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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
1. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. and flexibility. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. not just that of exterior. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. cost. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer.Generally. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. For that we need level three: SM systems. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Moreover. and are less expensive. and costs are generally lower.
And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. 1. DESIGN. 8 . 1. or on the surface of the object in question. surface area.4 LAYOUTS. so mass properties (volume.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. By its nature. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. outside. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. 1. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. centre of gravity. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. to be sure. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. weight. rather than a part of engineering. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model.systems to handle architectural problems. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. In this way.
e. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. 9 . it remains a challenge. and then select Edit. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. automation of process planning is also impossible. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. if you need for more complex sketches 2. Without solids. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i.1. Once created. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. but one that can be surmounted. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. or select a planar surface. To do this from the 3D. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. 2. With solid.
two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. Construction elements 10 . The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.2. i. in which you specify the reference plane. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements.e. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. on some occasions. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. 2.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Snap to Point If activated. . If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.
the sketch. 11 . Dimensional Constraints: When selected. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These elements cannot be modified. as soon as the diagnostic is solved.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. and only visualized by. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). graphically speaking. uses edges. As a result. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. 2. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These elements are used as positioning references.
all over a curve. Using SmartPick.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. at the midpoint of a line.6. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. The constraints are in priority dimensional. on a point. According to the various active options. any of the above cases possibly combined together. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. SmartPick will return information via symbols. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. two or three elements.6 Creating Constraints 2. using coordinates. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. . SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. at the extremity point of a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. the 2. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). whenever possible. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed.
by default.6. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Horizontal. Coincidence. Select a first element. For editing.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. 2. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options).6. coincidence and tangency. Fix. the application displays it in green. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. If constraints already exist.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. 2. 2. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Select a second element. Angle. they are checked in the dialog box.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.6. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. You can either select the geometry or the command first. 13 . Select the profile to be constrained. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Once the profile is fully constrained. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. This constraint can be created between either two elements.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.
b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. 14 . A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space).7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle.2. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle.
Click to create the parallelogram.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. two centers & two radii. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. circle centers appear on the sketch. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. By default. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click three elements. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).
Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Clicking another command ends the spline too. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint.start. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar.It shows how to create an arc. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. c) Through three points –start. middle. Double-click to end the spline. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). b) Through three points . end. s) Creating a Conic 17 . Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. To create a hyperbola click the focus. middle. center and apex. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). start point and end point. There are three possibilities. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. a) The arc center point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. To create a Parabola click the focus. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. end.
using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the line first point (first point). double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). To edit. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). a circle. in accordance with both points previously clicked. x) Creating an Axis 18 . Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click two points on the two existing lines. a parabola or a hyperbola. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. As a result. if needed. one after the other.
Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). of course you can create this point manually. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle.This task shows how to create an axis. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Select a second line (or an axis). 2. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Select a first line (or an axis). Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. In this task.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 .
3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Trim All / First / No element. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Select the two curves. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. the first or none of the elements. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Length1/Length2. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Select the first line. . Create two intersecting lines. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. The second line is also highlighted. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. You can create rounded corners between curves. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Select the two lines. Select the two lines. Length1/Angle.
The complementary arc appears for selected arc. and Break. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). For example. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Rubber out. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The arc will now be closed. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select the line to be broken. a three point arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. a construction line or an axis. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. The line is now composed of two movable segments. These options are Rubber In. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Create a three points arc. 21 from the Sketch tools .
Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Select the geometry to be rotated. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be translated. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select or click the rotation center point. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Multi-selection is not available. multi-select the entire profile. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. In other words. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Enter the number of copies you need. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Select or click a point to define an angle. Here. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. if needed. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle.
arc or circle. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. The line to be created appears. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. These 23 . the line to be created appears immediately. select it. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The selected line is duplicated.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. These projections are yellow. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. The intersection is yellow. Both lines are parallel. If the line is not already selected. There are two possibilities. by creating several offset instances. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Select the surface.
11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. It indicates the overall 24 . in the Tools toolbar. Expand the Mechanical Design option. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. The Sketcher tab appears. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Primary spacing. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. You can now sketch the required profile. 2. Graduations.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. 2. and then click Sketcher. 2. The Options dialog box appears. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. In other words.
The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. 25 . offers a highly productive. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. 3. from simple to advance. b) the geometry area. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. To open it. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. which is fully integrated into Part Design. c) specific toolbars. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. Actually. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon).1 Opening a New CATPart Document. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. The New dialog box is displayed.3. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. This application.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree.
1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Between: Creating point between two other points. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. ellipse.2. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. . Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Use the combo to choose the desired point type.3. 3. 26 . 3.2. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Y.
