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The University of Georgia
Time Travel in a Classroom
1909 “Children, please take your slate home and show your parents what you learned. If they have questions, I’ll speak to them about it at services Sunday. Now, fifth year children, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the eight planets.” 1959 “Kids, please have your mother sign the graded papers and send them back as soon as possible so you don’t get a demerit. Now, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the nine planets.”
2009 “OK, quick texting each other and put the iphones away. Please remember to get your parent or guardian to log in to the class home page so that I know that someone has seen your posted assignments. Now, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the eight planets.”
• Many things have changed in the last 100 years…
• Now, we have smaller class sizes, more diversity, less
order and respect for teachers, more technology • Content reflects recent events and understandings, there is more technology, and the reading level of the textbooks is easier
Has Curriculum Changed?
Then • Reading • Writing • Arithmetic • Gym • History and Geography • Science Now • Language Arts • Mathematics • P.E. • Social Studies • Science
Has it really changed? No, not in 100 years.
and ‘rithmetic B. University of Georgia .Cramond. ‘riting.We are moving from industrial societies to knowledge societies We must realize that it is time to move past the 3 Rs of Reading.
high standards 4. Doll Proposed the 4 Rs 1. University of Georgia . culture.In 1993.deep & multi-layered 2. and with one’s own knowledge B.making of connections 3.reflective interaction with the environment. Relations . Recursion . Rigor .Cramond. others. Richness of curriculum .
5th R: Reverse the Role of the Learner • Passive---> Active • Consumer---> Producer • Dependent--> Independent B. University of Georgia .Cramond.
and Vanderbilt University . Montgomery County Public Schools.A partnership between the American Psychological Association.
and developing persistence.apa.The Other 3 Rs: • Reasoning • focusing on effective problem solving particularly in regard to academic challenges. • Resilience • recognizing challenges as part of life. viewing obstacles as challenges.html .org/ed/cpse/threershome. • Responsibility • Being accountable for one's own actions and inactions • Academic • Personal • Social http://www.
• Watch the Ken Robinson video on YouTube Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity? .In Great Britain… • The National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education (1999) warned that the curriculum not only did not nurture creativity. it actually stymied it.
• The groundbreaking 2006 report. . Tough Choices or Tough Times (National Center on Education and the Economy. 2006).In the U.S. advised a systematic change in the curriculum.
will be essential for many. and the arts.” (p. able to learn very quickly and work well as a member of a team and have the flexibility to adapt quickly to frequent changes in the labor market as the shifts in the economy become ever faster and more dramatic. Executive Summary). creative and innovative. 8. technology. mathematics. candidates will have to be comfortable with ideas and abstractions. beyond this. . self-disciplined and well organized. history.“Strong skills in English. as well as literature. and science. good at both analysis and synthesis.
B. Nations are in competition to nurture and retain their most creative talent because they are linked to a nation’s prosperity.Richard Florida. University of Georgia . who generate new ideas. Leisure.Cramond. the creative class. new technology. Community and Everyday Life (2002) The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent (2005) There is a new social class. and new creative content that profoundly influence work and lifestyle issues. Economist The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work.
and tolerance . Iceland. technology. 8. Switzerland. Norway and 5. Netherlands.Germany *Talent. the US. Finland. Denmark. the 3. 10. 9. Japan. 1. Florida’s Index*: 6. 7. 2. Sweden.Top Ten Countries for Creativity According to Prof. 4.
Patents .Another Measure of Creativity.
S. Swe de n Ja pa n Finla nd Switze rla nd Denm a rk 11 16 1 13 0 0 12 29 203 Ice la nd Ne the rla nds No rwa y Germ a ny C hina T a iwa n Ko rea Austra lia Physics Chemistry Medicine Literature Peace Economics .Number of Nobel Prizes Awarded By Country--All Categories Nobel Prizes Awarded by Country 8 2 1 4 88 19 R us sia U.
com .gregclinton.Other Indicators of Creative Energy: Creative Enclaves or Constellations • • • • • • • Greek Mathematicians Florence at the beginning of the 15th century Paris in the mid-to-late 18th century The Royal Society Tang Dynasty (constellation of poets) 7th C Vienna at the end of the 19th century: Harlem Renaissance/New York Creative Enclaves-.
New York.Where are some Creative Enclaves Now? • India--film industry • Silicon Valley. Paris. CA--technology • Milan. Tokyo--fashion .
