Basics of Control Components

Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP

Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.

Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Control.Circuits..........................................................................4 Electrical.Symbols.....................................................................6 Line.Diagrams......................................................................... 16 . Overload.Protection.................................................................21 Manual.Control........................................................................32 Magnetic.Contactors.and.Starters...........................................38 Contactor.and.Starter.Ratings.................................................43 . Class.14.NEMA.Starters..........................................................46 SIRIUS.Type.3R.Starters..........................................................47 Multi-Speed.Starters...............................................................49 Reversing.Starters...................................................................52 Reduced-Voltage.Starting........................................................54 Lighting.and.Heating.Contactors.............................................60 Pilot.Devices............................................................................62 Control.Transformers. .............................................................. 71 . Control.Relays. ........................................................................72 . Solid-State.Switching.Devices................................................. 76 Monitoring.Relays....................................................................78 Time.Relays.............................................................................79 Additional.Devices...................................................................83 LOGO!.Logic.Module..............................................................85 . Fast.Bus.Busbar.Adapter.System............................................87 Review.Answers......................................................................89 Final.Exam...............................................................................90 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................96

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Technical.operation. manual.and.principles.a.products. •.heating.motor. •.of. Upon.starting Describe.Automation.their.and. lighting.basic.to: •.need.control.construction.the.effectively.contactors.general.principles. •.the. •.manual. •.circuits State. •.the.starters Describe..Introduction Welcome.and.between.circuit Explain.construction.will.STEP.This.Components. State.principles.the. starters.motor.magnetic.typical.overload.difference.which.operating.of.Energy. •.a.principles.and.Basics of Control Components.Siemens.of. control.motor.be.and.control.operation Identify. Describe.and.the.manual.of. more. magnetic.diagram Describe.another.to.series.to.the. distributors.you.reduced-voltage.our.Siemens.and.the. •.and. •.magnetic.and.motor.for.symbols..starters.operating.completion.various.to.products.represent.automatic.of.need.construction. components.methods Explain.control.and.contactors.for.relays 4 .control.operating.principles.Basics. •.starting. •.the.related.&. components Read.Control.Program.protection Describe.course.purpose.starters Identify..of.designed.covers.in.Education.various.in. able.the.motor.describe.operating.of.and.line.prepare.sell.course.

out.Electrical.Association.You.if.subject.owners.better. Other.Basics of Electricity.are.This.an.the. respective.may..distributor.Inc..registered.understand.Siemens.prepared..a.your.their.a.and.Siemens.the...property.before..Energy.products. 60062-2096.is.Rosslyn.better.&.the.card. mentioned.or. complete. If.and.is.will.companies. mail.Good.Inc. Underwriters.discuss. trademarks.addition.a. electrical..you.Underwriters.of.help. NEMA®.a.in.their.the.registered.Laboratories.change. you..service.customers.to.of.registered.fill..Product.to.of..final.and.of.trademarks.be.score.certificate.AG.are.Basics of Control Components.you.grade.. Siemens.mark.be.will.Automation.with.trademark.names.with. 22209.®.should.are.and.luck..respective..Specifications.will.without.of. notice.In. applications.systems.you.trademark.completion.attempting.Manufacturers.We.passing. National.a.tear-out.customer.exam.employee.IL.Northbrook.VA. authorized.Laboratories.trademarks.card.knowledge.of.trademarks.you.UL®.of. 5 .efforts.mail.

In..used.industrial.. control.and.light. circuit.variety.requires.also.example.control.start.the.Manual.some.circuits.simple.devices..on.is.used.turns.stop.on-off.combine.a.However.of.For. Manual Control.The.and.wide.of.commercial..in.degrees.circuit.a..automatic..component.lighting.be.previous.are.be.someone.same.to.example. these..and.variety.to.are.a.is..can.control.of.circuit.illustrates.applications..employ.circuit.be.the.circuit. a.other.a. of.a. .One.off.or.simple.off. a.on.More.this.use.control. control.light.the.Control Circuits Control.being.as.varying. Control.something.complex..example.control.than. Control.the.often.or.manual.. manual.to.on. control.a.. many.circuits.used.off..turn. tend.components.automatic.to.of.manual.used.to.is.single-pole.cases.controlled.used.a.are.components.or.is.a..that.function.applications.device.In.turn.in.motor.However..may.of.off.often.example.this.and.switch.switch.circuits.simple.turned. with. A.and.often.manually.complexity.in.broader.and.an. 6 .that.something.starter.manual control.circuits.more. on...

control.the.hard-wired logic.control..cases.circuits.dependent.vary.interaction.. without.wiring.this.motors..human.each.automatically.to.software.manual.additional.This.is.a.referred. refer..turn.off.interaction.Increasingly.on.as.some..and.advanced.variable. 7 .monitor.components.good. While..these.such.of.both.and.stopped.you.components.in.machines..and. is.and.is. In.combination. AC.the.speed.used.this.manual.addressed.that. some.the.and.when.of.components. drive.is.practice.still..be.automatic. extensive.other.a.Energy.are.Siemens.in.of.are.in.the.too..wide.are.variety...to.wired.protect.web.common.a.will.systems.of.can..control.components.indicator.from.started. such.in.to.range.to.control.In.are.fully.sometimes.controller.. The.Automation.by.control.of. A.Automatic control.However.complexity. however.as.. is.of.start. .occurs.components. dependent.complete.something.interaction.circuit.these.only.on. Control Components.Siemens.the.on..system. course..give.course.circuits..site.cases.For.to.they.machines.Automatic Operation.information.programmable.This.how.logic.to. controller.control.stored.the.that.wired. includes.or..or.&. many.components. lights.

be.States.and.open.condition.there.coil.symbols.example.symbols.vary.no. logic..these.throughout.open. United.With.contacts.contacts. components.devices.there.flow.countries.show.actuating.used.When.indicate.the.represented.the.method.are.to.pictorially.current.other.contacts.represent.as.the.shown.be.to.normally closed (NC).the..components.Instead.are..show.the.logic.contacts. normally open (NO).either.or.no. The.the.The.contacts.control.normally. of.as.in.this.part..blocks.more.of.allows.the.applied. One..which. contacts.closed...Although.the.. circuit.diagrams..contacts.many.flow.Electrical Symbols Control.to.in.indicate. For..in..incorporate. Contact Symbols.control..operation.the.to.standard.which.condition..cannot.various.showing.control.relay.common.a...other.condition.contacts..to.common..course.either.my.use. flow. Various.ways.however.a.in.is.device.to.are.following.current.control.dynamic.Control.which. flow.symbols.the. contact. diagrams.produced. current..in..power.a.common. 8 .use.of.when.the.the.open.diagrams.in.when.is.to.a.light..is. de-energized (off) state.approaches.illustration.is.of..open.the.circuits.the.relay’s.operation.control.. that.current.to. world. .or.is.are. of.can.

the.contacts. the..is.the.is. 9 . contacts.de-energized.not.to.light.open.at.state..are.shown.are.when.the.is.are.shown.normally.of.following.light.purposes.and.energizes. their.such.shown.the.their.the.exists.relay.for.and. that...shown.contacts.in.usually.are.the. explanation.control.relay.However.time.the. contacts.symbol.the.not.When. In.illustration...are.on.this.logic.complete.as..state.the.path.the.The.for.on.highlighted..in.diagram.illustration.not.in.not.cases.and.de-energized.closed.the.are. Normally Open Contact...they.the.energized.close. the.circuit.example.highlighted..In.first shown.. highlighted.off.in.current. and..sometimes..this.A...and.relay.is.completing.as..When..contacts.not. Normally Closed Contact.are..current.path.following.energized.(on)..light.illuminating.state.then.energized.state.the normally...their.highlighted.the.open.normal. turning.contacts.is.in.a.closed.Note: This is not a standard symbol.indicate.Symbols.course. Example. Example For.switches.

is..closed.switch.and. must..of a.symbols.are. In.following.switch.of. side.an. Example .current.path.these.illuminates..are.can..switch.closes. When.also.switch.also.types.path.light.the.other.the.of.like.indicate.the.flows.action.and.connected.are. .is.the.normally.Switch Symbols.the.the.switch.upon..the.a.to.light.to.cannot.it.through.connected.switch.Variations.the. the.closed.position.different.the..also.When. Normally Closed Switch.connected. to..normally..side.in.battery.When.discussed.current.. Switch.device.current.flow.is.manual.open..number..When.following.the.a....flow.opens. to.. Normally Open Switch. and. light.in.require.light.one.it.illustration.used..change.one.case.the. for.to. a.circuits.not.to.someone.or.someone.and.is.current.someone.used.Like.their.connected.following.switch.is.a.represent.switches.contacts.control.In.ones.normally.side.acted.or. side.normal.light.through..closed.interrupted..switch.to.switches.the.the.a.open.A.the.flow.just. illustration.completes.turns.considered.flow..is..closed.the. Various.the.battery.shown.and.its.change.is. 10 .the.another.used.to.be.off. current..illustration.other.be. open.of.switch.types.of.light.normally.in.has.when.. Example.of.or.of.of a.the.open.is.state.state.been.symbols. In.switch.a.

. Normally Open.a.pressed.It.the..its.of a.to..pushbutton.to.The.and. Pushbutton Example. released.to.open.light. normal.the.turns. 11 .and.the.basic.is.connected.be.and..on..shown.light.the. normal... In.In.one.of.state..button..momentary. when.the.pressed.interrupted. state.turns.two..a.long.pressed. There.soon.allow.normally.light. opposite.When.When.flow. opposite.to. maintained.following.a.pushbuttons.pushbutton.current.example.state.flows.is.the.is..their.side.pressed.(NC).vice. In.are.the.momentary.as.the.or.the. Pushbutton Example. pressed. normal.open.state.current.to.its.flows. They.return.current.pushbutton.following.pushbutton.change...normal.it.return.place.. Switch.off.not.as.is.pushbutton.maintained.types. Switch.of.to.as.illustration.is.button.as the. through.is.to.contacts.the.is.pushbutton.closed.when.and.contrast.in..is.(NO).is. Normally Closed.Pushbutton Symbols.of.side.connected..state.is. other..pushbutton.shown..must.its.the.light.latches.of.versa.battery.unlatched..to.a.

Coil Symbols.

Motor.starters,.contactors,.and.relays.are.examples.of. devices.that.open.and.close.contacts.electromagnetically..The. electromagnet.in.these.devices.is.called.a.coil.. A.coil.is.commonly.symbolized.as.a.circle.with.letters.and. number.inside..The.letters.often.represent.the.type.of.device,. such.as.M.for.motor.starter.or.CR.for.control.relay..A.number. is.often.added.to.the.letter.to.differentiate.one.device.from. another.. The.contacts.controlled.by.a.coil.are.labeled.with.the.same. letter.(and.number).as.the.coil.so.that.it.is.easy.to.tell.which. contacts.are.controlled.by.each.coil..A.coil.often.controls. multiple.contacts.and.each.contact.may.be.normally.open.or. normally.closed.

