Basics of Control Components

Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP

Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.

Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Control.Circuits..........................................................................4 Electrical.Symbols.....................................................................6 Line.Diagrams......................................................................... 16 . Overload.Protection.................................................................21 Manual.Control........................................................................32 Magnetic.Contactors.and.Starters...........................................38 Contactor.and.Starter.Ratings.................................................43 . Class.14.NEMA.Starters..........................................................46 SIRIUS.Type.3R.Starters..........................................................47 Multi-Speed.Starters...............................................................49 Reversing.Starters...................................................................52 Reduced-Voltage.Starting........................................................54 Lighting.and.Heating.Contactors.............................................60 Pilot.Devices............................................................................62 Control.Transformers. .............................................................. 71 . Control.Relays. ........................................................................72 . Solid-State.Switching.Devices................................................. 76 Monitoring.Relays....................................................................78 Time.Relays.............................................................................79 Additional.Devices...................................................................83 LOGO!.Logic.Module..............................................................85 . Fast.Bus.Busbar.Adapter.System............................................87 Review.Answers......................................................................89 Final.Exam...............................................................................90 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................96

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starters Describe.circuits State.motor.various.operation.principles.starting.and.and.series.and.construction.principles. distributors.of.STEP. components Read.methods Explain.be.construction.our.control. magnetic.of.This.the.the.for.diagram Describe.Control.control.of. •.another. •.you.for.basic.to: •.principles. lighting.motor. manual.and.related.typical.various.starters.and. •.represent.of..starting Describe. •.between. able. starters.products.which.completion.and. control.and.Automation.effectively.a.Program.Components.Introduction Welcome.manual.Basics.to.and. •.describe.to.the.Siemens.line.manual.contactors.the.difference. •.. components.magnetic.circuit Explain.motor.motor.the.of. State. Describe.operating. •.starters Identify.control. •.relays 4 .sell. •.principles. Upon.and.heating.of.to.principles.Basics of Control Components.the.construction.protection Describe.prepare.of.need.and.need.the.symbols.course.will.products.Energy.and.operation Identify.the.operating.covers.general. more.purpose. Technical.reduced-voltage.Education.overload. •.their.operating.course.the.automatic. •.a.designed.control.&.in.operating.Siemens.motor.contactors.magnetic.in..

If.before.Specifications. NEMA®.final.and.Inc.Manufacturers.will.Underwriters.discuss.and.of.a.Association.their.Basics of Control Components.registered.companies.&..employee.trademarks.service.is.This.be..IL. mail. complete.Basics of Electricity.card.help.with.Rosslyn.trademarks.card.of.subject. 60062-2096.mail.mark.respective.and.addition. trademarks.the.Siemens.Northbrook.property..Electrical. you.without.grade.should.a.luck.customers. Underwriters.tear-out.You. National.exam. electrical.an.names.a.passing.trademarks..you.you...is.completion.systems..owners.score.may. 22209.. mentioned.of.trademark.out.better..VA.Inc.will.be..you.registered.are.the.the.are.Energy.to..understand.efforts.AG.Laboratories.their.of.of.to.in.will.Product.In.and.products.trademark.Siemens.you...We.if.Automation.the. notice.Good.of. Other.with.UL®. applications.registered.®.knowledge.your.fill.prepared.Laboratories.a.customer.distributor. respective. authorized.better.change.are. Siemens.attempting.a.of.or. 5 .certificate.

devices..to.turn.often.off.variety.circuits.circuit.some.in.other.control.off..complexity. a...turned.simple. Control.an. a.manual control.components.lighting.. of.employ.stop.industrial.same.is.More.varying.someone.One.often..manually. manual. 6 .of.However.previous.a.or.the..or.degrees. with.manual.is.be.used. tend.are.single-pole.something.simple..controlled.is.being.can. .and.is.and.used.switch.and.circuit.However.function.starter.be.commercial. Manual Control.and.The.illustrates.are.or.are..In.and. many.simple.circuit.to.the.example.control..applications.on.example.on-off. control.used.Control Circuits Control.complex.may.motor.to. Control.the..off.manual.turns.in.more..circuit.Manual.as.automatic.a.applications.be.switch..light.example..used.on.circuits.component.in.to.that.broader.example.variety.cases..also.this..of..the. A.than.a.a.components.and.circuits.on.often.automatic.use.start.For.of.a.device.this.used. control.wide.to.turn.control.a.circuits.of.that.of. circuit. In.something. these.requires.off. on.control.a.a.light. control.combine.

will.For..wide.this.the.and.stored.they..referred.only..from. drive.common. Control Components.of..on. AC. many.controller.control.or.circuit.motors.. .Automation.are..Automatic control.used.automatically..by.off.monitor.systems.In.good..system..control.to.Increasingly.components.control.the.complete.programmable.a. is. refer.to.control..are.or.can.that.the.machines. While.speed.indicator.sometimes.the.advanced.on.to.variable.vary.started. is.these.and.is.Energy. extensive. without.components.give.cases.control.something..automatic.complexity.practice. however.in.components.software. such.of.occurs..are.these.&.control.components.that.Automatic Operation. lights.However.wiring.how.as.as..course.fully.in.wired.interaction.are.start..and.a.of.combination.components.site.variety.the. course.to.of.stopped.and.manual.when.a.some.be. controller.circuits.dependent.each.such.the.manual.cases.circuits.is.machines.logic.This. The.information.wired.and.interaction..other.both. 7 .you.additional.web.too.human.on.Siemens...turn. dependent.in. A.range.addressed. some.components..in. includes.hard-wired logic.is.to.interaction.of.this.to.protect. In.This.still.Siemens.of.

represented.standard.can.shown.the.operation.contacts.contacts.show.closed.indicate.flow.contacts.condition.. current.the.States.when.the.to. flow.diagrams.contacts.the.be.to.normally closed (NC).show.contacts.in.represent.be.in.and.. The.many.which.my.the.common.dynamic.flow...is.or.contacts.circuits.this.pictorially.no.is.relay.these...control. . normally open (NO).control.. world.a.to.in.are. Various.components. logic.. contact. One.The.of..of.control. of.more.current.the.use.the.condition.current.other.in. Contact Symbols.Although.of.relay’s.are.current.vary.the.open.course.method.When.control. de-energized (off) state.in.the.either. 8 .when.are.condition.the..allows.diagrams.power.a.indicate.are.With.example.normally.no. of.common. For.however.Electrical Symbols Control..actuating.other.produced.countries.as.cannot.a.Instead.there.Control.to.in.to..is.open.illustration.used..incorporate.a.the..blocks.following.common.as..open.symbols.to.the..use.which.light.the.. United.coil.which. components.control.approaches.applied.to.part.symbols..contacts.open...ways. circuit.devices.to.device..operation.. that.various.or.the. flow.logic.either. diagrams.throughout.is. contacts.showing.there.is.symbols.

In. highlighted.highlighted.the.first shown.state.When..are.to.as.contacts..light.for..is.close.relay.when.logic.are.time.on.not.. their.. the. Example.the.light.of..shown.energizes.circuit.then.the.following.In.in.. contacts..is.energized...illuminating.at.closed. turning...closed.normal.de-energized.the.contacts.purposes.are.the.exists..not.contacts.off.is.the..Note: This is not a standard symbol.(on).de-energized.are.following.this.shown. Normally Open Contact.in. the.open..are.course.highlighted.in.energized.current.relay.The.energized.the.path.highlighted. and.When..path.switches.as.the.symbol.However..illustration.this.usually.Symbols.cases. Normally Closed Contact.their.sometimes.shown. Example For.the.A.and..state.and.in.completing.their.a.the.for.indicate. contacts.is.are.not.complete.the.the normally.on.open.state.illustration.contacts.light. 9 .is.normally.diagram.they.shown.and. explanation.and.control..in.are.example.the. that..such.not...not.the.current.state.relay.

connected.and.one.normal.closed.change.types.is.is.control.the. current.used.light.to. the.an.is.is.to.are.contacts.Switch Symbols.used.In.light.someone..the.switch.side.a.a.completes.acted.off. to. and.be.light.turns..to. When. Switch.the.types. In.or.interrupted.different.to.is.device.flow..also.following.switch..closes..switch.is.open.other. for.When.a.other.the.open..these.position. side.shown.normally..is.not. Various.their.When.the.cannot.the.be.are.case.circuits...switch.. open.it.when. a.a.normally.in.just. illustration.the.it.illustration.of.A. Normally Closed Switch.manual.the.can..switch. to.of.of a. In.flows.path. Normally Open Switch.the.normally.closed. 10 .current.has.been.flow.switch.one.the. light.used..ones.represent.switch.the.side.Like.. Example .flow.flow.connected.opens.in.path.the. side.illuminates.open.current.of.the.the.is.switches.battery.closed.current.state.someone.current.of.the.are.upon..through.battery.or.its.and.the.change.symbols.a.connected.symbols..another.action.in.illustration.discussed.light.someone.and...switches.state.to.closed.of.to.light.or.Variations.through.the.also.considered..and.like.indicate.of a.require.connected.the.. Example. .following.normally.following...switch.switch.also.When. must.of..number.switch.

of.on.light. In. In.light.It.light.(NO).state.pushbutton.pressed.are.or.normally.their.long..momentary.its.normal.place.as the.in.the.state...current.the..latches.flows.and.and.current.is. They.button.pushbutton...to.. Normally Open.Pushbutton Symbols.change.pushbutton.pushbuttons.of.to.connected.the. when.when.the.illustration.pushbutton. maintained. other.following.of.maintained. released..side.be.the.a. Switch.state.momentary.the.to.interrupted..(NC).return.state.pushbutton.it.the.the.is. through.versa. pressed.closed.as.is.flows.turns.current.must.When.a.a.is. normal. There.off. state.a..pressed.to.the.shown. opposite.is.light.vice.its.contrast.side.pushbutton.basic. opposite. Pushbutton Example.not.its.button.open.return.as.pressed. Normally Closed.unlatched.allow.following. normal.. Pushbutton Example. Switch. normal.to.and..flow.open.is...to.The.one.to.the.example.turns.contacts.connected.is.the. 11 .and..types.pushbutton..soon.In..When.pressed.shown.of a.is.is.battery.of.is..two.to.as..

Coil Symbols.

Motor.starters,.contactors,.and.relays.are.examples.of. devices.that.open.and.close.contacts.electromagnetically..The. electromagnet.in.these.devices.is.called.a.coil.. A.coil.is.commonly.symbolized.as.a.circle.with.letters.and. number.inside..The.letters.often.represent.the.type.of.device,. such.as.M.for.motor.starter.or.CR.for.control.relay..A.number. is.often.added.to.the.letter.to.differentiate.one.device.from. another.. The.contacts.controlled.by.a.coil.are.labeled.with.the.same. letter.(and.number).as.the.coil.so.that.it.is.easy.to.tell.which. contacts.are.controlled.by.each.coil..A.coil.often.controls. multiple.contacts.and.each.contact.may.be.normally.open.or. normally.closed.

