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Simple And Memorable Entertainment Ideas
Perfection is everywhere if we only choose to recognise it. Okakura Kakuzo The Book of Tea
The art of tea selection How to prepare the perfect cup How To Entertain With tea The presentation and clean-up
Tea Gastronomy | Page 3
But when we consider how small after all the cup of human enjoyment is. What a tempest in a tea-cup! he will say. how soon overflowed with tears. how easily drained to the dregs in our quenchless thirst for infinity.The outsider may indeed wonder at this seeming much ado about nothing. we shall not blame ourselves for making so much of the tea-cup. Okakura Kakuzo The Book of Tea .
Tea Gastronomy Melanie paquette Edited by: Suzan Schmekel .
The tea-room was an oasis in the dreary waste of existence where weary travelers could meet to drink from the common spring of art appreciation. Okakura Kakuzo The Book of Tea . a sacred function at which the host and guest joined to produce for that occasion the utmost beatitude of the mundane.Melanie Paquette The beverage grew to be an excuse for the worship of purity and refinement.
without the prior written permission of the publisher. Front cover Image By Geanina Bechea Inside cover image from Herbier General de l’Amateur Back cover adapted from the photography of Dan Moore ISBN-13: 978-1460989760 ISBN-10: 1460989767 .Tea Gastronomy Coffee and Tea Gastronomy Volume 2 Published by Melanie Paquette-Widmann(aka Melanie Widmann) Text and photographs are the property of the artist credited herein. © 2011. including photocopy. recording. or any information storage and retrieval system. 2013 Melanie Paquette-Widmann All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. electronic or mechanical.
as it is a tender attempt to accomplish something possible in this impossible thing we know as life. Okakura Kakuzo The Book of Tea . A worship of the Imperfect.Teaism.
of suggesting what you dare not reveal.Teaism is the art of concealing beauty that you may discover it. Okakura Kakuzo The Book of Tea .
preparation as well as flavor pairings in order to provide simple and memorable entertainment ideas.image by the author . Dragon Well Tea Garden Hangzhou China .Introduction What inspired me to write this series? It was fueled by curiosity and the desire to demystify coffee and tea selection.
coffee and tea -. Readers who enjoy working with new spices and herbs are sure to come up with a few recipes of their own.seldom make it from our cups to our dinner plates.image by jokerpro .Introduction Despite its popularity in western cultures. The care taken by tea blenders to produce flavorful teas can easily rival the efforts of spice and herb manufacturers. So it a curious thing that spices and herbs that are so readily available and flavorful -. I believe that demystifying the selection and assembling some easy-to-prepare recipes will allow a chef at any skill level to work with this culinary ingredient. soups and main courses. If you are not quite ready to explore the recipes. It seems they have been overlooked in appetizers. Turkish black tea (çay) . Fun and fresh entertainment ideas await the reader. You may also want to use this series as a quick reference for the basics of coffee (volume 1) and tea (volume 2) preparation. please read on to discover some of the entertaining history and legends that are a joy to share. tea seldom appears on the list of ingredients in recipes.
Contents CONTENTS Legends And History 15 The Legend Of The Plant 16 The First Drink 16 The Name 16 The First Tea Parties 17 The First Tea Ceremonies Of Japan 19 The First Tea Houses 20 The Legend Of Monkey Tea 25 Transplantation 26 Selection Naming Conventions 32 Tree Species 33 Geography 34 Processing 36 Images Of Camellia Sinensis Teas 40 Grading 42 Blending 45 Tea Gastronomy | Page 12 .
Contents Preparation The Leaf 47 Water Quality And Temperature 48 Method Of Infusion 51 Popular Infusion Methods 53 Teapot Tips 54 Filter (Strainer) 55 Types Of Filter (Strainer) 56 Serving 57 Entertaining Traditions 59 Floral Themes 60 Geographic Themes: China 64 Geographic Themes: Japan 66 Geographic Themes: India 68 Geographic Themes: England 70 Geographic Themes: Turkey 72 Geographic Themes: Kenya 74 Tastings 76 The Tea Cup And Pot As Decoration 78 Pairings 80 Tea Ppairing Suggestions Table 81 Food Coloring And Decoration 82 Folklore .Tea Leaves and Guests 84 Gastronomy Making A Culinary Mark With Tea 87 Tea Morning. Noon And Night 88 Equivalency Charts 90 Tea Water Temperature Chart 91 Breakfast 92 Lunch And Dinner + Savory Snacks 100 Desserts 116 The Cleanup 124 Tea Gastronomy | Page 13 .
as one with too much tea in him. when he is insusceptible to the seriocomic interests of the personal drama.” Okakura Kakuzo. regardless of the mundane tragedy.Tea Macha latte . Again we stigmatise the untamed aesthete who.image by Nuno Silva “In our common parlance we speak of the man with no tea in him. The book of tea Tea Gastronomy | Page 14 . runs riot in the springtide of emancipated emotions.
Legends and History Bodhidharma from Amoenitatum Exoticarum by Engelbert Kaempf Tea Gastronomy | Page 15 .
Cake tea.2 Evolution of Tea Drinking in China: Earliest known date .1 THE FIRST DRINK The discovery of tea as a drink can be traced back to a legend from 2737 BC and is a simple and plausible one. its history and mystery By Joseph M. Many sources indicate it is a derivative of t’e from the Xiamen (Amoy) dialect. This legend is repeated in many ways but in its simplest form. roasted. When he awoke.Loose tea leaves infused in boiling water3 THE NAME The origin of the name tea is debatable. he became so distraught that he took the extreme measure of cutting off his eyelids.Fresh leaves boiled in water 1st century to Tang Dynasty . who lived from approximately 470AD to the early part of the 6th century. ground and whipped in boiling water with a whisk Ming Dynasty to present day . Walsh 2 ibid 3 Science and civilization in China By Hsing-Tsung Huang 4 Green Tea By Nadine Taylor Tea Gastronomy | Page 16 .Legends and History THE LEGEND OF THE PLANT A legend that is often repeated centers on a Buddhist monk.4 1 Tea. it can be told this way: the monk resolved to meditate for a prolonged period but fell asleep. The next day. the Bodhidharma.Cake tea.Cake or loose tea boiled as needed Tang Dynasty . The legend is that Emperor Shennong (Chin-Nung) was boiling some water when some the tea leaves from the firewood floated up and into the pot. he walked to the same spot and found a tea tree in the place where his eyelids had fallen. It is said that he enjoyed the drink so much that he shared this knowledge with his empire. ground and infused with boiling water Song Dynasty . He tasted the leaves and it said that his spirits were renewed.
The flowers.Legends and History THE FIRST TEA PARTIES The rise in the popularity of tea drinking was fueled by the writings of Lu Yu.attributed to Emperor Huizong (1082 . drinking and storage. food and tea seem to have inspired many literary works. The knowledge he imparted included a how-to guide in tea cultivation. The images below are two sections of a painting credited to Emperor Huizong. preparation. author of “The Classic of Tea”. Part of “Literary Gathering” .1 Lu Yu’s influence can also be seen in the first tea parties in China which were literary gatherings of scholars in these inspired settings. roasting.1135) 1 The Japanese way of tea by Sen Sōshitsu XV Tea Gastronomy | Page 17 . His influence was far reaching and are reflected in the tea ceremonies of Japan.
