VOICE

The
Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

Weekly

http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com

Vol.9 / No.11

&okH;rSef;ajc
aiGpm&if;wGif
0efBuD;XmetcsKdY\
tcGefaumufcH
&aiGrsm;ryg

pm 7
"mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

tcGef
uif;aMumif;
oufaocH
yHkpH 19 ESifU
17 zsufodrf;

rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;
usyfaxmif*Pef;jzifU
{NyD 1 &ufaeh
pa&mif;rnf

pm 11

1
The

pm 3
"mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif

"mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif

INSTITUTIONAL
POLITICS

0efxrf;vpmESifU yifpifvpmrsm;wdk;jr§ifU&ef
usyf 385 bDvD,H xyfokH;rnf

&JwyfzGJY0if
udk;OD;udk
autdkifat
zrf;qD;

&efukef? rwf 13

pktpdk;&u EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;ESihf wyfrawmf0efxrf;rsm;\ vpm? p&dwfESihf aeYpm;vkyfcrsm;wdk;jr§ihf&ef vmrnfh{NyDvwGif pwifrnfh 2013jynf axmif
2014 b@ma&;ESpfrSpwifí aiGusyf 385 bDvD,HtokH;jyKrnfjzpfaMumif; or®wOD;odef;pdefu rwfv 12 &uf aeYwGif or®wtdrfawmftpdk;&tzGJU
tpnf;ta0;cef;rüusif;yaom b@ma&;aumfr&Siftpnf;ta0;wGif ajymMum;onf/
0efxrf;rsm;\ vpm? p&dwEf iS fh xm;aom tyd k a xmuf y H h a Mu;ES i h f ,if;tpnf;a0;wGif or®wu ajym
aeYpm;crsm;udk acwfumvtajc a0;vH a oma'o&S d 0ef x rf ; rsm; qdkonf/
EdkifiH\ 3 &mcdkifEIef;0ef;usif
taeES i h f q D a vsmf a p&ef wd k ; jr§ i h f twGuf a'op&dwfwdkYudk qufvuf
ay;rnfjzpfovdk vuf&SdcHpm;cGihfjyK cHpm;cGihfjyKEdkif&ef vsmxm;aMumif; om&S d a om 0ef x rf ; OD ; a&twG u f

wpfOD;csif;pD\ tedrhfqkH;vdktyfcsuf
jynhfrD&ef vpmjr§ihfwifay;&ef vdktyf
aMumif; pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'a&;&mynm&Sif
a'gufwmatmifudkudk
pm 3

0rfaygifukrÜPDESifUpmcsKyftopfcsKyfqdkí aMu;eDpDrHudef;qufvufaqmif½Guf

&efukef? rwf 13

tpdk;&ESifh autdkiftdkwdkY
jidrf;csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;aepOf
rwfv 12 &ufaeY nae 4 em&D
cefYu ucsifjynfe,f rdk;n§if;
NrdKUe,f armf[efaus;&Gm&JwyfzUGJ
pcef;rS &JwyfzGJU0ifudk;OD;udk
autdik af ttzJUG u zrf;qD;oGm;
aMumif; ucsijfynfe,ftyk cf sKyaf &;
tzGJUxHrS od&onf/
rdk;n§if;NrdKUe,f &Jpcef;rS
'k&Jtkyf vSxGef;at; OD;aqmif
aom &JwyfzUJG 0if ckepfO;D ? armf[ef
aus;½Gm&Jpcef;rS &JwyfzGJU0if
ESpfOD;? ,mOfarmif;t&yfom;
wpfOD;wdkYudk autdkifatu
ausmufpdrf;xGuf pm 23

jyKjyif&rnfU
bPfOya'
rsm;pGmusef&Sd[k
bPfynm&Sirf sm;qdk
"mwfyHk - a&Ttif;om;cifarmif0if;

NLD A[dkaumfrwDopf

pm 22

ygwDpnf;vkH;a&;NydKuGJ&ef vkyfaqmifolrsm;yg0if[kqdk

pm 9
pm 8

SUPPLEMENT
OICE
A
47

The

V

Monday,
Monday,March
March18
18- -24
24,, 2013
2013
Vol.9 / No.11

VOICE

The

Weekly

EdkifiHU0efxrf;tm;vkH; vpmESpfaomif;wdk;rnf
&efukef? rwfv 15

vkyf

cvpmenf;yg;rIaMumihf tjcm;rvdkvm;tyfaom pm&dwåydkif;qdkif&m tm;enf;csufrsm;jzpfay:aeonhf EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;udk 2013-2014 b@mESpfrSpí vpmusyfESpfaomif; wdk;jr§ihfay;
rnfjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;ESihf tcGef0efBuD;XmerS jynfaxmifpk0efMuD;OD;0if;&Sdefu rwfv 15 &ufaeYu usif;yaom jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif ajymMum;onf/

EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm; vpmwdk;a&;
udk 2013-2014 b@mESpf
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ &okH;rSef;ajc
aiGpm&if; qdkif&mOya'Murf;wGif
¤if;u ,if;odkYxnhfoGif;ajymMum;
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tpd k ; &Xmeqd k i f & mrsm;wG i f
vkyfudkifaeonhf aeYpm;0efxrf;rsm;
udk wpfaeYvQif ckepf&musyf wdk;ay;
rnfjzpfNyD; tNidrf;pm;0efxrf;rsm;
twG u f v nf ; yif p if v pmES i h f
qkaMu;aiG wdk;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;0if;&Sdefu qdkonf/
0efxrf;vpmudk wdk;ay;aomf
vnf; tajccHpm;aomufuek pf nfrsm;
ud k aps;rwuf & ef xd e f ; ay;oih f
aMumif; a&eHacsmif; txu(2)rS
q&mr a':eE´mrsK;d vdiI u
f tBujH yKonf/
]]t&ifuwdkif vpmwdk;r,fvdkY
toHoJhoJh Mum;wmeJY ukefaps;u

okH;oyfonf/
tajccHpm;0wfaea&;twGuf
vkHavmufaom vpmaiGr&&Sdonhf
EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;udk vpmwdk;ay;jcif;
onf tusihfysufjcpm;rI wdkufzsuf
a&;twG u f taxmuf t ul j zpf
aMumif; a[mifaumifwuúodkvfwGif
tusihfysufjcpm;rI wdkufzsufa&;udk
avh v mxm;onh f 88 rsKd ; quf
ausmif ; ol rouf o uf a tmif u
qdkonf/
jrefrmwpfEikd if v
H ;Hk wGif tNrJwrf;
Edik if 0hH efxrf; 12 ode;f ? aeYpm;0efxrf;
ckepfaomif;av;axmif? tjidrf;pm;
"mwfykH-xGef;xGef;jrifh
aeYpm;0efxrf;rsm;ukdvnf; wpfaeYvQif 700 usyf wkd;jr§ifhrnf

enf;enf;wufvmw,f}} [k ¤if;u
qdkonf/
EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;udk vpmwdk;

ay;jcif;jzihf 0ifaiGjzefYa0rIudk ydkrdk
aumif ; rG e f a paMumif ; pD ; yG m ;a&;
ynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifudkudku

jrefrmEdkifiH\ bdef;xkwfvkyfrI 17 &mcdkifEIef;jrifUwuf
&efukef ? rwf 14

urÇmay:wGif 'kwd, bdef;
xkwv
f yk rf t
I rsm;qk;H [k ukvor*¾u
xkwfjyefxm;aom jrefrmEdkifiH\
bdef;xkwfvkyfrIonf ,cifESpfrsm;
xuf 17 &mcdkifEIef;jrihfwufvm
aMumif; tjynfjynfqdkif&m rl;,pf
aq;0g;xdecf sKyaf &;tzGUJ \ tpD&ifcpH m
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
jrefrmEdik if t
H a&SUbuf &Sr;f jynfe,f
wGif bdef;xkwfvkyfrIonf ajcmufESpf
qufwdkuf jrihfwufaeNyD; w½kwf?
xdkif;ESihf vmtdkrsm;odkY e,fpyfa'o
rsm;rSwpfqihf arSmifcdka&mif;csvsuf
&SdaMumif; ,if;tpDcHpmwGif azmfjy
xm;onf/
tar&duefEdkifiHjcm;a&;Xmeu

0efxrf; ckepfodef;ajcmufaomif;
twGuf vpmwd;k ay;&ef jynfaxmifpk
tpdk;&u usyf 382 'or 682
bD v D , H ok H ; pG J r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
OD;0if;&Sdefu ajymMum;onf/
Edik if 0hH efxrf;rsm;udk vpmwd;k ay;
Edkif&ef jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ pDru
H ed ;f
tcsKUd udk qdik ;f iHjh cif;ESifh avQmch sjcif;rsm;
jyKvkyfcJhNyD; jynfaxmifpk vTwfawmf
u twnfjyKxm;onhf trsKd;om;
pDrHudef;ESihf udkufnDrnhf 20132014 b@mESpf t&tokH;qdkif&m
Oya'Murf;udk b@ma&;ESifh tcGe0f efBu;D
Xmeu a&;qGJcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ „

vnf; jrefrmEdkifiH tygt0if EdkifiH
aygif; 22 EdkifiHonf rl;,pfaq;0g;
xkwfvkyfa&mif;csaeaMumif; rwfv
12 &uf a eYwG i f xk w f j yef a om
EdkifiHwum rl;,pfaq;0g;xdef;csKyfrI
qd k i f & m tpD & if c H p mwG i f azmf j y
xm;onf/
jrefrmEdkifiHonf 2012 ckESpf
twGif; bdef;wefcsdef 610 wefrS
690wef txd wdk;jrihfxkwfvkyfcJhjyD;
tar&d u ef a ':vm 359 oef ; zd k ;
xkwfvkyfcJh&mwGif &Srf;jynfe,fu
90 &mcdkifEIef; xkwfvkyfcJhaMumif;
ukvor*¾ rl;,pfaq;0g;ESihf jypfrI
qdkif&m½kH;(UNODC)\ tpD&ifcHpm
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

bdef;xkwfvkyfrI jrihfwufae
aom &Sr;f jynfe,ftwGi;f tar&duef
tajcpdkuf EdkifiHwumrl;,pfaq;0g;
xdef;csKyfa&;tzGJUu rwfvqef;ydkif;
wGif bdef;txGufEIef;wdkif;wmrIrsm;
udk pwifjyKvyk af eNyjD zpfaMumif; usKid ;f wkH
NrKUd &Jt&m&Sw
d pfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
rl;,pfarSmifcakd 'o[k emrnfMu;D
aom rJacgifjrpf0Srf;wpfavQmufwGif
w½kwf? jrefrm? vmtdkESihf xdkif;EdkifiH
wdkYtwGuf rl;,pfarSmifcdka&mif;0,frI
tm;aumif;aeqJjzpfaMumif; tar&duef
EdkifiHjcm;a&;Xme\ tpD&ifcHpmwGif
„
azmfjyxm;onf/

a[mifaumifrS tDvufx&Geef pfypön;f rsm;
&efukefwGif xkwfrnf
&efukef? rwf 15

a[mifaumiftajcpdkuf
tD v uf x ½G e f e pf u k r Ü P D E & E
Magnetic u vdIifom,m pufrIZkef
(2) wGif puf½kHwnfaqmufí ¤if;\
xk w f u k e f r sm;ud k xk w f v k y f o G m ;
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDxHrS
pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

tDvufx½Gef;epf qm;upfbkwfrsm;?
LCD (Liquid Crystal Displays)

Elec&Eltek Magnetic
Products Ltd. onf NEC? Foxconn

rsm;ESifh vQyfppfoHvdkuf enf;ynm
qd k i f & m xk w f u k e f r sm; (Power
Magnetic Products) udk xkwfvkyf
ay;aeaom ukr®PDjzpfonf/
tqdyk g ukrP
® o
D nf Magnetics
Integrated Connector r s m ; ?
tcsuf t vuf E S i f h quf o G , f a &;
qdkif&m x&efpazmfrmrsm; (Data and
Telecommunication Transformers)?
toHppfqefcg (Noise Filters) tygt0if
quf o G , f a &;ES i f h tif w meuf
uGef&ufcsdwfqufrIqdkif&m xkwfukef
rsm;ud k v nf ; xk w f v k y f a eaom
ukr®PDjzpfonf/

ponhf enf;ynmukr®PDrsm;twGuf

„

E & E Magnetic Products
(Myanmar) Ltd. trnfjzifh vQyfppf

oHvdkufenf;ynmqdkif&m xkwfukef
rsm;ESifh tDvufx½Gefepf ypönf;rsm;
udk vufcpm; (CMP) pepfjzifh xkwv
f yk f
oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; jref r mEd k i f i H
&if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS aI umfr&Siu
f aMunmonf/

NEWS MAKER

oBuFefoHcsyf pmom;BuKdwif&rnf
&efukef? rwf 15

jref r mh ½dk;&m r[moBuF e f y G J
awmfwGif oBuFefoDcsif;pyfqdkjcif;?
oHcsyfxdk;jcif;rsm;twGuf pmom;rsm;
udk wdkif;a'oMuD;tpdk;&tzGJU r[m
oBuFeo
f cD si;f oHcsypf pd pfa&; aumfrwD
odYk rwfv 22 &ufaeY aemufq;Hk xm;í
wifjy&rnfjzpfaMumif; &efukefwdkif;
a'oMuD; tpdk;&tzGJUu rwfv 14
&ufaeYu EdkifiHydkifrD'D,mrsm;wGif
owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
]]rEÅav;rSm oHcsyfawG
acwfpm;wkef;uawmh oHcsyfpmom;
awG BuKd j y&wmMum;zl ; w,f /
yG i h f y G i h f v if ; vif ; ajym&&if a wmh
EdkifiHwumrSmvdk vGwfvyfpGmajymqdk
a&;om;cGihfudk BuKdufwmaygh/ 'gayrJh
vGwfvyfru
I kd wvGo
J ;Hk rdNyD; rvdv
k m;
tyf w J h vl r sKd ; a&;? bmoma&;

jyóemawG jzpfrSmvnf;pdk;ygw,f/
wpfzufuMunhf&if 'Drdkua&pDenf;
rusbl;vdkY qdkEdkifayr,hf udk,hfbuf
uvnf; vGwv
f yfpmG ajymqdak &;om;
cGihfudk wu,fxdxda&mufa&muf
tokH;csEdkifr,fqdkaumif;ygw,f}}
[k aw;a&;a&Ta*smfa*smfu ¤if;\
tjrifudk zGihf[onf/
oH c syf r sm;onf vl Y a vmu
MuD;\ tNrD;tarmufrwnhfrIrsm;udk
tjyKoabm a0zefaxmufjyjcif;
jzpfonhftwGuf ykwfcwfapmfum;
onhf taMumif;t&mrsm; r[kwyf gu
cGihfjyKapvdkaMumif; Sky Net ½kyfoH
vdkif;u jyKvkyfonfh vlxkyJhwifoH
oHcsyfNyKdifyGJwGif 'dkiftjzpfaqmif½Guf
rnfh pma&;q&mopömeDu ¤if;\
qE´udkajymMum;onf/
„

Google Ouú|

rwfv 22 &uf vmrnf

&efukef? rwf 15

urÇmausmf enf;ynmukrÜPDwpfckjzpfaom Google ukrÜPD Ouú| EricSchmidt rwfv 22 &ufaeYwGif
jrefrmEdkifiHodkY yxrqkH; vma&mufrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH uGefysLwmtoif;csKyf twGif;a&;rSL;
OD;aZmfrif;OD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
¤if;\ c&D;pOftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiH uGefysLwmtoif;csKyfwGif vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh awGUqkHaqG;aEG;rnfh
tjyif udk,fxludk,fx pGefYOD;wDxGif vli,fynm&Sifrsm;ESihfvnf; awGUqkHoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
xdkYtjyif Mr. EricSchmidt onfvIdifNrKdUe,f MICT cef;rwGif rdefYcGef;ajymMum;&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;ESihf
c&D;pOf\ t"du&nf½G,fcsufudkrl od&Sdxm;jcif;r&SdaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
]]bmtwGuf vmwmvJawmh rodao;bl;/ jzpfEdkif&if tultnDay;r,fqdk&if aus;vufa'o
enf;ynmzGHNzKd;a&; taxmuftyHhawGudk OD;pm;ay; awmif;qdkoGm;zdkY&Sdygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
tar&dueftpdk;&\ pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqdkYrIrsm;aMumifh Google u ay;onfhtcsKdUaom enf;ynm 0efaqmif
rIrsm; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tokH;jyKEdkifjcif; r&Sdojzifh ,if;0efaqmifrIrsm; jyefvnfzGifhay;&efESihf ausmif;rsm;wGif
enf;ynmtaxmuftyHhrsm; jznfhqnf;ay;Edkif&ef arQmfvifhaMumif; Solveware Solution rSuGefysLwmvkyfief;&Sif
OD;aiGxGef;u okH;oyfajymMum;onf/
,if;odkY taxmuftyHhrsm; ay;Edkif&eftwGufvnf; rdrdwdkYbufrS jzpfEdkifajc&Sdaom vdktyfcsufrsm;ESifh
tajctae t&yf&yfudk wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf; &Sif;ay;Edkif&ef vdktyfaMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;ajym Mum;onf/
tar&duef enf;ynmavmuwGif tiftm;MuD; tkyfpkwpfckjzpfaom Google udk 1996 ckESpfrwfvwGif
tar&duefjynfaxmifpk Stanford wuúodkvf rS Ph.D. ausmif;om;rsm; jzpfaom LarryPage ESihf SergeyBrin
wdkY yl;aygif; pwifcJhMujcif;jzpfjyD; enf;ynm ukrÜPDwpfcktjzpf w&m;0ifowfrSwfum 2001 ckESpf rwfvwGif
Mr. EricSchmidt udk yxrOD;qkH; trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyftjzpf cefYtyfcJhMuonf/
„

46
B
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'jyifqif&ef aumfrwD? aumfr&Sifrsm; zGJYrnf
&efukef? rwf 15

iHa&;tiftm;pktm;vkH;u jyifqifvdkonhf 2008 zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udkjyifqifEdkif&ef avhvmokH;oyfrnhf
aumfrwD? aumfr&Sifrsm; zGJUpnf;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/
,if;aumfrwD? aumfr&Sifrsm; tqdu
k kd vTwaf wmfu twnfjyKco
hJ nf/ ,if;aumfrwDESihf aumfr&Sifrsm;udk
T af wmf
zGJUpnf;&ef 0ufvufNrKdUrJqE´e,frS
]]EdkifiHa&; jyKjyifajymif;vJrIeJY zGUJ pnf;oihaf Mumif; jynfoYl vw
jynfolY vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f udu
k n
f aD tmif vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf; abmif OuúX OD;a&Tref;u tBuHjyKonf/
zGUJ pnf;ykH tajccHOya' jyifqif
ol&OD;at;jrihfu rwf 15 &ufaeY twG i f ; u jyif q if & r,f } } [k
a&;onf wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;ESifh pnf;vk;H
u usi;f yonhf jynfoYlvw
T af wmfwiG f OD;at;jrihfu qdkonf/
G af &; wnfaqmifEikd &f eftwGuf
ta&;MuD;tqdk wifoiG ;f cJjh yD; jynfoYl
wdkif;&if;om; udk,fpm;vS,f nDnw
vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f 462 OD; rsm;ES i h f Ed k i f i H a &;ygwD t oD ; oD ; rS ta&;MuD;aMumif; ucsifjynfe,frS
vkH;u uefYuGufolr&Sd axmufcHum vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f

umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf yxrqHk;tBudrfbk&m;xD;awmfwif
&efukef? rwf 15

t&yfom;tpdk;& vufxuf
wGif yxrqkH; wyfrawmf umuG,f
a&;OD;pD;csKyf jzpfvmonhf 'kwd,
AdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD; rif;atmifvdIifu
ESpfaygif; 101 ESpfMum xD;awmfopf
wifvSLEdkifjcif;r&Sdonhf xm;0,fNrKdU
v,fwiG f wnf&adS om ESpf 250 ouf
wrf;&Sd a&Tawmifpm; apwDawmfMuD;udk
rwfv 13 &ufaeYu yxrqkH; xD;
awmfwifvSLcJhaMumif; umuG,fa&;
0efMuD;XmexHrS od&onf/
tqdyk gapwDawmf xD;awmfwifvLS
rIrmS xm;0,fNrKUd om; 'kw,
d Adv
k cf sKyrf LS ;BuD;
rif;atmifvdIif umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf
&mxl;&,lNyD; aemufydkif;yxrqkH;
bk&m;xD;awmf wifvSLjcif;jzpfonf/
a&Tawmifpm; apwDawmfMuD;udk
jrefrmouú&mZf 1126 ckESpfwGif
yxrqkH; xD;awmfwifvSLcJhNyD; 1162
ckESpfwGif 'kwd,tMudrf? 1273 ckESpf
wGif wwd,tMudrf xD;awmfwifvSL
cJh&m ,cktMudrfrSm pwkw¬tMudrf
ajrmuf xD;awmfwifvLS jcif;jzpfonf/
2012ckEpS w
f iG f 'kw,
d Adv
k cf sKyrf LS ;Bu;D
tqifw
h ;kd jr§ijhf cif;cH&onfh wyfrawmf

uGyu
f aJ &;rSL; (Munf;? a&? av) wm0ef
ponhf wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmifcJh
um 2011ckEpS w
f iG f Adv
k cf sKyBf uD; &mxl;
jzifh wyfrawmfumuG,fa&; OD;pD;csKyf
wm0efudk pwifxrf;aqmifcJhonf/„

OD;odef;aZmfu qdkonf/
a&eHESihf obm0"gwfaiGUrS &&Sd
onhf tusKd;tjrwf\ 20&mcdkifEIef;
odkYr[kuf 25&mcdkifEIef;udk ouf
qdkif&m jynfe,fESihf wdkif;a'oMuD;
tpd k ; &rsm;ud k cG J a 0cH p m;cG i h f j yK&ef
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccH Oya'\ yk'fr 188
Z,m;(2)&Sd jynfe,fESihf wdkif;a'o
MuD;tpdk;&rsm;\ vkyfydkifcGihfudk jyif
qif&eftwGuf vTwfawmfESihf n§dEdIif;
aeaMumif ; Ed k i f i H a wmf or® w ½k H ;
jynfaxmifpk 0efMuD;OD;pdk;odef;u
azazmf0g&DtwGi;f ajymMum;xm;onf/
obm0&if ; jrpf r S & &S d o nh f
tusKd;tjrwfudk okH;ykH ykHjyD;vQif
wpfykHudk oufqdkif&ma'otwGuf
cHpm;cGihfjyKrnfjzpfjyD; wpfykHudk jynf
axmifpktpdk;&u &,lum usefwpfykH
udk zGHNzKd;rIenf;onhf csif;jynfe,f
uJhodkYaom a'orsm;twGuf OD;pm;
ay;ok H ; pG J & ef pOf ; pm;aeaMumif ;

jynfaxmifpk0efMuD; OD;atmifrif;u
ajymMum;xm;onf/
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk qefY
usifaeonhf jynfya&muf twdkuf
tcH tiftm;pkrsm; jynfwGif;odkY vm
a&mufjyD; vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;ESihf
tnD jyif q if o ih f a Mumif ; Ed k i f i H
awmfor®w OD;odef;pdefu Oa&my
ig;Edik if cH &D;pOfwiG f zdwaf c:xm;onf/
wdkif;&if;om;rsm; vdkvm;onhf
udk,fydkifjyXmef;cGihftwGuf jynfe,f
Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;ESihf w&m;
pD&ifa&; vkyfydkifcGihfrsm;udk jynf
axmifpk tpdk;&u csKyfudkifvGef;jcif;?
a½G ; aumuf wif a jr§ m uf x m;jcif ;
r&So
d nhf wyfrawmfom; 25 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
vTwfawmfwGif; ae&may;xm;jcif;
wdYkaMumihf 'Dru
kd a&pDpepftwGuf tmrcH
csuaf y;Edik o
f nhf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'
r[kufaMumif; wdkif;&if; om;rsm;ESihf
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;u a0zefonf/ „

autdik t
f ekd ,fajr wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;pmar;yG{J Nyv
D rSomajzrnf
jrpfBuD;em;? rwf 15

Photo - TS

'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvdIif
a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfMuD;udk
rwfv 13 &ufaeYu xD;awmfwifvSLpOf

umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf'kwd,
AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; rif;atmifvSdKifonf
1975 ckESpfwGif wyfrawmfodkY pwif
0ifa&muf trIxrf;cJhNyD; trSwf (44)
ajcjrefwyfrXmecsKyf wyfrrSLK;wm0ef?
taemufyikd ;f wkid ;f ppfXmecsKyfEiS fh Bwd*H
a'owdkif;ppfXmecsKyf wkid ;f rSL;wm0ef?
ppfqifa&; txl;tzJUG rSL;wm0ef? ndE§ iId ;f

jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvkH; wuúodkvf
0ifwef; pmar;yGJajzqdkaeNyD jzpf
aomfvnf; vufeufudkif y#dyu©
rsm;aMumihf autdik t
f kd xde;f csKyf e,fajr
twGif;wGif {NyD 1 &ufaeYrS 8 &uf
aeYxd ajzqdrk nfjzpfaMumif; autdik t
f dk
ynma&;Xme 'k w d , wm0ef c H
OD;cGef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
]]ar;cGe;f awGukd autdik t
f ykd nma&;
Xmeu bmom&yftvdu
k f a&;qGx
J m;
ygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
autd k i f t d k ynma&;Xme\
pmppfXmeokH;ck&SdNyD; vdkifZmpmppfXme
wGif 134 OD;? rdkif*sm,ef pmppfXme

wGif 111 OD;ESifh tif*rG ;f v pmppfXme
wGif 25 OD; pkpkaygif; 270 OD; &Sd
aMumif; ,if;Xme\ pm&if;rsm;t&
od&onf/
wyfrawmfESihf autdkifatwdkY
wdkufyGJpwifjzpfyGm;cJhonhf 20112012 ynmoif E S p f w G i f v nf ;
autdkiftdkynma&;Xmeu a&;qGJ
onhf ar;cGef;twdkif; wuúodkvf
0ifwef; ausmif;om; ausmif;ol
aygif; 260 OD; ajzqdkcJhonf/
,if;wuúodkvf0ifwef; ajzqdk
atmifjrifolrsm;onf autdkiftdk
ynma&;XmerS zGihfvSpfaom
oifwef;rsm;tjyif w½kwfjynfolY
or®wEdik if H ulrif;NrKdU&Sd wuúov
kd Ef iS fh

CONSTRUCTION

&efuif;tdrf&mtygt0if 0efxrf;tdrf&m 11 ck
topfjyefaqmufrnf

xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd wuúodkvfrsm;wGif zGihf
vS p f a om oif w ef ; rsm;ud k wuf
a&muf E d k i f & ef aqmif ½ G u f a y;rnf
jzpfaMumif; OD;cGef;atmifu ajym
Mum;onf/
autdkiftdk xdef;csKyfe,fajr
twGif;&Sd ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm;
onf 1994 ckESpfrS pwifum 2011
ck E S pftxd tpdk;&\ tajccHynm
txufwef;ausmif;rsm;wGif
oG m ;a&muf a jzqd k c J h a omf v nf ;
wdu
k yf jJG zpfymG ;NyD;aemuf oGm;a&muf
ajzqdk&ef tqifrajyaomaMumihf
autd k i f t d k e ,f a jrtwG i f ; üom
pmar;yG J p pf a q;jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ;
¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
„

armifawmwuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ
&cdkifESifU b*FgvDausmif;om;rsm; oD;jcm;ppfaq;

&efukef? rwf 15

armifawm? rwf 15

puFmylEdkifiHudk pHerlem,lzGHNzKd;wdk;wuf&ef vkyfaqmifrnhf &efukefNrKdUawmfwGif &efuif;tdrf&m tygt0if
oufwrf;&ihf0efxrf; tdrf&m 11ckudk acwfESihftnDtopf jyefvnfwnfaqmuf&ef pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif; NrKdU½Gm
ESihftdk;tdrfzGHUNzKd;a&;OD;pD;XmerS tMuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u TheVoiceWeekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
topfjyefvnf wnfaqmufrnhf tdrf&mrsm;wGif 51 vrf; tdrf&m? vrf;opftrd &f m? a&T*t
Hk rd &f m? OD;0dpm&
(rif;rEdkif) tdrf&m? a0VK0eftdrf&m? &efuif;NrKdUe,frS 0efxrf;tdrf&mtygt0if pkpkaygif;0efxrf;tdrf&m 11 ck
yg0ifaMumif; tqdkygXmexHrS od&onf/
&efukefNrKdUawmf&Sd 0efxrf;tdrf&m trsm;pkudk 1954 ckESpfuwnf;u pwifaqmufvkyfcJhNyD; oufwrf;
59 ESpfMumjrihfaomaMumihf tdkrif;a[mif;EGrf;vmojzihf topfjyefvnfaqmufvkyf&ef pDpOfjcif;jzpfaMumif;?
tqdkygtdrf&mrsm;udk aqmufvkyfrnhftcsdefESihf aqmufvkyfrnhftaqmufttkHykHpHudk vwfwavmwGif twdtus
rajymEdkifao;aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
topfjyefvnf aqmufvkyf&eftwGuf tqdkyg0efxrf;tdrf&mrsm;udk topfjyefvnfwnfaqmuf&ef
,if;tdrf&mrsm;wGifaexdkifolrsm;ESihf aqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajyvnfrI&&Sdygu zGHNzKd;a&;pDrHudef;
(Development Plan) a&;qGJNyD; yk*vduvkyfief;&Sifrsm;udk wif'gac:,lum wnfaqmufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
NrKdU½GmESihftdk;tdrf zGHNzKd;a&;OD;pD;XmexHrS od&onf/
]]wcsKdU0efxrf;tdrf&mawGu tajctae t&rf;qd;k aeawmh aqmufr,fqdk&if ESpfb,favmuf MumrSmvJ?
vuf&SdaexdkifolawGudk topfaqmufaecsdefrSm b,fvdkae&may;rvJu ta&;MuD;ygw,f/ 0efxrf;awG
tqifajyatmifaqmufwmjzpfvYkd taESmiht
f ,Suaf wmh rjzpfapcsiyf gbl;}} [k r*FvmawmifneG YNf rKUd e,fjynfoYv
l w
T af wmf
udk,fpm;vS,f a':jzLjzLoif;u qdkonf/
topfjyefvnf wnfaqmufrnfuo
kd m today;xm;jyD; a&TUajymif;ay;&rnhf tcsdef? pwifaqmufvkyf
rnhftcsdefrsm;udk today;xm;jcif;r&SdaMumif; 51vrf; 0efxrf;tdrf&mwGif aexdkifolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
]]topfaqmufNyD;&if ae&mjyefay;zdYkeYJ aqmufaewJt
h csed rf mS aezdYkae&m twdtusukd tmrcHcsuf ay;Edik &f ifawmh
a&TUajymif;ay;rSmyg}} [k 0efxrf;tdr&f mwGif jrefrmxrif;qdik zf iG x
f h m;ol touf 30 ausmf trsK;d orD;wpfO;D u&Si;f jyonf/ „

y#dyu© tjyif;txef jzpfyGm;cJh
aom &cdik jf ynfe,f armifawmNrKdUwGif
wuúodkvf0ifwef; ajzqdkaeonfh
&cd k i f E S i h f b*F g vD ausmif ; om;?
ausmif;olrsm;udk oD;jcm;cGJí pmar;yGJ
ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; armifawm
pmppfXmexHrSod&Sd&onf/
pmar;yGJppfaq;&mwGif rvdk
vm;tyfaom jyóemrsm; rjzpfyGm;
&ef cGJjcm;ppfaq;jcif;jzpfjyD; pmar;yGJ
ppfaq;aeaom ausmif;wGi;f ? ausmif;
jyifvkHNcHKa&;twGuf wyfrawmf? e,f
pyfvkHNcHKa&; (epu)? &JwyfzGJUvkHNcHK
a&;tzGJUrsm; txl;apmihfMunhfae
aMumif; tqdkygXmerS vufaxmuf
MuD;Muyfa&;rSL;wpfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
pmar;yGJ ESpf&ufajrmufppfaq;
jyD;onftxd jyóemwpfpkHwpf&m
jzpfyGm;jcif; r&Sdao;ay/
pmar;yGJajzqdkaom tcef;rsm;
wGif tcef;apmihfq&mrrsm; wm0ef
,l & mwG i f wd k i f ; &if ; om; q&m?

q&mrrsm;ESihftwl b*FgvDq&m?
q&mrrsm;vnf; yg0ifaMumif; armif
awmNrKdU pmppfXmexHrS od&Sd&onf/
armifawmNrKdUpmppfXmewGif
pmppf XmeokH;ck&SdNyD;?pmar;yGJajzqdkol
ausmif;om;? ausmif;olaygif; 1070
OD;&Sdonhfteuf b*FgvDausmif;om;
230OD; yg0ifjyD; q&m? q&mr 100
OD;cefYu MuD;Muyfonf/
&cd k i f j ynf e ,f armif a wm
NrKdUe,fwGif ZGefvtwGif;u jzpfyGm;
cJah om y#dyu©rsm;aMumihf pmoifausmif;
rsm; ,m,D&yfem;cJ&h NyD; q&m? q&mr
rsm; xGufajy;aecJh&ojzihf tcsdefrD
ynmoifMum;EdkifcJhjcif; r&SdcJhay/
&cdkifjynfe,f&Sd tjcm;NrKdUe,f
rsm;&Sd pmppfXmersm;wGif &cdkifESihf
b*FgvDausmif;om;rsm;udk ausmif;om;
OD;a& tenf;trsm;tay: rlwnfí
cGjJ cm;ppfaq;rI&adS Mumif; &cdik jf ynfe,f
&Sd pmppfXmetcsKdUudk ar;jref;csuf
rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/ „cifarmifat;

47
C

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

vufyHawmif;awmiftaemufuvl
The Voice Weekly

owif;tzJGY

ylzkHxlaom csif;wGif; taemufjcrf;? rwfvtwGif; wpf&uf/ qE´jyenf;aygif;pkHjzihf emrnfausmfaom qnfwnf;&GmteD; tdrfwpftdrfonf rdkbdkif;vfrsm;? wufbvufrsm;? uifr&mrsm;jzifh
tvkyfrsm;vsuf&Sdonf/ xdkwdkufcHESpfxyftdrftaemufbufwGif SkyNet N*dKvfwkvdkif;udkwyfqifxm;&m wpfurÇmvkH;ESihf wdkuf½dkufcsdwfqufxm;ouJhodkYjzpfonf/ xdk&Gmonf vufyHawmif;
teD;wpf0dkufwGif &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; vQyfppfrD;&aomaus;&GmjzpfNyD; a':atmifqef;pkMunfacgif;aqmifaom pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif rkH&GmNrKdUra&mufrD ESpfem&DcefYtvdkwGif xdktdrfatmufxyfrS
vlwpfOD; zkef;wpfvkH;jzihf atmufygtwdkif; cyfoGufoGufnTefMum;vsuf&Sdonf/
]]OD;ode;f udak jymxm;/ a'ocHu a'ocHtrsKd;orD; 12 OD; oHk;&ufMum ajyatmif raewwfwJhEdkifiH jzpfoGm; vlBudKurf sm;atmif vkyw
f mr[kwb
f ;l / ajrZmrsm; ,majrrsm;ay:wG i f
atmfoih&f ifatmfay;vdu
k /f awmifay: rk&H mG NrKdUay:wGif rk&H mG tmPmydik rf sm;u rS m yg/ uRef r wd k Y taeeJ Y 'D u d p ö u d k Edik if aH &;vkyw
f ,fqw
kd m Edik if t
hH wGuf rykHa&;rSpwifcJhaom vufyHawmif;
udkifwG,fwJhae&mrSm tjyKoabm aumif ; apcsif v d k Y vk y f w ,f q d k w J h y#dyu©onf,cktcgwGif aumfr&Sif
rSm zke;f b,fou
l ikd x
f m;vJ/ qdik ;f bkwf zrf;qD;vdkufMuonf/
awG NyD;oGm;NyDvm; wu,fvdkY tJ'D
&uf o wå y wf tenf ; i,f aqmifwJh bufuudkifwG,fygw,f/ pdwf"mwfrsKd;eJYvkyfwmrsKd; jzpf&r,f/ u pD r H u d e f ; quf v k y f í ajr,m
bufukd a':pkvrf;aMumif; rawmfwq tMumwG i f 0rf a ygif u k r Ü P D t eD ; tjypf&mS zdYkvnf; r[kwyf gbl;/ tjypf Edik if t
hH wGuf aumif;apcsifw,fqw
kd hJ avsmfaMu;rsm;udk umvaygufaps;
jzwf&if vlxkudka<u;aMumfoHwif tacgif ; ok H ; vk H ; rD ; ½d I U qE´ j yrI ? zdkYzdkYvnf; r[kwfygbl;/ w&m;cH pdwf"mwfeJY vkyfw,fqdk&if trkef;cH jzihf ay;ygrnfqakd omtcgwGiv
f nf;
ay;vdkuf? yk'rf 144 ½kyzf Y?kd oHCmawGukd atmufwdkbmv 9 &ufaeY nae &SmzdkYvnf; r[kwfygbl;/ 'Dudpö[m &J&r,f/ wcsKdUudpöawGu tm;vkH; awmifBuD;udkyJvdkcsifonfh pDrHudef;
rD;avmifAkH; w&m;cH a zmf x k w f z d k Y ? ydkif;wGif qnfwnf;aus;&Gmokomef aemifusvdkY&Sd&if uRefrwdkYtwGuf oabmwlrSm r[kwfbl;/}}
udk &yfyg[lonftxd jyóemudk
aumfr&Sit
f vdk r&S?d pDru
H ed ;f ½kyo
f rd ;f a&; wGif aoqkH;NyD;olrsm;rS jyefvnf b,fvdktusKd;jzpfatmifvkyf&rvJ/
a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf o nf vufyHawmif ; awmif t aemuf u
.... 'gyJwifay;vdkuf}} ]]a&Tn0gudk Edk;xvmonhf ygazmhrmefYrsm;jyKvkyf qdkwJhtjrifeJY vkyfwm}} [k wkH&Gm vufyHawmif;awmif pDrHudef;twGif; vlrsm;u ajymif;xm;vdu
k Nf yDjzpfonf/
qnf w nf ; ud k a&T U xm;}}? ]]tjzL cJhMuonf/ atmufwdkbmvtwGif; oydwpf cef;wGif a':atmifqef;pkMunf rwfv 13 &ufaeYESihf 14 &ufaeY
rwfv 13 &uf aeYu ajz&Sif;
av;a,mufudk awmifay:u jyefqGJ yif jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ydkifESihf a'ocH u ajymonf/
ESpf&ufcefY tpD&ifcpH mESihf ywfoufí ay;&ef a &muf v maom aumf r &S i f
aumfr &Sif\tpD&ifcHpmudk &Gm 10 &GmausmfcefY&Sd a'ocHrsm;udk Ouú | a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf u d k
cscJhawmh}} ponfwdkYjzpfonf/
rsm; qm;vif;BuD;&Jpcef;wGif tjyef
H ed ;f &yf wpf a eYuk e f vd k u f & S i f ; jycJ h o nf / atmf[pf½IHUcsonf/ qJqdkonf/ NyD;cJh
,if;uJhodkYzkef;jzihf ñTefMum; tvSef trIzGihfcJhNyD; OD;ydkifu tacgif; wif;wif;rmrm wkYHjyefum pDru
h ydwf trsm;pkrSm aumfr&Sif\tpD&ifcHpm onhf &ufydkif;twGif;u or®wudk
aeolonf xdka'oZmwdr[kwfbJ rD;½dIUrIwGifyg0ifol 16 OD;udk yk'fr qkid ;f &efom ajymqkad eMuonfo
pcef;udOk ;D aqmifaeolrmS a'ocHwpfO;D udk rzwfrdMubJ pDrHudef;qufvkyf w&m;pGJonf/ xdkrwdkifrD rkH&GmNrdKUBuD;
&efukefrSvmolwpfOD;jzpfNyD; ¤if;ESifh oHk;ckjzihf trIzGihfcJhMuonf/
twl tenf;qkH;ig;OD;rS 10 OD;cefY
xdkYaemuf csif;wGif;jrpftwGif; r[kwfay/ a':atmifqef;pkMunf rnf/ ajrodrf;vdrhfrnf[k em;vnf wGifyif rjrifbl;? rMum;bl;aom
ygvmMuum xdak 'owpf0u
kd w
f iG f ,ref rD;arQmyGJrsm;? qnfwnf;&Gm jynfolY &S i f ; jyaejcif ; ud k y if vufrcHbJ um uefYuGufaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
ocsKØif;twGif; o½kyfjy qE´jyrIawG
ESpftwGif;uyif a&muf&SdvmcJhjcif; nDvmcH ponhf qE´xw
k af zmfyrJG sm;udk a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk uefYuGuf
kd af qmif&u
G cf MhJ uonf/
xd k u efYuu
G rf EI iS fh ywfowfí txd qufwu
jzpfonf[k qnfwnf;&Gm a'ocH &ef u k e f u G e f & uf tzG J U 0if r sm;\ Muawmhonf/
aejynfawmfwGif The Voice Weekly u xdkolwdkYonf vGefcJhaom ESpf 50
,ck uef Y uG u f r I r sm;onf a':atmifqef; pk M unf u d k oD ; oef Y ausmf u t,l 0 g'rI d i f ; rd o uJ h o d k Y
wpfOD;u ajymjyonf/
OD;aqmifrIrsm;jzihf jyKvkyfcJhMuonf/
vufyHawmif;awmif a'ocH
,if;uJhodkY qE´jyrIrsm;tjyif &ef u k e f r S vma&muf o l w pf p k u ar;jref ; &m vuf y H a wmif ; awmif wpfzufydwfvrf;\ tEÅ&m,fydkif;
rsm;\ yxrqk;H tBudrf qE´xw
k af zmf ,ck E S p f t wG i f ; Ed k i f i H a &;t& trmcH j zpf N yD ; xd k o l w d k Y ES i h f t wl aMu;eDpDrHudef; &yfqdkif;a&;twGuf odkYyif a&mufvkeD;yg;jzpfcJhonf/
rIrSm 2012 ckESpf ZGefv 2 &ufaeYwGif wdkufcdkufrIrsm;jzpfonhf or®wudk ½kyfoHrD'D,morm;wpfOD;onfvnf; qE´jyuefYuu
G o
f rl sm;\ aemufu,
G f ynmtajccHtm;jzihf tm;enf;ol
pwifcJhNyD; xdkpOfu awmif;qdkrIrsm; w&m;pGq
J jkd cif;? a':atmifqef;pkMunf xdk&GmwGif vaygif;rsm;pGm aexdkif wGif BudK;udik o
f rl sm;&Sad Mumif; rSwcf suf rsm;udk xdkodkYjzpfvmap&ef vkyfae
udk w½kwfukrÜPD 0rfaygif½kH;0if;\ udk qE´jyjcif;wdkYtxd vufyHawmif; vsuf & S d u m 2013 ck E S p f rwf v ay;cJhonf/
olrmS trsm;tjym;r[kw/f ta&twGuf
0ifaygufwGif 0ufarS;&GmrSOD;aqmif awmif\ aemufuG,frS ay:xGuf pkHprf;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tpD&ifcHpm
]]Ed k i f i H & J U tem*wf t wG u f tenf;i,faom pnf;½kH;vIHUaqmf
í a'ocHawmifol 100 cefYjzihpf wif vmcJh&m xdkjyóemonf vuf&Sd xGufvmcsdefwGif tcsdefudkufvIyf&Sm; taumif;qkH;tajzudk &SmNyD;vkyfcJh aeolrsm;u t"dujzpfonf/
cJhMuonf/ qE´xkwfazmfoltm;vkH; jrefrmEdkifiH\ jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;ESihf rIrsm;udk pwifonf[k a'ocHrsm;u wmyg/ trsm;BudKufrSm? rBudKufrSm
xdkolwdkYonf jrefrmwpfEdkif
rSm trsKd;orD;rsm;omjzpfMuonf/
xGef;opfppD;yGm;a&; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI qdkonf/
Mobmay;rSm ray;rSmudk rpOfpm; iHvkH;u odcsiaf eMuonhf vufyaH wmif;
vufyHawmif;wif;rmrIrsm;\ ygbl ; / oabmrwl r ,h f o l a wG awmif y#dyu©aemufu,
xd k t csd e f u a'ocH r sm;\ tvm;tvmrsm;udk Ncdrf;ajcmufvm
G u
f Zmwfvu
kd f
aemufuG,fwGif &efukeftajcpdkuf &Sdr,fqdkwm tpuwnf;u odyg rsm; jzpf o nf / xd k o l w d k Y onf
vufxJwGif qdkif;bkwfrsm;? ADEdkif; zG,f&Sdvmonf/
rsm; ryg&S d a o;ay/ ¤if ; wd k Y c H p m;
pDrHudef;qufvkyfoihfonf[k uG e f & uf w pf c k ? &G m cH t csKd U ES i f h w,f/ rD;avmifA;Hk qdw
k mvnf;r[kwf xdka'otwGuf rnfrQtusKd;aqmif
ae&onhf v,f,majrrsm;ay:wGif 2013 rwfv 14 &ufwiG t
f BujH yKco
hJ nhf jynfwGif;wGifae&mr&onfh jynfy bl;/ Smoke AkH;? rD;cdk;AkH;udk rD;avmif Edkifrnfudk rodaomfvnf; oef; 60
k nf; Online AkH;vdkY ajym&r,fqdk&if tarrajymEdkif aom jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvkH;rS jynfolwdkY
pGefYypfajrrsm; vmrypfa&;? ,majr aumfr&SiOf uú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf aeoltcsKUd yg0ifonf[v
rsm;ay:wGif puf½?Hk tvky½f Hk taqmuf u vufyHawmif;awmif pDrHudef; owif;rsm;u rSwfcsufjyKMuonf/ bl;/ tar'gudk udk,fwdkifxkwfwJh \ xGef;opfptem*wfudkyg rIefrIdif;
ttkHrsm; raqmufa&;? 0ufarS;&Gm &yfqdkif;a&;twGuf t"duuefYuGuf xdv
k yI &f mS ;rIrsm;udk a':atmifqef;pkMunf puf½kHrSm oGm;prf;NyD;oGm;NyD}} [k rSdefazsmhoGm;apcsif;iSm rvkyfoifh/
a[mif;rS csw
d yf w
d x
f m;aom bke;f awmfBuD; aeaom wk&H mG oydwpf cef;odYk 0ifa&muf \ atmufygpum;jzihf csdefxdk;Munhf a':atmifqef;pkMunfu rkH&Gmc&D;pOf xdkolwdkYonf ..../
ausmif;ESihf pmoifausmif;jyefzGihf um atmufygtwdkif;&Sif;jycJhonf/ apcsifygonf/
wGifrS tjyefwGifajymMum;cJhonf/
The Voice Weekly owif;tzGJU
ay;a&;? ,if;odkYn§dEdIif;pOf tcsdef
]]pDrHudef;udk &yfvdkufr,fqdk&if
vGefcJhaom 2 ESpfu pGefYypf
]]Ed k i f i H a &;vk y f w ,f q d k w m
twGif; pDrHudef;&yfqdkif;xm;a&; tusKd;qufu bmjzpfr,fqdkwm
ponhftcsufrsm;omjzpfMuonf/
aoaocsmcsm *CPe axmufrjy
2012 ckESpf Mo*kwfv 24 &uf ygbl;/ tusKd;qufuawmh ysufp;D wJh
aeYwiG f yk'rf 144 xkwjf yefcsurf sm;udk ajruawmh ysuf p D ; wJ h t wd k i f ;
wk H Y j yef o nh f t aeES i h f aus;&G m yd k i f jzpfrSmyg/ v,f,majrr&SdwJholu
,majrrsm;ay:ü rusL;ausmf & r&SdwJhtwdkif;jzpfrSmyg/ wjcm;bmrS
qdo
k nhf vIy&f mS ;rIwiG f aMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f jzpfay:vmrSm r[kwfygbl;/ 'gayrJh
a'ocHrsm;tjyif &efukefrSuGef&uf jrefrmEdkifiH&JU pD;yGm;a&;u ,kHMunfrI
&efukef? rwfv 15
tzGJU0ifrsm;yg vufyHawmif; ta&; trsm;BuD; usoGm;rSmyg/ urÇmrSm
jynfolYvTwfawmfw&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;ESihf wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;aumfrwDOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf
wGif yg0ifvmMuonf/
qdkvdkY&Sd&if 'DEdkifiH[m pD;yGm;a&;t&
OD;aqmifaom vufyaH wmif;awmifaMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Si\
f tpD&ifcpH mudak xmufcaH Mumif;
,if;aemuf 2012 pufwif pmcsKyfcsKyfNyD; tvkyfvkyfoihfwJh EdkifiH
88 rsKd;qufausmif;om;OD;rif;udkEdkifu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
bmv 10 &ufaeYwGif rkH&GmNrdKU&Sd r[kwfbl;vdkY trsm;u'DvdkyJokH;oyf
,if;tpD&ifcHpmwGif tusKd;tjrwfcGJa0rIrQwa&;uJhodkYaom tm;enf;csuf? tm;omcsufrsm;udk axmufjy
qkawmif;jynhb
f &k m;odYk qkawmif;&ef rS m yg/ uRef r wd k Y t aeeJ Y ud k , h f & J U
xm;ojzihf jynhfpkHaomtpD&ifcHpmwpfckjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uokH;oyfonf/
a&muf&v
dS monhf vufyaH wmif;awmif tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHawGeJYawmif tqif
a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk,fwdkif ,if;tpD&ifcHpmudk rwfv 14 &ufaeYu oGm;a&muf&Sif;vif;onfudk
a'ocH&Gmol? &Gmom;rsm;u uefYuGufqE´jycJhonf/
csefyD,Hvd*f uGmwm;zkdife,f (y-ausmU {NyD 2^3? 'k-ausmU {NyD 9^10)
]]tpD&ifcHpmu qkH;jzwfcsufr[kwfbl;/ tpD&ifcHpmudkMunhfNyD; tpdk;&uqkH;jzwf&rSmyg}} [k OD;rif;udkEdkif
uqdkonf/
yJ&pfpdefY*smrdefY (PSG) (jyifopf) V bmpDvkdem (pydef)
a'ocH&Gmol? &Gmom;rsm;taeESihf ,if;tpD&ifcHpmudkzwfoihfaMumif;? tpD&ifcHpmwGifyg&Sdonhf tm;om
bkdif,efjrL;epf (*smreD)
V *sLAifwyf (tDwvD)
csuf? tm;enf;csufrsm;udkem;vnfNyD; rdrdwdkY\tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf taumif;qkH;jzpfatmif n§dEdIif;oihfaMumif;
&D;,Jvfruf'&pf (pydef)
V *gvmwmpma&; (wl&uD)
¤if;utBuHjyKonf/

V a'ghrGef (*smreD)
rmv*g (pydef)

vufyHawmif;awmiftpD&ifcHpm
88 rsKd;qufausmif;om;rsm; axmufcH

48
D
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

½dk[if*smrl&if; taxmuftxm;r&SdaMumif; a'gufwmat;csrf;&Sif;
&efukef? rwf 15

[if*sm[k ac:a0:okH;pGJaejcif;rSm Primary Sources (rl&if;taxmuftxm;)udktajccHí ajymqdkaejcif;r[kwfbJ Secondary Sources udkomtajccHxm;NyD; vkyfBuHxm;aom tcsuf
tvufrsm;yg0ifum tvGefoHo,jzpfzG,faumif;aMumif; *syefEdkifiH Kanda wuúodkvfrS ordkif;ygarmu© a'gufwmat;csrf;u ajymMum;onf/
½dk[if*smonf jrefrmordkif;
tqufqufwGif r&SdcJh[k ordkif;
taxmuftxm;rsm;ESihfwuG rwfv
14 &ufaeYu &efukefNrKdU wuúodkvf
rsm;vIdife,fajr&Sd MICT Park wGif
jyKvkyfcJhaom &cdkifordkif;qdkif&m
&Sif;vif;yGJwGif a'gufwmat;csrf;u
ajymMum;onf/
½dk[if*smqdkaom pum;&yfrSm
pifppftm;jzihf b*FgvDrsm;u &cdkif
wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;udak c:aom Roshang
or Rohan [kac:aom pum;&yfESihf
*smqdo
k nfrmS b*Fvm;a'h&pfS um;t&
vlrsKd;t&yfom;qdkaom pum;&yf
ESpfckudk yl;aygif;ac:&mrS ½dk[if*sm[k
ajymif;vJokH;pGJxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;
a'gufwmat;csr;f u &Sif;jyonf/
jrefrmordik ;f acwftqufquf

ESihf NAdwdoQ udkvdkeDacwfwpfckvkH;&Sd
NAdwdefvlrsKd;rsm;\ rSwfwrf;rsm;?
b*Fgvm;a'h&Sftpdk;&\ ajymqdkcsuf
rSww
f rf;rsm;wGif ½d[
k if*sm[krw
S w
f rf;
wifcjhJ cif; wpfpw
Hk pf&mr&Scd b
hJ b
J *FgvD
[kom rSwfwrf;wifxm;cJhonfudk
awGU&Sd&aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
½dk[if*smonf &cdkifjynfe,f
wGif vGefcJhaomESpfaygif; 350? 400
cefYuyif&SdcJhonhf taxmuftxm;
tjynhftpkHjyEdkifaMumif; 'Drdkua&pD
ESihf vltcGihfta&;ygwDrS A[dktvkyf
trIaqmif OD;ausmfpdk;atmifuajym
Mum;onf/
]] Primary Sources (rl & if ;
taxmuf t xm;) vnf ; &S d w ,f /
Secondary Sources vnf;&Sdw,f/
Oyrmajym&&if a0omvD a cwf u

ajymcJhwJhpum;eJY ckacwf½dk[if*smawG
ajymwJhpum;eJY 50? 60 &mcdkifEIef;
wlw,f}} [k ¤if; xyfraH jymMum;onf/
&cdik jf ynfe,foYkd NAdwo
d Quv
kd ekd D
acwfu usa&mufcJhpOfu aomif'&D
pepf (v,f,majr ckwx
f iG &f iS ;f vif;)
[kac:aom v,f,majrvkyfudkifcGihf
pepfjzihf 10 ESpw
f w
d d tcGeu
f if;vTwf

&efukef? rwf 15

jyefMum;a&;ESifh jynfoYq
l ufqaH &;
OD;pD;Xme 'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL;
OD;rsKd;0if;\ ,mOfwu
kd rf EI iS yfh wfouf
í jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu rwf 14
&uf a eY w G i f vuf & Sd&mxl;tqihfrS

&efukef? rwf 15

tcGihfta&;rsm; qkH;½IH;ae&ojzihf
,if;odkYxyfrjzpf&ef w&m;0ifcGihfjyK
&jcif;jzpfonf/
vwfwavmwGif tvkyform;
16 OD; jrefrmEdkifiHodkY jyefvmcGihfr&
&SdbJ jyóemjzpfyGm;aeaom aqmf'D
Edik if u
H v
kd nf; cGijfh yKomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
OD;rsKd;atmifuqdkonf/
jynfytvkyftudkif &SmazGa&;
at*sifpDu wm0ef,lydkYaqmifxm;
aom tvkyform;rsm; jyóemjzpf
yGm;í rajz&Si;f Edik v
f Qif w&m;0ifvyk if ef;
vdkifpifodrf;jcif;? ydkifqdkifrIrsm; odrf;
,ljcif;? vkyfief;tmrcHBuKdoGif;aiG
(Depsoit) odr;f ,ljcif; jypf'Pfrsm;udk
ay;EdkifaMumif; ¤if;uxyfrHajymMum;
onf/
]]tvkyform;awG epfemrIr&Sd

10 ESpft&G,f rdef;uav;udk
t"r®jyKusifUol axmif'Pfwpfoufcs
z½l;qdk;? rwf 15

u,m;jynfe,f z½l;qdk;NrKdU
avmbl;'g&yfuGufwGif touf 10
ESpft&G,frdef;uav;udk t"r®jyKusihf
ol OD;Mu,fpifarmifudk z½l;qd;k NrKdUe,f
w&m;½kH;u rwfv 15 &ufaeYwGif
axmif'PfwpfoufwpfuRef; csrSwf
vdu
k af Mumif; ,if;w&m;½k;H xHro
S &d onf/
,if;trIjzpfpOfrSm Zefe0g&D
24 &ufaeY nae 5 em&DcefYwGif
tqkdygrdef;uav;onf q&mrjzpf
ol \ aetd r f o d k Y pmusuf o G m ;csd e f
OD;Mu,fpifarmifu "m;ajr§mifjzihf
axmufum awmxJodkYqGJac:vmNyD;
t"r®jyKusihfcJhaMumif; ,if;NrKdUe,f

&Jpcef;ppfcsuft&od&onf/
OD;Mu,fpifarmifudk yk'fr 373?
yk'fr 323 wdkYjzihf w&m;pGJcJhNyD; aemuf
z½l;qd;k NrKdUe,fw&m;½k;H rS w&m;olBuD;
OD;0if;atmifu axmif'Pfwpfouf
wpfuRef; csrSwfvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/
OD;Mu,fpifarmifrSm oHcsyfum
wyfrSwyfom;wpfOD;jzpfcJhNyD; wyf
ajy;rIjzihf axmif'PfcsrSwfcHzl;oljzpf
um trSw(f 14)wef;jrihf ppfavhusiafh &;
oifwef;ausmif;wnfaqmufa&;wGif
yef;&Hvkyfom;tjzpf vkyfudkifaeol
jzpfonf/

rSmvnf; tcsKyftjcmtmPmqdkwm
&Sdygw,f}}[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif owfrSwfxm;
aom wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd; 135 rsKd;
wGif ½dk[if*smrygaMumif; jynfolY
vTwaf wmfwiG f vl0ifrBI uD;Muyfa&;ESihf
jynfoYt
l iftm;0efBu;D Xme 'kw,
d 0efBu;D
OD;ausmfausmf0if;uajymMum;onf/

,mOfwdkufrIjzpfonfU jyef^quf 'knTefrSL;udk &mxl;wpfqifUcs

EdkifiHwdkif;odkh jrefrmvkyfom;rsm; w&m;0ifydkh cGifUjyK
jynf y Ed k i f i H ig;Ed k i f i H u d k o m
tvkyo
f rm; w&m;0ifciG jfh yKxm;aom
jrefrmEdkifiHu trsKd;om;vkyfom;
rsm;twGuf tvky&f iS Ef iS fh jynfytvkyf
tudkif &SmazGa&;at*sifpDrsm; wm0ef
,lvQif w&m;0ifyYkdaqmifciG u
fh kd rwfv
qef;ydkif;u pwifcGihfjyKvdkufNyD jzpf
aMumif; tvkyo
f rm;? tvkyt
f udik Ef iS fh
vlrIzlvkHa&;0efBuD;Xme tvkyform;
nTeMf um;a&;OD;pD;Xme nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf
OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
vuf&SdwGif ta&SUtv,fydkif;
a'oEdkifiHrsm; tygt0if tjcm;EdkifiH
rsm;odkY tvkyform; w&m;0ifydkY
aqmifcGihfjyKxm;jcif; r&Sdaomfvnf;
ydkYaqmifaeMuNyD; tvkyform;rsm;
jyóemay:aygufygu tpdk;&u
w&m;0if tumtuG,fray;EdkifbJ

cGihfjzihf cGihfjyKcJhojzihf wpfzufEdkifiHrS
b*FgvDrsm; wHcg;r&Sd"m;r&Sd 0ifvm
cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u jAdwdoQ
tpdk;&vufxufu rSwfwrf;rsm;udk
ud k ; um;í a'guf w mat;csrf ; u
qdkonf/
]]vlYtcGit
fh a&; rav;pm;wJo
h l
r[kwfygbl;/ 'gayrJh EdkifiHwpfEdkifiH