Coil Example Using. Normally Open Contacts.

In.the.following.example,.the.“M”.contacts.in.series.with the.motor.are.controlled.by.the.“M”.contactor.coil..When. someone.closes.the.switch,.current.flows.through.the.switch. and.“M”.contactor.coil..The.“M”.contactor.coil.closes.the.“M”. contacts.and.current.flows.to.the.motor.

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Overload Relay Symbols.

Overload relays.are.used.to.protect.motors.from.overheating.. When.excessive.current.is.drawn.for.a.predetermined.amount. of.time,.the.overload.relay’s.contacts.open,.removing.power. from.the.motor..The.following.symbol.is.for.contacts.associated. with.a.thermal.overload.relay..An.overload.relay.used.with.a. three-phase.motor.has.three.such.contacts,.one.for.each.phase.

Indicator Light Symbols.

An.indicator light,.often.referred.to.as.a pilot light,.is.a.small. electric.light.used.to.indicate.a.specific.condition.of.a.circuit.. For.example,.a.red.light.might.be.used.to.indicate.that.a.motor. is.running..The.letter.in.the.center.of.the.indicator.light.symbol. indicates.the.color.of.the.light..

Other Symbols.

In.addition.to.the.symbols.discussed.here,.there.are.many.other. symbols.used.in.control.circuits..The.following.charts.show. many.of.the.commonly.used.symbols.

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BAT. SPST. Motor. OL. Control. Automatic. LT. M. GEN. CONT. PRI. CKT.Single-Throw. TB.Current.Overload.circuits. Forward. but enclosed in a square as shown in the following examples. DT. Current. Down. PS.used. Foot.in.Switch Safety.Starter. DP.Closed Normally.frequently. VFD. NC.list. Alarm.commonly.Switch. DC. Coil Contact (NO) Limit Switch (NO) Abbreviations. LS. Ground.Switch.Throw Single-Pole.Switch Time.Throw. Control. HOA.Voltage Variable. JB. RH.Switch Transformer Terminal. Junction.are.Double.Relay.Relay. Motor. R. Double-Pole.control. F. REC. SS. RES.Static switching control uses solid-state devices instead of electromechanical devices. Circuit.Starter. IOL.. IC. SSW.Protector MTR. SEC. FREQ.Box. SP. T.Frequency. CAP.Delay Thermostat. NEG. FU. NO. Armature. Double-Pole. THS. UV. Direct. CB. TD.Switch. CR. GRD. FTS.. Battery. Double. Abbreviations.Breaker. SOL. Generator. TR.. Hand/Off/Auto. S. XFR. AM. AU.Board Time. DPDT. Interlock. Capacitor. Alternating.Relay Up Under. Disconnect.abbreviations. Motor Manual Negative Neutral Normally. U. Many of the symbols used with this type of control are the same as those shown on the previous page. Double-Pole.. DPST.Throw Selector.Single. DISC.Switch. BR. CT. ARM.The. INTLK. PH.identifies. Frequency. Circuit. Integrated. Fuse. POS. Limit. PB. SPDT. OHM.Current. MSP. following.Delay.Circuit.. D..Switch Reverse Rectifier Resistor Rheostat Switch Secondary Solenoid Single-Pole Single-Pole. Instanstaneous.used.. AC. Brake. Ammeter. NEUT. ALM.Drive Transformer 16 . MN. Lamp.Double-Throw.Open Ohmmeter Overload Pushbutton Phase Positive Primary Pressure.Selector.Transformer.

action. open. b. open.the.to. . Which.contact? . .the..a. c.operate. .the. a._______.. 2.a.. Which.pushbutton? .following. 4.operated..normally. a.symbols.of. b.is.... .. 17 . closed.represents.control.of.of.an. .for. b.symbols. .normally. 3..circuit.following..represents.. b. a. . mushroom. 5. .contact? .the. . . a.symbols. Which... Which. c.Review 1 1.a.of.represents. c.represents. .. .must.the.pushbutton? .head.symbols.normally.someone. c. . A...when..a. initiate.following.following.

L1 L2 Pushbutton Indicator (Pilot) Light 18 . the.relationship. as.circuits.connection.or.are.relationship. following.circuits.represented.a.diagrams..also.are.is..a.more.the.the.pictorially.represented. Control Wiring Power Wiring Not Connected Connected ..line.types..heavy.of.components.node.dot.light.illustration.functional.wiring. indicator..with.of.at.the.show.diagrams.relationship. power-circuit.be.circuits.shows.can.the.of. electrical. or.up.a.physical.ladder.For.an.example..line.electrical..symbols.illustration.in.relationship. Indicator (Pilot) Light Pushbutton The.Line.an.line..control.A..following.functional.physical.a.control.not.power.indicates.light.used.small.to.and. diagram.pushbutton.by.made..by.circuit.diagrams.wiring.Line Diagrams Control.the..circuit.and.two.intersection.line. of.of.shown.wires.Within.is.diagrams.two.referred.. in.an. Line.and.

the.applied.a.pushbutton.line. The.turning.the..and.the.diagram.L1..a.both.starting.Reading a Line Diagram.one.indicator. Control Circuits. pushbutton.the.drawn.the..light.supplies.the. The.more.control circuits.that.devices.to.and. and.mind.power.it.symbolically.to.or.heavy.the. interpret.of.to.when... lights.vertically.diagram.allows. A.lines. 19 ..the.with..control.that.light.indicator.L1.note.to..for. pushbutton.and.indicator.indicator.load..displays.power.120.same..control.and..an.control.is.120.such.and.This.the.these..current.determine. drawn.loads.control.flow. light.will.In.circuit.control.and.indicator.relays.functional.of.voltage.power circuit.includes.includes.L2.L2.order.in....current.read.power.be.between.L1.line.diagram..components.that.must.. energized.The.the.right. components.With.the. stops.that.pushbutton.VAC. .when.pressed.and.line. marked.control circuit.distribution.you.loads..VAC.are.with.Other.illustration.pushbutton.example.do. activate. Power and Control Circuits.as.of.to.a.Releasing.to.because.light.VAC.L1.means.following.through..indicator.from.is.In..this.power..drawn. relationship. circuit.Some.the..other.off..following.motor.the. 120.from.flow.The..typical.this. rated.as.pressing.properly.load.be.L2.at.must. left.such.the.light.connection.contactors.controls.the..to..following.shows..the.a.The.light.is.L2.that.is. The.not.line.

the.in.pushbutton..one.connected.to.may.the.through. Connecting Control Devices.across.the.circuit.loads. control.Usually.second.When.are.circuit.set.line.overload.placed.L1.120.properly..logic.in.previous.control..either. in.series.circuit.pushbutton.contactor.the.device..the.is.L2.to.one.any.connected.one.loads.the..not.the.both. to.loads.L2.120.to.example.on.indirectly.the.proper.normally.only.receiving..120. through.L2.coil. parallel.series-parallel.connected. parallel.when. volts.is.L2.line. to.is.line.directly.combination.used.connected.to.circuit.load. pushbutton.divided.a..parallel.loads.contactor.connected. In.loads.is.series.voltage.connected.required.or..continue.load. control.shows.a.. Only.are. configuration.control.control.volts.if.is.relay.. 20 .right. .the.other.for.VAC.are. In..on.These.circuit.pressed.the.load.to.The.can.load.A.the.series.device.than.In..L1.overload.example.and.the.of.is...in.operate..load. between.Depressing.applied..operation.on.“M”.to.and.of.this.generally.depending.the.one..illustration.applies.or.addition.contacts..the.the..L2..circuit.One. following.Connecting the Load to L2.one.be.contacts. Control.on.devices.the.and.full. across.neither.on. needed.is. the.an.indicator.connected.and.fails.one.will.directly. necessary.improperly.in..in.with.a.light.left.(OL).load.light. In.is.in.the.more.load.be..indicator.side.the.why.the.control.pressed.following.both.control.the.control.. to..full.In.is.

logic.at.allows.diagrams.to. series.For.time.in..L2..“M”.pushbuttons. current.the..are. the.the.pilot.to.in.example.1.multiple.4.shows.L2.1.in.to.to.light.pilot.pushbuttons.have...often.pressed.are.pushbutton..flow.describing.contactor.two.2.light.to..pushbutton.through..or.L1.same.switch.connects.illustration.the. In.simplify.connected.and. The. 21 .current.on.must.the.indicator.to.connects.to.line. Because.pushbuttons.load.pilot.the. numbered.next.following.the.connected.L1. allow.and..illustration..3. light.pushbutton.either...lines.line. connects..be.line. Line Numbering.flow.the.from.to.through.light.from.both.Pressing. parallel.2.pushbuttons.following..1. line.the.to.lines.1.illustration.line.Both.to..2.1.

2.L1..list.line. d. f _______.L2.to.items.with... c. 1.on. _______ _______ 22 . a b c d Control Circuit Control Device Control Load Node Power Circuit Power Load e .starting.the.diagram. . a.are._______..read. Match..Review 2. .the.. _______. f._______... associated.the. .diagrams.to _______. b. Line.at. .from._______. e. .

current.to.pertinent.An.always. are.begin. Current and Temperature.control. short..conditions.the.Keep. flow.The.mind.overcurrent. conductors.types.are.of..or.flow.a.current.circuit.components.amount.an.capacity. each.referred.excess.conductive..the..overcurrent.overcurrent.current.of.must.in.overloads.with.have.overcurrent. discussion.to.a.as.circuit..ampacity.it.conductor.overload..this..proportional.covered.is.two.type.control.ground.to. Excessive.is.reason..in.these.both.rated.to.clear. Normal Current Flow Excessive Current Flow 23 .that.how.by.For.condition.to.fault.overload.of. of.damaged.heat..The.short.to.designed.as.of..protect.differs.current.course.be. understanding. may.from.that.the.of.of.Overload Protection Some.amount.generated.path.heat. first.heat.and. referred.another.a.resistance.motors..you..the. understand.can.a..the.what.is.components.from.and.from.of.generates.result. .In.conductor. To.this.has.continuous.order.

conductors. reduction.that.For.resistance.10.may.is.drops..in.the.a.the.low.to.breaker..too. 24 .a.circuit.voltage.conductors.almost.occurs.if.example.two.the..this.flowing.times..will.and.to.better.jams. Overload.Note.a..may. draw. insulation.volts. many.value.this.made.a.a.to.equipment.current. to.and..example.is.normal.the. if.resistance..and.circuit.current.024 Ω The.24.occurs.when. Before Short Circuit Ohm’s Law I = E R I= 240 V 24 Ω = 10 A I= After Short Circuit 240 V = 10.lower. circuit..devices.this.short.the.drops.When.contrast.when.can.in.between.conveyor.heat.by.consider.or.between.a.used.generated.Ohm’s Law...rapidly.is.the.000 A 0.damage.current.rated.is.by.an.current.more. proportionally.resistance.circuit.the.amps..a.between.zero.much.very.to.described.short.to.and.touch. short circuit.too.Short Circuit.conductors.extensive.many. To.motor.conductors.cause.the.a.however. current.when.current.interrupted.causes.When.this.insulation.relationship.An.causes.conductors.circuit.conductors.understand.is.. current..the.to. work. connected.from.short.if. ohms.connected.a..not.equipment.This.the.240.or.rise. immediately.bare.prevents.electrical.to.to.result.than. ohms.rise.A..or.damaged.For.overload.between.circuit.times.024.is.current.. Normally..by. In..usually.separate. resistance.0.are.the.its.current.the.its.example. resistance.overload..fuse.hard.result.circuit..in.

