cÖwZ‡ekx †`k wgqvbgv‡i K‡qKw`b

fviZ Qvov evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨ cÖwZ‡ekx ivóª n‡jv wgqvbgvi | GB †`‡ki
AvivKvb evsjv‡`‡ki K·evRvi I ev›`ievb †Rjv msjMœ | bvd b`xi GK
cv‡o Avgv‡`i †UKbvd Ab¨ cv‡o wgqvbgv‡ii gsWy I eyw_Ws Gi gZ wKQy kni
Av‡Q | cÖwZ‡ekx n‡jI wgqvbgv‡ii mv‡_ Avgv‡`i †`‡ki Avš—wiKZv †Zgb `„p
nqwb wewfbœ ivR‰bwZK, fycÖK…wZK I Ab¨vb¨ Kvi‡b | wgqvbgvi eû eQi
mvgwiK kvmK‡`i Øviv kvwmZ | ZvB †eva nq wgqvbgvi †Nlv bxwZ Pv‡ci gy‡L
_v‡K me mgq | 5 wW‡m¤¦i 1999 mv‡_ Avgvi wgqvbgvi hvevi my‡hvM n‡jv |
evsjv‡`k wegv‡b K‡i Bqvs¸‡b hLb j¨vÛ Kijvg ZLb †mLv‡b `ycyi †ejv |
Lye mv`v gvUv Gqvi‡cvU© | †Kvb †evwWs weªR †bB | wmwo w`‡qB wegvb †_‡K
bvgjvg | dgv©wjwUR †ek `ªæZB †kl n‡jv | evsjv‡`k †_‡KI wfmv †c‡Z †Zgb
mgm¨v nqwb | miKvix mdi e‡j mewKQy my›`i fv‡e m¤úbœ n‡q‡Q | wegvb
e›`i †_‡K Gwm ev‡m K‡i Avgv‡`i Mš—e¨ ivRavbx Bqvs¸b kn‡ii wgKvmv
†nv‡U‡j G‡m †cŠQvjvg | wekvj †nv‡Uj Pvi wK cvuP ZviKv mewKQy SKS‡K
ZKZ‡K | †nv‡Uj †`‡LB wgqvbgvi m¤¦‡Ü Avgv‡`i avibv wKQyUv n‡jI av°v
†Lj | me mgq ïbZvg G‡`k wgwjUvixiv kvmb Ki‡Q | †`‡ki †Kvb DbœwZ
bvB | Avš—Rv©wZK Pv‡c me Dbœqb Kvh©µg eÜ | mewKQy †h GK`g mwZ¨ bq
Zv bv Z‡e Rxeb wVKB Pj‡Q wewfbœ mgm¨v ms‡M wb‡q Ges †`kUv †ek DbœZ
I my›`i | mvD_ Bó Gwkqvi g‡a¨ wgqvbgvi me‡P‡q eo †`k, Aek¨ f~wgi w`K
†_‡K | GUv DËi `wÿ‡Y 2090 wKt wgt Ges c~e©

cwð‡g me‡P‡q cÖk¯—

GjvKvq 925 wKt wgt | me©‡gvU AvqZb cÖvq 6 jÿ 77 nvRvi eM© wK‡jvwgUvi
| evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvq cvuP¸Y ejv P‡j | Z‡e Gi 51 fvM cvnvo I `~M©g AiY¨
| RbmsL¨v evsjv‡`‡ki GK Z„Zxqvs‡ki gZ | GB wekvj †`k ZvB duvKv

duvKv jv‡M | iv¯—v NvU †ek PIov Ges dvuKv | hvbevnb I †jvKRb Gi †Zgb
†Kvb fxoB †bB ejv P‡j | wgKvmv †nv‡U‡ji 4 Zvjvq my›`i GKUv iæg †cjvg
| wekvj Rvbvbv w`‡q bx‡Pi myBwgs cyj †`Lv hvq | wUwf Av‡Q K‡qKUv P¨v‡bj
I †`Lv hvq | ivbœvi Rb¨ me e¨e¯’v Av‡Q, Uq‡jU I ZKZ‡K | me wgwj‡q
Avivg`vqK Av‡jvwKZ I AZ¨vaywbK | bx‡Pi wiwmckb Gi KvRKg© †k‡l iæg
mvwf©m Avgv‡`i iæ‡g †cŠ‡Q w`j | wKQyÿY wd« UvBg †k‡l we‡Kj †ejv Avgiv
wW‡dÝ mvwf©m wn‡óvwiK wgDwRqvg †`L‡Z hve |
wZbUvi w`‡K ev‡m K‡i iIqvbv njvg | kn‡ii g‡a¨B wgDwRqvg | †h
me mgiv¯¿ wgqvbgv‡i Av‡Q Ges wQj †m¸‡jv, Ges hv GLb Zviv ˆZix Ki‡Q
me¸‡jvi wWm‡cø Av‡Q GB wekvj wgDwRqv‡g | wgDwRqvgUv wewfbœ fv‡M fvM
Kiv †Kv_vI Kvgvb Gi mvwi, †Kv_vI U¨vsK Ab¨vb¨ A¯¿m¯¿, wegvb, †cvlvK
cwi”Q` BZ¨vw` Avjv`v Avjv`v fv‡e mvRv‡bv Av‡Q | wjd&U G D‡V M¨vjvix‡Z
†mLv‡b G‡m bx‡Pi wWm‡cø †`Lv hvq | KZ©„cÿ cÖ_‡g Avgv‡`i‡K wgDwRqvg
m¤ú‡K© mswÿß avibv w`j, Zvici wewfbœ †mKkb †`L‡Z †ei njvg | GLv‡b
Px‡bi cÖhyw³i cvkvcvwk †dÂ, weªwUk, BmivBwj BZ¨vw` cÖhyw³i hš¿cvwZ I
A‡bK Av‡Q | cy‡iv wgDwRqvg Ny‡i †`L‡Z A‡bK mgq jv‡M | GLv‡b cÖvPxb
hy‡×i BwZnvm¸‡jv my›`i fv‡e g‡Wj Gi mvnv‡h¨ eY©bv Kiv Av‡Q Avgiv cÖvq
2 N›Uvi gZ Ny‡i Ny‡i wgDwRqv‡gi wewfbœ wRwblcÎ †`Ljvg | Zvici †nv‡U‡ji
c‡_ †diZ, iv‡Z LvIqv wb‡R‡`i ZvB †`kx LvIqv †Kv_vq cvIqv hv‡e
†nv‡U‡ji wiwmck‡b Rvb‡Z PvBjvg | Rvbvj †h kn‡i A‡bK †`vKvb Av‡Q
†mLv‡b Avgv‡`i †`kx LvIqv cvIqv hv‡e | Avgiv kn‡i hvIqvi Rb¨ †iwW
njvg | ev‡m K‡i wmwU ‡m›Uv‡i wb‡q Avmj I mgq w`‡q w`j | Ny‡i wd‡i †hb
Avgiv Avevi ev‡m K‡iB †diZ Avm‡Z cvwi | mÜv nq nq | Avkcv‡ki
GjvKv †`‡L iIqvbv njvg | evRvi GjvKv kn‡i A‡bK gvbyl

