√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013

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È∫ÁÔ ®[≈ ŒÚ y° ÷ÚÕ>m. ∂>[ J›> zΩÔ^ >twÏÔ^ ®™°D, ∂]_ ˛.x.
6gD ±u≈VıΩ_ kÕm ºƒÏÕ>kÏÔ^ E∫Ô·ÏÔ^ ®™°D E∫Ô· A´V∫Ô^ ÌÆ˛[≈™.
˛w¬z, k¶¬z √z]ÔÁ· >tμ ∂´ƒÏÔ”D, º\uz, ÿ>uz √z]ÔÁ· E∫Ô· ∂´ƒÏÔ”D ∂´ƒV‚E
ÿƒF]Ú¬˛≈VÏÔ^.
1833 kÁ´ ÷È∫ÁÔ ÷´ı| ÂV|Ô·VÔ›>V[ ÷ÚÕ]Ú¬˛≈m. ŒÚ √z] >tμ º>ƒ\VÔ°D, ÷[ÿ™VÚ
√z] E∫Ô· º>ƒ\VÔ°D ÷ÚÕ]Ú¬˛≈m. 1833-oÚÕm g∫˛ºÈBÏÔ^ WÏkVÔ kƒ]¬ÔVÔ 1948 kÁ´ Œº´
zÁ¶l[ ˇμ g‚E ÿƒF]Ú¬˛≈VÏÔ^. ∂Àk·°>V[. cıÁ\ ÷ÀkVÆ ÷Ú¬Ô, ÷È∫ÁÔ ®[√m ŒÚ ÂV|
®[ÆD, ∂]_ kVøD J›> zΩÔ·V™ >twÏÔ^ EÆ√V[Á\ ÷™D ®[Æ Ì§ ƒ\cˆÁ\Ô^ \Ƭԩ√|km
®Õ> kÁÔl_ WBVBD?
120 ºÔVΩ º√Ï kVøD ÷Õ]BVs_ 8 ºÔVΩ >twÏÔ^ EÆ√V[Á\ ÷™›>kÏ ®[Æ Ì§s¶ xΩ•\V?
Ô[™¶xD. \ÁÈBVπ•D, ÿ>K∫ÔÚD, \´V‚ΩBÚD EÆ√V[Á\ ÷™D ®[Æ Ì§s¶ xΩ•\V? ºƒ´, ºƒVw,
√VıΩBÚD, ƒV¬˛BÚD, \´V‚ΩBÚD, ´¤A›]´ÚD, ÂVÔÏÔ”D, ºÈV]Ô”D, xÔÈVBÏÔ”D ÷Õ]BVs_
>M›>MBVÔ ∂´ƒVı¶ÏÔ^. ∏[A ∏ˆ‚Ωi g‚E kÕ>m. 1947¬z© ∏≈z ÷Õ]B¬ ÿÔVΩl[ ˇμ ÷™D, ÿ\Va,
ÔÈVflƒV´D ºkÆ√‚¶VKD ÷™√Vz√V| ÷_ÈV\_, ƒ\ cˆÁ\•¶[ kVμ˛º≈VD. ∂Õ> WÁÈÁ\ ÷È∫ÁÔl_
÷_ÁÈ. cˆÁ\Ô^ \Ƭԩ√‚|, ÷´ı¶VD>´ \¬Ô·VÔ Â¶›>©√‚¶>VºÈºB >twÏÔπ[ ∂Á\]©º√VÏ
g•>©º√VÏ g™m.
4 gı|Ô”¬z x[ ¶Õ> ÷™©√|ÿÔVÁȬz g>V´∫Ô^ E§m E§>VÔ ÿkπkÕm ÿÔVıΩÚ¬˛≈m.
zwÕÁ>ÔÁ· ∂Ω›m¬ ÿÔV_kmD, ÿ√ıÔÁ·¬ Ì‚| k[AÏflE ÿƒFkmD, n.ÂV.kV_ >Á¶ ÿƒFB©√‚¶
ÿÔV›m¬ zı|ÔÁ· TE Ìıº¶V|¬ ÿÔV_kmD E∫Ô· ´VbkD ÿ>V¶ÏÕm ÿƒFmkÚD ∂›m*≈_Ô·VzD.
ƒV™_-4 WÆk™xD, ∂Dÿ™¸Ω ÷[¶ÏºÂ≠™_ ®[≈ ƒJÔ ∂Á\©AD g>V´∫ÔÁ· ÿkπl‚ΩÚ¬˛≈VÏÔ^.
zwÕÁ> √VȃÕ]´M[ √V_kΩ•D xÔ›Á> √VÏ›>∏[ >tμÂV‚Ω_ √ÈÚ¬z √E•D ÷_ÁÈ, #¬ÔxD
÷_ÁÈ - >tμ ÷™º\ ÷Ú¬Ô¬ ̶Vm ®[Æ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ xΩÿk|›> ∏[ ŒÚ z|D√›][ ÔÁ¶E kVˆÁƒBV
∂kÏÔ^ s‚|Ák©√VÏÔ^? >twÏÔ·VÔ ∏≈Õ>s‚¶VÏÔ^ ®[≈ Œº´ ŒÚ ÔV´›m¬ÔVÔ, ∂WBVB\VÔ ∂kÏÔ^
ÿÔVÁÈ•ı| \ΩB ºkı|D. ∂m>V[ ÷È∫ÁÔ› >twÏÔπ[ >ÁÈs].
ŒÚ ÔV‚E √]s_, ÔV]_ ˜t¬˛•D, >ÁÈl_ z|t•¶[ ŒÚ >tμflEÆt º>D∏› º>D∏ ∂ø˛[≈ ÔV‚E•D,
∂kÁ·•D, \u≈ EÆtÔÁ·•D ŒÚ ´Vbkfl E©√VF Eˆ©A¶[ kıΩl_ ∞uÆ˛[≈ ÔV‚E•D ÿÂfiÁƒ √V>≈
Ák¬˛≈m. 2009-_ ®|¬Ô©√‚¶ ∂Õ> 20 s™VΩ ÔV‚El_ ÔV©√‚¶ ∂Õ> ÿ√ıÔ”D, EÆtÔ”D ÷[Æ
kÁ´ ˛Á¶¬Ôs_ÁÈ. ∂>Vkm ÂV[z gı|Ô·VÔ ∂kÏÔ^ clÚ¶[ ÷Ú¬˛≈VÏÔ·V? ÿÔVÁÈ
ÿƒFB©√‚¶VÏÔ·V? ®[Æ ®Õ> sk´xD ÷_ÁÈ. º√VÏ xΩÕ> ∏[, >ÁÈkÏ ÷≈Õ> ∏[, Ô¶›>©√‚¶ ∂Õ>
ÿ√ıÔπ[ Ô] ®[™kV˛lÚ¬zD? ÷m º√VϬzu≈D ÷_ÁÈ ®[≈V_, ÷>uz© ÿ√BÏ ®[™?
ÿÔVÁÈ ÿƒFB©√‚¶ ÿ√ıÔ^ c¶oKD mË ÷_ÁÈ, gıÔ^ c¶oKD mË ÷_ÁÈ. ∂©√ΩBV™V_
º√Vˆ_ ∂kÏÔ^ ƒVÔs_ÁÈ, ∏Á ÁÔ]Ô·VÔ sƒV´Á ®[≈ ÿ√Bˆ_ ÿÔV|Á\©√|›>©√‚|,
∂k\V™©√|›>©√‚| ÿÔVÁÈ ÿƒFB©√‚ΩÚ¬˛≈VÏÔ^. ÷m º√VϬzu≈D ÷_ÈV\_ ºkÆ ®[™? ‘÷È∫ÁÔ
ÂV‚Ω[ ÷Á≈BVıÁ\, ∂]_ ®ÀkVÆ >ÁÈl¶ xΩ•D?’ ®[Æ ÷Õ]BV >ÁÈÁB ]Ú©∏¬ÿÔV^˛≈m. n.ÂV.,
∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV, Èı¶[ g˛B ÂV|Ôπ[ yÏ\V™›m¬z ÷mkÁ´ √]_ ÿƒV_ÈV> ´V¤√¬ºƒ ÷Mº\KD kVF
]≈¬Ô©º√Vk]_ÁÈ. ÷È∫ÁÔ >MÁ\©√|›>©√¶ ºkı|D. ŒÚ ÿ√VÚ”D ÷È∫ÁÔ¬z© º√VԬ̶Vm.
EºÈV[ º>lÁÈ. ´©√Ï, ∞uÆ\] gÁ¶ÔÁ· ºkÆ ®Õ> ÂV|D kV∫Ô¬ ̶Vm. ÷È∫ÁÔ ÷≈¬z\]ÔÁ· \u≈
ÂV|Ô^ A≈¬ÔË¬Ô ºkı|D. ÿ√VÚ·V>V´ >Á¶Ô·V_ E∫Ô·›Á> √ËB Ák¬Ô xΩ•D.
∑>Õ>´\V™ √[™V‚| sƒV´Á c¶™ΩBVÔ Â¶›], º√VϬzu≈D W‘∏¬Ô©√¶ ºkı|D. \¬Ôπ¶D ÿ√Vm
kV¬ÿÔ|©A (Referrendum) ¶›] Û¶V[, ÿ>uz Û¶V[ ®[Æ ∏ˆ›>Á>© º√VÈ ~wD, ÷È∫ÁÔ ®™ ∏ˆ¬Ô
ºkı|D. ÷m Œ[Æ>V[ yÏ°. >ta™›m¬z ∂m Œ[Æ>V[ gÆ>_.
ÂD∏¬ÁÔ•¶[

