UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING

PART 1A CAD COURSE

HANDOUTS & EXERCISES

A.L. Johnson P.J.G. Long V. Bateman 1

Jan 2012

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Contents
Introduction to CAD
1 Background 2 Overview of Creo 2.1 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.2 Datum Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sketched (Base) Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pick and Place (or Referenced) Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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8 8 9 9 10 10 10

Modification of Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Exercise 8: Simple Extruded and Revolved Parts
1 Key 2 Getting Started 3 Creating a Part 4 Task 1 - Extruded Section 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Starting an Extrusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Review/Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edit Profile Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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12 12 13 13 13 16 16 17 17 17 18 18 18 19 20 20 21 21 21 25

Save Part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Print Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exiting Creo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 Task 2 - Keeper Plate 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 New part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Revolved Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Create a ‘Round’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Create a ’Chamfer’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 Task 3 - Additional Components 6.1 6.2 Clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Non-functional Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7 Construction and Editing (aide-memoire)

Exercise 9: Intersections, Patterns and Part Drawing (1)
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Domed-Cylinder Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 7. . . . . . 7 Task 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 6. . . . . . . . . . . . Display Centerlines . . 35 35 36 36 36 37 37 38 38 39 39 40 41 41 42 42 42 42 42 42 43 43 43 44 44 45 45 45 46 47 47 48 4 Task 2 . . . . . Printing a Drawing . . . . . . . Patterned Holes .Cylinder/Dome Intersection 5. Reordering Model Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Key 2 Getting Started 3 Task 1 . . . . . Mounting Holes . . . .2 8. . . . . Revolved Flange Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Isometric View . . . .2 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cylinder Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Task 6 . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Parent/Child Relationships 6. . . . . . . . . 8 Drawing 2 (Updated) 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Start a Drawing . . . . . . . .Mounting Flange 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 6. . .3 Tidy Drawing . . . . . . Intersection Drawing Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 9. .Cylinder/ Domed-Cylinder Intersection 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Extruded Flange Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Check Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Activate Domed-Cylinder . Multiple Surface Shell . . . First View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Cylinder 2 . . . . . . . . . .2 3. . . . . . . . . . . . .Optional Challenge 9. . . . . . . . . . . .3 4. . . . . . . . . . .1 7. 5 Task 3 . . . . . . . . . . Create a shell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Start Domed-Cylinder . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8. 6 Task 4 . . . . . . . .2 4.for information ONLY . . .4 6. Addition of tube at 45 degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . .2 Modification of existing fitting . . . . . . . .Initial Drawing 4. . . .

. . .5 Start Part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 3. . Base Shape . . .Shaft 5. . . . . . Printing a Drawing . . . . . . . . Edit Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 2. . . Fillets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cosmetic Thread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise 11: Component Assembly and GA Drawings 1 Additional Parts 2 Sub-Assembly 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Belt Groove . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 3. . . . . . . 5 Task 2 . . . . .3 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Start Assembly . . . . . . . . . .7 Base Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fillets . . . . . . . . 63 64 64 64 64 65 65 66 Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Keyway . . . Isometric View . . . . . .4 4. . . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Exercise 10: Assembly Components and Part Drawing(2) 1 Key 2 Getting Started 3 Task 1 Pulley 3. . . . . . . . . Woodruff Keyway . . .4 2. . . . .5 5. . . . . M12 Bolt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Setting the overall Drawing Scale . . . . . . . . . .3 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Keeper Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 5. . . . . . . . . . Initial Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 50 50 51 51 52 52 52 52 54 54 55 56 57 58 59 59 60 60 61 62 62 62 4 Task 2 2D Drawing of the Pulley 4. . . . . .1 4. . . .4 5. .2 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tidy Drawing . . . .2 5. . Shaft Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sectioned Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Analysis . Thicken Flange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional View . . . .6 2. . .2 5. . . .1 Suppress . . .10 Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transparency . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Drawing 2 (Optional) 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roller Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mounting Holes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sub-Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pulley . . .5 Load Drawing .7 2. . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Tensioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 3. . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Drawing 4. . . . . . Section View . . . 66 67 68 68 68 69 69 70 70 70 70 71 71 72 72 72 72 72 73 74 74 74 75 75 75 76 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 4.3 4. . . . . .4 4. . . . . . . . Datum Planes . . . . . . . . . . Patterned Holes . . . . . . .9 Simplification . . . . . . . . . . Remove Cut . . . . . . . . . .2 3. . . . .4 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise 12: Assemblies (2) Exercise 13: Component Design Exercise 14: Dynamic Assembly (1) 1 Dynamic Analysis 6 79 81 85 87 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis . . 5 Modified Pulley (Optional) 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Main Assembly 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Resume . . . . . Woodruff Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Load . . . BOM Ballons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .Adding Tabs to the Chassis 6. . . . . . . . . . .2 Flat wall . . . . . 104 104 105 7 Task 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Robot Chassis 4. . . . . . . .Predefined wall extensions 7 . . . . .2 3. .1 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 6. . . .Extruded Bracket 3 Task 2 . . . . 100 101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .GA drawing 2 93 94 94 95 95 Exercise 16: Sheetmetal 1 Sheetmetal Fundamentals 2 Task 1 . . .2 Solid Model of chassis Conversion of chassis to sheetmetal . . . . . . . . . Conrod Sub-Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise 15: Dynamic Assembly (2) 1 Task 1 . . . . .3 Manual Movement . . . . . . . .3 Crankshaft Sub-Assembly . . . . . . . . . .Static Assembly 2 3 Task 3 . .Copying Tabs 8 Task 7 .2 Dynamic Model Assembly 2. .Dynamic Assembly of lift mechanism 4 Task 4 . . . . . 97 98 98 99 99 2-D drawing .3 ’Flat Wall’ Tab . . . . . 103 Bend relief . . . . . . Results Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Second Drawing Sheet + Development . . . . . . .Adding an additional Wall 1 3. . . . .1 2. . . .‘Ripping’ the 3-D model 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Static Assembly 1 2 Task 2 . . . . . .1 3. . . . . . . . . . .1 4. . . . . . . . . . . . .2 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Drawing Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 4 Task 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 6. . . . . . . . . . 88 88 89 89 89 90 90 91 3 Manipulation of Dynamic Assembly 3. . . . . . . . Piston Sub-Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automatic/Driven . . . . 103 103 6 Task 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 5. . 102 102 5 Task 4 . . . . . . .2 Insert ‘rips’ . . . . . . . . . . .

ProCAD. drilling. Features fall into three main categories. a trend becoming more common in engineering applications. Creo’s terminology for a single component. e. CADKey CATIA. the selection of a piece of stock material followed by a series of manufacturing processes. Pro/Desktop. nv (Unigraphics). in contrast to purely 2-D and surface modellers.Introduction to CAD . milling. The version used in this course is Creo Parametric 1. + ∼ 1800 ∼1700 1960’s 1970’s 1980 → 2000 Current Cost Cheap Decreasing Increasing up to £2000 Up to ∼£3000 Up to ∼£100. Creo has direct analogues for most of these operations as various types of FEATURES which can be combined to generate a complete representation of a PART. This means that explicit relationships can be established between design variables and changes can be made at any point in the modelling process and the whole model train will be updated. Creo (ProEngineer) (PC Based .Visio. welding/sticking.(Creo Parametric) 1 Background Methods of Recording. but also has parametric functionality and is fully associativity. 8 . Transferring & Illustrating Design Information Method Freehand Sketching Isometric 2D Drawing 2D CAD 2/3D CAD 3D Modellers Manual Autosketch.C. etc AutoCAD. CoCreate. Spaceclaim) System Still the basis for most designers Date 3000 B. The method of constructing a model of an object can be considered similar to that followed in the production of a physical component. It is one of the newer generation of systems that not only offer a full 3-D solid modeller. Sketched and Pick and Place.g. For example the manufacture of the shaped block in Figure 0:1 would start with the choice of construction environment.000 Up to ∼£5000 2 Overview of Creo Creo Parametric (Previously known as Pro/ENGINEER (Pro/E for short)) is a commercial mechanical CAD/CAM package that is widely used in industry. Solidedge.Solidworks. Datum.0 which has a new icon based user interface.

Figure 0:1: Comparison of physical and Creo methods of part construction 2.1 Datum Features These features are purely used as an aid to the construction of the part.1.) 9 . to effectively generate default x-y. • Datums These are an extension of the idea of construction lines as used on a traditional drawing. a number of various forms are available the most commonly used are the: • Csys Coordinate systems which aid in the orientation of additional features and the assembly of the part in to subsequent assemblies. Additional forms include DATUM AXES. CSYS feature is normally the first feature in a part definition and is used as the basis for the placement of all subsequent features.1 Features 2. The most used type is a DATUM PLANE which allows a 2-D reference plane to be defined in space. DATUM POINTS and DATUM CURVES. Mid in the CUED standard part. immediately after the initial coordinate system. Top. It is normal to add three DEFAULT datum planes. x-z and y-z planes (called respectively Front.

2 Sketched (Base) Features These features are so named because they all involve the use of the SKETCHER mode within Creo. This is a specialised version of the protrusion function. This has a parallel in physical construction where the adding of chamfers. a chamfer on an edge generated by a cut or protrusion. it should be noted that Creo produces a HISTORY based model in which features can be dependant on one or more previous features for their definition. These PARENT-CHILD dependencies mean that when a parent feature is modified its children are automatically revised to reflect the changes. ROUNDS and CHAMFERS. In most cases it is best to leave in definition of Pick and Place features until the end of the design to reduce these problems. and is used to produce the base solid entity of the part. The main features that use this functionality are: • Extrude/Revolve (Protrusions) Using these features material can be added to/taken away from a part by sketching a cross-section and then extruding/revolving/sweeping the section to produce a 3-D solid/cut.g. Care should be taken not to remove references used by child features.2. e.1.3 Pick and Place (or Referenced) Features Pick and place features derive their form from existing geometry and do not need to be sketched e. However. The action to produce the required effect has been preprogrammed into Creo. (see below for more details on its use). 10 . • Sweep/Blend These features allow the user to define more complicated protrusions with multiple cross-sections • Style/Wrap More advanced Surfacing and distortion features • Rib This allows the user to produce a thin rib or web. individual features can be selected and the associated parameters/dimensions changed.g. thus only requiring the user to indicate the position of the operation on the existing model. A additive protrusion is normally the first non-constructional feature in a part. HOLES. rounds and holes etc is left as late as possible to reduce measurement difficulties. 2.1. 2.2 Modification of Features The parametric nature of Creo Parametric that the modification of features is relatively easy.

11 . Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session. 2.B. Creo Parametric (Previously known as Pro/Engineer) from PTC. A Cylindrical Spacer using a extruded section. Problem Use Creo to model the following parts: 1. N. PLEASE MAKE SURE YOU HAVE PUT YOUR NAME. GROUP AND COLLEGE ON YOUR PRINTOUTS. LAB. THESE SHOULD BE PUT IN THE ’POST BOX’ ONCE THEY HAVE BEEN SIGNED UP.Exercise 8 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This exercise gives a introduction to the use of an industrial standard solid modelling CAD package. Keeper plate using a revolved section + additional features 3. Clamp & Non-functional Block Sketch and then model items by combining a number of Creo ’features’.

Middle Mouse Button (left/right) Shift . which will be used to store the work for each of the drawing exercises.g. menu items etc. ex13 14. the orientation and the display mode. In addition the orientation can be manipulated with a combination of the Ctrl/Shift keys and the mouse. (If in Linux switch the computer off and on again.) . e.Middle Mouse Button (up/down) Ctrl .Middle Mouse Button Spin Zoom in/out Turn Translate/Pan Action N. Then enter windows at the prompt.B. 12 . These are listed below: Font Used Bold/Times: CAPITALS: Italic: Bold/Helvetica: Item menu item WINDOW/TAB and Group TITLE Keyboard inputs [hotkey] Hint Abbreviation LMB MMB RMB Action Left Mouse Button Middle Mouse Button Right Mouse Button Menu items followed by a → indicate that the user should follow the input to a cascaded or flyout menu. Within this area are a number of predefined directories.B. This will start the package. Central to the use of the package is the ability to obtain the best view of the object you are constructing. In many cases the choices required are the default and therefore do not need to be individually selected. ex8 9. For further infomation on mouse actions see the quick reference quide at the end of Exercise 8 2 Getting Started • Ensure you system is booted into Windows. close with OK.Middle Mouse Button Ctrl . The Ctrl key can normally be released once the action has been initiated.. and set the working directory (where your files will be stored) to F:\\userid\ptc\.1 Key To aid in the use of this handout a number of conventions/fonts/abbreviations have been used to indicate the difference between keyboard entry.) • Start Creo using the icon ( ) on the desktop. Access to commands affecting the display are concentrated under the VIEW group menu and the top icon bar. To change to the directory for this exercise select FILE → Set Working Directory (or use the hotkey option cd) and then select the directory ex8 9 from the file browser window. Key/Mouse (N. Tab titles.. ex10 12.B. N.