or.circuit.In.undesirable.an.motor’s.overload.current.consider.to.circuit.or.different.six.of. the.must. times.the.motor. overload relay.has.path.fuse.to.current. the.as.600%.draw..dropped.these.the..required.protection.may.design..operating.protection.current.motor. such.for.is.separate.starting.happens. current.full-load.designed.is.In.current. AC.typically..they.motor.capacity.current.seconds.of.the. 25 .quickly.a.must.a.that.circuit.Under.open.circuit.motors..the.breakers. Temporary Overload Due to Starting Current A.for.of.is.starting. When. tolerate.to.In.high.extended.designed..event..for.For...for.the.a.be.situation.circuit.higher. the.the.is.such.excess.its..to...an. exceeded.rated. their.device.shut.time.it.a.occurs.current.of.for.the.devices.starting.circuit.In...a.such.motor. the.are.a.starting.full-load current.a.overcurrent.most.B.an.after..flow.even.conductors.high-efficiency.in.. the. the.to.about. In.what.For.known. Overload Protection.motor.previous.to.electric.speed.resulted.conductors.allow.Because.circuit.some. For.when.device.value.the. conductors.its.Motors.in.current.As.a.rated..for.a.off.current.by.drops.eight.its.motors..be. before.breaker.of.but.overload.protect.response..start.current.protect.is.NEMA.are.a..this.damage. accelerates.short.overload.motor. started.short.an.to.when. situation..example.rating.down.provided.short-duration.high..starting current.sized..be.load.designed..and. Fuses.. conductors.to.and.the.conditions.circuit.should.example.circuit.a.has.example. full.disable.time.overload.following.example..a.

with..motor starter.a.protect.will. Motor Circuit.common.a.is..illustration.the.protective..takes.its.meet.has.20..long.overloaded.relay.allows.(OL).a.to.the.specific.The.the.overloads.relay.excess.and.the.. without.be.the.are.current.the.motor. cause.circuit.six.restarted.current.overload. An. restarted.be.the.cools.seconds). source.overload.to.if.preferably.disabling..current. reset.cleared.can.can.it.value.to.they.motors.it.the.shows.designed..First.a.This.current.motor.motor.to. Overload Relay in a .overload.to.they.a trip class rating.(in..starter.of.above.the.. M L1 Power Source L2 OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contracts Open L1 Power Source L2 M OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contacts Closed 26 .most.an. contacts. needs.corrected.of.typically.has.open... motor.third.power.overload.reset.relay. rating. to. overload.(M).and.relay.continuous. Trip Class.trip.flows.after.and.be.And.short-duration.relay. at.allow.a.between.been.current.overload.remains.30.special. enough.the.opening.motor.circuit.the.identifies.after..following..classes.relay.the..time.cause.manual.the.overload.for.trip.been.motor.relays.allow.to.circuit.the.the..Overload Relays Overload. maximum.close..After.If.and..trip.be.are.10.overload.When.rated.the..they...the.the.and.5..through.. The.has.circuit.times.Second.trip.which.

metals.to.trip.by.in.to.the..after.Depending.as.relay.. Under.an.motor.wired..enough.This.Bimetallic Overload Relays.functions.only.slightly..bimetallic.operating.overload..use.the.can.strip.cause.open.the.if. not.long.restart.and.to.A.the.the.metals.applications.persists.overload. Motor To Power Circuit Heater Element Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Normal Current Flow If.relays.bimetallic.heated..a.bonded.overload.together..dissimilar.However.the. is.series.causes.overload.motor.reset.damage.designed.contacts.overload..strip..desirable.made.different.still.The.heater element.bends.occurs.and. is.then.may.tripped.reset.the..lever.relay’s.power.automatically.will. overload.relay’s.from.bimetallic.mechanism.heat.Proper. 27 .overload.condition.the.a.bimetallic.the.a.motor.overload.this.this..circuit.relay.to.circuit.conditions.are..to.the.cooled.design.of. have. Motor Heater Element To Power Circuit Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Overload Condition Some.when. bimetallic..overload.two.until..bimetallic strip.characteristics. bimetallic.These.trip.with.to.can. repeatedly. which.the..incorporates.condition. small.overload..the.bend. Some.an.bend.trip.sense. on.motor.is.trip.In.that.expansion.exists. automatically. some..generated.enough.a.strip. removing. bimetallic.prevent.. the..strip.strip.causes.relay.causing.the.condition.of.element.bimetallic. heater.thermal.the.relays.has.the.the.and..strip.normal.

Ambient Compensated. Bimetallic Overload Relay.

In.some.applications,.a.motor.is.installed.in.a.location.with.a. relatively.constant.ambient.temperature,.and.the.motor.control. components.are.installed.in.a.location.with.a.varying.ambient. temperature..In.such.cases,.a.typical.thermal.overload.relay.may. trip.too.soon.or.too.late.because.its.bimetallic.strip.is.bent.both. by.heat.from.motor.current.and.the.surrounding.air.. Ambient compensated bimetallic overload relays.are. designed.to.overcome.this.problem..These.overload.relays. use.a.compensated.bimetallic.strip.along.with.a.primary. bimetallic.strip..As.the.ambient.temperature.changes,.both. bimetallic.strips.bend.equally.and.the.overload.relay.does.not. trip..However,.because.current.flow.through.the.motor.and.the. heater.element.affects.only.the.primary.bimetallic.strip,.the. primary.bimetallic.strip.will.bend.sufficiently.to.trip.the.overload. relay.if.an.overload.occurs.

Motor

To Power Circuit Heater Element Primary Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Compensated Overload Relay The compensating bimetalic strip bends as ambient temperature increases. This prevents a nuisance overload trip.

Class 48 Ambient. Compensated Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens Class 48 ambient compensated bimetallic overload.relays.are.available.in.single.or.three-pole.designs and.can.be.set.for.manual.or.self-resetting.operation..An. adjustment.dial.allows.the.full.load.ampere.trip.setting.to.be. adjusted.by.±15%..A.manual.test.button.is.provided.to.test.the. operation.of.the.overload.relay.control.contacts..The.ambient. compensated.bimetallic.overload.relay.heater.elements.are. available.with.either.class.10.or.20.ratings..A.normally.open.or. normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.is.available.as.an.option.

Automatic/Manual Reset Selection

+15% of FLA Adjustment

Test Button Reset Button

. 28

SIRIUS 3RU11 Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens SIRIUS 3RU11 bimetallic overload relay.has.heater elements.as.an.integral.part.its.design..The.unit.comes.with.a. Class.10.trip.as.standard..SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.ambient. compensation,.and.a.differential.trip.bar.that.causes.the.unit.to. trip.faster.in.the.event.of.a.phase.loss. SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.include.a.normally.closed. auxiliary.contact.for.de-energizing.the.contactor,.and.a.normally. open.auxiliary.contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip..Pressing.the. STOP.button.momentarily.opens.the.normally.closed.contact. without.affecting.the.normally.open.contact..The.switch-position. indicator.incorporates.a.TEST.function.which,.when.activated,. simulates.a.tripped.overload.relay.by.actuating.both.auxiliary. contacts.and.displaying.the.switch.position.

.

STOP button Position Switch Indicator and Test Function Manual/Automatic Reset Selector Switch Current Setting Dial

Electronic Overload Relays.

Electronic overload relays.are.another.option.for.motor. protection..The.features.of.electronic.overload.relays.vary,. but.there.are.a.few.common.advantages..One.advantage.of. electronic.overload.relays.is.that.they.do.not.require.heaters.. This.eliminates.the.need.to.stock.multiple.heaters.to.match. motor.ratings..This.heaterless.design.also.allows.electronic. relays.to.be.insensitive.to.the.ambient.temperature,.minimizing. nuisance.tripping. In.addition,.electronic.overload.relays.can.detect.a.power.phase. loss.and.disconnect.the.motor.from.the.power.source..This.is.an. important.advantage.because,.without.phase.lose.protection,. loss.of.a.power.phase.can.quickly.result.in.damaged.motor. windings..

.

29

ESP200 Electronic Overload. Like.other.electronic.overload.relays,.ESP200 electronic Relays overload relays.eliminate.the.need.for.heaters..Instead.of. installing.a.heater,.a.dial.on.the.overload.relay.is.set.to.the. motor’s.full-load.current.rating..Class 48 ESP200 electronic overload relays,.like.the.one.shown.below,.have.two.dual. in-line.package.(DIP).switches.accessible.from.the.front.that. simplify.selection.of.any.of.four.trip.classes.(5,.10,.20,.and.30).. Additional.DIP.switches.provide.on.or.off.settings.for.phase. unbalance,.phase.loss,.or.ground.fault.detection.as.well.as. selection.of.manual.or.automatic.reset..Also.accessible.from. the.front.are.the.RESET.button,.for.use.when.manual.reset. is.selected,.and.the.TEST.button,.that.triggers.a.complete. electronic.functions.test..One.normally.open.auxiliary.contact. and.one.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.are.standard.

TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10

ESP200

PHASE UNBAL ON PHASE LOSS ON RESET MODE MAN. GROUND FAULT ON

OFF OFF
AUTO

DIP Switches

OFF

FULL LOAD AMPS RESET

TEST

Current Adjustment Dial

Reset Button

Test Button

In.addition.to.Class.48.ESP200,.two.additional.types.of.ESP200. electronic.overload.relays.are.also.available..958 ESP200 electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.sealed. compressors.and.artificially-cooled.motors..958L electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.the.oil.market.and. pumping.applications.with.a.precise.trip.curve. SIRIUS 3RB20 Electronic. Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB20 electronic overload relays.come.with.a class.10.or.20.trip.and.electronic.overload.relays.and.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.and. ambient.compensation..A.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact. for.de-energizing.the.contactor.and.a.normally.open.auxiliary. contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip.are.included..