√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
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÷´.∂Ú^
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
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È∫ÁÔl_ WÔμ›>©√‚¶ º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^,
\M>zÈ›m¬z ®]´V™ ÿÔV|∫zu≈∫Ô^, ÷™©√|
ÿÔVÁÈ g˛BkuƬÔVÔ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂]√Ï ´V¤√¬ºƒ
°D ∂k´m ƒºÔV>´ÏÔ”D, Ì‚¶VπÔ”D >ıΩ¬Ô©√¶
ºkı|D ®[˛≈ ºÔVˆ¬ÁÔ ƒÏkº>ƒ ∂´∫˛_
kKkÁ¶Õm kÚ˛≈m. √[M´ı| kBm √flE·D
√VÈÔ[ ∏´√VÔ´[ √VÈflƒÕ]´[ ÿÔV˘´\V™ xÁ≈
l_ ÿÔV_È©√‚¶ AÁÔ©√¶D cÈ˛[ \™ƒV‚EÁB
cK¬˛•^·m. R>ÏÔÁ· ~s´¬Ôt[§ ÿÔV[
ÿ≈Va›> ÿÔV|∫ºÔVÈ[ ÷‚ÈÚ¶[ ´V¤√¬ºƒs[
ÿ√BÚD ÷M k´ÈVu§_ ÿ√V§¬Ô©√|D.
“E∫Ô·kÏÔÁ·© º√V[Æ ÂV∫Ô”D ÷È∫ÁÔ
l_ ƒ\\VÔ kVwºkı|D” ®[˛≈ ~w›>twÏÔπ[
WBVB\V™ ºÔVˆ¬ÁÔÔ”¬ÔV™ º√V´V‚¶D \M>zÈD
÷mkÁ´¬ ÔıΩ´V> º√´kÈ›]_ xΩÕ>m. º√V´Vπ
ÔÁ·•D, ∂©√Vs \¬ÔÁ·•D ∂a›ÿ>Va›>>[
JÈ\VÔ WBVB›][ z´ÁÈ ∂ΩºBV| Œ|¬˛s¶ÈVD
®[˛≈ ´V¤√¬ºƒs[ Ô™° ÷©º√Vm ÿÔVfiƒD
ÿÔVfiƒ\VÔ >ÔÏÕ]Ú¬˛≈m. >t—w \ıË_ ¶Õ>
º√V´V‚¶D ÷[Æ ÿ¤ÃkV, WRBVϬ, Am]_o ®[˛≈
´V¤>Õ]´ ÷¶∫Ô”¬z ÷¶D ÿ√BÏÕm^·m.
º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^, \M>zÈ›m¬z ®]´V™
ÿÔV|∫zu≈∫Ô^ ®™ √[™V‚| \M> cˆÁ\Ô^
\uÆD \M>V∏\V™ ƒ‚¶∫Ô^ ÷È∫ÁÔ© º√Vˆ[
º√Vm ∂©√‚¶\VÔ *≈©√‚¶m z§›> ƒÏkº>ƒ Â|WÁÈ
sƒV´Á ºkı|D. zu≈kVπÔ^ >ıΩ¬Ô©√¶
ºkı|D ®[˛≈ ºÔVˆ¬ÁÔ ÷©º√Vm >sϬԺk
xΩBV> Ô‚¶›Á> ®‚Ω•^·m.
÷Õ> WBVB\V™ ºÔVˆ¬ÁÔ cÈÔ›>V_ ∞uÔ©
√|D º√Vm ∂m ÷È∫ÁÔl[ ®]ÏÔVÈ›Á> >ÁÈ
ˇwVÔ A´‚Ω©º√V|D. ÷È∫ÁÔl_ kVøD ÷´ı|
÷™∫Ô^ ÷M Œ[≈VÔ kVw xΩBVm ®[˛≈ cı
Á\ÁB ∂m cÈ˛uz cÏ›mD. (º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^
War crimes) \M> zÈ›m¬z ®]´V™ ÿÔV|∫zu≈∫

Ô^ (crimes against humanity) g˛B™ ¶Õm^·>VÔ
ÿ√VmkV™ ∂Á\©AÔ·V_ cÆ] ÿƒFB©√‚|^·m.
÷™©√|ÿÔVÁÈ (genocide) z§›> zu≈flƒV‚|Ô^
÷[™xD kKkV™ WÁÈÁB ®‚¶s_ÁÈ).

÷È∫ÁÔ : √ÈD kVFÕ> ®]ˆ ÂV|
√[™V‚| ∂´EBo_ √VmÔV©A, ÿ√VÚ·V>V´
c≈°, \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ g˛B™ x>[Á\ ÷¶›Á>©
∏Ω›m^·™. ÷ku§_ √VmÔV©AD, ÿ√VÚ·V>V´
c≈°D>V[ ÿkπ•≈°¬ ÿÔV^ÁÔl_ g]¬ÔD
ÿƒK›m˛[≈™. ÷>uz \V≈VÔ \M> cˆÁ\Ô”D,
ÿkπ•≈°¬ ÿÔV^ÁÔ•D Œ[ƬÿÔV[Æ ®]´VÔ
c^·™.
√[™V‚| \M> cˆÁ\fl ƒ‚¶∫Ô^ ∏[√u≈©√¶
ºkı|D ®[√º> \M> cˆÁ\Ôπ_ x¬˛B\V™>VÔ
÷Ú¬˛≈m. g™V_, ÿkπ•≈°¬ ÿÔV^ÁÔ ®[√m
\™ƒV‚E¬z ®]´V™>VÔ°D >™m ÂV‚|¬z ®[™
Â[Á\ ®[˛≈ ŒuÁ≈ ∑BÂÈ ºÂV¬z¶–D ∂Á\
˛≈m. ®™ºk, ÂV|Ôπ[ ÿkπ•≈°¬ ÿÔV^ÁÔl_
cÏflE, WBVBD, ¿] ®[˛≈ º√fl∑¬ÿÔ_ÈVD ŒÚ
\]©AD ÷Ú©√]_ÁÈ.
÷©√Ω©√‚¶ x´ı√V¶V™ √[™V‚| ∂´EB_
Ûwo_>V[ >twÏÔπ[ \M> cˆÁ\¬ÔV™
º√V´V‚¶D ¶Õm ÿÔVıΩÚ¬˛≈m. ÷Õ> A]B º√Vˆ_
÷È∫ÁÔ•D, >twÏÔ”D ƒ\WÁÈl_ º\V>s_ÁÈ.
÷È∫ÁÔ ®[√m ŒÚ ∂´∑. ∂>uz ®_ÈV ÂV|ÔπKD
#>´Ô c≈° ÷Ú¬˛≈m. (∂ıÁ\l_ ƒ°] ∂º´∏BV
\‚|D>V[ ∂Õ> c≈Ák x§›m¬ ÿÔVı|^·m).
ÿ>uÔVEBVs_ ÷È∫ÁÔ {Ú √VmÔV©A sRÔ
x¬˛B›mkD c^· √z]l_ ÷Ú©√>VÔ¬ ̧ cÈÁÔ
∂fl∑Æ›]¬ ÿÔVıΩÚ¬˛≈m. ÷Õ]BV°¬zD
Ê™V°¬z\V™ ÷´Vbk º√V‚ΩÁB ÷È∫ÁÔ >™¬z
ƒV>Ô\VÔ √B[√|›]¬ ÿÔVıΩÚ¬˛≈m.
\ÆA≈D ÷Õ]BVsKD Ê™VsKD ÿ√VÚ·V>V´
c≈°ÔÁ· √È©√|›]¬ÿÔVı|^· ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑,