mevB kvš—

†Kgb †hb Pvcv fve mevi gv‡S Avgv‡`i †`‡L LykxB g‡b

nq mvavib

†jvKRb | Aí Bs‡iRx ey‡S | Avgv‡`i‡K †nv‡Uj †`wL‡q w`j | ‡mLv‡b wM‡q
nZevK | gvwjK PÆMªv‡gi Awaevmx wQj GLb †is¸‡b ¯’vqx | A‡bK eQi
†nv‡Uj e¨emv Ki‡Q | †ek Pvjy †nv‡Uj cÖPÛ fxo | †gBb †gby wewiqvbx,
Avgv‡`i Rb¨ Avjv`v e¨e¯’v K‡i w`j | Mig cvwb w`‡q †cøU ay‡q †L‡Z w`j |
GLv‡b Avmvi Av‡M gvwb †PÄv‡i Wjvi †PÄ K‡i wbjvg Avgv‡`i UvKvi gvb
GLv‡b †ekx, G‡`i gy`ªvi bvg wK‡qZ/P¨vU e‡j | †nv‡U‡j weivbx †KvK BZ¨vw`
†Ljvg Aí LiP 100 UvKvi g‡a¨ fvj K‡i Z„wß mnKv‡i †Ljvg | Avgiv
ejjvg AvMvgx Kw`b I GLv‡b G‡m Lve | †Kvb mgm¨v †bB ejj gvwjK |
fvjB jvMj wfb †`‡k m¦‡`kx †`‡L | Av‡k cv‡ki †`vKvb cvU Ny‡i †`Ljvg |
†Kbvi gZ †Zgb wKQyB †bB | evwg©R my¨‡fwbi wKbjvg `yB GKUv | Mv‡bi
h‡š¿i gZ | I‡`i UªvwWkbvj ev`¨ hš¿ | GKUv Rvnv‡Ri Kv‡Vi g‡Wj I wKQy
Iqvj g¨vU †Kbv n‡jv, gvqvbgv‡ii g¨vc AvuKv I wewfbœ RvwZ †Mvwói Qwe mn |
GLv‡b †ZZyj Gi im Gi

wWsKm cvIqv hvq | 10 UvKvi gZ `vg †ek

gRvi | mgq gZ ev‡mi †jv‡Kk‡b Gjvg Ges †nv‡U‡j wd‡i Gjvg | ciw`b
†ek KwU Awdwkqvj wfwRU Av‡Q |
06 wW‡m¤¦i 99 †mvgevi
B›Uvib¨vkbvj †_iv fv`v eyw×ó wgkbvix wek¦we`¨vjq Bqvs¸b, wgqvbgvi
we‡Kj †ejv Avgiv GB wek¦ we`¨vj‡qi mvg‡b Avwm | my›`i K‡i mvRv‡bv
GjvKv | †mvbvjx M¤¦yR¸‡jvi Dci Av‡jv c‡o Ac~e© `„k¨ m„wó n‡q‡Q |
me¸‡jv wewìs Gi Qv` I M¤¦yR HwZn¨evnx bKmv Kiv I †mvbvjx is G
ivOv‡bv | GLv‡b †eŠ× a‡g©i Dci AMva cvwÛZ¨c~Y© e¨w³Z¡ m¤úbœ wfÿyiv wkÿv
cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡Kb | cÖ_‡g Avgiv RyZv Ly‡j GKUv cÖv_©bv mfvq †hvM w`jvg |