Moving the mouse over the main window will highlight (in light green) each of the possible sketch planes.1 Starting an Extrusion Create a base protrusion (stock material) by ) from the CUED model ribbon.3 Creating a Part Use the LMB to select the NEW icon ( ) on the top menu bar. here however use the internal sketch option by RMB→Define Internal Sketch. This will open a SKETCH window and a prompt in the message window to ”Select a plane or surface to define sketch plane”. This will initiate a procedure to set up the default coordinate system and datum planes (Front. Top) which will appear in the main window. type spacer1 xxx123 (where xxx123 is your userid) and then press ENTER or click (LMB) on OK. often used to generate an initial part (c. this will initiate the ) overlaying the icon ribbon. The brown Datum icons ( can be used to toggle the display of datum features Cylindrical Spacer Extruded Sketched X-section (a) (b) Figure 8:1: (a) Example Cylindrical Spacer (b) ‘Extrude Tool’ used to generate Spacer 4 Task 1 . as shown in figures 8:1 (a) & (b). Mid.f.B. selecting the Extrude Tool icon ( ’Extrude Dashboard’ ( • Create a Section It is possible to use an exisiting sketch as the basis of a sketched feature.Extruded Section The ”Extrude” function. 4. is used to produce the basis of a cylindrical spacer. After a few seconds a menu will appear prompting for the name of a part. this will start an automatic procedure to generate a new part using the default course settings. ) in the ribbon bar or quick access toolbar N. 13 . the concept of stock material in a workshop).

Any further drawing on this plane will be referenced to this temporary coordinate system. N. It can be useful at this stage to Deselect the Datum Plane icon to simplify display) 4. without using RMB→Define Internal Sketch. Sketch is highlighted on a raised button in the menu and can thus be selected as the default option in the menu by pressing the MMB (with the pointer in the main window).Section Menu Using the LMB. Should you need to change or add to the reference start the REFERENCES window. Sketching a Section 14 . An arrow indicates the direction of view of the sketch plane The direction can be changed using the Flip button. (N. just selecting the required sketching plane. will automatically open the sketcher 3. by selecting Sketch. 2.B. The sketchplane can be presented on the screen in any angle and a preferred orientation can be selected by using the reference and orientation menu items.B. select the plane FRONT when highlighted or in the Model Tree window. see above. which lists the entities that have been choosen as default references and indicated in the sketching window by light blue dash-dot-dot lines. 1. In this example the default references should be ‘F1(MID)’ and ‘F2(TOP)’ thus select (LMB) Close . in this example any direction will be suitable. In most cases Creo makes an intelligent guess at the required orientation and therefore the default can be accepted. In this case choose the defaults. Immediately the menu will be populated with default values and also indicated on the main window. (Dimension References) To automatically dimension any entity drawn the system needs a local dimensioning reference.B. If you are confident of the view you wish to use. When the sketcher mode is entered the system automatically selects default references suitable for dimensioning the sketch. N. from SETUP →References.

of arbitary size. no un attached lies or double lines are filled in in light orange. centered on the intersection of the reference lines. The values are based on the screen resolution/setup and any previous components of the part. (It is worthwhile spending some time familiarising yourself with the sketcher mode .add lines. Multiple entities can be selected by dragging a boundary using the LMB (Should artifacts be left on the window use the Repaint icon in the quick access bar ( ) or the hot-key sequences (CTRL) + R or vr) to refresh the screen. click/select (LMB) to set the centre then drag the pointer and click/select to define the circle radius. draw two concentric circles.) Although the dimensions for our spacer are not correct at this stage the sketch 15 . accessed via either the circle icon (in the ribbon) or by selecting the Circle entry on the floating menu (Opened by using the RMB while the pointer is over the main drawing window). enclosed areas. Using the sketch circle function. which are displayed in grey. To delete unwanted items. select the entity (line will turn green) and then select delete by holding down RMB → Delete. e.Figure 8:2: Initial sketcher mode layout. To draw a circle move the pointer. rectangles etc and then delete them.) (Sections suitable for extrusion. see Figure 8:2. Once drawn the system will allocate default dimensions to the entities. click MMB once to end the operation and to return to standard pointer. Note : (a) The pointer has ‘intellegence’ and snaps as it approaches an intersection/circle centre/line etc (b)Pressing MMB once while drawing an entity will abort the operation and return to the standard select option. (modified to a cross once the circle function has been selected) over the intersection. Click LMB once to place circle.g.

Use MMB in conjuction with SHIFT and CTRL to pand and zoom respectively. • Depth ( ) The left depth icon allows the user to select details of the extent of the extrusion. Enter value in the field on dashboard 2. 3. Selecting and dragging the square handle (small white square. These options are available by choosing VIEW pull down menu or from the icon bar ( )( ).”) Adjust the depth to 32 by chosing one of the following techniques: 1. 4. This changes the colour of the extrusion to orange and re-enables the protrusion dashboard. Note it can be difficult to acccurately choose a value using this technique. accept the default (”Extrude from sketch plane by a specified depth value. Double clicking. 1.3 Edit Profile Dimensions There are several ways of modifying a features dimensions. on axis) on the extrusion in the main window. The defining dimensions are displayed in the main window.g. RMB→ OK or hotkey sx (Sketch eXit). on the dimension in the main window and entering the required value. You can also reset the view and repaint it. Once completed the protrusion can be accepted by selecting the tick ( N.2 Review/Display The Protrusion can now be rotated and/shaded to improve the view of the feature. Select the value to be modified (double click LMB) and enter the value at the prompt. from the right hand end of the dashboard. Selecting the cross will cancel the generation of the feature.is complete and the sketcher mode can be exited be selecting the ‘Tick’ in the ribbon. • Solid/Surface ( ) Leave the default setting of the first and second dashboard icons. 16 .B. with LMB. the ”extrude as solid” option (first icon) selected. 2. Press the MMB to rotate the model. 4. including 1. If an error exists individual elements of the protrusion can be modified by re-selecting the appropriate icon. Select the feature (Extrude 1) in the Model Tree or drawing screen. (Highlight protrusion feature in light blue and select with LMB) and then using the RMB select Edit. Wireframe etc icons ( ) 3. Select Shading. e. • Exit ( ) ) or MMB. • Verify/Preview ( ) The defined feature can now be temporarily previewed by verify icon ( ).

(a) (b) Figure 8:3: (a) Editing the Outer diameter (b) Edit Definition. with the part displayed. Save Window) Print Screen To record the current work.5 Save Part Use the setup→ Save function or save icon ( ) to save the part in its current form. 4. The system will then prompt the user to save each of the components. To action the modifications select Regenerate from the ribbon. Dimension values switch from blue to green when they have been modified. (Hotkey sw. the outer diameter to 40 and the length to 80. the image will animate to the new dimensions. (To speed the exit process type either a or q (save all items or discard all items. If required the section can be redefined by selecting RMB→Edit Internal Sketch. N. selecting Edit internal sketch Modify the inner diameter to 13. (N.6 Exiting Creo If you need to exit Creo.B. Select the required feature and in the flyout menu (RMB) select Edit Definition which will return to the protrusion dashboard. MODEL TREE menu and then select PRINT Screen from the ribbon or the top menu bar. 4.B. in turn. respectively) at the prompt) 17 . The regenerate function can also be actioned by (a) Using the hotkeys rg (b) Selecting the Regenerate icon 2. select FILE→Exit. arrange the windows on the desktop to show the main drawing window. Where the feature can be edited and previewed prior to regeneration. constructed to date.4 4.

using a revolved cross-section to define the solid material. The procedure is very similar to the previous example and therefore less explanation has been included 5. 18 .Keeper Plate Cylindrical Spacer Revolved Sketched X-section Figure 8:4: Revolve Tool used to generate Spacer This example demonstrates an alternative method of producing a spacer. (xxx123=userid) Selecting OK will set up the default datum planes as in the last Task 5.1 New part Select the NEW PART icon again and name the new part keeper xxx123. reference plane and orientation. Accept the default drawing references Figure 8:5: Axis of rotation and cross-section for the revolved section.5 Task 2 .2 Revolved Feature Select the Revolve Tool icon ( ) and then systematically work from left → right along the dashboard • Section Use the internal sketch option (RMB → Define Internal Sketch) and choose FRONT as the sketch plane and accept the defaults for the direction.

The dimension pulldown menu has standard dimensions and recently used dimensions. the outer radius to 40 and the length to 9. 19 . 2. It can be changed into the axis-of-rotation via RMB→Axis of Rotation. (a) (b) Figure 8:6: (a) Use drag handles (white square) to dynamically adjust the angle of rotation (b) Preview of 360o revolved section • Edit Experiment using the drag handle to adjust the angle of rotation and then ensure that the dimension field is 360o. To define the axis of rotation select RMB → Centreline to choose the centreline tool.3 Edit . useful when switching between trial values. To redefine dimensions. Exit the sketcher mode using the ‘Tick’ in the ribbon bar (or RMB→OK [hotkey sx]). Using LMB to select and the RMB → Edit command change the inner radius to 13. see Figure 8:5 By default the soft dimensions chosen by the system are shown as one radius + a thickness. 3. select the RMB → Dimension tool and then select the two ends of the dimension required and then MMB to place the dimension.To complete the section it is neccessary to define both the axis of rotation and the revolved section 1. Use either the Rectangle or line functions to sketch one side of the spacer parallel to the axis of rotation. To place select (LMB) the intersection of the reference line and drag and reselect vertically above to produce a vertical centreline aligned to the reference origin. Do not forget to regenerate (select to update the values. • Preview ( • Exit ( ) Use the Verify/Preview icon to check the completed revolved entity ) Exit the revolve tool 5.

N. the most recently accepted edge is highlighted in red and is dynamically adjustable. Use it to add chamfers to each end of the bore. • Review Check.5 Create a ’Chamfer’ The chamfer tool ( Save Part Save the completed part using the save icon ( ) or FILE → Save . • Edges Although there are a large number of options.5.B.4 Create a ‘Round’ Selecting the round tool icon ( ) or hotkey xf eXtrude Fillet starts the ’round’/’fillet’ dashboard and a message prompt ‘Select an edge or chain of edges. 20 .0 mm • Edges Select the two edges of the bore 5. or a surface to create a round set’.5 mm. Print Select the window and then select PRINT→PrintScreen. preview and Exit round tool ) operates in a similar manner to the round tool. accept the defaults and using the highlight/select function select the two outer edges of the spacer. • Style Select the chamfer style to 45 x D • Size Set D to 1. • Radius Set the round radius to 3.

J.L. Bateman Jan 2012 21 .1 Task 3 . Long V. Figure 8:7: Orthographic views of a simple clamp Non-functional Blocks Further experiment with the techniques you have learnt so far by sketching and then modelling one or more entities similar to that shown in figure 8:8.G. (a) Sketch using ‘isometric paper’ (b) Corresponding CAD model A.2 Figure 8:8: Non-functional Blocks.Additional Components Clamp Using the supplied isometric paper or plain paper sketch the clamp shown in figure 8:7 and then use the techniques you have learnt to construct it by extruding. 6.6 6. using both solidfill and cuts. Johnson P.

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• N. 25 .7 Construction and Editing (aide-memoire) ⇓ • Select (RMB) required feature icon and wait for the dashboard to appear Base (Sketched) Feature Creation • If an internal sketch is required. Additional options available from the pull down menus below the dashboard icons ⇓ • Preview the feature to allow the system to check the feature’s parameters fully before accepting the feature • Click resume to return to the dashboard or the tick/X to exit the feature creation.B. Selectable with MMB as it is the default option) ⇓ • Set additional feature parameters (typically work from left → on dashboard. (N. RMB→ Define Internal Sketch • Select (RMB) required drawing surface (typically a datum plane or existing surface) • Accept the default references or select and additional plane for orientation of the sketcher view. ⇓ • Accept (reset or augment) the sketching references • Sketch required section • Exit sketcher with tick • Select OK from the sketch menu to return to the dashboard.B.