&atmif pepfwus aoaocsmcsmvkyf
oG m ;rS m yg}} [k ul 0 d w f E d k i f i H o d k Y
tvkyform;ydkYaqmif&ef vkyfaqmif
aeaom xufOD;jynfytvkyftudkif
&SmazGa&;at*sipf rD S wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D
u qdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif jynfytvkyf
tudkif &SmazGa&; at*sifpD 161 ckudk
w&m;0if vkyfudkifcGihfjyKxm;onf/

vufaxmufnTefMum;a&;rSL;tjzpf
&mxl;wpfqihcf s ta&;,lvu
kd af Mumif;
jyefMum;a&;ESihfjynfolYqufqHa&;
OD;pD;XmerS ½kH;tzGJUrSL; OD;jrihfaxG;u
The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg ,mOfwdkufrIjzpfyGm;cJh
NyD;aemuf 0efBuD;Xmeu pkpH rf;ppfaq;
a&;zGJUum ,mOfwdkufrIusL;vGefrdol
t&m&Su
d pkd pfaq;cJNh yD; rwf 14 &ufaeY
wGif tpnf;ta0;jyKvyk í
f ppfaq;a&;
tzGUJ \ trsm;oabmwlq;Hk jzwfcsuf
ESihftnD ta&;,ljcif;jzpfaMumif;
tqdkygpkHprf;ppfaq;a&; tzGJU0if
t&m&SdOD;jrihfaxG;u ajymMum;onf/
tqd k y g ta&;,l c H & onh f
jyefMum;a&;ESihfjynfolYqufqHa&;
OD p D ; Xme tBuD ; wef ; t&m&S d o nf
,mOfwdkufrIjzpfyGm;jcif;? Xmeydkif
,mOfysufpD;jcif;? ,mOfwdkufrIjzpf
yG m ;pOf Xmeqd k i f & mt&m&S d r sm;ud k

tcsd e f r D taMumif ; rMum;jcif ; wd k Y
aMumihf &mxl;wpfqihfedrfhjypf'Pfudk
csrSwfjcif;jzpfaMumif; tqdkygOD;pD;
XmexHrS od&Sd&onf/
rwf 2 &ufaeY nydik ;f u ZrÁLoD&d
NrdKUe,f ysOf;rem;-awmifnKdvrf;
pufokH;qDqdkifteD;wGif jyefMum;a&;
ESihf jynfolYqufqHa &;OD ; pD ; Xme
'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;rsKd;0if;
armif;vmaom AiftjzLa&mif,mOf
onf wpfzuf,mOfaMum&Sd jrefrmEdik if H
yd k u f a usmf j cif ; tzG J U csKyf yPmr
vufa½G;pOf ydkufausmfjcif;tm;upm;
orm;ok;H OD; armif;ESiv
f maomqdik u
f ,f
udk 0ifa&mufwdkufrdcJh&m 'Pf&mrsm;
&&SdcJhojzihf trSwf(5) &JwyfzJGUpcef;
wGif trIziG v
fh pS x
f m;aMumif; ,if;trI
udk ppfaq;ol ,mOfxdef;&JwyfzGJU0if
wpfOD;uajymMum;onf/

qufoG,fa&;t&mxrf;rsm; trIqufvufppfaq;[kqdk
&efukef? rwf 12

EdkifiHydkifaiGaMu; tvGJokH;pm;rIjyKvkyfonf[k oHo,&Sdí ppfaq;cHae&onfh qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme
t&mxrf;rsm;udk trIydwfodrf;jcif;r&Sdao;bJ qufvufppfaq;aeaMumif; trIzGifhvSpfcJhonhf oufqdkif&m
&Jpcef;rsm;rS pcef;rSL;wdkYu rwfv 12 &ufaeYu ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygtppfaq;cH&onhf t&mxrf;rsm;udk cH0efESihfvTwfxm;NyD; ppfaq;aeqJjzpfaMumif;? Zefe0g&D 18
rS rwf 12 &ufaeYtxd ESpfvwmeD;yg;tcsdefwGif tqdkygt&mxrf;rsm;ESifh qufEG,faeaom 0efxrf; 50
OD;cefYudk jrefrmEdkifiHrIcif;&JwyfzGJU (CID )u ac:,lppfaq;cJhaMumif; Owå&oD&dNrdKUe,f bk&m;ukef;&Jpcef;rS
pcef;rSL;uajymonf/
]]&JusifhxkH;Oya'yk'fr 169 t& w&m;rpGJcifcH0efeJY vTwfxm;NyD; ppfwJhoabmyg}}[k yxrqkH;trIzGifhcJh
onfh Owå&oD&dNrdKUe,f bk&m;ukef;&Jpcef;u pcef;rSL;u&Sif;jyonf/
tppfaq;cHxm;&onfh qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu t&mxrf;rsm; rlv&mxl;twdkif;oufqdkif&mXme
rsm;wGif jyefvnfwm0efxrf;aqmifaeonf[k owif;xGufay:jcif;ESihfywfoufí tqdkyg&Jpcef;rSt&m&Sdrsm;
u ,if;odkYjiif;qdkjcif;jzpfonf/
]]ckxdtrIydwfodrf;zdkY rIcif;&JwyfzGJUu nTefMum;xm;wm r&Sdao;ygbl;}}[k jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;u
taxGaxGrefae*sm OD;odef;OD;udk 'kwd,tBudrfajrmuftrIzGifhcJhonhf 'u©dPoD&dNrdKUe,f aygufawm&JwyfzGJU
pcef;rSL;u &Sif;vif;jyonf/
jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmeu EdkifiHydkifaiGaMu; tvGJokH;pm;jyKvkyfonf[kqdkum jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;
t&mxrf;rsm;udk ac:,lppfaq;&mwGif jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;½kH;csKyfu t&mxrf;rsm;udkom ac:,l
ppfaq;jcif;jzpfaMumif; jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; refae*smOD;pdk;pdk;Edkifu &Sif;jyonf/
]]av;oef;pDrHudef;eJYywfoufNyD; ½kH;csKyfrSm&SdwJhpDrHut&mxrf;awGudkyJ ppfaq;wmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;rS tif*sifeD,mcsKyfESpfOD;ESihf tBuD;wef;t&m&SdajcmufOD;udk EdkifiHydkifaiGaMu;
tvGJokH;pm;rIjzifh Owå&oD&dNrdKUe,f bk&m;ukef;&Jpcef;ü Zefe0g&Dv 18 &ufaeYwGif (y) 6^2013 jypfrIyk'fr
-409 jzifhvnf;aumif;? 'u©dPod&d NrdKUe,f aygufawm&JwyfzGJUpcef;wGif azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYu jrefrmh
qufoG,fa&;vkyfief; taxGaxGrefae*smOD;odef;OD;udk (y) 24^2013 yk'fr - 409 wdkYjzihfvnf;aumif;
jrefrmEdkifiHrIcif;&JwyfzGJU (CID ) u trIzGifhcJhaMumif; tqdkyg&Jpcef;rsm;xHrSod&onf/

Vol.9 / No.11 - March 18 - 24 , 2013

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

THE VOICE WEEKLY 33

NEWS

VOICE

The

0efxrf;vpmESifU yifpifvpmrsm;wdk;jr§ifU&ef usyf 385 bDvD,H xyfokH;rnf
&efukef? rwf 13

pktpdk;&u EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;ESihf wyfrawmf0efxrf;rsm;\ vpm? p&dwfESihf aeYpm;vkyfcrsm;wdk;jr§ihf&ef vmrnfh{NyDvwGif pwifrnfh 2013-2014 b@ma&;ESpfrS pwifí aiGusyf
jynf axmif
385 bDvD,HtokH;jyKrnfjzpfaMumif; or®wOD;odef;pdefu rwfv 12 &ufaeYwGif or®wtdrfawmftpdk;&tzGJUtpnf;ta0;cef;rüusif;yaom b@ma&;aumfr&Siftpnf;ta0;wGifajym
Mum;onf/
&ma&mufaMumif; a'gufwm atmifuu
kd kd
u ajymMum;onf/
jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf o d k Y
Zefe0g&Dv 1 &ufaeYuay;ydkYaom
Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w \ ES p f o pf u l ;
o0PfvTmwGif jynfaxmifpkb@m
aiG t&tokH;qdkif&mOya'udk ydkrdk
pepf u spG m jy|mef ; Ed k i f r nf j zpf j yD ;
0efxrf;rsm;\ axmufyHhaMu;rsm;udk
wd;k jri§ afh y;Edik rf nfjzpfaMumif; xnho
f iG ;f

azmfjycJhonf/
tqdkyg EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;\
vpmaiGwdk;jr§ihf&ef wm0ef,lrnhf
tzGJUtpnf;r&Sdygu jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfu wdkuf½dkufwm0ef,l
oihfaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmf Ouú|
ol & OD ; a&T r ef ; u azazmf 0 g&D v
wwd , ywf t wG i f ; usif ; yonh f
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;
wGif vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udk

tBuHjyKajymMum;onf/
,ck b @ma&;aumf r &S i f u
twnfjyKonhf 2013-2014 b@m
a&;ESpf jynfaxmifpk\ &okH;cefYrSef;
ajcaiG p m&if ; ES i h f 2013 ck E S p f
jynf a xmif p k b @maiG t&tok H ;
qdkif&m Oya'Murf;wdYkukd jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfodkY ay;ydkYtwnfjyKcsuf
&,l&rnfjzpfonf/

INSTITUTIONAL

tcGefuif;aMumif; oufaocHyHkpH 19 ESifU 17 zsufodrf;

"mwfykH- xGef;xGef;jrifh

0efxrf;rsm;\ vpm? p&dwfESihf aeYpm;crsm;udk acwfumvtajctaeESihf qDavsmfap&ef
wdk;jr§ihfay;rnfjzpfonf

0efxrf;rsm;\ vpm? p&dwEf iS fh
aeYpm;crsm;udk acwfumvtajc
taeES i h f qD a vsmf a p&ef wd k ; jr§ i h f
ay;rnfjzpfovdk vuf&SdcHpm;cGihfjyK
xm;aom tyd k a xmuf y H h a Mu;ES i h f
a0;vH a oma'o&S d 0ef x rf ; rsm;
twGuf a'op&dwfwdkYudk qufvuf
cHpm;cGihfjyKEdkif&ef vsmxm;aMumif;
,if;tpnf;ta0;wGif or®wuajym
qdkonf/
EdkifiH\ 3 &mcdkifEIef;0ef;usif
om&S d a om 0ef x rf ; OD ; a&twG u f
wpfOD;csif;pD\ tedrhfqkH;vdktyfcsuf
jynhfrD&ef vpmjr§ihfwifay;&ef vdktyf
aMumif ; pD ; yG m ;a&; rl 0 g'a&;&m
ynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifudkudku
okH;oyfajymMum;onf/
]]tcGeftaumufpepfeJY
ukefoG,fa&;rl0g'awG taumif;qkH;
csrSwfNyD; ukefaps;EIef; rwufatmif

xdef;vdkY&ygw,f}} [k a'gufwm
atmifudkudku qdkonf/
0efxrf;vpmwd;k jr§ijfh cif;aMumihf
ukefaps;EIef;BuD;jrihfrIudk umuG,f
a&;twGuf rvdkvm;tyfaom tokH;
p&dwfrsm; avQmhcs&ef? ukefoG,fa&;
yd k r d k v G w f v yf c G i h f j yK&ef ? vrf ; yef ;
qufoG,fa&;rsm; aumif;rGef&ef?
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaps;uGuf tjrefqkH;
jzpf a y:atmif BuKd ; yrf ; &ef E S i h f
bwf*sufvdkaiGjyrIudk aiGaMu;½dkuf
xk w f a jz&S i f ; jcif ; rsKd ; rjyKvk y f & ef
vdktyfaMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;
&Sif;jyonf/
tqdkygrl0g'rsm;jzihf 0efxrf;
vpmwdk;jr§ihfjcif;aMumihf ukefaps;EIef;
BuD;jrihEf ikd o
f nhjf yóemudk xde;f odr;f
Ed k i f y gu Ed k i f i H \ qif ; &J E G r f ; yg;rI
avQmch s&mwGif taxmuftuljyKovdk
jynfwGif;pm;okH;rIudkvnf; jr§ihfwif

&efukef? rwf 14

EdkifiHul;vufrSwfxkwf&ef rjzpfraevdt
k yfcahJ om jynfwiG ;f tcGerf sm;OD;pD;Xmeu xkwfay;vsuf&Sdonfh
tcGefuif;&Sif;aMumif; oufaocHvufrSwfyHkpH 17 ESifh 19 (,cktac: ykHpH *) wdkYudk rwfv 15 &ufaeYrS
pwifí zsufodrf;vdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;ESifh tcGef0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; a'gufwmarmifarmifodrf;u
ajymMum;onf/
tcGefaqmif&ef usef&Sdaeolrsm;rSty usefEdkifiHom;rsm; yHkpH 19 ESifh 17 vkyf&ef rvdktyfawmhaMumif;
¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
]]jynfolawG tqifajyoGm;wm aygh}} [k a'gufwm armifarmifodrf;u rSwfcsufjyKonf/
EdkifiHul;vufrSwf tcsdefrD xkwf,l&ef &cdkifjynfe,f ppfawG NrdKUe,f tcGefOD;pD;XmerSL;½Hk;rS yHkpH 17 udk
Mum;yGJpm; jzifh aiGusyfoHk;aomif; ausmf tukeftuscHí xkwf,lcJh&aMumif;? yHkpH 19 &&Sdonftxd pkpkaygif;
usyfig;aomif;ausmf ukefuscJhNyD; tcsdefwpfvcefYMum apmifhcJh&aMumif; awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiHodkY oGm;a&muf
tvkyfvkyf&ef apmifhqdkif;aeol OD;xGef;xGef;0if;u ¤if;\tawGUtBuHKudk ajymMum;onf/
]]ydkufqHa&m tcsdefa&m oufomwmaygh}}[k AdkvfwaxmifNrdKUe,ftajcpdkufjynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;
at*sifpDwpfck\ refae*smu qdkonf/
tcGefuif;&Sif;aMumif; yHkpH 19 ESifh 17 wdkY xkwf,ljcif;onf omref jynfolrsm;udk 0efxkyf0efydk; jzpfapNyD;
,cifu rjzpfraexkwf,l&ojzifh jynfyoGm;a&mufvkyfudkifaom tvkyform;rsm;twGufvnf; tcuftcJ
jzpfapaMumif;vnf; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
tvm;wl jynfyxGufcGmolwdkif; jznfhpGufavQmufxm;Mu&onfh jynfyxGufcGmcGifhyHkpH (C) D-Form
pepfudkvnf; rwfv 15 &ufaeYwGif pwifzsufodrf;vdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESifh jynfolY
tiftm;0efBuD;Xme\ xkwfjyefcsuf t& od&onf/
yHkpH 19 udk jynfwGif;tcGefOD;pD; Xme tac:ta0:t& (ywc (0i) -12) yHkpH (*) [kvnf;aumif;? yHkpH
(19) udk (ywc (0i)-10) yHkpH (c) [kvnf;aumif; owfrSwfxm;onf/
„

„

4
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

'Drdkua&pDtoGifajymif;umvESifU 'Drdkua&pDpHerlem tpdk;&ESifU autdkifat
EDITORIAL

&mpkESpfxuf0ufcefY tmPm&SifpepfatmufwGif aexdkifvmcJh&onfh jrefrmEdkifiHom;rsm; jyif;jyif;jyjy
vdkcsifcJhonfhtavsmuf touf? aoG;? acR;aygif;rsm;pGm&if;ESD;NyD; awmif;qdkwdkufyGJ0ifcJhonfrSm 'Drdkua&pD
vlYabmifwpf&yf xlaxmif&efjzpfygonf/ 'Drdkua&pDpepfonf vltrsm;\qE´udk av;pm;todtrSwfjyKNyD;
vltrsm;pkudk,fwdkif a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufxm;onfh vlxkudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u vlxkudk jyefvnfpDrHcefYcGJ
tkyfcsKyfonfh vlxktkyfcsKyfa&;pepf[kvnf; t"dyÜm,fzGifhEdkifygonf/
,aeYacwfajymif;umvwGif 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHawmfopfudk wnfaqmufaeygonf[k jynfolYb@maiG
jzifhvnfywfaeaom EdkifiHydkifrD'D,mrsm;rSwpfqifh ,ciftpdk;&vla[mif;trsm;pkjzifh jyefvnfzGJYpnf;xm;onfh
vuf&Sd tmPmokH;&yftygt0if t&yfom;tpdk;&\tmabmfudk xkwfazmfaMunmum vufawGYvnf;
aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdygonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh 'Drkdua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm; taumiftxnfazmf
aeonf[k qdkEdkifygonf/ odkYaomf ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tmPm&SifpepfESifh tom;usvmcJhaom EdkifiHom;rsm;wGif
'Drdkua&pDtavhtusifhrsm;? 'Drdkua&pD pHEIef;rsm;ESifhywfoufvQifrl tawGYtBuKH? A[kokwtuefYtowfom
&SdcJhygonf/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf jzwfoef;vmcJhonfh ordkif;aMumif;rsm;aMumifh jzpfygonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHonf oufOD;qHydkifya'o&mZfpepfjzifh jzwfoef;cJh&mu 1824ckESpfrSpNyD; t*Fvdyf-jrefrm
ppfyGJokH;BudrfjzpfyGm;tNyD; 1885 ckESpfwGif wpfEdkifiHvkH; NAdwdoQudkvdkeDb0odkY usa&mufcJhygonf/ udkvdkeDb0jzifh
ESpfwpf&mausmfjzwfoef;cJhNyD;aemuf 1942 ckESpf rS 1945 ckESpftwGif; zufqpf*syefvufatmufodkY usa&muf
cJhygonf/ 1946 rS 1947 ckESpfukeftxd NAdwdoQwdkY jyefvnf0ifa&muftkyfcsKyfcJhNyD; aemuf 1948 ckESpfwGif
vGwfvyfa&;&&SdcJhygonf/ 1948ckESpfrS 1958ckESpf tdrfapmifhtpdk;&tajymif;tvJumvtxd ygvDref'Drdkua&pD
pepfusifhokH;cJhygonf/ 1958ckESpfwGif wyfrawmfu EdkifiHawmftmPmudk &,lum tdrfapmifhtpdk;&toGifjzifh
a&G;aumufyGJrsm;usif;yay;NyD; a&G;aumufyGJtEdkif& oefY&Sif;z.q.y.v tpdk;&xH tmPmacwåvTJtyfcJhaomfvnf;
1962ckESpfwGifrl EdkifiHawmftmPmudk tNyD;tydkif odrf;,lcJhygonf/ xdktcsdefrSpum awmfvSefa&;aumifpDtrnfcH
ppftkyfcsKyfa&;? jrefrmqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwD trnfcH wpfygwDtmPm&Sifpepfjzifh tkyfcsKyfcJhygonf/
1988ckESpf vlxktkH<urIBuD;jzpfay:NyD; 1990 jynfhESpfwGif ygwDpkHtaxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJ usif;yay;cJhaomfvnf;
a&G;aumufyGJtEdkif& trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyfudk tmPmvTJajymif;ray;cJhbJ 2010 jynfhESpfa&G;aumufyJG
rusif;ycif tcsdeftxd wyfrawmfu EdkifiHawmftmPmt&yf&yfudk xdef;csKyfcJhygonf/
txufqdkcJhyg jrefrmEdkifiH\ ordkif;aMumif;jzwfoef;rIudkMunfhvSsif 'Drdkua&pDpepfESifh jrefrmjynfolxk
wif;jynfhusyfjynfh xdawGUcJh&onfrSm pkpkaygif; q,fESpfrQom &SdcJhygonf/ xdkumvwGifyif uGefjrLepf
tygt0if tpdk;&udk qefYusifykefuefol vufeufudkiftzGJYtpnf;rsm;pGmESifh jynfwGif;ppfqifETJaecJh&ygonf/
xdkq,fESpfumv 'Drdkua&pDtawGYtBuKHrSm pifppftm;jzifh ajrprf;c&rf;ysKd;ptcsdefom &SdcJhonfhtjyif ukefcJhonfh
twdwfumvu BuKHcJh&onfh pepfrsm;\ t&dyfvnf; rvGwfao;onfhumv[k qdkEdkifygonf/
tjcm;wpf z uf w G i f v nf ; 1930 jynf h E S p f r sm;rS pwif a cwf p m;vmaom vuf 0 J t awG ; tac:?
t,ltqrsm;u jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;avmu&Sd vli,fxkwpf&yfvkH;udk vTrf;rdk;cJhygonf/ vGwfvyfa&;&NyD;aemufydkif;
1970 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;txd vuf0J0g'udk ouf0if,kHMunfrIr&SdvQifyif acwfrrDawmhoa,mif jzpfcJhonfh
umvwGif BuD;jyif;vmcJhonfh rsKd;qufESpfquf&SdcJhygonf/ xdkumvtwGif; t*Fvdyfpmwwfajrmufol?
jrefrmpmayuRrf;usifEdkifeif;oltrsm;pk bmomjyefqdk? zwf½IavhvmcJhMuonfrSmvnf; vuf0J,drf;pmay
trsm;pkjzpfcJhygonf/ tusKd;quftaeESifh xdkrsKd;qufESpfqufonf t&m&mudk awmfvSefa&;tjrif? tjrpfjzwf
okwfoif&Sif;vif;a&;tjrifjzifhMunfhum igESifhrwl igh&efol oabmxm;onfh &ef? ig pnf;jcm;vGef;aom
&,f'Du,f tawG;tac:ESifh vufawGYaqmif&Gufcsufrsm;\ MoZmoufa&mufrIcHcJh&ygonf/
xdkxufBuD;rm;aom tusKd;qufrSm 'Drdkua&pDtoGifajymif;umva&mufcsdeftxd xdktjrifjzifh t&m&m
udk csOf;uyfokH;oyfNyD; rwlonfrsm; z,f&Sm;a&;? rdrdxuf t&nftcsif;omolrsm; rdrdxuf&mxl;BuD;roGm;ap
a&;? rdrdomvQif ta&;ygt&ma&mufoljzpfa&; OD;wnfol rsm;onfxufrsm;vmjcif;yifjzpfonf/ ukefcJhonfh
ESpf20 pepfqdk;atmufjzwfoef;vmonfh umvwpfavQmufvkH; trdefYtmPmonfom t"dujzpfonfh
wyfrawmfESifh wyfrawmfom;a[mif;rsm;jzifh zGJYpnf;xm;onfh ygwD? tzGJYtpnf;rsm; 'Drdkua&pDusifhpOfrsm;udk
avmavmq,f vufawGYrusifhokH;Edkifao;jcif;rSm obm0usygonf/ odkYaomf 'Drdkua&pDemrnfcHum
'Drdkua&pD&&Sda&; wpfavQmufvkH; a<u;aMumfwdkufyGJ0ifvmcJhonfh vlyk*¾dKvf? tzGJYtpnf;? ygwDrsm;twGif;
'Drdkua&pDenf;usus vufawGYrusifhokH;Edkifjcif;rSmrl ar;cGef;xkwfp&m&Sdygonf/ taMumif;rSm jrefrmvlY
tzGYJtpnf;tay:wGi&f cdS o
hJ nfh t&dyrf nf;rsm;\ MoZmoufa&mufraI Mumifh ae&mtawmfrsm;rsm;wGif rdrw
d Ykdbmom
rodvdkufbJ tvdktavsmuf tmPm&SifqefqefjyKrlrdoGm;Mujcif;jzpfygonf/
xdkxufta&;BuD;onfrSm 'Drdkua&pD\tajccHrwlnDrIrsm;udk vufcHem;vnfay;onfh Agree to
Disagree oabmw&m;udk usifhokH;Edkifjcif; &Sd? r&Sd[laom ar;cGef;jzpfygonf/ xdkYxufydkvSsifum; awmfol?
t&nfcsif;&Sdoludk xdkt&nftcsif;ESifh xdkufwefaom wm0ef? vkyfydkifcGifhay;tyfjcif;? acwfumvESifh
avsmfnDaom t&nftcsif;jr§ifhwifwnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk ta&;wBuD; pOf;pm; taumiftxnf
azmfjcif;? aemiftem*wfwGif acgif;aqmifrIae&mudk &,lMu&rnfh vli,frsKd;qufopfrsm;udk t&nftcsif;
jr§ifhwifay;um xkdufoifhonfh wm0ef? vkyfydkifcGifhrsm; ,kH,kHMunfhMunfvTJtyfjcif;? a&G;aumufwifajr§mufrI
rsm;wGif 'Drdkua&pDenf;usus qE´rJay;Edkifjcif;? rdrdwdkYoabmqE´udk taMumufw&m;uif;uif;jzifh
azmfxkwfaqG;aEG;Edkifjcif;? oabmrwlonfrsm;&Sdygu oabmrwlaMumif; uefYuGufEdkifjcif;? ygwD odkYr[kwf
tzGJYtpnf;rsm;twGif; vkyfudkifaqmif&GuforQ yGifhvif;jrifomrI&Sdjcif;? rdrdwdkYygwD? tzGJYtpnf;twGif;
tmPm&Sifqefqef jyKrl? ajymqdk? aqmif&GufrIrsm; uif;pifjcif;? jynfolvlxkujzpfap? vlyk*dK¾ vfwpfOD;OD;ujzpfap?
rD'D,mujzpfap rdrdwdkYtay: usKd;aMumif;cdkifvkHrI&Sd&Sd a0zefaxmufjyrIrsm;udk ,Ofaus;pGmvufcHwkHYjyefjcif;
ponfh 'Drdkua&pD\ a&cHajrcH oabmobm0rsm;aum&Sdyg\avm[k ar;yguvnf; ajzEdkif&ef vdkygonf/
ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm 'Drdkua&pD\ t&omESifh uif;uGmcJhaom jrefrmjynfolvlxkonf 'Drdkua&pDacgif;pOfatmuf
wGif jynfolvlxktwGuf pdwf&if;trSefjzifh ½dk;ajzmifhpGm vkyfudkifaqmif&Gufol rnfolYudkrqdk todtrSwfjyK
wwfMuygonf/ xdkYtjyif pepfqdk;atmufwGif 'Drdkua&pDwdkufyGJ0ifvmcJhNyD; ,aeYtxd 'Drdkua&pDemrnfjzifh
'Drdkua&pDta&; qufvufvIyf&Sm;aeMuolrsm;tm;vkH;udkvnf; arQmfvifhwBuD;jzifh tm;udk;,kHMunfrI&SdaeqJjzpf
ygonf/ 'Drdkua&pDacgif;pOfatmufwGif wpfcsdefvkH; 'Drdkua&pDawmif;qdk? wdkufyGJ0ifa&; ajymqdk? vkyfudkif
vmcJhMuolrsm;\ ,aeY vkyfudkifaqmif&GuforQonf 'Drdkua&pDusifhpOfESifh enf;vrf;rsm;twdkif;jzpfae&ef
vdktyfNyD; jynfolvlxk\,kHMunfrIESifh arQmfvifhcsufrsm;udk av;pm;&efESifh rdrdwdkYudk,fwdkif\twdwf? ypöKyÜef?
tem*wfudk rdrdwdkYbmom av;pm;&ef? 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;umvwGif 'Drdkua&pDpHerlem tjzpf
jyo&ef txl;ta&;BuD;ygaMumif; azmfjyvdkygonf/
t,f'Dwm(13-3-2013)

wyfae&mcsxm;a&; oabmwlnDrIr&ao;
&efukef? rwf 13

½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH a&TvND rdKUwGif ,ckv 12 &ufEiS fh 13&ufaeY
wdkYu awGUqkHaqG;aEG;cJhMuaom tpd;k &tzGUJ ESihf autdik t
f w
kd Ykd Nird ;f csr;f a&;
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif wyfae&mcsxm;a&; oabmwlnDrIr&ao;aMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;
tusKd;awmfaqmifrsm;xHrSod&onf/

w

"mwfykH-rif;xufpH

]]vufeufudkif y#dyu©ajz&Sif;
wJhtcg wpfcgwnf;aqG;aEG;½kHeJY
rNyD;Edkifygbl;/ tcsdef,l&ygvdrhfr,f}}
[k jidrf;csrf;a&; tusKd;awmfaqmif
wpfOD;u rSwfcsufay;onf/
jynf a xmif p k Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;
azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief; aumfrwDESihf
autdik t
f w
kd Ykd rwfv 11 &ufEiS fh 12&uf
aeYwG i f awG U qk H a qG ; aEG ; cJ h M uNyD ;
tcsuaf v;csuyf gaom ESpzf ufoabmwl
aMunmcsufudk xkwfjyefEdkifcJhonf/
,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif typf
cwf&yfpJonftxdaqmif½Gufrnf
jzpfNyD; vuf&dS jyóemjzpfymG ;aeaom
a'orsm;&Sd ESpzf ufwyfrsm; atmufajc
wyfzGJUrsm;txd nTefMum;oGm;&ef
oabmwlnDcJhMuonftjyif y#dyu©
jzpfyGm;aeaom a&SUwef;ppfrsufESm
rsm;wGif uGif;qif;avhvmEdkifa&;
twGuf n§dEdIif;apmihfMunhfa&;½kH;rsm;
vdktyfovdk xm;&SdoGm;&ef oabm
wlaMumif; azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
]]atmufajcrSm wdkufyGJ tenf;
i,f &Sdaeao;awmh wyfae&mcsxm;
a&;rSm qufn§dEdIif;&OD;rSmyg}} [k

ucsifjynfe,f Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;
awmfaqmifwpfOD;u qdkonf/
,if;aqG;aEG;yGu
J si;f y&ef &ufyikd ;f
tvdkwGif ajrmufydkif;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyf
vuf a tmuf & S d tif t m;jznh f u m;
tpD;wpf&mcefYonf vuf&Sd jyóem
jzpfyGm;aeaom q'kH;a'oodkYxGufcGm
vmaMumif; autdik af t t&m&Srd sm;u
ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk gaqG;aEG;yGw
J iG f Edik if aH wmf
or®w½k;H 0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;OD;aqmif
aom jynfaxmifpk Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmf
aqmifa&;vkyif ef;aumfrwDEiS fh twl
ucsif j ynf e ,f ppf q if a &;txl ;
tzGJUrSL; 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;jrihfpdk;ESihf
ppfbufqdkif&m xdyw
f ef; t&m&Srd sm;
wufa&mufouJhodkY autdkiftdkbuf
u OD;qGrv
f w
G *f rf OD;aqmifaomtzGUJ
wGif autdkifat 'kwd,ppfOD;pD;csKyf
AdkvfcsKyf*GrfarmfESihf wyfzufqdkif&m
t&m&Sdrsm; wufa&mufcJhonf/
tpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmif
a&;vkyfief;aumfrwDESihf autdkiftdk
wdkYonf rwfv 10 &ufaeY rwdkifrD
xyfrHaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfonf/
„

zkef;armfusqkH;onfUaeh
jrefrmUvlhtcGifUta&;aeh owfrSwf&efawmif;qdk
&efukef? rwf 13

8.8.88 vlxktkH<urItpjzpfaom ausmif;om;acgif;aqmif
udzk ek ;f armfEiS fh udpk ;kd Edik w
f Ykdusq;Hk onhf rwfv 13 &ufaeYudk jrefrmEdkifiH\
vlYtcGihfta&;aeYtjzpf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u w&m;0ifowfrSwfay;
oihfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHvlYtcGihfta&;aeY usif;ya&;aumfrwD0if
OD;atmifxGef;u ajymMum;onf/
ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifudkzkef;armfESihf udkpdk;EdkifwdkYusqkH;onhf
aiG&wktxdr;f trSwf tcrf;tem;udk a&T*w
Hk ikd &f dS awmf0ifEiS ;f qDcef;rwGif
,aeYusif;ycJhNyD; ¤if;utxufygtwdkif; awmif;qdkvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
tif;pdef&Sd pufrIwuúodkvftwGi;f 1988 ckEpS f rwfv 13 &ufaeY
uausmif;om;rsm;udk t"du½kP;f ESrd ef if;aom&JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;u usnzf ;l
wyfaoewfjzihyf pfcwfraI Mumihf ausmif;om;acgif;aqmif udzk ek ;f armfESihf
udkpdk;EdkifwdkY usqkH;cJh&jcif;jzpfonf/
]]vlYtcGihfta&;udk av;pm;&if vludkvlvdkYoabmxm;EdkifzdkY
vdw
k ,f}} [k uG,v
f eG o
f u
l zkd ek ;f armf\ nDrawmfpyfol oDv&Siaf ':t*¾ax&D
u rdefYMum;onf/
udzk ek ;f armfEiS fh udpk ;kd Edik w
f Ykd usq;Hk onhf txdr;f trSwyf rJG sm;udk ,cif
wyfrawmf tpdk;&vufxufwGif usif;ycGihfr&cJhaomfvnf; 2011 ckESpf
tpdk;&opfvufxufwGif yxrqkH;tBudrf usif;ycGihfjyKcJhonf/
vlYtcGit
fh a&;udk av;pm;apmihx
f ed ;f onhf tpd;k &wpf&yf ay:ayguf
ap&ef rw&m;aom Oya'a[mif;rsm;udk y,fzsufNyD; w&m;rQwonhf
Oya'opfrsm;udjk y|mef;ay;&ef vTwaf wmfwiG w
f m0ef&adS Mumif; OD;atmifxeG ;f
u rSwfcsufay;onf/
„

5

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m tar&dueftBuD;wef;tBuHay;udk,fpm;vS,f vma&muf
&efukef? rwf 13

t

pd;k &opfvufxufwiG f jrefrmEdkifiEH iS fh qufqaH &;wd;k wufaumif;rGefvmaom tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\ jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&mtBuD;wef;tBuHay;udk,fpm;vS,f Mr. W.Patrick Murphy jrefrmEdkifiHodkY
yxrOD;qkH;c&D;pOftjzpf rwfv 13 &ufaeYwGif pwifa&muf&SdvmaMumif; tar&dueftpdk;&u w&m;0ifowif;xkwfjyefvdkufonf/
tqdkygc&D;pOfESifhywfoufí c&D;quf&ef&adS Mumif; tar&dueftpd;k & 0efBuD;rsm;jrefrmEdkifiHodkY qufwdkuf
k jfyefaMunmxm;onf/ a&muf&SdvmcJhonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m tar&duefoH½kH; uw&m;0ifxw
xdkYtjyif NyD;cJhonfvtwGif;
jyKjyifajymif;vJrItpjyKcJhaom
odkY qufoG,far;jref;&m c&D;pOfNyD;rS
f ef;pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;&Sif
omtao;pdwf owif;xkwfjyefrnf t&yfom;tpd;k &vufxuf tar&duef tar&duefxyd w
jzpfaMumif;oH½;Hk wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u EdkifijH cm;a&;0efBuD; [Dvm&Duvifwef rsm;ESifh zGJUpnf;xm;aom tar&duef
\ 2011 ckESpf Edk0ifbmv 30 &uf uk e f o nf B uD ; rsm;toif ; csKyf E S i f h
ajymMum;onf/
tar&dueftBuD;wef;tBuHay; aeYrS 'DZifbmv 2 &ufaeYtxd jynf a xmif p k o r® w jref r mEd k i f i H
f nfrsm;ESihf pufrv
I ufrv
I yk if ef;&Sif
ud,
k pf m;vS,o
f nf ¤if;\tm&Sc&D;pOf oHk;&ufMumvm a&mufcJhaom yxr ukeo
k m ESpfEdkifiH
tjzpf rwf v 12 &uf a eYwG i f OD;qkH;tar&duef xdyfwef;t&m&Sd\ rsm;toif;csKyfwYkd awGUqHu
f b
kd m;rm; ukefoG,fa&;vkyfief; rsm; aqG;aEG;í
b*Fvm;a'h&EfS ikd if o
H Ykd oGm;a&mufcNhJ yD; c&D;pOftNy;D or®wbm;&ufct
jrefrmEdik if cH &D;pOftjyD;wGif *syefEikd if H tygt0if tar&duefjynfaxmifpk em;vnfrIpmcRefvTmrsm; a&;xdk;cJhMu
„
odYk rwfv 17 &ufEiS hf 18&ufaeYwYw
kd iG f 0efBuD;XmetoD;oD;rS0efBuD;? 'kwd, onf/

Mr. W.Patrick Murphy

¤if;\jrefrmEdik if H c&D;pOftwGi;f
aejynfawmfESihf &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd
tBuD;wef; tpd;k &t&m&Srd sm;? t&yfbuf
vlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh awGUqkHum
jrefrmEdik if jH yKjyifajymif;vJrI vkyif ef;pOf
rsm;? zGUH NzKd;a&;vkyif ef;pOfrsm;ESifhywfoufí
aqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yef
csufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
¤if;\rwfv 13&ufaeYrS 18
&ufaeYtxdajcmuf&ufMum c&D;pOf
twGif; jrefrmEdkifiH\ jyKjyifajymif;

state.gov

vJrrI sm;ESit
hf rsK;d om;jyefvnfoifjh rwf
a&; azmfaqmifru
I pd rö sm; ydrk t
kd m;aumif;
vmap&ef jrefrmEdik if t
H ay: tar&duef
jynfaxmifpk\csrSwfxm;aomrl0g'
rsm;? &cdik Ef iS hf ucsijf ynfe,f&dS y#dyu©
rsm;? tjynfjynfqikd &f m axmufyahH &;
tpDtpOfrsm;ESifh wm0efjynfh0aom
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; ay:aygufvma&;
ponfh acgif;pOftoD;oD;jzifah qG;aEG;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yefcsuf
t& od&onf/

&cdkifc&D;pOfa'orsm; cGifUjyKcsufjzifU oGm;vmcGifUjyK&ef
or®w½Hk; nTefMum;
&efukef? rwf 13

jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd &cdkifjynfe,f
tygt0if c&D;pOfa'orsm;udk jynfy
{nh f o nf r sm; cG i f h j yKcsuf r vk d b J
oGm;vmcGifhjyKaMumif; jynfxJa&;
0efBuD;Xme\ aMunmcsuftay:
EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;u &cdkifjynfe,f

INSTITUTIONAL

xdkif;bwfESifU w½kwf,Grf
w&m;0ifvJcGifUjyKrnfUowif; A[dkbPfjiif;
&efukef? rwf 14

EdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;av;rsKd;om vJvS,fcGihfjyKxm;onhf aiGvJaumifwmrsm;wGif xdkif;bwfESihf
w½kwf,GrfaiGwdkYudkyg vJvS,fcGihfjyKrnfhowif;rSm r[kwfrSefaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHawmfA[dkbPf'kwd,
nTefMum;a&;rSL;csLyf OD;b&wfqif;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
rwfv 13 &ufaeYxw
k f Edik if yH ikd f owif;pmwGif azmfjyxm;aom ]w½kwf,GrfESihf xdkif;bwfaiGrsm;
w&m;0ifvJvS,fay;rnf} qdkonhf owif;rSm r[kwfrSefaMumif; OD;b&wfqif;u ajymqdkonf/
aiGvJaumifwmrsm;wGif xdkif;bwfESihf w½kwf,GrfaiGwdkYudk w&m;0ifvJvS,fcGihfay;OD;rnf r[kwfbJ
wpfEdkifiHESihf wpfEdkifiHaqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;onhf tqihfwGifom&Sdao;aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPfrS
tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
,ckuJhodkYaom aiGvJvS,frIrsm;udk w&m;0ifcGihfjyK&efrSm tqihfqihfvkyfaqmifcsufrsm; vdktyfNyD;
tpdk;&udkwifjy&rnfjzpfum vTwaf wmfwiG v
f nf; aqGaEG;rIrsm;jyKvkyf&OD;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
aqG;aEG;qJtqihfom&Sdao;aomfvnf; xdkif;ESihfjrefrme,fpyf jr0wDNrdKU&Sd w&m;0ifaiGvJaumifwm
wpfckwGif xdkif;bwfaiGvJvS,fonhf 0efaqmifrIprf;oyfvsuf&Sdonf/
aiGvaJ umifwmrsm;wGif xdik ;f bwf? w½kw,
f rG f ponhf Edik if jH cm;aiGrsm; vJv,
S v
f ykd gu A[db
k PfodkY
pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;wifNyD; awmif;qdkEdkifaMumif; OD;b&wfqif;u qdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPfu EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJaumifwmrsm;udk FEC? tar&duefa':vm? ,l½dkESihf pifumyl
a':vmwdkYudkom w&m;0ifvJvS,fcGihfjyKxm;NyD; bPfr[kwfaom aiGaMu;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;udk ,ckESpf
Zefe0g&Dv 1 &ufaeYrSpwifum EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJaumifwmrsm; zGihfcGihfjyKcJhonf/
„

The

VOICE
Weekly

The Product of
Myanmar Partners
Think Tank
Group
(A Sister
Publication of
Living Color Magazine)

odkY cGifhjyKcsufjzifhom oGm;vmcGifhjyK
onf [ k rwf v yxrywf t wG i f ;
jyif q if x k w f j yef v k d u f a Mumif ;
[dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;
0efBuD;Xme ½Hk;tzGJUrSL; OD;cspfcifu
ajymMum;onf/
y#dyu©rsm;jzpfyGm;cJhaom &cdkif
jynfe,ftwGif; urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm;
rsm;twG u f c&D ; oG m ;vmcG i f h E S i f h
ywfoufí jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmeu
Zefe0g&Dv 15 &ufaeYu xkwfjyef
aomaMunmcsufwGif bl;oD;awmif
ES i f h armif a wmNrd K Ue,f w d k Y rS t y
usefa'orsm;odkY cGifhjyKcsufrvkdbJ
oGm;vmEkdifaMumif; aMunmxm;
onfhtay: or®w½Hk;u xkwfjyefcJh
jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;vif;ajym
Mum;onf/
jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmeu Zefe
0g&D 15 &ufaeYwGif xkwfjyefonfh
trdefYaMumfjimpmtrSwf 77^2013
wGif ,cifvHkNcHKa&;tajctaet&
cGifhjyKrxm;aom jynfe,ftcsKdU&Sd
NrdKUe,ftcsKdUtm; cGifhjyKcsufawmif;cH
&efrvkdbJ oGm;vmcGifhjyKaMumif;ESifh
wcsKd U a'orsm;wG i f Nrd K Uay:wG i f
cGifhjyKcsufawmif;cHp&m rvkdtyfaomf
vnf; NrdKUjyiftwGufrl cGifhjyKcsuf
awmif;cH&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;\
xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
jynfxaJ &;0efBuD;Xme\ topf
xkwfjyefvdkufaom aMunmcsuft&
c&D;oGm;ukrÜPDrsm;twGuf c&D;pOf
rsm; vGwfvyfpGm ydkrdkwdk;csJUpDpOfEkdifí

ydkrdkaumif;rGefaMumif;? tcsKdUae&m
rsm;rSm ,cifuwnf;u trSew
f u,f
cGifhjyKoifhonfhae&mrsm;jzpfaMumif;?
,cifucGifhrjyKbJ ,ckcGifhjyKvkduf
onfh ae&mrsm;twGuf c&D;pOfrsm;
wkd;csJUa&;qGJum a&mif;cs&efpDpOf
aeaMumif;? &cdkifjynfe,ftwGuf
cG i f h j yKcsuf w if j y&jcif ; rS m ,m,D
oabmomjzpfNyD; a'otmPmydik rf sm;
cGijhf yKvmygu cGijhf yKcsuf awmif;cH&ef
vkdrnfrxifaMumif; jrefrmEkid if H c&D;oGm;
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;twGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;aemif;aemif;[efu qkdonf/
]]t&ifuawmh cGifhjyKcsufqkd
&if wifraeygeJY? wifvnf;usrSm
r[kwfygbl;vkdY qkdMuw,f/ tck
awmh wifMunfhygvkdYqkdvmw,f}}[k
¤if;uajymMum;onf/
jynf x J a &;0ef B uD ; Xmeu
topfxkwfjyefvdkufaom jynfe,f
ESifhwkdif;a'oBuD; 13 ckwGif oGm;vm
cGifhjyKe,fajr 200? NrdKUay:wGif cGifh
jyKNyD; NrdKUjyif cGifhjyKcsuf awmif;&ef
e,fajr 48 ck? cGifhjyKcsufawmif;cH
&ef e,fajr 18 ckwkdYjzpfum ,cifu
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf (Munf;) odkY
[dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;
0efBuD;Xmeu cGijhf yKcsuaf wmif;cH&NyD;
,cktcg ,if;xHoYkdciG jhf yKcsuaf wmif;cH
&efrvkad wmhbJ or®w½H;k ? jynfaxmifpk
tpdk;&tzGJU½Hk;ESifh jynfxJa&;0efBuD;
XmexH wifjy&rnfjzpfaMumif; [dw
k ,fEiS hf
c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme
wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u ajymMum;onf/„

Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy
Manager), Saw Thandar Aye (Assistant Manager, HR), Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager),
Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,TheinAung Htut (Designer), Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,
Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung,
Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo, Lai Yee Oo Web Administrator - waiyan, Kyaw Htun Khine,
Web Team- thevoicewebteam@gmail.com, Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com,
Office -No (458-460), 4th Floor (E), Corner of 31st Street and Mahabandula Road, Pabaedan Township, Yangon.
Tel: 01 - 242424, 389210, 389211, 372905.
Marketing - 01 242424, 09 51 76835, 01 11220284 , Distribution - 09 42 1006579, Hot Line (News) - 09 73248886, 0973064592.
E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net,
Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.

6
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

DIPLOMATIC

tm&Sa'oqkdif&m w½kwftxl;oHtrwf jrefrmEkdifiHa&muf&Sd
&efukef? rwf 14

½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu rwfv 11 &ufaeYu w&m;0ifaMunmí yxrOD;qkH;tBudrfcefYtyfcJhaom tm&Sa'oqdkif&m w½kwftxl;oHtrwf H.E Wang Yingfan
jrefrmEkdifiHodkY rwfv 13 &ufaeYu a&muf&SdvmaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHoH½Hk;rS ajyma&;qkdcGifh&Sdol Mr.Gao Mingbo u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
¤if;onf w½kwfjrefrme,fpyf China Daily owif;pmwGif azmfjy qkdif&m txl;oHtrwfcefYtyfouJh udk jrefrmjynfolrsm; uefYuGufqE´ NyD ; quf v uf í 2009 ck E S p f u
odkYyif tmz&du? ta&SUtv,fydkif; azmfxw
k rf aI Mumifh 2011 ckEpS f pufwifbm w½kwfa&eHwl;azmfa&;vkyfief;ESifh
a&T v D w G i f rwf 11 &uf E S i f h 12 xm;onf/
&ufaeYü usif;yaom Nidrf;csrf;a&;
oH t rwf B uD ; H.E Wang ESifh udk&D;,m;uRef;qG,fa'oqkdif&m v 30 &ufaeYwGif EkdifiHawmfor®w jrefrmtpdk;&wkdYoabmwlvufrSwf
a&;xd;k cJu
h m ,ckEpS f arvESihf pufwif
aqG;aEG;yGJokdY wufa&mufcJhNyD; ,ck Yingfan onf w½kwfjynfolYor®w txl;oHtrwfrsm; toD;oD;cefYtyf trdefYjzifh&yfqkdif;cJh&onf/
tvm;wl y if ppf u d k i f ; wk d i f ; bmvwkdYwGif pwifvkyfief;aqmif
jrefrmjynfwiG ;f odYk yxrOD;qH;k tBudrf EkdifiH EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;XmewGif xm;onf/
or®wOD;ode;f pdef OD;aqmifaom a'oBuD; rH&k mG NrdKU vufyaH wmif;awmif &Gufawmhrnfh ausmufjzLa&eHydkuf
a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfum rwfv 13 tm&S a 'oqk d i f & m vuf a xmuf
&ufrS 17 &ufaeYtxd aexdkifoGm; taxGaxGneT Mf um;a&;rSL;? taxGaxG t&yfom;tpd;k &vufxufwiG f ucsif &Sd w½kwf0rfaygifukrÜPDESifh jrefrm vkdif;ESifh "mwfaiGUydkufvkdif;pDrHudef;
G af eaom udkvnf; uefYuGufqE´xkwfazmf&ef
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
nTefMum;a&;rSL;? 'kwd,EkdifiHjcm;a&; jynfe,f {&m0wD jrpfqHkwGif w½kwf tpd;k &wkYd tusK;d wlaqmif&u
c&D;pOftwGif; oHtrwfBuD; 0efBuD;? w½kwEf idk if q
H idk &f m ukvor*¾ tpkd;&ydkif China Power Industry u vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef; BudK;yrf;vsuf&jdS cif;wkYd aMumifh w½kwf
onf aejynfawmf&Sd tpdk;&t&m&Sd tNrJwrf;udk,fpm;vS,f? w½kwftrsKd; a':vmoef;aygif; 3600 cefY &if;ESD; udk &yfqkdif;&ef a'ocHjynfolrsm; EkdifiHtaeESifh pdk;&drfrIrsm; jzpfay:
HS m;aom a&tm;vQypf pfprD u
H ed ;f uefYuGufrIaMumifh jyóemjzpfyGm;ae aeonf/
„
tcsKdUESifh awGUqHkrnfhtjyif jrefrm om;uGef*&ufygwD\ EdkifiHjcm;a&; jr§KyEf x
Ek d i f i H a &;ygwD r sm;? A[k t zG J U ? &m'kw,
d Ouú| ponf&h mxl;toD;oD;
owif;rD'D,mrsm;? t&yfbufvlY wkdYtjyif zdvpfyikd Ef idk if q
H idk &f m w½kwf
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh awGUqHkoGm;&ef&Sd oHtrwfBuD;tjzpfvnf; 1988 ckEpS f
aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhzl;onf/
w½kwfEkdifiHu ¤if;udkcefYtyf
xdkYaMumifh oHtrwfBuD;onf
&mwGif tm&Sa'oqkdif&m w½kwf tm&Sa'oqkid &f m Ekid if aH &;tajctae
txl;oHtrwf[lí acgif;pOfwyfcefY t&yf&yfwGif uRrf;usifolwpfOD;jzpf
tyfcahJ omfvnf; vuf&w
dS ½kwjf refrm aomaMumifh w½kwf-jrefrmESpfEkdifiH bm;tH? rwf 14
u&ifwdkif;&if;ol rdef;uav; aomf v nf ; wpf v eD ; yg;Mumjrih f jzpfonf/
qufqHa&;ESifh ukefoG,fa&;u@ qufqHa&;wGif em;vnfrI&Sd&SdESifh
tef;[kac:aom touf 12
rsm;wGif jzpfay:aeaomtcuftcJ a&&SnftusKd;wl yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf i,fudk a&aEG;ylavmif;ESdyfpufcJhaom onfxd rzrf;qD;Edkifao;aMumif;
rsm;ESifh jyóemrsm;udkajz&Sif;&ef Ekdifrnf[k ,HkMunfaMumif; Mr.Gao xdkif;tvkyf&Sif ZeD;armifESH xGufajy; tvkyform;? tvkyftudkifESihf vlrI ESpft½G,f ,if;rdef;uav;i,fudk
oGm;í azazmf0g&Dv 18 &ufaeYu zl v k H a &;0ef M uD ; Xme tvk y f o rm; urfz,fzpfc½dkifwGif xdkif;tvkyf&Sif
&nf&G,fonf[k w½kwfta&;uRrf; Mingbo uqkdonf/
usifynm&SiftcsKdUu oHk;oyfaMumif;
w½kwfEkdifiHonf tm&Sa'o bwfwpfodef; qkaiGxkwf&SmazGae nTefMum;a&;OD;pD;XmerS nTefMum; u cdkif;onfudkrvkyf[kqdkum vGefcJh
a&;rSL;csKyf OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum; aom vydkif;cefYu acG;avSmiftdrfxJ
onf/
xnhfjyD; a&aEG;ylavmif; ESdyfpufcJh
]]zdtm;ay; zrf;cdkif;wm r[kwf ojzihf ta&jym;ysufpD;í ta&jym;
ayr,h f & atmif z rf ; ay;zd k Y awmh wGJqufrIaMumihf vufESpfzufvkH;
awmif;qdak ew,f}} [k ¤if;u qdo
k nf/ aNr§mufír&onhftjyif <uufom;
tqdkyg ESdyfpufcH&aom u&if rsm;vnf; ysufpD;cJhonf/
wdkif;&if;ol rdef;uav;i,fudk aq;
tqdkygudpöESihf ywfoufí
uk o aeaMumif ; OD ; rsKd ; atmif u jrefrmtpdk;&u jyif;jyif;xefxef
&efukef? rwf 14
qdkonf/
ta&;,lay;&ef awmif;qdkxm;jyD;
&efuek Nf rKdUawmfwiG f vlwef;pm; &xm; 21 pD;xJrS upGe;f ? c&rf;? q'´e?f (8) em&DrS aeYv,f (12) em&D? (12)
bwfaiG ckESpfodef; tmrcHjzihf tvkyf&Sif ZeD;armifESHudk touf 15
aygif ; pH k toH k ; jyKpD ; eif ; Ed k i f a om o&ufESifh ZD,mtrnf&Sd &xm;ig;pD; em&DrS nae (4) em&D? (4) em&DrS n aexdkifcGihf&xm;aom xdkif;tvkyf&Sif ES p f a tmuf uav;i,f u d k t"r®
NrKdUywf&xm;tcsKUd wGif ,ckv&ufyikd ;f wGif csdwfqufoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ,if; (9) em&D t xd tcsd e f o wf r S w f í ZeD;armifESHonf azazmf0g&Dv 18 vkyftm;cdkif;aprI? vlukeful;rI tyg
twGi;f pD;eif;cEIe;f xm; aiGusyf 200 txl;wGJwGif zdkifbmxdkifcHk 62 cHk a&mif;csay;rnfjzpfaMumif;ESihf 0,f,l
&ufaeYwiG f xdik ;f &JwyfzUJG odYk taMumif; t0if jypfrI ckESpfckjzihf xdkif;tpdk;&u
ay;&aom txl;wGJ wpfwpJG D csw
d q
f uf wyfqifxm;um wGJxdef;ESifh &JwyfzGJU xm;aom vuf r S w f r sm;onf
„
ajy;qGJay;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmh tapmifhta&Smuf? trIdufyHk;rsm;vnf; owfrSwfcsdeftwGif;om tusHK;0if Mum;jcif; r&Sdojzihf qkaiGxkwfcJhjcif; trIzGihfxm;onf/

w

u&ifrdef;uav;udk a&aEG;avmif;ESdyfpufaom
xdkif;tvkyf&Sifudk wpfvMumxdrzrf;Edkif

NrdKYywf&xm;udk aiGusyfESpf&mjzifU pD;eif;Edkifaom
txl;wGJwpfwGJpD csdwfqufajy;qGJrnf

rD ; &xm; vuf a xmuf ref a e*sm
(&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;) OD;ausmfjrifh
u jynfwGif;owif;rD'D,mrsm;odkY
awGUqHkajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g txl;wGrJ sm;udk NrKdUywf
ESifh avSmfum;c&D;pOf ajy;qGJaeaom

xm;&Sday;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
jrefrmhrD;&xm; jrpfi,fpuf½Hk
rS xkwfvkyfí ukefpnfrwif&aom
c&D;onfwif txl;&xm;wGv
J ufrw
S f
rsm;udk eHeuf (4) em&DrS (8) em&D?