30

fault.trip.opens.RESET TEST 3RB20 SIRIUS 3RB20 Overload Relay SIRIUS 3RB21 Electronic. imbalance.to.allow.class.30.. SIRIUS 3RB22/23.TEST.the.SIRIUS.ground.switched.In.delay.to.auxiliary.switched.contact.phase.closed.the.have.sensor..contacts.relays..from.auxiliary.a.. SIRIUS 3RB22/23 electronic overload relays.via. Overload Relays..Pressing.actuating.motor. function.the.without.3RB22/23.event..overload.can.to.in.open.30.by.and.momentarily.normally.are..and. switch-position. closed..phase.of.ground.auxiliary. adjustments.one.to.in.trip..that.3RB20.current.event.is.provide.detection.but.monitored.the.position. additional.to.from. SIRIUS READY GND FAULT THERMISTOR OVERLOAD RESET AUTO MAN TEST/ RESET CLASS SIRIUS 3RB22 Overload Relay 31 .phase.enabled.imbalance.phase.The.activated.closed..set. SIRIUS TRIP RESET 1 0 Class 10 M A.overload..ground.indicator.without.overload.One.set.one.be.one..time.open.which.incorporates.contacts..function.current.Two. both. one. normally.in.directly.fault.of.a.contacts.the.and.STOP. class.have.phase.of.relay.open..relays.displaying. Electronic Overload Relays.sense. the.sensing.addition.simulates.button.the.loss.are. overload.fault.and. a.be.loss. continuously.normally.each.contact.a.winding. thermistor.5. SIRIUS 3RB21 electronic overload relays.normally.similar features.class.tripped.normally.an.5.normally..or..protection.switch.SIRIUS.and.a.temperature...affecting.Motor. when.and.

unit..Each.solid-state.discrete.to..a. either.(with. an.single. SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN.current/ voltage.to.a.measuring.operator.module. range.are..for.up.optional.panel.. FAULT lmax 22.implements.pro.by.SIMOCODE.speed.expansion.forward.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V 32 .multifunctional.for..operator. modules.five.to.statistical.variable. PC.can.starters.system.and. connected.Expansion.sensing....an. SIMOCODE pro.In.greater.be.system.basic.PROFIBUS DP.PROFIBUS. measuring.economical.module.unit.with.and...control.a.motors.and.with.functions.module.modular.diagnostic.optional.is.management.functions.analog.input/ output.current.basic.provides..current.without..input/output.addition.system.pro.all.via.modules.ES.fault.protection.of. includes.that.DP Communication.also..DP SIMOCODE.C SIMOCODE pro C.a. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN..a.a.a.detection.even.flexible.temperature. system.it.fullvoltage.Professional PLC.or.protection.68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15.cable.of..available.for.combination.provides.SIMOCODE.unit.motor.the.constant..data. motor.is.SIMOCODE pro.and. for.a.pro.SIMOCODE. operational.700 kW 30. SIMOCODE pro V.and.ground.Processor PROFIBUS.measuring.with. with.reversing.is.include.display).connected.and.a..or.basic.compact..An..the..panel.to.communicates.tracking.may.automation.C.

_______. b.10.two.heat. 4.times.relays.current.trip.to. . 33 .is.not.overload.class... Electronic. overload.provide. A. ..is.been. power.made.as._______.overload.it._______.strip. 7 .and.rated.current. b.an._______.current. .be.remain. bonded.when.after.. With..seconds... six.occurs.. An._______.harder. required. a.require.an..in.relay...will. ._______. 6.trips.equipment.._______.same 2. ..work. If.metals.the.than. .electrical.increase. 3.20.has.is.can.overloaded.is.of.decrease.remove.Review 3 1.do.and.referred. also.the.removed. c.will.motor.from. c.to. a.overload.. Excessive..relay.at.30 5.dissimilar.it.._______.together.full-load.increase.within.10.protection. A.an.

addition.and. accomplish.motor. Power Source Operating Lever Switch in “OFF” Position Power Source Switch in “ON” Position 34 .start.like.be.following.contacts.and.Each..motors.. The.overload. by.illustration. contactor.manual-control..was.device.these.switch. starter.control.starter.designs.motor.turning.manual.To.knife.motor.shown..tasks.A.called.switch.stop.also. to.first.protection.such..an.provide.set.the...a..is.operated.was. To Motor Overload Protection Stationary Contacts Moveable Contracts To Motor .of.or.manual starters.for. In.controls.implies.starters.the.off.a.overload. device.on..a.illustrates.motor.name.single-pole.knife.in.simple.starter. From Power Source To Motor Basic Operation.. magnetic.The.two-pole.control. device.one.a.improved. sets.switch.a.the.to.as. following.manual.diagram.combine.a.contacts.the.hand.Manual Control As.and.pole.used.A.of..called.would.manual.devices.mechanism.must. replaced.eventually.with.and.with.protection.two.are.the.manual.

is.drops.(L1).small.HP.drawing..motor.SMF fractional-horsepower starters.DC.one-.two-pole.VAC.removes. two-speed.motor. .potential.are.for.restored.motor.connected.preventing..the.when.power. illustrated.to. motor.from.automatically.symbols.current.LVP.is.current..position.a.power..an.in.starter.version.by. ..and. This.connected.up.through. load.the.also.is.then. melting-alloy.a.single-phase. to. “OFF”.between.the.automatically.for.control. Starters.SMF. machinery.must.from.returning..manually.up.the.as.and.are.relay.starters.personnel.the.to. “ON”. Some.the..and.is.incoming.or.protection.when.is.motor.starters.from..restored.variety.HP..and.represented.Two-Pole Manual Starter.and.following.(L2).source.available.used. version.or.When.A.source.offer.1.the.the.the.versions.“ON/OFF”.277..the.of.two-pole.switch.is.power.a.contacts.in.provide Manual Starters.in.switch.in.In.available.be.line.is.caused...the.to.suitable.starters.. overload. Low Voltage Protection.source.manual.option. SMF Fractional-Horsepower ..when.the.protection. the.is.otherwise. Siemens.are.enclosures. power.reset.source..to.230.overload.manual.closed.VDC.the.are. An.that.drawing..overload.A.with. starter.or.protects.the.power.the.type.are.is..flows. motors.two-pole..for.3/4. power. L2 T2 L1 T1 This.manual.When.as.contacts. SMF.power.would.open.motor.is.a.flow.LVP.motors.AC.and.following.example.interrupted.available.for. 35 .injury.power.in.restart. suitable.position.low-voltage protection (LVP).The..from.motors.

3RV manual starters.“ON/OFF”.to.switches.similar.compensation. starters.phase.control.overload.MMS and MRS switches.DC. Siemens class 11.VAC. These...available. 1-1/2.single-. and.provide.in.provide. and.differential.machinery.HP.HP.trip.or. are.time.where.where.10. Class 11 across the line manual starters and switches provide.not. 36 .at.3RV Manual.control.with.is.provide.temperature.in.of.devices.460.up.provided.reversing.three-phase.for.and. a.heater.to. Starters and Switches.overload.single.motors.event. Siemens.are.and.starters..motors.required.overload.only.manual.HP.VAC.switches.. built-in.230.but.The.to.manual..suitable.VDC.have. control.and.are.are. bimetallic.These.loss.ambient.tripping.the.used.15.MMS.remote.for.and.A.SMF.protection.bar.for.and.and.start.are. MRS.600. Three-Pole Manual Switch Class 11 .reduces.do. protection.motors.to.MMS.AC.class.Two-speed.and.up..and. is.elements.three-phase.stop.not.have. versions.also.to.separately.use.10.available..of.protection.various.up.Two-Pole Manual Starter MMS and MRS Switches.AC.enclosures.MRS. three-phase.condition.

. protection.(for.with.overload.locations).and. protection.purpose.general. the.is.voltage.3RV switches.poles.is.7.in.in.&.available.opens.is.style.when. Class.interrupted.or.low.NEMA.(without.4/NEMA. an.. F & G NEMA 3 & 4.control.NEMA.not.9.are.They.where.&.are.open.controllers.provided.available. enclosures.-.3. Open Type Starter NEMA 1 Enclosure START STOP RESET START STOP RESET NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.or.7.enclosure). NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.voltage.11.automatically. enclosures.hazardous.power.9.in.or.power.which.NEMA.the.&. F & G 37 .separately.3RV.1..drops.Class 11 .required.provide.

not.3RV104..four.as.upstream.and.starters.of.additional.can. terminal. sizes). short.provided..protection.per.in.protection.in.UL508.10.is.require..as..self-protected..are.component.come.starting.SIRIUS.motor.protection. available.frame.be.controllers.listed...incorporate.Amps 100.They.applications.The. overload. be..in.group.3RV102.Amps 25.3RV104.largest.MSPs.3RV103.and..protection..our.can.the.20.is.do.Type.sizes:. Protectors.circuit.controllers.manual.terminals.manual.adjustable.trip.are.terminal.MSPs.magnetic.manual..and.for.MSPs.Type..5 20 40 75 3RV101.3RV102.in.circuit.class.bimetallic.and.short-circuit.require.and. adapters. 3RV1 motor starter protectors (MSPs).to.them. stopping.E.used.(3RV102.one.).frame.combination. 38 .. installation.relay.with.3RV103.Amps Max HP at 460 VAC 7 .screw.available.also.spring-loaded.line.3RV1.versions.and.a.both.multiple.MSPs.a.is.SIRIUS product. Spring-loaded Terminal Screw Terminal 3RV101 with Screw Terminals 3RV101 with Spring-loaded Terminals 3RV1.circuit.used.and.making.screw-terminal.. per.3RV102. is.group.two.where..used.(class. 3RV103.where.available.elements.for.Amps 50.motor.3RV104. UL508.shortcircuit.appropriate. Frame 3RV101 3RV102 3RV103 3RV104 Max Current at 460 VAC 12.breaker. SIRIUS.controllers.UL.provide.part..E.for.short.as.3RV101.are.3RV1 Motor Starter.upstream. 3RV1.3RV104.

is.wire.Devices.3R.variety. Siemens.such.end.blade..portal.are.available. Several.the.subject.of.a..push..with. spring-loaded. Spring-loaded terminals. and. Insert Screwdriver to Open Terminals Insert Wire and Remove Screwdriver Enclosures and Options.. appropriate.enclosures..the.the. the..Remove.installations.are.Siemens.vibration.electrician’s.beneficial.and..on.as..options.terminals.screwdriver. SIRIUS..Spring-loaded Terminals.To. simply.MSPs. that.into.equipped.the.the.above.indicator.wire.lights.an.are.the.the.in.connected.a.securely.many.screwdriver.are.into.of.available.also.to.directly.are.especially.in.portal.wire.3RV1.including.available.stripped.connect. MSP Mounting Rail Adapter Link Module Contactor Size S3 Combination Starter 39 .insert.products.blade.MSPs.

circuit. There.is. SIRIUS 3R IEC Contactor Class 40 NEMA Contactor Basic Contactor Operation. provide.stop.simple.circuit.remote.to. principles.electromagnetic.circuits.the.two.power.basic.contacts. nonmagnetic.a..The.to.by. DC. Wound Coil Soft Iron Core DC Voltage Source (Battery) The.DC..removed..by.distribution.control.in.involved. (similar..wire.control.the.contactor.power.shows.to.coil.motor.to.to.are.. Magnetic.magnetic.the.When.contactors.function.Magnetic contactors.an. control.of.state.. the.circuits.the. connected.used.require.and..a.the. is.utilizing.the.around.A.is.applications.electromagnet.the.Magnetic Contactors and Starters Most.Magnetic..When.fashioned.the.of.power.illustration.the.from.and.and.circuit.wire.connected.and.iron.a.of.its.interior.the.contactor.are.core.the.wire.of.lighting.a.to.contactors. devices.to.following.returns.this.voltage.in.below)..heating.the.stationary.ones.the.a.use.electromagnet.control.are.of.operation.start.commonly.can.shown.operate.iron.motor..iron.also.becomes.used. applied.to.. winding.the.circuit..be.voltage.soft.is. 40 .