Loft. Slot.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Rib. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Once you have defined the plane. In this section. Some operations consist in adding material. it is represented by a red square symbol. 27 . Shaft. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point.Regardless of the line type. others in removing material. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. and Remove Loft. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. 3. Groove.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Click the Plane icon . Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad.2. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Pocket.
28 . You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Up to Surface. By default. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. if you extrude a profile.Up to Last. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.3.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. For each of them. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .3. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Up to Plane. the application specifies the length of your pad.3. You will notice that by default. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. 3. If you wish to define another length for this direction.
3.3. To define a specific depth. To specify another direction. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Click OK to create the pocket. 3. By default. if you extrude a profile. up to last.3. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. Alternatively. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. using different length values. Click the Pocket icon . the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Note 29 .4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Select the profile to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to plane. up to surface. set the Type parameter to Dimension. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Double-click Pocket to edit it. The specification tree indicates this creation. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next.
Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Click the Shaft icon . The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Select the open profile. 3.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Enter Thickness2 's value. For each of them. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. select LIM1 or 30 . Consequently. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The method described here is also valid for pockets. pockets and stiffeners. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. you do not have to select the axis. The profile is previewed in dotted line. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Alternatively. Once you have done your modifications.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. and click Preview to see the result. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. 3. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material.3.3. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Enter Thickness1 's value. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. If needed. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. and click Preview to see the result. You need an open or closed profile. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.
This task shows you how to create a groove. Click the Groove icon . The specification tree mentions it has been created. you do not have to select the axis. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. Select the profile. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Consequently. 3. For the purposes of our scenario. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). If needed. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. Click OK to confirm the 31 . You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The shaft is created.3. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. Click Preview to see the result. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click OK to confirm.
Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can enter the values of your choice. you need a center curve. but you can use standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. 3.operation. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.3.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . By default.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. To define a thread. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.3.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. 3.3. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. To define a rib.
Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. New options are then available. It should be a closed profile.2. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed.element or a pulling direction. Click the Rib icon .11 Slot 33 . Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. The rib is created.3. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The specification tree mentions this creation. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Click OK. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. it can be discontinuous in tangency. you can select a plane or an edge. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. To create Rib. 3. To define this direction. The application now previews the rib to be created.
Click the Loft icon . The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The resulting feature is a closed volume.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Vertices.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. the application computes a spine. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. They are highlighted in the geometry area. To define a slot.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Select the profile. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. It is closed. Pulling direction. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. a planar profile. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. You can note that by default.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. By default. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. 3. 34 . Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The feature (identified as Loft. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Slot icon . Tangency then curvature. you need a center curve. Reference surface. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Tangency. Select the three section curves.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click OK to create the volume. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves.
but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Select the profile to be extruded. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. The feature (identified as Loft. If you need to use an open profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. Click the Remove Loft icon . Click OK to create the lofted surface. 3. . The Two creation modes are available: 35 .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. By default. the application computes a spine. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.3.3. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry.
Conversely. Select the edges. CATIA displays the radius value. The specification tree indicates it has been created. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile.4. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Tangency. When filleting an edge. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. Optionally click Preview to see the result.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. depending on the radius value you specified. The stiffener is created. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Click the Edge Fillet icon . the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Click OK. 3. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Check the Neutral Fiber option.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. If you set the Tangency mode. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. 36 .
4. Select the faces to be filleted.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. 3. Select the face to be removed.4.4. Instead of entering a radius value. Click OK. The fillet will be tangent to this face. 3.5 Basic Draft 37 . This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face.3. Depending on the curve's shape. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. The specification tree indicates this creation. The faces are filleted.4. the application chamfers its edges.
The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. 3.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Click OK. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. If Keep Parting =Neutral.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Parting element: this plane. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. you then can also check the option Draft both sides.4. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. This element will remain the same during the draft. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.
You can add as many points as you wish. Select face as the neutral element. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click the Shell icon . Enter an angle value in the Angle field. 3. Click OK to confirm. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. To add a point on the edge. The reflect line is moved accordingly. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Select the face to be drafted. Select the face. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The feature is shelled. 3. To edit the other angle value.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon .8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Click OK. indicating the default pulling direction. 3. Enter the Default inside thickness field.4.9 Thickness 39 . click the Points field. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.4.4.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . This line is used to support the drafted faces. Select the face to be removed. The selected face becomes purple. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like.
Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Select the faces to thicken.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The application previews the thread. Click the Thickness icon . Click OK to create the translated element. This task shows you how to translate a body. You can also specify the direction by means of X. This creation appears in the specification tree. but the thread (identified as Thread. Select the upper face as the limit face. Click OK. Click OK to confirm. Check the Left-Threaded option. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. The element (identified as Translate. Limit faces must be planar. Click the Translate icon . Enter the thread depth. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. pitch value. The part is thickened accordingly. Click the Thread/Tap icon . The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Y. 40 . 3. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.5. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread.4. Click Preview. Enter a positive value.
5. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Mirror icon . The application previews the material to be created.5. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The specification tree mentions this creation. 3. Click the Rotate icon . The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. 3. The pads are mirrored.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Select a point. Enter a value for the rotation angle.xxx) is added to the specification tree.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The element is rotated.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. 3. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree.3.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to create the rotated element.5. Click OK to confirm the operation. line or plane as reference element. The command applies to current bodies. The new element (identified as Symmetry.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Select an edge as the rotation axis. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. The element (identified as Rotate.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Symmetry icon .
An arrow is displayed on the pad. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. circular and user patterns. Now. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. The feature "RectPattern.This is the resulting pattern.5. Click OK. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. If needed. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. These features accelerate the creation process. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Instances & Spacing. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Spacing & Length. complete crown. Angular spacing & total angle.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Select the feature you wish to copy. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. 42 . check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Patterns let you do so. Instances & angular spacing. Defining the spacing along the grid.
These points are created in the Sketch. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. click the Crown Definition tab. you can select an edge or a planar face. This axis will be normal to the face.6 Measuring 3. Click the User Pattern icon . The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. you are going to add a crown to your part. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . The body is scaled. 3. Click Preview.5. The feature appears in the Object field. The pad will be repeated seven times. One more ring of pads will be added. The specification tree indicates this creation. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. 3.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. To define a direction. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Click OK. 3.5. Click OK. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.6.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Click OK. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. To do so. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Select the body to be scaled. Select the reference point located on the body. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click the Scaling icon . Now.
By default. or an entire product (selection 1). etc. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box.). Click the Measure Item icon. If exact values cannot be measured. Switch to Design Mode.6. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.6. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. vertices and entire products) or between points. Click to select a surface. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edges. This command lets you choose the selection mode.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. edge or vertex. edges. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . Click to select another surface. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. 3. edge or vertex. edges. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. or an entire product (selection 2). Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). surfaces and entire products). The Measure Between dialog box appears. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. icon in the Definition box. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Measure Item dialog box appears. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. 3. surfaces. Click the Measure Between icon.
To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. face or surface. 3. the dialog box also gives the area.7. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. Click OK. indicating the splitting element.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. The area. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. 45 . The body is split. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Click the Split icon .7 Surface-Based Features 3. you must select the desired sub-product. density and mass of the selected item.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. volume (volumes only). Material has been removed. In addition to the center of gravity G. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. The measure is made on the selection. you can click it to reverse the direction. Select the splitting surface. geometry or assembly. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Measure Inertia icon. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. density.
Select the surface to be closed. The surface is closed . The surface is thickened. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. just click it. Click OK. that is the extrude element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. Click the Thick Surface icon . The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Click OK. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Close Surface icon . If you need to reverse the arrow. In the geometry area. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction.INITIAL 3.7. INITIAL 3. Select the object you wish to thicken. 46 .7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.
The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the Sew Surface icon . The surface is sewn onto the body.INITIAL FINAL 3. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the arrow to reverse the direction.7. Some material has been removed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.
x are autonomous. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body.8. When your part includes several bodies. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. Click OK to confirm. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies.3. By default. The result is immediate. 3. Assembling Bodies. Removing Bodies. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. You will notice that Part Body and Body. 3. It is underlined. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. It allows you to create complex geometry. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. Intersecting Bodies. if you wish to combine them. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.x" in the specification tree. This is your new Part Body. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. INITIAL 48 .8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Click the Insert Body icon. Now.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. material has been added. To assemble them.8. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. indicating that it is the active body. Trimming Bodies.
By default.8. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Click the Add icon . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.
Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . Click OK.1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
and their origins when you are editing these elements. 4.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. containing three categories of options: External References. Select the Tools -> Options. The Options dialog box is displayed.. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. Delete Operation . It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. you often need to select other elements as inputs.. then Display tab. The General tab appears.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.. When creating a geometric element. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. you just need to use the Isolate command. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. copied elements for example.. command Click the Infrastructure category. and Delete Operation.This task shows you how to set general settings. Click the Infrastructure category.9. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. When selecting a sketch as 54 .3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. 3. Geometry. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Update. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Select the Tools -> Options command.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. they will not be deleted. Update. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. which means that if they are shared by other features. External References. The tab appears.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object.
The Planes Between dialog box appears. depending on the feature you are creating. the last and first instances are the curve end points. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field).3 Creating Polylines 55 . 4. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Select a curve or a Point on curve. some restrictions apply. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click OK to create the planes.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. 4. in only one operation. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.the input element. If you check the with end points option.
