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A newspaper is a regularly scheduled publication containing news, information, and advertising. By 2007 there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world (including 1456 in the U.S.) selling 395 million copies a day (55 million in the U.S). The worldwide recession of 2008, combined with the rapid growth of web-based alternatives, caused a serious decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers closed or sharply retrenched operations. General-interest newspapers typically publish stories on local and national political events and personalities, crime, business, entertainment, society and sports. Most traditional papers also feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and columns that express the personal opinions of writers. Other features include display and classified advertising, comics, and inserts from local merchants. The newspaper is typically funded by paid subscriptions and advertising. A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers, including editorial opinions, criticism, persuasion and op-eds; obituaries; entertainment features such as crosswords, sudoku and horoscopes; weather news and forecasts; advice, food and other columns; reviews of movies, plays and restaurants; classified ads; display ads, editorial cartoons and comic strips.
Newspaper History – the origin of newspapers in India & around the World
Origin of Newspapers: The History of newspapers is arguably one of the most dramatic episodes of human experience. The actual origin of newspapers lies in the Renaissance Europe when local merchants used to distribute handwritten newsletters amongst each other. However it was not until the late 1400’s when Germany introduced the precursors of printed newspapers. Since then newspapers have evolved dramatically and today there are more than 6580 daily newspapers in the World. A typical modern day newspaper is filled with various materials like editor’s columns, newspaper classified ads , newspaper display ads, forecasts, comic strips, entertainment section and much more. Unfortunately the sudden economic downturn has also seen the rise of electronic or web-based versions of newspaper journals which automatically resulted in a decline in newspaper classified advertising and circulation.
History and Evolution of Indian Newspapers: Although there was a flurry of English broadsheets during the eighteenth century. newspapers in regional languages made its way much later during the second half of the nineteenth century. The Hindu newspaper which was launched as a competitor of Madras Mail became the first national newspaper of the country. Indian Press Indian print media is at a massive business in the media world and its newspapers are said to offer majority of national and international news. In the years to come India was the establishment of another newspaper daily in the form of Bombay Herald followed closely by Bombay Courier. First on the list were two Bengali newspapers called Samachar Darpan and Bengal Gazette while the first Hindi newspaper was Samachar Sudha Varshan. The history newspaper in India began in 1780. Newspapers in India have played a major role in the growth and development of the nation. Newspapers in India.History and origin of newspapers in India: The history of newspapers in India is equally interesting. The newspaper titled Calcutta General Advertise or Hickey’s Bengal Gazette was introduced by an eccentric Irishman called James Augustus Hickey during the 1780’s. The introduction of newspapers in India was hastened by the spreading sense globalization amongst the countrymen who wished to be informed about the recent events in the world. . Soon it became the voice of the nation during the establishment period. with the publication of the Bengal Gazette from Calcutta. It was during the same time that the first newspaper of the country was introduced in Calcutta (Kolkata).
Tamil. commencing with Eenadu . Companies. weekly. Increase in the literacy rate had direct positive effect on the rise of circulation of the regional papers. The Economic Times is one of the India`s leading business newspapers. this newspaper merged with the Times of India in 1861. The Economic Times. Samachar Darpan. Since then. Finance.a Telugu daily started by Ramoji Rao. These newspapers carried news of the areas under the British rule. Later. carrying news about the Economy. The Indian language newspapers eventually took over the English newspapers according to the NRS survey of newspapers. Malayala Manorama features about 10 editions in Kerala itself and six others outside Kerala. Moreover. the `Bengal Gazette` or `Calcutta General Advertise` in January. the prominent Indian languages in which newspapers had been published over the years are Hindi. the Samachar Sudha Varshan started its circulation in 1854. localisation of news has also contributed to the growth of regional newspapers in India. . the first thing a literate person would try to do is read the vernacular papers and gain knowledge about his own locality. In the same year. news from around the world and from the world of politics besides editorial and various other features. Thus regional papers in India aim at providing localised news for their readers. Some of the prominent newspapers in India in the recent times are The Times of India. the `Bombay Herald` appeared. Stocks. Forex and Commodities. the first newspaper from Bombay (now Mumbai). The Statesman. The first newspaper published in an Indian language was the Samachar Darpan in Bengali. partly due to their own research and more owing to the efforts of the regional papers to make the advertisers aware of the huge market. Telugu. Started in 1988 in Tamil and Telegu languages. newspapers in India not only acted as news providers but also promoters of certain market products. The second reason was the growing literacy rate. Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya started publishing another newspaper in Bengali. The people were first educated in their mother tongue according to their state in which they live for and eventually. was published from Bombay. Thus. The Telegraph. it is now published in other regional languages like Hindi. Indian regional papers have several editions for a particular state to offer a complete scenario of local news for the reader to connect with the paper. These advertisers paid revenues to the newspaper house and in return publicised their products throughout the locality. Marathi. Trends in the Economy. On July 1. the advertisers also realised the huge potential of the regional paper market. monthly and annual publications from Kerala. the Bombay Samachar. 1822 the first Gujarati newspaper. The first issue of this daily was published from the Serampore Mission Press on May 23.The advent of the first newspaper in India occurred in the capital city of West Bengal. Malayalam. 1818. James Augustus Hickey is considered the "father of Indian press" as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta. The Malayala Manorama releases daily. Calcutta (now Kolkata). the `Bengal Gazetti`. the first vernacular paper was started during the period of Lord Hastings. In 1789. which is still in existence. Eventually. The first Hindi newspaper. Urdu and Bengali. followed by the `Bombay Courier` in the following year. This first printed newspaper was a weekly publication. Infrastructure. 1780. The main reason was the marketing strategy that was followed by the regional papers. Indian Express and so on.
Newspaper circulation A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. Navbharat Times (Hindi language). . Newspapers and magazines in India are independent and usually privately owned. About 5. In many countries. It publishes the largest number of `paid-for titles` in the world. During the 1950s. Over 40. Readership figures are usually higher than circulation figures because of the assumption that a typical copy of the newspaper is read by more than one person. However. 62 of the world`s best selling newspaper dailies were published in countries like China.22% in 2007.Bengali. Japan. The Times of India was founded in 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce by Bennett. often called paid circulation. All the major news media outlets have an accompanying news website. circulations are audited by independent bodies such as the Audit Bureau of Circulations to assure advertisers that a given newspaper does indeed reach the number of people claimed by the publisher. Among the various publications. 150 of them major publications. United News of India (UNI). Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the reader. Samachar Bharti and Hindustan Smachar. Coleman and Company. the total number of newspapers and periodicals published in India was around 41705. The periodicals specialize in various subjects but the majority of them deal with subjects of general interest. By 2007. India has four news agencies namely. This number rose to 2. A new class of newspapers in India is entirely Internet based.856 dailies in 1990 with 209 English dailies. as well as in English. the Malayala Manorama Daily has the largest circulation. 214 daily newspapers were published in the country. Newspaper sale in the country increased by 11. a colonial enterprise now owned by an Indian conglomerate. Newspaper circulation rates are currently experiencing a downward trend. In 1997. The total number of newspapers published in the country reached 35. 44 were English language dailies while the rest were published in various regional languages. The Times Group publishes The Economic Times (launched in 1961). The newspapers collected their news from the news agencies. the Press Trust of India (PTI).000 periodicals are also published in India. are published daily in nearly 100 languages. India consumed 99 million newspaper copies as of 2007.595 newspapers by 1993 (3.000 newspapers. and the Maharashtra Times (Marathi language). Out of these. and India. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold. making it the second largest market in the world for newspapers. which include 4720 dailies and 14743 weeklies. in the last one decade the news media in India has changed rapidly. Newspapers in India have almost created a huge industry in the nation. selling about 11 lakhs 50 thousand copies daily.805 dailies).
