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PLC Design Problems

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03/14/2013

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# PLC Design Problems

43.1

Design Problem #1
► Press

Pneumatic System #1
Cylinder A Cylinder B

Start pushbutton (X0) ► Extend Cyl A ► After full extension of Cyl A, extend Cyl B ► After full extension of Cyl B, retract both Cyl A & Cyl B

Y1

X1

X2

Y2

X3

X4

PLC wiring diagram - #1
+24VDC Start Cyl A - In Cyl A - Out X2 Cyl B - In X3 Cyl B - Out X4 Inputs X0 X1 Outputs Y1 Sol-B Y2 +24VDC Sol-A

Questions to Ask for Cyl A
► What

condition(s) must be true to activate condition(s) Y1 and extend Cyl A?

► What

condition(s) must be true to condition(s) deactivate Y1 and retract Cyl A?

Questions to Ask for Cyl B
► What

condition(s) must be true to activate condition(s) Y2 and extend Cyl B?

► What

condition(s) must be true to condition(s) deactivate Y2 and retract Cyl B?

5 sec.5 seconds (K25 = 25 tenths) ► After 2.In Cyl A .PLC Design Problems 43.Out Timers (T0 . then ► Cylinder Sol-A (Y0) X1 X2 A fully retracts +24VDC Start Inputs X0 X1 X2 Outputs Y0 +24VDC Sol-A Cyl A .2 Design Problem #2 ► Press Cylinder A Start pushbutton ► Cylinder A fully extends. contacts T1 will close (and stay closed until C6 opens and turns timer off) C6 TMR T1 K25 T1 Y2 C6 Off 2.5 sec delay T1 Off Questions to Ask for Cyl A ► What condition(s) must be true to activate condition(s) Y0 and extend Cyl A? ► What condition(s) must be true to condition(s) deactivate Y0 and retract Cyl A? .T377) ► When Timer Operation – “Delay” On contacts C6 close. timer T1 will count for 2. Delay of 5 seconds.5 sec delay On 2.

counter increments by 1 When counter reaches 6 (K6 = 6 counts).PLC Design Problems 43.3 Design Problem #3 ► Press Cylinder B Start pushbutton (X4) ► Cycle Cylinder B 3 times “cycle” means cylinder fully extends.CT177) On “Count” X0 ► ► ► Each time contacts X0 close. then fully retracts +24VDC Start Sol-B (Y3) X11 X12 Inputs X4 X11 X12 Outputs Y3 +24VDC Sol-B Cyl B . counter output CT2 closes When contacts C9 close. counter will reset to zero (and the contacts CT2 will open) X0 C9 CT2 Off “Count” “Reset” CNT CT2 K6 On CT2 Off On Y2 C9 Off “Reset” Questions to Ask for Cyl B ► What condition(s) must be true to activate Y3 and extend condition(s) Cyl B? What condition(s) must be true to deactivate Y3 and condition(s) retract Cyl B? ► ► What condition(s) must be true to reset the counter? condition(s) .In Cyl-B -Out Counters (CT0 .

4 Design Problem #4 ► Press Cylinder A Cylinder B Start pushbutton (X0) ► Extend Cyl A and Cyl C ► After full extension of Cyl A.In Cyl C . then retract Cyl C Y5 X5 X6 Y3 X3 X4 Cylinder C Y7 X7 X8 PLC wiring diagram #4 +24VDC Start Cyl B .PLC Design Problems 43.Out X4 Cyl A .In X5 Cyl A .Out Cyl C .In Cyl B .Out X8 X6 X7 Y7 Sol-C Inputs X0 X3 +24VDC Outputs Y3 Sol-A Y5 Sol-B . retract both Cyl A & Cyl B ► After both Cyl A & Cyl B fully retract. extend Cyl B ► After full extension of Cyl B.

In Cyl A .Out Inputs X0 X1 X2 X10 X11 X20 X21 Y1 +24VDC Outputs Y0 Sol-B Sol-A . then fully retracts. • After Cyl A is fully retracted.PLC Design Problems 43.In Cyl B . • If the “Stop” button is pressed at any time. waits 5 seconds. Cyl B then completely extends and immediately retracts 6 times in sequence.Out Cyl B .5 Design Problem #5 • Press two Start buttons • Cyl A completely extends. the cylinders both retract and the circuit returns to the start-up configuration Design Problem #5 Cylinder A Cylinder B Y0 CylA-In CylA-Out CylB-In CylB-Out Y1 PLC wiring diagram #5 +24VDC Start1 Start2 Stop Cyl A .

and “Vend” activate “Coffee” solenoid for 8 seconds activate “Cream” solenoid for 2 seconds ► Press “Coffee. and “Vend” activate “Coffee” solenoid for 10 seconds activate “Sugar” solenoid for 2 seconds ► Press “Coffee.” “Sugar”.6 Design Problem #6 ► Press “Coffee” and “Vend” activate “Coffee” solenoid for 10 seconds ► Press “Coffee”.” “Cream.” “Sugar”.PLC Design Problems 43. “Cream”. and activate “Coffee” solenoid for 7 seconds activate “Cream” solenoid for 2 seconds activate “Sugar” solenoid for 2 seconds PLC wiring diagram #6 +120VAC Vend Coffee Cream Inputs X1 X4 X5 X6 Outputs Y4 Y5 Y6 +120VAC Coffee Cream Sugar “Vend” Sugar .

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