This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Center and point. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Bitangent and point .xxx) is added to the specification tree. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Two points and radius. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. 56 .4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Three points. Enter a Radius value. Bitangent and radius . Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.Tritangent. 4. Click the Circle icon . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Click the Polyline icon . The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Enter all input as specified. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. The circle (identified as Circle.
4. Click the Spline icon . Remove the selected point. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Replace the selected point by another point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. 57 . Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Add a point before the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. and select a support. The Spline Definition dialog box appears.
such as coils and springs for example. Taper Angle. Click OK to create the corner. Orientation. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Select two curves as reference element. The corner will be created between these two references. Set the helix parameters: Pitch.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Select the Support surface. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Starting Angle. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click the Corner icon .4. 58 . Several solutions may be possible. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Profile. The reference elements must lie on this support. Click OK to create the helix. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Click the Helix icon . 4. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Enter a Radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Height. Select a starting point and an axis.
8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. 4. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 .Define the spiral's Orientation. along the Reference direction. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Connect Curve icon . Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. that is the distance from the Center point.4.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Specify the Start radius value. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Click OK to create the connect curve. when the spiral is defined by an angle. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane. Tangency or Curvature. Click the Spiral icon .
4. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. Click the Conic icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be projected.4. passing points or tangents. Click the Projection icon .10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. You can select several elements to be projected. hyperbolas or ellipses. Click OK to create the projection element.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The projection may be normal or along a direction. Select the Support element. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. 60 .
Select the two elements to be intersected. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.Fill in the conic curve parameters. etc. This element (identified as Intersect. Click the Intersection icon .12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Avoid using input elements. A Contour. lines.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The intersection is displayed.) 4. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. 61 . Point. A Face. Click OK to create the intersection element.
Click OK to create the surface.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Click the Extrude icon . 4. lofting and sweeping.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. 62 .4. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.13. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Geometry with no history is called a datum. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.
If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.4. The spherical surface is based on a center point. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. Click the Revolve icon . You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. Click OK to create the surface.13. 4. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar.13. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . and angular limits.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.
4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. along 64 . Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click OK to create the surface. 4. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.dialog box is displayed. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. Select the surface to be offset. Click Apply to preview the surface.13. Click the Offset icon .13. Select the center point of the sphere. one on each side of the reference surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.
Click the Line profile icon. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Select a Guide curve. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. 65 . the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. If no spine is selected. Click OK to create the swept surface. With draft direction. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. you can select a reference Surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With tangency surface. Click the Sweep icon . The five possible cases are Two limits. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. In the Smooth sweeping section. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. select a Second Guide. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. The surface (identified as Sweep. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. With reference curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. Limit and middle. Click the Explicit profile icon. If needed. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. With reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Circle icon. If needed. select a Spine.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Select the planar Profile to be swept out.
7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Click OK to create the fill surface. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Remove the selected element. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Two guides.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Click the Fill icon . the results may be inconsistent. Click OK to create the swept surface. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. If 66 . The surface (identified as Sweep. 4. Click OK to create the swept surface. Replace the selected element by another curve. 4. Select one or two section curves. Select guide curves. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. hyperbolas or ellipses.13. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Four guides. Click the Conic icon. Three guides. Click the Sweep icon . and enter a radius value.13. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. and then use the combo to choose the subtype.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If not. Click the Loft icon . The surface (identified as Sweep. Select a passing point. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Five guides. such as parabolas.
Click the Split icon . Select the element to be split.13.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. The surface (identified as Blend. translating and rotating. on both. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. select one or more guide curves. Click the Blend icon . only on the End section. or on none. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Several coupling types are available. such as tension. In the Spine tab page. Successively select the first curve and its support. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. 4. Click OK. Vertices. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. then the second curve and its support. Tangency then curvature. 67 . The Split Definition dialog box appears. Start extremity. and so forth.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. taking a number of constraints into account. You can select several cutting elements. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.14. continuity. End extremity. None. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the lofted surface. 4.needed. Tangency. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. 4. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. A preview of the split appears. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Select the cutting element. In that case.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming.
You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. Click OK to split the element.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 68 . A preview of the trimmed element appears. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.xxx element in the specification tree. Click the Trim icon . Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. In that case it appears as a separate Split.
No propagation. 4.). and so forth. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.14. Select a Surface edge. The selected element is highlighted. Select an edge or the face of an element. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears.4. a point on the curve for example. Click the Extract icon . This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. 69 . without deleting the initial element. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. Click OK to extract the element.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Click the Boundary icon .14. points. or Tangent continuity. Click OK to create the boundary curve. solids. The extracted element (identified as Extract. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.