Coleman and Co. Daily Circulation(in Millions) Various cities 3.168 and states Various cities in Kerala and 1. State Newspaper 1 The Times of India Dainik Bhaskar Dainik Jagran Malayala Manorama Language English 2 3 दैिनक भासकर दैिनक जागरण മലയാള മോനാരമ The Hindu Hindi Hindi 4 Malayalam 5 English 6 Eenadu ఈనడ Telugu 7 Deccan Chronicle English Ananda Bazar Patrika 8 আননবাজার পিতকা Amar Ujala Bengali Kolkata.. West 1.277 Bengal Various cities 1. Some newspapers whose circulation figures are under dispute do not appear on this list..230 and states Various cities 1. Ltd. Owns Deccan Chargers franchise of the Indian Premier League Owned by Ananda Publishers Mainly prominent in the Hindi heartland Owned by HT City. owned by Ramoji Group. Jagaran Prakashan Ltd. owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd.360 and states Various cities in Andhra Pradesh and 1.547 and states Various cities 2.350 few other cities Various cities 1. exposed the Bofors scandal Founded in 1974.349 and states Owner Owned by Bennett. These figures are mainly compiled by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. DB Crop Ltd.146 and states Various cities 2. Owned by Malayala Manorama Group Founded in 1878.This is a list of the top 30 newspapers in India by daily circulation.143 9 10 अमर उजाला Hindi Hindustan Times English .514 a few other cities Various cities 1.
Harayana .077 a few other cities Ahmedabad.142 and states Various cities in Andhra Pradesh and 1. .879 Maharashtra Various cities in Tamil Nadu .748 Uttar Pradesh Various cities .854 and a few other cities Ahmedabad.902 16 Dinakaran தனகரன Sakaal Tamil Various cities in Tamil Nadu and a few . P.840 Gujarat Varanasi. Founder Jagat Narain was assassinated by Sikh militants on September 9. 1981 Bought out by SUN TV group in 2005 Launched English version Sakaal Times in 2008 Founded by S. Also runs the Sakshi news channel Owned by The Mathrubhumi Group Owned by Lok Prakashan Ltd.901 other cities Various cities in . Jagan Mohan Reddy. 1. .and states 11 Hindustan िहनदसतान ु Sakshi Hindi Various cities 1. . Adithanar Gujarati version of the Dainik Bhaskar 13 Mathrubhumi മാതൃഭുമി Gujarat Samachar Malayalam 14 ગુજરાત સમાચાર Punjab Kesari Gujarati 15 पंजाब कसरी े Hindi States of Punjab.S.651 and states 17 सकाळ Dina Thanthi Marathi 18 தனததநத Divya Bhaskar Tamil 19 20 21 િદવય ભાસકર Aaj Gujarati Hindi English आज The Economic Times Owned by Bennett.051 Gujarat 12 సక Telugu Media Ltd Hindi extension of the Hindustan Times Established in 2008. owned by Y.256 major cities in India Various cities in Kerala and 1.
Owned by Ananda Publishers Owned by Diligent Media Corporation Owned by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited Owned by Express Publications Ltd.400 and states Karnataka . (BSL) Type Price Daily newspaper Rs.144 and states 30 Business Standard English Coleman and Co. Owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd.185 26 English 27 28 29 ಉದಯವಣ The Statesman The Hindu Business Line Kannada English English Various cities .172 and states Various cities . Owned by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited Owned by Udayavani Owned by The Statesman Ltd.214 and states Karnataka .364 24 ಪರಜವಣ The New Indian Express Deccan Herald Udayavani Kannada 25 English Various cities .163 and states Various cities .00 .2. Owned by Business Standard Ltd.465 and states Various cities . Ltd.309 and states Various cities .22 23 The Telegraph DNA Prajavani English English Various cities .
Chennai. Thiruvananthapuram. Mangalore.453. especially Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore. The Hindu Group N. The Hindu is published from 13 locations — Bangalore. The Hindu is the second-largest circulated daily English newspaper in India after Times of India. Ram September 20. . Chennai.thehindu. in 1995. Tiruchirapalli. Kolkata. the first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition. 1878 English Headquarters 859-860 Anna Salai Rd.Owner Publisher Editor-in-chief Founded Language Kasturi & Sons Ltd. Delhi. Madurai. and slightly ahead of The Economic Times.2 million.com The Hindu is an English-language Indian daily newspaper. It has its largest base of circulation in South India.405 daily 0971-751X 13119119 beta. and started publishing daily in 1889. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008 The Hindu is the third most-widely read English newspaper in India (after Times of India and Hindustan Times) with a readership of 5. With a circulation of 1. The Hindu became. Tamil Nadu 600002 India Circulation ISSN OCLC Official website 1. Headquartered at Chennai (formerly called Madras). Kochi.45 million. Hyderabad. Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in 1878.