Taipei Palace Museum 1 Exploring Asia Through Art from the Detroit Art Institute .dia. His treatise included a section on judging tea competitions which included evaluating the taste. Emperor Huizong was known for his artistic abilities. fragrance.pdf Tea Gastronomy | Page 18 . These competitions were popularized by Emperor Huizong of the Song (Sung) Dynasty.Legends and History Another type of tea party was a tea competition also known as a tea fight.http://www. and appearance of tea. his love of tea and for writing a “Treatise on Tea”.1 Tea competition Song Dynasty .org/exhibitions/ tao/resource_art/pdf/china_tea.
the passage into self-illumination. Vol 2 by Anna C. the first tea room was created by Rikyu (Senno-Soyeki) and .”3 Japanese tea room . who mirrored the powdered tea ceremonies of the Sung dynasty. “The garden path which leads from the machiai to the tea-room signified the first stage of meditation.image by William Allum 1 The Book of Tea by Okakura Kakuzo 2 Japan and her people.with this tea room. according to Okakura Kakuzo. Hartshorne 3 The Book of Tea by Okakura Kakuzo Tea Gastronomy | Page 19 .1 These ceremonies were encouraged by ruler Hideyoshi for “quieting the unruly spirits of the Samurai” and the Samurai spirits could be quite unruly!2 That quieting of the mind can be described as a meditative state which. and to produce a fresh sensation conducive to the full enjoyment of aestheticism in the tea-room itself.Legends and History THE FIRST TEA CEREMONIES OF JAPAN Japan popularized tea ceremonies in the 15th century through the efforts of Shogun Ashikaga-Voshinasa. In the 16th century. the art of the tea ceremony was said to have been perfected. The roji was intended to break connection with the outside world. begins with the garden path.
china. The Lu Pavilion and Lu Tong Teahouse are found in these regions and associated with the famous tea poet Lu Tong who lived during the era.2 Tea house in Wuzhen China . We also assume that due to the popularity of tea during the Tang and Song dynasties (618 – 1279 AD) that tea houses became popular during this era.Legends and History THE FIRST TEA HOUSES It is assumed that China was the birthplace of the tea house.htm and Shanghai By Andrew Forbes.1 Some of the earliest tea houses from the Tang dynasty can still be found today in Wuzhen and Jiuligou China. Evidence of tea’s popularity is found in a tea tax imposed during Tang dynasty. David Butow Tea Gastronomy | Page 20 .org.image by Robert van Beets 1 Tea: a text book of tea planting and manufacture By David Crole 2 Jiyuan--Origin of Chinese Culture http://www.cn/english/CAS-e/7596.
or else pickle broth.1 In the heart of Shanghai.Legends and History In addition to simpler tea houses. and in hot weather wine of snow bubbles and apricot blossom. At the counter were sold Precious thunder tea. past and present By George Evans Moule 2 Pottery and porcelain of all times and nations By William Cowper and Frommer’s Shanghai Day by Day By Graham Bond Tea Gastronomy | Page 21 . tea of fritters and onions.2 Willow pattern on jug . Shropshire. Saucers. or other kinds of refrigerating liquor (stomach contracting liquor). England.image by Margo Harrison 1 Notes on Hangchow. ladles. you will find The Old China Tea House which is famed for inspiring the famous Willow pattern. according to the season. and bowls were all of pure silver”. It is one of the most recognizable patterns of pottery and was created centuries ago in 1780 by Thomas Turner of Caughley. more luxurious versions seem to have existed during the Sung dynasty in Hangzhou: “In these places they always set out bouquets of fresh flowers.
1 This coffee house also happens to be the location that hosted the first public sale of furs by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1672. Garraway’s (Garway) Coffee House began selling tea in 1657.2 From Inns and Taverns of Old London 1 All About Tea William Harrison Ukers 2 The Beaver Hudson’s Bay Company.Legends and History It is interesting to note that the first place to sell tea in England was a coffee house in London. Canada’s National History Society Tea Gastronomy | Page 22 .
Aubrey Rees The Grocery Trade. founded the business of a tea-dealer at Tom’s Coffee House. in the Strand. and foreseeing the place it was likely to take in the commerce of the country. The business was destined to thrive exceedingly and to remain in the hands of the same family through the reigns of eight sovereigns.Legends and History In 1706. its History and Romance The Twinings in Three Centuries by R. near the Temple Bar. “Thomas Twining. recognized the growing importance of tea. and it flourishes in the Strand to this day. a famed tea-dealer of London opened shop and can still be found at an adjacent building on 216 Strand. Devereux Court. Twining Tea Gastronomy | Page 23 .” J.
Legends and History In time. as is my habit. come back from the voyages upon which they have been sent. I find that I travel far away from the business in hand as a consequence of following too closely those who discourse about it. tea rooms sprung up across Europe and were used for socializing as well as quiet reflection. That I may return to the point in issue I withdraw to the Tea Room and wait until my thoughts. Charles John Darling. to the debates. a Member of Parliament. describes his use of the tea room: “In listening attentively. 15 July 1897 Tea Gastronomy | Page 24 .” Caricature of Mr CJ Darling QC MP Vanity Fair. driven and scattered in all directions.
literature. The story is one of a samurai who cuts down the branch of a cherry tree and the life of Jirohei.Legends and History THE LEGEND OF MONKEY TEA As a gateway into the discussion of tea transplantation. Kyoto. the family and the samurai. These tea leaves produced a highly sought after tea.1 Monkeys gathering tea leaves . Versions of this legend include training monkeys to pick the leaves while others include tea harvesters throwing rocks at monkeys who returned fire by throwing tea branches in full leaf at their attackers. manufactures. This legend is about monkeys plucking tea leaves from branches inaccessible to human harvesters. Ill falls on the tea house. the tree and tea house owner. I invite you to take a small detour into the legend of the tea monkey. This area is famous for its cherry trees and the yearly festival. commerce. “The Jirohei Cherry Tree” which is said to come from Hirano. Ukers Tea Gastronomy | Page 25 . Combining the importance of the cherry tree and tea in one story makes this a compelling read. fashins and politics By Rudolph Ackermann Many interesting tea stories exist including a tragic story from Japan. 1 All About Tea by William H.from The Repository of arts.
Kangra). was also encouraged to propagate the tea plant in England by Linnaeus. encouraged attempts to propagate the tea plant in Europe. Linnaeus received a plant in Uppsala in 1762 through the efforts of Captain Ekeberg and it flowered in 1765. Osbeck brought a living tea-tree as far as the Cape of Good Hope. Walsh 2 The Swedish Museum of Natural History http://www. its history and mystery By Joseph M.5fdc727f10d795b1c6e80007524. The shrub is not easily killed. otherwise it would have survived. though it often perishes from the heat of the sun in the voyage towards Europe.4. I am very sure this plant would bear the open air in England.1 Carl Linnaeus.”3 Image by Dmitri Mikitenko 1 Tea. Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and India (Assam. the legendary Swedish botanist who lived in the 18th century.html 3 Through the fields with Linnæus: a chapter in Swedish history.se/researchandcollections/botany/ phanerogamicbotany/botanicalhistory/carlvonlinne. the English botanical illustrator. where it fell overboard in a storm. In at letter dated 1758 Linnaeus writes to Ellis: “I would especially recommend your attention to the bringing over a living plant of the tea from that country.Legends and History TRANSPLANTATION Tea transplantation from China into Japan started as early as the 8th century and possibly earlier into Korea but the greatest period of transplantation occurred during the 19th century into to Indonesia (Java). as it thrives at Pekin.2 John Ellis. Decades of failed attempts finally yielded success as new methods were attempted.nrm. Volume 2 By Florence Caddy Tea Gastronomy | Page 26 . where the cold is more intense than in Sweden. Darjeeling.
Legends and History Methods of carrying seeds .from Some additional observations on the method of preserving seeds by John Ellis Tea Gastronomy | Page 27 .
Shepard Tea Gastronomy | Page 28 .Legends and History Special report on tea-raising in South Carolina By Charles U.
php/Features/Some-Living-Dream-of-American-TeaProduction. Although Pinehurst closed. Ibbetson 1 Home-grown tea By George Frederick Mitchell 2 http://www.html Tea Gastronomy | Page 29 .aspx 3 http://www.2 This tea plantation is just one of many active tea farms currently producing tea in the United States. Other tea producing regions include Alabama.com/about-us/history. the plants were later moved to the Charleston Tea Plantation.com/index. Some credit Andre Michaux. Oregon and Hawaii.from Tea from grower to consumer by A.3 Tea growing regions highlighted in black .charlestonteaplantation.worldteanews. a French botanist sent to the Unites States by the King of France.map circa 1910 .1 His success was followed by additional attempts including the Pinehurst tea farm in South Carolina.Legends and History Attempts to plant tea in the United States is said to have started in the 1700’s.
Image by TheBiggles Tea Gastronomy | Page 30 .Selection Market stall in Catalonia. Spain selling teas from around the world.
pu-erh and oolong and black (aka red) teas. It is also said to be the drink most consumed worldwide. is on tea derived from the Camellia sinensis plant which includes white. the geography. Blossom and leaves of a Camellia sinensis plant . yellow. and include the tea plant.image by Apple’s Eye Studio Tea Gastronomy | Page 31 . however. processing and blending. How does one select a tea? Key influences mirror many of those used in selecting coffee or a wine. green.Selection Tea has been called the most inexpensive drink to be found on earth other than water. The focus of this section. The author acknowledges the definition of tea can be quite broad when considering the many caffeinated and herbal varieties.