NEWS PHOTO

ql;avbk&m;vrf;ray:&Sd rD'D,maumfemwGif rwfvtwGif;u zGifhvSpfcJhonfh
rwfv 'kwd,ywftwGif; awGUjrif&pOf
"mwfykH- xGef;xGef;jrifh

Farmer aiGvJaumifwmwpfckukd

rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf
&Sif;jyonf/
]]jynf o l a wG u vnf ; uG r f ;
wHawG; axG;wmwdYk ? trIu
d yf pfwmwdYk
rvkyfapcsifbl;/ vufrSwfrJhpD;&if
wpfOD;udk 2000 usyf 'Pf½dkufr,f}}
[k jrefrmhr;D &xm; taxGaxGrefae*sm
(&efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBu;D ) OD;ausmaf usmrf sK;d
u qdkonf/
txl;&xm;jzpfí avat;ay;
pufrsm;? qdkzmxdkifcHkrsm; yg0ifygu
usyfESpf&m ay;pD;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
yHrk eS &f xm;twdik ;f ajy;qGyJ gu pD;eif;
rnfr[kwfaMumif; bwfpfum;c&D;
onftcsKdUu ajymMum;onf/
NrKdUywf&xm; vufrSwfwpf
apmifvQif wpf&musyfay;&NyD; c&D;
pOfESpfaMumif;pD;í&aMumif;? ,ck
txl;&xm;wGv
J ufrw
S rf mS ESp&f musyf
ay;&NyD; c&D;pOfwpfaMumif;wnf;om
pD; EdkifaMumif; vufaxmufrefae*sm
OD;ausmfjrifhu ajymqdkonf/
aeYpOf NrKdUywf&xm; ajy;qGJ
onfh acgufa& 200 &SdNyD; tqdkif;
21 qdkif;? NrKdUywfpD;eif; c&D;onf
wpfodef;0ef;usif&SdaMumif; &efukef
blwmBuD;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
„

wyfrawmfESifU SSA wdkh
wdkufyGJi,fokH;Budrfjzpf
&efukef? rwf 14

typftcwf &yfpEJ ikd af &;twGuf
tpdk;&ESihf autdkiftdkwdkY aqG;aEG;ae
onh f t csd e f w G i f &S r f ; jynf e ,f ü
wyf r awmf E S i h f SSPP/SSA wd k Y
rwfv 11 &ufESihf 12 &ufwGif
wdkufyGJ okH;BudrfjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif;
SSPP/SSA jyef M um;a&;XmerS
OD;pdkif;ZifxGef;u The Voice Weekly
odkY twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
,if;wdkufyGJrSm SSPP/SSA
XmecsKyfe,fajrjzpfaom vG,fvef;
awmifwpf0u
kd w
f iG f jzpfymG ;jcif;jzpfNyD;
xdcdkuf'Pf&m&&Sdol &Sdr&Sdtao;pdwf
tcsuftvufrsm;udkrl rod&ao;
aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
]]a&S U wef ; uif ; vS n h f w J h t zG J U
awGeJY awGUqkHNyD;awmh wdkufyGJjzpfwm
yg}}[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
vG , f v ef ; awmif t eD ; wG i f

NyD;cJhonhf azazmf0g&Dv 22 &ufaeY
uvnf; SSPP/SSA wyfESihf
avmuf u d k i f t ajcpd k u f cv& 33
wyf&if;? cr& 322 wdkYwdkufyGJrsm;
jzpfyGm;cJhonf/
umuG , f a &;0ef B uD ; XmerS
'k w d , Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ; jrih f p d k ; url
&Srf;jynfe,ftwGif; wyftiftm;
wd k ; csJ U jcif ; r&S d a Mumif ; rwf 12
&ufaeYu w½kwfjynfolY or®wEdkifiH
a&TvDNrdKUwGif jyKvkyfaom autdik t
f kd
ESiafh qG;aEG;yGüJ owif;axmufrsm;ESihf
awGUqkHpOfajymMum;onf/
tpdk;&ESihf SSPP/SSA wdkYonf
2011 ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dvu typf tcwf
&pfpaJ &; oabmwlnx
D m;Ny;D a'owGi;f
zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm; vkyfudkif&ef
EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH;u cGihfjyKxm;NyD;
jzpfonf/
„

7

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

TELECOM

rdkbdkif;vfzkef; t&pfusoGif;aiGrsm; qufoGif;&ef rvdkawmU
&efukef? rwf 14

{NyD

vqef;wGif rdb
k ikd ;f vfzek ;f rsm;udk aiGusyaf xmif*Pef;txd aps;avQmah &mif;csay;rnfjzpf&m jrefrmhqufo,
G af &;vkyif ef;u Edik if 0hH efxrf;rsm;ESifh aus;vufaejynforl sm;odYk t&pfuspepfjzihf a&mif;cs
xm;aom rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;twGuf t&pfusvpOfaMu;rsm;ay;oGif;&ef vdktyfawmhrnfr[kwfaMumif; t&pfusay;acsonhfpepfjzihfa&mif;csonhf oabmwlpmcsKyfyg azmfjycsuft& od&onf/

rdkbdkif;vfzkef; ueOD;wyfqifc
EIef;xm; ajymif;vJavQmhcs owfrSwf
cJyh gu owfrw
S af om EIe;f xm;topf
udk cHpm;cGihf&&Sdrnfjzpfonf[k ,if;
pmcsKyfwGif azmfjyxm;NyD; t&pfus
zk e f ; rsm;twG u f pmcsKyf y gtcsuf

tvufrsm;twdkif; aqmif½Gufrnf
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;
vkyif ef; jyefMum;a&;wm0efcOH ;D ausmpf dk;
u ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;
u rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;udk Zefe0g&Dv

wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ
ausmif;om;ig;odef;eD;yg; ajzqkd
&efukef? rwf 14

wGif aps;avQmha&mif;csrnf[k ueOD;
owif;xGufay:csdefu pwifum
t&pfus 0,f,loltcsKdUu vpOf
t&pf u saiG ay;oG i f ; jcif ; rjyKí
vd k i f ; acwå y d w f o d r f ; xm;jcif ; rsm;
&S d c J h N yD ; ,if ; rd k b d k i f ; vf z k e f ; rsm;ud k
vdkif;jyefzGihfay;&ef pDpOfaeaMumif;
rauG;wdik ;f a'oBuD;twGi;f &Sd NrKdUe,f
quf o G , f a &;½k H ; wm0ef c H t &m&S d
wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY
ajymMum;onf/
]]uReaf wmfwYkdNrKUd e,frmS t&pfus
pepfeYJ zke;f tvk;H a& ok;H axmifavmuf
a&mif;xm;wmrSm vpOfaMu;roGif;
vdkY ydwfxm;wm 17 vkH;yJ&Sdygw,f/
tck tJ ' D y d w f x m;wJ h 17 vk H ; ud k
jyef z G i h f a y;zd k Y vk y f a eygw,f } } [k
tqdkygwm0efcHt&m&Sdu qdkonf/

rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm;udk {NyDv 1
&ufaeYwGif usyfaxmif*Pef;jzihf
a&mif;csay;rnf[k EdkifiHawmfor®w
\ ajyma&;qdkcGihf&Sdol OD;&JxG#fu
twnf j yKcJ h N yD ; aemuf t&pf u s
pepfjzihf 0,f,lxm;oltrsm;pku
ay;oGif;&efusef&Sdaom t&pfusaiG
rsm;udk rwfvrSpwifum ay;oGif;
awmhrnfr[kwfaMumif; t&pfus
0,f , l x m;ol r sm;u The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymonf/
]]wpfaomif;roGif;vdkY ydwf&if
vnf ; yd w f A sm/ axmif * Pef ; eJ Y
a&mif ; r,f q d k tJ h ' gyJ 0 ,f r S m aygh /
oGif;xm;wm wpfodef;ausmfaeNyD/
qufroGif;awmhbl;}} [k rauG;wdkif;
a'oBuD; yGihfjzLNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
aus;vuft&pfuszkef; tokH;jyKol

wpfOD;u qdkonf/
t&pfuspepfjzihf rdkbdkif;vfzkef;
a&mif;cs&mwGif EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;\
t&pfusvpOfay;oGif;aiGrSm ¤if;wdkY
\ 0efxrf;vpmtwGi;f rS jzwfawmuf
onhf pepfjzpfí rnfonhftcsdefwGif
zk e f ; twG u f t&pf u say;oG i f ; aiG
jzwfawmufrI &yfwefYrnfudk rod&Sd&
ao;aMumif ; t&pf u spepf j zih f
rdb
k ikd ;f vfzek ;f 0,f,l tok;H jyKo0l efxrf;
rsm;u &Sif;jyonf/
zkef;t&pfusokH;pGJolu t&pf
tvdkuf vpOfay;oGif;&rnhf aiGudk
ay;oGif;jcif;rjyKygu vdkif;ydwo
f rd ;f
rnfjzpfaMumif; t&pfusay;acsonhf
pepf j zih f a&mif ; csjcif ; oabmwl
pmcsKyfwGif azmfjyxm;onf/

TELECOM

rdkbdkif;vfzkef;rsm; usyfaxmif*Pef;jzifU
{NyD 1 &ufaeh pa&mif;rnf
&efukef? rwf 13

"mwfykH- &JjynfhZmenf

wuúodkvf0ifpmar;yGJ yxr
aeYwGif EkdifiHwpf0ef;vHk; pmppfXme
wpf a xmif a usmf ü ajzqk d a eaom
ausmif;om; ausmif;olpkpkaygif;
av;odef;&Spfaomif;ausmf&SdaMumif;
jref r mEk d i f i H p mppf t zG J U OD ; pD ; Xme
nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfu The Voice
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
vuf & S d p mar;yG J a jzqk d a eol
487ç000 OD;ausmf&SdNyD; ajzqkdol
trsm;qHk;rSm &efukef? rEÅav;ESifh
ppfuikd ;f wkid ;f a'oBuD;wkYd jzpfaMumif;?
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;wGif ajzqdkol
udk;aomif;oHk;axmifausmf&SdaMumif;
jrefrmEkdifiH pmppftzGJUOD;pD;Xme\
xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t& od&onf/
ajzqko
d l av;ode;f ausmfteuf
roefprG ;f ol 45 OD;tjyif tjcm;ouf
qkdif&mNrdKUe,faq;½Hkrsm;ESifh tusOf;
OD;pD;XmewkdYwGif ajzqkdolrsm;vnf;

&S d a Mumif ; nT e f M um;a&;rS L ;csKyf
OD;rsKd;nGefYu ajymqkdonf/
&efukefjynfolYaq;½HkBuD;wGif
jrefrmpmajzqkdonfhaeYwGif ajzqkdol
ausmif;om; ausmif;ol 15 OD;&SdNyD;
t*FvdyfpmajzqkdonfhaeYwGif ajzqkd
ol 18 OD;&SdaMumif;? tqkdygausmif;
om;rsm;onf NrdKUe,fynma&;rSL;
cGifhjyKcsufESifh ajzqdkjcif;jzpfaom
aMumifh wpfEkdifiHvHk;ajzqkdolOD;a&
aumufcHr&ao;aMumif; rwfv 14
&ufaeYwiG f ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymqkd
onf/
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd pmppf
XmeESpf&mausmfwGif 2011-2012
ynmoifESpf wuúokdvf0ifpmar;yGJ
ajzqkdol wpfodef;oHk;axmifausmf
&SdcJhNyD; roefpGrf;ol 50 OD;ajzqkdcJh
aMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHpmppftzGJUOD;pD;
Xmeu xkwfjyefxm;onf/
„

jrefrmEdkifiHqufoG,fa&;u@\ tBuD;rm;qkH; tvSnhftajymif;wpfcktjzpf rSww
f rf;0ifrnhf rdb
k ikd ;f vf
zkef;vdkif;uwfrsm;udk aiGusyfaxmif*Pef;jzihf {NyD 1 &ufaeYwGif pwifa&mif;csay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
EdkifiHawmfor®w\ ajyma&;qdkcGihf&Sdol OD;&JxG#fu The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
rdb
k ikd ;f vfzek ;f vdik ;f uwfaps;EIe;f udk usyfESpfaomif;jzihf a&mif;csrnf[k ueOD;owif;xGufay:cJhNyD; ,if;odkY
cefYrSef;aps;EIef;rsm; xGufay:aejcif;rSm ,cifrdkbdkif;vfvdkif;uwfrsm; vuf0,f&SdolwdkYu ¤if;wdkY vuf0,f&Sd
uwfrsm;udk aps;jr§ihfa&mif;cs&ef BudK;yrf;jcif;jzpfEdkifaMumif; OD;&JxG#fu okH;oyf ajymMum;onf/
rdkbdkif;vfvdkif;uwfaps;EIef;rsm; trSefwu,favQmhcsrnfqdkygu EdkifiH\pD;yGm;a&;u@tay: tusKd;
oufa&mufrI BuD;rm;EdkifNyD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm; jrefqefoGufvufvmrnfjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif
rsm;u okH;oyfonf/
rdkbdkif;vfzkef;aps;rsm; avQmhcs&mwGif ,if;zkef;tokH;jyKEdkifrI{&d,mudkvnf; csJUxGif&efvdktyfNyD;
aus;vufa'orsm;wGif vdkif;rrdí tokH;jyKr&jcif;rsm;rjzpfap&ef aqmif&Gufay;zdkYvdktyfaMumif;
tdkifwDynm&Sif OD;&Jjrwfolu okH;oyfonf/
rdkbdkif;vfzkef; aps;avQmhcsjcif;aMumihf zkef;tokH;jyKrI wpf[kefxdk;wdk;jrihfvmEdkifaomfvnf; jynfwGif;
Handset aps;uGufwGif Handset aps;EIef; jrihfwufrIjzpfay:vmEdkifacsenf;yg;aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
]]Handset aps;EIef;u jrefrm jynfrmS aps;taygqk;H yJ/ wpfc&k w
dS mu [ef;qufawG jynfyu0ifvmwmrSm
vm&cufatmifvkyf&ifawmh (aps;EIef;u) tJ'Dtay:rlwnfwm aygh}} [k OD;&Jjrwfolu ajymMum;onf/
or®wOD;odef;pdef tpdk;& vufxufwGif rdkbdkif;vfzkef;vdkif;uwfaps;EIef;rsm;udk usyf 15 odef;rS usyf
ig;odef;? ,if;rSusyfESpfodef;odkY toD;oD;avQmhcsay;cJhNyD; ,ckaiGusyfaxmif*Pef;jzihf {NyD 1 &ufaeYwGif
trSefwu,fpwifa&mif;csygu jrefrmEdkifiH\zkef;0,f,lokH;pGJEdkifrIrSm a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;uJhodkY jzpfvmrnf
jzpfonf/
„

„

8
The

VOICE

u,m;wGif trwfa[mif;ESpfOD;tygt0if
ygwD0ifwpfaomif;ausmf EkwfxGuf[kqdk

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

NLD

&efukef? rwf 11

rsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf EkdifiHvkH;uRwfnDvmcH usif;yaepOf u,m;jynfe,frStrsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf
\ 1990 a½G;aumufyGJtEkdif& trwfESpfOD;tygt0if ygwD0iftiftm;wpfaomif;ausmf trSefwu,f
EkwfxGufcJhaMumif; jynfe,fnDvmcHusif;ya&;aumfr&SifOuú|a[mif; OD;apmf',feD,fu twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf &m*Pef;yg0ifNyD; 1990 tEkdif& atmif ajz&S i f ; ray;ítuk e f v k H ;
Ek d i f i H v k H ; uRwf nD v mcH u Ouú | vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESpfOD; yg0if qE´jzihf EkwfxGufcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;
tjzpf jyef v nf a &G ; cs,f c J h o nh f aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
OD;apmf',feD,fu qdkonf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ygwD0if
u,m;jynfe,fonfwyfrawmf
u,m;jynfe,f&dS Ekwx
f u
G o
f mG ;
tiftm;wpfaomif;ausmt
f rSew
f u,f tpd k ; &vuf x uf u trsKd ; om; onhf NLD ygwD0if wpfaomif;ausmf
&S&d UJ vm;qdw
k m jyefppd pf&rnfqo
kd nhf 'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyfqdkif;bkwfr&Sda&; wGif u,m;wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;[k trsm;u
ajymqdkcsufESifh ywfoufítwnfjyK pDrHcsufESihfaqmif½GufcJhonhf e,fajr ac:onhf u&ifeDwdkif;&if;om;rsm;
ar;jref ; pOf txuf y gyk * ¾ K d v f u jzpfí ygwDpnf;½kH;a&;twGuf cufcJ trsm;qkH;yg0ifNyD; ArmESihf &Srf;
txufygtwdkif; jyefvnfajzMum; onh f a 'ojzpf o nf [ k NLD \ wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;vnf; yg0ifonf[k
ajymcGi&f h yk*K¾ v
d f OD;tke;f BudKifuqdo
k nf/ ¤if;uqdkonf/
jcif;jzpfonf/
Ek w f x G u f o G m ;onh f NLD
u,m;jynfe,fonfvrf;yef;
2011 ckEpS u
f wnf;u vltiftm;
G af &; cufcaJ omfvnf; Ekid if aH &;?
&mausmfukd tzGJUi,frsm;zGJUí aeYpOf ygwD0if wpfaomif;ausmf bmquf qufo,
&G m rsm;uk d uG i f ; qif ; pnf ; ½k H ; cJ h vkyfrnfenf;[k The Voice Weekly trsKd;om;a&;jyif;xefonhfa'ojzpf
D rsK;d om;wd;k wufa&;ygwD?
aMumif ; ? wk d i f ; &if ; om;rsm;onf uar;jref;rItay: ygwD0ifrsm;\ NyD; u&ifet
D rl sK;d aygif;pkH vGwaf jrmufa&;
acgif ; aqmif u k d , k H v Qif yk H t yf M u tem*wftwGuftpDtpOfrqGJ&ao; u&ifev
wyfO;D ? u,ef; jynfopfygwDwYkduo
hJ Ykd
aMumif; OD;apm',fe,
D ,fu qko
d nf/ aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
&efukefNrdKUwGif yxrqk;H tBudrf wdik ;f &if;om; vufeufuikd t
f iftm;pk
]]olu 'De,fajrrSra&mufz;l wm/
NrdKUe,fcek pfNrdKUe,fukd pnf;½k;H a&;qif;cJh usif ; yonh f t rsKd ; om;'D r d k u a&pD rsm;&S d o nh f jynf e ,f j zpf o nf [ k
wmyg/ ygwD0iftiftm; wpfaomif; tzGJUcsKyf\ EkdifiHvkH;uRwfnDvmcH ausmif ; om; wyf r awmf (303)
ausmw
f u,f&ydS gw,f}}[k OD;apmf',fe,
D f udku,m;jynfe,f udk,fpm;vS,f wyf&if;rS trnfrazmfvdkolwyfzGJU0if
u a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ajymqdck suf tjzpfwufa&mufolrsm;u NrdKUe,f a[mif;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]&Srf;jynfe,fNyD;&if u,m;
ESihf ywfoufí wkHYjyefajymqdkonf/ ckepfNrdKUe,fuygwD0ifrsm;\ qE´jzihf
ygwD0iftjzpfrS EkwfxGufoGm; a&G;cs,fonhfvlrsm;r[kwfbJ A[dku jynfe,fu vufeufudkifEkdifiHa&;
olrsm;teuf trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD a&G;cs,fonhfvlrsm;omjzpfaMumif;? tzGUJ awGawmfawmfrsm;w,f/ b,fvkd
tzG J U csKyf w G i f E S p f t Mumqk H ; tjzpf ,if;udpEö iS yfh wfoufí A[d½k ;Hk csKyfoYkd ajym&rvJ? EkdifiHa&;wuf<uw,f}}
G pf may;ydYkcahJ omfvnf; rwfv [k ¤if;u ygwD0ifwpfaomif;&Srd &SEd iS fh
1990 a&G ; aumuf y G J u wnf ; u uefYuu
k nf/ „
yg0if c J h o nh f ygwD 0 if v l a [mif ; 8&uf a eY n aeyd k i f ; xd tajzxG u f ywfoufírSwcf sujf yKajymqdo

t

NLD A[dkaumfrwDopf

ygwDpnf;vkH;a&;NydKuGJ&ef
vkyfaqmifolrsm;yg0if[kqdk

&efukef? rwf12

trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf ygwD\ EdkifiHvkH;qdkif&m A[dknDvmcHu a½G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;onhf
A[dkaumfrwDtzGJUwGif ygwDpnf;vkH; a&;ysufjym;atmif tkyfpkzGJUvkyfaqmifaeolrsm;yg0ifaMumif; &efukefwdkif;
a'oBuD; ajrmufydkif;c½dkif\ nDvmcHudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrS ½kyfodrf;cH&aom OD;cifarmif&Sdefu The Voice
Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf?
ygwDpnf;vk;H nDnw
G af &;ysujf ym;atmif tkypf zk UJG vkyaf qmifaeolrsm;onf OD;cifarmif0if;? OD;oefYZif? OD;cifarmif&edS f
ESihf a':rdrdBuD;wdkYudknDvmcHu,
kd pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS ½kyo
f rd ;f cH&&ef acsmufwGef;olrsm;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qkdonf/
ygwDwGif;nDnGwfa&;udkNydKuGJ? ysufpD;aprnhftjyKtrI? tajymtqdkrsm;vkyfaqmifaom taxmuftxm;
rsm;awGU&Sdojzihf A[dknDvmcH udk,fpm;vS,fav;OD;jzpfonfh OD;cifarmif0if;? OD;oefYZif? OD;cifarmif&SdefESihf
a':rdrdBuD;wdkYudk nDvmcHudk,fpm;vS,f tjzpfrS &yfpJvdkufaMumif; nDvmcHusif;ya&; A[dkaumfr&Sifu rwfv
5&ufaeYwGif xkwfjyefxm;onf/
]]pnf;vkH;nDnGwfrIysufatmif vkyfaeolawGu t&ifu A[dkOD;pD;ppfppfr[kwfbJ eD;&mvlOD;pm;ay;
pepfusio
fh ;Hk uwnf;u tkypf zk UJG aewJo
h al wG&w
dS ,f/ olwYkdu txufatmufcsw
d q
f ufaew,f}} [k OD;cifarmif&edS f
uqdkonf/
yGihfvif;jrifompGm jyefvnfajz&Sif;cGihfr&ygu pnf;vkH;nDnGwfa&;NydKuGJatmif tm;xkwfaeonhf
A[dak umfrwD0ifrsm;udk trnfrsm;ESiw
hf uG xkwfazmfajymqdkoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
]]olwdkY(xkwfy,fcH&olav;OD;) *kPfodu©mudkiJhvdkYxkwfrajymwm/ ygwDpnf;urf;azmufwJh taxmuf
txm;awG&Sdw,f}} [kygwD NLD ygwDtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;ÓPf0if;u qdkonf/
nDvmcHudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrS½kyfodrf;aomfvnf;ygwD0iftjzpf qufvufwnf&Sdaeojzihf topf
zGJUpnf;xm;onhf A[dkaumfrwDtzGJU? A[dktvkyftrIaqmiftzGJUrsm;rSwpfqihf jyóemudkyGihfvif;jrifompGm ajz
&Sif;Edkifa&;twGufBudK;yrf;oihfaMumif; tqdkyg ygwDA[dktvkyfrIaqmiftzGJU0ifOD;tkef;BudKifu ajymMum;onf/
nDvmcHu,
kd pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS ½kyo
f rd ;f cH&olrsm;onf ,cifu wpfa,mufEiS w
hf pfa,muf roduRrf;aomf
vnf; ,cktcg w&m;rQwrItwGuf twl&ifqdkifajz&Sif;&efyl;aygif;aeNyDjzpfaMumif; OD;cifarmif&Sdefu ajymonf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;ESihfjynfe,ftoD;oD;rS nDvmcHudk,fpm;vS,f 1500 teufA[dkaumfrwD0if 120 ESihf
A[dktvkyftrIaqmif20 wdkYudk a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonhf trsK;d om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyfygwD\EdkifiHvkH;qdkif&m
A[dknDvmcHudk rwfv 8 &uf? 9 &ufESihf 10&ufaeYwdkYwGif A[ef;NrKdUe,f awmf0ifESif;qDpm;aomufqdkifü
„
jyKvkyfcJhonf/

VOICE OF THE WEEK
jrefrmEdkifiH\ EdkifiHa&;tajymif;tvJudk zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'?
a&G;aumufyGJrsm;? EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifh vTwfawmfrsm;\tcef;u@
ponf wdkYtay:üom tm½HkpdkufNyD; tom;ay;ajymqdkaeMujcif;rsm;udk
awGU&yg aMumif;? rdrt
d aejzifh ,if;udprö sm;xuf omrefjynfow
l pfO;D \
tcuftcJESifh tusyftwnf;rsm;Mum;rS vGwfajrmufNyD; ydkrdkaumif;rGef
om,maomb0rsm; wnfaqmufEdkifa&;ESifh vlwef;aph b0&yfwnf
Edkifa&;twGuf OD;pm;ay; tm½HkpdkufygaMumif;? rdrdqdkvdkonfh omref
jynfolqdkonfrSm ynma&;csKdUwJhrIaMumifh um,udktoHk;jyKNyD; 0ifaiG
&Sm&aom? xGef,ufpdkufysKd;pm;aomuf&eftwGuf v,fajrwpfuGuf
awmif rydkifqdkifEdkifbJ ta<u;EGHepfNyD; rdom;pkudk 0vifatmif
rauR;Edkifonfh rdom;pk? aqGrsKd;ESifh rdwfaqGrsm;udk pGefYcGmNyD; tdrfeD;csif;
EdkifiHrsm;wGif ESpfaygif;Mum&Snf tvkyfvkyfudkifaeMu&aom? vHkavmuf
onfh usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrI? a&aumif;a&oefYESifh vQyfppfrD;
ponfwdkYudk r&&SdEdkifao;aom oef;aygif;rsm;pGmaom jynfolrsm;udk
&nfñTef; jcif;jzpfygaMumif;/
rwfv 7 &ufaeYxkwf aMu;rHkowif;pmyg
]EdkifiHawmfor®w OD;odef;pdef b,fvf*sD,HEdkifiH b&yfqJvfNrdKU&Sd
Oa&my aumfr&Sif½Hk;wGif owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwpf&yf usif;y}
owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
tpdk;&owif;pmonf olY[mol b,fydkufqHeJYyJ xkwfxkwf?
jynfolYydkufqHoHk;csifoHk; roHk;csifae tbwdkYtvkyfr[kwfbl;/ tbwdkY
uawmh usyif g;q,feYJvu
kd Nf yD; ra&mif;Edik b
f ;l / a&mif;csif a&mif;&r,f/
ra&mif;&vnf; puúLaps;awmh jyef&rSmyJ/ tck &SpfapmifyJ&Sdw,f/
jrefrmjynfrSm vlOD;a& oef;ajcmufq,f&Sdw,f/ tbwdkY 62 ckESpfrSm
owif;pmaygif; tapmif 70 ausmfw,f/ vlOD;a& 24 oef;yJ&Sdw,f/
&efukefrSm 62 wkef;u ESpfodef;eJY &Spfaomif;yJ&Sdw,f/ tck ajcmufoef;
ausmfw,f/ tJ'Dwkef;u pmwwfolOD;a& odyfenf;w,f/ tck
pmwwfol OD;a& odyfrsm;w,f/ 'ghaMumifh raMumufbl;/
owif;pmvGwv
f yfciG t
hf wGuf owif;pmxkwrf mS / owif;pmynm
qdkwm pmoifcef;xJrSm usef&pfcJhNyD/ owif;pmvGwfvyfcGifhqdkwm
pmtkyfxJrSm &SdNyD;om;/ tJ'gudk vlYtzGJUtpnf;xJrSm csNyD; usifhoHk;r,f/
'ghaMumifh tjrwfudk y"merxm;bl;? tvkyfudk y"mexm;w,f/
tajcpdkufr,f/ rsKd;aphcsr,f/ atmifjrifonfjzpfap? ratmifjrifonf
jzpfap 'Dowif;pmvGwfvyfcGifhqdkwJh tyifBuD;udk t½HI;cHNyD; pdkufMu&
r,f/ ½IH;&if ydwfr,fqdk&ifawmh tpuwnf;u rvkyfygeJY/ t½HI;cHNyD;
vkyfygvdkYyJ ajymcsifygw,f/
rwfv 10 &ufaeYxkwf Street View owif;*sme,fyg
]0g&ifhowif;pmq&mBuD; zdk;aomMum (acwf+rdk;) tm; awGUqHkjcif;}rS
aumufEkwfcsuf
]]w½kwfeJYpmcsKyfzsufvdkY taemufEdkifiHawG r,HkMunfrSm ryleJY?
w½kwfeJY ysufrS tjcm;EdkifiHawG 0ifvdkY&rSm/ olwdkYr0ifvmao;wmu
w½kwfeJY jyóemjzpfaevdkY ,HkMunfpdwfcsrIr&SdvdkY r[kwfbl;/ 'geJY
bmrSrqdkifbl;/ vkyfuwnf;u yGifhyGifhvif;vif; xifomjrifomvkyfcJh
wmr[kwfbl;/ w½kwfeJY pmcsKyfysufvdkY&Sd&if taemufEdkifiHawGu
r,HkMunfrSmpdk;w,fqdkwm vHk;0r[kwfbl;/ jrefrmjynfrSm ,HkMunf
pdwfcs&wJh EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIOya' r&Sdwm&,f? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawGudk
tumtuG,fjyKr,fh Oya'awGr&Sdwm? NyD;awmh vdktyfaewJh vQyfppfrD;?
a&ajrobm0ESifh tjcm;vdktyfcsufawG rjynfhpHkwm&,f/ tJ'gawG
aMumifhom xifoavmufr0ifvmwm jzpfw,f/ w½kwfeJY qufqHa&;
aMumifhr[kwfbl;}} [k q&mOD;0if;wifu ajymMum;vdkufonf/
rwfv 12 &ufaeYxkwf New Watch owif;*sme,fyg
]EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIwGif ,HkMunfpdwfcs&rIvdktyf[k
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymaomfvnf; OD;ydkifESifh
w½kwf0rfaygifudpö ,HkMunfpdwfcs&rIESifhrqdkif[k OD;0if;wifajymMum;}
owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;
onf oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfom
jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmtzGJUtaeESifh oabmwljcif;
rwljcif;udk ud,
k pf m;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwv
f u©Pmjzpfap
xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/

9

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

jyKjyif&rnfU bPfOya'rsm;pGmusef&Sd[k bPfynm&Sifrsm;qdk
&efukef? rwf 13

t

opfjyifqifa&;qGJaeonhf jrefrmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPf Oya'omru jrefrmhv,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;bPfOya'ESihf jrefrmEdkifiHaiGa&;aMu;a&;tzGJUpnf;rsOf; Oya'rsm;wGifvnf; acwfESihf
ravsmfnDonhftcsufrsm; yg0ifaejcif;aMumihf jyefvnfjyifqifoihfaMumif; uarÇmZbPf'kwd,Ouú| OD;oef;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
a&;qdik &f m zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufa&;aumfrwD oD;jcm;vGwfvyfaom tzGJUtpnf; tcsuf E S i h f pD r H c ef Y cG J a &;qd k i f & m
H nho
f iG ;f
twGif;a&;rSL; OD;armifarmifpdk;u jzpfvmap&ef vuf&Sda&;qGJaeaom ta&;,ljcif;tcef;udk xyfrx
A[dkbPfOya'Murf;wGif EdkifiHawmf a&;qGx
J m;aMumif; ¤if;uajymqdo
k nf/
ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdkifiHawmf A[dkbPfudk or®wuom wdkuf½dkufuGyfuJrnhf
„
INSTITUTIONAL

ta&SYtm&SpD;yGm;a&;aumifpDOuú| jrefrmwm0ef,l
&efukef? rwf 13

"mwfykH- rkd;ausmfvGif

,if;Oya'ESpcf rk mS 1990 jynfEh Spf
uwnf;u jy|mef;cJjh cif;jzpfNy;D yk*v
¾ u
d
bPfrsm;ay:xGef;vmjcif;? aiGaMu;
aps;uGuaf y:xGuv
f mjcif;ESifh Edik if jH cm;
bPfrsm;yg 0ifa&mufvmawmhrnf
jzpfojzihf jrefrmEdkifiH\bPfOya'
rsm;rSm acwfESihfavsmfnD& ef vdktyf
aMumif; ¤if;u tBuHjyKonf/
]]jrefrmhv,f,mu@zGHUNzdK;zdkY
qdk&if awmifolv,form;awG pkaiG
jrihfwufzdkYeJY bPfudktokH;jyKwwfzdkY
vdyk gw,f}}[k pD;yGm;a&; rl0g'a&;&m
ynm&S i f a 'guf w matmif u d k u d k u

ajymMum;onf/
aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf
yDjyifpGmjzpfay:vm&ef Oya'rsm;udk
jyKjyif&efvdktyfNyD; ,if;uJhodkY jyKjyif
rSomvQif edrhfusaeaom pD;yGm;a&;
aps;uG u f r sm; jyef v nf j rih f w uf
vmrnf j zpf a Mumif ; ¤if ; u&S i f ; jy
onf/
vuf&dS jrefrmEdik if aH wmf A[db
k Pf
Oya'Murf;udrk l jynfoUl vTwaf wmfoYkd
wifjyxm;NyD; ,ckESpfrwfv 'kwd,
tywftwGif; twnfjyKoGm;zG,f
&SdaMumif; bPfrsm;ESihfaiGa&;aMu;

oufwrf;wpfESpf&Sd ta&SUtm&SpD;yGm;a&;aumifpD (East Asia Business Council-EABC)\ 2013 ckESpf
Ouú|wm0efudk jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHukefonfrsm;ESifh pufrIvufrIvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;csKyf (UMFCCI)
'kwd,Ouú| OD;aZmfrif;0if;u w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHxHrS vTJajymif;&,lcJhaMumif; UMFCCI wGif rwfv 11
&ufaeYu jyKvkyo
f nfh (24) Budraf jrmuf ta&SUtm&S pD;yGm;a&;aumifpt
D pnf;ta0; qk;H jzwfcsuft& od&onf/
,if;tpnf;ta0;wGif2012 ckESpf EABC aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk jyefvnfokH;oyfaqG;aEG;MuaMumif;?
w½kwfjynfoYlor®wEdik if H wD,efusi;f NrdKUwGif ZGefv 18 &ufESihf 19 &ufaeYwdkYü usif;yrnfh ig;Budrfajrmuf
ta&SUtm&SpD;yGm;a&;zdk&rfwGif 2013 ckESpftwGif; vkyfaqmifrnfhvkyfief;tpDtpOfrsm;udk aqG;aEG;rnfjzpf
aMumif; tqdkygtoif;csKyfxHrS od&onf/
EABC Ouú|oufwrf;udk wpfESpfrS 2 ESpfodkY wdk;jr§ifhowfrSwf&ef aqG;aEG;aeaomfvnf; twnfjyK
Edkifjcif;r&SdaomaMumifh 2014 ckESpf Ouú|wm0efudk awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiHu vTJajymif;,lrnfjzpfaMumif;
EABC Ouú|opf OD;aZmfrif;0if;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
Ouú|wm0ef&,lonhftwGuf jrefrmEdkifiH\tao;pm;? tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;twGuf
tcGifhtvrf;rsm; ydkrdk&&SdvmrnfjzpfaMumif; OD;aZmfrif;0if;u ajymqdkonf/
EABC onf tmqD,HtzGJU0if 10 EdkifiHESifh ta&SUtm&SokH;EdkifiHjzpfonfh w½kwf? *syef? awmifudk&D;,m;
EdkifiHwdkYrS pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh 2004 ckESpf {NyDvwGif pwifzGJUpnf;jcif;jzpfNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHu (12)
Budrfajrmuf EABC tpnf;ta0;rS pwifwufa&mufcJhonf/
„

10
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

owif;rD'D,mavmuom; trsm;pkuefhuGufonfU Oya'Murf;udk
pmayxkwfa0olESifU jzefhcsdolrsm;toif;trIaqmifrsm; axmufcH
&efukef? rwfv 12

jyef

Mum;a&;0efBu;D Xmeudk w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmay;tyfxm;onf[k owif;rD',
D mavmuom;trsm;pk a0zefaeaom ykEH ydS jf cif;ESifh xkwaf 0jcif;vkyif ef; Oya'Murf;wGif 1962 ckEpS f ykEH ydS o
f rl sm;ESifh xkwaf 0olrsm;
rSwfykHwifOya'xuf aumif;rGefonhftcsufrsm;udk xnhfoGif; a&;qGJxm;ojzihf axmufcHaMumif; pmayxkwfa0olESihf jzefYcsdolrsm;toif;\ 'kwd,Ouú| OD;rsKd;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
City Star [dkw,fwGif rwfv
zG J U pnf ; ay;xm;onh f pme,f Z if ; aumf r wD u vd k u f v H p k a qmif ; udprö sm;udk jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu ta&;,l x d e f ; ausmif ; jcif ; onf
12 &ufaeYu jyKvkyfonhfpme,fZif; aumif p D ( ,m,D ) u pme,f Z if ; aeaMumif; igwdkYpmaypmtkyfwdkuf ta&;,l&efa&;qGJjcif;jzpfí pwkw¬ jynfolrsm;twGuf aumif;onf[k
&S i f ; vif ; yG J w G i f OD ; rsKd ; atmif u avmuwpfckvkH;ESihf oufqdkifonhf yd k i f & S i f pma&;q&majrrI e f v G i f u r@d K if t xuf w G i f tk y f c sKyf a &; ¤if;uqdkonf/
txufygtwdkif; ajymMum;jcif;jzpf Oya'wpf&yfukd a&;qGaJ epOf jyefMum;a&; ajymMum;onf/
r@Kd i f w uf a eonh f oabmjzpf
,cifOya'xuf pD;yGm;a&;t&
onf/
0efBuD;Xmeu ,if;Oya'Murf;udk
]]trIaqmifawGvyk o
f mG ;wmu aMumif; vli,fowif;orm;wpfO;D u vkyo
f mudik o
f m&So
d nfudk vufcaH omf
ykEH ydS o
f nfq&kd m0,f av;aMumif; xkwjf yefjcif;onf tkycf sKyfa&;r@dKif toif;0ifawGtm;vkH;udk udk,fpm; axmufjyonf/
vnf ; vG w f v yf p G m a&;om;cG i h f
rsOf;? ESpfaMumif;rsOf;rsm;om ykHESdyf ESifh pwkwK¬ r@dKifjzpfonhf pme,fZif; rjyKygbl;}}[k pdwu
f ;l csKcd sKpd mtkyw
f u
kd f
owif;orm;rsm;? pma&;q&m twGufrl ,ckOya'Murf;xuf ydkrdk
jcif;r[kwfbJpmrsm;udk ykHESdyfjcif;jzpf avmuwdkYtMum; wnfaqmufae ydkif&Sif OD;pef;OD;u qdkonf/
rsm; vkyfcsifwdkif;vkyfvdkYr&atmif aumif ; rG e f o nh f Oya'wpf & yf u d k
í pmqdo
k nfrmS tawG;tac:t,ltq onhf ,kMH unfru
I ykd sufjym;apaMumif;
yk H E S d y f j cif ; ES i h f xk w f a 0jcif ; xdef;ausmif;ay;rnhf Oya'wpf&yf a&;qG J & ef v d k t yf a Mumif ; ¤if ; u
rsm;vnf;yg0ifaeNyD; ykHESdyfjcif;udk owif ; vG w f v yf c G i h f a umf r wD \ vkyif ef; Oya'Murf;onf w&m;½k;H u vdt
k yfNy;D ta&;,lp&m&Sv
d Qif jyefMum;a&; tBuHjyKonf/
uefYowfjcif;onf todÓPfudk jyefMum;a&;wm0efcH OD;aZmfoufaxG; aqmif ½ G u f & rnh f ta&;,l j cif ; uta&;,l j cif ; xuf w&m;½k H ; u
„
uefYowfjcif;jzpfaMumif; jynfoYlacwf u ajymMum;onf/
*sme,f twdik yf ifct
H ,f'w
D m OD;azjrihf
]]pme,fZif;aumifpD(,m,D)
u ajymMum;onf/
u xkwfwJhOya'rlMurf;xJrSmykHESdyf
jyefMum;a&;0efBu;D Xme rSwyf w
H k if jcif ; eJ Y xk w f a 0jcif ; vk y f i ef ; awG
t&m&Sd\ pdwfwdkif;usnpfvdkvQif twGufrygbl;}}[k ,if;toif;\
npf E d k i f o nh f a,bk , sqef a om 'kwd,Ouú| (2) OD;ausmOf ;D u qdo
k nf/
tcsufrsm;udk Oya'wGifxnhfoGif;
,if;Oya'Murf;onf pme,fZif;
xm;ojzih f raxmuf c H a Mumif ; ? avmuESihf oufqdkifjcif;r&SdbJ ykHESdyf
pme,f Z if ; aumif p D (,m,D ) u jcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif;vkyfief;rsm;
a&;qGJonhfOya'udk apmihfMunhfoihf twGuf oD;oefYa&;qGJxm;aMumif;
aMumif ; pma&;q&mnD y k a v;u jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;XmerS jynfaxmifpk
ajymMum;onf/
0ef B uD ; OD ; atmif M unf u pmay
rEÅav;&Syd EHk ydS o
f El iS fh xkwaf 0ol xkwfa0olESihf jzefYcsdolrsm;toif;
trsm;pkuvnf; ,if;Oya'Murf; ESihf Zefe0g&DvtwGif; awGUqkHpOf
udkuefYuGufaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/ ajymMum;xm;onf/
"mwfykH- Ekdifrif;a0
Oya'udkazmufzsufvQif ykHESdyf
yk H E S d y f j cif ; ES i h f xk w f a 0jcif ;
jcif;ESihf xkwfa0cGihftodtrSwfjyK vkyfief;rsm;twGuf oD;oefYa&;qGJ
jrefrmEdkifiHü tatmifjrifqkH;tm;upm;tzGJUjzpfonhf avSavSmftzGJUcsKyfonf w½kwjf ynfolYor®wEkid if rH S
vuf r S w f u d k jyef M um;a&;0ef B uD ; xm;aomfvnf; ,if;Oya'Murf;\
0,f,x
l m;aom ¤if;wdkYtqdk tar&duefa':vm 180ç000 wefzdk;&Sd e*g;avS (Dragon Boat) 16pD; a&muf&SdaeNyD
Xmeu jyefvnf½yk o
f rd ;f ydik cf iG &fh o
dS nf Oya'ygpum;&yf r sm;jzpf o nh f
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdik if aH vSavSmt
f zGUJ csKyt
f wGi;f a&;rSL; OD;az0if;u ajymMum;onf/
qdkaomtcsufrSm tkyfcsKyfa&;ydkif;udk ]xkwfa0pm}udk t"dyÜm,fzGihfqdk&mwGif
tqdyk ge*g;avSrsm;rSm 10a,mufavSmaf vS&pS pf ;D ESifh ta,muf 20 avSm&f onf avS&pS pf ;D pkpak ygif; 16pD; rwfv
w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmay;xm;ovdk owif ; pm? pmapmif ? *sme,f E S i h f
12 &ufaeYwiG f jrefrmEdik if o
H Ykda&muf&v
dS mNyD; tif;vsm;uefwiG f avhusirhf rI sm;jyKvyk rf nfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
jzpfaeojzihf NyD;cJhonhfESpf Mo*kwfv r*¾Zif;qdkonhf trnfrsm;xnhfoGif;
]]½d;k &mavSvYkd odMuwJh e*g;avSuawmh t"duusw,f}}[kSea Games wGif qk&&Srd &I nfreS ;f csuEf iS fh ywfouf
u owif;rD'D,mavmuom;rsm; xm;ojzih f pme,f Z if ; avmu
í ¤if;uqdkonf/
zGUJ pnf;xm;onho
f wif;vGwv
f yfciG fh wpfckvkH;udk jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xme
NyKid yf 0JG ifavSrsm;tjyif e*g;avSrsm;twGuf avSmfwuftacsmif; 120? tjynfjynfqdkif&mavSrsm;twGuf
aumfrwDuw&m;0ifuefYuu
G x
f m;onf/ \ vufatmufwGifxm;&SdEdkif&ef
avSmfwuftacsmif; 60? uEl;avStwGuf avSmfwufajcmufacsmif;? u,ufavStwGuf 12 acsmif;vnf;
vkyif ef;rSwyf w
Hk ifukd jyefMum;a&; &nf&G,fa&;qGJxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;
a&muf&SdaeaMumif; toif;enf;jywpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
0efBuD;Xmeu ½kyfodrf;aomfvnf; OD ; aZmf o uf a xG ; u rS w f c suf j yK
,if;avSrsm;0,f,l&eftwGuf tm;upm;0efBuD;Xmeu tar&duef a':vm 60ç000 axmufyHhay;cJhNyD;
rauseyfygu jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;xH ajymqdkonf/
usefa':vm 120ç000 twGuf jrefrmEdkifiHavSavSmftzGJUcsKyfOuú|u xkwfay;aMumif; ¤if;u xyfavmif;
t,lcw
H ifEikd o
f nht
f jyif jyefMum;a&;
,if ; Oya'Murf ; ud k pmay
ajymqdkonf/
0efBuD;\ ajz&Sif;csufudk rauseyf xkwfa0olESihf jzefYcsdolrsm;toif;\
avSrsm;rSm,lwGif 30 &mcdkifEIef; aiGay;csatmf'grSmrSom xkwfvkyfjcif;jzpfNyD; av;v? ig;vcefY BuKdwif
ygu EdkifiHawmfor®wtxd t,lcH trI a qmif r sm;u axmuf c H o nf
rSm&aMumif;? *smreDurSm,laomavSrSm ,cktcsdefxdr&ao;aMumif; ,if;tzJGUcsKyfxHrS od&Sd&onf/
avQmufxm; EdkifaMumif; OD;rsKd;atmif qd k a omf v nf ; uef Y u G u f v d k o nh f
NyD;cJhonhf (26) Budrfajrmuf tif'dkeD&Sm;Sea GameswGif ½dk;&mavSNyKdifyGJwGif a&Tq,fckay;onhfteuf
uqdkonf/
toif ; 0if r sm;&S d o jzih f ¤if ; wd k Y \
a&Tu;kd qk? aiGwpfq&k &Sx
d m;cJNh y;D jrefrmtmupm;tzGUJ rsm;teuf tatmifjrifq;Hk tm;upm;tzGUJ tjzpf &yfwnfco
hJ nf/ „
EdkifiHawmfor®w wdkuf½dkuf vufrSwfrsm;udk owif;vGwfvyfcGihf

a':vmESpo
f ed ;f eD;yg;wefz;kd &Sd e*g;avSrsm; w½kwEf idk if rH aS &muf&dS

11

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

News in Brief
35 "r®H&HoD"r®m½Hk ,Ofaus;vdr®moifwef;zGifUvSpfrnf
&efukef? rwf 12

&efukefNrdKUawmf ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f 35 vrf;(tay:) (35) "r®H&HoD
"r®m½HkuBuD;rSL;í wwd,tBudrfajrmuf ,Ofaus;vdr®moifwef;udk rwfv
aemufqHk;ywftwGif; zGifhvSpfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; oifwef;pDpOfolwpfOD;u
ajymMum;onf/
rwfv 26 &ufrS 30 &uftxd ig;&ufMumoifwef;jzpfNyD; tedrfhqHk;
pwkw¬wef;t&G,frSpí wufa&mufEkdifaMumif;? rwfv 20 &ufrSpí oifwef;
tyfvufcHoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; t&SifacrdE´ (ppfudkif;cifruefwkduf) q&mawmfu
oifwef;enf;jytjzpf aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tao;pdwfod&Sdvkdygu
OD;&JxG#f 09-5503313? OD;udkav; 09-8552049? OD;oef;atmif 0973001751? OD;jrwfaZmfodef; 09-421173552 wkdYxH qufoG,far;jref;Ekdif
aMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
„

&efukefwuúodkvf ]t} oHk;vHk;tzGJY ykvJ&wk
jyefvnfawGYqHkyGJusif;yrnf
&efuek ?f rwf 12

1983 ckEpS u
f ppfuikd ;f wdik ;f a'oBuD; rif;uif;NrdKUe,f&dS oufBuD;pmrwwfol
1500 cefYudk vkyftm;ay;pmayynmoifMum;ay;cJhMuaom &efukefwuúodkvf
pmwwfajrmufa&; vkyftm;ay;tzGJU0ifa[mif;rsm;\ ESpf (30) ajrmuf
ykvJ&wkjyefvnfawGUqHkyGJudk rwfv 26 &uf t*FgaeY (waygif;vjynfhaeY)
rGef;vGJ 1;00 em&DrS 3;00 em&DtwGif; &efukefNrdKU a&T*Hkwdkifvrf; awmf0ifESif;qD
ajrnDxyfwGif usif;yrnfjzpf&m rif;uif;NrdKUe,ftygt0if ynmoifESpf
toD;oD;? NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;ü ]t} oHk;vHk; vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif yg0ifcJhMuaom
wuúodkvfaumvdyfrsm;rS q&m? q&mr? ausmif;om;ausmif;ola[mif;rsm;
wufa&mufMuyg&ef ykvJ&wkjzpfajrmufa&;tzGJUu zdwfMum;xm;onf/
awGUqHkyGJtBudKtjzpf uG,fvGefol ]t} oHk;vHk;tzGJU0ifa[mif;rsm;udk
&nfpl;í rwfv 24 &uf (we*FaEGaeY) eHeuf 10;00 em&DwGif wmarGNrdKUe,f
arwåmñGefY&yfuGuf ta0&mvrf; (wmarGNrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;ESifh 0efxrf;
avhusifha&;½Hk;cGJteD;) &Sd rif;uif;ausmif;wdkufwGif qGrf;ESifh vSLzG,fypönf;rsm;
pkaygif;qufuyfvSL'gef;Murnfjzpfonf/
awGUqHkyGJESifhywfoufí q&mOD;rsKd;oefY 09-5010754? q&mr
a'gufwm&nf&nfarmf 09-5084150? udMk unfviG f 09-5500537? ud0k if;udu
k dk
09-6818393? rat;oufarmf 09-73010416wdkYxH qufoG,fpHkprf;Edkif
onf/
„

owfrSwfEIef; ausmfvGefarmif;ESif,mOfrsm; ta&;,lrnf
&efukef? rwf 14

&efukef-rEÅav;tjrefvrf;rBuD;wGif owfrSwfEIef;xuf ausmfvGef
armif ; ES i f a om,mOf r sm;ud k t&S d e f x d e f ; wd k i f ; ud & d , mtoH k ; jyKí {NyD v
1&ufaeYwiG f pwifta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif; rwfv 12 &ufaeYu tjrefvrf;rBuD;
&JwyfzGJUuGyfuJrI½Hk;wGif usif;yaomtcrf;tem;ü wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
]]ta&;,l w m {NyD 1&uf a emuf y d k i f ; prS m yg/ tck v nf ; ynmay;
aMunmaeygNyD/ tjrefEIef; 100 xuf ydkarmif;&if vdkifpif? 0SD;wufodrf;
r,f/ ,mOfpnf;urf; 'PfaMu;uawmh 1500 usyfyJ/ 'gayrJh 'DpDrH
csuftwGuf 'PfaMu;uawmh rowfrSwf&ao;ygbl;}} [k ¤if;u ajymqdk
onf/
&efukefrS rEÅav;txd tjrefvrf;rt&SnfrSm 336 rdkif 1 zmvHk &SdNyD;
tqdyk gvrf;ray:wGif tjrefvrf;&JwyfzUJG pcef; 14 ck&dS aMumif; ,if;tjrefvrf;
&JwyfzGJUxHrS pHkprf;od&onf/
„

&okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;wGif 0efBuD;XmetcsKdY\
tcGefaumufcH&aiGrsm;ryg
&efukef? rwf 12

pktpdk;&tzGJUu vTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;onhf &okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;wGif 0efBuD;XmetcsKdU\
jynf axmif
tcGefaumufcH&&SdrIrsm; ryg0ifaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmf\bPfrsm;ESihf aiGaMu;qdkif&m zGHNzKd;wdk;wufa&;
aumfrwDrStwGif;a&;rSL; OD;0if;jrihfu ajymMum;onf/
vTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;xm;
onhf 2012-2013b@mESpf
jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &\ tcGeaf umufcH
&&SdrIpm&if;wGif pGrf;tif0efBuD;Xme?
vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme? pufrI
0efBuD;Xme? qufoG,fa&;? owif;
tcsuftvufESifhenf;ynm 0efBuD;
Xme? yd k Y a qmif a &;0ef B uD ; XmeES i h f
aqmuf v k y f a &;0ef B uD ; Xmewd k Y rS
aumufcH&&Sdonhf tcGefpm&if;rsm;
ryg0ifaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum; onf/
]]wjcm;0efBuD;Xme tMuD;MuD;
awGvnf; tcGepf m&if;xJrmS rygbl;}}
[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
Xmeqdkif&m toD;oD;u tcGef
aumufcHjcif;xuf tcGefaumufcHrI
tm;vk H ; ud k b@ma&;ES i h f tcG e f
0efBuD;Xme wpfcw
k nf;udo
k m wm0ef
ay;tyf&ef jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
u qkH;jzwfay;oihfaMumif; ¤if;u
tBuHjyKonf/
EdkifiHawmf\&aiG wdk;wuf
"mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif
&&Sdap&ef tcGefaumufcHrIrsm;udk
tavtvGihfr&SdbJ aumufcH&rnhf vQyfppf"mwftm;oHk;pJGc ay;aqmif&ef wef;pDapmifhqdkif;aeMuolrsm;
tjyif aumufcH&&Sdonhf aiGaMu;udk
tcGefaumufcH&&SdrIrSm usyf 1918
trSefwu,f vdktyfonhf ae&mrsm; u tBuHjyKonf/
jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xme? &xm; 'or 976 bDvD,HaumufcH&&SdjyD;
wGif pepfwusok;H pG&J rnfjzpfaMumif;
Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w OD ; od e f ; pd e f u ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xme? pD;yGm;a&; 2013-2014 b@mESpfwGif usyf
rwfv 12&ufaeYu jyKvkyfonhf ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme? 2394 'or 029 bDvD,H aumufcH
b@ma&;aumfr&Sif tpnf;ta0; arG;jrLa&;ESihf a&vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme? &&Sd&efvsmxm;aMumif; jynfaxmifpk
ywf 0 ef ; usif x d e f ; od r f ; a&;ES i h f tpdk;&tzGJU\ &okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;
wGif ajymMum;xm;onf/
EdkifiHawmf\ b@ma&;vdkaiG opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xme? v,f,m wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ &okH;
jyrIudk avQmhcsNyD; jynfaxmifpktpdk;& pdkufysKd;a&;ESihf qnfajrmif;0efBuD;
\ &aiG E S i h f ok H ; aiG r Qajctae XmeESihf b@ma&;ESihf tcGef0efBuD; rSef;ajc aiGpm&if;udk 2013-2014
txm;odkY a&muf&Sdap&ef BuKd;yrf; XmewdkYrS aumufcH&&Sdonhf tcGef b@mESpf\ trsKd;om; pDrHudef;ESihf
k m 2012-2013 b@mESpf avsmf n D a p&ef b@ma&; ES i h f
oih f a Mumif ; ? rQajctaetxm;rS pm&if;rsm;udo
b@ma&;ydkaiGESihf ukefoG,fa&;ydkaiG \ &okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;wGif azmfjy tcGef0efBuD;Xmeu a&;qGJNyD; rwfv
f ajymMum;onf/ 12 &ufaeYwGif jynfaxmifpktpdk;&
rsm; jzpfay:vm&ef jznf;jznf;csif; xm;aMumif; OD;0if;jrihu
2 0 1 2 - 2 0 1 3 b @ m E S p f tzGUJ u twnfjyKojzihf jynfaxmifpk
vk y f a qmif o G m ;&rnf j zpf a Mumif ;
pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifudkudk b@ma&;ESihf tcGef0efBuD;Xme\ vTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;cJhonf/ „

12
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

okH;vtwGif; w&m;r0ifukefpnf
usyfoef;wpfaxmifausmf zrf;rd
&efukef? rwfv 7

e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;rSwpfqihf
w&m;r0if ukefpnfzrf;qD;rI pDrHcsuf
t& ok;H vtwGi;f ukeyf pön;f wefz;kd
usyo
f ef;wpfaxmifausmzf ;kd cefY zrf;qD;
&rdcJhaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme e,fpyf
uk e f o G , f a &;OD ; pD ; Xme 'k w d ,
nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;ñGefYatmifu
ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdik if \
H t"duw&m;r0if
ukefoG,fa&;vrf;aMumif;wpfckjzpf
onhf jr0wDvrf;aMumif;rS usyfoef;
510 ausmfESihf rlq,fvrf;aMumif;rS
usyfoef; 640 ausmf zrf;qD;&rdcJh
aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/

w&m;r0ifuek pf nfrsm; zrf;qD;
rIpwifcJhonhf 2012 ckESpf Edk0ifbm
11 &ufaeYrS 2013 ckEpS f azazmf0g&Dv
28 &ufaeYtxd ok;H vtwGi;f e,fpyf
vrf;aMumif;rsm;rS w&m;r0ifuek o
f ,
G f
onhf trIwJG 530 wGif w&m;r0if
arSmifcdkukefypönf;wefzdk;usyf 1295
oef; ausmfcefY zrf;qD;&rdcJhaMumif;
e,fpyfukefoG,fa&; OD;pD;Xme\
pm&if;rsm;t&od&onf/
]]tckqkd um;awG&UJ 80 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
u w&m;0ifjzpfvmNyD/ arSmifcdkwif
um;awGxrJ mS tqd;k qk;H urSev
f aHk wGy/J
tH0SufawG bmawGeJYo,fMuwm}}[k
rlq,f-rEÅav;vrf;aMumif;&Sd a&GUvsm;

ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ wm0ef&o
d S l nTeMfum;a&;rSL;
OD;pef;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
zrf;qD;&rdcJhonhf ypönf;rsm;
wGif uefYowfuek yf pön;f rsm;jzpfonhf
ausmufprd ;f ESifh bD,mrsm; ? opfawm
xGufypönf;rsm;wGif wrvef;opfESihf
ydawmufusD;aygif;om;rsm; ydkYukef
rsm;yg0if N yD ; oG i f ; uk e f b uf w G i f
Muuftlacsmif;? MuufOrsm;? at;cJ
bJom;rsm;ESihf at;cJMuufom;rsm;?
qyf j ymrI e f Y ? usif ; xk H j cif a q;acG ?
t0wftxnfrsm;? qHyifqdk;aq;?
tcsKd&nf? zkef;[ef;quf? c&D;aqmif
wDADrsm; yg0ifaMumif; e,fpyfukef
oG,af &;OD;pD;XmerS pkpH rf;od&&dS onf/

pOf
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/

trnf
ajryJqD
pm;tkef;qD
tmvl;
&Srf;MuufoGefjzL
MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL
MuufoGefeD
0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf
oMum;
anmifOD; (aq;xef;)
refusnf; (tom;)
*ZD,mqef
*awmifysHqef
*ay:qef;qef
*a&Tbkday:qef;

7 . 3 . 2013
4500
1390
150 - 570
350 - 1000
1950
350 - 375
2300
900
850
1050
14500
24000
27000
38000

14 . 3 . 2013 +^4500
1400
+
200 - 580
+
350 - 1000
2000
+
350 - 400
+
2300
900
900
+
1000
14500
24000
27000
38000

wpfydóm^wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/

a&Ttydkif; xkwfa&mif;olenf;
&efuk
ukef? rwf 11

a&T½dkif;0ifa&mufrI enf;yg;ae
NyD; vuf&adS &Taps;udk BudKufEpS fouf
jcif;r&Sdí a&Tvufum;aps;uGufwGif
a&Ttydkif; (a&Tacsmif;) xkwfa&mif;ol
rsm; aysmufu,
G af eaMumif; a&Tbo
Hk m
vrf; (atmufvrf;) tajcpdkuf a&T
vufum;ukefonfBuD;wpfOD;uajym
Mum;onf/
rGefjynfe,f bDvif;NrdKUe,fESihf
yJcl;wdik ;f a&TusiNf rdKUe,fwYkd&dS a&TwiG ;f
rsm;wGif pufBuD;,EÅ&m;BuD;rsm;ESihf
wl;azmfjcif;udk uefYowfvu
kd Nf y;D aemuf
a&T½dkif;t0if ododomomenf;oGm;
aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
t&ifu ESpf&ufjcm; ESpfydóm
avmuf 0 if w m tck a v;ig;&uf r S
wpfydómavmufyJ 0ifawmhw,f}}
[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
vuf&SdurÇmha&Taps; usqif;ae
csed w
f iG f jynfwiG ;f a&Taps;udx
k ifoavmuf

qGJjr§ihfír&ojzihf tydkif;a&Tvuf0,f
&Sdolrsm;taejzihf a&Taps;qufwuf
csdefudk apmihfaeMuykH&onf[k ¤if;u
qdkonf/
urÇmha&Taps;onhf NyD;cJhonhf
&ufydkif;u qufwdkufusqif;aeNyD;
oBuFefem;eD;uyfcsdefwGif urÇmaps;
jyefarmhvmcsed üf jynfwiG ;f a&Taps;vnf;
vdkufygarmhvmaMumif; &efukefwdkif;
a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif ; tvk y f
trIaqmif OD;at;csKu
d ajymMum;onf/

oBuFefNyD;aemufydkif; rdk;usvm
vQif a&TwGif;rsm; wl;azmfrI&yfqdkif;
vQif a&T½dkif;txGufenf;csdefqdkvQifrl
a&Taps;tusr&Sb
d J twufbufuo
kd m
OD;wnfEkdifonf[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
vuf&Sda&Ttxnf aps;uGuf
wGif a&mif;vdt
k m;onf 20 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
cefY jrihfwufvmNyD; ,cifESpfumv
wlxuf a&mif;tm;wufvmonfudk
owdxm;rdaMumif; wdwf&Sdefa&TqdkifrS

OD;aZmfatmifuqdkonf/

9.3.2013
11.3.2013
12.3.2013
13.3.2013
14.3.2013
Source

&ufpGJ
6.3.2013
7.3.2013
7.3.2013
9.3.2013
11.3.2013

jynfwGif;a&Taps; (usyf)
tzGifh
tydwf
736700
736700
736500
736500
735500
735200
734900
735500
736000
-

urÇmYa&Taps; (a':vm)
tzGifh
tydwf
1578
1574
1584
1581
1577
1799
1579
1579
1580
-

a':vmaps;jyefwuf
&efukef? rwf 14

wpf&dyf&dyfwufvmaom tar&duefa':vmvJvS,fEIef;rSm wevFmaeYtzGihfaps;EIef;xuf odompGm
jrihfwufcJhNyD; jyifyaiGvJaps;uGufwGif usyf 880 ausmfESihf ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsuf&SdaMumif; aiGaMu;aps;uGuf
twGif;rS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
aiGvaJ umifwmrsm;wGiv
f nf; aps;EIe;f jrihw
f ufvsu&f &dS m rwfv 11 &ufaeYu tar&duefwpfa':vmvQif
0,faps; 864 usyf ESihf a&mif;aps; 872 usyfjzihf aps;zGihf&mrS rwfv 14 &ufaeY 0,faps; 874 usyfESihf
a&mif;aps; 879 usyfjzpfoGm;aMumif; uarÇmZbPf\ w&m;0ifaiGvJEIef;t& od&onf/
,ckaiGvJEIef;wdk; jrihfvmaomaMumihf ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvsuf&Sdaomfvnf; aps;EIef;cGmupm;ír&aMumif;

jyifyEdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvkyfief; 10 ESpfausmfMumjyKvkyfaeaom vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u qdkonf/

&ufpJG

tar&duefa':vm
(usyf)

,l½kd
(usyf)

pifumyla':vm
(usyf)

4.3.2013
5.3.2013
6.3.2013
7.3.2013

865
867

1120
1124

692
695

872
874

1127
1124

696
695

tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/ 0,faps;omjzpfNyD; a&mif;aps;ESifh 8 usyfcefYuGmonf/

jrefrmha&Taps;
(usyf)

&ufpGJ

zGihfaps;
734ç900
736ç000
790ç500
746ç000
750ç500

urÇmYa&Taps;
(a':vm)

ydwfaps;
735ç500
737ç000
742ç000
750ç000
749ç600

zGihfaps;
1579
1580
1583
1592
1588

ydwfaps;
1579
1578
1583
1590
1587

/ / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;

(14-3-2013) ac:aps;
aps;EIef;
(usyfodef;)
2008
7i
140 - 150
Probox Succeed
2008
7i
110 - 115
AD Van (ykHajymif;)
2008
7i
115 0ef;usif
Mazda Demio (ykHajymif;)
97-1998 7C
160 0ef;usif
Van (zifaumuf)"mwfqD
2002
7C
200 - 220
Toyota Ipsum
2002
7C
200 - 220
Toyota Wish
2003
7C
260 0ef;usif
Toyota Kluger
2004
7C
210 0ef;usif
Mark II a&Tig;(ykHajymif;)
2010
7C
155 0ef;usif
Toyota Belta
2002
7C
210 0ef;usif
Honda CRV
99-2000 7C
380 0ef;usif
Prado TZ
v
90 0ef;usif
,mOftkda[mif; tyfESHpvpf
,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
,mOftrsKd;tpm;

a&eHpdrf;
"mwfaiGU
"mwfaiGU&nf
oMum;
yJydpyf
ajymif;
*sKH
aMu;eD

-

1 bbl
1 MMBtu
1 MT
1 lb
1 bu
1 bu
1 bu
1 lb

armf',f

tu©&m

tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
tar&duefa':vm
qifh
qifh
qifh

108.47
3.69
913.25
18.8
1438.25
711.5
710
352.45

13

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

t&nftaoG;jrifUynma&;?

