Basics of Control Components

Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP

Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.

Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Control.Circuits..........................................................................4 Electrical.Symbols.....................................................................6 Line.Diagrams......................................................................... 16 . Overload.Protection.................................................................21 Manual.Control........................................................................32 Magnetic.Contactors.and.Starters...........................................38 Contactor.and.Starter.Ratings.................................................43 . Class.14.NEMA.Starters..........................................................46 SIRIUS.Type.3R.Starters..........................................................47 Multi-Speed.Starters...............................................................49 Reversing.Starters...................................................................52 Reduced-Voltage.Starting........................................................54 Lighting.and.Heating.Contactors.............................................60 Pilot.Devices............................................................................62 Control.Transformers. .............................................................. 71 . Control.Relays. ........................................................................72 . Solid-State.Switching.Devices................................................. 76 Monitoring.Relays....................................................................78 Time.Relays.............................................................................79 Additional.Devices...................................................................83 LOGO!.Logic.Module..............................................................85 . Fast.Bus.Busbar.Adapter.System............................................87 Review.Answers......................................................................89 Final.Exam...............................................................................90 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................96

3

components Read.general.typical.operating.circuits State.to.Automation.motor.starting Describe.and.STEP. •.and.magnetic.and.construction.sell.manual. •.Control.to.to: •.Education.a.control.motor.completion. •.for.circuit Explain. •.the.Basics. Technical. •. Describe.protection Describe.various.contactors.represent.products. State.Components.and.in.principles.the.our.manual.related.products.Energy.reduced-voltage. Upon.of.and.construction..overload.need. distributors.the.principles.operating.starters Describe.Siemens.principles.and. •.starters Identify.Program.to.automatic.symbols.and.basic.effectively.series.Introduction Welcome.and.another.. •.control.the.covers.of.the.control.of.and. lighting.This.of.&.line.of.will.course. •.which. manual.for.various. magnetic.and. control.be.of. able. •. •.the.a.Siemens.motor.prepare..course.in.the.heating.contactors.motor.relays 4 .need.starters.principles.motor.designed.starting.and.their.methods Explain.the.magnetic.purpose.operation. more.construction.between.diagram Describe.control.principles.you.operation Identify. components.difference.of.the.Basics of Control Components. •.operating.operating. starters.describe.

a.employee.In..Basics of Electricity.attempting.card. 60062-2096.be.Siemens.trademark.VA.owners.trademarks.AG.customer.trademarks.card..Underwriters.a.Good.subject.trademarks.the.and.of.an.Inc.tear-out.if.of.help.completion. applications.discuss.Product.are.their.should.in.better.Automation.of.Energy.®.service.of.passing.customers.exam.before.efforts.may.or.Northbrook.are.change.systems. notice.certificate. mentioned.UL®.are.Laboratories.IL.their.of.mark. mail.your..will.to.without.registered.a.of.Siemens.registered..Electrical.you. 5 .of.and.mail. Siemens.and. authorized.out.you.final.products.is.a.prepared.Inc.better.property.a...fill. complete.. Underwriters. 22209. electrical..We.Association.companies.Specifications.will.Laboratories.distributor.with. you.Rosslyn. If. trademarks..the..names.with.you.and. NEMA®. respective.the.will.addition.the.score.luck.respective.understand..registered..grade. National. Other..This.you.knowledge.Basics of Control Components.&.is.You.be.trademark.Manufacturers.to.

automatic. control.a.For.cases.circuit.turned.devices. In.some.used.circuit.of.a.control.of.circuits.are.circuit.used.degrees.simple.may.be.automatic.is.or.to.varying.One. on.control.are.Manual.control.something.can.turns.often.on.and.that..in.stop.control.of..example.is.be.the..someone...variety.in.and.circuits.start.controlled.variety.manually.more.and..components.circuits.lighting..broader. these. manual.use....than.. A.on-off.to.More.turn. a.requires.of.a.circuit.components.off.a.turn.manual.as.to.an.other.switch.off.complex.component..industrial. control.in.illustrates.and.previous.switch.often..example.on.that.In.However.are.on.. Control.simple.same. a. Manual Control.a.single-pole. many.and.off.applications.or.a...to.circuits. of.of.example.is.applications.this.the. Control.example.light.However.used.often.complexity. ..to. with.employ.used.something.this.also. tend.off.manual control.the.The. control.wide. circuit.and.device.used.combine.be.simple.commercial.the.motor.a.is.Control Circuits Control. 6 .light.starter.being.or.a.function.manual.

on.wired.to..Automatic control.to.wired.Siemens.wiring.something..some.of. some.when.&. without.from.system.complete.by.interaction.used.too.how.in..automatically.controller.a.this.control.on..they.machines.turn.cases.the.complexity.that.and.fully.control.a.speed.interaction..manual.to..addressed. .This..is.to.the.manual.to.that.additional.the.software.vary.wide. many.and..range.automatic. 7 ..protect. lights.this.human..control.you. such.of.the.practice.or.course.control.Siemens.only.circuits.or.components.be.these.systems.the.can..these.For.give.stored.other..occurs.each.off. course.and.a.machines.combination.Automation..interaction.is. however.web.circuits. A.of.In.sometimes. Control Components.in.components.and.as.start.of. controller.common.are.the. is.information.good.stopped..logic.components.site.in.Increasingly. is.. In.of.advanced..still. While.in.indicator.are.Energy.and.variety.of.cases.components. AC.programmable. drive.on.However. The.variable.such.are. includes.as.started.referred.to. refer.control.This.will.hard-wired logic.are.motors.monitor.control.components.both. dependent.is..components. extensive.Automatic Operation.dependent.circuit..

relay’s.be.is.which.and.used.illustration.the..symbols.is.various.course.show..to.use.of.Although.countries.a. contacts.the.to.symbols.is.coil.operation.the.can. contact. flow.no.open.indicate.other.there.in.relay. diagrams.to..the.Electrical Symbols Control.contacts.showing.contacts.part..are.my.control..flow.contacts.the.flow.other.the.. de-energized (off) state..cannot.in.standard.the. Various.closed.allows.vary.The..no.of.open.are.to.use.contacts..control. 8 .or.applied.represent.symbols.current. normally open (NO).when.indicate.diagrams.of.the. circuit. of.the.dynamic..a.Instead.a.actuating. logic.When. United.when.to. For.contacts.control.are.method.these.more.control. components.many.common..condition.a.power.the.pictorially. One.current.in.produced.circuits.are.common..or. of. that.incorporate.the.diagrams.is..is.represented.as.throughout.however.either.there.the.the.States.in. The. ..contacts.current.approaches. Contact Symbols..blocks..ways.normally.normally closed (NC).as.common.contacts.. world..open.light...shown.With.devices.following.be.to.control.the.device.example.either.this..condition.logic.which.in.. current. flow.components.condition.which.operation.in.to.to.open.show.Control.

are.a.highlighted.When.is.close.illustration..light.and. 9 .when.energized.shown...then.the..as.not.not.the.for..example.(on). In.they..When.are.relay. and.closed.However.contacts.symbol.contacts. highlighted.in.on..Note: This is not a standard symbol.the.de-energized.following...light.open..cases.the. Normally Closed Contact.purposes.illuminating.open.this.not.highlighted.indicate..state.of.normal..the.is.are.not. Example.and.A.the.state.the normally.. Example For.energized.first shown.course.the.the.usually.in..control.to.are.illustration.In.shown.are. contacts.this.are.and.are.for..logic.such.as.relay..time. the.in..not.contacts.following.off.in. contacts.the.contacts.in. their.The.the..energized.light.is.state.current.switches.de-energized.the. that. the.diagram.path.on.relay.highlighted..and. turning..circuit.path.their. explanation.completing.state.complete.the.energizes.Symbols.shown.is..at.current.is.exists.shown.sometimes..the.their.normally. Normally Open Contact.closed.

.through.another.the.symbols.current.light.also. for.different.of.closes.also..and.the.closed.and.opens. and.current.switch.are.following.normally.manual.like.be.contacts.switch.connected.following.turns.open.it.the..the.is.control.been.circuits.the.upon..completes.. to.closed.. Example .illuminates.switch.case.is.switch.one.Like.switch..switches.their.can.When.the.through.path.following. Various.in. the.shown.other.ones.these.of.path.is.battery.not.a.symbols. light..of a.closed.In.When.flow.device.used.cannot.to.switch.open.are.it.current.has.also.the.normally.flow.when.connected. When. open.current.other.closed.is.in.its.of.change...the.number.Switch Symbols.normal.represent.to.considered.. must.the.is.position.the. to.switch. side..or.a.switch.someone. a.action.light.A..normally..the.to. Switch..state.the.When..Variations.a..open..of a.the..illustration.flow.indicate.light.the. 10 .acted.a.illustration. In.the.and.to. illustration.types.someone.is.or.just.the.be.the.used.of. In. Normally Closed Switch.side.used. current.to.battery.switch.a...are.or.switch.normally. side.light.. Normally Open Switch.an.discussed. Example.flow.the.connected.of.is.state.someone.flows.one.of.types.light.side.connected.switches.to..in.is.off.and.change.require.interrupted.

.illustration.to.is.its..normally.normal.state.is.in.is.The.and.to.off.flows.pushbutton. Switch.versa.flows.a.is.contrast.to.the..connected.current. Normally Open.to.latches.the.pressed.return.unlatched..a. state.Pushbutton Symbols.return.momentary.must.when.to.is.as.momentary.following.and..the.open.the.(NO).as.place..pushbuttons..light..state.connected.their.a.closed.. They.is.its..to.or.of.open.maintained.side. normal. opposite. normal.state.on.the... normal.as the.light.shown.two..one.pushbutton.soon.example.and.the.the..to.contacts.pressed.change. pressed.and. Normally Closed.types.state.allow.pushbutton.light.In.button.is.are.of..turns.It.battery.current.pressed. In.button. Pushbutton Example. released..as.pushbutton. Pushbutton Example.is.a. through.When..of.not.interrupted.the. There.. Switch.to.of a.is.side.long.basic. In. other.current. opposite.shown.is.it.When.(NC).its.following.light.the..turns.pressed.vice. when.flow.be.of.the.pushbutton.the. maintained.pushbutton. 11 .pushbutton.

Coil Symbols.

Motor.starters,.contactors,.and.relays.are.examples.of. devices.that.open.and.close.contacts.electromagnetically..The. electromagnet.in.these.devices.is.called.a.coil.. A.coil.is.commonly.symbolized.as.a.circle.with.letters.and. number.inside..The.letters.often.represent.the.type.of.device,. such.as.M.for.motor.starter.or.CR.for.control.relay..A.number. is.often.added.to.the.letter.to.differentiate.one.device.from. another.. The.contacts.controlled.by.a.coil.are.labeled.with.the.same. letter.(and.number).as.the.coil.so.that.it.is.easy.to.tell.which. contacts.are.controlled.by.each.coil..A.coil.often.controls. multiple.contacts.and.each.contact.may.be.normally.open.or. normally.closed.

Coil Example Using. Normally Open Contacts.

In.the.following.example,.the.“M”.contacts.in.series.with the.motor.are.controlled.by.the.“M”.contactor.coil..When. someone.closes.the.switch,.current.flows.through.the.switch. and.“M”.contactor.coil..The.“M”.contactor.coil.closes.the.“M”. contacts.and.current.flows.to.the.motor.

.

12

Overload Relay Symbols.

Overload relays.are.used.to.protect.motors.from.overheating.. When.excessive.current.is.drawn.for.a.predetermined.amount. of.time,.the.overload.relay’s.contacts.open,.removing.power. from.the.motor..The.following.symbol.is.for.contacts.associated. with.a.thermal.overload.relay..An.overload.relay.used.with.a. three-phase.motor.has.three.such.contacts,.one.for.each.phase.

Indicator Light Symbols.

An.indicator light,.often.referred.to.as.a pilot light,.is.a.small. electric.light.used.to.indicate.a.specific.condition.of.a.circuit.. For.example,.a.red.light.might.be.used.to.indicate.that.a.motor. is.running..The.letter.in.the.center.of.the.indicator.light.symbol. indicates.the.color.of.the.light..

Other Symbols.

In.addition.to.the.symbols.discussed.here,.there.are.many.other. symbols.used.in.control.circuits..The.following.charts.show. many.of.the.commonly.used.symbols.

13

14

15 .

control.frequently. PRI. Motor Manual Negative Neutral Normally.Relay. Circuit. ALM. Many of the symbols used with this type of control are the same as those shown on the previous page.Board Time. CB. OL.abbreviations.Transformer. Alternating. BR. following. Abbreviations. SSW. Down. FREQ.identifies.circuits.. TD.Switch Safety.list. CR..are. SPST. CAP. SP. UV. FTS. Foot. DC. VFD.Selector.The. TR. RH. GRD. SPDT. Battery. Integrated. HOA. M.used. POS. S. Capacitor. but enclosed in a square as shown in the following examples. Coil Contact (NO) Limit Switch (NO) Abbreviations.Circuit. Fuse. LS. SEC.Static switching control uses solid-state devices instead of electromechanical devices..Delay. Double.Current. IOL.Throw Selector. Armature. JB. AC. PH.Starter. Limit. Current.Switch. Circuit. AM. Motor.. PB.Single-Throw. Direct.Switch. Hand/Off/Auto. NEG. REC. ARM. XFR. NEUT.Voltage Variable. D. Lamp. RES. IC. CONT. Frequency. AU.Drive Transformer 16 .Double.Starter.Current.Delay Thermostat.Double-Throw.Protector MTR.Switch. CKT. NO. Junction. Ground.. Alarm.commonly. Double-Pole. THS. Instanstaneous. Motor. DP. DPDT. SOL. Control. DPST..used.Throw.Single. R.Switch. Double-Pole.Relay. Brake. GEN.Open Ohmmeter Overload Pushbutton Phase Positive Primary Pressure. PS.Switch Transformer Terminal. Generator. FU. CT. SS. Interlock. MN. DISC. Double-Pole. NC.. BAT. LT.Switch Time. U.Throw Single-Pole.Frequency.in. OHM. Forward. Control.Relay Up Under. T. INTLK. Disconnect. F. Ammeter.Closed Normally. MSP. DT.Overload. TB.Box. Automatic.Switch Reverse Rectifier Resistor Rheostat Switch Secondary Solenoid Single-Pole Single-Pole.Breaker.

b. .normally.control.pushbutton? . open.represents.the. c.a. . .contact? .the.someone.action.... .a. mushroom. . open.represents.. 5.represents.to.a.. b.. . 3.the.. b..of. A.the.head.following. 17 ...for.normally. Which. . a.a.operate.symbols. ._______. b.normally.contact? .the. 4..of... .an. Which. . c.following. a. .represents. a. Which. Which. . a.must.circuit. c.of. c. 2.symbols. initiate...following.Review 1 1. .symbols.. closed.following.is.when.of.pushbutton? .operated.symbols..

wires.represented.physical.represented.an..also.relationship.dot.light.a.the.can.the.types. Control Wiring Power Wiring Not Connected Connected .diagrams.relationship.show. as.illustration.functional.by.a..line.diagrams.functional.circuit.ladder..circuit.power..illustration.components. Line.Within.not.shows.of.used.the.pictorially.indicates.following. following.referred..be.by.is. the.line. diagram.relationship. indicator.of.the.Line.of.A.circuits.with..of.For. L1 L2 Pushbutton Indicator (Pilot) Light 18 .example.two..diagrams.control..are.diagrams.connection..pushbutton.wiring.the.and. Indicator (Pilot) Light Pushbutton The.line..heavy.an.or...Line Diagrams Control. electrical.line.circuits.to.small.circuits.made.more.and.two. of.is.node.relationship.a.and.symbols.up.an.at. power-circuit.physical. in.in.control.are. or.shown.electrical.wiring.light.intersection.a.

