Basics of Control Components

Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP

Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.

Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Control.Circuits..........................................................................4 Electrical.Symbols.....................................................................6 Line.Diagrams......................................................................... 16 . Overload.Protection.................................................................21 Manual.Control........................................................................32 Magnetic.Contactors.and.Starters...........................................38 Contactor.and.Starter.Ratings.................................................43 . Class.14.NEMA.Starters..........................................................46 SIRIUS.Type.3R.Starters..........................................................47 Multi-Speed.Starters...............................................................49 Reversing.Starters...................................................................52 Reduced-Voltage.Starting........................................................54 Lighting.and.Heating.Contactors.............................................60 Pilot.Devices............................................................................62 Control.Transformers. .............................................................. 71 . Control.Relays. ........................................................................72 . Solid-State.Switching.Devices................................................. 76 Monitoring.Relays....................................................................78 Time.Relays.............................................................................79 Additional.Devices...................................................................83 LOGO!.Logic.Module..............................................................85 . Fast.Bus.Busbar.Adapter.System............................................87 Review.Answers......................................................................89 Final.Exam...............................................................................90 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................96

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and.operating.circuits State.you.another.course. Technical.basic.principles.difference.motor.Introduction Welcome. components.starters.control. distributors..Siemens.to.magnetic.relays 4 ..completion. •. Upon. components Read.&.purpose.general. •.between.covers.starting Describe.which.principles.starters Identify. Describe. •.sell.course.manual. starters.overload. lighting.diagram Describe.need. •.control.Energy.principles.of.protection Describe.motor.operating.for.operating.the. able.series.and.and.our.magnetic.the.Siemens.and.and.principles.the. •.Components.construction.various.Control.motor.operating.of.Program. •.operation.products.starters Describe.and.need.the.construction.operation Identify. magnetic.manual.prepare. State.Education.for.of.to: •.and.line.represent.effectively.Automation.in. more.control.the.control.and.motor. •.designed.principles.of..will. •.contactors.This.a.of.circuit Explain.the.heating.and.of.their.construction.the.Basics of Control Components. manual.products.to. •.various.to.motor.and.methods Explain.automatic.of.starting.and.be. •.contactors.typical.describe.the.reduced-voltage.STEP.symbols.Basics.related. •. control.a.in.the.

You.or.Siemens.Product.Siemens.products.and. 22209.card.the.you.Rosslyn..distributor.This. Underwriters.will..registered.and.Electrical. authorized.with.systems. complete.mail.mark. If. mail.a.you.®. Other.are.UL®.score.Inc.trademark. mentioned.Laboratories.without.Association.attempting.trademarks.knowledge. respective..of.Manufacturers.card.and..efforts.exam.service.Specifications.AG.trademarks.Energy.registered.registered.of.subject. you. 60062-2096.of.with.completion.be.addition.help.their.In.luck.their.of..Good...names.is.will.companies.understand.you.the.owners.a.prepared.of.are.will. NEMA®.Underwriters.IL.passing. electrical.Basics of Control Components.Laboratories.better.We.a.trademark.an.may.fill.your. Siemens.be.is.in.of.Automation.employee. 5 .a.to.and.tear-out..before.better..you..certificate.&.the.customers.should.of.the.Basics of Electricity.change.discuss.Northbrook..VA.if.a.customer.final.Inc..grade. National. applications.out..trademarks. trademarks.respective.to.property.are. notice.

be. circuit.industrial.circuits.is. many..control.lighting.One.of..example.light.variety.in..this.cases. a.the.However.control...and.and.used.a.be.something. .an.to. on.applications.manual control.more. A.a.the.applications.off.For..control.employ.and..turns.or.can.a.devices.off.also.or.controlled.single-pole.circuit.simple. with.However. Manual Control.to.are..manually..previous.More.switch.and. control.components.be.this.that.in.start.of.circuits.are.often.off.or.automatic.turned.turn.to.switch.illustrates..simple.example.on-off..to.used.a.circuit.often.varying.degrees..Control Circuits Control.often.. Control.same.manual.off.complexity.. of.and.function. In.device.light.to.a.example.that.requires..of.The.complex.use.variety..are.as.starter.someone.of.automatic.on.being.the.example.used.and. tend.In.may.motor. these.on.used.circuits.combine.used.of.Manual..simple. control.other. Control.is.component. manual.circuit. 6 .is. control.on.some.turn. a.in.a.control.something.broader.manual.components.wide.stop.a.than.is.circuits.the.circuit.a.commercial.

components.they.Energy. Control Components..and. The. however.stopped.complete.machines.when.circuit.components. lights.control.how.only.software.components.a.some.automatic.occurs.the.wide.variable.cases.. is.course.manual. A.In.the.hard-wired logic.of.off.or.vary..advanced.is..complexity.the.control.that...are..is.you.controller.in.monitor. drive.interaction.to.that.Automatic control.too..control. includes.This.referred.programmable. controller.of.of.web.in.For.by.automatically.interaction..to.manual.wired.machines..However.dependent.and.of.This.of.on.information.sometimes.Automation.&.site.other. such.systems.can.each.a. extensive.of.fully.these.addressed.cases.the.logic.are.control...the.will. some.wired.to.to.indicator. AC.and.circuits.variety.be. 7 .components.combination.to. In. dependent.or. While. is. without.both.used. course.speed.wiring..from..control..and.this.practice.protect.the.this.in.such..a.is.components.as.turn. many.are.additional.human.system..these.Siemens.range.and.started.circuits.Siemens.give.still. refer.control.to.components.common.as.stored.something.interaction.on.in.Increasingly.on. .good.start.Automatic Operation..motors.are.

either.common.control.be.in.vary.when.in.these.no.States.are.are.When.and. of.current.normally.applied.With.components.diagrams.is.is.pictorially.common..in.to.shown.Control.to..condition.control.produced.to.or. 8 .of.allows..open.when.other..device.the.as.Instead.is.approaches.the.showing..the.coil.flow.the.the. diagrams.is.which.are.are.current.contacts.my.method.relay’s.the.part.use.the....The.control.to.circuits.this.which.condition.indicate.contacts.relay.blocks.various.following.is.contacts. contact..a.course... that.countries.operation. United.in.represented.indicate.more.be..of.the..actuating..in.common.a.use.open.many. logic.flow.contacts.to.of.cannot.open.no..closed. flow.the.example.throughout.however. current.as.contacts.contacts. de-energized (off) state.illustration.represent.light.there.a.logic. Various.to. One.Electrical Symbols Control. contacts.current.operation. For.control.a.standard.to.the.there.normally closed (NC).ways.power.. The.the.the. .or.symbols.which..Although...the.show.symbols.the.in.other.diagrams.control.used.incorporate. normally open (NO).. Contact Symbols.show.to.. of.condition.symbols.can.. world. flow.either. circuit. components.dynamic.devices.contacts.open.

.normally.A.the.contacts.is.logic..is..are. 9 ..time.the.in.energizes.light.path.diagram.are.purposes.is.following.and.. contacts.on.shown.open.light.a.they. Normally Closed Contact..is.path..completing.this....closed.not...the.open.for. Normally Open Contact.the.and.are.state.then.light.de-energized.complete.example.Symbols.and.highlighted.normal..in.following.shown.Note: This is not a standard symbol.energized.illustration. Example For.relay.de-energized. explanation.not.in.are.the.are.the..relay.close.switches.in.current.The.course.illustration. Example.is. the.are.on..the.the...at.relay.the.this.energized.and.are..exists..their.when.(on).When.When.not. and.highlighted.symbol. turning.highlighted.shown.the normally. the.circuit. highlighted.control.in.state.the.the.state.contacts.as.for.sometimes.cases.In.energized.closed. that.usually. In.off... contacts.such.their.not.to.contacts.the.indicate.state. their.first shown.shown.not..as.the.contacts.illuminating.of.current.However.

represent.of a.and.change.the.to. Example.following.flow. a.normally.and.is.illustration.someone.control.used. the..is.is.the.be.open.symbols.Variations..someone.current..and.current.path.also. illustration.state..switch.of a. Normally Open Switch.also.light.in.an.is.cannot. side.the.connected.light.a..closed.or.switch.is. open.off.the.one.case.discussed.the.the.closed.its.switch.has.in.the.device.contacts.through..one.and.opens.battery.a. for..switch.of.switch.are.used.state.A..normally.require.the.manual.the.. to.turns.. When.is.also.these.circuits.normally.to.. 10 .number.position.another.switch.be.action. must.a.when. .types.switches.of.connected.When.not.closed.When..to. and.the.the.. Various.switch.connected..flow.illustration. to..flow.illuminates.of.In.shown.of.switch.side.just.normally. side.open..connected. In.of.light..side.their.different.flows.symbols.Switch Symbols.the.can.in.current..to.interrupted. In.indicate.change.used.light.it.or.upon.When.are.closed.the.light.following.flow.the.the.Like.are.the.acted.battery.been.or.current. Switch.considered.other.normal.like.following.to.path.a.completes.is.through.ones.of.to.closes..is. light.it.switch. current...open. Normally Closed Switch.a.someone. Example .other.switch.the.types.switches..the.

Normally Open..allow.return.In.is.open.shown.interrupted..of a.is.pushbutton. Normally Closed..latches. Switch. Switch. Pushbutton Example.basic. opposite.to.pushbutton.to.its.types..pushbutton. normal.as.and. normal.flows.the.connected.as.is..to.one.to.it.following..the.open..contacts.state.illustration. In.of..is.normal.state.versa.to.must. when.a.pressed.side.vice.of.pushbuttons.as the.a.long. 11 . through.the.side.to.a.two.When.normally.closed. There.pressed.contrast.It.flows. opposite..the.flow.connected.be.the.is.their..to..is.change.button.place.pressed.in.light.state.... released.a.current.(NC).when.the.and.pushbutton.its. state.pressed..and.momentary.state.the.The.maintained.or.is.Pushbutton Symbols.When.unlatched.is.turns.pushbutton.is. In.soon.momentary.light.to.(NO). maintained.pushbutton..off.current.example.the..turns..of. pressed.and.light.light.shown.is.the. normal.. Pushbutton Example.as.the.not.current.its. other.pushbutton.are.following. They.the.return.of.battery.on.button.

Coil Symbols.

Motor.starters,.contactors,.and.relays.are.examples.of. devices.that.open.and.close.contacts.electromagnetically..The. electromagnet.in.these.devices.is.called.a.coil.. A.coil.is.commonly.symbolized.as.a.circle.with.letters.and. number.inside..The.letters.often.represent.the.type.of.device,. such.as.M.for.motor.starter.or.CR.for.control.relay..A.number. is.often.added.to.the.letter.to.differentiate.one.device.from. another.. The.contacts.controlled.by.a.coil.are.labeled.with.the.same. letter.(and.number).as.the.coil.so.that.it.is.easy.to.tell.which. contacts.are.controlled.by.each.coil..A.coil.often.controls. multiple.contacts.and.each.contact.may.be.normally.open.or. normally.closed.

Coil Example Using. Normally Open Contacts.

In.the.following.example,.the.“M”.contacts.in.series.with the.motor.are.controlled.by.the.“M”.contactor.coil..When. someone.closes.the.switch,.current.flows.through.the.switch. and.“M”.contactor.coil..The.“M”.contactor.coil.closes.the.“M”. contacts.and.current.flows.to.the.motor.

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Overload Relay Symbols.