International School ESifU

0da&m"drsm;

vif;
q,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGmtwGif;
uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiH ynma&;pepfonf
tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrsm;\ ynma&;pepf
awGeYJ EdiI ;f ,SOv
f u
kd v
f Qif wjznf;jznf;
aemufusvmcJhw,fqdkwm rjiif;Ekdif
yg/ t&nftaoG;&Sdaom ynma&;
Quality Education qd k w mES i f h
wjznf;jznf; a0;uGmvmNyD; wpfESpf
wpfwef; rSefrSefatmif? wpfESpfNyD;
wpfESpf twef;awGwufvmonfh
pepfrsdK;eJYom tom;usvmovdk
&SdcJhygonf/ udk,fhuav;udk awmfap
csif? wwfap csif? *kPf,lavmufwJh
ynmwwf B uD ; rsm; jzpf a pcsif o l
rdbrsm; tm;rvdk tm;r& jzpfvm&
wmvnf; trSefyif/
vG e f c J h w J h q,f p k E S p f w pf c k
avmufupNyD; International School
emrnfeJY EdkifiHjcm;oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;
rsm;udk tajcjyKonfh Private School
rsm; jrefrmEdkifiHrSm pwifacwfpm;
vmcJh&m aiGaMu;wwfEdkifNyD; Quality
Education iwfrGwfaeol rdbrsm;
twGuf xGufaygufwpfckvdk jzpfvm
cJhonf/ International School rsm;
&efukefESifh rEÅav;uJhokdY NrdKUBuD;
awGrmS pwifcMhJ uNyD; wjznf;jznf;ESihf
wjcm;pD;yGm;a&; tcsuftjcmusonfh
NrdKUBuD;awGrSmvnf; wdk;csJUvkyfudkif
vmwmudk awGU&onf/ aemufydkif;
wGif aiGaMu;wwfEdkifonfh rdbrsm;
G f
omru Quality ynma&;udk iwfrw
aewJh tv,ftvwfwef;pm;rdbrsm;
[mvnf; om;orD;awG ynma&;
twGuf aiGaMu;ukefusrI rsm;jym;wJh
'Pf u d k tef w k & if ; International
d q
f ufvmMuonf/
School awGeYJ csw
International School awGvdkY
NcHKiNkH yD;ajymaomfvnf; ausmif;tvdu
k f
oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;awGu rwlMuyg/
tar&duef? NAdwdef? pifumyl ponf
jzifh oufqdkif&m csdwfqufxm;wJh
ynma&;pepftay:rSw
D nfvYkd trsK;d rsK;d

uG J j ym;Muygonf / Ed k i f i H w um
tqif h r D oif ½dk;ñT e f ; wrf ; rsm;ud k
OD;aqmifoifMum;rI jyKvkyfEdkifzkdY
twGuf EdkifiHjcm;om; q&mrrsm;udk
ac:,lcefYtyfvyk u
f ikd af pNyD; jynfwiG ;f
rS a'ocHq&m^rrsm;udv
k nf; cefYtyf
vkyfudkifapwmudk awGU&ygonf/
tpydkif; jrefrmEdkifiH aps;uGufudk
xdk;azmufvmumprSm International
School awG[m t&nftaoG;ydkif;rSm
pdwfauseyf avmufp&m jzpfcahJ yr,fh
wjznf;jznf; eJY tm;enf;csufawGudk
ausmif;om; rdbawGtaeeJY cHpm;
od&Sdvm&onf/
EdkifiHwumrS q&m^rrsm;udk
ac:,lNyD; oifMum;a&;udk OD;aqmif
apcJhonf qdkaomfvnf; trsm;pkwGif
oifMum;a&;ESifh ywfoufaom oif
Mum;a&;tawGUtBuHKr&Sdolrsm;(odkY)
tm;enf;aeolrsm;udk awGU&Edik o
f nf/
trsm;pk r S m oif M um;a&;qd k i f & m
taxmuftxm; (Certificates) rsm;
r&SdaMumif;udkvnf; awGU&onf/
q&m^r trsm;pkrSm xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd
International School rsm; odYk r[kwf
¤if;wdYk Edik if w
H iG f tvky&f mS azGaeolrsm;
jzpf onf/ jrefrmEdik if &H dS International
School rsm;wGif umvwdk vma&muf
vkyfudkifavh&SdNyD; wpfESpf(odkY) okH;ESpf
twGif;om vkyfudkifavh&SdaMumif; od
&onf/ jrefrmEdkifiH\ tawGUtBuHK
A[kokw&,lvdkjcif;ESifh q&m^r jzpf
&ef wjcm;Ed k i f i H & S d International
School rsm;xuf ydkrdkvG,fuljcif;wdkY
rS m jref r mEd k i f i H & S d International
f ma&mufvyk f
School rsm;udk a&G;cs,v
udkifaom taMumif;t&if;wpf&yfyif
jzpfonf/ Native Speaker (rdcifbm
ompum;) r[kwfaom q&m^rrsm;
wGif t*Fvyd pf mESihf pum;wGif uRr;f usirf I
tm;enf;onfudkvnf; awGU&onf/
wcsd K UEd k i f i H j cm;om; NonNative Speaker q&m^rrsm;rS m

International School a&mufrS t*Fvy
d pf m

pGr;f &nfjr§iw
hf if&ef teD;uyfoifwef;
rsm; (Intensive Course) rsm;
wufa&mufoifMum;aMumif;vnf;
awGU&onf/
EdkifiHom; q&m^r trsm;pk
vnf; oifMum;a&;ESihf ywfoufaom
taxmuftxm;rsm; (Certificates)
r&SdMuyg/ ,cif ynma&;0efxrf;
tenf ; i,f r S v G J í oif M um;a&;
tawGUtBuHKr&Sd(odkY) tm;enf;olrsm;
jzpfMuonf/ trsm;pkrSm toufi,f
&G , f o l r sm;jzpf N yD ; International
School odkY tvkyf0ifjcif;onf ¤if;
wdkYtwGuf yxrqHk;tvkyftudkifjzpf
um vdktyfaom pGrf;aqmif&nfESifh
uRrf ; usif r I r sm;ud k International
School rsm;u yHhydk;ay;&avh&Sdonf/
oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;rsm;ESifh r&if;ESD;jcif;?
oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;rsm;wGif rnfodkYoif
Mum;onfudk rod&Sdjcif;ESifh ausmif;
om;A[dkjyK pepfESifh r&if;ESD;jcif;wdkY
rSmvnf; Edik if o
H m;q&m^rrsm;twGuf
cufcJapaom(0g) t&nftaoG;jrifh
ynma&;udk ay;pGr;f &ef cufcaJ paom
tcsufrsm;yifjzpfonf/
wpfESpfxufwpfESpf wdk;jr§ifh

aumufcHvmaom ausmif;0ifaMu;?
ausmif;vcESihf uav;ynma&;twGuf
ukefusp&dwfrsm;udk cg;pnf;cHum
t&nftaoG;jrifh ynma&;udk tarGay;
vk d a om rd b awG t aeES i f h International School rsm;&JU t&nftaoG;
jrifh ynma&;udk ar;cGef;xkwfp&m
jzpfvmygonf/ wpfcg rdom;pkeJY
ausmif;r rwlnw
D hJ 0ef;usiEf pS cf Mk um;
axG ; a&m,S u f w if , Of a us;rI r S m
tom;usatmif Bud K ;pm;&S i f o ef
ae&onfh ausmif;om;rsm;taeESifh
vnf; ay;vdkuf& wJ h t&if ; tES D ;
(wpf e nf ; vl r I t&if ; tES D ; ) ES i f h
xdkufwefonfh Quality ynma&;jzpf
&JUvm;qdkonfu ar;cGef;xkwfp&m
jzpf v mygonf / od k Y aomf v nf ;
wpfvrf;armif;c&D;? No U Turn c&D;udk
ESifcJhaom rdbrsm;? ausmif;om;i,f
rsm;twGuf a&G;cs,pf &mtcGifhtvrf;
rSm enf;yg;vGe;f vSonf/ rwlnaD om
oif½;kd ñTe;f wrf;? rwlnaD om aiGaMu;
EIef;xm;? rwlnDaom aumufcHrI
yHkpHESifh xdef;uGyfrIenf;yg;aom ynm
a&;rS m Ed k i f i H a wmf \ vl Y p G r f ; tm;
t&if;tjrpfrsm; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;udk
taxmuf t ul j yKapa&;qd k a om

&nfrSef;csufudkvnf; a00g;apvsuf
&Sdygonf/
od k Y jzpf & m jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f
International School ESifh Private
University rsm;onf ynma&;Xme\
pDrHcefYcGJrIatmufwGif vdktyfonfh
pHcsdefpHñTef;rsm;? pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;
rsmjzifh owfrSwfvkyfudkifjcif;rsdK;udk
om cGifhjyKapoifhNyD; ,if;ausmif;rsm;
ESifh oufqdkifaom Oya'wpfckudk
jy|mef;Ekdif&ef tvsiftjref BudK;pm;
vkyfaqmifoifhayonf/ tpdk;&ESifh
ynma&;Xmetaejzifh Oya'jyKa&;?
rl0g'csrSwfa&;ESifh pDrHcefYcGJa&;udpö
rsm; wm0ef,l&rnfjzpfNyD; rdrdwdkY
EdkifiH\,Ofaus;rI? "avhx;kH pHrsm;ESihf
trsK;d om;a&;vu©Pmrsm;udk xnfo
h iG ;f
oifMum;ydkYcsaom tpDtpOfrsm; jzpf
ay:vmap&efvnf; pDrHaqmif&Guf
oifhygonf/ þenf;jzifh t&nf
taoG;rD International School ynm
a&;udk yHkazmfEdkifrnfjzpfovdk rsdK;cspf
pdw?f Edik if cH sppf w
d f jynf0h aom vli,f
ynmwwfrsm; arG;xkwfEdkifa&;udk
vnf ; taxmuf t ul j zpf a prnf
jzpfygaMumif;. . ./
vif;

pifumyla':vm 16ç000 ynmoifqk&rnfU
Newcastle tif*sifeD,mbGJY avQmufEdkif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D 26

pifumylEdkifiH PSB Academy
wGif oif,lí MopaMw;vsEdkifiH
University of Newcastle u
ay;tyfrnfh Electronic Electrical
Engineering ES i f h Mechanical
Enginnering bG J U oif w ef ; wd k Y u d k
wufa&muf& ef t wG u f owf r S w f
t&nftcsi;f ESijhf ynfrh o
D rl sm; tjrifq
h Hk;

jrefrmtif*sief ,
D mausmif;om; urÇmt
U qifaU &Twq
H yd q
f &k &Sd
&efukef? rwf 8
City & Guilds (UK) u urÇmwpf0ef;tif*sifeD,m ausmif;om;rsm;pGmteuf bmom&yftvkduf
txl;cRefqHk;oludkom ay;tyfavh&Sdaom Medal for Execellence a&TwHqdyfqkudk GLORY oifwef;ausmif;rS
tif*sifeD,mausmif;om; armifjynhfNzdK;atmifonf NQF Level(5) tqifh&Sd Advanced Techician Diploma
in Mechanical Engineering bmom&yftwGuf csD;jr§ifhcH&NyD; jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf yxrOD;qHk;aom Level(5)
tqifhtwGuf a&TwHqdyfqk&SifjzpfaMumif; ,if;oifwef;ausmif;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
City & Guilds of London Institute onf oufwrf;ESpf 100 ausmf&Sdaom tzGJUBuD;jzpfNyD; EkdifiH aygif;
80 ausmfwGif ¤if;\oif½dk; twkdif;oifMum;aom w&m;0ifpifwmaygif; 8500 ausmf&Sdum wpfESpfvQif
City & Guilds u wkduf½dkufppfaq;aompmar;yGJudk 0ifa&mufajzqkdolaygif; 1 'or 8 oef;ausmf&SdaMumif;?
wpfurÇmvHk;rS 0ifa&mufajzqkdolrsm;pGmxJrS bmom&yftvkduf txl;cRef qHk;oludk csD;jr§ifhaoma&TwHqdyfqk
aygif;wpfESpfvQif 250 cefY&SdaMumif; ,if;tzGJUtpnf;\xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
qkrsm;udk jrefrmEkdifiHrS Level (3) tqifh Diploma ausmif;om;rsm;&&SdcJhzl;aomfvnf; Level(5) tqifh
Advanced Diploma twGuf &&SdcJhzl;jcif;r&Sdojzifh armifjynhfNzdK;atmifonf yxrOD;qHk;aoma&Tqk&&Sdonfh
ausmif;om;jzpf aMumif;? GLORY tif*sifeD,m oifwef;ausmif;wGifvnf; ,cif Diploma Level twGuf
a&TwHqdyf qk&Sifausmif;om; oHk;OD;&SdcJh&mrS ,ckwpfOD;tygt0if a&TwHqdyfqk&Sif av;OD; arG;xkwfEdkifcJhaMumif;
,if;oifwef;ausmif; wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u qdkonf/
GLORY tif*sifeD,moifwef;ausmif;udk 2004 ckESpf Mo*kwfvwGif wnfaxmifzGifhvSpfcJhNyD;
&SpfESpfwmumvtwGif; oifwef;om;? oifwef;ol 15ç000 OD;cefYudk avhusifhoifMum;ay;um tif*sifeD,m
'Dyvdkrmausmif;om; 1500 cefY udk arG;xkwfEkdifcJhaMumif;? 2013 ckESpf 'DZifbmv tif*sifeD,m'Dyvdk rm
wef;cGJrsm;twGuf 'Foundation' wef;cGJopfudk arv 20 &ufwGif pwifzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfNyD; pdwfyg0ifpm;olrsm;
zkef;- 09-5197817? 09-73121717 odkY qufoG,fEkdifaMumif; ,if;oifwef;ausmif;xHrS od&Sd&onf/ „

pifumyla':vm 16ç000 &&SEd ikd o
f nfh
ynmoifa xmuf y H h a Mu;uk d 2013
ckESpf rwfv 22 &ufESifh 24 &ufaeY
wGif &efukefESifh rEÅav;NrKdUwdkYü
usi;f yjyKvkyrf nfh pifumyl? tar&du?
NAdwdefEdkifiHwumynma&; jyyGJwGif
avQmuf x m;Ed k i f aMumif; CROWN
Education wm0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; u
ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg ynmoifqkudk jrefrm
EdkifiHrS wuúodkvf0ifwef; atmifjrif
NyD ; ol r sm; avQmuf x m;Ed k i f N yD ;
Foundation Diploma rS pwif
avQmufxm;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? AGTI
odYkr[kwf HND Electrical/Mechanical
vuf r S w f u d k i f a qmif x m;ol r sm;
Foundation Diploma uif;vGwfcGifh
&&Srd nfjzpfum Universtiy of Newcastle
odYk wdu
k ½f u
kd af vQmufxm;Edik af Mumif;
,if;ynma&;0ef a qmif r I v k y f i ef ;
xHrS od&onf/
University of Newcastle onf
MopaMw;vsxyd w
f ef; wuúov
kd t
f qifh
10 pm&if;0ifjzpfNyD; okawoewGif
emrnfausmfMum;um ,if;wuúov
kd f
\ tif * sif e D , mbmom&yf u dk
Engineers Australia (EA) u
tod t rS w f j yKay;xm;aMumif ; ?
MopaMw;vsEd k i f i H w pf c k w nf ; wG i f
omrubJ urÇmwpf0ef; tif*sief ,
D m
wpfOD;tjzpf vkyfudkifEdkifrnfhtjyif
tvkyftawGUtMuHK oHk;vvkyfudkif
&rnfh tpDtpOfyg0ifojzifh tvkyf
tudkif&SmazG&mwGif rsm;pGmtaxmuf

tuljyKaMumif; ,if;wuúodkvf\
xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/
]]'Dynmoifqk&wJh ausmif;ol
ausmif;om;awGukd Bond awGbmawG
eJY csnfaESmifxm;wmrsKd; r&Sdygbl;/
jrefrmEdik if rH mS vuf&ydS nmoif,al ewJh
10 wef;awG? Edik if w
H um todtrSwjf yK
bmom&yf oif,laewJh vli,fawG
twGuf 10 wef; &rSwf? wuúov
kd f
wuf a ewJ h o l a wG u vnf ; ? GPA
trSwaf umif;aumif;&atmif BuKd;pm;
apcsif y gw,f / jynf y rS m ynm
qufvufoif,w
l t
hJ cg tJ'x
D ;l cRerf I
awG e J Y ynmoif a xmuf y H h a Mu;
avQmuf x m;vd k Y &Ed k i f w J h t wG u f
jzpfygw,f} [k ynmoifqk avQmufxm;
ay;rnf h CROWN Education
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
ausmif;0ifcGifhumvrSm Foundation Diploma twGuf ZGefvESifh
Mo*kwfvjzpfNyD; Degree wdkuf½dkuf
avQmuf x m;rnf h o l r sm;twG u f
Mo*kwfvwGif wufa&muf oifMum;
&rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ? tao;pd w f
tcsuf t vuf r sm;ud k CROWN
Education zkef; 0973273277 ESifh
095085185 wd k Y xH quf o G , f
pHpk rf;Edik Nf yD; avQmufvmT rsm;udk ynma&;
jyyGJ jyKvyk rf nfh rwfv 22 &ufaeYwGif
&efukefNrKdU Summit Parkview Hotel
ESifh rwfv 24 &ufaeYwiG f rEÅav;NrKUd
[dkw,frEÅav;wdkYwGif vma&muf
avQmufxm;Edik af Mumif; ,if;ynma&;
0efaqmifrv
I yk if ef;xHrS od&onf/ „

14
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

]vpmwdk;ay;w,fqdkwmu yg;pyfxJrSmyJ &Sdao;w,f/ w&m;0ifr[kwfbl;}
a*smf'efEdkifiH

CMJ

puf½HkrS jrefrmvkyfom; a':Zmenf0if;a&TESifUawGYqHkjcif;

atmifjrifUxGef;
&m;r0iftydkYcHxm;&aom a*smf'efEdkifiH CMJ puf½Hk&Sd jrefrmtvkyform; 1300 ausmfwkdYonf vkyfcvpmwdk;ay;a&;? tpm;taomuff
aumif;aumif;auR;arG;a&;? cGJjcm;rqufqHa&;wdkYtwGuf azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeYrSpwifum &ufaygif; 20 ausmftxd
awmif;qdkqE´jyaeaomudpö aemufqHk;tajctaersm;ESifhywfoufí rwfv 12 &ufaeYwGif jrefrmEdkifiHodkY jyefa&mufvmaom tvkyform;
m;
ckepfOD;teuf wpfOD;jzpfol a':Zmenf0if;a&Tudk The Voice Weekly u awGUqHkar;jref;xm;onfrsm;rS aumufEkwfazmfjyygonf/
Voice
: a*smf ' ef r S m jref r m
wpfESpfpm avsmfcJh&w,f/ a':vm vpmrwdk;vmwJhtjyif wjznf;jznf;
tvkyform;awG qE´jyawmif;qdk 420 ausmfavsmfcJh&w,f/ yHkrSeftm; avsmhavsmhvmw,f/ a*smf'ef Oya'
aewJh aemufqHk;tajctae b,fvkd jzifhqdk&if 2ESpfjynfh&if av,mOf t& tvk y f o rm;wpf a ,muf u d k
vufrSwf&w,f/ 'gayrJh ray;bl;/ tajccHvpm tenf;qHk; a*smf'ef
&SdvJAs/
DZNWS : qE´jywJu
h pd u
ö tckxd Voice
: qE´jy tvkyform;
Dinar (JD) 155 ay;&r,fvdkY xkwf
tqifrajyao;bl;/ tvkyfrqif;bJ awG ½dkufESufcH&w,fvdkY od&w,f/ jyefxm;w,f/ a*smf'efu a':vm
eJY tvkyform;awGu 'Du (jrefrm tJ'gu b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ/
xuf jrifhw,f/ uRefrwdkYudk JD eJY
EdkifiH) vlBuD;awGvmr,fqdkvdkY apmifh DZNWS : rd e f ; uav;awG u ray;bl;/ a':vmeJYyJ ay;w,f/
aeMuw,f/ wcsKdUtvkyform;awG tvkyfrqif;bl;/ a,musfm;av;awG a&muf p wk e f ; uawmh td k w D t yg
uawmh tvkyfqif;aeMuNyD/ vHk;0 u taqmifatmufrSm uif;apmifh a':vm 200 ausmf (usyf 175ç000
rqif;wmvnf; 200 avmuf&w
dS ,f/ w,f/ qE´jywmudk wpfpw
k ½H;k wnf; cefY) &w,f/ tcku tdkwD raumif;
vpmwdk;ay;w,fqdkwmu yg;pyfxJ jzpfapcsifvdkYyg/ 'gayrJh wcsKdUu wJ h twG u f 200 awmif r &bl ; /
rSmyJ &Sad o;w,f? w&m;0ifr[kwb
f ;l / pnf;vHk;ovdk wcsKdUu rpnf;vHk; p&dwfawGu JD eJYyJ oHk;&w,f/
tcdkiftvHkr&Sdao;bl;/ qE´pjywkef; bl;/ tvkyfqif;Muw,f/ tJ'Dwkef; tdkwD r&SdwJhtcsdefusawmh em;um; xm;w,ff / ajymwmeJ
j
J Y wjcm;pD
j
D
u 'PfaiGawGjzwfr,f awmufr,f uawmh 10 a,mufavmufy&J w
dS ,f/ wmaygh/ tck aemufydkif; tdkwDvnf; jzpfaew,f/ 2 ESpfjynfh&if ajymxm;
qdkNyD;awmh vufrSwfxdk;NyD; pmxkwf aemufrSwjznf;jznf;rsm;vmwm/ r&Sdbl;/ tdkwD&Sdwmawmif wpfvudk wmu av,mOf v uf r S w f & r,f /
w,f/ vpmwdk;r,fqdkwm xkwfjyef tvkyfqif;wJholawGu rdef;uav; wpfodef;cGJavmufyJ pkEdkifw,f/
jyef v d k Y &w,f / tck r [k w f b l ; /
csufrSmawmh vufrSwfrxdk;xm;bl;/ awGudk tvkyfqif;&if ajcaxmufudk Voice
: at;*sif h e J Y b,f v d k
tckay; rjyefbl;/ jyef&if a':vm
jyefcsifw Jho lawGu trsm;BuD ; yJ / jzwf½u
kd rf ,fvYkd a,mufsm;av;awGu awGUwmvJ/ a*s
a*smfm'f efukd oGm;zdYk twGuf 580 avsmf & r,f v d k Y ajymw,f /
'gayrJh tvkyf&Sifu avsmfaMu;awG ajymw,fqdkNyD;awmh zGw,f/ tJ'DrSm b,favmufay;&vJ/
ywfydkYpf oufwrf;ukefatmifvkyf
trsm;BuD;awmif;aevdkY jyefvmvdkY puf½Hku vlBuD;awGu rD;jyiform; DZNWS : EdkifiHjcm;rSm tvkyf r[kwfbl;qdk&if oHk;ESpfjynfhatmif
r&bl ; jzpf a ew,f / uRef r awmif awGac:Ny;D awmh rde;f uav;taqmifay: oGm;vkyrf ,fqNkdy;D pHpk rf;&if;eJY vSn;f wef; vkyfvdkY ajymw,f/ tckrS jyóem
xGufpmwifxm;NyD; 2 ESpfjynfhvdkY wufNyD;awmh tvkyq
f if;zdYk rde;f uav; rS m awG U wm/ oG m ;wk e f ; uawmh jzpfvdkY jyefcGifhjyKvdkufwm/
vmwmawmif trsm;BuD;avsmfaMu; awGukd qGx
J w
k w
f ,f/ tJ'rD mS rde;f uav; ESpfodef;ausmf vufiif;ay;&w,f/ Voice
: oH½;k H r&S&
d if tvkyo
f rm;
ay;cJh&w,f/ qE´jy&ufMumvmwJY awGuq
kd x
JG w
k &f rvm;qdNk y;D tvkyo
f rm; [dka&mufrS a':vmig;&mjzwfw,f/ awGtwGuf b,fvdktcuftcJ&SdvJ/
twGuf tvkyfrqif;bJ qE´qufjy awG u wm;awmh olwdkYu½dkufw,f/ tckaemufydkif; vmolawGudk 900 DZNWS : oH½Hk;r&Sd&ifawmh tck
ae&if tvkyform;acgif;aqmifawG rde;f uav;av;OD;xdomG ;w,f/ awmfawmf ausmf jzwfw,fvdkY od&w,f/
vdkrsKd; jyóemjzpfvmwJhtcg tcuf
udk w&m;pGJr,fvdkY Ncdrf;ajcmufw,f/ aygufomG ;w,f/ uRerf wdYk u olwYkd Voice
: a*smf'efrmS jrefrmEdi
k if H tcJawG&Sdwmaygh/ tckvdk jzpfawmh
tvkyform;awGuawmh vlBuD;awG Edik if o
H m;awGux
kd v
d Yrkd &bl;/a&Smch &f w
dS ,f/ oH½;kH r&Sb
d ;l qdw
k mudo
k v
d m;/ at;*sihf bmrSrvkyfay;Edkifbl;/ tvkyform;
wpf&uf ESpf&uftwGif; a&mufvm Voice
: qE´pjywJh tcse
du
f ae u bmajymao;vJ/
topfawG&w
dS ,f/ yxrwke;f uawmh
zdkYudk apmifhaeMuw,f/ 'DuvlBuD; jrefrmEdkifiH tpdk;&bufu bmawG DZNWS : ajymawmh rajymbl;/ vla[mif;awGu pm;p&dwftwGuf
awG jref j ref v T w f a y;zd k Y uRef r eJ Y tultnDay;vJ? vma&muf ajz&Sif; a*smf ' ef r S m oH ½ H k ; r&S d b l ; qd k w mud k pkNyD;ay;Muw,f/ aemufawmh tck
pmay;vdkufw,f/
odw,f/ 'gayrJh vpmudk wdk;ajym puf½u
ay;wmrsKd; &Sdygovm;/
kH tvkyo
f rm;awGu pm;p&dwf
Voice
: jrefrmEdi
k if u
H kd jyefvm DZNWS : tpd;k &bufu tckxd
r,fh tvkyo
f rm; b,favmufavmuf wpfa,mufrS rvmao;bl;/ oH½;kH udk
wdik w
f mvnf; bmrS xl;jcm;rI r&Sad o;
&SdrvJ/ bmtcuftcJawG&SdvJ/
bl;/ [dkbufu (a*smf'ef) awmh
DZNWS : av,mOf v uf r S w f
ay;r,f/ avsmfaMu;ray;&bl;qdk&if enf;enf;yg;yg; ulnDwm&Sdw,f/
jyefvmr,fhol tenf;qHk; tvkyf 'gayrJh uRefrwdkYrSm vltiftm;yJ
orm; 700 avmuf&Sdr,fxifw,f/ &Sdwm/ aiGtm;r&Sdbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh
t"duawmh avsmfaMu;ray;EdkifMu rEdkifbl;/ tvkyf&SifawGu tukefvHk;
&efukef? rwf 7
bl;/ avsmfaMu;awGuawmh tvkyf udk aiGeJY vdkufydwfxm;w,f/
t&nf t csif ; jrif h Ek d i f i H j cm; zlvkHa&;0efBuD;XmerS 'kwd,0efBuD;
vkyfoufay:rSm rlwnfw,f/ ESpfpOf Voice
: tck qE´ j ywmu
aMu; (aexdkifcGifh)eJY vlrIzlvHka&; oabmwlxm;wJh vpmudk r&wJh vkyfom;rsm;om vufcHavh&Sdonfh OD;jrihfodef;u ajymMum;onf/
pifumylEkdifiHtultnDjzihf tmqD,H
wpfEik d if v
H ;H k twdik ;f twm vkyo
f m;
aMu;awG&Sdw,f/ wcsKdUu wpfESpf twGuf awmif;qdkMuwmvm;/
fh aD om uRrf;usiftvkyf rsm;uRrf;usifrI pGrf;&nfjr§ihfwifa&;
tvkyfvkyfxm;olawG&Sdw,f/ tckrS DZNWS : oG m ;wk e f ; uawmh pHEeI ;f rsm;ESin
f jzpf oifwef;q&mrsm;
wpfvjynfholawG&Sdw,f/ oHk;ESpf tajccHvpm tenf;qHk; jrefrmaiG orm;rsm;ay:xGufa&; pGrf;&nfjr§ihf yxrtqiht
pmcsKyfjzpfwJhtwGuf olwdkYqdk&if ESpfodef;cGJuae av;odef;txd&r,f wifonhf tpDtpOfrsm;udk rwfv 7 udk rwfv 7 &ufaeYrSpwifoifwef;
trsm;BuD ; avsmf & r,f / uRef r u vdkY at;*sifhu ajymvdkYoGm;wm/ [dk &ufaeYwGif pwifaeNyDjzpfaMumif; ay;aeNyDjzpfNyD; ,if;tpDtpOfrSm
2 ES p f j ynf h v d k Y jyef v mwJ h t wG u f a&muf a wmh ES p f o d e f ; cG J rajymeJ Y tvkyform;? tvkyftudkifESihf vlrl wpfEpS cf efYMumrnfjzpfaMumif; &efuek f
Nrd K U &ef u if ; Nrd K Ue,f uRrf ; usif r I
avhusiahf &;oifwef;ausmif; ausmif;tkyf
jzpfol a':cifrmat;u qdkonf/
]]2014 ES p f v ,f a vmuf r S m
tvkyo
f rm;awGukd poifwef;ay;Edik f
&efukef? rwf 13
r,f}} [k ¤if;uxyfraH jymMum;onf/
tvkyo
f rm;rsm;udk tqihaf v;qihf
jrefrmEdkifiHrS a&TUajymif;vkyfom;rsm;udpöESihf ywfoufí tvkyform;? tvkyftudkifESifh vlrIzlvkHa&;
cGJjcm;um uRrf;usifrIowfrw
S o
f mG ;
0efBuD;XmeESihf Oa&myor*¾udk,fpm;vS,ftzGJUjzpfaom IMG (International Management Group) wdkYyl;aygif;jyD;
rnfjzpfNy;D uRr;f usirf jI r§iw
fh ifa&;vkyif ef;
rwfv 16 &ufaeYwGif tif;vsm;vdwf[dkw,fü eHeuf 8em&DrS pwifí tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yGJjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif;
rsm;udk pifumylEikd if u
H Polytechnic,
IMG \ OD;aqmifol Ms.Lyndal Barry u ajymMum;onf/
ITEES ESihf Temasek Foundation
a&TUajymif;jrefrmtvkyform;rsm; tvkyftudkif&SmazGay;rIvrf;aMumif;rsm;ESihf tavhtxaumif;rsm;
wdkYu ulnDay;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
wnfaqmufjcif;qdkif&macgif;pOfjzihf usif;yrnhf ,if;aqG;aEG;yGJudk ukvor*¾tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? t&yfbuf
2015 ckESpfwGif usihfokH;rnhf
vlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESihf a&TUajymif;tvkyform;rsm;? tvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrsm;
tmqD,H pD;yGm;a&;todu
k t
f 0ef; (AEC)
wufa&mufrnfjzpfonf/
„
wGif Edik if w
H umvkyo
f m;rsm;udk jrefrm

w

pkNyDD; ay;Muw,f
M
f/
Voice
: at;*sifhu w&m;0if
vkyfcGifh&r& odxm;vm;/ a*smf'ef
udk tvkyform; w&m;0ifydkYcGifh &Sdr&Sd
odvm;/
DZNWS : w&m;0ifvm;? w&m;r0if
vm;qdkwmudkawmh rodbl;/ at;*sifh
ydYkwmyJ odw,f/ a*sm'f efvYkdyo
J w
d ,f/
Voice
: oH ½ H k ; vnf ; r&S d b l ; /
w&m;0if[kwfvm; r[kwfvm;vJ
rodbJ bmaMumifh oGm;vkyfwmvJ/
DZNWS : olwYkd ajymwJh ydu
k q
f eH YJ
tqifajyr,fxifvdkY oGm;wmyg/
rajyawmhvnf; jyefvm&wmaygh/
Voice
: 'DrSm bmvkyfzkdY tpD
tpOf&v
dS /J ekid if jH cm;xyfomG ;OD;rSmvm;/
DZNWS : jynfyawmY xyfoGm;
OD;r,f/ a*sm'f efawmY roGm;awmYb;l /
atmifjrifhxGef;

pifumyltultnDjzifU tmqD,HpHEIef;rDvkyfom;
pGrf;&nfjr§ifUtpDtpOfpwif

a&TYajymif;vkyo
f m;udpö EU ESiUf jrefrmtpd;k & yl;aygi;f tajz&Smrnf

vkyo
f m;rsm;,SONf yKdiEf ikd &f ef? Edik if jH cm;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; 0ifvmygu tvkyf
tudik af umif;rsm;&&S&d ef ,if;odYv
k yk jf cif;
jzpfaMumif;? Nation Work Force
Skill Development Action Plan udk
vnf; rMumrDa&;qGJoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; OD;jrihfodef;u qdkonf/
jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f uRrf ; usif
tvkyform;rsm; ae&may;cH&jcif;
r&Sdonhftjyif jynfyrSuRrf;usif
tvkyform;rsm;ESifh jrefrmuRrf;usif
tvkyform;rsm; EdIif;,SOfygu vkyfc
vpmtvGeu
f mG [aMumif; wdik &f zD ed yf
puf ½ k H tajccH t vk y f o rm;tzG J U
tpnf;Ouú| a':rdk;a0u qdkonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tvkyftudkif
trsKd;tpm;tvdkuf pHowfrSwf&ef
(National Skills Standard AuthorityNSSA) udk 2007 ckESpfwGif zGJUpnf;cJh

Ny;D owfrw
S &f ef tvkyt
f udik t
f rsK;d tpm;
173 okH;rsKd;udk rSwfwrf;wifa&;qGJ
aeNyD; ,if;teuf 55 rsK;d udk tpd;k &u
w&m;0ifowfrw
S x
f m;NyD;jzpfonf/ „

15

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

,cifwpfywfrStquf

jrefrmEdkifiH\ a&t&if;tjrpfrsm; pDrHcefh cGJtoHk;csjcif;
atmifausmfñGefh
jrefrmUa&t&if;tjrpfawG
oHk;pGJaerI
twdtusajym&&ifawmh jrefrm
jynfom; oef; 60 vHk; a&oHk;aeMu
ygw,f/ 'gayrJh wm0ef,loHk;pGJaewJh
tpd;k &XmeBuD;awGuawmh ]20}avmuf
yJ &Sdygw,f/ tJ'DxJrSm toHk;rsm;wJh
t"duoHk;pGJolawGu qnfajrmif;
OD;pD;Xme? a&t&if;tjrpftoHk;csa&;
Xme? a&t&if;tjrpfEiS hf jrpfacsmif;rsm;
zGHUNzdK;a&;Xme? a&tm;vQyfppfxkwf
vkyfa&;Xme? pufrI0efBuD;Xme? ig;
vkyfief;Xme? pnfyifom,ma&;tzGUJ?
usef;rma&;OD;pD;XmewkdY jzpfMuyg
w,f/
'DXmersm;rSmyJ a&udjk yefvrf;r&Sd
tNyD;oH;k wJh (Consumptive use) t"du
XmeawGu qnfajrmif;eJY a&t&if;
tjrpftoH;k csa&;XmewkYd jzpfNyD; pufr?I
pnfyifeJY usef;rma&;Xmersm;vnf;
tenf;tyg;yg0ifygw,f/ oH;k pGrJ t
I "du
t& cGMJ unh&f if pdu
k yf sK;d a&;(Agriculture)
twGuo
f ;kH wm 91 &mcdik Ef eI ;f ? vlaerI
(Domestic)twGuf 6 &mcdkifEIef;eJY
pufrI (Industry) twGuf 3 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
jzpfygw,f/
jrefrmjynf&JU a&t&if;tjrpf
tm;vHk;eJY avmavmq,f oHk;pGJrI

yrmPudk atmufygpm&if;ESifh csdefq
Munhf&if a&t&if;tjrpfzGHUNzdK;rIvkyf
ief;awG qwufxrf;ydk;vkyfzkdY vkdae
ao;wm cefYrSef;od&SdEdkifygw,f/
ajratmufa&tygt0if jrefrm
jynf\a&t&if;tjrpf yrmP 3
'or 50 _108 *gvefoef;aygif;?
jrefrmEdkifiHom;rsm;aeYpOf oHk;pGJEdkif
rnfh a&yrmP 16ç000 *gvef?
avmavmq,f jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f
wpfEpS w
f mtwGi;f oH;k pGo
J nfh a&yrmP
0 'or 105 _108 *gvefoef;aygif;
jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f wpfEpS t
f wGi;f pdu
k yf sKd;
a&;twGuf oHk;a& 0 'or 095
_108 *gvefoef;aygif;? vlxak omuf
oHk;a&twGuf wpfESpfoHk;a& 0 'or
0037 _108 *gvefoef;aygif;? pufrI
vkyfief;rsm;twGuf wpfESpfoHk;a& 0
'or 0063 _108 *gvefoef;aygif;?
tcsKyftm;jzifhajym&&if jrefrmEdkifiH&JU
a&oH;k pGrJ [
I m toH;k jyKEdik w
f ahJ &yrmP
&JU 3 (3 'or 0) &mckid Ef eI ;f yJ&ydS gao;
w,f/ 'gaMumifh a&udv
k v
k H ak H vmufavmuf
roHk;&wJh ae&ma'orsm; jrefrmjynf
om;rsm; &Sdaewm[m a&pDrHcefYcGJrI
(Water Management) tm;enf;rI?
b@ma&;eJY enf;ynm roHk;pGJEdkifrI
wdkYaMumifhomjzpfygw,f/

jrefrmUa&t&if;tjrpfpDrHcefhcGJrI
(Water Resource
Management)

udk,fhEdkifiH&JU a&t&if;tjrpf
awGudk xda&muftusKd;&SdpGm oHk;pGJzkdY
(Effective & Optimum Use) rSefuef
wdusNyD; a&&SnfwnfwHhpGm oHk;pGJEdkif
rnfhtpDtpOf tpDtrHrsm; (Reliable
and Sustainable Water Development
Plan) vkdygw,f/

vuf&Sda&oHk;pGJcGJa0rI rSwfwrf;
t& pdkufysKd;a&oHk;pGJonfh yrmPrSm
tjcm;oHk;pGJrIrsm;xuf xl;xl;uJuJ
rsm;aewm awGY&ygw,f/ pdkufysKd;a&
oHk;pGJrIu jrefrmvkdpdkufysKd;a&; EkdifiH
twGuf ydkrsm;wm tHhMop&mr&Sdaomf
vnf; þrQrsm;jym;wm jyefvnf
pdppfzkdYvkdygw,f/ jzpfEdkifwmuawmh
vlxak omufo;k H a&yrmP tcsut
f vuf
tvGeef nf;aewmjzpfygw,f/ wpfO;D
csif;tvdkuf? a'otvkduf oHk;pGJrI
rSwfwrf;awG wdwdusus pkaqmif;
Edkif&if eD;pyfwJhtajz&rSmjzpfygw,f/
tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&JU rSwfwrf;
rsm;t& 2000 jynfEh pS rf mS qnfajrmif;
a&oHk;pGJrI[m wpfEdkifiHvHk;pkpkaygif;
oHk;pGJrI&JU ]81} &mckdifEIef;&Sdygw,f/

jrpfurf;wpfavQmuf taqmufttHkrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;udk
vufrSwfa&;xdk;uefhuGuf
jynf? rwf 11

yJc;l wdik ;f a'oBuD; taemufyikd ;f
jynfNrdKUwGif {&m0wDjrpfurf;em;
wpfavQmuf jrpf\aomifjyifae&mudk
ajrzdkYí ajruGufazmfNyD; taqmuf
ttHkrsm; aqmufvkyfaeonhfudpöudk
pkaygif;vufrw
S af &;xd;k jyD; uefYuu
G f
pmudk or®wBuD;ESihf oufqdkif&m
0efBuD; Xmersm;odkYwifjyxm;aMumif;
{&m0wD j rpf c spf o l r sm;uG e f & uf u
w&m;vTwfawmfa&SUae OD;jrihfat;u
ajymMum;onf/
]]'DaomifjyifBuD;rSm taqmuf
ttH k a wG a qmuf z d k Y b,f X meu
*&efxkwfay;cJhovJ? tJ'Dvdk *&ef
xk w f a y;cG i h f & S d v m;? *&ef r &S d w J h
aomifjyifudkvnf; *&efavQmufr,f
qdk&if cGihfjyKMurSmvm;? 'Dar;cGef;awG
ud k vT w f a wmf r S m ar;zd k Y jynf o l Y
vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f OD;0if;jrihf
udkvnf; wifxm;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;
uqdkonf/
jynfolY vTwfawmf udk,fpm;
vS,f OD;0if;jrihx
f H qufo,
G af r;jref;
&mwGif ,ckvufrSwfxdk;xm;aom
wdkifpmrsm; ra&mufcifuwnf;u
,if;uJhodkY wdkifpmrsm; a&muf&SdvmcJh
aomaMumihf vTwfawmfrSwpfqihf
0ef B uD ; Xmeod k Y ar;xm;cJ h N yD ; jzpf
aMumif;? 0efMuD;Xmeu tajzvTmus
vmvQif jynfolrsm;udk taMumif;
Mum;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
tqd k y g urf ; em;vrf ; wG i f
vuf&SdaqmufvkyfaeqJ taqmuf
ttHkydkif&Sif OD;vSrdk;(c) OD;xdkifxdkifu

,if;ajrae&mudk vGefcJhaomq,fESpf
0ef;usifcefYu&&SdcJhNyD; rdrdwdkYtaejzihf
*&efvnf;&Sdí Oya'ESihftnDaqmuf
vkyfcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; pnfyifom,m
½kH;wGifvnf; aqmufvkyfcGihfwifxm;
cJhNyD;jzpfaMumif; ajymqdkonf/
{&m0wDjrpfcspfolrsm;uGef&uf
u vuf&w
dS iG f vufrw
S x
f ;kd vIy&f mS ;rI

wpf c k u d k
aqmif½Gufvsuf&SdNyD; xyfrHa&muf&Sd
vmaom uefYuGufvufrSwfrsm;udk
jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fodkY
qufvufwifjyoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
tqd k y guG e f & uf x H r S pk H p rf ; od & S d &
onf/
jrwfEdk;cif

Signature Campaign

'gaMumifh jrefrmEdkifiH&JU pdkufysKd;a&
oHk;pGJrIu aemiftESpf 20-30 twGif;
90 &mcdkifEIef; 0ef;usif&SdEdkifr,fvkdY
cefYrSef;&ygw,f/ pufrIvkyfief;rsm;
ydrk zdk UHG NzdK;vmzkYdtvm;tvm&Sw
d maMumifh
xkdvkyfief;twGuf a&vkdtyfcsuf
odoo
d momwk;d vmrSmyg/ vlxo
k ;kH pGrJ I
(Domestic) uvnf; wki
d ;f jynfzUHG NzdK;rI
wk;d wufvmwmeJtrQ wk;d jrifv
h mrnfh
wpfOD;csif;a&oHk;pGJrI (Per Capita
Comsumption) &,f? wk;d vmwJh vlO;D a&
awGaMumif&h ,f aoaocsmcsmwkd;vm
rSmyg/ 'Da&vkt
d yfcsuaf wGukd Edik if aH wmf
pDrHcsufrsm;eJY vkdufavsmnDpGma&;qGJ
jyifqifxm;zkdYvkdrSm jzpfygw,f/
jrpfacsmif;rsm; jyKjyifxdef;odrf;
a&;eJY a&tm;vQyfppf xkwfvkyfa&;
vkyfief;awGu a&toHk;cswmrsm;ay
r,fh a&udk ukefqHk;atmifoHk;oGm;wm
r[kwfyg/ 'gayrJh tJ'Dvkyfief;rsm;
wnfaxmifzGHUNzdK;a&vkyfief;rsm;udk
vnf ; a&pD r H r I r S m aoaocsmcsm
xnfo
h iG ;f wGucf suf&rSm jzpfygw,f/
avmavmq,f awGUjrif&wm
awmh v uf & S d &nf r S e f ; csuf e J Y trD
qnfa&aomuf{&d,mawG tcsed rf eS rf eS f
jynfhjynfh00 a&&zkdY&,f? vlxkawG
txl;ojzifh aus;&Gmvlxak wG aomuf
oHk; a&oefY&Sif;jynhf0pGm&zkdY&,f ½kef;
uefae&wkef; jzpfygw,f/ 'gawG
uawmh xHk;pHtwkdif; enf;ynmeJY
&efyakH iG vkt
d yfaevdYk om jzpfygw,f/

a&t&if;tjrpfpDrHrItwGuf
bmawGvkdrSmvJ
jrefrmEdik if &H UJ toufaoG;aMum
ozG,f tvGefta&;ygwJh a&t&if;
tjrpfawGudk jynfolrsm;? tusKd;
jynhjf ynh0f 0eJY a&&Sn£
f a`E´&& toH;k
jyKEdkifatmif[m tvGefBuD;av;wJh
wm0efyg/
wwfuRrf;em;vnfrI\ A[k
okwrsm;eJY vkyfydkifcGifh&SdNyD; 0efBuD;
XmeawGtay: MoZmanmif;wJhtzGJU
tpnf;wpfcv
k t
dk yfygr,f/ Edik if aH wmf
or®w½H;k u OD;pD;zGUJ wJh a&t&if;tjrpf
pDrcH efYcaJG &;aumfrwD (Water Reseources

Management Committee, WRMC)

zGJUpnf;NyD[k Mum;od&wJhtwGuf tm;
wufp&myg/ 'geJY rvHkavmufao;
yg/ WRMC vlBuD;rsm; rSefuefwdus
pGm qH;k jzwfcsucf sEikd zf Ydk tcsut
f vuf
jynhfpHkpGmeJY &Sif;vif;wifjyr,fhXmecGJ
(WR Technical Management
Division, WRTMD) wpfcu
k aoao

csmcsmvkdygw,f/ tJ'DtzGJUtpnf;
rSmawmh ynm&Sifaygif;pHkyg0ifzkdYvkdyg
w,f/ t"duvkdtyfwmuawmh a&
ajr toHk;csynm&Sif (Land & Water
Specialist)? ZvaA'a&t&if;tjrpf
ynm&Sif (Hydrology & Hydraulics)?
ywf0ef;usifeJY a*[pepfxdef;odrf;rI
(Environment & Ecology)? qnf
ajrmif;eJY a&tm;vQyfppf (Irrigation
& Hydropower) ? jrpfaMumif;xdef;
odrf;rI (Waterways & Navigatioin)
ponfh ynm&Sirf sm;vkyd gw,f/ olwYdk
wpf a wG ouf a omif h o uf o meJ Y
jrefjrefqefqef pl;prf;avhvmEdkifzkdY
(Efficient Analysis) vkt
d yfwhJ tajccH
tcsuftvufawG (Basic Data) udk
uGeyf sLwm Software rsm;eJY tqifoifh
pk a qmif ; ok d a vS m if x m;&ygw,f /
'grSom a&zHGUNzdK;rIpDrHudef; (Water
Resources Development Project)

wpfcv
k yk zf Ydk pDpOfwifjyNyDqw
dk meJY olwYkd
wpf a wG u avh v mrI t pD & if c H p m
(Assessment Study Report) wkYd tqH;k
tjzwfay;r,fh WRMC udk tjrefq;kH
&Si;f vif;wifjyay;Edik rf mS jzpfygw,f/
oifhavsmfwmuawmh WRTMD udk
b,f0efBuD;Xme atmufrmS rSrxm;bJ
or®w½H;k ? WRMC atmufrmS xm;wm
taumif;qH;k ygyJ/ 0efBuD;Xmewpfcck k
atmufrSmxm;&if tJ'D0efBuD;Xme&JU
vkyif ef;awGtwGuf aZmif;ay;qH;k jzwf
aqmif&u
G rf mS jzpfygw,f/ 'D WRTMD
uawmh a&t&if;tjrpfynmonfrsm;
pkaqmif;xm;&mjzpfwJhXme (Water
Resources Institution) wpfcjk zpfzYdk vdk
wmrkYd xkyd nmxl;cReforl sm; (Talents)
ukd aoaocsmcsm arG;NyD;avhusiahf y;zdYk
vkdygr,f/

a&SUwpfywfqufygrnf/

aMu;eDpDrHudef;teD; ajratmufa&wGif tufppfESifU 0rf;avQmapEdkifaom
a&m*gydk;awGY &Sd
&efukef? rwf 13

vufyaH wmif;awmifaMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f e,fajrteD;0ef;usi&f dS ajratmufa&rsm;wGif tufppf"mwfyg0ifrEI iS fh 0rf;a&m*gjzpfymG ;apEdik af om aumfvaD zmrf;
bufwD;&D;,m;rsm;yg0ifrIyrmPrsm;jym;aeonfudkawGU&SdcJh&aMumif; vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eD;pDrHudef; pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tNyD;owf
tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
obm0ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrIESihf vlrIb0tusKd;oufa&mufrIwdkYudk jrefrmhywf0ef;usif odyÜHtzGJUtaejzihf okawoejyKavhvmcJh&m aMu;eD
owåKwGif;pDrHudef;e,fajrESihf teD;ywf0ef;usifa'orS ajratmufa&erlem 10 ckESihf jrpfacsmif;ESihfuefa&wdkY\ rsufESmjyifa&erlem ig;ckudk"mwfcGJprf;oyf
cJh&m ajratmufa&wGif pDrHudef;e,fajrjyify&SdwGif;rsm;xufvnf;aumif;? jrpfa&acsmif;a&rsm;xufvnf;aumif; tufppf"mwfydkrdkrsm;jym;aeonfudk
awGU&Sd&aMumif;? ,if;tjyif0rf;avQma&m*gjzpfyGm;apEdkifaom a&m*gydk;wpfrsKd;jzpfonhf (Coliform Bacteria) aumfvDazmrf;bufwD;&D;,m;rsm;onf
,rm;acsmif;atmufydkif;&Sd acsmif;a&rsm;wGif pDrHudef;e,fajrrwdkifrDjrpfn§mydkif;xuf yg0ifrIEIef;ydkrdkrsm;jym;aeonfudk okawoejyKavhvmcsufrsm;t&
awGU&Sd&aMumif; aumfr&Sif\xkwfjyefcsufwGifyg&Sdonf/
]]a&xJrSmwpfaumifrSrygrS avESifh Drinking Water vdkY owfrSwfvdkY&wm/ tckrsm;w,fqdkawmh usef;rma&;twGuf jyóemjzpfEdkifw,f}} [k
a&t&if;tjrpftokH;csa&;OD;pD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;MunfxG#f0if;uqdkonf/
pHy,fawmifESihf aMu;pifawmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;\ ajrmufbufwGif&Sdaom ,rm;acsmif;ESihf csif;wGif;jrpfaMumif; aMu;eDpDrHudef;wpf0dkufwGif
bufwD;&D;,m;yg0ifrIrsm;jym;aejcif;onf a&xknpfnrf;rI&SdaeNyDjzpfonfudk okH;oyf&aMumif;? ,if;aMumihf vuf&Sdaqmif&Gufaeaom pDrHudef;rsm;rS
a&qdk;pGefYxkwfrIESihf tufppfazsmfenf;pOfrS ajratmufa&atmif;vTmodkY a&pdrhf0ifrIudkumuG,fvkyfaqmifoihfaMumif; aumfr&SifutBuHjyKxm;onf/
xdkYodkYokawoejyK&mwGif a&xktjyif avxkt&nftaoG;udkvnf;wdkif;wmcJh&m aMu;eDpDrHudef;e,fajrESihf teD;0ef;usifa'o&Sd a&G;cs,fxm;aom
okH;ae&mwGif avtrIeftrTm;rsm; (Total suspended particulate matters PM10 ,PM-5) yg0ifrIrSm urÇmhusef;rma&;tzGJU (WHO) ESihf U.S Environmental
Protection Agency (USEPA) tzGJUBuD;wdkYu owfrSwfxm;aom avxkpHcsdefpHnTef;xufESpfqcefYydkrdkrsm;jym;NyD; uHukef;aus;&GmwGif aMu;eDpDrHudef;
e,fajrESihf &Gmopf&GmwdkYxufESpfqcefYrsm;jym;aeaMumif; xkwfjyefcsufwGif a&;om;xm;onf/