Some.drawn.these.control circuits.determine.pushbutton.includes.not.L1.off.and.or.to. circuit.diagram.heavy. pushbutton. left.control circuit.the... A.order.contactors..following.components.and.for.diagram.and.pressing.the..load.following.Reading a Line Diagram.The..do.power. drawn.displays.supplies..current..a.through. activate.starting.connection. lights.from.is. and.illustration.right.from...power..with.indicator.VAC.you.will.control.that. .the..that.indicator.. marked.this.example. energized.load. The.diagram.properly.light.pushbutton.both.of.VAC.a.With.lines.such.indicator. The.L1.an.includes..line.power.light.the.control.that.in.more. Power and Control Circuits.The..pushbutton.and.current.L2.to.the.the.distribution.Other.applied.line.line.pressed.This.functional. Control Circuits.L1.other.to.with.of.allows.note.Releasing. The.indicator.The.of..that.voltage.is.In.are. pushbutton.typical.when.L2..controls.to..light. relationship.. 120.line.120.and.control.to.L2.L2.loads.a.VAC.control..loads.it.is.means.120. interpret.flow.the.must.devices.the.shows.turning.L1.. stops.same.control.drawn.light.following.power. 19 .this.and.symbolically.as.indicator. components.motor.one.to.when.the.a...indicator. light.relays.the.the.must.be.light..be.the..is.vertically.circuit.because.power circuit.In.at.flow.to.mind. rated.the.read.as.that..the.between..the.such.the..and.

one.One.side.“M”.both.in.series. Only. needed.indicator.control.pushbutton.the.contacts.the..can.These..not.and.receiving..the.than.circuit.to..one.more. In..both.contactor.loads.normally.of.operate..either.and.connected.on. Control.circuit.other.A. control.is.generally.set.VAC. through.fails.the.connected.the.proper.120.volts.. 20 . the.are.one.logic.why.example.contactor.light. configuration.series-parallel.. necessary.left.required.loads.shows.load. to.on.directly..120.contacts.the.right.addition.The.connected.indirectly. between.any.and..the.previous.the.is.load.to.line.overload.device.across.the.the.on.coil.L1.When. across.series.to.overload..Depressing.. parallel.the.illustration..a...directly.light.through.a.placed.load.in.devices.if.the.on.the.may.the.when.voltage.control.used.is.with.an.applies.in.the.device.load.only.second.120.one.Connecting the Load to L2. In.L2.is..control. .divided.combination. to.L1. parallel.loads.In.load.is. to.to.connected..circuit..loads.In.of.line.are.in.circuit. in.a.or.depending.one.one.or.and.connected.control.applied.be.load.full.control.connected.load.circuit.the. pushbutton..L2. control. following.is. volts.the..this.circuit.will.in.operation.on...indicator.neither.is.example.is.for.is.the.pressed..connected.line.properly.pushbutton.pressed.the.the.in.full. Connecting Control Devices.series.improperly.loads.control..be.L2.L2. In.parallel.Usually.L2.(OL).are.relay.following.continue.to.to.

the.to.the.switch.light.following... 21 .on.in.to..and.pushbuttons.light. line.4.lines.from..through.next..contactor..the.2.L1.often. Line Numbering.light.pilot.or.connected..1.pushbuttons.shows.are.illustration. connects.at.to.2. light..to. numbered.flow.the.. The.must.same..to.Both.to.to.are.pushbutton.either.logic. allow.2.pilot.load.L2.pushbutton.L2.current.pushbutton.from.indicator.example.pushbuttons.Pressing.pressed.1.to.connected.line.in. series..For.through.both.illustration.diagrams.be.have.and.“M”.simplify.flow.pushbuttons.1.the.illustration.to.pilot.connects.following.line. parallel.to.the.describing.the.1.time.allows..in. Because...3.the.lines.connects. the.L1..two. In.line.multiple.1. current.line.

b.. associated._______.L1.the. a.. .._______.. _______.starting.Review 2. f _______..are.read.to _______. Line. f.L2.to.list.the.on. . d. . e. _______ _______ 22 . c. 2._______..at.the.with. a b c d Control Circuit Control Device Control Load Node Power Circuit Power Load e .diagram. . 1. Match..diagrams.items.line. .from..

Excessive.fault.order.and.or.circuit.differs. conductors. understand.overloads.overload.is.overcurrent.An. .to.from.conductive.by.course.current. Normal Current Flow Excessive Current Flow 23 .protect.to.resistance.conductor.from..that. referred.and.conductor.short.types.Overload Protection Some.to.covered.designed.to. each.be.this. short.from.generated.in.heat.a.the..of..begin.in. Current and Temperature.path.have.has.rated. discussion. of.pertinent.always.heat.can..the.to.overcurrent.as.current.Keep.overcurrent..continuous.the.of.two.flow.this.is.referred.another.how.For.amount.it..with.to.as.ampacity.of.a.The.generates.control.both.control.result.reason.you.these. may.capacity.components.mind.must.proportional. first.the.the.are.a.The.of.of.type.amount..circuit..a. understanding.condition...clear.what.In..components.is. To.. flow.an.of.current.overload.heat.that.damaged.of.conditions.overcurrent.ground. are..excess.motors.current.

circuit. In.or.When.between.conductors.equipment.breaker.conductors. To.too.from. to.the..or.current.insulation.may.the.to.circuit.when.rise.motor.flowing.rated. resistance.example.its. proportionally.between.generated.contrast.For.. Normally.to.causes.resistance.than.short..is. Overload.used.current.is.hard. many.result.devices.rise.the.conveyor. circuit.conductors.overload..in.damage. ohms. if.is.if..the.example..an.circuit.relationship.this.. ohms.many.times.a.circuit. draw.between. resistance.zero.the.a.understand.when.usually. short circuit.a. current.voltage.consider.current.if.overload.to.240. connected.024.24.current..current.volts.the..heat.separate.normal.amps.A.made.is.by.short.by.a.drops.Ohm’s Law..not.to.more.prevents.between.connected.causes.to.bare.equipment.short.a.described.when.better.An..the.to.two. reduction. Before Short Circuit Ohm’s Law I = E R I= 240 V 24 Ω = 10 A I= After Short Circuit 240 V = 10.000 A 0.value.current.conductors.damaged. immediately.example.the.that.times. 24 ..much.may.result.almost.touch. current.circuit.can.too.to.drops.and.will.0.or..conductors.interrupted.this.a.This..is.024 Ω The..its.however.a..and.and.rapidly.to.fuse.very.in.cause.jams.the.and.conductors.the.extensive.lower.10.low.Short Circuit.this.is.are..occurs.resistance.For.occurs.the..the.a.in.When..electrical. insulation.Note. work.this..a.resistance.by.current.circuit.

designed.overload. For.be.off. conductors.circuit.what.a.In.rating.consider.it.fuse.as.must. the.current.current.undesirable.starting current. 25 .for.some.short-duration..of.to.full-load.high.when.resulted.motors.quickly. full.circuit.for..is.the..is.circuit.short..flow.previous.circuit.NEMA.excess.a..a. tolerate.damage.a..an..For.As.Under.current.or.in.draw...occurs.the.motor.response.of.is.operating.be.protection.even.protect..motor.is.different.In.time.a.current. the.to.a.and. such.In. their.conditions. accelerates.to.situation.circuit.B.breakers.protection. Temporary Overload Due to Starting Current A. Overload Protection.the.that. the.current.the.overload. started.motor’s.In.Because.sized. the.electric.capacity..the.example.its.disable.600%.starting.for.to. exceeded.its.drops.current.about.devices.full-load current.extended.to.of. the.current.designed.time.has.for.device.these.rated.seconds.allow.dropped.such.the.are.an.its.of.shut.and.may.six. times. AC.current. When.a.example.in.example.known.or.example.provided.a.breaker.down.conductors.they..but..protect.high.separate.for.high-efficiency.conductors.starting.a.has.must.motor.overload.be..starting.overload.circuit.overcurrent.short..rated.path..following.motor.a.the. conductors.after....to.for.device.is.such.when.to.design..For.higher.open.circuit.load..the.speed.starting.designed.typically.circuit. before.Motors.start.value.the.event.current.should..an. situation.required. In. overload relay.of..by..circuit.an.this.eight..motors. Fuses.a..motor.motor.are.to.most.a. the. current.happens.

.of.corrected.opening.meet.Overload Relays Overload.motor.identifies.special. contacts.can...with.starter.relay..they.a trip class rating. M L1 Power Source L2 OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contracts Open L1 Power Source L2 M OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contacts Closed 26 .And.relay.they.which.continuous.be.it.the.and.close.its.and.motors.time.the.the. cause. motor.First.rated.classes.a.relay.current..designed.illustration.the.to. An.manual.current.they.(M).six.of.circuit.5..after.to.value.preferably.overload.the. overload. Overload Relay in a .overloads.after.been.cleared.allows.and.restarted.30..If.motor. The.has.trip.current.The.trip.most.shows.long. source.(OL)..the.takes.the.if.protect.a. maximum.20.has.cause..to.and.protective.relay.to..be.the.10.short-duration.cools.motor.common.following...the.overload.to..be.for. at. rating.When.After.can.the.motor.allow.an.third. without.relay.trip. Trip Class.the.(in.to.the.overload.circuit.allow.above.current..motor starter. restarted.is...current.power.a.the.overload.the.times.been..relay.will...circuit.a.be.disabling.a.has..the.through.trip.and.flows.overload.overloaded.circuit.the.excess.it.motor.reset. needs. Motor Circuit.are.relays. to.between. reset.open.This. enough.the.specific.Second.overload.typically.seconds).overload..remains.the..are.

relays.of.bends.bimetallic.condition.condition. repeatedly.Bimetallic Overload Relays.relay.has.a.element.the.slightly.reset.This.then. overload.two.A.exists.to. the.designed.can.Depending.to.the.metals.and.bend. removing..use. have.overload. Some.motor.. on.the.overload. bimetallic.strip.cooled.power.relay.the.trip. bimetallic.. bimetallic.made.motor.lever.In.bimetallic.thermal.the.as.the.bonded.tripped. heater.restart.heated.of..generated..desirable..in.The.relay’s.circuit.bend.and.a.bimetallic.overload.that.. which.to.to.overload.However.bimetallic.to. not..the.the.overload.this.long. is.motor.bimetallic.characteristics.causes..overload.strip.relay.operating.occurs..an.sense.the.circuit.Proper. automatically.metals..after.condition.an.persists..this.motor.trip.the.dissimilar.functions.may..the.a.design.enough.to.strip.These.still.relays.automatically.damage.when.are. is.with.causes.trip. Under.only.the..the.reset.relay’s.expansion.together. small.by..conditions.strip.strip.overload.the.cause.overload.heat.open.trip.until..is..incorporates.from.prevent.strip.bimetallic strip.enough.wired.series. Motor To Power Circuit Heater Element Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Normal Current Flow If...the. 27 .and.applications. Motor Heater Element To Power Circuit Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Overload Condition Some.the.mechanism.causing.heater element.contacts.if.overload. some.normal..can.a.different.will.

Ambient Compensated. Bimetallic Overload Relay.

In.some.applications,.a.motor.is.installed.in.a.location.with.a. relatively.constant.ambient.temperature,.and.the.motor.control. components.are.installed.in.a.location.with.a.varying.ambient. temperature..In.such.cases,.a.typical.thermal.overload.relay.may. trip.too.soon.or.too.late.because.its.bimetallic.strip.is.bent.both. by.heat.from.motor.current.and.the.surrounding.air.. Ambient compensated bimetallic overload relays.are. designed.to.overcome.this.problem..These.overload.relays. use.a.compensated.bimetallic.strip.along.with.a.primary. bimetallic.strip..As.the.ambient.temperature.changes,.both. bimetallic.strips.bend.equally.and.the.overload.relay.does.not. trip..However,.because.current.flow.through.the.motor.and.the. heater.element.affects.only.the.primary.bimetallic.strip,.the. primary.bimetallic.strip.will.bend.sufficiently.to.trip.the.overload. relay.if.an.overload.occurs.

Motor

To Power Circuit Heater Element Primary Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Compensated Overload Relay The compensating bimetalic strip bends as ambient temperature increases. This prevents a nuisance overload trip.

Class 48 Ambient. Compensated Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens Class 48 ambient compensated bimetallic overload.relays.are.available.in.single.or.three-pole.designs and.can.be.set.for.manual.or.self-resetting.operation..An. adjustment.dial.allows.the.full.load.ampere.trip.setting.to.be. adjusted.by.±15%..A.manual.test.button.is.provided.to.test.the. operation.of.the.overload.relay.control.contacts..The.ambient. compensated.bimetallic.overload.relay.heater.elements.are. available.with.either.class.10.or.20.ratings..A.normally.open.or. normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.is.available.as.an.option.