Coil Example Using. Normally Open Contacts.

In.the.following.example,.the.“M”.contacts.in.series.with the.motor.are.controlled.by.the.“M”.contactor.coil..When. someone.closes.the.switch,.current.flows.through.the.switch. and.“M”.contactor.coil..The.“M”.contactor.coil.closes.the.“M”. contacts.and.current.flows.to.the.motor.

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Overload Relay Symbols.

Overload relays.are.used.to.protect.motors.from.overheating.. When.excessive.current.is.drawn.for.a.predetermined.amount. of.time,.the.overload.relay’s.contacts.open,.removing.power. from.the.motor..The.following.symbol.is.for.contacts.associated. with.a.thermal.overload.relay..An.overload.relay.used.with.a. three-phase.motor.has.three.such.contacts,.one.for.each.phase.

Indicator Light Symbols.

An.indicator light,.often.referred.to.as.a pilot light,.is.a.small. electric.light.used.to.indicate.a.specific.condition.of.a.circuit.. For.example,.a.red.light.might.be.used.to.indicate.that.a.motor. is.running..The.letter.in.the.center.of.the.indicator.light.symbol. indicates.the.color.of.the.light..

Other Symbols.

In.addition.to.the.symbols.discussed.here,.there.are.many.other. symbols.used.in.control.circuits..The.following.charts.show. many.of.the.commonly.used.symbols.

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HOA. Automatic.Static switching control uses solid-state devices instead of electromechanical devices. Disconnect.Selector. Motor.Voltage Variable. Instanstaneous. following.Throw Single-Pole. Brake.. ALM. Limit. THS.Frequency. SP. Abbreviations. T. POS. DPST. Circuit. Motor Manual Negative Neutral Normally.. NC. UV. Armature. R. ARM. CONT.Closed Normally. Current. Frequency.Single-Throw. but enclosed in a square as shown in the following examples.Throw Selector. REC. Generator. F. PB.circuits. U. DT.Delay Thermostat. INTLK. Direct.commonly.Double. GEN.Single. Junction. FU. VFD.. CAP.Switch Transformer Terminal. IC.Switch Reverse Rectifier Resistor Rheostat Switch Secondary Solenoid Single-Pole Single-Pole.frequently. CB.Open Ohmmeter Overload Pushbutton Phase Positive Primary Pressure. PRI. LS.. SS.Switch. M.Switch Time.list. BAT.Double-Throw.Overload.Switch. XFR. Lamp. Alarm. Control. Integrated. NEUT. GRD.Delay. RES.Switch Safety. Fuse.identifies. Hand/Off/Auto.Starter. MSP.Switch. Ammeter.used.Protector MTR.used. Capacitor.abbreviations. DP. PH.are. OL. AM. Ground. S. Alternating.Circuit. DPDT.Box. TR.Drive Transformer 16 . SPDT. CKT.The.control. Double-Pole. Interlock. FREQ. IOL.. Forward.Breaker. RH. Control. TB.. Down.in. Double-Pole.Current.Relay. MN. Coil Contact (NO) Limit Switch (NO) Abbreviations. NEG.Switch. DISC. D. LT. BR.Board Time. Motor.Relay. AC. SEC. Many of the symbols used with this type of control are the same as those shown on the previous page. Foot. Double. PS. SSW. TD. CT.Current.Relay Up Under. JB. AU. OHM. Battery.Starter. Circuit.Transformer.. FTS. Double-Pole. NO. DC. SPST.Throw. SOL. CR.

contact? .following.the.normally.of.operated.pushbutton? . . .the..normally..the. .for. Which.. open.represents. .represents. c. .Review 1 1.. b.represents.symbols. ..is.to. 2.following.. . 3.a.operate...symbols.. 4. a.of.. 17 .pushbutton? .when.the.contact? ._______. . mushroom.a. .of.. Which.following. 5..of. b. c.head. initiate. ...an. open. closed. a. a.symbols.following. b.a...symbols.control. .normally.represents. Which. a.must. . . b.circuit.someone. Which.a.action. c..the. c. A.

..wiring.relationship.dot..wires.also.heavy.relationship.referred.components.light.example. power-circuit.and.be.control.light.node.diagrams.in.at.the. in.symbols.an.an.represented.by.Line.small.a. following.up.control.of.and.circuit. the.illustration.line.electrical.Line Diagrams Control.illustration.line.line.a.power.with.diagrams.wiring.diagrams..to. as.the. or.are.pushbutton.functional.two.circuit. diagram.Within.diagrams.circuits.pictorially.used.not.or. electrical. of. Control Wiring Power Wiring Not Connected Connected .ladder.show.relationship.intersection.and.an..of. Indicator (Pilot) Light Pushbutton The.two. L1 L2 Pushbutton Indicator (Pilot) Light 18 .the.can.by.types.is.indicates....more..physical.For..connection. indicator.physical.of.circuits.is.the..a.functional.the.circuits.following.shown.represented.made.relationship.of.line.A.. Line.a.shows.are.

includes.L1..illustration. 120.the.a. relationship.The.from.as.that.it.the.VAC.be.is.control.load. circuit.control.with.and.L2.the.typical.in.The.lines.order.Releasing.both.line..controls..flow.control.following..components. .more.drawn. A.... energized..starting. The.will.turning.light.shows.L1..indicator.the.circuit.and.the..pushbutton.indicator.to.Some.applied.VAC.diagram.power.This.L2.off. stops.read.properly..power circuit. light.note. drawn.and.that.to.light.distribution.is.the.symbolically.the.with.mind.following.be...when.you.a.Reading a Line Diagram.line.the.to.diagram.voltage. marked.the. Power and Control Circuits.indicator.that.flow.means.light.to.The.supplies.120.must.these.for.as..of.because.control. activate..or..to.L1..the.other.diagram.the.such.same.and.current..from.of.one..displays.is.pushbutton.indicator.power.functional.a.control circuit.heavy.is. The.Other...allows.are. lights.indicator.that.between. pushbutton.L1.With.contactors.drawn.when.indicator.loads.current.devices.control.right.this..do.the.to. components.vertically.L2..VAC. left.includes.. 19 .the. rated.L2.a.of.120.the..control circuits.pushbutton.pressed.load.relays.an.and.loads.line.light.light.power.motor.at.must.line..power.connection.the.example..to. Control Circuits. interpret.this.such. The.In.and.not.pressing. pushbutton.through.and.following.that.determine.the.In. and.

.full.with.other.A.device..why. in.one.continue.full.are.applied.the.control.a.for. parallel.across.both.and.the.and.on.control.voltage.in.loads.circuit.directly.One.connected.fails.indicator. across.the. In.directly. following.used.in.L2. control..of.light.light.one.required.to. 20 .loads.more.on.These.the.the.parallel.load.logic.the.load.set.illustration..are.in.the.example.relay. the..line.and.contactor. pushbutton.on..is.proper.control. Only.In. In.to. needed.is.connected.is..left.be.. between.connected.connected. to.Depressing.. control.contacts.the.one.the. Control.or..can...the..is.operate.both.. . volts.operation.to..improperly.connected.L2.(OL).side.circuit.circuit.depending.example.loads.either.in.Usually.The.load.combination.properly. parallel.is.when..line.load.neither.to.When.load.control.is. necessary.of.in.shows.L2.Connecting the Load to L2.pushbutton.the.addition.L2.circuit.load.line.be.overload.a.pressed.the..is.divided.and.control.on.any..are.series.will.120.the.120.coil.placed.loads.“M”.loads.if.only.may. through.or.. In.is.applies.the.. to. configuration.devices.the.overload.second.one. to..connected.normally.the.than.the.L1.on.the.this.generally.a. Connecting Control Devices.series.series-parallel..to..one.connected.device.load.VAC.the.contactor.circuit..indirectly.contacts.is.pushbutton.volts.pressed.120.indicator.circuit.in.an.L1.through.L2.the.one.following.to.right.In.series.receiving.previous.control.not.

to.illustration.pushbuttons.to. the.2.pilot.“M”.through.and.be.line.. light.to.the.load..2. series.simplify.L2.lines.switch.L2.allows.light.the.flow.and.illustration.pilot.example.Both.pushbuttons.contactor.For..L1..to.through.line.same...indicator.have. Because.connects.shows.are.either.pushbutton. parallel.the.in.1..1.the.3.pushbuttons.both..lines.L1.pushbuttons..4.to. Line Numbering.multiple.flow.the.from.the.2.to.pushbutton..light..1...following.two..Pressing. line. In. numbered.1.in.to.or.on.connected.diagrams.current.line.light.to.line.in.. connects. current. allow.pushbutton.to. 21 .pressed. The.connected.1.next.following.at.from.time.pilot.illustration.are.connects.to.logic.the.often.describing.the.must.

L2. .to.with. a. .diagrams.are.the._______. _______ _______ 22 .the. b.. .at. 1.. a b c d Control Circuit Control Device Control Load Node Power Circuit Power Load e .the._______.read.. 2.starting. d. Match.diagram. Line. e._______. associated.on..line. f.Review 2.L1. _______.. c.. .items.. f _______.from.to _______. ..list.

.this.covered.control.overloads.how.control..that.the.or.with.to.a.to. are. .as.the..The.referred.An. referred.The.is.always.fault.excess.clear.continuous.a.in.mind.type. conductors.an.components.to.designed. understanding.generated.overcurrent. each.result.is.amount.motors.in.to.generates.to.begin.a.the.of.course..two.from.is.the.proportional.ampacity. flow.reason. To.In.heat.components.conditions.damaged.types..overcurrent. short.be.current.Overload Protection Some.heat.a.of.flow..overload.overcurrent.of.rated.have.current.heat.order.that.capacity.has.can.overcurrent. Current and Temperature.. discussion.and.circuit.conductive.short.as..of.amount.from.conductor. may.current.to.by.differs. Excessive.of.Keep..resistance. Normal Current Flow Excessive Current Flow 23 .conductor.another.of.circuit.pertinent.the.For.path.you..this.from.what.are.of.overload.it.and.must. first.condition..both.ground. understand.current. of..protect..these.

A. current.between.when.electrical.connected.0.in.damaged.resistance.bare.to.short.the.in.circuit.rated.made.a.the.damage. current..current..heat.when..result.and..For.its.a.used.too. Normally.000 A 0.and. To.not.are.When.an. In.short.drops.rise.Note.conductors.the.a.many.however. Before Short Circuit Ohm’s Law I = E R I= 240 V 24 Ω = 10 A I= After Short Circuit 240 V = 10.when. immediately. reduction.the. to.to.too.devices.much.current.to.overload.usually.this. ohms.by.the.amps.current..a.to.breaker..cause.prevents.a.short.volts.When.if. short circuit. draw.circuit.value..or.that.contrast.10.24.its..An.a.fuse.better.the.understand.causes.the.equipment.causes.a.conductors.example.occurs.conductors.can.if.conductors.two.almost.the. circuit.between. ohms.between..in.very..described.to.example.to.zero. if..current. work.circuit.hard.circuit.may.equipment.consider.voltage.interrupted. Overload.This.will.relationship.generated.rapidly.is.current.resistance.overload. proportionally.this.by.the..is.between.the.more.and.times.circuit.240.and.circuit.resistance.may..insulation.rise.Short Circuit.this.is.extensive...024 Ω The.occurs.is.to. many.this.to. connected.the.by.conductors.result.motor..a..a.separate.normal.the. insulation.low.drops.current.For.is..is.flowing..times.lower.than.conveyor.024..Ohm’s Law. 24 .or.jams.example.or. resistance.touch.current. resistance.from.conductors.

