line Lube oil console Seal oil console Suction filter Type of drive Discharge bottle / snubber Anti vibration measures Shelter requirement Maintenance space Operation space Handling Facilities Acoustic hood . This will minimise the transmission of damaging vibrations to the building structure / frame. 5.1 Key words : Fluid for compression . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No. The main suction line with its components shall be as short and direct as possible.4 Reciprocating compressor piping arrangement should be finalised after analog study which identifies potentially damaging accoustic or pulsation problems during design phase itself.0 REFERENCE CODE API 617 Centrifugal Compressors for Petroleum. The vendor furnishes that P&ID for the compressor with its auxiliary equipment. 5.0 5.2 5. Page : R0 : 5 Uhde India Limited 4. auxiliary equipment piping and utility system piping.3 5. API 618 Reciprocating Compressors for Petroleum. Process gas etc. PTC9 ASME Performance Test COde 6. For centrifugal compressors. API 618 provides the acceptance criteria for nozzle loads. These drawings should be reviewed fully for the provisions of vents and drains requirement of the installation.TRAINING MANUAL. Chemical and Gas Industry Service. Ammonia.

t.piperack. overall and unit Plot Plan and other facilities viz. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. underground facilities.r.TRAINING MANUAL. drainage. Page : R0 : 6 Uhde India Limited - Utilities requirement Control panel Vendor's specific requirements Thermal load on nozzles / flexibility analysis Independent supports Straight length requirement at suction Relief valves on discharge Orientation of compressor w. .PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No. road access etc. Layout concept from the vendor offer stage.

O.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. 1500MM 2ND STAGE INTER COOLERS & AFTER COOLERS (1ST STAGE) C COMPRESSOR L DRIVER CYLINDER SUPPORT 1ST STAGE VALVE ACCESS (1ST STAGE) CONCRETE SLEEPERS FOR SUPPLY & RETURN AND SUCTION HEADERS DROPOUT AREA ACCESS .DRUM L 2ND STAGE C COMPRESSOR L DRIVER 1ST STAGE PULSATION DAMPENERS (2ND STAGE) (2ND STAGE) 1/2 WIDTH OF COMPRESSOR OR MIN.PIPING STUDY (PLAN) SUCTION HEADER SUCTION HEADER C K.TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : CHP1 Uhde India Limited Page RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS . : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG. NO.

TRAINING MANUAL .5M 2400 MIN.DRUM MIN. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : CHP2 Uhde India Limited Page RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS . 3M C SUCTION L DAMPENER K. (ALTERNATE) C DRIVER L INDEPENDENT SUPPORT PREFERED GRADE COMPRESSOR FOUNDATION UTILITIES DISCHARGE PULSATION DAMPENER ALTERNATIVE LAYOUT PREFERED LAYOUT SLEEPERS .PIPING STUDY (ELEVATION) VENT TO ATMOSPHERE AT SAFE LOCATION GUIDE RUNWAY BEAM HOIST ADEQUATE CLEARANCE MIN. 1. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG.O. NO.

TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : CHP3 Uhde India Limited Page LUBE OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM COMPRESSOR/TURBINE PI COMPRESSOR TURBINE BEARING (TYP. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG.) TI (TYP.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO.) SLOPING (FREE DRAINING) STAINLESS STEEL LINE TI FILTER LUBE OIL COOLER TI LUBE OIL RESERVOIR COOLING WATER AUXILIARY PUMP MAIN PUMP LUBE OIL CONSOLE HEATING MEDIUM TO COIL (IF REQUIRED) . NO.

: CHP4 Uhde India Limited Page SEAL OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM SEAL OIL TANK COMPRESSOR VENDOR CONTRACTOR CONTINUOUS DRAINERS COOLER FILTER OIL RESERVOIR PUMPS SEAL OIL CONSOLE VENDOR CONTRACTOR . NO. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL .

: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. NO. : CHP5 Uhde India Limited Page COMPRESSOR SUCTION DRUM / KNOCKOUT POT GAS OUTLET DEMISTER SCREEN BAFFLE WET GAS INLET MANTENACE ACCESS LIQUID OUTLET GRADE .PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.TRAINING MANUAL .

: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : CHP6 Uhde India Limited Page PULSATION DAMPENERS / VOLUME BOTTLES INLET PULSATION DAMPNER ALTERNATE NOZZLE LOCATIONS TEMPORARY START-UP STRAINER C SNUBBER L C COMPRESSOR L VOLUME BOTTLE OUTLET PULSATION DAMPNER PULSATION DAMPNER ADJUSTABLE SUPPORT TYPICAL DAMPNER SUPPORT . NO.