Avgv‡`i‡K †mLv‡b wek¦we`¨vjq m¤ú‡K© avibv †`qv n‡jv I wK wK wRwbl †`Lvi
Av‡Q Zv ejv n‡jv | GB wek¦we`¨vjqwU bq wW‡m¤¦i 1998 mv‡j cÖwZôv Kiv
n‡q‡Q | GUv †_iv †f`v eyw×Rg m¤úKx©Z D”PZi Áv‡bi ¯’vqx †K›`ª wn‡m‡e
M‡o D‡V‡Q | GUv Bqvs¸‡bi Uy_ wiwjK c¨v‡MvWvi Kv‡Q agcvjv cvnv‡oi Kv‡Q
GKUv my›`i I cweÎ cwi‡e‡k wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q | cÖvq GK nvRvi eQi a‡i
wgqvbgvi †_iv †f`v eyw×Rg‡K mh‡Zœ msiÿY K‡i Avm‡Q | GB BR‡gi g~j
gš¿ n‡jv ey‡×i evbx‡K cÖv‡qvwMK I ZvwË¡K fv‡e e¨envi K‡i c„w_ex‡Z myL I
mg„w× e„wׇZ Ae`vb ivLv | hviv wgqvbgv‡ii UªvwWkvb †g‡b ey× a‡g©i Dci
eyrcwZ jvf Ki‡Z Pvq Zviv GB wek¦we`¨vj‡q D”PZi Ávb AvniY Ki‡Z cv‡i
Ges GB Ávb weZi‡bi Rb¨ cvwj Kvbyb mg&¦‡Ü AwfÁ †eŠ× cwÛZ GLv‡b
cwikÖg Ki‡Q | we‡`kx‡`i Rb¨ †eŠ× a‡g©i Áv‡bi cvkvcvwk fvlv wkLviI
e¨e¯’v i‡q‡Q, covi gva¨g Bs‡iRx | GLv‡b †eŠ× a‡g©i Dci wW‡cøvgv,
e¨v‡Pji wWMªx, gvóvm© I wcGBPwW ch©š— Kiv hvq | GLv‡b wfÿy I gwnjv
wfÿy‡`i (bvb) I wkÿvi e¨e¯’v Av‡Q | wek¦ we`¨vjqwU AvevwmK I PgrKvi
_vKvi Kÿ i‡q‡Q | gnv¯’vb M‡o †hgb †QvU †QvU Kÿ Av‡Q GLv‡bI ‡m
gv‡ci K‡ÿ wfÿyiv emevm K‡i cov‡kvbv Pvwj‡q hvq | Ny‡i Ny‡i me GjvKv
†`Ljvg | †k‡l Pv ce© wQj | †ek Avš—wiK wQj wek¦we`¨vjq KZ©„cÿ | Gici
Avgiv Bqvs¸‡bi DcK‡Ú fvi‡Zi †kl gyNj mgªvU evnv`yi kvn Rvdi Gi
gvRvi whqviZ Ki‡Z †Mjvg | †Kv_vq w`j−x Avi †Kv_vq ZLbKvi AL¨vZ evgv©
gyjy‡Ki ivRavbxi GK †Kv‡b †Kvb g‡Z wU‡K Av‡Q GK mgªvUi mgvwa |
mgvwa¯’vb mevB †P‡b Z‡e GjvKvUv AbybœZ I AbMªmi | gymwjg cÖavb GjvKv
ZvB †eŠ× cÖavb wgqvbgv‡i Giv Ae‡nwjZ | c¨v‡MvWvi PvKwPK¨ GLv‡b †bB |
Z‡e Zvui mv‡_ Avmv †jvKR‡bi eskaiiv Zv‡`i mgªv‡Ui mgvwa‡K hZUv m¤¢e
m¤§v‡bi mv‡_ AvM‡j ivLvi †Póv Ki‡Q | wmwo w`‡q Dc‡i DV‡Z nq | GKUv

mgvwai cv‡k¦© GKUv mgwR` Av‡Q | Af¨vMZ‡`i emvi eve¯’v Av‡Q Kei meyR
iO Gi wMjvd w`‡q XvKv | Lv‡`g Av‡Q Zvuiv GUvi cwiPhv© K‡i | ch©UKiv
gv‡S gv‡S Av‡m wKQy `vb K‡i hvq | ¯’vbxq fv‡e GivI wKQy msMªn K‡i Zvi
cwiPhv© K‡i | Kei †hqviZ †k‡l Avgv‡`i Pv P‡µ Avgš¿Y Rvbv‡jv | G‡KZ
Zviv wb‡RivB mgm¨vq Av‡Q ZvB Zv‡`i mgm¨v evov‡Z PvBwb | Z‡e †Rvi K‡i
wRjvcx I Pv LvIqv‡jv | g‡b g‡b fvewQjvg †Kv_vq †kŠh© exh© Avi †Kv_vq
GB nZ `wi`ª Ae¯’vb | Avj−vn PvB‡j ev`kvn dwKi n‡Z KZÿY | GZ kvb
kIKZ c~Y© ev`kvn‡K msM †`qvi Rb¨ nv‡Z †Mvbv K‡qKRb mv_x ïay wQj |
gbUv fvivµvš— n‡jv gvby‡li GB cwibwZ †`‡L |
‡Rgm wgDwRqvg I †Rgm gvU© Ny‡i †`Lv
wgqvbgvi Gi LwbR m¤ú` Adziš— | Gi g‡a¨ g~j¨evb cv_‡ii Lwb¸‡jv
Ab¨Zg | GLv‡b nxiv, Pywb, cvbœv, bxjv G me weL¨vZ cv_‡ii Lwb Av‡Q |
cÖK…wZ AK…cb nv‡Z G‡`‡ki gvwUi bx‡P LwbR m¤ú` w`‡q w`‡q‡Q | wekvj
wgDwRqvg, wbivcËv e¨e¯’vI †ek DbœZ | wgDwRqv‡gi wfZi A‡bK cv_i
wWm‡cø‡Z Av‡Q ZvB †m¸‡jv‡K msiÿY I wbivc‡` ivLv wbwðZ Ki‡Z nq |
wgqvbgv‡i wK wK g~j¨evb cv_i Gi Lwb Av‡Q †m m¤¦‡Ü wgDwRqv‡gi BbPvR©
Avgv‡`i weªd Ki‡jv | wekvj GKUv iæ‡g wgqvbgvi Gi f~-cÖvK…wZK g¨vc
Kvu‡Pi K¨vm‡K‡W ivLv | †mLv‡b wewfbœ iK‡gi myBP Av‡Q | WvqgÛ ev nxivi
Lwb †`L‡Z PvB‡j GKUv myBP R¡vjv‡j g¨v‡ci g‡W‡j †m me Lwb GjvKv I
LwbR m¤ú‡` fiv GjvKvq jvBU R¡‡j D‡V | Gfv‡e wewfbœ ai‡bi g~j¨evb
cv_‡ii Lwb wewfbœ is Gi jvBU w`‡q wb‡`©k Kiv Av‡Q | Gici †mB me cv_i
G‡K G‡K wewfbœ RvqMvq ivLv Av‡Q | Lwb‡Z cv_i¸‡jv †`L‡Z wK iKg jv‡M
Zv †`Ljvg | mvavib cv_‡ii gZ, wKQyUv is Gi ZviZg¨ †`Lv hvq | cv_i