16
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

rºav;wdkif;twGif;a&mif;csaom "mwfajrMoZmrsm;udk ppfaq;
rEÅav;? rwf 11

wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;a&mif;csaeonhf "mwfajrMoZmrsm;udk pHnTef;twdkif;t&nftaoG;jynhf xkwfvkyfa&mif;csjcif;&Sd r&Sd erlem,lí "mwfcGJprf;oyfppfaq;rIrsm; pwifaqmif&Guf
vsuf&SdaMumif; rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; pdkufysKd;a&;OD;pD;Xme wdkif;OD;pD;rSL; OD;vSjrihfatmifu The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
]]'DESpfqef;ydkif;avmufwnf; wJh awmifolawG pdkufysKd;a&;xdcdkuf MoZm xkwfvkyfa&mif;cscGihfvdkifpif xyfrHqdkonf/
wJ h o l a wG u d k w&m;0if v d k i f p if e J Y
upppf a ewmyg/ t&nf t aoG ; apwJ h t wG u f tcgtm;avsmf p G m xkwfay;vsuf&SdNyD; rSwfykHwifxm;
]]w&m;r0if a rS m if c d k v rf ; u w&m;0ifrSwfykHwifxm;wJh "mwfajr
rjynhfbJ a&mif;wJholawGudk yxr ppfaq;oGm;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/ onhf "mwfajrMoZmrsm; t&nftaoG; 0ifvmwmudkawmh Xmeaygif;pkHu MoZmyJ a&mif;cszYkyd nmay;aeygw,f}}
tqihu
f owday;pmxkwo
f mG ;rSmyg/
v,f , mpd k u f y sKd ; a&;ES i h f tjynh f t 0xk w f v k y f a &mif ; csjcif ; yl;aygif;aqmif½GufrS&rSmyg/ vuf&Sd [k OD;vSjrihfatmifuajymMum;onf/
rjynhf0wJh "mwfajrMoZmudk 0,fokH; qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xmeu "mwfajr &Sdr&Sdppfaq;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u rSmawmh xkwfvkyfjzefYjzL;a&mif;cs
rEÅav;NrKdUawmf "mwfajrMoZm
jzefYjzL;a&mif;csonhf aps;uGut
f wGi;f
w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHrS aps;EIef;
oufomonhf "mwfajrMoZmrsm;
0ifa&mufvsu&f adS Mumif; ,if;aps;uGuf
rEÅav;? rwf 11
twGif;rSpkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
rsm;? tif ; yd k i f t m;vk H ; yg0if o nh f ajyvnfrI&&SdcJhaomfvnf; NyD;cJhonhf
] ] aps;ouf o mwmok H ; &if
tzGJU0if 30 OD;jzihf zGJUpnf;oGm;rnf puf w if b mvtwG i f ; u tqd k y g t&nf t aoG ; tjynh f t 0rygawmh
jzpfaMumif;? tqdyk gtzGUJ wGiOf ;D aqmifol a&Tvkyfom;rsm; &efukefNrdKUawmfodkY yk * ¾ v d u uk r Ü P D u a&mif ; ay;wJ h
ckepfO;D yg0ifrnfjzpfNy;D vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf; csDwufqE´jyum taMumif;rxl; "mwfajrMoZmyJo;Hk w,f}} [k jrpfi,f
ESihftnD pnf;abmif twGif;rS zGJU ojzihf aejynfawmfodkY ajcusifc&D; a'o&Sd qefpyg;pdkufawmifolwpfOD;
pnf;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdyk gor*¾ jzihf qE´xkwfazmfMupOf ig;OD; tzrf; uqdkonf/
zGJUpnf;Edkifa&;twGuf tultnDay; cH c J h & NyD ; aemuf ,if ; jyóemrS m
"mwfajrMoZmyg0ifrI tcsK;d tpm;
aom txufjrefrmjynf ILO tzGUJ 0if NidrfoufoGm;cJhaMumif;? ,ck 2013 tjynhft0rygojzihf awmifolr sm;
OD;at;odef;uajymMum;onf/
ckEpS f azazmf0g&DvwGif Zke(f 8)twGi;f pdu
k yf sKd;onht
f cg xda&mufrrI &Sw
d wf
rdk;xdkrdk;rd a&Tvkyfom;rsm;ESihf a&Tvkyfief;rsm;bufu epfemrIrsm; aMumif;vnf; OD;vSjrihaf tmifuqdo
k nf/
trsKd ; om;BuD ; yG m ;wd k ; wuf a &; &Sdojzihf jyefvnfawmif;qdkrIrsm;udk
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;
trsKd;om;BuD;yGm;wdk;wufa&;
ukrÜPDwdkYtMum; 2012 ckESpf {NyDv qufvufvkyfaqmifoGm;&ef pDpOf w&m;0if " mwf a jrMoZma&mif ; cs
ukrÜPDa&SUwGif rkd;xdrkd;rda&Tvkyfom;rsm;
rS pwifum rajyvnfrIrsm; jzpfay: vsuf&adS Mumif; tqdyk gZke&f OdS ;D ausmpf mG
onhf qdkifaygif; 225 qdkifESihf trsKd;
qE´jyaepOf
"mwfykH-MKL
cJhNyD; 2012 ckESpf ZGefv 14 &ufaeY u xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
tpm; aygif; 600 ausmf&SdaMumif;

wGif a&TjrifwifpmcsKyf csKyfqdkNyD;
pdu
k yf sK;d a&;OD;pD;XmexHrS od&&dS onf/
a&T v k y f o m;rsm;tcG i h f t a&; ajymMum;onf/
tjynh f t 0&&S d & ef pOf q uf r jywf
tqdkyg tvkyform;or*¾udk
awmif;qdkvsuf&Sdaom rEÅav;wdkif; rdk;xdrdk;rdawmifay:&Sd a&Tvkyfom;rsm;
a'oBuD; &rnf;oif;c½dkif rdk;xd rdk;rd pkpnf;rdNyD; tvkyform;tcGihfta&;
awmifay:&Sd a&Tvyk if ef;om;rsm;yg0if tjynhft0awmif;qdkEdkif&ef &nf&G,f rEÅav;? rwf 11
jrefrmEdik if \
H t"du ausmufprd ;f ppfuikd ;f vrf;cGaJ jrmufbufyikd ;f qif&mG
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
aom tvk y f o rm;or*¾ w pf c k u d k ízGJUpnf;jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;ausmfpGm
ausmufrsufaps;uGufwpfckjzpfaom -jrif;rlaus;&GmteD;wGif ausmufpdrf;
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif yef;yk½kyfxk
rwfvtwGif; zGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpf u qdkonf/
aMumif; rdk;xdrdk;rd awmifay: Zkef(8)
,if ; or*¾ w G i f rd k ; xd r d k ; rd jrefrmEdkifiHtv,fydkif; rEÅav;wdkif; yef;yk½kyfxk ynmoifwef;ausmif; vufryI nmvkyif ef;twGuf enf;ynm
k kd tcrJzh iG v
fh pS Ef ikd &f efppD Ofvsuf r&Sdojzihf jynfwGif; vuf&myef;yk
pdefawmif&Sd tif;ydkifOD;ausmfpGmu awmifay: Zkef(12)Zkef&Sd a&Tvkyfom; a'oBuD; tr&yl&NrdKUe,fjrpfi,f- wpfcu
&S d a Mumif ; rEÅ a v;wd k i f ; a'oBuD; rsm;udk w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHodkY
opfawmESihf owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme wifydkYyguaps;r&aMumif;? jynfwGif;
0efBuD; OD;oef;pdk;jrihfu rwfv 9 yef;yk½yk x
f rk sm;udk w½kwjf ynfoYlor®w
&ufaeYwGif jyKvkyfaom ausmufpdrf; EkdifiHodkY ydkYíxkvkyfavh&SdaMumif;?
aps;topf wnfaqmufjcif;qdkif&m tqdyk g yef;yk½yk x
f q
k ikd &f m vufreI nf;
owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGw
J iG af jymMum;onf/ ynmydik ;f udjk ynfwiG ;f ü tqiht
f wef;
tqdyk goifwef;twGuf w½kwf rDatmifoifMum;ay;Edik yf gu tpDtpOf
jynfoYlor®wEdik if rH S ausmufprd ;f qdik &f m aumif;wpfckjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU
rEÅav;? rwf 11
f ifwef;
ynm&Sirf sm; zdwaf c:umtcrJo
h ifMum; MGI ausmufprd ;f ausmufrsuo
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,f ykPÖm;ukef;aus;&Gm&Sd tvSLwpfckwGif rwfv 8 &ufaeYnu
ay;rnfjzpfNyD; jrefrmEdik if rH S yef;csD yef;yk ausmif;rS OD;aZmfrif;xGef;uqdkonf/
vl 89 OD; tpmtqdyfoihfrIjzpfyGm;cJhonf[k ,lq&ojzihf tvSLwGiftokH;jyKonfh aomufokH;a&ESihf
rEÅav;NrdKUay:wGif ausmufprd f;
ynm&S if rsm;vnf ; yg0ifoifMum;
tpm;taomuftcsKdUudk usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xmeu "mwfcGJ ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,fusef;rm
rnfjzpfaMumif; 0efBuD;uqdkonf/ ausmufrsufqdkif&m oifwef; av;ck
a&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygoifwef;zGihfvSpfrnhf zGihfvSpfvsuf&SdNyD; ,if;oifwef;
tqdkygtvSLtpm;taomufrsm;aMumihf tpmtqdyfoihfjzpfyGm;onf[k,lq&ol 89 OD;ESihf tjcm;
tpDtpOfudk wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&odkY rsm;rSm ausmufpdrf; ausmufrsuf
vu©Pm&Sdol 67 OD;cefY&SdjyD;ykodrfBuD;NrKdUe,f aq;½kHBuD;wGif ajcmufOD;cefYwufa&mufukocJhum ,cktcg
wifjyxm;NyD; zGiv
fh pS rf nht
f csed u
f mv ta&mif;t0,fqdkif&m? twktppf
aq;½kHrSqif;NyDjzpfaMumif; rwfv 13 &ufaeYwGif ykodrfBuD;NrKdUe,faq;½kHMuD;rS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
udkrajymMum;Edik af o;aMumif; tqdkyg cGjJ cm;enf;rsm;om oifMum;ay;vsuf
tqdkyg tpmtqdyfoihfolrsm;onf 0rf;t&nfoGm;jcif;? Adkufemjcif;? tefjcif; ponfwdkYjzpfyGm;NyD;
oifwef;ausmif;zGiv
fh pS rf nhf ajrae&m &SdaMumif;? yef;yk½kyfxk oifwef;rSm
tjcm;a0'em&Sifrsm;rSm ESmap;jcif;? anmif;udkufzsm;emjcif;rsm; jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,f
fh pS x
f m;jcif;r&Sad Mumif; OD;aZmfrif;xGe;f
vSL'gef;xm;ol r[matmifajrNrdKUe,f zGiv
usef;rma&;OD;pD;XmeESihf a'ocHrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/

xH
r
S
xyf
rHod&Sd&onf/
&S
d
ausmuf
p
d
r
f
;
uk
r
Ü
P
D
v
k
y
f
i
ef
;
&S
i
f
]]tvSLyGJu rwfv 7 &uf? 8 &ufaeYyg/ pjzpfwmu 8 &ufaeY nrSm pjzpfMuwm/ 0rf;avQmw,f?
Adkufemw,f}} [k tpmtqdyfoihfa0'emcHpm;&ola'ocH OD;odef;xdkufuqdkonf/
tqkdygtvSLwGif ig;ajcmufESihf o&ufcsOf? yJ[if;csKdwdkYjzihf auR;arG;{nfhcHaMumif;? tvSLvSnhfcsdefrSm
eHeuf 11 em&DrS nae 3 em&DcefYMumjrihNf yD; aetyl&edS t
f jyif yifyef;onh'f PfEiS fh tjyifpmrsm;pm;aomuf&mrSwpfqihf
jzpfEdkifaMumif;vnf; ,if;a'ocHrsm;u okH;oyfajymMum;onf/
]]tvSLvSnw
fh t
hJ csdef wjcm;&GmawGuurf;wJh a&awGaomufw,f/ tcsOfaygif;awG pm;w,f/ tat;awG
rEÅav;? rwf 6
0,faomufMuw,f}} [k a'ocHtcsKdUuqdkonf/
uGefysLwmESihf rdkbdkif;vfzkef;ypönf;rsm; wpfpkwa0;wnf;&&SdEdkifNyD; um;?
usef;rma&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u tvSLxrif;[if;csufonhf a'ocH ta,muf 30 udkvnf;
qdkifu,frsm; tcrJh&yfem;Edkifrnhf yxrOD;qkH; 77 Mobile & IT Mall udk
xrif;? [if;csufonhf tajctaersm;awGUqkHar;jref;cJhaMumif; xrif;csuf&mwGifyg0ifol touf 60 t&G,f
{NyDv yxrywftwGif; zGihfvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if; 77Mobile & IT Mall
OD;tkef;ausmfuqdkonf/
wm0ef&Sdol OD;&Srf;av;u The Voice WeeklyodkY ajymMum;onf/
,if;tpmtqdyfoihfjzpfyGm;rIESihf ywfoufí usef;rma&; 0efBuD;Xme\ ppfaq;csuftajz&rSomvQif
,if; 77Mobile &IT Mall wGifzGihfvSpfonhf qdkifcef;&Sifrsm;onf rD;
twdtusajymEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; ykodrfBuD;NrKdUe,f usef;rma&; OD;pD;XmeXmerSL; a'gufwmcifrsKd;Edkifu
24
em&D
&&SdNyD; rDwmcay;&efrvdkyJ oefY&Sif;a&;vkHNcHKa&; CCTV tygt0if
xyfavmif;ajymqdkonf/
qdkifcef;ydkif&Sifrsm;ESihf Mall odkYvmaom Customer rsm;\ um;? qdkifu,frsm;
NyD;cJhonhf 2011 ckESpfu rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; tr&yl&NrdKUe,f&Sd tvSLwpfckwGif auR;arG;onhf
twGuf Parking ay;&efrvdkbJ tcrJhjzpfaMumif; ,if;armvfudk 27_28 vrf;

tpm;tpmaMumihf tpmtqdyfoihfrI jzpfyGm;cJhzl;onf/

77 vrf;wGif zGihfvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;xHrSod&Sd&onf/

&rnf;oif;a&Tvkyfom;rsm;yg0ifaom tvkyform;or*¾zGJYpnf;rnf

tcrJUausmufpdrf;yef;yk½kyfxk oifwef;ausmif; zGifUvSpfrnf

ykPÖm;ukef;aus;&GmtvSLwGif tpmtqdyfoifUrI
aomufokH;a&ESifU tpm;tpmukd "mwfcGJppfaq;

rºav;wGif rdkbdkif;vftdkifwDarmvfzGifUvSpfrnf

17

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

rdkif;wkHvQyfppfpDrHudef; yGifUvif;jrifomrIr&Sd[kqdk
rdkif;wHk? rwf 11

xufoHvGif (rdkif;wHk)a&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;ESifhywfoufí vTwfawmfwGifar;jref;xm;onfudk vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD;OD;jrifhaZmfu wmqef;a&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;udpöudk
a&SmifvTJ ajzqdkcJhrIESifhpyfvsOf;í The Voice Weekly u qufoG,far;jref;&mwGif jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;cdkifarmif&nfu ,if;pDrHudef;ukd yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&Sd[k ajym&rnf
jzpfaMumif; ajzMum;onf/
]]a&umwmawG vH;k 0r&Sad o;wJh aMumif; ajrpm&if;OD;pD;XmerSL;u ajz wdwdususajzzdkYvdkr,f}} [k rdkif;wHk ay:wGif usif;wl;jcif;? vdkPfacgif; csjy&ef vdktyfaMumif;yg&SdcJhonf/
oHviG jf rpfay:rSmaqmufr,fh a&umwm Mum;onf/
oHvGifjrpfrSm urÇmht&SnfqHk;
a'ocH txuf jrefrmEdkifiHEdkifiHa&; wl;jcif;? jrpftwGif; usif;wl;jcif;?
ajcmufcx
k rJ mS wmqef;a&tm; vQypf pf
tqdkyg udpöESifh ywfoufí tusOf;om;rsm; uGef&uftzGJU0if blrdaA'avhvma&;? jrpfa&wdkif;wm jrpfrsm;xJwGif wpfcktygt0ifjzpfNyD;
a&;rsm; jyKvyk v
f su&f &dS m IGE ukrP
pDru
H ed ;f ygw,f/ tJ'gudk t&ifprD u
H ed ;f txuf o H v G i f (rd k i f ; wH k ) a&tm; wpfOD;u rSwfcsufjyKajymqdkonf/
Ü D 2003 ckESpfwGif urÇmhtarGtESpf
tpm; aemufprD u
H ed ;f vkyaf ewmodvYkd vQyfppfpDrHudef;udk jrefrmEdkifiHbufrS
S x
f m;
azazmf0g&D 27 &ufaeYu jynfoYl buf r S pD r H u d e f ; ref a e*smwpf O D ; ? ,Ofaus;rI ½Icif;tjzpf owfrw
bmawGvkyfaew,f? b,folawGeJY vkyfaqmifaeonfh IGE ukrÜPDrS vTwaf wmfwiG f vQypf pfprG ;f tm;0efBuD; vufaxmufrefae*sm ESpfOD;? a&tm; aom a&umwmvHk;0r&Sdao;onfh
vkyfaew,f? b,ftajctaea&muf 0efxrf;wpfOD;jzpfol OD;aZmfrif;vwf Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;jrifhaZmfu vQyfppftaumiftxnfazmfa&;OD;pD; jrpfwpfpif;jzpfaMumif; ,leufpud\
k
aeNyDqw
kd m vlxo
k ad tmifar;wmyg/ udk rdkif;wHkü awGUqHkar;jref;cJh&m pDru
H ed ;f rsm; taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif XmerS OD;pD;rSL;wpfO;D ? 'kO;D pD;rSL;wpfO;D xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjycJhonf/
tJ'gudk rajzbl;/ vTwfawmfrSmtcsdef ]]tcku vkyjf zpf rvkyjf zpf prf;oyfae ywf0ef;usifESifh vlrIa&;xdcdkufrI tygt0if pDrHudef;vkyfom; 62 OD;?
txufov
H iG f (rdik ;f wH)k a&tm;
&&if x yf a r;zd k Y tpD t pOf & S d w ,f / qJyJ &Sdygw,f/ vkyfjzpf&ifawmifrS tenf;qHk;jzpfa&;? ywf0ef;usix
H ed ;f udk w½kwEf ikd if rH S China
f ed ;f tjcm;vkyfom; 72 OD; pkpkaygif; 139 vQypf pfprD u
EdkifiHawmfpDrHudef;awGudk tpdk;&u tenf;qHk; 12 ESpfavmufMumEdkifyg odr;f a&;? pDrcH efYcGJrIqdkif&m vkyfief; OD;wdYk jzifh vkyif ef;rsm;vkyaf qmifvsuf Three Gorges Corporation ?
yGifhvif;jrifomrI&Sdatmif vTwfawmf w,f}} [k ajzMum;onf/
H ufrS (International Group
rsm;udk EdkifiHawmfrS jy|mef;xm;onfh &SdaMumif; IGE ukrÜPDxHod&onf/ jrefrmEdik if b
xJrSm tpdk;&wm0ef&Sdolu aoao
pDrHudef; qufvufaqmif&Guf rl0g'? Oya'rsm;ESit
2009 ckESpfwGif &Srf;obm0 of Enterpreneurs), IGE Co., Ltd. ESifh
hf nDaqmif&u
G af &;?
csmcsmajzqdkzdkY vdkr,f}} [k jynfolY &eftwGuf 2013 ckEpS f Mo*kwv
f wGif pDrHudef;tay: a'ocHjynfolwdkY\ ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;tzGJUu trSwf (7) wnfaqmufa&; DHPI
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f OD;cdik af rmif&nf vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xmeu jzpf oabmqE´ r sm;&,l í em;vnf wmqef;a&umwm wnfaqmufru
I kd wdkYu 2010 jynfhESpf Edk0ifbmwGif
uqdkonf/
ajrmufEdkifrI&Sd r&Sd axmufcHcsuf vufcHrI? yl;aygif;yg0ifrIrsm;jzifh uefYuGufaMumif; pmxkwfjyefonfh MoU vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJhNyD; pDrHudef;
tqdyk gpDru
H ed ;f onf awmifBuD; &,ljcif;? 2013 {NyDvwGif [du
k 'f a&m pDrHudef; taumiftxnfazmfa&; tpD&ifcpH mwGit
f a&;ygonfh pDru
H ed ;f twG u f txuf a &umwm wrH
NrKdUrS ta&SUbuf 314 uDvdkrDwm? vpfprf;oyfrI jyifqifjcif;? 2013 wdkYudk xnfhoGif;ajymqdkcJhonf/
rsm; wnfaqmufjcif;ESifh ywfoufí wnf a qmuf r nf h a e&mud k 2012
xdkif;EdkifiH csif;rdkifNrKdUrS ajrmufbuf ckESpftwGif; obm0ywf0ef;usif
hf if;jrifomrI&&dS efvt
kd yfNy;D pDru
H ed ;f Zl v d k i f v wG i f tpD & if c H p mtMurf ;
,cktcsdefwGif w½kwfynm&Sif yGiv
260 uDvdkrDwm tuGmta0;wGif&SdNyD; tay: tusKd;oufa&mufrI tpD&if 73 OD;? vkyfief;tzGJU 20 jzifh awmif razmfaqmifrD jynfoludk today; wifoGif;cJhonf/
rif;aZmf
rdkif;wHkNrKdUe,f 0rfqvm;aus;&GmrS cHpmwifjyjcif;ESifh MOA vufrSwf
23 uDvdkrDwmtxuf oHvGifjrpfay: a&;xd;k rnfjzpfaMumif; pDru
H ed ;f qdik &f m
wGiw
f nf&adS Mumif; a&avSmifwrHtjrifh pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
230 rDwm? wyfqifpuftiftm;
]]yGifhvif;jrifomrI vHk;0 r&Sd
7100 r*¾g0yfjzpfNyD; ESpfpOfysrf;rQ wmrdkY &vmwJh vQyfppf"mwftm;awG
xkwv
f yk Ef ikd rf nfh "mwftm;rSm 35000 udk b,fvdkcJGa0rvJ? b,fvdk&if;ESD;
uDvdk0yf em&Doef;aygif;jzpfaMumif; jr§KyfESHMuovJ? wdkif;jynftwGuf?
pDrHudef;tpDtpOft& od&onf/
a'otwGuf b,favmuftusKd; jr0wD? rwf 10
a&umwm wnfaqmufrnfh &Srd vJ? &vmwJt
h usK;d tjrwfeYJ obm0
xd k i f ; -jref r muk e f o G , f a &; rwfv 9 &ufaeYu csKyfqdkcJhaMumif; twGuf tdro
f ;Hk rDwmc wpf,el pfvQif
ae&monf oHviG jf rpfta&SUbufurf;? &if ; jrpf ysuf p D ; qH k ; ½I H ; rI b,f v d k tcsuftcsmjzpfonhf jr0wDNrdKUESihf jr0wDNrdKUe,fr;D vif;a&; tusK;d aqmif 7 bwf (usyf 170)? vkyif ef;ok;H rDwm
rdik ;f wHNk rKdUe,ftwGi;f wGif yg0ifojzifh tajctae&Srd vJ? tusK;d &Srd mS Edik if v
H m;? ouFe;f nDaemifc½dik f aus;&Gm q,f&Gm tzGJUtrSwf(2) Ouú| OD;oef;a&Tu twGuf wpf,el pfvQif 9 bwf (usyf
rdkif;wHkNrKdUe,f ajrpm&if;OD;pD;XmeodkY w½kwfuvm;? c½dkeDawGvm;pwJh 24 em&D rD;tjynhft0&&Sda&;twGuf The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/ 250) EIef;jzihf jzefYjzL;a&mif;csvsuf
ar;jref;&mXmetaejzifh rnfonfh ar;cG e f ; awG t rsm;BuD ; xyf a r;zd k Y xdkif;tpdk;&ESihf jr0wDNrdKUe,f rD;vif;
tqdkygpmcsKyft& jr0wDNrdKU &SdaMumif; jr0wDNrdKUcHrsm;uqdkonf/
udprö S rod&aMumif; EdkifiHawmftqifh wdkufwGef;ygw,f/ yGifhvif;jrifomrI a&;tusKd;aqmifzGJUwdkYonf xdkif; ESihfouFef;nDaemifc½dkif aus;&Gm 10
jr0wD N rd K UwG i f rD ; vif ; a&;
vk y f a qmif a eonf [ k o m od & S d & &Sdatmif ar;wmudk wm0ef&Sdolu bwfaiGwpfoef;wefpmcsKyfwpf&yfukd &GmwGif vQyfppf"mwftm; 6 r*¾g0yf tusKd;aqmiftzGUJ ESpzf UJG &SNd yD; tydik ;f (1)
jzefYjzL;ay;oGm;EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; rD;vif;a&; tusKd;aqmiftzGJUESihf
tydkif;(2) rD;vif;a&;tusKd;aqmif
¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
jr0wD N rd K UwG i f xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H r S tzGUJ jzihf cGjJ cm;xm;&Sad Mumif; tydik ;f (1)
vQyfppf"mwftm;rsm;udk 1996 ckESpf taejzihf NrdKUay:&yfuGufig;&yfuGuf
uwnf ; upwif a &mif ; cscJ h j cif ; ud k j zef Y j zL;a&mif ; csay;vsuf & S d u m
jzpfNyD; NrdKUwGif;tdrfokH;rDwmcwpf,l tydkif; (2) taejzihf aus;&Gmaygif;
epfvQif 4 'or 3 bwf(usyf 120)? 10 &Gmausmfudk jzefYjzL;a&mif;csay;
vkyif ef;ok;H rDwmwpf,el pfvQif 7 bwf vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;tzJGUrsm;xHu
(usyf 170)EIef;ESihf aus;&Gmq,f&Gm od&Sd&onf/

uav;? rwf 11
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; uav;NrdKUrSwpfqihf csif;awmifodkYoGm;a&mufvnfywfrnhf EdkifiHjcm;om;c&D;oGm;
{nhfonfrsm; vnfywfcGihfudk ,ckESpf azazmf0g&Dvqef;ydkif;rSpwifum ajzavQmhay;cJhaMumif; uav;c½dkif
vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESihf jynfolYtiftm;OD;pD;Xme vufaxmufnTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;wdk;vif;u ajymMum;onf/
]]t&ifwkef;uawmh uefYowfrIawG&SdcJhw,f/ jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmeu azazmf0g&Dvqef;ydkif;uae pwif
- csi;f jynfe,f&NdS rKUd e,fu;kd NrKUd e,frS aus;½Gm 167 &GmwGif aus;vuf
ajzavsmhrIay;cJhygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
pHjytdrf&mtvkH;a& 200 cefYudk 2013-2014 b@ma&;ESpfrSpwifum
,if;uJhodkYajzavsmhay;&mwGif csif;awmifESihf wrl;NrdKUwdkYodkYoGm;vmcGihfyg&SdNyD; ,cifu uav;NrdKU0ef;usif
usyfoef; 240 tukeftuscH wnfaqmufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
av;rdkifcefYudkom oGm;vmcGihfjyKcJhaMumif; wrl;NrKdUa'ocHrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
jynfe,fpDrHudef;ESihf b@ma&;0efBuD; OD;&rfrkef;uajymMum;onf/
uav;NrdKUodkY vma&mufvnfywfolrsm;twGif;rS wpfvvQif EdkifiHjcm;c&D;oGm; 80 OD;cefY vma&muf
tqdkyg wnfaqmufrIrsm;udk jynfe,fpnfyifom,ma&;
wnf;cdkavh&SdNyD; tar&du? Mopaw;vsESihf NAdwdefEdkifiHwdkYrSrsm;aMumif;? ,ckESpfydkif;twGif; w½kwfvlrsKd;rsm;yg
0efBuD;XmeupDpOfrnfjzpfNyD; wpftdrfvQif usyf 12 odef; wefzdk;&Sdrnf
vma&mufrI&SdvmjyD; wpfOD;vQif a':vm 30 ESihf ESpfa,mufcef;qdkygu 45 a':vm,laMumif; uav;
jzpfaMumif; OD;&rfrkef;u qufvufajymMum;onf/ jrwf(uav;)
avqdyfteD;&Sd awmifZvyf[dkw,frS refae*smOD;urf;rkefu ajymMum;onf/
- [oFmwNrdKU ya'omaps;\ aps;aumufvdkifpifudk tdwfzGihf
]]NrKdUxJrSmawmh EdkifiHjcm;om;awGtrsm;BuD; cPcPawGU&ygw,f/ bmtwGufvmw,fqdkwmawmh
wif'gpepfjzihfa&mif;cs&m ykHrSefESpfrsm;xuf okH;qcefYay;í usyfodef;
rodbl;/ t&ifwkef;u csif;awmifay:wufr,hfolawGudk avqdyfuaejyefvSnhfcdkif;wmawG&Sdw,fvdkY Mum;&
wpfaxmifjzihf avvHqo
JG mG ;aMumif; [oFmwNrKdUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;
w,f }} [k uav;NrdKUewfacsmif;vrf;wGif "mwfqDa&mif;csaeol touf 30 0ef;usift&G,fcefY&Sd NrdKUcHwpfOD;u
tzJUG xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/ tqdkygaps;aumufvdkifpifrSm 2013-2014
qdkonf/
b@mESpftwGuf wpfESpfvkyfudkifcGihf&&Sdrnfjzpfonf/ aerif;xuf
jynfe,ftwGif;odkY vma&mufvnfywfaom EdkifiHjcm;c&D;oGm;rsm;xHrS &&SdaomaiGrSm 2012-2013
- oD&"d r®maomurif;BuD;\ apwDaygif; &Spaf omif;av;axmifwiG f
b@ma&;ESpftwGif; a':vmESpfq,f 20 (wpfOD;vQif ESpfa':vmEIef;) &&SdcJhaMumif;? ,cifESpfrsm;u
wpfqltygt0ifjzpfaom rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; yckuúLc½dkif NrKdifNrKdUe,f
wpfESpfvQif vma&mufvnfywfol okH;? av;OD;om&SdcJhNyD; ,cifESpfuxuf ydkrdk&&Sdvmjcif;jzpfaMumif;
csif;jynfe,fa&S;a[mif;okawoe? trsKd;om;jywdu
k Ef iS fh pmMunhw
f u
kd Of ;D pD;XmerSO;D pD;t&m&Sd a':idik af [mufÓPf
A[if;aus;½Gm&Sd ordkif;0ifwef;cdk;BuD; a&T[oFmjrwfpGmbk&m;BuD;\
u xyfrHajymMum;onf/
(101) Budrfajrmuf Ak'¨ylZed, (waygif;yGJawmfBuD;)udk Mo0g'p&d,
NyD;cJhonhfrwfv yxrywftwGif;u csif;jynfe,fodkY [dkw,fESihfc&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;0efBuD;
q&mawmfMuD;rsm;\ Mo0g'udkcH,lum 1374 ckESpf waygif;vqef;
vma&mufavhvmcJah Mumif;? csi;f jynfe,fajrmufyikd ;f odYk ,ckro
S mvGwv
f yfpmG oGm;vmcGi&fh jcif;jzpfNyD; awmifyikd ;f &Sd
13? 14? 15 &ufwYkdwiG f oHCmawmftyg; 70 ausmw
f Ykdtm; qGr;f qefprd ;f
rif;wyfESihf uefyufvufNrdKUwdkYodkY ,cifuwnf;u vGwfvyfpGmoGm;a&mufvnfywfcGihf&aeaMumif; 0efBuD;u
avmif;vSLjcif;? oHCylZed,yGJawmfwdkYjzihf usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif;
qufvufajymMum;onf/
jrwf(uav;)

a*gyutzGJUxHrSod&onf/

jr0wDNrdKY 24 em&DrD;vif;a&; xdkif;tpdk;&ESifU
bwfwpfoef;wef pmcsKyfcsKyfqdk

EdkifiHjcm;c&D;oGm;rsm; csif;awmifodkh
vma&mufvnfywfcGifU ajzavQmUay;

e,fowif;wkdrsm;

18
The

VOICE

MunfvTmxGufoGm;vdkY ta&;ay:
rsufpdcGJpdwfxm;&wm 21 &uf&SdoGm;
ygNyD/ rsufpdtajctaewdk;wufvmayr,fh
q&m0efu tjynhft0tem;,lzdkY? rsufpdudk
tvGeftuRH tokH;rcszdkY nTefMum;xm;ygw,f/
'DaeYawmh 'gawGudk rvdkufemEdkifygbl;/ vufyH
awmif;awmif tpD&ifcHpmxGufvmw,fqdkvdkY
usefwJh rsufpdwpfzufeJY BudK;pm;yrf;pm; zwf
Munhrf yd gw,f/ zwfNyD;wJt
h cgrSmvnf;&ifxrJ mS
wpfqdkYqdkYBuD;cHpm;&vdkY udk,hf&JUa0zefokH;oyf
csufudk csa&;rdygw,f/
yxrqkH;ajym&&ifawmh udk,hf&JUcHpm;csuf
awG[m wpfckckudk xdrfcsefxm;ovdk cHpm;
&ygw,f/ ajymoihfajymxdkufwmawGudk rajym
bJ? xdrcf seNf yD; r½kwrf vGef a>rrao? wkwrf usK;d
ajymaeovdkrsKd;yJ cHpm;&w,f/ pDrHudef;&JU
tm;enf;csufawGudk jyKjyifNyD; pDrHudef;udk
qufvkyfoihfw,fvdkY tBuHjyKwmudk b,fvdkrS
a0zeftjypfrajymvdkygbl;/ 'gayrJh atmuf
azmf j yyg tcsuf t vuf a wG e J Y y wf o uf N yD ;
ydkjyD;wdwdusus okH;oyfaqG;aEG;? tBuHjyK&if
aumif;rSmyJvdkY xifrdygw,f/
(1) ywf0ef;usifa&;&m qef;ppfokH;oyf
csufawGu odyfNyD;xl;xl;jcm;jcm;ryg&Sdygbl;/
usm;udkufygw,fqdkrS taygufav;vm; qdk
ovdkygyJ/ a'ocHjynfolawGeJY ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;orm;awGajymwJh tcsufawGudk
jyefNyD;w&m;0ifjzpfatmif ajymwJhoabmjzpf
aew,f/ aumfr&Sifyg ynm&SifawGtaeeJY
tuefYtowf? tcuftcJawG trsm;BuD;&Sdr,f
qdw
k mudk em;vnfygw,f/ 'gayrJh usm;udu
k w
f hJ
taygufav;u b,favmufeufvJ? vlaorSm
vm;qdkwJh tcsufav;awGygatmif qef;ppf
okH;oyfay;Edkif&if aumif;r,fvdkYxifygw,f/
txl;ojzihf pDrHudef;udk qufrvkyfap
vdkwJh a'ocHawGtaeeJY 'DpDrHudef;aMumihf
ajray:ajratmuf a&npf n rf ; rI a Mumih f
csif;wGif;jrpfxdcdkufNyD; rkH½GmNrdKUBuD;yg qdk;usKd;
BuHKawGU&r,hfudpöawGudk pdk;&drfylyefaeMuyg
w,f/ wpfenf;tm;jzihf a&npfnrf;rI jzpfr,f
qdku jiif;p&mr&SdwJh tcsufyg/ 'gayrJh 'Dnpf
nrf;rI[m b,ftwdkif;twmtxd jzpfrvJ?
jzpfEdkifvJqdkwmudk &Sif;vif;okH;oyfzdkYaumif;
ygw,f/ tajccHudef;*Pef;tcsuftvuf
(Baseline Data) awG r&ao;vdkY uHaouHr
rajymEdkifao;&ifawmifrS jzpfEdkifajcawG ynm
&yfydkif;qdkif&m ½Iaxmihfuae &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;
ajymjyoihyf gw,f/ 'D&iS ;f vif;csurf yg&if 'Dtcsuf
udk pdk;&drfaeolawGb,fvdkrS aMumihfMuuif;rSm
r[kwfygbl;/
ywf0ef;usifa&;&mqef;ppf&mrSm qdk;usKd;
jzpfrjzpfavhvm½kHwifruygbl;/ xdcdkufEdkifrI
(Magnitude) eJY qkH;½IH;epfemEdkifrI (Intensity)
ESpfckvkH;udkygNcHKNyD; okH;oyfzdkYvdkygw,f/ pma&;
oltaeeJY pDrHudef;pepfwusraqmif&Guf&if
a&npf n rf ; rI & S d E d k i f w ,f / twd w f u mv
td k i f A if [ d k ; uk r Ü P D v k y f c J h p Of u wnf ; uud k
a&npf n rf ; rI a wG & S d c J h z l ; w,f / 'gaMumih f
w½k w f u k r Ü P D a wG t aeeJ Y ywf 0 ef ; usif u d k
tav;rxm;cJh&if a&npfnrf;rIawG jzpfEdkif
w,fvdkYcefYrSef;cJhygw,f/ 'gayrJh a'ocHawG
ajymaewJhtcsufu pdk;&drfylyefrIvGefuJae
w,fvdkY xifjrifrdw,f/ w½kwfukrÜPDawG&JU
vkyfaqmifrIrSwfwrf;eJY vuf&Sdaqmif&GufykH
awGudk avhvmokH;oyfMunhf&if ywf0ef;usifudk
tav;xm;rItm;enf;w,fvdkY okH;oyfEdkifyg
w,f/ 'gaMumihfrdkY a'ocHawGpdk;&drfylyefrI
vG e f u J a ewmud k tjypf a jymvd k Y r &Ed k i f b l ; /
ynm&yfydkif;qdkif&m ydkrdkavhvmwduswJhtcsuf
awG e J Y a'ocH a wG u d k & S i f ; vif ; oih f w ,f v d k Y
xifjrifryd gw,f/ vuf&t
dS ajctaerSm avhvm
a&;uefYowfcsufawG? tcuftcJawGaMumihf

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

trdrJUom;a&enf;ig;
0if;rsKd;ol
a'ocHawG&JU pdk;&drfrIudk wduswJhtajzray;Edkif
ao;&if v nf ; ray;Ed k i f a o;aMumif ; twd
tvif;azmfjyNyD; b,fvdkqef;ppfavhvmrI
awGvyk zf Ykdvw
kd ,f/ 'grSom ydNk yD;wdwu
d susajym
Edkifr,fqdkwJh &Sif;vif;csufawGay;oihfygw,f/
ywf0ef;usifa&;&m qef;ppfwJhtcgrSm
100 &mcdkifEIef;NyD;jynhfpkH Perfect jzpfEdkifzdkY
rvG,fygbl;/ avhvmqef;ppfwJhtcgrSm tokH;
jyKwJh ,lqcsufawG enf;pepfawG wGufcsufrI
awG&JU tm;enf;csuf? tm;omcsufawGudk
BudKwifazmfjyxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ 'grSomudk,hf&JU
okH;oyfcsuf[m b,ftwdkif;twm tuefY
towfabmiftwGif;rSmyJ rSefEdkifwJh &mcdkifEIef;
b,favmuf&Sdw,f? trsm;vufcHEdkifwJh tae
txm; b,favmuf&Sdw,f BudKwifajymxm;rS
ok;H oyfcsuf? tBuHjyKcsufawG[m ydjk yD; xifom?
jrifom&Sdygw,f/ aumfr&Sif&JU tpD&ifcHpmrSm
avxknpfnrf;rIudk ppfaq;wdkif;wmwJhtcg
avxkxJzkefrIefY (TSPM) rsm;aewmudkom
axmufjyNyD; SO2 yrmPuawmh npfnrf;rI
tqihfr&Sdbl;vdkY okH;oyfxm;ygw,f/
pma&;olem;vnfxm;oavmuf ajym&
&if avxknpfnrf;rIudk ykHrSefa&&Snf wdkif;wmrI
jyKvkyfrSom avxkxJtufppfyrmP owfrSwf
csufxufrsm; rrsm;odEdkifygw,f/ avxkxJrSm
&Sdr,hf tufppfjyif;tm;[m pdkpGwfwJh&moDOwk?
tcsdefumvrSm enf;yg;vsuf&SdNyD; ajcmufaoGU
wJh &moDaeYtcsed af wGrmS ydrk sm;jym;wwfygw,f/
tpD&ifcpH mxJrmS tufppfyrmPawG[m avxk
xJrSm rrsm;bl;vdkYqdkwJhtcg acgif;xJudktawG;
0if v mwmu aumfr&Sif&JU avhvmqef;ppf
wJhenf;pepfeJY tcsdefumvawGygyJ/ avxk
t&nftaoG;ppfaq;zdkY erlemaumuf,lwJh
tcgrSm b,ftcsed u
f mvawGrmS aumufwmvJ?
b,f a e&mawG r S m b,f E S B ud r f a umuf v J ?
aumuf,lwJherlemawGuaum a'owpfckvkH;
rSm tufppfnpfnrf;rIr&Sdbl;vdkY ajymavmuf
atmif udk,fpm;jyKEdkif&JUvm; tp&Sdojzihf odcsif
vmygw,f/ ywf0ef;usifa&;&m tao;pdwf
tpD&ifcHpmrSmawmh 'DtcsufawGygr,fvdkY
arQmfvihfygw,f/
'gayrJ h jynf o l v l x k u d k tpD & if c H w J h
tpD&ifcHpmrSm 'Dqef;ppfwJhenf;pepfawG&JU
Degree of subjectivity wpfzufowf udk,f
oef&mawG;aumufcsufcs,lEdkifrIudk b,fvdk

avsmhyg;atmif avhvmokH;oyfxm;w,fqdkwJh
tcsuf a wG a,bk , sxnh f o G i f ; azmf j yoih f
w,fvdkY xifygw,f/ EdkYrdkYvdkYqdk&if pDrHudef;
aMumih f tuf q pf " mwf r sm;aMumih f avxk
npfnrf;rIr&Sdbl;qdkwJh w&m;aoaumufcsuf
awG jzpf o G m ;Ed k i f N yD ; ta&;BuD ; wJ h tcsuf
wpf c suf usef o G m ;Ed k i f y gw,f / SO2 [m
ayghyg;NyD; avwdkuftm;ay:rSm rlwnfNyD; rdkif
axmifcsaD jy;Edik yf gw,f/ &moDtvdu
k f avwdu
k f
&mt&yfudkvdkufNyD; taemufawmifbufeJY
ta&SUajrmufawGbufrSm SO2 &JU qdk;usKd;'Pf
ud k cH & Ed k i f y gw,f / aveJ Y a &rS m ygvmwJ h
tufqpf"mwfaMumihf ajrtqdyfoihfrI (Soil
contamination) eJ Y ywf o uf N yD ; awmh tpD
&ifcpH mrSm azmfjyxm;wm odyrf awGUrdovdyk gyJ/
ajrtqdyfoihfrI[m pm;eyf&du©mxkwfvkyfa&;eJY
vltrsm;tm[m& zGHUNzKd;a&;eJY usef;rma&;
udpöawGrSm tusKd;oufa&mufrI&SdwJhtwGuf
ta&;BuD;wJh tcsufwpfcsufyg/
(2) ywf0ef;usifqdk;usKd;awGeJYywfouf
NyD; ydkrdkod&Sdem;vnfEdkifzdkY EIA? SIA avhvmrI
awG ydrk v
kd yk u
f ikd zf Ykd tBuHjyKxm;ygw,f/ wpfquf
wnf;rSmyJ ywf0ef;usifjyKjyifxdef;odrf;a&;
pDrHcsuf (EMP) awG a&;qGJzdkYvnf; ygygw,f/
'gayrJh 'Da&;qGcJ srw
S w
f hJ pnf;urf;awG? pDrcH suf
awGudk b,fvdkvufawGUrSm trSefwu,f
taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&u
G o
f mG ;Edik zf Ykd b,fvkd
tpDtrHawGeJY BuD;MuyfuGyfuJ apmihfMunhfr,fh
,EÅ&m; (Environmental Monitoring Mechanism)
udx
k m;&Szd Ykd vw
kd ,f qdw
k t
hJ csufukd aqG;aEG;xm;
wmrawGU&ygbl;/ Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;ajymovdyk gyJ/
vT w f a wmf a wG u b,f a vmuf a umif ; wJ h
Oya'awG xkwfjyefjy|mef;ayr,fh vufawGU
wG e f ; tm;ay;aqmif & G u f r ,h f Enforcement
Mechanism pDrHcefYcGJrI ,EÅ&m;awGr&Sd&if t&m
ra&mufEdkifygbl;/ txl;ojzihf jynfolvlxkudk
'DvdkapmihfMuyf Munhf½IpDrHcefYcGJydkifcGihf tcGihf
tmPm? wpf e nf ; tm;jzih f Community
Empowerment rvk y f b l ; qd k & if a&&S n f r S m
vufawGUtaumiftxnfay:vmrSm r[kwfyg
bl;/ 'gaMumihf vlxkudk ywf0ef;usifa&;&mudpö
&yfawGrSm tjyKoabmrsKd;aqmif ydkrdkyl;aygif;
aqmif&GufvmEdkifatmif tjrifzGihfjyKpkysKd;axmif
ay;&if; olwdkYudk,fwdkif b,fvdkwdkuf½dkuf pDrH
cefYcGJEdkifcGihf vGwfvyfpGmjyKrvJqdkwm tpD&if

cHpmrSm tav;ay;aqG;aEG;oihfygw,f/
(3) vlrIqef;ppfcsufrSm ajrodrf;,lrI
avsmfaMu;ay;wmawG xifomjrifomr&SdrIESihf
umvaygufaps;twdik ;f ray;wmawGukd a'ocH
jynfolawGajymwJhtwdkif;yJ axmufjyokH;oyf
xm;ygw,f/ tBuHjyKcsuftaeeJY ajrodrf;
avsmfaMu;ay;zdkY&,f? tvkyftudkiftcGihftvrf;
awG ydrk &kd &Sad tmifaqmif&u
G zf Ykd&,f? tao;pm;eJY
tvwfpm;vkyfief; SME awG zGHUNzKd;atmif
aqmif&Gufay;zdkY&,fqdkNyD; t"dutBuHjyKxm;
ygw,f/ rpm;&0cref; a':vmoef;axmifcsD
jrwfr,hf pD;yGm;a&;pDrHudef;awGqdk&if b,fvdk
tusKd;pD;yGm;udk cGJa0jzefYjzL;atmif vkyfr,f
(Benefit Sharing and Wealth Distribution)

qdw
k m wdwu
d sus azmfjyoihyf gw,f/ wpfenf;
tm;jzihf pDrHudef;aMumihf &vmr,hf Economic
Growth udk Equity tvdkYiSm b,fvdka'ocH
jynfolvlxkudk Distribute jzefYa0r,fqdkwm
ta&;BuD ; ygw,f / 'D u aeYtajymrsm;wJ h
Corporate Social Responsibility-CSR [m
tajzr[kwyf gbl;? tm;enf;csufawG&ydS gw,f/
CSR [m t"dutm;jzihf vlYtcGihfta&;
t&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya't&aomfvnf;
aumif; jy|mef;xm;wJh ywf0ef;usifa&;&m
pnf;urf;? vlrIa&;usihf0wfawGudk ukrÜPDawG
uvdkufemwJh tqihfyJ&Sdygao;w,f/ aumfydk
a&;&Si;f awG o'¨g&if o'¨govdak y;urf;pGeYfBuJwhJ
vlrIa&; 'gejyKrIawG&Sdaumif; &SdEdkifygw,f/
'gayrJh wdk;yGm;vmwJh tusKd;pD;yGm;udk ueOD;
tpuwnf;u b,fvdkvlxkxJudk jzefYjzL;ay;
r,fqdkwJh uwdu0wfjyKcsnfaESmifxm;rIawG
r&Sdygbl;/ rsufpdxJjrifatmifajym&&if tdrf&Sif
csrf;omvmvdkY tdrfazmfudk o'¨gw&m;t&
a&T q G J B ud K ;qif a y;wJ h tqih f y J &S d y gw,f /
wu,hu
f kd wm0efow
d hJ pD;yGm;a&; Responsibility
Business qdkwm vlYtcGihfta&;eJY ywf0ef;usif
a&;&m apmihfpnf;&rSmawGudk vdkufem½kHwif
rubl;/ pDyGm;a&;vkyfuwnf;uudk &vmr,hf
Growth udkb,fvdkjynfolxlxkudk wdkuf½dkuf
&&S d a tmif jzef Y jzL;rvJ q d k w m pOf ; pm;NyD ;
pDrHudef;udk Design vkyfNyD; a&;qGJtaumif
txnfazmf&ygw,f/ tpdk;&udk tcGefay;ae
&wmyJ? a'ocHawGtvkyf&aewmyJ? aiGawGvSL
aewmyJ q d k w mawG e J Y rvk H a vmuf y gbl ; /
aiGawGtjrwfxJurS b,favmuf&mcdkifEIef;eJY
a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;udk ESpfpOfykHrSefaxmufyHhr,f
tp&Sdojzihf wdwdusus wm0ef,lowfrSwf
azmfjyoihfygw,f/
EdkifiHwum aiGa&;aMu;a&;tzGJUtpnf;
awGjzpfwJh IFC eJY EdkifiHwumzGHUNzKd;a&; tzGJU
tpnf;awG vufcHxm;wJh vkyfief;vrf;nTef
uawmh ajrodrf;,l&wJhudpöawGrSm odrf;cH&ol
awG b0&yfwnf&Sifoefa&;twGuf tpDtrH
awG twdtus yg0ifoihfw,fvdkY rlabmif
csrSwfxm;ygw,f/ 'gaMumihfrdkYvdkY aMu;eD
pDrHudef;[m tusKd;tjrwfawG wGufcsufwJh
twdik ;f &Sad er,fq&kd if tjrwf&mcdik Ef eI ;f wpfcu
k kd
owfrSwfNyD; a'ozGHUNzKd;a&; &efykHaiGwpf&yf
wnfaxmifoihfw,f qdkwJhtcsufudk tav;
teufxm; tBuHjyKoihfw,fvdkY xifjrifrd
ygw,f/ vlrIa&; qef;ppfrIxJrSm tjiif;yGm;
p&mwpfcku a&S;a[mif; ,Ofaus;rIqdkif&m?
omoedutaqmufttHkudpö okH;oyftBuHjyK
csufygyJ/ v,fwDq&mawmfBuD;[m 0g;wJ
ausmif;rSm oDwif;okH; pBuøavQmuf ,m,D
aexdkifcJhwmyJjzpfw,f/ vuf&Sdomoedu
taqmuf t tH k a wG [ m q&mawmf B uD ;
owif;okH;cJhwJh[mawGr[kwfvdkY ajymif;a&TU
aqmufvkyfoihfw,fvdkY okH;oyftBuHjyKcsuf
[m rsm;pGmtHhtm;oihfapygw,f/
0if;rsKd;ol
a&SUwpfywfqufygrnf/

BUYING GUIDE
19

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

The

Vol.9 / No.11

VOICE

March 18 - 24 , 2013

NEW BOOKS
urÇmwpfvTm; tcrJUzkef;ac:enf;ynm

'Drdkua&pDvTwfawmfEdkifiHa&;ESifU uRefawmf
armifodef;nGefh (aumUu&dwf)

oef;xdkuf (a&T&dyf)

xkwfa0wkduf - jrwfrdcifpmay? wefzdk;- 2500

xkwfa0wkduf - rZÑdrpmay? wefzdk;- 2500

rd w f a qG r sm;?
&Jabmfrsm; wdkufwGef;
csuf u d k tav;xm;
ívnf;aumif;?
ordik ;f wGif trSefbuf
u &yfwnfcJhaMumif;
,HkMunfonfht wG u f
vnf;aumif; 'Dpmtkyf
ud k xk w f a 0&jcif ;
jzpfw,fvdkY pma&;ol
u qdw
k ,f/ vTwaf wmf
Ed k i f i H a &; jyef v nf
pwifwJh tckvdktcsdef
rsKd ; rS m jynf o l v l x k
taeeJ Y vT w f a wmf
wGif; ajymqd
j
dkrIawGudk pddwf0iffwpm;avhvmem;pGifhaeMuovdk?
½kyfjrifoHMum;u xkwfvTifhrIawGudkvnf; tcsdefay; Munfh½Iae
MuwmrdkY vTwfawmfEdkifiHa&;rSm t"duZmwfaumifawGjzpfwJh

r&SdrjzpfpDrHcefhcGJrI
&JjrifU (pGefY OD;wDxGif)
xkwfa0wkduf - vrif;opfpmay? wefzdk;- 2000

atmifjrifwhJ vlYtzU
zGUJ
tpnf ; wpf c k j zpf z k d Y &mm
tajccHtusq;kH vkt
d yfcsuf
uf
wpfckjzpfwJh pDrHcefYcGJrrII
taMumif; t"durD;armif;x;
xk;d
azmfjyxm;wJh aqmif;yg;;
awG yg0ifw,f/ pDrcH efYcrrIJG I
qkw
d m[m vltrsm;tjym;;
eJYtwl vkyfcsifwm? jzpfpf
csif w mawG NyD ; ajrmuf
uf
atmifjrifatmif vkyu
f ifikd f
apEkdifwJh ynm&yfwpfcckk
jzpfw,fvdkY t½dk;&Sif;qHk;
zGifhqdkxm;w,f/ jrefrm
EdkifiH&JUpD;yGm;a&; e,fy,f
xJrSm atmifjrifwJhpGefYOD;
wDxGif vkyfief;&SifjzpfzdzkdY vd
vkdtyfwJhtcsuf ig;csufudk ],ae
],aeY
aps;uGufwGif bmvdkaeovJ} qdkwJh aqmif;yg;rSm zwf&ygvdrfh
r,f/ ]]OD; 'Dabmvfyifudkaum wu,f,rl mS vm;/ wu,f0,f
r,fqkd&ifawmh Refill xkwfjyr,f/ r0,fb;l qk&d ifawmh .....}}
'Dvjdzk pf&yfrsK;d awGuk d ]ta&mif;Zmwfvrf;pH}k rSmzwf½I&ygr,f/ qdkifzGifh
xm;olawG? vkyfief;wpfck xlaxmifxm;olawG udk,frsm;
tJ'v
D dk ta&mif;0efxrf;cefYxm;rdovm;vkYd qef;ppfMunfrh ad pEdik f
w,f/ ]b0yifv,fjzwfu;l aeolwYdk taMumif;(2)}qkw
d hJ aqmif;yg;
rSmawmh pdwfysufzG,faumif;vSwJh ukrÜPD0efxrf;wcsKdU&JU
pdwaf epdwx
f m;awGeJY tusifhqkd;awGudk axmufjyxm;w,f/
tNrJxm0&tqkd;jrif0g' udkifpGJxm;wwfwJh0efxrf;? *g&0
w&m;uif;rJw
h 0hJ efxrf;? ukrP
Ü aD y: aus;Zl;uef;wJ0h efxrf; povkd
zwf& r,f/ jzpf&yfav;awGtaMumif;t&mav;awGzwf&if;
bufESpfzufudkrQ awG;rdapygw,f/ r-refae*smtrSm; a&Smifyg?
r&Sdrjzpfvlom;t&if;tjrpf? tpGrf;rJhvlBuD;rsm;odkY odkYr[kwf
pGefYOD;wDxGifESifh pDrHcefYcGJrI? 2012 ckESpf tcif;tusif;opfwGif
rdrdudk,fudk jr§ifhwifjcif;pwJh aqmif;yg;yk'fa& 20 eD;yg;yg0if
w,f/ pDrHcefYcGJrIudk tMurf;zsOf;xdawGUvdkolawGtwGufvnf;
toHk;wnfhr,fhpmtkyfrsKd;yg/
„

vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f[m vTwfawmfOya'awG? enf;Oya'
awGudk avhvmNyD; vTwfawmfEdkifiHa&;udk ouf0ifatmif BuKd;yrf;
&rSmjzpfw,fvdkY pma&;olu axmufjywkdufwGef;xm;w,f/
jynfoYlvw
T af wmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;vnf;jzpfwJh pma&;olu
vTwfawmfEdkifiHa&;qdkif&m olY&JU ,HkMunfcsufawGudk aqmif;yg;
tjzpf pkpnf;xkwfa0xm;jcif;jzpfw,fvdkYqdkw,f/
The Flower News, The Myanmar Post, The Hot News,,
The Yangon Times, Popular News pwJh *sme,fawGrSm azmfjy

cJhzl;wJh aqmif;yg;awG yg0ifwmyg/ ]acgif;aqmifrIESifh twGif;vl
jyóem} qdkwJh aqmif;yg;rSmqkd twGif;vl&JUta&;ygyHkudk tckvdk
a&;xm;w,f/ ]ordik ;f 0ifcw
hJ t
hJ wGi;f vlrsm;[m rdrd&JUacgif;aqmif
udk opöm&Srd w
I pfcw
k nf;eJY &yfwnfay;aeolawG r[kwMf uygbl;/
acgif;aqmif&JUEdkifiHa&; &nfrSef;csufawGudk tajrmftjrif&Sd&Sd
tMuHÓPfay;EdkifolawG? EdkifiHa&;wGufcsufrI rSefuefatmif
axmufjyEdkifolrsm;jzpfwm xif&Sm;ygw,f/} vkdY a&;xm;wmyg/
twGif;vlawG&JU xdef;ausmif;a0zefrIudk vufcHEdkifwm[m
acgif;aqmifrI t&nftcsif;vdkY qdkxm;wmrdkY acgif;aqmifawG
twGuf 'Dvdk a0zefEdkifpGrf;&Sdol twGif;vlrsm;&xm;zdkYvdkovdk
bmvkyfvkyf acgif;ndwfr,f? axmufcHr,fqdkwJh twGif;vlawG
&xm;&if tzGJUtpnf;&JU a&SUa&;[m cufcJEdkifw,fqdkwmudk
oabmaygufrdapw,f/ 'Daqmif;yg;rSmawmh AdkvfcsKyfudk
Oyrmay;NyD; AdkvfcsKyfem;u ocifEk? ocifjr? q&mcsKdwdkY&JU
t&nftcsi;f udk azmfxw
k af &;om;xm;wmyg/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;&JU vTwfawmfwGif; tawGU
tMuHKawG? jynfolvlxk vufawGU&ifqdkifae&wJh tcuftcJ
jyóemawG? jyKjyifajymif;vJ&r,fh tmPmtvGJ oHk;pm;rIawG?
jyóemajz&Sif;zdkY BuKd;pm;&mrSm BuHKawGU&wJh tcuftcJawG
povdk axmifhpHkatmif zwf&ygr,f/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;&JU EdkifiH
a&;tEkynm? ordkif;oufaorsm;ESifh awGUqHkjcif;? EdkifiHa&; +
Oya'ESifh olwdkYtwdwf? rSm;,Gif;aom qHk;jzwfcsufrsm;\
tusKd;qufrsm;? &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rsm;ESifhywfoufí?
ygwDrJh EdkifiHa&;orm;wJhvm;? tcsdefra&G;jyefvmEdkifa&; pwJh
taMumif;t&maygif; 50 eD;yg; yg0ifw,f/
„

enf;ynmeJY trD
vd k u f E d k i f a tmif ulnD
ay;Edik rf ,fph mtkyrf sKd;yg/
Ed k i f i H & yf j cm;ud k tcrJh
zk e f ; ac:Ed k i f a tmif v d k Y
vuf a wG U prf ; oyf N yD;
tao;pdwv
f rf;nTe&f Sif;jy
ay;xm;wJh enf;ynm
awG yg0ifwmrdkY touf
t&G,?f twef;ynmra&G;
b,folrqdk vkyfaqmif
Edkiyf gvdrrhf ,fvYkd qdw
k ,f/
Mobile Phone awG? Tablet
awGuomrubJ uGeyf sLwm
ay:uaeyg ajymEd k i f
atmif vdt
k yfwhJ Software
awGutp yHyh ;kd ay;xm;w,fv
f Ykd 'DpD mtkyjf yKpo
k u
l tmrcHxm;w,f/
'Dpmtkyfyg enf;vrf;awGeJY qufoG,fzkef;ac:r,fqdk
tifwmeufoHk;com usoifhr,fvdkYqdkwmaMumifh Smart Phone
tckrS poHk;olawGtwGufvnf; pmtkyfyg &Sif;jycsufawGudk
zwf&if; cyfvG,fvG,f toHk;jyKEdkifygvdrfhr,f/ pmtkyfrSm CD yg
wpfygwnf; yg0ifwm awGUw,f/ CD xJu Free Call Software
awGudk udk,fh&JU Device xJ xnfhwJhtcgrSm tqifrajywmrsKd;
jzpfcJh&if vnf; nae 5 em&Duae 6 em&DtwGif; zkef;
09448019597 udk qufo,
G af r;jref;Edik rf mS jzpfw,fvYkd 'Dpmtkyf
rSm azmfjyxm;w,f/ tpjyKavhvmjcif;? Viber toH;k csenf;ynm?
Tango toH;k csenf;ynm i Phone ay:rS Tango? Skype toH;k cs
enf;ynm? Aire Talk toHk;csenf;ynm? uGefysLwmay:rS Tango
toH;k ? Andriod app toH;k rsm;pwJh tcef;aygif; 12 cef; yg0ifNyD;
tcef;wpfckcsi;f pD&UJ atmufrmS rS oufqikd &f mtaMumif;t&mtvdkuf
acgif;pOfcaJG wGeYJ tao;pdwyf yhH ;kd &Si;f jyxm;w,f/ ud,
k o
hf m;orD;? wl?
wlrawGuakd r;&wm pdw&f n
S v
f uf&n
S jf yefrajzvkYd pdwt
f aESmift
h ,Suf
jzpf a e&ol a wG &Sdaer,fqdkvnf; b,folYtultnDr S r ,l b J
'Dpmtkyfa&SUcs vufawGUprf;oyfMunfhEdkifygvdrfhr,f/
„

a&m*grsKd;pHkonf udk,fat;jcif;rSvmonf
armifarmifvIdif (tyfpdkufuk)
xkwfa0wkduf - Perfect ? wefzdk;- 1300

rl&if;pma&;q&m a'gufwm tD&Sd[m& rlpkrdvdkY pmtkyf
wpfae&mrSm awGU&vdkY bmomjyefqdkxm;wJh pmtkyfwpftkyf
jzpfr,fvdkY ,lq&ayr,fh wcsKdUae&mawGrSm pma&;ol&JU
tawG U tBuH K awG e J Y y g aygif ; pyf a &;om;xm;wmrsKd ; vnf ;
awGU&ygw,f/ usef;rma&; A[kokw taxmuftuljyKpmawG
a&;om;avh&Sdol armifarmifvIdif (tyfpdkufuk) a&;om;xm;
wmjzpfNyD; a&m*gonfawG&JU Zmpfjrpf? cE¨mudk,ftyltat;?
udk,f taEG;"mwf&JU ta&;ygyHk? tpm;tpmeJY a&m*gvu©Pm?
usef ; rma&;twG u f taxmuf t ul j yKwJ h aexd k i f e nf ; ?
pm;aomufenf; pwmawGukd bufaygif;pHu
k a&;om;xm;w,f/
pmtkyf&JU aemufausmzHk;udk cE¨mudk,f&JUtylcsdef ta&;ygyHkudk
jy'g;wdkifeJY txift&Sm; ½dkufESdyfazmfjyxm;ygw,f/
wcsKd U ywf 0 ef ; usif r S m tMum;&rsm;wJ h eH e uf p mud k
rsm;rsm;pm;rS aumif;w,fqdkwmrsKd;? a&rsm;rsm;aomufwm
0rf;rSefapwmwdkY qdkwmrsKd;udkvnf; 'DpmtkyfrSm rSefrrSef
OyrmawGeJY qef;ppfjyxm;w,f/ pdwf0ifpm;zkdY aumif;ygw,f/
aoG;aMumvnfywfrI? <uufom;awG&JU vIyf&Sm;yHk? cE¨mudk,f
taEG;"mwf qufpyfaeyHkawGudkvnf; A[kokw&zG,f zwf½I
rS w f o m;Ed k i f y gvd r f h r ,f / <uuf o m;avh u sif h c ef ; vk y f z d k Y
b,favmufta&;BuD;w,fqdkwmrsKd; axmufjyxm;wJhtjyif