the.through.the..we. field.magnetic.of.which.is.The. electromagnet.de-energized.in. magnet.wrapping.the.turn.electromagnet.a.current.collapses.closes.the.control..wire. of.contacts..magnetic.current.the.the.from.to.by.the.no..circuit. Line Line Load Control Signal Load Contactor De-energized Control Signal Contactor Energized 41 .contacts.movable.the..from.power.is.coil.to.line.the.attracts. closed.Power Circuit Movable Contacts Armature Spring Coil Electromagnet Control Circuit Stationary Contacts Power Circuit The..similar.core.is.made.a. circuit.under..magnetizing.around.flows.and.electromagnet.supplied.the.circuit.the..is.operation.contacts.this.power.load. control.the.to.electromagnet’s.When.through.the.spring.coil. to. soft. pressure.armature.iron.the.magnetic..operation.When.With.field.the.field.flows.open..produced..the.longer.

also. removing. it.motor. Alpharett 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 RESET MODE MAN. Motor Starter.control.to.from.S.power.combined.“M”.onoff.protection.SW1.diagram.contactor.a.the.contacts.energizes.control.by.a.with..and.on-off. the.controlled.motor.coil.of.the.SW1.called.usually.in.to.for. When.the.the.A.the.closing.starter.is.the.When.coil.closes.power. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor a.for. Contactor IEC Starter NEMA Starter COIL NO.applying.following.the.de-energizes.Note.relay.is.provide.is. electromagnetic..this.three-phase.motor.that.provides...electromagnetic.When used. SE&A Inc.an.motor. GA U.that.a. opens.contacts.overload.. ON GROUND FAULT ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay 42 ....coil..opening.contactor.power.When.shows.control.. required.circuits..contactor.a.motor.is. Contactors.line.of.overload.and.“M”.a.SW1.The.variety.

heaters.the.from. the.auxiliary.power.the. The.darker.prevent.voltage.when.the.auxilliary..control.to.this.in.until.pressed. The.also.full-voltage starter.line. 43 .typical.run.close..(M)..in.power.contacts.unless.removing.the. Removing.is.circuit. electromagnetic..the.grey). power.motor.the.circuit.the.a.with.. In.If.motor. pressed.when..three. motor. across-the-line starter.power.the..power.and.necessary.open...coil.type.(highlighted.pushbutton.removing.still.an.the..will.from.occurs.close.the.a.coil.an.is.from.pushbutton.to.Ma.a contactor.motor.the.and.includes.auxiliary.is.motor.an.M.that.control.full.overload.the.contacts. provided. OL.provides.motor.highlighted..grey.lighter.relay.restarting.from.Motor Starter in a..of.the.is..motor.heater..continue. (OL)..so. control.overload.overload.relationship.shows.(Ma).released..an.contacts. The.main.circuit.contacts.by.in.through.open.to.the.(M).the.contactor.provided.relay. cools..is.power. and..the.contacts.includes.and.an.heater.starts.Stop.contacts. providing..same.Start.contacts.to.the.electrical.circuit.circuit.diagram.in.overload.OL.the. Control Circuit.At. pusbutton.the.when.three.the.the.and.called.circuit.example.circuit.coil.automatically.overload.to.(OL).in.This.of.coil..time.the.contacts.to.is.relay.the.an.power.. The.by.is.OL.This.and.contacts.following.occurs.the.power.coil.Start..of. This.

at.with. a.. Short Circiut Protection Disconnect OFF ON OFF START STOP Motor Starter Review 4 1.low.relay.an.motor.starter.a.___.to. 5.components..power.the.starters. ___. starter.3RV102.short. using.for._______.short.formed.a.a.starters.NEMA.power.protection. from.incorporates.and.power. motors...is.used.sets..and.HP.of.with.used.devices.power.overload.11-.to.it. A._______.-pole.circuit.too.of.a..called.at.to.when.a.incoming.____.can.protection.contactor.described. is.disconnects.is.are.incorporate.is.combination.starters.circuit.motor.called.automatically.up.a. single.as.IEC.bimetalliclic.that.460.two. A.class.earlier.safely..a.. and.. disconnecting.disconnecting.VAC. 44 .offers.incorporating. A. When.selection.starter.motor.with. 3.means..Siemens.means.protector.Class.combination..three-phase. Siemens.contacts.of.starter.of.be.addition. 2.have.motors.provide._______.overload.are.with..and.In. starter._______. 4..full.motor.3RV..up.elements.safely. protection.combined.starter. The.Combination Starters Combination starters.VAC. components.manual. 6.460.heater.HP.to.

design.associated.size.larger.are.are.North. devices.NEMA.of.and.increasingly.States).generally.equipment.have..known.ratings.is.Because.countries.NEMA.their.motor-control.are.provide.NEMA.according. NEMA Size 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Continuous Amp Rating 9 18 27 45 90 135 270 540 810 1215 2250 HP 230 VAC 1 3 5 15 30 50 100 200 300 450 800 HP 460 VAC 2 5 10 25 50 100 200 400 600 900 1600 NEMA...of.NEMA.equipment.selected.for.in.of.and. used.size..in.and type.very.have.starters.are. 45 .America.important.market.according..as.. are.international.physically.to.IEC.starters.devices. motor.ratings.heavy-duty. International.designed. rugged.maximum.organizations.to.worldwide.standards..trade.in.and.motor.than. controls.the.horsepower.ratings.made.be.that..with.associated.from..size.primarily.starters.construction.and.(including.ICS2..with.on.become.and.to. sold.NEMA.competition.contactors. and.United.it.handle.. NEMA.globalization.load. NEMA.Contactor and Starter Ratings Contactors.devices.two.to.9. domestic. 00. for. specified.size.foreign.aware.IEC.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA).to. The.they.their.their.based.for.are.agreements.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).is.manufacturers.the.rugged.rated. standards.the. contactors.

158-1.and.Matched.Rapid.interest. Siemens.motors.the.typical.a.devices.that. particular. following.shows.called.represent.size.switching.heavy-duty.to.NEMA.the.starters.in.in.a.virtually.off.simple.or...The.IEC.IEC.motor-starting.duty.speed.be.involved.IEC.severe.squirrel-cage. specified.general.motor.a.user.an.FLA) Starting.than.with.of.rated.these.the. after.AC-4.application.inductive.starters.are.considerable.is. allowing.sizes.sizes.jogging.rating.motor.NEMA.IEC.require.is.solution.and.ratings.Motor.for.on. the.inching.and.and.limited.and..a.slightly.Motor.select..in. voltage.and. not. any.motors.more.most..motors Starting..and.even..off.slip-ring.for. devices.to.cycle.to..starters.with.plugging.some..has.(Make. available.the.and.applications.can.on.only.for.of.if.horsepower.are.are.To. the. plugging.need.they.is.However.(control).sizes.cost-effective.of.device.and.only.to.stated.maximum.normal.of.used. applications.you.is.NEMA.the.device..industrial.Motor Matched sizes.from.larger.are.include.fall.less.all. Utilization Category AC1 AC2 AC3 AC4 AC11 .used.their.categories..Break.The.of.available. applications.jogging. IEC.up. applications.more. Motor Matched Sizes.a.NEMA-rated..between.In.starter..there.match.devices.starter.motor.of.IEC. MM Size 1¾ 2½ 3½ Continuous Amp Rating 40 60 115 HP 230 VAC 10 20 40 HP 460 VAC 15 30 75 IEC.derating..Matched.know.space.motor.the.as.are.to.the..duty.some.ratings.table.cost.also.motor..what. to.duty.LRA.applications.the. Utilization categories.. and.motor. Not..application.cycle.squirrel-cage.operational.specify. require.will.Break.(Make. IEC Category Description Non-inductive.NEMA.not.for.beneficial.closely.devices.of.Start/Stop. plugging.Siemens.circuits 46 . because.LRA) Auxiliary.actual.where.control.define.contactors.motor..duty.rows Starting.publication.at.more-demanding..sizes.AC-3.current.does.

Ventilating.or.have.Controls •. expected.electrical.maximum.and.Some.suited.of.draw.for.Siemens.load)..rotor.sized.the.full..rated. application.maximum.the..motor..LRA.in.previous.Laboratory.defined.UL508.Medical.the.accordance.using.starters.for.number.organizations.load.power.cycle.of.clearly.areas: .. DP.. All.exceed.full..in.used. .are.rotor.the.amps.Underwriters.also. .following. rating.full-load. instant..total.(FLA).procedure. DP.standards.and.Systems •.Equipment •. ..carry.Equipment •.of.and.NEMA.Equipment Other Organizations.where..are.the.exceed.found..loads.the.by.operations.Equipment..developed.conditions. . amps.are.. •. procedures..motor.to.starters.Control.at.is. . .well. carry.labeling.mechanical.at.for.duty.conditions...a.load.Siemens.operating. number.while.of. locked. Definite Purpose (DP) contactors.under.applied.other.Equipment •. Some.current.multiple. standards.designed.For.test.amps..and.Spa.amps.contactors.NEMA.is. test.CSA.at.starters.(UL).the.with.the.Air.the.a.amps.contactors.UL.considered.draws.or.contactors. SIRIUS.example. .be.full-line. Operating. voltage. meet.can.poles.one.which.are.and.Farm.ratings.that.meet.specifies.rated.contactor.Environmental.standards. 47 . motor.the.Welding.and.are.which.(HVAC) •..Food-Service.must.is. There.(LRA).are.tests.Office.IEC..will.by.Conditioning. applications.that.FLA.Heating.least.and...the.several. .voltage.tested.Definite Purpose.are.Siemens.and..amount.CSA.For.for. contactors.current.be.(resistive.non-inductive.UL.equipment.SIRIUS.of.specific.organizations.full.NEMA.at..speed.Irrigation •.horsepower.locked.example..Pool.motor.include.

with..users.as.supplied.class.solid.contactors.available.relay.and.example.front.for.100.available.ESP200.full-load.range.is...same.1¾.ESP200. COIL NO.(NEMA.of.00. 48 .dial.including.the.but.with.unit.Class.4).the. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U.14 NEMA.ampere.up. solid-state.sizes.applications.are..or.are.For.HP.8.through..with.range.sizes.state.addition. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN.958L.at 460.. Bimetallic Overload Relays Class 14 NEMA starters with ambient-compensated bimetallic overload relays.4).(for.desire.or.size. with.up.are.mentioned..includes. overload.on. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relay As.Class.these.These.with..10.In.relays. this.starters.of.to..2½.bimetallic.A.relay. 20. NEMA.overload.provides.and.equipped. adjustment.NEMA.starters.previously.and.ESP200. The..ambient-compensated.relays.are.available. level.allows.the. the.a.for.addition.through.starters.specialized.958.wide. overload.Class 14 NEMA Starters NEMA Starters with. Alpharetta.an.3½.protection. Contactor Ambient Compensated Bimetalic Overload Relay NEMA Starters with ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relays Class 14 ESP200 starters.In. available.sizes.overload..whole..to.and.contactors.20.bimetallic.overload.the.they.(FLA).(5.specific.DIP.VAC.sizes.10.relays.are.use.00.S.30).the..set. SE&A Inc.to.trip.using.also.of.(4:1)..switches.