Gi †Pnviv Avm‡j Gi KvwUs Gi c‡iB dz‡U D‡V av‡c av‡c | Lwbi cv_i
†K‡U G‡KKUv‡K G‡KK iKg AvKvi †`qv nq Ges Zvici Gi `y¨wZ †ewi‡q
Av‡m | Ggv‡iì, †RW m¨vdvqvi, WvqgÛ, K¨vUm&AvB, iæex BZ¨vw` g~j¨evb I
mvavib AjsKv‡ii cv_i¸‡jv Avnib I wdwbk †cÖvWv± †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q | GUv
miKvi cwiPvwjZ Ges GLvb †_‡K LvuwU cv_i †Kbv hvq wKb‡Z PvB‡j wbw`©ó
`v‡g cv_i †KbviI e¨e¯’v Av‡Q GLv‡b | evB‡ii †`vKv‡b Av‡iv Kg cwjk Kiv
cv_i GKUy m¯—vq cvIqv hvq Z‡e †m me †`vKv‡b bKj cv_i‡K Avmj e‡j
Pvjv‡Z cv‡i weavq cv_i bv wPb‡j bv †KbvB fvj | Avgiv g~j¨evb cv_i
wKwbwb | Z‡e cÖ_g ev‡ii gZ GB me Lwb I Lwb †_‡K D‡ËvwjZ cv_i †`‡L
†ek Avb›` †eva Kivjvg | cÖvq N›Uv Lv‡b‡Ki †ekx †j‡M †Mj me wKQy Ny‡i
†`L‡Z | A‡bK `k©‡Ki mgvMg nq Gme wgDwRqv‡g | cv_i †cÖwgK‡`i Rb¨
GUv GKUv LvuwU RvqMv |
b¨vkbvj wgDwRqvg, Bqvs¸b - GUv BDwbqb Ae gvqvbgvi Gi mvs¯K…wZK
gš¿Yvj‡qi Aax‡b wWcvU©‡g›U Ae KvjPvivj Bb&mwUwUDU Gi GKUv cÖwZôvb |
1996 mv‡ji 18 †m‡Þ¤¦i GB wgDwRqvgUv D‡Øvab Kiv nq | 3.8 GKi Gi
gZ GjvKv wb‡q GB wgDwRqvgUv cÖwZôv Kiv nq | GUv Avwk wdU D”PZv
m¤úbœ I 5 Zvjv wgDwRqvg | wgqvbgvi Gi K…wó I mf¨Zv ‡mB cÖvPxb hyM
†_‡K AvaywbK hyM ch©š— G‡Z my›`i fv‡e mvRv‡bv Av‡Q | Gi g‡a¨ A‡bK
Kg©Pvix Kg©iZ | wjd&U Gi e¨e¯’v Av‡Q wewfbœ †d¬v‡i hvIqvi Rb¨ | fvgvi
†Mv‡Îi †jvKRb †ekx evKx, †Mvθ‡jvi cÖwZwbwa Aí I Zviv †ek †Ubk‡b
_v‡K †`L‡Z †cjvg | †ek Pyc Pvc _v‡K Zviv | wewfbœ Kÿ¸‡jv Ny‡i Ny‡i
†`L‡Z cÖPyi mgq cÖ‡qvRb | Avgiv Av‡¯— Av‡¯— GKw`K †_‡K †`Lv ïiæ
Kijvg | †hUv †ekx AvKl©bxq †mLv‡b mgq †ekx w`jvg evKx¸‡jv ïay GK
bRi †`‡L cieZx© AvKl©b Gi w`‡K AMªmi njvg |

gvbvqgv‡ii eY©gvjv I K¨vwjMªvwdi wekvj cÖ`k©bx Av‡Q GLv‡b | wewfbœ
mg‡q eY©gvjvi iƒc †Kgb wQj Zv cÖ`wk©Z n‡q‡Q | G Qvov L„ó c~e© 20 kZK
Gi nv‡Z wjLv w¯ŒÞ GLv‡b cª`wk©Z i‡q‡Q | gvwUi cv‡Îi Mv‡q †Lv`vB Kiv
cÖ_g †_‡K beg kZ‡Ki eY©gvjv¸‡jvi GKUv wWm‡cø GLv‡b Av‡Q | Av‡iKUv
†kv iæg

Gi bvg jvqb _ªb †kv iæg | GLv‡b cÖvq AvU ai‡bi wmsnvm‡bi

bgybv ivLv Av‡Q | Avm‡j cÖvq 9 ai‡bi wmsnvmb wQj 2wUi AvK…wZ A‡bKUv
KvQvKvwQ | GKUv wmsnvmb wWm‡cø‡Z Av‡Q †mvbvjx is Gi | GUv cÖvq 180
ermi c~‡e© Bqv‡gbx Kv‡Vi Øviv wbwg©Z Ges c‡i †mvbv w`‡q evuavB Kiv n‡q‡Q
| weªwUkiv GUv 1902

mv‡j KjKvZvq wb‡q wM‡qwQj c‡i 1948 mv‡j

wgqvbgv‡ii m¦vaxbZv jv‡fi ci GUv cybivq †diZ w`‡q †`q wgqvbgv‡i |
Ab¨vb¨ wmsnvmb¸‡jv wØZxq wek¦ hy‡×i mgq Av¸b †j‡M aŸsm n‡q †M‡Q |
wgDwRqvgUv mKvj `kUv †_‡K weKvk PviUv ch©š— †Lvjv _v‡K GUv‡Z cÖ‡ek
g~j¨ n‡jv `k P¨vU †QvU‡`i Rb¨ cvuP P¨vU | we‡`kx‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡ek g~j¨ cvuP
Wjvi | Gi cÖ_g Zjvq Bqv`vbvib mgqKvi †kv iæg, jvqb _Y© †kv iæg I
K¨vwjMªvwdi †kviæg Av‡Q | wØZxq Zvjv‡Z gvqvbgvi wn‡óvwiK wcwiqW †kv iæg,
b¨vPvivj wn‡óvix †kv iæg

