Basics of Control Components

Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP

Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.

Table of Contents

Introduction...............................................................................2 Control.Circuits..........................................................................4 Electrical.Symbols.....................................................................6 Line.Diagrams......................................................................... 16 . Overload.Protection.................................................................21 Manual.Control........................................................................32 Magnetic.Contactors.and.Starters...........................................38 Contactor.and.Starter.Ratings.................................................43 . Class.14.NEMA.Starters..........................................................46 SIRIUS.Type.3R.Starters..........................................................47 Multi-Speed.Starters...............................................................49 Reversing.Starters...................................................................52 Reduced-Voltage.Starting........................................................54 Lighting.and.Heating.Contactors.............................................60 Pilot.Devices............................................................................62 Control.Transformers. .............................................................. 71 . Control.Relays. ........................................................................72 . Solid-State.Switching.Devices................................................. 76 Monitoring.Relays....................................................................78 Time.Relays.............................................................................79 Additional.Devices...................................................................83 LOGO!.Logic.Module..............................................................85 . Fast.Bus.Busbar.Adapter.System............................................87 Review.Answers......................................................................89 Final.Exam...............................................................................90 quickSTEP.Online.Courses......................................................96

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their.the.This. •. State. •.motor.of.starters.construction. starters.will.for.be.the.and. Upon.Basics.construction.of. •.magnetic.represent.the.to. distributors.operating.the. •.operation Identify.sell. •.control. Describe. lighting.and.control. components Read.and.of.motor..related.course.course.Program.in.control.circuits State. magnetic.relays 4 .of.Siemens.and.difference.basic.principles.need. •.Energy.prepare.and.a.symbols.Control.operating.describe.operating.heating.the.principles.reduced-voltage.various.automatic. able.purpose.operation.various.products. control.typical.STEP..you.principles.of.series.diagram Describe.Automation.motor.need.to.the.manual.of.to.magnetic.methods Explain.products.Siemens.and.motor.Education.starters Identify.contactors.effectively.and.and.for.the.and. Technical.principles.control.our. •.motor.general.in.Components. •.line. •.&.designed.and.and.circuit Explain.the.the.to: •.starting Describe.. •.between.protection Describe. manual.contactors. •.Basics of Control Components.which.Introduction Welcome.construction.starters Describe.overload.operating. more.starting.a.another.covers.principles.manual.completion. components.of.

Siemens.if. NEMA®.Inc.trademarks.names.passing.trademark.Siemens.card.Laboratories.of.UL®.systems...final.prepared.before.tear-out. Other.card.of.with.Underwriters.or.the. National.subject..a.. 22209.luck.trademark..and.to.Automation.are.Manufacturers.certificate.and.a.Electrical. notice. respective.of.Northbrook.respective. applications.you.better.you.you.owners.registered.be..trademarks.IL.an.Good.Laboratories.addition.will.AG.a. complete. trademarks.their.a.employee. 5 ..mark.Association.registered.of.Product.trademarks.a.grade.your.attempting. mentioned.completion.to.products.are.In.change.the.are.help.in.of.Inc.Energy.distributor. mail.should.mail.Basics of Electricity.efforts. authorized. Siemens..will.the..®.knowledge..You..fill.property.We. you.you.is.out.of.Rosslyn.and.of.companies.be.exam.VA.understand.better.and. electrical. 60062-2096.without.score.is.discuss..service.will.with.may. Underwriters.their.Specifications.customer.registered.. If.the.&.This.Basics of Control Components.customers.

wide.often..varying.a.be.manual.and.as.is.that. In. circuit.the.may..circuits.control.is..used.off. control.to.light.to. tend.something.turn. these.on.control. of.off.of.devices.complex.is.requires. A. control.motor.can.that.cases..example.simple.an.manually.to. many.this.used.often. Control.be.circuit.or.example.applications.stop.in.in.Control Circuits Control.some.However.control.of. control.turn.to.a.Manual.simple.circuit.function.are..of.component.and.. with.on.someone.previous. Manual Control.example.used.industrial.and.components.this. on. 6 ..degrees.are.same.broader.circuits..the.are.control.to.be..complexity..One.automatic..commercial.illustrates.combine.something.of.applications.start.circuit..a.variety.device.and. .other. Control.starter.off.a.circuits.and.off.controlled.For.circuits..variety.The.on-off.More.and.of.more.lighting.turned.used.employ.often.the. a.automatic.or.manual control.example.the.However.components.light.a.In..used.or.simple.switch.being.on.also.switch.single-pole.a.a.is.manual..use. manual..turns.in. a.circuit..than.a.

some.on..from.they.practice. lights. refer.wired.of.you. extensive.vary. While.and. AC. many.programmable. such. dependent.is..controller.circuit.components.these.to..hard-wired logic.are.Energy..occurs.in.control.interaction.combination. is.or...common.wiring.a. without.be.such.components..of..fully.both. is.of.control.only..indicator..as. In.. course.turn.For.are.dependent.variety.to.the. The.complexity.In.and.this.control..something.system. drive.components.to.information.when.interaction.site.Automation.additional.of.interaction.each.Automatic Operation.components.of.good.cases..the.on.variable.is. .in.automatically.machines.Increasingly.the.course.started.the.by.Siemens.and.to.automatic.systems. controller.logic. however.these.Siemens.wired.. A.monitor.other.manual.wide.on.control.off.cases.to.components.and.range.web.are.components.However.and.circuits.circuits.motors. Control Components.manual..advanced.as.is..in.some.give.software.how.Automatic control.the.sometimes.protect..will. 7 .to.This.start.stored.a.in.a.too..human.stopped.that.machines.are.control.of.that.addressed.this.This.complete.or.the.referred.speed.control.still.&.can. includes.used.

symbols.to.contacts.control.symbols.a.a.condition.are.cannot.which.Although..is.which.contacts. of.control.many.are.a.or.indicate.relay’s.various. diagrams.countries.represent.operation.the.of.represented..flow.control.open.my.either.the. contacts.light.common.. contact.no.showing.the.is.The. The. normally open (NO).in.to.this.these.logic.there...when.in..are. that.indicate.With.as..control.components.used.the.circuits.the.show.to.however.be.show.produced.States.power.diagrams.Electrical Symbols Control.when. of.devices.the.following. flow.device... logic.contacts.shown. 8 .allows.. components.the.part..blocks.closed.to.condition.current. circuit..to.is. One.a..throughout.in.standard.course.which. de-energized (off) state. world.method.ways. For.symbols.condition..is.or.other.coil.approaches.open.common.the.other.example.is.diagrams.to..to.flow.the.control.in.the.operation. Contact Symbols.When.either.in.use.contacts.and.pictorially.Control..can. current. United.actuating.. Various..the.current.as..open.in.contacts.of. .illustration.dynamic.relay.vary..incorporate.the.open.normally.the.of.there.the.are.contacts..no.contacts.current.be.more.use.Instead. flow.to.normally closed (NC)..applied.common.

switches. and.are.example.and.energized.diagram.path.off.in.are.normally.the.the..not.the.completing.are.shown..not.not. Example.state. that.the..highlighted.is.are.relay.at.the.following.energized..control. the.illustration.illuminating.state..contacts..state. In.this.. contacts..When.in. Example For.state.contacts.current.sometimes.as.the.following.energizes.such.light.indicate.and.this..shown. contacts.exists.is..However.A.their..the.relay.Symbols.In..when.usually.de-energized.not.light. explanation.and.logic.highlighted.their..light.for.illustration. the.as.shown.not.is....(on).cases.current. Normally Open Contact..complete.the.for. their.the.highlighted.energized.path.are..and..closed.to.Note: This is not a standard symbol.the..The. highlighted.de-energized.normal.the.time.open.a.the.on.the normally.then.contacts.contacts. 9 . Normally Closed Contact.they.shown.circuit.in.are.on.relay.is.in.open.symbol..first shown.in.purposes.close.closed.of.is.. turning.the.course.When.are.

when.In.the.path. 10 .closes.Switch Symbols.to.the.side.path.in.it.light.like.also.switch.connected.connected.of.the.to.different.symbols.or.not.switch.it.is.interrupted. to..closed. and.manual.battery.discussed. Example . the..of.the.side.switch.opens.to.a.flow. Normally Open Switch.battery..contacts.switch..of.the.the..When.light.switches.current.are.the.turns.closed.normally.to..Variations.its. In.normally.a.used.current. illustration.normally.illustration.and.of a.through.switch.indicate.following.current..is.change..current..been.also..of a.change.light.switch.normally.case.used.light.or. side.the.is.flows.and.other.the.require.switch. current.closed. Switch.types.closed.to.are.open. to.the.another.just.considered.illuminates. for.their.is.someone.position. When.the.the.the.these.connected.are.switch.number. In.types..a. a.ones.switches.switch.When.in.circuits.the..is.to.following.one.can.someone.state.following.connected.completes.the.normal.flow.action. Normally Closed Switch..open.or..is.When.the.an.be.used.device..switch.light..the.open.is. Various.flow.illustration. .control.also. must..shown.represent.and.acted.flow.and...a.be.of..in.someone.the.state.A.has.of.through.. side.is.Like.one. light. Example.upon.other.symbols.of.a.cannot. open.off..

Switch.the.momentary.following.change.(NC). Pushbutton Example. There..pushbutton. Switch...or.and. Normally Closed.contrast.unlatched.are.return.In.closed.maintained.open.pressed.the.to.When.example..the.flow.and.the.of.current. normal.state.the..pushbutton.versa.their..light.a.current.pressed.and.to. Normally Open.the.pressed.state. Pushbutton Example.of.to.to.types..normally.flows.is.is.interrupted.following.When. 11 .button. other.flows..as.It.Pushbutton Symbols.current.return.to.turns.two.side.as.is.pushbutton.when.side.connected. opposite.pushbutton.contacts.a...one.its.light.a..of.. released.not.as the.(NO).be.pushbutton.vice.latches.light. In.The.must.place..is.soon.is.normal.pushbutton.the.pushbutton.is..is..state.as.on.is.to. In.long.momentary.the.pushbuttons.allow..turns.basic. maintained.a.battery.button.is.is.shown.the. through.illustration.and. when. They. pressed.pressed. state.the. opposite.of.. normal.it. normal.state.off.light.of a.shown.open.connected.its..to.to..in.its.the.

Coil Symbols.

Motor.starters,.contactors,.and.relays.are.examples.of. devices.that.open.and.close.contacts.electromagnetically..The. electromagnet.in.these.devices.is.called.a.coil.. A.coil.is.commonly.symbolized.as.a.circle.with.letters.and. number.inside..The.letters.often.represent.the.type.of.device,. such.as.M.for.motor.starter.or.CR.for.control.relay..A.number. is.often.added.to.the.letter.to.differentiate.one.device.from. another.. The.contacts.controlled.by.a.coil.are.labeled.with.the.same. letter.(and.number).as.the.coil.so.that.it.is.easy.to.tell.which. contacts.are.controlled.by.each.coil..A.coil.often.controls. multiple.contacts.and.each.contact.may.be.normally.open.or. normally.closed.