Assam. some of the following descriptions: • • • • • • • type or strain of Camellia sinensis plant (dai bai) time of harvesting (first flush) manner of harvesting (gyokuro) processing (pu-erh.Selection NAMING CONVENTIONS Tea selection can get quite complex. Earl Grey). Uji. FOP) blend (genmai. matcha) grade (orange pekoe. Rize) Spices. and/or locality (Keemun. You may also see in the tea description or on the packaging. These names result from the manufacturing process that the Camellia sinensis plant undergoes (see page 35).image by evrenkalinbacak Tea Gastronomy | Page 32 . so do the master blenders of tea manufacturers as they apply their art to create uniquely flavored teas. In as much as each region will bring its own influence on the flavor of the tea. Turkey . The tea packaging normally describes the tea as white. green or black. Yunnan.
2 The origin of the sinensis species is attributed to China and assamica to India. particularly the size.usda.3 In addition to the variety or strain.gov/java/Cla ssificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=CASI16&display=31 2 All the tea in China By Kit Boey Chow. The physical difference between the two plants is found in the leaf and bush. green and black tea are all produced from the species of plant called the Camellia sinensis. The two varieties under this species are sinensis and assamica. New growth of tea leaves almost ready for harvest . The assamica plant is larger both in plant size and leaf size.Selection TREE SPECIES White. Ione Kramer 3 The Botanical Society Edinburgh.image by Lee Prince 1 Classification to Species Camellia sinensis (L. The flavor also differs as the assamica variety is known to have a malty taste. there are strains such as the dai bai plant used in white tea production. Assamica is mainly used for black tea and pu-erh production.) Kuntze from http://plants. 1870 Tea Gastronomy | Page 33 .1 In addition. geography also influences the price and availability of teas.
Tea flavor profiles can easily be found either on the packaging or from your local tea master. Turkey . Regional soils. • floral flavors for Darjeeling teas and • smoky flavors for Wuyi teas.Selection GEOGRAPHY The selection of tea based on geography shares the same considerations as for wine or coffee. there are some general regional influences also that include: • malty flavor for Assam teas.image by Emel Ernalbant Tea Gastronomy | Page 34 . and regional processing methods all contribute to the profile and price of a tea selection. Although processing plays a large role in influencing the flavor of the tea. plant variety. Tea garden Black Sea.
5% Taiwan.4% Argentina 72 1.1% 3. China 17 0.6% Uganda 43 1.9% Bangladesh 59 1.804 100.8% 9.1% Malawi 42 1.5% 25.1% Tanzania 32 0.5% Iran. Islam.4% Zimbabwe 8 0.O.4% 4. F.Image by Fedor Kondratenko Tea Gastronomy | Page 35 .Selection Tea Worldwide Production (TP) (000 metric tons) Country China India Kenya Sri Lanka Vietnam Turkey Indonesia 2008 Production 1.4% Rwanda 17 0. Black tea with fruit and flowers .200 981 346 319 166 155 138 % TP 31.7% World 3. Lichts and World Bank estimates.4% 4.0% Sources: International Tea Committee.8% Myanmar 19 0.6% Japan 93 2.2% Other 63 1. Rep.1% 8. 18 0.4% Nepal 16 0.
Selection PROCESSING The labor required for tea harvesting and processing can be minimal or intensive. Mechanical processing can reduce the cost of production and this usually means a reduced purchase price.Image by Craig Hansen Gyokuro tea is an example of a variety that commands a higher price due to its limited availability and the great care taken to produce the tea. Tea Gastronomy | Page 36 . Paying a higher price for a tea makes sense if it is hard to find and requires a high degree of labor to produce. The increased labor for this tea includes the shading of the tea bushes prior to harvest. Rows of new green tea in Spring with Mount Fuji .
yellow. or black tea will be created from the harvested leaves. 1 The cultivation & manufacture of tea By Edward Money Tea Gastronomy | Page 37 . Tea leaves are shaped or rolled. The steps used for creating a specific type of tea are shown in the table below.1 After harvesting. Leaves are steamed or dried in a pan to the desired color and moisture content (slightly damp). Pu-erh is not included in the table since it is a variation of a green or oolong tea that has been aged. The moisture content is set during this stage as the final preparation for sale. Change in leaf color becomes apparent at this stage. the leaves are subjected to various processes (steps) in order to produce a specific type of tea. Tea Processing (P) Stages by Type Tea White Green Yellow Oolong Black Wilting Oxidation P P P P P P P P P Steaming/ Yellowing Shaping Panning Drying P P P P P P P P P Tea Processing Phase Wilting Oxidation Steaming Panning Yellowing Shaping Drying Description Initial drying with little change to the color of the leaf. The final flush is usually in the early to late fall and marks the end of the season and the start of pruning efforts to trim back the tea bushes in preparation for the spring harvest. sometimes for years.Selection The first harvest (first flush) generally starts in early spring. oolong. May include bruising the leaf. green. In short it is the processing of the leaf which determines if a white. pu-erh. Green tea leaves are dried to achieve yellow color.
then came the powdered version with the Sung dynasty and finally loose tea was popularized during the Ming dynasty. or in a powdered format (matcha). 1 The Book of Tea By Kakuzō Okakura Tea Gastronomy | Page 38 . compressed (brick tea). The final form of the tea can be rolled (loose tea). or in a ball format (pearl tea). Brick tea and/or cake tea was the first method.Selection Panning tea at Dragon Well (Longjing) Tea Garden . Refer to the grading section (page 42) for more information on this topic. Each one of these shaping methods were introduced and made popular during different Chinese dynasties.image by the author Tea goes through sorting at different stages of the process with a final sorting in preparation for sale.1 All forms are available for purchase today.
Image by Kenneth Cheung Tea Gastronomy | Page 39 .Selection Green tea crop at Dragon Well (Longjing) Tea .
Selection IMAGES OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS TEAS Image by lunanaranja Tea Gastronomy | Page 40 .
Selection Image by lunanaranja Tea Gastronomy | Page 41 .
You will find this trio called “two leaves and a bud”. Unfortunately. These bud tea leaves are easily spotted by the slight silver hairs which you can see in the image on page 47. is used to create some of the finest teas. So Orange Pekoe tea is really just the location of the leaf at harvest. It is argued that the newest growth (leaves a. c) produces the finest tea and some tea manufacturers claim to only use these leaves in their tea production. The bud. Tea Gastronomy | Page 42 . Adapted from a Image by lShabbir Ferdous Photography The acronyms will become self explanatory once you learn to read the leaves illustrated above and assign them a value. The second grading scheme focuses on the time of harvest. the unopened tea leaf. the leaf at location “b” above describes a grade name of “Orange Pekoe or OP”. b. The first involves grading based on the stem location of the tea leaf at harvest and its wholeness.Selection GRADING Grading of tea can be done in several ways. The aim of the grading is to identify the characteristics of a tea that sets it apart from other teas. This section explains some of the main grading conventions used today. no global grading system exists. For example.
Selection Grade naming conventions for tea leaves at harvest. Adapted from The cultivation & manufacture of tea By Edward Money Tea Gastronomy | Page 43 .
2 From The Tea Industry by JC Kydd 1 Le Petit Futé Sri Lanka By Maïssa Benmiloud 2 Papers by command. Other wholeness grades are fannings (bits and pieces of tea) and dust. the tea leaf is graded upon its wholeness as well as growth location on the stem. This explains why at times broken tea leaves can command higher prices than a full leaf tea. one last bit of information that you will need. What is better? A broken part of a premium tea leaf can produce a more flavorful tea than a the full leaf of another variety. limited supply and the great care taken to produce it. There is. As mentioned in the opening of this section. A broken leaf will be given the assignment “B or Broken”. Volume 122 By Great Britain.Selection The grades shown below should now be fairly clear. there is a different grading scheme based on flush and care of processing Gyokuro is the first grade and the most prized tea due to its taste. Tea packaging may or may not contain grading information. The second grade of tea is tencha. Matcha tea (green powdered ceremony tea) is made from tencha. however. tea packaging may or may not contain grading information. Parliament Tea Gastronomy | Page 44 . The next two grades of tea are sencha which is cultivated early in the season while bancha is cultivated in the later flushes of the season. • • • • • • • • • OP (Orange Pekoe) FOP (Flowery Orange Pekoe) GFOP (Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe) TGFOP (Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe) FTGFOP (Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe) SFTGFOP (Super Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe) BOP (Broken Orange Pekoe) FBOP (Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe) GBOP (Golden Broken Orange Pekoe)1 If you are thinking of buying a Japanese tea. Again.