÷Ú ÂV|ÔπKD c^· √ÈD kVFÕ> ÿ>Va_ kËÔ›
mÁ≈l™Á´ >™¬z g>´kVÔ Ák›m^·m. \¬Ô
·V_ º>ÏÕÿ>|¬Ô©√‚¶ ¤™ÂVBÔ ∂´∑ ®[˛≈ xÔ
JΩÁB¬ ÔV‚Ω, ‘÷Á≈BVıÁ\t¬Ô ÂV|’ ®[˛≈ xw¬
Ô›Á> Ák›m n.ÂV.s_ ÂV¶Ô\V|˛≈m ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑.
÷mº√V[≈ ®Õ> ŒÚ sRÔ x¬˛B›mkxD
>twÏÔ”¬z ÷_ÁÈ. >™¬ÿÔ™ º√∑k>uz ŒÚ
ÂV|D ÷_ÈV> ÁÔBÆ WÁÈl_ >twÏÔ^ c^·™Ï.
kV‚ΩÔ[ ÂÔÏ ®™©√|˛≈ ‘º«Vo Ê’ ÂV‚Ω[ ÿ\V›>
\¬Ô^ ÿ>VÁÔ ÿkÆD 832 º√Ï \‚|D>V[. ∂ÀkVº≈,
‹¬¶[¸Á¶[ ®–D ÂV‚Ω[ \¬Ô^ ÿ>VÁÔ 35
gl´D º√Ï \‚|D>V[. ÷Õ> ÂV|Ô”¬z ÷Ú¬zD
kVF©AD x¬˛B›mkxD̶ Œ[√m ºÔVΩ >twÏ
Ô”¬z ÷_ÁÈ. ∞ÿ™M_, >twÏÔ”¬ÿÔ[Æ ŒÚ
ÂV|D ÷_ÁÈ (÷Õ]BV ®]ˆl[ g>´° ÂV|).
∂>™V_>V[ Œ‚|ÿ\V›> >twÏÔπ[ \¬Ô^ ÿ>VÁÔ
l_ g§_ ŒÚ √∫z \‚|º\ c^· E∫Ô·ÏÔ·V_
>twÏÔÁ·¬ ÿÔV[Æ zs¬Ô°D ∂¶¬˛ Œ|¬Ô°D
xΩ˛≈m.

√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
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\M> cˆÁ\© º√VÏ √Ω©√ΩBV™ ÿku§
ÿ¤ÃkVÁk >ÁÈÁ\ ÷¶\VÔ¬ ÿÔVı|^·
n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zø ®[√m cÈ˛[ tÔ cBˆB
\M> cˆÁ\ ∂Á\©√VzD. ~w›>twÏÔπ[
º√V´V‚¶D ÷©º√Vm ÷∫z>V[ Á\BD ÿÔVıΩÚ¬
˛≈m. n¬˛B ÂV|Ô^ ∂Ákl[ ÿ√VmflƒÁ√l[ ŒÚ
∂∫Ô\VÔ c^· \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zø ÂV|Ô”¬z
÷Á¶ºBBV™ ŒÚ ¤™ÂVBÔ ∂Á\©A. gEBV \uÆD
g©∏ˆ¬Ô ÂV|Ôπ[ ƒVÏ∏_ >ÈV 13 cÆ©∏™ÏÔ^,
È›y[ ∂ÿ\ˆ¬Ô ÂV|Ôπ[ ƒVÏ∏_ 8, ˛w¬z
nº´V©∏B ÂV|Ôπ[ ƒVÏ∏_ 6, º\uz nº´V©∏B
ÂV|Ô^, ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV c^π‚¶ ÷>´ ÂV|Ôπ[ ƒVÏ∏_
7 ®™ ÿ\V›>D 47 ÂV|Ô^ n.ÂV. ÿ√VmflƒÁ√BV_
º>Ï° ÿƒFB©√‚|, n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zø (UN
Human Rights Council) ∂Á\˛≈m.
2006gD gıΩ_ ÿ>V¶∫Ô©√‚¶ n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\Ô^ zø ÷mkÁ´ 21 xÁ≈¬ ÌΩ•^·m.
>uº√Vm 2012 ∏©´kˆ, \VÏflE_ 22 gkm Ì‚¶D
¶¬˛≈m. ÷mk_ÈV\_ >M©√‚¶ ÂV|Ôπ[
*>V™ E≈©A¬ Ì‚¶∫ÔÁ·•D n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\Ô^ zø ¶›m˛≈m.
∂Õ> kÁÔl_ ÷È∫ÁÔl[ \M>
cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô^ z§›m skV]¬Ô n.ÂV.
∂Ákl[ \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zø
E≈©A¬ Ì‚¶D 2009gD gı|
º\ \V>D 26, 27 º>]Ôπ_
ÌΩBm. ∂Õ>¬ Ì‚¶›]_ ÷Õ]BV
°D, ˛R√V°D ºƒÏÕm ÷È∫ÁÔ
∂´∑¬z g>´kV™ yÏ\V™›Á>
WÁ≈ºku≈ kakz›>™. (∂©
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
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º√Vm ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_
cÆ©∏™´VÔ ÷_ÁÈ).
∂>[ ∏≈z, 2012gD gı| \VÏfl \V>D ÌΩB
n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs[ 19gkm Ì‚¶›]_
÷È∫ÁÔ *m {´·° ÿÂÚ¬ÔΩÁB ∑\›mD yÏ
\V™›Á> ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV ÿÔVı|kÕ>m.
1. ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ >Vº™ ∂Á\›> “ÔuƬÿÔVı¶
√V¶∫Ô^ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô gÁ¬zø
(Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission) ” √ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ· WÁ≈ºku≈ ºkı|D.

√[™V‚| \M> cˆÁ\, \M>V∏\V™ ƒ‚¶∫Ô^
*≈©√‚¶m z§›m WBVB\V™ sƒV´Á ¶›]
zu≈tÁw›>kÏÔÁ·› >ıΩ¬Ô ºkı|D.
÷>[ JÈD ∂Á™›m ÷È∫ÁÔ \¬Ô”¬z\V™
¿], ƒ\›mkD, ÿ√VÆ©AÁ¶Á\ \uÆD Â_
o¬ÔD cÆ]ÿƒFB©√¶ ºkı|D.
2. “ÔuƬÿÔVı¶ √V¶∫Ô^ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô
gÁ¬zø” √ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ· WÁ≈ºkuÆk>u
ÔV™ \uÆD √[™V‚| \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_ÔÁ·
sƒVˆ©√>uÔV™ ]‚¶D \uÆD ÔVÈ ∂‚¶
kÁÁB Ì≈ ºkı|D.
3. º\uÔı¶ √ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ· ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑
WÁ≈ºku≈ n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\ gÁBÏ ∂K
kÈÔD c>kºkı|D. ̶ºk, ÷>Á™¬
ÔıÔVË›m, n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\¬
zøs[ 22gkm Ì‚¶›]_ ∂§¬ÁÔ
ƒ\Ï©∏¬Ô ºkı|D ®[Æ ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV
yÏ\V™D ºÔVˆBm.
∂º> ºÂ´›]_ “ÔuƬÿÔVı¶ √V¶∫Ô^
\uÆD Â_o¬Ô gÁ¬zø ∂§¬ÁÔBV™m
√[™V‚| ƒ‚¶∫Ôπ[√Ω ∑\›>©√‚|^· zu≈∫
ÔÁ· º√Vm\V™ ∂·°¬z ®]ÏÿÔV^·s_ÁÈ”
®[√Á>•D ∂ÿ\ˆ¬Ô yÏ\V™D ÿ>πkVÔfl ∑‚Ω¬
ÔV‚ΩBm.