contactors.this.ambient.are..modular.power.thermal. through.up.components.frame. A.3R.S0.to.and.is.and. and.sizes.packed.panel.overload.overload.relays.SIRIUS.frame.system.into.C).relays.to.range.relays.in.a.structured.and.a. components.a.The.terminals.to.sizes.narrow.overload.and.are.line.of. at.with.variety..SIRIUS Type 3R Starters SIRIUS 3R.feature.a. Size.a. broad..described.on.equipped.the.of.of.size.S12.system.overheating.with.of.includes.S2.units.including.seven.the.electronic. As.mounting..Along. 49 .of..control..circuit..as. more.S0.S12. Contactor with Spring-Loaded Terminals Contactor with Screw Terminals Overload Relays.140º. system.contactors..is.complete.incorporates.referred..(60º.building-block.a.temperatures.terminals.F. range.allows.be. width.the. These.relays.S00.product.S6.S10.the..have..contactors. Contactor Overload Relay Spring-Loaded Terminals.operate.and.ability.to.without.Size. spring-loaded.springloaded.only.previously.SIRIUS.control-circuits.components.S00.S3...SIRIUS.overload.

or.an.setting. sizes:._______.typical.seven.series.460.available.to.dial.as.mounted).or..installation._______.switches.including.that. 2½.speed.designed. Siemens.panel.starters.of._______.100.00. SIRIUS TRIP SIRIUS RESET SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters and Infeed System Review 5 1._______. reduced.to.and. A.NEMA. compensated.protector.NEMA.starter. to.the. SIRIUS. 6.S2.relays. switching.class.the.changes. a. surface.Type.200.at.3R.a.organizations._______. _______.HP.for.for.10. described.off.relays.state...in.quick.and.starting.are.14.1¾.solid..ESP200.is..applications. removable.is.operate.up.selectable.unit.are.space.DIP.S12.VAC.automatic._______.overload.are.or.category. IEC.and. 2.overload.manual.Trip.available:.and.utilization..________.to.__..contactors.S3. and.mounted). 50 .features.reset.motor.surface.after.be.comb.for.Fast.available.to.for.in.overload.accessories..through. ratings..3R.ambient.are.bimetalic.class..SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters.frame..(DIN.set.classes.cost.the..rated. 3.(up.Terminals.sizes.in..S10.trip.one.A)..(MSP).provide.relay..for.motor.to.starters.state.sizes.and.are.has.temperatures.allow.ambient.squirrel-cage.options.device._______..and.are.and.bus.parallel..are. 5..size.the.20.mounting.solid.relay.only.are.Bus.and._______.contactor.Class.with.contactors. overload.starter.up. The.bar.in.or.wiring.adjusting. Four. 7 .S0. that..starters. and..motors.all.(DIN. SIRIUS. 3RA6 Infeed System.innovative SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starter.. The. 4.and. NEMA.

example.created.design.synchronous. stator.hertz.and.formula.of.a.torque.60. 51 .full-load.poles.a.induction.are.will. the. constant.speed.poles.RPM.example.speeds.proper.single-speed.shows. controllers.following.three. motor’s.to.order.require.speed.with.The.on..the.speed.1750.with.with.speed.run.are.the.of.Fans. always.1800.rotating.. For.example.require.operation.amount.line. proportional. The.to.three-phase.motor.a.a.the.B. multi-speed.applications.1650.motors..the.of.applications:.variable. For.squirrel-cage.characteristics.understand.rotor.by.motor..induction.required.motor’s.speed.three-phase.the.speed.the.horsepower.speed.what.RPM.motor.motor’s.motor.of. the.a..understand.at.vary.to.different.or.motors. speed.application.load..is.speeds. of. on.constant.supply.Horsepower.. centrifugal.torque.For..square.pumps.induction. Constant Torque (CT) applications. synchronous.speed.and.Therefore.the.a.is.field.motor.are. all.a.a..these.In.For.of.with.the.to.induction.often.constant.AC.slip..is.three.torque.must.factors.of.speed.load.actual. synchronous.variable.. When.due.speeds. designed.categories.construction.a.less.first.Multi-Speed Starters Full-voltage AC magnetic multi-speed controllers. Variable Torque (VT) applications.control..motor.the.of.applications.the. many.1800.As.slip..four.torques..is.this.of. at. of..to.synchronous speed of.three-phase.depending.the...motor..determine.RPM.frequency.two.typically..of.critical....at.and.four.different.have..you.determine.conveyor. selection.power...function.There.NEMA.varies.number. percentage.torque.to.than.examples.speed.directly.constant.motor.are.of.and.has.a.blowers.applied.have.of.for.magnetic.and.the.constant.torque.

providing.on. Consequent-Pole Motors. the.magnetic.on.inversely. speed...following.Constant Horsepower (CHP) applications.motor.constant.of. Separate-winding motors.schematic.speed.high-speed.Four-speed.of.be.have.poles...with.two-speed.many..and.but.re-connectable.. The.with.wrenches. using.each.methods.a..can.speed. mills..winding.depending.each.for.horsepower.one.Three-speed.possible.speeds.winding.connected.motors.winding.winding..the.the.poles..and.lathes.all.and.connection. Consequent-pole motors.fixed.than.low-speed.such.of.are.the.is.motors.The.for. depending.motors.presses.. There.. horsepower.re-connectable.are..have.constant.basic.cost.pole. consequent-pole.two.windings.requirements..examples.reconnectable.motor.torque..The.a.a. There.half.motors.motor. speed.punch.of.the.and.to.higher. number..varying.multi-speed.high.more.for.one.of. re-connection.metal-working. .starters:.motors.Many. consequent-pole.separate-winding. Separate-Winding Motors.the.separate.speed.windings.of.winding.consequent..is..consequent-pole.winding.bending.one.tap.of.multi-speed.power.number.maintain.torque..for.speed. are.with.Two-speed.shows. low.is. poles.The.control.with. than..motors..applications.machines..speed.winding.wound.vary. have.is.have.control.ways.two.two-winding. . 52 .have.wye-connected.simpler.drills..one.as.at. two-speed.horsepower.a.one.machines.

speed.the.and.speed.Both..4.motors.increments.lowest.to.applications.overload.the.each.motor.is.selection.requiring.ambientcompensated.selected.bimetallic.to.desired.motor.to.0..started..separatewinding.compelling.three.progressive control.permits.in.speed. Siemens.be.offers.control.relays.torque.of.NEMA..the.selective. lowest.depresses.increment.step..horsepower.automatically.sizes.higher.speed.solid-state. manually. Selective control.and..operator. speed. speed.the.are.to.desired.speed.ESP200.motors:.schemes.at.the.a.speed.half-sizes.started. Starters.consequent-pole. variable.operator.constant.class 30 two-speed starters.the.multispeed. to.for.requires. 53 .through.Compelling control. move. Class 30 Two-Speed Starters.torque.and.any.at.the..With. speed. progressive.control.are.for.to.and.motor.pushbutton.including..are. There.starting..control. .constant.Speed Selection.at.control.. Siemens.for..available.through.and.the..available.both.the.

often.following.are.by.(F).three-phase. for.any.(R). “F”.the.set.it.three-phase. reverse.contacts.through.reversed.current.of. causing.reverse.either. 54 .forward.of..turn.through.Reversing Starters .one.applications.require.two.controlled.motor.direction.controlled. The.the..to.changed.This.The.by.rotation.reversing circuit. Many.T1.direction.flow. When.of.contacts.set. the.by.windings.and.a.“R”. the.motor.the.in.. .contacts.is.of.shows..one.of.Most.in.a.flows.clockwise.by.done.changing.motor.contactor.is...motor.T3.motor.close.or.a. leads.the.to.forward.motor.contactor.current.and.with.“F”.reversing.a.run.direction..three.the.illustration.

00 through.solidstate.“F”.through. 55 .offers. 3RA13 Reversing.ambient-compensated.Both.and.and.circuits..reverse.through.NEMA.a.flows.in. causing.offers. interlocks.S6.relays.Kits.through.offers.ESP100..Mechanical.the.frame.class 43 reversing contactors.the.time. Siemens.both.open.are.8.When.in.half-sizes. available.direction.opposite.sizes 00.SIRIUS.close. Siemens. Class 22 Reversing.the.S00..motor. energized.same.field.through.it. Starters.to.in.are.are.of.sizes.half-sizes.Siemens.sizes. Class 43 Reversing.NEMA.bimetallic. available.SIRIUS.8.counterclockwise..overload.contacts.contactors..prevent. frame. Contactors. Siemens.3RA13 factory-assembled reversing contactors for.direction.for.S12.class 22 reversing starters.and..from.including.reversing. current.“R”.S3.forward.in.at.being.. Contactors.including.the.sizes.rotate.the.Siemens.in.assembly.contacts.

650%.starting.motor.starting. With.of.of.full.of.for.is.is.current.type.current.motor.starting.the.cage.motors.upon.of.current.For.can.the. voltage.starting.started. There. acceptable.motor.receives.for.onto.type..being.method.at.as.not. immediately..common.motors.high.is.is.a..the.1200%.full-load.reflected.where.to.back. full-load. The.motor.line..the.example.squirrel.a.full..when.this.directly.high.where.starter.standard.of.. 56 .starts.the.full-voltage starting.typically. as.600.efficiency.most.current.high.across.Reduced-Voltage Starting Full-Voltage Starting.be.situations.voltage.When.the.placed.is.voltage. with.energized.are..is.full-line.motor.and.large.this.

limit.applications..where.result.to.conveyor.full-load.voltage.torque..torque.standard..are.starting.slipping.gradually.the.while.to.companies.applied.NEMA.belt.is.voltage.and.reduce. increasing.of.when. components.be.often.torque..is. Autotransformer Starters Autotransformer reduced-voltage starters.starting.starts.reduced-voltage starting.for.common.is.torque.The.paragraphs.equipment.As.starting.rating.have.starting.high..than.with. be.applied.to.line..necessary.current.the.typically.comes.50%. adjustable.current.of.starting..to.to...up.the.full-load. As.voltage.breakdown.belt. starting.starting.stress.or.typically.on. 57 .require. following.describe. Several.are.torque.taps..a..is.motor.B.motor.voltage.power.torque.be.motor.65%.methods.mechanical..reduce.of.more.reduced-voltage.load.lines..and. retaining.damaging.. Another.torque. require.full.requires..as. 200%.the.the.current. example.have.methods.is.a.highest. Reduced-Voltage Starting.applied.Autotransformers.potentially.lights. 80%.the.starting.flicker.for.or.then.name.per.starting.gradually. torque.potential.to.a.when. the.the.bunching.more..at.must.starting.speed.its.motor.and.a.large-motors.torque.typically..of. for.starting.and.first.the.to.gradually.the.Many.reduced-voltage.For.the.of.less..and/or.it.used.used.to.full-line.For.the.applications. starting.ampere.motor. a.accelerate.prevent.developed.type.available..or.to.the. Reduced-voltage.causing.involves.reduced.problem. sensitive.many.to.implies.power. 150%.power.maximum. to.is.torque.full-voltage.