tea. The UK Tea Council reports that leading brand blends account for approximately 90% of the tea consumed in Britain which may be made from 35 different teas.image by gillmar BLENDING Tea blending is an art that can set a tea house or manufacturer apart with its branded blend.Selection New growth of tea leaves almost ready for harvest .uk/tea-processing-and-blending Tea Gastronomy | Page 45 . On the other hand.co. a leading manufacturer has to deliver a consistent tasting tea no matter what type of water is used and what seasonal variances have affected tea crops. temperature and steeping time. The premium tea house may offers blends that reflect the season with very specific instructions on preparation including the type of water.1 Image by Virunja 1 Tea Blending by the UK Tea Council http://www. The blend is kept consistent by a tea master who may sample anywhere from 200 to 1000 teas per day.
image by Dmitriy Norov Tea Gastronomy | Page 46 .Preparation Chinese teapots .
regardless of the particle size. The ability to use tea leaves for multiple infusions (reinfusions) is an important point that makes coffee preparation different from tea preparation. start with a teaspoon (2.Image by Andrew Vasiliev Tea Gastronomy | Page 47 . Tea bags are made for convenience.Preparation THE LEAF We have already delved into the myriad of teas that are available but have not focused much on how they are packaged for infusion. As a general rule. Tea shops should be able to advise on the number of infusions and the amount of leaves (measured teaspoons) to use. loose tea particles will infuse more evenly than if they are confined in a bag. Why is this important? All other things being equal.5 grams) of leaves per cup and experiment. meaning full or cut leaves. Some tea comes in a loose or powder format while others come in tea bags. Green tea . The quality of tea can vary greatly with low grade bags manufactured for one infusion while high grade loose teas or tea bags can yield multiple infusions.
chart by the author Exceeding the infusion time can produce a bitter tasting tea. Tea Gastronomy | Page 48 . the mountain spring is the best.Preparation WATER QUALITY AND TEMPERATURE “According to him [Lu Yu].” . the river water and the spring water come next in the order of excellence. The Book of Tea Tea steeping temperatures .Kakuzo Okakura. the third boil is when the billows surge wildly in the kettle. There are three stages of boiling: the first boil is when the little bubbles like the eye of fishes swim on the surface. the second boil is when the bubbles are like crystal beads rolling in a fountain.
temperature.Preparation Some teas are crafted for consistency of taste regardless of water quality and. These preparation guidelines are usually found on the tea packaging. Try not to dismiss a tea if it tastes bitter. the chart on the previous page gives some idea of ideal steeping temperatures by type of tea. Type: Silver Needle Tea (White Tea) Water Temperature: 185°F Leaves: 1 tablespoon per cup Infusion Time: 4 minutes Silver needle white tea with steeping instructions . Instead re-evaluate your brewing process before throwing away your investment. or a larger investment in a temperature controlled water kettle to help manage the brewing process. Also consider a small investment in a thermometer. to some extent. Why do some tea require lower temperatures than others? Tea leaves are plucked from many regions of the branch of a tea bush during different stages of growth and then processed in many different ways. A lower brewing temperature can allow for the delicate flavors of an early season green tea leaf to emerge. steeping a tea too long can produce a bitter tasting infusion. most require certain temperature levels in order to brew the perfect cup of tea. Of course. however.image by the author Tea Gastronomy | Page 49 .
the type of water can influence the taste as the minerals in the water gently bring out the flavor of the tea.2 1 Dr.image by Haibo Bi Purists also control the type of water they use.org/coffee/brewing. China .coffeeresearch. Guilin.1 As with coffee. China business guide 2 Coffee Research http://www. “spring and rainwater in autumn are considered the perfect ingredients for brewing tea”. Tiger Tong Xiaohu. According to one source.Preparation Waterfall Lingui.htm Tea Gastronomy | Page 50 .
it has to somehow be added to the leaves to coax out the flavors. The balance of water temperature and steeping time allows the delicate flavors to emerge from an unfurling early flush leaf or the intense flavors from a mass produced cut black tea. for ease decanting Regardless of material (ceramic or glass). nutrients and colors.Preparation METHOD OF INFUSION After the water reaches an ideal temperature. Image by Ruslan Semichev Method of Infusion Cast Iron Ceramic (Unglazed) Ceramic (Glazed) Glass Press Bowl Benefit The metal allows for even heat distribution The clay interacts with the tea flavor and absorbs the tea oils The glaze promotes a clean tasting tea The transparency Allows for visual enjoyment The plunger pushed the leaves to the bottom of press. bowls offer individual control over infusion strength Tea Gastronomy | Page 51 .
Preparation How do you produce an optimal infusion? Tea infusion is commonly done in a tea bag since it not only acts as the infusion method but also the filter. Floral Chinese tea in glass teapot . or bowl. porcelain. tea press. Of course the method you choose may also have to do with your tea selection and if you want to learn to host your own tea ceremony. How do you choose a method and how do you get started? The simplest method is a tea bag or strainer in a cup. Loose tea leaves can also be Empty tea filter bags can also be purchased for use with loose tea leaves at tea shops and grocery stores. The most important thing to remember is that loose tea leaves require room to infuse properly. If you decide to use a teapot or press. you can do so for under $50.image by Chandra Menard Tea Gastronomy | Page 52 . stoneware. metal. drinking glass. ceramic (earthenware. Each choice of steeping method has its own advantages and disadvantages. or glass. The method may be made of paper. Other methods of infusion include the teapot. bone china).
Preparation POPULAR INFUSION METHODS Cast iron teapot Adventure Cost: $50 Image by Elena Schweitzer Clay teapot Adventure Cost: $40 Image by Yunaco Porcelain teapot Aventure Cost: $20 Image by Anthony Hall Matcha bowl Aventure Cost: $30 Image by Thirteen Tea press Adventure Cost: $25 Image by Vasyl Helevachuk Turkish teapot Adventure Cost: $35 Image by photo25th Tea Gastronomy | Page 53 .
Therefore. interact with and retain the tea flavors (oils). image by neo3721 Tea Gastronomy | Page 54 . the oils from previous infusions are likely to mix causing an unintentional blend of the tea flavors. The fact is that these teapots. rinse the teapot or glass with the hot kettle water. being unglazed. Unglazed Teapots It is advised to limit each unglazed teapot to a specific type of tea. Why? This isn’t just a reason to encourage people to collect these works of art. Bringing the temperature of the pot in line with the steeping water is an easy way to create even heat distribution while also cleansing the pot for a flavorful tea infusion.Preparation TEAPOT TIPS Balancing the Tea and Teapot Temperature If you want to encourage even water temperature during the infusion.
Preparation FILTER (STRAINER) Once you decide on the perfect pot or cup for the infusion. In other cases. and they can simplify your decision. you will not need to filter (powdered tea). Giving your tea leaves plenty of stretching room for their unfurling promotes a great tasting cup of tea. In some cases. picking the method and time to filter the leaves is your next step. Since the filter can influence the taste. What kind of filter should you chose? Many modern teapots come with filters. you may want to filter the tea only after the infusion. you may want to experiment with: • • • • • • • cloth paper metal ceramic plastic or wood filters combination of the above images by Henning Janos (above) and George Dolgikh (below) Tea Gastronomy | Page 55 .
Preparation TYPES OF FILTER (STRAINER) Tea bag Image by Serghei Platonov Bamboo tea strainer Image by Birute Vijeikiene Ceramic tea strainer Image by Chubykin Arkady Metal teapot strainer Image by InnaFetjukova Mesh tea strainer Image by Juanmonino Glass teapot strainer Image by Carole Gomez Tea Gastronomy | Page 56 .
touch and smell.Okakura Kakuzo. Opinions vary from culture to culture and even person to person as to how tea should be served. its special affinity with water and heat. Why people disagree is related to the role tea plays in a culture. Each preparation of the leaves has its individuality. its own method of telling a story. The choices of cup and manner of serving are numerous and a few of these will be covered very briefly in the upcoming pages. Some tea ceremonies may even throw stones into the tea kettle to stimulate our sense of sound. Tea can also stimulate thoughts and conversation as much as it has the potential to stimulate our physical senses of taste. music and the language of tea producing countries. Special cups for sencha and bancha teas can be purchased at specialty tea houses and are considered to produce and optimal tea drinking experience for those types of Japanese teas. Ceremonial tea sets will also have cups to compliment the service. The Book of Tea Tea Gastronomy | Page 57 . as there are no rules for producing a Titian or a Sesson. The truly beautiful must be always in it. “There is no single recipe for making the perfect tea. How each culture approaches tea provides an insight into their underlying values.” . The reader may be well aware that a white wine is generally considered best enjoyed from a smaller glass than a red wine. The choice of cup can even differ by type of tea consumed reflecting the similarities between wine and tea. Tea can provide a meditative distraction from the pressure of life. The upcoming section will introduce the reader to different themes that lend themselves well to entertaining. The opportunity in entertaining with a floral or geographic theme allows the host and guests to learn more about tea as well as cultural rituals. You will not need to be an expert in any specific culture or even the science of botany. You could argue that the rhythmic sound of the boiling water itself and western “singing” tea kettles do the same to engage this sense of sound. sight. its hereditary memories to recall.Preparation SERVING The glass (cup) used to enjoy tea ranges in the same materials as the teapot used for the infusion. food.
