“ To be or not to be… that is the question.
singer. She is a/ an 6. They are
1. ____________ . emotions. painter secretary. dancer. politicians What do they do ? ____________ .To Be
I You He She *It We You +They am are is is is are are are
This is one of the most important verbs in English. +They is used for people or things (plural form).
about jobs (occupations)
I am a/an You are a She is an He is a We are They are You are dentist .
Key Question :
What do you do ?
What does she do? 2. ex. etc …
Simple Present Tense
*It is used for places. Nurse. 5. the weather. architect.
Substitute using other jobs you know. 3. ____________ . doctor . banker. receptionist. journalist. Except in the case of a baby when
the sex (male or female) is unknown or not specified. farmer police officer. We are _________________ . technicians teachers . engineer . firefighter .
** Practice asking question about professions. nationality. I am a/an ________________ . We use it to talk about age.
. plumber . jobs. He is a/ an ________________ . time. animals or things not for people. You are a/an 4.
U sometimes Y
top and bottom
The vowels: A.O.I.
I am ___________________ . __________ . She is ___________________ .
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Key Question :
How old are you ? How old is she ? How old are they ? Substitute the age in the blank and practice with other students or your teacher. 10. 1. You are 4. or He is five. She is 6 months old. *Not He is 5 years.
9. My friend is ____________ . 5. ___________________ . or He is five years. My brothers are ___________ and 7. How _______ are __________ ?
How old are you ? How old is your baby ?
Cultural note : It is be considered impolite to ask women their ages. We are _____________ and ________________ 6. He is five years old. 2.
.B : about age
He is 5 years old . He is ___________________ . 8. or or He is 5. They are ______________ and ____________ . 3. How old ______ Michael ? I am 12 years old.
He is from mars .
We are American. The books are bigs. She is Filipino I am Greek. (incorrect) The books are big. She is from The Philippines. He is a Martian. You are sleepy.
We are from Mexico!
Key Question :
Country Germany Nationality German
We are Mexican!
What is your nationality ?
Where are you from ?
Class Activity : Substitute the following information and practice asking questions to each
Spain China Spanish Chinese Thailand Thai The Netherlands Dutch India Indian
*Adjectives are never plural in English.
I am happy. She is sad. She is French You are from Japan. She is from France. It is hot. You are Japanese. (nationality) They are from Mexico. I am from Greece. They are cold. We are sick. They are Mexican. We are from The United States.He is from Canada. (correct)
. (country) He is Canadian.
and Mrs. (incorrect) Mr.ex. Mr. Presley are clean. (correct)
. and Mrs. Presley are cleans.
__________. clean. 1. handsome. __________. __________. 2. White is _________ . hungry. open. You are ___________ . closed. difficult easy. Mr. thirsty. Sheila is 8. expensive. dirty. I am ____________ . The book is 6. pretty. David is 7.
. cheap. mad. 3. 4.. Yes and No Formation
I You She He It We You They am are is is is are are are not not not not not not not not
Subject & Verb I am = I’m You are = You’re He is = He’s She is = She’s It is = It’s We are = We’re They are = They’re Verb & Negation is not = isn’t are not = aren’t *Contractions are often used in English. 5. The car is __________.
**Practice asking question using some of these adjective and answering using YES or NO in sentences.Key Questions :
How is she ?
Is he happy ?Are you mad ?
Using the following adjectives substitute them into sentences. They are ___________ . beautiful.
_______________________________________________________ 4.This is a new book.This is a pencil.Helen and Mary are sisters.._________________ she walking? 7..._________________ that a dog? 6.... ________________________________________________________ 7.This is a difficult exercise.You ______________ students.Ex._________________ they doctors? 5. they are
am are is is is are are are not not not not not not not not
You are not = You aren’t or You’re not... 6. 2..Mr...We are busy today. 1.You are a good student. _________________________________________________ 5._________________ this a book? Change these sentences to the negative form... ________________________________________________________ 6.I am a teacher.They _____________________ doctors. 1.
I am not = I’m not am´t (does not exist)
No.._________________ Julie a teacher? 4. 3...I _______________ a football player.. __________________________________________________________ 8. 7.We are Mexicans._______________ you an English teacher? 4. ______________________________________________________ 2...
I You She He It We You They
It is not = It isn’t or It’s not Are they angry ? Yes. ________________________________________________ 9._________________ that cat in the tree? 8.
Use the verb “to be” in these questions... 5.. _________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________ Complete the sentences with the forms of the verb “to be”.It is a small book.
about martial status
.He _________________ Mexican. ___________________________________________________ 10._________________ I sleping? 2. Jones ___________________ a man. they aren’t.._________________ Sally working? 3..Bill is Mexican. Ex.She _________________ an American. 1..
**Practice asking and answering questions using the verb to be with professions. They are divorced. I ______ .I am married.
Are you single ?
Are you divorced ? Is he separated ? Yes. ( chapter 8)
Key Questions : Are you married ?
Practice : Is she married ? Yes. Is _____ single ? 3. ________ they divorced ?
Cultural note : It may be considered impolite or insensitive to ask someone directly if they are Interview 6 students in the class and record the answers in the following chart: *If you do not have 6 students in your class. 6.
***All of these words are adjectives even though they end in ED not to be confused with regular past tense verbs. ages.
Are they engaged ? Yes. Yes. he is. he isn’t. she isn’t. ______ isn’t . She is widowed. Are you ________________. she is. No.
Substitute into these sentences : 1. We are engaged. Usually we ask if the person is married or single and they will offer the answer. No. You are single. you can use famous people or friends. nationalities. 5. countries. they aren’t. 4. He is separated. they are. separated . they are. ______.? 2. martial status and adjectives
Is she pretty? Yes. Is he a doctor? Yes. Turkish. Guatemalan. he isn’t. Guatemala. carpenter. waitress. singer. wet. Portuguese. Portugal. Cuba. I’m not. dry. nervous. No. writer. Russia. lawyer. they are. unhappy. he is. Indonesian. I am. Egypt. No. old
. they aren’t. difficult. it is. lazy. No. tall. lifeguard. Indonesia. Russian. Ethiopia. sales representative.
Some new vocabulary :
Turkey. sexy. Are they slow? Yes. they are. Comfortable. No. Cuban. Egyptian. angry. Are they from Mexico? Yes. young. No. Ethiopian. No. it isn’t. she isn’t. Is it small? Yes. they aren’t.Question Formation Am I Are you Is she Is he Is it Are we Are you Are they
Ex. she is. architect. Are you Chinese ? Yes.
I’m 35 years old. Nice to meet you. What about you ? Michael : Wow I teach English.
G : using “TO BE” with weather
It is dry. I am 33 years old.
It is really hot.F:
Introductions using names. What’s your name? Michael : My name is Michael ? Silvia : Where are you from ? Michael: I’m from Canada. ages and professions
Hi. my name is Silvia. I’m a travel agent. Key Questions : Is it rainy ? Is it sunny ? Look at the following pictures and describe the weather.
Key Questions : What’s your name ?
What’s his name ?
What’s her name ?
Conversation practice : Practice and then use your own information
Silvia: Hi. my name is Karen. What about you ? Silvia : I’m from Mexico.
. too. It is hot.
Hello. It is rainy.
Is it cloudy ?
. Michael : Nice to meet you. What do you do ? Silvia : I teach Spanish. I am an English teacher. I’m Ron.