÷Õ>¬ Ì‚¶›]_ ÷Õ]BV yÏ\V™›]uz g>´°
∂π¬z\V ®[√m tÔ©ÿ√ˆB skV>›Á>¬ ˛·©∏Bm.
>tμÂV‚Ω_ º√V´V‚¶∫Ô^ ÿkΩ›>™. ÔÁ¶El_ ºkÆ
kal[§ yÏ\V™›Á> g>ˆ¬Ô xΩ° ÿƒF>m.
g™V_, “∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV x>o_ x[ÿ\VaÕ> yÏ\V™›
]_ ‘n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\ gÁBÏ ∂KkÈÔD
∂π¬zD c>sÁB ÷È∫ÁÔ ∞uÔ ºkı|D (the Government of Sri Lanka to accept)” ®[˛≈, Œ©¨‚¶·s_
cÆ]BV™ kVƒÔ∫Ô^ ÷¶Dÿ√u§ÚÕ>™. ÷>Á™
÷Õ]BV >ÁÈl‚| “n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\ gÁBÏ
∂KkÈÔD ∂π¬zD ®›>ÁÔB c>s•D, ÷È∫ÁÔ
∂´∑¶[ ÔÈÕ>VºÈVƒÁ™ ¶›], ∂ÕÂV‚Ω[ Œ©A
>K¶[ ÿƒFB©√¶ ºkı|D (in consultation with, and
with the concurrence of, the Government of Sri
Lanka)” ®[Æ \Vu§Bm. (÷Õ]BVs[ ÷Õ> c>s¬z

÷È∫ÁÔ √V´V‚|D ÿ>ˆs›>m).
÷Õ]B mº´VÔ›m¶[, n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\›
yÏ\V™D ÿku§ ÿ√u≈m. Promoting Reconciliation
and Accountability in Sri Lanka ®–D ∂›yÏ\V™›Á>
g>ˆ›m 24 ÂV|Ô^ kV¬Ôπ›>™. ®]Ï›m 15 ÂV|Ô^
kV¬Ôπ›>™. 8 ÂV|Ô^ kV¬Ôπ©∏_ √∫ºÔuÔ
s_ÁÈ.
2012÷_ ÷Õ]BV ÿƒF> c>s, 2013÷_
÷È∫ÁÔ¬z ÿ√ÚD ºÔ¶VÔ \V§•^·m. n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\Ô^ gÁBˆ[ ®Õ> c>sÁB•D ÷È∫ÁÔ
ºÔ‚Ô°D ÷_ÁÈ. Œ©A¬ÿÔV^·°D ÷_ÁÈ. ÷>Á™
n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ gÁBÏ Âk¿>D ∏^Á·
sˆkVÔ ®|›mfl ÿƒV_o, “ŒÚ √[™V‚| sƒV´
ÁÁB› >s´ ºkÆ ka ÷_ÁÈ. ÷È∫ÁÔl_ ¶Õ>
\M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô^ z§›m, ƒÏkº>ƒ ∂·s_
∑>Õ]´\V™ sƒV´Á ¶›>©√¶ ºkı|D” ®™¬
̧•^·VÏ. (÷Õ]BV >ÁÈl‚| yÏ\V™›Á>
]Ú›>V\_ ÷ÚÕ]ÚÕ>V_ á ÷È∫ÁÔ¬z ÷©√Ω ŒÚ
Ô|D ÿÂÚ¬ÔΩ kÕ]Ú¬ÔVm)

2012 yÏ\V™›]uz ∏≈z ¶Õ>m ®[™?
2012gD gı| º\ \V>›]_ ÔuƬÿÔVı¶
√V¶∫Ô^ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô gÁ¬zø √ˆÕmÁ´
ÔÁ· ÿƒB_√|›mk>uÔV™ ŒÚ Task Force
∂Á\›>m ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑. ∂>[ ∏≈z ŒÚ º>EB
ÿƒB_ ]‚¶›Á>•D (National Action Plan) ∂§s›>m.
÷ku§[ JÈD ÔuƬÿÔVı¶ √V¶∫Ô^ \uÆD
Â_o¬Ô gÁ¬zøs[ tÔflEÈ √ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ·
ÿƒB_√|›mºkVD ®[Æ ∂§s›>m. ÷È∫ÁÔl[
WÁÈÁ\ÁB g´VFk>uÔVÔ ŒÚ J[Æ Â√Ï zøÁk
ÿƒ©¶D√Ï \V›]_ ∂–©∏™VÏ n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^
gÁBÏ Âk¿>D ∏^Á·. ∂>[∂Ω©√Á¶l_ ŒÚ
∂§¬ÁÔÁB•D 2013 ∏©´kˆ 11 ∂[Æ ÿkπl‚¶VÏ.
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ ÷DtB·°D ]ÚÕ>s_ÁÈ
®[√Á> ∂©√‚¶\VÔ ®|›m¬ÔV‚|D ÷Õ> ∂§¬ÁÔ
\VÏfl 20gD ÂV^ n.ÂV.\M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_
ƒ\Ï©∏¬Ô©√¶ c^·m. ÷>[ ∏[™Ï ÷È∫ÁÔ *>V™
A]B yÏ\V™D n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_ WÁ≈
ºku≈©√|D kVF©A c^·m.

÷M ®[™?
÷Õ> xÁ≈•D ÷È∫ÁÔ *m ŒÚ yÏ\V™›Á>¬
ÿÔVı| kÚºkVD ®[Æ ∂§s›m^·m ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV.
∂Õ> yÏ\V™D ®›>ÁÔB>VÔ ÷Ú¬zD ®[√m
ÿ>ˆBs_ÁÈ. ÷È∫ÁÔl_ ¶Õ> \M> cˆÁ\
*≈_Ô^ z§›m, ƒÏkº>ƒ ∂·s_ ∑>Õ]´\V™
sƒV´Á ¶›>©√¶ ºkı|D ®[˛≈ ∂·°¬z ∂Õ>
yÏ\V™D ∂Á\B ºkı|D ®[˛≈ ®]Ï√VÏ©A \M>
cˆÁ\ ÿƒB_√V‚¶V·ÏÔπ¶D c^·m.
®m ®©√Ω g™VKD, ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV 2012gD
gıΩ_ ÿÔVı|kÕ> yÏ\V™›Á>¬ ÔV‚ΩKD
ŒÚ√ΩBVkm º\ÈV™>VÔºk A]B yÏ\V™D ÷Ú¬zD
®[Æ ®]Ï√VϬÔÈVD. ∂Õ> yÏ\V™D \VÏfl 21 ∂_Èm
22gD ÂV^ kV¬ÿÔ|©A¬z k´ÈVD.
∂ÿ\ˆ¬Ô yÏ\V™D ÷Õ> xÁ≈ Ô‚¶VBD ÿku§
BÁ¶•D. ∞ÿ™M_, Ô¶Õ> ŒÚ gıΩ_ ÷È∫ÁÔl[
ÿÔV˘´ xÔ›Á> ÿkπ¬ÔV‚|D √È A]B g>V´∫Ô^
ÿkπkÕm^·™. √È ÂV|Ô^ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´E[
¶kΩ¬ÁÔÁB© √VÏ›m ÿkÆ©√Á¶Õm^·™.
÷È∫ÁÔÁB ®©º√VmD ÔV©√Vu§¬ ÿÔVıΩ
Ú¬zD ÂV|Ô·V™ ˛R√V, Ê™V, ´EBV g˛B
ÂV|Ôπ[ √>s¬ÔVÈD 2012gD gıΩ_
xΩÕms‚¶m. ∂Ák ÷©º√Vm n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_ cÆ©∏™ÏÔ·VÔ ÷_ÁÈ.
∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔV ®©√Ω©√‚¶ yÏ\V™›Á>¬
ÿÔVı| kÕ>VKD ∂m ÿku§BÁ¶•D.
÷©º√Vm ÷È∫ÁÔl[ ∏Ω ∂ÿ\ˆ¬ÔVs[
ÁÔl_ ÷Ú¬˛≈m.
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
7