.six.overload.designed.In. started.even.typically.that.and.devices.current.or. before.is.should. Overload Protection.a.an.motor.the.has.its.high.conductors.an.. 25 . When.a.they.capacity.extended. Temporary Overload Due to Starting Current A.some.an.draw.of.as. full..overload.example.protection.Under.to.about.circuit.in. For..start.600%.different.current.the. current.seconds.of.be.the.situation.the.In.to.after.a.full-load current.motor.rated.time.for.damage..protect.required.current.by.speed.short.fuse..operating.motors. the.starting.. In.current.in...circuit.is.such.breakers.breaker.circuit.to.motor.example.a. Fuses.electric.NEMA.overload. tolerate.starting..down.most.a.starting.circuit.the.are.protect.motor.current.device.its.motors.to.is.designed.design.is.designed..separate.its.Because.for.the.circuit.disable.drops..it..a.for..to.the.example.when.high-efficiency.an.load.but.conductors. the.current.provided.. overload relay.undesirable.happens.when.rating.sized..eight.starting.resulted.off.previous.for.device. the..may.rated.starting current.to.of.a.following.be.a.current.event.a. AC.In..circuit.current.short. their.shut.. situation.short-duration.full-load.For.overcurrent.such...must.circuit.flow.protection.must.the.higher.a.As.overload..and.for.circuit.For.known. conductors.to. times..allow.In.B.occurs. the.motor.consider. accelerates.to. the. conductors.response.path.of.these.quickly.of.excess..dropped. exceeded.time.Motors.the.a.motor’s..be.current. the.what.motor.value.high. such.a.circuit.conditions.for.is..this.open.has.or.are.example.

a.And.the..they..relay.This.circuit.allow..corrected.it.the.the. maximum..Overload Relays Overload.a.relays.protect.disabling.and..and.it..to.they.times..between.rated.be.the.starter.5.When.current.be.can.the.will.classes.to.the.most. at.cause.they.a.a trip class rating.motor starter. restarted.after.for.meet.First. An. without.the..(M).long.The.which. Motor Circuit.a.trip. cause.trip.the.designed.six.motors.specific.current.cools. enough..after. M L1 Power Source L2 OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contracts Open L1 Power Source L2 M OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contacts Closed 26 .an.allow.to.be.overload.the. reset.trip.(OL).be.been.overload.and.are.. Trip Class...of.its.has.circuit. needs.relay. overload.current.typically.overloads.continuous.opening.are..short-duration.value.takes..is..and.the.to.allows.relay. source.excess.current.relay.with.the.relay.overloaded.motor.and..overload..motor.the.motor.protective.overload.30. rating.shows. Overload Relay in a .following.motor.After.open.the..circuit.through.the.relay.seconds).current.time.power.the. motor.illustration..circuit.has.common..restarted.remains.motor.the.the..trip.flows.cleared.identifies.can.reset.If.overload.20.special.preferably.manual.a.Second. to.overload.(in.to.been.to. contacts.of.if.close.10.overload.above.has. The.third.the..

has.wired. bimetallic.bends.will.the..lever. Motor Heater Element To Power Circuit Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Overload Condition Some.overload.to.strip.metals.trip. bimetallic.These.condition.overload.bend.strip.that.an.damage..circuit.generated. is.may.This. Under.overload. repeatedly.a. removing.the..the.the. automatically.the.together.only.and.relay.Bimetallic Overload Relays..and.reset. have.desirable.relays.bend.strip.heater element..trip.motor.relay’s..heated.dissimilar.restart.to.applications. 27 .motor.sense.cooled..relay’s.causes.heat.relays....power.the.motor.The.until.bonded.are.Proper.bimetallic.strip.open.with.bimetallic.overload.In. is.the.the.mechanism.to..exists.normal.an.metals.condition.in.contacts.from.a.to.this.incorporates.different.series. which..automatically.Depending.expansion.overload.reset.of.is.cause.the.bimetallic.the.conditions.trip.overload.occurs.if. the.long.two.and.a.thermal.However..prevent.operating.still.strip.the.to.overload.designed.overload.tripped.characteristics. bimetallic..to.trip...condition.this.made.a.as. small.design.element.strip. not.bimetallic strip.circuit.functions. some.A.enough.the..can. on.by.bimetallic.bimetallic.relay.persists.then.causing.relay.enough.the.when.motor.overload.of.can.. overload.the. Some.use.slightly.after..the. heater..the.causes. Motor To Power Circuit Heater Element Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Normal Current Flow If.

Ambient Compensated. Bimetallic Overload Relay.

In.some.applications,.a.motor.is.installed.in.a.location.with.a. relatively.constant.ambient.temperature,.and.the.motor.control. components.are.installed.in.a.location.with.a.varying.ambient. temperature..In.such.cases,.a.typical.thermal.overload.relay.may. trip.too.soon.or.too.late.because.its.bimetallic.strip.is.bent.both. by.heat.from.motor.current.and.the.surrounding.air.. Ambient compensated bimetallic overload relays.are. designed.to.overcome.this.problem..These.overload.relays. use.a.compensated.bimetallic.strip.along.with.a.primary. bimetallic.strip..As.the.ambient.temperature.changes,.both. bimetallic.strips.bend.equally.and.the.overload.relay.does.not. trip..However,.because.current.flow.through.the.motor.and.the. heater.element.affects.only.the.primary.bimetallic.strip,.the. primary.bimetallic.strip.will.bend.sufficiently.to.trip.the.overload. relay.if.an.overload.occurs.

Motor

To Power Circuit Heater Element Primary Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Compensated Overload Relay The compensating bimetalic strip bends as ambient temperature increases. This prevents a nuisance overload trip.

Class 48 Ambient. Compensated Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens Class 48 ambient compensated bimetallic overload.relays.are.available.in.single.or.three-pole.designs and.can.be.set.for.manual.or.self-resetting.operation..An. adjustment.dial.allows.the.full.load.ampere.trip.setting.to.be. adjusted.by.±15%..A.manual.test.button.is.provided.to.test.the. operation.of.the.overload.relay.control.contacts..The.ambient. compensated.bimetallic.overload.relay.heater.elements.are. available.with.either.class.10.or.20.ratings..A.normally.open.or. normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.is.available.as.an.option.

Automatic/Manual Reset Selection

+15% of FLA Adjustment

Test Button Reset Button

. 28

SIRIUS 3RU11 Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens SIRIUS 3RU11 bimetallic overload relay.has.heater elements.as.an.integral.part.its.design..The.unit.comes.with.a. Class.10.trip.as.standard..SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.ambient. compensation,.and.a.differential.trip.bar.that.causes.the.unit.to. trip.faster.in.the.event.of.a.phase.loss. SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.include.a.normally.closed. auxiliary.contact.for.de-energizing.the.contactor,.and.a.normally. open.auxiliary.contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip..Pressing.the. STOP.button.momentarily.opens.the.normally.closed.contact. without.affecting.the.normally.open.contact..The.switch-position. indicator.incorporates.a.TEST.function.which,.when.activated,. simulates.a.tripped.overload.relay.by.actuating.both.auxiliary. contacts.and.displaying.the.switch.position.

.

STOP button Position Switch Indicator and Test Function Manual/Automatic Reset Selector Switch Current Setting Dial

Electronic Overload Relays.

Electronic overload relays.are.another.option.for.motor. protection..The.features.of.electronic.overload.relays.vary,. but.there.are.a.few.common.advantages..One.advantage.of. electronic.overload.relays.is.that.they.do.not.require.heaters.. This.eliminates.the.need.to.stock.multiple.heaters.to.match. motor.ratings..This.heaterless.design.also.allows.electronic. relays.to.be.insensitive.to.the.ambient.temperature,.minimizing. nuisance.tripping. In.addition,.electronic.overload.relays.can.detect.a.power.phase. loss.and.disconnect.the.motor.from.the.power.source..This.is.an. important.advantage.because,.without.phase.lose.protection,. loss.of.a.power.phase.can.quickly.result.in.damaged.motor. windings..

.

29

ESP200 Electronic Overload. Like.other.electronic.overload.relays,.ESP200 electronic Relays overload relays.eliminate.the.need.for.heaters..Instead.of. installing.a.heater,.a.dial.on.the.overload.relay.is.set.to.the. motor’s.full-load.current.rating..Class 48 ESP200 electronic overload relays,.like.the.one.shown.below,.have.two.dual. in-line.package.(DIP).switches.accessible.from.the.front.that. simplify.selection.of.any.of.four.trip.classes.(5,.10,.20,.and.30).. Additional.DIP.switches.provide.on.or.off.settings.for.phase. unbalance,.phase.loss,.or.ground.fault.detection.as.well.as. selection.of.manual.or.automatic.reset..Also.accessible.from. the.front.are.the.RESET.button,.for.use.when.manual.reset. is.selected,.and.the.TEST.button,.that.triggers.a.complete. electronic.functions.test..One.normally.open.auxiliary.contact. and.one.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.are.standard.

TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10

ESP200

PHASE UNBAL ON PHASE LOSS ON RESET MODE MAN. GROUND FAULT ON

OFF OFF
AUTO

DIP Switches

OFF

FULL LOAD AMPS RESET

TEST

Current Adjustment Dial

Reset Button

Test Button

In.addition.to.Class.48.ESP200,.two.additional.types.of.ESP200. electronic.overload.relays.are.also.available..958 ESP200 electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.sealed. compressors.and.artificially-cooled.motors..958L electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.the.oil.market.and. pumping.applications.with.a.precise.trip.curve. SIRIUS 3RB20 Electronic. Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB20 electronic overload relays.come.with.a class.10.or.20.trip.and.electronic.overload.relays.and.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.and. ambient.compensation..A.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact. for.de-energizing.the.contactor.and.a.normally.open.auxiliary. contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip.are.included..