<uuf o m;awG & J U vI y f & S m ;rI tusKd ; &v'f a wG u d k v nf ;
azmfjyay;xm;w,f/ usef;rma&; wpfckck csKdU,Gif;vdkuf&if
aiGaMu;omru 0efaqmifrI nHhzsif;ol awGeJY qHkvdkuf&if
a&m*gyg ydw
k ;kd vmEdik w
f hJ tusK;d qufawGyg &vmEdik yf gao;w,f/
'gaMumifh udk,fh
&JU aexdkifpm;aomufrI
yHkpH ajymif;vJvdkuf½HkeJY
cE¨mudk,fusef;rmrIudk
twd k i f ; twm wpf c k
txd &vmEdik rf mS rsK;d awG
'Dpm tkyfzwf&if; tod
tjrif wdk;vmEdkifygvdrfh
r,f/ ud,
k &hf UJ use;f rma&;
twG u f vrf ; nT e f r I
vdck siv
f Yykd jJ zpfjzpf use;f rm
a&; A[kokwudk pmxJ
uwpf q if h vdkcsifvdkY
yJjzpfjzpf 'Dpmtkyfu
axmuf u l E d k i f y gvd r f h
r,f/
„

20
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

pOfqufrjywf usef;rma&;apmifUa&SmufrI
ay;wJUae&m
wwfEkdifr,fqkd&if a&m*gwpfckjzpfrS
ukowmxuf rjzpfcif BudKBudKwifwif ppfaq;
uko&if taumif;qHk; jzpf y gw,f / tck
ajymjycsifwmuawmh pOfqufrjywfuse;f rma&;
apmifah &SmufrjI yKvkyfay;wJh Apex Asia Medical
Center &JUtpDtpOfyg/ pOfqufrjywfuse;f rma&;
apmifah &Smufrt
I pDtpOfvdkYqdkxm;wJhtwkdif; Basic
Health Plans? Home Visit
Plan (Nurse)? Home

ig;ESpftmrcHw,fqdkwJU
vQyfppfa&aEG;csKd;puf

Visit Plan(Doctor) qdNk yD; q&m0efawG? olemjyK
q&mrawGeYJ vtvku
d f ppfaq;ay;wJh tpDtpOf
awG jyKvkyfxm;wmawGUw,f/
pOfqufrjywf usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrI
tpDtpOfawGtjyif rdom;pkq&m0ef vdktyfol
awGeYJ pmoifausmif;awGtwGuv
f nf; ausmif;om;
awG&JU usef;rma&;eJU ausmif;ywf0ef;usif
oefY&iS ;f a&;tpDtpOf
awGy g vdkufvH
aqmif&Guf a y;
w,f v d k Y od &
w,f/
trSwf 33^2? jynfvrf;?
7rkid ?f r&rf;uke;f
NrdKU e,f? zke;f 662801?
662467? 0973227555 udk
qufo,
G af r;jref;
Ekdifygvdrhfr,f/
„

aps;oifUyefum
ayghayghyg;yg;eJY aps;oifhyefumav; wpfvHk;
avmuf 0,fr,fqdkolawGtwGufyg/ pm;yGJwif
yefum trsKd;tpm; jzpfNyD; Escort trSwfwHqdyfyg//
Timer u 1 em&Dvkyfxm;vdkY&w,f/
Fan Speed twGuf 1? 2? 3 qkdNyD; oHk;qifh
ygygw,f/ eufjyma&mifeJY tjzLa&mifESpfrsKd;&Sdw
w,f
,f/
aps;EIef;u 17500 usyfyg/
aejynfawmfaps;uGuftwGuf &nf&G,fñTeeffay;wmyg/
vjynfh0ef;tDvufx&Gefepf trSwf 4^16? Adkvfawmufxdef
vrf;? ysOf;rem;NrdKU? zkef;-067-22957? 09-5157102
7102
wdkYrSm qufoG,far;jref; 0,fvdkY&ygw,f/
„

um;opfav;&JYaemufcef;cif;zdkh
jrefrmEdkifiH&JU vrf;rawGxufrSm um;aumif;um;oefY
awGrsm;vmovdk ,mOfausmydwfqdkYrIuvnf; olrwlatmif
jrifhwufvmwm awGU&w,f/ 'Dvdkjzpf&wJh taMumif;tcsuf
awGxJ pnf;urf;rJh armif;ESifolawG? tajctaet&qdkNyD;
ausmf j zwf? ausmfwufarmif;ESifolawG? &yf e m;p&mae&m
tvHktavmufr&SdvdkYqdkNyD; jzpfovdk &yfem;MuwJh tcsufawG
vnf; yg0ifygw,f/
t"duuawmh armf',fvfjrifh? Brand jrifhum;awG pD;Mu
armif;Muovdk pdwf"mwfvSvSav;? tjyiftqifvSvSav;eJYqdk
ydkaumif;oGm;r,fvdkY qkdcsifwmyg/ ñTefay;csifwmu tckaemuf
tawGU&rsm;vmwJh um;trsKd;tpm;awG aemufcef;av;udk
cHn
h m;oGm;atmif? aya&wmrsK;d ysupf ;D wmrsK;d udk umuG,Ef ikd af tmifif
toHk;0ifr,fh twGif;cef; tcif;jym;yg/ Prado, Probox, Vitz, Fit,
it,
Swift, Surf, Rav 4 wdkYvdk um;rsKd;awGtwGuf toH;k wnfy
h gvdrrhf ,f/ 'Dtcif;jym;u a&mfbmeJY
jyKvkyfxm;wmrdkY tvG,fwul oefYpifay;vdkY&ygw,f/ qlyg0rf;teD;? usKduúqHa&aq;
qDxdk;0if;xJu Fair Lady Car Solon rSm 0,fvdkY&ygw,f/ aps;EIef;u 16ç000 usyfyg/
„

atmfpumtaumif;qHk;½kyf&SifZmwfum;qk&

avat;ay;puf wyfrvdkhvm;
aEG&JUyHk&dyf&moDOwk'Pfudk cH&pjyKvm
NyDrdkY 'D'PfudktefwkNyD; tvkyfvkyfzkdYtwGuf
'grSr[kwf tdypf ufem;aezdYktwGuf avat;ay;
pufwyfzkdYrsm; pdwful;cJh&if xnfhpOf;pm;Munfh
vkdY&atmif aps;uGufxJ topfxyfa&muf
vmw,fqkdwJh Air Con trsKd;tpm;wpfckudk
nTefay;r,f/ topfvJcsifolawG? xyfcsJUzkdY
vkdtyfolawGtwGufvnf; tqifajyatmif
yg/ Air Con cef;uae tylxJ½kwfw&uf
xGufwmrsKd;? tylxJuae txJudk ½kwfw&uf
0ifvu
dk w
f mrsK;d rjzpfatmifawmh owdjyK&ygr,f/
cknTefay;ygu CHANGHONG trSwf
wHqdyf MODEL-CSC-10/13F (F Series) yg/
'Davat;ay; pufrSm Four Way Air Flow pepf
ygwmrdYk ae&mtESYH avjzefYay;Ekid v
f Ydk tcef;wGi;f
udkydkNyD; at;jrapw,fvkdY qkdw,f/ Turbo

&moDOwkat;wJhtcsdefyJjzpfjzpf a&aEG;aEG;av;eJY
rsufESmopf acgif;avQmv
f yk v
f &dk ifyjJ zpfjzpf ud,
k &hf JU tdrfrSmyJ
tEÅ&m,fuif;uif;eJY toHk;jyKEkdifr,hf vQyfppf a&aEG;csKd;puf
wpfrsKd;udk nTefay;csifygw,f/
Alpha trS w f w H q d y f armf ' ,f v f e H y gwf Smart 18i
trsKd;tpm; vQyfppfa&aEG;csKd;pufjzpfNyD; aetdrfawGrSmwif
rubJ tvSjyifqdkif? [kdw,f? wnf;cdkcef;awGrSmyg toHk;jyK
Ekdifygw,f/ 'Da&aEG;pufav;rSm Pressure Pump yg0ifwJh
twGuf a&rvdkufrSmudk pdk;&drfp&mrvkdwJhtjyif rD;tm;pm;udk
vnf; xuf0ufavmuf oufomapw,fvdkY a&mif;csolu qdkw,f/
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHu xkwfvkyfwJh Alpha Electric Water Heater udk ig;ESpt
f mrcHay;xm;NyD;
tpdrf;? yef;a&mif? tjzL? trnf; povdk a&G;cs,fp&mta&mifckepfrsKd;avmuf&SdwmrdkY azmfjyay;
vdkufwmyg/ 290000 usyfavmufeJY Royal Ceramic Trading Co.,Ltd. trSwf 50? vrf;30?
yef;bJwef;NrdKUe,f? &efukef? zkef;-243793? 250293? 09-5021785 rSm 0,fvkdY&rSmyg/
„

Operation ygwmaMumifh tat;jrefygw,f/
*syef enf;ynmoH;k NyD; xkwv
f yk x
f m;wmaMumifh
*syeft&nftaoG;jrifh Compressor udyk J oH;k xm;
w,fvkdY 'Dypönf;xkwfvkyfolawGu qkdw,f/
pufydwfvkdufwJhtcgrSmvnf; indoor
yefumu oHk;rdepfqufvnfaewmrdkYa&aiGYcef;
NyD; rIdpGJwmrsKd;r&SdwJhtjyif oefYpifwJhavudk &&Sd
apr,fh enf;ynmrsKd;oHk;xm;w,fvkdY 'Dypönf;
a&mif;olawGu qkdw,f/ tmrcHoufwrf;
oHk;ESpfay;xm;NyD; tydkypönf;pHkwm? pufcsKdU,Gif;
&if jyKjyif E k d i f w J h tm;omcsuf a wG & S d w mrk d Y
tvHk;a&cyfrsm;rsm; wyfqifvkdolawGtwGuf
vnf; tqifajyygvdrrhf ,f/ aEG&moDtxl;EIef;
taeeJY wpfaumiftm;udk 189ç000 usyf?
wpfaumifcGJtm;udk 215ç000 usyfeJY a&mif;ay;
r,fvkdY qkdw,f/ MULTI GENERATION
ELECTRONICS WHOLE
SALES CENTRE

trS w f - 508-512?
o&zDuGef'dk? ukeo
f nf
vrf;ESifh qdyfurf;om
vrf;axmif?h ausmufww
H m;
Nrd K Ue,f ? zk e f ; - 0973240123 rSm 0,fvkdY
&rSmyg/
„

Argo

'DESpfatmfpumqkay;yGJrSm taumif;qHk;
½kyf&SifZmwfum;qk&&SdoGm;wJh Argo Zmwfum;
DVD udk nTefay;yg&ap/ wu,fhjzpf&yfudk
ausm½k d ; xm;NyD ; ½k d u f u l ; wif q uf x m;wJ h
'D Z mwf u m;ud k a[mvd 0 k ' f t ausmf t armf
o½k y f a qmif bef tufzvufu udk,fwkdif
xkwfvkyf½kduful;NyD; udk,fwkdif0ifo½kyfaqmif
xm;wmjzpfygw,f/ tD&efEkdifiHeJU ½kyf&Sif
avmuudk tajcjyK½ku
d x
f m;wJh axmufvrS ;f a&;
Zmwfum;yg/
1979 tD&efrSm jynfoludk zdpD;tkyfpdk;cJhwJh
&Sm;bk&ifudk vlxk tiftm;eJY jzKwfcsEkdifcJhNyD;
jynfya&muf bmoma&;acgif;aqmif tm,mwdk

vmcd k a reD u jyef 0 if
vmNyD ; wk d i f ; jynf u d k
OD;aqmifygw,f/
&Sm;bk&ifu xGufajy;
oG m ;NyD ; tar&d u ef
jynfaxmifpu
k cdv
k cHI iG hf
ay;vdu
k w
f t
hJ cg a'go
xGufaewJh vltyk Bf uD;
u tar&duefo H ½ k H ;
udk 0ifpD;NyD; oH½kH;
0efxrf;awGukd "m;pmcH
vkyzf rf;xm;vdu
k yf gawmhw,f/ jzpfcsiaf wmh
aemufaygufuae tar&duef0efxrf;ajcmufa,muf
vGwfajrmufoGm;NyD; uae'goH½kH;xJ 0ifykef;ae
Muygw,f/ tD&efaxmufvrS ;f a&;u awmufavQmuf
teHYcH aewmrdYk olwYkduMH ur®mu raocsmygbl;/
tJ'rD mS tar&duef CIA at;*sihw
f pfO;D u
tar&duefjrifvQif awGUwJhae&m 0dkif;qGJMuwJh
tD&efudk0ifNyD; olUEkdifiHom;awGudk 0ifu,f&yg
vdrrhf ,f/ olu,fr,fh enf;vrf;uawmh ]½ky&f iS f
½kdufwJhenf;} ygwJh/ ½ky&f iS femrnfu Argo/
&if w xd w f x d w f M unf h & r,f h jzpf & yf r S e f
axmufvSrf;a&;Zmwfum;jzpfygw,f/ Warner
Bros uxkwfwJh 'DZmwfum;[m jyocsdef 120
rdepfyg/
„

21

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

VOICE FROM ABROAD
,cku@rSm jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;jzpfay:vsuf&Sdaom
Ekid if aH &;? pD;yGm;a&;ESihf vlraI &;tygt0if tjcm;u@toD;oD;rS
tajctaet&yf&yfwkdYESifhywfoufí EkdifiHwumrSrD'D,mrsm;?
ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh apmifhMunfhavhvmolrsm;\a&;om;ajymqkd
xkwfvTifhcsufrsm;teufrS xl;jcm;NyD; tav;teufxm;xnfh
oGif;pOf;pm;oifhonf[k ,lqaomtcsufrsm;udkaumufEkwf
azmfjyay;jcif;jzpfygonf/ aumufEkwfcsufrsm;rSm rl&if;
tmabmftwkid ;f bmomjyefqx
kd m;jcif;jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly
\tmabmfr[kwfaMumif; azmfjyvkdygonf/
t,f'Dwm

aoG;opfavmif;&r,fU NLD
NLD onf tpdk;&twGuf txifu& twkduftcHygwDBuD;wpfck
tjzpf qufvufusef&Sdaeaomfvnf; vmrnfh 2015 a&G;aumufyGJwGif
rJtrsm;pk&&Sdvkdonf (txl;ojzihf e,fpGefe,fzsm; awmwGif;a'orsm;ü
ppfwyfESifh xdyfwkdufy#dyu©jzpfvsuf&Sdaom wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkrsm;
tMum;rJ&&Sv
d o
dk nf) qkyd gu pdeaf c:rIrsm;pGmESihf BuHKawGU&rnfjzpfonf/
NLD ygwDnDvmcHBuD;ESifh ygwDwGif;a&G;aumufwifajr§mufrIrsm;?
wm0efcefYtyfrIrsm; tp&SdonfwkdYonf ygwDtaeESifh jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;
vsifjrefpGm ajymif;vJ aeaom EkdifiHa&;tcif;tusif;ESifh twlvkdufyg
vsu&f o
dS nf[al omtcsuu
f dk jyoEkid af &;twGuf tvGet
f a&;BuD;onf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ xifjrifokH;oyfcsufrsm;onf oufwrf; 25
ESpMf um NLD ygwD\ acgif;aqmifyidk ;f rsm;taeESihf ygwDonf aoG;opf
avmif;&ef olr\ wku
d w
f eG ;f csuftwkid ;f pdww
f idk ;f usvkyu
f idk af wmhrnf
[laomtcsufudk od&cdS iG &hf &So
d mG ;apaMumif; xkid ;f Ekid if ?H csif;rkid t
f ajcpku
d f
A[kzGHUNzdK;a&;tifpwDusKrS OD;atmifolNidrf;u ajymMum;onf/ NLD
ygwDwiG f rl0g'a&;&mESiyfh wfoufí ykrd v
dk yk u
f idk af jymqkad om vli,ftzGUJ 0ifrsm;?
ygwDwiG ;f MoZm&So
d nfh &mxl;ae&m&,lvadk om vli,frsm; yg0ifvmvdrrhf nf
jzpfonf[k OD;atmifolNidrf;u Radio Australia okdY ajymMum;onf/
(UPI owif;Xme\ Myanmar’s NLD party need ‘new blood’
ukdbmomjyefqkdonf)

ucsif'ku©onfawGtwGuf bdvyfuvmwJUtoH
xkid ;f Ekid if t
H ajcpku
d f ucsit
f rsKd ;orD;rsm;tzGUJ (KWA)u xkwjf yef
aom tpD&ifcHpmopfwpf&yft& tpkd;&wyfzGJUrsm;onf ucsifjynfe,f&Sd
c&pf,mefbk&m;&Sdckd;ausmif; 66 ckukdzsufqD;ypfcJhonf/ xkdYjyif ppfwyf
onf rk'drf;usifhrIukd vufeufwpfcktjzpf tokH;jyKvsuf&SdaMumif;?
2011 ckEpS w
f iG f typftcwf&yfpaJ &;oabmwlncD suyf sujf ym;oGm;onhf
aemuf jrefrmppfwyfu ,if;bk&m;&Sdckd;ausmif;rsm;ukd rD;½IdUypfcJhaMumif;
tpD&ifcHpmuqkdonf/ vwfwavmEkdifiHwumvGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifh
tzGJUuxkwfjyefaomtpD&ifcHpmwGifvnf; ucsifc&pf,mefbmom0if
rsm;tay: avaMumif;rSwkdufckdufrIukd a0zef½Iwfcsxm;onf/ ]]jrefrm
ppfwyf &GmxJu0dk ifvmwJt
h cgrSm olwYdku c&pf,mefb&k m;&Scd ;dk ausmif;awG
ukdyJ zsufqD;ypfMuw,f/ apwDykxkd;awGukdusawmh rwkdYxdMuygbl;/
ucsif'ku©onfawG[m qefeJYqm;eJYyJtouf&SifaeMu&w,f/ qefeJY
qm;qkw
d hJ tm[m&ESprf sKd ;wnf;yJow
l Ydk&Muw,f}} [k NAdwed Ef idk if H vef'efNrdKU
wGif usif;yjyKvkyfaom qkawmif;yGJü ucsiftrsdK;om;tzGJU (KNO)\
wGzJ uftwGi;f a&;rSL; Hkanhpa Sadan uajymMum;onf/ ]]a':atmifqef;pkMunf
qkw
d mvnf; pdwyf sufp&maumif;wJo
h jl zpfvmygNy/D olr[m uReaf wmfwYd&k UJ
wpfcw
k nf;aomarQmfvifhcsufyg/ 'gayrJh wkdif;&if;om;vlenf;pkawG
twGuf xkwfazmfajymqkday;wmrsdK; a':atmifqef;pkMunfrvkyfEkdifcJh
ygbl;/ 'ku©onfpcef;awGukdvnf; roGm;cJhygbl;/ olr[m ppfwyfukd
[efYwm;&zkdY aMumufaew,f? 2015 rSmusif;yr,fh a&G;aumufyGJukdyJ
rsufpdusaewm}} [k ¤if;u qufvufajymqkdonf/
(World Watch Monitor pmapmifyg Attacks continue on
minorities in Burma rSaumufEkwfcsuf)

½kd[if*smtcGifhta&; 'kdYta&;avm
olwYdkudk ]½k[
d if*sm} [kac:onfjzpfap? ]b*FgvD} [kac:onfjzpfap
jyóemr&Sday/ okdYaomf jyóem&SdaeonfhtcsufrSm olwkdYtwGuf
trdajr[k,lq&onfh jrefrmEkdifiHwGif aexkdifvsuf&SdpOf vlYtcGihfta&;
&&Sad &;? tMurf;zufrEI iS hf aMumuf&UHG rIwYdk rS umuG,af y;a&;tp&So
d nfwYdk
vkyfukdifay;&efomta&;BuD;onf/ jrefrmEkid if rH S Oya'a&;qGo
J rl sm;? t&m&Sd
BuD;rsm;ESifh ynm&SifBuD;rsm;onf NyD;cJhonfh ZGefvESifh atmufwkdbmv
twGif; &ckdifjynfe,füjzpfay:cJhaom tMurf;zufrIrsm;\ ZpfjrpfESifh
ppfrSefaom taMumif;t&if;rsm;ukd &SmazGMujcif;xuf ½kd[if*sm[k
ac:aom tqkdygvlrsdK;pkrsm; (jrefrmjynfwGif) tajccsaexkdifcJhjcif;
&Sd?r&Sd[laom udpöukdom tjiif;tckefvkyfaeMuonf/
(xkdif;EkdifiH The Nation owif;pmyg Myanmar: Stop
discriminating against Royingha aqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfcsuf)

tusKd;r&SdpDrHudef;rsm; avQmUcsEdkifrIaMumifU
aiGaMu;azmif;yGrI 5 &mcdkifEIef;atmufavsmU
&efukef? rwfv 12

iHawmftwGuf ta&;wBuD;vkyfaqmif&efrvdktyfonhfpDrHudef;rsm;udkavQmhcsjcif;ESihfqdkif;iHhjcif;rsm; jyKvkyfEdkif
ojzihf 2012-2013 b@ma&;ESpfwGif aiGaMu;azmif;yGrIudk 5 &mcdkifEIef;atmuf avQmhcsEdkifcJhaMumif; EdkifiHawmf
or®wOD;odef;pdefu aejynfawmfwGifjyKvkyfonhfb@ma&;aumfr&Siftpnf;ta0;wGif ajymMum;onf/
2013-2014 b@ma&;ES p f xm;Edkif&rnfjzpfaMumif;? aemufqkH; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
wGiv
f nf; aiGazmif;yGru
I kd 5 &mcdkifEIef; wGif jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ ok;H aiG OD;cifarmif&Du qdkonf/
atmuf xdef;xm;rnfjzpfaMumif; xuf &aiGrsm;vmygu b@ma&;
trsKd;om;pDrHudef; (rlMurf;)
Edik if aH wmfor®w OD;ode;f pdeu
f qdo
k nf/ ydkaiG&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&; wGif a&;qGJxm;onhf aejynfawmf
2013-2014 b@mESpftwGif; ynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifudkudku aq;½kH pDru
H ed ;f rsm;? usnu
f mum;rsm;
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\pkpkaygif;&aiG tBuHjyKonf/
0,f,la&;ESihf umuG,fa&; tokH;
rSm usyf 13ç805 'or 387 bDv,
D H
]]aiGaMu;azmif;yGrIudk avQmhEdkif p&d w f r sm;ud k avQmh c sxm;ojzih f
jzpfNyD; usyf 16ç732 'or 285 wmeJY aiGaMu;vJvS,fEIef;udk tpdk;& jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ aiGvkH;aiG&if;
bDv,
D t
H ok;H jyKrnfjzpfojzihf b@ma&; u xdef;ausmif;ae&muae EIef;&Sif tokH;p&dwf usyf 185 'or 753
vdak iG usyf 2926 'or 898 bDv,
D &H d S vTwf&mrSm taxmuftulay;Edkif bDvD,Htxd avQmhcsEdkifcJhaMumif;
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/ w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
OD;odef;pdefu ajymMum;onf?
*sD ' D y D w ef z d k ; usyf 59ç248
jrefrmEdkifiH\ vuf&SdaiGaMu;
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\ aiGvkH;
'or 953 bDvD,H&Sdojzihf vdkaiGESihf azmif ; yG r I E I e f ; rS m tzG J U tpnf ; aiG&if; tokH;p&dwfrsm;udk avQmhcs
*sD'DyDtcsKd;rSm 4 'or 94 &mcdkifEIef; toD;oD;\ tajccHwdkif;wmonhf Ed k i f o jzih f Ed k i f i H h 0 ef x rf ; rsm;ES i h f
&&SdrnfjzpfNyD; aiGaMu;azmif;yGrIudk uk e f y pö n f ; tay:wG i f r l w nf N yD ; wyfrawmf0efxrf;rsm;udk vpmESihf
5 &mcdkifEIef;atmuf xdef;xm;Edkifrnf trsKd;rsKd;jzpfay: aeaomfvnf; tzGJU tNid r f ; pm;vpmrsm; wd k ; jr§ i h f a y;
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymonf/
tpnf;tm;vkH;\&v'frSm aiGaMu; EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; or®wBuD;u
aiGaMu;azmif;yGru
I kd 5 &mcdik Ef eI ;f azmif ; yG r I 5 &mcd k i f E I e f ; txuf qdkonf/
atmuf xde;f xm;Edik yf gu jrefrmEdik if H &SdaMumif; a'gufwmatmifudkudku
jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &u Zefe0g&Dv
\ NrD&Sifjzpfonhf yJ&pfuvyfu ajymonf/
7 &ufaeYwGif vTwfawmfodkYwifoGif;
a<u;NrD 75 &mcdkifEIef;txd avsmf
jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &\b@ma&; onhf trsKd;om;pDrHudef; (rlMurf;)
ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; b@ma&;ESihf vdak iGjyrIukd avQmch sEikd &f ef jynfaxmifpk udk vTwfawmfu jyifqifcsufrsm;jzihf
tcGef0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; tpd;k &wifoiG ;f onht
f rsK;d om;pDru
H ed ;f jyefvnfay;ydkYojzihf jyifqifcsuf
OD;0if;&Sdefu ajymMum;xm;onf/
(rlMurf;)wGif EdkifiHawmfESihf EdkifiHom; rsm;ESihfavsmfnDrnhf 2013-2014
aiGaMu;azmif;yGrIudk enf;Edkif rsm;twGuf tusKd;r&SdaompDrHudef; b@mESpft& tokH;cefYrSef;ajc aiG
orQ wjznf ; jznf ; avQmh c sNyD ; rsm;udk avQmhcs&efESihf qdkif;iHh&ef pm&if ; ud k b@ma&;ES i h f t cG e f
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&\&aiGESihf okH;aiG vT w f a wmf u xd e f ; ausmif ; Ed k i f c J h 0efBuD;Xmeu jyifqifa&;qGJcJhjcif;
udk rQajcwpfckodkYa&mufatmif xdef; aMumif ; {&m0wD w d k i f ; a'oBuD;rS jzpfonf/
„

Edkif

A[dktvkyftrIaqmifopf
yxrqkH;tpnf;ta0; {jyDwGifvkyfrnf
NLD

&efukef? rwf 14

wpfEdkifiHvkH;qdkif&m A[dknDvmcHusif;yNyD;trIaqmifa[mif;trsm;pkjzihf jyefvnfzGJUpnf;vdkufonhf
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf(NLD) ygwDA[dktvkyftrIaqmiftzGJUopf\ yxrqkH;tBudrftpnf;ta0;udk
{jyDvqef;ydkif;wGifjyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif;,if;ygwD\ A[dktvkyftrIaqmiftzGJU 0ifOD;tkef;BudKifu ajym
Mum;onf/
,if;tpnf;ta0;wGif usef;rma&;? ynma&;?pD;yGm;a&; tp&Sad omu@toD;oD;twGuf aumfrwDEiS fh
aumfrwDcrJG sm;udzk UJG pnf;oGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;¤if;u qdkonf/
]]ygwDudktBuHjyKp&m&Sd&if jyKvdkY&ygw,f}}[k OD;tkef;BudKifu qdkonf/
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf ygwD\wpfEdkifiHvkH;qdkif&m nDvmcHudkrwfv 8? 9 ESihf 10 &ufaeYwdkYxd
jyKvkyfNyD;A[dktvkyfrIaqmifaumfrwD 15 OD;? t&efA[dktvkyfrIaqmifaumfrwDig;OD;? A[dak umfrwDtzGUJ 0if
120 OD;? t&efA[dkaumfrwDtzGJU0if 30 OD;jzihf jyefvnfzGJUpnf;cJhonf/
NLD ygwDOuú|a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ]]tpnf;ta0;awGrSmA[dkaumfrwDtzGJUu uRefreJYtjrif
rwlwJhudpöawGudk aqG;aEG;vdkY&ygw,f/ uRefrudk aMumufraeMuygeJY}}[k rwfv 10 &ufaeYu ,if;ygwD
nDvmcHwGifajymMum;onf/
NLD ygwDonf 1990 a½G;aumufyGJwGif rJtjywftowfjzihftEdkif&&SdonhfygwDwpfckjzpfNyD; 2010 jynfE
h Spf
a½G;aumufyGJwGif 2008zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk vufrcHonht
f wGuf yg0ifta½G;cHjcif;r&SdcJhaomfvnf; 2012
ckESpf Mum;jzwfa½G;aumufyGJwGif0ifa&muf,SOfNyKdifcJh&mrJqE´e,f 43 ae&m ta½G;cHcJh&mwGif 42 ae&m tEdkif
&cJhonf/
„

22
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

0rfaygifukrÜPDESifUpmcsKyftopfcsKyfqdkí aMu;eDpDrHudef;qufvufaqmif½Guf
owif;aqmif;yg; - atmifpdk;? udkouf(rkH½Gm)
;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;udk tm;enf;csufrsm;jyKjyifí EdkifiH
vuf yHESaiwmif
hfa'ocHrsm;ydkrdktusKd;jzpfxGef;ap&ef 0rfaygifukrÜPDESihfpmcsKyf
topfcsKyfqu
kd m qufvufaqmif½u
G o
f mG ;&eftBuHjyKaMumif; pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;
aumfr&SifOuú|a':atmifqef;pkMunfu aMu;eDpDrHudef;e,fajrwGifyg0if
aom 'kH;awmeihfuHukef;aus;½Gma'ocHrsm;udkawGYqkH&mwGif ajymMum;onf/
w½kwfukrÜPDwpfckESihfjrefrm
,if ; uJ h o d k Y avQmf a Mu;ay;
ukrÜPDwpfckwdkY oabmwlnDxm; &mwGifvnf; ydkifqdkifaMumif;pm½Guf
onh f pD r H u d e f ; jzpf o nh f t wG u f pmwrf;rsm;r&Sdawmhygu tqdkyg
wpfzufowfzsuo
f rd ;f cJyh gu pDymG ;a&; v,f,majrrsm;udk ydkifqdkifcJhaMumif;
t& ,kHMunf&rIr&&SdEdkifawmhonfh vloufao&Sd½kHrQjzihfyif avsmfaMu;
twGuf wdik ;f jynf\tem*wfp;D yGm;a&; ay;&efn§dEdIif;xm;jyD; &&SdaomaiGrsm;
tvm;tvm;rsm; xdcdkufEdkiaf Mumif; udk a&&SnftusKd;pD;yGm;udk arQmfudk;jyD;
qufvufajymMum;onf/
okH;pGJMu&ef a':atmifqef;pkMunfu
aMu;eDpDrHudef;udkEdkifiHwumpH ajymMum;cJhonf/
EIef;rsm;twdkif;qufvufaqmif½Guf
vuf y H a wmif ; awmif p k H p rf ;
oG m ;rnf j zpf a omf v nf ; od r f ; ,l c J h ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\tBuHjyKcsuf
aom v,f,majrrsm;udk umvwef rsm;twd k i f ; a'ocH r sm;\tusKd ;
aMu;ESihf avsmfaMu;ay;&ef a'ocH pD ; yG m ;ud k azmf a qmif a y;Ed k i f & ef
rsm;\tvkyftudkif&&Sda&;? oefY&Sif; twGuf usyo
f ef;aygif;ig;aomif;ausmf
aom aomuf o k H ; a& &&S d a &;ES i h f xyfrHokH;pGJoGm;&ef&SdjyD; pkHprf;ppfaq;
usef ; rma&; apmih f a &S m uf r I p onf h a&;aumfr&SifOuú|ESihftzGJU0ifrsm;
vkyfief;rsm;udk wm0ef,laqmif½Guf onfpHy,fawmif aMu;eDpDrHudef;
ay;oGm;rnf[k jrefrmpD;yGm;a&;OD;ydkif twGi;f odYk 0ifa&mufppfaq;cJah Mumif;
vDrdwufESihfw½kwf0rfabmifukr®PD jrefrmhp;D yGm;a&;OD;ydik vD
f rw
d ufrw
S m0ef&dS
wdkYu uwday;xm;aMumif; ¤if;u yk*d¾KvfwpfOD;uqdkonf/
qdkonf/
vufyHawmif;awmiftpD&ifcH
aMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f twGuf v,f,m
ajrrsm;udk umvwefaMu;ESihftnD
avsmfaMu;ay;&mwGif ,ckaqmif
½Gurf nhf vufyaH wmif;awmifprD u
H ed ;f
udkomru jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOf
ygwDtpdk;&vufxufuwnf;uyif
aqmif ½ G u f c J h a om pH y ,f a wmif ?
aMu;pifawmif pDrHudef;rsm;twGuf
od r f ; ,l c J h a omv,f a jrrsm;ud k y if
jyefvnf avsmaf Mu;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&SiftzGJU0if
wpfO;D u uHuek ;f aus;½GmwGif a'ocH
rsm;udk today;cJhonf/

"mwfykH - a&Ttif;om;cifarmif0if;

pmxkwfjyefjyD; ESpf&uftMum rwfv
13 &ufaeYwGif pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;
aumfr&SifOuú|ESihftzGJY0ifrsm;onf
aMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f e,fajrtwGi;f &Sd aus;½Gm
rsm;odkYoGm;a&muf&mwGif aus;½Gm
trsm;pkrmS a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk

"mwfykH - a&Ttif;om;cifarmif0if;

rkH&Gmc&D;pOfESifUywfoufí
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ okH;oyfajymMum;csuf
&efukef? rwf 14

vufyaH wmif;awmiftpD&ifcpH mxkwjf yefNy;D ESp&f uftMum rwfv 13 &ufEiS hf 14 &ufaeYwYw
dk iG f vufyaH wmif;awmif
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&SifOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunfESihftzGJU0ifrsm;onf aMu;eDpDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif;&Sd
aus;&Gm&Spf&GmESihf aMu;eDpDrHudef;puf½kHodkYoGm;a&mufavhvmcJh&mwGif uefYuGufqE´jyrItcsKdUESihf awGUBuHKcJh&jcif;
tay: rkH½GmNrKdUrSrxGufcGmrD rdepfydkif;tvdkwGif rD'D,mrsm;u ar;jref;cJhonfrsm;rS aumufEIwfazmfjyygonf/
]]aumfr&Sif&JUpD&ifcsuf[m rSefuefw,fxifvdkU taumif;qkH;jzpfatmif cswJhpD&ifcsuf/ tJ'DpD&ifcsufudk
tar wm0ef,lw,f/ 'Dudpöudk oabmrwlbl;qdk&if oabmrwlydkifcGifh &Sdw,f/ twif;tusyf oabmwl
&r,fvdkY b,foludkrS ajymvdkUr&bl;/ tarwdkY awGU&SdcsufawGt& &JawGu &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd vkyfwmr[kwfbl;/
rD;avmifAkH;qdkwmvnf; r[kwfbl;/ 'g smoke AkH;/ rD;cdk;AkH;udk rD;avmifAkH;vdkUajym&r,fqdk&if tar
rajymEdkifbl;/ tar'gudk xkwfwJhpuf½kHrSmudk,fwdkifoGm;NyD; prf;oyfNyD;oGm;NyD/ tarwdkYoGm;cJhwJh wcsKdU&Gm
awGu tpD&ifcHpmvJzwfrxm;MuwJhtjyif &Sif;jywmudkvnf; em;raxmifMubl;/ 'g[mvJ olwdkYrSm [dk;t&if
uwnf;u y#dyu©awGjzpfcJhMuwmqdkawmh ajyajyvnfvnfvkyfwJhtusihf r&Sdao;vdkYyg/ 'gudktar tjypf
rwifygbl;/ 'Dc&D;u pnf;½kH;zdkYoGm;wm r[kwfbl;/ &Sif;jyzdkY oGm;wm/ trsm;pku zwfawmif rzwf&ao;bl;/
bmvdkY rzwf&vJqdkawmh owif;pmr&vdkY ajymw,f/ EdkifiHa&;vkyfw,fqdkwm trkef;cHoihf&if trkef;cH&rSmyJ/
udk,frSefw,fxifwm vkyfvdkY&Sd&if/ trkef;cH&J&r,f/ trkef;rcHcsif&if EdkifiHa&;rvkyfeJY/ tcspfcHcsifvdkY
vkyfwmqdk&if EdkifiHa&;r[kwfbl;/ tarwdkYrSmawmh ZmwfuzdkY tcsdefr&Sdbl;}}
„

MudKqdkchJMuaomfvnf; tcsKdYaus;½Gm
rsm;wGif tjyif;txefuefYuGufrIrsm;
udkyg yxrqkH;tMudrf awGBuHKcJh
&onf/
aMu;eD p D r H u d e f ; &yf q d k i f ; &ef
oydwfpcef; zGihfxm;aom wkH½GmodkY
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&SifOuúXESihf
tzGJ0ifrsm; oGm;a&mufí a'ocHrsm;
ESihfwpfem&DeD;yg;Mum awGYqkHcJhonhf
wdkifatmifyif ajyvnfrI r&&SdbJ
,Ofwef;xGufcGmcsdefwGif uefYuGuf
qE´jyrIudkyg awGYBuHKcJh&aMumif;
NLD owif ; jyef M um;a&;XmerS
tzGJY0ifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
]]uRefrwdkYu tarpkudkaum?
vufyHawmif;awmifMuD;udkyg qkH;½IH;
vdkuf&ygjyD}}[k wkH½Gmoydwfpcef;rS
touf 40 cefY awmifolwpfOD;u
qdkonf/
tvm;wl qnfwnf;aus;½GmodYk
oGm;a&muf&mwGiv
f nf; a':atmifqef;
pkMunfESifh vkHNcHKa&;tzGJY0ifig;OD;
udkom ajcvsif0ifa&mufcGifhjyKcJhJjyD;
owif;rD'D,morm;rsm;ESihfvkHNcHKa&;
wyfz0JG ifrsm; 0ifa&mufciG rhf jyKcahJ Mumif;
rk H ½ G m NrKd c H "mwf y k H o wif ; axmuf
udkatmifaersKd;u ajymMum;onf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunf qnfwnf;
aus;½GmrS jyefvnfxGufcGm&mwGif
½Gmom;rsm;ua':atmifqef;pkMunf
aemufrv
S u
kd v
f mum aumfr&Sit
f pD&if
cHpmtvdkr&Sd[k atmf[pfumvdkufyg
vmaMumif; rkH½GmNrKdUcH owif;orm;
rsm;u qdkonf/
a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf u d k
uef Y uG u f q E´ j yrI r sm;rS m a'ocH
awmifolrsm;\yifudkpdwf&if;aMumihf
r[kwfbJ aemufuG,frS aoG;xdk;vHIU
aqmfolrsm;\ajymqdkrIrsm;aMumihf
jzpfay:vmjcif;jzpfaMumif;? aMu;eD
pDrHudef;&yfqdkif;a&;twGuf pDwef;

vSnv
fh nfrrI sm;udk OD;aqmiforl sm;ESifh
a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; awGUqkH
uefYuGufoltcsKdUrSm v,fodrf;cH
awmifolrsm;r[kwfaMumif; a'ocH
½Gmom;tcsKdUu ajymMum;onf/
aMu;eD p D r H u d e f ; &yf q d k i f ; a&;
twGuf pDwef;vSnhfvnfolrsm;wGif
yg0ifol ig;OD;ESifh oydwpf cef;zGiv
fh pS f
xm;aom wkHaus;½Gma'ocHtcsKdUukd
pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tpD&if
cHpmtm; tjynhftpkHzwf½Ixm;jcif;
&Sd r&Su
d kd The Voice Weekly uar;jref;
cJh&m trsm;pkrSm zwf½Ixm;jcif;r&SdbJ
uefYuGufaejcif;jzpfaMumif; awGU&Sd
&onf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\,ck
c&D;pOfonf vufyHawmif;awmif
udp&ö yfukd taMumif;jyKí w½kwEf ikd if ?H
w½kwfvlrsKd;rsm;ESihf,kHMunf&if;ESD;rI
&&Sdatmif twdkif;twmwpfcktxd
aqmif½u
G Ef ikd cf jhJy;D a':atmifqef;pkMunf
udkuefYuGufqE´jyrIrsm;onfvnf;
aoG;½d;k om;½d;k r[kwaf om? w&m;rQw
rIr&Sdaom qE´jyrIrsm;omjzpfaMumif;
NHK owif ; XmerS ud k o D [ u
ajymMum;onf/
aumfr&SiftBuHjyKcsufrsm;rSm
a'ocHrsm;\qE´ESihf &mEIef;jynhfwpf
xyf w nf ; rusonh f w d k i f a&&S n f
tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf taumif;qkH;
tajz jzpfonfhtjyif awmf½kHEdkifiHa&;
orm; vkyfEdkifcJaom trsm;BuKduf
vufckyfoHEdkifiHa&;udk rvdkufbJ
jzpfoihf jzpfxdkufonhf vrf;aMumif;
rSefudk &J&J0Hh0HhaxmufjytBuHjyKcJhaom
aumf r wD O uú X \&yf w nf c suf u d k
wefzdk;xm; av;pm;apcsifonf[k
pma&;q&m ausmf0if;u ol\ Face
book pmrsufESmwGif a&;om;chJonf/
atmifpdk;? udkouf(rkH½Gm)

23

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

jrefrmEkdifiHrS tusdK;pD;yGm;rsm;pGmwkdh\ ppfyGJwpf&yf
atmifxGef;a&;om;NyD; cRefxl;[ef bmomjyefqkdonf
ckaqmif;yg;rSm tar&duefjynfaxmifpktajcpkduf jrefrmhta&;avhvmol owif;pmq&matmifxeG ;f a&;om;
aom A War of Many Interests in Myanmar ukd qDavsmaf tmifbmomjyefqx
dk m;jcif;jzpfonf/ bmomjyef&m
wGif rl&if;a&;om;ol\tmabmfEiS u
hf u
dk n
f aD &;twGuf tok;H tEIe;f tcsKUd ukd wku
d ½f kdufjyefqkdxm;ygonf/ Oyrm- Quasi
Civitian Government - t&yfom;tpkd;&/ okdYaomf xkdokdYaomtokH;tEIef;onf The Voice Weekly \tmabmf
r[kwfaMumif; txl;azmfjyvkdygonf/
2008 ckESpf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccH
ucsif j ynf e ,f w G i f ucsif
a0;vHacgifoDNyD; ppf\taiGU
vGwfvyfa&;wyfzGJU(autkdifat)ESifh toufrsm; zkH;vTrf;aeonfh ,if; Oya'wGif jrefrmwyfrawmfudk oD;jcm;
tpdk;&ppfwyftMum; jzpfay:aeonfh ucsif j ynf e ,f x J o k d Y rD ' D , mrsm; tzGJUtpnf;wpf&yftjzpf wav;
wkdufyGJrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiHwGif; 0ifa&mufowif;&,lrIukd uefYowf wpm; xdef;odrf;ay;xm;NyD; ppfwyf
taumif t xnf a zmf v suf & S d a om ydwyf if&ef tpd;k &uBudK;yrf;cJrh aI Mumifh taeESifh a&G;aumufyGJwGif 0ifa&muf
Ek d ifiHa&;toGiful;ajymif;rIrsm;u (autkdifatESifh ppfwyf) ESpfzuf ,SOfNydKifrIrjyKbJ ygvDrefvTwfawmfü
tqkH;owfwGif zuf'&,fEkdifiHawmf pvkH;u xkd;ppfqifwkdufckdufvsuf&Sd trwfae&m 25 &mckdifEIef; &,lcGihf
xlaxmifEidk o
f nftxd OD;wnfomG ;Ekid f ygonf[k tjyeftvSef pGyfpGJ&ef ay;xm;onf/
jrefrmEkdifiHa&;wGif BuD;rm;
jcif; &Sd? r&Sd [laomudpötwGuf jzpfvmcJhonf/
ta&;BuD;onfh prf;oyfcsufBuD;yif
jrefrmEkid if t
H jyifbuf w½kwjf ynf aom tajymif ; tvJ B uD ; wpf & yf
jzpfygonf/
a&TvND rdKUü vwfwavmaqG;aEG;rIrsm; jzpfatmif tqkdygzGJUpnf;ykHtajccH
ucsifjynfe,fwGif; tqkdyg jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdaomfvnf; xkdokdYtjyef Oya'u rSwfrSwfxifxifjyKvkyfay;
h nf/ ,cifuqkv
d Qif wyfrawmfu
wk d u f c k d u f r I r sm;rS m 2011 ck E S p f tvSefpGyfpGJrIrsm;u autkdifatESifh cJo
OD;odef;pdefOD;aqmifaom wyfrawmf typftcwf&yfpaJ &; oabmwlncD suf om tpkd;&\tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPm?
ausmaxmuf a emuf c H t&yf b uf &&Sda&;twGuf jzpfEkdifajcr&Sdatmif w&m;Oya' jyKa&;tmPmESifh w&m;
tpd;k & tmPm&&Sv
d mNyD;aemufvykid ;f xdxad &mufa&muf zefw;D xm;cJo
h nf/ pD&ifa&;tmPmBuD;okH;&yfpvkH;ukd
tMumwGif pwifjzpfyGm;cJhjcif;vnf;
xk d ; ppf y if j zpf a p? cH p pf y if vT r f ; rk d ; xm;cJ h o nf / xk d r Qru
jzpfonf/
jzpfap wkdufckdufrIrsm;ESifhywfoufí ao;ay/
Ek d i f i H a wmf o abmwl cG i h f j yK
OD;ode;f pdet
f pk;d &onf wyfrawmf od o mxif & S m ;vmaomtcsuf r S m
taeESifh autkdifatwyfzGJUrsm;tay: aejynfawmf&Sd wkdif;jynftkyfcsKyfa&; csufrsm;? pDrHudef;BuD;rsm;ESifh vkdifpif
f m;jcif;jzifh pD;yGm;a&;
xkd;ppfqifwkdufckdufrIrsm; rjyKvkyf tpd k ; &tzG J U ok d Y r[k w f Oya'jyK rsm;ukd xde;f csKyx
&ef nTeMf um;csuyf g&So
d nfah Munmcsuf vTwfawmfESpf&yfpvkH;onf ppfwyf vkyfief;e,fy,fukdyg wyfrawmfu
(tenf ; qk H ; ) ES p f & yf a vmuf a wmh tay: tjynf h t 0xd e f ; csKyf E k d i f r I vTrf;rkd;BuD;pkd;cJhygonf/
xkwfjyefxm;NyD;jzpfonf/
r&Sdjcif;yifjzpfonf/ q,fpkESpfaygif;
ok d Y wk d i f a tmif wyf r awmf rsm;pGm rwlnDaom zdESdyfcsKyfcs,frI ar;cGef;BuD; oHk;cGef;
ucsifwkdY\ t"duyef;wkdifrSm
onf xkd;ppfqifwkdufckdufrIrsm;ukd rsm;jzifh jrefrmEkdifiHtay: tkyfcsKyfchJ
&yfqkdif;cJhjcif;r&Sday/ txl;ojzifh onfw
h yfrawmfonf vuf&'dS rD u
dk a&pD ppf r S e f a om 'D r k d u a&pD t oG i f
NyD;cJhonfh 2012 ckESpf 'DZifbmwGif zGJUpnf; wnfaqmufykHpepfopfwGif ul;ajymif;rIwGif zuf'&,fEkdifiHawmf
qkd;qkd;&Gm;&Gm;jzpfay:cJhonfh wkdufyGJ ol\ukd,fykdif tm*sif'gjzifh rnfol wpf&yf ay:xGef;a&;yifjzpfonf/
f tqk;H okYd oGm;a&muf
rsm;ü tpkd;&bufu avaMumif; rnf 0 gurQ xd e f ; csKyf í r&aom tqkdygyef;wkid \
tiftm; tok;H jyKrIrsm;yif&cdS yhJ gonf/ uk d , f y k d i f t k y f c sKyf a &;tzG J U tpnf ; &mwGif ta&;ygonfh ar;cGef;oHk;ckukd
h iG ;f pOf;pm;
,if;okdY wkdufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm; wpf c k t jzpf quf v uf w nf & S d a e tav; teufxm; xnfo
aeonfhumvwpfavQmufvkH;wGif ygonf/ tqkdyg tm*sif'gukd rod& tajz&SmMu&rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;wkdY
tpdk;&u rdrdwkdYwyfzGJU0ifrsm;onf aomf v nf ; wyf r awmf t aeES i f h rSm (1) vuf&jdS refrmhEidk fiHa&;tcif;
olykefpcef;rsm;tay: xkd;ppfqif tpkd;&\tjcm;aomrnfonfh tzGUJ cGJ
wkdufcu
dk jf cif;xuf rdru
d ,
dk rf rd d ckcH rsm;ESihf Ekid if aH &;t&aomf vnf;aumif;? tusif;xJwGif t&yfom; ta,mif
umuG,fa&;twGufom wkdufckdu f ppfa&;t&aomfvnf;aumif; aqmif t pk d ; &tzG J U u ucsif w k d Y \
ypfcwfrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; tmrcH vkdufemaqmif&Guf&ef rvkdtyfonf awmif ; qk d c suf r sm; jynf h 0 atmif
bmawGvkyfukdifay;Ekdifrnfenf;/
ajymqkdxm;onf/
rSm &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;yifjzpfonf/
(2) oD ; jcm;tzG J U tpnf ;
wpf&yftjzpf yg&Sdaeonfh ppfwyfESifh
twl ,if ; tpd k ; &tzG J U taeES i f h
ucsifwkdif;&if;om; vufeufukdif
wk d Y E S i f h &&S d r nh f o abmwl n D c suf
&efukef? rwf 13
rsm;\vkHNcHKrIESifh rGefjrwfoefYpifrIwkdY
tpdk;&ESifhautdkiftdkwdkY jidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;aepOf rwfv 12
twGuf rnfokdYtmrcHEkdifrnfenf;/
&ufaeY nae 4 em&DcefYu ucsifjynfe,f rdk;n§if;NrdKUe,f armf[ef
(3) xkdYaemuf ,if;tmrcHcsuf
aus;&Gm&Jpcef;rS &JwyfzGJU0ifudk;OD;udk autdkifatu zrf;qD;oGm;
rsm;uk
d ucsifwkdYu rnfonfhtwkdif;
aMumif; ucsifjynfe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/
twmtxd ,k H M unf E k d i f r nf e nf ;
rdk;n§if;NrdKUe,f &Jpcef;rS 'k&JtkyfvSxGef;at; OD;aqmifaom
[líyifjzpfonf/
&JwyfzUJG 0ifcek pfO;D ? armf[efaus;½Gm&Jpcef;rS &JwyfzUJG 0ifEpS Of ;D ? ,mOfarmif;
ucsifjynfe,fwGif ppfyGJrsm;
t&yfom;wpfOD;wdkYudk autdkifatu ausmufpdrf;xGuf&Sdonhf erhfr&SD
jyif;jyif;xefxef jzpfay:ae&m tqkyd g
awmifajcwGif zrf;qD;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;NrdKUe,f&Jpcef;rS
ar;cGe;f ok;H cGe;f twGuf tajzrSmvnf;
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
&Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;rodEkdifbJ quf&Sd
]]rl;,pfaq;0g;uGif;qufwpfckudk zrf;zdkYoGm;wmyg/ vrf;rSm
aeygvdrfhrnf/ wkdif;jynfvlOD;a&
tzrf;cHvdkuf&ygw,f}}[k ¤if;u qdkonf/
xuf0ufeD;yg;cefYukd ukd,fpm;jyK
tqdkygtaMumif;t&mESihfywfoufí autdkifatXmecsKyfodkY
onfh wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK; &mausmf
qufoG,far;jref;&mwGif rod&SdaMumif; ajzMum;onf/
yg0if o nf h E k d i f i H w G i f ppf r S e f a om
2012 ckEpS f ESpu
f ek yf ikd ;f cefYuvnf; armf[ef&pJ cef;udk autdik af t
zuf'&,fEkdifiHawmfwpfck wnfaxmif
wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;u vufeufBuD; vufeufi,frsm;jzihf vma&mufypfcwf
Ekid af &;twGuf ta,mifaqmif t &yf
cJhNyD; &Jpcef;&Sdvufeufrsm; ,laqmifoGm;cJhonf/
„
buftpkd;&? Oya'jyKvTwfawmfESifh

,

&Jwyfz0YJG ifu;kd OD;udk autdik af tzrf;qD;

"mwfykH - atmifpdk;

wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pk ukd,fpm;vS,f
rsm;taeES i f h txuf a zmf j yyg
ar;cGef;oHk;cGef;ukd EkdifiHa&;yGifhvif;rI
&Sdaom vuf&Sdtcsdeftcgor,wGif
ta&;wBuD ; tajz&S m Mu&rnf o m
jzpfonf/ ,cifppftpdk;&wkdYonf
tqkdygar;cGef;rsdK;uJhokdYaom ta&;
udpörsm;ukd z,f&Sm;ypfcJh&m wkdif;&if;
om;vlrsdK;pkrsm;ESifh jynfwGif;ppfBuD;
jzpf y G m ;onf t xd jzpf c J h & onf /
,ckqkdvQif ,if;jynfwGif;ppfBuD;rSm
q,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGm MumjrifhaeNyD
jzpfygonf/
tqkdygy#dyu©wkdY&v'faMumifh
jrefrmEkdifiH\ zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrIonf
ta&SUawmiftm&Sa'owGif tjcm;
aomEkdifiHrsm;xuf aemufususef&pf
cJh&onf/
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D OD;atmifrif;
OD;aqmifaom Nidr;f csrf;a&;azmfaqmif
a&; tzGUJ onf wkid ;f jynfwiG f tiftm;
tBuD;qk;H wkid ;f &if;om;vufeufuidk f
tzG J U tpnf ; BuD ; wpf c k j zpf a om
autef,l (u&iftrsdK;om;,leD,H)
tygt0if tjcm;aomwkdif;&if;om;
vufeufuidk t
f yk pf rk sm;ESihf typftcwf
&yf p J a &; oabmwl n D r I r sm;uk d
atmifatmifjrifjrif wnfaqmuf
EkdifcJhygonf/
yif r Ek d i f i H a &;a&pD ; aMumif ;
BuD;xJwGif wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;pkrsm;
twGuf ae&m (Space) ay;Edkifonfh
tqkyd gvkyif ef;pOfudk taumiftxnf
azmfxkwfjcif;aMumifh ay:xGef;vm
onfh Nidrf;csrf;a&;wGef;tm;u wkdif;
&if;om;ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;taeESifh
2008 zGJUpnf;ykH tajccHOya'jyifqif
a&;qGJa&;? wkdif;&if;om;'ku©onf
rsm;ESifh jynfwGif;ajymif;a&TUaexkdif
&olrsm; ae&mcsxm;a&;? wkid ;f &if;om;
vlrsK;d pkrsm;a'oü pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;a&;
tpDtpOfrsm; taumiftxnfazmf
a&; tp&So
d nfwYdk xkwaf zmfajymqkcd iG hf
&&Sdatmif zefwD;ay;vmEkdifonf/
tjcm;aom wkdif;&if;om;tzGJU
tpnf;rsm;u OD;ode;f pde\
f ta,mif
aqmif t &yf o m;tpdk;&uay;aom

tmrcHcsurf sm;ukd vufoihcf cH MhJ uaomf
vnf; ucsifwkdYurl ,if;tmrcHcsuf
rsm;onf ¤if;wkdY\yifrjyóemrsm;
ukd pdwfauseyfavmufonftxd
ajz&Sif;ay;Ekdifrnfr[kwf[k ,lqcJh
Muonf/ trSepf ifppf jrefrmtpd;k &ESihf
1994 ckESpfrS 2011 ckESpftxd typf
tcwf&yfpJa&;oabmwlnDcsufukd
xd e f ; od r f ; xm;Ek d i f c J h a om ucsif
wdkYonf tjcm;aom wkdif;&if;om;
tkyfpkrsm;ESifh EIdif;,SOfrnfqkdygu
wpfrlxl;jcm;aom taetxm;wGif
&Sad eygonf/ zGUH NzdK;wk;d wufrt
I wGuf
jrefrmtpdk;&\ uwdu0wfrsm;u
jyóemopfrsm;ESifh tjrwfxkwfrI
rsm;ukd rnfokdYrnfykH aqmifMuOf;vm
onf[laomtcsufukd ucsifwkdYu
wkduf½kdufawGUjrifcJhMuonf/

½IyfaxG;eufeJaom zufwmrsm;
yxrtcsuftaeESifhqkd&vQif
ucsifjynfe,fonf wkdif;jynfwGif
obm0o,HZmw&if;jrpf ayg<u,f0
qkH;aom jynfe,fjzpfonf/ a&T?
uRef;opf? ausmufpdrf;ESifh tjcm;
owåKtajrmuftjrm; xGuf&Sdonf/
'kwd,tcsuftaeESifhqkdygu
ucsifjynfe,fonf urÇmay:wGif
'kwd,tBuD;qkH; pD;yGm;a&;yg0g EkdifiH
jzpfonfh w½kwfESifh e,fedrdwfcsif;
xdpyfaeonfh r[mAsL[m{&d,mxJ
wGif&Sdonf/ w½kwf[lonf ukefcJh
onf h q,f p k E S p f ES p f c k w mumv
twGif; jrefrmEkdifiHukd pD;yGm;a&;t&
t"duaxmufyHhay;onfh EkdifiHjzpf
ovkd EkdifiHwumtokdif;t0kdif;Mum;
wGifvnf; ausmaxmuf aemufcHay;
olvnf; jzpfcJhonf/
wwd,tcsut
f m;jzifh qk&d vQif
ucsifwyfrawmfonf tjcm;aom
wkdif;&if;om; vufeufukdiftkyfpkrsm;
xufpmvQif A[kdtpdk;& tkyfcsKyfrI
vufatmufrS ppfrSefaomukd,fykdif
tk y f c sKyf a &; &,l E k d i f a &;twG u f
aumif;pGmjyifqifxm;onf/
qufvufazmfjyygrnf/