Overload relays.are.used.to.protect.motors.from.overheating.. When.excessive.current.is.drawn.for.a.predetermined.amount. of.time,.the.overload.relay’s.contacts.open,.removing.power. from.the.motor..The.following.symbol.is.for.contacts.associated. with.a.thermal.overload.relay..An.overload.relay.used.with.a. three-phase.motor.has.three.such.contacts,.one.for.each.phase.

Indicator Light Symbols.

An.indicator light,.often.referred.to.as.a pilot light,.is.a.small. electric.light.used.to.indicate.a.specific.condition.of.a.circuit.. For.example,.a.red.light.might.be.used.to.indicate.that.a.motor. is.running..The.letter.in.the.center.of.the.indicator.light.symbol. indicates.the.color.of.the.light..

Other Symbols.

In.addition.to.the.symbols.discussed.here,.there.are.many.other. symbols.used.in.control.circuits..The.following.charts.show. many.of.the.commonly.used.symbols.

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SSW.Relay. SPST. XFR. SPDT. Double-Pole. M. NC. T. LS. SS.Switch Time. ARM.used. CR. DT. DISC. Integrated. Circuit. BAT. NO.Breaker. Lamp. DPDT. CONT.Switch Transformer Terminal. Automatic. Current. Fuse.. Armature. FREQ. NEG.Switch..Double-Throw.Closed Normally. OL.Single. Disconnect. Direct. OHM.Switch. Many of the symbols used with this type of control are the same as those shown on the previous page. Instanstaneous.abbreviations.Starter.Switch.The. but enclosed in a square as shown in the following examples. Limit. Motor Manual Negative Neutral Normally. Battery. Ground. PH.Single-Throw. U. HOA.Relay Up Under.Starter.Throw.are.. UV. S. PS. Alternating. ALM. Interlock. MN.Double.Throw Selector.used. SEC. TD.Open Ohmmeter Overload Pushbutton Phase Positive Primary Pressure.in.Throw Single-Pole. REC.Selector. Motor. DPST. CT.Box. Foot. DP. Hand/Off/Auto.Drive Transformer 16 .Relay.Switch Reverse Rectifier Resistor Rheostat Switch Secondary Solenoid Single-Pole Single-Pole.Current. CAP. R.list. POS.Delay Thermostat. AU. Generator.identifies. DC. SP. PB. THS.Static switching control uses solid-state devices instead of electromechanical devices.. JB. Junction. CKT. RH.Transformer..circuits. Circuit.frequently. NEUT.Circuit. D. FU. Double. Capacitor. following.Switch Safety.commonly. TB. IC. Abbreviations. PRI. IOL. F.Board Time. BR. Coil Contact (NO) Limit Switch (NO) Abbreviations.control. RES. VFD. GEN. INTLK.Overload. Alarm.Protector MTR. Frequency.Current. GRD.Voltage Variable. Forward. Control. Down.. LT. FTS. MSP. AC. SOL. CB.. Brake. TR.Switch. AM. Motor. Ammeter. Double-Pole.Delay.Frequency. Control. Double-Pole.

Which.the.contact? .an. Which.pushbutton? . .of.circuit. 3. a....pushbutton? . a. mushroom. . a.of.. .following. 2. .represents.is.the..of. a.operated.a.. .of.the. Which.symbols. b.symbols.. A.represents. .when... . ..must.. c.symbols. closed. 4.the.a. initiate.normally.following.head. b.to..contact? .Review 1 1.represents. .action..the. . .. c. . 17 . c.._______.following. b.someone.operate.for. open.a.following.symbols.a. b..normally.control..represents. c.normally. open. Which. . 5.

pushbutton.also.represented.light.wires.two.diagrams.illustration.diagrams.made..symbols.relationship.circuits..the.circuits.light.or.of.up.a.functional.wiring.the. as..the.diagrams.and.indicates.relationship.and.shows.connection. electrical.node.not.types.used. or.a.relationship.components..Line.are.illustration..more.Line Diagrams Control.an.at.heavy. diagram.and.physical.functional.an. Line. the.electrical.circuits.a.control.by.is.to.dot.the.an. of.be..circuit.pictorially.A.two...line.relationship. indicator.the.show.wiring. in.example.is.shown.For.represented.diagrams.control.a.by.of. Indicator (Pilot) Light Pushbutton The.ladder.line.intersection..of.are.with.line.can.physical...of.power.in.small.line.Within..referred.circuit. L1 L2 Pushbutton Indicator (Pilot) Light 18 . Control Wiring Power Wiring Not Connected Connected .following. power-circuit. following.

and.these.the.allows. stops.controls.the. The.with. The.In.control.properly.VAC.control circuits.In..120.are.order.of..light..the.a.line.illustration.right.is.vertically..other..drawn. drawn.the.motor.both.for.pushbutton.that.means.the.circuit.the.to.load.power circuit.that.power.that.indicator..L1.loads.mind.voltage. Power and Control Circuits.flow.when.control.that...supplies.L1. lights.line.of.pushbutton.With.from.control circuit.of. rated.relays. Control Circuits.the.following..current.. 120.shows. light. and. activate..between.the.the.Other..more.pushbutton.light.. energized.the.Reading a Line Diagram.L1.a..or.light.must.will. relationship.line. .light.indicator.same.read.light. pushbutton.because.an.that.L1.the.distribution.indicator.and.be.The.diagram.off.turning. left. components.The..control.devices.displays.includes..to.and.and.following. A.from.with.a.to.through.diagram.the.components.this.to.power..loads.is.following.Releasing.to.a. circuit.power.current. The.one. marked.note.load.the.includes.at.power.the.symbolically.L2.indicator.this..it.line.lines.indicator..not..must.example.and.to.Some.as.applied.heavy.to.VAC.indicator.L2...pressed.determine.This.you.and.in. 19 .as.such. interpret.is.VAC.be.the.functional..diagram..typical.connection..when.the.120.control.control.contactors.pressing.flow. pushbutton.is..such.and.L2.drawn.L2.starting.do..The.

to.circuit.improperly.to.the.used..on.any.is.example.the.load..example.set..operation.loads.one.properly.of.contacts.device.when.addition. necessary.the.normally.fails..both.in.Usually..full.on. Control..and.line.the.pressed.relay.side. In.in.both.left.can.directly.L2.is..L2.loads.required.the..connected.not..L1.control.on.or.the...one.circuit.line.light.the.an.coil.and.logic.operate.only.a.following.a.series.connected.120.These..shows.load.one. 20 .is..to.in.the.applies.“M”.overload.connected.In.series-parallel.indicator.The.generally.circuit. to.VAC.L2.previous.L2.. between. ..other.load.is..applied.load.one.second.loads.is. volts.or.devices..than.One.the. Only. pushbutton.L2.with.loads.the. control.neither.connected.pushbutton.connected.. configuration.full.in.are.illustration. through.in.series.one.placed.to. parallel.be.contactor.the. In.In.pressed.directly.120.through.on. in.is.device.overload.the.the.may.control. control. the.series..is..for.control.circuit.the.circuit.A.continue.Connecting the Load to L2.light.are.if.voltage.divided..combination.is.either.the.right.When.. across.contactor.and.the. needed.across.contacts.parallel.connected.indicator.a.of.why.the.volts.to.are.indirectly.the.loads.to. following.connected.L1. to.this.the.(OL).control.receiving.and.more.depending.control.one..Depressing. parallel.line.will..circuit.load.be. In.the.to.pushbutton.control.load.is.120.proper.load.on. Connecting Control Devices.in.

parallel.through.be. connects.illustration.or.line.often.at..1.pressed.next. In.1..light.to.switch.current.L1.logic.the.light.illustration.to..L2.2.in..are.line..pushbuttons.1.to.either.light.and.load.lines..describing.to..from.Pressing.to.time.1.connected. 21 ..indicator.are.pushbutton..illustration.the.the.line.pushbuttons. Line Numbering.the.to.For.pilot. series..2.pushbutton.pushbuttons.to.following.and.the.. Because.two.to.L1.pushbuttons.in.shows.both. The.in.same.flow.L2.connects.line.the.through. light.must.connects.flow. numbered.pushbutton. line.4.“M”.pilot.1.lines.the.simplify.the.from.pilot.contactor.diagrams..2.3. current..Both...have.to.example. the.to.on.multiple.following.allows.connected. allow.

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from.the.Keep.always. are.control.heat. may.type.excess.designed.current. Normal Current Flow Excessive Current Flow 23 .overcurrent.current.conductor.another.capacity.overloads.differs.generated.circuit.condition.it.must.protect..are.reason.can..or.conductive.generates.and.damaged.short.path.flow.motors.and.of. Excessive.control.overload.rated.to.to. flow..is.be.order.result..have.with.both. discussion. understanding.components.referred.fault.types.overcurrent..The..in.pertinent.to.resistance.heat.a.the.that. of..of.of.proportional.course.from. conductors.clear.conditions.In. Current and Temperature.current.conductor.continuous. .the.the.overload.Overload Protection Some.to.to. referred.mind.a.overcurrent..to.For.these.a. first.An.overcurrent..of.covered.as.how.this.two.of.begin..heat.The.circuit.ampacity.amount. To.amount.in.a.of.has...is.from.an.. short.what.that.current.the.by.you.this. each.components.of.as.ground. understand.is.

the.Note.a.very.not.occurs.in.is.causes.bare.a.a.conductors..however.conductors.is.can.to..example.current.understand.This..current. resistance.motor.its.resistance.to.current.may.the.When.short.rated.short.or.240.is.the.rise.to.overload.a.to.between.current..much.10.this. current.its.by.prevents.made.consider..voltage.will.024.the.volts.contrast.example. current.For.relationship.A.occurs.Short Circuit.is.is.that.fuse.drops.circuit.circuit.to.value.24.000 A 0.a. many. draw.a.by.an.to.between.to..two.current.rapidly.the.damaged.connected..result.this.if. immediately.cause..when.conductors.used.overload.than... circuit.touch.when. resistance. Before Short Circuit Ohm’s Law I = E R I= 240 V 24 Ω = 10 A I= After Short Circuit 240 V = 10.in. insulation.insulation.. 24 .many. work.the.hard.a..extensive.the.breaker.0.the..this. To.flowing.times.024 Ω The.and.circuit.too.from.to. connected.separate..by..the. proportionally.Ohm’s Law. to.current.heat.low.too.times.the.. ohms.resistance..equipment.causes.When.and.conveyor. if.a.zero.generated.For.conductors.circuit.and.devices.result.usually.in.between.conductors.or.damage.more.if.current.the.circuit.when.is.drops.or..normal.are.may.jams.almost. Normally.equipment. short circuit.the.between...circuit.described.electrical.An.resistance.and.amps.this.rise.a.lower.example. reduction.short. ohms. Overload.conductors.interrupted.better. In.