Methods for Editing a Feature EDIT • Select a feature. (N.B. If the model is complicated it can be easier to select in the model tree) • Use RMB to select Edit, shows all the dimensions used to define the feature in yellow in the main drawing window. • Use double click select to an dimension and then edit the value in the edit box. (Dimension will change green once it has been edited) • To action edit(s) select the regenerate icon, or use the hotkey rg EDIT DEFINITION • Select a feature. • Using RMB to select Edit Definition, returns the system to the feature definition dashboard. • Modify/Select feature options/parameters as if defining the initial feature. (N.B. Some changes may effect child features or references used by other components in an assembly) • Preview the changes and re-edit required • Exit the feature redefinition using the tick icon EDIT INTERNAL SKETCH • Select the main feature (or internal sketch from the menu tree) and RMB → Edit Definition returns the system to the feature definition dashboard as above. • Selecting RMB→Edit Internal Sketch over the main window or Sketch→Edit from the dashboard PLACEMENT menu returns the system to the SKETCH menu. • Selecting sketch initiates the Sketcher mode with the original settings. • Edit the sketch as required and exit using the Tick. (N.B. Deletion/modification of a line may cause child features to fail if they 26 are used as a reference.)

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Flange and Patterned Holes 7. Update Drawing Note the changes in the drawing and update the dimensions on the drawing. LAB. 33 . GROUP AND COLLEGE ON YOUR PRINTOUTS Overleaf are a number of questions designed to test your understanding of the tasks. 5. OPTIONAL CHALLENGE . the method of generating 2D drawings is introduced. The questions can be be answered during or after the whole exercise. but it is useful to refer to them as you undertake individual tasks.Exercise 9 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This exercise introduces some extensions to the techniques learnt in the previous lesson to model a water fitting.Modification of fitting PLEASE MAKE SURE YOU HAVE PUT YOUR NAME. Extrusion using an auxiliary plane 4. Initial Drawing 3. In addition. Problem 1. Cylinder/Domed-Cylinder Intersection 2. Parent/Child Relationships 6.

Why can one of the plain protrusions be placed before the domed cylinder and not the other? 4. Why do the two cylinders act differently when shelled? • Rearrange Protrusions/Shell Features Select (RMB) individual features (e.Questions 1.g.) Write your answers on the back of your last drawing. Why can you not place the shell before all the protrusions? 3. Why does the flange have to be added as an additional feature rather than as part of the first revolve with this type of model construction? 5. 34 . Why is the first of the mounting holes set at 55o and not 0o ? (N. 2. the extrudes and shell) and attempt to rearrange the order by dragging and dropping them in the Model Tree.B.

In addition the orientation can be manipulated with a combination of the Ctrl/Shift keys and the mouse. Key/Mouse (N.1 Key To aid in the use of this handout a number of conventions/fonts/abbreviations have been used to indicate the difference between keyboard entry. ex13 14. To change to the directory for this exercise select FILE → Set Working Directory (or use the hotkey option cd) and then select the directory ex8 9 from the file browser window. N.Middle Mouse Button Spin Zoom in/out Turn Translate/Pan Action N. These are listed below: Font Used Bold/Times: CAPITALS: Italic: Bold/Helvetica: Item menu item WINDOW/TAB and Group TITLE Keyboard inputs [hotkey] Hint Abbreviation LMB MMB RMB Action Left Mouse Button Middle Mouse Button Right Mouse Button Menu items followed by a → indicate that the user should follow the input to a cascaded or flyout menu. close with OK.B.. For further infomation on mouse actions see the quick reference quide at the end of Exercise 8 2 Getting Started • Ensure you system is booted into Windows. 35 . menu items etc.) . Tab titles. In many cases the choices required are the default and therefore do not need to be individually selected.Middle Mouse Button (up/down) Ctrl . ex10 12. and set the working directory (where your files will be stored) to F:\\userid\ptc\.Middle Mouse Button (left/right) Shift . Central to the use of the package is the ability to obtain the best view of the object you are constructing. ex8 9.B.) • Start Creo using the icon ( ) on the desktop. Within this area are a number of predefined directories.B. The Ctrl key can normally be released once the action has been initiated. the orientation and the display mode. e. This will start the package. Access to commands affecting the display are concentrated under the VIEW group menu and the top icon bar.Middle Mouse Button +Ctrl . which will be used to store the work for each of the drawing exercises. (If in Linux switch the computer off and on again.g.. Then enter windows at the prompt.

intersected by a second cylinder.Cylinder/ Domed-Cylinder Intersection Using the techniques described in exercise 8. Once drawn convert it to a axis-of-rotation via the RMB. 3.Figure 9:1: Construction of the initial revolved feature and first extrusion 3 Task 1 . see Figure 9:1.5 mm and an overall height of 100 mm.2 Start Domed-Cylinder Select the NEW PART icon again and name the Domed-Cylinder Section ) new part water fitting1 xxx123 → OK. To override the default radius dimension and generate a diameter is a 4 click operation.1 3. Using the dimension tool select (1) a base corner of the cylinder (2) the centreline (3) the corner again and finally MMB to place • Exit Exit the sketcher mode using the ‘Tick’ ( ) ) Accept Use the default 360o revolution. (xxx123=userid) • Start Revolved Extrusion ( Select the FRONT plane as the sketching plane and accept the default directions • Centreline Insert a vertical centreline/axis-of-rotation vertical aligned to the vertical reference (From the ‘line’ pullout menu or RMB → Centerline). check the completed • Preview/Exit ( entity and exit with the ( ) 36 .B. a dome radius of 37. N. • Dome Geometry Draw a half section of the cylinder. and set the defining dimensions to be a base diameter of 75 mm. produce a domed-ended cylinder.

horizontal offset 20 mm.e.Initial Drawing Even though the direct link from CAD to CAM (Computer aided manufacture) is increasingly common there is still a need to produce 2-D drawings.3 Cylinder Section Generate a intersecting cylinder by using the extrude tool to generate a protrusion from the MID datum plane. the repaint icon ( ) or ’vr’ to refresh the display Save Part Use the FILE → Save function or ( form. vertical position 20 mm and then exit the sketcher mode. diameter 15 mm. • Preview and Accept ( . 37 . • Start Extrusion ( ) Select the MID plane as the sketching plane and accept the default directions • Cylinder Geometry Sketch a small circle in approximately the right position and then dimension as shown in Figure 9:2. i. in Creo this is a relatively painless procedure as the hard work has already been completed in the model generation. ). select VIEW→Repaint. If the screen becomes confused due to incorrect redrawing. ) to save the part in its current Print Display the main window and MODEL TREE menu on the screen and select ( ) 4 Task 2 .Figure 9:2: Sketcher layout of cylinder 3. • Depth Set the extrusion to a blind depth of 75 mm.

a pencil sketch on paper is often faster than the generation of complex CAD constructions when trying to get a feel for orientation. ensure that this is selected. when constructing a model it is often useful to be able to see a standard set of orthogonal views of the object or assembly being drawn. ensure the Empty with format option is selected and the format field is a4 part.In addition. wfitting and select OK The NEW DRAWING menu should now appear. The drawing can aid with visualisation and with design. use the WINDOW menu.1 Start a Drawing (By default the system attempts to draw the currently active solid model. 38 . so to draw the water fitting. ensure that the default model field is water fitting. If required reselect the window. and sizing etc. or reload/open the model) To open a new drawing select FILE→New→drawing. Figure 9:3: Initial General View and Orientated of master view 4. The advantage of the associativity of packages like Creo mean that as features are added or dimensions changed the model and drawing are both updated 4.prt.frm.2 First View To generate and locate the first view Figure 9:4: Setting initial view orientation • Insert View select RMB → Insert General View or INSERT →Drawing View → general. (Use the browse facility if required) Selecting OK will initiate the drawing window. Enter the name of the drawing.

39 . 4. and add specific dims using Select show ( choose the dimension you wish to include. the system will ensure that the correct projection is shown. A number of predefined named views are available and normally enable the initial view to be placed simply. 4. Selecting (LMB) a position near the bottom right of the drawing surface will result in a default (isometric) view being placed followed by the opening of the DRAWING VIEW window. Use RMB → Insert Projection View. there may be duplicate or superfluous dimensions. Select OK to exit back to the drawing.B. See the scrollable list shown when the views names in model option is selected. Drawing Dimensions Add the basic dimensions the drawing using the ‘Show Ann’ (otations) function ( ) as above. ( ) N. select the view e.3 Additional Views Additional views can now be added. No Hidden (and Wireframe) can be used if required. Review and correct if required. Select the axis icon and either choose Select all or individual axis. Using the default menu choices add two more views to your drawing. If an existing view is selected the system assumes that the next view required is a projection.B. these can be deleted by selecting RMB→Delete. (If the view does not move deselect the Lock View Movement option from the RMB context sensitive menu) • Set Display mode Select the Hidden Line display option ( ) on the icon bar and deselect the datum icons to display a clean drawing. • Relocate views Using LMB to select a view (highlighted in with a red box) and then holding LMB down drag the view to the required location. • Add View Select the view you wish to project from using the LMB. with the view orientated automatically. • View Orientation The Orientation functions can be used to obtain the direction of a view.4 Display Centerlines Select Annotate → Show Ann or ( ) to open the Show Annotations window. Print Display the main window and MODEL TREE menu on the screen and select Print Screen ( ).g. set in the VIEW TYPES mode. the view will be highlighted with a dashed red box. A suitable master view for this drawing is probably FRONT or BACK.B. Select with LMB in a clear area of the drawing to deselect a view. N. see Figure 9:4. ) and N. • Placement Use the LMB over the drawing area to select the position of the two views. Front and then Apply.• Placement The user is now requested to choose the location for the master view by a prompt in the message window ‘select CENTER POINT for drawing view.

The cylinder intersects with the domed-end of the main cylinder and extends to 75mm from the centerline. sketch your 40 . Figure 9:6 is an incomplete version of the drawing.Figure 9:5: (a) Show-Erase Menu (b) Accept All 5 Task 3 .Cylinder/Dome Intersection Figure 9:6: Incomplete drawing of the second extrusion intersection In this task the extrude function is used with an auxiliary plane together with a non-blind depth.

Tangent Point in the middle of line Align line/point Symmetry about C-line Equal lengths Parallel • Direction Ensure the extrusion is towards the existing model.2 Intersection Drawing Review re-activate the ‘wfitting’ drawing and after selecting no-hidden Save and Print Screen 41 .e. choose the Datum Plane Tool ( ) from the ribbon bar. The group can be expanded to allow edit access to the individual features. (i. ). 5. 5.estimate of the line of intersection on each of the views. see Figure 9:7(a). Sketch a second protrusion. N. diameter 35 mm and tangent to the top of the dome. Check (modify) the Sketch Orientation and then exit the SECTION window. • Depth select Upto Surface ( ).. 2. Start an extruded feature with ) or hotket x1 eXtrude 1 sided. Select the FRONT plane to complete the Reference in the DATUM PLANE→Placement window that opens 3. us ( • Preview and Accept ( . Check your answer once you have completed the next section..B. The tangent constraint can be achieved either by adjusting the dimensions or using a fixed constraint which adapts to future changes in dimensions etc. Set the Offset (Translation) to 75 mm → OK 4. Selecting the top of the dome and the circle of the cylinder will force a tangent constraint Constraint Actions Make lines vertical Make lines horizontal Perpendicular 7. The group (as can other features) can be renamed with select RMB→Rename 5. ( • Generate section When prompted to ‘Select a plane. starting from a plane ‘offset’ from another plane) is very similar to the that of a normal extrusion but with the additional requirement of defining an new datum plane. ). accept the default dimension references 6.’ a new plane is required : 1.1 Cylinder 2 The generation of the offset extrusion. To fix an tangent constrain select the tangent constraint icon ( ) from the constraints menu. The combination of the datum plane and extrusion are combined as a Group. Exit the Sketcher Mode with ‘Tick’. denote hidden lines of intersection as dashed line. see the MODEL TREE. to flip.