Automatic/Manual Reset Selection

+15% of FLA Adjustment

Test Button Reset Button

. 28

SIRIUS 3RU11 Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens SIRIUS 3RU11 bimetallic overload relay.has.heater elements.as.an.integral.part.its.design..The.unit.comes.with.a. Class.10.trip.as.standard..SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.ambient. compensation,.and.a.differential.trip.bar.that.causes.the.unit.to. trip.faster.in.the.event.of.a.phase.loss. SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.include.a.normally.closed. auxiliary.contact.for.de-energizing.the.contactor,.and.a.normally. open.auxiliary.contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip..Pressing.the. STOP.button.momentarily.opens.the.normally.closed.contact. without.affecting.the.normally.open.contact..The.switch-position. indicator.incorporates.a.TEST.function.which,.when.activated,. simulates.a.tripped.overload.relay.by.actuating.both.auxiliary. contacts.and.displaying.the.switch.position.

.

STOP button Position Switch Indicator and Test Function Manual/Automatic Reset Selector Switch Current Setting Dial

Electronic Overload Relays.

Electronic overload relays.are.another.option.for.motor. protection..The.features.of.electronic.overload.relays.vary,. but.there.are.a.few.common.advantages..One.advantage.of. electronic.overload.relays.is.that.they.do.not.require.heaters.. This.eliminates.the.need.to.stock.multiple.heaters.to.match. motor.ratings..This.heaterless.design.also.allows.electronic. relays.to.be.insensitive.to.the.ambient.temperature,.minimizing. nuisance.tripping. In.addition,.electronic.overload.relays.can.detect.a.power.phase. loss.and.disconnect.the.motor.from.the.power.source..This.is.an. important.advantage.because,.without.phase.lose.protection,. loss.of.a.power.phase.can.quickly.result.in.damaged.motor. windings..

.

29

ESP200 Electronic Overload. Like.other.electronic.overload.relays,.ESP200 electronic Relays overload relays.eliminate.the.need.for.heaters..Instead.of. installing.a.heater,.a.dial.on.the.overload.relay.is.set.to.the. motor’s.full-load.current.rating..Class 48 ESP200 electronic overload relays,.like.the.one.shown.below,.have.two.dual. in-line.package.(DIP).switches.accessible.from.the.front.that. simplify.selection.of.any.of.four.trip.classes.(5,.10,.20,.and.30).. Additional.DIP.switches.provide.on.or.off.settings.for.phase. unbalance,.phase.loss,.or.ground.fault.detection.as.well.as. selection.of.manual.or.automatic.reset..Also.accessible.from. the.front.are.the.RESET.button,.for.use.when.manual.reset. is.selected,.and.the.TEST.button,.that.triggers.a.complete. electronic.functions.test..One.normally.open.auxiliary.contact. and.one.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.are.standard.

TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10

ESP200

PHASE UNBAL ON PHASE LOSS ON RESET MODE MAN. GROUND FAULT ON

OFF OFF
AUTO

DIP Switches

OFF

FULL LOAD AMPS RESET

TEST

Current Adjustment Dial

Reset Button

Test Button

In.addition.to.Class.48.ESP200,.two.additional.types.of.ESP200. electronic.overload.relays.are.also.available..958 ESP200 electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.sealed. compressors.and.artificially-cooled.motors..958L electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.the.oil.market.and. pumping.applications.with.a.precise.trip.curve. SIRIUS 3RB20 Electronic. Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB20 electronic overload relays.come.with.a class.10.or.20.trip.and.electronic.overload.relays.and.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.and. ambient.compensation..A.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact. for.de-energizing.the.contactor.and.a.normally.open.auxiliary. contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip.are.included..

30

contacts.button.class. a.actuating.of.sensing.and.normally.phase.3RB22/23.which.is.switch.simulates.fault.sensor.indicator.overload..contact.phase.closed.TEST.ground..fault.without.a.by.trip.position.Two. imbalance.and..opens.normally.be.from.event.detection. SIRIUS 3RB21 electronic overload relays.RESET TEST 3RB20 SIRIUS 3RB20 Overload Relay SIRIUS 3RB21 Electronic.ground..and.closed.in. SIRIUS TRIP RESET 1 0 Class 10 M A.3RB20.contacts.via.motor. thermistor.the.class.phase.that..normally.similar features.a. overload.are.directly..affecting.loss.the..set. both.or.5.overload.relay. normally.one. SIRIUS 3RB22/23 electronic overload relays.the..to.and.sense. SIRIUS READY GND FAULT THERMISTOR OVERLOAD RESET AUTO MAN TEST/ RESET CLASS SIRIUS 3RB22 Overload Relay 31 .loss.of..without.STOP. the.time..in.be.Pressing. one.winding.function.normally.have.from. SIRIUS 3RB22/23.enabled.protection.relays.event.to.open.contacts.auxiliary.overload.one.in.30.trip.open.momentarily..activated.an. Electronic Overload Relays. class.one.phase.monitored.but.SIRIUS.and.provide.a.tripped.ground.30.SIRIUS.switched.One. closed.have.current... continuously.can.incorporates.are.. Overload Relays.a. when.each.delay.of.phase.to.allow.the. function.auxiliary.current.switched.auxiliary.Motor.open.temperature.to. additional.the.fault.In. switch-position.addition.. adjustments.The..5.normally..set.and..the.to.imbalance.contact.displaying.relays.

motors. SIMOCODE pro.a.current. system.available.700 kW 30.protection.automation.for..and.to.by.include. range.module.In.a.basic.with...68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15.protection.Processor PROFIBUS. SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN.a.a.to.SIMOCODE.input/output.motor.a.PROFIBUS.reversing.even.system.can.unit.speed. FAULT lmax 22..be..fullvoltage.forward.pro.diagnostic.solid-state..current.single. motor.functions..the.constant.optional.starters. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN.flexible.and.DP Communication.that.DP SIMOCODE.cable.pro.measuring.to.up..Each..for...SIMOCODE pro.expansion.operator.implements..with.five.compact.communicates.temperature.and. PC.or.all.control.and.basic.of. measuring.is.optional.analog.may.management.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V 32 ..economical.unit.panel. includes.connected.C SIMOCODE pro C.without.SIMOCODE. connected.also.greater.it.Expansion.ground.modular.discrete.basic.tracking.Professional PLC. with.current/ voltage.combination.C.unit.via.functions.a. for.measuring.and.detection..input/ output.provides. either.variable.PROFIBUS DP. modules..multifunctional.to. an. operational.sensing.or.a.display).statistical.panel..of.a.with.An.module.SIMOCODE.modules.addition. SIMOCODE pro V.the.is..system.is.module..pro.operator.ES.for.and.system.are.a.data.provides..(with.an.fault..

metals. b.seconds.to..equipment.current.._______.decrease..heat.overload.to.an.electrical.10.is. With. overload..30 5.of.and. .relays. A.overloaded.made.same 2..require.an..than.trips.it.class. bonded.remain.. An.will.do.can.10..and.harder. a. Excessive. A.as.Review 3 1. 3.within.occurs. ._______.the.referred.motor._______..current. 7 .overload.rated.20.removed. 6. 33 .trip._______. a._______...relay. Electronic..been.not.together.relay.._______.is.dissimilar.it.provide.times.will.increase.when.two.has.work. .full-load. six.from. ._______. also. .is.. b.the.is._______.increase. c.after.in. required.be..an. power. 4.remove. If. c..strip.at.overload. .current.protection.

off.and.simple.Manual Control As. To Motor Overload Protection Stationary Contacts Moveable Contracts To Motor . starter.be..or. to.name.motor..operated.knife.for.motor.single-pole. accomplish.switch.stop.A.starter.such.a.the.mechanism.was. sets.also.first.pole.control.is.starter.knife.are.addition.with.the.eventually.start.as. by. magnetic.a.of.To.with.turning.one.motor.the.combine.a.protection.called. In.two.control...designs...implies.hand.device.manual.a.an.following.tasks.and. replaced. device.two-pole. Power Source Operating Lever Switch in “OFF” Position Power Source Switch in “ON” Position 34 .shown.diagram.starters.controls.used.like..protection.these.and.was. The.the.manual-control..illustration.motor.manual. contactor. device.manual. following.and.contacts.overload.on..called.the.a.would.contacts.a..set.manual.provide. From Power Source To Motor Basic Operation..illustrates.must.motors.The.improved.of.switch.A.devices.Each.overload.switch.in.manual starters.to.

for.incoming.flow.the.from.is.drops.of.protects.power.low-voltage protection (LVP).up. machinery.starters.a.VDC.starters. .manual.is.restart. two-speed.are.small.power.between.the.277.or.power.control.that.open.current.used..and.protection.the.through.restored.connected.motor.when.motor. the.in.protection.LVP. Siemens.(L1).starter.HP.the.Two-Pole Manual Starter.closed.When...with.two-pole.two-pole.the.SMF.following.is.personnel.to.automatically..in.potential.otherwise.is.preventing.. motors.one-.are..and.two-pole.reset.to.A.overload.motor.are. starter.as.when.and. Starters.switch.(L2).1.automatically. to.VAC.LVP.connected.caused. L2 T2 L1 T1 This.from.single-phase.available.switch. Some.source.the.up.or.In.and.a.source.manual. illustrated.injury.position..“ON/OFF”.position.manual.drawing..is.suitable..is.to.as. This.available.type.motors.following.motor. power.an.is.example.motors.for.a.also.for.drawing. SMF Fractional-Horsepower . An.a.are. “ON”.the.must. “OFF”..The.source..provide Manual Starters.source.flows.for..and..would.A. power.When.power... melting-alloy.available.DC.in.is. load.relay. motor.offer. suitable.the. Low Voltage Protection.overload.removes.the.and.versions.in.variety.the.returning.by.represented.. version.restored.230.then.manually.the.from. .power.be.from.are.power.motor..current.enclosures.the.version.line. SMF.HP.in..or.contacts.to.contacts. 35 .option.the. overload.SMF fractional-horsepower starters.when.symbols.starters.AC..the.the.is.is.interrupted.3/4.

where.10. a.control. bimetallic.phase.where. three-phase.have.of. Siemens class 11.motors.in.Two-speed.. Class 11 across the line manual starters and switches provide.MMS.and.switches.and.reversing.These.A..ambient.reduces. and.heater. These.and..to. are.and.and.compensation.“ON/OFF”.remote.not.MMS and MRS switches.up.overload. 1-1/2.are.and. versions.up.machinery.Two-Pole Manual Starter MMS and MRS Switches.and.three-phase.devices.suitable.overload.VAC.3RV manual starters.for.required.not.SMF.HP.tripping.bar.460.MMS.to.AC.only. Starters and Switches.with.control.HP.but.protection..15.manual.The.AC.are.is.to.available.manual.enclosures.VDC...have.elements.are.overload.event.single-.motors.various.are.do.time.VAC. MRS.also.switches.temperature. is. Siemens.use.stop.the.for.provide.separately.available.provide.starters.similar.for.in.trip. starters.motors.or.to.condition.loss.HP.start.to.10. 36 .3RV Manual. Three-Pole Manual Switch Class 11 . built-in.up.class.provided.DC.single.and.used..MRS.600.protection. protection.three-phase. and. control.at.230.provide.of.differential.

1.automatically.the.separately.(without. F & G 37 .-. Open Type Starter NEMA 1 Enclosure START STOP RESET START STOP RESET NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.when.hazardous.overload.&.voltage.and.(for. enclosures.interrupted.is.style.voltage.is.in.provide.drops.or.are.3RV switches.&.control. an.are.available.power.enclosure).NEMA.7.Class 11 .9..NEMA.not. Class.low.in.NEMA. NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.7.locations).open.3.general.They.power.11.is.with.9. protection.which.poles. F & G NEMA 3 & 4.opens. protection.or...controllers.where.4/NEMA. enclosures.provided.or.required.in.purpose. the.3RV.&.available.

UL508.protection.elements.screw.as.manual.available.Amps 50.5 20 40 75 3RV101.circuit.3RV102.require.They.with.both.multiple.manual.for.our.UL.them... 3RV1...require.in.3RV104.provided.applications.motor.MSPs.frame.3RV104.short-circuit. stopping.3RV101. available.).3RV102.for.appropriate.Amps 25.short.frame.are.the. sizes).UL508.terminal.line.shortcircuit.is..and.Type. short.provide.in.screw-terminal.Amps Max HP at 460 VAC 7 .do.making.and.controllers..used.SIRIUS product. Frame 3RV101 3RV102 3RV103 3RV104 Max Current at 460 VAC 12..to.as.circuit.MSPs.additional.used. installation.and.self-protected.available.relay.adjustable.per.E.3RV103. adapters.MSPs.3RV104.protection. is.not. per. terminal.and.for.group.where.a.also.largest.two. SIRIUS.part. Spring-loaded Terminal Screw Terminal 3RV101 with Screw Terminals 3RV101 with Spring-loaded Terminals 3RV1.are.a..protection...starters.in. 38 .trip..where. overload.in.3RV1.come.3RV104.motor.controllers..used.listed.upstream.group.20.3RV1 Motor Starter.class.four.3RV103.Type.is.of.protection.can..E.versions.is.MSPs.(class.sizes:.and.can.and.are.10. Protectors.starting.bimetallic.(3RV102.as.combination. 3RV1 motor starter protectors (MSPs).spring-loaded.upstream.manual.terminals.The.Amps 100. be.controllers.and.one.incorporate.circuit...breaker.magnetic.component.be.SIRIUS. 3RV103..3RV102.

wire. that.an.3RV1..and.into.available.securely.indicator. SIRIUS. Siemens.is.with.options.of.To.of.lights.are..MSPs.many.variety. appropriate.a.equipped.subject..portal.in..installations.push. Several.on. spring-loaded.Spring-loaded Terminals.the.are.end.. simply.portal.blade.the.3R.are. Spring-loaded terminals.especially.above. MSP Mounting Rail Adapter Link Module Contactor Size S3 Combination Starter 39 .the.are.available.. and.Devices.Remove.electrician’s.as.Siemens..products.vibration.the. Insert Screwdriver to Open Terminals Insert Wire and Remove Screwdriver Enclosures and Options.also.screwdriver.directly.terminals.a.such. the.enclosures.wire.wire.blade.insert.the.connect.to..in.the.the.beneficial.stripped.are.available.including.connected.screwdriver.MSPs..into.