Click OK to create the translated element.14. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Select a point. Click the Rotate icon . line or surface element. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click the Translate icon . Select the element to be translated. The element (identified as Translate . 4.14. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.14.14.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Affinity icon . Select the Vector Definition. Click OK to create the rotated element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Scaling icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Select the scaling reference point. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. point. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click the Symmetry icon . The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click OK. or more.4. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the element to be rotated.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. plane or planar surface. 4.14.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. line or plane as reference element.
10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Click OK to create the affinity element. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. federation. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold.operation. 71 .14. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Join icon. Angle Tolerance. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. 4. Click the Extrapolate icon . Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Merging distance. Z values. Y. Select a surface Boundary. Ignore erroneous elements.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. The Join Definition dialog box appears. 4.14. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.
you can retain sharp edges. A progression bar is displayed. and selecting one or more edges. Click OK in the dialog box. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. by clicking the Sharpness tab. The Healing Definition dialog box appears.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. The surface (identified as Heal. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. 4. while the surface is restored. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.14. You can also set the Distance objective. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. Select the surfaces to be healed. 72 . The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Click the Healing icon. Select the surface which limits should be restored.4.14. From the Parameters tab.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Provided the Tangent mode is active.
i. Click the Curve Smooth icon . Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. To warn you that an update is needed. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.14. that is to say independent elements are created. and type of discontinuity (point.e. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements.14. A progression bar indicates the . manual update. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. 4. that can be manipulated independently. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Select the element to be disassembled. To update the part. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Select the curve to be smoothed. To update a part. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. The selected element is disassembled. while the surface is being disassembled. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. A progression bar is displayed. fill the gaps. 73 .15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed.4. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. Click OK in the dialog box.
The Change Body dialog box appears. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. 4. CATIA displays this new Open_body. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.x. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. removing open body entities and changing body. The result is immediate. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. indicating that it is the active open body. inserting open body entities. select the branch of your choice.4. in the specification tree. It is underlined. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. 4. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. This involves. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. In the specification tree. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.
1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Set the correct options: Max. according to given directions.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Min. The open body or it’s content is hidden.command. or becomes visible. 5. or a pad. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 5. when combined with other products such as Part Design. if it was hidden. Click OK. a surface. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. 5. edges or faces). Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Select a curve. Click the Extremum icon . It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. The point (identified as Extremum. if it was visible. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve.
Max angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Click OK. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. This task shows how to create a spine. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. 76 . on a planar contour. Max radius. Click OK to create the spine. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . a point in this case. 5. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Click the Polar Extremum icon . These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. the results can be: Min radius. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click Preview. is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Min angle. Depending on the selected computation type. or filleted surfaces.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. lofted. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The spine is displayed. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. You can also select a start point.xxx). Successively select planes. Click Preview.
Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. 5. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Key in an angle.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Click the Combine icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Select the reference Curve to be offset.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. Click OK to create the element. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . select the support surface and a direction. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. whether closed or open. The combine (identified as Combine. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Successively select the two curves to be combined. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.
The Options dialog box is displayed. When designing the profile to be swept. Select points on guide to add other sections. The Reference surface is optional. Click OK to create the swept surface. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve.5. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. The General tab displays. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Select the Guiding curve. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. 5. Assembly Design 78 . Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Select the Tools -> Options command.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. 6. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity.
The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. 6.2. The structure of your assembly now 79 . You can use parts to create products. The Product2 (Product2.1). select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. 6. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.2.2 Inserting a Components 6. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. In the specification tree.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. 6.3 Inserting a New Part icon.2. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. you need products. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.1) is created in the . Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. To create an assembly.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. In the specification tree. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. 6.
If geometry exists in the assembly. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. The operation is very simple. 6. 6.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. check x-axis. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . 6. you should keep in mind the 80 .5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Click OK to create the components. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. on another component for example. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. The application previews the location of the new components. Select the component you wish to instantiate. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. To define the direction of creation. However. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. In the specification tree. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . The result is immediate. Select the component you wish to instantiate. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly.
Depending on the selected elements. indicating orientations. you may obtain concentricity. The selected component is orange framed (default color). coaxiality or coplanarity. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the face to be constrained. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes).following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. The components involved and their status are indicated. Select the faces to be constrained. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Select the second face to be constrained.5. Green graphic symbols are 81 . opposite. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. As the contact constraint is created. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component.5.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Same. 6. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Double-clicking activates it. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Click OK to create the coincidence constraint.