24
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

ajrmufOuúvmwGif um;wdkufcH&olwpfOD; um; 19 pD; qufBudwfcH&
&efukef? rwf 13

&ef

ukefNrKdUawmf\vlaexlxyf&m NrdKUawmfwpfckjzpfaom &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; ajrmufOuúvmyNrKdUe,f ok"r®m
vrf;ray:wGif ,mOfwdkufrIaMumihf aoqkH;aeonhf trsKd;om;½kyftavmif;udk jzwfoef;armif;ESifoGm;onhf
,mOf 19 pD;uxyfrBH udwef if;cJah Mumif; &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;&JwyfzUJG rSL;½k;H ESifh rsufjrifawGU&So
d rl sm;xHrS pkpH rf;od&&dS onf/
rwfv 12&ufaeY eHeuf 5 ,mOf w d k u f c H & ol u d k ta0;ajy; wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
BudwfrdcJhonf ,mOfrsm;onf
em&DcefYu ,mOfwdkufcH&onhf toH c&D;onfwif,mOfwpfpD;tygt0if
Mum;ojzihf teD;tem;&Sd aexdkifol ,mOf 19 pD;cefY BudwfoGm;aMumif; wpf p D ; rQ &yf í Munh f ½ I j cif ; r&S d
rsm;u oGm;a&mufMunhf½I&m tqdkyg rsufjrifawGY&cdS o
hJ l txufwef;a&SUae aMumif;? ,if;tavmif;udk xyfrH

jzL;vlowfrI towfcH&oludk razmfEdkifao;
awmifil? rwf 14

jzL;Nrd K Ue,f w G i f acgif ; jzwf
towfcH&onhf trsKd;orD;trIESihf
ywfoufí vGefcJhaomwpfESpfcefY
uaysmufqkH;aeonhf trsKd;orD;\
vufaAG&mESihf acgif;jywfaoqkH;ol
trsKd;orD;\vufaAG&mudk wdkufqdkif
ppfaq;aomfvnf; vufaAG&mESpfck
rwlnDí aoqkH;oludk azmfxkwfEdkif
jcif; r&Sdao;aMumif; tqdkygtrIudk
ppfaq;aeol rIcif;wyfzGJU &Jt&m&Sd
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg vufaAG&m udk rwfv
9 &ufaeYwGif pwifppfaq;cJh&m
aoqk;H oltrsK;d orD;\vufaAG&monf
c½kywfykHjzpfNyD; aysmufqkH;aeol\
vufaAG&monf vdP
k af cgif;ykjH zpfae
aomaMumifh vufaAG&mESpfckrwlnD
aMumif; tqdyk gppfaq;ol &JwyfzUJG 0if
rsm;ESihf eD;pyfaom todkif;t0dkif;xHrS
od&onf/
vufaAG&m wdkufqdkifppfaq;

cH&onhf trsKd;orD;onf awmifil
NrdKUe,f trSwf 12 &yfuu
G f OD;0ifpv
k rf;
wGif aexdkifol touf27 ESpft&G,f
a':0if;pE´m (c) [m&SrbDjzpfNyD;
2012 ckESpf azazmf0g&DvwGif aysmuf
qkH;cJholjzpfaMumif; aysmufqkH;ol\
tpfrawmfpyfoal ':rd;k pE´muajymonf/
aysmufqkH;ol\ rSwfykHwifudk
rwfv 9 &ufaeYwGif ppfaq;&ef
,laqmifoGm;NyD; rwfv12 &ufaeY
wGif awmifilNrdKUe,f vl0ifrIBuD;Muyf
a&;ESihfjynfolYtiftm;OD;pD;Xme½kH;
wGif jyefvnfay;tyfcahJ Mumif; ¤if;u
qdkonf/
acgif ; jzwf t owf c H & onh f
trsKd;orD;½kyftavmif;udk jzL;NrdKU
wGif azazmf0g&Dv 14 &ufaeY eHeuf
9 em&D c ef Y u awmif i l c ½d k i f jzL;
NrdKUe,f? oajyvSaus;½Gm rdkifwdkif
trS w f 1 40^1 Z[m;acsmif ; ul ;
wHwm;atmufwGif yDeHtdwftjzL

ES i h f x nh f x m;aom cE¨ m ud k , f E S i h f
OD ; acgif ; ud k pG e f Y ypf x m;aMumif ;
jzL;NrKdUe,f &JwyfzGJrSL; OD;pdk;oef;
uajymonf/
„

„

&efukef? rwf13

pufrZI ek rf sm;aMumihf vlaetxl
xyfqkH; NrdKUopfNrKdUe,fwpfckjzpfonhf
vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f pufrIZkef (1)
tydkif; (6) qdyfurf;omvrf;&Sd PPC
ukrÜPD\ pufokH;qDodkavSmif½kHwGif
rwfv 12 &ufaeY rGe;f wnhf 12 em&D
ü rD;avmifrIjzpfyGm;cJh&m trsKd;om;
ESpfOD; jyif;xefpGm'Pf&m&&SdoGm;
aMumif ; &ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'oBuD ;
rD ; owf O D ; pD ; XmexH r S pk H p rf ; od & S d
&onf/
tqd k y g*d k a 'gif o nf 'd k i f ; pk
aus;&Gmtkypf k pufrZI ek f (1) tydik ;f (6)
"mwfykH - Ouúm[ef

armfvNrdKif? rwf 11

om &&SdcJhaMumif; tqdkyg axmfvm*sD
armif;ESifol OD;vif;vif;aemif u
&Sif;jyonf/
'Pf&m&&SdolESihfaoqkH;olrsm;
ud k urm0uf w d k u f e ,f a q;½k H o d k Y
ydkaqmifcJhaMumif;? ,if;aq;½kHwGif
axmufyyhH Ykdaqmifa&;wyfrw
S yfrawmf
t&m&Sw
d pfO;D udk ar;jref;&m ,mOfarmif;

EIwfcrf;yg;? ar;½dk;um;NyD; vnfukwf
wGif tif;uGufykHpH aq;rifaMumif
xdk;xm;aMumif; ppfaq;ol&Jt&m&Sd
\ ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
tqdkygjzpfpOfwGif rsufjrif
ouf a orsm; r&S d o nh f t wG u f
quf v uf p k H p rf ; ppf a q;vsuf & S d
aMumif; tqdkyg ,mOfrIppf&Jt&m&Sd
\ ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
,if ; tavmif ; ud k ajrmuf
Ouúvmyaq;½kHu yDtm - trSwf 3
jzihf vufcHxm;NyD; NrdKUe,f&Jpcef;u
( y ) 3 ^13? yk'fr-304 ( u ) jzihf
trIzGihf ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;
&Jpcef;xHrSod&onf/

pufokH;qDodkavSmif½kHrD;avmif? ESpfOD;jyif;xefpGm'Pf&m&

axmuf^ydkh wyfydkif,mOfESifU axmfvm*sDwdkuf
wpfOD;aoqkH;
rGejf ynfe,f rk'NHk rKd Ue,f urm0uf
aus;½GmteD; armfvNrdKifEiS fh oHjzLZ&yf
vrf; urm0ufwHwm;xdyf rdkifwdkif
28^2 wGif rwfv 11 &uf nae 4
em&D rdepf 20 u axmfvm*sD,mOf
wpfpD;udk trSwf (525) axmufyHhydkY
aqmifa&;wyf&if;ydkif ,mOfwpfpD;u
aemufrS 0ifwdkufojzihf axmfvm*sD
ay:vdkufygvmolwpfOD; aoqkH;cJh
aMumif ; aoqk H ; ol \ nD j zpf o l
OD;pdefaX; uajymMum;onf/
'kwyfMuyf0if;ausmf armif;ESif
vmaom wyfyikd ,
f mOfonf urm0uf
wHwm;xdyw
f iG f b&dwaf ygufí tqdyk g
axmfvm*sDudk0ifa&muf wdkufrdum
axmfvm*sDay:pD;eif;vmol okH;OD;
,mOfay:rS jyKwftuswGif wpfOD;udk
,if;,mOf\ nmbufaemufbD;jzihf
Bud w f r d a omaMumih f OD ; acgif ; yG i h f
aoqk;H jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf
ajymMum;onf/
"mwfajrMoZmrsm;udk ESpfudkif;
aus;½GmrSusKdufaumf½GmodkY o,fvm
pOf vrf ; ck v wf w G i f ,if ; uJ h o d k Y
jzpfyGm;&jcif;jzpfNyD; pD;eif;vmol
okH;OD; teufESpfOD;onf ajrmif;xJodkY
usaomaMumihf 'Pf&mtenf;i,f

rwdkufrdap&ef &yfuGufaexdkifol
tcsKdUu um;vrf;ray:odkYoGm;um
vuf j ywm;qD ; cJ h & m vrf ; rBuD ;
ay:wG i f vrf ; rD ; a&mif r sm;r&S d b J
arS m if a eaomaMumih f t&S d e f j rih f
armif;ESifvmonhf ,mOfrsm;rwdkuf
rd a p&ef a&S m if w d r f ; cJ h & aMumif ;
tqdkyg&yfuGufrS &mtdrfrSL;wpfOD;
uajymonf/
aoqkH;olonf rnfolrnf0g
rSef; rod&ao;bJ touf 35 ESpf
t&G,f trsKd;om;[k cefYrSef;&NyD;
ajymufusm; uGmwm;abmif;bDudk
0wfqifxm;aMumif; ¤if;\qHyif
ykHpHrSm oyf&yfí qHyiftcsKdUjzLae
aMumif ; ? rsuf c k H ; arG ; aumif ; í

'kwyfMuyfudk XmewGif; jypf'Pf
ay;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ¤if ; u ajym
qdkonf/
tqdyk g ,mOfwu
kd rf I ESiyfh wfouf
í jzpfpOfudk twdtus rod&ao;
aMumif; urm0uf&Jpcef; wm0efus
&JwyfzGJU0ifwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
„

&Sd tvsm; ay 60? teHay 40 ajray:
wGif wnf&SdNyD; tvkyform;ESpfOD;u
qD u ef r S 'D Z ,f r sm;ud k yef Y jzih f
ydkufESpfvkH;jzihf qDo,f,mOftwGif;
qDxnh&f m tvkyo
f rm; rif;xdkufatmif
ud k i f x m;onh f a Mu;bm;ygonh f
pwD;ydkufacgif;ESihf qDxnhfayguf
EIwfcrf;udk ½dkufrd&mrS rD;yGm;yGihfNyD;
rD;pwifavmifuRr;f cJah Mumif; rD;owf
t&m&Sdu ppfaq;twnfjyKonf/
]]rD;cdk;awGu aumif;uifrSm
rnf;arSmifaewmyJ/ vlEpS af ,mufawmh
'Pf&m&w,fvdkY Mum;w,f}} [k

a&SmufoD;aq;jym;puf½kH rD;avmif
&efukef? rwf 11

pufrIvkyfief;trsm;tjym;wnf&Sd&m vdIifom,mNrdKUe,fwGif rwfv 10 &ufaeY eHeuf 4 em&D 55
rdepfü pufrIZkeftrSwf (4) &Sd atmifwHcGefa&SmufoD;aq;jym;puf½kHwGif rD;avmifrIwpfckjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif;
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
tqdkygpuf½kHrSm usefppfom;vrf;ESihf OD;NrJvrf;axmihf&Sd trSwf 164 wGifwnf&SdNyD; a&SmufoD;aq;jym;
jyKvkyf&ef EG,fcsKdESihfqifwkH;rEG,fBudwfxm;aomtdwfrsm;udk xyfxm;&mrS tylvGefuJí rD;avmifrI
jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; rD;owfwyfzGJU0if\ppfaq;twnfjyKcsuft& od&onf/
]]waiGUaiGUeJY vdIufavmifaewm rD;awmufvnf; odyfrBuD;bl;}} [k oGm;a&mufNi§drf;owfcJhonhf rD;owf
t&m&SdwpfOD;u ajymonf/
tqdkygrD;avmifrIonf rdepf 30 Mum avmifuRrf;cJhNyD; EG,fcsKdESihfqifwkH;rEG,f tdwfaygif; 30 cefY
rD;avmifqkH;½IH;um vltaotaysmufr&SdaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS od&onf/
&efukefNrKdUawmfwGif rwfv 9 &ufaeYrS 11 &ufaeYtxd vdIifom,mNrdKUe,fESihf a&TjynfomNrdKUe,fwdkYwGif
okH;&ufqufwdkuf rD;avmifrIjzpfyGm;cJh&m ajro,f,mOf? puf½kHrD;avmifrIESihf trsKd;orD;abmf'gaqmifrsm;
rD;avmifqkH;½IH;cJhaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
„

tqdkygrD;avmifrIudk oGm;a&muf
Munhf½Iol OD;cspfOD;u ajymonf/
tqdkygrD;onf wpfem&DMum
avmif u Rrf ; cJ h N yD ; jrpf o uf O D ;
pufavStay:ydik ;f ? qDo,f,mOfEpS pf ;D ?
'DZ,fqD 2400 *gvefESihf oGyfrdk;?
ysOfum? ajrpdkuftdrfESpfvkH; rD;avmif
qk;H ½I;H cJah Mumif; &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;
rD;owfOD;pD;Xme\ xkwfjyefcsuft&
od&onf/
pufokH;qD *dka'gifrD;avmifrI
aMumih f touf 38 ES p f t &G , f
OD;ol&defwGif cE¨mudk,ftESHYtjym;
rD;avmif'Pf&m&&SdcJhNyD; touf 29
ESpft&G,f OD;rif;xdkufatmifwGif
rsufESm? &ifbwf? 0J,maygifrsm;
ta&jym;vefonhf 'Pf&mrsm;&&Sd
ojzihf pdk;&drf&aomaMumihf &efukef
aq;½kHBuD;ta&;ay:XmeodkY wifydkY
xm;aMumif; ,if;XmexHrSod&onf/
tvkyo
f rm; OD;rif;xdu
k af tmif
udk vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f&Jpcef;u (y)
285^13? yk'fr 285 jzihf ta&;
,lxm;aMumif; vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f
&Jpcef;? &Jt&m&SdwpfOD;u ajymMum;
onf/
&efukefNrdKUawmfwGif azazmf
0g&Dv 4 &ufaeY naeydik ;f uvnf;
vdiI jf rpftwGi;f qDwaJG &,mOfr;D avmif
cJh&m vlajcmufOD;aoqkH;cJhNyD; av;OD;
'Pf&m&&SdcJhonf/
„

NET N TECH
'

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

Vol.9 / No.11

The

VOICE

25

VOICE

The

March 18- 24 , 2013

SOFTWARE

tdrfNcHajr uRrf;usifolwpfa,mufvdkaevm;

FREEWARE

pdwfBudKuftvSqifEkdifwJU
Live Wallpaper
Wallpaper tvef;awG BudKufESpfouf
olawGtwGuf udk,fh&JUpdwfBudKuf'DZdkif;yHkav;
pmav;awGeJY tvSqifEkdifwJh tvef;Z,m;
Live Wallpaper av;udk nTefay;csifygw,f/
yxrOD;qHk;taeeJY aemufcHtrsKd;tpm;udk
a&G;cs,f&rSmjzpfNyD; a&G;cs,fp&myHkpHav;rsKd;
&Sdygw,f/ ½kyfyHkawGqdk&if toJyHk? Mu,fyGifhav;

awG povkd pdwfBudKuftvSqifEkdifrSmyg/
a&;vdw
k phJ mvH;k ta&twGuq
f &dk if 12 vH;k
uae 96 vHk;txd a&;vkdY&NyD; udk,fh pdwfBudKuf
a&;xm;wJh ½kyyf akH wGeYJ pmom;awG&UJ Animation
udk taES;tjrefjyKvkyfvkdY&ygw,f/ www.
thitsankhat rSm tcrJh &,lEkdifygvdrfhr,f/
„

TECH

½kH;okH;tdrfokH; tcsufvuftm;vkH;udk
vG,fvG,fulul&,lEdkifzdkh

pD ; yGy mm;a&;ajymif
;a&;ajymif ; vJ r I r S m enf ; ynm
wGJulzdkYrjzpfrae vdktyfawmhr,fhtcsdefrSm
SMEs awG&JU a'wmtcsufvufawGudk a'wm
qmAmwpfckxJrSm pkpnf;xm;NyD; vdktyfwJhol
tm;vk H ; u vG , f v G , f u l u l & ,l E d k i f r ,f q d k
vkyfief;pOfawG ydkrdkacsmarGUvmrSm taotcsm
ygyJ/
tdrfrSmyJjzpfjzpf? ½kH;rSmyJjzpfjzpf vkyfief;

qdkif&m a'wmtcsuf tvufawG?
aazsmfajzrItwGuf oDcsif;AD'D,dkawGu
pvd
p kY 'D*spfw,f a'wmtm;vkH;udk
Synology Disk Station a'wmqmAm
S
xJ
xrSm odrf;xm;NyD; uGefysLwmuae?
rdkbdkif;vfuae &,lEdkifwm? vkHNcHKa&;
twG u f td k i f y D u if r &mawG e J Y
t
csdwfquftokH;jyKEdkifwm? rdkbdkif;vf
rS m vnf ; Android/iOS/Windows
ppwJh Platform rsKd;pkHeJY csdwfquf
EdkifwmawGaMumihf a'wmpD;qif;rI
tm;omcsufawG ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmyg
t
w,f/
a'wmod
a'w k a vS m if r I y rmPud k 28TB
txdcsJUxG
xififay;EdkifNyD; tdkifyD uifr&mtvkH; 20
xdcsdwfqufEdkifpGrf;&SdwJh 'D DiskStation [m
qdk&if Mail Server/Print Server/Web Server
tjzpf y g pG , f p k H t ok H ; jyKEd k i f v d k Y tok H ; jyKzd k Y
pdw0f ifpm;w,fq&kd if tao;pdwf tcsut
f vuf
awGudk LOI HENG INTERNATIONAL 01372841? 246221 eJY 095067065 rSm qufo,
G f
pkHprf;ar;jref;NyD; 0,f,lEdkifygvdrhfr,f/
„

pD ; yG m ;a&;u@awG jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ
vmwmeJYtwl EdkifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIawG
0ifa&muf&mrSm xdyfwef;vdktyfcsufjzpfwJh
tdr?f NcH? ajru@udk Edik if w
H umeJY &ifaygifwef;
NyD; tcsed w
f w
kd w
kd iG ;f vsiv
f sijf refjref wdwu
d sus
0efaqmifrIay;zdkYqdk&if EdkifiHwumenf;wl
enf;ynmtultnDeJY prwfusus aqmif&Guf
ay;EdkifzdkY vdkvmygNyD/
tJ h ' D v d k t yf c suf u d k jznh f q nf ; ay;zd k Y
iNnoWave u a&;qGJay;xm;wJh a&TtdrfqdkwJh
Real Estate Management System &Sdygw,f/
tdrf? NcH? ajrqdkif&m 0efaqmifrIvkyfieef;qdik &f m
tm;vkH;udk aqmhzf0Jvf r S m
u@&S p f c k cG J x m;ay;NyD ;
0efxrf; awG pDrHcefYcGJwm??
a&mif;-0,f-iSm; jyKvkyfol
ol
awGeJY tJ'DudpöawG pDrHcefYccGGJ
wm? tpD&ifcHpmawG
xkwjf yefwmvdrk sK;d pkpH v
Hk ifvif
xnhfxm;ygw,f/ vkHNcHKa&;
&;
pepf u d k v nf ; taotcsmsm
xnhfoGif;ay;xm;vdkY pm½Gu
uff
pmwrf ; awG u d k vG , f u l pGp G m
xdef;csKyfEdkifwm ajymif;vJaaee
wJh tdrf? NcH? ajrudpöawGu
uddk
vG,fvG,fjrefjref &SmEdkifwm/
wm/
0efxrf;trsm;BuD;cefYzdkY rvd
vdk

awmh p&dwfawG avsmhusvmwm? vdkcsifw J h
vdyfpmtcsufvufawGudk uGefysLwmpepfeJY
jrefqefpGm &SmazGEdkiw
f mrdYk NydKifbufawGxuf
ajcwpfvrS ;f omzdkY tcGihfa&;aygh/
tJ'Dawmh tdrf? NcH? ajru@ tajymif;tvJ
rSm vlBuD;rif;wdkY&JUvkyfief;ud k uk e f u sp&d w f
oufompGmeJY us,jf yefYatmif csUJ xGizf Yq
kd kd jrefrmjynf
&JU yxrOD;qk;H tdr?f NcH? ajr aqmhz0f v
J f? a&Ttdrf
udktokH;jyKzdkY iNnoWave IT Solutions 0943097454 www.innowavemyanmar.com rSm
qufo,
G pf pHk rf;Edik af tmif vrf;nTev
f u
kd &f jcif;yg/
„

TECH

av;aomif;0ef;usifeJh 0,fvdkh&r,fU
East Tablet
Tablet qdkwmeJYwcsKdUupmtkyf zwfzdkY?
wcsKdUu *drf;upm;zdkYeJY wcsKdU aom olawGu
trsKd;rsKd;aom tvkyf tudkifawGvkyfzdkYtwGuf
0,f,lvm Muygw,f/ tJh'Dvdk tawmfrsm;rsm;
Tablet awG0,fNyD; toHk;jyKaewJhtcsder
f mS
wefzdk;enf; Tablet awGvnf; xGufay:

vmygw,f/ wefzdk;enf; Tablet awG xJu
aemufqHk;ay: enf;ynmjzpfwJh Android 4.0.4
udk toHk;jyKxm;NyD; Memory 512 MB, Stroage
Memory u 8GB yg0ifygw,f/ a&SUuifr&m
vnf; yg0ifNyD; 'D Table
u Parts Warranty
udk 1 v ay;xm;
w,f/ Software
Warranty udkawmh
Life time ay;xm;
NyD; aps;EIef;u
awmh av;aomif;
&Spfaxmif u syf
y g / Estern Computer
trS w f - 129? qd y f u rf ; omvrf ;
(atmufbavmuf)? ausmufwHwm;
NrKdUe,f zkef;-01-398224? 398490?
rSm qufoG,f0,fvdkY&ygw,f/
„

26
The

VOICE

acwfysufawmifolrsm;\ qmavmifwrf;wrIrsm;
odkY
t,f'Dwm
awmolawmifom;awG\ todÓPf? tawG;tac:tjrif
enf;yg;rIaMumifhvm;? 'grSr[kwf pdwfr0ifpm;wmvm;? 'grS
r[kwf olwkdYcHpm;vm&orQudk ajymqkdMuwmvm;qkdwmawmh
uRefrra0cGJEkdifyg/ odwwfpt&G,fuwnf;u ckcsdefxd tNrJ
Mum;ae&wJh ]]b,folawG b,fvkdajymif;vJaeygap qif;&Jom;
[m qif;&Jom;yJ}} wJh/ tckcsdefxdawmh tpOftqufMum;aecJh&
aom tJ'pD um;oHawGu rSeo
f vkv
d ?dk rSm;ovdv
k edk YJ &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif;
em;rvnfcJhygbl;/ em;vnfvmatmifvnf; tcsdefawG ESpfawG
trsm;BuD;vdktyfaerSmyg/ tcsdefawGvnf; apmifh&OD;rSmyg/
i,fao;awmh ESpftwdtus rrSwfrdawmhygbl;/ 0g
vmtyfwJhawmifolawGqkd&if 0g'dkifawGu qyfjymcJ? oMum;
ydwfpawG xkwfay;Muw,f/ tJ'Dtcsdefwkef;u awmifolawG
0gawGtrsm;BuD; xkwfvkyfEkdifwJhtjyif yJpdif;iHk? aeMum? ajryJ?
yJwDpdrf;? c&rf;csOf? i½kwf? ajymif;zl;tp&SdwJh oD;xyfoD;n§yfawG
eJY tqifajyaeMuwm awmifoal cwfvYdk awmif ajymvkYd &ygw,f/
'gayrJh 'Dt&mtm;vHk; [dkwpfcsdefu twdwfrSm usefcJhNyD;
ajc&myg aysmufvmcJhygNyD/ 'Dajr 'Da&ay:rSm vkyfpm;&if; bm
aMumifhrsm; tEkwfvu©Pmxd jzpfoGm;&wmvJ/ bmawGrsm;
uGmjcm;&wmvJ/ b,fae&mrSm aysmufqHk;ukef&wmvJ/ tajz
vnf; r&Smwwfawmhygbl;/ enf;vrf;awGvnf; rpOf;pm;wwf
awmhygbl;/ wpfESpfNyD;wpfESpf qkwf,kwfvmcJhwm uRefrwdkY
awmifolawG tajc&Sd vufrJhb0awG jzpfaeygNyD/
jyefqyfEkdif&ef tajctaer&SdwmaMumifh tpdk;&acs;aiG

odkY
The Voice Weekly rS wm0ef&Sdoltaygif;wdkYcifAsm/
uRefawmfwdkYa'owGif BuHKawGUae&onfrsm;udk Letter to the
Editor u@rS azmfjyay;yg&ef arwåm&yfcHygonf/
,cktcsdefonf or®wBuD;OD;aqmifaom tpdk;&tzGJUu
aumif;rGefaom? oefY&Sif;aom tpdk;&wpf&yftjzpf jynfolrsm;
,HkMunfudk;pm;vmap&ef jyKjyifajymif;vJaeaomaMumifhvnf;
þpmudk a&;vdkuf&ygonf/
uRefawmfaexdkifaom a'orSm ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;
uav;0NrdKUESifh av;rdkifcefYa0;aom opfacsmuf&Gmjzpfygonf/
,cifuawmh trSwf (3) owåKwGi;f vkyif ef; (ausmufr;D aoG;rdik ;f )
jzpfcJhNyD; ,cktcsdefwGifawmh EdkifiHawmf\ wHcg;zGifhpD;yGm;a&;
rl0g't& jynfwGif;ukrÜPDudk vTJajymif;cJhNyD;jzpfygonf/

odkY
t,f'Dwm
uRefawmfvnf; 'DtaMumif;t&mudk a&;r,fvdkY
pdwu
f ;l vdu
k w
f ikd ;f ra&;jzpfwmu rsm;aeygw,f/ taMumif;
uawmh ,Ofyg;aeNyDjzpfwJh aMumufpdwf&SdaevdkYygyJ/
tckawmh t&JpGefYNyD; a&;ygawmhr,f/
taMumif;t&if;u vGecf ahJ om 2 ESpyf wf0ef;usiu
f rS
pwmygyJ / u.n.erS m um;ouf w rf ; wd k ; r,f q d k & if
tHek mbkwx
f rJ mS ygwJv
h &l UJ rSwyf w
kH ifrawmif;awmhb;l qdw
k hJ
ajzavQmhrIawmh vkyfcJhygw,f/ tck 2013 ckESpfrSmawmh
tJ'Dvdkr[kwfbJ vuf&Sd oufwrf;wdk;&ef a&muf&SdaewJh
tu©&mu 6*^7*^9*^1C^ ywf0ef;usifrSm rSwfyHkwif
rl&if;udk jyefawmif;aewm awGU&ygw,f/ &efukefrSm
0if&ifawmh oufwrf;wdk;udk rawmif;ygbl;/ e,f½HkawGrSm
rsm;aomtm;jzifh &efukefwdkif;rSvGJí awmfawmfrsm;rsm;
awmif;wmudk BuHK&^Mum;&ygw,f/
vma&mufaqmif&Gufol rSwfyHkwifESifhyJ tm;vHk;
tqifajyacsmarGUaewmudk rvdkvdkYyJvm;? 'grSr[kwf
vkyfief;MuefYMumatmif vkyfaeovm;qdkwmudk tqdkyg
t&m&Sdrsm;odMurnf[k xifygonf/ rSwfyHkwifrl&if;
ray;Edkifjcif;\aemufuG,fwGif aiGaMu;ukefusrIrsm;u
&Sdaeygonf/
vuf & S d t pd k ; &taejzif h jynf o l A [d k j yKpepf j zif h
tm;oGefcGefpdkufBudK;yrf;aeonfudk zsufvdkzsufqD;jyKvkyf
aeaom tqdkygXmerS i,fusifh (c½dkeD) pdwf"mwfraysmuf
aomolrsm;udk tjref&iS ;f vif;z,f&mS ;ay;yg&ef aMumufpw
d f
jzifh a&;om; awmif;qdkvdkufygonfcifAsm;/
jrefrmjynftv,fydkif;wGifudk,fwdkifBuHKawGU&olwpfOD;

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

vnf; rxkwf&JMuawmhygbl;/ tjyifta<u;u twkd;BuD;ayr,fh
ESpfxdtcsdefa&TUvkdY&ovdk tpdk;&acs;aiGu awmif;yefvkdYr&bl;/
ESpfa&TUzkdYtxdrajymeJY &ufawmifa&TUvkdYr&bl;jzpfaew,f/
uRefrwkdYa'oawGu ajratmufu a&udkvnf; tm;udk;vkdY r&
ovdk aumif;uifua&uvnf; usrvmygbl;/ rkd;a&&rS oD;ESH
rsm; pdkufysKd;&wJh tv,fydkif; tylydkif;a'oawGu awmifolawG
ikwfww
k af rhaeMuygNyD/ bma&ukrd S tm;ud;k vkYdr&csed rf mS Ekid if aH wmf
u jyKjyifajymif;vJayr,fh a&udkawmh uRefrwkdYvkd awmifolawG
arQmfaeMuygNyD/ aumif;uifrS vrif;\tvif;xuf Ekid if aH wmf\
vQyfppfrD;jzifh aexdkifcsifygonf/
a&iefaomuf jrufajcmufpm;vkdY ajymvkdYr&atmifbJ jruf
ajcmufawGvnf; rjrif&awmhygbl;/ jrufajcmufpm;wJh awmifol
awG & J U EG m ;awG v nf ; r&S d a wmh y gbl ; / cd k i f ; EG m ;awG a wmif
aemufqkH;a&mif;pm;Mu&wJh uRefrwdkYawmifolawG&JU tajctae
yg/ wk;d wufrvmbJ MumavMumav ydq
k ;dk vmwJh awmifoal wG?
qif ; &J w J h a wmif o l a wG u d k xrif ; wpf e yf a vQmh p m;cd k i f ; wm
aumif;&JUvm;/ udk,fudk,fwkdifa&m¿
trsKd;rsKd;ajymif;vJvmwJh &moDOwkESifhtwl ta<u;wifae
wJh awmifolawGtajctaeqkd;eJY &ifqkdifae&csdefrSm xkwfvkyfrI
ESpfq wkd;Edkifygawmhrvm;/ t½IH;ay:aevkdY rpdkufEkdifwJh
awmifoal wGwpfyBkH uD;yg/ uRerf wkYd awmifoal wG BuHKawGUae&wJh
]uyf}udv
k nf; taumif;qH;k jzpfapr,fh enf;vrf;Oya' tjrefqHk;
aqmif&Gufay;yg/ obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&; vkyfaqmif
&ef vkdtyfwJh jrif;NcHNrdKU ajc;aq;&GmrS awmifolrsm;udk,fpm;
uRefrawmifolwpfOD;u 'Drdkua&pDEkdifiHawmfBuD;ESifhtwl
awmifolrsm; NyHK;aysmfEkdifap&ef qE´jyK&if;/
Mu,fpifom(jrif;NcH)
0efxrf;trsm;pkrmS rdbbk;d bGm;vufxufrpS í þowåKwGi;f wGif
vkyfudkifvmMuaom 0efxrf;trsm;pkjzpfygonf/
1-4-2011 &ufaeYrSpí EdkifiHawmf\ vdktyfcsuft&[k
trdeYf pmwGif azmfjyí vkyo
f uf 10 ESpt
f xuf&o
dS u
l kd yifpifcpH m;
cGifhjyKNyD; vkyfouf 10 ESpfatmuf&Sdoludk vkyfoufqkaiGwdkYudk
cHpm;cGifhjyKcJhum 0efxrf; 130 ausmfudk yifpifay;cJhygonf/
uRefawmfwdkY 0efxrf;trsm;pkrSm xdktcsdefrSpí 'ku©yifv,f
a0Mu&ygawmhonf/
wpf&ufvQif wpfem&DcGJrQom&Sdaom vQyfppfrD;oHk;pGJc
[kqdkNyD; TV wpfvHk; 700 usyf? rD;wpfyGifh 250 usyfEIef;jzifh
2011 ckESpf {NyDv 1 &ufaeYrSpí ay;aqmif&rnf/ ray;aqmif
ygu 0efxrf;tdrf&may:rS ESifcsrnf[k trdefYay;ygonf/
aep&maysmufrnfudk pdk;&drf&onfaMumifhvnf;aumif;? rMumrD
usa&mufrnfh rd;k wGi;f udak Mumufívnf;aumif; ay;Mu&ygonf/
2012 ckESpf ESpfqef;csdefwGifawmh vkyfoufqkaiGESifh yifpif
vpmwdkYudk xkwf,lcGifh&Muygonf/ xdktcsdefwGifvnf; pm&Guf
pmwrf;aMu; 1000 usyf trSwf (3) owåKwGif;&ifxdk;wpfckvQif
1000 usyfawmif;ojzifh ay;Mu&jyefygonf/ usefaiGudk
rdk;&moDtwGif;u pm;a<u;qyfvdkuf&ojzifh vufxJwGif
odyfrusefcJhawmhyg/
vTJajymif;,lcJhaom ukrÜPDrSmvnf; [if;vif;zGifhpepfjzifh
vltiftm; 30 avmufjzifhom ausmufrD;aoG;wl;azmfojzifh
,cif trSwf (3) owåKwGif;vkyfief;u ajratmufOrifjzifh
wl;azmfcJhaompepfjzifh ,Ofyg;cJh&aom uRefawmfwdkY0efxrf;
a[mif;rsm;twGuf tvkyftudkifray;Edkifyg/ ,aeYtcsdeftxd
tvkyfvufrJhb0jzifhom BuHK&mtvkyfudk vdkufaeMu&ygonf/
vQyfppfrD;rSmvnf; av;&ufay; wpf&ufem;pepfjzifh
wpf&uf ESpfem&DcefYay;ygonf/ uRefawmfwdkYa'owGif ,cif
owåKwGif; oHk;yg0grDwmBuD;wpfvHk;om&SdNyD; xdkrS rD;vdkif;rsm;jzifh
cGJa0oHk;ygonf/ trSwf (3) owåKwGif;vkyfief;0efxrf;rSmvnf;
wm0efcHt&m&St
d ygt0if ajcmufO;D om&Syd gawmhonf/ xd0k efxrf;
rsm;rS rD;oHk;pGJc[kqdkNyD; wpftdrfwuf wpftdrfqif; aumufcH
ygonf/ aumufcH&&SdaiGrSm wpfvvQif oHk;odef;usyftxuf
wGif&SdNyD; NrdKUe,fvQyfppfrSL;½Hk;odkY wpfvvQif &Spfaomif;usyf
om ay;aqmif & ygonf / xd k 0 ef x rf ; ajcmuf O D ; twG u f
toHk;p&dwfrsm;? rDwmcrsm;udk aejynfawmfrS csay;jcif;r&Sdyg/
igwdYku 0efxrf;awG rDwmcay;p&mrvdb
k ;l [kvnf; ajymygonf/
uRefawmfwdkYwpfawGrSm 0efxrf;b0wGif ay;tyfvmaom
wm0efrsm;udk ausyGepf mG wm0efxrf;aqmifcMhJ uNyD; Edik if aH wmfBuD;
zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufr,fqdk&if EdkifiHawmf\ vdktyfcsuft&qdkNyD;
xrif;r0EdkifwJh yifpifvpmaiGudk,lNyD; 0efxrf;b0udk paw;cJh
ygNyD/ 'Dvt
kd csderf mS wm0efraus? tacsmifcNkd yD; r&oifrh &xdu
k w
f hJ
tcGifhta&;awGudk &atmif,laewJh 0efxrf;awGrsm;aeoa&GU?
&Sdaeoa&GU or®wBuD;&nf&G,fwJh aumif;rGefoefY&Sif;aom tpdk;&
wpf&yfjzpf&r,fqdkwJh &nf&G,fcsuf ratmifjrifEdkifbl;qdkwJh
tjrifav;udk azmfjyay;apvdkygonf/
udkZifjym

½kyfoHvdkif;rsm;twGuf tpDtpOfaumif;wpfck
jrefrmEdkifiHonf Ak'¨bmom0ifwdkY trsm;qHk;aexdkif&m
wdkif;jynfjzpfNyD; urÇmay:wGif Ak'¨bmomtxGef;um; tjyefYyGm;
qH k ; ae&mwpf c k v nf ; jzpf y gonf / od k Y aomf Ak ' ¨ b mom
jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;taejzifh (txl;ojzifh vli,fvl&G,frsm;)
Ak'¨bmom\ tajccHtcsufrsm; Ak'¨bmom0if wpfa,muf
odoifo
h x
d u
kd o
f nfrsm;udk rodMuwm awmfawmf rsm;ygonf/
tcsKd U uav;i,f r sm;qd k v Qif ig;yg;oD v ud k a wmh o d o nf /
bmawGygvJqdkvQif rajymEdkifMu/ ]]Ak'¨Ho&PH *pämrd}} awmh
odonf/ o&P*HkoHk;yg;qdkvQif a,mif0g;0g; jzpfukefMuonf/
aemufqdkvQif teaEÅm teEÅig;yg;udkyg arhrSmpdk;&onf/
xdkYaMumifh uRefawmf\ pdwful;wpfckudk t,f'DwmhxH
ay;pmu@rS tMuHjyKvdkygonf/ ,cktcg T.V tpDtpOf
rsm;wG i f trsm;ES p f N cKd u f t m;ay;Muaom tpD t pOf r sm;rS m
tar;tajzESifh qkcsD;jr§ifhyGJyg0ifonfh tpDtpOfrsm;jzpfaom
ya[Vdeef;awmf? ig;wef;ESifhNyKdif b,folEdkif? tifwmeuf
O,smOf paom tpDtpOfrsm;jzpfonf/ vlBuD;? vli,f? uav;rS
pí tm;ay;Munfh½IMuygonf/ xdkYaMumifh xdktpD tpOfrsm;wGif
Ak'b
¨ momESio
hf ufqikd af om tajccHar;cGe;f rsm;udk xnfo
h iG ;f ar;
oifhygonf/
odkYr[kwfyguvnf; Ak'¨bmomtar;tajzoD;oefYu@
wpfckpDpOfwifqufoifhygonf/ uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiHwGif pmayy
&d,wåduRrf;usifESHYpyfvSaom q&mawmfBuD;rsm;? &[ef;ynm&Sd
rsm;? vlynm&Sdrsm; ajrmufjrm;pGm&Sdygonf/ xdkyk*¾dKvfBuD;rsm;xH
enf;edó,cH,í
l tar;tajztpDtpOfukd wifqufoifyh gonf/
touft&G,ftydkif;jcm;vdkufaomfvnf;aumif;? A[kokw
todynmqdkif&m tqifhwef; jrifhowfrSwfíaomfvnf;aumif;?
vlyk*¾dKvf? oDv&Sif? udk&if? &[ef;awmfponfjzifh cGJjcm;íaomf
vnf;aumif; trsKd;rsKd;tzHkzHkaqmif&GufEdkifygonf/ ar;cGef;rsm;
tm;jzifhvnf; tajccHAk'¨bmom,Ofaus;rI ar;cGef;rsm;rSpí
Zmwfedygwfawmfrsm;? w&m;bm0emqdkif&m ar;cGef;rsm; txdyg
pDpOfwifqufNyD; qkaiGrsm;? tvSLawmfaiGrsm;udk xdu
k x
f u
kd w
f efwef
csD;jr§ifhay;ygvQif avhvmrnfholrsm;a&m Munfh½IMuolrsm;yg
A[kokwwdk;yGm;í ukodkvfyGm;rsm;Edkifrnfh tpDtpOfjzpfyg
aMumif;ESifh wpfEdkifiHvHk;Munfh½IEdkifonfh jrefrmh½kyf^oHvdk
vdik ;f rsKd;rS wifqufygvQif omvGeaf umif;jrwfrnfjzpfygaMumif;
t,f'DwmrSwpfqifh wifjyvdkuf&ygonf/
rsKd;BuD; (Ouúvm)

odkYt,f'DwmcifAsm;
18.2.2013 &ufaeYxkwf The Voice Weekly *sme,fyg
q&maZ,sol\ ]t&if;aysmufvlYtzGJUtpnf;} aqmif;yg;udk
zwf½I&jcif;tm;jzifh q&mhtm;vnf;aumif;? The Voice Weekly
*sme,f rD'D,mrdom;pktm;vnf;aumif; txl;aus;Zl;wif
vsuf&Sdygonf/ uRefawmfwdkY jynfolvlxk\cHpm;rIrsm;udk
xJxJ0if0ifodjrifí uavmifpGrf;ynmjzifh a&;om;wifjyaerI
aMumifh vufawGU tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm; rcHpm;&ao;onfhwdkif
pdwaf useyfryI w
D u
d akd wmh tjynft
h 0 &&Sad pcJyh gonf/ ynm&Srd sm;
awG;Munf&h if ajy;Munfw
h mxuf ydrk eS w
f ,fqw
kd hJ pum;yHv
k ykd gyJ/
uRefawmfwdkY atmufajc jynfolvlwef;pm;wdkY\ vlaerIb0yHkpH
ud k od j rif w if j y a&;om;ay;ygaom q&m&J U apwem[m
uReaf wmfwYkd ESv;kH onf;b0ifukd tjynft
h 0xda&mufapcJyh gonf/
uRef a wmf o nf rd o m;pk p m;0wf a ea&;tjzpf Muuf
arG;jrLa&;vkyfief;udk vkyfudkifcJhygonf/ tpmaps;BuD;jrifhrI?
taqmufttHkp&dwfBuD;jrifhrIESifh MuufOaps;EIef; uarmuf
urjzpfrIwdkYaMumifh vkyfief;rSmvnf; tqifajyvSonf r&SdcJhyg/
xdkYaMumifh wpfzufwpfvrf; 0ifaiGwdk;yGm;&mtaejzifh Muufacs;
obm0ajrMoZmudk prf;oyfcsJUxGifNyD; xkwfvkyfa&mif;cscJhyg
onf/ xdkodkY vkyfudkif&mwGif ypönf;\aumif;rGefrIaMumifh
vkyfudkifrI 2 ESpftwGif; emrnftawmf toifh&&SdcJhygaomfvnf;
pdkufysKd;awmifolwdkY\ &moD? oD;ESH? aiGaMu;tcuftcJwdkYaMumifh
aemufxyfwdk;csJUvnfywfvkyfudkif&ef t&if;tESD;tusyftwnf;
ESifh &ifqdkifvmcJh&ygonf/ 'DvdktcsdefrSm tjyifaiGwdk;,laqmif
vkyfudkifygaomfvnf; twdk;EIef;BuD;jrifhrIaMumifh wdk;wufrIxuf
qkwf,kwfru
I om rsm;vmcJyh gonf/ uReaf wmfeh nf;wl trsm;pkrmS
vnf; avQmufvrS ;f &if; vrf;raysmufapvdjk cif;ESihf q&maZ,sol
\ apwemaqmif;yg;yg tcsuftvufwdkYudk oufqdkif&m
txuf v l B uD ; rif ; rsm; tjref q H k ; od & S d t aumif t xnf a zmf
aqmif&GufEdkifygapaMumif; The Voice Weekly rSwpfqifh
wifjytyfygonfcifAsm;/
t&if;aysmufjynfolwpfOD; (a&Tbdk)

27
THE VOICE WEEKLY 27

Vol.9 / No.11 - March 18 - 24 , 2013

PERSPECTIVE
VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

wif;wdkYtay: tajccHum rdrdta&;? wdkif;jynfta&;wdkYudk aqmif&Guf&onfh owif;acwfumvwGif owif;wdkY jynfhpHkrSefuefa&;twGuf Public Relations vlxkqufqHa&;ta&;BuD;
vmcJhNyD jzpfonf/
tjzpftysufwpfckonf rnfodkY xdef;csKyfxm;onfjzpfap zGifhvTwfay;vdkufonfrSm vydkif;om &Sdao;onfhtwGuf owif; ajymcGifh? acsycGifh? avQmufvJcGifh qkkH;½IH;oGm;awmhonf/ ESpfbuf
xdk taMumif;t&m owif;tcsuftvufwdkYonf vlwdkY&Sd&m rD',
D moabmESihf jynfo?l tpd;k &ESp&f yfv;Hk pdr;f aeao; aomaMumifh w&m;jydKif&mwGif w&m;&kH;odkY rdrdbufuroGm;bJ aevdkufvsif
t&yfodkY pD;qif;rnfrSm obm0yif/ ,if;udk xdef;csKyfvdkufvsif media relations onfvnf; zGHYjzdK;&ef tm;,lae&onf/
avQmufvcJ iG fh qk;H ½I;H oGm;ouJo
h Ykd jzpfonf/ rdr\
d avQmufvcJ suf
tqD;twm;Mum;rS jzwfxGuf auGYaumufausmfvTm;&aom
owif;rD'D,mudk 'Drdkua&pDvrf;c&D;odkY avQmufvSrf; rygvsif wpf z uf a vQmuf v J c suf u d k o m w&m;ol B uD ; u
aMumifh vltrsm;xHodkY a&mufcsdefwGif ykHajymif;oGm;wwfonf/ aeaom EkdifiHyDyD ajzavQmhvTwfvdkufaomaMumifh owif;rD'D,m em;axmifNyD; rdrdrsufuG,fwGif pD&ifcsygu rdrdw&m;½IH;rnf/
tqD;twm;rsm;avav? ykHajymif;avav jzpfwwfonfrSm wd k Y tm;opf a vmif ; pjyKvmonf / tjcm;Ed k i f i H r sm;wG i f rdrdukd zkef;qufar;ygvsufESifh rajzvQif? odkYr[kwf zkef;ydwf
"r®wmyif/ ykaH jymif;jcif; rsm;vGe;f oGm;vsif owif;r[kw
k af wmhbJ owif;pmapmifa&rsm; usqif;aeaomfvnf; jrefrmEkdifiH xm;vQif? odkYr[kwf qufoG,f&ef ar;jref;&rnfhol rxm;&SdvQif
owif;a,mif? aumvm[vomomtqifo
h Ykd a&muf&o
dS mG ;wwfonf/ wGif;wGif owif;pmxkwfvdkolwdkY tm;wufoa&m jzpfaeMu owif;xJwGif rdrdpum;rygbJ jzpfoGm;vdrfhrnf/ xdktcg
vuf&dS jzpfysufaeaom taMumif;t&mwdYk ukd od&edS m;vnf onf/ jynfolwdkYuvnf; owif;iwfcJholrsm;yDyD owif;rD'D,m owif;onf wpfbufapmif;eif; jzpfoGm;EdkifjyD; pmzwfol\
rSom rSefuefaom qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;csEkdifrnf ( informed rsm;udk owif;twGuf tm;udk;vmMuonf/ ra0;vSao;aom pD&ifcsufonf rdrdbufudk epfemapvdrfhrnf/ xdktcgwGif
twdwfu owif;rD'D,mrsm;wGif owif;rsm; ygvmcsdefwGif rdrdvkyfief; odkYr[kwf tzGJYtpnf;udk jynfolu txifvGJoGm;
decision-making) / jynf o l j ynf o m;wd k Y qk H ; jzwf c suf
xdxda&mufa&mufcsEdkifovdk rl0g'csrSwfolrsm;onfvnf; ta&;MuD;aom owif;wdkYonf vltawmfrsm;rsm; odjyD; jzpfukef vdrfhrnf/ jynfolonfvnf; tjzpf tysufudk trSeftwdkif;?
owif;rsm;? tcsuftvufrsm;? jynfolwdkY\ qE´rsm;udk od&SdNyD; MujyD/ ,ckrl owif;*sme,frsm;rS owif;wdkYonf vwfvwf jynfhjynfhpkHpkH odcGifhr&aomaMumifh epfemonf/ aemufqkH; lose
k ef m? tm;vk;H em} tjzpfrsKd ; a&mufMuvdrrhf nf/
xda&muf rSefuefaom rl0g'rsm;udk csrSwftaumiftxnf qwfqwf&SdjyD; xdkowif;wdkYjzifh rdrdtusdK;? trsm;tusdK; aqmif lose lose ]olem? ud,
Media Relationsudk t"du vkyfaqmif&ef rdrd tzGJYtpnf;
azmfEkdifrnf/ tjzpftysuf? taMumif;t&m trSeftwdkif; &GufEkdifaomaMumifh jynfolwdkY tm;xm;&mjzpfvmonf/
owif;rD'D,monf jynfolvlxktcsif;csif;tMum;? twGi;f wGif owfowfrw
S rf w
S f yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D vdt
k yfjyD; xdak jymcGi&hf
rod&vsif rnfonfhe,fy,f? rnfonfhtqifhwGifrQ tvkyf
aumif;aumif;vkyfEkdifrnfr[kwf/ xdkYaMumifh EkdifiHBuD;yGm; jynfolESifhtpdk;&? jynfolESifh pD;yGm;a&;vkkyfief;rsm;tMum;? yk*¾dKvfonf oufqdkif&mXme? tzGJYtpnf;\rl0g'rsm;? jzpfay:
aeonfh taMumif;t&mrsm;ESifh ywfoufjyD; odcGifh&Sdonfh
wdk;wufa&;wGif owif;ppf owif;rSefrsm; pD;qif;a&;onf
tqifhjrifht&m&SdBuD;jzpfvsif ydkaumif;onf/ odkYrSom vuf&Sd
t"duvdktyfcsufBuD;jzpfonf/
owif; jzpfaeonfh? vlxkpdwf0ifpm;aeonfh taMumif;t&mudk
,aeYumv owif;acwf? owif;udk tajccHum tvkyf
ca&aphwGif;us &Sif;jyEkdifrnfjzpfovdk rnfrQtxd xdvG,f
vkyMf u&onfh acwfMuD;xJwiG f aumv[mvrsm;aemuf vdu
k yf g
&Sv,
G o
f nf? rnfrQtxd ajymcGi&hf o
dS nfuv
kd nf; qk;H jzwfEidk rf nf/
tm½Hkrsm;ae&vsif wdkif;a&;jynfa&;? udk,fa&;udk,fwmrsm;
jrefrmEkdifiH\ yk*¾vduu@onf PR ydkif;wGif txjref
rnfodkYrQ xdxda&mufa&muf raqmif&GufEkdif/ txl;ojzifh
aZ,sol
onfukd awGY&onf/
owif;tarSmifuscJhonfh wkdif;jynfrsm;wGif owif;onf
uarÇmZbPf jzpf&yfwGif jzpfjzpfcsif; jynfolvlxkxHodkY
aumv[mvtoGifjzifh xGufavh&SdcJhaomaMumifh jynfolrsm;
tcsed Ef iS hf wajy;nD owif;a&mufatmif owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGrJ sm;?
onf aumv[mvudkvnf; ydk,kHwwfonf/ rjzpfEkdif? aumv
f jzifh jynfov
l x
l k us;D vefYpmpm;
[mvom[k xif&onfrsm; aemufyikd ;f wGif wu,fjzpfvmwwf tpd;k &ESihf pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;tMum; aygif;ul;wHwm;jzpfonf/ xkwjf yefcsurf sm;jzifh ydYkaqmifEidk o
onfh tawGYtMuKHaMumifh aumv[mvudk wu,fxifwwfMu xd k Y aMumif h rd r d t aMumif ; (rd r d t zG J Y tpnf ; taMumif ; )ud k rjzpfbJ tcsdefwdktwGif; tajctae jyefvnfwnfNidrfcJhonf/
hJ Qif
hJ Ykdom Public Relations xdxad &mufa&muf rvkyEf idk cf v
onfrmS rqef;/ xdYkaMumifh aumv[vESifh owif;cGjJ cm;&ef cJ,Of; tjcm;aom ta&;MuD; ykk*¾dKvf? tzGJY tpnf;rsm; (stakeholders) ,ckuo
oGm;jyD; aumv[mvppfppfudkvnf; owif;xifwwfMuonf/ tygt0if jynfolvlxku od&Sdap&ef owif;rD'D,mwGif rdrdESifh bank run ac: bPftyfaiGrsm; tvkt,ufvmxkwfjyD; bPfjydK
xdkYaMumifh aumv[vrsm;tvdkus EkdifiHhta&; r[kwfbJ qufpyfaom owif;rsm; jynfph Hk wduspmG yg0ifap&ef rdrb
d ufu oGm;Ekdifonf/ bPfwpfbPfNydKvQif tjcm;bPfrsm;yg vdkufNydK
owif;pD;qif;rI rSefuefjrefqefa&; ta&;BuD;onf/ owif; vnf; tm;xkwfrIvdktyfonf/ rdrdvkyfief;? Xme\ owif; jyD; bPma&;pepfwpfckvkH; z½dkz&JjzpfoGm;Ekkdifonf/
Air Bagan udpw
ö iG v
f nf; xdek nf;vnf;aumif;/ av,mOf
rSefuefjrefqefwdusa&;twGuf acwfajymif;umvwGif Public tcsuftvufrsm;udk tcsdefESifhwpfajy;nDxkwfjyefjcif;? rdrd
hf ;Hk Ekid &f ef tylwjyif; vkyfief;ESifh ywfoufonfh owif;wpfpkHwpf&maumif;onf ysufusjcif; tudkiftwG,f cyfjrefjrefjzifh owif;rsm; xkwfay;?
Relations PR oabmudk odjrifapmaMumusio
vdktyfaeonf/
jzpfap? qdk;onfjzpfapxGufay:vQif jrefjrefqefqef wkHYjyef xkwfjyefcsufrsm;xkwf? owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJrsm; usif;y? epfem
jynfov
l x
l t
k Mum;wGif rdrt
d zGYJtpnf;\ yk&H yd Ef iS hf *kPo
f u
d m©
k yfvQif oludk avsmfaMu;ay;aomaMumifh pdk;&drfxdwfvefYrI MuD;rvmbJ
jcif;wdYkonf Media Relations \ tajccHyifjzpfonf/ vdt
aumif;rGef&ef tm;xkwf&onfh Public Relations oabmw&m; vdt
k yfovdk owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGJ vkyjf cif;? owif; xkwjf yefcsuf avaMumif;vdkif;\ odu©mudkvnf; tMuD;tus,f rxdckduf
onf tjcm;Ekid if rH sm;wGif tajccdik af eNyDjzpfaomfvnf; jrefrmEkid if H Press Release rsm;xk w f j yef j cif ; ? owif ; axmuf r sm;u atmif xdef;odrf;EkkdifcJhonf/
wGifrl topftqef; jzpfaeonf/
,ckrMumao;cifumvrsm;twGif;wGif Public Relations
qufo,
G af r;jref;onfukd ajzMum;jcif;wdYk jzifh rdrEd iS yhf wfoufjyD;
jynfolYqufqHa&;[k bmomjyefqdkMuonfh Public jzpfay:aeaom taMumif;t&mudk trsm;ydkrdkem;vnf oabm ESifhywfoufNyD; wkd;wufrI rsm;pGmawGY&NyD; jrefrmEkdifiHtwdkif;
twmjzifh MunfhvQif rMuKHzl;avmufatmifyifjzpfonf/ odkYaomf
Relations wGif tpdwftydkif;rsm;pGm &Sdonfhteuf rD'D,m
aygufatmifulnDEkdifonf/
qufqHa&; (rD'D,mESifh qufqHa&;r[kkwfyg) Media Relations
tjzpftysufwpfckwGif tenf;qkH; bufESpfbuf &Sdaom tpom&Sad o;aomaMumifh ,ckxufyNkd yD;aumif;atmif vkyEf idk Of ;D
k d nf; jrifae&onf/ Public Relations udk ydrk o
kd u
G v
f ufatmif
onf t"duusaom tpdwt
f ydik ;f MuD;wpfcjk zpfjyD; tcsdKYuqdv
k sif aMumifh tenf;qkkH; bufESpfbufudk owif;rD'D,morm;onf rnfuv
Public Relations onf Media Relations om[kyif owfrSwf
avhvmpkHprf; a&;om;Mu&jrJjzpfonf/ tjcm;wpfbufu aqmif&GufEkdifvQif tm;vkH;tusdK;&Sdygvdrfhrnf/
Muonf/ owif;udk &mpkESpfxuf0ufcefY xdef;csKyfcJh&mrS ajymjyD; rdrdurajymbJ a&ikHEIwfydwfaevdkufvsif rdrdbufu
aZ,sol

o

PR \

oabm

CARTOON OF THE WEEK

28
The

VOICE

*drf;oDtkd&D
trsm;arQmfvifhapmifhpm;aeMuaom vufyHawmif;ta&;
pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpm ,aeYyif
xGufay:vmNyDjzpfygonf/ aumfr&Sifu ¤if;\&nf&G,fcsuf?
wm0ef? tajccHrlrsm;ESifh vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;udk yPmred'gef;ysKd;
jyonf/ NyD;rS aumfr&SifawGU&Sdcsufrsm;ESifhtwl bmom&yfqkdif&m
uRrf;usifolynm&SiftoD;oD;\ oHk;oyftqkdjyKcsufrsm;udk
bufpHkaxmifhpHk pkpnf;wifjyonf/ aemufqHk; aumfr&Sif\NcHKiHk
oHk;oyfcsufrsm;ESifh tBuHjyKcsufrsm;udk azmfjyvkdufygonf/
tpD&ifcHpmwpfckvHk;\ ta&;tBuD;qHk;jzpfzG,f&Sdaom
tBuHjyKcsuftydkif;wGif aumfr&Sifu a&G;cs,fp&menf;vrf;
oH;k oG,u
f kd yxrcif;jyonf/ tqkyd genf;vrf;oH;k oG,u
f kd pOf;pm;
qHk;jzwf&mwGif ]wpfckvHk;pD;yGm;a&;twGuf tusKd;&Sdr&Sd}? ]
Ekid if w
H umqufqaH &;}ESihf ]vlraI &;? ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;} wkYdukd
tm;vHk;NcHKiHkNyD; (Holistically) pOf;pm;&efvkdtyfygaMumif;
tBuHjyKonf/ aumfr&Sifcif;jyvkdufaom qkdcJhygenf;vrf;
oHk;oG,frSm ...
(u) vuf&Sdtwkdif;yif? aMu;eDpDrHudef;udk qufvufvkyf
udkifaprnfhenf;vrf; .../ qdk&vQif vuf&SdaMu;eDpDrHudef;udk
wm0ef,laqmif&Gufaeaom OD;ydkifESifh 0rfaygifukrÜPDwdkYbufu
cHwGif;tawGUqHk;enf;vrf; odkYr[kwf ¤if;wkdY\]arQmfvifhwefzdk;}
(expected value) jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ odkYESifhwkdif þenf;vrf;udk
aumfr&Sifu a&G;cs,f&efroifh[k rSwfcsufjyKygonf/
(c) aMu;eDpDrHudef;udk qufvufvkyfaqmifcGifhrjyKbJ
&yfqkdif;aprnhfenf;vrf; .../ qkd&vQif vuf&SdpDrHudef;udk vHk;0
&yfqkdif;ypf&ef qE´azmfxkwfawmif;qkdaeMuolrsm; b0if
tusqHk;jzpfzG,f&Sdonfh enf;vrf;jzpfygonf/ olwkdYvkdvm;aom
]arQmv
f ifw
h efz;kd }vnf;jzpfygonf/ odYk wap þenf;vrf;udv
k nf;
aumfr&Sifu axmufcHcsufray;yg/
(*) aMu;eDpDrHudef;ESifhywfoufí avhvmawGU&Sdaom
tm;enf;csufrsm;udk jyKjyifapum EkdifiHawmf\tusKd;pD;yGm;?
a'ocHvlxk\tusKd;pD;yGm;? tem*wfrsKd;quftwGuf tusKd;
pD;yGm;wkdYudk jynfh0pGm&&Sdap&ef tpDtrHrsm;csrSwfNyD; pDrHudef;udk
qufvufvyk af qmifaprnfh enf;vrf; .../ þenf;vrf;taeESihf
ESpfzufarQmfvifhwefzdk;rsm;udk tjynfht0ay;Ekdifvdrfhrnfawmh
r[kwfyg/ odkYwkdifatmif ESpfzufvHk;twGuf vuf&SdvdyfcJ
wnf;vnf;tajctaexuf ydak umif; (better off) vmEkid pf &m&Syd g
onf/ aumfr&Siu
f þenf;vrf;udo
k m axmufct
H BuHjyKvku
d yf g
onf/ þenf;vrf;udk taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif vkyfaqmif
rnfhvkyfief;pOf ajcmuf&yfudkvnf; oHk;oyftBuHjyKygonf/
(pm&S n f r nf p k d ; í tao;pd w f r azmf j yawmh y g/ aumf r &S i f
tpD&ifcHpmudk omMunfhyg&ef .../)
aumfr&Sif\qkdcJhyg tBuHjyKcsufonfyif ]&SOfhvnf;
avQmufom ysm;vnf;pGJom}rnfh taumif;qHk;enf;vrf;jzpfvdrfh
rnf[k pma&;ol ,lqygonf/ q&mBuD;ocifudk,fawmfrIdif;
wpfavQmufvHk;vkdvm;awmifhwcJhaom ]olrem? udk,frem}
oabmxm;rsKd; jzpfvdrfhrnf[k oabm&ygonf/ q&mBuD;
'*kefwm&m rMumcPqkdovkd a&;om;ajymqkdaeaom ]]rkef;ol
r&Sd? cspfolom&Sdaprnfh}} oifhjrwfa&;vrf;aMumif;[k em;vnf
ygonf/ txl;ojzifh urÇmESifht0ef; 'Drdku&ufwpfenf;em
wpf&yftjzpf wGifwGifus,fus,f toHk;jyKaeMuaom acwfopf
*drf;oDtkd&D-vm csOf;uyftajz&Smenf;tjzpf qifjcifrdygonf/
r*Fvmyg aumfr&Sif .../

pma&;ol\ tawGYtBuHK
þae&mwG i f acwf o pf * d r f ; oD t k d & D E S i f h y wf o uf a om
pma&;ol\ em;vnfcsufudk jyefvnfazmfjycGifhjyKapvkdygonf/
(þtaMumif; rMumcPa&;cJhNyD;jzpfí ]jyefvnf}qkdaom
a&SUqufcHxm;jcif;jzpfonf/) ,ckvkd .../
]]tusKd;pD;yGm;csif;rwlMuonfh tiftm;pkrsm;Mum;wGif
rwl a omarQmf v if h w ef z d k ; rsm; obm0uspG m &S d M urnf o m
jzpfygonf/ odkYwap tqdkygtiftm;pkrsm;Mum; n§dEdIif;aqG;aEG;
MuawmhrnfqdkvQifrl qdkcJhyg arQmfvifhwefzdk;rsm;udk ESpfzufvHk;rS
taoqkyfudkifxm;oa&GU b,fawmhrS tajz&vdrfhrnfr[kwfyg/
ESpfbufvHk;rS ¤if;wdkYvuf&Sdtajctaexuf ydkaumif; (Better
off) vQifyif auseyfzG,f&mtajz[k oabmxm;MuzdkY vdkygvdrfh
rnf/ þoabmxm;ESifhyif rdrdwdkYoufqdkif&marQmfvifhwefzdk;
rsm;udk ]tay;t,lvkyf n§dEdIif;MuNyD;} (Bargain) ESpfzuf
oabmwlnDEdkifonfh ]Mum;tajz} (Compromise) &Sm&ygvdrfh
rnf/ þenf;jzifh Better Off csdefcGifvQmrQEdkifrnfh tajctae
a&mufvmrSom ESpfzufvufcHEdkifrnfhtajz awGUygvdrfhrnf/
þodkYaom csdefcGifvQmrQtajctaeudk oDtdk&Dazmfxkwfol
ynm&Sif trnftpGJjyKNyD; ]euf(cs)rQajc} (Nesh's Equilibrium)

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

[k ac:ygonf ...} pojzifh/
0efc&H vQif ]qefYusib
f uftcsi;f csi;f tjyeftvSezf ,fxw
k f
a&;} pOf;pm;enf;wpfckwnf;ESifhom wpfavQmufvHk; tm½Hkus
,Ofyg;cJhaom pma&;oltaejzifh qdkcJhyg*drf;oDtdk&Dudk csufcsif;
NrdKruscJhyg/ aemufqHk; EdkifiHa&; 0uFygawmwGif; ezl;uGJ 'l;NyJ
rsm;pGm BuHKcJhNyD;rS *drf;oDtdk&Donfom jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;tusyf
twnf;\ wpfckwnf;aomxGuf&yfvrf;} tjzpf oabm,lvm
EdkifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ odkYESifhtrQ pma&;jzpfuwnf;u ]*drf;oDtdk&D}
ESihf qufE,
T o
f rQudk rMumcPqdo
k vdk rdwq
f ufay;cJjh cif;vnf;
jzpfygonf/ þwGif pmzwfy&dowfawmfawmfrsm;rsm; (txl;
ojzifh vli,fpmzwfolrsm;) um; pdwf0ifwpm;&Sdonfudk
awGU&awmh trSefyiftm;wufrdonf/
odkYESifhwdkif tqdkyg*drf;oDtdk&Dudkyif jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;ESifh
qufpyfjyawmh b0ifrusoH tcsKdUMum;vm&onf/ ]oDtdk&Dudk
awmh vufcyH gw,f/ 'gayrJh vufawGUrjzpfEikd f ...} pojzif/h aemufq;kH
]2010 a&G;aumufyt
JG m; ESpzf ufv;kH twGuf Better Off jzpfEikd w
f ,f}
[k a&;vdkuf&m b0ifrus½Hk? a0zef½HkrQruawmh bJ tpdk;&ESifh
ay;pm;cH&ygavawmhonf/ þodYk qJMuqdMk u ta&cGcH mG Muolrsm;
xJwGif pma&;ol\ vuf0JrdwfaqGrsm;rSm a&SUqHk;u/ olwdkY
wawG\ &J&JawmufavxkwGif ½dk;½dk;om;om; pmzwfoltrsm;
yif/ pma&;olESifh tuGmta0;wpfckodkY a&mufukefonf/
þtaMumif;awGudk jyefa&;aerdonfrSm a'goawG?