I wcÖ wnm‡UvwiK wcwiqW †kv iæg i‡q‡Q | Z„Zxq

Zvjv‡Z †dvK AvU© †kv iæg I cvidiwgs AvU© †kv iæg i‡q‡Q | gvqvbgvi AvU©
M¨vjvix I Abv©‡g›U M¨vjvix i‡q‡Q PZy_© Zvjv‡Z me †k‡l cÂg Zvjv‡Z
gvqvbgv‡ii wewfbœ RvwZ mË¡vi mvs¯K…wZi †kv iæg I †MŠZg ey‡×i wewfbœ
B‡gR Gi †kv iæg ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q |
gvbvqgvi wn‡óvwiK wcwiqW †kv iæ‡g †eªvÄ, cv_i I †Uwi‡KvUvi Dci wewfbœ
ai‡bi g~wZ©i †ek mg„× msMªn i‡q‡Q | GQvovI wewfbœ ai‡bi gy¨ivj †cBw›Us
Gi Kwc, Kv‡Vi g~wZ© I ZvjcvZvi cyw_ GLv‡b mvRv‡bv Av‡Q | evMvb Gi
c¨v‡Mvovi Qwe I Ab¨vb¨ wPÎKg©I GLv‡b ¯’vb jvf K‡i‡Q | gvqvbgvi Gi

cÖvPxb AjsKvi Gi †kv iæ‡g dz, evMvb, BbIqv I Bqv`vbveb mgqKvi
gwnjv‡`i cwiav‡bi wewfbœ ai‡bi AjsKvi ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q | ˆewPÎc~Y© †kv iæg
n‡jv wewfbœ RvwZ m˦vi mvs¯K…wZK m¤¢vi Gi †kv iægwU‡Z | GLv‡b g‡W‡ji
gva¨‡g wewfbœ RvwZi Ae¯’vb Zv‡`i †cvkvK/ cwi”Q`, Mvb evRbvi hš¿cvwZ,
nvwZqvi

mvs¯K…wZi Ab¨vb¨ DcKiY wbLyuZ fv‡e †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q | gvqvbgvi

7Uv cÖ‡`k I 7Uv wWwfk‡bi GKUv GKÎxfyZ BDwbqb Gi g‡a¨ fvgvi ‡MvÎ
msL¨vMwió Ges ZvivB †`kUv‡K Pvjv‡”Q | evKxiv A‡b‡KB wbhv©wZZ | A‡bK
RvqMvq RvwZMZ mwnskZv I m¦vaxbZvi/m¦vqZ¡ kvm‡bi Rb¨ Av‡›`vjb Pj‡Q |
GB wgDwRqvg Ny‡i Ny‡i †`L‡Z K‡qK N›Uv P‡j †Mj †k‡l `ªæZ Ab¨vb¨ RvqMv
†`Lvi Rb¨ †ei n‡q Gjvg |
ev‡Mv kni †`L‡Z Avgiv 7 wW‡m¤¦i mKv‡j iIqvbv njvg | cÖvq GK N›Uv
jvMj kn‡i †cŠQv‡Z | Bqvb¸b †_‡K †ei n‡q Bqvs¸b gv›`v‡j nvBI‡q a‡i
ev‡Mv †h‡Z nq | iv¯—vi `y cv‡k ay ay Abvevw` ‡ÿZ | †Kvb Mªv‡gi wbkvbvI
†`Lv hvq bv | `ycv‡ki w`Mš— eû`y‡i | Lvwj g‡b nw”Qj GB Rwg‡Z hw` Pvl
Kiv †hZ Zvn‡j Avgv‡`i †`‡k Avi dm‡ji Afve n‡Zv bv | gvqvbgvi
KZ©„cÿ Gai‡bi Pv‡li c‡ÿ bv e‡jB g‡b n‡jv | GK mgq c„w_exi Ab¨Zg
cÖavb Pvj Drcv`b I ißvbxKviK †`k wQj GB gvqvbgvi | iv¯—v¸‡jv cÖk¯—
Mvox PjvPj AZ¨š— Kg | GK cÖ‡`k †_‡K Ab¨ cÖ‡`‡k ågb Ki‡Z AbygwZ
jv‡M | me wKQy g‡b n‡jv ¯’wei I _g_‡g | ev‡Mv‡Z Avgiv †kv‡qgvIWvI
c¨v‡MvWvi mvg‡b Gjvg | c¨v‡MvWvi mvg‡b †`vKvb cvU | GLv‡b ‡`vKvbxiv
wewfbœ ai‡bi my¨‡fwbi wewµ Ki‡Q | mvavib gvbylRb, Av‡iv mvavib Zv‡`i
Rxeb hvÎv | gv †`vKvb Ki‡Q, nv‡Zi KvR Ki‡Q I ev”Pv mvgjv‡”Q | ev”Pv
Kuv`‡j Zv‡K ¯Íb w`‡q gyL eÜ Ki‡Q | mij wbg©j Rxeb, PvIqv cvIqv AwZ
mvgvb¨ | †QvÆ cv‡Î Lvevi ivua‡Q Lv‡e e‡j | †`vKvb ¸‡jv‡Z A‡bK Kv‡Vi

ˆZix mvgMªx cvIqv hvq | KvV w`‡q wewfbœ g~wZ© I Ab¨vb¨ AvmevecÎ GLv‡b
ˆZix nq | ch©UKiv GLvb †_‡K Zv wK‡b †bq | †ek A‡bK †`vKvb Av‡Q
c¨v‡MvWv‡Z †XvKvi