redefine the shell to include the end faces of the extrusions. 6. active. • Select the shell feature in the MODEL TREE menu and then RMB → Edit Definition. select via the WINDOW pull-down menu. eXtrude Shell.(a) (b) Figure 9:7: (a) Set Material Depth (b) Completed Modified fitting 6 Task 4 . Reordering Model Tree Select the shell feature in the MODEL TREE menu and the drag/drop. Select (LMB) the flat surface at the base of the domed-cylinder. ) when complete). all features are children of the initial datum planes. in the tree. • Exit the shell tool 42 .3 6.5 Multiple Surface Shell To allow access for liquid via the side ports of the fitting. 6. switches to surface).1 6. and note that the drawing has been updated.) In this task the modified domed-cylinder is ‘shelled’ and the position of the shell operation/feature is moved in the model tree. at the bottom right of the window. before the various protrusions. • Add the two end faces using <CTRL> and LMB selection.packages. (note the selection filter. Note the effect after each insertion.4 Check Drawing Reload the Drawing window.Parent/Child Relationships Creo Parametric is a history based CAD package. where features can be dependant on previous features. Complete the shell by setting the (wall) thickness to 3. ( . In most case.B.(N.2 Activate Domed-Cylinder Ensure that the Water Fitting window is Create a shell Activate the shell tool. 6.0 mm. ( ) or hotket xs.

see Figure 9:8. Using either a extrude or a revolved section add an additional 20 mm thick x 120 mm OD flange to the base of the domed-cylinder. This will ensure that the flange remains attached if the cylinder length is altered. 43 . ( ) 7. together with 4 x φ10.Figure 9:8: Water fitting with mounting flange 7 Task 5 . 2. even if its dimensions are changed.1 Extruded Flange Notes 1. ensure that (a) The attachment edge is ‘aligned’ to the end of the cylinder (b) The inner diameter is aligned to the inner diameter of the cylinder.Mounting Flange The water fitting is designed to bolt to the end of a pipe with a flanged-joint.2 Revolved Flange Notes 1. as generated by the shelling operation. 7. In order that the flange is always attached to the end of of the domed-cylinder. Make the internal radius of the flange identical to that of the domed-cylinder by using the ’equal dimension’ constraint.5 mm holes equi-spaced on a 100mm PCD. Although it may be possible to use an existing datum plane as the sketching plane it is recommended to use the end of the domed-cylinder.

3) defined a simple hole on a PCD offset at an angle (55o ) from a datum. At the Number of Pattern Members (1) field (second from left) enter 4 Exit the dashboard ( ) and after a few seconds the pattern should appear on the part and in the MODEL TREE.g flange thickness is changed. Select a point on the flat surface of the flange. (It may be necessary to rotate the model around to see this dimension clearly. Hole Type Select a Simple Hole Hole Dimensions Set the Diameter to 10. 7.5 mm diameter clearance hole. This angle can now be used to duplicate the holes. Highlight the second reference field and select the axis of the domed cylinder unit as the Axial Reference 4. (PCD) to 100 mm 5. 44 .4 Patterned Holes The previous section (7. Select hole feature from the model tree or from the main drawing window and then using RMB → Pattern (or EDIT → pattern) activate the Pattern dashboard.7. e.5 mm Depth . 1. A dimension increment enter box will appear. In response to the request to ‘Select dimensions to vary in the first direction’ select the offset angle of 55o. Hole Placement 1.3 Mounting Holes Use the Hole Tool ( ) to model a simple φ10. Using <CTRL> and LMB.) 2. 2. change to 90. 3. Select Placement Type Diameter 3.Upto next surface ( ) This option ensures the hole depth will be automatically adjusted if the surface is moved. select a datum plane (typically FRONT or TOP) as the angular reference and set the angle to 55o . Set the Pitch Circle Diameter. initially set to 55.

8 Drawing 2 (Updated) Reselect the window containing the drawing. 8. to change default number display and therefore implied accuracy) (a) (b) (c) Figure 9:9: Examples of context sensitive Pull out Menus. and from the INSERT and FORMAT menus. to tidy the dimensioning etc. A large number functions are available via the RMB context sensitive menus. see Figure 9:9. (Also see Figure 9:10) • Cleanup Dimensions: Multiple selection → RMB automatically aligns dimensions on a user definable spacing. and see that the drawing has been updated. • Text Style: Change text in multiple dimensions etc. MMB to stop. format.. • Flip Arrows: Single or Multiple selection allows dimension arrows to be realigned • Properties (Background): Allows sheet/layout to be changed • Properties (Single): Change value. except : • Set Default Orientation to Isometric 45 . • Move Item to View: Single or Multiple selection allows dimension etc to be switched between views. 8. (a) On background (b) On selection of 1 dimension (c) Multiple dimension selection Use the functions. To add a general view select RMB → Insert General View Accept the default settings. details about some are given below. font etc.2 Isometric View The advantage of CAD is that it is relatively easy to add additional views. It is often useful to add an Isometric view to aid visualisation. LMB to exit move.1 Tidy Drawing The position of symbols and text can be moved using the LMB to select a item which can then be dragged to the required position. (See FORMAT → Decimal Places.

3 Printing a Drawing .B. see Figure 9:10. • Select MS print control 46 . To print the whole drawing either select VIEW→ ORIENTATION → View Refit or use LMB + CTRL to zoom to the required view. By default the system prints the drawing that is visible on the screen.for information ONLY **** USE Print Screen for this exercise (see above)**** N.B. Some printers may not allow the printing of shaded views • Select the printer icon or Print from the File/Setup menu. N.Figure 9:10: Example of a dimensioned drawing of the completed water fitting • Select SCALE → Custom Scale and set an appropriate scale • Place and orientate the view in a blank part of the drawing. Print Display the main window and MODEL TREE menu on the screen and select Print Screen from the top menu bar or the print pull down menu 8.

see Figure 9:11. 1.Optional Challenge Once you have had your work checked by a demonstrator. Select and suppress the extruded tubes 47 . Figure 9:11: Adjusted fitting 9. Select the initial revolved section and using the RMB→ edit modify the height to 50mm. NB however some orders of operation will not work due to ’Parent-Child’ relationship problems. The order of operations below will work. but there are are other routes to the same result.1 Modification of existing fitting The main structure can adjusted to the new shape by simply selecting individual features and using the RMB to access the Edit and Edit Definition facilities. Edit the definition of the shell to remove the end surfaces of the extruded tubes 3. investigate further the functions you have been using by adjusting and then adding to your model to obtain a fitting similar to the one drawn in the last hand drawing exercise. Do not forget to regenerate! 2.9 Task 6 .

Bateman Jan 2012 48 .. 1.2 Addition of tube at 45 degree There are a number of different ways of producing the required extrusion. Add and pattern flange holes A. e. Add ’Coaxial’ hole up to the next surface 7.J.. extrusion and cut. The method here uses offset datum planes. revolved section. (NB Useful to add a secondary master datum plane if it is likely that other offset datum planes are going to be required.L. Extrude main tube as a solid up to the surface of the dome 5. a technique that works well with models that might require dimensions to be changed.g.9.G. Add the flange by extruding from the datum plane (or end surface of the tube) 6. Add a auxiliary datum plane through the new axis at 45o to the existing horizontal/vertical. Johnson P. Add a auxiliary datum axis through two of the primary datum planes 2. Long V. Add new offset datum plane 4.) 3.

Pulley 2. Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work after each item has been completed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session.B. Drawing of the Shaft N. Drawing of the Pulley 3. Problem Use Creo to model draw the following sample parts: 1. to model two components of a belt tensioner assembly The simplicity and power of CAD is then used to modify the pulley and produce an detail drawing. Shaft 4. 49 .Exercise 10 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction These tasks build on the experience gained in Exercises 8 and 9.

The Ctrl key can normally be released once the action has been initiated. the orientation and the display mode. N. ex8 9. In many cases the choices required are the default and therefore do not need to be individually selected.Middle Mouse Button Ctrl . Key/Mouse (N.. To change to the directory for this exercise select FILE → Set Working Directory (or use the hotkey option cd) and then select the directory ex10 12 from the file browser window. These are listed below: Font Used Bold/Times: CAPITALS: Italic: Bold/Helvetica: Item menu item WINDOW/TAB and Group TITLE Keyboard inputs [hotkey] Hint Abbreviation LMB MMB RMB Action Left Mouse Button Middle Mouse Button Right Mouse Button Menu items followed by a → indicate that the user should follow the input to a cascaded or flyout menu. Within this area are a number of predefined directories.B. which will be used to store the work for each of the drawing exercises. This will start the package. For further infomation on mouse actions see the quick reference quide at the end of Exercise 8 2 Getting Started • Ensure you system is booted into Windows. menu items etc. 50 . Access to commands affecting the display are concentrated under the VIEW group menu and the top icon bar.Middle Mouse Button Spin Zoom in/out Turn Translate/Pan Action N. Central to the use of the package is the ability to obtain the best view of the object you are constructing. • Start Creo using the icon ( ) on the desktop. Tab titles..g.1 Key To aid in the use of this handout a number of conventions/fonts/abbreviations have been used to indicate the difference between keyboard entry.) .B. ex13 14. close with OK.B. reboot and enter windows at the prompt if required. In addition the orientation can be manipulated with a combination of the Ctrl/Shift keys and the mouse.Middle Mouse Button (up/down) Ctrl . ex10 12.Middle Mouse Button (left/right) Shift . e. and set the working directory (where your files will be stored) to F:\\userid\ptc\.

) 1. (a) Section Dimensions & (b) Finished protrusion 51 . see Figure 10:1. (The pulley will be used again in Exercise 11. Add fillets (Round tool) 3.1 Start Part Use the New ( ) function to start a part called pulley xxx123 (xxx123 = userid) 13 25 5 Ø100 Ø36 Ø20 (a) (b) Figure 10:2: Basic Pulley Section. Use a ‘both’ sided cut to produce the keyway 4.Figure 10:1: Section of the basic Pulley 3 Task 1 Pulley Generate a model of a pulley. Revolve general shape 2. using the following constructional steps. Revolve a cut to generate the belt groove 3.

(a) Dimensions & (b) Pulley with the basic cut.’ option ( ) for depth.. Use the ‘ Extrude on both sides.2 Base Shape Use the basic revolve tool ( shape. where the system has choosen oversized dimensions. Draw the section oversize and only modify the one critical dimension.3. 3.. Use <CTRL> LMB select on the second and subsequent edge selections to ensure that all the rounds are part of one set. 1. 3 3 15° 15° Ø64 (a) (b) Figure 10:3: Belt groove. Select Lock Scale. and are driven by one dimension 52 . Figure 10:2(a) for dimensions. to generate the base shape of the belt groove in the pulley.8 (Depth 4mm) Cut Section (a) (b) Figure 10:4: Keyway. Figure 10:4. in the modify window. see Figure 10:3. ( ) with the remove material option.3 Belt Groove Again use the revolve tool. 3. to generate the keyway. ( ). and adjust one dimension to keep the general shape. to insert four 4 mm rounds in the groove and at the end of the pulley.5 Fillets Use the round tool. with the remove material option.4 Keyway Use the extrude tool. by default this sets the extrude depth symetrically about the sketch plane. ) to generate the basic pulley Occasionally it can be difficult to resize a complex sketch. see Figure 10:5(a). Select all the dimensions and RMB → Modify. (a) Dimensions & (b) Finished keyway 3.

( ) or hotkey sequence sw. 53 . using the Print Screen command accessed from the top menu or the Setup /File area. (Save Window). Save the model using the FILE →save.R4 R4 R4 (a) (b) Figure 10:5: Casting/Machined Fillets (a) Fillet Positions (b) Finished Pulley Print an image of the completed pulley.

0. • View Orientation By default the view will be places with Front parallel to the screen.0 is a suitable scale for this drawing. N. 0.g. 1:1 1:2 1:2. Re-orient the view as required using the predefined view names. see next section. 0. 4.2) 54 .25. Display type etc Adjust as required.1 Setting the overall Drawing Scale To change the overall scale of a drawing double click LMB on the scale information at the bottom left of the main window. At the prompt line enter the value you require. 0. Start a Drawing To open a new drawing select FILE→drawings→New Part drawing A4. e.5 1:4 1:5 (1. e. 1.5. Enter the name of the drawing.g.4. pulley and select Resume First View Generate and locate the first view • Insert View the first view by pressing LMB at the point on the cheet you wish the view to be.Figure 10:6: Dimensioned drawing of the Pulley 4 Task 2 2D Drawing of the Pulley Use the techniques learnt in exercise 9 to generate a 2-D drawing of the pulley. • Scale.Front and angles.B. Normally drawings scales are limited to multiples of standard scales.

Drawing Dimensions Add the basic dimensions the drawing using the ‘Show Ann’ ) as above. • 2D Section Selecting the option 2D cross-section and then pressing the add icon activates the section table. Selecting create opens the XSEC CREATE menu. ( ). the system will ensure that the correct projection is shown.Additional Views Again using the techniques used in exercise 9 add additional views. Use RMB → Insert Projection View. • Placement Use the LMB over the drawing area to select the position of the two views. ) and 4. • Sections Selecting the menu option Sections will open the SECTION Options sub-menu. • Relocate views Use the LMB to select a view (highlighted in with a red box) and then holding LMB down drag the view to the required location. to recap:• Add View Select the view you wish to project from using the LMB. and add specific dims using Select show ( (otations) function ( choose the dimension you wish to include. Single and Done). the view will be highlighted with a dashed red box. Select the axis icon and either choose Select all or individual axis. To change an existing view to a cross section • Drawing View Select the view you wish to change and use RMB → properties to start the DRAWING VIEW menu. 55 . select the view(s) you wish to operate on Select Annotate → Show Ann or ( ) to open the Show Annotations window.2 Sectioned Views As Creo is a solid modeller it can be used to automatically generate cross-sections. Accept the defaults (Planar. Figure 10:7: Drawing View/Sections menu completed for a half section view similar to that in figure 10:6 Display Centerlines Add centerlines to the drawing.

• Section Area The system offers a number of standard sectioning techniques. The Local section option allows small areas to be sectioned. Half.3 Tidy Drawing The position of symbols and text can be moved using the LMB to select a item which can then be dragged to the required position. see Section 5. see figure 10:7. Full. this is from ease of selecting and stability of the drawing should an associated dimension be changed in the model.and local options are considered here). normally a single letter. e. • Hatching Properties The system tries to make an intelligent guess at the required hatching spacing however it is a common requirement to modify this to match a particular material type or fit a detail. Reference and Boundary These options are only used for the Half and Local section options. (NB This is the last column in the table and may require the table to be scrolled). A is defined on the FRONT plane.B. The length and position of the arrows can be adjusted by selecting and dragging. MMB to stop. In the Half section option the Reference is used to define the plane at which the section begins. see figure 10:8. B . Arrow Display (Available for use with all sections) This option allows the user to place arrows on another view to indicate the line of the section. 4. Normally a datum plane in an adjacent projected view.• Section Name At the prompt enter the name for the section. Select the appropriate table cell and then the view required. Parts started with the CUED new part function will have sections A.MID and C . Full (Unfold) Full (Aligned) (Only the Full. the boundary option defines which side of the line is sectioned. LMB to exit move. 2. The spacing etc can be modified by selecting the hatching and then RMB → properties opens the MOD XHATCH menu. Details of the options required are: 1.7. Using the default option Plane select the plane of section you require. Half. Select the view on which to show the arrows. X. Local. Each require various amounts of additional information to be completed. N. The Reference is used to define a point near the center of the area to be setioned and the Boundary defines the extent of the section using a user defined spline. and from the ribbon ANNOTATE menu. (Decimal Places icon to change default number display and therefore implied accuracy) 56 .B and C predefined and the system will by default choose the most appropriate. Thus to produce a half section similar to that in Figure 10:6 select a reference plane through the middle of the pulley and then the area to be sectioned. OK closes the DRAWING VIEW menu. Selecting Spacing or Angle from this menu open sub-menus which allow the hatching to be changed by factors of two or to predfined values. A large number of functions are available via the RMB context sensitive menus. • Apply/OK Selecting Apply at any stage will cause the system to try and action the requested section. see Figure 10:9.g.TOP • Section plane The system now prompts the user for the plane of section via the SETUP PLANE menu.

to tidy the dimensioning etc.4 Isometric View The advantage of CAD is that it is relatively easy to add additional views.g. (a) On background (b) On selection of 1 dimension (c) Multiple dimension selection Use the functions. Scale. details about some are given below. To add a general view select RMB → Insert General View. • Move Item to View: Single or Multiple selection allows dimension etc to be switched between views. Figure 10:11. Set specific view properties from the DRAWING VIEW menu. e. (a) (b) (c) Figure 10:9: Examples of context sensitive Pull out Menus.Figure 10:8: (a) General Hatching modifcation menu (b) Spacing specific options (c) Angle specific options. 57 . (Also see Figure 10:10) • Cleanup Dimensions: Multiple selection → RMB automatically aligns dimensions on a user definable spacing. It is often useful to add an Isometric view to aid visualisation. • Flip Arrows: Single or Multiple selection allows dimension arrows to be realigned • Text Style: Change text in multiple dimensions etc. • Properties : Gives access to the DRAWING VIEW menu 4.

Figure 10:10: Detail of a dimensioned drawing of the Pulley Figure 10:11: Example of a view specific scaled general view the pulley N. By default the system prints the drawing that is visible on the screen. To print the whole drawing either select View Refit from the quick access menu or use MMB to zoom to the required view.5 Printing a Drawing 58 . 4.B.

The model has the dimensions shown in Figure 10:13.Shaft Generate a model of the main shaft. (a) Section dimensions & (b) Extrusion 5. 1. Add Cosmetic thread 5. Create a coaxial threaded hole 4. Revolve general shape .(See supplied blank below) 2.Figure 10:12: Shaft 5 Task 2 . 59 . Use a ‘both’ sided cut to produce the keyway 3. (Correct overall dimensions) 16 15 (150)* (See Note) 16 42 22 Ø32 Ø25 Ø25 Ø20 Ø16 (a) (b) Figure 10:13: Basic Shaft. NB the central section has been set to 15mm (NOT 150) at this stage to aid future modifications and screen manipulation. Open the file base shaft model and then rename to shaft shaft xxx123 (xxx123 = userid).1 Base Shape The base shape of the shaft is already in your directory ex10 12. see Figure 10:12 using the following constructional steps. Add fillets (Round function) 6.

2. Select both the central axis and end surface (using <CTRL> LMB.46 ø16 (Depth 3.) to automatic choose a coaxial placement. Drill Ø10.75. (a) Placement options & (b) Shape Options Using the options on the main dash board and the pull down Placement menu adjust the hole parameters to those given below. (a) (b) Figure 10:15: Hole dashboard. (a) Section dimensions & (b) finished keyway 5. generate a slot for a ‘Woodruff’ key in the shaft. Figure 10:15 shows the hole dashboard.5 mm) 13 (a) (b) Figure 10:14: ‘Woodruff’ Keyway. 24 Deep Hole Placement and Dimensions Finished construction 5.2 Woodruff Keyway Using a similar technique to that used to produce the keyslot in the pulley.3 Hole Use the hole tool ( ) to generate a threaded hole in the end of the shaft. (NB The type of e of the additional placement menu to change the default ‘linear’ placement to ‘coaxial’: 60 . 30 Deep Tap M12x1.

(Deselect Add Countersink) Leave as defaults. Internal angle 118. N.6.You will notice that the threaded portion of the hole is indicated in green in the wireframe mode.B.75 .Hole Type Hole Dimension Standard Hole. ISO.48. Tapped Hole. (some accessible from the PLACEMENT pulldown menu) Thread Surf Start Surf Direction Depth Major Diam Pitch Select the cylinder surface on which the thread will run End of the shaft Along the shaft (use Flip if required) 20 long 18 2 5.e. Use the Shape menu. Add Thread Surface. This will initiate a Cosmetic Thread definition ribbon requiring the following elements to be defined.‘Rounds’ function R1 R1 R1 Fillet Positions 61 Finished Shaft . This is described as a cosmetic feature as it indicates the position but not the full details which would require significant graphical processing. Hole Depth=30. M12 x 1. (a) (b) Figure 10:16: (a) Cosmetic Thread Ribbon showing Placement pulldown menu (b) Completed External Cosmetic thread Cosmetic Thread To add a cosmetic thread to the pulley end of the shaft create a cosmetic thread on an existing surface use MODEL → Cosmetic Thread. to see the detailed hole dimensions Select Preview. see Fig. (edit if required) and ‘Tick’ to complete. i. 10:15.4 Preview / re Define / OK the cosmetic thread. Fillets . Thread depth = 24.

6 Edit Dimensions Now that the feature definitions are complete.5 Fillets Place three 1 mm rounds (Fillets) on the shaft to reduce the stress concentration. Notice the additional scrolling etc required to obtain views at large scales. using the default settings for the round tool. Bateman Jan 2012 Shaft Drawing 62 . 5. Johnson P. Partially completed drawing of the shaft. Long V. (Use <CTRL> to choose multiple edges) 5. use the Edit command to change the central section of the shaft from 15 mm to 150 mm.J.5. A.G. Save the model. Print Arrange the windows on the screen and print a copy.7 Complete a basic dimensioned drawing of the shaft and then add additional views to generate a drawing as shown above.L.

. Shaft Sub-Assembly • Shaft • Keeper Plate • Bolt • Woodruff Key • Pulley • Nut • Check Interferences (Modify if required) 2. Problem Using Creo first create a sub-assembly of the shaft and then place this sub-assembly into a given housing and bearings. Modifying the pulley allows a single assembly (+ associated drawings) to be used for two configurations.B. Bearing Assembly • Assemble Shaft • Check Interferences • Insert Sub-Assembly • Check Interferences 3. 1. Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session.Exercise 11 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This task builds on the experience gained in the previous tasks. to build the tensioner unit as an assembly and produce an assembly drawing. Finally generate two assembly drawings showing two arrangements of the tensioner. Modify Pulley (Optional) • Generate Drawing • Update Drawing N. 63 . Drawing • Generate Drawing 4.

this can be done by either placing the shaft using the ‘Assemble component at default location’ tool ( or hotket ad. 2 2.prt from the list of files.B.Woodruff Key M12 Bolt Keeper Shaft Roller Bearing Pulley M18 Nut Figure 11:1: Shaft Sub-Assembly 1 Additional Parts To complete the following exercise you will require a number of additional components and assemblies. Placement Dashboard • Placement By default the system will try and automatically place the shaft in the main drawing window. To specifically place the shaft restraining constraints in three planes need to be added.e. You can limit the list of files to just parts by selecting TYPE part at the bottom of the window. Assembly icon or ( • Component Selection Select shaft xxx123. (If your version is missing use shaft mast. It is normal with the first component in an assembly to constrain it via it’s base coordinate system. Assemble Default. i. change directory to /ptc/ex10 12.2 Sub-Assembly Start Assembly using the (New) function start an assembly called shaftassy xxx123 (xxx123 = userid) Initial Component Insert the shaft as the initial component by using ) in the ribbon. or hotkey ap Assemble Part (or aw).1 2. these should be found in your directory ‘ex10 12’. 64 ) .prt) N. To ensure correct operation FILE → Set Working Directory (or hotkey cd) to ex10 12.

Datum planes. To manipulate the component being assembled use <CTRL><ALT> + mouse buttons or use the 3D dragger (selectable from the ribbon. Accept the placement with ( ) or MMB. These can be switched on/off via the quick access tool bar or hotkey sequences (ed . 2. which allows selection of specific motions. references can be re-picked by selecting the associated arrow in the menu and reselecting in the window.Cordinate systems.N. Figure 11:2: 3d Dragger 65 .4 Keeper Plate To assemble the Keeper Plate use the same basic command ). Keeper Plate Placement Constraints 2.B.prt).3 Exit If the references have been selected correctly the placement status should show ‘Fully Constrained’. To aid the selection of constraint references it is often useful to toggle the display of datum planes/axis/points/coordinate systems to simplify the view. keeper xxx123. ec .prt (or a master copy keeper mast.B. ea . then select your keeper plate from the structure as with the shaft. select ( previous session. N. i.e. ep .datum Points).Axis.

• ‘Hide’ removes the items from the screen • ‘Suppress’removes the items from the display and reduces regeneration calculations but keeps the assembly definitions. e. Leave the Allow Assumptions box ticked) • Review If you are not satisfied with the placement re-edit the constraints/references. Select the keeper and bolt from the screen or MODEL TREE and then RMB → Suppress or Hide.prt) in a similar manner to the Keeper Plate aligning (Coincident constraint) the axis with the Shaft axis and mating (Coincident constraint) the undersurface of the bolt head with the outer side of the Keeper Plate.• Coincident constraint using the axis of the shaft and the plate as references. N.6 Simplification To improve the response of the system and to remove screen clutter temporarily suppress or hide the keeper/bolt.B. is successful. It can be aided by choosing the driving feature first. (N. (Additional information on the exact placement constraints can be accesed vis the Placement pulldown menu.B. enter 0 mm or select coincident. It is often useful to use the RMB select option in conjunction with the SMART selection tool to ‘drill’ to the selection of references • Distance To restrict motion along the shaft add a second constraint. The keeper plate should now snap to the correct position and the Placement STATUS indicate ‘Fully Constrained’. N. If the system prompts for an offset dimension. TYPE Distance and choose the side of the keeper and the end of the shaft as the references. 66 . This constrains the keeper in the two dimensions perpendicular to the axis of the shaft. then click ( ) to accept the placement.e. i.B.g the major axis on an assembly.5 M12 Bolt Assemble the bolt (m12 bolt. In many cases the Automatic alignment function. allowing the system to guess the type of alignment. the system will then look for another axis + alignment as the preferred option Bolt Placement Constraints 2. 2.

prt • Constraints 1.Roller Bearing Placement Constraint 2. Distance/Coincident constrain the side of the bearing with the location shoulder on the shaft.7 Roller Bearing Assemble the roller bearing. • Check and Exit Woodruff Key Placement Constraints 67 . Use • Component roll bearing25x62. but at the opposite end of the shaft. Coincident constrain the bearing axis with the axis of the shaft and the bearing as references 2. again using the same basic command structure.

2.8

Woodruff Key The placement of the key ( woodruff xxx123.prt or

woodruff 16mm.prt) requires, depending on the method of construction, two or three constraints :-

• Constraints 1. Align the central-axis of the key with the axis of the circular cut used to generate the key slot, using a Coincident constraint. 2. Constrain the third dimension by aligning the central plane of the key with the centre plane of the shaft, using a Coincident constraint. 3. In some constructions the key will appear inverted. Correct this by adding another constraint, Parallel, using the surfaces/datums perpendicular to the center planes. N.B. Normally the system will prompt for an offset distance, even if the planes are not aligned. Accept the default values and then change the offset column to read oriented using the pulldown menu in the table cell. • Check the placement STATUS, redefine if required and accept with ( ).

2.9

Pulley Assemble the pulley ( pulley xxx123.prt or pulley mast.=prt) in a similar manner to the keeper plate and bolt, i.e. align with the central axis and mate the side of the pulley with the outer face of the roller bearing with the Coincident.
Check the relative orientation of the key/keyslots in the shaft and pulley. If incorrect add an additional Coincident constraint based on the datum planes or flat surfaces associated with the slots/key.

2.10

Nut Assemble the nut M18 nut.prt using the central axis and mating the flat surface to the outer surface of the pulley.

Shaft Interference Analysis 68

2.11

Analysis The system has numerous checking and analysis routine, one that is

useful on the completion of a (sub-)assembly is Global Interference to check that the parts are correctly defined/assembled. • Model Analysis From the ANALYSIS pull down menu select Model Analysis. In the new menu select analysis TYPE → Global Interference. Accept the default ). After a few seconds the system will return with setting by selecting ( information about any interferences in the lower scrollable window. • Correction Depending on the construction/errors made in the assembly there are likely to be one interference shown, the Woodruff Key with the associated volume of interference in mm3 . To correct this interference it is neccessary to understand the error and modify the parts or assembly settings. Checking the parts should show that the keyway slot is 3.5 mm wide and the Key 4 mm. Modify the slot width in the shaft to be 4 mm wide. N.B. Modification of parts can be carried out by reloading the individual part file or from the assembly itself. (Select SETTINGS (above model tree) → Tree Filters → Display Features (‘tick’) → OK will allow individual features to be accessed from the assembly MODEL TREE.) The box by the component’s name allows the feature information to be expanded/contracted. • Re-check Return to the assembly window, (reactivate if required) and re-run the analysis to confirm the interference has been eliminated.

2.12

Resume To return the components hidden/suppressed earlier,

(bearing/keeper/bolt), select RMB → unhide or EDIT → Resume → All.

Print Arrange the assembly on the screen, ensure that the MODEL TREE menu is
visible, and print using Print Scrn.

Save Save the assembly

69

Assemble Shaft assembly into the housing

Cut away model of the basic Tensioner

3

Main Assembly

The basis of the main assembly is given as a predefined file:

3.1

Tensioner Load the partially completed file of the total assembly, filename tensioner assy.asm. DO NOT assemble the tensioner assembly into the shaft!
N.B. The view looks partially complete as there is an active assembly cut, removing the front half of the housing to aid the location of the shaft sub-assembly.

Sub-Assembly. Locate the shaft sub-assembly into the Tensioner, using a similar manner to that used to align the keeper/bearing/pulley etc. Mate the inner surface of the Roller Bearing with the locating step in the left end of the housing, i.e. opposite end from the circlip/roller bearing. Align the central axis of the housing with that of the shaft.
N.B. The order of the choice of assembly references. If the axis alignment is chosen first the shaft will snap to the centre of the housing making the selection of the mating surface more difficult. An alternative method of assembly keeps the component in a separate window, see ‘separate window’ icon ( ) in the ribbon, prior to accepting the placement. When fully constrained review the constraints (redefine if required) and accept.

3.2

3.3

Analysis Rerun the model analysis to check the Global Interferences

This should show one interference between the shaft and the ballbearing. This is a result of the coincident/ zero Distance constrain of the keeper on the end of the shaft leaving only 16 mm for a 17 mm bearing and not allowing for a clamping force. This can be modified by either defining the ball bearing as part of the shaft sub-assembly and using stacked mate constraints. Or by adjusting the keeper placement by 1 mm. • Correction Switch the active window to the shaft assembly. Select the keeper plate from the window or MODEL TREE and then RMB → Edit Definition. When the placement window appears select the Distance constraint and set to 1 mm accept the placement. 70

ensure that the MODEL TREE menu is visible.B.4 Remove Cut • Display Features Ensure that the MODEL TREE display option to show features has been actioned. N. This technique is often used in parts/assemblies with a large number of features. N. The placement of the bolt is automatically updated as it is a ‘child’ of the keeper • Reload Return to the Tensioner assembly window. The amount of information transfer required to update the screen is significantly reduced thus increasing the update speed especially on slow graphics cards or on remote displays. N.5 Transparency Creo allows colours to be changed and textures/lighting and transparency etc to be modified.N. The transparency can be accessed through the hotkeys et Enable Transparency and te Transparency disEnable 71 . (Select SETTINGS (above model tree) → Tree Filters → Display Features (‘tick’) → OK) • Suppress Cut Select the assembly feature HOUSING CUT from the MODEL TREE. Print Arrange the assembly on the screen.B.B. Save Save the assembly 3. The assembly can be slow to orient in shaded mode. and print using Print Screen. (Remember to reactivate the window from the WINDOWS pulldown menu or CTRL-A) • Check Rerun the global interference analysis and confirm that the interference has been removed. 3. As an example select VIEW (pulldown) → Enable Transparency. the RMB → Suppress. to speed up placement zoom out reorient as a small item on the screen and then zoom in to the required magnification.B. HOUSING CUT is a standard extruded cut but the feature has been renamed (RMB→ Rename) to make it easier to identify in the model tree.

e.4 BOM Ballons Display the Bill Of Material ballons by selecting from the TABLE pull down menu • Select Create Balloon from the BOM BALLOON menu and then the cross section view to place the balloons.2 4.Figure 11:3: General Assembly Drawing of Tensioner 4 4.3 Drawing Load Drawing Open the drawing file tensioner drawing. The drawing table. Section View Add a side view of the tensioner and section the view on the centerline using similar techniques that were used to section a part(See Figure 11:3). above the information box has been updated to contain information on all the parts now in the drawing 4.1 4.dwg which Datum Planes Select the datum planes on ( ) and repaint the screen ( ). 72 .B.g. contains an end view of the assembly. and complete the options for a full section N. • Select the existing view and RMB→Insert Projection View • Select the new view RMB→Properties • Select the Sections option in the DRAWING VIEW menu.

ensure that the MODEL TREE menu is visible. Print Arrange the windows on the screen.5.5 Additional View Add an additional isometric view and set the individual view scale to 0. and print using Print Screen. Save Save the updated drawing 73 .4.

) N.5 Modified Pulley (Optional) Modified Pulley In some applications a cooling fan is added to the pulley end of the tensioner. thickness 10 mm. i. to update the pulley to allow for this reload the pulley and add the following features • Thicken the outer flange of the pulley • Create a radial threaded hole • Pattern the hole on a 70mm PCD 5.2 Thicken Flange Create a revolved protrusion. centred on the axis of the pulley with dimensions as shown above.Revolved Protrusion 10 32 Ø36 Section Dimensions Finished protrusion 5. If there is no preview option available it is likely that the axis of revolution has been obmitted.B. ID 36 mm and OD 100 mm. re-edit the section or select the axis via PLACEMENT→Axis 74 .1 Load or reactivate the pulley window Base Auxiliary Drive Section .e. (If the sketch align options are used it is possible to draw the addition with only 1 (10mm) dimension.

Select hole feature from the model tree or from the main drawing window and then using RMB → Pattern (or EDIT → pattern) activate the Pattern dashboard. M5 x 0. select a datum plane (typically FRONT or TOP) as the angular reference and set the angle to 45o . Select a point on the outer surface of the new protrusion. Tapped Hole (N.8 . ISO. Deselect the ‘Add Countersink’ option) Hole Dimensions Leave as defaults. Highlight the second reference field and select the axis of the pulley unit as the Axial Reference 4. Using <CTRL> and LMB.) 2.B. 5. In response to the request to ‘Select dimensions to vary in the first direction’ select the offset angle of 45o.1mm) Hole Placement 1.e.3 Mounting Holes Use the Hole Tool ( Hole Type ) to model one tapped (threaded) hole for a M5 bolt.3) defined a tapped hole on a PCD offset at an angle (45o ) from a datum. and see that the drawing has been updated. Select a Standard Hole. 75 . 3. Select Placement Type Radial 3. Set the Radius. 6 Drawing 2 (Optional) Reselect the window containing the drawing.5.6 mm (and Threaded Depth 10. enter 45. (It may be necessary to rotate the model around to see this dimension clearly. At the Number of Pattern Members (1) field (second from left) enter 8 Exit the dashboard ( ) and after a few seconds the pattern should appear on the part and in the MODEL TREE.4 Patterned Holes The previous section (5. Hole Depth 12. This angle can now be used to duplicate the holes. 2. i. (PCD/2) to 35 mm 5. A prompt will now appear requesting the dimension increment. 1.

Suppressed features are indicated in the model tree with a black square) Note that the pulley is now represented on the screen and on the screen in it’s original form.L. Use Edit Attachment to change the end location of the balloon leaders. arrange the windows on the screen and print using Print Screen. (N.B. If the feature is not visible in the MODEL TREE Select SETTINGS (above model tree) → Tree Filters → Display Suppressed (‘tick’) → OK. A. select OK. As the Holes are a child of the protrusion you are prompted to confirm that you wish to suppress all the highlighted features. Johnson P. Long V. Save Save the updated drawing Suppress Re-activate the pulley and select the additional revolved protrusion from the screen (or the model tree) and then RMB → Suppress. however the information about the modifications is still available should both alternatives are required.G. N.B. Bateman Jan 2012 6.Print Tidy up the drawing. Use Move to rearrange the position of the balloons.1 76 .J.

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and a detailed view of the area around the tensioner. Align axis] Coincident [Mate surfaces. Use LAYOUT → Detailed).. 2. with at least 3 orthogonal views. CAD Drawings Resume suppressed features and generate an assembly drawing of the engine. 3. Sketching (a) Using the isometric paper supplied. showing the side with the tensioner. Engine Assembly Load the blank assembly called.) 79 . 4 and (5) below 1. Engine block1 Alternator M12 bolt (pattern) Coordinate System Coincident [Mate surfaces.Exercise 12 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This task builds on the experience in the previous CAD exercises to assemble the tensioner you constructed in task 11 on to an engine block and produce an Assembly drawing and 3D views. • a concept for two mounting lugs to connect the tensioner to the engine block. or on the blank reverse.] Representation of a 4 cylinder engine block Belt Tensioner Assy Coincident [Align Axis & Plane] Coincident [Align axis & Mate] Tensioner Bolts Coincident [Mate. • (a concept for a bracket(s) to support the engine assembly and manually update the printed orthographic views. Print Screen 3. axis in the belt model] & . Align axis] Ref Pattern Pattern the Alternator fixing bolts using the reference pattern used to generate the location holes. Align axis] 2. (See Figure 12:1. Locate Tensioner bolt NB allows tensioner to pivot. Use the main crankshaft axis and the predefined belt location plane Tensioner pivot axis. sketch • an isometric view of the alternator • a view of the engine assembly. Problem Complete tasks 1. ‘engine-assy’ and assemble the following items using the constraints indicated below.

4.Drawing Updates • Model your design for engine support(s) • Ensure the additional boss on the pulley is resumed and then add the fan + M5 bolts • Update the drawing • Using VIEW → Appearance change the colour of parts and surfaces in the assembly using the paintbrush. in all the appropriate views. A. Print screen 5.L. as required. • Add an auxillary view look vertically down a sparking plug hole.Figure 12:1: 2D drawing of the Engine Assembly showing the Detailed View (b) Sketch the concept for the mounting lugs. Bateman Jan 2012 80 . Modelling/Drawing Update • Model your design for the mounting lugs on the engine block. to make the image more understandable.G. drawing views to show new brackets. Johnson P. Long V.J. on the assembly drawing printout. Addition Exercise . Rearrange/add.

CRANKSHAFT To be machined from a one piece casting. Details of the flap valve are shown on the drawing provided. CAD Drawings After modelling the two parts produce orthogonal drawings of them showing front and side elevations only. Design Considerations 1. The main gear to be bonded to the crankshaft with suitable adhesive. A circlip 0. Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session. N. Using Creo design a piston and crankshaft for the compressor shown in the drawing. To help the interpretation of the drawing bring up the compressor assembly in Creo before you begin the process. see drawing for dimensions. Details of the connecting rod are shown on the drawing provided. The counterbalance shape to be similar to the drawing provided.Exercise 13 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This task builds on the experience gained in previous CAD exercises in the design of parts but introduces more flexibility in the design process. Problem The A3 drawing shows an air compressor with the piston and crankshaft removed.B. PISTON The flap valve on the top of the piston is spot welded in position. 81 .2 mm thick should be used on the smallest diameter to prohibit axial movement of the shaft. 2. The piston seal is an lip seal. Show all necessary manufacturing dimensions.

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b & c combined as a static assembly (e) Add ‘Moving Parts’ sub-assembly to the given compressor assembly (f) Produce an assembly drawing. Crankshaft and Conrod subassemblies directly into the compressor assembly using dynamic constraints (See notes attached). Colour the parts introduced to give a contrast to existing parts. N. Assemble the piston and crankshaft you produced in exercise 12. It is recommended that a series of sub-assemblies are first produced with all items arranged in the top dead centre position including :(a) Piston sub-assembly . containg 4 views. one ’static’ and one ’dynamic’ + using the parts completed in question 13. 2.Exercise 14 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction Using the experience gained in the previous exercises using asembly features to produce two assemblies.) Problem 1.items a. Flap valve. 85 . including one cross section.e.B. Suppress the static ’Moving Parts’ assembly and reassemble the Piston. To produce and detail a drawing with 3 orthographics views. and one exploded isometric view of the static assembly 2.containing Piston. (use the A3 Assy Drw icon to start the drawing).containing Crankshaft. Animate the model using both manually (using the ‘drag’ option ) and automatically using the analysis and servo drivers. after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session. To assemble the piston and crankshaft you have produced with a number of pre-constructed parts into a number of sub-assemblies and then combine them with compressor assembly (compressor v2). Cup Seal. large gear and circlip. the piston and crankshaft plus the library parts available in your directory ex13 14.containing Con-rod with Big End bearing. using the PRINT SCREEN function. Cap (Retaining Ring) and gudgeon pin (b) Con-rod sub-assembly . Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work. (d) Moving parts sub-assembly . (i. Supressing the static assembly generate a dynamic assembly using the sub-assemblies and then animate the moving parts of the assembly Method 1. (c) Crankshaft sub-assembly .

2. Sketch a view of the compressor showing a partial cut-away of the Piston in the cylinder. Sketch one or more simplified orthographic views of the Cylinder/Piston/Conrod/Crankshaft to illustrate the crank position at which the maximum interference between the conrod and piston skirt might occur. 86 .Additional Task Using the printed graph/isometric sheet provided :1. showing the structure of the piston assembly.

uk/DesignOffice. There is further information on the how to use the motion options within Creo to be found on the web. In many cases it is useful to think of the 6 Degrees of Freedom (DOF) available (3 Translation + 3 Rotation) and confirm the the choice of constraints limits the motion to only the DOF’s you require. Once you have completed it you may experiment with the assembly options/funtionality to discover what other features are available.eng. see below. that can be combined in a similar method to that found with fixed constraints to achieve the particular type of motion required. 87 .cam.ac. Thus in your completed assembly delete or suppress the piston. it is possible to assemble the moving parts in a number of different ways it is suggested that you follow the procedure below. There are 7 standard joint types available (+ user defined joint). see the help pages at www.Complete Compressor 1 Dynamic Analysis To define a mechanism within Creo location connections are added to a assembly in a very similar way to normal fixed assembly constraints. conrod subassemblies and the crankshaft. Although. in particular the link relating to Design Dynamics. as with other parts of Creo. Although it is possible to modify an existing assembly to allow motion it is often easier to restart.

mate/align Plane alignment Axis alignment. plain bearing Bearing with no axial movement. 1xT 1xR. 88 . 1xT 1xR 2xT 1xT Real Life Joint Idealised Ball joint Sliding idealised ball joint Cylinder. is assembled using a Pin joint. plate-plate. e. The axis of the crankshaft and the axis of the small bush to complete the axis alignment. which will cause a new set of options to be available. Thus the first component. the crankshaft. using ( ) (from the right icon bar) Select the connections option. Roller bearing 2-D sliding. e.g. Slot Welded/bolted/glued joint Specialised joint user defined One or more constraints 2 Dynamic Model Assembly Crankshaft Placement Constraints 2. Start the assembly procedure as for a fixed constraint.g.Joint Type Ball Bearing Cylinder Pin Planar Slider Weld Rigid Constraints Required Point alignment to point Point alignment to edge or axis Axis alignment Axis alignment. however it is often easier to use a ‘Pin’ joint that allows rotation and also restricts axial displacements in one constraint. Add a PIN connection and use 1.1 Crankshaft Sub-Assembly As noted above the joint that actually simulates a plain bearing best is a ‘Cylinder’. mate/align Coordinate system ment Planar alignPlanar DOF 3xR 3xR.

select OK when the PLACEMENT STATUS indicates Connection Definition Complete. To activate this mode select Mechanism from the top icon bar. with the piston below the unit and the conrod passing through the piston assembly. 3 Manipulation of Dynamic Assembly Once assembled with connections the mechanism can be manipulated either manually or automatically with one or more predefined motions. This will force the piston into position. A limited amount of analysis of the system is also available at this point. N. In some situations the system can lock into the secondary stable positions.3 Conrod Sub-Assembly Assembly of the Con-Rod completes the mechanism and is assembled using a combination of a ‘Pin’ connection to locate the little end bearing in the middle of the gudgeon pin and a cylinder connection to locate the big-end bearing on the crankshaft. To simplify the assembly of the conrod use <CTRL><ALT> to move the piston subassembly into the approximately correct position. and then redefine the piston position. Use the central axis of the piston and the cylinder to align the subassembly. Connections displayed on the assembly and details of the conrod definitions 2.B. (There is no collision checking at this stage of the assembly process) In these situations place the conrod subassembly into the approximately correct position using <CTRL><ALT> and mouse movements. e.B.B. The change of mode is indicated by the appearance of a new set of icons in the right menu and a new set of features in the model tree. indicating that the component is fully constrained with a dynamic constraint.g. N. 89 . The flip option can be used to reorientate the piston if it appears in the model upside down.2 Piston Sub-Assembly The piston can be assembled in a number of ways. 2. but it is most convienent to use the cylinder option.2. The crankshaft is now displayed in the model tree with a small white square with a central dot. N. The inside edge of the circlip slot and the back surface of the crankcase for the translation alignment.

3.3.1 Manual Movement The mechanism can be manipulated ‘by hand’ using the drag function. Select the crankshaft axis (the yellow highlighted joint) as the Driven Entity and selecting the PROFILE submenu define the servo motor to have a profile of specification of Position.g. e. ( ) or MECHANISM → drag. To setup a ‘servomotor’.2 Automatic/Driven Servo Motor Definition Menus The system allows a number of different analyses to be undertaken. Selecting a movable item. select ( ) or MECHANISM → servomotors. Analysis Definition Menus 90 . However in all cases ‘drivers’ need to pre-set. Magnitude Ramp with position values of A=0 and B=360. This will highlight the connections and prompt the user to select a component. Accept the Servo Motor definition and return to the main screen. results in a small white circle appearing on the component at which point the mouse can be used to move the item as though it was being dragged/pushed. Any connecting parts also move as defined by the connections. the crankshaft balanceweight. In the new window select NEW and enter a name of your choice (or accept the default) in the SERVO MOTOR DEFINITION window.

Return to the main screen using OK and Close. Long V.3 ) (Analyse → Playback or Playbacks from the model tree). FRAME RATE = 20 5. c.L.05 Selecting Motors choose the motor definition entered previously. Bateman Jan 2012 Results Display Select ( 91 .Select ( ) or Mechanism → Analyses followed by New. Length and Rate type 3.f. END TIME = 1 4. If you are using your own piston/crankshaft you might like to check for inteferences.J. MINIMUM INTERVAL = 0. 3. Accepting the defaults select the small playback arrow at the top of the menu and then use the cassette recorder like controls to display the motion. Selecting Run from the ANALYSIS DEFINITION menu will run the basic analysis and store the results. Any collision volumes are shown in red wireframe.G. A. Johnson P. Selecting the Collision Detection Settings → Global Collision Detection option on the PLAYBACKS menu will set going an analysis of the interferences thoughout the motion. choose a Kinematic TYPE and enter 1. START TIME = 0 2. the interference between the motor shaft and the small gear.

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Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work. The components required for this excercise can be found in your subdirectory /ptc/ex15. using the PRINT SCREEN function.Exercise 15 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This exercise extends your experience in animating mechanisms using a IDP robot as the basic model. Do not forget to set your working directory before starting to work. N. Modify the lifting system to be a mechanism 4. 2. adding the lift mechanism. controller etc and update the drawing 3. N.B. drive units. Add the new lift sub-assembly to the model and produce a drawing showing the extremities of the motion. Problem 1. Add the castors and cable support to an existing model and generate an assembly drawing.B. The task is to complete a static assembly and associated 2-D assembly drawing and then using the techniques learnt in Exercise 14 to convert the lifting system into a mechanism and to update the Assembly drawing to show the extremities of travel. Complete the ‘static’ model. 93 . after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session.

Assemble the two castors. Assemble cable support. (support supply. Print drawing 2 Task 2 . Update the drawing and print 94 . Suggestion: Suppress a constraint if you find aligning the axes confusing (or use a second assembly window) 3. Assemble the pre-defined.asm).Static Assembly 1 1. drive unit.prt). Load the partially completed assembly robot1 2. (castor. Hint: use the tangent constrain to locate the support 4. Generate a A3 Assembly drawing 5.Top view of Robot Underneath view of Robot 1 Task 1 . Assemble the drive units. lifting mechanism onto the robot Hint: Think how the unit would be assembled in real life 2. lift static.Static Assembly 2 1.asm (motor/wheels/supports).asm. 3.

Arrange the mechanism at the end of its travel 3. See how defining a useful CSO can aid assembly 2. Hint: Suppress the static assembly to aid visualisation. to allow rotation Hint: You should only need to change 4 joint definitions. Bateman Jan 2012 95 .Dynamic Assembly of lift mechanism 1. Load lift dynamic Hint: Select Mechanism application temporarily to show any existing dynamic constraints 3. Load the static lift mechanism. robot1. 4 Task 4 . Update the drawing to show the mechanism at the extremities of its motion Hint: Use the static assembly. Johnson P.GA drawing 2 1. Run analysis and use the predefined servo-motor and analysis type ’Position’. Start redefining the constraints from the bottom of the model tree to remove problems associated with parent-child rconstraints 4. Long V.L. Hint: Be careful not to drag the mechanism beyond its normal limits.G. lift static. Modify the pivot points etc.Lift Mechanism 3 Task 3 .J. Assemble the new lift sub-assembly into the existing main assembly. A. and save a copy lift dynamic 2. Check the motion by using drag and the predefined motion of the pnuematic cylinder.

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The additional items 5 . Add Wall extensions to [1] N. convert to sheetmetal. 4. Construct the outline of an example IDP robot chassis in solid. Copy existing tab 7. Construct a simple metal tab to the chassis 6.Exercise 16 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING DRAWING COURSE Introduction This exercise builds on your experience of Creo and introduces a new module ’Sheetmetal’ that enables a designer to generate development drawings of sheetmetal constructions. after each item has been competed to avoid clogging the printer at the end of the session.B. 97 . Save your work at regular intervals and print out your work. 5. Problem 1. Complete the sub-tasks listed below. items 1 & 2 use a number of the standard functions in the sheetmetal module to produce a support bracket.7 give experience in using more of the sheetmetal functionality. Generate a drawing containing 2 sheets showing the isometric + development of the chassis. Construct a support bracket 2. The emphasis is on completing well laid out dimensioned 2-D drawings suitable for design acceptance in this project. Add ‘edge rips’ and ‘flat pattern’ features to the model. using the PRINT SCREEN function. Add a flat ‘wall’ to [1] and produce a 2-D development drawing 3. Items 3 & 4 are based around a chassis for an Part IB Integrated Design Project robot used in Qu 15.

but only one side of the section needs to be drawn as the sheetmetal thickness is defined. accept the default direction and enter a blind depth of 60 mm and a material thickness of 1.1 Sheetmetal Fundamentals The user interface employed by the ‘sheetmetal’ module of Creo is very similar to the default solid modelling part. invoke the ‘Sheetmetal’ option from the APPLICATIONS menu and start to create a one-sided ‘Extrude’ ( ) feature similar to that for a solid extrusion. select the type of feature to generate. Preview and accept. Exit the sketcher. This is similar to the extrude function in the solid module. bracket userid. 2 Task 1 . select the thicken function (RMB → Thicken) and then choose the direction to retain the internal dimensions. 98 . N. selecting the top of the bracket as the plane to remain fixed. e. To return to the folded state suppress the feature. Once created the Flat Pattern feature will automatically remain the last feature. Once in the sketcher draw the general bridge outline of the part with the dimensions shown in the figure above.5 mm. sketch/pick&place the feature completing all the elements required and then preview/accept. Select the centreline followed by the two vertices to be made symmetric Whilst in the sketcher mode. Figure 16:1: Basic Bracket Start a new part.g. Create a Flat Pattern feature. the ‘symmetric about a centreline’. The same principles hold.B. constraint can be used. internal radii 1.B.5 mm (See Figure 16:1). Hint: If a centreline is placed on the desired mid plane. The direction of the thicken can also be switched from the dashboard. Ensure that the ‘bridge’ is centred about the MID datum plane.Extruded Bracket In this section we use a standard technique in the sheetmetal module to produce material. an extruded section. N.

e. If a different shape. L. here the Create Flat Wall feature is used. to the printout. see the first two dashboard items. 3 Task 2 . 3. see Figure 16:4.g. T is chosen from the wall shape selection both the shape display and the model automatically change. The default Rectangle shape can be modified in the SHAPE dashboard pulldown menu.Print an image of the bracket Use the ANALYSIS → measure function to manually check the calculated value for the bend allowance and compare it with a hand calculated figure. An arbitary shape can be defined in a sketcher window by selecting the User Defined option or selecting sketch from the SHAPE menu. having chosen an attachment edge A Flat wall is simply additional material attached to an existing piece of sheetmetal work. and comments about any differences. Hint: Although it is additional work it is often useful to use the User defined option even to define a rectangular wall. Trapezoid. 99 . which opens the associated dashboard (Figure 16:2) Figure 16:2: Standard setting for the Flat Wall dashboard Accepting the default settings and selecting an attachment edge immediately generates an additional wall.Adding an additional Wall 1 Additional flaps etc can be added to a part by using the various attached wall features.1 Flat wall Select the ‘Create Flat Wall’ ( ) feature. when the dimensions can be constrained by an existing feature/dimension. Figure 16:3: Initial Display of the flatwall. Add the calculation. It can be an arbitary shape and attached at a user defined angle.

(Add item → feature → Select the feature → OK). the details of which are contained in a table. named bracket1. and place an edge view and a plan view of the bracket development fully dimensioned. see Figure 16:5. To set up a Family table for the bracket. This can be done on another drawing or second sheet of the same drawing.Figure 16:4: Screenshot showing both the interactive SHAPE menu and the pulldown menu allowing the selection of predefined shapes 3. using the add row icon. In this situation a family table needs to be produced with two instances differing by the inclusion/exclusion of the flat pattern feature. Alternatively the concept of a ’family table’ combined with the ability of the system to include drawings of more than one item on one drawing can be used. ensure that the bracket has the Flat Pattern feature resumed and then select Family Table from the TOOLS menu.frm format). Add a second instance. return to the part window. Figure 16:5: Typical layout of a ‘Family Table’ The family table allows a series of similar ‘instances’ of one model each differing by one or more dimensions/features. Following the instructions in the Family Table window first add the Flat Pattern feature as column to the table. Reminder: To change the scale double click on the value at the bottom left of the screen In many cases it is useful to also display one or more views of the finished folded item. and set the Instance Name to Bracket1 folded and the feature setting to N (Use the pulldown options. 100 .).2 2-D drawing Start a new A4 part drawing (using the a4 part.

Select Bracket1 userid and then Bracket1 folded → Open in the SELECT INSTANCE menu. and therefore possible CNC codes. Add a general view as shown in the figure above. N. the cylinder intersection problem. selecting LAYOUT → Dwg Models → Add Model. exit using OK. It is often better to manually insert dimensions using ( Dimension →New references. folded and flat.When you have complete the table.f.B. Update any dimensions required in the 2-D drawing and print. and then generate the development. The next two tasks are examples of this process being used to produce drawings. Also. it is often useful to add three instances. for the manufacture of a typical IDP robot chassis. 101 . generic. This allows drawings and models to remain correct even if the flat pattern status is changed in the generic mode Figure 16:6: Dimensioned Drawing To add views of the folded bracket to the drawing. 4 Task 3 . c. the folded instance of the part needs to be made active by.Robot Chassis A powerful facility within Creo and a number of the other large CAD packages is to be able to construct a model in solid and then finally shell it.: A suppressed feature cannot be selected. To select the folded model as the current model select Set Model → Folded bracket → Done/Return. Although the show all option can be used from the show and erase menu this often produces a large number of ) awkward dimensions.

1.1 Solid Model of chassis Construct a new part names chassisshell. sketch the section on the ‘brown’ side of the top plane and orientated with the front of the vehicle aligned with the brown side of the FRONT plane 4. the base + four surfaces in the slots. An indication that the model is now in sheetmetal mode is that this shelling results in a new ’First Wall’ feature. The problem can be eleviated by adding ‘Corner Relief’ either when defining the conversion or afterwards using the Create Corner Relief feature.6 mm. Then select the surfaces to be removed. Add the four outer corner edges of the chassis together with the outer return edges by the notches at the front of the chassis. constructed using a solid one-sided extrusion to the dimensions shown in the figure above. 5 Task 4 . While the cross-section of the extrusion can be sketched on any plane it is often useful to arrange for them to be named correctly to aid with future assemblies.e. but the system recognises the resulting shell as a sheetmetal object. Select the OPERATIONS →‘Conversion’ feature ( )and select to define (from the SMT Conversion dashboard). complete the feature definition with Done → Done Refs and enter the material thickness. Hint. Once selected.1 Insert ‘rips’ Although the chassis part is recognised as a sheetmetal element the system does not automatically choose cut lines. If the material is thick there can be problems with too much material in the corners of bends. These are normally added by using the ‘Conversion’ feature. 102 .‘Ripping’ the 3-D model Inserting a flat pattern feature at this point indicates that only the flap at the centre of the front is available for automatically bending.200 300 16 80 24 15 General view of the final assembled robot Overall dimensions of the chassis 4. i. 5. Edge Rip. While the solid chassis window is still active select OPERATIONS → Convert to Sheetmetal → shell. Hint.2 Conversion of chassis to sheetmetal In essence this is very similar to a standard shell operation.

In the case of the chassis it may be useful to have one sheet with the orthographic views and a second with the development. see Figure 16:9. Produce a A4 drawing of the folded chassis and then add a dimensioned development drawing on the second sheet.5. Use the technique described in 2 to generate folded and unfolded instances of the chassis. on the dashboard.g. ’Flat Wall’ Tab Select the ‘Create Flat Wall’ ( 6.B.1 ) icon and when the dashboard has loaded select an edge of one of the exisiting chassis walls. riveting or spot-welding. N. Although a rectangular tab can be used it often useful to choose a Trapezoid shape with a shallow angle to allow for variations in bending. e. Obround. The simplest method to add tabs is to use the ‘Create Flat Wall’ feature used in task 2.Adding Tabs to the Chassis It is often required to increase the torsional stiffness of a chassis (or other sheetmetal object) by adding tabs at corners. These can be separate drawings. 6. see Figure 16:8.) 6 Task 5 .2 Second Drawing Sheet + Development To fully describe an object or assembly it is often neccessary to produce a number of drawings.2 Bend relief In the corner where the tab. Before this form of relief can be used the tab needs to be reduced in size. The sheets can be switched using VIEW → Go To Sheet or the tab at the bottom of the drawing . however it is often useful to have sub-sheets with different aspects of the item described. Select/redefine the Flat Wall feature used to define the tab and reduce the size by 2mm. Use the first flip option. Inserting a relief 103 . Then insert a default Obround feature at the corner end of the tab. which can be done automatically with a predefined relief option. To add a second sheet to a drawing select LAYOUT → New Sheet. By default. Wildfire defines a rip in the material. see Figure 16:7 for typical dimensions.( Note any differences to the length of the sides of the chassis and propose a reason(s). which are subsequently attached with bolting. If the tab is coincident with the second wall use the ‘offset’ pulldown options to automatically realign the bend. In manufacture it is better to control the deformation by the removal of material in this area. to orientate the tab if required. Print the two sheets.top and walls meet there is an area of high deformation.

3 Drawing Update Add a detail scrap view of the tab/relief to the existing 2D drawing of the flat chassis. 104 . this can subsequently be disabled by selecting the feature and RMB→Make Sec indep. Select the tab completed in section 6 and then using the OPERATIONS→Copy (or <CTRL> C) and OPERATIONS→Paste Special add the same wall definition to another corner.Copying Tabs Experiment with the OPERATIONS → Copy feature to generate a second ‘dependant’ tab on another corner. 6. When the paste Special option is selected choose the option make copies dependent on dimensions of originals.Figure 16:7: Placement/Shape/Dimensions of a tab at the corner of the chassis (a) (b) Figure 16:8: Rendered images of (a) ‘Rip’ (b) ‘Obround’ relief at the open end will cause a simply recoverable error. This ensures that changes to the master tab are propagated to all copies. 7 Task 6 . Hint: This functionality can be used to copy features in both Solid and Sheetmetal parts.

before the feature is defined and the dashboard can be exited. Reload/re-Activate the bracket and then choose the Create Extended Wall feature ( ) and then select the outer edge of the tab and the side of the existing bracket to extend the tab. Bateman Jan 2012 105 . but ony requires the placement references to be picked from the model. see Figure 16:10.(a) (b) Figure 16:9: (a) Adjustment of Tab size (b)‘Obround’ relief default definition Pasting a copied object initates the normal dashboard.Predefined wall extensions It is often useful to add small extensions to walls to close a box for instance. Long V. there is an automatic feature.J. Johnson P. here an external edge at another corner. Update the 2-D drawing and print A. Figure 16:10: Example of Extended Wall 8 Task 7 .G.L. While it is possible to manually add wall extensions.

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