Entertaining Image by EVRON Tea Gastronomy | Page 58 .
shared with the author some of the traditions of Japan. a Certified Tea Master. In this section. China and Korea. is the Tea Master’s expression of appreciation. the tea ceremony includes pouring the tea at a height that encourages the creation of bubbles. my goal is to inspire the reader to incorporate some of the tea culture into mornings. For all these traditions. Tea Gastronomy | Page 59 . At the heart of tea ceremony. they are often seen to be a string of complex and unintelligible rituals. it is the power of tea to assist in developing friendship and encourage mutual appreciation that makes tea such an enduring favorite. Photographs By szefei Not everyone is interested in tea ceremonies.Entertaining TRADITIONS Tea traditions exist in Eastern and Western cultures and can inspire entertainment ideas. however. These bubbles are considered lucky for the guests. Jennie Goldin. How a culture serves tea can be a wonderful reflection of its values. afternoons and evenings enjoying tea. Is the tea served in small cups to give the host an ongoing opportunity to serve the guest? Is the tea served in a concentrated format and then diluted to a guest’s taste? Is part of the teacup left empty to symbolize that the remaining portion should be filled with friendship and affection? Be mindful of how tea is served to you and how you chose to serve this botanical infusion to your guests. In the Korean culture.
heather blossom. chrysanthemum. elder flower. marigold flower. orange blossom. apple. Popular floral teas include chamomile. and lavender. rose petal. hibiscus. jasmin. mallow flower. peppermint. some of which are found in the image below. rosebud. gunpowder tea. chamomile. and lime tree flower . The appreciation of flowers can be found as an adjunct to tea ceremonies and even as an integral part of the ceremony.image by Elena Schweitzer Tea Gastronomy | Page 60 . Pictured above: dry lavender. fennel.Entertaining FLORAL THEMES Flowers have long been associated with tea. hibiscus.
Entertaining Decorating with fresh-cut flowers or fresh fruit not only adds to the ambience of a room but also can give subtle hints to what will be enjoyed in the meal to come. The addition of flower water and essential oil can be added to enhance the floral arrangement or replace it. Dried flowers and dried fruit can be easily placed in bowls and sachets to perfume a room.image by Michaela Stejskalova Tea Gastronomy | Page 61 . Heather in tea kettle .
Entertaining For a special event. Image by terekhov igor Image by omers Tea Gastronomy | Page 62 . parchment paper or an envelope filled with the tea are other possibilities. Cotton sachets. Presenting the gift in inexpensive spice jars or decanters are just a few ways to package the gift. you can provide special memento of the tea for your guests.
Wedding favors can also be created from a unique blend.image by AGfoto Tea Gastronomy | Page 63 .Entertaining A tea blend for a special occasion such as wedding can certainly add a unique touch to a centerpiece or for a special toast. Cold jasmine tea .
GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: CHINA
Inspiration for celebrating with tea can easily be found in tea producing countries such as China, Japan, India, Turkey and Kenya. With its investment in and history of tea production for worldwide consumption, England can also provide some great tea entertaining ideas. A culinary trip to China for lapsang souchong tea will take you to the tea producing province of Fujian. This province has port towns and mountainous regions. Regional favorites include soup recipes such as clams in chicken broth. Other dishes includes pork stuffed mackerel fish balls and an interesting recipe called “Buddha Jumps Over the Wall”. Dishes found through china include steamed fish. Including some tea in the broth can make a bold statement and punctuate this geographic theme. Street food such as skewers are also readily found throughout China.
Clams at a market in Xiament, China - Image by Claudio Zaccherini
Tea Gastronomy | Page 64
Chinese style marinated steamed fish with onion - image by Hywit Dimyadi
Skewers at a Chinese street market - image by Matt Grant
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GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: JAPAN
Japan also serves as an inspiration for entertainment ideas because of its pottery, regional cuisine and flavor pairings. The tea ceremony can also provide inspiration. The ceremony begins as the guests approach the tea house and carries throughout the evening. Understanding the art behind preparation of the pathway, the floral arrangements, the tea service and interior decoration can provide a theme in itself/ Something sweet is usually offered at a tea ceremony in order to balance the somewhat bitter flavor of the matcha tea powder. Themes can also be found in the unusual perfumed or blended teas from Japan. The cherry blossom (sakura) tea and genmaicha popcorn tea are certainly examples. On the following page you will find the sweets created from the sakura flower as well as a unique twist on sushi.
Japanese tea room - image by Steve Yager
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image by svry Tea Gastronomy | Page 67 .chocolate roll with various fruit .image by jEssReika Dessert maki sushi . sakura (cherry blossom) mangu .Entertaining Japanese dessert.
Indian chai tea . India is also one of the largest tea consuming countries in the world so you are sure to find a few culinary ideas to inspire a geographically themed evening. The country mainly produces black teas ranging in price and quality.image by Eva Gruendemann Tea Gastronomy | Page 68 .Entertaining GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: INDIA The second largest tea producing country in the world in India.
cinnamon and ginger root. Also keep Indian cuisine in mind for vegetarian entertainment choices. Kadai paneer cheese curry in a cardamom gravy with naan bread and salad . cardamom pods. Chai tea ingredients can include fennel seeds.Entertaining Indian cuisine incorporates many spices in its culinary philosophy which can easily be found in chai tea recipes. cloves.image by Paul Cowan Tea Gastronomy | Page 69 .
Image by Martin Garnham Tea Gastronomy | Page 70 . As one of the highest tea consuming countries per capita in the world.Entertaining GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: ENGLAND England has invested in tea farms for centuries to help satisfy its demand for the infusion. the preference for a strong dark tea which is normally paired with cream and sugar. An arrangement of sandwiches and scones for afternoon tea .
English inspired tea rooms can also be found in other geographic regions including North America. Typical menu items including cucumber finger sandwiches. If Devonshire cream (clotted cream) is offered at tea. and small cakes.Entertaining The tea rooms of England offer ideal gathering places for friends and family. the tea service is known as cream tea. House special menu board . raisin scones with Devonshire cream.image by Thinglass Tea Gastronomy | Page 71 .
Pouring water to dilute the Turkish tea (çay) to taste .image by Miroslava 1 Trabzon Exchange Commodity http://www.tr/index.1 The country produces a black tea that is prepared in a concentrate and diluted to taste at serving.php?sayfa=245_milyon_ bardak_cay_ictik_dunya_lideri_olduk&d=en Tea Gastronomy | Page 72 .5 glasses per person.Entertaining GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: TURKEY A less well-known tea producing country is Turkey.gov.ttb. It is in the top ten tea producing countries worldwide and top tea consuming countries in the world. Tea (çay) is consumed in 95 percent of households and has a daily consumption rate of 3.
if you are looking for a country theme for your entertaining. simit (bottom) . turkishblue Tea Gastronomy | Page 73 . Because of this. Some of the food may be oddly familiar to the reader with the simit resembling a bagel and yumurtalı ekmek resembling French toast.Entertaining The food of Turkey is diverse as it has been influenced by the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Turkish breakfast (top). Turkey would be a good place to start.image by oznuroz.
growth and differentiation. exporting its production of cut black tea to 38 countries worldwide. The UK imports approximately one third of the tea produced by Kenya.1 An interesting topic of conversation for a cocktail party might be the purple tea being developed by Kenyan tea researchers.html 2 http://www. Anthocyanin pigments (reds and purples) occur in the sap of cells. black and green tea which receives its pigmentation from a manufacturing process.S.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2871133/ Tea Gastronomy | Page 74 .or.2 Anatomy of a Leaf 1. What is purple tea? Unlike white. Plastids: A green leaf is green because of the presence of a group of pigments known as chlorophylls. 2. Department of Agriculture 1 http://www.ncbi. One recent study took a comprehensive look at current research on its role in regulating cell survival. credit: Forest Service is an agency of the U. Anthocyanins are antioxidants with some research suggesting cardiovascular health benefits from this flavonoid pigmentation. these tea leaves grow with a beautiful purple tint. Carotenoid pigments (yellow and orange) are also found in plastids.nlm. 3.teaboard.nih. The tea receives this purple pigmentation from anthocyanins that also happens produce the reds and purples of Fall foliage.ke/news/2010/may2010_1.Entertaining GEOGRAPHIC THEMES: KENYA Kenya is a top tea producing country.