power.the.voltage.can.power.operate.in..is..state.ones. Magnetic. the.contactor.are.simple.circuit.circuits.shown. Wound Coil Soft Iron Core DC Voltage Source (Battery) The.involved.iron. winding. nonmagnetic.also.below).soft. (similar.start.returns.function.the.are.contactors.an.the.stop.is.and.to.circuit.around.following.connected..contactor.When..the.the.used.of. devices.be..distribution.stationary.use.Magnetic.is.to...and.contactors.operation.applications.of.circuit.commonly.by.this.becomes. provide.power.the.to.a..the..utilizing.to.motor.the.A.DC.a.circuit.interior.Magnetic contactors.electromagnetic.control.the.the.require.to. principles.electromagnet.removed.used.a.in.basic.electromagnet..contacts..of.shows.coil.illustration. There. 40 ..two.of. is.voltage.motor.by.circuits.and.to. DC.wire.control.lighting.a.the.Magnetic Contactors and Starters Most.control.When.remote.magnetic.from.the.are.of.heating.core.and.to.a.iron.to.The.the.fashioned.iron. applied. SIRIUS 3R IEC Contactor Class 40 NEMA Contactor Basic Contactor Operation. connected.wire.the. control.its.wire.

load.When.open. control..The.turn.the.around. to.from.a.is.line.the.the.closes.core.electromagnet’s.is.magnetizing.the..through.the.the.field... of. electromagnet.similar.coil.to. field.is.operation.operation.Power Circuit Movable Contacts Armature Spring Coil Electromagnet Control Circuit Stationary Contacts Power Circuit The.flows.of.circuit.wrapping.the.coil.the.a.When.no.current..is.flows...spring.With.electromagnet.armature.under. soft.current.to.in..control.the.the.from..which..collapses.magnetic.wire.the.made.by.the.iron.contacts. circuit.to. closed.movable.supplied.power.magnetic.de-energized.this.and.the.longer.through.we.produced.attracts. Line Line Load Control Signal Load Contactor De-energized Control Signal Contactor Energized 41 . magnet. pressure.contacts.the.electromagnet.contacts.magnetic.circuit.field..the.the.power.

for.onoff.of.overload.coil.“M”. the.coil..contactor.closing.of.is. SE&A Inc.that. Motor Starter.three-phase.SW1.shows.a.called. Contactor IEC Starter NEMA Starter COIL NO.S.following.from.to.When.an.controlled.this. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor a.contactor.contacts.for.on-off.When used.energizes.is.motor.is. When.a.variety. GA U..the.a.opening. Alpharett 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 RESET MODE MAN.. Contactors..by.with.provides.also..line. ON GROUND FAULT ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay 42 . required. opens.starter.SW1.A.overload.closes.power.SW1.the.is.. electromagnetic..control.relay..to.the.a..and.in.“M”.a.and.combined.de-energizes.power.the.motor.When.protection.circuits.motor..the.motor.diagram.that.the.control.power.motor.Note. it.coil.contacts.The.electromagnetic.the.usually..provide.applying.contactor.control. removing.

motor. 43 .in.the.Start.relay. control.restarting.Start.overload... motor.that. pressed. The.close.the.this.(M).circuit.coil.to.occurs.the. heaters. provided.called.open.an..the.power.in.coil.a.auxiliary.the.overload..provides.the.circuit.the..following.is...from.the.full.by.an.and.control.motor.relationship.same.contactor..with.the.OL.the..lighter..necessary.overload.power.through.grey.an.is. and.highlighted.the. The. In.and.(Ma)..darker.is.(OL).power.circuit.the.power.full-voltage starter.motor.contacts.typical.contacts. Control Circuit.contacts.electrical.so. This.and. providing.to.voltage.when.released.is.will. pusbutton.the..circuit.power.contacts.a.the.in.provided.is.three.motor.the.occurs.an.and.contacts.type. OL.circuit.removing.the.coil.removing..in.contacts.the.to.the.the.automatically..when. The.starts. Removing.circuit.(highlighted.and.overload..OL.contacts.relay.power.is.the.heater.. power.M.This.This.line.Ma.an.grey).open.motor.a contactor.includes.still.example.time.the.auxilliary.in.control.motor.contacts.to.contacts.of. the.shows.is.auxiliary.pressed.Stop.pushbutton. across-the-line starter.circuit.the.from.(M)..diagram.overload. cools.until...heater.the.to..when. electromagnetic.coil.also.pushbutton.Motor Starter in a.prevent.of. (OL).power.from.from..At.continue.close.to.unless.If.coil. The..the.by.an.main.includes.of.relay.run.three.

automatically..a. disconnecting.circuit.manual. single._______. 44 ..Combination Starters Combination starters.incorporates. A.relay. 2.and...combination. Siemens.two.called.power.contactor.overload.to.addition. 6. and.starters. motors. 5.___.motor.with.protection.selection.power.short.Siemens.combination.NEMA.starter.sets.disconnects.starter.three-phase.combined.a.is.offers.safely..460.incoming. starter.motor.when.class. protection.bimetalliclic.devices...HP. Short Circiut Protection Disconnect OFF ON OFF START STOP Motor Starter Review 4 1. A.circuit.are.means. 4.3RV102.have.starter.-pole. using.protector. is.a.Class.are.a.a.low.of.In.to.with.VAC.used.. A.IEC.contacts.to.earlier. a.and.can.elements.to.is.VAC..HP.is.an.at.that. from.starters.formed..called.and.of.starters._______.a..a.described. starter.of._______.as.components.motor.. When.at.with. The.means.motors. components.power.incorporate.. ___.short.it.motor.of.460.safely.incorporating.up.be.used.power.provide.too._______. 3.heater.11-.starter.the.protection.3RV.for.full.overload.____.with..disconnecting.up.

the.NEMA.design.they.and. 45 .are.ratings..larger.international.rated.made. domestic. are.market.of.that.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).trade.ICS2.America.IEC.ratings.starters. NEMA Size 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Continuous Amp Rating 9 18 27 45 90 135 270 540 810 1215 2250 HP 230 VAC 1 3 5 15 30 50 100 200 300 450 800 HP 460 VAC 2 5 10 25 50 100 200 400 600 900 1600 NEMA. and.physically.their.devices.construction.NEMA. NEMA.starters.9.NEMA.IEC.and.manufacturers.in.Contactor and Starter Ratings Contactors.associated.standards.competition.is.very.be.with.it.devices. standards. devices.organizations.motor-control.are.according.as. contactors..generally.and.according..and.rugged.horsepower.than.to.for.to.provide.to.contactors.NEMA.aware.the..have.and.North. rugged. used.their. motor. specified.have.equipment.(including.States)..primarily.are.in.known.important.become.of.selected. controls.worldwide.agreements.NEMA.size.on.equipment..are. The. sold. 00.maximum. for..two.based...in.motor.globalization.is.foreign.Because.are.. International..from.designed.with.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA).ratings.starters. NEMA.to.United.for.their.the.associated.size.handle.of.size.increasingly.to.heavy-duty.load.countries.size.and type.

horsepower.ratings.IEC.stated.cycle.some. applications. require.typical.maximum.require.as.NEMA.rows Starting...if.for.the.LRA.from. applications..the.space.the.and.than. any.starters. not.called.FLA) Starting.motor.between.AC-3.include.Motor Matched sizes.interest. following.of.AC-4.Siemens.at.the.NEMA-rated.considerable.actual.NEMA..solution.motors Starting.starter.derating.is.devices.inductive.of.that...a.and.can.represent.user.sizes.sizes.publication.a.and.fall.also..motor-starting..and.jogging.is.device.are.However. particular.to.more..(Make.on. voltage.motor.motor.NEMA.closely.not.used.duty.jogging.normal.categories.duty.of. plugging.specify.of.a. IEC Category Description Non-inductive.off.speed.these.most.The.you.NEMA.motors.starters.of.duty.simple.know. specified..a.for. allowing.size.starter.cost-effective.a. because.are.IEC.to.rated. plugging.for.plugging.cycle.on.To. the.squirrel-cage.Break.with.slip-ring..or.an.IEC.sizes.what.even..devices.for.Matched.ratings.to.available.the.they.motor.Break. Siemens.only.heavy-duty.has.with..and. Utilization categories.is.rating.severe.in.(control). Utilization Category AC1 AC2 AC3 AC4 AC11 .all.squirrel-cage.of.Rapid.applications.contactors.the.IEC.application. Motor Matched Sizes.up..where.and. devices. to.general.Motor.to.involved.circuits 46 .In.motor.there.control..LRA) Auxiliary.in.be.starters.used..switching.current.operational. MM Size 1¾ 2½ 3½ Continuous Amp Rating 40 60 115 HP 230 VAC 10 20 40 HP 460 VAC 15 30 75 IEC.158-1.of.duty.The.devices.Motor.their.need.match.and.slightly.sizes.are.more.Matched.motor..IEC.motors.applications.the.motor.and.is.are.some. available.virtually. IEC.industrial.inching.larger.shows.to..application. applications.select.(Make.less.more-demanding. after.table. and.off..will..are.Start/Stop.limited. the.in. Not.beneficial.only.the.cost.define.does.and.device.

applied.contactor.found.and. application.(HVAC) •. locked.LRA.of.one.speed..and.number.in.at.Siemens.total.draw.for.load.Heating.the.exceed.Irrigation •.are.Controls •..for.motor. There.which.of.organizations.Equipment Other Organizations.Farm. Some.electrical.specific.ratings.FLA..full-load.the.Systems •.tests..load).operations..starters.by.NEMA.the.Definite Purpose. standards.equipment.or.voltage.amps. rating.is.a.Underwriters.the.(LRA).and. procedures.amps.horsepower. applications.standards.example.Pool.specifies.clearly.designed.rotor.Equipment •.and.poles.draws. ...at.loads.least.full-line.CSA.of.by.exceed..SIRIUS.in.UL508. SIRIUS.current.previous.under.can. All....the.must.will. Definite Purpose (DP) contactors..amps.test.the.is. carry.areas: .are.UL.UL.sized.conditions.following. DP.are.Siemens.are.full.load. voltage.is..amps.to.and.several.CSA.a.(UL). .standards. .defined..rated.the.using.. meet..Equipment •. expected. DP.NEMA.include.(FLA).maximum..suited.Equipment.the.Laboratory.where.at.. .power.maximum. number..Spa.or.conditions.mechanical. .also.Air.organizations.which.accordance..used.that.For.multiple. .(resistive.well.for.be.carry.rated.Welding. test.developed.have. .with.motor.Control.Environmental.at.locked.tested.starters.Equipment •..starters.while. contactors.be.Some. Operating.full.duty. •.amount.are.Food-Service.contactors. 47 .procedure.rotor.Ventilating.that.current.for. instant.Office.labeling.Medical.meet.Siemens.For.are.other.are.motor.full.IEC.cycle.the.example. motor. . amps.NEMA.contactors.and.the.of.the.non-inductive.operating.considered.contactors..Conditioning.of..and.and..

sizes.to. NEMA.at 460.the.For.ESP200.(NEMA.they. level.contactors.In. Contactor Ambient Compensated Bimetalic Overload Relay NEMA Starters with ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relays Class 14 ESP200 starters.these.ampere.sizes.100.previously.provides.a.allows..of.the.use.are.including.In.available.VAC..relay.overload. 48 .or.range.NEMA. available.class.specific.(5.relays.bimetallic.(for. Alpharetta.contactors.20.overload..solid.through..includes.with... 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U.DIP.is.Class.available.the.00.relay.dial.front.are. 20.overload.These.of.(4:1).ESP200.users.are.starters.protection.ambient-compensated.to.4).through.to.up.with.mentioned.up.HP.addition.and.are..and. Bimetallic Overload Relays Class 14 NEMA starters with ambient-compensated bimetallic overload relays.relays.using.starters.4).relays.an. the.2½.or.supplied.the.sizes.are.00.example.full-load.1¾.Class 14 NEMA Starters NEMA Starters with.bimetallic.switches.with.and.available.. this.for.with.addition.8.and. with.starters. SE&A Inc.whole.(FLA).set.as.30)..A.the.14 NEMA.trip.unit.958. overload.of.but.sizes.Class.10.also. solid-state. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relay As. overload.size.10.equipped.S... COIL NO.desire.specialized.same.wide.on... adjustment.958L.ESP200. The..for. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN.applications.3½.range.state.

panel.relays.of. As.to.S0.3R.relays. These.control..including.S2.S12. Size.control-circuits.operate.with.without. more.Size.structured.only. A.overload.of. spring-loaded.previously.ambient.SIRIUS.thermal.a.springloaded. Contactor with Spring-Loaded Terminals Contactor with Screw Terminals Overload Relays.modular.a.a.contactors.contactors.and.The..Along.circuit. through.S12..is.the.(60º.a.building-block.frame.a.mounting. Contactor Overload Relay Spring-Loaded Terminals.contactors. system.F. at.S0.narrow.described.referred.complete.have.units.variety.in. broad.and.feature.power..the.on.equipped.relays.to..frame.of.S3. and.overload.components.S00.terminals.includes.allows..ability.S10..electronic.size.with.are.140º.into.relays.and.up.product.SIRIUS Type 3R Starters SIRIUS 3R..sizes.C).of.terminals..is.line.seven.overload.be.and. components.packed.this.overheating..the.sizes.and.S00.incorporates.system. range.are.range.overload.SIRIUS.temperatures.SIRIUS.of.. 49 .components.to.the. width..system.S6.as.a.to..

motor.sizes. _______.be.available:._______.overload.squirrel-cage. 50 .1¾.designed.are.(DIN. sizes:.to.to. 7 .(up.starters.switches. ratings..classes.3R.motors.relay.solid.all.Bus.is.state.quick.relays.as. reduced.to.are.panel.S0.reset. to.automatic.size.including. NEMA.applications.for.provide.and.that..and.motor.S12.unit.mounting.an.ambient.bar. 2..space.starting.contactors.features. and..(DIN.in. a._______.and. 3.overload.manual.with.100.temperatures.sizes.mounted)...20.typical.utilization.relay. compensated.Terminals.the.after.a.and.device..class. The.for.available.. IEC.category.starters.and.HP..are._______.solid.. overload.is.and.accessories.changes..available..3R.are.NEMA.are.200.or.ESP200.Trip.10..or..are. described.in._______.and.S3. surface.bus. removable.relays. that. A.in. The.operate._______.and.Fast.Type.contactors.are.trip.off.S10._______._______.or.VAC.installation..innovative SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starter.series.up.(MSP).in. 3RA6 Infeed System.starters.for.up..and.parallel.to.speed.00.the.to.DIP.dial. 5. 4. switching.. SIRIUS.________.organizations. and.class.460.surface.selectable.NEMA.setting._______.bimetalic. 2½.protector.mounted).comb.wiring.of.the. Siemens.rated.overload.allow.options. 6. SIRIUS TRIP SIRIUS RESET SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters and Infeed System Review 5 1.has.for.A)..the.__.starter.starter..frame.or.Class.adjusting..cost.through.S2.are.14.one.at. SIRIUS.state.for.contactor.ambient..SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters.only.set.seven. Four.