Av‡M | Avwg K‡qKUv †`qv‡ji Kvc‡oi †cvóvi nvZcvLv

I evwg©R ev`¨hš¿

wKbjvg | `vg †gvUvgywU ‡ek fvjB | Avgv‡`i †`‡L

†`vKvbxiv Zv‡`i wewfbœ wRwblcÎ †`Lv‡jv | mKvj †ejv †Kej Zviv †`vKvb
Lyj‡Q | Avgv‡`i †`‡L Zviv Lykx |
BwZnvm e‡j ey× Zvi Rxe`kvq `yBRb cweÎ DËimyix wbev©Pb K‡iwQj
Zviv `yB fvB bvg gnvkvjv I Kzj−vkvjv | wZwb G `yRb‡K ev‡Mv‡Z wb‡q G‡m
my`vkbv cvnv‡o GKUv c¨v‡MvWv wbgv©b K‡i Zv‡`i‡K †mLv‡b cÖwZwôZ K‡ib |
cÖ_‡g c¨v‡MvWvi P~ov 75 wdU DPy wQj cieZx©‡Z 840 mv‡ji w`‡K ivRv
DBgvjv Gi D”PZv evwo‡q 88 wdU K‡ib cieZx©‡Z GUvi D”PZv 277 wdU
Kiv nq | 1492 mv‡ji S‡o GUv f~wg‡Z cwZZ n‡j ivRv †evavIcvqv GUv‡K
297 wdU DPy K‡i c~Yt wbgv©b K‡ib | 1912 mv‡ji cÖej f~wgK‡¤ú GB QvZv
m`„k

M¤¦yR f~wg ¯úk© K‡i Ges cieZx©‡Z 1917 mv‡ji f~wgK‡¤ú GUv

aŸsmve‡kl G cwibZ nq | 1920 mv‡j GB c¨v‡MvWv Avevi c~Yt wbgv©b Kiv
nq | 1954 mv‡ji GwcÖ‡j cÖavbgš¿x BD byi c„ó‡cvlKZvq I Avw_©K Aby`v‡b
f~wgK¤ú †iva K‡i c¨v‡MvWvwU wbgv©b Kiv nq Ges eZ©gv‡b GUvi D”PZv cÖvq
373 wdU | Gi wbgv©b †KŠk‡j cÖvPxb Kv‡ji QvZvi gZ K‡iB M¤¦yR evbv‡bv
n‡q‡Q | c¨v‡MvWvUv Ny‡i Ny‡i †`Ljvg Avk cv‡ki A‡bK GjvKv wb‡q Gi
Ae¯’vb wmwoi avc †K‡U †K‡U GK PvZvj Zvici Av‡iv avc AwZµg K‡i g~j
fe‡b †h‡Z nq | `y‡Uv wekvj wmsng~Zx© cÖ‡ek c‡_ `vwo‡q Av‡Q |
c¨v‡MvWv †`‡L Avgiv ev‡Mvi Av‡iKUv weL¨vZ †eŠ× g~wZ© †`L‡Z †Mjvg
GUv‡K kvwqZ †eŠ× g~wZ© ejv nq GUv j¤¦vq 180 wdU D”PZv 52 wdU Gi GK

wekvj kvwqZ †eŠ× g~wZ© kZ kZ eQi a‡i †Lvjv AvKv‡ki bx‡P †iv` So
e„wó‡Z g~wZ©Uv cÖvq aŸsm cÖvß n‡q wM‡qwQj | Gi mv‡_ gvwU I †SvcSvo wgwj‡q
GUv‡K A‡bKUv †QvU LvU wUjv g‡b n‡Zv | ev‡Mv‡Z †ij jvBb ˆZixi mgq
`yN©UbvekZ GUv Avwe®‹…Z nq | GK fviZxq wVKv`vi BU ˆZixi Rb¨ cvnvo
KvU‡Z †M‡j gvwUi e`‡j BU †ewi‡q Av‡m Ges ¯’vbxq †jvKRb GUvi KvR
_vwg‡q †`q | cieZx©‡Z 1881 mv‡ji w`‡K GB cweÎ g~wZ© D×vi K‡i c~bivq
G‡K †MŠi‡ei Avm‡b Avmxb Kiv nq | K¨v‡givi †QvU †j‡Ý GKev‡i GUvi Qwe
Av‡m bv | K‡qKUv Qwe Zyjjvg Gi As‡ki mv‡_ | wekvj GjvKv Ry‡o Gi
Ae¯’vb | Gi Av‡k cv‡k Av‡iv Ab¨vb¨ g~wZ© Av‡Q †m¸‡jv Ny‡i Ny‡i †`Ljvg |
QweI †Zvjv n‡jv wKQy | mgq wKfv‡e †h †K‡U †Mj eyS‡Z cvwiwb | Gevi
Bqvs¸‡b ‡divi cvjv | Bqvs¸‡b †divi c‡_ Avgiv UvUgv‡`v RyZvi KviLvbv
cwi`k©‡b †Mjvg | GUv Bqvs¸b †_‡K 31 wKt wgt `y‡i Bqvs¸b ev‡Mv nvBI‡qi
RvBqvZ‡KDBb Mªv‡g Aew¯’Z | 1960 mv‡j GUv cÖwZwôZ n‡q GLb ch©š—
wewfbœ ai‡bi RyZv ˆZix Ki‡Q | GUv nsKs I gvqvbgvi miKv‡ii g‡a¨ GUv
†hŠ_ gvwjKvbv cÖKí | evwg©R †mbvevwnbx Gi `vwq‡Z¡ i‡q‡Q | Gi hš¿cvwZ¸‡jv
wewfbœ mg‡q myB‡Wb, Bsj¨vÛ, Rvcvb, †Kvwiqv, nsKs †_‡K Avbv n‡q‡Q | hy‡Mi
mv‡_ Zvj wgwj‡q AvaywbK cÖhyw³ Mªnb K‡i 1992 mv‡j Avevi byZb byZb
†gwkb ms‡hvRb Kiv n‡q‡Q | cÖvq `yBkZ `kUv wewfbœ ai‡bi †gwkb GLv‡b
Av‡Q | GLv‡b wewfbœ ai‡bi K‡¤¦U my, wmwfj RyZv, RsMj eyU I †Nvovi wRb
Gi wRwbl evbv‡bv nq | †mbvevwnbxi Rb¨ cÖ¯—yZK…Z mvgMªx c¨vK K‡i
AW©b¨vÝ †W‡cv‡Z cvVv‡bv nq | d¨v±ix †_‡K wewfbœ ai‡bi RyZvI wewµ Kiv
nq | GLv‡b Drcvw`Z Mî my †ek DbœZ gv‡bi I †UKmB | GK †Rvov wek
Wjvi G wewµ Kiv nq | †ek fvj gv‡bi | hy‡Mi mv‡_ Zvj wgwj‡q Drcv`b I
gvb wbqš¿b Kiv nq e‡j Gi cÖWv±¸‡jv hy‡Mvc‡hvMx, cÖvq N›Uv Lv‡bK a‡i

Avgiv cÖvq cuPvbeŸB GKi Gi d¨v±ix wewìs Ges Gi Av‡k cv‡ki GjvKv
Ny‡i †`Ljvg | gvbyl¸‡jv †ek eÜy fvevcbœ Ges fvjB jvMj Zv‡`i
AvwZ‡_qZv | cwi`k©b †k‡l Bqvs¸‡bi c‡_ wd‡i Pjjvg | evsjv‡`k †_‡KB
ï‡b G‡mwQjvg †h Bqvs¸‡b Avgv‡`i †`‡ki esM evRv‡ii gZ GKUv gv‡K©U
Av‡Q | G‡K ewM gv‡K©U ejv nq | Gi bvg Avm‡j ewMIwK As mvb gv‡K©U |
n‡iK iKg wRwb‡li wekvj mgvnvi GB evRv‡i | wekvj GjvKv wb‡q GUvi
Ae¯’vb | Gi cv‡kB GKUv Ifvi weªR †_‡K †MvUv GjvKv †`Lv hvq | GLv‡b
wgqvbgv‡i ˆZix wRwblc‡Îi cvkvcvwk Px‡bi I wKQy wKQy wRwbl cvIqv hvq |
Z‡e weL¨vZ n‡jv wgqvbgv‡ii cv_‡ii Mnbv | wewfbœ ai‡bi cv_i I bKj
cv_‡ii Mnbv GLv‡b iƒcv w`‡q evav‡bv AjsKvi wn‡m‡e wewµ nq | hviv cv_i
e¨envi G Af¨¯— Zviv GB cv_‡ii Mqbvi †ek mgS`vi | Z‡e cv_i wPb‡Z
nq I `vg †ek fvj fv‡e hvPvB Ki‡Z nq | gyjvgywj bv Ki‡j VKvi m¤¢vebv
kZfvM Ges wewfbœ †`vKb hvPvB bv K‡i †Kbv †evKvgx | cÖvq N›Uv wZ‡bK Ny‡i
wKQy cv_‡ii Mnbv wKbjvg, gwnjv‡`i RyZv †Kbv n‡jv K‡qK †Rvov | Rvgv
Kvco †Zgb DbœZ bv | evsjv‡`‡ki Mv‡g©›Um Gi †P‡q fvj | †Kbv KvUvi ci
bZyb bZyb Avi wK wRwbl cvIqv hvq †`L‡Z †ei njvg | †Zgb Avi wKQyB
†bB | GLv‡b fvlv mgm¨v †Zgb cÖKU bv | Bkviv BswM‡Z K_v nq |
K¨vjKz‡jU‡i evi‡MBb Kiv hvq | cwiev‡ii mevB wg‡j †`vKv‡b e‡m | m&¦vgx
¯¿x fvMvfvwM K‡i †`vKvb K‡i | †`vKvbx gyjZ ¯¿xiv, m¦vgxiv PycPvc e‡m
_vv‡K | gwnjviv †ek PU c‡U I †µZv‡`i‡K AvKl©b Ki‡Z cv‡i, †`vKvb
mvgjv‡bv, NiKvbœv, ev”Pv cvjb meB Giv GKmv‡_ †`vKv‡b e‡m Ki‡Q | bZyb
†`k bZyb ixwZ | Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q bZyb AwfÁZv | Bqvs¸‡b nVvr K‡i kL n‡jv
wm‡bgv n‡j wM‡q Qwe †`Le | U¨vw· wbjvg GKUv | U¨vw· WªvBfvi GKUy GKUy
Bs‡iRx ey‡S | ejj, Avgv‡`i wWwRUvj n‡j wb‡q hv‡e | Zvi mv‡_ Av‡¯— Av‡¯—

fve Rgv‡Z Rgv‡Z Pjjvg | ejjvg †`‡ki wK Ae¯’v | Rvbjvg †h †m
†mbvevwnbxi kvm‡b cÖPÛ wei³ I ÿy× | †`‡ki A_©bxwZ fvj †bB, gvbyl myLx
bv | Avgiv Zv‡K GKUy Nywi‡q †`Lv‡Z ejjvg kniUv, †m wewfbœ RvqMvi cvk
w`‡q Mvox Pvwj‡q wbj | iv¯—vq UªvwdK R¨vg ‡ekx bvB | feb¸‡jv my›`i fv‡e
evbv‡bv, `vwi`ª †evSv hvq bv Z‡e c_Pvix‡`i †`L‡j g‡b nq Zviv myLx bv I
Afve Av‡Q | Avgv‡`i‡K GKUv gv‡K©U GjvKvq wb‡q G‡jv | U¨vw· fvov
w`jvg | wiR‡bej fvov | †mLv‡b †`wL fviZxq Qwe 'Zvj ' Pj‡Q | AevK nevi
cvjv | Pvi wK cvuP Zvjv‡Z wm‡bgv nj wjd&U G K‡i DVjvg | my›`i I
AZ¨vaywbK wWwRUvj wm‡bgv nj | A‡bKUv †QvU LvU AwW‡Uvwiqvg Gi gZ
wU‡KU Avgv‡`i UvKvq 50 wK 100 UvKvi gZ A‡bK †jvKRb Qwe †`L‡Z
Av‡m | wekvj c`v©q Zvj ïiæ n‡jv | Hk¦wiqv ivq Gi Qwe | mvDÛ G‡d±
PgrKvi cÖ_‡g †f‡ewQjvg ïiæ K‡i P‡j Avme GZ fvj jvMj †h cy‡iv
QweUvB

†`Ljvg

Qwei

gv‡S

weiZx‡Z

ccKY©

I †KvK

†Ljvg,

wfZ‡i

†dixIqvjviv G‡m wewµ K‡i | iv‡Z Avevi †Uw· wb‡q †nv‡U‡j wd‡i Gjvg |
†divi c‡_ †gvUvgywU me wKQyB eÜ n‡q †M‡Q †`Ljvg | Bqvs¸‡b mÜvi ci
†nv‡U‡j Avm‡j GKUy nvuU‡Z †ei nZvg Avkcv‡ki GjvKvq | Av‡k cv‡k
A‡bK¸‡jv †nv‡Uj Av‡Q | †m¸‡jv‡Z K¬ve, evi, wWm‡Kv BZ¨vw` Av‡Q | me
wKQyB ch©UK‡`i Rb¨ ¯’vbxq Awaevmxiv †Zgb Av‡m bv | iv‡Zi †ejv nvuU‡Z
nvuU‡Z GKUv †QvU †`vKv‡bi mvg‡b P‡j Gjvg | †`vKvbx GK Ziæbx †cQ‡bi
GKUv cvwU©kv‡bi Icv‡i I‡`i _vKv I LvIqvi e¨e¯’v | †g‡qUv gymwjg, bvg
wRÁvmv Kivq Rvb‡Z cvijvg | ivRavbx kn‡i gymwjgiv _v‡K †Zgb †Kvb
mgm¨v Qvov Z‡e AvivKv‡b Giv †ek AZ¨vPvwiZ | G‡`i Avwaevm wQj
gv‡jwkqv‡Z | evev wKsev `v`v we‡q K‡i GLv‡b ¯’vqx fv‡e emevm Ki‡Q | †Kvb
mgm¨v nq wKbv wRÁvmv Kivq ejj †h bv †Kvb mgm¨v †bB | Zv‡`i †`vKv‡b

evwg©R AvPvi †ZZy‡ji K¨vb, Rym jyw½ BZ¨vw` wewµ nq | AvgivI ejjvg
gymwjg, Lykx n‡jv | 1Uv ‡ZZy‡ji Rym wK‡b †Ljvg †ek gRv | GUv evgv©i
GKUv weL¨vZ cvbxq | †`‡k †bqvi Rb¨ Av‡iv K‡qKUv wKbjvg | †ek wKQy
AvPvi †Kbv n‡jv | gvqvbgv‡ii eiB I Av‡gi AvPvi evsjv‡`‡kI cvIqv hvq |
GB mgq †`Ljvg †h GLv‡b jyw½ I wewµ nq evsjv‡`kx UvKvq 95 UvKv w`‡q
GKUv jyw½ wKbjvg A‡bK eQi †ek Avivg K‡i GB jyw½ c‡iwQ | †`vKv‡b
wKQyÿY Mí Kijvg | Rvb‡Z cvijvg GK RvqMv †_‡K Ab¨ RvqMvq †h‡Z
¯’vbxq Kwgkbvi Gi AbygwZ cÎ jv‡M I Zv cywjk †PK K‡i | GB †`vKv‡bi
Avq w`‡q G‡`i mvavib fv‡e Rxeb P‡j hvq | †Zgb Avnvgwi Rxeb bv, mij
Abvi¤¦i Rxeb wb‡qB Giv Lykx | gv‡jwkqv hv‡e wKbv ejvq ejj bv GLv‡bB
fvj | gvqvbgv‡ii Avgv‡`i w`b¸‡jv †kl n‡q G‡m‡Q | 9 wW‡m¤¦i 99 mKvj
†ejv bv¯—v †m‡i e¨vM Rgv w`jvg †nv‡U‡ji jwe‡Z, †PK AvDU K‡i ev‡m D‡V
emjvg | Avevi †mB Bqvs¸b Gqvi‡cvU© | AvR‡K Avgiv Bqvb¸b Gqvi I‡qR
Gi BD we-225 wegv‡bi d¬vB‡U K‡i e¨vsKK hve | wWcviPvi jvDÄ mv`v
gvUv

| cøvwóK Gi †Pqvi, Avgiv †¯úkvj GjvKvq emjvg | cvm‡cvU© I

Ab¨vb¨ KvMRcÎ Bwg‡Mªkb Gi dg©vwjwUR †kl Kivi Rb¨ wb‡q wM‡q‡Q | me
KvR †k‡l ev‡m K‡i wegvb Gi Kv‡Q Gjvg | bZyb GKUv Gqvi I‡qR, cÖ_g
ev‡ii gZ GB Gqvi jvBÝ G | ¯’vbxq mgq 7-30 wgwb‡U Bqvs¸b †_‡K
e¨vsK‡Ki Ws gyqvs Gqvi †cv‡U©i D‡Ï‡k¨ Avgv‡`i wegvb Dovj w`j | †cQ‡b
†d‡j Avmjvg evgv©q Avgv‡`i m¥„wZgq K‡qKUv w`b | mvg‡b e¨vsK‡Ki GK
w`‡bi UªvbwRU, Zvici Rbbx Rb¥f~wg evsjv‡`k | gv‡qi †Q‡j Avevi gv‡qi
†Kv‡j wd‡i hv‡”Q |

****** ‡kv‡qbWvMb c¨v‡MvWv m¤¦‡Ü wjLv nqwb |

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