30

overload. additional. a.monitored.displaying.Motor.an.have.the.the.but.and.switched.of.one.contact.3RB20.current.current.overload.delay.a.directly.of.closed.overload.set..class.can.phase.to.one. normally.be..contacts.ground.fault.. switch-position.and.a. SIRIUS 3RB22/23.addition.sensing.position.sensor.open.normally.from.phase.trip.30.SIRIUS...tripped.to.event.phase.fault.temperature.motor.button.the.contacts.indicator. adjustments..set. continuously.ground.affecting.open.phase. one.The.relay.that.allow.3RB22/23.sense.in.one.STOP.and.ground.winding. closed.detection..Two.to.and..normally. SIRIUS 3RB21 electronic overload relays.time. class.via. function.loss.phase.and.a..relays.without.be.5. imbalance..auxiliary. SIRIUS READY GND FAULT THERMISTOR OVERLOAD RESET AUTO MAN TEST/ RESET CLASS SIRIUS 3RB22 Overload Relay 31 .event.switched.imbalance.actuating.by..5. SIRIUS 3RB22/23 electronic overload relays.fault.trip..normally.Pressing.loss.are.closed.. the.of.TEST.normally..contacts.switch.opens..without.open. thermistor.each.protection.the.a.normally..simulates.class.provide.auxiliary.enabled.in.RESET TEST 3RB20 SIRIUS 3RB20 Overload Relay SIRIUS 3RB21 Electronic.overload.or.and.the.are.from.which. Electronic Overload Relays. when.activated. both. SIRIUS TRIP RESET 1 0 Class 10 M A.30.contact.to.momentarily.incorporates..relays. Overload Relays.have.to.auxiliary.is.in.similar features.function.the.One.SIRIUS..In.

C.speed.automation.it.basic.temperature.for.C SIMOCODE pro C.include.may.(with.. range.is..An.via.basic.by.ground.cable.data.with.motors.to.and.provides.five..SIMOCODE.current/ voltage.optional.connected.for.with.input/output.input/ output.basic.display).is.current.In..measuring.DP SIMOCODE. an.provides..communicates.a..or.. SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN. for.68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15.flexible.a.system.to.operator.panel.analog.the.Processor PROFIBUS. SIMOCODE pro V..SIMOCODE pro.and.panel. motor.ES. FAULT lmax 22. SIMOCODE pro.can.a..reversing.be.pro..single.addition. modules.system.protection.current..Expansion. connected.implements.forward.optional.all. system.pro.discrete.of.PROFIBUS.and.to..starters.for. either. with.statistical.and. includes..a.operator. operational.pro.system.unit.and..fullvoltage.expansion.functions.a.a.a.is..to.modules.the.solid-state.a.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V 32 .constant.SIMOCODE.and.an.of.DP Communication.also.with.a. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN..sensing.available.detection.tracking.modular.Each.unit.multifunctional.functions.control. PC.unit.without.module.even. measuring.Professional PLC.are.that.protection..economical.fault.PROFIBUS DP..up.module.diagnostic.greater.compact.module.variable.management.combination..700 kW 30.motor..SIMOCODE.measuring.or.

overload.has.metals.electrical..an..is.strip.. Excessive.30 5. power. .it.is._______. .protection._______.can.not... a..overload.will.do. b.increase.relays. b.20.provide.the.dissimilar.harder. a.referred. Electronic.in. With.within.been.remain.. overload._______.. 33 .current.require.. A. . 7 ..will.an.is.seconds.as. An. required.after.together.full-load. .. If. six.current.10.Review 3 1.be.and.increase.times.remove. c.to. bonded. 4. 6.overloaded.rated._______.work.when.overload.current.and.same 2.two.class.an.trip._______..equipment.heat.._______.relay.removed.it. also.. .from.is.of.._______.motor.10.the._______.at. A. 3.relay.to..than. .made.decrease.occurs.trips. c.

The.on.must.following.hand. by..the.protection.be.addition.a.mechanism.the.control.A.start.manual starters.Manual Control As.and.stop.for.A.of.off.protection.the.called.a. replaced.combine.knife.these.control.also.an.controls. device..overload. The..starter.was.. magnetic.motor.starter.the.called..operated.starters.of.switch.To.manual.turning.manual-control.and.would. Power Source Operating Lever Switch in “OFF” Position Power Source Switch in “ON” Position 34 .a.improved.a. In..with..simple..tasks.designs..a.implies. sets. following.are. From Power Source To Motor Basic Operation.devices.single-pole.to.manual.overload..set.or.motor.such.the.illustrates.pole.and.device.is.with.shown. accomplish.knife.one.used. contactor.two-pole.first.Each.two.illustration.manual.eventually.and.was.switch.as.contacts.motor..motors.contacts.name.switch.like. To Motor Overload Protection Stationary Contacts Moveable Contracts To Motor .manual.in. to.provide.diagram. device.a. starter.motor.

single-phase.is.“ON/OFF”.from.the.LVP.automatically.for.position.motors.from.are.closed.a.removes.contacts. Siemens. motor.be.must.line.of.motors.motor.the.personnel.is.is.control..caused. Some.two-pole.the.and.. “ON”.manual.in.protection.source.to..example.position.is.power.small.and. starter.open.is.restart.low-voltage protection (LVP).returning.are.provide Manual Starters..or.the.in.through.to. ..starters.is. load.power.starters.as.for..the.up.also. illustrated.by..reset.HP. power. Low Voltage Protection.type. two-speed.277. overload.preventing.overload.manual. 35 ..A. An.HP.protection.DC..in.drops.VAC.switch... SMF. SMF Fractional-Horsepower .variety.source.and.when.are.following.as.then.in.a.enclosures.the.incoming.the.from.or.for.motor. . motors..starter.current. “OFF”.two-pole.the.motor.is.injury.starters.The.manually.flows.potential.a.230.between.drawing. suitable.restored.versions.When..the.the.version.. power.SMF.the.for.connected.one-.and.protects.available.switch.AC. L2 T2 L1 T1 This.represented. machinery.two-pole.flow.would.A.is. Starters.(L2).restored.Two-Pole Manual Starter.option.are.3/4.in. This.power...when.are.interrupted. melting-alloy.to.source.with.available.that.contacts..available.symbols..the.a. version. to..the.relay.source.suitable.the.is.otherwise.In.following.manual.VDC.power.1.LVP.connected.drawing.automatically.(L1).motor.power.offer.power.used.when.an.and.or.current.the.from.overload. the.is.up.SMF fractional-horsepower starters.motor.and.to.When.

to.reversing.use. Class 11 across the line manual starters and switches provide.are.provided.switches.up. Starters and Switches.and.in.or.are.HP.machinery. 1-1/2.used.These.provide. MRS.heater.differential.have.separately.have.where.and.at.to.but..AC.required.start.DC.manual.overload.10.of.three-phase.VDC.and.reduces.are.tripping.available.do..not.switches.elements.single.to.to.protection. Siemens class 11.compensation. starters.motors.stop. Three-Pole Manual Switch Class 11 .motors.single-...to.not.3RV Manual.protection.and.event.available. and.three-phase.overload.VAC.provide.of..Two-Pole Manual Starter MMS and MRS Switches. built-in.MMS. are.provide.ambient.10. is.class. bimetallic.bar.similar.HP.HP.and.15.phase.time.remote.starters.A. protection. a.and.VAC..230. control. These.temperature.in.for.MMS and MRS switches.The. three-phase.where.MRS.also.up.control.is..for.the. Siemens.Two-speed.trip.manual.devices. 36 .various. and.enclosures.motors.MMS.are.for.AC.460.suitable.up.loss.and.overload.600. versions.only.SMF.and.“ON/OFF”.condition.control.with.3RV manual starters.

NEMA.3RV.7.NEMA.separately.provide.-.voltage.not.voltage.general.are. F & G 37 .overload.is.control.7.or. an.is.drops.is.opens.where.in.low.They.which.are.11..3.required.(for.interrupted.hazardous.locations).1.or. protection.NEMA.9.available. enclosures.4/NEMA.available.9. protection.in.power. F & G NEMA 3 & 4.style.the.with. enclosures.provided.&.controllers.open.Class 11 .purpose.when.&.and.power.automatically.poles.(without. Open Type Starter NEMA 1 Enclosure START STOP RESET START STOP RESET NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E..3RV switches.&. NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E. Class.. the.enclosure).or.in.

3RV104.not.controllers.E..SIRIUS.is.additional.SIRIUS product.both.available.3RV104.do.controllers.and.terminals.magnetic.circuit.four.sizes:. Spring-loaded Terminal Screw Terminal 3RV101 with Screw Terminals 3RV101 with Spring-loaded Terminals 3RV1.circuit..applications.incorporate.as.where.for.can.breaker.manual. Protectors.E.(3RV102.upstream.3RV101. SIRIUS.controllers.Amps 25.and.provided. terminal.available.manual.They..(class. Frame 3RV101 3RV102 3RV103 3RV104 Max Current at 460 VAC 12.require.used.protection. overload.MSPs.20.relay.as.is.and.spring-loaded..versions.protection.bimetallic. sizes). adapters.motor.where.listed.adjustable.them..provide..with.of. stopping.elements.and.screw-terminal. 3RV1 motor starter protectors (MSPs).a.screw.self-protected.in.UL.appropriate.Type.combination.)..3RV103.is.used. 38 ..multiple.are.are.3RV1.3RV102.and.for.MSPs. installation. short.line.The.protection. 3RV1..trip.require.frame.circuit.. 3RV103.3RV104.to.short-circuit.MSPs.largest.frame.10.group. available.short..motor.part.. UL508...upstream.component.5 20 40 75 3RV101.protection.our.UL508.and.3RV1 Motor Starter.Amps 100.class.be.terminal.as.one.Type.Amps 50.3RV102.group.in.two.Amps Max HP at 460 VAC 7 ..for.come.used.in.also.3RV102.MSPs.and.making.3RV104.per..3RV103.the.starters.a.manual.can.are. per. be.starting. is.shortcircuit.in.

options.the. Spring-loaded terminals.indicator.3R.is.variety.are.blade.products....the..also.are.the.electrician’s.wire.the.a.equipped. MSP Mounting Rail Adapter Link Module Contactor Size S3 Combination Starter 39 .wire.the. spring-loaded.screwdriver.the.into.securely. Several.3RV1.a.available.into.MSPs. Siemens.lights.terminals.subject.are.are.portal.an.available.and..above.push.are.insert..in..installations.Spring-loaded Terminals.stripped..directly.screwdriver.Siemens.the.such. that.vibration. simply.of. and.connected.beneficial.with.portal.including.MSPs..connect.of.in.To.enclosures.as.many. appropriate.end.available. SIRIUS. the.wire.blade.Devices. Insert Screwdriver to Open Terminals Insert Wire and Remove Screwdriver Enclosures and Options.on.to.Remove.especially.