.speed.the.torque.and.of.categories.understand.critical.a.function.the.square.to.a. synchronous.application.speed. proportional.speeds. When.shows.the.Horsepower.synchronous.are.The.motor.has.proper..often.a.example.these.. 51 . the.the.motors.depending.a.with.torque.motor.three.of.factors.poles.of..a..to.require.is.the.1800.B.the..speed.of.rotor.motor.and.induction.speeds.. at.speed.rotating.motors.hertz.amount.to.a.motor’s.require.four.RPM.required..different. For.to.induction.speeds.is. synchronous..applications. multi-speed.Multi-Speed Starters Full-voltage AC magnetic multi-speed controllers.at.and. the.applications:.For.directly.motor. of.field.two.vary.RPM.NEMA.1750..the.conveyor.actual.of.of..due.number.torque.have.induction..motor.applications..the.torque. controllers.example. Variable Torque (VT) applications.are.to..speed..and.load.line.the.have.on.speed.power..are.determine.single-speed.full-load..variable.following.created.motor’s.and. The.run.poles. speed.of.. all.a.three.than. selection. constant..with. many.AC.the.synchronous speed of..1800.for.are.Fans.characteristics. For.There.a.must.first. centrifugal.will.with.motor. designed.speed. on.of.torque.speed.In.three-phase.pumps.of.example..torques. stator.four. always.blowers..variable.three-phase.a.three-phase.of.RPM.is.horsepower.supply.slip.to..the.motor.by.constant..constant.control.constant.speed.squirrel-cage.of.examples.slip.operation.different.applied. Constant Torque (CT) applications.frequency.typically.or.Therefore.is.As.determine.60.varies.understand.construction.induction.speed.less.order.what.a. motor’s.the.constant.you.1650. percentage.formula.load. of.motor..design.at.this.magnetic.with.For.

The. are.schematic.two.than..on.speed.. Separate-winding motors.one.winding.Two-speed. horsepower.is.speed.re-connectable.of.winding.be.presses.windings. .for.simpler.wrenches..poles.possible.providing.connection.reconnectable...and.is.high.low-speed.the.at..consequent.but.motors.motor.torque.winding.have. The.. low.power.for.motors.on.of.maintain.methods.multi-speed.the.one. speed.are.for.machines.connected.Four-speed.half...with.can.Three-speed.separate..lathes.motor.examples.speeds.to... speed.and.Many.two-speed. number. consequent-pole.varying.of. There.speed.a.multi-speed.number..the.winding.speed.depending.ways.following..one.vary.one.winding.control.basic.have. two-speed.constant.have.horsepower.such.are.Constant Horsepower (CHP) applications. than.the.constant.as.of.drills.consequent-pole.motors..is.many.a.wye-connected.magnetic.have.machines.and.with.control. Consequent-pole motors.bending.poles.torque..motors.separate-winding.The. poles.one. the.all.of.high-speed.re-connectable.the.applications.fixed.motor.starters:.motors.. consequent-pole.The.metal-working. Separate-Winding Motors.for..tap..winding.of.two.more.a.of. depending..each...two-winding.higher.each. Consequent-Pole Motors.a.pole.is.with.winding. re-connection.motors. 52 . mills.windings.cost. There. using.speed.requirements.inversely. have.horsepower.and.with.punch.shows.wound.. .

to.started.to.control.the.speed. Selective control.overload. manually.available.separatewinding.automatically.Both.for. progressive.. speed.0.in.motors:..selective.speed.three.permits.compelling.selection.lowest.torque.and.both.selected.available.constant. There.started.are.depresses.requires. Siemens.to.to. Siemens.and.relays.the.any.starting.class 30 two-speed starters.of.constant. variable.for.solid-state.desired.including.at..schemes.requiring. speed.ambientcompensated.through.offers.and.motor.the.consequent-pole.progressive control.the.the.through.a.speed.each.control.motors. speed. Starters.are.control.and.speed. Class 30 Two-Speed Starters.With.pushbutton.torque..at.the.are..motor.half-sizes.operator.higher. lowest.operator..Compelling control..4.Speed Selection.sizes. to.the.speed..NEMA.for. 53 .desired.to.increment.ESP200. .motor.increments..multispeed.control..bimetallic.and.speed..horsepower.at.is.the.be..applications. move.the.step.

the. When.set.motor.following.changing.of.forward.or.it.any..of.current.turn.direction.controlled.is.the.by. .of.shows. Many.T1.motor.of.windings.(R).done. causing.contacts.one.close.Reversing Starters .reversing.the.through. reverse. for.reverse.The..one.by. leads.rotation.three-phase.is.motor.set.This. the.a.run.to..Most.“R”.a.often.motor.either.clockwise..motor.three-phase.in.motor.the.three.applications. The.changed.by.to.with.contacts.in.the.flow.direction.illustration... the.a.contactor.through.T3.forward.two.of.a. 54 ..current.flows. “F”.contacts.reversing circuit.are.direction.and.by.contactor.controlled.(F).require.reversed.“F”.and.

relays.being.sizes.for. Class 43 Reversing.circuits. interlocks. available.the.“F”.open.sizes 00..in..flows.offers. Starters.class 43 reversing contactors.Siemens.overload.ambient-compensated.a.of.are.same. frame.contacts.it.8.half-sizes. Siemens.Siemens.in..forward.and.S6.in.the.through.motor. 55 .contactors.in.the.SIRIUS.at.00 through.through.NEMA.SIRIUS.offers. causing.prevent.When.bimetallic.in.time. Contactors.8. current.both.S3.to. Contactors.the. 3RA13 Reversing.class 22 reversing starters. Siemens.S00.Kits.counterclockwise.half-sizes.close.contacts.direction.ESP100.opposite..are.sizes.solidstate..offers.rotate..reversing.3RA13 factory-assembled reversing contactors for.Both.and.assembly.the.Mechanical.including.from.through.NEMA. Class 22 Reversing.reverse.frame.“R”.and.direction.S12. Siemens.sizes. available.including.. energized.field.are.through.

With.a.starting.full.is.as.motor.is.where.cage.When.and.For.a.650%.of.voltage.this.starter.at.motors...the.directly.when.line.standard.be.high.to. with.this.most. There. The. voltage.type.across.upon.of.starts.high.typically.receives.full-line.is.squirrel.motor.placed.of. as. full-load.motor.the.. 56 .are.being.type.started.is.reflected.the.efficiency.large.the.not..Reduced-Voltage Starting Full-Voltage Starting..current.for.high. immediately.motors.600...1200%.back.full-load.voltage.energized.current.starting.full-voltage starting.situations. acceptable.example.the.of.current.the.full.current.common.for.where.starting.of.is.onto.is.motor.starting.method.can.motor.

is.Autotransformers. 80%.of.starting.starting.breakdown.starting.while.than.torque. components.full-load.potentially.line.mechanical.torque.requires.potential.torque.belt.applications.motor.starting.require. following.65%.motor.used. for.and.per.to.standard.load.rating. Several..large-motors.. be.motor.torque.when.ampere.have.power.starting.torque.starting.many.gradually.motor.problem.type. adjustable.conveyor.of. Another.limit.at.describe.to.be..the.necessary.50%.applied.to.often.power.for.typically.bunching..the.companies.torque..or.a.is.where.and.for.result.more.For.with.full-line.applications.is. starting.have.involves.the.starting.comes.flicker.the.voltage.is.highest.and/or.reduce.current. As.to. 150%.gradually..is.slipping.is.of.reduced-voltage.to.current.paragraphs.then.to. require.of.starting...full-load.or.starting.reduced-voltage.high.prevent.more.used...For.applied. 57 .equipment..and. example.a.voltage.The. torque..to.taps. retaining.reduce.methods.As.damaging.to.maximum..motor. 200%.torque.and.the.to. Reduced-voltage.available.the.Many.when..the.reduced-voltage starting.it.torque. Reduced-Voltage Starting.the..or.speed.the.developed.stress.the.common.B.are.a.belt.lights.of.the.NEMA. a. to.are. the.lines.gradually.starting.current.causing.the.less.on.up.reduced.starts.typically.typically. starting.accelerate. sensitive.must.. increasing.applied.power.as.name.its.full-voltage.torque.to. Autotransformer Starters Autotransformer reduced-voltage starters..voltage.implies..first.voltage.methods.be.a..full.

blowers.have.conveyors.windings.of.to.leads.current.reduced-voltage.set.available. windings..current.two. with.reduced-voltage. Part-winding. adjustment.its.loads.starters. Part-Winding Starters.only. Wye-Delta Starters.delta.80%.design.not.very.on. motors.separate.starter.special.are.they.refrigeration.start.of.load.running.the.include:.crushers.a.about.reduced-voltage.require... and.Common.for. reduced-voltage starters.the.applicable. L1 L2 L3 Open Close .starters.applications.starts.are. of. mixers..low-inertia...the.and. type.stator..motors.compressors.for.high-inertia.applications.has.windings. 58 .of.not.stator.used.motor.and.six.reduced-voltage.expensive..each.autotransformer.that.fans..for.converted..rated.parallel.all.However.carries.least.The.with.for.pumps.and. to.draw.locked.fans.configuration.partwinding.low-inertia.for.compressors.current. are.65.motor. Part-winding.for. windings.connected.on.approximately.running.internally.then.or.connection.of.rotor...50%..and.suitable.torque..type.in..are. Wye-delta. .simplified.starters.are.a. control. When.include:.The.Common.circuit.and.wye..windings.with.motor.use.a.This. reduced-voltage starters...connected.and.no. starters.

full-line.motor.compared.starters.starting.As.overload. 3.sizes.the. To Run: Open 4.belt-driven.drive.more.a. 5.0.applications.is.voltage.times.lines.is.motor.gear.the. 6 Close 7 8.through..three.is.with. overload.reducedvoltage.sees.of. resistors.dissipate.furnished..protection.and.energized..the.The.of. 4. through.a.conveyors.resistance.discussed.and.methods.shorting.of. The.amount.starting.starters.starts.good.can..type.wyedelta.half-sizes..include:..solid-state.full...resistor.a.include:.for.as.lower. resistors.choice.primary. ESP100.out.including. Primary Resistance Starter. reduced.dropping.time.the.through.starter.long.the.a.voltage. starters.speed.preset.motor.provide.incoming.the.70%.for.of.loads.standard.to.line.contacts.in NEMA.voltage.previously.high-inertia. 9 .torque..motor. frequent.limited..Applications.for. starting.At.relay.initially.is.of. 6 Open 7 8.closes. 80%.This.the.to..type.voltage.compressors.part.the.of.of.relay.heat.by.to. equipment.picks.central.This.effective.a..reduced-voltage.of.the.and.conveyors.air. 9 .in..6.and.Siemens.and.offers class 36 and 37 reduced-voltage starters.applying.. 5.the. equipment.separate. 2. motor.The.the. Class 36 and 37 Reduced-Voltage Starters.requiring..accelerating.for.providing.voltage. Siemens.the.conditioning.Applications.or.of. Primary Resistance starters.set.timedelay.simple. L1 L2 L3 1 2 3 7 Motor 4 5 6 9 8 To Start: Close 1.up.. each.resistors..and.is. 59 .

voltage.amps.minimizes.current.starters.includes.have.starting.line.and. time.controlled.for.torque.be.starting.nominal.600.applied.cycle.and.limit.but.trip.to.settings.other.are.40º.and. 3R.the.106. devices. design.for.and.current.available. SIRIUS 3RW40 soft starters.an.more.for.standard.ramp-up.voltage.operating.easily.stopped. provide.the.ramping.motor..soft..3RW30.being..significantly.SIRIUS.C..for.of 3RW30. Soft Starters . extensive.starters.voltages.applied.stopping attractive.SIRIUS.3RW44.of.have.that.Soft.phase control.available.40º.starting.up.option. and.compact.be.referred.3RW40.integrates...make.are.of.voltage.432.voltages.starting.amps.up.PROFIBUS.VAC.process..a.soft starters..to.current.unit.during.the.on.system.process.Potentiometers.high.is.are.ramp-up.and.current.on.with.the.SIRIUS.to.40º.portion..often.at.applied.this..stopping.time.fluctuations.when.combine.SIRIUS.the.soft.phase.components.called.stress.of.reverse.up. a. in. settings.applications.the.the.features.available. SIRIUS 3RW44.up. amps.soft. SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters. 60 SIRIUS 3RW40.DP. SIRIUS 3RW30 soft starters.have. starting.to.especially.up.starting.to.advantages.equipped..C. The.control.of. time..operating.soft.starters.gradually.allow.diagnostics.690.modular. communication.3R.motor..power..as.limit.to. DEVICE STATE/BYPASSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 SIRIUS 3RW30.C. for.accomplish.components.3RW30. degree.front.and.operational.difficult.motor.VAC.SIRIUS Soft Starters Solid-state.reduces.provide..supply.up.increasing.voltages.soft.and.starters..saves.applications..and.by.supply.voltage. 3RW44.of.on.broad.a.unit.all.VAC.starters.ramp-down. Soft Starters.starting.this. 1214. the.SIRIUS.480.front.feature.also. the.current.at.and.settings.supply.with..the.incorporates.and.and. supply.starters.simplified.can.and.current.applications.by..motor.at.a.to.SIRIUS.selectable.and. to.starters.starters.connected.space.range.to. windings.up.to.This. reduced-voltage controllers.functionality.and.class.soft.that. Soft Starters.the.and. Soft.of.motor.and.high.operating..soft.Potentiometers.sometimes. for.for.the.for.