Here are a few of my favorite translations1: Swahili Jambo! Asante Mama Mimi Nina Chai Kahawa A tea farm in Kenyan . German.image by Larsek English Hello! Thank you Mother I I am Tea Coffee 1 http://www. English and French words within Swahili can surprise even your most intellectual guests. you’d be uttering the word mother in both cases.com/index.magicalkenya.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=72&Item id=183 Tea Gastronomy | Page 75 . Portuguese. Discovering native Persian. if you asked a guest to translate the word mama from Swahili and French. If you happen to share my nickname. After all.Entertaining Photographs by the Tea Research Foundation of Kenya Kenya has a culturally diverse history that can easily be found in its language. in Swahili Mimi translates to I.
John Richard Stepp. Edward Kennelly Tea Gastronomy | Page 76 . China Chubykin Arkady 1 Pu-erh tea tasting in Yunnan. Tea tasting can be done in many ways. a small slurp of the tea.1 “Its goodness is a decision for the mouth to make” . Peters. In some cultures a bitter tasting tea is prized as the bitter taste is associated with health benefits while other cultures appreciate a smooth tasting tea. of course. At this point it is important to note that the goal of a social tea tasting is to find teas that suit the taster’s preferences. The Classic of Tea A woman prepares tea for tasting . informally or formally. Chunlin Long.Entertaining TASTINGS As with coffee.Lu Yu. Charles M. Uchenna Unachukwu.Beijing. A formal tea tasting will involve evaluating the dry and infused (wet) tea leaves followed by. In addition. a small sample of tea leaves can make a wonderful low-cost parting gift for guests. China: Correlation of drinkers’ perceptions to phytochemistry by Selena Ahmed. tasting events can offer much of the same enjoyment as a wine tasting event without the worry of guests becoming intoxicated.
The formal tea tasting steps for a black tea: 1. A bowl and a cup fitted with a lid are laid out for each sample (a tasting set costs $10-$15). 2. 0.1 oz or 44 grains is placed into each cup 3. Boiling water is added to the cup, the lid is applied and left to infuse 4. After 5 or 6 minutes, the tea is poured into the bowl and the leaves are pressed on the inverted lid of the cup 5. The dry and wet tea leaves are evaluated1 6. A small slurp of the tea is taken and the tea is evaluated The appearance of the leaf (size, color and texture) along with the aroma of the dry and wet leaves are observed. The color and clarity of the tea infusion (liquor) along with the aroma, flavors, and weight in the mouth (thickness or thinness) are evaluated.
Tea tasting at a factory - image by Jorg Hackemann
1 Analysis and Tasting by P O Owuor, Tea Research Foundation of Kenya, Kericho, Kenya
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THE TEA CUP AND POT AS DECORATION
Not surprisingly, the choice of tea cup is as diverse as the teapot. Many tea cups can also be bought as part of a tea set. The tea sets can also provide decoration for a event holding not only tea but tea leaves, flowers, condiments, cut fruit, dips, candies or any other item that springs to your mind.
Image By 06photo
Image By voronas
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The handmade glass samovar image by Alexey Nikolaew
Image By ksena2you
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coffeeteagastronomy. Green tea with matcha tea cake image by yize Tea Gastronomy | Page 80 .com website. with something sweet balances the flavors. pair well with salads and vegetable dishes. This book offers some pairings with additional ideas to be found on the www. Many green teas also have a strong vegetal flavor and. Although some might question green tea being paired with sweets. Japanese tea ceremonies traditionally include something sweet to eat. therefore. Another example are that roasted teas pair well with a smoked fish and roasted meat. making it an outstanding base for dressings. which tends to be bitter. The reader can also understand the individual tea’s flavor profile from the packaging or the guidance of their tea shop. A chef of any experience level can safely pair the flavor of the tea with similar flavors.Entertaining PAIRINGS The numerous types of tea coupled with herbal varieties create an exponential amount of flavor pairings. Pairing the green tea.
This class of tea is generally bitter in taste with a strong vegetal flavor. sodium chloride (salt) or citric acid (found in citrus).htm Tea Gastronomy | Page 81 . in general. Smoky Black Tea Lapsang souchong is an example of this class of tea. White Tea This class of tea is the least processed type of tea and will. blend of various ~ Milk black teas. coffeeresearch.Entertaining TEA PPAIRING SUGGESTIONS TABLE Some of the same bitter characteristics of coffee are also found in tea. Mainly Savory Applications Roasted teas make ideal vegetarian soup bases ~ Roasted nuts ~ Roasted vegetables Savory and Sweet Applications ~ Sweet Fruits ~ Florals and Herbs ~ Sugar ~ Salt ~ Vinegar ~ Milk Savory and Sweet Applications ~ Fruits ~ Floral and Herbs ~ Nuts 1 Coffee Chemistry: Cause of Bitter Coffee.org/science/bittermain. blended with green ~ Sugar teas or even herbal teas. Green Tea Green tea can include leaf or powdered tea (matcha). The bitterness of a drink such as coffee or tea can be balanced with additives such as sucrose (sugar). Twig and Roasted Teas Examples of this class of tea are oolong and bancha (houjicha).1 Milk also includes a sugar called lactose that is perceived as sweeter as the temperature of the milk increases and is an ideal way to balance out the bitterness. have milder flavors. Coffee Research Institute http://www. Black Tea Mainly Savory Applications ~ Vinegar ~ Pepper ~ Salt Savory and Sweet Applications ~ Strong Sweet Fruits This class of tea can be from a ~ Strong Florals and Herbs single origin.
The liquor of tea and the dry leaf can both add flavor an visual appeal in a an economical way. oranges. they should be thought of a natural food coloring. yellows. greens. useful in creating colorful dishes with the added benefits of the tea. Some of these colors are reds. and blues.Entertaining FOOD COLORING AND DECORATION Tea has long been used as a natural dye for a variety of applications including textiles and food. Green tea (matcha) and lemon pudding cake image by Lulu Durand Tea Gastronomy | Page 82 . Since teas create different colors of infusion (liquor). Tea-dyed eggs are common in China and Matcha powder is used in many ways to add a green tint to noodles and sweet dishes.
Using tea and coffee cups for planting herbs can easily add accents to a room. tea jars. dining table or event. Mint Plant. Any event centered on growth or success would be ideal for this type of centerpiece. Loose Green Tea (small tea cups) and Lapsang Souchong Tea (background decanter) image by the author Tea Gastronomy | Page 83 . Tea blends can also perfume a room.Entertaining Decorating with the tea itself has limitless possibilies as the flowers and the dried leaves can all be presented in a variety of ways. tasting glasses or other other clear containers. The tea leaves can also serve as gifts at the end of the evening and be packaged in spice jars.
know that you are going to have company. a man.TEA LEAVES AND GUESTS Tea Leaves in a Cup “When you find teagrounds floating in your cup. the person coming is tall.Entertaining FOLKLORE .” . it is a woman who is coming. the visitor will simply make a call. If the grounds are taken out and thrown under the table. If the grounds are left in the cup. the company will stay all night. the visitor will be short. if short. if hard. If the grounds are soft.What they say in New England Lee and Shepard. If the grounds are long. 1896 Image by Cheryl Casey Tea Gastronomy | Page 84 .
Architect Tea Gastronomy | Page 85 . .Yoshio Taniguchi. J. I hope they will enjoy not so much the teacup. Matthew Architecture is basically a container of something.Entertaining Image by V. but the tea.