heating.to.connected.contactors.circuits.A. DC.wire.this.the. Wound Coil Soft Iron Core DC Voltage Source (Battery) The.simple.control.circuit.the.the.DC.to.iron.around.of..by.the.to.in.control. 40 .voltage..voltage. SIRIUS 3R IEC Contactor Class 40 NEMA Contactor Basic Contactor Operation.applications.are.circuit.power.The.below). the.fashioned.shows.used..When.iron.is.is.the.the.the.use.state.shown.function. There.contactors.the.a.also.magnetic.. (similar.power.wire.of. connected.core.wire..of.to.When.a.the.motor.a. winding.. control.interior.to.Magnetic.circuit.and.a.coil.removed..ones.from. is..the.Magnetic Contactors and Starters Most.require.be.circuit.distribution.stop.are. applied.the.used.following.control.its.returns..contactor.of.operation.remote.to.becomes.and.start.power.the. provide..two. principles.can.the.basic.motor.contacts.iron.to.an.in.and.illustration.stationary.is.are.involved. nonmagnetic.lighting.and.contactor. Magnetic...a.operate.electromagnet.to.of.soft.electromagnet.commonly. devices.Magnetic contactors.by.utilizing.the.electromagnetic.circuits.

similar.no.a.and.a.With.armature.circuit.through.de-energized..the. closed.made.the.to.the. to.wire..contacts.which.contacts.coil.magnetic.current..flows. Line Line Load Control Signal Load Contactor De-energized Control Signal Contactor Energized 41 .the.When.open. field. electromagnet. circuit.the.turn.spring..coil.the.electromagnet... pressure.longer..electromagnet.electromagnet’s. soft.the.field.through.is.magnetic..we.of.to.load.closes.attracts.field.contacts.The.the.in.the.the.power.core.from.line.the.Power Circuit Movable Contacts Armature Spring Coil Electromagnet Control Circuit Stationary Contacts Power Circuit The.is.around.movable.the.iron..by.the.the.is.is.magnetic.circuit. control.from.to.current.flows.the.the.control. of..power.this.operation.collapses.supplied. magnet..under.magnetizing.produced.operation.wrapping.When.

combined.that.electromagnetic.“M”.the..for.Note. ON GROUND FAULT ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay 42 .of.relay.three-phase.that.provide.an.contacts.SW1. Motor Starter.usually.on-off.a.to.following.by.SW1.provides.. Alpharett 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 RESET MODE MAN.protection.circuits.applying.the..the.diagram.power.called.control.from.of. removing. electromagnetic..motor.also.“M”.line. opens.motor.onoff..and. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor a.control.the.opening.closing. Contactors.the.and.the.starter. the.contactor.The.A.power.is.variety..closes.motor.is.a. When.S..a.is. Contactor IEC Starter NEMA Starter COIL NO.coil.this.When.coil.controlled.When.a.in.de-energizes. it.energizes.motor.motor..contacts.coil.overload.overload.a.to.power.When used.control.SW1..with.is...contactor. GA U.contactor. required. SE&A Inc.shows.the.for.

.in.and.in.that. power.the.highlighted.to. 43 .in.auxilliary.close.darker.the.is.from.motor.is.Start. Control Circuit.contacts.three.Motor Starter in a.and.an.heater.grey).unless.coil. OL..circuit.provides.relay.the.an.power..the.occurs.the.Ma.a.following.overload.the.necessary.is.circuit. across-the-line starter.prevent.so.motor.(highlighted.the.removing.relationship.provided..still.full-voltage starter.coil.to.the.and.will. heaters.(M).line.overload.pushbutton. providing. Removing.when.released.close.OL.time.the..full.main.circuit.continue. This. provided.an.typical.power.contacts.contacts.auxiliary..the..open.coil. The.the.motor.contactor.coil.of.run.example.of.overload.when.motor.relay.type.contacts.occurs.is. motor.coil.control. cools. pressed..is.power.contacts.This.to.circuit.circuit.the.and.(M).power.includes.and.the.(Ma). The.voltage.lighter.in.open.diagram.power.of.this.the.OL.the.is.This.overload.also.from.If.called.. control.in.control..three...until.contacts.an.restarting. pusbutton. The..M.with.the.when.grey.overload.Stop.the.by.a contactor.from.relay.to.an.contacts. and.electrical.the. (OL).the..starts.contacts..pressed.an.auxiliary.a.motor.is.power.the.by. the.the.from.power.includes..the.through. The.Start..(OL)..At.same. electromagnetic.contacts.shows..the..the.circuit.to.to.pushbutton.circuit.removing...heater.automatically.motor. In.

When. 44 . ___.Siemens. components.as.bimetalliclic.460.safely.-pole.a.Combination Starters Combination starters.to. disconnecting._______.up. is.____..incorporate.of. The..starter.described. 6.a. A.elements.NEMA.two.starter.disconnects.HP. 3.contacts. a.class.formed. 2.means.and.power.addition.a.of.power.starters. Siemens.with. starter.too.full.combination.motor.protector..be..of..is. single.protection.incorporates.a.for. A. using...an.means.is.3RV102..provide.a.offers..460.3RV.heater.to. motors.manual.to.safely.can.that.with.called.when._______.a.sets.with.disconnecting.protection.selection.overload.In.and.HP.circuit.earlier.and.VAC.are..three-phase. A.motors.is..power.incorporating..at.combined.VAC.___.up.starter. 5.a.devices.contactor.used.low.combination.circuit.at.starters.called._______.starter..starters. and.11-. starter..motor.it.used.have.to.the. Short Circiut Protection Disconnect OFF ON OFF START STOP Motor Starter Review 4 1.motor._______.motor.automatically. protection. from.overload.components.are.IEC.power.relay.Class.short.with.incoming. 4.short.of.

.equipment. The.and.have.devices.designed. contactors.are.important. International.foreign.equipment.it.rugged.construction.North..to.Contactor and Starter Ratings Contactors.starters. standards..of. devices. are. specified.load.international.primarily.as.the..very.based.design.are.in.aware. motor.devices.and. used.motor-control.are.NEMA.size. and.competition..IEC.to.that.in.starters.their.from.size.NEMA.selected.larger.the.become.maximum. NEMA.of.ratings. NEMA Size 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Continuous Amp Rating 9 18 27 45 90 135 270 540 810 1215 2250 HP 230 VAC 1 3 5 15 30 50 100 200 300 450 800 HP 460 VAC 2 5 10 25 50 100 200 400 600 900 1600 NEMA.is.according.be.are.for. NEMA.to.NEMA.in.they.size.handle.two.starters.horsepower.physically.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). domestic.size. sold.ICS2.IEC.to.known.countries.trade.and.to.rated.(including.ratings.America.the.worldwide.States).United.ratings. 45 ..provide.on.with.agreements.are. for.market..International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).their.motor..associated.is.generally.have.of.heavy-duty.organizations.their.made..NEMA.according.and..contactors.globalization.and.with.standards.for.Because.. controls.increasingly. 00.9.associated. rugged.NEMA.manufacturers.than.and type.

duty.off.general.from.off.devices.you.of.operational.AC-4. applications. specified. Motor Matched Sizes.applications. Utilization categories.sizes. voltage.publication.NEMA.derating.simple.the.Motor.is.cycle.larger.are.of..motor.are.and.there.Matched.switching.categories.an.starters.is.In.select.To.considerable.(Make.the.NEMA-rated. the..can.only..FLA) Starting.IEC. following.rows Starting.available.jogging. Utilization Category AC1 AC2 AC3 AC4 AC11 .and.on.cost. applications.for.sizes. particular. IEC.IEC.device. require. available.motors..is.motor.represent. Not. allowing.at.the.of.only.Break.some.specify.actual.control.to.where.for.squirrel-cage.are.solution.be.for.also.some.Siemens.match.to.shows.LRA) Auxiliary.used. applications.motor.current..with.for.interest.are.most.motor-starting.Break..of.that.IEC.horsepower. not.slightly.size.table. the.called.severe.and.NEMA.duty. Siemens.virtually.the..has.define.device.sizes.and.The.less.a.space.a.in.more-demanding.will.(Make.a.cycle.(control).closely.limited.as. MM Size 1¾ 2½ 3½ Continuous Amp Rating 40 60 115 HP 230 VAC 10 20 40 HP 460 VAC 15 30 75 IEC.and.these.the.starters.The. to.AC-3.However.involved.a.and.devices.of. because.they.heavy-duty. devices.used.Motor Matched sizes.not.sizes..slip-ring..are.application.and.. plugging.Matched.motor.and.NEMA.the.plugging.their.user..all.duty.Motor.application..more.know.of.than.NEMA.motor. plugging.in.motor.in.inching..even.industrial.motor..squirrel-cage. after.IEC.devices.beneficial.applications.with.158-1.on.IEC.include.and.fall.or.between.duty..motors..of.what.stated.rating.to.LRA.maximum..Rapid.require.does.starter.typical.a.if.ratings.the.speed.need.more.motors Starting.Start/Stop.circuits 46 . IEC Category Description Non-inductive.up.ratings.to.cost-effective.contactors..is.the.to.jogging.inductive.. any.normal.rated..starters. and.starter.

voltage.several. standards.locked...one.. test.power. There.organizations.Siemens.areas: .example.a.and..(UL).at.clearly.contactors.are. .full.conditions.for..conditions.voltage.be..poles..full-line.Irrigation •.defined. instant.UL508.are. . .at. Definite Purpose (DP) contactors.the.SIRIUS.Farm.of.for.is.IEC.Laboratory.for. All.standards.Systems •.motor.of. expected.horsepower.the.Siemens.where.by.of.can. Operating.exceed.Some.full-load.contactor.include.Controls •.. carry..FLA.must.contactors.test.Welding. rating.motor. meet.speed.are.and. . •.to.operating.LRA.amount. contactors. .tests.are.maximum.also.equipment..CSA.non-inductive.Underwriters.load).full. applications.carry.cycle.the.that.electrical.or.the.CSA.a.Medical.at. locked.Equipment •.used.specific.which.is.Siemens.the.least.following..duty. DP.rotor.Air..with.in.Equipment •.are.for.load.operations..the. .specifies.load.starters.maximum.or. motor.For. procedures. amps.the.UL.while.amps.ratings.Definite Purpose.be.mechanical.meet.(FLA).NEMA.rotor.(LRA).by.are. application.Office.(HVAC) •.developed. SIRIUS.(resistive.have.that.Equipment Other Organizations.designed.Equipment.well.considered.current..the.Conditioning.and.Spa.and.of.and.Pool.and.Equipment •.in. number.will.full..draw.starters.labeling.number.suited..starters.using.loads.Heating.other.organizations..UL.Food-Service.accordance.under.found.total.Ventilating.NEMA.at.draws. ..standards.motor.amps.tested..sized..procedure. . DP.amps.and.amps.example.contactors..is..applied.the..For.. Some. 47 .the.multiple.Control.Environmental.previous.are.which.and.exceed.rated.of.current.rated.the.NEMA.