n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\¬ zøs_ √∑Á\› >VBÔD

n. ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\¬ zøs_ cÈÔ ÂV|Ôπ[ ∏´]W]Ô”D n.ÂV. ∂ÁkBV_

∂]ÔV´©ØÏk gºÈVƒÁ™ ∂Á\©√VÔ ∂∫ˇÔVˆ¬Ô©√‚¶ ÿ>Vı| WÆk™∫Ôπ[ ∏´]W]Ô”D
\‚|D>V[ ∂]ÔV´©ØÏk\VÔ √∫ºÔuÔ xΩ•D. ÷›>ÁÔB ∂∫ˇÔˆ¬Ô©√‚¶ zø¬Ôπ[
∂§¬ÁÔÔ^ n.ÂV.kV_ ∂]ÔV´©ØÏk ∂§¬ÁÔBVÔ ®|›m¬ÿÔV^·©√|D. n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_ cÁ´BVu≈°D xΩ•D.
n.ÂV. ∂ÁkBV_ ∂]ÔV´©ØÏk E≈©A gºÈVƒÁ™ ∂Á\©√VÔ √∑Á\› >VBÔD
∂∫ˇÔˆ¬Ô©√‚|^·m. (Non-government organization in special consultative status with UN
ECOSOC) ÷>[ ∂Ω©√Á¶l_ 2009gD gı| x>_ ÷È∫ÁÔl[ \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_ÔÁ·
n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs_ √∑Á\› >VBÔD ÿ>V¶ÏflEBVÔ ®ø©∏ kÚ˛≈m. ÷>uÔVÔ
√∑Á\› >VBÔ›][ ƒVÏ∏_ ƒ‚¶ k_KÂÏÔ^ \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zø¬ Ì‚¶›]_ √∫ºÔuÆ
kÚ˛[≈™Ï. 2012gD gı| ¶Õ> ÷È∫ÁÔ *>V™ ÔVÈxÁ≈ sƒV´Ál_ √∑Á\›
>VBÔ›][ ƒVÏ∏_ ]Ú. ºÔV.Ô.\Ë, ÷´.∂Ú^ g˛ºBVÏ √∫ºÔu≈™Ï.
2013 \VÏflE_ ¶¬zD n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ zøs[ 22gkm Ì‚¶›]_ ‘÷È∫ÁÔ *m
º√VϬzu≈ sƒV´Á ¶›> ºkı|D’ ®[Æ ºÔVÚD ∂§¬ÁÔÁB √∑Á\› >VBÔD x[Ák›
m^·m. ÷>Á™ \M> cˆÁ\¬ zøs[ cÆ©A ÂV|Ô”¬z n.ÂV. ÿ√Vmfl ÿƒBÈV·ˆ[ ƒVÏ∏_
∂]ÔV´©ØÏk gk\VÔ n.ÂV. ∂–©∏•^·m. ∂Õ> ∂§¬ÁÔl[ >tμ ÿ\Vaÿ√BÏ©A :
√∑Á\› >VBÔ›>V_ ∂π¬Ô©√‚¶ ÂV^ : 11á02á2013
n.ÂV. ÿ√Vmfl ÿƒBȈ[ ƒVÏ∏_ n.ÂV.kV_ ∂π¬Ô©√‚¶ ÂV^ : 22á02á2013
n.ÂV. gk ®ı. A/HRC/22/NGO/135

√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
8

÷È∫ÁÔl_ >uº√Vm
ÂÁ¶ÿ√uÆkÚD \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_
ÿÂÚ¬ÔΩ

÷È∫ÁÔl_ ÂÁ¶ÿ√uÆkÚD \M> cˆÁ\

*≈_ ∏´flƒÁ™Ô^ z§›mD, 2012-gD gı| \VÏfl
\V>D ÂÁ¶ÿ√u≈ \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ gÁB›][
19-gkm Ì‚¶›]_ WÁ≈ºku≈©√‚¶ yÏ\V™›Á>
ÿƒB_√|›mkm c^π‚¶ ÷È∫ÁÔ© º√Vˆ_ ¶Õ>
\M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô”¬z, ∂kuÁ≈ WÔμ›]BkÏ
ÔÁ· ÿ√VÆ©º√uÔfl ÿƒFkm, ÷™©∏´flƒÁ™¬z yÏ°
ÔV ƒ\V>V™ ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÔÁ· º\uÿÔV^km
º√V[≈kuÁ≈fl ÿƒFB ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ >k§s‚¶m
z§›m sƒV´Á ¶›mD√Ω n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\
gÁB›Á> √∑Á\› >VBÔD ºÔVÚ˛≈m. ÷È∫ÁÔ
l_ >uº√Vm ÂÁ¶ÿ√uÆkÚD \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô^
\uÆD Ô¶Õ> ÔVÈ›]_ ¶Õ> ƒÏkº>ƒ \M>V∏\V™
\uÆD \M> cˆÁ\ ƒ‚¶ *≈_Ô”¬z ƒÏkº>ƒ
ƒx>VB›][ JÈD yÏ° ÔV©√|kÁ> cÆ]
ÿƒFk>uz \M> cˆÁ\ gÁBD ¶kΩ¬ÁÔ
®|©√>uÔVÔ EÈ z§©∏‚¶ √ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ· ÂV∫Ô^
x[Ák¬˛º≈VD. Ô¶Õ> nD√m gı|Ô”¬z
º\ÈVÔ ÷È∫ÁÔl_ c^· >twÏÔ^ ∂ÕÂV‚|
∂´ƒVKD, ∂>[ g•>© √Á¶Ô·VKD Ô_s, ºkÁÈ
kVF©A, ÿ√VÚ·V>V´ º\D√V| g˛Bku§_ √V´√‚ƒD,
ÔVÈM\B\V¬Ô_, >MÂ√ÏÔ”¬z ®]´V™ k[xÁ≈,
Œ‚|ÿ\V›> ƒx>VB›]uzD ®]´V™ k[xÁ≈
g˛Bku§[ JÈD ∂a©√Á>ºB ÷ȬÔVÔ ÿÔVı|
ÿƒB_√‚| kÕ>™. >t—w s|>ÁÈ©AoÔ”¬zD,
÷È∫ÁÔ ´Vbk›]uzD ÷Á¶lÈV™ g•>© º√VÏ
Ô¶Õ> 2009gD gıΩºÈºB xΩ°¬z kÕms‚¶
º√V]KD, ÷È∫ÁÔ ÷™©∏´flƒÁ™¬z ÷[–D yÏ°
ÔV©√¶s_ÁÈ. √B∫Ô´kV> ®]Ï©A, ys´kV>›
>|©A ®[≈ ÿ√Bˆ_ >twÏÔ^ kVøD √z]ÔÁ·
´Vbk\B\V¬˛ kÚD ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ ∂>[JÈD
\M> cˆÁ\ *≈_ÔÁ· ∂´∫ºÔu§ >ta™›Á>
∂a›m kÚ˛≈m.