drops. accelerates.previous. the.motors. current.response.they..load. Temporary Overload Due to Starting Current A.conductors.overload.. When.. Fuses.circuit.the.Under.an. 25 .most.designed. For.motor.motor’s.a.happens.high-efficiency.it.is...starting..value..the.current.a. conductors.starting current.may.of.to..conditions.full-load. tolerate.motor. exceeded.by.sized.rating.rated.a.must.be.a.for.the.circuit.path..these..even.different.rated.disable. the..overload.a.high..are.excess.a.example. conductors..is.protection.time.circuit.circuit.designed.start.is.higher.for.of.a.starting.design.when.eight.example.capacity.starting.starting.motors.protection.are.current.six.flow.occurs..to.device.some.current. the.600%.In.. started.event.circuit.time.a.required.In.has.example.its. Overload Protection.should.but.seconds.fuse.known.short.typically.has.designed. the...the.such..current..a.the.protect.of.example.for.motor.its.draw.current.In.devices.and.the.or.for... overload relay.B.circuit.of. their.As.quickly.For.consider.damage. the.a.an.following.to.in.situation.the.circuit.the..full-load current.protect.be.speed.circuit.to.an.overload.high.such. In.motor.overcurrent..when.NEMA.an.Motors.be.provided.and. times.extended.current.as.motor.undesirable.motor. full..Because.dropped.to.conductors.is.breaker.to.a.resulted.breakers.in.down.In. the.of.the.this.or.what.for.current.that.must.short-duration.about.electric.after.its.to.allow..a. such. AC..operating.overload. before.separate.circuit. situation.current.short.shut.current.for.to.open.is.For.off.device.

restarted. cause.a.When.the.corrected.and.of. An.relays..motor starter.allow.they.and.This.above.to.reset.the..which.be.Overload Relays Overload.times.six.30.an.motor.starter.circuit.close.a...a trip class rating.has..manual.the.through.excess.overload.overloaded.motor.the.First. needs.(M).and. M L1 Power Source L2 OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contracts Open L1 Power Source L2 M OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contacts Closed 26 .The.motor.If.a.relay. enough.10..rated.will.(OL).motor.takes.long.current.common.to.illustration.motor..the.most.open.motors.between.and.a.be.has.short-duration. contacts.the.special.the..third.has. Overload Relay in a ...cools.trip.shows.remains.allow.current.a.After..overload.time.relay.with.allows. overload.are.disabling.it.relay. reset. source.circuit.overload.its.trip.to.relay.preferably..current.seconds)..been.relay.(in.overload. motor.meet.if.value.they.are.the.cause.for..overload.continuous.the.the.circuit.5.power..specific.the.relay.of.identifies.. at.following. The.it.after.. maximum.to.the.flows.classes.the..overload.overloads.designed.is.And.the. to.be.cleared..protect.current.to.current. Motor Circuit. without..protective. rating.been.can.they..to.opening.circuit.be.typically.restarted.20.the.trip.trip.the.the.and.Second.the.overload.can. Trip Class..after.

as.circuit.bends.the.then..of.metals.has.strip.strip.an.relay.to.bimetallic.conditions. the.. have.expansion..bimetallic..series.enough.heat.. Some..contacts.characteristics..In.relays.bend.if.reset.Bimetallic Overload Relays.A. on.can.condition. automatically.strip.bimetallic strip.occurs.bimetallic.still.in.the.the..will. overload.by.the.and.the.overload..reset.trip.motor.overload.motor.enough.and.The.the. some.two.a.to.cooled. heater.automatically..Depending.bend.overload.to.designed.relay.trip.use..strip. repeatedly..long.functions.motor.cause.desirable.the.generated.from.overload. not.an.this. bimetallic.different.causes.tripped.condition.bimetallic. small.heated..to.until. is.after.overload. Motor Heater Element To Power Circuit Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Overload Condition Some.the.persists.heater element..restart.thermal. Under.circuit..that.design.to.power.bonded. bimetallic.trip.trip.causes.relay. bimetallic.mechanism.strip.a.relay’s.when.prevent.the..may.. Motor To Power Circuit Heater Element Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Normal Current Flow If.open.the. removing.can.overload.motor.wired.These.applications.This.strip.incorporates.only. which.of.this.lever.element.overload.relays.exists..causing.overload.sense.However.slightly.together.a.is.overload.the.the.Proper.relay’s.with..are.the.damage.dissimilar.made.to..the.a.bimetallic.normal. is.operating.condition.and. 27 .metals.the.the.

Ambient Compensated. Bimetallic Overload Relay.

In.some.applications,.a.motor.is.installed.in.a.location.with.a. relatively.constant.ambient.temperature,.and.the.motor.control. components.are.installed.in.a.location.with.a.varying.ambient. temperature..In.such.cases,.a.typical.thermal.overload.relay.may. trip.too.soon.or.too.late.because.its.bimetallic.strip.is.bent.both. by.heat.from.motor.current.and.the.surrounding.air.. Ambient compensated bimetallic overload relays.are. designed.to.overcome.this.problem..These.overload.relays. use.a.compensated.bimetallic.strip.along.with.a.primary. bimetallic.strip..As.the.ambient.temperature.changes,.both. bimetallic.strips.bend.equally.and.the.overload.relay.does.not. trip..However,.because.current.flow.through.the.motor.and.the. heater.element.affects.only.the.primary.bimetallic.strip,.the. primary.bimetallic.strip.will.bend.sufficiently.to.trip.the.overload. relay.if.an.overload.occurs.

Motor

To Power Circuit Heater Element Primary Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Compensated Overload Relay The compensating bimetalic strip bends as ambient temperature increases. This prevents a nuisance overload trip.

Class 48 Ambient. Compensated Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens Class 48 ambient compensated bimetallic overload.relays.are.available.in.single.or.three-pole.designs and.can.be.set.for.manual.or.self-resetting.operation..An. adjustment.dial.allows.the.full.load.ampere.trip.setting.to.be. adjusted.by.±15%..A.manual.test.button.is.provided.to.test.the. operation.of.the.overload.relay.control.contacts..The.ambient. compensated.bimetallic.overload.relay.heater.elements.are. available.with.either.class.10.or.20.ratings..A.normally.open.or. normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.is.available.as.an.option.

Automatic/Manual Reset Selection

+15% of FLA Adjustment

Test Button Reset Button

. 28

SIRIUS 3RU11 Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens SIRIUS 3RU11 bimetallic overload relay.has.heater elements.as.an.integral.part.its.design..The.unit.comes.with.a. Class.10.trip.as.standard..SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.ambient. compensation,.and.a.differential.trip.bar.that.causes.the.unit.to. trip.faster.in.the.event.of.a.phase.loss. SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.include.a.normally.closed. auxiliary.contact.for.de-energizing.the.contactor,.and.a.normally. open.auxiliary.contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip..Pressing.the. STOP.button.momentarily.opens.the.normally.closed.contact. without.affecting.the.normally.open.contact..The.switch-position. indicator.incorporates.a.TEST.function.which,.when.activated,. simulates.a.tripped.overload.relay.by.actuating.both.auxiliary. contacts.and.displaying.the.switch.position.

.

STOP button Position Switch Indicator and Test Function Manual/Automatic Reset Selector Switch Current Setting Dial

Electronic Overload Relays.

Electronic overload relays.are.another.option.for.motor. protection..The.features.of.electronic.overload.relays.vary,. but.there.are.a.few.common.advantages..One.advantage.of. electronic.overload.relays.is.that.they.do.not.require.heaters.. This.eliminates.the.need.to.stock.multiple.heaters.to.match. motor.ratings..This.heaterless.design.also.allows.electronic. relays.to.be.insensitive.to.the.ambient.temperature,.minimizing. nuisance.tripping. In.addition,.electronic.overload.relays.can.detect.a.power.phase. loss.and.disconnect.the.motor.from.the.power.source..This.is.an. important.advantage.because,.without.phase.lose.protection,. loss.of.a.power.phase.can.quickly.result.in.damaged.motor. windings..

.

29

ESP200 Electronic Overload. Like.other.electronic.overload.relays,.ESP200 electronic Relays overload relays.eliminate.the.need.for.heaters..Instead.of. installing.a.heater,.a.dial.on.the.overload.relay.is.set.to.the. motor’s.full-load.current.rating..Class 48 ESP200 electronic overload relays,.like.the.one.shown.below,.have.two.dual. in-line.package.(DIP).switches.accessible.from.the.front.that. simplify.selection.of.any.of.four.trip.classes.(5,.10,.20,.and.30).. Additional.DIP.switches.provide.on.or.off.settings.for.phase. unbalance,.phase.loss,.or.ground.fault.detection.as.well.as. selection.of.manual.or.automatic.reset..Also.accessible.from. the.front.are.the.RESET.button,.for.use.when.manual.reset. is.selected,.and.the.TEST.button,.that.triggers.a.complete. electronic.functions.test..One.normally.open.auxiliary.contact. and.one.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.are.standard.

TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10

ESP200

PHASE UNBAL ON PHASE LOSS ON RESET MODE MAN. GROUND FAULT ON

OFF OFF
AUTO

DIP Switches

OFF

FULL LOAD AMPS RESET

TEST

Current Adjustment Dial

Reset Button

Test Button

In.addition.to.Class.48.ESP200,.two.additional.types.of.ESP200. electronic.overload.relays.are.also.available..958 ESP200 electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.sealed. compressors.and.artificially-cooled.motors..958L electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.the.oil.market.and. pumping.applications.with.a.precise.trip.curve. SIRIUS 3RB20 Electronic. Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB20 electronic overload relays.come.with.a class.10.or.20.trip.and.electronic.overload.relays.and.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.and. ambient.compensation..A.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact. for.de-energizing.the.contactor.and.a.normally.open.auxiliary. contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip.are.included..

30

event.3RB20.normally.auxiliary..are.motor.a.fault. SIRIUS 3RB22/23 electronic overload relays. Electronic Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB21 electronic overload relays.an. additional.normally.phase.indicator.switched.and.contacts.3RB22/23.and.the.which.relay.switched.directly.one. both.open.each.the..auxiliary.closed.phase.ground.or.contacts.overload.current.5.Motor..position.are.to. the.activated. normally.from..sensing.phase..phase.imbalance.closed.protection.contact. SIRIUS TRIP RESET 1 0 Class 10 M A.button.normally.30.monitored.of.of.without. function.ground.overload.loss.be.trip.class.to.loss.fault.In. continuously..ground.The..the.opens.current...a..event.displaying.of.be.to..fault.Two.enabled.auxiliary.contact.to.similar features.in.winding.set.and..from.tripped.contacts.sensor.RESET TEST 3RB20 SIRIUS 3RB20 Overload Relay SIRIUS 3RB21 Electronic.One.have.Pressing..5.affecting..in..the.one. Overload Relays.without. overload.a.can.have.and. one.set.SIRIUS. thermistor.by.via.switch.phase.is.overload.function.TEST.the.sense.normally.addition. closed.to.STOP.incorporates.simulates.trip.delay. SIRIUS READY GND FAULT THERMISTOR OVERLOAD RESET AUTO MAN TEST/ RESET CLASS SIRIUS 3RB22 Overload Relay 31 .in.and.open.and.time.a.one.the.relays.actuating.but. when..temperature.relays. a. adjustments.open.normally. switch-position.that.30. SIRIUS 3RB22/23.provide.SIRIUS.. imbalance.class.detection.. class.momentarily.allow.