range.including.HP.available..3½.to. Bimetallic Overload Relays Class 14 NEMA starters with ambient-compensated bimetallic overload relays.contactors.protection.at 460. level.ambient-compensated.whole...with.are.the. overload.overload.and.the.relay.a.addition.In.equipped.through.and.with.on.example.sizes. 20.but.for.(FLA).sizes.or.4).are..ESP200.00.through.for. with.front.the.958..bimetallic. 48 ..starters.same.sizes.also.switches..set. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN.users.available. Alpharetta.20. NEMA.relay.(NEMA.wide.solid. the.100.These.provides. The.of.Class.958L.up.are.of.available.bimetallic.with.class. this.and. available.with. solid-state.up.state.10.mentioned.desire.allows.using.overload. adjustment.Class 14 NEMA Starters NEMA Starters with.ampere.range.(5. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relay As.In..contactors.these.is.as.relays.1¾.unit.overload.starters.8.they..S..VAC.an.NEMA.or.dial.the. SE&A Inc.00.specific.14 NEMA.For.4).ESP200.ESP200.10.supplied.to. COIL NO.specialized.relays.applications.30).A.starters. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U.includes.trip.use.of.are.Class..addition.previously.are.relays.full-load. overload. Contactor Ambient Compensated Bimetalic Overload Relay NEMA Starters with ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relays Class 14 ESP200 starters..to.(for.(4:1).sizes.2½.the...and.DIP.size.

building-block. components.components.sizes..allows.line.structured.into.on.sizes.modular.springloaded.SIRIUS Type 3R Starters SIRIUS 3R.overload..to. A... and.and. width.The.relays.are.the.variety.mounting.S2.. 49 .components. through.overload.control.and.referred.S00.a.packed.to.seven.relays.system.S00..S0.power. more.narrow.electronic.frame.control-circuits.feature.Along.S0.this. broad.contactors.of.circuit.including.have. range.. As.equipped.contactors.with.includes.units.S12.size.overload.terminals.the.operate.are.previously. Contactor Overload Relay Spring-Loaded Terminals.a.to. spring-loaded..SIRIUS.S12.the.of.as.incorporates.a.be.with.up..overload.(60º.relays.is.range.complete.a.ambient.overheating.140º.SIRIUS.a.only.system.of...of. Contactor with Spring-Loaded Terminals Contactor with Screw Terminals Overload Relays.3R.the..SIRIUS.ability.and.thermal.is.relays..contactors.F.and.panel.C).product.Size.S10.frame.S6.of.a.described.to.in. Size.S3.terminals. at. system.and.temperatures. These.without.

ambient.are.device.starter.organizations.100.starting.manual._______.starters.ESP200..Fast.dial.. Siemens.with.classes..comb.state.NEMA.at..reset.460. switching.rated.to.and.available:.the. overload.Bus.panel. and.to. NEMA.frame.are.3R.in.14.only.Trip.for..are.motors.one. _______.sizes.switches.VAC.the..size.setting. 7 .surface.off._______.for.are.quick.relays..are.contactor. Four.relays.an.automatic.A)..as.in. IEC.for.motor.all..seven.are.and.contactors.1¾.state.and. The.or.or..motor.has.solid.DIP.up.set.is.changes..space. 5.S2.trip.squirrel-cage.S3.wiring.available.Class.applications.to.that...class.designed.after..protector.selectable.relay.starters.relay.HP.in.20.._______.or. to.for. removable.utilization.or.bus. compensated.ambient.are.accessories.through.a.to._______.and.starter.temperatures.unit. ratings.. The.________.mounted).bimetalic.be.sizes. 3RA6 Infeed System.3R.up.features._______. 2½.for.the.S12.and.provide.in. SIRIUS.adjusting.. and.including. 6. described.S0..installation.(DIN.of. that.overload.operate.starters.200. surface. 4.the.parallel.innovative SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starter.(DIN.and.contactors. 50 . 2..overload.00.class..mounting.allow.to..S10.are.and.speed. a.__.series.solid. A. reduced._______.category.SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters. SIRIUS.overload.options. 3.cost.Terminals.Type.typical.(MSP)._______. sizes:. SIRIUS TRIP SIRIUS RESET SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters and Infeed System Review 5 1.and.(up.bar.mounted)._______.NEMA.and.available.10.is.

poles.a.speed..rotor..speed.application. many.conveyor.a.RPM.torque.the.speeds.proper.the.of.constant.three.applications:.variable. synchronous.speeds.For.understand.1800.due..will.constant.three-phase. designed.1750.than.motor.single-speed.motors.squirrel-cage.There.to.or.applications..the.In.motor.are.field. 51 .induction.of.must.for.these.is.created.actual. constant.at.you.different.three-phase.constant.typically.magnetic.rotating.speed.the. of.to.1800.a.applications.of.of. The.AC. speed.the..a.order.example. Constant Torque (CT) applications. the.synchronous speed of.to.and.to.NEMA.The.two.determine.four.hertz.square.B...of.horsepower. the. on.a.by.torque.poles.motor.1650.determine.torque. For.directly.formula.have..with.with.60.what.torque. controllers.less.speed..varies.Therefore.a.design...characteristics.motor.at.supply.is.of.required..slip.require.are. all. always.variable.speed.with.different.motor.induction.of.three-phase...of.are.to.speed.depending.speed.RPM.line.has.speed.operation.constant.speed.motor.three.motor’s.power.of..Fans. stator.the. of..a.to.synchronous.Multi-Speed Starters Full-voltage AC magnetic multi-speed controllers..run. When.of.slip.induction.Horsepower.motor.a.and.load.the.RPM.construction..the.blowers.example.of..first.and.is.example.are.a.the.amount.and.motors.following.a.four.the. motor’s.motor. percentage.require.with. For. Variable Torque (VT) applications.torque.torques..speed. synchronous.control.often.is.pumps.shows.factors.. multi-speed.frequency. selection. at.examples.vary.load.function. centrifugal.have.critical.speeds. proportional...number.the.applied.understand.on.As.full-load.this.induction.categories..motor’s.For..the.and.

horsepower.as.of..tap.of.with.two. speed.presses..Three-speed.horsepower.multi-speed. have. two-speed.many.bending.speed.number.Four-speed.each.have. re-connection. Consequent-Pole Motors.poles.winding.wye-connected. Separate-winding motors. consequent-pole. Consequent-pole motors.examples.have..is.methods.Many.possible.The. 52 .such.one. There.motor.depending.two.for.of. using.Constant Horsepower (CHP) applications.lathes.for.all.simpler.winding.and.poles.torque.separate.of.high-speed.schematic..and. .re-connectable.. poles.magnetic.is.at.speed. depending.consequent.winding.maintain.motors.are.Two-speed. number.a.than.is.windings.pole.drills.for.inversely.power.each.reconnectable.speed.metal-working..wound. The.control.shows.higher.motor.the.motors.winding.fixed.and.constant.the.motors.starters:.speeds.with.punch. mills.torque.for.winding.windings.speed..one..motors.high.providing.speed..be.requirements.multi-speed..and.is.the.the.connection.more.a.consequent-pole.to.separate-winding.vary. Separate-Winding Motors.motors.are.the.. than. are.one.cost.The. There.machines..but.applications....wrenches.on.can.winding..machines. the.low-speed.with.connected.control.a.with.half. consequent-pole..one. .of.varying.The... speed.constant.. low.basic..horsepower.winding.two-speed.ways.following.one.on..two-winding.motors.of.a.have.motor.of.re-connectable..have.

desired.for.operator.NEMA.speed.bimetallic..permits. 53 .the. move.to.overload.the.applications.increments.half-sizes.horsepower.and.ambientcompensated.and.0.desired. Selective control. Siemens.torque. progressive.solid-state.both.class 30 two-speed starters.control..through.for.started.multispeed.4.selective.to.control. speed.automatically.motors..increment. manually.control.and.the.at..speed.requiring.motor.torque.to.motor.Both.and..consequent-pole. speed. Class 30 Two-Speed Starters.ESP200.are.the.operator.motor.pushbutton.to.speed.progressive control..at.the. .selected.each. Siemens.available.constant.are.including.step.started.any.of. speed.. variable.the...available.through.motors:.speed.Speed Selection.With.the.requires.is.and.the.. Starters. to.a.are.for.offers.sizes.at.higher. There.lowest.separatewinding.three.to.Compelling control.starting.speed.schemes.control. lowest.the.selection.speed.compelling.relays..in.be.constant..depresses.

for.contactor.turn.either. When.of.of.shows.the.the...often.is.direction.a.The.reversing. 54 .with.to.forward.current..reversing circuit.contacts.by.This.direction. leads.by.two.in.controlled.three.a.in.are.motor..set.“F”.the.contactor.the.clockwise.motor.of.Reversing Starters .the.motor.done.of.(F).contacts. Many.require.and.three-phase. The.direction.reversed.controlled..motor.by.of.or.any.Most.motor. the. causing.run.one. the.T1. reverse.set..flow.windings. .and.motor.one.a.flows.T3.is.applications. “F”.(R)..through.current.changed.by.“R”.it.contacts.rotation.through.forward.a.to.close.following.changing.reverse.three-phase.illustration.

Class 43 Reversing.direction. Class 22 Reversing.forward.reversing.S3.prevent.open.close.being.in.and.to.including.rotate.time. available.it.in.in.are.the.at.direction. energized.Both.through.contacts.When. Siemens.NEMA.sizes 00.and.S00. causing.and. Contactors.ESP100.same. frame.in..NEMA.S12.through.overload.bimetallic.8.the.3RA13 factory-assembled reversing contactors for. 3RA13 Reversing..field.contacts.assembly.ambient-compensated.are.frame.class 22 reversing starters.offers. Contactors.SIRIUS.Siemens...SIRIUS.through.offers.flows.contactors.solidstate.S6.sizes.Kits.opposite.circuits. available.class 43 reversing contactors.including.motor.the. interlocks.Mechanical.the.of.. current. Starters.reverse.both.“F”.counterclockwise.half-sizes.a. Siemens.sizes.8.00 through.for.half-sizes.are.the.in.through. Siemens..Siemens.sizes.. 55 .offers.from.“R”.relays.

full-load.starts.high.for..large.directly.starter.current. voltage.current.is.onto.600.standard.starting.squirrel.full.when.of.motor.energized.be.a. with..motor.starting. acceptable.situations.this.Reduced-Voltage Starting Full-Voltage Starting.is.motors.receives.as.to.across.motor..the.this.is.for.are.When.the.the.high.full-line.high.motor.being.current.placed.the.and.is.650%.is.at.of.type.common.starting.a. 56 . immediately.started.can.most.of.full-voltage starting.the.method.motor.typically. There.For. full-load.not.voltage..where.type..current.of.motors.starting..upon. as.full.cage. With.efficiency.is.example..voltage.reflected.line.back. The.1200%.the.of.where.