]‚¶∫Ô”D, \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô”D
÷È∫ÁÔ© º√Vˆ[º√Vm \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô^
∞º>–D ¶Õ>>V? ®[√m z§›m sƒVˆ¬Ô°D,
®kº´–D >kÆ ÿƒF]ÚÕ>V_ ∂kÏÔÁ· >ıΩ¬Ô°D
√Ω©∏Á™ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô¬zø ®[≈ ∂´EB_
ƒVÏ√u≈ / ÔVk_ ∂Á\©A ∂Á\¬Ô©√‚| ∂>[ √ˆÕ
mÁ´Ô”D,17-gkm ∂´EB_ ƒ‚¶› ]Ú›>xD ÿƒB_
√|›>©√|D ®[Æ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ cÆ] ∂π›
]ÚÕ>m. g™V_, ∂Õ> sƒB›]_ ®Õ> x[º™u≈
xD ∞u√¶s_ÁÈ. >twÏÔ”¬z ®]´VÔ Â¶›>©√‚¶
zu≈∫ÔÁ· Ôı¶§Õm cÆ] ÿƒFB°D, ∂>uz
ÔV´\V™kÏÔ^ *m zu≈fiƒVu§ sƒV´Á¬z
c‚√|›>°D ∞´V·\V™ sƒV´Á gÁB∫Ô^
¶›>©√|D ®[Æ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ cÆ]Bπ›]ÚÕ>m.
g™V_ ÷kuÁ≈ÿB_ÈVD ÿƒFB ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑
>k§s‚¶m. ∂©√Vs \¬Ô^ *m zı|TEBm,
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´ƒV_ ∂Á\¬Ô©√‚¶ √VmÔV©A kÁÈB∫
Ôπ_ E¬˛¬ ÿÔVıΩÚÕ> >twÏÔ”¬z c°
˛Á¶¬ÔV\_ >|›m √‚ΩMl_ >s¬Ô s‚¶m ®™
∂´∑ Ô‚|©√V‚| √z]ÔπKD, s|>ÁÈ©AoÔ^
Ô‚|©√V‚| √z]ÔπKD \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ô^
ÂÁ¶ÿ√u≈™. g™V_ º√VÏ ÂÁ¶ÿ√u≈ √z]
Ôπ_ Â|WÁÈBV™ ÔıÔVË©√V·ÏÔ^
÷_ÈV>>V_ clˆw©AÔ^ zÁ≈›m¬
ÔV‚¶©√‚¶™. \M> cˆÁ\ *≈_Ôπ_
~|√‚¶ ƒ]ÔV´ÏÔπ_ Œº´ ŒÚ
ƒD√k›]_ ~|√‚¶ 6 √Á¶T´ÏÔ^
>ıΩ¬Ô©√‚¶Á>›
>s´
\u≈kÏÔ^ ®kÚD sƒVˆ¬Ô©
√¶ºkV, kw¬z› ÿ>V¶´©√¶ºkV
∂_Èm
>ıΩ¬Ô©√¶ºkV
÷_ÁÈ.
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
9

c^ÂV‚ΩKD, ÿkπÂV‚|¬zD
÷¶Dÿ√BÏÕ> >twÏÔ^
÷È∫ÁÔl_ ÂÁ¶ÿ√u≈ c^ÂV‚|© º√Vˆ[
º√Vm ÿ√Ú\·sÈV™ >twÏÔ^ ÷¶Dÿ√BÏÕ>™Ï.
÷[Á≈B WÁÈlKD, È‚ƒ¬Ô¬ÔV™ >twÏÔ^
>uÔVoÔ xÔVDÔπKD, ∂Ô]Ô^ xÔVDÔπKD tÔ
º\Vƒ\V™ WÁÈl_ kVμÕm kÚ˛[≈™Ï. ∂´E[
Ô‚|©√V‚Ω_ ÷Ú¬zD >twÏÔ^ \M>V∏\V™›m¶[
¶›>©√|kmD, ∂kÏÔ^ >∫Ôπ[ √V´D√ˆB
÷_È∫Ô”¬z ]ÚD√ ∂–\]¬Ô©√|kmD tÔ°D
∂kEB\VzD.

\VkÏÔ^, \M> cˆÁ\¬ ÔVkÈÏÔ^
\uÆD √›]ˆÁÔBV·ÏÔ”¬z ®]´V™
∂¶¬zxÁ≈
\VkÏÔ^, √›]ˆÁÔBV·ÏÔ^ c^π‚¶ \M>
cˆÁ\ √VmÔVkÈÏÔ”¬z ®]´VÔ Â¶›>©√|D ∂¶¬z
xÁ≈Ô^ z§›m ºk>Á™Bπ¬zD ÿƒF]Ô^ ∂Ω¬ÔΩ
kÕm ÿÔVıΩÚ¬˛[≈™. Ô¶Õ> ÂkD√Ï 27gD
ÂV^ \VT´Ï ÂVÁ·ÿBV‚Ω, BVμ©√V √_ÔÁȬ
ÔwÔ›]_ ÂÁ¶ÿ√u≈ ∂Á\]BV™ WÁ™kfiƒo
WÔμflEl[ º√Vm, √_ÔÁȬÔwÔ›]_ c^·
\ÔπÏ >∫zD ∂Á≈Ô”¬z^ AzÕ> ÔVk_
mÁ≈l™ÚD, ´Vbk T´ÏÔ”D \VkÏ
Ô^ *m tÔ¬ Ô|Á\BV™ >V¬z>ÁÈ
¶›]™Ï. ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´E[ ÔÚ›m
∑>Õ]´› >Á¶ÔÁ·¬ ÔıΩ›mD
¶Õ> zÆD º√´Ë \uÆD
∂Á\]© º√V´V‚¶›][ º√Vm
∑\VÏ 20 √‚¶©√Ω©A \VkÏÔ^
√VmÔV©A© √Á¶l™´V_ ÿÔV˘´
\V™ xÁ≈l_ >V¬Ô©√‚¶™Ï.
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
10

Ô¶Õ> ΩƒD√Ï 1gD º>]B[Æ ÷È∫ÁÔ¬ ÔVk_
mÁ≈l[ √B∫Ô´kV> sƒV´Á© ∏ˆÁkfl ºƒÏÕ>
ÔVkÈÏÔ^ ®Õ>s> ∏ΩBVÁ•D ÷_ÈV\_ 4
\VkÏÔÁ· ÁÔm ÿƒF>™Ï. ∏[™Ï ∂kÏÔ^
ÿko¬ÔÁ¶ ´Vbk› >|©A xÔVt_, cˆB ÂÁ¶xÁ≈
ÔÁ· ∏[√u≈V\_, √B∫Ô´kV> >|©Afl ƒ‚¶›][√Ω
∂Á¶›m Ák¬Ô©√‚ΩÚÕ>™Ï.
÷È∫ÁÔl_ √›]ˆÁÔBV·ÏÔ^ *m ÿ>V¶ÏÕm
>V¬z>_ ¶›>©√‚| kÚ˛≈m. ÷Ák z§›m ÷È∫ÁÔ
ÔVk_ mÁ≈l™Ï sƒV´Á ¶›mkº> ÷_ÁÈ.
Ô¶Õ> ÂkD√Ï 28ágD º>]B[Æ BVμ©√V›]_
\VkÏÔ^ ¶›]B º√V´V‚¶›][º√Vm, c>B[
÷>a[ gEˆBÏ ÔVk_mÁ≈l™´VKD, ´Vbk›
]™´VKD ÿÔV˘´\V™ xÁ≈l_ >V¬Ô©√‚¶VÏ. ÷m
>s´ ȃÕ> s¬´\E∫Ôs[ √|ÿÔVÁÈ kw¬z
÷[–D m©A›mȬԩ√¶V\_ c^·m. ÷[ÿ™VÚ
√›]ˆÁÔBV·Ï ∏´y© ®¬ÿ™oºÔV¶V ®[™ g™VÏ
®[√m ÷[–D Ôı|∏Ω¬Ô©√¶V\_, \VB\VÔ
c^·m.