but also modifies and moulds it. D. T. where. 1883." in an attempt to counter the dominant attitudes in the English language press started The Hindu on one British rupee and twelve annas of borrowed money. it continued maintaining the same size as before. The founders of the newspaper maintained a neutral stance regarding British rule. while Pantulu continued to write for The Hindu." which was established on borrowed capital as public subscriptions were not forthcoming. The Hindu was published every Wednesday evening as an eight-page paper. The Britishcontrolled English language local newspapers had been campaigning against the appointment of the first Indian. 1883. then 23. Rangachariar." writes historian S.History The first issue of The Hindu was published on September 20. Aiyer was the editor and Veeraraghavachariar the Managing Director. M. by a group of six young men. Subba Rao Pantulu were members of the Triplicane Literary Society. each a quarter of today's page size and sold for four annas (1/4 Rupee)." Three of the students soon left the paper and took up careers in law. Kesava Rao Pantulu and N. Muthuswami Iyer. as in an editorial of 1894. After a month of printing from the Srinidhi Press. despotic bureaucrats condemned. The building itself became The Hindu's in 1892. and the abuse of power exposed. Veeraraghavachariar of Chingleput. P. Aiyer. along with his 21-year-old fellowtutor and friend at Pachaiyappa's College. after the Maharaja of Vizianagaram. and four law students. held that British rule had been beneficial to Indian people. "[the] Press does not only give expression to public opinion. In 1881. Initially printing 80 copies a week at the Srinidhi Press in Mint Street. is was published on every Monday. The first editorial declared. and occasionally. 1881. Muthiah. led by G. with the intention of making it triweekly. The earliest available issue of the paper is dated June 21.V. "The Triplicane Six. Pusapati . This plan did not materialize until it moved to the Empress of India Press. Black Town. it was equally convinced that the Anglo-Indian Press should be challenged. also in Black Town. christened "The National Press. 1878. T. Subramania Aiyer. the newspaper switched to the Scottish Press. to the Bench of the Madras High Court in 1878. The offices moved to rented premises at 100 Mount Road on December 3. "However.T. Rangachariar. The newspaper started printing at its own press there. starting on October 1. Wednesday and Friday evening. a radical social reformer and school teacher from Thiruvaiyyar near Thanjavur. it moved to Ragoonada Row's 'The Hindu Press' of Mylapore.
and led to the paper becoming an evening daily starting April 1. restore the professionally sound lines of demarcation.Ananda Gajapati Raju. An editorial in August 2003 observed that the newspaper was affected by the 'editorialising as news reporting' virus. officials and Army officers in return for the Swedish arms manufacturing company winning a hefty contract with the Government of India for the purchase of 155 mm howitzers. Ram was appointed on June 27. The purchaser was The Hindu's Legal Adviser from 1895. "From the new address. there were more views than news. authorised to "restructure the editorial framework and functions in line with the competitive environment". Worldpress. amounting to . Kasturi Ranga Iyengar's ancestors had served the courts of Vijayanagar and Mahratta Tanjore. The Hindu's adventurousness began to decline in the 1900s and so did its circulation. 1889. the Maha Vishnu of Mount Road.org lists The Hindu as a left-leaning independent newspaper. Karunakara Menon as editor. S. On September 3 and 23 . Sankaran Nair and Dr T. "It is true that our readers have been complaining that some of our reports are partial and lack objectivity. for journalism. there issued a quarto-size paper with a front-page full of advertisements . However. He traded law. and strengthen objectivity and factuality in its coverage. pursuing his penchant for politics honed in Coimbatore and by his association with the `Egmore Group' led by C. when the annual session of Indian National Congress was held in Madras. Aiyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar became the sole owner and appointed C.and three back pages also at the service of the advertiser. in which his success was middling but his interest minimal. a politically ambitious lawyer who had migrated from a Kumbakonam village to practise in Coimbatore and from thence to Madras." After 1887. 2003. But it also depends on reader beliefs.M. In between. Joint Managing Director N. 2003 as its editor-in-chief with a mandate to "improve the structures and other mechanisms to uphold and strengthen quality and objectivity in news reports and opinion pieces". which to remain The Hindu's home till 1939. a change in political leaning was observed. The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Aiyer was dissolved in October 1898. Its assertive editorials earned The Hindu the nickname. 100 Mount Road. In 1987-'88 The Hindu's coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal.a practice that came to an end only in 1958 when it followed the lead of its idol."  N. gave The National Press a loan both for the building and to carry out needed expansion. the paper's coverage of national news increased significantly. Nair. During a six-month period the newspaper published scores of copies of original papers that documented the secret payments. a series of documentbacked exclusives set the terms of the national political discourse on this subject. and expressed a determination to buck the trend. In late 1980s when its ownership passed into the hands of the family's younger members. the pre-Thomson Times . the reader's letters column carried responses from readers saying the editorial was biased. The Bofors scandal broke in April 1987 with Swedish Radio alleging that bribes had been paid to top Indian political leaders. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar. Murali said in July 2003. which was down to 800 copies when the sole proprietor decided to sell out.