How much of what you learned in school is no longer true? • There may have been only 48 states in the U. and our files were not zipped. • Our food was not zapped. even airplane trips were reserved for the wealthy. • Man had not walked on the moon. the idea of a Catholic running for president was controversial. but travel was easy. (In 1960.) .S. • The idea of a Black man or a woman running for president was unthinkable.
email. eBay. not a fashion statement. and MySpace had different meanings. . • Amazon. • “Text” was not a verb. Skype. cell phones. Second Life. got viruses. • People.How much of what you learned in school is no longer true? (cont’d) • YouTube. and Facebook had no meaning. • Going to school in your pajamas was a nightmare. chats. Blue Tooth. not machines. iPods.
Cramond. University of Georgia . The learned find themselves equipped to live only in a world that no longer exists” B.Hoffer. it is the learners who inherit the future. 1973 “In a time of drastic change.
Failure to Recognize That Creativity… .
1…Can Be Expressed in Many Ways • Association only with the Arts .
Types of Creativity • Inventive • addresses a worthwhile problem • novel and appropriate solution • Expressive • Illustrates the creator’s emotions and aesthetics • original and valuable B. University of Georgia .Cramond.
• When solved result in an improvement in the domain B.Cramond.Inventive Creativity • Exhibited in mathematics. Inventor . University of Georgia Dean Kamen. science. and social arenas • Recognizes and identifies problems that may or may not be apparent to others.
University of Georgia . and foreign patents.Cramond.S.Dean Kamen • Inventor-multimillionaire “inventrepreneur” • Didn’t graduate from college • Holds more than 150 U. many of them for innovative medical devices Segway B.
University of Georgia .Mohandas Ghandi and Martin Luther King. • May produce an intangible product--such as a social movement B.Cramond. Jr.
• But from the need to communicate with others. B.Expressive Creativity • The impetus for the arts • Results not from the recognition of a problem.Cramond. University of Georgia .
University of Georgia .Cramond.Not real dichotomy inventive • Aesthetic experience in the realization of an expressive elegant solution to a problem • There are many problems to be solved in the completion any artistic expression B.
Root-Bernstein & Root-Bernstein. the worst artist is he who is no scientist. • French physician Armand Trousseau.Cramond.” (p. B. who noted the similarity in their work. “All science touches on art. 1999 • Interviewed scientists and artists at the highest levels of accomplishment. many of whom were Nobel Prize winners. The worst scientist is he who is not an artist. University of Georgia . all art has its scientific side. 11).
“A good soup is more creative than a bad poem. Can Be Expressed at Different Levels: C or c • Association only with the highest levels of creativity • Maslow.” .2.
Cramond.3…is Needed to Solve World Problems • Inventive • Novel solutions to unsolved problems • Early recognition & product creation • Market response B. University of Georgia .
” Einstein .4…Maximizes Human Abilities “The intuitive mind is the gift. the rational mind is the faithful servant. We have honored the servant and ignored the gift.
New York: Warner Books. (2002). S.” Pressfield.. Our job in this lifetime is not to shape ourselves into some ideal that we imagine we ought to be.5…Provides the passion that leads to achievement • "We are not born with unlimited choices. but to find out who we already are and become it. The war of art: Break through the blocks and win your inner creative battles. ..
6…Makes Life Easier Ben Carson Dean Kamen .
7…And. More Enjoyable .
8…Is Developmental In some cases the very qualities that cause creative individuals to have problems are the same ones that may facilitate their creative accomplishments. .
And Must be Recognized… .
…And Nurtured even when it is hard to do so. .
like intelligence • When a person has no learned or practiced solution to a problem. some degree of creativity is required” .9…is something that we all have.
Cramond. “When a person has no learned or practiced solution to a problem. some degree of creativity is required” B. University of Georgia .According to Torrance.
What Can We Do About It? • Cherish our most valuable resource .
University of Georgia .Education Must recognize and develop • Inventive Creativity – to solve problems • Expressive creativity – to help us understand and express our feeling about our changing world B.Cramond.
architect. at the turn of the century. etc. • fewer still thought of humanity in world terms .Remember the Past • R. recalled that during his childhood. mathematician. • only about 1% of the world was literate. writer. Buckminster Fuller.
travel to the moon. electrons. . or even air wars as reality.Look at the Present… • people tried to predict the future and could not begin to conceive of automobiles.
Prepare for the Future! • We. . too. are poised on the brink of change in this new millennium • Prediction is still true: successful adaptation to world change and enrichment of our world depend on creative endeavors.
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