÷È∫ÁÔ ´Vbk›]_ >tμ ÿ√ıÔ^
Ô¶¶VBfl ºƒÏ©A
º√Vˆ™V_ Ô|Á\BVÔ √V]¬Ô©√‚¶ k¶¬z \uÆD
˛w¬z √z]Ô^ 11 zΩ\¬Ô”¬z ŒÚ T´Ï ®[≈
s˛>›]_ ÿ>V¶ÏÕm ´Vbk\B\V¬Ô©√‚ΩÚ¬˛≈m.
÷Õ> √z]Ôπ_ c^· ±uƬzD º\u√‚¶ >tμ
ÿ√ıÔÁ· E∫Ô·©√Á¶l™Ï t´‚Ω ´Vbk›]_
ºƒÏ›]Ú©√>VÔ ∂©√z]ÁB ºƒÏÕ> \ÔπÏ ∂Á\©A
Ôπ[ Ì‚¶ËBV™ \ÔπÏ Â¶kΩ¬ÁÔ¬zø ÿ>ˆs›
]Ú¬˛≈m. ÷ÀkVÆ Ô‚¶VB\VÔ ºƒÏ¬Ô©√‚¶ ÷·D
>tμ ÿ√ıÔπ_ ŒÚkÁ´ *‚| kÚk>uÔVÔ ÿƒ[≈
´›™E∫ÔD Ek ƒ∫ÔÏ ®[≈ \Ú›mkÁ´ ´Vbk›]™Ï
∏Ω›m EÁ≈Ák›ms‚¶™Ï. ´Vbk›]_ ºƒÏ¬Ô©√‚¶
ÿ√ıÔπ_ 21 º√Ï Ô¶Õ> 11á12á12 ∂[Æ ˛πÿÂVflE

\Vk‚¶ \Ú›mk\Á™l_ \B∫˛B WÁÈl_
ºƒÏ¬Ô©√‚¶™Ï. \Ú›mk\Á™l_ ∂kÏÔ^
>MÁ\l_ Ák¬Ô©√‚|^·™Ï. ∂kÏÔÁ· ´Vbk
\Ú›mkÏÔ^ \‚|D>V[ ƒÕ]¬Ô ∂–\] ∂π¬Ô©
√|˛≈º> >s´, ∂kÏÔπ[ z|D√›]™Ï̶ ƒÕ]¬Ô
∂–\]¬Ô©√|k]_ÁÈ.

ƒ‚¶s] *≈_Ô^
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂]√ˆ[ ƒºÔV>´Ï √E_ ´V¤√¬ºƒ°¬z
∂·s_ÈV> ∂]ÔV´∫ÔÁ· kw∫zD ƒ‚¶D ÿƒ_ÈVm
®[Æ yÏ©√π›>>uÔVÔ, cflƒ¿]\[≈ >ÁÈÁ\ ¿]√]
¥´VË √ı¶V´ÂVB¬ *m ÂD∏¬ÁÔl_ÈV yÏ\V™D
Ô¶Õ> gı| ÂkD√Ï x>_ º>]B[Æ ÷È∫ÁÔ
ÂV¶V”\[≈›]_ ÿÔVı|k´©√‚¶m. ¿]√]Ô^
\uÆD kw¬Ô§QÏÔπ[ ∑>Õ]´›]uÔV™ n.ÂV. E≈©A
∏´]W], ÔV\[ÿk_› ÿƒBÈÔD, ƒÏkº>ƒ ¿]√]Ô^
gÁBD g˛BÁk ÷Õ> ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÁB ÔıΩ›>
m¶[, ÷m ∂–\]¬Ô xΩBV>, ∂´EB_ ºÂV¬ÔD
ÿÔVı¶, ∂´EB_ ƒ‚¶›]uz ®]´V™, ¿]›mÁ≈
∑>Õ]´›Á> x¶¬zD ºÂV¬ÔD ÿÔVı¶ ¶kΩ¬ÁÔ
®[ÆD s\ÏE›>™.

∂´∑ g>´°¶™V™ \¬Ô^ ÿ>VÁÔl_
\Vu≈D
∂]Ôˆ›mkÚD ∂´∑ g>´° ÿ√u≈ ÔVÈM
\B\V¬Ô_ : k¶¬z á ˛w¬z \VWÈ∫Ôπ_ √V´D√ˆB
\VÔ >twÏÔ^ ∂]Ô ∂·s_ kVμÕm kÚD √z]Ôπ_
E∫Ô·ÏÔÁ· zΩB\Ï›mkm ∂©√z]l[ \¬Ô^
ƒ\WÁÈÁB Ô|Á\BVÔ √V]¬zD. >twÏÔ^ kVøD
√z]Ôπ_ E∫Ô·© √Á¶l™Á´ z|D√›m¶[ zΩB
\Ï›mkm \¬Ô^ ÿ>VÁÔlÁ™ \VuÆD ºÂV¬ÔD
ÿÔVı¶>VzD. k¶˛w¬z √z]Ôπ_ E∫Ô· ´Vbk
∂]ÔVˆÔ^ >V[ xΩÿk|¬zD ∂]ÔV´D √Á¶›>kÏ
Ô·VÔ ÷Ú¬˛≈VÏÔ^. ∂©√z]Ôπ_ c^· >tμ
ÿ√BÏ©√ÈÁÔÔ^, ƒVÁÈÔ^, ˛´V\∫Ô^ g˛Bku§[

ÿ√BÏÔ^ E∫Ô·›]_ \Vu≈©√‚| kÚ˛[≈™.
k¶¬z \VWÈ›]_ c^· >MBVÏ WÈ∫ÔπKD,
÷Õm¬ ºÔVs_Ô^ ÷Ω¬Ô©√‚¶ √z]ÔπKD A›>\>
ºÔVs_Ô^ Ô‚¶©√‚| kÚ˛[≈™.

º√VϬzu≈∫Ô”¬z ÿ√VÆ©√V™kÏÔÁ·
>ıΩ©√]_ x[º™u≈t_ÁÈ
÷È∫ÁÔl_ \M> cˆÁ\fl Ûw_ ÿ>V¶ÏÕm
Ê´aÕm kÚD WÁÈl_, ÷È∫ÁÔ© º√VÏ ÿ>V¶Ï√V™
n.ÂV. ÿ√Vmfl ÿƒBÈV·ˆ[ k_K™Ï zø sƒV´Á
∂§¬ÁÔ, ÿ√‚ˆ ∂§¬ÁÔ, ÷∫˛ÈVÕ][ ºƒ™_ á 4
ÿ>VÁȬÔV‚E ÿkπl‚¶ g>V´∫Ô^ g˛Bku§[
∂Ω©√Á¶l_ ÷È∫ÁÔ *m Ô|Á\BV™ º√VϬzu≈∫
Ô^, \M> zÈ›]uz ®]´V™ zu≈∫Ô^ c^π‚¶
zu≈flƒVuÆÔ^ ∑\›>©√‚ΩÚ¬˛[≈™. ÷Õ>¬
zu≈flƒVuÆÔ^ z§›m, ÿkπ©√Á¶BV™, ∂Ï›>
x^· kÁÔlÈV™ sƒV´Á ¶›>ºkV ∂_Èm
÷ku§[ *m ¶kΩ¬ÁÔ ®|¬ÔºkV >BV´VÔ ÷_ÁÈ.
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´ƒV_ ∂Á\¬Ô©√‚¶ gÁB›][
√ˆÕmÁ´ÔÁ· ÿƒB_√|›mk>uz¬Ì¶ ÷È∫ÁÔ
>BV´VÔ ÷_ÁÈ. ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ ∂Á\›>
√Ω©∏Á™ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô¬zø ∂§¬ÁÔ
l_, ÷È∫ÁÔ º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^ z§›m
ƒÏkº>ƒ sƒV´Á ¶›>©√¶ ºkı|D ®[≈
cÈÔ ÂV|Ôπ[ ºÔVˆ¬ÁÔ >k≈V™m ®[Æ
Ì≈©√‚ΩÚÕ> º√V]KD, n.ÂV. ÿ√Vfl
ÿƒBÈV·ˆ[ k_K™Ï zø ∂§¬ÁÔ
l_ z§©∏¶©√‚ΩÚ©√Á>© º√VÈ,
ƒÏkº>ƒ >´›]ÈV™ ∑>Õ]´\V™,
√V´√‚ƒ\u≈ sƒV´ÁÁB
]Ú©]Bπ¬zD kÁÔl_ ¶›>
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ >k§s‚¶m.
Ô¶Õ> J[Æ gı|Ô·VÔ
÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ Œ|¬zxÁ≈¬
ÿÔV^ÁÔÔÁ· ]Ë›m kÚkm,
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
11

