Grigsby, L.L. “Frontmatter” The Electric Power Engineering Handbook Ed. L.L.

Grigsby Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 2001


Gibson The Control Handbook. Poularikas The Industrial Electronics Handbook. L. Bronzino The Circuits and Filters Handbook. Michael Golio The Mobile Communications Handbook. Wai-Kai Chen The Electromagnetics Handbook. Osita D. Dorf The Handbook of Formulas and Tables for Signal Processing. Nwokah The RF and Microwave Handbook. Alexander D. Levine The Digital Signal Processing Handbook. Richard C. 2nd Edition. J.The Electrical Engineering Handbook Series Series Editor Richard C. J. Grigsby The Electronics Handbook. William S. 2nd Edition. 2nd Edition. Alexander D. Ferial El-Hawary The Technology Management Handbook. and Sensors Handbook. Vijay K. Instrumentation. Poularikas The VLSI Handbook. 2nd Edition. Richard C. Aziz Inan and Umran Inan The Mechatronics Handbook. Robert Bishop . Madisetti & Douglas Williams The Electrical Engineering Handbook.I. Cary R. Dorf University of California. Whitaker The Engineering Handbook. Jerry D. Jerry D. Wai-Kai Chen The Communications Handbook. David Irwin Measurements.L. Richard C. Gibson The Ocean Engineering Handbook. Spitzer The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. Jerry C. Davis Titles Included in the Series The Avionics Handbook. Joseph D. Dorf The Electric Power Engineering Handbook. John Webster The Mechanical Systems Design Handbook. Dorf The Transforms and Applications Handbook.

Alabama CRC PRESS ® IEEE PRESS A CRC Handbook Published in Cooperation with IEEE Press .GRIGSBY Auburn University Auburn.THE ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING HANDBOOK EDITOR-IN-CHIEF L.L.

II. Florida 33431.31′2--dc21 00-030425 This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources.00+$. including photocopying. Danvers. for promotion. Reprinted material is quoted with permission.E398 2000 621. All rights reserved. 222 Rosewood Drive. but the author and the publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or for the consequences of their use. Electric power production. p. and are used only for identification and explanation. without prior permission in writing from the publisher. for creating new works. A wide variety of references are listed. For organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by the CCC. © 2001 by CRC Press LLC No claim to original U. Government works International Standard Book Number 0-8493-8578-4 Library of Congress Card Number 00-030425 Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Printed on acid-free paper . Reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information. MA 01923 USA. Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks. I. TK1001 . Direct all inquiries to CRC Press LLC.. Boca Raton. Grigsby. Specific permission must be obtained in writing from CRC Press LLC for such copying. and sources are indicated. ISBN 0-8493-8578-4 (alk. Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use. The fee is subject to change without notice. Series. without intent to infringe.L.) 1. or for resale. or the personal or internal use of specific clients.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The electric power engineering handbook / editor-in-chief L. -. may be granted by CRC Press LLC. provided that $. The consent of CRC Press LLC does not extend to copying for general distribution. Neither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. a separate system of payment has been arranged. Leonard L.S.W. microfilming.50. The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is ISBN 0-8493-8578-4/01/$0. and recording. or by any information storage or retrieval system. Corporate Blvd. electronic or mechanical. 2000 N.(The electrical engineering handbook series) Includes bibliographical references and index. cm. Grigsby.50 per page photocopied is paid directly to Copyright Clearance Center.