direction.class. A.reduces.for.adjustable.two-speed._______. also.rotation.reduce. leads.or.standard. The.components.soft.starters.for.motor..system.switching.This.taps.______ and._______. 5.the. A.30.. Siemens.feature.starters.three._______.reduced-voltage.offers..3R.and.starting.and..and.soft.for.to. 6. to.starters._______.starting..two.starter.voltage.changes.for.have.a.Review 6 1.the._______.50%.high.voltage. applications..SIRIUS._______. _______.reduces. _______..also.are.by. includes. 2.65%.reduced..of.voltage. 3.. 4. starters.reduced-voltage.of.voltage.fullline.starters._______.called.soft.motors.modular.motor.of. 61 .starters.. applications.starter.80%. three-phase.starting.of.

lost.than.the.are.previously.600.require..resistive.for.are.They.If.commercial.loads.as.noise.removing.600.resistive.is.all.these.contactor.used.and.needed.lighting.applications..lighting.One.VAC.some.a.such.2.contactor.loads.lighting.starters..heating.magnetic.the.noise..of.Enclosures.constant. be.and.current.class LE lighting and heating contactors.to.libraries. Contactors.of. available.heating..held.starter.problem. connected.applications.similar.and.be.and.lighting and heating contactor.12.a.be..open..contactor.these. magnetic.tungsten. NO.400.the.power.to control. is..open.to.to.well.used.starter..type.however. also.to.magnetic.normally..coil.loads.480.loads.which.rated.discussed.close.contacts.a.not.current.Lighting and Heating Contactors Electrically Held.When. lighting.for.is.ballast-type. hospitals. contactors..Because.contacts.to.should.buildings... Lighting & Heating Contacto Cat. can.rather.contactors.on.current.an. is.VAC.available. contactors.amps.a. Siemens. applied.with.from.20.the. Most.loads.the.energized. LEN00F003***A Max Current Volts AC r Load Coil Replacem Coil Voltage ents Coil Electrically.the. motor.a.supply.will.humming.this.designed..where.electrically held contactor. keep.flow.Unlike.are. 62 .similar.poles.a..loads.to.as..to.causes.VAC.and.is..as.

the.and.contacts.magnet.Class. Mechanically.are.so.contactor.that.noise.Magnetically Held and.magnetically.to. can.contacts.can.then.resistive.from.latched.power.are. lighting.480.used.is.contacts.tungsten.They.and.energized.is.. Mechanically Latched.latched.on.a.when. and.ratings.with.are.current.available.lighting..energized.are.held.400.to. when.heating.class CLM lighting and heating contactors.2.lost.and.power.held.lighting. mechanically.concern..contactor.600.lost.and. designed.. A.reinforces.and.where.magnet.“OFF”. typically.mechanically. Magnetically.a.latched.poles.by.current.magnetically. release.that.a. and.is..ballast.20. be.it.closed.loads.receives.is.has.through..magnetic.600.to.when. Siemens.current..lighting.to.remain.the.used. Contactors Magnetically held.12.where.loads.and.solenoid.loads.closed.latched.on.contacts. A.heating.energized.are.mechanically latched contactors are also.the.contactors.interrupted.mechanically.or.until. used..the.12.tungsten.opened..provided.the. available..is..held.be.permanent.an.field.for.general.are.heating.resistive.are.designed.coil..amps.lighting.if. CLM.trip.480.contactor.be.signal.to.that.desired..control.immediately.a.to.They.contactors.resistive.permanent.is.Current.coil.rated.magnet.permanent.mechanically..is. 63 . When.general.creates.Contacts.power.will.VAC.and.the. type.amps.when.is.through.VAC.coil. maintain.closed.and. poles.a.400.and.VAC.the. even.contains.and.latched.the.held.resistive.contactors. closes.VAC.resumes.and.with.from.2.type.contactor.20.mechanical.and.Siemens.heating.ballast.for. a.latch.loads.

duty. Pushbuttons.spring.may..Pushbuttons.industrial.with.G The. product..22..of.to.features. 64 .an.machine.and.harsh..control.heavy.mounting. set. . . •.A.are. Siemens.mounting.are.and.used.a.available.of.of.a.the.be.pushbutton. •..example.are.device.dimensions.and.selections.available.16.Class.and.locations.and.mounting.. •.or.directs.mount..configurations. operating..and.such..Groups..used.C.devices. actuator.to.or.devices.or.mm..pilot device.as.. pushbutton.millimeters).3SB2 devices. appropriate.status.variety.the.is.another..diameters...various functions.in.for..diameters .mm.refers.device..families.knockout.for.(indicator.illuminated.colors. (in.manually.. and.of.a.Class 51 devices.with.E.in.II.for.Class 52 devices.plunger.a.contacts.designed.contacts.are.indicates.operating.for.to. A.one.mounting.switches).return.hazardous. ..of.perform.products.or.a.hole. close.the.with.open.and.control.and.Pilot Devices A.applications.mm.lights).30.Groups.D. Pushbuttons. .I.range.of.uses.and.starting.set.motor. (pushbuttons.of. .required.an.a.F .of.3SB3 devices.with.pilot.selector. 16 mm 3SB2 Pushbutton 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Pushbutton 30 mm Class 52 Pushbutton Normally Open.mounting.size.a.system.the.following..The.available.variety...the.broad.diameters .to.Class.environments .include.typical.diameter.nonilluminated. Pushbuttons.product. •.stopping.operation.circuits.are .

can.wired.example.flow.activated.with.open.remain.the.used.position.open.one.set.normally.the. closed.momentary contact...that.contacts.is.Pressing.are.the.In.state. contacts.pressed. current. contacts..unless. released.. a.closed.set.. state.contacts..pushbutton..drawing. The. as.remain.contacts. button.can.through.contacts.one.is.. the.pushbuttons..of.configurations.. pushbutton.the.normal.that.the.pushbuttons.of.also.current.pushbutton.closed.are. to.opens.and.are.so.flow.normally.circuit.to. 65 .normally.pushbuttons.following.is.the. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit Normally Closed..close.the.button.are.the.the.and.their.position.the. Pushbuttons.released.causes.be.button.of.the.other.a.example.Pressing.spring.as.open.button.open.so.called.button.pressed.this.pressed.after.button.Pushbuttons.as. Normally..may.contacts.close. pushbuttons.activated.either.the.maintained contact.called.returns.open.illustration.normally.them. and.described.closed.just.available.button.various..normally. Pushbuttons.following.the.the.the..set.one. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit The.pusbutton..are.only.because.is.contact.open.and.circuit.set.with.their.or.In.the.is.as..in.to. For.shown in. plunger.a.to..preventing.(NC).open.in.when.the.the.closed.their.such.a.illustrates.through.are.have.one.When..is.long.the.function.contacts.(NO)..because.

contacts.“Start”.the.the.pushbutton.how.supplying.and.of.as.to.the..completes.connect.will.required.“M”.coil. and.a.pressed.and.to.is.shows.(“Ma”).closed.“Start”.The.and.. Three-Wire Control Pressing.and.the.“Start”.the.pushbutton.a normally.because.diagram.of.open.a.three. 66 . .path. The.“Start”.line.run.motor.breaking.until. normally.following.energizes. contacts.electromagnetic.current.the.an.function.“Ma”..might.and..contactor’s.power. opening. Control Circuit.pushbuttons.“Ma”. to.Using Pushbuttons in a.“Stop”.pushbutton.the.to.a.auxiliary. path.the.current.be.closed.referred..holding.circuit..the. are.coil.coil. in.“M”.wires.released.used.control.“M”.“M”.of.“Ma”.the.example. contacts.flow.the.and.holding circuit.circuit. the.closes.as three-wire control.pushbutton.flow. Momentarily.electromagnetic.normally.is.the.pushbutton.pressing.When. electromagnetic.“M”.is. This.“Stop”.

protection.lowvoltage release.but.control.the.event.overload.in.not.lost. control.An.it.circuit.cleared.a.the. coil.motor.that.is.such.water-treatment.“M”.or.not.down.shut.desirable.motor.motor.low voltage protection.is.the.circuit.two.the. This.must.not..low-voltage.has. automatically. M L1 M L2 M L3 OL OL OL T1 T2 T3 Motor Start/Stop M OL This. so.to.to.power.motor.. restart.is.down.When.power.three-wire.to..the. Two-Wire Control.called.button.operator.control.it.the.the..motor.is.will.is.as.power.device..shuts..This. control.contacts. stations. wires.if.the.power.because.applications.switch.circuit.of. automatically.for.return.is.the.motor.“Start”.requires.of.provides.circuit.connect.Low-voltage.of.motor.When.restored.“OL ”.or.plants.the.In.pumping.still.open..de-energizes.overload..will..operation.two-wire control.a.restored.because.an.stopping.service.immediately.when.and.if.control..control.to.the.remote.with. is. immediate.an.power..that.overload.and.scheme.that.However.means.control.will.will..used.it.the.in. installations.the.regained.when..depress.the.closed.the. causes..to.these.only.type.restart.advantage. the.restart.control.loss.into.when..the.also.after.restart.an. Contrast.inaccessible.often.to.“Start/Stop”..of.de-energizes.have.this.circuit. contactor.an..is. 67 . release.

operator. There.used.the..1. Selector.Selector Switches.speed.two..the.pilot.to.interchangeable..of.is.in.close.and.Selector.switches.contacts. to.also.of.on.is.is.used.speed. Switch.two.example.solid. positions.example.can.and.low.used.two.switches.available..switch..Contact.key operated.control.stop.indicate. contacts.are.types.when..basic.light. positions.. Contact Truth Tables.the.those.only.and.select.are.uses.part.With.maintained.be.methods.switches..manually.The.turned.run.the.machine. Selector switches.in.pilot. . The.contact.and.three.rotated.selector.is.example.This..spring return.lights.method. high.stop.2.circuit.turned.of.either.of. used.pushbutton.the.fourposition.circuit.show.and..open.are.is..in.a.position.position.for.selector.with.conditions.a.a.is.in.on.and. or..and..... and.lines.on.open. the..are.and.used. 16 mm 3SB2 Selector Switch 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Selector Switch 30 mm Class 52 Selector Switch Two-Position Selector..first.accepted.on.and..light.is.close.switch.difference.shown. In. for.a. 68 .contact.the.one.to.indicating..PL2. switch.stop.the switch.following.PL1.between.be.of.a.mechanism.for.pushbuttons.switch..more.a.pilot.example. selector.machine.and.for.selector.or.when. operator.run. possibilities.to.to. previous.status.or.are.dashed.two.could.blocks.

position.second.contacts.1.“Off”.pump.to.level.position.pilot..(manual).switch.which.the. closed..to.liquid.lower.starting.truth table.opens..switch.a.the.three contact. to.on.a.uses.when.is.select.the.in.For.the.. stopping.A..“Hand”.uses.any.pump.on.three-position.known.a.are.a.The.contact.pump.example.is. .and.is.position. Switch.is.switch.to.for.switching.has.level.The...motor.in.and. Three-Position Selector.rises.method.until.fluid.following. a.closed..Then.is.starts.the.pressed.pump.liquid-level.is.of.indicates.is.contact...selector.preset.positions.contact.controlled. In.the.is.position.set.level.to.to.PL2.switch.example..the.by..represent.shows.When.switch.a..the.switch.liquid.When.closed.truth.drops.pushbutton.preset. In.circuit.selector.when.PL1.pump..the.“Auto.letter.pump. fluid..the. the.position.table.is. An.target table.the. ” by.control.“X”.light..is.switch.below.the.level.stopped. A.which. The.used.a.liquid.level.the.is....given.the.pilot.position.diagram.The.no.in.the..a.. Start.switch. Hand/Off/Auto.each.light.closes.as.also. 2.for. 69 . the.effect.switch.B.

lights.in. 16 mm 3SB2 Indicator Light 22 mm 3SB3 Indicator Light 30 mm Class 52 Indicator Light Indicator.available.. Siemens.visual.a.are..with..lens.a.operating.is.of..available.system.as.a.that. blue.system.of.red..green.with.for.following.to.off.amber..green..a. Indicator lights.machine.or.referred.pilot lights.circuit’s..to.light.of.. As..light. indicates.that.the. Red Indicator Light is On Green Indicator Light is On Motor Running Motor Stopped . allow.variety.indication.example..off.indication.process.quick.Indicator Lights.or.a..or.lights. often.illustration. 70 .lens. on.also.indicates.red.running.indicator.clear.a.indicator.provide.is..a.often.alarm.shown.status.a. visual.colors..and.condition.are.white.indicator..a.for.

light.contact.opens.turning.. that.(R).the.Note.turning.and.an.coil.the. ..with.light.is. in a Control Circuit.Using an Indicator Light.the..running..closed.when..that..light. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 If.contact.is.green.if.overload.following.off.light.Mb.the.motor.indicator.the.on.is.and.the.closes..occurs.on.the.light..the.wired.OL.is.light.(G).on.light.Mb.the.parallel.amber. contact. on.and. In... L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 When.contact.motor. closes.the.the normally.on.red.red.the.green.light.the.the.turning.(A). open.indicate..contact.so.diagram. stopping.the.addition.energized.the..stopped. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 71 .turn.the.is.off.indicator.burns.is.will.motor.Mb.is.green.out.In.to.is.is.OL. in.closed.and. the.closed.the.the.even.now..normally.that.motor..coil.open.normally.

in..a.added.by.contacts. 2.directs.Both.Columns.not...and.from. 3. 72 .audible.available.be.diameter.contacts..stacking.Siemens.They.and.blue.a.colors:.. red.monitor.heating.personnel.indicates. can.LED. versions.and.and.rotating._______.distance..and.to. lenses:.visual.yellow.are.are..lights.selector. applications. steady.directly. Siemens.green.is..keep..conditions.to.red..switches.following.___._____..and._______.also.attached.machine.heating.noise.8WD4 signaling columns.. Siemens.blue.white.provide.the. easily.are.even..Various.clear.beacon.of..be.an.green.available.be.where.the.indications.elements..five.power.amber..in.is. indicator.and.desired.siren. machine.machine.mounting.process.lights.another.are.through. Once.or.are.networked..elements.pushbuttons.of.assembled.signaling. configuration.other.flashing.used.to. red. lighting.if.operation.devices.are.in.closed.optional.control.status.with.of.the. can. can._____. Signaling columns.the.an.achieve.contactors.indicator.Signaling Columns and.their.indications.visual.are.Buzzer.elements.lighting. process.contactors..or.have.available. _______.. device.or...incandescent..used. Integrated. A.._______.lost._____.allow.signal lamps.and. Signal Lamps 8WD4 Signaling Column Review 7 1.issue..provide.or.or.to..operation.best.green. 5.to.3SB3..to.yellow.and.system.mm.for. 4.are...their..operating..device.. Lamps.an.the.come. closed.operating.ASInterface adapter.

.overcurrent.is..This. secondary.. CPT.circuit.class MT and MTG control power transformers.of.variety. use.primary.following.frequently.the.down.higher.on.is.24.voltages.circuit.a.an.the.the.in. In.a.Fuses. windings.is.Siemens.VAC.the..VAC.such.to.a.transformer.down.the.25.primary.and. step.voltage.of.with.secondary.industrial.control power transformer (CPT).voltage.voltage.control. 73 .to.to.are.main.the.the.terminals.voltage.from.by..for.stepped.on.than.motor.of.applied.460.available.Control Transformers The.provide.for.voltage.example.ratings.of.to.primary. In.protection..the.the.5000.needed.VA..used.control.the. is.and.cases.

.allows.to.which.normally.applied.between..relay’s.describe.closed. 74 .of..used. relay.Control Relays Control relays.these.the..contacts.they.operation.field. circuits. closed.to.or.make.magnetic..a.the. have.loads.both.pulls.to.size.small.widely..to.be.circuits.of. currents. and.control.use.complex.relay.is. coil.a.main.control. Relay Operation.This.are.open.open..circuit.position.as.movable.circuits..the.pushes.switch.they.is. .contain.(NO).There.tension.is.spring.not.contactor.open.energizes. power. The.and.shown.types.is the. throw. small.control.and.(electromagnet).contacts.When.relay.a.audible.three.control..to.relay.conduct.these.and.control. The...are.of.relays.indicator..Because..the.used.a.contacts.contacts..contacts.lost.contacts.a.contacts.operation..following.to.contacts.and. the.this.of. The.in.relay.control.In.armature. multiple.power.usually.can.control.normally..and.number.and. Contact Arrangement .is. electrically.Like.multiple.lights.such.movable.multiple.set.can.of.with.contacts.interconnected.A.the.has.alarms.the.then. starting.contacts.to.be.used..in.contactor.armature.terms. a.is.in.relatively.control..When.the.to.control.similar.of. key.because.difference.pole..can.coils.normally.the..light.the.position.contactor.a.illustration.control..need.only.to.a.and.control.circuits..relay.are.magnetically.that. removed.

single.a. positions. A.but.can.the.of.(double.single.separate..relay. have.close. Circuit 1 Circuit 1 Single Throw Circuit 2 Double Throw The.double.per.relays.diagram.the.Pole.be.relay.relay’s.are.pole.(double.the.is.used.and.isolated..This.SPST.circuit. contact.they.total...be.control.pole.multiple. A.DPST.that.pole.poles.through.following.pole.(single.the.to. throw).contact.need.number.pass.is.. A.following. circuits.configurations:. Break.not.arrangements.number.pole.relay.number.throw).all.closed-contact.(single.number.of.number.is. SPDT.the.Control.open. that. Circuit 1 Circuit 1 Single Pole Circuit 2 Double Pole Throw.controlled.illustrates.break.indicate.is. contacts. Single Break Double Break The.abbreviations.or.DPDT.contact.number.pole..can.control.that.frequently.control.used.of. Single Pole Single Throw Single Break Double Pole Single Throw Single Break Single Pole Single Throw Double Break Single Pole Single Throw Double Break Single Pole Double Throw Single Break Double Pole Double Throw Single Break Single Pole Double Throw Double Break Double Pole Double Throw Double Break 75 .throw)..the.throw).often.number.various.by.of.relay’s..circuits.throw..double.

and.is.2.“CR”.that.energizes.way.in. 76 .called interposing.relay.24.large.is.control..“Stop”.and.enough.circuit.Interposing a Relay.Start.pushbutton.type.close.24.for..starter.can.circuit. (M).following..“M”.not.starter.in.(CR).and. The.of.a.starter.closes.VAC..In.de-energizes.is.contacts.is.one.lines.the.VAC.arrangement. 1.be.the.strong.Pressing..to.is.to. the.motor.power.relay. relay.“CR”.that.power.coil. When.the.used.pressed.a.momentarily.rated.line.illustrates.operate.“M”. the.control.the.diagram.starting. supplied.The. “M”.and.a.motor..VAC.in.a.example..This.the. motor.460.this.relay.control..pushbutton.contacts.the.the.

two..of.terminals. auxiliary.in.supply.to.for.available.. Siemens.to.are.from.SIRIUS 3RH Control Relays .if. coil.relay.SIRIUS.of.attaching.available.be.complete..230.Units.600.are.VAC.variety.screw.SIRIUS 3RH11 control relays.and.common.relays.have. relay. Siemens.flange..needs.all.are.12.the..release.for.available.includes. latching.control.3TX71 plug-in relays..example.of.socket.line.supply..control.offers.available. basic.Units.that.VDC. 3TX71 Plug-in Relays.The.can.For.of.the.a.a.for.is.relay.Four.switch.be.added.device.benefit.spring-loaded.mounting.contacts.additional.control.rated.system.for.a.place.contacts.duty.. voltages.modular.are.voltages.Four.with.type.3RH14.AC.stays.by.to.and.that. replaced..continuous. 77 .a.24. control.biggest.from.the.this.operation.coils. DC.coil.and.3RH14 latching control relays.. and.are.relays.in.blocks. or.wiring. or.

optimized.3RF21 single-phase solid-state relays.relay.width.operate.for.mm.device.and.form.a.load. SIRIUS SC 3RF23 single-phase and 3RF24 three-phase solid-state contactors..loads.reversing.45.quiet.version.motor.to.be.assembly. SIRIUS SC solid-state relays..5.low.horsepower.mm.such.with. Relays.and..both.reliably.loads.heat.As.for.Another.addition.switching.inductive. and...as.modules.solenoid.existing cooling.space.or.the..5 mm) SIRIUS SC Solid-State.assembly.versions..sink.switching. and.and.available.these.at.switching.mounted. designed.contactors. high..relays. switching.In..high.designed.requiring. SIRIUS SC Solid-State.are. current. Contactors.with.Solid-State Switching Devices Electromechanical..switching.have.can.frequencies.3RF24.ready-to-use. SIRIUS SC 3RF23 Solid State Contactor 78 .heaters.loads.such.an.available.contactors.frequencies.solid-state.resistive.and.solid-state.. applications.versions. resistive.for.combine.contactors.22.version.on.of.is. 1 L SIRIUS SC 2 T 24VDC 3RF20 Solid-State Relay (45 mm) 3RF21 Solid-State Relay (22.surfaces.SC.ratings..relays.quietly.inductive.are.3RF20 single-phase and 3RF22 three-phase solid-state relays.However.load. width.unsuitable.perform.for.relays. of.solid-state. operation.a.as.have.function.switching.devices.are.SIRIUS.One.defined.a.a.valves.is.

..a.power.power. fault.contactors.a.to.with.provides.of.circuit.provides.module.or.connected.of.for.–.in.inrush.relays.to.power.module.available. Converter. and.3RF21.This.and.module.for.a.signal. Heating current monitoring module.use.to.function.solid-state.to.used.3RF23.including.loads.load.use. failure.a.circuit.control.3RF21. systems.contactors. 79 .contactors.from.relay. INPUT ON LOAD THYRISTOR SUPPLY F A U L T 3RF29 Power Controller Power regulator.a.detects.connected.signal.SC.inrush.load.function modules.normally-closed.how. Power controller.. sensor.relays.is..module.including.of.faults.or.PLC-compatible.for.complex.inductive.3RF21.use.–.pulse-width.–.SIRIUS SC Function.complex.and.is. to.limitation.with.with.adjust.. capability..limitation.indication.by.to.current.3RF23.This.allows.The.by.modulated.of.This.3RF24. use. faults.monitoring. Load monitoring module.SIRIUS.heating.analog.LEDs.with..combines.that.control.analog.is. relays.temperature.with..applications.as.an.loads.a.module.and.contactors.such.load.3RF29.SIRIUS.load. types.LED.loads.is.–.to..signal.and.adjust. the.is.fault.much...a.load.digital..module. signal.–.current.a.and.SC.heating.power.3RF23. 3RF23.for. Modules.for.module.modules.and.and.detects.use.use.relays.the.a.This.combines.variety.determine.The. applications. systems.control.be accommodated.failure.for. Many.3RF21.three-phase.converts.This.indication.to.and.extended.following. and.of.module.ability.of.SIRIUS.relay.This.of.power.proportional.with. of.monitoring.3RF21.with.control.are.fault.functionality.the.This.contact.This.elements.for. an.a.relays.the.variety.contactors.3RF23.heating.module.device.can.elements.contactor.an.require. and. and.This.It.

.fault.motor..monitoring •. monitoring.by. and.fault). Line.asymmetry.various..resistance.conditions..factor. Thermistor.monitoring •.phase.protection The.sequence.quantities.and. SIRIUS monitoring relays..of. Temperature..the.monitoring •.voltage.relays. Insulation..monitoring •.current.of.relays.current. indications.monitoring.by.monitoring •.machine.monitoring.few. Residual..monitoring •.following.types.providing.failure.. Single-phase.available.Examples.include: •.Monitoring Relays .electrical. Single-phase.overvoltage •.and.variety..mechanical.(ground.monitoring.and.various.of..performed..shows. Power. Filling.a..reduce.monitoring •.relays.level.speed.of. phase. A.phase.available..undervoltage. SIRIUS SIRIUS SIRIUS READY TRIPPED TEST RESET 3UG4 Monitoring Relay 3RS Temperature Monitoring Relay 3RN1 Thermistor Motor Protection Relay 80 .are. downtime. functions.diagnostic.monitoring.monitoring •..appropriate.plant.and.for.illustration. Motor.

signal. pointing.An.off-delay.in.timer.the.term.on.relays.receives.after. arrow.timers.from.Time Relays Time relays.the...indicates.used.For.pass.is.have.timer’s.time.seconds.time.assembly.3RP20.is.time. and.timing.action.The.on-delay.the.off.a.indicates.width.an.contacts.relays.and.have.or.to.state.mm.“off.a..these.timer.function.wired.The.contacts..time.change. SIRIUS 3RP15 Time Relay 3RP20 Time Relay Time Delay. 100.time.05.the.as.multiple.denote.number.ranges. On Delay Arrow Points Up Off Delay Arrow Points Down On-delay.action.switching...state.relays.to.signal.assembly.must.span. pointing. that. 81 .term. Most.a.while. example.the.up.delay.setting.covering.circuit.off-delay.off.delay”.involving.hours.operations.arrow..and.mm.time.before.or.delay”. the.a.time. timer’s.off-delay.the.can.how.3RP15 and 3RP20 solid-state time relays.timer.3RP15.relays.timing.of..control.relays. 15.An.3RP15.loads.pass.connected.on-delay..a.ranges.preset.their.to.arrow..0.indicates.22.of.the.“on.have. time.indicates. turn.preset.an.3RP20.receives.time.of. on..turn.on.a.timer’s.either.timing..output.a.perform.Siemens.into.to.setting.have.45. Time.change.turn.such.after.depending.used.an.5.down..are.before.the.width.that. must.the.

.this.an.open..closes.The.turns. has.On-Delay.(TR1). Timed Open. TR1.TR1.following.pilot.timer.PL1.timer.on.relay.contacts.a.of.an.close.normally open. delay.and..illustration.timing.set. timed closed (NOTC) timer.example.seconds.example..and.When.a. timed open (NCTO) timer.timer.After.. Timer The.an.pilot.contacts.example.shows.The. opens.S1. Timer The..illustration..has. Timed Closed.5.TR1. immediately..light.of. On-Delay.on. When..shows.5.also.de-energizes.In.turning.timing.of.of.seconds.an.set.timing.on.normally closed.been.. 82 .relay. timed open timer.PL1.S1.seconds.been.(TR1).an.on-delay..begins.called..for.delay.off..called. timed closed.is.also.light..for.on-delay.5.an.TR1.following.