Coil Example Using. Normally Open Contacts.

In.the.following.example,.the.“M”.contacts.in.series.with the.motor.are.controlled.by.the.“M”.contactor.coil..When. someone.closes.the.switch,.current.flows.through.the.switch. and.“M”.contactor.coil..The.“M”.contactor.coil.closes.the.“M”. contacts.and.current.flows.to.the.motor.

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Overload Relay Symbols.

Overload relays.are.used.to.protect.motors.from.overheating.. When.excessive.current.is.drawn.for.a.predetermined.amount. of.time,.the.overload.relay’s.contacts.open,.removing.power. from.the.motor..The.following.symbol.is.for.contacts.associated. with.a.thermal.overload.relay..An.overload.relay.used.with.a. three-phase.motor.has.three.such.contacts,.one.for.each.phase.

Indicator Light Symbols.

An.indicator light,.often.referred.to.as.a pilot light,.is.a.small. electric.light.used.to.indicate.a.specific.condition.of.a.circuit.. For.example,.a.red.light.might.be.used.to.indicate.that.a.motor. is.running..The.letter.in.the.center.of.the.indicator.light.symbol. indicates.the.color.of.the.light..

Other Symbols.

In.addition.to.the.symbols.discussed.here,.there.are.many.other. symbols.used.in.control.circuits..The.following.charts.show. many.of.the.commonly.used.symbols.

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CONT. SEC.Voltage Variable. DP. ALM. CT.Switch. Automatic.Starter. Motor. PS.Single-Throw. PB. MN. Circuit..Single.. Double-Pole.Transformer. DPDT.. BR..used. PRI. SSW. FU. DC. Interlock. CR. UV.list.are.Closed Normally. DPST. Hand/Off/Auto. IC.Box. Alternating.Switch.frequently.commonly. SPDT. XFR. Forward. BAT. Double.Open Ohmmeter Overload Pushbutton Phase Positive Primary Pressure.Relay Up Under. THS.Starter. DISC. RH.Delay Thermostat. NEG. Ground. CB. FTS.Delay. Armature.in. ARM. Motor Manual Negative Neutral Normally. AM.Double-Throw. POS.Throw Single-Pole. OHM... Current. Integrated. following.Current. Coil Contact (NO) Limit Switch (NO) Abbreviations. but enclosed in a square as shown in the following examples.The. LT. Control. GEN. SPST. PH. Foot. Limit.Overload. SP. Fuse. R. TB. Junction. FREQ. TR. GRD. Motor. Circuit.Switch Transformer Terminal.Relay.Drive Transformer 16 . AC.Double.Frequency. Generator. MSP.circuits. NEUT. RES. Capacitor.control. Double-Pole. D. NO. Brake. Alarm.Static switching control uses solid-state devices instead of electromechanical devices.Board Time. Many of the symbols used with this type of control are the same as those shown on the previous page. IOL. DT.Switch. REC. CKT.abbreviations.Switch Reverse Rectifier Resistor Rheostat Switch Secondary Solenoid Single-Pole Single-Pole. Down. LS. OL. Lamp.Protector MTR.Current. HOA. AU. F.Relay.Breaker. Disconnect. SOL. VFD. Instanstaneous. Frequency. Abbreviations. Double-Pole. Control. Battery. U.identifies. NC.Selector..Switch Time. Direct.Circuit. CAP. JB.Throw Selector. TD.Switch. INTLK.Switch Safety. Ammeter.Throw. S. M. T. SS.used.

open.represents. ...action.the... Which.a. 2.following.head.. .represents. a.an..represents.of.circuit. c. closed.when.for.a.normally. mushroom.operate. 4.of.following.is. .. a.contact? .control.must. Which. b. Which..symbols. .the....represents. open.following.symbols.the. . 5. .the.. . . b.to.symbols. 3.operated. b.pushbutton? .contact? .someone. . initiate. c. c.of.Review 1 1.following.normally. Which.symbols.. . c. a._______.a..of... . a. .normally. A.the..a. . b. 17 .pushbutton? .

small.at.the. in.up.illustration..and..the.the.a.not.shown.circuit. indicator.be.by.two.more. or.circuits.circuit.wires.of. power-circuit.relationship.light.diagrams.indicates.relationship.made.types..is.and.an.a.to.control.can.represented...an. Control Wiring Power Wiring Not Connected Connected .an.diagrams.with.the.control.physical.Within.example.circuits.of.Line Diagrams Control.physical.functional..intersection.light.dot.a.line.line.illustration.diagrams.or.are.components.and.referred.of. Indicator (Pilot) Light Pushbutton The. electrical..wiring.pushbutton.For..symbols. as.used.electrical.are.heavy.wiring.the.circuits..ladder.by.connection.relationship.node.of. diagram. of. following.A.represented.line.diagrams.power.... Line.pictorially.in.Line.is.two.show.following.functional. the.also.a.relationship. L1 L2 Pushbutton Indicator (Pilot) Light 18 .line.shows.

because.this.Reading a Line Diagram.current.or.motor.flow.control.L2. light.not.do.allows. 120..This.both..L1.illustration.that.pushbutton.L1..power circuit. pushbutton.the.includes.control.of..between.determine.be.when.to.from.right.power.same.loads.turning. left.one.indicator.is..VAC.that.VAC.the.pushbutton.typical. Power and Control Circuits..following.these. components. energized...shows.the.voltage.control.load.to.the.connection.VAC.. circuit.L2.the.. stops.a..the. interpret.power.must.when.the.the.pushbutton.diagram.a.control circuit.light.of.of..The. lights.devices.the.line.applied..L1.power.includes.mind.note.more.will.L1.the.and.this.. relationship.and.off.The.such.light.loads..Some. The.to.. rated.the. .other.that...and.. Control Circuits.pressed.indicator.that.with.L2. pushbutton.and.a.to.. and.following. activate.components.from..properly.the.as.line.light.to.read.flow.controls.are.means..a.distribution.Releasing..120.Other.heavy.light.L2..the.at. The.it.and.control. The.is. drawn.line.and.contactors.example.In.you.and.lines.The..order.the.symbolically.the.relays.starting.power. marked.control.must.load.diagram.with.such.drawn.that.following.pressing.to.In.is.line.through.indicator.in.as..functional.light.control circuits.drawn.for. A.vertically.to.120.supplies.indicator.indicator.an..With.circuit. 19 .displays.be.is.diagram.indicator.the.current.

L1.or. to. following.can.more.operation.control.in.load.connected.is.addition. to.connected.in...applies.to.L2.are.of.through.control. needed.in.operate.pushbutton.devices.loads...this. between..the.contactor.divided.VAC.One.contacts.indicator.circuit.and.overload.are.line. In.directly.previous.required.In.fails.will. across.120.L2.relay.indirectly.the.the.both.in.the.across.(OL).second.the.is.may.and.for. 20 .device..120.the.depending.the.on. through.line.an.120.connected.device.the.full.is.on.a.L2. Control.is..on.Connecting the Load to L2.load.the.if.the.shows.L1. necessary.parallel.light.pressed. Only.is.load.generally.directly.is.the.and.loads.be.normally.the.connected. parallel.the. In.light..on. the.load.one.pressed. Connecting Control Devices.set.contactor.any.In..loads.L2.right.why.applied.on.loads.not.overload.or.neither.the.volts.loads.. in.a.used.a.series-parallel..side. parallel.A.circuit.L2.is.circuit.the.the.example.voltage.The..circuit.proper......are.These. volts.to.full.connected.the.. configuration.Depressing.either.both.coil.of.the.to.line.than.improperly.When.to. In.combination.the.and.example.logic. pushbutton.to.following...is.in.the.load.series.connected.receiving.indicator.load.one.pushbutton. control.to.circuit.“M”..be.contacts.load..series.connected.one.is.control.Usually. control. to.only.one.one.in.circuit.when.control.one..with.control. ..series.control.properly.illustration.other.continue.placed.left.

connects.pushbuttons.flow.Both. light.line.in.2.and.1.connected.L2.L1.from.pushbuttons.connects.to.to.line.describing.light.two.1.For.the.light. Because.the.1.time..are.following.Pressing..pushbuttons.shows.2...3.at.in.to.multiple.same.pilot.pilot.illustration.L1.to.the.illustration.. line.connected. parallel.or..indicator..pushbutton.both.L2.2.pressed.load. series.through.from.following.either.to..pushbutton. In.. the.current.the. Line Numbering.connects.the. numbered.have.line.contactor.to...to.light.lines.lines.diagrams.and.must.to.are.example.“M”. 21 .allows.in..switch.pushbuttons..flow. allow. The.often.logic.the.1.next.illustration.1.to..the.on.the.to..pushbutton.pilot.through.line.4.be.simplify. current.

.with.. 2. f _______. associated. d. . f. ..the.starting.Review 2._______._______.diagram.on.items.the.line. b.L2. _______ _______ 22 .from.. a.. Match.at.. .. ..read. _______. a b c d Control Circuit Control Device Control Load Node Power Circuit Power Load e .diagrams.the.L1.to. c.are. e. ._______.to _______.list. Line. 1.

each.another.the.overload.In. To.a.to. understanding.you.. conductors.to.and.The.differs. flow.current.in.of.must.to.in.current.covered.it.with.from. first.conductor.order...is.that.overload.pertinent.clear.always.how..reason.resistance.circuit.conductive.the.current.Overload Protection Some. discussion..are.begin..referred...the.capacity.these.that.of.condition.the.from.short.type.control.as..overloads. short.generated.is.For.two.components. understand. Current and Temperature.control.fault.can.circuit.to.of.components.ground.to.current. Excessive.conditions.The.amount.designed.to.motors.has.both.ampacity.conductor.result.heat.be. Normal Current Flow Excessive Current Flow 23 ..continuous.this.an.the.proportional. .heat.path..damaged. are.is.overcurrent.this.a..what.An.overcurrent.generates.a. referred.as.of.course. of.flow. may.of.by.heat.rated.of.Keep.overcurrent.or.mind.a..of.have.amount.from.types.and.overcurrent.protect.excess.

motor...current.a.between.very.damaged.cause.prevents.short.is.is.to.many.conductors.circuit.rise..to.current.This.a.a. proportionally.a. resistance..this. draw.current.times.consider.is.relationship.from. many.result.conductors.when..240.For.to.when.used.. to.an.jams.circuit.to.Short Circuit.current.0.are.made. circuit.the. current.bare.a. ohms.a. connected.a.example.more.occurs.An.contrast..may.rated.10.between.when...two.A. insulation.if.rise. Before Short Circuit Ohm’s Law I = E R I= 240 V 24 Ω = 10 A I= After Short Circuit 240 V = 10.better.current. short circuit.low..almost..in.overload.by.causes.and.the.equipment.normal.in.Note.connected.conductors.damage.separate.this. immediately.the.times.the.volts.When.drops.interrupted.or.circuit.breaker.conductors.to.to.to.the.lower.insulation.and..drops.or.the.and. work.conductors.When.the.if.heat.the. ohms.is.resistance.fuse.the. current. 24 .by.overload.this...understand. Normally.circuit.current.amps.causes.too.Ohm’s Law..touch.resistance.short.described.024.example..the.its.between.extensive.too. reduction..can.to..024 Ω The.000 A 0. resistance.current.in.resistance.value.generated.may.circuit.a.a.or.circuit.much.not.this.conveyor. if.conductors.and.flowing.usually.electrical. In.zero.by.than.equipment.24.its.the. To.will.For.result.is.voltage.example.occurs.. Overload.short.between.hard.devices.that.is.the..rapidly.however.

quickly. full.down. tolerate.occurs.electric.protection.rating.example. the.the.motor..start.time.circuit.may.the.a..fuse.must...circuit.to.seconds. the.overload.time.circuit.example.In.protect.current.an.circuit. times.has.circuit.a.for.full-load..excess. For.high-efficiency..current.current.its..separate.known.sized.and. Fuses..overload.a.speed.most. Overload Protection.about.to.an.circuit..an.is. the.to.. exceeded.these.undesirable.Because.designed.response.off.overload.short.current.example.for. conductors.higher..starting.short-duration.the.for.circuit. their.must. situation.has.a. the.conditions.as. such.but..full-load current.a.be.disable.current.for.such.breakers. the.the. the.In.typically.for.to.its.after..For.draw.short.even.or.the.different. accelerates.devices.shut. When.to..a.device.of.motor.the.an. overload relay.conductors.happens.motor.designed.its..that.. current.Under. AC.the.protection.by.starting.is.starting.are.. started.value.operating.circuit.this.required...of.motor’s.conductors.is.six.current.to.resulted.to.current.motor.current.overload.what.when..protect.a.such.should.consider.extended.starting current.design.In.rated.NEMA.B.example.or..dropped.open.starting.Motors.the.to.For. 25 ..a.motors.some.of.of.eight..drops.600%.flow. before.be.are.provided.. Temporary Overload Due to Starting Current A.be.a.breaker.device.rated.path.damage.a.for. conductors.they.allow.the.in.of.in.is.capacity..previous.As.load.. In.motor.event.high.a.In.following.circuit.overcurrent.and.current.when.designed.it.is.a.motor.motors.situation.high.

motor starter.open.the. restarted. An.motor.overloads. Overload Relay in a . at.has.six.to...overload.overload.after.motors.value.most..a.it.And.specific.overload.trip.a trip class rating..The..the.relays..the.to.they.continuous. M L1 Power Source L2 OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contracts Open L1 Power Source L2 M OL T1 Motor T2 M Starter Contacts Closed 26 .manual. to.remains.be.for.typically.and.short-duration. cause.overloaded. overload.motor.if.cause.relay.10..following.starter.the.If.are.overload.motor.which.motor.trip.of.be.the.Second.current.circuit. motor.after.seconds)..can.circuit.illustration.times. enough.5.the.close.they.allow.the...its.restarted.a.This. without.power.to.allow.been.current.of.shows.overload.the.Overload Relays Overload. The.is.trip.20.circuit.between.disabling.After.been.has.flows.relay..the.corrected.the.(M).special.current.preferably.circuit.excess.above. Trip Class.cleared.. Motor Circuit.classes.with.and.the.the.identifies.motor. source.meet.to.30..will..relay.through.protect..and.current.rated.a.reset..relay.long.allows.cools.are.trip.(OL).the..opening.they.overload.the.the.be.third.First.(in.the.relay.an..designed.. maximum.protective.When..a.to. reset.can. rating.common..a.the.and.takes.time.the.to. needs. contacts.overload..and.it.relay.current.has.be.

have. on.motor. some. bimetallic.to.bonded.the.relay.metals..the.bend.a.normal.motor.damage.contacts.causing.enough.strip.sense..with.tripped..strip.motor.the. small.desirable.persists.an.mechanism.heated.if.can.overload.. is. Motor To Power Circuit Heater Element Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Normal Current Flow If. heater.This.still.the. repeatedly. removing. 27 .condition.causes.overload.that.a.strip.bimetallic.in.from.to.relay.operating.power.relays.dissimilar.the.the..relays..generated.trip.expansion.until.element.condition.metals.to.two... overload..to.The.the.as.heat..strip. automatically..are.overload.overload.series.designed.the.slightly.an.open.long.and.relay’s.bend..bimetallic. Motor Heater Element To Power Circuit Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Trip Mechanism Overload Condition Some.In.a.bimetallic..functions.can.to.motor..incorporates.this. is.the.the. not.However.made.cause.is.conditions.and.occurs.of.the.condition.of.thermal.relay.trip.trip.overload. which..Bimetallic Overload Relays.Proper.the.the.overload.applications.has.after.reset.this.by. Under.enough.a.lever.bimetallic.exists. Some.the.bimetallic.. bimetallic.wired.may.Depending.and.strip.will.only.overload.restart.strip.then.cooled.design.when.causes.heater element.bimetallic strip.use.circuit.relay’s.A.These.together..the. bimetallic.bends.circuit.different.. the...characteristics.to.trip.overload.reset.automatically.overload.the.prevent.

Ambient Compensated. Bimetallic Overload Relay.

In.some.applications,.a.motor.is.installed.in.a.location.with.a. relatively.constant.ambient.temperature,.and.the.motor.control. components.are.installed.in.a.location.with.a.varying.ambient. temperature..In.such.cases,.a.typical.thermal.overload.relay.may. trip.too.soon.or.too.late.because.its.bimetallic.strip.is.bent.both. by.heat.from.motor.current.and.the.surrounding.air.. Ambient compensated bimetallic overload relays.are. designed.to.overcome.this.problem..These.overload.relays. use.a.compensated.bimetallic.strip.along.with.a.primary. bimetallic.strip..As.the.ambient.temperature.changes,.both. bimetallic.strips.bend.equally.and.the.overload.relay.does.not. trip..However,.because.current.flow.through.the.motor.and.the. heater.element.affects.only.the.primary.bimetallic.strip,.the. primary.bimetallic.strip.will.bend.sufficiently.to.trip.the.overload. relay.if.an.overload.occurs.

Motor

To Power Circuit Heater Element Primary Bimetalic Strip To Control Circuit Compensated Overload Relay The compensating bimetalic strip bends as ambient temperature increases. This prevents a nuisance overload trip.

Class 48 Ambient. Compensated Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens Class 48 ambient compensated bimetallic overload.relays.are.available.in.single.or.three-pole.designs and.can.be.set.for.manual.or.self-resetting.operation..An. adjustment.dial.allows.the.full.load.ampere.trip.setting.to.be. adjusted.by.±15%..A.manual.test.button.is.provided.to.test.the. operation.of.the.overload.relay.control.contacts..The.ambient. compensated.bimetallic.overload.relay.heater.elements.are. available.with.either.class.10.or.20.ratings..A.normally.open.or. normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.is.available.as.an.option.

Automatic/Manual Reset Selection

+15% of FLA Adjustment

Test Button Reset Button

. 28

SIRIUS 3RU11 Bimetallic. Overload Relay.

Siemens SIRIUS 3RU11 bimetallic overload relay.has.heater elements.as.an.integral.part.its.design..The.unit.comes.with.a. Class.10.trip.as.standard..SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.ambient. compensation,.and.a.differential.trip.bar.that.causes.the.unit.to. trip.faster.in.the.event.of.a.phase.loss. SIRIUS.3RU11.overload.relays.include.a.normally.closed. auxiliary.contact.for.de-energizing.the.contactor,.and.a.normally. open.auxiliary.contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip..Pressing.the. STOP.button.momentarily.opens.the.normally.closed.contact. without.affecting.the.normally.open.contact..The.switch-position. indicator.incorporates.a.TEST.function.which,.when.activated,. simulates.a.tripped.overload.relay.by.actuating.both.auxiliary. contacts.and.displaying.the.switch.position.

.

STOP button Position Switch Indicator and Test Function Manual/Automatic Reset Selector Switch Current Setting Dial

Electronic Overload Relays.

Electronic overload relays.are.another.option.for.motor. protection..The.features.of.electronic.overload.relays.vary,. but.there.are.a.few.common.advantages..One.advantage.of. electronic.overload.relays.is.that.they.do.not.require.heaters.. This.eliminates.the.need.to.stock.multiple.heaters.to.match. motor.ratings..This.heaterless.design.also.allows.electronic. relays.to.be.insensitive.to.the.ambient.temperature,.minimizing. nuisance.tripping. In.addition,.electronic.overload.relays.can.detect.a.power.phase. loss.and.disconnect.the.motor.from.the.power.source..This.is.an. important.advantage.because,.without.phase.lose.protection,. loss.of.a.power.phase.can.quickly.result.in.damaged.motor. windings..

.

29

ESP200 Electronic Overload. Like.other.electronic.overload.relays,.ESP200 electronic Relays overload relays.eliminate.the.need.for.heaters..Instead.of. installing.a.heater,.a.dial.on.the.overload.relay.is.set.to.the. motor’s.full-load.current.rating..Class 48 ESP200 electronic overload relays,.like.the.one.shown.below,.have.two.dual. in-line.package.(DIP).switches.accessible.from.the.front.that. simplify.selection.of.any.of.four.trip.classes.(5,.10,.20,.and.30).. Additional.DIP.switches.provide.on.or.off.settings.for.phase. unbalance,.phase.loss,.or.ground.fault.detection.as.well.as. selection.of.manual.or.automatic.reset..Also.accessible.from. the.front.are.the.RESET.button,.for.use.when.manual.reset. is.selected,.and.the.TEST.button,.that.triggers.a.complete. electronic.functions.test..One.normally.open.auxiliary.contact. and.one.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact.are.standard.

TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10

ESP200

PHASE UNBAL ON PHASE LOSS ON RESET MODE MAN. GROUND FAULT ON

OFF OFF
AUTO

DIP Switches

OFF

FULL LOAD AMPS RESET

TEST

Current Adjustment Dial

Reset Button

Test Button

In.addition.to.Class.48.ESP200,.two.additional.types.of.ESP200. electronic.overload.relays.are.also.available..958 ESP200 electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.sealed. compressors.and.artificially-cooled.motors..958L electronic overload relays.are.specifically.designed.for.the.oil.market.and. pumping.applications.with.a.precise.trip.curve. SIRIUS 3RB20 Electronic. Overload Relays. SIRIUS 3RB20 electronic overload relays.come.with.a class.10.or.20.trip.and.electronic.overload.relays.and.feature. manual.or.automatic.reset,.adjustable.current.settings,.and. ambient.compensation..A.normally.closed.auxiliary.contact. for.de-energizing.the.contactor.and.a.normally.open.auxiliary. contact.for.signaling.an.overload.trip.are.included..

30

time.contacts.open.open.One.directly.from.normally.loss.in. additional.30..position.phase.and.a.class.addition.to.incorporates. imbalance.opens.auxiliary.fault.fault.SIRIUS. thermistor.but.have.function.a.by.one.. Overload Relays.3RB22/23.imbalance.switch.overload.phase.5.sensing.contacts. SIRIUS READY GND FAULT THERMISTOR OVERLOAD RESET AUTO MAN TEST/ RESET CLASS SIRIUS 3RB22 Overload Relay 31 .. overload.via. SIRIUS 3RB22/23..sense.are.or.to.of...is.of. a. SIRIUS TRIP RESET 1 0 Class 10 M A.phase.motor..auxiliary.detection.without.set.indicator.monitored.contacts.in.and.in.Two.relays.which.closed.and.sensor. normally..momentarily.from.In.loss. function.30.can.normally.simulates.allow.closed.RESET TEST 3RB20 SIRIUS 3RB20 Overload Relay SIRIUS 3RB21 Electronic.TEST. adjustments.be..phase.switched. class.normally. both.trip.the. when.the. continuously.to. Electronic Overload Relays.a.the..3RB20.trip.STOP.delay.ground.provide.button.normally..event.current.ground.a..to.an.affecting.one.switched.without.open.be.current.tripped. SIRIUS 3RB22/23 electronic overload relays..have.fault.Motor.the.auxiliary.event.displaying.overload.activated.5.and.contact..relays.normally.contact.one.ground. closed.class.overload.phase...The.the.of. SIRIUS 3RB21 electronic overload relays.set.Pressing.and..protection.to..enabled.similar features.temperature.SIRIUS.relay.are.that.actuating. the. switch-position.each.and.winding.the. one.

DP SIMOCODE.optional. includes.with..a.analog.to.to.of.and.C SIMOCODE pro C.reversing.control.and.modules..operator.measuring.SIMOCODE.a.temperature..operator.DP Communication.700 kW 30. SIMOCODE pro V...statistical.multifunctional..greater.is.compact.basic.Processor PROFIBUS.25A/10T Menu 0 SIMOCODE pro V 32 .motor.system.module..five.flexible.SIMOCODE pro.cable. connected.Professional PLC.with..or.a.with..fault.basic.of.In. range.PROFIBUS DP. an.for.sensing.management.system.detection.unit.a.is. FAULT SIMOCODE PRO READY TEST/ RESET PROFIBUS DP DM 24V MO READY DEVICE TM BUS GEN.tracking.it.variable.modular.expansion. motor. SIMOCODE pro.display).also.system.for.current/ voltage.module.a..diagnostic.starters.protection.optional.An.PROFIBUS.all.C.include.to.pro.solid-state.implements.data.an.unit.ES..pro.panel.forward..input/ output.addition.without.single..68A UL1 329V Cos Phi 72% P 15. FAULT lmax 22.or.functions. for. PC. modules..SIMOCODE.may.combination.a.available.connected..automation.and.SIMOCODE.ground..the. either.module.economical.is.can.a.a.functions.communicates.. measuring. operational.up.via.provides.panel.provides.to.input/output.speed. SIMOCODE PRO V DEVICE BUS GEN. system.protection.and.current...and.that.fullvoltage.constant.the.Expansion.motors.be.basic.current..measuring.Each.pro.a.and.even.unit.by. with.discrete.(with.for.are.

.relays.do.. c.is. With.. 7 .full-load. 3.Review 3 1.referred.protection.motor.within.overloaded. . .can.to.will.seconds.than.current.been.decrease.rated.overload._______.is.an.class.metals.dissimilar. If.increase.an.electrical. Electronic.remain.increase...remove.overload.provide. also.the.is. overload. A.30 5..will. .strip. b..two.an._______. six. a._______.to..10._______.as. An. 6.relay.at......it.10.it.is.20.equipment. .of.times. a.work.after.has.not._______.overload.current._______.be._______.the.same 2.harder.current. required.heat.when.and..together. 33 . .occurs.trips.trip. b.made.from._______. Excessive. 4. c. bonded..require. . power.removed. A.relay..and.in.

contacts.protection..addition.start.a.illustrates.implies.knife.and.Manual Control As. device. magnetic.manual starters.also. to.a.off. Power Source Operating Lever Switch in “OFF” Position Power Source Switch in “ON” Position 34 .combine.stop.contacts.A.eventually.illustration.starter.starters.motors.tasks.switch.protection. starter.set.knife.the.a.To.was.operated.manual.used.was.simple.control.overload. following.manual.A.two-pole.must..a..and.such.improved.shown.mechanism.the.device.motor..on..for.be. From Power Source To Motor Basic Operation.with.or.two. accomplish.of.designs.called. The.pole.switch..would.one.a.the. contactor.overload.manual. by.controls.as..a..are.turning.to.diagram.starter.following.the.provide.switch.like.motor.and.of.single-pole.hand.devices.an.motor.manual.. In.in..motor..is. device. To Motor Overload Protection Stationary Contacts Moveable Contracts To Motor .Each.name.called.with.and. replaced.first.these.control.the.The. sets.manual-control.

is.up. L2 T2 L1 T1 This.the. illustrated.power.source.In.to.and.protection.motors.offer. .used. “ON”.switch.overload.to.restart.is. motor.automatically.in.the.the. Starters..single-phase.VDC.switch.flows.the.protects.a.two-pole. motors..returning.position...motor.current.versions.starter.3/4.or..contacts.automatically.then.or. machinery.otherwise.from.option..1.available.are.starters.the.available.available.relay.DC. This..manual. the.starters.when.when.source.and.from.of.overload.(L1).or..to. An.personnel.drops.in.and.. 35 .power.source.power.and.as.restored. power.for.the.when.the..as.removes..contacts.AC. SMF Fractional-Horsepower . to.the.connected.the.and.230.SMF.motor.is. melting-alloy.from.drawing.a.starters.following.caused.power.HP.power.and.for.also. starter.the. Low Voltage Protection. two-speed. SMF.two-pole.line.that.to.incoming.is.with.the.up.(L2)..preventing.suitable.Two-Pole Manual Starter.following.variety.are.SMF fractional-horsepower starters.277.would.two-pole.manual.is.power.closed.is.example..control.symbols.enclosures.flow.drawing.motors.one-.the.manually.type. version.LVP.is.are..restored.represented.A.the.a.position.provide Manual Starters.for. load.source.is.VAC.the. Siemens.potential.between.interrupted.small.is.A..open.be.motor..must.for..in.connected.HP. suitable.manual.an. power.low-voltage protection (LVP).a..in.motor.through.from. Some..injury.are.LVP.When.in. .protection.the.current.motor.The.version. overload. “OFF”.is.When.reset.by.are.“ON/OFF”.

up.The.start.and.up...machinery. a.up.HP. starters.DC.compensation. are.with.remote.required.differential.to.provided. is.use.to..460.control.heater.VAC.for.motors.three-phase.condition.for.to.230. three-phase.trip. built-in. and.protection.ambient.protection.have.HP. 36 .“ON/OFF”.bar.600.are.at. Class 11 across the line manual starters and switches provide.Two-speed.10.do.HP.in.the.to.single-.overload.AC.. Starters and Switches.A.suitable.overload. Siemens class 11.time.SMF.MMS.and.devices..tripping.switches. bimetallic.used.MRS.3RV Manual. MRS. versions.control.These. control.phase.provide.and.switches.provide.loss.single.separately.provide.AC.where.in.similar.MMS and MRS switches.VDC. protection. 1-1/2.reduces.where..or.MMS.VAC.starters. These.10.of.enclosures.15.and.class.elements.and.is.Two-Pole Manual Starter MMS and MRS Switches.manual.various.available.not.and.3RV manual starters.for.also.not.reversing.only.have.event.are.motors.of.available.but..are.overload.and. and.and.three-phase.are.motors. Siemens. Three-Pole Manual Switch Class 11 .to.manual.stop.temperature.

Open Type Starter NEMA 1 Enclosure START STOP RESET START STOP RESET NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.poles.1.7.not.overload.interrupted.separately.&.(for.They. NEMA 7 & 9 Class I Group C &D Class II Group E.hazardous.3RV switches.voltage.4/NEMA.is.&.(without.and.which.3.-.is.general.low.automatically.3RV.11.in.purpose.. enclosures.NEMA.NEMA.or.drops.style.power.or.opens. Class...the.are. enclosures. protection. F & G 37 .is.provide.are.&.provided. an.when.available.required.in. the.or. F & G NEMA 3 & 4.open.power.NEMA.voltage.7.in.where.9.controllers.locations).with.9.enclosure).available.Class 11 . protection.control.

.3RV104.MSPs.for.and.3RV102.in..sizes:.combination.starters.can.additional.frame.E.four.where.3RV104.and.short.. adapters.3RV104.Amps 25.screw-terminal.upstream.trip.appropriate.shortcircuit.largest.and.motor.circuit.3RV1. sizes).E.manual.come.magnetic.short-circuit.controllers.MSPs.require.used.20...versions.3RV102.relay.our.a.applications.).is.protection.breaker. 3RV1 motor starter protectors (MSPs).frame.in.protection.self-protected.MSPs.controllers..are.3RV103. overload.with.listed.be.the.line..used.Amps 100.can..as.and.UL. terminal.(3RV102.The.available.in.are.a.bimetallic.for.UL508..3RV1 Motor Starter.not...protection..both.SIRIUS product.group.do..10.for.controllers.5 20 40 75 3RV101.where.class.incorporate. Spring-loaded Terminal Screw Terminal 3RV101 with Screw Terminals 3RV101 with Spring-loaded Terminals 3RV1.circuit. installation. available.Amps 50.adjustable.as.Type.are.in.part.as.per.. 38 .multiple. be.(class.MSPs.manual.also. stopping.3RV103.used. per.elements.one.Type.provided.protection.They.to. 3RV103.SIRIUS..is.making. SIRIUS.component.3RV102.manual.screw.available. short.spring-loaded.two.require.motor.of. Frame 3RV101 3RV102 3RV103 3RV104 Max Current at 460 VAC 12. 3RV1. UL508.is.provide.terminal.3RV101. is.group.3RV104.starting.and..upstream.circuit.and.them.and.terminals.Amps Max HP at 460 VAC 7 . Protectors.

of.the..of..variety.the.the.electrician’s. Spring-loaded terminals.portal.blade.are.such.products. appropriate.3R..into.many.with.are.wire.the.enclosures.a. Siemens.Siemens.blade.wire.securely. that.equipped.directly.connect.an..on..available.are.as.in.vibration.MSPs. MSP Mounting Rail Adapter Link Module Contactor Size S3 Combination Starter 39 . Several.Remove.options.subject..the.end.available.in.lights.Spring-loaded Terminals.push.installations.wire.connected.above..available.a.indicator.including.screwdriver. SIRIUS.insert.MSPs.and.into.the.portal.is.are.3RV1.the.stripped.to. and.especially.To. the.are. Insert Screwdriver to Open Terminals Insert Wire and Remove Screwdriver Enclosures and Options.. spring-loaded.. simply.terminals.Devices.also.screwdriver.beneficial.

an. is.also.removed.The.contactors.DC.function.to.a.circuit.use.motor. winding. provide. DC.control.. There.operation.a.following.and. Wound Coil Soft Iron Core DC Voltage Source (Battery) The.iron.When.the.the.basic..circuit.of.the.the.of.of.be.simple.power.the.from.involved.a..connected. SIRIUS 3R IEC Contactor Class 40 NEMA Contactor Basic Contactor Operation..of.Magnetic contactors.contactor.the.fashioned.by.A.remote.magnetic.. (similar.its.circuits.the.this. devices.the.by.coil.the.in.used.shown.is.electromagnet.is.illustration.to.and.below).control.motor.soft.two.iron..in.require.iron. applied.electromagnet.circuit.ones.control.around.Magnetic Contactors and Starters Most.to.power.a.circuits.stationary. the.shows.the.utilizing.voltage..to.contacts.the.and.contactor.can.voltage...is. nonmagnetic.wire.becomes..applications.power.are.of.a.heating.returns. connected..distribution.commonly.Magnetic.wire.interior.stop.are.circuit.used.core..operate.to.and.the. control.the.to. principles.the. 40 .are.contactors.state.wire. Magnetic.start.lighting.electromagnetic.to.When.to.

.made. pressure.When.magnetizing.is.attracts.through.de-energized.the.electromagnet.operation.no.electromagnet’s.spring.from. Line Line Load Control Signal Load Contactor De-energized Control Signal Contactor Energized 41 .electromagnet..magnetic..the.operation.turn.the. field.With.the.is.collapses.wrapping. to.is.field. magnet.through.by.the.the.is.wire.magnetic.flows.load.field.produced.to.longer.the. electromagnet.circuit.around.armature.we.from.current.this..contacts.the.to.magnetic.Power Circuit Movable Contacts Armature Spring Coil Electromagnet Control Circuit Stationary Contacts Power Circuit The. of.of..and.contacts.the.movable.open.circuit.to.power. closed.supplied.the.the.line. circuit.similar..in.a.contacts.current.the.coil.coil.flows..When.The.power.which. control.closes..the.the. soft.a.under.the....core.the.iron.control.

The.the.power.coil.When used.contacts..the.motor.power..“M”. it.closes.onoff.control. ON GROUND FAULT ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET Overload Relay Overload Relay 42 .power.“M”.is.SW1.control.. required. opens.applying.contactor.called.is.motor.coil.relay.of.motor.contactor.for. removing.contactor.for.diagram.from.this.electromagnetic.provide.When.and.combined. Contactors. Contactor IEC Starter NEMA Starter COIL NO.three-phase.usually.SW1..that.. SE&A Inc.motor.that.the.overload.Note.with.overload...shows.the.an.When.the.the.circuits.is. the.also.and.to..a.of.a. When.protection.a.provides.to.closing.on-off.variety.controlled. Motor Starter. GA U.is.S.a.by.SW1.motor..following.control.the.starter.coil.A.. Alpharett 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 RESET MODE MAN.opening.energizes.in..contacts.de-energizes. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor a.line. electromagnetic.a.

power.and. The.is.Start.contacts.circuit..close.to.power.an.power.pushbutton.called. provided.control.the.M.relay.an. control.type.power.is.contacts.motor.a. In.when.three.the.to.overload.three.power.an.relay.main.(M). pressed.the..the.an.circuit...motor.This.from.coil.is.full..to.contacts..darker.the..At. heaters.diagram.power. Removing. power. The.is.contacts.released.the.contacts. 43 .the.following.to.coil.from.Start..removing.coil.by. and.electrical.(OL).so.a.line.circuit.the.provides..in.the.example.the.overload.same..circuit.and.and.power.. (OL). This.Stop..the.time.necessary.grey).coil.removing.(highlighted.lighter..a contactor.OL.starts.control..occurs..also.grey.the.and.continue.the. Control Circuit.contacts.overload.overload.overload.heater. across-the-line starter.this. motor.relationship.unless.voltage.pushbutton.when.the.through.auxilliary.the.contacts.OL.includes.If.full-voltage starter.occurs.the.the.coil.provided.. The.the.is.contactor.open.to.that.includes. electromagnetic. cools.is.to.the.automatically.circuit.from.of.of.typical. pusbutton.with.until..in. The.circuit.relay. providing. the.pressed.Motor Starter in a.contacts...the.in.auxiliary.heater.restarting.(Ma).is.an.(M).Ma.still.motor.shows.circuit.the.run.will.open.the.highlighted.contacts.the.and. OL.an.motor.prevent.auxiliary..in.motor.This.when..close.the.of..by.motor.in.from.

..motor.described.up.when.to._______.of.combination...Class.elements. A.starters.offers..protection.as.short. 44 .. 4.3RV102. 5._______.short.selection.power.power.incorporate.formed.with.of. is.3RV.to.sets.disconnecting.motor.it.to.starter. protection..an._______.with.contactor.that.are. motors. disconnecting..is.be.In.Combination Starters Combination starters.can.automatically. using.safely. from. and.two. 6.and. The.bimetalliclic... 3. components.overload. a. Short Circiut Protection Disconnect OFF ON OFF START STOP Motor Starter Review 4 1.too.low.class.used.of.combination.combined.contacts.provide.incorporating.____.starters.starters.and.. When.overload.IEC. A.is.a..with.heater.a.three-phase.___.starter.earlier.full.a.for.VAC.means.power.at.protection.HP.safely.motors.11-.HP. starter.protector.used.have.a.a.starter.addition.components.power. Siemens. 2.devices.the.relay.to. starter.incorporates.manual.460.motor.is...NEMA.and. single. A.are.of.up.motor.460.at.circuit.circuit.called.incoming.starter.VAC._______.means.a.a.with. ___.disconnects.Siemens.-pole.called.

are.are..for.NEMA.important.handle. controls.be.international.America.known.standards.of. standards.and type.two.have.their.as.in. devices.. 00. rugged.size.globalization.and.size..size.are. International..to.NEMA.the. The.NEMA. NEMA. sold.and.construction.horsepower.from. NEMA.devices.foreign.Because.for.become.motor. used.it.on.are..equipment..very.load.is.IEC.physically. motor.rated.maximum.according.have.market.and.to.aware.starters.according.selected.organizations. and.United.ratings.of.starters.and.size.with.National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA).Contactor and Starter Ratings Contactors.States).trade.contactors.of.to.larger.manufacturers.rugged.they.agreements.NEMA. for.in.IEC.competition.made.North. NEMA Size 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Continuous Amp Rating 9 18 27 45 90 135 270 540 810 1215 2250 HP 230 VAC 1 3 5 15 30 50 100 200 300 450 800 HP 460 VAC 2 5 10 25 50 100 200 400 600 900 1600 NEMA. are. 45 .devices.increasingly.design.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).ratings.are.based.ratings.and.NEMA.starters.designed.associated.worldwide.the.generally.that.heavy-duty.the...equipment.provide..primarily.ICS2.(including.with.their. domestic.to.is.in. specified...their.than.motor-control. contactors.to.associated.9.countries.

in.IEC.maximum.AC-4.device. Utilization Category AC1 AC2 AC3 AC4 AC11 .and.only.ratings..devices.require.are.jogging.(control).. the.applications.sizes.than.squirrel-cage.NEMA.a.Motor. after.industrial.more.LRA.a.define.To.virtually.considerable.and.158-1. Not.motor.inductive..starter.user.used.actual. voltage.switching.limited.on.the.space.NEMA.and.are.sizes.some.to.. because.NEMA-rated.ratings..Matched.motor.shows.NEMA.LRA) Auxiliary.beneficial.even.IEC.Motor Matched sizes.the.cost-effective.FLA) Starting.slightly.sizes.horsepower.need.size...applications. MM Size 1¾ 2½ 3½ Continuous Amp Rating 40 60 115 HP 230 VAC 10 20 40 HP 460 VAC 15 30 75 IEC.not.or.duty.select.a.device. and.typical.where.of.NEMA.less.up.the.operational.IEC.simple.and.match.general.there. plugging.rows Starting.the.are.what.squirrel-cage.of.The.The..duty.used.to.starters. the.duty.publication.for.(Make. following.the.from.can.also.motor-starting.an.Siemens.larger.the.starter.to.of..with.motor.motors Starting. not.is.duty. IEC.cost.Break.that.all.a.more.on.starters.is...rated.speed.are. plugging.for.circuits 46 .inching.application.of..interest.does..the.devices.and.derating.is. applications.between.solution..is.fall.specify. particular..and. Motor Matched Sizes.plugging.called. Utilization categories.involved.jogging.at. applications.most.Motor.a.cycle.they.for..if.In. require.to.table..some..for.motor.the.categories.their.of.However.Start/Stop. to.as.application.in.motor.are.motors.. applications.to.of.Break.stated.off.normal.sizes.represent.IEC.IEC.know.closely.these.you.severe.rating.heavy-duty.devices. any.slip-ring.motor.Matched.off.AC-3.be.and.current.Rapid..motors.available.will.of.and.include. available. Siemens.contactors. specified.motor.cycle. devices.control.with.(Make.and.in.only.has.starters. allowing. IEC Category Description Non-inductive.more-demanding.

of.amps.which.at.contactor.rated.found.Equipment •.defined.poles.LRA. Definite Purpose (DP) contactors.duty.motor.Pool.Conditioning.For.Siemens.using.sized.. application.with.cycle. .suited.used.tests.developed.Equipment •.SIRIUS..the.or..amps.For.which.Irrigation •.starters.test. standards.amps..contactors..Control.draw... There.for.draws. voltage. instant.while.mechanical.Definite Purpose..labeling.UL. meet. amps.current. .a.Equipment.starters.. All.multiple.starters.at.is.CSA.NEMA.have..example..amount.motor.Farm. .considered.under. .conditions. .the.(resistive.load.operating.NEMA.Welding. DP. rating.loads.FLA.be.load.accordance.speed.contactors.contactors.standards..tested...at. •.are. Operating.equipment.voltage. procedures.Systems •.Equipment •.are.and.areas: .meet..organizations. SIRIUS.designed.procedure.by.are.UL.is.of.that.and..Some.is.number.the.rated.previous.CSA.of. applications.total.several.and.well.full.the.locked.ratings.organizations..for.maximum. locked.Environmental.amps.exceed.Food-Service.exceed.rotor.and.Ventilating.a.electrical.(LRA).other.Controls •..load).in.can.full.. carry.the.are.full. contactors..include.Office.that.conditions.standards. ...Heating.Siemens.carry.the.operations. DP.following.or.rotor.Laboratory.must. test.UL508.and.in.power.at.the.Medical.clearly. expected.and. 47 . . Some.be.full-load..(UL).applied.are.example.specifies.also.non-inductive.Equipment Other Organizations.full-line.of.Underwriters.(HVAC) •. .are.IEC.NEMA.(FLA).one.by.horsepower.for.and.the.where.Spa.maximum.the.specific.the.and.motor.to.of. number.the.current.Air..for.least.are.will.Siemens. motor.

00.a.starters..These.with..available.an.relays.applications.sizes.up.VAC.are.bimetallic.with.overload. 110 V 3 L1 L2 L3 Voltes 3 Ph Max HP Max Amps 600 VAC Series A Contactor GA U.desire.the.to.available.allows.and.mentioned.sizes.to.and.front.class.sizes.full-load.are.. The.contactors.size.state.for.through.of.wide.relay.sizes.20.protection.also..the.but. NEMA. solid-state.10.at 460.Class..overload.(NEMA.958..with.. this.trip.ampere.including..overload. Contactor Ambient Compensated Bimetalic Overload Relay NEMA Starters with ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relays Class 14 ESP200 starters.of.using.use.relay.of.previously.00.. COIL NO.NEMA. Alpharetta.100.HP.. 2 T1 T2 T3 TRIP CLASS 20 5 30 10 ESP200 GROUND FAULT RESET MODE MAN. SE&A Inc. available.range. Bimetallic Overload Relays Class 14 NEMA starters with ambient-compensated bimetallic overload relays.range. with.specific.14 NEMA.addition.DIP. adjustment.as.users. ON ON PHASE UNBAL PHASE LOSS ON AMPS FULL LOAD TEST RESET ESP200 Solid-State Overload Relay As.or.example.the. overload.Class.are.and..switches.includes.these.For.the.(5.supplied.ESP200.equipped. 20.3½.on.ESP200.(for.set. 48 ..unit. overload.S.30).same.or.they.starters.the.and.2½.8.ambient-compensated.(4:1).are.whole.with.4).to.for.addition.bimetallic.relays.starters.available.provides.10.up.In.solid.Class 14 NEMA Starters NEMA Starters with. level.is.dial.In.relays.ESP200.958L.4).are..contactors.A.through. the.(FLA)..1¾.specialized.

are.contactors.of.SIRIUS Type 3R Starters SIRIUS 3R.equipped.control.SIRIUS.size.range.is.referred. Size.to.including.S0.system. at..panel. range.SIRIUS..relays. 49 . A.building-block.a..terminals. more.packed.overload.the.S12. components.overload.S00.are.previously.overheating. broad.(60º.and.in.frame.a.overload.contactors.S2.and.components.operate. through.structured.Along.up.of.and...as... Contactor Overload Relay Spring-Loaded Terminals.units.relays.seven.The.a.complete.is.to. spring-loaded. Contactor with Spring-Loaded Terminals Contactor with Screw Terminals Overload Relays.of.. width. These.components.C).to.with.frame.into.F.Size.narrow.with. system.only.S10.without.includes.incorporates.variety.modular.of.S6.thermal.terminals..sizes.temperatures.140º.relays.the.a.allows..S3.S0.the.control-circuits.on.feature.and.a.overload.be.ability.relays.3R.have.and.SIRIUS. and.springloaded.circuit.power.system.ambient.to...of. As.product.S12.sizes.described.the.line.this.mounting.a.contactors..S00.electronic.

Four.off.in.bimetalic._______. SIRIUS.including.(DIN.in....the.and.for.bus......ESP200. switching.designed. Siemens.features. SIRIUS.for.mounting. The.DIP. The.speed.state..mounted).14.classes.relays.available.to.organizations.motors.relay.up.the. overload. 4.._______.3R.up.Trip.and.00.1¾.A).utilization.S2.contactors.allow.accessories.typical._______.starter.be.20.class._______.VAC.3R.installation.innovative SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starter.unit.state.(up.HP.protector.setting.to.all._______.bar.and.is. to._______.are.starters.panel.or. and.(DIN.set.starting.and.for.Bus.or. A.at.NEMA.or.relay.as.200.has.solid.with. SIRIUS TRIP SIRIUS RESET SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters and Infeed System Review 5 1.a.device.are.motor.size.relays.operate.Terminals. 2½.wiring.the.sizes.ambient.and.selectable. 5. a.space.options.parallel.NEMA.and.seven..available.manual. ratings.contactor.mounted)..S3.trip. reduced.. IEC.class.contactors.changes. and. 3RA6 Infeed System. 3.overload. that.is.quick.are.through.to.and.in.Type..one.10..reset.only.are. compensated.solid._______.frame.are.to.are._______..switches.100.S12.applications. _______.are. sizes:.or..in. 2. removable.comb.rated.SIRIUS 3RA6 Compact Starters.of.for.Class.surface.motor. surface.and.available:. NEMA.ambient.overload.adjusting.S10.to.provide. 6.(MSP).__.after.________..automatic.starters.460..series. 7 .Fast..S0.temperatures.for.the.starters.an.sizes. 50 . described.and.starter.dial.category.that.cost..are.overload.squirrel-cage.

the.operation.. controllers.a.speed.require.Fans.the.power. synchronous.rotor..induction.actual.constant.The.design.this.60.a.For. percentage. The...speed.three. on.load.a.induction. motor’s.a.understand.three-phase.is. the.a.with.characteristics.order.torque.categories. multi-speed. Variable Torque (VT) applications. all.RPM.applications.Therefore. proportional. of..of.of.have.speed.to.speed.RPM.of.constant.is.the.varies.poles.a.field.to.a.rotating.variable.to.determine.and.AC.As.In.motor.determine.with. stator.Multi-Speed Starters Full-voltage AC magnetic multi-speed controllers.factors.speed..two.applications:.of.of.the.motor.have.line.of.frequency.speeds.is.speed.slip.are.squirrel-cage.application.to.of. When. at.induction.with..of.torque.proper.is. constant.example.torque.first.of.speeds.often.motor.speed.critical. many.three-phase.these.due.pumps.and.example.torque.There.speed..of.conveyor.the.control.poles.speeds.depending.. of.induction..required..torque.than.are. speed.motors.three-phase.NEMA.synchronous.1800.function.speed.full-load.what.the.a. Constant Torque (CT) applications.applied.blowers.motor’s.motor.are. centrifugal.the.vary.following.constant.example.the.a.1650.hertz.and.created.motor.to.examples.run. For...motor’s..supply. selection..slip.at.you.. For.horsepower.1750.of.to.has.. 51 . the.on.four.motor. designed.will.variable.the.constant...must.or..the.number.amount.less.load. always.formula. synchronous.construction..motors.different.1800.are..single-speed.B.require.magnetic.and.square..synchronous speed of.with.shows.understand.motor.the.for.and.four.different.torques.at.motor.typically.RPM.directly.a.speed..by.Horsepower.For..three.the.applications.

Many.connection...of.simpler.of.. consequent-pole..inversely. have.can.is.pole.connected.one.winding..The.starters:.wound.requirements.presses.multi-speed.more. mills.. .The.control. poles.with. Consequent-pole motors.motors..one..on.high-speed. consequent-pole.tap.high.low-speed. are.have.of.the.with.is.each.separate-winding.two-winding..than..windings.speed.windings.number.of.multi-speed.wye-connected.constant.machines. horsepower..such.control.winding.ways.winding.have.is.providing.for.be.two-speed.all.motors.a.have.many.Two-speed. Separate-winding motors. using.and.varying.to.higher.re-connectable. The.poles. low.consequent-pole.at.of.following.the.lathes.bending.a.speed.speeds.one.one.half.one.the. two-speed.The.speed.motor.cost.metal-working.motor.for.separate.motors.machines.motor.winding.examples.for..poles.Four-speed.the.vary..and.and.methods.magnetic.a. number.basic.drills.torque.winding.speed.each.motors.possible.the.and.punch.horsepower.are. re-connection.reconnectable.for.Three-speed.have.maintain. There.motors..consequent.two.torque.fixed.. speed. Consequent-Pole Motors.winding.applications. speed. than..are.winding.motors..a... depending.constant..is.shows.two. the.of.horsepower.wrenches.on.of.as. There. Separate-Winding Motors.schematic.power. .depending..with.but. 52 .with.Constant Horsepower (CHP) applications.speed...re-connectable.

overload.4.control.at.separatewinding.are.the.through.motors:.operator.and.for.speed.increments.selective.horsepower. move.solid-state. speed.available.the..requires.the.each..consequent-pole.selection. . lowest.started.and.higher.speed.ESP200.for.torque. 53 .to.With.and. There.including..compelling..motors.increment.Both.control.to.half-sizes..torque.constant.speed. speed.the. to.speed.. Siemens.motor.schemes.sizes..speed. Siemens.NEMA.Speed Selection.class 30 two-speed starters.progressive control.be.operator.starting.to.bimetallic. Class 30 Two-Speed Starters.motor..through.at..the.requiring.ambientcompensated.any.speed.a. manually.control. progressive.available. Starters.and.pushbutton..Compelling control.lowest.motor.to.at.desired.the.0.and.the.control.depresses.both.permits.constant.applications.is.are.desired. speed.of.multispeed.offers.in.step.are.automatically. variable.the. Selective control.three..relays..started.the.for.to.selected.

flows.forward.require.The..by.is.are.often.set.in.following.reversing circuit.and.the.direction. the.Reversing Starters .motor.with.of..one. the.motor. for.flow.close.the. When.and..contactor.This.turn.“R”.(R).controlled.current.changed.of.a.of.a.the. .three. “F”.by.forward.or.by.Most. leads.one.contacts. The..in.set.motor.of.run. Many.clockwise.by.through.contacts.illustration.to.to.it.T1. reverse. causing.direction.the..reversed.is.windings.current..(F).direction.two.applications.motor.contacts.reverse.the.three-phase.rotation.changing..motor.either.of.done.a.three-phase.shows.a.T3.“F”.through.controlled.motor.reversing. 54 .any.contactor.

8..flows.sizes.bimetallic.through..S6. Contactors.rotate. Contactors.Mechanical. Siemens.in.the.close.forward...ESP100. interlocks.offers. causing. frame.relays.are. 55 .direction.contacts.class 22 reversing starters.motor.the.reverse.and.reversing.at.assembly.offers.being.in.sizes. Class 43 Reversing.SIRIUS.of.S00.00 through.both.it.open.When.frame.from. 3RA13 Reversing.are.contacts.in. current..offers.half-sizes.“R”.field.NEMA.8.the.solidstate.direction.time. energized. Class 22 Reversing.Kits.Siemens.and.ambient-compensated. Siemens.for.class 43 reversing contactors.including.3RA13 factory-assembled reversing contactors for.are.in.and.to.contactors. available.through. Siemens.the.sizes 00.SIRIUS. Starters.opposite.S12.S3.including.through.a.Both.prevent.the.NEMA.“F”.overload.Siemens.circuits.same..sizes.. available.counterclockwise.in.half-sizes.through.

type.starting.a.full.back.starter.receives.as.onto.a.current..of.is.high.is..across.the.method.be. With..being.When.motor.standard.motor.and. as.is.when.full-line..600.type.energized.where.line.the.1200%.upon.placed.full-voltage starting.for.is.of.voltage.of.most.is. acceptable.not.of.full.starting.motor.directly.the.motor.are.motor.typically.. with.squirrel. full-load..current.Reduced-Voltage Starting Full-Voltage Starting.full-load.650%..motors.voltage.reflected.is.the.example.where.motors.high.the.this.common.to.of. immediately.started.high.large. The.efficiency.situations.for.this.at. voltage.can.the. There.starting.current.starts.starting.For.current. 56 .cage.

potential.reduced-voltage.starting.the.to.on. sensitive.voltage.reduced-voltage.damaging.a.must. Reduced-voltage.then. torque.reduce.gradually.of.rating.high.to.gradually.the. Autotransformer Starters Autotransformer reduced-voltage starters.is.standard.the.motor. 200%..load.is.maximum..type.used.at.torque.current.and.require.applications.methods.the.when.of.problem..be.it.involves.torque.when.full.the.its.motor.to.voltage.have.Autotransformers. 150%.typically.causing.The.applications.a.starting.large-motors.line.comes. adjustable.torque.lights.reduce..and/or.to. increasing.belt.while.breakdown.torque.For.belt.than.often. the.torque.and.are.full-voltage. be.the.the.Many.for.developed.the.motor.to.of.result.reduced-voltage starting..many.to.speed.to.implies. a.methods.prevent. Another. for. Reduced-Voltage Starting..voltage. to. 80%. As.more.NEMA.as.full-load.requires.motor.power.starting.applied.torque.are. starting..have.starting.current.reduced..where.necessary.current.to.full-load..torque..starting.available.typically.lines.torque.up.and..of.equipment.is.limit..accelerate.For.slipping.voltage.mechanical.torque.and.companies.first.with..per.applied. require.is.be.or.50%.the.power.the.name.of.65%.starts.conveyor.the..motor..gradually.typically.. example.potentially. 57 .stress.applied.is.used. following.B.to.flicker.for. Several.starting.or.to.paragraphs.a.full-line.or.is.a.describe.starting. starting.starting.As. retaining.starting.common.bunching.starting..the.power. components.more..highest.ampere..less.taps.

connection. reduced-voltage starters.set. are.special..motor.rotor.compressors..reduced-voltage.of.have.. Part-winding.all.are.on. motors.load.running.current.and. starters.for..include:..a..high-inertia.windings.suitable.a.for..80%.or.separate.delta.and.no.simplified.the.the...start.current.are.on.carries.and.locked. .applicable.in.and.use. Wye-Delta Starters. windings.motor. Wye-delta.for.design.of.Common.parallel.draw.reduced-voltage.Common..fans.conveyors. L1 L2 L3 Open Close .stator.connected.The.This.that..leads.of.for.each.wye.for.a.crushers.are.starter.not.converted.reduced-voltage.motors.include:.pumps.starters.windings. Part-Winding Starters..50%. adjustment.not..are. reduced-voltage starters. Part-winding.stator.starters.with.internally.rated.for.65.and. of..loads.has.least.applications.require.they.six.autotransformer. mixers.about.with..then.and.its.. control.expensive.torque. blowers.very.type. type.starts.used. windings.of.low-inertia.two.approximately.fans.only.refrigeration. and. 58 .the.to. with.However.available.compressors.running.connected. to.windings.starters... When.The.partwinding.configuration.applications.current.reduced-voltage.low-inertia.motor.circuit.

5.central.contacts.the.provide...to.including.The.a.starting.with.compressors.resistance..conveyors.protection.motor.voltage.full.of. reduced..amount.full-line.shorting. through.times. 9 .reduced-voltage.type..more.the...starters.0.gear.through.overload.lower.through.speed.This.and. motor.compared.furnished. resistors.and.initially. frequent.of.loads.reducedvoltage. L1 L2 L3 1 2 3 7 Motor 4 5 6 9 8 To Start: Close 1. equipment.starts.picks. 9 .a.applying.the.the.set.is.torque.offers class 36 and 37 reduced-voltage starters.by.or.motor.effective.energized.to.dissipate.resistors.drive.is..to.As.starters.Applications.include:.relay.voltage.of...voltage. ESP100.the. equipment.previously. To Run: Open 4.motor.the.choice.a.of.relay.methods. 5.high-inertia..in.the.conveyors.solid-state.for.heat. Class 36 and 37 Reduced-Voltage Starters.70%.for. starting.starting.This.standard.of.time.discussed. overload.is..requiring.and. 2.resistor.Siemens.sees.incoming.and. The.the.is.preset.half-sizes.the.of. 6 Close 7 8.applications..is.The.for.as.in NEMA.long.up.out. each..the. starters.timedelay.wyedelta. Primary Resistance Starter. 4.6.include:. Primary Resistance starters. 80%.simple.lines.and..of.of. 3.voltage.sizes.the. 59 .type.primary.Applications.three.air.accelerating.can.part.good. 6 Open 7 8.closes.a.belt-driven.line.providing. Siemens..At.for.separate.voltage.conditioning.dropping.limited.a.and.motor.starter..the. resistors.of.

with.accomplish.40º.diagnostics..ramp-down. SIRIUS 3RW44 soft starters.to.integrates.gradually.voltages.up.VAC.modular.connected.especially.SIRIUS Soft Starters Solid-state. starting.are.the.system.often.up..3RW30.motor.operating. supply..motor. SIRIUS 3RW44. 1214.torque.to. provide.soft.applications.operating.available.and.soft.at.reverse.and.starting.the.when.600.432.SIRIUS.class..of.sometimes. extensive.to.by.up.that.trip.for.be.cycle.current.to. reduced-voltage controllers.starters.more. devices.DP.applied.difficult.starting.as.on..motor.supply.components. SIRIUS 3RW40 soft starters.480. 3R..also..all.current.soft starters.current.motor.voltages.starters.ramping.stress.incorporates.process.have.the.motor.saves.PROFIBUS.SIRIUS..a..soft.functionality.the. the. amps..line.up.other.applications. SIRIUS 3RW30 soft starters..ramp-up.voltage.on. windings.for. for.of.time.with. 60 SIRIUS 3RW40.this.of.for.process. Soft Starters.voltage. degree.and..and.starting.minimizes.current. Soft Starters. 3RW44. communication.limit.includes.starting.Soft.and.current.advantages.amps.soft.by. The.easily.voltages.starters..the.and.the.available.of.3RW30.is.C.and.that.feature..of..40º.applied. the.current.stopped.supply.of.but.nominal.soft.to.the.and.controlled.for.to..make.starting..space.operating.applied. to..combine..phase.called.and.unit. a.for.3RW44. Soft Starters .C.option.provide.starters.an.range.fluctuations.690. in. and.can.being.stopping.starters.compact.are.to.and.SIRIUS.and.and. time.and.the.SIRIUS.amps..referred.are.have.VAC.high.This. Soft.available.SIRIUS.C.starters.the.features.high.to.up.phase control.3RW40.SIRIUS.settings.and.front.equipped.be.up.have.standard.this.applications.operational.power.settings.during.starting.at.of 3RW30. settings.voltage.Potentiometers.a.stopping attractive.portion.limit.simplified.for. for.on.up.the.control.and.selectable. DEVICE STATE/BYPASSED SIRIUS FAILURE 3RW30 3RW40 3RW44 SIRIUS 3RW30.a.starters.significantly.3R.Potentiometers.components.VAC.front.at.40º.supply.broad.unit.ramp-up. design.increasing. time.soft.starters.soft.to.reduces.voltage.106.allow.and.

starting._______. 5.also.motors..starters. 6. leads.and.voltage.class.voltage.fullline. A.or.changes. Siemens._______.rotation. 2.65%.and.voltage.adjustable.modular.taps.are._______..to.two.._______.soft.3R.the.and.______ and.for.starters.80%.soft._______..system.reduce.starter.standard.of.feature._______. _______. 3.50%._______.offers. 61 .called.switching.reduced-voltage. A.motor..starting.for.components.soft. The. to.by.of. includes.three. starters.reduces.the.reduces.starting.reduced-voltage.high..starters.for.a.starters.reduced. three-phase.starters.motor.Review 6 1.for. _______.direction.have.two-speed.of. applications.30.starter.SIRIUS.of... also... applications.This.voltage. 4.

VAC.12.class LE lighting and heating contactors.amps.noise. motor.. is.power.not. Contactors..for. contactors. keep.constant.as.is.previously.to.type.these.coil.loads.to control.removing.heating.open.20..a. NO.600.loads.some.flow.electrically held contactor. Siemens.with.loads.of.Unlike.a.current.open. is.current.and.the.is..a.and.contacts.VAC.be.contactor.as.discussed.on. magnetic.contactors..magnetic.commercial.lost.require.resistive.held.of.rated.Lighting and Heating Contactors Electrically Held.are.however.lighting..When.loads.lighting.needed.to.600..VAC.starter.for.is.and..to..causes.close..and.contactor.from.these.heating.poles. Lighting & Heating Contacto Cat.similar.buildings.One..used.starters.noise.as.a. hospitals.loads.rather.Because.400. connected.to.. Most.all.contactor.where.If.be.to.the. also..than.which. available.libraries.loads.the.used.a.an.lighting.ballast-type.2.to. LEN00F003***A Max Current Volts AC r Load Coil Replacem Coil Voltage ents Coil Electrically...lighting and heating contactor.should.current.normally.and.this.are.a.humming.Enclosures.well.available.will.problem.similar. can..starter.magnetic.contacts.They.supply.the.the.resistive. be.480.applications. applied. 62 .applications.are.. lighting. contactors.to.tungsten.the.such.designed.energized.

mechanically.VAC. A.reinforces.contactors.with.magnet.lighting.available.with.contactor.2.coil..and. and.magnet.are.are.be.They.magnet.interrupted.concern.held.held.if.latched..can.where.the.contactors. Mechanically.mechanically. Magnetically.be.general. be.through.coil.to.class CLM lighting and heating contactors.on.receives. poles.is.coil.energized.are.ratings..latched. available. Siemens.resistive.12. even.creates.contains.permanent.rated.through.Contacts. can.signal.is.used.loads.will.contacts.power.magnetically.it.to. and.heating.lighting.general.heating.when.20.current.“OFF”. 63 .400.lost.closed. used.current.contactor.contacts.heating.VAC.contacts.has.is. typically.the. maintain.contacts.20.VAC..an.when.to.contactors.permanent.magnetic.tungsten.mechanically.poles.a.tungsten.so.a.and.is..12. designed.immediately.Current.held.on.closed. release.is.provided.from..for.are.that.Siemens.the.mechanical. mechanically.latched.mechanically latched contactors are also.and.ballast.noise.for.is.Class.480.to.and. Contactors Magnetically held.power. a.and.magnetically.They.resistive.or..control. type.600.600.ballast.that.remain.lost.loads.resistive.is. closes. lighting.2.from.VAC.the..used.480.resistive..resumes.the.field.the..type.a. CLM..a.and.and.opened.amps.until.solenoid.amps. Mechanically Latched..is.contactor.then.Magnetically Held and.latch.where. When.latched.current.trip..and.heating.energized. A.and.that.desired. when.energized.and.and.to.are.contactor.power.closed.permanent.loads.lighting.the.are..by.are.held.latched.when.the.lighting.designed.and.a.400.to.loads.

to.starting.example.available. (pushbuttons..system.devices. and.designed.a.refers.and.selector.Groups.or.diameters . Siemens. •.are..locations.D.heavy.control.set..A.typical.configurations.are.knockout.used.mount.in.Class 52 devices. 64 .Pilot Devices A.in.and.range.Class.circuits.hole.a.operation.(indicator. (in.product.following.or.lights).the.of.colors.are.pilot.. actuator.control.diameters.and.available.duty..mounting.another.one.mounting.of. .the.available. •.features.broad.variety..and.are .be.3SB3 devices.for.Groups..of..dimensions.to..or.pilot device.uses.a.mm.environments . operating.required.mounting. .a.machine.devices.stopping.F .for.directs..of.the.nonilluminated.device. •.with.return. Pushbuttons.motor.applications.with. Pushbuttons.of.to.16.C.II..22.Pushbuttons. set.and.mounting.a.the. .perform.and.I. •.with.status.to.. appropriate.Class 51 devices.used..products.contacts.harsh.mm.or. close.with.include.mm. product.Class. pushbutton..of. .3SB2 devices....millimeters).and..for. 16 mm 3SB2 Pushbutton 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Pushbutton 30 mm Class 52 Pushbutton Normally Open.indicates.and.a.spring.hazardous.30.an.industrial. Pushbuttons.variety.open. A.various functions.The.families.diameter.such.of..an.are.contacts.is.for.G The.switches).may.manually.diameters .selections.and.plunger.mounting.operating..the.of.E.as.illuminated. ..pushbutton..size.a.device.

so. The.contacts.their.are.the.the.open. a.in.have.pusbutton.are.only.the.so.In.closed.set..called.through.the. released.activated.returns.example.and.and.maintained contact.flow.called.preventing.other.one.to.normally.opens.the.normally. For.the.the.(NO). current.open.can.with.normally..of.configurations.remain.of.a.closed.illustration.normal.function.because.button.state.be.in.pressed.open.after.normally.current.are. closed.can.the..the.the.normally.momentary contact.close.closed.one.is.the.set. and.following..pushbuttons.spring.pushbutton.also.is..are..pushbuttons.pushbutton.is.contacts.is.shown in.used..activated. as.flow.button.unless.their.this.button.causes. plunger..to.Pressing.as.circuit.a.open.the..is. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit Normally Closed. to.Pushbuttons.may.the. contacts.when.either. Plunger Contacts Spring Control Circuit Control Circuit The.contacts. 65 .described.released.one.example.When.contacts.is.button. Normally.because. the. contacts.the.illustrates.circuit.or..a. Pushbuttons.set.closed.In.through.the.position..of.open.drawing..as.pressed.are..one.button..long. button. state.position..contact.the.are.close.that.contacts.pressed.Pressing.them.just..the.such.the.available.the.set.and. pushbuttons.(NC).contacts.various.their. Pushbuttons.open.wired..as.open..remain.following.with.that.pushbuttons. pushbutton.to.button..

Momentarily. normally.“M”.of.and.the.circuit.pressed.auxiliary.(“Ma”).required.“Ma”.contacts.supplying.“Start”.the.released.as.path.run. to. path.used.flow.and.to.function. .referred.the.be.“Start”.the.circuit. Three-Wire Control Pressing.and. contacts.of.following.the.because.normally.to. are.closed..pushbuttons.an.the.as three-wire control.shows.a.a.completes..“Ma”.a..is.“M”.holding.coil.pushbutton.until.pushbutton.“Start”.pushbutton.breaking.the..“M”.the.holding circuit. and.closes.pushbutton.electromagnetic.how.of.“Stop”.“M”.“Stop”.motor.connect. This.flow. electromagnetic.power. opening.“Ma”.and.pushbutton.When.line.pressing.wires. 66 .contactor’s.“M”.is. contacts.the.current.open.a normally.and. in.will. the.Using Pushbuttons in a.“Start”.coil..the.might.electromagnetic.closed.to.energizes.is.the.and.example. The.current.The.diagram.. Control Circuit.three.control.coil.the.

or.the.also.“Start”.it.after.low voltage protection.down.this.power. so.event.“OL ”.immediately.motor.switch.contacts.the.power.the.is.power.open.Low-voltage.remote.de-energizes.to.inaccessible.the.applications..shuts.requires..often.that.. release.to..regained. This.protection.not. M L1 M L2 M L3 OL OL OL T1 T2 T3 Motor Start/Stop M OL This.have.stopping.lowvoltage release.loss.is.if.in.control.. Two-Wire Control.connect.the. the. 67 .advantage.the.circuit.such.two.because.the.power.When.. stations.or.plants.that.means. control.when....button.to.into.the.type.return.the.when.lost.is.“Start/Stop”.of.overload.as.cleared.and.operation.motor. automatically. restart.an. wires.This.control.scheme.desirable.service.motor.with.the.that.circuit.shut.these.the..operator.for.will.the.motor.control.overload.pumping.in. is.to.An.will.control.provides.is.is.restored.the.it. causes.de-energizes. contactor.to..if.“M”.will.not.two-wire control.called.of.device.However.will.must.used.low-voltage.when. immediate..an.circuit.of. installations.is.overload.When. control.three-wire.of..motor.down.closed.because.restored.circuit.depress.control.the.the.restart. coil.water-treatment.still.is.to.restart.control.but.In.power.restart.circuit.motor..and. Contrast.an.an. automatically..the.motor.a.has.not.a.only.it...

the switch.the.a.method.is.also. Selector.are. positions.methods.a.This.those.select.and.Contact.example..and.low.and.is.a. possibilities.a.types.turned..and. and. The.and.maintained.. selector..three.lights.stop.circuit. previous.is.only.position.basic.uses.run.pilot.to.used.can.solid.switch..key operated..more.on. Selector switches..switches.is.are. In..and.The.following.of.control.two.PL1.contacts.for.for.speed.part.and.dashed..are. for.pushbuttons.the.selector.example.spring return.on..when.operator.is.the..available. Switch.indicate..shown.be.mechanism.is.difference.used..machine.machine..two.2..on.switches.pilot. operator.to.stop.pushbutton..light.interchangeable.in.first.switch.or.could.fourposition.rotated.Selector.the.switches. 68 . Contact Truth Tables.are.in. 16 mm 3SB2 Selector Switch 22 mm SIGNUM 3SB3 Selector Switch 30 mm Class 52 Selector Switch Two-Position Selector.indicating.With.and.a. the.conditions.in.of.of. positions.switch. used.. high.stop.one.contact.example.the.of.be.of.turned..two.two.for.in.manually. or.to.contact..selector. contacts.and.with.circuit.1.position.open.blocks.close.selector.or.a.either.run.used.example. switch.close. .between.when..PL2.open.and. to.Selector Switches.is.lines.used.accepted.on.show.the.are.. There.light.pilot.speed.to.status.

circuit...switch. 2.switch.controlled.is.The.preset.position.switch.pump.pump. In.motor.liquid-level.rises.a.is.level.switch.truth table.liquid.is.no.the.is. stopping.position..the.below. 69 .level.1.known. Start.truth..pump.uses..positions.PL2.set.liquid..the.shows.selector.to.a.closes.given.example.the.A. ” by.position.is.contact.light.pump.contacts..in.to. Switch..and.when.of.control. The.select.light. fluid.on..the.in..level. a.For.. An.represent.the.to.“Off”.liquid.PL1.When. A.second.a.the.effect.for...the..any.indicates.contact.“Hand”.Then.selector.by. the.the.“Auto.target table.when.pilot.example.position.the.preset.for.following.has.table.method.to.switch.closed.the.switch.switch.level.lower.the.The. closed.. .a.letter.used..closed. Hand/Off/Auto.opens.is.a.switch.which.pressed.position.uses.the.the.When.the..contact.three-position.as..in.stopped.three contact.pushbutton.also.“X”.switch.level.is.is.drops. Three-Position Selector. In.each.starts.is..pilot.are.to.B.on.fluid. to.a.switching.pump.starting.The.a. the.position.is.is.pump.diagram.which.until..(manual)..and.

lights.and. allow. indicates.a.lens. Siemens.are.operating. Red Indicator Light is On Green Indicator Light is On Motor Running Motor Stopped .alarm..to.a...a. visual.indicator.referred.or.amber.system.... blue..green.of...lens..light.quick.lights.a.following.often.red.is.a..of.visual.in.or.light.the.Indicator Lights.indication. 70 .to.are.as.indicates..indication.that.is.pilot lights.condition.machine..available.illustration.indicator.of.status. As.for. 16 mm 3SB2 Indicator Light 22 mm 3SB3 Indicator Light 30 mm Class 52 Indicator Light Indicator.running.example. on.for.circuit’s.that.red.or.with.process.also.colors.green. Indicator lights.indicator.off.off. often.provide.a.white.a..variety.a.clear.with.a.shown..system.available.

now. contact.Mb.that.and.wired..green.turn.normally.the.opens.and.is.when..even.off.motor.parallel.the.running.and.contact.normally.closes. closes.contact.burns.contact.the..stopped.on.is.motor.closed.energized.the.OL..the.indicate.. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 If.to.amber.will... .is.following.light.is.Mb..out.Using an Indicator Light. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 When.In.off.the.on.is.. the.light.motor.if.light. in a Control Circuit.the.the.open.an.coil.on.OL.is.with.the.closed. In..on. in.red.red.occurs..light.Mb. that.the. open.green.overload.turning.the.the.the.motor.turning.coil.and.that. stopping.contact.the.light.diagram.Note.the.is.closed.green..the.(A).the.indicator.addition.the.is.(G).light. on. L1 Stop Start M Ma R Mb G OL A OL L2 71 .so..indicator..turning.light.light.the normally.(R).is.

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an.VA.overcurrent.for..down.primary.such.provide.higher.to.stepped. is..needed.the. 73 .voltage.ratings.and.primary.frequently.down.the.a.protection.the.motor.than.following.on.is.variety.used.the.from.the.25.the..the.voltages.voltage.Control Transformers The.5000.24. secondary.control power transformer (CPT).is.transformer.VAC.industrial.circuit.of.and.by. use. In.is.a.This..460.class MT and MTG control power transformers.to..to.terminals.Siemens.available. windings.main.applied.voltage.voltage. CPT.a.of.secondary.of.control.circuit.the.primary.cases.control.with.to.example.VAC.are.in.the.for. step.Fuses.the.voltage. In..of.on..

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siemens. Inc.com/step/default. Inc. www.Siemens Energy & Automation.html 100 .sea. All product designations may be trademarks or product names of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owners.com Subject to change without prior notice Order No.sea@siemens. The information provided in this brochure contains merely general descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of further development of the products.: STTM-EP03J-0209 All rights reserved Printed in USA © 2009 Siemens Energy & Automation. Industry Sector 3333 Old Milton Parkway Alpharetta. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract. GA 30005 1-800-964-4114 info.