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Aberrant – adj – abnormal or deviant Abeyance – n – suspended action Abscond – v – depart secretly and hide Abstemious – adj – sparing in eating and drinking temperate Admonish – v – warn; reprove. Adulterate – v – make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances Aesthetic – artistic dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful Aggregate – v – gather; accumulate Alacrity – n – cheerful promptness; eagerness Alleviate – v – relieve Amalgamate – v – combine; unite in one body Ambiguous – adj – unclear or doubtful in meaning Ambivalence – n – the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes Ameliorate – v – improve Anachronism – n – something or someone misplaced in time Analogous – adj – comparable Anarchy – n – absence of governing body; state of disorder Anomalous – adj – abnormal; irregular Antipathy – n – aversion; dislike Apathy – n - lack of caring; indifference Appease – v – pacify or soothe; relieve Apprise – v - inform Approbation – n – approval Appropriate – acquire; take possession of for one’s own use Arduous – adj – hard; strenuous Artless – adj – without guile; open and honest Ascetic – adj – practicing self-denial; austere Assiduous – adj- diligent Assuage – v – ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger) Attenuate – v – make thinner; weaken or lessen (in density, force, degree) Audacious – adj – daring bold Austere – forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented Autonomous – self-governing Aver – assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state, formally as a fact Banal – hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality Belie – contradict; give a false impression Beneficent – kindly; doing good Bolster – support; reinforce Bombastic – pompous; using inflated language Boorish – rude; insensitive
Burgeon – grow forth Burnish – make shiny by rubbing; polish Buttress – support; prop up Cacophonous – discordant; inharmonious Capricious – unpredictable; fickle Castigation-punishment; severe criticism Catalyst – agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that causes action Caustic – burning; sarcastically biting Chicanery – trickery; deception Coagulate – thicken; congeal; clot Coda – concluding section of a musical or literary composition; something that rounds out, summarizes, or concludes Cogent – convincing Commensurate – corresponding in extent, degree, amount; proportionate Compendium – brief; comprehensive summary Complaisant – trying to please; overly polite; obliging Compliant – yielding; conforming to requirements Conciliatory – reconciling; soothing Condone – overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse Confound – confuse; puzzled Connoisseur – person competent to act as a judge of art Contention – claim; thesis Contentious – quarrelsome Contrite – penitent; repentant Conundrum – riddle; difficult problem Converge – approach; tend to meet; come together Convoluted – coiled around; involved; intricate Craven – cowardly Daunt – intimidate; frighten Decorum – propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners Default – failure to act Deference – courteous regard for another’s wish Delineate – portray; depict; sketch Denigrate – blacken Deride – ridicule; make fun of Derivative; unoriginal; obtained from another source Desiccate – dry up Desultory – aimless; haphazard; digressing at random Deterrent – something that discourage; hindrance ; invective Dichotomy – split; branching into two parts (usually contradictory) Diffidence – shyness
produce Enhance – increase. known only to the chosen few Eulogy – expression of praise. misleading Fatuous – brainless.Diffuse – wordy. disbelieve Discrepancy – lack of consistency. shameless boldness. ineffectual Gainsay – deny Garrulous – loquacious. conjecture Facetious – joking (often inappropriately) Facilitate – help bring about. incapable of being damaged or distressed Implacable – incapable of being pacified Implicit – understood but not stated Implode – burst inward Inadvertently – unintentionally. intensity of feeling Flag – droop. refine. latent Dupe – someone easily fooled Ebullient – showing excitement. pretend Disseminate – distribute. using high-sounding language Gregarious – sociable Guileless – without deceit Gullible – easily deceived Harangue – long. opposite of harmony Distend – expend. as a story Empirical – based on experience Emulate – imitate. wordy. often on the occasion of someone’s death Euphemism – mild expression in place of an unpleasant one Exacerbate – worsen. fleeting Equanimity – calmness of temperament. hopeless. consisting of distinct parts Disingenuous – lacking genuine candor. grow feeble Fledgling – inexperienced Flout – reject. having insight Discordant – not harmonious. improve Ephemeral – short-lived. overstatement Iconoclastic – attacking cherished traditions Idolatry – worship of idols Immutable – unchangeable Impair – injure. unprejudiced Disjointed – lacking coherence. unrelated Dissemble – disguise. doctrinal Dormant – sleeping. spread out Digression – wandering away from the subject Dirge – lament with music Disabuse – correct a false impression. passionate. separated at the joints Dismiss – eliminate from consideration. difference Discrete – separate. reject Disparage – belittle Disparate – basically different. carelessly . suitably expressed. talkative Goad – urge on Gouge – overcharge Grandiloquent – pompous. imperturbable. well chosen Fervor – glowing ardor. mislead. rambling. lethargic. composed of elements drawn from disparate sources Efficacy – power to produce desired effect Effrontery – impudence. stoical Impede – hinder. bombastic. block Impermeable – impervious. swell out Distill – purify. insincere Disinterested. not permitting passage through its substance Imperturbable – calm placid Impervious – impenetrable. undeceive Discerning – mentally quick and observant. economy Futile – useless. looseness in morals Dissonance – discord. attempt to conceal the truth Erudite – learned. instigate Forestall – prevent by taking action in advance Frugality – thrift. go in different directions from the same point Divest – strip. show contempt for Foment – stir up. yet smug Fawning – trying to please by behaving obsequiously. mock. unconnected. scatter Dissolution – disintegration. and vehement speech Homogeneous – off the same kind Hyperbole – exaggeration. state of requiring immediate attention Extrapolation – projection. flattering. arbitrary. destroy confidence in. pressing needs or demands. make less difficult Fallacious – false. spread. hurt Impassive – without feeling. deprive Document – provide written evidence Dogmatic – opinionated. concentrate Diverge – vary. ornament. rival Endemic – prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country Enervate – weaken Engender – cause. sheer nerve. inane. foolish. or cringing Felicitous – apt. scholarly Esoteric – hard to understand. presumptuousness Elegy – poem or song expressing lamentation Elicit – draw out by discussion Embellish – adorn. enhance. embitter Exculpate – clear from blame Exigency – urgent situation. by oversight. conflicting Discredit – defame. composure Equivocate – lie. overflowing with enthusiasm Eclectic – selective.
incorruptibility Problematic – doubtful. deny Neophyte – recent convert. overabundance Plummet – fall sharply Porous – full of pores. flood. get rid of Occlude – shut. pretentious. sullen. porous. unsophisticated Inherent – firmly established by nature or habit Innocuous – harmless Insensible – unconscious. vilification Oscillate – vibrate pendulumlike. risky Precipitate – rash. submerge Inured – accustomed. complete Prohibitive – tending to prevent the purchase or use of something Proliferate – grow rapidly. not clearly fixed. absurdity Inconsequential – insignificant. creep in Insipid – lacking in flavor. lacking power to move Ingenuous – naïve and trusting. young. sycophantic Obviate – make unnecessary. liking Penury – severe poverty. issuing light Magnanimity – generosity Malingerer – one who feigns illness to escape duty Malleable – capable to being shaped by pounding. imply. sudden Precursor – forerunner Presumptuous – arrogant. hidden Laud – praise Lethargic – drowsy. dull Levee – earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding Levity – lack of seriousness or steadiness. unite Indeterminate – uncertain. nonconformist Mendacious – lying. beginner Obdurate – stubborn Obsequious – slavishly attentive. lacking interest. multiply . unsettled. habitually dishonest Metamorphosis – change of form Meticulous – excessively careful. unresponsive Insinuate – hint. disloyal Perfunctory – superficial. servile. spread. premature. taking liberties Prevaricate – lie Probity – uprightness. like a sieve Pragmatic – practical (as opposed to idealistic). elementary Incongruity – lack of harmony. easily angered Irresolute – uncertain how to act. record of dayto-day activities Loquacious – talkative Lucid – easily understood Luminous – shining. care. unimportant Incorporate – introduce something into a larger whole. concerned with the practical worth or impact of something Preamble – introductory statement Precarious – uncertain. prejudiced. stinginess Perennial – something long-lasting Perfidious – treacherous. bookish Penchant – strong inclination. excessively pushy in offering one’s services Onerous – burdensome Opprobrium – infamy. isolation Intractable – unruly. painstaking. trying to attract attention Paragon – model of perfection Partisan – one-sided. not superficial. dormant. reckless with money Profound – deep. weak Itinerary – plan of a trip Laconic – brief and to the point Lassitude – languor. enthusiasm Permeable – penetrable. reverence for God Placate – pacify. moderate Mollify – soothe Morose – ill-humored. rudimentary. stubbornness Inundate – overwhelm. waver Ostentatious – showy. close Officious – meddlesome. nullify. hasty. committed to a party Pathological – pertaining to disease Paucity – scarcity Pedantic – showing off learning. not thorough. melancholy Mundane – worldly as opposed to spiritual. allowing liquids or gas to pass through Pervasive – spread throughout Phlegmatic – clam. combine. weariness Latent – potential but undeveloped. frivolity Log – record of a voyage or flight. dull Insularity – narrow-mindedness. not easily disturbed Piety – devoutness. stubborn. everyday Negate – cancel out. scrupulous Misanthrope – one who hates mankind Mitigate – appease. conciliate Plasticity – ability to be molded Platitude – trite remark Plethora – excess.Inchoate – recently begun. questionable Prodigal – wasteful. unyielding Intransigence – refusal of any compromise. hardened Invective – abuse Irascible – irritable. impressionable Maverick – rebel. indefinite Indigence – poverty Indolent – lazy Inert – inactive.
uncommunicative. person who suspends judgment until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view Solicitous – worried. smell. brand Stint – be thrifty. harangue Torpor – lethargy. full of curves Tractable – docile. unmanageable Refute – disprove Relegate – banish to an inferior position. have a distinctive flavor. descend. capable of maintaining life Viscous – sticky.Propensity – natural inclination Propitiate – appease Propriety 0 fitness. rare. make obsolete Supposition – hypothesis. authorized Wary – very cautious Welter – turmoil. profound. digressing Tenuous – thin. generally of pottery Skeptic – doubter. denunciation. banish. scolding Volatile – changeable. worshipful Sage – person celebrated for wisdom Salubrious – healthful Sanction – approve. unruly Recant – disclaim of disavow. easily managed Transgression – violation of a law. ferocity Vacillate – waver. sluggishness. misleading (often intentionally) Spectrum – color band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism Sporadic – occurring irregularly Stigma – token of disgrace. impassive Striated – marked with parallel bands. explosive. slim Tirade – extended scolding. caustic Qualified – limited. disavow Rescind – cancel Resolution – determination Resolve – determination. ratify Satiate – satisfy fully Saturate – soak thoroughly Savor – enjoy. fanciful Zealot – fanatic. determined to resist authority. correct conduct Proscribe – ostracize. sin Truculence – aggressiveness. surmise Tacit – understood. marked by sleepiness Specious – seemingly reasonable but incorrect. or quality Secrete – hide away or cache. loner Recondite – abstruse. assign Reproach – express disapproval or disappointment Reprobate – person hardened in sin. secret Refractory – stubborn. delegate. retract a precious statement Recluse – hermit. fluctuate Venerate – revere Veracious – truthful Verbose – wordy Viable – practical or workable. restricted Quibble . support Supersede – cause to be set aside. grooved Strut – pompous walk Strut – supporting bar Subpoena – writ summoning a witness to appear Subside – settle down. replace. devoid of a sense of decency Repudiate . concerned Soporific – sleep-causing. gluey Vituperative – abusive. verity. set limits Stipulate – make express conditions.disown. grow quiet Substantiate – establish by evidence. firmness of purpose Reticent – reserved. produce and release a substance into an organism Shard – fragment. dormant. outlaw Pungent – stinging.minor objection or complaint Quiescent – at rest. inclined to silence Reverent – respectful. specify Stolid – dull. bewildering jumble Whimsical – capricious. not put into words Tangential – peripheral. sharp in taste or smell. perso who shows excessive zeal (enthusiasm) . only slightly connected. temporarily inactive Rarefied – made less dense (of a gas) Recalcitrant – obstinately stubborn. dormancy Tortuous – winding. evaporating rapidly Warranted – justified.
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