There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. By fixing its position according to other components.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. which means setting a relative position. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Click the Angle Constraint icon . The components involved and their status are indicated. 6. This constraint is added to the specification tree. you will have to define an angle value. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . Select the faces to be constrained. that is the light blue . you need to specify how faces should be oriented.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Click OK to create the offset constraint. Click OK to create the angle component.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. which means setting an absolute position. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box.5. click More to expand the dialog box.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Click the Offset Constraint icon . Keep the Angle option. In the dialog box that appears. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).5. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. 6. 82 . Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". 6. The constraint is created. When setting an angle constraint. Select the component to be fixed.
Click the Change Constraint icon . Angle and Parallelism. Coincidence. The components are attached to each other. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. You can select as many components as you wish. 6. Select the two entities to be constrained. Click OK. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon .7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. displaying the list of selected components.5. The Fix Together dialog box appears. not necessarily in the active component. Offset. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. Select the new type of constraint. Move the fixed component. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. You can select any constraints. but they must belong to the active component. Moving one of them moves the other one too. 6. Click the Fix Together icon .5.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. displays all possible constraints. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. 83 . In the Name field. 6. The Change Type dialog box that appears. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Select the constraint to be changed. Click OK to validate the operation.5. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Click OK to confirm. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.
cut & paste the original component. 6. To do so. Click the Update icon whole assembly. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. The constraints are in black. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Control-click to select the component to be repeated.5. The constraint is deactivated. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. create a new instance. indicating they need an update. 6. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. The assembly is updated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Using no associativity: the option is off. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command.6. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. 84 . Select any activated constraint. The default color is black. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . Select the Tools -> Options command.
6. Depending on the selected elements.8.Click OK to repeat the second component. you will obtain different results. 85 . You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. "Reused Rectangular Pattern.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. 6. You can move your component along the x. y or z-axis. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. The third row is reserved for rotations. If you use the option "generated constraints". the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8 Moving Components 6. You can rotate your component around the x. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. yz and xz planes. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.xx" is displayed in the tree.1" is displayed below this entity.8.
3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The section plane is automatically created. also appears. move and rotate the section plane. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. 86 . 6. The point is projected onto the line. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. Optionally. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. invert the normal vector of the plane. Both lines become collinear.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. Click the Sectioning icon. Z. it creates constraints. reference plane or cylinder axis). orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. A Preview window. The plane passes through the line. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 6. showing the generated section. The line is projected onto the plane. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. edge. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The point is projected onto the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points.8. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut.
The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Add. If the arrows point in the wrong direction.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Perform a Symmetry. 6.6. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. the graphical attributes of the components. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Pocket.10. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. show-no show. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. The active product at least must include two components. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". which in turn must contain one part at least. Hole. click them to reverse the direction. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. 6. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Perform the required modifications. Click OK to confirm. For instance modify: viewpoint.X' in assembly features available in history tree. graphical attributes. Click the Create Scene icon . double-click 'Assembly Split. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Remove. keep in mind the following.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Within a scene. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. To edit an assembly split. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.
Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Click Apply to check for interferences. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Click the Explode icon . The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. 6. 88 . Keep it. 3D is the default type. 6. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Inside one selection. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Wheel Assembly is selected by default.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Click Apply to perform the operation. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. The Explode dialog box is displayed. if necessary. Between two selections. Keep All levels set by default. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Selection against all. Clearance + Contact + Clash. keep the selection as it is.they were in the initial product. Set the explode type.
. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. The General tab appears. Move components. Click the Mechanical Design category.. Click the Infrastructure category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 6. containing three categories of options: External References. Select Tools -> Options. Access to geometry. Constraint Creation.6.14. Click the Mechanical Design category. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.14. displaying the following options: Update. Update and Delete Operation 6.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. command. 89 . The General tab appears. then the Assembly Design subcategory.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Quick Constraint.14. then the Assembly Design subcategory.
as well as information on the drawing standards. Click OK. interactive or generated views.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New..Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. .7.. Select the 90 .The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. from the menu bar. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. 7. Select the Drafting workbench. You may also add. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. 7.
From the New Drawing dialog box. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. Select the orientation type. 7. If you click this view. and click OK. The new sheet automatically appears. and then click OK. The non-active views are framed in blue. the view to be created is framed in green. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. 91 .Drawing workbench.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. 7. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). The active view is framed in red. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. or the A0 ISO format. When you create a view. Select the 1:1 scale. until you click at the desired view location. Even though you then delete sheet1. select the ISO standard.
An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. 7. relatively to the front view previously generated.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click on sheet to place front view. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. Click the Drawing window. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. respectively. Right-click the frame of the view. Select object. You can update all views or a selection of views. As you move the cursor. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Blue arrows appear. You can perform an update. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. a previewed projection 92 . This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. is detected. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Any modification applied to the specifications. 7.Start creating the front view. select the Properties option from the contextual menu.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet.