Image by Fadi Tarawneh “Dis-moi ce que tu manges.Gastronomy “Sunday Tea” . I will tell you what you are.” . je te dirai ce que tu es.Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin Tea Gastronomy | Page 86 .” “Tell me what you eat.
as a result. Tea is used as a kind of herb in many Asian recipes and I have been inspired by Eastern cultures for some of the recipes in this book. so be it. This book is not meant to be medical advice. For example.Gastronomy MAKING A CULINARY MARK WITH TEA It seems to me that most recipes could be improved upon in some way with the addition of a Camellia sinensis. This book is meant to provide culinary advice. paired with some cranberries can enhance any chicken recipe. The role of Camellia sinensis is less well know. more people will not only drink tea but will also use it in their everyday and entertaining recipes. Why has the West been slow in adopting tea as a flavor enhancer in recipes? Perhaps awareness will help build the demand. an herbal twig tea. this author believes their adoption is sure to follow. It is hoped that it will be successful in awakening the West to the possibilities of tea as a culinary ingredient and. We all know the important role that the herbs sage and mint play in the kitchen. chicken can sometimes be bland and a smoky tea or a Rooibos. If the benefits of the adoption of tea in your gastronomy leads to a long and happy life. Since awareness is an aim of this book. As the availability of teas in spice packs and recipes make their way into retail locations. Adapted by Melanie Paquette-Widmannfrom the Original work by Aquir Tea Gastronomy | Page 87 . herbal or floral tea. at least in the West.
NOON AND NIGHT White Tea and Orange Blossom Pudding Upcoming photographs are by the author unless otherwise noted Tea Gastronomy | Page 88 .Gastronomy TEA MORNING.
Chinese Tea Shop .image by Cozyta Tea Gastronomy | Page 89 . This section is arranged to offer ideas so the reader can incorporate tea at some point during their day. These recipes do not require any particular training. tea can be incorporated into many existing recipes and this author will offer a few recipes to encourage the use of tea in our daily meals. bitter and sour. Additional recipes can be found at: http://www.Gastronomy As previously mentioned. you will be able to quickly combine tastes in your mind.coffeeteagastronomy. In time. Cooking with tea and coffee stimulates my imagination and has become my pleasure and my passion. All that is required is a little thought and an imagination. Flavors can be broken down into four groups which are salty. Even meals taken through drive-thru windows or food trucks can be enhanced by tea. Imagine how two or more flavors would taste when combined. sweet. The next pages include some measurement references followed by recipes. Start thinking about how these work together and balance each other.com.
78 milliliters 48 teaspoons 5 grams of butter half ounce 110 grams (flour) 1/2 pint 1/3 cup 1/4 cup 1/8 cup 5 1/3 tablespoons 4 tablespoons 2 tablespoons 16 teaspoons 12 teaspoons 6 teaspoons Lapsang Souchong Tea Tea Gastronomy | Page 90 .Gastronomy EQUIVALENCY CHARTS °C °F Black Tea Oolong Tea Green Tea Matcha Tea White Tea 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon 1 cup 100 212 120 248 140 284 160 320 180 356 2.5 grams 2.5 grams 4 grams 1 gram 200 392 220 428 240 464 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 2 grams of all purpose flour 3 teaspoons (Tbsp) 16 tablespoons 5 grams of granulated sugar 14.5 grams 2.
Gastronomy TEA WATER TEMPERATURE CHART Perfumed Green Tea Tea Gastronomy | Page 91 .
Gastronomy BREAKFAST Tea Gastronomy | Page 92 .
Gastronomy Green Tea. Place in the muffin tin. 1/3 of the flour with the nuts and chocolate.com/2008/06/07/muffin-au-the-vert-chocolat-blanc-et-noix/ Tea Gastronomy | Page 93 . Mix the butter and sugar together. baking powder and green tea powder 3 times. 1/3 of the flour. 1/2 of the milk. then add the egg and mix once more. White Chocolate and Walnut Muffin Recipe and Photo By: Shoko Muraguchi Recipe translated from French with original recipe translated from Japanese Recipe for 6 muffins: 60g (1/4 cup) butter 60g (1/4 cup) sugar 1 egg 100g (1 level cup) flour with 3g (1 teaspoon) of baking powder 5g (1 heaping teaspoon) matcha green tea 40ml (3 tablespoons) milk 40g (1 1/3 oz) white chocolate 30g (1 oz) walnuts Sift flour. adding the remaining nuts and chocolate and insert into a preheated oven for 25 minutes at 350°F. 1/2 of the milk. Add the following in this order. Chop the nuts and chocolate and sprinkle with flour to keep the pieces from forming at the bottom of the dish. The butter. egg and milk should be left out to reach room temperature. Original Recipe in French at: http://tabimobi. Leave some of the nuts and chocolate for decoration. mixing each time: 1/3 of the flour.
Submerge egg into a bath of cold bancha tea and refrigerate for a few hours. Favorite pairing: olives with this woodsy Japanese tea.Gastronomy Boiled Egg After a Cold Bancha Bath Take a boiled egg and remove from shell. Serve adding pepper and salt to taste. Tea Gastronomy | Page 94 . Variations: Other teas can be used and soy sauce and other additives can be added to the cold tea broth for additional flavor.
place an egg over the butter to cook. dusting the egg with the lapsang souchong and tea combination. Tea Gastronomy | Page 95 .Gastronomy Salted Lapsang Souchong Egg Take a few pinches of lapsang souchong tea along with a pinch of salt and grind in a mortar and pestle until is reaches a dusty consistency. place on a few leaves of spinach and serve on bread or alone. Bring a pan to a medium high heat. place a small amount of butter. Dust the butter with the combination of lapsang souchong and salt. Once the egg is fully cooked.
Let cool.Gastronomy White Chocolate Tea Donuts Melt in a bowl placed in a simmering pan of water: 2 tablespoons of white chocolate chips 1/4 teaspoon of green tea (or to taste) Spoon combination over plain donut and top with nuts. Follow the same instructions with a combination of: 2 tablespoons of white chocolate chips 1/2 a black tea bag of tea leaves (or to taste) Tea Gastronomy | Page 96 .
Tea Gastronomy | Page 97 . top with whipped cream and strawberries.Gastronomy Strawberry. Cream and Black Tea Sauce Melt in a bowl placed in a simmering pan of water: 2 tablespoons of strawberry jam 2 tablespoons of water 1/2 teaspoon of heavy cream 1/2 a black tea bag of tea leaves (or to taste) Spoon combination over pancakes.
Gastronomy Green Tea and Wasabi Cream Cheese Combine: One tablespoon of cream cheese One teaspoon of wasabi One teaspoon of green tea One teaspoon of sugar One teaspoon of rice vinegar Juice from one lime Mix until it reaches a creamy texture. Tea Gastronomy | Page 98 . Spread on bread or crackers.
Spread on bread or crackers.Gastronomy Goat Cheese. Horseradish and Lapsang Souchong Spread Combine: Two tablespoons of goat cheese One tablespoon of horseradish One teaspoon of lapsang souchong tea Salt and rice vinegar to taste Mix until it reaches a creamy texture. Tea Gastronomy | Page 99 .
Gastronomy LUNCH AND DINNER + SAVORY SNACKS Tea Gastronomy | Page 100 .
Gastronomy Tea as Soup Bases Smoked Salmon. Shiitake and Onion Soup in a Bancha and Soy Sauce Soup base Left image preceding page (Bottom) 1 part of soy sauce or to taste 6 parts bancha tea rice. vegetables and fish. *A green tea may work better with a soup with vegetables due to the strong vegetal flavor of unroasted green teas. Dill and Carrot Soup in a Oolong and Soy Sauce Soup base Left image preceding page (Top) 1 part of soy sauce or to taste 6 parts oolong tea* noodles. Bring tea and soy sauce to a boil and pour over noodles. vegetables and fish. vegetables and fish in a small bowl. vegetables and fish Place noodles. Smoked Salmon. Tea Gastronomy | Page 101 . vegetables and fish Bring tea and soy sauce to a boil and pour over noodles. lapsang souchong and salt to taste. Season with a mixture of sesame seeds.
Green Tea and Rosemary Chicken
Take a few pinches of lapsang souchong tea along with a pinch of salt and grind in a mortar and pestle until is reaches a dusty consistency. Bring a pan to a medium high heat, place a small amount of butter. Dust the butter with the combination of lapsang souchong and salt, place an egg over the butter to cook dusting the egg with the lapsang souchong and tea combination. Once the egg is fully cooked, place on a few leaves of spinach and serve on bread or alone.
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Lapsang Souchong Chicken Over Green Tea Rice and Spinach
Dust chicken with lapsang souchong tea and a small amount of salt. Place in a frying pan and cook thoroughly. Take half cup of white rice and combine with half a teaspoon of green tea powder (matcha) and quarter teaspoon of olive oil. Dust with lapsang souchong tea and salt to taste. Plate spinach, rice and chicken. For added flavor, top with green tea vinaigrette.
