CALCULATION PROCEDURE 1.

Bottom hole fracture treatment pressure p fr = g f × D (psi) The differential pressure across fracture face : ∆p = p fr − p R (psi) The fracturing coefficient K e × Qe × C R K c = 0.0374 × ∆p (ft/min)

µR

2. The total pumping time Vi (minutes) t= 42(Qi )
x= 2 K c πt Wf

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determine The erfc (x) value from ⎤ x2 x4 x6 2x ⎡ erfc( x) = 1 − 1− + − + ....⎥ or figure 6 ⎢ π ⎢ 1!×3 2!×5 3!×7 ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ 1 ⎡ x2 2x ⎤ Eff = − 1 (%) ⎢e erfc( x) + π ⎥ ⎦ x2 ⎣ Fracture Area Eff × qit ft2 At = Wf ⎞ ⎛ ⎟ 7.48⎜ ⎜ 12 ⎟ ⎠ ⎝ Weight of sand required ⎛W f ⎞ ⎟ S =⎜ ⎜ 12 ⎟ At (1 − φ sand )× γ sand (62.4) lbs ⎝ ⎠ Total injection rate S qit + (8.34) γ sand qT = gal/min or bbls/min t Density of fluid plus sand S (γ o )60 = 141.5 ppg X= 131.5 + API Vi the specific gravity should be adjusted to the reservoir temperature, assume the coefficient of thermal expansion β is 0.0005 (γ o )T = (γ o ) 60 [1 − β (TR − 60)]

ρ=

8.34 × (γ o )T + X (ppg) 1 + 0.0456 X

Horsepower requirement H h = 0. • From chart ε/d vs. Surface injection pressure p wh = p fr − ph (psi) 9. The hydroststic pressure ph = 0.000. d 16 • f = (laminar flow) N Re • f = c b N Re where. Horsepower requirement H h = 0.8) × D 12. The Surface injection pressure pwh = p fr − ph + ∆p f (psi) 2 13.0245 × pwh × qT (hp) >>> qt in bbl/min 10.16(qT ) v= (ft/sec) d2 Determine the resulting Reynolds number 928 × ρ × v × d NRe = µ Since NRe is greater than 2.n ' and b = (turbulent flow) 50 7 11. c = log . .5 1.0245 × p wh × qT Asst.4 − log . The mean fluid velocity 17.052 × ρ × D (psi) If assumed laminar flow (frictional losses ignored) 8.7. the flow is turbulent.n ' + 2. Therefore the friction factor should be calculated. The friction pressure drop f × ρ ×v × L (psi) ∆p f = (25.

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