less.type. retaining.high.large-motors. starting.torque.are.per.and...and.As.torque.the.full-line.requires.starting.current.NEMA.a.motor. a.torque. for.lights.50%.more. 80%.For.load.bunching.power.gradually.For.comes.the. the.reduced-voltage starting.the.voltage.the.gradually.the.applied.of.used.to.the.B.applications. Another.voltage.Autotransformers. components..reduce.breakdown..starting.on.then.torque.and.problem.with.is.starting.belt.typically. 200%.starting.65%.or.its.of.standard.voltage.is..companies.result.reduced.reduce.applications.starting.the.torque.causing..used.torque.for.to.lines.typically. Reduced-Voltage Starting.Many..involves.ampere..conveyor.taps. starting.applied.speed.and/or.at.the.power.common.are.full-load.power..to.of.equipment.up.to.potential.necessary.often.describe.have.starting.is..slipping.or.current.to. Several. As.name.implies.motor. torque.have.is.is..and.mechanical.be.. require.full-load..require.torque.the.to.. Reduced-voltage.paragraphs. to.limit.motor.stress.where..motor..available.more.starting..voltage.applied.when. be.rating.typically.full.while.a.or.it.torque.of.to. following.potentially.maximum.damaging.to.when..full-voltage.belt.the..reduced-voltage.flicker.starts.many.starting.The.be.starting.gradually.line.must. 150%. increasing. Autotransformer Starters Autotransformer reduced-voltage starters.methods.motor.the.accelerate.to.starting. example.of. adjustable. 57 .a.than.methods.the.reduced-voltage.torque.for.developed.current.is.as.first.to.highest.a. sensitive.prevent.

compressors.used.parallel.and.circuit.80%.conveyors.motor.current.This. starters.of.and.starters.and.connected.least..include:.motor.and. motors.. adjustment. .starters.connection. L1 L2 L3 Open Close .with.a.starters.starts.motor. type.applications. reduced-voltage starters.However.very.crushers. When..include:.the.for. are..stator.use.only.starter.stator.motors.refrigeration.loads. Part-Winding Starters.of.on.a.the.in.six.low-inertia.internally.a.for. reduced-voltage starters.current.require.fans. control.its..start.are.torque.running.wye.. mixers.running.connected.draw.are.reduced-voltage.windings.are. Wye-Delta Starters.design.available. Wye-delta.reduced-voltage.current.pumps.type.and..autotransformer.approximately.with.are.carries.they.to.expensive.set.two.The.The...of. with.no.load.the.windings.on.converted.or.for..that. Part-winding.each. of.applicable. windings.leads.not.rated.and. to. and.not.for.for.simplified.windings.about.suitable..Common..have.65.delta.reduced-voltage. windings..of..then.configuration. Part-winding..applications.low-inertia.fans.locked.reduced-voltage. blowers..Common.separate..all.partwinding. 58 .special..has.rotor.compressors.for.high-inertia.50%.

furnished.torque.starter.a.lines. starters.full. Class 36 and 37 Reduced-Voltage Starters.central.wyedelta.discussed.As.starting. 59 .in NEMA. Primary Resistance starters.dropping..voltage.limited.the.resistance.sees.as.line.motor.relay.time.more.the.closes.to.amount. 5.compared.reduced-voltage. resistors.preset.belt-driven.conditioning.for.heat. starting.part.is.resistors.starters.overload.type.The.previously.a. equipment.compressors.contacts.separate. 80%. ESP100.Siemens.to.solid-state.include:. 9 . frequent.starts.choice.loads.including.out.and.resistor.starters. motor.and.of.good.and.relay...motor.reducedvoltage.is.is.accelerating.can.picks. overload.the.through.the.for. each.provide.simple.and.in.a.. equipment.applying..protection.by.requiring. Siemens..starting. 9 ..dissipate.the.and. L1 L2 L3 1 2 3 7 Motor 4 5 6 9 8 To Start: Close 1.6.of.through.the.voltage.of.conveyors.At.the.motor. resistors.the.times..70%.is.type.full-line.standard.The..of.of.motor.applications..for.of. reduced..incoming.drive.the. 6 Open 7 8.gear. 3.This.initially.to. 6 Close 7 8.a. 5.high-inertia.air.and.the.of.voltage.the. through.three.sizes.voltage.up.of.This.or.speed.shorting. To Run: Open 4.the.effective. 2.Applications.timedelay.providing.lower.with.0..of.long.for...set.include:.offers class 36 and 37 reduced-voltage starters.a..primary.is.energized.Applications.voltage... The. Primary Resistance Starter.conveyors. 4.half-sizes.methods.

3RW44.VAC.SIRIUS.SIRIUS.amps.with.up.stopping.40º. SIRIUS 3RW44. the.432.SIRIUS.other. Soft Starters.and.and..trip.480.an.current.but.space.690.connected.system.the.limit.the.motor.soft.broad.for.and.soft.operational.starters..amps.VAC. 3R. the.simplified.portion. 3RW44.to.have..current.stress.supply.front.operating.up.available.be. communication.3RW40.This.be. Soft..soft starters.easily.starting.voltage.modular.limit.ramp-up.106.starters.available.of.being.and.accomplish.current.a.to.operating.SIRIUS.SIRIUS.starting. time. and.a. for..the.equipped.starting.to.ramp-down.all.front.up.for.a.to.SIRIUS Soft Starters Solid-state.voltage. degree.and.of.high.of. windings.at.process.power.voltage.on.provide.sometimes.available.up.applied.this.VAC..are. SIRIUS 3RW30 soft starters..reverse.selectable.components.applied.. design.are. Soft Starters .the.torque.motor.Potentiometers.unit. SIRIUS 3RW40 soft starters. The.of 3RW30.starters.to.applications. provide.on.includes.and.nominal.to.C..and.of.600.DP.C.more.settings.diagnostics.motor.3RW30.especially.starters.the.and.for. 60 SIRIUS 3RW40.when..gradually..and.increasing.by.on.starting.stopping attractive.during. in.compact.can.supply.settings.current.and.the.starting.as.called.up. to.minimizes.of.reduces.at. for. DEVICE STATE/BYPASSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 SIRIUS 3RW30.ramp-up..have.difficult.cycle. amps.up.starting.make..and. a.allow.this.voltages.saves.starters.phase.PROFIBUS. reduced-voltage controllers.C.functionality.3R.voltages. supply.voltage.referred.fluctuations.ramping.and.line.and.applications.soft.integrates.process. settings. starting.controlled.operating.for.incorporates.Potentiometers.3RW30.the.features..to.voltages.at.current.of.class..and.current. time..soft.Soft.standard.are.to.by.often.up.components.the.for.have.high.starters.unit.control.option.the.applications.starters.soft.soft.soft.that.40º. 1214.applied.with.to.starters. extensive.for. SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters.phase control...SIRIUS. Soft Starters.supply.stopped. devices.range.also..that.combine.significantly.advantages.and.motor..and.time.motor.40º.feature.is.the.

taps.30.high. 6.motors.3R.starters. 3.reduce.starters. 4. The.starting.have.______ and. starters.two.also.and..rotation. three-phase.the.reduces.called.reduced-voltage.This.starting. to. A.adjustable.offers.class.fullline.voltage. 61 .are.voltage.50%..starters. includes.starter.three. 2.Review 6 1.motor.reduced.of.. A. _______..feature..voltage.reduces.components.system. also. Siemens. 5.._______..starting.for.or._______.SIRIUS._______.reduced-voltage.of.for.of. applications. _______._______._______. applications.a.by.soft. leads.soft.motor.to.80%.soft.changes.switching._______.and.starters..starter.modular.for.of.65%.the.for.standard..direction.two-speed..and._______.starters.voltage.

Lighting and Heating Contactors Electrically Held.previously.VAC.require.power.than.where.of.resistive.loads.current. contactors.available.to. keep.current.contactor.If.for.are..these.20.to.used.Because.600.480..to.are. available.discussed.lighting.similar.are. contactors.loads. hospitals.this..When.lost.tungsten.VAC.loads.constant.as.starter.should.contactors. magnetic.with.to.magnetic. Contactors.400.and.is.current.the.the.from.loads.and. NO.a.for.to. be.be.well.to.to.a. connected.which.on. Lighting & Heating Contacto Cat.energized.VAC.electrically held contactor. LEN00F003***A Max Current Volts AC r Load Coil Replacem Coil Voltage ents Coil Electrically.normally.used.contacts.heating.as.as.an.is.the.contactor.a. also.type.supply.such.held.some.humming. lighting.flow..causes.designed.12..is.starters.the.contactor.open...be.buildings.rated.600.One.Enclosures..these.and.needed.noise. is.and...and.problem. Most.not.a. applied.of..a.lighting.however. is.poles.all.magnetic..rather.loads.the..to control. motor.They.2..applications.coil..commercial.resistive..libraries.contacts.open.similar.lighting. 62 .starter.applications.close.noise.Unlike.amps.removing.ballast-type.heating.a. Siemens.will.loads.lighting and heating contactor.class LE lighting and heating contactors.the. can..

contacts. Magnetically..on.from.is.contactor.contacts.interrupted.are. CLM.provided.control.that.magnetic.designed.coil.are.can.permanent.the.latched.coil.a...to.the.mechanical.600.that...resistive..trip.magnet. a.immediately. closes.and.to.They.contactors.contactor.through.2. When.400.lighting.latched.and.Contacts.where.when.resistive. maintain.class CLM lighting and heating contactors.VAC.the.mechanically..are.tungsten. Contactors Magnetically held.permanent.to.permanent.an. used.magnet.by.loads. Mechanically Latched.contactor.when.available.remain.and.“OFF”.is.creates.power.heating.lighting.for..power.rated.to.mechanically latched contactors are also. available.current.held. typically.magnet.magnetically.. can.field.power.type.Siemens.ballast. poles.latched.magnetically.will.to.and.closed.2.400.20.opened...a.lighting.mechanically.heating. release.the.Class.contains. even.if.loads.desired.contactors.and.until.the.are.VAC.with.energized.where. and.the.and. mechanically.on.12.poles.receives.is.are.and. Mechanically.They.lighting. and.so.for.energized. type.and.amps.be.20.resistive.used.is.heating.12.contactor.noise.that.a.held.a.is.600.held.latched.ballast.loads.resumes. lighting.480.are.then.with.Current.solenoid. 63 . A.Magnetically Held and.mechanically.concern.closed.general.latch.VAC.resistive.are. designed.the.amps.is.contacts. when.held.and.when.lost..loads.through..it.lost.VAC.is.coil.or.energized.and. be.has. A.current. Siemens.tungsten.signal.and.the..contactors.a.reinforces.be.is.contacts.heating.to.latched.480.closed.from.current.and.general.used.ratings.

another.applications.control.and.contacts.device.millimeters).3SB2 devices.or.mounting.manually.the. pushbutton.devices..and..families.operating.and.product.plunger.dimensions.colors.operation.to.status.Groups.mounting.for.various functions. and..system.Pushbuttons.of.selections. operating.The. •.and.I.in.with.contacts.are.used... . .16.machine.be..an.return.mm.selector.of. set..starting.D.mm.following.diameters.and.duty.spring.configurations. (pushbuttons.designed.switches)..features.to. •.to.are .products.control.3SB3 devices..for.range.of.mounting.(indicator.pilot. Pushbuttons..the. •.circuits.with.knockout.diameters ..of.to.example.available.a.of. actuator.with.mounting..variety. close. .a.mount.indicates.F .refers.or.are.Class 52 devices.and.a.hazardous.broad. Siemens.A. .and.required.mounting.22..mm.available..C..such.. A.as.open.lights)..one.Class 51 devices.a.pushbutton.and.of.set.the.is.G The.or.diameter.used..stopping.motor.30.for. Pushbuttons.an.may. appropriate. product.available.Class.a.environments .typical..nonilluminated.the.a.or.E.device.of. •.in.of.II.are.perform.devices. .and.illuminated.for. 64 .include.heavy.industrial.Groups.a.directs.Pilot Devices A.Class..diameters .size..uses. (in.locations. 16 mm 3SB2 Pushbutton 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Pushbutton 30 mm Class 52 Pushbutton Normally Open. Pushbuttons.variety.harsh.the.with..pilot device.hole.are.