ƒÏkV]ÔV´› >[Á\ÁB ∂]
Ôˆ›m kÚ˛≈m. º√VϬzu≈∫
Ô”¬z ÔV´\V™kÏÔÁ·
>ıΩ©√>uÔV™ ∂Ï›>x^·
ÂÁ¶xÁ≈ÁB ∞u√|›mk>u
ÔV™ xBuEÔÁ· >|©√m
º√V[≈ ÿƒB_Ôπ_>V[ ~|√‚|
kÚ˛≈m.

\M> cˆÁ\ gÁB›][
¶kΩ¬ÁÔ¬ÔV™ c¶™Ω›
º>ÁkÔ^
n.ÂV. ÿ√Vmfl ÿƒBÈV·ˆ[ k_K™Ï
zø ∂§¬ÁÔ, ÿ√‚ˆ ∂§¬ÁÔ \uÆD ∏≈

∂´∑áƒÏkº>ƒ ∂Á\©AÔπ[ sƒV´Á ∂§¬ÁÔ
Ôπ_ z§©∏¶©√‚ΩÚ¬zD º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^,
\M> zÈ›]uz ®]´V™ zu≈∫Ô^ ÿ>V¶Ï√V™
zu≈flƒVuÆÔÁ· ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑ ÿ>V¶ÏÕm
A≈¬ÔË›m kÚ˛≈m. z§©√VÔ k_K™Ï
zø ∂§¬ÁÔl_, ÿÔVÁÈÔ^, EÁ≈
Ák©A, ÷™ ∂a©A, E›]´kÁ> g˛B
\M> zÈ›]uz ®]´V™ zu≈fl
ƒVuÆÔ^ ÷¶Dÿ√uÆ^·™.
√Ω©∏Á™ \uÆD Â_o¬Ô¬
zøs[ √ˆÕmÁ´Ô^ *m
¶kΩ¬ÁÔ ®|¬Ô› >k§BÁ>©
º√VȺk, >twÏÔ”¶[ º√fl∑
√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
12

¶›] ÷™©∏´flƒÁ™¬z yÏ° ÔVı√]KD ÷È∫ÁÔ
∂´∑ º>V_sBÁ¶Õms‚¶m.
®™ºk, ˇμ¬Ôı¶ ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÔÁ· ®|¬zD√Ω
\M> cˆÁ\ gÁB›Á> √∑Á\› >VBÔD ºÔ‚|¬
ÿÔV^˛≈m.
\M> cˆÁ\ gÁB› yÏ\V™D 19/2á[√Ω
sƒV´Á ¶›mk>uÔVÔ ∑>Õ]´\V™
sƒV´Á gÁBD Œ[Á≈ n.ÂV. \M>
cˆÁ\ gÁBD ∂Á\¬Ô ºkı|D.
>tμ ~w \¬Ô”¬z ®]´VÔ ÷È∫ÁÔ ∂´∑
º\uÿÔVı¶ ∂Á™›m ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÔ^ z§›mD,
z§©√VÔ º√VϬzu≈∫Ô^, \M> zÈ›]uz
®]´V™ zu≈∫Ô^, >tμ \¬ÔÁ·
÷™©√| ÿÔVÁÈ ÿƒF>m ÿ>V¶Ï
√V™ zu≈flƒVuÆÔ^ z§›m
∑>Õ]´\V™ ƒÏkº>ƒ sƒV´
Á¬z gÁl¶ ºkı|D.
÷È∫ÁÔl_ WÈ°D \M>
cˆÁ\ ÛwÁÈ ÔıÔVË›m
\M> cˆÁ\Ô^ gÁBÏ
∂KkÈÔ›]¶D ∂§¬ÁÔ >V¬Ô_
ÿƒFk>uÔVÔ
xøÁ\BVÔ
ÿƒB_√¶¬ÌΩB n.ÂV. zø
∂KkÈÔ›Á> ÷È∫ÁÔl_
*ı|D ∞u√|›> ºkı|D.
ÿ√Vm\¬Ô^ ÔVV\_ º√V>_,
E›]´kÁ>,
ÔÚ›mˆÁ\,
cıÁ\, ¿] \uÆD ƒ\V>V™›
]uÔV™ n.ÂV. E≈©A ∏´]W]•D,
∏≈ E≈©A ÂÁ¶xÁ≈Ô”¬ÔV™
∂KkÈÏÔÁ·•D z§©∏‚¶
÷Á¶ÿkπ¬z
ŒÚxÁ≈
÷È∫ÁÔ¬z ∂–©∏ gF°
ÿƒFB \M> cˆÁ\Ô^ gÁBÏ ∂KkÈÔD
∞u√V| ÿƒFB ºkı|D.
÷È∫ÁÔl[ k¶¬z \uÆD ˛w¬z \VWÈ∫Ôπ_
Ô· WÁÈÁ\Ô^ √u§B >Ôk_Ô^ ∑>Õ]´\VÔ
ÿkπ kÚ>_, >tμ >VBÔ›Á> E∫Ô· \B\V¬z
kÁ> >|›m WÆ›m>_, >twÏÔ^ E›]´kÁ>
z§›> ∂fl∑Æ›>o[§ >∫Ôπ[ ¤™ÂVBÔ √Ë
ÔÁ· ÿƒFk>uz kƒ]BVÔ >twÏÔ^ kVøD
√z]ÔπoÚÕm ´Vbk›]™Á´ ]ÚD√©
ÿ√Æ>_ g˛BkuƬÔV™ ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÔÁ·
n.ÂV. \M> cˆÁ\ gÁBD º\uÿÔV^·
ºkı|D.

÷È∫ÁÔl_ ¶Õ> º√Vˆ[º√Vm º√VϬzu≈D,
\M>zÈ›m¬z ®]´V™ ÿÔV|∫zu≈∫ÔÁ·
∂D√È©√|›mD tÔ x¬˛B\V™ ∂§¬ÁÔÔ^
÷È∫ÁÔ¬ÔV™
n.ÂV. WAÏ zø >\m
∂§¬ÁÔ 2011

http://www.un.org/News/dh/
infocus/Sri_Lanka/
POE_Report_Full.pdf

÷È∫ÁÔ ÿ>V¶Ï∏_
n.ÂV.s[ ¶kΩ¬ÁÔÔ^
z§›m c^sƒV´Á
∂§¬ÁÔ 2012

n.ÂV.\M> cˆÁ\Ô^
gÁBÏ ∂§¬ÁÔ 2013

http://www.un.org/News/dh/
infocus/Sri_Lanka/
The_Internal_Review_Panel_
report_on_Sri_Lanka.pdf

http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/
RegularSession/Session22/AHRC-22-38_en.pdf

ƒÏkº>ƒ ÿÂÚ¬ÔΩ zø ∂§¬ÁÔ 2013

http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/asia/southasia/sri-lanka/243-sri-lankas-authoritarian-turn-theneed-for-international-action.pdf

\M> cˆÁ\Ô^ ÔıÔVË©A¬zø
∂§¬ÁÔ 2013

http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/
srilanka0213webwcover_0.pdf

√∑Á\› >VBÔD ∑uÆflÛw_ - \VÏfl 2013
13