speed..for.sensing.DP Communication.and.include.cable.In.all.unit. SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN.basic..with.measuring.system.is..protection.expansion. range.control.and.greater.data.SIMOCODE pro. modules.available.SIMOCODE..reversing.of. PC.are.be.SIMOCODE.Professional PLC.module.the.discrete..basic.pro.input/output..a. operational.input/ output.five.constant.Expansion..it.DP SIMOCODE.detection.with.and..provides..temperature.motors.. measuring.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V 32 .panel.current.700 kW 30.automation.multifunctional.current.communicates.a.unit.of.may. an.even.functions.is.to.analog.management.pro.. includes.combination.flexible.addition.variable.the. connected.or.is.PROFIBUS DP..SIMOCODE.optional.system..ES.operator..Each. motor. either.economical.single.panel.system.can.without.solid-state.connected.a.C SIMOCODE pro C.ground.protection. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN.basic.Processor PROFIBUS..for. for.. SIMOCODE pro V.module.compact.fullvoltage.68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15.to.to.C.measuring. SIMOCODE pro.provides.PROFIBUS.tracking..by..(with.a.or..via.and.a.operator. with.pro.to.functions.unit.for.implements..up.also.with.current/ voltage.An.diagnostic.and.and.that.a.motor.starters.statistical.modular.display).a. system.modules. FAULT lmax 22.a.an.a.forward.optional.fault.module.

current.. bonded.after.when.full-load. A. c.is. 6.decrease.is.to.metals.overload..to. 33 .made._______.than.be.heat.20.in. ..rated. . c.harder.overloaded.will.increase.10..trips.require.times._______.work..is..strip.remain. power. 4.10.current..been.as..and. A.the._______._______.increase.provide.will. If.electrical.removed.. a.. .30 5.at.protection._______. 7 .together.. required.relay.Review 3 1.overload. With.an.dissimilar.overload..motor.within. Electronic.can.has..current.from.occurs._______.is.class.not. b.it.trip.do. b.an. overload.equipment.of. also. .remove.relays. a.two.relay.seconds. ..and.. Excessive.referred. ._______. six.it.the.same 2._______.. 3.an. An.

a.switch.addition.a.motor.illustrates.with.knife.start.contacts.the.motor.overload.overload.turning.stop. From Power Source To Motor Basic Operation.used.with.simple.called. contactor.of.two.manual starters.Manual Control As.starter.be.A.control..controls.or.To.following. sets.. starter.motor.for.protection.pole..the.would. replaced.and.one.eventually. to.the.tasks.mechanism.The.like.manual.manual.off.single-pole.of.the.operated.was. In. To Motor Overload Protection Stationary Contacts Moveable Contracts To Motor .provide.a.in. by.a.protection.hand.illustration.the.device.improved.. magnetic.starters.these..are.and.shown.set.to.manual.two-pole.control.motor.and..a.was.and.diagram.also.devices.combine.an. following.on.starter.knife.switch.name..contacts.called. Power Source Operating Lever Switch in “OFF” Position Power Source Switch in “ON” Position 34 .a.designs. device.manual.Each.must.manual-control. accomplish..such.switch. The..motors..A..is.implies. device.as.first.

starters.position.3/4.power.automatically. load.to.otherwise.removes.are..motor.switch.for.A. suitable. motors.current.power.a.HP.Two-Pole Manual Starter.277. .switch.source.The.provide Manual Starters.when.for.small.from.When. overload.manual. “ON”. SMF..in..and..to. illustrated.an. to.also.in.“ON/OFF”.example..when.version.the.HP.symbols.VAC..motor.motor.are.LVP..the.type.DC.is.up. motor.SMF fractional-horsepower starters.are.control. .would.is.be. melting-alloy.flow.injury.connected.low-voltage protection (LVP)...up.LVP. version.automatically.represented.restored.incoming.versions.is.A.preventing.the.that. 35 .or.power.relay.When.through.the.is.the.closed.interrupted.for. Low Voltage Protection.following.motors.from.the.with..used.between.the. machinery.drawing.SMF.must.by..a.a.230.enclosures.or.in.the. This.is.source.the.are.contacts.reset.as.1.to.to.protects.protection.manual.. “OFF”.or.the.open. starter. SMF Fractional-Horsepower .available.two-pole.VDC.are.power.in.(L1).is.of.potential..single-phase.returning..line. L2 T2 L1 T1 This.contacts.restored. An.from.and.the.is.in.overload.offer.restart.(L2).starter.one-. power.and.option.and.caused...a.the.In.available.starters.the.position.the.then. two-speed. Some..protection. Siemens.source.personnel. the.is.AC.as.two-pole. power.available.power.manually.starters.is.the.source.for.power.motor.motors.when.overload.and.connected.manual.is.drawing. Starters.motor.flows.two-pole.from.following.suitable.current.drops.and.variety...

differential.A.230.to.. built-in.DC.start.condition.not.similar. Siemens.starters.provide.HP.also. and.manual.remote. These.These.heater.and.time. starters. 1-1/2.The.machinery.are.to..460.3RV manual starters. protection.overload.protection.HP..and.phase.and. bimetallic.or.“ON/OFF”.elements.class.only.up. Class 11 across the line manual starters and switches provide.MMS. Starters and Switches.devices..stop.event.of.VDC. are.AC.various.VAC. a.have.HP.three-phase.VAC.tripping.Two-speed.loss.Two-Pole Manual Starter MMS and MRS Switches.for.single.and.to.used.provided. versions.up.control.3RV Manual.of..protection.reversing.and.for.use. MRS.do.motors.suitable.trip.separately.and.and.are.are.where.MRS. and.motors.and.enclosures.600.for.have.required.overload.single-.where. Three-Pole Manual Switch Class 11 .the. three-phase.three-phase.to.available.is.in.MMS.MMS and MRS switches.at.ambient.compensation.in.control.. 36 .with.manual.temperature.provide.available.bar.but.AC.SMF..not.15.switches.motors. is.to.overload.switches.10.10. Siemens class 11.reduces.provide.are.up. control.

is.enclosure).is.power.They.9.7.provide.with.in.overload.4/NEMA.general.NEMA.available.provided.style.opens.in.9.which. protection.(without..low.available. the.controllers.are.is.locations)..3.voltage.separately.&.(for.automatically.where. Class. F & G NEMA 3 & 4.or.interrupted. enclosures. enclosures.poles.or.11.not. Open Type Starter NEMA 1 Enclosure START STOP RESET START STOP RESET NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.drops.required.7.&.voltage.&.NEMA.in.the.3RV.Class 11 .purpose. protection.open..3RV switches.or. an.and. F & G 37 .1.-.when.NEMA.hazardous.are. NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.control.power.

.starters. terminal..and..SIRIUS product.5 20 40 75 3RV101.MSPs.starting.available.magnetic.class.protection.as.provide.20.be..of.Type.3RV1 Motor Starter. sizes).upstream.elements.a.protection. Protectors.listed.applications.Amps Max HP at 460 VAC 7 .Amps 100.screw.10.is.manual.four.two.group...is.relay.and.for.and.not.largest.additional.3RV103.multiple. 3RV1.self-protected.3RV102.in.3RV104.in.manual.E.in.combination.as.with.Type.trip. available.for.terminals.provided.both.are.(3RV102.and.(class.frame.making.breaker.3RV102.E.3RV104.UL.MSPs.frame.in.where.circuit.incorporate. adapters.sizes:.manual.short.are.line..and.Amps 50.do.motor.adjustable.3RV102.are.protection.). is.appropriate. 38 .SIRIUS. overload. Spring-loaded Terminal Screw Terminal 3RV101 with Screw Terminals 3RV101 with Spring-loaded Terminals 3RV1.per.a.controllers.controllers.3RV101.component..part.require. installation.controllers.available.3RV104.can. UL508..3RV104.used. be.terminal.our.also.bimetallic.circuit.come.require.shortcircuit..them.screw-terminal. 3RV1 motor starter protectors (MSPs).versions..upstream.spring-loaded.3RV103.used.and.as.can.for.motor..the.one.to. SIRIUS.group.is..short-circuit.MSPs. stopping.MSPs.UL508. per.They.circuit..The.where.3RV1.Amps 25. short. 3RV103..used.protection.and. Frame 3RV101 3RV102 3RV103 3RV104 Max Current at 460 VAC 12..

including.of.Devices.are.MSPs.blade.blade.available. appropriate.of.above.the.the.3R.installations.push..and.on.indicator..To.many. Spring-loaded terminals.are.securely.beneficial.insert.in...wire.portal. the.the.the. Several.terminals.is.are.variety.Spring-loaded Terminals.directly.in.screwdriver.the. and.into.options.equipped. simply..MSPs.vibration.electrician’s. Siemens.a.3RV1.such.available.screwdriver.connected.wire.especially.also.connect.to..stripped.available..a. Insert Screwdriver to Open Terminals Insert Wire and Remove Screwdriver Enclosures and Options.wire.Remove. MSP Mounting Rail Adapter Link Module Contactor Size S3 Combination Starter 39 .subject. spring-loaded.products..are. SIRIUS..lights.with.an.enclosures.the.are. that.into.end.Siemens.as.portal.the.

are.Magnetic.power.this.the.use.fashioned.coil.the.to.contactor.connected.stationary.to.two.Magnetic Contactors and Starters Most. applied.The.remote.used. the.a.the.an.voltage.electromagnet. Wound Coil Soft Iron Core DC Voltage Source (Battery) The. (similar.illustration.state.control.basic.the.motor.start.power.soft. control.the.the.to.circuit.When. 40 .becomes. connected.the. SIRIUS 3R IEC Contactor Class 40 NEMA Contactor Basic Contactor Operation..ones.in.are.control.to..to.heating.of.commonly.is.around.the.circuit. nonmagnetic.DC.circuit.lighting. devices.voltage.the.electromagnet..utilizing.of. principles..wire.its..control.contactor.returns.of.core.Magnetic contactors.and.by.simple.to.. provide.function.the.of.are.below).a. DC.in.can..to. Magnetic.contacts.of.is.operation. is.contactors.the.magnetic.the.and.a. winding..circuit.the.A.shows.a..and.and.contactors.involved.to.stop.operate.power.shown.interior.electromagnetic.by.used. There.circuits..wire.wire.applications.from.following.iron.motor.removed.the.iron.require.a.distribution.be.When.also.is.iron..circuits..

the..line.Power Circuit Movable Contacts Armature Spring Coil Electromagnet Control Circuit Stationary Contacts Power Circuit The.the. control..contacts.of.magnetic..is. closed.the.to.from.a.electromagnet.in. magnet.attracts.the.no.the.flows.a. circuit.operation...magnetic.the.load.collapses.coil.around..With.The.is.operation.spring.electromagnet’s.and.the.power.to.wrapping.through.de-energized.magnetizing.electromagnet. Line Line Load Control Signal Load Contactor De-energized Control Signal Contactor Energized 41 .the.armature...which.control.supplied.the.the.core.the.current.the. field.the.by.the.closes.is.similar.magnetic.flows.to.movable.contacts.is. electromagnet.When.produced.open.circuit.coil. to.wire.iron.contacts.from. of.through.turn..field.longer.When.under.the.made.this.circuit.. pressure..we.field.power. soft.current.the.

SW1.three-phase.on-off.a.provides.is.from.combined.to.onoff.When. removing..motor. When. Contactor IEC Starter NEMA Starter COIL NO.the.de-energizes.the. GA U.overload.When used.contactor.called. SE&A Inc.power.starter. Alpharett 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 RESET MODE MAN.contacts.of.control.is.Note.contacts.is.that.and.the. Motor Starter.following.to.S.a.is.this.for.SW1.that.power.opening..a..SW1.in.coil.closes.the.protection.closing.the.motor..for.relay. ON GROUND FAULT ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay 42 .motor.controlled.a.overload.a.diagram.line.electromagnetic.also.contactor.and.the.“M”.control.contactor.coil. required.. Contactors..variety.with.by...“M”.The.motor.. electromagnetic.energizes.the.. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor a. it.coil. the.usually.A.circuits.applying.power.provide.control.motor.an..of.shows. opens.When.

..contacts.and.of.contactor.until..coil.in.highlighted.open.called.from.coil.Ma.the. OL.this.electrical.and.the.contacts..relationship.released.the.when. pusbutton.three. motor.circuit.the.still. The.heater.provides.same.At.provided..the.example.removing.auxiliary.power.the.power.when.auxilliary.type.to.Motor Starter in a. power.and..Stop.by.also.unless.relay.contacts..pushbutton.overload.grey.overload.(highlighted. In.overload.main.contacts. provided. (OL).in.from. The.This. The.coil.shows...is..when.the.the..overload.contacts.through. The..starts.. cools.includes.of.motor.(M).a..of.the.line.overload.the.darker.removing.is.from.close.circuit.contacts.continue..Start.to.circuit.is.circuit.to.This.an.circuit.an. electromagnetic.(M).control. across-the-line starter.circuit.by.relay.pressed.the.voltage.the.and.automatically.power. pressed. Control Circuit. heaters.full.necessary.an.relay.in.that.an.in.. the.M.the.control.motor.grey).pushbutton.run.the..diagram.includes. and.. This.is..following.lighter.open.close.to.motor. Removing.the.in.occurs.heater.occurs.the.is.time.motor.auxiliary.power.the.the.prevent.the.full-voltage starter.a contactor.power. control. 43 .restarting.power.the.typical.circuit.coil.three.(OL).contacts..If..with.is.so.the.a.will.OL..OL.to.motor.the.an.contacts.the.coil.an.from.is.power.contacts.and.(Ma).to.the.Start. providing.motor.

HP.a.a.of.means.up.a.460.safely.circuit.provide.motor.used. components.starter.starters.In.with..automatically. The.short.power.it.power.11-.be. single.combined.VAC.VAC.incoming.IEC.at. using. motors.460.heater.disconnecting.protector.an.protection.offers.___.starter.contacts.relay.used.motor.combination.power. and.starter..NEMA. When..full.to. A.of.with._______.with.for.incorporates..too.. a.power..sets. disconnecting.and.three-phase.-pole.Class. Siemens..overload.with.called.class.Siemens.formed.is.manual.contactor.is.two.incorporate. starter.starter.devices.of. 6.to. 3.of.are.circuit..combination.starters.____.3RV102. protection. 5.when.incorporating..the.a. starter.overload.and.safely.3RV.protection.motor.a.Combination Starters Combination starters.as..called. 4.elements._______.motor._______.earlier.can.to. 2. is.is.that. 44 .a.motors..short.up.. Short Circiut Protection Disconnect OFF ON OFF START STOP Motor Starter Review 4 1.HP.low.addition.selection.to.described.starters.at.means..are. A.a. ___..components. A.and. from.disconnects.have._______.bimetalliclic.

the. 00.in.associated.larger.of.for.from.in.designed.have.size.their. contactors.primarily.associated.worldwide.is.NEMA.to.are.foreign.and. motor.countries. standards.with.standards.ICS2.design.based..it.and..equipment..are.in.heavy-duty.NEMA. are.ratings.as. sold.of.increasingly.starters.Because.contactors.maximum.generally.rated.IEC.trade.Contactor and Starter Ratings Contactors.of..manufacturers. controls. domestic.their.9.rugged..are. and.to..NEMA.selected. used. rugged.starters. NEMA..NEMA.load.be.important.according.motor.market..devices. International..motor-control.made.handle.international..America.that.North.devices.have. The.(including.are.become.physically.agreements.and. specified. NEMA.they. NEMA Size 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Continuous Amp Rating 9 18 27 45 90 135 270 540 810 1215 2250 HP 230 VAC 1 3 5 15 30 50 100 200 300 450 800 HP 460 VAC 2 5 10 25 50 100 200 400 600 900 1600 NEMA.for.known.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA).NEMA.United. for.to.ratings.globalization.is..International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).provide.competition.to.on.States).according.equipment.size.aware.than.size.IEC.the.organizations. devices.and.are.with.and.two. 45 .their.starters.horsepower.ratings.construction.and type.very.to.size.the.

motor.cycle.Start/Stop.table.Break.at.NEMA.they.cost-effective...158-1.ratings.limited.only.require. the.slip-ring.(Make. Siemens.that.application. not.. any.of.normal.with.than. devices.also.and.space.motor.in.the..IEC.a.for.for.operational.switching.a.However. plugging.cost.squirrel-cage.control..and.what.not.cycle.include.to.Matched. applications.need. IEC.to.Break.between.IEC. after.and.fall.match.their.an.used.sizes.applications. following..and..involved.even.available.off.AC-3.represent.horsepower.to.if.actual.to.sizes.heavy-duty.of.sizes.motor.publication. Utilization Category AC1 AC2 AC3 AC4 AC11 .these. because. particular.duty.applications.used.industrial.devices.FLA) Starting.more.starter.LRA.on.LRA) Auxiliary. IEC Category Description Non-inductive.ratings.of.some.a.NEMA..duty..and.the.In..slightly.the. require.rated.is.with.motors.larger.from.for.To.inching.virtually.sizes.inductive.as.the.up.simple..solution.know. and.to. Motor Matched Sizes.and.select.. specified.motor.be.IEC.more-demanding..typical.some.the.all.on. plugging. available.duty.motor.device.circuits 46 .in.the.Matched.Rapid.off.motor-starting. Not. MM Size 1¾ 2½ 3½ Continuous Amp Rating 40 60 115 HP 230 VAC 10 20 40 HP 460 VAC 15 30 75 IEC.most.can.rows Starting.shows..specify.duty.general.there.and.considerable.(control)..is.application.where.devices.stated.of.and.interest.current.Motor.IEC.Motor.more.has.define. Utilization categories.less.are..severe. to.are.contactors.The.the.The.speed.for. allowing..and.starter.NEMA-rated.jogging.device..you. the.starters.maximum.a.will.devices.in.NEMA.does.or.of.categories..motor.user.rating.are.Motor Matched sizes.starters. voltage.a.are. applications.(Make..squirrel-cage.motors Starting.starters.motors.AC-4.jogging.is.closely.size.plugging.NEMA.the.beneficial.Siemens.are.of.is.only.of.called.IEC. applications.motor.derating.

of.(HVAC) •.contactors.tests. standards.specifies.or. voltage..current.non-inductive.that.example.UL508.the.carry.organizations.standards.Some.and.while...amps.the..at.SIRIUS.sized.. meet.amps.used.and... number.well.labeling.IEC. application. .load.voltage. procedures.operating.the.accordance.horsepower.for. .of..operations.Equipment •.Environmental.Welding.power.current.are.contactors.a.following.which.least.have.Systems •. •.Office.to.are..is.(UL).at. All.found. There.starters.applied.of.amount.Siemens. contactors.Food-Service.at.Medical.the. amps.Siemens.organizations. 47 .or.motor.ratings.conditions..speed.that.exceed..draws.Equipment •.rated.Controls •. DP.specific.load).(LRA).amps.and.conditions.starters..are. rating.clearly.one..under.of.NEMA.Equipment.CSA.with.several.and.duty.of. SIRIUS.in.FLA.defined.test.Air.also. DP.NEMA.. Definite Purpose (DP) contactors.is.CSA.(resistive.contactor.NEMA.Equipment Other Organizations.will...the.load..suited..Heating.Control.motor.Pool.must. .maximum.UL.the.example.locked. instant.Underwriters.loads. carry.can.full-load..designed.developed.meet.exceed.maximum.tested.areas: .motor..in.poles.mechanical.equipment.procedure.is.other.cycle.are.full.be. . expected.. .standards.by.for.rotor.for.Laboratory.Siemens.and. .where.Irrigation •.the.number.the.Definite Purpose.for.contactors.using.Farm.Conditioning.Spa.be.are.multiple.which.. . test.amps.the.full-line. applications..previous.starters.For. locked.total.Ventilating.are.full.draw.full.are. Some.considered.at. Operating.UL.the.electrical.a.and.LRA.and.rotor.rated.and.by.(FLA). motor. .Equipment •.For.include..the.

for.using.10.bimetallic.00.contactors..In.ampere.for.ESP200.These.overload..relay.A.starters..ambient-compensated.through.NEMA.specific.a.3½.previously.with. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U.front.also..is.10. 48 .For. NEMA.sizes.desire.as.20.or.(4:1)..to.and.of.with.and.8.available.starters.14 NEMA.available.class..to.addition..of..00.100.solid.30).use.starters.the. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN.4).whole..applications.relays...DIP.are.overload. 20.1¾. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relay As.through.overload.HP. solid-state.relays. Contactor Ambient Compensated Bimetalic Overload Relay NEMA Starters with ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relays Class 14 ESP200 starters.mentioned.ESP200.available.includes.same.equipped.an.are.range. Bimetallic Overload Relays Class 14 NEMA starters with ambient-compensated bimetallic overload relays..with.sizes.unit.ESP200.up.are. COIL NO.4).users.Class.the.state.switches.and.are.the.or.(5. SE&A Inc.958L.(NEMA.sizes.are. this.S.relays.but.trip..Class 14 NEMA Starters NEMA Starters with.on.allows.these.In.the.958.protection. level.supplied.(FLA).VAC. the. The.sizes.at 460.they. overload. with.including.2½..and.range.provides. Alpharetta.relay.size.set.full-load. adjustment.with.contactors.dial. overload.Class.to.the.of.addition.specialized.bimetallic.(for.wide. available.up.example.

overheating.terminals.S10.140º.the.to.mounting..S12.temperatures.structured.and.of. Size.incorporates.seven.this. components.contactors.components.on.electronic.includes.relays.size..are.feature.building-block.a.relays.ability.modular. spring-loaded. and..variety.(60º.Size.sizes..ambient. A.the. width.C).S2.with.S6.overload.into.power.the.of.complete..is.SIRIUS..packed.to. 49 .S0.circuit. more.without. As.units..narrow. broad.of..and.a.described.S3.be.contactors.with.Along...operate.and.overload.springloaded. Contactor with Spring-Loaded Terminals Contactor with Screw Terminals Overload Relays.thermal.to. at.as.of.and.a.terminals.allows.equipped.only.. through.SIRIUS.components.S00.previously.in.sizes.of.S0.relays.system. range.referred.panel.S00.SIRIUS.relays.control. These.contactors.F..and.is.The.frame.product.frame.a.system.to.are.SIRIUS Type 3R Starters SIRIUS 3R. Contactor Overload Relay Spring-Loaded Terminals.3R.S12.including.overload.the.range.a.control-circuits.up.have. system.a.overload.line..

ratings.starters.manual.mounted)...solid.(up. removable.in.set. sizes:.starting.are. 6.comb.solid...trip.________.mounted).designed.seven..to.temperatures.100._______.200. surface.installation.S3.overload._______. switching.available.contactors.that.the.motor..squirrel-cage.DIP.available:. 3RA6 Infeed System.to.starter._______.10.starters.be.bimetalic. a.features.adjusting.are.wiring.(DIN.in..category. SIRIUS.for.class.VAC.motor.for..device.for. 2.space.bus.operate.switches. _______.an. 2½. and.motors.ambient. SIRIUS.or.are.classes.or. 7 ..starters.starter.S12. compensated.HP.contactors..14.quick. reduced. SIRIUS TRIP SIRIUS RESET SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters and Infeed System Review 5 1.are.state.speed.20. that.parallel. overload..up.to.3R.ESP200.including.sizes.with.and.of.after.Trip.state.up.at. NEMA.and..SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters.surface.and..the.allow.through. 50 .Class.typical.to.are.panel.and.series.as.has.and._______.for.S0.unit.3R..relay.applications.one.for.in. A.only...off.the. Siemens.bar. 3.relays.S10.automatic._______. Four.reset. and.in.provide.are.ambient..options.NEMA.mounting.__.utilization.accessories.Bus.and. described. to.and.cost.size.all. 4.and.NEMA.Type.contactor.A).protector.(DIN.to.S2.class.dial.frame.00.or.relays. IEC.rated.relay. 5.changes._______..the.and.are..innovative SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starter.is.setting.. The.(MSP). The.overload.460.selectable._______.available.Fast._______.1¾.organizations.Terminals.overload..a.or.sizes.is.are.

is..function.In.four.a.a.of.to.motors.have. 51 . always.critical. When.1750. Variable Torque (VT) applications.field.of.amount.example.the.these.of..constant.varies.of.applications.for.factors.constant.is.typically.the.three-phase.slip. motor’s.torque.motor’s.variable. constant.the..three.Horsepower. stator.operation..hertz.the.1800.RPM. For.three-phase.a.speed..a...induction.this.load.have. of.variable.than.slip.depending.B.rotor.required.Therefore.synchronous.a.speeds.supply.NEMA.at.determine.with.speed.motors.shows. multi-speed. all.require.created.understand.and.a. centrifugal.rotating.due.squirrel-cage.categories.The.poles.As.RPM.a.example.speed.to.induction.synchronous speed of.motor.speed.formula.AC.of.single-speed.a.speeds.characteristics.motor.at.order.magnetic.applications:.first.1650.and.the.of..run.motor.of. synchronous.examples.a.a.the.control.by.must.application.on.proper.with.the.what.three-phase.motor.torque. controllers.different.design.the.poles. Constant Torque (CT) applications..full-load.to.to.three.constant.and...line.horsepower.speed.are.with.two..RPM. designed.Fans.determine.induction.following.with. The. of.constant.pumps.are.the.torques.are.and.square..motor.speed.Multi-Speed Starters Full-voltage AC magnetic multi-speed controllers..has.vary.construction.directly.speeds.conveyor.For.motor. speed. selection. at.require.is.four. the.power.blowers.the.you..the.of.the. on.motor.applied.number.are.of.to..speed.load.frequency.actual..speed..1800.60.torque.to.induction.example. For.understand.. proportional.of.often.speed.different.torque. percentage..For.or.There..and.. the.less.. many.torque.motor’s.will.applications.is... synchronous.motor.of.speed.

the.more.multi-speed.can. . re-connection.separate-winding.inversely.magnetic. are.motor.drills..control.as.control.machines.one..with. Consequent-Pole Motors.winding.The.winding.torque. consequent-pole.are..wye-connected.pole.is.providing.and.are.have.of.of.all.methods.speed.consequent-pole.motor.the.consequent.with.Two-speed.Three-speed.of.winding..maintain.varying.motors.winding.on.one.is.windings.motors.a..one. Separate-winding motors.punch.examples.fixed.motors.horsepower.the.for.metal-working.for.possible.applications.motors...depending.horsepower.separate..tap.connected. the.poles.winding.higher.many.of..speeds.basic.machines.of. consequent-pole.starters:.and.wound.for.winding. There.constant. than.on.be.each.one..such.is.of.re-connectable. 52 .presses.speed.The.with.two. .constant.following.a.Many.motors. speed.simpler.high-speed.speed.connection.bending.vary.at.power.poles.a.have. low.... using.. mills.the. poles..lathes.shows.re-connectable.Four-speed. have..two.The.is.and.high.winding.with.speed.have..half.to. Separate-Winding Motors.two-speed. depending..of. The.low-speed. speed.. horsepower. two-speed..have.the.motor..Constant Horsepower (CHP) applications.number.but.multi-speed.than.ways.reconnectable.speed. Consequent-pole motors.each. number.schematic.wrenches..a.one.motors..windings.for.cost.torque.requirements.two-winding. There.and.

.starting.depresses.for.increments.to..be.at.control.With.solid-state.and.ESP200. speed.to. progressive.both.speed.is.applications.control. There. Starters. Siemens.constant.constant.the.Both.step.higher.any.the.selected.requires.a.to...are.the.bimetallic.progressive control.torque.the.the.4.motor.increment.torque. Class 30 Two-Speed Starters.control.requiring.motor..for.and.motors:..speed. to.pushbutton.speed.half-sizes.and.at. Siemens.offers.including.each.of.three.through.class 30 two-speed starters. Selective control.started.through.speed.control.selective. variable.Compelling control. move.0.selection.desired.horsepower.desired.are. speed. lowest.the.lowest.and.started.are.motors.automatically.to..motor.in.relays.NEMA.speed..schemes...multispeed.permits.separatewinding.the.available.at..to.. . manually.available.speed. 53 .compelling.the.overload.operator.operator.the. speed.sizes.consequent-pole.for.Speed Selection.ambientcompensated.and.

for.contacts.the. the.through. leads.and.of.direction.following.the.shows.the.flows...to.is.any.either.run.changing.set.close.contacts.with.by.“R”.a.of.The.motor.contacts.a.three-phase.a.set.three-phase.of.are.controlled.a.Most.changed.two.require.T1.by.T3...the.often.clockwise.reversing circuit.and.illustration.reversed. the.reverse.motor.through.it.(F).reversing.(R).by. Many.current.direction.contactor.“F”.turn.done. 54 . “F”.three.of.motor.one.This..of. reverse. The.current..applications.is. causing.direction.forward.contactor.forward.motor.rotation.or.to.Reversing Starters . When.one..by.motor.windings.in.in.controlled. .flow.motor.the.

in..NEMA.through.relays. Siemens.for.. 55 .and.the.NEMA.S12.sizes.open.S00.are.When.including.sizes.contacts.to.through. available.“F”.class 43 reversing contactors.ambient-compensated.reverse.prevent.class 22 reversing starters.direction.of.forward..SIRIUS.contactors. Contactors.overload.Both.being. Siemens.the. Contactors.offers.the. Siemens.8. 3RA13 Reversing.3RA13 factory-assembled reversing contactors for. energized.both.through.opposite.at.are. Class 22 Reversing.in.close..reversing.“R”. frame.motor.and.and.S6.Siemens.solidstate.a.offers.. causing.half-sizes. available.contacts.bimetallic.sizes 00.offers.same.ESP100.00 through.rotate.including.SIRIUS.Mechanical. interlocks..it. current.Siemens.S3..the.field.assembly. Starters.direction.are.counterclockwise.8.in.time. Class 43 Reversing.from.half-sizes.through.in.flows.Kits.frame.circuits.sizes.in.the.

current.typically.1200%.efficiency.Reduced-Voltage Starting Full-Voltage Starting.starting.the.For.high.receives.. There.voltage.when.example.line.the.. immediately. 56 .starter.type.starting.current.high.most.the.600.not.be.onto.of.for.common.cage.current.is.back.and.the.to.full-voltage starting.motor.where.of.of.motors.where.full-load.method.energized.high.voltage.. with.motor.is.are.starts.motors. The.squirrel.motor.upon. as.for..is.a.starting.motor. full-load.full-line.can.650%.being..of.type. voltage..is.full.directly.is.placed.starting.a.across.When.the. With.reflected.standard.is.the.large.current..at.started.full.this.as.of. acceptable.this.motor.situations.

comes.As.to. sensitive.and.used.common.for.more.name.current.involves. for..and/or.B.motor.more.starting.belt.where.type.equipment.and.starting.lights.line.have.accelerate.when..of.breakdown..when.gradually.available.the..of.torque.applications..to.are.For.ampere.lines..to.developed.starting.is.highest.potentially.problem..The.as.on.causing.high.bunching.torque.the.power.motor.be.to.full-load.per.Many.necessary.and.. Reduced-voltage.full-load.the.a.the. starting.be.voltage.have.of.large-motors.the. to.reduced.motor.the..applications. a..often.than.the.of.torque.a.speed.methods.at.to.reduced-voltage.standard.to.applied.to.voltage. increasing.full-line. components.paragraphs.full.voltage.stress.the.starting.the.less.conveyor.is.prevent. 200%.with.full-voltage.the.belt.torque. 150%.torque.its.taps. Another.current. Autotransformer Starters Autotransformer reduced-voltage starters.for.gradually. require.torque.torque. the.maximum.motor.it.starting.starting..motor.. example. As.is.many..reduce.the.or.of.to.applied.reduced-voltage.typically.flicker. 57 ..reduced-voltage starting.current.For.requires.applied.torque.describe.potential. adjustable.torque.first.is..is.methods.and.typically. following.power..limit. retaining.NEMA.or.gradually.to.companies.power.starting.while.is. 80%.. starting.to.up.50%.Autotransformers.voltage.then.a.rating.mechanical.starting.typically..implies.a.used. be.must.starting. torque. Reduced-Voltage Starting.or. Several.damaging.are.load.starts.65%.the.starting.slipping.require.result.reduce..

windings.current.loads.current.internally.or.are.for.applications.on.starters.of.starts.Common.low-inertia.with.Common.have.they.has.for.the.compressors. blowers..crushers.applications.fans... windings.. of.of.stator. with.motor. to.a.fans. adjustment.conveyors.The.are..rotor.reduced-voltage.leads.carries.configuration.reduced-voltage.motor.expensive. 58 .include:.a.on. starters.not.for.reduced-voltage.with.delta. mixers.connection. Part-winding.connected.refrigeration.six.running..are.compressors.motor.approximately.starters.starters.and.and.all.set. motors.reduced-voltage.about. reduced-voltage starters.that.windings..current.to. control..of.motors.80%.used.. type.However.65. Wye-delta.partwinding.and.design. Part-Winding Starters.very.are.a.include:.and.parallel..locked. and.load.its.only.windings.simplified.The.rated.two.the.of.no. L1 L2 L3 Open Close . windings.the.start. When.and.for.for.high-inertia.pumps.connected. Wye-Delta Starters. are..50%..starter.type.converted.then.circuit.applicable.torque.draw...running..low-inertia.for.suitable.available.wye.each.require.special. reduced-voltage starters. .autotransformer.. Part-winding.This.least.stator.and..in.not..use.separate.

closes.the.loads.the.and. 80%.resistors.in.0.of.in NEMA.the.good.is.starter. 9 .wyedelta.part...of..or. starting.set.providing.of.overload.of.starting.heat. 6 Close 7 8.relay. motor..and.voltage.relay.as.the.and.a.provide.6.torque. L1 L2 L3 1 2 3 7 Motor 4 5 6 9 8 To Start: Close 1.can.voltage.dissipate.is.type.motor.separate.resistance.picks.the..This.motor. equipment.lines.long. resistors. Primary Resistance starters. overload.preset.starts.voltage...central.resistor.include:.requiring.gear.the.full.timedelay. 3.including.a.of.of.and.Siemens.time.is.. reduced. ESP100.compared. through.The.the.through.for.times.type.starting.shorting.motor..furnished.incoming.As.primary..for. To Run: Open 4. 59 .limited.sizes.and. resistors.starters.protection.voltage.the.starters.accelerating.up.more.for. Primary Resistance Starter.lower.to.dropping.a.Applications. 9 .At.full-line.70%..sees.reduced-voltage.offers class 36 and 37 reduced-voltage starters. equipment..air..voltage.of.is.the.effective..three.The.speed.the. each.compressors.belt-driven.include:.choice.initially.previously. The.methods.to.simple.line. frequent.by.solid-state.reducedvoltage.half-sizes.of.the.conveyors..amount..with.a.of. 6 Open 7 8. starters.through.conditioning.for.discussed. 5.drive.to.contacts..standard.high-inertia. Class 36 and 37 Reduced-Voltage Starters. 2.and.applying. 5.conveyors.the.out. 4.Applications.motor.is.This. Siemens.energized.a.applications.

of. Soft Starters. the. Soft Starters.voltage..supply.applications.starters.all.reduces.operating.600.690.referred.and.40º.SIRIUS.line.allow.supply.SIRIUS.components..for.the.motor.voltage. supply.voltage.range.operating.process.control.the..3RW40.front.feature.incorporates.the..starting.equipped.. 60 SIRIUS 3RW40.of.have..SIRIUS..of.applied...simplified.of.ramping.VAC.at.nominal.VAC.to. time. a.motor.starting.high.SIRIUS.the..to.on. SIRIUS 3RW30 soft starters.soft.be.components.with.supply.difficult.voltages.starters. reduced-voltage controllers. for. SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters.the.soft.operational.standard. SIRIUS 3RW40 soft starters.up.480.This.but.of.C.for.soft. DEVICE STATE/BYPASSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 SIRIUS 3RW30.available.other.combine.and. extensive..trip.DP.stress.3RW30.voltages.stopping attractive.modular. SIRIUS 3RW44.have.controlled.SIRIUS.are.and.current.make. communication. for.sometimes.of.current.when.on.the.torque..and.ramp-up. to.ramp-down.are.a.integrates.process.40º.compact.is.unit.up.and.saves.current.that.motor.accomplish...amps.starting. starting. The.system.during.voltage.motor.Soft.at.settings.applied.432.a.diagnostics. Soft.a.starters.soft starters.phase control..and.amps.and.soft.increasing.. the.available.time.broad.the.as.SIRIUS.soft.to.starters. and..to.voltages. devices.and.for.for.PROFIBUS.and.starters.up.starters.have.easily.are.option.to.C.more. 3RW44. Soft Starters .of 3RW30.minimizes.by.this.applications.provide.3RW30.soft.especially.front.the.advantages.3RW44.can.space.for.starting.portion.the.starting.this.available.SIRIUS Soft Starters Solid-state.an.ramp-up.by.reverse.current.Potentiometers.current.and.40º.. degree. 1214.being.motor.on.significantly.up. amps.starters.for.soft.up.starting.cycle.often.106. in.to.and.stopped.be.to.that. 3R.settings.power. windings. time.connected.operating.and.with.and.up.and.up.phase.fluctuations.Potentiometers. provide.to.starters.high.and.applied.stopping.and.applications..to.also.features.at.class.functionality.unit.gradually.current.C.limit.the. settings.VAC.limit.includes.called.3R..selectable. design.

61 ..adjustable.starter.class.also. to._______. leads. A.taps.voltage.reduces.reduced. The.rotation. 3.three.starters.. applications._______.3R.soft. 2._______.of.modular.50%._______.or.high.Review 6 1. also._______.of.SIRIUS.motors.starting.and.soft.30.motor...for. Siemens.starters.changes.soft.reduced-voltage. applications.are. _______.reduces.two.for. 6.and.direction..the.voltage._______..switching.This.for.______ and.two-speed.starter.starting.and.starting.offers.to.. includes.80%.. _______. A..feature.the.fullline.of.starters.standard.reduce.components.65%.of.for.a. 4._______.motor. starters.starters. three-phase. 5.voltage.called.system.starters..by.have.voltage.reduced-voltage.

to.lighting.to.removing.needed. motor.is.resistive.Lighting and Heating Contactors Electrically Held.a.lost.flow.used. also.480.lighting.the.magnetic.600. Siemens.noise.the.loads. applied. LEN00F003***A Max Current Volts AC r Load Coil Replacem Coil Voltage ents Coil Electrically.is.loads.One.as..will.which.an.starter..They.class LE lighting and heating contactors.a.to.loads. contactors.libraries.to.held.are.Because.humming...from.than. available.lighting and heating contactor..as.Unlike.the.well.and.are.and.however.causes.discussed.poles.and. can.similar.the. be.with.contactor.be.resistive..Enclosures..current.loads. keep.normally.as.constant.and..2.and.should.lighting.contactor.magnetic.for. contactors.applications.starter.the.contacts.designed.loads.commercial.VAC.a.applications.where. connected.to.these.the..energized.used.all.such..current.on..similar.some.close.a..contactor.be.When. NO.this.to.a.ballast-type. Lighting & Heating Contacto Cat.these.open.is..rated.power. 62 .buildings.require.If.20.heating.to.available. is.tungsten.a.of.starters.are.VAC. lighting. Contactors..previously. magnetic. Most.rather. hospitals.current..contactors.supply.coil.electrically held contactor...type.of.400.600.amps.VAC.contacts.noise.heating. is.loads.for.to control.problem.12.open.not.

They.and.and.12.latch.heating.heating.ballast.interrupted.contacts.VAC.is.solenoid.2.available.be..loads.held.are.with.the.“OFF”.control.trip.loads.type.the.400.mechanical.until.latched.is.VAC.the.loads.closed.or.20.that.field.coil. and.power.a.and.Class. mechanically.magnet. lighting.and.contactor.held.to.general.designed.is.and.mechanically latched contactors are also.used. be. designed.on. maintain.contains. available.if.contactors.a.power.to.the.12..contactors..creates.2.closed..that.They.contactor.concern.400.signal.contactor.480.resistive. typically.Contacts.lost.then.to... Mechanically Latched. A.provided. A.20. even.current..lighting. release.lighting. type.when.energized.coil.reinforces.opened.are.resistive.is. Siemens.resistive.and.used.that.can.to. Magnetically.by.receives.magnetic.desired.for.be.class CLM lighting and heating contactors.and.are.tungsten.energized.it. closes. poles.are. CLM..and.rated.latched.where.ballast.coil.to.a. when. a.contacts. used.and.noise.contacts.permanent.Magnetically Held and.for.loads.and....permanent.with..immediately.magnet.current.the.has.where. and. can.heating.resistive.amps.magnet.remain.VAC.will.latched.Siemens.to.mechanically.held.magnetically.tungsten.600.closed.through.general.480.600.poles.contacts.Current.on.permanent. 63 .ratings.from.and.amps.when.held.energized.a..from.VAC.contactors.mechanically.and.heating.when.an. Contactors Magnetically held.latched.is.the.lighting.are. When.. Mechanically.latched.resumes.lost.is.magnetically.is.current.mechanically.a.are.through.is.lighting.so.power.are.the.the.contactor.

30.lights).a. Pushbuttons. operating.environments .mm. set.are .. appropriate. 64 . and..applications.pilot..broad.with.and.Pilot Devices A.a.indicates.as.knockout.devices.operation.available.are.industrial..control.mounting..open.3SB2 devices.E.machine.a.starting.refers.F .an. A.set.device.in..are.typical.or..for.device..various functions.or.diameters .millimeters).Class.one.return.available.variety..G The.the.with.operating. actuator. 16 mm 3SB2 Pushbutton 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Pushbutton 30 mm Class 52 Pushbutton Normally Open..diameters.heavy.an.Pushbuttons. pushbutton.and.stopping.Class 52 devices.to.features.motor.of..nonilluminated.hazardous.in.the.uses. •.for.switches).diameters .with.mm.A. Pushbuttons.and.products..dimensions.required.for.and.control.of.are.devices..pushbutton. •.another.circuits.contacts.Groups. .perform.families.to.colors. •.mounting.a.II.spring.C.directs.a.Groups.of.contacts.or..may. Siemens.variety.status.hole.16..(indicator..to.such.or.mounting.following.with.mounting..of.of. close.of.the.size.pilot device.22.D. .available.are.a.Class.be.duty..locations.selector.diameter.of.3SB3 devices..mm.include..selections.the.and.for. •. product.manually. (pushbuttons.The.mount.configurations.a.and.is.to..plunger.used.harsh. .and. (in.illuminated.product.used.the. .and.designed.example. Pushbuttons. .of.range.mounting.I.system..Class 51 devices.and.

contacts.flow.momentary contact.contacts.of.can.illustration.Pressing.when.When. current..them.the.normally.one. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit The.illustrates.button.of.other. button.flow.their.pressed.can.shown in.In.position.circuit.following. as.such.the.the.circuit.. The.of.button.the.or.and.is.their.Pressing.the.Pushbuttons.pushbutton.to.state.the.open.close.normally.the.close.a. For. the.example..with.maintained contact..normally.a.is.one.function.and.remain..opens.as. contacts.open.pressed.returns.closed..the.available.following.button.their. to.released.are.activated.wired. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit Normally Closed..closed.configurations.called.the.are.pushbutton.. and.have.this. pushbuttons.spring.pushbuttons. Pushbuttons.the.in.closed.position.also..so. Normally.are.open.set.are..the..one.as.is.contacts.described. released.to.because.the. closed.are.the.causes.so.is.current.one.open.(NO).set.the.either.pressed.that.pushbuttons.through.In.set.normally.called..in.drawing. plunger..button.may.open.that.with..normally.are. a.closed.contacts. pushbutton.pushbuttons.button.activated.is.example. 65 .and.through.as.the. state.various.the.set. Pushbuttons.contact.long.open.contacts...preventing.only.button.contacts.a.just.the.open.(NC).to.normal.contacts.remain.be.because.the.after.is.pusbutton.the...unless.used..

as.electromagnetic. The.a. Control Circuit.current.“Start”.a.electromagnetic.the.Using Pushbuttons in a. in.to.will.be.following.because.and.might.to.diagram.completes.“Start”.“Start”.pushbutton.power.current.closed.until.path.pushbutton.of..holding circuit.“M”. and.a.the.pushbutton.pushbuttons.to.pressing.supplying.the.(“Ma”).the.the.function. Momentarily.wires.open.coil.circuit.control.and.is.“Stop”.contacts..pushbutton.used.holding.shows.. opening.is. Three-Wire Control Pressing.coil.“Stop”.and.the.is.an.“Ma”. to.run.flow.example.how. . normally. path.closed.circuit. This.breaking. electromagnetic.and.“Start”.pressed.and.closes.“M”.and.as three-wire control.contactor’s.“Ma”.released..“M”.normally.motor.the..the.“M”.auxiliary.referred..a normally.line.flow.the.the.connect. contacts. 66 .the.coil.“M”.The.of.required.pushbutton. are.When.three. contacts.energizes.“Ma”. the.of.the.

power.restart. immediate.will.button. restart.the.shut.low voltage protection.An..control. control.it.event.restart.when.of.motor. the.the.down.is.operation. coil. wires.overload.restored.the.de-energizes.connect.is.into.operator.such.restart.with.control.motor.three-wire.not.has.also. contactor.only.plants..device..to.is.an.power.is. is.this.the.control.is..the.as.the.power..because.the.an.that. causes..“Start”.low-voltage.will.the.and. This..or.not.switch..these.motor.shuts.control.motor.“M”. automatically.lowvoltage release.circuit.inaccessible.However.must.or.when.a.to.control.type.provides..remote.often.lost..after.two.motor.in.overload.two-wire control.but..overload.a.the.still.that.will.it.return.of.applications.is.if.depress.of.down.called..immediately. installations.to.loss.stopping.water-treatment.the.advantage.not. Contrast.requires.“Start/Stop”. release.will.regained. so.When. control.desirable..to.to..pumping. Two-Wire Control.is. automatically.that. 67 .the.for.Low-voltage.the..when. M L1 M L2 M L3 OL OL OL T1 T2 T3 Motor Start/Stop M OL This.scheme.circuit.open.to.service.closed.in.“OL ”.In.power.the.the.When.motor.an.motor..protection.restored. stations.means.power.the.circuit.control.de-energizes.because.the.circuit..it.have.of.if.circuit.used.cleared.contacts.an.and.This.

a.the.are.accepted.three..of.two.turned.in.open.the.of.open.switch.circuit.example..first.following.switches.switch.and.be.1.indicating.a.are.a.Selector... .light..indicate.to.when. operator.or. to.example.dashed.and.low.two.lights.with.basic.contact.blocks.two.between.is. Selector switches.status..used.on.interchangeable.select.when.is. Switch.mechanism.methods.lines.the.run.and.on. switch..is..on..light.and.example.example.in.one.solid.either.switch. There.is.machine..stop..run.contact.can.Selector Switches.control.stop.a.This....PL1.and.and.pilot.show. 16 mm 3SB2 Selector Switch 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Selector Switch 30 mm Class 52 Selector Switch Two-Position Selector.the.in.the switch. the.those.rotated...operator.could.difference.for. Selector.maintained.manually.position.and.pushbuttons.more.available.for.selector.fourposition.to.2.machine.in.contacts. or.on.key operated.close.is.With.used.of.Contact.PL2..switches.the.are..and.and. The.is.speed.to.pushbutton.are.speed. high.pilot.part. positions.be.a. selector.for.selector. positions.turned. previous.of.two. possibilities. for. Contact Truth Tables.The.method.and. contacts.types.spring return.uses..position.shown.are.used. In.conditions.or. used.is.selector.switches.a.close.used.the.circuit. 68 .pilot.stop.to.only. and.also..of..

and.starting.motor.is.truth table.on.closes.the.drops.is.a.for.used.circuit.which. fluid.for.preset.which. to.diagram.Then.pump.“X”..selector.is.pilot.position. An.light.the.pump.position.three contact.pilot.switch.the.is.represent.switch.a.position..For.pump...effect.also.until.method..the.table. The.three-position.positions.a.to.each.B.to..the..the. 2.PL1..PL2.truth.switch.on.below.switch..switch.as.indicates.level.a.of.switching..are.by.When.level.rises. In.pump.opens..“Auto.position..“Off”.The.lower.preset.is.the.switch.position.example.to.contact.pump.stopped. A.example.is.pressed. a.contact.switch.the.select.the.controlled.is.liquid.pump.no.when.fluid. closed.selector.(manual).shows.switch. Start.“Hand”.a...the.any.the.is.is.the.uses.has. In. stopping.When.A.a.is.closed. ” by.The.uses.pushbutton.contact.liquid.the.target table.set.a..is.in. Three-Position Selector.The.liquid.position.letter.given.when.the.to.and.known. the.second.light.starts..liquid-level.in. 69 .control..contacts.switch..the..in. the.level.to.level.following.closed. Switch.level.. ..1. Hand/Off/Auto.

quick...system.a.or.a.referred. often..alarm. 70 .variety.that.lights.with...lens..condition.is.that.are. blue.of.available.. allow.Indicator Lights.in.example.green.are. 16 mm 3SB2 Indicator Light 22 mm 3SB3 Indicator Light 30 mm Class 52 Indicator Light Indicator.a.machine.running.shown.a.lights. visual.indication.white.visual.provide.to.for.off.lens.or.a. As. Red Indicator Light is On Green Indicator Light is On Motor Running Motor Stopped .system.indication.following. Indicator lights.the..also. Siemens.of..status.to.a..as.pilot lights.available.off.a.clear..illustration..indicator..colors.is.for.red. indicates.a.of.indicator.light.a.process...indicator.indicates. on.circuit’s.red.often.light.green.and.amber.operating.or.with.

that.light.when.normally.closed.open.following.green.the.the.closed.indicate..will.if.to.wired.with.the.the normally.on.addition.coil.is..the.motor.closes.the.is.contact. In.Note..is.contact.is.light.the..light...off.the. stopping.and.occurs.on.coil.on.contact.is.amber.closed.is.(A).the.turning.motor. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 If.turning. that.the.the.(G).Mb.burns. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 When.and..contact.the.running.motor.on.the.light.. closes.light.normally.the...light.indicator. contact.(R).is.OL.an.the.parallel.out.green.stopped.the.now.the.and.the. in a Control Circuit. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 71 .In.red.turn. the..OL.opens.that.indicator. on..diagram.off.the.energized.even.Mb.is.. in.light.motor.is..turning.light.overload.Using an Indicator Light.green. .Mb.so.and. open.red.

their.be.to. configuration.networked.or. indicator.the.audible.yellow.machine.mm. Signaling columns.the.to.heating.flashing.of. can..visual.indications.assembled..where.another.through.._______.are.in.. Siemens. 5.siren.operating..to. Integrated.and.contactors.five.are.by.an. can..elements..and.mounting..and..optional.from._____.or..clear. process.following.Buzzer..contactors.issue..control.beacon. lenses:.be..be.personnel.directly. device.of.contacts.of.signaling.to.power.keep.and.LED.indications.diameter.available.and.monitor.in.indicates..or.operation.rotating.___.Various. Lamps.colors:.available.pushbuttons.used.indicator.are._____.switches.device.to..directs. Signal Lamps 8WD4 Signaling Column Review 7 1.their.lost.and._______.allow. 72 .available.and.signal lamps.the.3SB3.amber.white.lighting.an.green.yellow.system.heating.operation.conditions.or.visual.is. red.have..are.attached..are. can.elements...red. Once..an.is...or.not.machine.the. A.stacking.Signaling Columns and. lighting.lights.devices.blue..the.provide.elements.process.distance.noise.used._____.incandescent. closed.8WD4 signaling columns.even.achieve.are...come. easily. _______.for._______.operating.Both. 4..if.best..status. Siemens.provide. applications.are. red..green.a.and..ASInterface adapter.They. versions.other.with.added..lights.also. 3.closed. machine. 2.are.selector.contacts.Siemens.desired.a.in.. steady.blue.to.green.and.Columns.

Control Transformers The.is.the.the.terminals.for.VAC.the.higher.for.voltages.example.an.control.a.applied.25..of.the.a.is.primary.variety.to.in.voltage.and.voltage..the. secondary.on.This.voltage. 73 .the.down. In.of.voltage..is.voltage.than.the.secondary..control.to.needed.protection. CPT.24..main.industrial.provide.frequently.5000.the.with.overcurrent.available.by.on.Fuses.of.following..such.primary.of.and.ratings.primary.transformer..class MT and MTG control power transformers.VA.to.Siemens.the.circuit.circuit.VAC.to.460.motor. In.are.down.control power transformer (CPT). is.used. windings. use.stepped. step.a.cases.from.the.

armature.they.only.When.relays.the.to.relay’s. multiple.open.open.pole.magnetic.in. circuits.and.normally..is.and.control. key.circuit..normally.contacts.the.shown. electrically.with.need. The.contacts.energizes.relay.the.Like.switch.tension.can.multiple.to.is. The.illustration.open.these. coil.control...and.then.the.indicator.contacts.the.size.the.can.are.of.. Relay Operation.to.complex.pushes.circuits.multiple..terms.and.or..Control Relays Control relays.contacts.three..contacts.the.of. The.lights.control. small...relay.to.A..are.they.relay.a..control.between.main.which.allows.a..normally.interconnected.and.lost. currents. power.a. starting.operation..as.of.operation..the.following.Because.set.has.contactor.of.in.a. the.This.in.a.contactor.to.audible.contacts.contacts..to. throw.In.because.(electromagnet).coils.use. have.movable.is.position.number.a..describe.of.contacts.contain.field. relay.of.to.and.that.is.relatively. .such.these.control..contactor.small.to.used.control.contacts.alarms.can. 74 .light.control.a.circuits.When.to.usually.control.is.are. and..not..movable.used.relay.and..armature..pulls.similar.power.the.be.both.this.control.conduct.widely.used. closed.contacts.applied.relay.spring.is the.loads. a.make.closed.circuits.be. removed.control.control.magnetically. Contact Arrangement .position.There.types.difference.(NO).

A.relay’s.throw).control.(single.circuit.of.number. A.pole.relay. Single Break Double Break The.a.number. circuits.indicate.DPDT.closed-contact. contact.throw.is.but.poles.number.pole.of.the.need. contacts..Pole.diagram.that.can.is.close.by.not.illustrates.number.various.following.used.the.pass...arrangements.relay.(single. Single Pole Single Throw Single Break Double Pole Single Throw Single Break Single Pole Single Throw Double Break Single Pole Single Throw Double Break Single Pole Double Throw Single Break Double Pole Double Throw Single Break Single Pole Double Throw Double Break Double Pole Double Throw Double Break 75 .double.the.is.to. that.can.This.configurations:.(double. throw).that.contact.the.all.per.control.multiple.often.separate.be.circuits.and.single.single.pole.pole.used. Circuit 1 Circuit 1 Single Pole Circuit 2 Double Pole Throw. SPDT.controlled..they.abbreviations.relay’s.relays.pole.Control.throw).isolated.of.(double. positions.control. Break.contact.number.the.DPST.pole..number.or. A..through.be.number.frequently.double.relay.is... have.following.of.total.SPST.open. Circuit 1 Circuit 1 Single Throw Circuit 2 Double Throw The.the.break..throw).are.

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in.divided. Courses.available.on.the.our.a.Glossary.STEP.courses.is.page.quickSTEP Online Courses quickSTEP..record.courses.Online.site.the.three.and.in.files.is.sections:.the.and.complete.can.glossary.com/step/default.feature.ability.recent.pictorial.the.can.be.a.register.of.siemens.opportunity.text.and.are..site.the.accessed.any. reviews.to.include...quickSTEP.. The.the. A.courses..be. completion.your. quickSTEP.Downloads.pictorial. accomplishments.this.PDF.the.unique.print.of.in.PDF. http://www.to.into.site.certificate.database.from.final. From.html.updates. changes.glossary.sea.downloaded.a.quickSTEP. downloaded.format.training.&.web.and..courses.training.exam. 98 .maintain.most.These.online.STEP.at..format. The.of.site. Distributor..all..of.to.Sales.to.contain.the.

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sea@siemens. The information provided in this brochure contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products.com Subject to change without prior notice Order No.com/step/default.Siemens Energy & Automation.: STTM-EP03J-0209 All rights reserved Printed in USA © 2009 Siemens Energy & Automation.siemens. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract. Inc. www.html 100 . All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners. Industry Sector 3333 Old Milton Parkway Alpharetta.sea. GA 30005 1-800-964-4114 info. Inc.

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