When.following. turning..TR1.PL1.begins.light.and.seconds.TR1..on.opens..seconds.timer.called. delay.of..off.an.PL1.timer... timer.(TR1). pilot.opens.de-energizes.immediately.a.timing.The.After.pilot. When.turns.open.an.TR1.contacts.S1.seconds.for.and. timed open timer.and. The. Timed Open.set..relay...open..and.pilot. Off-Delay.light.When.illustrations.on.energizes..light.TR1.off-delay.. 83 .open..PL1.light..After.contacts.off.timing.closes.5.5. contacts.TR1.example.S1.open.closes.also.close. timed open (NOTO) timer. When.shows.off..pilot..contacts.TR1.normally open.of.PL1.turns.S1.been.TR1. TR1..5..immediately.turns.an.has.S1.

pilot.S1..turns..for..After.instantaneous contacts.on.and.of.The.on.on.time.S1..Off-Delay. timer. immediately.5.off-delay.contacts.example..S1.After.closes.(TR1).also.PL1.5.an.close...contacts.or.closes.TR1.normally.called. 84 .opens.immediately.begins. PL1.pilot.close.been.an.turns.shows. Instantaneous Contacts.instantaneous.pilot.turns... timed closed timer.timer.contacts.can..timing.PL1. timed closed (NCTC) timer. When.following.contacts. The.PL2.and.TR1. When..timing.pilot. Timing.illustraton.have.turns.relays..close.and..a normally closed.TR1. Timed Closed.relay.preset. seconds.example..following.timing..In.open.has.light..light.set.TR1.switch.the.seconds.also.light.open.TR1.off.a. when. closed.normally.light.. delay.and.

protectors.(National.circuit.inside.UL 1077 supplementary protectors.in.also.Electrical.device.breakers.branch.protection.branches.for.requirements.with.with.an.mechanism.for.permitted.standard.than.as.multiple-pole.according.trip..America.for. For.ANSI. instantaneous. miniature.protectors.overloads.(American.low-current.providing.supplementary. available.panels.branch.and.circuits.branch. bimetallic. to.are..(MCBs).certified.to.when.in.high-current.are.are.more.National. supplementary.and.electromagnetic.short.Association).areas.for. For.of.means. additional.5SY.based.systems.special.and.MCBs..60.UL.may.North.influenced. protective.a.addition.to trip.70.Institute)..protection..local.for.faster.55.is.Single-pole.devices.but.the.the.that.were.898.already.reason.mounting.of.mm..used.of.UL 489.present.to.489. protection.MCBs.be.a. Manufacturers.developed.Additional Devices 5SX. Standards.designed.can.designed..varieties. ENNEC. disconnect. and.panel.a.on. and 5SP Supplementary Protectors. Siemens.solution. Supplementary Protector (70 mm) 5SJ4 Miniature Circuit Breakers IEC.are.trip.NEMA.be.used.are.a.circuit.thermal.supplementary. 85 .a.circuit.the.of.circuit. meet.are.and.sensitive. 5SY. protection.equipped.style.providing.and..this.the.In.as.always.applications.circuit.series. Siemens.by.not.miniature circuit breakers.or.overloads.depths.breakers.control.

these.for.and..solid-state.and.and.MCBs.ENNEC.and.Sliding-link.bolt-type. apply.of.terminals.as.tripping.according.for.of.auxiliary.terminals •..terminal.terminals •.Through-type.of.terminals •.terminals •.Measuring.or.range.also.for .well.can.terminals •. Examples. 5SJ4 Miniature Circuit Breaker Terminal Blocks.Through-type..and.terminals •.space-saving. addition..at.types..components •.Two-tier.Circuit.factory.plug.to.Terminal.terminals •.the.UL.Terminal.with.489.isolating.connection •.D.both.In.Through-type.MCBs.tripping.terminals •.Fuse. .ground-neutral ...listed.. Siemens.or. .terminals.Therefore.terminals •.terminals.designed.characteristics..permissible.terminals •.sites..N.as.terminals •.Fuse.connection.terminals •.Sliding-link.Two-tier.three-tier.N.branch.Two-tier.898.for.components •.are.MCB.connections.circuits 8WA2 Spring-Loaded Terminals •.Diode.blocks.terminals •.Insta.being.60.that..comply.isolating.be. 8WA1 Terminals With Screw Connections •.a.terminals •.for.these.This.locally.terminals •.means.are.below.Insta.installed.with.spring-loaded and screwtype terminal blocks.C.“Field.terminals •.a.in.offers.terminals 86 . device.isolating.breaker.to.installed.terminals •.Ground..the.class:..customer.three-tier..ranges..Ground.standards.Diode.the.terminals •.transformer..components •.Flat-type. wiring” .of.Fuse.broad..

of.development.design.and.and.perform. In.is.of.control..expansion.and. .system.compact.for. module.testing.and.control.used.of.. 87 . Hard-Wired Control.solved.hardwiring..end.user.the.logic module.often.user.function..to..The.in..is.diagrams.a.control.many.by.control. Power Supply Terminals Input Terminals PC/Module Interface Operator Control Panel Output Terminals .In..providing.a.. circuits.the.friendly.tasks.required.were.control.addition.required.tasks.a.installation.LOGO! Logic Module LOGO!.or. solution. the.relays.This.these. procurement. system..rework.cost-effective.components.past.specification.of.of..the.control.approach.change.extensive..

via.for.performing.inputs. are.(12/24.VDC.via.a.8.of.such.to.small..easy.front. simple.of.of.LOGO!.a. Inputs: Pushbuttons Switches Contracts Sensors Outputs: Relays Contactors Lights Design Features.contactors.communication.executes. Basic LOGO! Operation..performed.of.115/230..Many.can. Modifying.makes.contacts. is.digital.Versions.connection.simplified.VAC/DC.or.changing..motors..and.are.program. implementation. LOGO!.decisions.the.the..as..the.tasks.. Initial.on.various.specification.panel.for..control.inputs.relays.although. program.inputs.available.inputs.to.the.is.pushbuttons..not.as.digital.equipped.outputs.is.and.24.hard-wiring.number.module..of.Once.on.be.multiple.the.any.are.application.outputs. digital.analog.and.of.solid-state.in.increase.LOGO!.to..the.display.and.load.available.as.be...add.keypad..a.to.is.a.the.outputs.and.the. with.4..supply.The.LOGO!.LOGO!. also.AS-Interface.to.as.or..such.VDC..voltages.as.lights.software.panel..the.available..outputs.to.or.with.user-defined. LOGO! Basic units.LOGO!..control.LOGO! Pure units.tested.LOGO!.based.accepts.equipped.4.relay. control.created.is.with..PC..instructions.before.program.have.to.. Likewise.programs.can..the.connected.greatly.units. 24.still. 88 .transfer.are.virtually.plugging.per.VAC/DC).required.cable.variety.same.display.and. A. switches.8. type.located. instructions.modules.a.as. Expansion.the.and.program.do.

connections.fit.building.is..mm..same. Fast.wire.for.more.mounting.Bus.run. insulated busbar system.use.Fast..for.convenient.60.on.a.available.will.new.to.when. 8US Fast Bus Busbar Adapter System 89 . hole. circuit.and.starters.control. dimensions.Fast Bus Multi-Motor Control system.Fast Bus Busbar Adapter System The.but.of..panels.Siemens.SIRIUS 3RV/3RT starter combinations.Bus.components.of.from.to.not.is.breakers.busbar.are.drilling.Siemens.three-phase. the.reduces.that.Components.built.Fast.due.and.spacings.components.the..SIRIUS.Bus. center-line.narrower..of.

of.capability.is. modules..to..products.of.need._______. _______.and.control.categories.the.exploration.and. closed.and.that.pass.as.Control.providing.the.these.relay’s. 90 .perform.conditions.Integrated.offers.example._______..you.and. SIRIUS. products. of.terminals.have. than..standard..are..capable.an.the.threephase.this. isolated.circuits.protection..many.and.a.are.solid-state.UL.contactors.drilling.per. Siemens. 1.might. course.Siemens.busbar.systems.blocks.to.know._______. backbone. 4.timing..for.structure. The.control.drives.Siemens..hole..number.and.Siemens.wire. additional.to.when. covered.and.total..downtime.about.that.of.we.receives.relay.referred.safety.in. connections.a.forms..monitoring.sensitive.quietly.contact.electrical..for. panels.and.signal.1077. In.components.. indications.and.either.appropriate.reduces.course..to. using.addition. 5.describe.further.a..turn..is.networking.timer.UL489.at.All This and More.machine._______._______. fault.systems.______.automation.and..an. connections.to. Review 8 2.Totally.Automation. 6. 7 . components.providing.you...with.trip.everything.and.control.insulated.of.available.diagnostic.then.is.high.devices.one.or.the.reduce.In.faster.and.systems. more.relay’s. 8.we.on. begins. integrated.you.can.control..terminal.timing.and.reliably.comprehensive.quantities.function. A.of.that.system. A.speed.positions.think.plant.pole. 3.breakers.about.learned. Siemens.number. A.products.designed.many.number.systems.mechanical.Siemens.that. additional.frequencies.can.variable.system.through.is.be.delay. For. switching.bulding.represent.However.more.number.sensors.operate.Multi-Motor.extensive._______._______.circuit.relays. by..communicating..are.range.than.relay.tempted. .that.

starter. 7)...held.4).current..4).Review Answers Review 1 Review 2.pilot.. ..3RW30.c.Power.FLA.monitoring.a.Circuit.AC3.5).a..voltage.4).2).two. 1)..2).spring-loaded.3RW40.-.4.. 1).20... 3).motor.on..a.3).3½.3).Device.a. 5).4)..5).-. .torque.c.-..5.combination...overcurrent.separate-winding. ....white. Review 6..Node...2). 1).SC..clear.. .Bus..Autotransformer..5).SIRIUS.Solid-state.. 1).blue..4).(60º.2). 1).relays..Electrically.5)..C).e. Review 4.pole.b.latched.low.3).Fast.b.7).20.screw.5)...S00.15.6).3)..5..f.10.F.magnetically.6).reset..2).loss..protection. Review 5. 8).5).140º.Power. 6).consequent-pole.3).....phase.Load.2).held.IEC..reversing.10.and.protectors..right..(LVP). Review 3.manually.Load. 1).-.overload.-.3RW44.4)..... 1)... .bimetallic. 91 .Control.NEMA.starter....b. 6). . 3). Review 8.mechanically.2).Circuit.30.2).heaters.S6..22.. 1).4). 6). Review 7..supplementary.left.Control.throw. d-.7).Control.

d. increase fluctuate The.open. d.is.starter 92 .. . .actuating device. a.is. .circuits.a.the. The.test.circuits._______.of.of.running.a contactor... . . .the.to. 5.. .. .exam.. .successful.symbols.. a.A.temperature.be. red white Which..test. . provided.._______.are. normally.the.same. decrease..answer. c. d.the. With.and..of.. .the..a.(NCTO).completing._______.the.indicated.... .. a.certificate.is.in.and.timed..and.exam.. power.will... . .an.. 2.sheet.that.indicator...A. 4.shows the..a by..closed.grade.be. .sheet.usually.mail...by.final...produced.in.following... . .represents. amber. d. green.The.the. . .is. .during. .electromagnetic control..or. _______. .for.Upon.. may. b.standard..a. . . b..armature control..increase.of.After.a.. c.. ..the. 3. c.the.in.of.drawing.. normally.contact.used.condition.. completion.two..motor. b.will. grading.70%. d..current..closed. a. .tool.issued. c. c. b..learning.involved. .the.method.open de-energized A.. .circuit.tear-out.be. b...control.is.is. .operation. energized.Final Exam The. remain.a normally.of.light.state.contact? a.intended.answer.when.. .passing. 1. .book. power.better..and.

.not.coil overcurrent.a.motor. d. c.contactor. a. Proximity. apply... . .. . a.. .. .combination.sensing.and.. c.the..management system. ..through..be..of.visual. d. . break. pole make NEMA. . SINAMICS. a. isolated..the..that.speed.provides..relay’s.. MICROMASTER.contacts 7 .starting. .. . c.provide. . an..for.a.and.of.armature a.. . . .relay an._______..provide ratings.to. .flexible.an.overload. . b.items..starting.starter.. . NFPA IEC _______.device stationary.. .motor.the..relay.to.modular.start. throw...a.._______.._______.and. . A.switches.motor. . 12. . .speed 9...that.electromagnet a.the....number.that.for. .contactor.of.electromagnet. NAED.motor. b.instantaneous.reason.. c.pass. Which.an..may.motors.a.a. LOGO! SIMOCODE..circuits.switches Indicator. b.following. NEC. .is.of. . Pushbuttons.condition.overload.contacts 8.contactors.control. d.part. a. .contactor? a. .at.to.and. Selector._______.is....faster run.constant-speed. d. a.multifunctional.. b.is. .used .and.. d. .motor.lower. .of. 11.circuit’s operating. .full.... b.. b..number.reduced-voltage. . .is.a.torque.a. One. armature electromagnetic. A.6. d..solid-state protection.and.indication.. .a.torque accelerate. d. . .. .. c. .lights 93 .are.organizations. c.. b. . ..gradually increase. a.starters.. . c.can. . .pro _______. 10.is..relay.

a... .10.quiet. b. PROFIBUS. . c.13. b.starter.. . SPST.8WD4.... a. . .5. .a.a.class.rating of.. a.amps..a. . DPST. magnetically.. .has.. .a/an. wye-delta. b.columns. a. 540 1600 Siemens.. mechanically.normal.ESP200.can.one.and. .overload. DIP. c..dial. . AS-Interface.. .by. b. electrically.c A...setting..b...an.per. d. .. .jumpers Another.. . d. .to trip.optional. .configuration.contactor.name...be. .through..a..held.______.heating.class. . c..has.30... . .signaling. A.be...continuous.and.lighting. d.amp.devices. a...and. 15..sound. c. is..isolated circuits.relays.latched both..during.. . . . .switches. c.starter.for. 200...closed.position.reduced..area? a.networked to.6. 17 ..held.. . .________.48. .relay..other.two. b.voltage.. .starter. d._______... .can... 18.. humming. .contact.not recommended._______.selector. DPDT SPDT A.solid-state..NEMA. Ethernet PROFINET Siemens. primary. . 14. 16.adapter.size.. .and. .or.operation.for._______..resistance autotransformer 94 ._______. a.rotary. d. .contact. 810. d. a. soft.switch internal.20.. c.set.produces. b...pole.is..

when ____________. SIRIUS. .the.“Stop”. .switch.motor. c.relay. .motor. a..pushbutton.open all. . .. ..3RW 95 . .opens the.overload.and.of. . .the.are.19. c..up.stop..diagram.above 20. .an. . SIRIUS.is.pressed limit.made.. . a..following. In. ..“LS1”.contactors.. d.the.optimized. .a solid-state. b. b. _______. the....of. d.sink..3UG4.will.heat..SC.solid-state.. SIRIUS.3RS SIRIUS..contacts.

96 .

97 .

.the.in. http://www.to.can..certificate.three. Distributor.site.the.com/step/default.print.STEP.the..pictorial.courses.in. The. downloaded.of. A.register.web.your.ability.contain.sections:.These.final.complete.format.can.courses.record.courses. reviews.training.this.files.Online.sea.exam..any.PDF.our.Glossary.glossary.include.PDF.training.text. completion.updates.Downloads.siemens.and.of.be.available.site.a. quickSTEP.a. 98 .unique.site.the.to.of.to.html.a...and.in.quickSTEP.&..and. accomplishments.feature.of.divided.opportunity.maintain.STEP.into. changes. The.site.most.pictorial.Sales.are..glossary..recent.online.be.is.quickSTEP Online Courses quickSTEP.all.the.courses.to.from..the.on.accessed.and.format.page.at.database.is.quickSTEP. From. Courses.downloaded.the.the.

.

com Subject to change without prior notice Order No. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract.: STTM-EP03J-0209 All rights reserved Printed in USA © 2009 Siemens Energy & Automation. www. Inc.sea.html 100 . Inc.siemens. Industry Sector 3333 Old Milton Parkway Alpharetta.Siemens Energy & Automation.com/step/default. GA 30005 1-800-964-4114 info. All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners. The information provided in this brochure contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products.sea@siemens.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful