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Published by: bahramymohsen on Mar 14, 2013
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The experimental set-up is shown in figure 7.1. The concentric coaxial regenerator-
based loop is enclosed in a transparent cylindrical tube (c), which is closed on the right
side and is connected to the subwoofer set-up (which is described in section 3.3) on
the left side. A transparent cylindrical open tube (d) separates the intertance (b), also
called bypass, from the thermal buffer zone (TBZ) (e). At the right end of the TBZ a
stacked-screen regenerator (f), is located. The volume on the right of the regenerator
is the compliance volume (g). In front of the TBZ one or more wire-gauze screens are
installed which act as straighteners. The set-up is designed to work as an regenerator-
based thermoacoustic couple at a frequency of 50 Hz. The system is filled with air at
atmospheric pressure and drive ratios up to 15 percent can be reached. The dimensions
of the various components are shown in table 7.1.
From the top of the set-up a laser sheet is projected into the set-up, in the plane of

144

Flow measurements in co-axial regenerator-based devices

0

Di Do

Dr Dt

x1

x2 x3x4

x5

b

e

f

g

d

a

c

Figure 7.1: A schematic drawing of the experimental set-up of a regenerator-based loop that can
be used for flow visualization. (a) one or more flow straighteners, (b) intertance, (c) outer tube
wall, (d) cylindrical loop wall, (e) thermal buffer zone (TBZ), (f) regenerator, (g) compliance.

Table 7.1: The dimensions of the geometry in mm.

x1 8
x2 104
x3 112
x4 128
x5 220
Dr 40
Dt 50
Di 60
Do 70

the picture, as described in section 4.2. The camera, which is directed perpendicular
to the plane of the picture, is focussed on the light sheet. Three different interrogation
windows are used (figure 7.2). To reduce laser reflections, large parts of the outside and
inside cylindrical tubes are covered with fluorescent paint.

(2)

(1)

(3)

Figure 7.2: A schematic drawing of the three interrogation windows (1)-(3) in the experimental
set-up.

AsthetubeiscylindricalitisdifficulttovisualizetheflowusingPIV.Thetubeactsas

7.3 Results

145

a lens in vertical direction and therefore changes the focal point, whereas in the horizon-
tal direction the focal point remains undisturbed. As a consequence, it is not possible to
have both the horizontal and the vertical direction in focus. A small point in the tube
is projected as a vertical line or a horizontal line on the CCD of the camera (depending
on which direction is in focus). When performing measurements in the TBZ this effect
is even stronger, as both the tube wall and the loop wall act as lenses. Measurements in
the intertance are also difficult because they are located very close to the wall.
It is very difficult to measure the Gedeon streaming in this geometry using PIV. This
is due to the fact that the Gedeon streaming velocity is small in relation to the veloc-
ity amplitude and that it is not possible to do measurements close to the wall due to
reflections.

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