7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click the Drawing window. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. at any time. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. In sectioning through irregular objects. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. 93 .view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click to position the callout. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. use Undo or Redo icons. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. you can. completely describes the object.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. This auxiliary view. Click an edge on the view. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. 7. together with the top view. 7. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Click to position the auxiliary view. for example the right view position. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar).
In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Or.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click the Drawing window. the dialog is exactly the same. you will select the Clipping 94 . It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. In this particular case. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Click the callout center. Click to generate the detail view.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click to generate the view.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Double click to end the cutting profile creation. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click the Drawing window. You can modify this scale. and click the Aligned Section Cut . If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout.7. 7. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Click the Drawing window. 7. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.
12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. translate the profile. Click the first point of the breakout profile. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the 3D part. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. If needed. the right. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity.Profile View icon . Double-click to end 95 . Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Click the Drawing window. 7. the top. 7. A breakout view is often a partial section. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Red zones appear. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Click on the sheet. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. 7.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. the left. Click the Drawing window. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. as well as blue manipulators appear. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part.
Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. From the contextual menu. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). 7. Click next add any other view if required. 7. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. and right-click them. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Select the CATPart document. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Click the Drawing window. the Top view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Click to position the left view. Once you are satisfied. Bottom view. 7. or all views in the drawing.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. views are by default linked to the parent view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. 7.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Left view and Right view). Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. select Selected objects -> isolate. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view.18 Scaling a View 96 . At creation.
Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. For modifying the detail and section callout. 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . you can pre-define the position. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Balloons generated 7. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. 7. if you are in the background view. In this case. This view is now active.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. 97 . The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. or parts list.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. section views and section cuts. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. go to Product Structure workbench. right-click the detail view. This Bill of Material. The detail view is updated. Before positioning the Bill of Material. double-click the front view. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. In this particular case. If needed. Click OK.
2. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. Double-click the callout to be modified. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. the section view is automatically updated. On views including more dimensions. 7. radius. 4. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. Right-click the pattern to be modified. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. For example. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Then click OK in this Pattern table.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. distance The dimensions below: 98 . distance. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. On the view with a bigger scale. diameter Angle. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. On the view for which the dimension are generated. only sketched constraints are generated. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. 3. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 7.
Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. radius and diameter.23. by default. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. angle. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). there is only one) is automatically displayed. dimensions are generated on all the views. In the case of drawings with several views. Dimensions 99 . Click OK to close the dialog box. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. 7.23. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. length. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. to start the dimension generation. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case.
the anchor point will be a small balloon. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). If you select a dimension or a text. no leader will be created. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. 7. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. The geometrical tolerance is created. the anchor point will be an arrow. If you select a point in the free space. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. The datum feature is created. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). dimension. Enter the desired character string.24 Creating a Datum Feature . If you select an element. if needed. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. on the contrary. not generated. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). Click OK when you're done. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.Click the Not Generated option . 100 . Select an element (geometry.
Choose View -> Toolbars. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). If needed. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it.7.26. etc. such as font style. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.26.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. 7. A red frame appears. size. dimension text. and select Text Properties. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. Text properties can be applied to text. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. text with leader. 101 . Set the properties of a text. balloon and datum target. justification. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.26 Annotations 7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.
Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. 102 . Open any CATProduct document. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Enter values in the desired field(s). The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. 7. Click OK. 7. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. For example. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Select an element. You can enter another string or value as needed.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.6. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar).26.7. Ra=1. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. On this CATProduct document.26.26.
Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location.26. modify the geometry-welding symbol.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. import a table. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. you can add text. If needed. and insert views. rows. Click ok to validate the creation. The welding leader will appear. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The welding symbol is created.26.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. 7. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. switch lines and columns. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. If needed. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. merges cells. Click OK. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. insert columns. invert columns. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. In this table.27 Editing Properties 103 . The welding symbols available depend on your standard.26. 7. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. and then click to validate. You can also split a table. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Select the two elements. invert lines. Click the icon to launch the command. Click OK.7. and insert a view in a table.
Click OK. 3D Colors. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Right-click on the front view and select properties. if needed. Lines and Curves option. 3D Wireframe. if needed. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. edit annotation font properties. Lock view: if you check this option. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Thread. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. no more modification allowed in the view. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). 3D Points. Choose your options. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Axis. Among other things. Fillets. 3D spec. you can create a formula for the view name. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Dress up: Hidden lines. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. dress-up elements. Click the Graphic Tab. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Choose the View tab. Center line. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Scale: the scale of the view. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab.
Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. The Options dialog box appears. Select the Tools->Options command. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. click the Font tab. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. In other words. The associated panel is displayed. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. if needed. edit dimension text properties. Grid: To define your grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. frame. if needed. 105 . The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Modify the available options. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Modify the available options. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. edit dimension value properties. or leader). Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. 7.then select the Edit-> Properties command.
following it dynamically during the creation process. when you update the drawing.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. you can choose to visualize the view axis. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. To activate this mode. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. View axis: When you activate a view. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Select the Dimension tab in Options. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . the dimension is automatically re-computed. As a result. In addition. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor.
Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Generate centerlines. Filters before generation. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. View tab): Generate axis. Apply 3D specification. Hidden lines. Alignment. if a component is used two times within a product. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Select the Generation tab. 3D colors inheritance. Generate fillet.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. either or not using SmartPick. Horizontality and verticality. Generate threads. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. and more and more relationships with existing elements. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. perpendicularity and tangency. Allow automatic transfer between views. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. then the balloon will be generated twice. 107 . Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Properties option. Parallelism. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Automatic positioning after generation. Select the Geometry tab. Project 3D wireframe. end points included. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Analysis after generation. Project 3D points. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements.
and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. f)Annotations 108 . the following dialog box appears. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. the sketch. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. you can define that you want or not the view name. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. and only visualized by. For this before callout creation check this option.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. As a result. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Constraint diagnostics. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Select the Layout tab. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. scaling factor or frame to appear. This element is used as positioning reference. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry.
The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. 109 . Select the Edit->Links command. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. or both. as you will choose to load the referenced document.You can customize given options when creating annotations. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. no matter what the view scale is. according to the orientation. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. command. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. It is now possible to customize the settings. press the shift key. Select the Annotation tab. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document.. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Activate the settings. Press OK. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. In this particular case. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Press OK. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document.. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. 7.
Create Detected Constraints. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. 8. Snap to Point. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Create Constraints.8. Force Dimension on Element. True Length Dimension 8. if needed. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab).1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.2 Creating Views 110 . Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. View. To modify these colors.
The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. a bottom view. Click the Drawing window. This is true for any kind of view. double-click on this isometric view. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. 8. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). The Plane Definition dialog box appears. For this. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. A blue axis displays in a red frame. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. From an active front view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Right-click the view used as reference. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. you can create: a top view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. a left view and a right view. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Press OK. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). In other words. In other words. For example. modified in this dialog box. In this case. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. by double-clicking on this view. 8. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the New View icon . dimensions. Press OK.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view.
the object to be projected.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. 8. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. In this case. Select. in another view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will first add elements to an existing view. using the ObjectAction mode. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. curve). using the Action-Object mode. select a circle in the top view. 112 . and then transformed into the receiving view. select an arc of a circle in the front view. parabola. circle. hyperbola. if needed. Add elements to an existing view. In this case. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. At any time. Select more elements to be projected. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. ellipse.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. using the Action-Object mode. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user.
Select the object defining the view to be created. 113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. select the whole front view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. In this case. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. using the Object-Action mode.
a mode: measured or constraining mode. a configuration. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. clipping views. Click OK. select the Visual Clipping check box. 8. If you want constraints to be created. etc. a distance constraint. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. The frame can only be rectangular. Click on the frame to select it.6 Reframing a View In this task. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. choose Properties. Click the View tab. as you want. In the Visualization and Behavior area. details views. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. In the contextual menu.8.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. Select the view and right-click the view frame. You can reframe any type of view: front views. isometric views.
In other words. When creating dimensions on elements. 8. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. 8. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. you can only create constraints between similar elements. but not between a mix of these. click the Dimensions icon. On the Dimensioning toolbar. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. If needed. you can preview the dimensions to be created. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. click a second element in the view. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. 8. or between generated elements. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. The software proposes you parallelism by default. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. If you choose this constraint.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. these relations will be taken into account. Click a first element in the view. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. In other words.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. click in the drawing. you will learn how to create dimensions. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar).
Red end points appear. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines.e. 116 . A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. click the centerline. Select a circle. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Select the dimension. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click to validate the dimension creation. i. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. 8. and then the second element.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Select the reference line. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. you can also access the Properties options.toolbar). to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. 8.
You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. The thread is created. Click the Drawing window. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. you will apply a thread to a hole. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. dotting or coloring). The axis line is created. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). . part-sketched. from the (Tools toolbar). and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. part-generated elements. Select two lines. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. The Tap type option activated by default. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. In this particular case. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Click the Drawing window. Select the Reference Thread type option line. The axes and centerlines are created. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. generated elements. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. The thread is created according to this reference.
The arrow and the selected object are associative. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. For the purpose of this exercise. 118 . Click the Drawing window. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. which represents the fillet edge. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. Select Add a Breakpoint. To modify the position of the arrow. A contextual menu appears. The Area Detection dialog box appears. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). you can drag it to change the arrow path. The arrow is created. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. under the line. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears.