CHRONOLOGY OF MASSACRE IN CENTRAL BIHAR (1976-2001

)
Year Place District Attackers' Caste/Class Victims'Caste/Cla Casualty ss Upper backward/landlords Upper backward/landlords SC/agri. labourers 3

1976 Akodi

Bhojpur

1977 Belchi

Patna

Scheduled caste/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/middle peasants SC/agri. labourers

14

Kargha Brahampur

Jehanabad Bhojpur

Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords

3 4

1978 Kaila

Jehanabad

Upper backward/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper backward/landlords Upper caste/landlords

3

1979 Samhauta Bajitpur 1980 Pipra

Rohtas Bhojpur Patna

SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers

4 3 14

Parasbigha

Jehanabad

Backward caste/agri. labourers Liberation cadres SC/agri. labourers MCC cadres SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers

11

1981 Mathila 1982 Maini Bigha 1983 Panania 1984 Gagan Bigha Ambari Danwar-Bihta Kharakpura

Bhojpur

Police

3 6 5 5 3 22 6

Aurangabad Upper caste/landlords Gaya Rohtas Police Upper caste/landlords

Aurangabad Upper caste/landlords Bhojpur Upper caste/landlords

Aurangabad Upper casle/Lorik Sena SC/agri. labourers

labourers caste/Satyanendra Sena Aurangabad Upper backward/middle Upper peasants caste/landlord Aurangabad Upper Upper caste/Satyanendra Sena backward/Middle peasants 5 Darmian 11 1987 Chotki-Chhechani 7 Dalelchak-Bhagaura Aurangabad Upper backward/middle Upper peasants caste/landlord 1988 Narhan Jehanabad Upper backward/dacoits Upper backward/poor peasants Ramashish-Rajdev group/Nagwan Ramashish-Rajdev group/Nagwan Upper backward/Kisan Sangh Upper backward/Kisan Upper backward SC/agri. labourers Gaini Aminabad Aurangabad Upper caste/landlords Jehanabad 12 3 Upper casle/Brahmarshi Muslims/Beedi Sena workers Ramanand Yadav group/Lorik Sena Police SC/agri. labourers Sena SC/agri. labourers Liberation cadres 10 2 5 Haare Ram group/Lorik SC/agri.1985 Kaithi Bigha Kunai 1986 Neelampur Aurangabad Upper caste/landlords Bhojpur Gaya Police SC/agri. Labourers Upper backward SC/agri. Labourers 15 . labourers Jeenpura Patna 6 Arwal Kansara Jehanabad Jehanabad MKSS cadres 24 8 Upper caste/Brahmarshi Backward Sena caste/agri. labourers Parasdih Aurangabad Upper SC/agri. Labourers 52 4 1989 Nonhi-Nagwan Jehanabad 18 Daumha Jehanabad 9 1990 Dariyapur Patna 5 1991 Tiskhora Patna SC/agri. Labourers SC/agri.

labourers 6 4 4 3 7 5 Aurangabad Police Bhojpur Bhojpur Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Aurangabad Police Bhojpur Upper caste/landlords . labourers Party Unity Liberation cadres MCC SC/agri. Labourers 10 1992 Bara Gaya Upper backward/middle Upper peasants caste/landowners Police Police Police Upper caste/landlords Police Police Police Upper caste/landlords PU cadres MCC cadres Liberation cadres SC/agri.Sangh Dev-Sahiara Bhojpur Upper caste/Jwala Singh group Swarna Liberation Front/upper caste Sunlight Sena/upper caste Swarna Liberation Front/upper caste SC/agri. labourers 34 Chainpur Ashabigha 1993 Dadar Ekwari 1994 Aghoura Nadhi Matgharna 1995 Khopira Rohtas Gaya Rohtas Bhojpur Rohtas Bhojpur Gaya Bhojpur 4 6 3 4 4 9 11 3 Sarathua Gulzarbigha 1996 Chandi Pathalpura Mathanbigha Nanaur Bhojpur do SC/agri. Labourers 7 Theendiha Gaya SC/agri. Labourers 15 Savanbigha Jehanabad SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers PU Cadres SC/agri. Labourers 7 Mein-Barsima Gaya SC/agri.labourers MCC cadres SC/agri.

labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri.labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers Upper caste/landlords SC/agri. labourers SC/agri.Nadhi Bhojpur CPI-ML cadres Upper caste/landlords SC/agri. labourers PU cadres SC/agri. labourers 8 Nadhi Morath Bathanitola Bhojpur Bhojpur Bhojpur Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/ landlords 9 3 22 Upper caste/landlords SC and Muslims/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers SC/agri. labourers Purhara Khanet Ekwari 1997 Khanet Machil Haibaspur Akhopur Jalpura Bhojpur Bhojpur Bhojpur Bhojpur Bhojpur Patna Jehanabad Patna 4 5 6 3 3 10 4 11 Indo Ekwari K-hadasin K-odihara Katesar Nala Patna Bhojpur Jehanabad Patna Jehanabad Police Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Police Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords CPI(ML) Liberation 6 10 8 2 6 58 9 Lakshmanpur-Bathe Jehanabad Chauram Jehanabad 1998 Nagri Aiyara Bhojpur Jehanabad Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords 10 3 . labourers Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords PU cadres SC/agri. labourers Upper caste/landlords PU cadres SC/agri.

labourers SC/agri. labourers Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Liberation cadres Backward caste &.Sigori Rampur-Aiyara Gaya Jehanabad Police PU cadres MCC Upper caste/landlords MCC cadres SC/agri. SC SC/Sand workers 6 7 Mahadevbigha 1999 Shankarbigha Narayanpur Usri Bazar Gaya Jehanabad Jehanabad Jehanabad Police Upper caste/landlords Upper caste/landlords Liberation cadres 4 23 11 7 Bheempura Jehanabad PW cadres 4 Senari Jehanabad MCC cadres 35 Sujathpur Sendani Buxar Gaya Police Upper caste/landlords 16 12 2000 Lakhisarai a Lakhisarai Backward caste/Contractors Upper caste/landlords 11 Rajebigha b Nawada Backward caste/Middle farmers Upper caste landlords Backward caste and SC Backward caste and SC Police PW cadres 5 Afsar c Nawada Backward caste/Middle farmers 12 Mianpur d Aurangabad Upper caste/landlords 35 Dumariyan e Bhojpur Upper caste/landlords 6 2001 Chironichi bigha Kariambura Gaya Jehanabad MCC cadres Police 6 5 .

the struggle between the Ranvir Sena and the CPI(ML) Liberation became sharper.a This massacre is not related to the agrarian struggle per se. who were victims of Rajebigha massacre. but were relatives of the perpetrators of the Rajebigha massacre. 11 September 2001. this massacre opened up once again the struggle between the forwards and the backwards. Table 8. Its echo could be heard in the Mianpur massacre. was an MLA in the Bihar Legislative Assembly. For details on political leaders with criminal background. The victims were not involved in the Rajebigha massacre. 1. See Times of India. In this incident the struggle for supremacy between two contenders for sand quarry—both from the same upper backward caste and supporters of political party currently ruling in Bihar—led to the killing of 11 labourers. New Delhi: Wordsmiths. e This was the second massacre in Bhojpur district by the Ranvir Sena in two years. Though not directly linked with the Naxalite movement. b This massacre has a special significance to the agrarian movement going on in Bihar. The sena originated in Bhqjpur district but in course of time spread to other districts too. p. see Louis 2000b. p. It was an outcome of the struggle for hegemony over sand quarry in the Ganges and Sone riverbeds. pp. 23 June 2000. Twelve Bhumihars were killed in Afsar village of Kashichak block of Nawada district. the presence of the Ranvir Sena in Aurangabad was considered to be nominal in comparison with its presence in other central Bihar districts. Akhilesh Singh. 9. For details. The Hindu. c The Afsar massacre was a revenge killing by the backward castes. d This was the first massacre committed by the Ranvir Sena in Aurangabad district. People Power: The Naxalite Movement in Central Bihar. This also brought lo fore the political conflict that has been going on in Bihar between the ruling Rashtriya Janala Dal and its main rival. Until then. After the Dumariyan massacre.8. see 'Legitimising Gun Culture in Bihar'. 2002. the Samata Party. the prime accused in this massacre. Source: Prakash Louis.242-246 .

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