They are not journal type articles nor are they textbook in nature. and utilization of electric power and energy as well as the modeling. They are intended to be tutorials or overviews providing ready access to needed information. of course. delivery. and utilization of electric power and energy remain among the most challenging and exciting fields of electrical engineering. Likewise. analysis. reliable. this series has been dedicated to the concept that when readers refer to a handbook on a particular topic they should be able to find what they need to know about the subject at least 80% of the time. design. with a special word of thanks to Nora Konopka and Ron Powers. The objective of The Electric Power Engineering Handbook is to provide a contemporary overview of this far-reaching field as well as a useful guide and educational resource for its study. I also wish to thank the personnel at CRC Press who have been involved in the production of this book. To all of them I express my profound thanks. That has indeed been the goal of this handbook. The individual articles within the 15 sections are different from most technical publications. transformation. Since its inception in 1993. Their patience and perseverance have made this task most pleasant. It is intended to define electric power engineering by bringing together the core of knowledge from all of the many topics encompassed by the field. Leo Grigsby Editor-in-Chief © 2001 CRC Press LLC . the expertise and dedication of the editorial board and section editors have been critical in making this handbook possible. The articles are written primarily for the electric power engineering professional who is seeking factual information and secondarily for the professional from other engineering disciplines who wants an overview of the entire field or specific information on one aspect of it. planning. In reading the individual articles of this handbook. distribution. The astounding technological developments of our age are highly dependent upon a safe. The book is organized into 15 sections in an attempt to provide comprehensive coverage of the generation. while at the same time providing sufficient references to more in-depth coverage of the topic. most key to the success of the work. and control of electric power systems. and economic supply of electric power. This work is a member of the Electrical Engineering Handbook Series published by CRC Press. monitoring. transmission.Preface The generation. I have been most favorably impressed by how well the authors have accomplished the goals that were set. Their contributions are. I gratefully acknowledge their outstanding efforts.

He is currently Editor for CRC Press for a book series on electric power engineering. and the 1996 Birdsong Superior Teaching Award at Auburn University. In 1993 he was inducted into the Electrical Engineering Academy at Texas Tech University for distinguished contributions to electrical engineering. Beidenbach Outstanding Engineering Educator Award. Professor Grigsby has received 12 awards for teaching excellence. (“Leo”) Grigsby received BSEE and MSEE degrees from Texas Tech University and a Ph. the IEEE Centennial Medal in 1984. and the Power Engineering Society Meritorious Service Award in 1994. later as the Alabama Power Distinguished Professor. © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Grigsby is a Fellow of IEEE. and 21 Ph.D. or national level. For this service. These include his selection for the university-wide William E. optimization and control of electric power systems. Oklahoma State University. control systems. he has published over 120 technical papers and a textbook on introductory network theory. simulation. He has taught electrical engineering at Texas Tech. He has been at Auburn University since 1984. first as the Georgia Power Distinguished Professor. He has served the Institute in 27 different offices at the chapter. Professor Grigsby has conducted research in a variety of projects related to the application of network and control theory to modeling. the 1995 IEEE Region 3 Joseph M.D. He has been the major advisor for 35 M. his selection for the ASEE AT&T Award for Teaching Excellence in 1986. he has received seven distinguished service awards. and power engineering. region. the 1990–91 Distinguished Graduate Lectureship at Auburn University. During his teaching career. from Oklahoma State University. VII for power and energy.Editor-in-Chief Leonard L. graduates. With his students and colleagues.S. He also spent nine months during 1990 at the University of Tokyo as the Tokyo Electric Power Company Endowed Chair of Electrical Engineering. During 1998–99 he was a member of the Board of Directors as Director of Div. the 1988 Edison Electric Institute Power Engineering Educator Award. and Virginia Tech. During his academic career. and currently as Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering. His teaching interests are in network analysis. Wine Award for Teaching Excellence at Virginia Tech in 1980. section. Dr.

Alabama Andrew Hanson ABB Power T&D Company Raleigh. Arizona Rama Ramakumar Oklahoma State University Stillwater. Minnesota © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Kersting New Mexico State University Las Cruces. Farmer Arizona State University Tempe. Georgia S. Wollenberg University of Minnesota Minneapolis. Sheblé Iowa State University Ames. Alabama Gerald B. Alabama Robert Waters Alabama Power Company Birmingham. Iowa John D. Virginia Bruce F. Harlow Harlow Engineering Associates Largo. Arizona Richard G. Mississippi Mark Nelms Auburn University Auburn.Editorial Board Pritindra Chowdhuri Tennessee Technological University Cookeville.L. Florida Saifur Rahman Virginia Tech Alexandria. Karady Arizona State University Tempe.M. Tennessee James H. Virginia George G. Oklahoma William H. Grigsby Auburn University Auburn. McDonald KEMA Consulting Norcross. Halpin Mississippi State University Mississippi State. North Carolina Arun Phadke Virginia Polytechnic Institute Blacksburg. New Mexico L.