It was headed by G. into Swiss bank accounts. became Joint Editor of The Hindu and her sister. N. Executive Editor. filed cases against the paper for "breach of privilege" of the state legislative body. the agreements behind the payments. using large photographs. Chitra Subramaniam reporting from Geneva. Malini Parthasarathy. communications relating to the payments and the crisis response. N Murali. 2005 (redesign by Mario Garcia and Jan Kny). K Balaji. The investigation was led by part-time correspondent of The Hindu. 2003.$50 million. However. K Venugopal and Ramesh Rangarajan are directors of The Hindu and its parent company. introducing colour. Other family members. who is the first member of the youngest generation of the family to join the business has been working as a special correspondent in Chennai and Mumbai since 2007. of which Chennai is the capital. and by offering the advertiser better value and new opportunities. "The Hindu has been through many evolutionary changes in layout and design. avoiding carry-over of news stories from one page to another. Ravi. the Jayalalitha Government of the state of Tamil Nadu. and other material. died on 8 February 2007. Kasturi as Editor. On the look of the newspaper. Kasturi Srinivasan's granddaughter. S Rangarajan. including (where appropriate and necessary) long text. an efficient indexing or 'navigation' system. In 2003. Ravi from 1991 to 2003. The move was widely perceived as a government's assault on freedom of the press. and white space to have an enhanced role on the pages. The focus of Garcia's redesign was on "giving pre-eminence to text. The scandal was a major embarrassment to the party in power at the centre. the Indian National Congress. as it instantly commanded the support of the journalistic community throughout the country. Ram's younger brother replaced G. adopting modular layout and make-up. Nalini Krishnan. moving news to the front page that used to be an ad kingdom. scoring both political and legal victories. editor-in-chief Ram writes." Major layout changes appeared starting <date missing< (redesign by Edwin Taylor) and starting Apr 14. N. panels. The paper's editorial accused the Prime Minister of being party to massive fraud and cover up. highlights. a new and sophisticated colour palette. Ram. Kasturi and Sons. including Nirmala Lakshman. . transforming the format of the editorial page to make it a purely 'views' page." The Hindu is family-run. and by his brother. Ananth Krishnan. Kasturi from 1965 to 1991. Deputy Editor N. The younger generation of The Hindu's editors have also contributed much to its commercial success. for instance. Malini Parthasarathy. other graphics. The Hindu emerged unscathed from the ordeal. by giving the reader more legible typography. but also by enabling photographs. since June 27. a clear hierarchy of stories. and briefs. printing and distribution. In 1991. and was supported by Ram in Chennai. and its leader Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Nirmala Lakshman. They built a modern infrastructure for news-gathering. and introducing boxes. former managing director and chairman since April 2006.
Parthasarathy). Ram (1977–). Narasimhan).First newspaper to go on Internet 1999 . Editor-in-Chief Board of Directors The Hindu Group is managed by the descendants of Kasturi Ranga Iyengar. Rangarajan). Subramania Iyer (1878–1898) M. Ravi and N. there are 12 directors in the board of Kasturi & Sons . Achievements The Hindu has many firsts in India to its credit. Venugopal and Lakshmi Srinath (children of G.N.Partial list of directors • • • • • • • G. Murali (sons of G. N. Srinivasan (1926–1959) G.First to use computer aided photo composing 1986 .Becomes India national news paper Features and Supplements . which include the following • • • • • • • • 1940 . Vijaya Arun and Akila Iyengar (children of S. Rangaswami (1923–1926) K.First to use satellite for facsimile transmission 1994 .First to adopt wholly computerized integration of text and graphics in page make-up and remote imaging 1995 . Narasimhan (1959–1977) N. Nirmala Lakshman and Nalini Krishnan (children of S. K. Ram. K. Veeraraghavachariar (1898–1904) Kasturi Ranga Iyengar (1904–1923) S. As of 2010. Malini Parthasarathy.First to own fleet of aircraft for distribution 1969 .First to introduce colour 1963 . Balaji. Kasturi). Ramesh Rangarajan.First to adopt facsimile system of page transmission 1980 .
. Engineering. • Quest. music and entertainment • Young World.. thoughtful comments. arts. Technology & Agriculture On Fridays Friday Features covering cinema. Its dedication and confidence of news publication has made a newspaper to look for today. Supplements On Mondays • • • Metro Plus Business Review Education Plus On Tuesdays • • • Metro Plus Education Book Review On Wednesdays • Metro Plus On Thursdays • • Metro Plus Science. appears once a month... tomorrow and forever. • On Saturdays • Metro Plus .Hindu has a wide appeal on the English-speaking section of India and is also quite popular among the government officials and business leaders. a supplement by children for children.. The newspaper provides the readers with a broad and balanced news coverage with great reporting and sober. The journalistic excellence is well showcased by the newspaper. an exclusive children's supplement. Its correspondents posted in major capitals have a sharp nose for news and give priority to reason over emotion.
On Sundays Weekly Magazine covering social issues.Weekly Sports magazine » Frontline . Religious Values. Scientific Facts.in Readers' Editor: readerseditor@thehindu. health.co. travel. hobbies etc. literature. Letters to the Editor (Your complete mailing address is required): letters@thehindu.Libraries. art. cuisine.co. gardening.Fortnightly magazine » Survey of Indian Industry . the group publishes: » The Hindu Business Line . clearly mentioning the subject. • Apart from The Hindu.The Last 200 days.An annual review on Indian Agriculture » Survey of the Environment .An annual review of the Environment » THE HINDU SPEAKS ON series . Contacts Please email.in .co. Music.An annual review on Indian Industries » Survey of Indian Agriculture .in Advertisements Queries (Online/Print): inetads@thehindu. » FROM THE PAGES OF THE HINDU: Mahatma Gandhi .Business Daily » Sportstar . Information Technology. Management. Education.
Subscription Queries: subs@thehindu. The Times Group Jaideep Bose Associate editor Jug Suraiya Founded 3 November 1838 .co.co.in Comments on the website: web.00 Bennett.firstname.lastname@example.org Phone : 91-44-2857 6300 The Times of India Type Price Owner Publisher Editor-in-chief Daily newspaper Rs. Coleman & Co.2. Ltd.
It is owned and managed by Bennett. tabloid. ahead of the New York Times. Published every Saturday and Wednesday. The daily editions of the paper were started from 1850 and in 1861. Berliner and online). History The Times Of India was founded on November 3. In 2008. Delhi 110002 India Circulation OCLC 3. across all formats (broadsheet. during the British Raj. New Delhi. Ltd. Coleman & Co. According to ComScore. This ranks the Times of India as the top English newspaper in India by readership.Language English Times House Headquarters 7 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. compact. as well as the Subcontinent.14 million) it was certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations as the world's largest selling Englishlanguage daily newspaper.146. The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce was launched as a bi-weekly edition. The Sun.com The Times of India (TOI) is an English-language broadsheet newspaper that is widely read throughout India. placing as the 8th largest selling newspaper in any language in the world. It contained news from Britain and the world. Daily Mail and USA Today websites.4 million. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2010. It has the largest circulation among all English-language newspapers in the world. the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 13. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family. Washington Post. 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. the Bombay Times was . TOI Online is the world's most-visited newspaper website with 159 million page views in May 2009. the newspaper reported that (with a circulation of over 3.000 Daily 23379369 Official website Timesofindia.
The son of a son of a London bank clerk from the lower-middle-class. known as The Times Group. In 1861. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. business interests. Few extended beyond their small communities and seldom tried to unite the many castes. Robert Knight (1825–1892) was the principal founder and the first editor of the Times. India's press in the 1840s was a motley collection of small-circulation daily or weekly sheets printed on rickety presses. and regional subcultures of India. Knight was acting editor of the Bombay Times and Standard. who made him the permanent editor. Ltd. the Navbharat Times (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet). He broke with the rest of the English language press (which focused on Indian savagery and treachery) and instead blamed the violence on the lack of discipline and poor leadership in the army. The present management of The Times Group has been instrumental in changing the outlook of Indian journalism. also publishes The Economic Times. Knight led the paper to national prominence. Times today The Times of India is published by the media group Bennett. frequently resisting the attempts by governments. and exposing school systems that disregarded Indian customs and needs. he bought out the Indian shareholders and merged with the rival Bombay Standard. The Times is self-declared as a liberal newspaper. he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to the Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation. In the 19th century this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizable circulation in India and Europe. along with its other group companies. and is sometimes described as irreverent. Mumbai Mirror. ridiculing income taxes. When the Sepoy Mutiny erupted. Coleman & Co. and cultural spokesmen. attacking annexation policies that appropriated native lands and arbitrarily imposed taxes on previously exempt land titles. It was after India's Independence that the ownership of the paper passed on to the then famous industrial family of Dalmiyas and later it was taken over by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain of the Sahu Jain group from Bijnore. That angered the Anglo community. In India. This company. Knight proved a skilled writer and passionate reformer.Pune Mirror. Knight blasted the mismanagement and greed of the Raj. and started India's first news agency. but attracted the Times's Indian shareholders. UP. the Maharashtra Times (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet).renamed The Times of India. In 1860. the Editor of a . as is elsewhere in the world. The Anglo-Indian papers promoted purely British interests. tribes. Knight helped create a vibrant national newspaper industry in British India.
which has made it a professional entity and ensured its place as the most profitable newspaper in the country. which hold second and third position by circulation.K. the Kannada edition was launched in Bangalore and in April 2008 the Chennai edition was launched. According to the Indian Relationship Survey conducted by the Media Research User Council. The main newspaper and its many sub-editions are now run by editors who are appointed within the ranks and the company gives equal chance to everyone to occupy the editor's seat. Average Daily Circulation 3.newspaper has traditionally been considered as the most notable position in a newspaper set up.English Language Newspaper Newspaper The Sun Country U.841 . The Times Group also places equal focus and importance to every department and function . Their main rivals in India are The Hindu and Hindustan Times. in keeping with the management policy of treating the newspaper as just another brand in the market.472. In January 2007. however. changed this in the early 1990s. the list of top 10 newspaper of India are as follow:Dainik Jagran • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dainik Bhaskar Hindustan local Amar Ujala Lokmat Daily Thanti Dinakaran Ananda Bazar Patrika Eenadu Rajasthan Patrika The Times of India Hindustan Times The Hindu The Telegraph Deccan Chronical World Top 10 . The Times of India.
Mangalore.625 2.109.889 957. The Hindu is published from 13 locations — Bangalore.2 million.607 1. the first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition. The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in 1878.187. Madurai. With a circulation of 1. Headquartered at Chennai (formerly called Madras). It has its largest base of circulation in South India.574 944.476. especially Tamil Nadu. Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. Kolkata.45 million.000 1. Thiruvananthapuram.960 1. Coimbatore.255 2. .800.020. The Hindu is the second-largest circulated daily English newspaper in India after Times of India.000 1. and started publishing daily in 1889. Chennai.610. Tiruchirapalli. The Hindu became.000 The Hindu is an English-language Indian daily newspaper. Delhi.USA Today The Daily Mail The Mirror Times Of India Wall Street Journal New York Times The Daily Telegraph Daily Express Los Angeles Times USA UK UK India USA USA UK UK USA 2. Hyderabad. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008 The Hindu is the third most-widely read English newspaper in India (after Times of India and Hindustan Times) with a readership of 5. in 1995.879. and slightly ahead of The Economic Times. Kochi.