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Stages in Reading Comprehension Lesson: 1. Pre-reading 2. While-reading 3. Post-reading
Suitable Activities for pre- while- and post- Reading Comprehension Lesson:
Pre-Reading Activities: Doing reading preference survey, reading activity survey Semantic mapping Discussion activities (“what does this word, picture, object make you think of?”) Telling a story Relating experiences associated with reading theme (“this story reminds me of…”) Explaining a concept or process (“How does xxx work?”) Asking students to explain a concept or process Describing an object that you bring in Keying on vocabulary from other pre-reading activities Taking a position (on a statement or a quote) Consensus forming (making choices as groups) Quick writing on a topic or a key word Taking a topical survey (what do all the people in the class think about xxx?) Making a questionnaire (group activity) Writing up survey/questionnaire results (group activity) Filling in a flow chart Filling in a modified cloze passage Guessing text genre from the title (why is text organized in a certain way?) Skimming in order to choose/make-up best title Posing questions about a topic (teacher or students) (know, want to know, have learned) Ordering chapter headings in order of perceived interest Ordering chapter sub-heading to predict arrangement of information Reading a letter that takes some perspective on the text, have students identify the writer
Relating a topic to general course content Reading an excerpt—predicting the rest of the text Asking for and finding specific facts (coordinate with scanning activity) Writing a reaction or opinion after a discussion Listening to a lecture and taking notes. video. have the students rate the statements for accuracy. write. picture sequence. slide set. ad. etc. story. or to be read Make statements about the reading. table. poster. give definitions. students make appropriate questions . or announcement based on reading to date Correct a summary full of errors List sequence of events or steps in correct order as a chart Make a news story from reading-to-date. description. debate Bringing in a person to talk to the class Taking a short excursion to a relevant location While-Reading Activities: What comes next? List the possibilities Provide two summaries. etc. and/or headings and then discussing or predicting Reading first sentences of each paragraph and predict Finding definitions Reading only sub-headings for discussion Reading only underlined sentences for discussion (teacher underlines) Seeing a film. chart. Fill in skeleton story line up to the point of reading. opinion Ask questions. same with outline—ask what will come next Do a flyer. focus on vocabulary—students find words they want to remember Give information for next section. captions. role-playing Listen to a lecture excerpt related to a section just read. to outline progress so far Ask students to elaborate on some part of the text just read: a process. using the notes to compare with a section of a reading Looking at pictures. TV show in order to discuss. which is most accurate so far? Give alternative chapter/section headings Use map. report as reading unfolds Playmaking.
have them find other occurrences Fill in or draw grids.Post-Reading Activities: Scanning for key vocabulary. note points of difference. given definition. what is the genre of the text. Relate experiences to text) Write a reaction (express opinion) Connect with information from other articles Match information T/F statements Fix wrong information in a summary Listen to lecture and connect to reading. fill in a summary Students take/make sentences. what would be better examples for the students? Write a reaction evaluation as groups Write newspaper headlines Write sub-headings for text sections . charts. maps. points of similarity Write a summary. tables. colleague) Ranking of importance of information in reading (start with a list of statements about reading) Flow chart the information Decide what information can be eliminated (have lists of statements) What is the attitude/viewpoint of the writer. read Text. other students get points if agree with right answer Report on reading from different frames (reporter. state as T/F. professional. outlines Expand or change a semantic map Ask questions ETR (relate Experience. who is the audience? How do you know? List examples that appear in text. editor.