Pennsylvania Kristine Buchholz Pacific Gas and Electric San Francisco. Inc. British Columbia. Brown ABB Power T&D Company Raleigh. Boucherville. Scarborough. Alabama Michael J. Pelham. Alabama Gabriel Benmouyal Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories. Ltd. Arizona Antonio Castanheira M. Brockschink Pacific Engineering Corporation Portland. New York © 2001 CRC Press LLC .H. Degeneff Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy. Colopy Cooper Power Systems Waukesha. Boyle Power System Analysis Signal Mountain. Inc. Quebec. Alabama Pritindra Chowdhuri Tennessee Technological University Cookeville. Ontario. Canada Richard E. California Washington State University Pullman. Alabama Steven R. Tennessee Miroslav Begovic Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta. Bio Power Resources. Japan Wilford Caulkins Sherman & Reilly. North Carolina Robert C. Chattanooga. Agrawal Arizona Public Service Co. Sweden Trench Ltd. Bollen Chalmers University of Technology Gothenburg. Bowen Alabama Power Company Birmingham. California Philip Bolin Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Inc. Canada Hirofumi Akagi Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo. Canada Wolfgang Breuer Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Regensburg. Tennessee George L. Wisconsin Al Bolger BC Hydro Burnaby. Wisconsin Simon W. Washington William Chisholm Ontario Hydro Technologies Toronto. Tennessee Anjan Bose Alex Apostolov Alstom T&D Los Angeles. Clark Alabama Power Company Birmingham. Ontario.Contributors Rambabu Adapa Electric Power Research Institute Palo Alto. Germany Patrick Coleman Alabama Power Company Birmingham. Phoenix. California Bajarang L.J. Canada John Appleyard S&C Electric Company Sauk City. Georgia John R. Oregon Craig A. Warrendale.

British Columbia. North Carolina Shelia Frasier Southern Engineering Atlanta. North Carolina M. Donnelly Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland.F. Harris Waukesha Electric Systems Waukesha. Haskew The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa. Florida D. New York Nouredine Hadjsaid Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG) France Scott H. Feltes Power Technologies Schenectady. Canada William R. California James H. Gurney Richard G. Farmer Arizona State University Tempe. Washington Tim A. Alabama J. Niskayuna. Evans Detroit Edison Company Detroit. Michigan Alabama Power Company Birmingham.M. British Columbia. Germany Rulon Fronk Fronk Consulting Cerritos. Hauer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland. Galloway ABB Power T & D Company Jefferson City. Kentucky Ahmed Elneweihi BC Hydro Burnaby. Georgia S. Washington John V. Alabama Ted Haupert TJ/H2b Analytical Services Sacramento. Giesselmann Texas Tech University Lubbock. Wisconsin Richard Dudley Trench Ltd. Texas David L. Harlow Harlow Engineering Associates Largo. Canada L. Ontario. Canada Jay C.A. Arizona BC Hydro Burnaby. Inc. Gross Auburn University Auburn. California Andrew Hanson ABB Power T & D Company Raleigh. Wisconsin © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Nova Scotia. Grubbs James W.E. Halpin Mississippi State University Mississippi State.Don Delcourt BC Hydro Burnaby. Alabama M. El-Hawary Dalhousie University Halifax. New York Michael G. Alabama Robert Haas Haas Engineering Villa Hills. Giri ALSTOM ESCA Corporation Bellevue. British Columbia.K. Mississippi Dieter Dohnal Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen GmbH Regensburg. Washington Dudley L. Douglass Power Delivery Consultants. Canada James W. Digby Waukesha Electric Systems Goldsboro. Grigsby Auburn University Auburn. Scarborough. Missouri James H. Henning Waukesha Electric Systems Waukesha. Canada Charles A.L.

Texas Christopher J. Canada George G. Merrill Merrill Energy. Kansas Alireza Khotanzad Southern Methodist University Dallas. Arizona Yakout Mansour Richard P. Johnson Kansas State University Manhattan. Karady Arizona State University Tempe. LLC Williamsburg. Surrey. North Carolina Roger A. MartinezVelasco Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya Barcelona. New York Gerhard Juette Siemens Munich. Canada Dan Mulkey Pacific Gas & Electric Co. Jonnatti Loci Engineering Palm Harbor. Oregon W. Minnesota Andre Lux ABB Power T&D Company Raleigh. Mittelstadt Bonneville Power Adminstration Portland. Hopkinson Square D Company Monroe. Petaluma. LLC Schenectady. North Carolina Kip Morrison Powertech Labs Inc. Kersting New Mexico State University Las Cruces. New York Tonia Jurbin BC Hydro Burnaby. Oregon Harold Moore H. Lambert Shawnee Power Consulting. Ohio Tibor Kertesz Hydro One Networks. Florida Einar Larsen GE Power Systems Schenectady. Ohio BC Hydro Burnaby. Horowitz Consultant Columbus. Virginia Danny Julian ABB Power T & D Company Raleigh. North Carolina William H. Kennedy Georgia Power Company Atlanta. Kappenman Metatech Corporation Duluth. Germany Stephen R. Florida John G. Spain Philip J. Moore & Associates Niceville. Ontario. Toronto. Wisconsin Gary L. Keil Dayton Power & Light Company Dayton. Georgia Juan A. Canada Shirish P. Arizona John R. Canada William A. Tennessee Anthony J. British Columbia. Surrey. Canada Hyde M. Messenger Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton. McDonald KEMA Consulting Norcross. New Mexico John D.H.Felimón Hernandez Arizona Public Service Company Phoenix. British Columbia. Inc. Georgia Stan H. Litzenberger Bonneville Power Administration Portland. British Columbia. Mehta Waukesha Electric Systems Waukesha. Florida Prabha Kundur Powertech Labs. Melhorn EPRI PEAC Corporation Knoxville. California © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Inc. British Columbia.

Seely Pacific Engineering Corporation Portland. Mike Stine Raychem Corporation Menlo Park. Washington Juan Sanchez-Gasca Dan D. Payne Potomac Electric Power Company Washington. Ontario. Inc. Pohlman Consultant Pittsburgh. Kentucky Saifur Rahman Virginia Tech Falls Church.M. Núñez-Noriega Glendale Community College Glendale. Canada Peter W. Iowa Carlos V. New York ADAPT Corporation Kennett Square. Nowell Georgia Power Company Atlanta. Inc. Texas James H. Wisconsin Charles W. Maryland Glenn W. Ontario. Dag Reppen Robert S. Versailles. Nippes Magnetic Product and Services. Sebra Jeewan Puri Square D Company Monroe. Illinois Kenneth H. New York Gerald B. LLC Niskayuna. Warrendale. Swamy Yaskawa Electric America Waukegan. Texas Alan Oswalt Waukesha Electric Systems Waukesha.Randy Mullikin Kuhlman Electric Corp. Richter ALSTOM ESCA Corporation Bellevue. New Jersey Kaushik Rajashekara Delphi Automotive Systems Kokomo. Ontario. Shoults University of Texas at Arlington Arlington. Oregon Paul I. Virginia Douglas B. Arizona Manuel Reta-Hernández Arizona State University Tempe. Georgia Niskayuna Power Consultants. Swift APT Power Technologies Winnipeg. Arizona Raymond R. Canada GE Power Systems Schenectady. Stewart BC Hydro Burnaby. Canada © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Pennsylvania Francisco de la Rosa DLR Electric Power Reliability Houston. Illinois C. Sosinski Consumers Energy Jackson. Mississippi Anne-Marie Sahazizian Paulette A. Sheblé Iowa State University Ames. Price GE Power Systems Schenectady. Sauer Joe C. North Carolina John Paserba Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Inc. Jin Sim Waukesha Electric Systems Goldsboro. Toronto. Scarborough. Manitoba. Neil Stanton Stanton Associates Bellevue. Holmdel. North Carolina Baltimore Gas & Electric Company Baltimore. Canada N. DC Hydro One Networks. British Columbia. Savio William W. California Leo J. Indiana Michael Sharp Trench Ltd. New York Robert P. Canada K. Washington H. Pennsylvania Mahesh M. Perco Perco Transformer Engineering Stoney Creek. Pennsylvania University of Illinois Urbana.

Jr. Trinh.Larry D. Ohio © 2001 CRC Press LLC . Canada Carson W. New York Giao N. Georgia Vijay Vittal Iowa State University Ames. Oregon Ridley Thrash Southwire Company Carrollton. Arizona Robert F. Alabama Loren B. Thorp Cornell University Ithaca. Log-In Boucherville. Thallam Salt River Project Phoenix. Swift University of Texas at Arlington Arlington. Wagenaar America Electric Power Pickerington. Iowa Rao S. Taylor Carson Taylor Seminars Portland. Jr. Texas James S. Quebec. Tillman. Alabama Power Company Birmingham.

Mehta and William R.10 3. Messenger Saifur Rahman 2 Electric Power Generation: Conventional Methods 2. Brockschink. Gurney. Henning Transformer Installation and Maintenance Alan Oswalt Problem and Failure Investigations Harold Moore The United States Power Transformer Equipment Standards and Processes Philip J.14 3.8 3. Galloway Underground Distribution Transformers Dan Mulkey Dry Type Transformers Paulette A.1 3.19 James H. and Michael Sharp Instrument Transformers Randy Mullikin and Anthony J. Jonnatti Transformer Connections Dan D. Harlow Loading Power Transformers Robert F. James H. Payne Step-Voltage Regulators Craig A. Johnson Advanced Energy Technologies Saifur Rahman Photovoltaics Roger A.3 3.3 Wind Power Gary L.5 3. Nippes Thermal Generating Plants Kenneth H.Contents 1 Electric Power Generation: Non-Conventional Methods 1.1 1.2 3. Tillman. and Douglas B.4 Rama Ramakumar Hydroelectric Power Generation Steven R.1 2. Perco LTC Control and Transformer Paralleling James H.20 On-Line Monitoring of Liquid-Immersed Transformers Andre Lux © 2001 CRC Press LLC .11 3. Antonio Castanheira.15 3. Sebra Distributed Utilities John R.6 3.12 3.16 3.4 3. Digby Distribution Transformers Dudley L. Jr.2 1.7 3. Jin Sim and Scott H.9 3. Seely Synchronous Machinery Paul I.3 2.17 3. Savio and Ted Haupert Transformer Testing Shirish P. Harlow Theory and Principles Harold Moore Power Transformers H.13 3. Colopy Reactors Richard Dudley. Causes and Effects of Transformer Sound Levels Jeewan Puri Electrical Bushings Loren B.18 3. Hopkinson 3.2 2. Wagenaar Load Tap Changers (LTCs) Dieter Dohnal and Wolfgang Breuer Insulating Media Leo J. Kennedy 3 Transformers 3.

Douglass and Ridley Thrash 4.3 William H. Rulon Frank. Clark and Simon W.10 5.11 Reactive Power Compensation Rao S.A.4 Transmission System 4. Sosinski Animal Deterrents/Security C. Stewart. Shoults and Larry D. Evans Substation Automation John D.7 Sag and Tension of Conductor D.9 5. Keil Grounding and Lightning Robert S.1 5. Kersting Power System Loads Raymond R. Mike Stine and Sheila Frasier Substation Grounding Richard P. Harris High Voltage Power Electronics Substations Gerhard Juette Considerations in Applying Automation Systems to Electric Utility Substations James W.3 5. Swift Distribution System Modeling and Analysis William H.8 5. Karady and R.8 Corona and Noise Giao N. Farmer Transmission Line Construction and Maintenance Wilford Caulkins and Kristine Buchholz 4.1 6.2 5.6 Transmission Line Parameters Manuel Reta-Hernández 4. Grubbs Basic Electric Power Utilization — Loads.9 Geomagnetic Disturbances and Impacts upon Power System Operation John G.10 Lightning Protection William A Chisholm 4.11 5.G. McDonald Oil Containment Anne-Marie Sahazizian and Tibor Kertesz Community Considerations James H.P.2 7.5 Insulated Power Cables for High Voltage Applications Carlos V. Gross © 2001 CRC Press LLC .5 5.2 4.3 4. Load Characterization and Load Modeling Andrew Hanson Electric Power Utilization: Motors Charles A. Pohlman Insulators and Accessories George G. Thallam 5 Substations 5. Bio High Voltage Switching Equipment David L. Karady Transmission Line Structures Joe C. Núñez-Noriega and Felimón Hernandez 4.4 George G. Kersting Power System Operation and Control George L.1 7. Kappenman 4. Karady Concept of Energy Transmission and Distribution George G.4 5.7 5.6 5.3 Andrew Hanson Metering of Electric Power and Energy John V. Bowen 7 Electric Power Utilization 7.12 5.1 4. and Tonia Jurbin Substation Fire Protection Al Bolger and Don Delcourt 6 Distribution Systems 6.M. Nowell Seismic Considerations R. Trinh 4.2 6. McDonald Gas Insulated Substations Philip Bolin Air Insulated Substations — Bus/Switching Configurations Michael J.13 John D.

6 Arun Phadke Transformer Protection Alex Apostolov. John Appleyard.6 10. M.8 Direct Analysis of Wide Area Dynamics J.4 10. Donnelly. Price 11. Mittelstadt.4 L.6 Power System Stability Controls Carson W.7 Power System Dynamic Modeling William W. L.3 8. Gross 9 Power System Protection 9. W.2 10.1 9. and Einar Larsen 11. Degeneff Transmission System Transients — Grounding William Chisholm Insulation Coordination Stephen R. Taylor 11. F. Boyle 10 Power System Transients 10. W. Lambert 11 Power System Dynamics and Stability Richard G.2 Transient Stability Kip Morrison 11. Hauer. Grigsby and Andrew Hanson The Per-Unit System Charles A. Lambert Very Fast Transients Juan A. Grigsby and Andrew Hanson Fault Analysis in Power Systems Charles A. Martinez-Velasco Transient Voltage Response of Coils and Windings Robert C. Ahmed Elneweihi. Sauer 11. Robert Haas.1 8. Horowitz System Protection Miroslav Begovic Digital Relaying James S.5 9.8 Pritindra Chowdhuri Characteristics of Lightning Strokes Francisco de la Rosa Overvoltages Caused by Direct Lightning Strokes Pritindra Chowdhuri Overvoltages Caused by Indirect Lightning Strokes Pritindra Chowdhuri Switching Surges Stephen R.1 Power System Stability — Overview Prabha Kundur 11.10 Power System Dynamic Interaction with Turbine-Generators Richard G.9 Power System Dynamic Security Assessment Peter W.5 Direct Stability Methods Vijay Vittal 11.L.5 10.7 10.2 9.4 Voltage Stability Yakout Mansour 11. Haskew Power Flow Analysis L. Thorp Use of Oscillograph Records to Analyze System Performance John R. Swift The Protection of Synchronous Generators Gabriel Benmouyal Transmission Line Protection Stanley H.3 10. K. Gross Symmetrical Components for Power System Analysis Tim A. Farmer and Bajarang L. Prabha Kundar.8 Power System Analysis and Simulation 8. H. and Glenn W. A. and Rambabu Adapa 11.1 10. Juan Sanchez-Gasca.2 8.4 9. Farmer 11.3 Small Signal Stability and Power System Oscillations John Paserba. Agrawal © 2001 CRC Press LLC .3 9. Litzenberger.

Halpin Voltage Sags M.3 15. El-Hawary 12.2 14. Bollen Voltage Fluctuations and Lamp Flicker in Power Systems S.5 15.M.M. Jr. Swamy Inverters Michael Giesselmann Active Filters for Power Conditioning Hirofumi Akagi 15 Power Quality 15. Brown 14 Power Electronics 14.2 Short-Term Load and Price Forecasting with Artificial Neural Networks Alireza Khotanzad 13. Melhorn Harmonics in Power Systems S. Sheblé 13.5 Security Analysis Nouredine Hadjsaid 13 Power System Planning (Reliability) Gerald B. Dag Reppen and James W. Halpin Wiring and Grounding for Power Quality Christopher J.2 Generation Control: Economic Dispatch and Unit Commitment Charles W.M. H.12 Power System Operation and Control Bruce F. 12.4 Power System Planning Hyde M.1 14. Feltes 13. Halpin Power Quality Monitoring Patrick Coleman © 2001 CRC Press LLC .M. Neil Stanton.3 14.4 15.1 15.2 15.1 Energy Management K.6 S. Giri.4 Mark Nelms Power Semiconductor Devices Kaushik Rajashekara Uncontrolled and Controlled Rectifiers Mahesh M. E. Richter. Merrill 13. Sheblé 13.3 Transmission Plan Evaluation — Assessment of System Reliability N. Jay C. J.1 Planning Gerald B. Halpin Introduction S.4 Optimal Power Flow M.3 State Estimation Danny Julian 12. Wollenberg 12.5 Power System Reliability Richard E. and Anjan Bose 12.

Grigsby Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC. . 2001 To gain fully access of the document please click here.L. L.Rahman. Saifur “Electric Power Generation: Non-Conventional Methods” The Electric Power Engineering Handbook Ed.

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