close.is.through.Pressing.wired.unless.is. as..current.a.contacts.momentary contact.just.pressed..activated.open.so.shown in.closed.normally.closed.other. a. pushbuttons.When..the.returns.remain.that. contacts.function.example.various.In.contacts.button..(NC).through.as.circuit. Pushbuttons. 65 .button..released.pressed.to.close.them.can.one.of.position.called.causes.are.closed.normal.the.In. state.the.is.normally.the.open.in.are.pressed. released.to.contacts.drawing.. The.or.open. button.illustrates.pushbutton.normally... Normally.are. contacts.set.open.are.contacts.the. Pushbuttons.closed.the.button.normally.of. to.following..the.either.and.used.activated.Pressing.so.of.Pushbuttons.also.the.is.contacts.contacts.normally.position.pushbuttons.the.configurations.may.following.the.a.when.described.only.available.to.button.the. and.are. plunger.that..example.the.this.set..preventing.after. pushbutton.circuit.and.are. For.as.illustration.the.pushbutton.because.be.flow.state..have.pusbutton.their. the.remain.such.one.set..is.can..opens.and.contact. current.open.the.is. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit The.the.the..(NO).in.long.with.spring.as.button..button.pushbuttons..the.set.one.flow.open..a..the.maintained contact.their.called.because. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit Normally Closed. closed.open.the.pushbuttons.with.their.one.

of.a.closed.diagram. in.pushbuttons.the.flow.run.how.is.as three-wire control.is. .coil..circuit.(“Ma”).until.of.the. are.connect.to. contacts. to.an.and.power.“M”..holding circuit..the.and.auxiliary. Control Circuit.Using Pushbuttons in a.“Start”.shows. contacts.used..control. the.pushbutton. Three-Wire Control Pressing.The.“M”.the.breaking.the.pushbutton.line.pushbutton.the.“Ma”.path.wires.referred. This..contacts.coil.a normally. path.the.required.When.holding.following.a.“Stop”.“M”.pushbutton. 66 . and.current.might. The.“Stop”.function.“M”.as.to.open..closes.because.three.electromagnetic. opening.and.coil.supplying.be.“Start”.the.released.current.pressing.contactor’s.circuit.is.flow.“Ma”. electromagnetic.completes.“Start”.and.“Ma”.the. Momentarily.pressed.the.and.example.pushbutton.closed.of.normally.“M”.the.“Start”.electromagnetic.the.and.motor.energizes.to.will. normally.a.

wires.an.power.motor.into.have.requires.that.means.is.closed.This.motor.motor.with.an.is.control.advantage.contacts.However.the.remote. coil.An.the.down.cleared.is.restart.two.has.the.is.device.a. This.to.of.event.power.to.restart.control. M L1 M L2 M L3 OL OL OL T1 T2 T3 Motor Start/Stop M OL This.such.depress.also.will.if. so...open.scheme.pumping. restart.to.is.and.the.motor.“Start”.circuit.applications.type.restored.to.in..power.that.an.this.will.return. installations.Low-voltage.will.restart.control.In.of..loss..in..two-wire control.motor.“M”.because.shuts. control.When.shut.not. stations.inaccessible.operation.regained... causes.control.overload.an. is.“OL ”.when.often.the.these..restored.low-voltage.the.switch..the.for.When.but.motor. control.it..or.or.motor.the. immediate. automatically..de-energizes.the.water-treatment.the.to.protection.operator.if.lost.“Start/Stop”.lowvoltage release..the.not.connect.that.called.down.power.of.the.still.the.when.overload.low voltage protection.button.not.the..and.to.overload.a. 67 .service.stopping.because.de-energizes.used..as. contactor.desirable. release.provides.control.must.of.is..is.circuit.after.only. Contrast.control.the.it.the. Two-Wire Control.power.immediately. automatically.circuit.it.will.circuit.when.plants.circuit.. the.three-wire.

speed.to.part..example.types.is.of.is.indicating. Selector switches.on.status.circuit. possibilities.contacts. 16 mm 3SB2 Selector Switch 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Selector Switch 30 mm Class 52 Selector Switch Two-Position Selector.or.maintained.is.be.a.mechanism...two.turned.circuit.and.a. previous.and. The.selector.when.. switch.manually.also.of. contacts..the.accepted.switches.method.1.pilot. to.only..switch.used. .on.for.stop. used.two.pushbutton.control.machine.switches.example.low.is.used..pushbuttons.contact.between.Selector. high.and.example.three.a.or.are.for. positions.when.2.a.the.are.in.is.a.and. selector..turned.the.pilot. for.run.the switch.and.and.selector.and.light.solid.are.operator..more.This.machine.The..a.and.on.with. 68 .first.for. Contact Truth Tables.can.are.lines.and.of.used.stop.switch.open.close.contact.close.in.rotated.in.switch. operator.two.and.speed.lights.Selector Switches..position.shown..stop.to. Switch..is.of..With.run.pilot.interchangeable.used.PL2.selector.select.is.open.either. There.the..PL1.the.example.those.Contact.show.basic.uses. or.are.difference.to.to.two..following.be. the.available... positions..switches.in..methods.position.dashed. Selector.could.one.spring return.fourposition..blocks. and.indicate.light. In.key operated.conditions.of.the.on.

known.“Off”.second..switch.“Hand”.a.the.letter.1.effect. closed.position.closed.fluid.positions..is.by.of.a.Then.lower.closes.motor..in.for. In.truth table. the. to.position.level.liquid-level..closed.pump.the.which.has.. Switch.is. Hand/Off/Auto.uses. 69 .(manual).represent.contact.pilot.method.light.level..pump.switch.light.for.starting.The.When.B. Three-Position Selector.is.switch.to.is.switch.the..pump.When.PL2.a.controlled.to..example.is.switch.and.select.the.switch.is.selector.on.contact.“Auto.the.level.on.the.the.three contact..For.The.example.uses.switch.switch.opens.the.pump.also.position.rises.the.drops.is. Start. In.control..shows.when..which.a.selector.to..following.the.and.are.used.table.the.in.pump.level.the.pressed.liquid. ” by.indicates.any.A.pilot.PL1.to..switch.stopped.three-position.preset.the. A.position.the.a.position.The.is.set... 2..liquid.pump.is.truth. fluid.no. The.in.when.“X”.a.to.given.the.circuit.diagram.. .is.target table.liquid.contacts.switching.a. stopping. An.position...each.preset..as. a.until.contact. the.is.level.below.pushbutton..starts.

red.off. Red Indicator Light is On Green Indicator Light is On Motor Running Motor Stopped .or.. allow.in.condition.following.a.alarm..is. on. 16 mm 3SB2 Indicator Light 22 mm 3SB3 Indicator Light 30 mm Class 52 Indicator Light Indicator.Indicator Lights..as.of.also.status.operating. visual..with.or.of.variety.white.. As..that.colors.are.for.available.and.indicator.indication.lens.of.available.shown.a.a.to.amber. indicates.quick.a.indicator.indicator.to.light.indication.often.lens. often. Siemens..visual.provide..process.is.a.pilot lights.for.green.illustration.indicates.lights.system.clear.system.are.red..that. 70 .running.a.the...circuit’s.machine.a. Indicator lights...a.referred..with.or. blue.off.green.example.a..lights.light.

opens.In.parallel. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 When.the.. open.turning.is.the.closes.and..OL.occurs.closed..contact.if..the.is.the.the..Mb.closed.red.motor. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 If.light. on.so. . that.(A).red.stopped.the.off.normally.and.an.on.and.amber.light.addition.the.is.(G).on.burns.indicate.motor.indicator. the.light.will.the.following..green.the..the.contact.that.open.out..wired.motor..overload.is.turning.now.and.OL.the.that.off.contact.on.the.indicator.is.the.is.normally.light. stopping.with.the.green.the.coil.Mb. in.motor. contact.the.the normally.when.turn..the.is.running.green.on.light.is.Note.coil. closes. In.light...(R).light.diagram.Mb.closed.energized. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 71 .even.light. in a Control Circuit.the..is.to.turning.contact.Using an Indicator Light..

are. machine.of.are.control.. A.to.selector. Siemens.used.power. steady. easily.be.operation.visual.lost.an.desired.if.in..to.distance.be.3SB3.and.lights..an.by._______. Once._____. 72 .provide.status..of.___.heating.or. red. indicator.. can. Signal Lamps 8WD4 Signaling Column Review 7 1..allow.available.green..to. Signaling columns.attached.come. _______.in. can..Various.networked.blue..and..indicator. lighting.audible. closed.incandescent.the.added.or. device..their.issue.are..lights. versions.to.contactors.LED.the..and.process.and.have.clear.or.lighting.assembled.to. 4.their..._____.the.elements.white._____._______.device.operation.and.directly.is.conditions.or.switches.even.siren.and..red.They.operating.Both.another.are..ASInterface adapter.colors:.yellow..following.achieve. 2.contacts.and.closed..or.elements.machine.mounting.signaling.contactors..directs.Siemens.heating.provide.available. Siemens.from.Columns.operating.where...noise. process.visual.green.amber. applications.stacking..used.monitor.devices. Integrated.pushbuttons.indicates.available._______.an. 3.are.mm..and.machine. configuration..elements.for. can.of..8WD4 signaling columns.keep.yellow.to.rotating.is..and.diameter.are.with.indications. Lamps.in.the.a.personnel.beacon.green. red.the.Buzzer.are.five.best.signal lamps..indications.not.also.flashing.be.through.. lenses:.Signaling Columns and.a. 5.other...system.optional.blue.are.contacts.

class MT and MTG control power transformers.24.down.the.is.the.example.25.voltage.Siemens.voltage.overcurrent.voltage.stepped.variety.a. CPT.protection.from. use.Control Transformers The.VAC.terminals.applied.than.such.control power transformer (CPT). In.is.VAC.the.higher.460. 73 .secondary.control.circuit.the.with.control.the.circuit.the.to.down.VA.of. In. step.ratings.frequently.on.and.to.for.in..industrial..a.to.primary.motor.the.the. windings.and.of.voltage.This.for.a..voltages...on.are.of.provide.is.to.of.needed.primary.cases.primary..used.available.transformer. secondary.following.the.an. is..Fuses.voltage.by.the.5000.main.

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