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Salad with Warm Lapsang Souchong Vinaigrette
Heat one teaspoon of lapsang souchong tea with one tablespoon of white balsamic vinegar for a 10 seconds in a microwave oven to infuse tea into the vinegar. Mix tea infusion with two tablespoons of olive oil and salt to taste. Plate spinach, crumbled goats cheese and kalamata olives. Drizzle the vinaigrette over the salad.
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A bamboo toothpick works well to stuff the mixture into the olives. Wasabi and Lapsang Souchong Stuffed Olives Combine: One tablespoon of goat cheese Two teaspoons of lapsang souchong tea One tablespoon of wasabi Salt to taste Mix until it reaches a creamy texture. Tea Gastronomy | Page 105 .Gastronomy Goat Cheese. Stuff pitted olives with the mixture.
Tea Gastronomy | Page 106 . Sprinkle salt and tea mixture on cucumbers.Gastronomy Cucumber Tea Sandwich Combine: 1/2 teaspoon of black tea 2 tablespoons Devonshire (Devon or clotted) cream 1/4 teaspoon of milk Salt seasoning: One part salt to one part tea Spread cream mixture on bread to taste. Place cucumbers on bread.
Gastronomy Mediterranean Vegetables in Tea Cream Combine: 1/2 teaspoon of black tea 2 tablespoons Devonshire (Devon or clotted) cream 1/4 teaspoon of milk Add: 12 chopped olives 2 chopped pieces marinated bell pepper (about 1/2 a bell pepper) 3 artichoke hearts Place on toasted or untoasted bread and top with tea salt to taste. Tea Gastronomy | Page 107 .
Tea Gastronomy | Page 108 . Wasabi. Spread on bread or crackers.Gastronomy Brie. and Lapsang Souchong Spread Combine: One tablespoon of soft brie cheese Two teaspoons of lapsang souchong tea One tablespoon of wasabi One teaspoon of rice vinegar Mix until it reaches a creamy texture.
Tea Gastronomy | Page 109 .Gastronomy Green Tea. Goat Cheese. Onion and Olive Dip Combine: 2 tablespoons of goat cheese 2 teaspoon of creme fraîche 1/2 teaspoon of matcha green tea 1 chopped spring onion 6 chopped kalamata olives Salt to taste Let sit to allow the flavors to combine and serve.
Gastronomy Lapsang Souchong Bacon and Mushrooms Take a few pinches of lapsang souchong tea along with a pinch of salt and sprinkle onto bacon. Tea Gastronomy | Page 110 . Warm rice and place in a bowl. Bring a pan to a medium high heat. place a bacon in the pan and cook thoroughly. Add mushrooms to the bacon and cook for a minute longer. Top rice with lapsang souchong bacon and mushroom mixture.
Add 2 teaspoons of wasabi Add 1 teaspoon of soy sauce Add enoki mushrooms Cook for a few minutes.Gastronomy Oolong Duck Cut one duck leg into small pieces. Tea Gastronomy | Page 111 . In a frying pan. Coat the duck pieces with oolong tea. Remove from heat. Plate mixture into a bowl. place oolong duck pieces and brown. Top with sesame seeds to taste.
Gastronomy Tomatoes and Green Tea Vinaigrette Combine: 1 teaspoon matcha powder 2 tablespoons of white balsamic vinegar 2 tablespoons of rice vinegar 6 tablespoons of olive oil Salt and pepper to taste Tea Gastronomy | Page 112 .
top with vinaigrette and cracked pepper Tea Gastronomy | Page 113 .Gastronomy Cold Noodle Salad with Green Tea Cream Dressing Take 2 parts green tea vinaigrette and combine with 1 part creme fraîche. Salad: Cold noodles cut into small pieces 1 diced tomato 6 diced olives Combine in a bowl.
5cm) wide. Tea Gastronomy | Page 114 . On a piece of wax paper. right: camomile. place your tea of choice lengthwise and then take the piece of goats cheese and roll it through the tea. Place the tea on a cracker to avoid touching the tea as you transfer to a serving plate. left: lapsang souchong and chili. Take 1 log of goats cheese and cut into pieces about 1 inch (2. back: lapsang souchong and red pepper.Gastronomy Goat Cheese Rolled in Tea Pictured above front: rooibos tea.
The mixture easily adheres to the dried fruit in the trail mix.Gastronomy Lapsang Souchong Trail Mix Take a few pinches of lapsang souchong tea along with a pinch of salt and grind in a mortar and pestle until is reaches a dusty consistency. Tea Gastronomy | Page 115 . Place trail mix on a plate and dust with the combination of tea and salt.
Gastronomy DESSERTS Amelia’s Earl Grey Cookies Tea Gastronomy | Page 116 .
com/ Tea Gastronomy | Page 117 .Gastronomy Amelia’s Earl Grey Cookies Photographs by Amelia Pane Schaffner blog: http://www.ztastylife.
Orange and White Chocolate Layer Cake Tea Gastronomy | Page 118 .Gastronomy Earl Grey Tea.
With the backside of a spoon smooth the top layer adding additional sauce as needed. Orange and White Chocolate Layer Cake Chocolate Sauce Adapted from Ethan M. Lightly drizzle the layer with the chocolate sauce.Gastronomy Earl Grey Tea. Tea Gastronomy | Page 119 . Assemble layers into a tower. alternating between the orange and earl grey sauces. Ash The Tea Room Recipe for 6 people: Earl Grey Chocolate Sauce 2 tablespoons cream 2 ounces of white chocolate or milk chocolate 1 tea bag (tea leaves) Orange Chocolate Sauce 1 tablespoon orange marmalade or juice 1 tablespoon cream 2 ounces of white chocolate or milk chocolate Cut a white cake into thin slices. Take a small cookie cutter and push through the layers.
Gastronomy Milk Chocolate Earl Grey Ice Cream 1 small scoop of vanilla ice cream Top with earl grey chocolate sauce to your taste Tea Gastronomy | Page 120 .
whisking constantly. Top with sugar or whipped cream as desired. Spoon in serving dishes and refrigerate.Gastronomy Green Tea Pudding Makes four small servings 1 teaspoon of matcha tea powder 1 cup of milk ¼ cup of sugar 2 tablespoons of cornstarch Combine with a whisk. place in a sauce pan and cook over a medium heat. The mixture should thicken and reach a dense pudding texture. Tea Gastronomy | Page 121 .
Pour the green tea chocolate into the mold. filling it about half way.Gastronomy Green Tea Chocolate (Front) Melt in a bowl placed in a simmering pan of water: 2 tablespoons of white chocolate chips 1/2 teaspoon of green tea (or to taste) Separately: 2 tablespoons of white chocolate chips Pour the white chocolate into a mold. Tea Gastronomy | Page 122 . Solidify by placing in the freezer for 20 minutes. filling the remaining part of the mold.
Tea Gastronomy | Page 123 . Place salted mixed nuts onto chocolate and let cool.Gastronomy Lapsang Souchong and Mixed Nut Chocolate Bar Melt in a bowl placed in a simmering pan of water: 2 tablespoons of milk chocolate chips 1 tablespoon of lapsang souchong tea (or to taste) 1 pinch of salt Pour milk chocolate mix onto a narrow dish or parchment paper into desired shape.
Those pits and scratches can be created by abrasive cleaning tools. a soft cloth and a little effort can remove many of these household stains.The Cleanup Tea and coffee have earned a reputation for staining everything from teeth to the kitchen sink. Cleaning in this gentle way can ensure your teapot and cups do not taste of harsh cleaners which can embed themselves into pitted surfaces. Some baking soda. Bone china teapot with microfiber cloth Image by Melanie Paquette Tea Gastronomy | Page 124 .
The Cleanup Tea kettles. Challenges: double walled glass and meshed wire surfaces Image by Melanie Paquette Tea Gastronomy | Page 125 . unglazed teapots and cups as well as mesh surfaces can be challenging to keep clean. These parts can be delicate and hard to reach. Teapot spouts. teapots and tea preparation tools may require regular hand cleaning. Using a microfiber cleaning cloth can be an effective way to polish as well as thoroughly and gently clean a variety of kitchen tools and surfaces. It is suggested that you always follow the teapot and tools manufacturer’s cleaning instructions but consider a mircofiber cloth if the instructions include the need for a soft and lint free cleaning cloth.
Tea Gastronomy | Page 126 .
Tea Gastronomy Simple And Memorable Entertainment Ideas CTG Publishing .
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