Finely tuned and roughly tuned input?

Answer: = ROUGHLY AND FINELY TUNED INPUT = Before dwelling on the terms roughly and finely tuned input, it is better to clarify the term input. Input is "The material and process of putting in or feeding in; esp. the feeding of data etc. into a computer or feeding data into mind"Oxford Taking Dictionary. Therefore input is the language to which students are exposed: teacher's talk, listening activities, reading passages, and the language heard and read outside of class. Input provides learners with the material needed to enhance their skill to employ the language on their own. (NLRC) The input (material) is of two kinds. = ''Finely tuned'' input = As the term itself implies it is the material which is organised in a skilled manner and it has a goal to achieve. 1. Is matched to learners' present understanding level and associated to what they are already familiar with 2. Focuses on conscious learning of a specific point: the pronunciation of a word, the contrast in the uses of two verb tenses, new vocabulary, useful social formulas 3. Is controlled by the instructor or textbook author 4. Is used in the presentation stage of a lesson = Roughly tuned input = The term implies more than what it seems on the surface. It is not tailored to the requirements of the class or students; rather it challenges the learners to enhance their knowledge. 1. Is more complex than learners' current proficiency and stretches the boundaries of their current knowledge 2. Focuses on authentic use of language in listening or reading passages 3. Is used "as is," with minimal alteration by the instructor or textbook author 4. Is used in the activity stage of the lesson

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