connected.then..not.suitable.starts...design.of.motor.for.or.rated.refrigeration.crushers.Common.and.Common.simplified.configuration.stator.and.stator.current. When.are.windings.for.connection.a. mixers. L1 L2 L3 Open Close .applications.and.two. reduced-voltage starters. blowers. Wye-Delta Starters. and.autotransformer.torque.special. with. motors.a..50%.used.However..the.in. Part-winding.set.and.starter.with..running.reduced-voltage.require..include:.they.that.motor.separate.internally.pumps.windings.use.with.starters..This.not.for. windings.starters. windings.connected. to.its. are.all.for.leads.80%.the..reduced-voltage.for. control.each.the.carries..compressors.running.low-inertia.fans.type.parallel.applicable.load.The.draw.applications.and.of. starters.partwinding. of.high-inertia. .are..fans. type.least. Part-winding.are.of.only..motors..to.and.windings. reduced-voltage starters.has.start.reduced-voltage..locked.have. adjustment.converted.on.current.are.current..no.conveyors..The.loads.motor.delta.very.of.65.circuit.approximately.reduced-voltage.wye. Wye-delta.for.about.include:.a.six.expensive..starters.on.low-inertia.compressors. Part-Winding Starters. 58 ..rotor.available.

and. L1 L2 L3 1 2 3 7 Motor 4 5 6 9 8 To Start: Close 1.the. 6 Close 7 8. through.gear.dissipate.70%.As..and.air.motor.At.starts.contacts.loads.and.starting.type.central.The.of.motor.a.high-inertia.applying.voltage.starting.times.a.energized.limited.the. resistors. 3.with.is.the.include:. equipment.set.conveyors.the. 4.is. 9 ..of. ESP100...amount.is.lines.the.relay.timedelay. 2.time.standard.long. 5.simple.of.. 5.of.separate.full.incoming.to.speed..out.This.voltage. Siemens. Primary Resistance starters.resistors.picks.to..or. The.offers class 36 and 37 reduced-voltage starters.compressors.line.providing.Applications.heat.of.drive.choice.for.The.the. each.6. resistors. starting.conditioning.resistance.lower. overload.of.a.0.primary.a.motor.the.of.This.requiring.for.resistor..through.including. 6 Open 7 8.more.to.torque.Applications.furnished.the. equipment.of.as.of.for.good..provide.full-line.and.applications.the.the.in.up.methods.overload.in NEMA.voltage.discussed.initially. starters.include:..compared.voltage.sizes.effective...through. Class 36 and 37 Reduced-Voltage Starters.is.accelerating..a.reducedvoltage.part.preset. 59 .Siemens..three.half-sizes.closes.and. 9 .dropping.starter.starters.relay. To Run: Open 4.belt-driven.the.shorting.previously.type.the. 80%.for.starters.is..by.can..reduced-voltage.conveyors.sees.motor. frequent.voltage.protection. Primary Resistance Starter.. reduced.wyedelta. motor.solid-state.and.

components.class. Soft Starters.C.690.current.be.available.connected. degree.modular.up.at.3R. communication.of.saves.of.supply. devices.nominal.provide.starters.a.of.high.soft.power..soft.voltages. time.current.time.unit.phase control.for.and.range.integrates.SIRIUS..motor.allow.the..an.SIRIUS.3RW30.and.process.broad.3RW40.equipped.being.trip.and.that.and.system.more.the.easily.amps. settings.40º.3RW30.supply.simplified.for.front.starting.be.reverse.and.space.motor.current.to. starting. amps.high. 3RW44. the..voltage.SIRIUS.feature.to.amps.. Soft Starters.on.soft. 3R. Soft.at.motor.with.of.are.operating. SIRIUS 3RW44.current.starters. 60 SIRIUS 3RW40.all.40º.SIRIUS Soft Starters Solid-state.sometimes.stopping attractive.up.reduces. extensive.increasing.combine.up.ramping.starting.also.and.supply. DEVICE STATE/BYPASSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 SIRIUS 3RW30.for.432.soft. Soft Starters .soft.to.ramp-up.often. SIRIUS 3RW30 soft starters.up.to.fluctuations.Potentiometers.. The..stopped.make.but.and.when.operational.a..to.SIRIUS.the.starting.voltage.and.for.that.have.to.starters.applications. a.during.difficult..on.operating.the. in.significantly.the.Soft.starting.voltages.of 3RW30. time.components..starting.accomplish.current.stress.starters..have.applications.and.motor. windings.PROFIBUS.and. provide.starters..called..functionality.other.VAC.motor.and.this.limit.gradually.480.by.starters.soft. the.voltage.control.have.features. for.phase.and. supply.starters.at.up.diagnostics.VAC.torque.for.process.option..Potentiometers.C.and..and.3RW44.limit.current.SIRIUS.minimizes.starters.as.settings.. for..the.applied.DP.stopping.to..referred. SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters.on. reduced-voltage controllers.applications.standard. 1214.starting.front.settings.the.portion.are.for.available.includes. and.available. design.can.voltages.VAC.with.applied.is.ramp-down.this.applied.ramp-up.to.especially. to.line.soft starters.incorporates. SIRIUS 3RW40 soft starters.600..the.and.up.of.up.voltage.unit.by.106.operating.a.40º.to.This.of.are.SIRIUS.C..compact.the.controlled.soft.cycle.advantages.the.and.selectable.

4..modular.direction. _______.motor.50%.starters.soft. to..of. Siemens.for.or.by.reduces. applications.______ and._______. A. also._______.reduce..feature.reduced.have._______.starters.starting. leads.. three-phase.called.a.of. 5.and.Review 6 1.65%._______.30.This. includes.SIRIUS.for.system.standard.for.of.are.and.motor. 61 .. 2. applications.three.two-speed.the.fullline.80%.offers._______.changes. _______.reduced-voltage.taps.._______.voltage.of..and.starter.also. 6.starters. The.switching.voltage.reduced-voltage.soft... starters.high.motors. 3. A.the.starter.adjustable.voltage.starting.components._______.starters.two.3R.rotation.voltage..soft.for.to.starting.starters.class.reduces.

to.to control.heating.be..close.loads.are.on. is.resistive.will.lighting..and.600.Unlike..as.applications.causes. contactors.current..removing.buildings.commercial. connected.for. Most..the. keep.problem.to.loads.than. also.VAC..all.. motor.current.which. Siemens.not.open.magnetic.well.contactor..open.from.contacts.starter.and.discussed.used.ballast-type.to.to.the.designed.amps.heating.If.and.coil..tungsten.constant..20.be.and.lighting.require. available.is.2.starter.400..loads.an.loads.the..held.12.electrically held contactor.of.to.available.as.Enclosures.similar.used.rated. LEN00F003***A Max Current Volts AC r Load Coil Replacem Coil Voltage ents Coil Electrically. be.power.a.the.applications. is. 62 .contactor.a.Because.and.such.is.600.VAC. magnetic.needed..a.They.starters.resistive.480.When.previously.to.class LE lighting and heating contactors.normally.noise.a.some.lost.poles.for.are.Lighting and Heating Contactors Electrically Held..humming.flow.the.where.with.loads.these.of.these.lighting and heating contactor.similar.libraries.however. can.supply.this.a. applied.lighting.is. lighting.type.are.current. contactors.rather.One.to.should.energized.magnetic..noise..contactors.VAC. NO.contactor.a..as.loads.contacts.the. Contactors. Lighting & Heating Contacto Cat. hospitals.

..are.mechanically.available.and. CLM.resumes..12. used.energized.Contacts.lost.current.type.trip.to.amps.a.on.on.VAC.heating.closed.20.magnetic.closed.is.loads. release.energized.2.Siemens.latched. Magnetically. designed.is. 63 .latched.loads.VAC. lighting.and.concern.held.permanent. Contactors Magnetically held.ballast.and.resistive.and.used.latch.opened. A.is.until. even.is.with.tungsten.current.contactors.mechanically.are.12.lost.a.permanent.be.contacts.to.Magnetically Held and.be.so.contacts.an.to..used.coil.if.current..contactor.class CLM lighting and heating contactors.a.general.through.the.it.the.480. typically.will.provided. When.mechanically.the.loads.contains.and.480. closes. Mechanically.that.through.are..2..are.lighting.creates.to.lighting.control.lighting.are.contactors.latched.then. can.for. type.when.from.is.the.remain..the.and.contactor. a.that.signal.loads.where. Siemens.a.“OFF”.amps.and.ballast..the.held.to.general.when.magnet.has.mechanical. available.that..poles.designed.heating.coil.reinforces.held.receives.ratings.coil.is.noise.latched.to.solenoid. mechanically.can.magnetically.tungsten.Current.when. and..Class.400.immediately.They.is.magnetically.They.contactor.power.magnet.is.heating.VAC.magnet.contactor. poles. and.where.resistive.field.energized.contacts. A.and.with. Mechanically Latched.permanent.closed.lighting.heating.resistive.mechanically latched contactors are also.are. be.the.. maintain.and.power.contactors.and.contacts.or..for..power.rated.desired.held.600.are.600.resistive.400.VAC.the.interrupted.and. when.by.20.and.a.from.latched.

status..and.F .pushbutton.nonilluminated. Pushbuttons.designed.contacts.the.and.operating.Pilot Devices A..mm.A.of...for. 64 .Groups.Class 51 devices.used.broad.to. Pushbuttons.set..in. •..a. close. .or.selector.for.are.with.a.dimensions.stopping.control.the.spring.operation.G The.3SB2 devices.3SB3 devices.device.applications.following..22.with.hole.selections.industrial.families.D.Groups.such. (pushbuttons.Pushbuttons.are.lights).illuminated..harsh.an.to.colors.Class.starting.to.a.a.one.plunger.devices.and.pilot.I.of.of..available.with.mm. set. pushbutton.(indicator.and.II.mounting..The.motor... •.be.available. Siemens.are . (in.include.with.configurations.of..diameter.device.a.return.switches). ..of.of.various functions.millimeters).products.E...C.open. .variety.30.the. •.hazardous.the.mount.locations.machine. and.of. .or...perform.in.or.another.the..diameters.duty.product.devices.and.refers. Pushbuttons.are. actuator.and.Class.range.mounting.available.manually.heavy.indicates.and.mm.size.features.or.mounting.environments .of.16.for.are.and.. product.as.contacts.may.Class 52 devices.control. operating.circuits. A.typical.mounting.. •. appropriate.diameters .for.variety.diameters .is. .and.an. 16 mm 3SB2 Pushbutton 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Pushbutton 30 mm Class 52 Pushbutton Normally Open.to.a.uses.directs.a.example.pilot device.required..mounting.used.knockout.system.

position.have.example.and.closed.one.their.or.as.normally.such.are..open.the.open.also.is.and.momentary contact.drawing.other.the.contacts.be.closed.circuit.through.. to..normally.in.button.illustration.state.illustrates.set. plunger.contacts.set..Pressing.are.is.(NC).flow.the.closed.available.the. as.various.the.the.normally. Normally..button.function..circuit. and.are.activated.the.with.(NO).button.and.set.opens.just.contact.shown in.with. For.that.flow.pushbuttons.the.causes.is.Pressing.set.open.because.is.In..the.spring.position.one.a.. Pushbuttons.as.called.contacts. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit Normally Closed.used. the. contacts.them..current.so.wired.pressed.configurations.described.the.contacts.Pushbuttons. 65 .contacts..In. The.. Pushbuttons.may.button.either.are. closed.button.close.the.open. pushbuttons.closed.pushbutton..when.a. contacts.pusbutton.the.pressed.one.to.. button.of.because.are.unless.called.a.as. a.example. state.remain.the.normally.through. released.is.this.activated.of.pushbutton..released.remain.after...only.close. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit The.can.the. pushbutton.pushbuttons.is.preventing.returns.the.button.the.that.following.of..in.pressed.to.When.the..normal.the.open.open.contacts..long.the.maintained contact.normally.are.following.their.so.pushbuttons.can.their. current.open.to.one.

.connect..the.“Start”.“Stop”.flow.and. contacts.of. contacts.to.the.energizes.circuit.power.pushbutton.pressing.example.closed.a. Momentarily.“Ma”.current.as.“Start”.the.run.flow.is..contactor’s.pushbuttons.until. 66 . electromagnetic.and.“Ma”.is.released.a normally.is.closed. opening.the.coil. to.auxiliary.three.open.breaking.(“Ma”).of.the.The.“M”.circuit.might.will.because.the.“M”.and.contacts.pushbutton.“Start”.holding.shows.motor.electromagnetic.to.required.and.and.completes. This.a. in. are. The.and. Control Circuit.Using Pushbuttons in a.the.. the.pushbutton. path.“M”.diagram.supplying.be.“M”.When.coil.holding circuit.the.a.path.control.the.to.the.the.wires.closes.“M”. Three-Wire Control Pressing.line.as three-wire control.the.used.referred.of..how. and.coil.function..pushbutton.current.pushbutton.“Start”.normally.pressed.“Stop”.following.. normally.electromagnetic.an.“Ma”.

circuit.overload.motor.such.the.into. automatically.two-wire control.must.for.control..two.operation.control.inaccessible.overload.switch.also.when.will.motor.return.that.with.provides.“Start/Stop”.the.lowvoltage release.that.the...used.shut.only..is. 67 .the.not.the..to.or..to.of.button.the..power.an.device.is. installations.an.remote. M L1 M L2 M L3 OL OL OL T1 T2 T3 Motor Start/Stop M OL This.if.an.to.is.because.when.cleared.the.motor.or.control.to.regained.in. stations.However.depress.desirable.will.to.contacts.restart.shuts.the.event.an.When.down.a.stopping.plants.closed.Low-voltage..type.but. coil.is.water-treatment. This. release.often... restart.low-voltage.of.is.if.When.immediately.in.the. automatically.it.restart.motor.to..“M”.these.requires.means. wires.have.circuit.the.the.control.de-energizes.circuit.overload.it.after.de-energizes.service.as.An.low voltage protection.of.is.circuit. Two-Wire Control.will.In.. control.is. immediate.. is.motor..a.motor.power.called.still.advantage.because.applications.that..restored.of.not.This. contactor.power.power. so.restart. the.the.restored.and.the.control.three-wire.control.pumping.“OL ”.the.down.will.motor.open.has.when.power.protection.circuit.scheme.this.the. causes.connect.“Start”.lost..loss.and.not.the..it. Contrast. control.operator.

position.either.be.PL1.a.and.and.fourposition.Selector.open.and..mechanism.when.example.to.open.is.selector..indicating.contact.accepted.in.in.circuit. the.are.select.speed.used.example.contact.stop.position.the.turned.to.available. Switch.the.dashed.are.status.turned.two.solid.light.key operated.maintained.interchangeable.Contact. The.a..used..difference. possibilities.only.circuit.can.of.basic.is.used.part.machine.close.are.PL2.and. Selector.switches.stop..selector.in.a..pilot.stop. high.light. operator.on.lights.is. positions..first.is.for. 16 mm 3SB2 Selector Switch 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Selector Switch 30 mm Class 52 Selector Switch Two-Position Selector.a.two.. In.pushbutton.be.speed.. Selector switches.more. and.when.are..between. to.a.are.close. contacts.and.the..and.on.example.of.and.two.switches.for.run. 68 .for.The.three.2.contacts..is.lines.to.a. used.the.run. selector.following. or.in.the.rotated.and.pushbuttons.on.is.to. previous.of..indicate.. There.is.machine.on. .Selector Switches.could..and.switch.With.the switch.types.switch.uses.the.. positions.conditions.or.one..example.two.of.those.selector.manually.switches.methods.1.with.shown. switch. for.operator.or.also.blocks.of.show.and.low.spring return...pilot.This.used..pilot.switch. Contact Truth Tables.control..method.

2.uses.table.target table.When.“Off”.drops.pilot.effect...is.the. 69 .position.select.selector.contact.liquid.which.switch.pump.as.When.contact.the.when. to.is.level.closed.following..Then.indicates.level.represent.three contact.rises.on.switching.controlled.opens.closed. An.is.uses.position.to.1.is. the..position. the.in.which.switch. Switch.for. A.motor..level.a. The.pump...PL1.given..diagram.stopped.PL2.and.by.preset.switch.letter.(manual).switch.also.pushbutton.to.a.each.the. stopping.set. Start.for.known.switch.pump..the.when.starting.the.switch.is.preset.second.a.to.closes.the..level.example.The.“Auto.A.the. .any.a..used.of. In.B..switch.“Hand”.switch.a.is.selector.liquid-level.is.“X”.pump.truth table.. a.pilot.a. fluid.contacts.and.pressed.circuit.is.pump..light.is.truth.in.level.position.shows..is.method.is.fluid.switch.contact. In.example. ” by...The.For.liquid.three-position.are.the.the.the..light.no.until.the.a.to.lower.the.position..to. closed.The.has.the.the.position..starts. Three-Position Selector.positions.in.below. Hand/Off/Auto..on.pump.the.liquid.control.

green. Red Indicator Light is On Green Indicator Light is On Motor Running Motor Stopped .for.variety.white.red.light.available.a..a..for.to..shown....indicates..as.of.of.indicator.a...is.with.or.a.or.green.visual.available.condition.clear.lens. Indicator lights. indicates.to..system.are.a.colors.indicator.often.. 16 mm 3SB2 Indicator Light 22 mm 3SB3 Indicator Light 30 mm Class 52 Indicator Light Indicator.or.system.of.are..with.that.circuit’s.alarm.and.indication.red. 70 .the. visual.Indicator Lights. Siemens.is..status.following.off.also.process.indicator.quick.machine.amber..lens.lights.referred.operating..in. As.a.lights.indication.a. allow.light. blue.running.a.provide.off. on.pilot lights.a.example.illustration. often.that.

is.indicator.red....In.with.light.coil.stopped.contact.green.the..is.the. in a Control Circuit.wired.normally.the..on.(G).(A).contact.open.turning.closed. open.turn.running.now.the.light.when.red. in..that.Mb. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 When.light.coil.and. In.green.on.addition.is.indicator.opens..following.motor.if.the.light.light.OL.is.is.and.closes.will.turning.indicate.(R).motor.light.Mb.out.that.. contact.even.energized. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 If.green.closed.the..normally.Note.burns.motor.closed.the...off.light.the. stopping..on. that.OL. closes. the.Mb.diagram.the.the normally.is..the.turning.the.parallel.the.on.so..and.is. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 71 .an.the.overload.off.the.occurs.the.to.is.light.Using an Indicator Light.motor.contact.amber.is. on.the.the. .and.contact.the.

are.closed.. steady.lost.pushbuttons.green._____.by.devices.in.blue. 3.status.best.with.LED.their....of... versions. process.through.device..lights.contactors..flashing.signal lamps.be..monitor.are.___.yellow.for.to.diameter.clear.other.siren.beacon.even.Columns.assembled. 4.are.are.Siemens.an.operating._______.to.power. 5. lighting. Lamps.rotating.yellow.the.Both.or.provide.available.in.issue.or.another.desired.indicates..indications..system.visual.be.and.contactors. can.keep.if.heating.indications. Signal Lamps 8WD4 Signaling Column Review 7 1.. Integrated.Signaling Columns and.mounting.and. 2.available. can.an.available._____.are.the.where. A...audible.amber.directs.3SB3. indicator.are.allow.is.provide..selector.machine. device..white.used.an...of.not.blue._______.and.directly.and.to.heating.or.elements.the.a.switches.Various. lenses:. Once.be.green.and..process. Siemens.five.noise..come..the._______. closed.elements.They.operating.achieve. Siemens.attached. configuration.green.indicator.operation.lights..in.or. _______.red.and.and.and.the.optional.a.. red..are.contacts.following.also.colors:.operation..stacking. can.contacts.mm.personnel...ASInterface adapter.incandescent.added. 72 .elements.machine.conditions.to..distance.signaling. easily.to.or.are...their..Buzzer.lighting. red.8WD4 signaling columns.to. applications.used.from.and.visual.networked.of. Signaling columns.control.have.is._____. machine.

used.provide.example.cases.ratings.voltage.control power transformer (CPT).to.a.the.variety.is.primary.460.by.Siemens.voltage. secondary.the. CPT.VAC.motor.primary.the.protection.of.VAC. In. step.Fuses.VA..and. is.circuit.voltage.main.following.with.terminals.for.on.to. In.the.voltage.class MT and MTG control power transformers.control.higher.available.and.from.Control Transformers The. windings.an.down.the..5000.primary.the.overcurrent.of.in.voltage.is.are..such..to.transformer.than. use.of.industrial.needed. 73 .applied.to.This.of.control..the.circuit..on..is.voltages.the.25.for.stepped.frequently.a.a.down.the.the.secondary.24.

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GA 30005 1-800-964-4114 info.com Subject to change without prior notice Order No.siemens.sea@siemens.sea. www.com/step/default. The information provided in this brochure contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products.Siemens Energy & Automation.: STTM-EP03J-0209 All rights reserved Printed in USA © 2009 Siemens Energy & Automation. Inc. Industry Sector 3333 Old Milton Parkway Alpharetta. Inc. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract.html 100 . All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners.

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