&SOfUvnf;avQmufom
ysm;vnf;pGJom
r*Fvmyg- aumfr&Sif
ausmf0if;
tmCmwawGaMumifhr[kwfyg/ rdwfaqGrsm;\ ]atmufvrf;
enf;rsm;} udk pdwfysufrdonfhwdkif? pmzwfol trsm;pk\ cHwGif;
rawGUEdkifrIudk em;vnfay;EdkifcJhygonf/ jrefrmvlrsKd;wdkY\
]EdkifiHa&;"avh} (Political Culture) udk qifjcifrdaomaMumifhjzpf
onf/ jrefrmawGu ]rif;} odkYr[kwf ]tpdk;&} qdkvQif r,Hkcsif?
r,Hk&J/ rkef;onf? aMumufonf/ &efolrsKd;ig;yg;xJwGif ]rif;}
udk xnfhxm;onfrSm &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; ,Ofaus;rI"avh[kqdk&rnf
xifonf/ trSefpifppf þonfrSmvnf; obm0usonfom
jzpfonf/ Edik if aH &;"avhukd t"duyHo
k iG ;f vdu
k o
f nfrmS oufqikd &f m
vlxk\ cg;oD;aomEdkifiHa&;tawGUtBuHKrsm; jzpfavonfudk;/
odkYjzpfvifhupm; þ"avhrSm 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHa&;pepfESifh
tcgcyfodrf; t[yfnDcsifrS nDygvdrfhrnf/ txl;ojzifh
tiftm;pkrsKd;pHk 0dkif;wGef;ygrS a&GUEdkifp&m&Sdaom vuf&Sd'Drdkua&pD
tajymif;tvJESifh pa&G;rudkufvS[kxifonf/ tu,fírsm;
þtpGJ þ"avhudk rausmfEdkifcJhvQif jzpfoifhjzpfxdkufaom
vrf;aMumif;rSejf zpfapOD;/ tñGwt
f El;vufczH Ykd tcktcHjzpfaumif;
jzpfEdkifonf/ þodkYawG;rdvdkufawmh aumfr&SiftpD&ifcHpm\
aemufqufwGJtvm;tvmrsm;twGuf trSefyifpdk;&drfruif;
jzpfrdonf/ vuf&Sdtpdk;&ESifh aumfr&SifOuú|wdkYudk OD;wnf
vmEdkifp&m&Sdaom EdkifiHa&;wdkufuGufrsm;ESifh ½dk;om;aom
vlxk\ tuif;raowwfao;aom pdwf'Pf&m"avhrsm;
qHkrdvQif bmawGjzpfOD;rnfenf;/
tqdyk gpd;k &draf MumifMh updwEf iS yhf if ,ckpmpkukd qufygrnf/

pdk;&drfpdwftcHjzifU tBuHjyK? arwÅm&yfcHyefMum;vdkonfrsm;
(u) tBuHjyK
yxrqHk;tBuHjyKvdkonfrSm EdkifiHawmftpdk;&odkY jzpfyg
onf/ qdkcJhyg/ pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tpD&ifcHpmESifhtwl ¤if;udk
taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Gufrnfh aumfrwDzGJUpnf;onfh
owif;udkvnf; zwf&onf/ tqdkygaumfrwDudk tpdk;&wm0ef
&Sdoltrsm;pkjzifh zGJUpnf;xm;onfukd owdjyKrdonf/ jzpfoifh
jzpfxdkufaom zGJUpnf;yHk[k oabm&ygonf/ pHkprf;a&;aumfr&Sif
tpD&ifcHpmyg tBuHjyKcsufrsm;udk atmifjrifpGm taumiftxnf
azmfEdkifzdkYqdkvQif oufqdkif&m ]tusKd;&Sifrsm;} (Stakeholder) \
oabmwlMunfjzLrI&zdkY vdkvdrfhrnf[k awG;rdaomaMumifhjzpf
onf/ tqdyk gtusK;d &Sirf sm;teuf 0rfaygifEiS hf OD;ydik u
f rk P
Ü w
D YkdEiS hf
tqifajyajy n§dEdIif;taumiftxnfazmfzdkYqdkvQif vkyfydkifcGifh

vnf;&Sd? wm0efvnf;cHEikd af om tpd;k &t&m&Srd sm;rSm taumif;qHk;
jzpfygvdrfhrnf/
odkYwap aemufxyfta&;BuD;aom tusKd;&SifwpfOD;jzpf
onfh a'ocHrsm;\ yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI&zdkYqdkvQifrl tpdk;&
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;oufoufjzifh tqifajyvG,fulEdkifyghrvm;
pdk;&drfrdonf/ umvwm&SnfaysmufqHk;aecJhaom ,HkMunfrI
aMumifh oHo,tpdkiftcJtcsKdU &Sdaumif;&SdEdkifonf[k xifonf/
odkYtwGuf a'ocHvlxk\ em;vnfrI&Sd&Sd yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;
&,l&mwGif tcuftcJtcsKdU&Sdavrnfvm; pOf;pm;rdonf/
ouf q d k i f & ma'ocH r sm;ud k em;vnf o abmayguf v map
&ef&Sif;jy? azsmif;zsEdkifrnhf ? oDvodu©mMoZmwduúrBuD; aom
q&mawmfBuD;rsm; odkYr[kwf NrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm; aumfrwDwGif yg0if
vQif ydkítqifajyvG,fulavrnfvm; - awG;rdonf/
aemuf w pf c suf ÓPf r D o avmuf a wG ; rd o nf r S m
vufyHawmif;awmifta&;vdk jzpfwef&m tusyftwnf;rsm;ESifh
ywfoufvdkYjzpfonf/ obm0ab;tEÅ&m,faMumifhjzpfap? vlrI
y#dyu©rsm;aMumifjh zpfap? vuf&'dS rD u
kd a&pDtajymif;tvJtwGuf
pdefac:csufjzpfvmEkdifaom tusyftwnf;rsKd;a&SUwGifvnf; BuHK
&EkdifzG,f&Sdao;onf[k xifygonf/ BuHKcJhNyD;aom jzpfpOfjzpf&yf
rsm;rS oifcef;pm,lNyD; aemifvmrnhf jyóemrsm;udk umuG,f
a&Smif&Sm;Ekdif&eftwGufaomfvnf;aumif;? tu,fí rvGJra&Smif
om&ifqkdif&vQifvnf; vufOD;rI&Sd&Sd at;at;anmif;anmif;
ajz&Sif;Ekdif&eftwGufvnf;aumif;? tpDtpOf&Sd&Sd BudKwifjyifqif
xm;zdkYtwGufaomfvnf;aumif;vdkrnfvm; pOf;pm;rdonf/
Oyrmtm;jzifh ]tusyt
f wnf;pDrcH efYcaJG &;aumfrwD} vdt
k zGUJ tpnf;
rsKd;zGJUpnf;NyD; wm0ef,lajz&Sif;MuonfrsKd;jzpfygonf/
(c) arwåm&yfcH
'kwd,taeESifh arwåm&yfcHvdkonfrSm ,ckavmavmq,f
xdcu
kd ef pfemrI wpfpw
kH pf&mBuHKcJ&h NyD;jzpfaom? a'ocHvx
l o
k Ykd jzpf
ygonf/ rdrd&yf&Gmudk cspfcifjrwfEkd;pdwf? "m;rOD;csajrudk
wyfrufwG,fwmpdwfrsm;jzifh qE´azmfxkwfta&;qkdcJhMuonfh
rdwfaqGrsm;\ ta&;awmfudktjynhft0pmemEkdifygonf/ ,ck
xGufay:vmaom aumfr&Sif\tBuHjyKcsufrsm;rSm rdwfaqGrsm;
\ qE´ESifh &mEIef;jynhfwpfxyfwnf; rusonhfwkdif wpfckvHk;
tusKd;pD;yGm;? a&&SnftusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf taumif;qHk;tajzjzpf
onfudk ESvHk;oGif;apcsifygonf/ xdkYxuf awmf½HkEkdifiHa&;orm;
vkyfEdkifcJhaom trsm;BudKufvufckyfoHEkdifiHa&;udk rvkdufbJ
jzpfoifhjzpfxkdufonhfvrf;aMumif;rSefukd &J&J0hH0hHaxmufjy tBuH
jyKcJhaom aumfrwDOuú|\&yfwnfcsufudk wefzdk;xm; av;pm;
apcsifonf/ olr\arwåmapwemudk ,HkMunfudk;pm;pdwfjzifh
wwfEidk o
f rQ yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G af y;Muyg[k arwåm&yfct
H yfygonf/
'Dru
kd a&pDtul;tajymif; umv\ rvGwrf uRww
f wfao;
aom tusihfqdk;rsm;aMumifh q&mawmfoHCmawmfrsm;tygt0if
rdwaf qGrsm; temw&jzpfc&hJ onfrmS urÇmodyifjzpfygonf/ odYw
k ap
rdwfaqGrsm;\ ay;qyfrIrSm tcsnf;tESD;awmhum; rjzpfyg/
aemifwGif þtjzpfqdk;rsm; rBuHK&apa&;? (xkdYxuf av;eufpGm
qkd&vQif 'Drkdua&pDa&SUc&D; tqifacsmapa&;)twGuf ta&;BuD;
aom Oya'wpf&yfjzpfonfh ]]Nidrf;csrf;pGmpka0;cGifhESifh Nidrf;csrf;pGm
pDwef;vSnv
fh nfciG q
hf idk &f mOya'}}\ tm;enf;csurf sm;udk jyifqif
Ekid &f ef? wkid ;f odjynfod urÇmod tqdjk yKEidk Nf yD jzpfygonf/ (aumfr&Sif
tpD&ifcpH mtyd'k f 93 ? tyd'k cf JG (c) yg tBujH yKcsurf sm;udk Munhyf g&ef)
þonfyif rdwfaqGrsm;\atmifyGJ [k oabm,lapvdkygonf/
(*) yefMum;
aemufqHk;taeESifh vuf&SdvHkNcHKa&;udk wm0ef,lxm;aom
&JwyfzGJUESifh vuf&Sdtajymif;tvJtay: tjynhft0oabmrwl
EkdifMuao;onfh rdwfaqGrsm;udk yefMum;tyfygonf/
rnfoYdk aom taMumif;aMumifjh zpfap? vufyaH wmif;awmif
ta&;udkifwG,fyHkrSm &JwyfzGJUtygt0if tpdk;&\ *kPfodu©m
twGuaf &m 'Dru
kd a&pDtpOftvmtwGuyf g aumif;aomvu©Pm
r[kwfyg/ þtawGUtBuHKudk tav;teufqifjcifí aumfr&Sif
tBuHjyKcsuftwkdif;xdxda&mufa&muf jyKjyifajymif;vJMuyg&ef
oufqkdifolrsm;odkY yefMum;vdkygonf/
acwfwpfacwfudk twljzwfoef;cJhMuonfh rdwfaqGrsm;
udkvnf; yefMum;vdkygonf/ rSwfrdMuygvdrhfOD;rnf/ uRefawmf
wdkYwawGi,fi,fu tpGJBuD;pGJcJhMuonfh uAsm/ ]]tukef&&if&?
r&&ifbmrS rvdkcsifbl;}} qdkaom ]bm;awmhb&uf} \ uAsm
pmom;? 'gudk -cdik x
f ;l BuD;u oDcsi;f vkyq
f adk wmhvnf; uReaf wmfwYkd
tm;vHk; ESpfESpfNcdKufNcdKufvdkufqkdcJhMuonf/ trSefpifppf
b0onf uAsmr[kwf/ EkdifiHa&;qdkonfrSm vomomoDcsif;
qkd&onfrsKd;r[kwf/ 'gav;udkESvHk;oGif;Muapcsifonf/
ausmf0if;
&nfnTef; - pHkprf;a&;aumfr&Sif\ tNyD;owftpD&ifcHpm

29

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

iHawmfor®w[m Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;&JUzdwfMum;csuft& Oa&mywpfcGif c&D;vSnfhvnfaeygw,f/ c&D;pOfrNyD;qHk;ao;cifrSmbJ atmifjrifwJhc&D;pOfjzpfaMumif; odomxif&Sm;aeygNyD/ or®wu
Oa&myor*¾tygt0if Oa&myEdkifiHrsm;&JUusef&Sdaeao;wJh ta&;,lydwfqdkUrIrsm;tm;vHk; vHk;0z,f&Sm;ay;a&;eJY jrefrmEdkifiH&JU EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm; ydkrdkxda&muf
atmifjrifa&;twGuf aiGGaMu;eJYenf;ynmrsm; ydkrdkulnDMuzdkYc&D;pOfwpfavsmufvHk;rSm awGYqHkcJhwJh Oa&myacgif;aqmiftm;vHk;udk wdkufwGef;ajymqdkcJhygw,f/
Oa&myacgif;aqmiftm;vHk;uvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHawmf pGyfpGJjcif;udkcHcJh&wJhtxd tpdk;&opf&JU jyKjyifajymif;vJa&; cGifhjyKay;cJhjcif;qdkwJh tcsufu tvGefta&;ygNyD; t"duusvSwJh
or®wudk vdIufvSJaEG;axG;pGm BudKqdkMu&Hkomru jrefrmEdkifiH vk y f i ef ; rsm;ud k axmuf c H c J Y ygw,f / wu,f a wmh tck taMumif;&if;BuD;awGxJu wpfckjzpfygw,f/ pme,fZif;awGrSm
T af wmftygt0if r@Kdio
f ;kH &yfv;kH udk yGiYf yiG Yf vif;vif;
twGufvdktyfwJh aiGaMu;? enf;ynmeJY wjcm; tultnD tpdk;&opf&JU rl0g'rsm;udk tjynfht0vufcHvdkY r[kwfbJ vuf&Sd tpd;k &eJYvw
awGudkay;zdkU uwdu0wfawG jyKcJhMuygw,f/ or®w[m 2013 taetxm;uae jynfh0wJh 'Drdku&ufwpfvlYabmifudk a&muf&Sd a0zefa&;om;az:jyEdkifw,fqdkwJh tcGifhta&;[m ayghaygh
ckESpftwGuf Edkb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qk&&SdEdkifw,fqdkwJh ajymqdk atmif xlaxmifEdkifr,f/ vuf&Sdrl0g'awG[m wyfrawmftyg wefwefudpö r[kwfygbl;/ usefwJhtcGifhta&;awG bmrSr&Sdao;
rIawGvnf; tckOa&myc&D;pOftwGif;rSm jyefvnfay:xGufvm t0if trsdK;om;wpf&yfvHk;jyefvnfpnf;vHk; nDnGwfa&; twGuf &ifawmifrS vGwfvyfpGm xkwfazmfajymqdka&;om;cGifh trSef
cJhygw,f/ Edb
k ,fvNf idr;f csr;f a&;qktwGuf 'kw,
d tBudrt
f rnf taumif;qHk;r[kwf&ifawmifrS toifhawmfqHk;eJY vufawGY wu,f&Sd&if 'Drdkua&pDqdkwmaocsmayguf jzpfxGef;Edkifygw,f/
tusqHk; jzpfw,f/ tpdk;&uvnf; ppfrSefwJU EdkifiHa&; pdwfqE´ 'DtcGifhta&;twGuf tm;vHk;u 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omeJY aus;Zl;
pm&if;wifoGif;jcif;vnf;cH&ygw,f/
wifaeMuwmjzpfygw,f/ EdkifiHwum todkif;t0dkif;uvnf;
t*FgaeY Oa&myor*¾acgif;aqmifrsm;eJY awGUqH&k mrSm or®w
rD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifh wpfqifhay;wdkif; wpfcgtodtrSwfjyK
u jrefrmEdkifiHrSm 'Drdkua&pDpepf ay:aygufxGef;um;a&;twGuf
csD;rGrf;ajymqdkaewmudk tm;vHk;owdjyKrdMurSmyg/
tpdk;&opf&JU BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufrIawGudk &Sif;vif;ajymMum;cJh
'gayrJh or®w&JU ordkif;0if Oa&myc&D;pOfeJY wdkufqdkifpGm
ygw,f/ ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmtjrpfwG,fvmcJhwJh vlxk&JU taMumuf
yJ tm;vHk;u 0dkif;0ef;uefYuGufaewJhMum;uae rD'D,mOya'
w&m;awG uif;a0;aysmufuG,fa&;? vGwfvyfcGifh? w&m;rSswrI?
Murf;[m vTwfawmfwifwJhtxd a&muf&SdoGm;NyDqdkwm 0rf;enf;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;eJY 'Drdkua&pDtavhtxrsm; ydkrdkxGef;um; ay:
pGm odvdkuf&ygw,f/ vGwfvGwfvyfvyf a&;om;a0zefrIrsm;udk
aygufatmif BudK;yrf;oGm;r,fhtaMumif;vnf; uwdjyKajym
wm;jrpfvw
kd hJ oabmr[kwb
f ;l qdw
k m tm;vH;k uodayr,fU 'DOya'
Mum;oGm;ygw,f/ rD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifhudk wjcm;'Drdkua&pD
udk tcktwdkif;twnfjyKvdkuf&if trsdK;om;jyefvnf pnf;vHk;
tcGifhta&;awGeJYtwl cGifhjyKay;xm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;vnf;
nDnw
G af &;? tpd;k &eJYvx
l Mk um; ,HMk unfreI m;vnfrI wnfaqmuf
tav;teufajymMum;oGm;ygao;w,f/
a&;? 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHawmfBuD; tcdkiftrmay:xGef;vma&;?
trSefwu,fvnf; rD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifhudk uRefawmfwdkY
tJ'Dwnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;pOfudk EdkifiHwumu qufvuf
twdkif;twmwpfcktxd &&SdaeNyDvdkU qdk&r,fjzpfygw,f/
axmufcHulnDa&;wdkYtwGuf toufwrQta&;ygvSwJh vGwf
ajym&r,fqdk&if tpdk;&opf ay:aygufvmNyD;wJY aemufydkif;rSm
vyfpGm a&;om;ajymqdkcGifhudk jyefvnfuefYowfvdkufovdk?
uRefawmfwdkY trsm;qHk;&&SdwJh tcGifhta&;[m vGwfvyfpGm
jyefvnfwm;qD;ydwfyifvdkufovdk jzpfygvdrfYr,f/
a&;om;ajymqdk xkwfazmfcGifh jzpfygw,f/ tajymif;tvJ&JU
toD;tyGifhudk tajccHvlwef;pm;awG bmrSrcHpm;&ao;ygbl;/
ußGefawmfudk,fwdkifu tckqdk&if vuf&Sdtpdk;&opf&JUrl0g'
pD ; yG m ;a&;t&vnf ; nD r QwJ Y tcG i f Y t vrf ; awG u d k zef w D ;
rsm;atmifjrifNyD; 'Drdkua&pDyef;wdkif tjrefa&muf&Sda&;twGuf
wnfaqmufay;zdkY BudK;pm;aeqJjzpfNyD; vufawGYtaumif
pmaya&;om;wJhtvkyfeJY wwfpGrf;oavmuf yg0ifBudK;yrf;aewJh
txnfay:NyDvdkY rqdkEdkifao;ygbl;/ 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHppfppf
vlwpfa,mufyg/ zsufvdkzsufqD; vkyfvdkwJh wdkif;jynf wdk;wuf
jzpfzdkYvnf; c&D;&SnfBuD;udk Murf;wrf;cufcJpGmeJU csDwuf
BuD;yGm;a&;udk aESmifhaES;apvdkwJh&nf&G,fcsuf vHk;0r&Sdygbl;/
Mu&ygOD;r,f/ Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufrI vkyfief;pOf[mvnf;
'gayrJh rD'D,mOya'udk tcktwdkif; jy|mef;vdkufr,fqdk&if
tpdk;&opfvufxufrSmatmifjrifvmNyDvdkY qdkEdkifayr,fh Nidrf;
pmwpfyk'fa&;zdkY awmfawmfBuD; pOf;pm;&ygawmhr,f/ ESpf&Snfv
csrf;a&;tqifhudk ra&mufao;bJ typftcwf&yfpJa&;tqifhudk
rsm; tusOf;axmifxJaezl;NyD;om;qdkawmh axmifxJvnf;
tem;oyf aqmif&Gufae&qJ umvrSmyJ &Sdygao;w,f/ rD'D,m
xyfoGm;zdkY awmfawmfaMumufygw,fqdkwm &dk;&dk;om;om;
ydkufwif
vG w f v yf c G i f h u awmh wd k i f ; jynf w nf a qmuf a &;ud k xd x d
ajymvdkygw,f/ 'Dawmh 'DOya'jy|mef;vdkuf&if pmra&;½Hk&SdwmyJ
a&mufa&muf yHhydk;ulnDEdkifwJh twdkif;twmtxd uRefawmfwdkU
vdkYawG;NyD; awmfawmfpdwfrcsrf;romjzpfrdygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkU
&&SdaeNyDjzpfygw,f/
eJY vkyu
f ikd af ewmjzpfw,fvYk,
d MkH unfvYko
d m ud,
k w
f wfprG ;f oavmuf OD;wnf avQmufvSrf;aewJh 'Drdkua&pDyef;wdkifuae aoGznfoGm;
rD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifheJYywfoufvdkYuawmh (uRefawmfh EdkifiHawmfopfwnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;pOfrSm wpfwyfwpftm; Edkifygw,f/ vlxkeJY tpdk;&tMum; wnfaqmuf&&Sdxm;wJh
wpfOD;wnf; oabmxm;udkajym&&if) arQmfvifhxm;wmxuf yg0ifxrf;&GufzdkY BudK;pm;jcif;omjzpfygw,f/
,HkMunfrI[m jyefvnfqHk;½IH; aysmufuG,foGm;Edkifygw,f/
awmifydk&vmygw,f/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkifu t&iftpdk;& vuf
ußGefawmfwdkYvdk twdkuftcHawGu tpdk;&opfeJU olU&JU EdkifiHwum todkif;t0dkif;wpfckvHk;&JU ,HkMunfrI? tm;ay;
xufu twdkuftcH EdkifiHa&;orm;wpfa,muf jzpfygw,f/ rl0g'rsm;udk ,HMk unfvufcNH yD; tjyKoabm yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G zf Ukd axmufcHrIudkvnf; xdyg;Edkifygw,f/
ES p f & S n f v rsm; tusOf ; pH b 0eJ Y aecJ h & zl ; ygw,f / jyKjyif BudK;pm;Muwm? vlxkuvnf; tpdk;&opfudk axmufcHvmwm?
vlxkudk udk,fpm;jyKwJh vTwfawmfudkyJ av;pm;pGm arwåm
ajymif;vJa&;awG vkyv
f mwJt
h cgrSm tpd;k &udk t&ifq;kH ,HMk unfNyD; aemufNyD; EdkifiHwum todkif;t0dkif;wpfckvHk;u tpdk;&opfudk &yfcHyg&ap/ vlxkvTwfawmfjzpfwmeJYtnD ta&;BuD;wJU wpfpHk
twdkuftcHtjzpf qufvuf&yfwnfvkyfukdifwJhtvkyfudk tm; todtrSwfjyKNyD; 'Drdkua&pDpepf wnfaqmufaew,fvdkU wpf&mudk aqG;aEG;qHk;jzwfMuawmhr,fqdk&if vlxk&JUtoHeJY
vHk;&JU a&SUqHk;uae &yfypfcJhygw,f/ 2010 a&G;aumufyGJudk ,HkMunfpGmeJY yHhydk;ulnDMuwmawG[m taMumif;&if;rsm;pGm cHpm;csufudk xnfhoGif; pOf;pm;ay;apvdkygw,f/ vlxkqE´udk
vrf;ptjzpf ½IjrifcYJ ygw,f/ tpd;k &eJY wpfpw
kH pf&mqufE,
G rf &I NdS yD; &Sdygw,f/ tJ'DtaMumif;&if;rsm;pGmteuf pmaypdppfa&;udk yxrOD;pm;ay;tjzpf xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;r,fqdk&if vlxkwpf&yf
tcGifhta&;awG vlrodolrod &,laeygw,fvdkY vlwcsdKU&JU zsuf o d r f ; NyD ; rD ' D , mvG w f v yf c G i f h u d k awmf a wmf r sm;rsm; vHk;a&m EdkifiHwumtodkif;t0dkif;wpfckvHk;yg auseyf 0rf;ajrmuf
ygvdrfhr,f/ 'Drdkua&pDvnf; ydkrdkyDjyifvmr,f jzpfygw,f/
vuf&Sday;xm;wJh rD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifhudktoHk;jyKNyD; wdkif;jynf
wnfaqmufa&;twGuf BudK;yrf;MuwJh pwkw¬r@Kdifu rD'D,m
CARTOON OF THE WEEK
orm;wdkY&JU BudK;yrf;rIawG[m r@KdifBuD;oHk;&yftwGufomru
vlxktwGufyg trsm;BuD; tusdK;jzpfxGef;w,fqdkwm vufawGU
rSmvnf; txift&Sm; awGUjrifae&NyDjzpfygw,f/ vGwv
f yfciG u
hf kd
tvGJoHk;pm;jyKNyD; udk,fusdK;&SmvdkoltcsdKU &Sdw,fqdkayr,fh
'g[m 'Dru
kd a&pDwnfaqmufcgp Edik if w
H ikd ;f rSm BuHKawGU&wwfwhJ
jyóemjzpfNyD; wdkif;jynftwGuf&&SdwJh tusdK;tjrwfeJY EIdif;,SOf
vdkuf&if bmrSrajymyavmufwJh udpo
ö mjzpf½Hkru tcsdefwef&if
tm;vHk; &Sif;vif;oGm;rSmvnf;yJjzpfygw,f/
rD'D,m vGwfvyfcGifYaMumifh wdkif;jynfwnfaqmufa&;
udk bmrSxdcdkufrIr&Sd½Hkru 'Drdkua&pDa&;twGuf BuD;pGmaom
taxmuftyHhudkjzpfwm txift&Sm; jrifawGUae&NyDjzpfawmhrS
tJ'v
D w
G v
f yfciG u
hf kd jyefvnfuefYowfovdjk zpfapr,fh qH;k jzwfcsu?f
aqmif&GufcsufrsdK;[m wdkif;jynfwnfaqmufaeolrsm;udk a&m
vl x k u d k y g tusd K ;pD ; yG m ;ysuf p D ; Ed k i f y gw,f / Ed k i f i H w um
todkif;t0dkif;&JUtjrifudkvnf; oufa&mufrI &Sdygvdrfhr,f/
tm;vHk;uvnf; pdwf0ifwpm;eJU pdk;&drfwBuD;eJY apmifhMunfh
aeMuygw,f / 'gaMumif h vT w f a wmf t aeeJ Y t a&;BuD ; wJ h
qHk;jzwfcsufrcsrDrSm xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;&r,fh taMumif;tcsuf
tm;vHk;udk aoaocsmcsm xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;ay;zdkY av;pm;pGm
arwåm&yfcH wdkufwGef;vdkuf&ygw,f/
ydkufwif

Edkif

pwkw¬r@Kdif
ta&;BuD;ygonf

30
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

&ufaeYxw
k f
rSm uReaf wmf
(18 -2-2013)
a&;cJw
h hJ ]w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;ESihf rw&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;}
The Voice Weekly

qkdwJh aqmif;yg;rSm wpfOD;xdkifw&m;olBuD;jzifh w&m;pD&ifaom
pepfukd uReaf wmfv;kH 0(vH;k 0) t,Ht
k Munfr&Syd g[kvnf;aumif;?
y,fzsuo
f ifah om Oya'wpfcu
k kd uReaf wmft
h m; OD;pm;ay;a&G;cs,f
cGifhjyKcJhvQif (2010 jynfhESpf w&m;pD&ifa&;Oya')udk y,fzsuf
&ef uReaf wmftqkw
d ifoiG ;f ygrnf[k vnf;aumif; a&;cJyh gonf/
xdktaMumif; t&mav;udk pmzwfolrsm;tm; &Sif;vif;&ef
(w&m;½kH;tac: avQmufvJcsufay;&ef) wm0ef&Sdygw,f/
pmzwfoly&dowftae jzifh rdrdudk,fudk,f w&m;olBuD;rsm;yrm
t&mxm;NyD; a0zefoHk;oyf qHk;jzwfMuygukef .../
w&m;olBuD;wpfa,mufonf w&m;pD&ifydkifcGifhtmPm
wGif;a&mufvmaom vlwpfa,muf\ toufudk Oya't&
aoapEdkifonf? odkYr[kwf vlwpfa,muf\toufudk Oya'
t& qufvuf&SifoefcGifhudk ay;Ekdifonf/ xkdYjyif vlwpfa,muf
udk Oya't& axmifESpftuefYtowfr&Sd axmifwGif;aeap&ef
trdeYf csEkid o
f uJo
h Ykd tqkyd gtrdeYf ukd Oya't& y,fzsufEidk o
f rl sm;
vnf;jzpfonf/ w&m;olBuD;rsm;onf wpfpHkwpfa,muf\
pnf;pdrOf pömrsm;udk xdo
k o
l abmwlonfjzpfap? oabmrwlonf
jzpfap Oya't& zsufqD;ap&ef trdefYay;EkdifouJhodkY Oya't&
a&mif;csjcif;? cGJjcrf;pdwfjzmjcif;jyKEkdifolrsm;vnf; jzpfavonf/
wpfenf;tm;jzifh w&m;olBuD;wpfa,mufonf vlwpfa,muf
\b0udkvnf;aumif;? ypönf;udkvnf;aumif; w&m;pD&ifydkifcGifh
tmPmtwGif; usa&mufygu Oya't& pD&ifydkifcGifhtmPm
&Sdaomol jzpfaeayonf/ Oya'ESifhtnD &&Sdxm;aom ]]ap}}
wpfvHk;ydkif&Sifjzpfayonf/ tqkdygtmPmudk wpfOD;wpfa,muf
wnf;tm; ay;xm;jcif;onf .../
2010 jynfaxmifpk w&m;pD&ifa&;Oya't& NrdKUe,f
w&m;½Hk;ESifh c½dkifw&m;½Hk;rsm;onf wpfOD;xdkifw&m;olBuD;pepf
jzifh w&m;pD&ifMu&ygonf/ wkdif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,fw&m;
vTwfawmfrsm;onfvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmf
rsm;onfvnf;aumif; Oya't& wpfO;D xufyakd om w&m;olBuD;
rsm;jzifh tcgtm;avsmfpGm w&m;pD&ifavh&Sdaomfvnf; rsm;aom
tm;jzihf wpfOD;xkdifw&m;olBuD;jzifhom w&m;pD&ifavh&SdMuyg
onf/ (Oya'jy|mef;csufrsm;udk yk'frrsm;tvkduf &Sif;vif;a&;
om;aeygu pmzwfolrsm;em;rvnfrSmpdk;í a,bk,sa&;om;
vdkufygonf/ pma&;ol) ,cifuawmh jypfrIqkdif&m usifhxHk;
Oya'rSm *sL&DeJY w&m;pD&ifwJhudpaö wG jy|mef;xm;cJhwm&Sdayr,fh
,ckawmhtJh'Dyk'frawGu y,fzsufvkdufygNyD/
w&m;olBuD;rsm;onf rdrda&SUarSmufa&muf&Sdvmaom
jypfrIrsm;udk w&m;pD&if&mü w&m;pGJtzGJUtpnf;rsm;u wifjy
vmonfh ypönf;oufao^vloufaorsm;tay: tajccHí
qHk;jzwfMu&ygonf/ &Hzef&HcgtrItwGuf vkdtyfonf[k
xifjrif,lq&ygu jypfrIqkdif&m usifhxHk;Oya'yk'fr-293(1)
t& tcif;jzpf&modkY uGif;qif;MunfhEkdifygonf/ odkYaomfvnf;
tqkdygyk'frudk zsufodrf;cJhNyD;jzpfygonf/ w&m;rrIrsm;udkvnf;
trIonfrsm;u wifjyvmaom pm&Gufpmwrf;taxmuftxm;?
vloufaotaxmuftxm;rsm;ay:rlwnfí pD&ifqkH;jzwfMu&
ygonf / w&m;ol B uD ; rsm;onf tcif ; jzpf p Of t m;vH k ; ud k
udk,fwkdifjrifawGU&olrsm; r[kwfEkdifívnf; xkdodkYw&m;pD&if&
jcif;onf obm0usygonf/ w&m;olBuD;wpfa,muftaeESifh
wifjyvmaom vloufaoxGufcsufrsm;onf rnfrQckdifvHkrI

w&m;olBuD;wpfa,muftaejzifU
trIppfaq;pOf OD;pGmawGY&Sd&rnfUjyóemrSm
jypfrIrSw&m;cHonf
tcsKyfvGwfxkacscGifU
(tmrcH)&vkdonfqkdygu
tmrcHay;oifU roifU
qifjcifoHk;oyf&ygonf/
tmrcHay;oifUvQifvnf;
aiGrnfrQESifU tmrcHay;oifUvJqkdwm
xyfrHqifjcifoHk;oyf&ygonf/
w&m;vkdjyoufao
ppfaq;NyD;&ifvnf;
w&m;cHudkpGJqdkxm;wJUyk'freJh
NidpGef;jcif;&Sd^r&Sd
(w&m;½Hk;tac: pGJcsufwifoifU^rwifoifU)
qifjcifoHk;oyf&ygao;w,f/

&Sd^r&Sd? xGufqkdcsufrsm;onf obm0usrI&Sd^r&Sd oufaowpfOD;
onfbufvkdufNyD; xGufqkdcsufay;aeovm;? xdefcsefxGufqkd
aeovm;? rdrdtEkdif&vdkonfhbufodkY vkdwmxufydkí xGufqkd
csufay;aeovm;qkdwm qnf;yl;xm;aom twwfynm?
avhvmxm;aom A[kokwrsm;? &&Sdxm;aom tawGUtBuHKrsm;
jzifh qHk;jzwf&ygonf/ vdktyfygu oufao\trlt&mrsm;udk
yif trIwGJaeYpOfrSwfwrf;wGif a&;om;rSwfcsufjyKxm;&ygonf/
trIppfaq;aepOf tdyif u
kd af eír&yg/ rnfonft
h aMumif;aMumif;
ESifhrQ w&m;cGifrS xGufcGmoGm;í r&yg/ wpfcgwpf&Hawmh
w&m;cGifpma&;u w&m;olBuD;em;uyfoGm;NyD; bmajymvkdufvJ
rod w&m;ol B uD ; cPcPatmuf q if ; oG m ;wJ h t cgvnf ;
BuHKzl;ygw,f/ xm;awmh .../
w&m;olBuD;wpfa,muftaejzifh trIppfaq;pOf OD;pGm
awGU&Sd&rnfhjyóemrSm jypfrIrSw&m;cHonf tcsKyfvGwfxkacscGifh
(tmrcH)&vkdonfqkdygu tmrcHay;oifh roifh qifjcifoHk;oyf
&ygonf/ tmrcHay;oifv
h Qiv
f nf; aiGrnfrQEiS hf tmrcHay;oifo
h vJ
qkw
d m xyfrq
H ifjcifo;kH oyf&ygonf/ w&m;vkjd youfao ppfaq;
NyD;&ifvnf; w&m;cHupkd q
JG x
kd m;wJyh 'k rf eJY NidpeG ;f jcif;&S^d r&Sd (w&m;½Hk;
tac: pGJcsufwifoifh^rwifoifh) qifjcifoHk;oyf&ygao;w,f/
ESpfzufoufaoawGNyD;qHk;vkdY aemufqHk;trdefYcsrSwf&r,fh
tcsdefa&mufwJhtcgrSm w&m;olBuD;&JU qifjcifwHkw&m;[m
ta&;BuD;qHk;ygyJ/ w&m;vdkjyoufaoeJY w&m;cHjyoufao
xG u f q k d c suf rnf o nf h o uf a oxG u f q k d c suf u rS e f o vJ ?

pD&ifa&;[m vGefpGmodrfarGUEl;nHhygw,f/ 'DavmufEl;nHh odrfarGU
wJh tmPmudk wpfO;D wpfa,mufxJ pD&ifyikd cf iG ahf y;xm;jcif;[m .../
rnfonfhtrIjzpfap atmuf½Hk;(rlv½Hk;)&JUtrdefYawGudk
rauseyf&if trIonfawG[m Oya'ESifhtnD t,lcHcGifh^jyifqif
cGifh&Sdygw,f/ rlvtrIppfwJh w&m;½Hk;w&m;olBuD;rsm;udk txuf
w&m;½Hk;tqifhqifhu BuD;Muyfygw,f/ w&m;pD&ifa&;ajzmifh
rwfrSefuefa&;ESifh trIrsm;rvdktyfbJ rMuefYMuma&;twGufyg/
tJ'Dvdkvkyf½HkrQESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;ajzmifhrwfrSefuefrItjynfht0
&&SdEkdifNyDvm;vdkY ar;p&mjzpfvmygw,f/ toGiful;ajymif;a&;
umvrSm 'DaeY 'Dtcsed x
f d w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPm&JU jyKjyifajymif;vJ
rI ta&GU[mtaES;qHk;yg/ tmPmydkifawG&JU vTrf;rdk;rIcH&wJh w&m;
pD&ifa&;[m 'DaeY 'Dtcsdefxd tkyfcsKyfol&JU t&dyfudk rdrdoabm
jzifh rdrdcdkvIHaeoltjzpf ta0zefcHcJh&ygw,f/ 'ghtjyiftrIonf
awG&JU jypfwif a0zefrIawG? oHo,jzpfrIawG cHae&wkef;ygyJ/
wpfcgwavrSm pGJqdkcH&wJh yk'frcsif;wlayr,fh csrSwfwJh
jypf'PfrwlEidk w
f hJ tajctaeawG&ydS gw,f/ 'gvnf;txufuajym
cJhovdkyJ trIjzpfyGm;rItajctae? usL;vGefwJhw&m;cH&JU tajc
tae? usL;vGefwJhw&m;cH&JU jypfrItay: BudKwifBuHpnfrI?
½k w f w &uf a 'gojzpf r I pwJ h t ajctaeawG a y:rl w nf N yD ;
w&m;olBuD;&JU qifjcifwHkw&m;t& uGJjym;jcm;em;oGm;wJh
jypf'PfawGjzpfoGm;ygw,f/ 'g[mvnf; w&m;pD&ifa&;[m
w&m;olBuD;wpfOD;wnf;jzpfavawmh w&m;olBuD;u vmbfpm;
xm;vdkY? wpfzufu (0dwf) eJY zdoGm;vdkYqdkNyD; xifMuwmrqef;

w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmudk
wpfOD;wpfa,mufwnf;ay;xm;jcif;[m . . .
wifatmif (rdk;ukwf)

rnfonhfbufu obm0,kwådusw,fqkdwmudk qE´m*wduif;
uif;? b,m*wduif;uif;? a'go*wduif;uif;? vmbm*wd
uif;uif;eJY qifjcifo;kH oyf &ygw,f/ pdwx
f rJ mS oefY&iS ;f pifMu,f
ae&ygw,f/ 'ghtjyif trIppfaq;pOfu oufaoawG&JU trl
t&m? w&m;cH&JUyuwdtaetxm;? jy|mef;xm;wJh Oya'awG&JU
pHcsdefpHnTef;? avhvmxm;wJh A[kokwawGeJY aygif;pnf;NyD; *wd
av;yg;uif;wJh qifjcifwHkw&m;eJY w&m;cHudk tjypf&Sdonf^
tjypfr&Sdonf qkH;jzwfMuygw,f/
'Dvkdw&m;cH tjypf&Sd^r&Sd qHk;jzwf½HkeJY rNyD;ao;ygbl;/
w&m;cHudk tjypf&Sdw,fvkdY qHk;jzwfcJh&ifvnf; jypf'Pfudk
b,fvkday;&rvJ/ rjzpfrae ao'Pfay;rSmvm;? wpfouf
wpfuRef;avmufcs&ifa&m r&bl;vm;/ jypf'Pfudk tjrifhqHk;ay;
rSmvm;? tedrfhqHk;ay;rSmvm;? 'PfaiGeJYyJ NyD;rvm;qkdwmawG
qifjcifoHk;oyf&ygw,f/ w&m;cHusL;vGefwJh jypfrIjzpfay:&jcif;
u a'goaMumifh ½kwfw&ufpdwfrxdef;EkdifvdkY jzpf&wmvm;?
pdwfrxdef;Ekdifbl;qkdonfhwkdif xdkrQjyif;xefatmif vkyf&ovm;/
bmvkdY ("m;) (aoewf)eJY vkyf&wmvJ ponfjzifh qifjcif&jyef
ygw,f/ aemuf,cifu 'DvkdjypfrIrsKd; usL;vGefzl;ovm;? rusL;
vGef;zl;vm;? w&m;cH&JUtoufu b,favmuf&SdovJqkdwmvJ
qifjcifokH;oyf&ygw,f/
'gjypfrIeJYywfoufwJh a,bk,stajctaeav;wpfckyg/
'Dtajctaeav;rSmawmif w&m;olBu;D wpfa,muf&UJ b0 wpfcv
k ;kH
eJYqidk yf gw,f/ toufeYJ vnf;qkid w
f ,f? pnf;pdrOf pömeJYvnf;qkid f
w,f? udk,fusifh*kPfodu©meJYvnf;qkdifw,f? EkdifiHwpfEkdifiH&JU
*kPfodu©mjrifhrm;rIeJYvnf; qkdifygw,f/ 'gaMumifhw&m;

ygbl;/ wu,fvmbfpm;w,f? rpm;bl;? bufvkdufw,f?
rvdkufbl;uawmh wdwdusus b,folrS rajymEkdifygbl;/ bmvdkY
vJqakd wmh vmbfay;wm wdww
f w
d af v;ay;wmyg/ tcrf;tem;
eJYay;wm r[kwfygbl;/ atmufw&m;½Hk;(rlvw&m;½Hk;)&JU trdefY
awGudkrauseyf&if trIonfawGu Oya'ESifhtnD t,lcHcGifh^
jyifqiftrIziG chf iG &hf ydS gw,f/ 'DtcGit
hf a&;&ayr,fh wcsKUd trIonf
awGtzdYk tcGit
hf a&;vufvrS ;f rrDoal wG&adS eqJyg/ rlv½H;k eJY t,lcH
wuf&r,fh w&m;½Hk;a'ouGma0;jcif;? aiGaMu;rwwfEkdifjcif;?
em;rvnfjcif;awGaMumifyh g/ ,ckjynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf
rSm pmcRefawmf Writ wifcGifh&Sdw,fqkdayr,fh (pmcRefawmf)
yGizhf Ykd&m vGepf mG (tvGeYftvGe)f cJ,Of;wJh taetxm;rSm &Sad eqJyg/
cufwmu ,aeYtcsdefxdwkdifatmif NrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;u
'kwd,NrdKUe,fw&m;olBuD;av;wcsKdU rdrdudkifwG,fwJhtrIwpfck
udk Oya't& vTwfoifhw,fxif&ifawmif rvTwf&JwJholawG
vnf; &SdaeMuygao;w,f/ rSm;rSmaMumufaeMuao;w,f/
Oya'ESifhrNidpGef;vdkY w&m;cHudk vTwfvdkufw,fvdkY wm0efcHNyD;
ajym&JwJhowådvdkaeygao;w,f/ b,fvdkyJajymajym rlv½Hk;u
tjypf&Sdw,fvdkY oHk;oyfNyD; jypf'PfcsrSwfcH&wJhol[m txuf
w&m;½H;k wufvYkd vGwv
f monfw
h idk af tmif rdru
d sc&H wJh axmif'Pf
twGuf jyefvnftavsm&f rSm r[kwo
f vdk wpfcgw&H tavsmfeJY
rvHkavmufwJh pdwfzdpD;rIawGyg cHpm;vmMu&vdkYyg/
'gaMumifh 'Davmufta&;BuD;wJh? El;nHhodrfarGUwJh? bufr
vkdufbl;ajymwJh w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmudk wpfOD;wpfa,muf
wnf;ay;xm;jcif;[m .../
wifatmif (rdk;ukwf)

31

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

pma&;csifaewm awmfawmfMumcJhygNyD/ 'gayrJh taMumif;aMumif;awGaMumifh pdwfaqmifayr,fh udk,frvkdufEkdifcJhygbl;/ t"duuawmh pmudkajzmifhajzmifhaumif;aumif;vnf; odyfra&;
uRef awmf
wwfcJhvkdYyg/ wpfcgwpf&HrSom uAsmav;awGpyfvkduf? aqmif;yg;wkdav;awGa&;vkdufeJY udk,fydkifzkdifwGJav;xJrSm odrf;qnf;xm;cJh&wmygyJ/ tckawmhjzifh ra&;wwfa&;wwfeJYyJ 'Dpmrlav;udk
a&;jzpfvkduf&awmhw,f/ ra&;bJ raeEkdifawmhvkdYyg/
uRefawmfudk,fwdkif[m jynfolY0efxrf;wpfa,mufyg/
'DrSm uRefawmfajymcsifwmu uRefawmfbmaMumifh jynfolY
0efxrf;vkyfjzpf&ovJudpöyg/ uRefawmfhrSm ckdifvHkwJhtaMumif;
jycsuftajz&Sdygw,f/ uRefawmfwuúodkvfausmif;om;b0rSm
yxrESpfpwufNyD; ESpf0ufusKd;csdefavmufrSm wuúodkvfb0?
wuúodkvfavmuBuD;udk t&rf;cifwG,foGm;rdw,f/ uRefawmf
pOf;pm;vkdufw,f? ig'DavmuBuD; (wuúodkvfavmu)xJrSm
b0wpfavQmufvHk;aeoGm;EdkifzkdY bmvkyf&rvJaygh/ uRefawmfh
twGuf tajzwpfckyJ xGufygw,f/
q&mjyefjzpfatmif BudK;pm;aygh/ 'DtwGuf bGJUvGefwef;
awG wufciG &hf atmifBudK;pm;cJyh gw,f/ uReaf wmfwpfcak <u;aMumf
&if; jynfolY0efxrf;vkyfjzpfcJh&wmyg/ tJ'guawmh wuúodkvf
q&m 0ef x rf ; b0uvG J v k d Y b,f a vmuf & mxl ; BuD ; BuD ; ?
b,favmuf&& tjcm;Xmeqkdif&m 0efxrf;vHk;0rvkyfbl;qkdwm
ygyJ/ 'DvkdeJYyJ uRefawmfjynfolY0efxrf;jzpfvmcJh&ygw,f/
'g[m udk,fhvdyfjymudk,foefYaewJh rjzpfjzpfatmif BudK;pm;cJh&wJh
jynfolY0efxrf;b0wpfckyg/
tckqkd&if uRefawmfwkdY jrefrmEdkifiHrSm tajymif;tvJawG
awmfawmfrsm;rsm; jrifvmcJh&NyD/ jrifomxifomawmh odyf&SdvS
w,f r[kwfao;ygbl;/ 'g[m bmhaMumifhvJ/ uRefawmfhrSm
tJ'DtwGuf udk,fydkiftajz&Sdxm;ygw,f/ uRefawmfh&JUtajz
trSeftrSm;uawmh oufqkdifolrsm;tm;vHk; odNyD;om;yJjzpfrSm
ygav/ tajzuawmhAsm atmufydkif;u0efxrf;awG trsm;pk
rajymif;vJMuao;wmygyJ/ raeYrsm;qDutwkdif; ,aeYwkdif
&SdaeMuao;wmjzpfygw,f/ uRefawmf'Dae&mrSm 0efxrf;vpm
udpx
ö nhfrajymcsifyg/ vHkavmufrI? rvHkavmufrI cPab;z,f
xm;yg&ap/ uRefawmfwkdY bmaMumifh 0efxrf;vkyfjzpfMuovJ/
'D½Hk; 'DXmerSm jynfolY0efxrf;zdkYtwGuf igrjzpfjzpfatmif
BudK;pm;r,fvkdY 0efxrf;wkdif;&nf&G,fcsufxm;cJhygovm;/
uRefawmfhtxif tm;vHk;eD;yg;awmh r&SdcJhMuyg/ b,fXmeu
awmhjzifh ydkNyD;aumif;w,f? ydkNyD; t&acsmifw,f? ydkNyD; tqifajy
Ekdifw,fqkdwJh todpdwfawGeJY oufqkdifywfoufwJh vlBuD;
vrf;aMumif;awG? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHay;urf;rIawG pwJhenf;rsKd;pHk

tckqkd&if uRefawmfwkdh jrefrmEdkifiHrSm
tajymif;tvJawG awmfawmfrsm;rsm;jrifvmcJU&NyD/
jrifomxifomawmh odyf&SdvSw,f
r[kwfao;ygbl;/
'g[m bmUaMumifUvJ/
uRefawmfUrSm tJ'DtwGuf
udk,fydkiftajz&Sdxm;ygw,f/
uRefawmfU&JYtajz trSeftrSm;uawmh
oufqkdifolrsm;tm;vHk; odNyD;om;yJjzpfrSmygav/
tajzuawmUAsm atmufydkif;u0efxrf;awG
trsm;pk rajymif;vJMuao;wmygyJ/
raehrsm;qDutwkdif; ,aehwkdif
&SdaeMuao;wmjzpfygw,f/
uRefawmf'Dae&mrSm 0efxrf;vpm
udpöxnfUrajymcsifyg/ vHkavmufrI? rvHkavmufrI
cPab;z,f xm;yg&ap/

oHk;NyD; 0ifa&muf ]0efxrf;}Muolu ydkrsm;aew,fvkdY jrifrd?
xifrdygw,f/ 'DvkdeJY raeYrsm;qDuwnf;u acguf½dk;usKd;cJhwJh
0efxrf;avmuBuD;[m ,aeYwkdifacguf½dk;usKd;pNrJeJY trsm;pk
(tcsKdUrygyg) [m tajymif;tvJaemufudk vkduf&rSef;rod
avmufatmif avmbrD;awG awmufavmifaeMu&qJyg/
uRefawmfwkdYjynfolY0efxrf;awGtm;vHk;[m jynfolu
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;wJh jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
awGeJY zGJUpnf;xm;wJh jynfaxmifpktpdk;&&JU a'gufwkdifawGyJ
jzpfygw,f/ jynfolY0efxrf;qkdwm jynfolucdkif;wmudkyJ vkyf
ay;&rSmyg/ jynfoludk 0efydatmifjyefrcdkif;&ygbl;/ 'DvkdyJ
uRefawmfem;vnfxm;w,f/ tckawmhAsm raeYursufESmrsm;eJY
,aeYwkdifoGm;aeqJ tcsKdUaom0efxrf;awGaMumifh rvkdvm;tyf
wJhjyóemawG? rajyvnfrIawG? wkdifwef;ajz&Sif;&rIawG cP
cPjzpfaeMu&w,f/ e,fNrdKUav;awGrSmqkd ydkomqdk;aeqJaygh
Asm/ e,fol^e,fom;(awmolawmifom;) jynfolvlxkqkdwm
wu,fhudk t½dk;cHpdwfBuD;awGeJY &SdaeMuwmqkdawmh trIudpö

raehrsm;qDu
rsufESmrsm;ESifU
,aehrsm;
'Drif;opf
rsm; rMuefYMumrBuD;xGm;&avatmif acgif;ndwfay;aecJh&wm
MumcJhNyDqkdwJh twkdif;twmrSm zdtm;rsKd;pHkay;NyD; ,aeYwkdif
Oya'rJhawmif;cHrIawG? rqifrjcifvkyf&yfawGudk aMumuf&rSef;
rod (odvsufeYJ rodusKd;uRHjyK) &J&0J 0hH ehH YJ vkyaf eudik af eMuqJygyJ/
uRefawmf[m a[m'Djrpf0uRef;ay:u NrdKUao;ao;av;
(NrdKUao;ayr,fh wuúodkvftpHk&Sd) rSm wm0efusaecJhwm q,fpk
ESpfwpfckausmfoGm;cJhygNyD/ 'DuNrdKUol? NrdKUom;? &Gmol^&Gmom;awG
[m wu,fhudk pdwf&if;aumif;MuNyD; ½dk;om;Muygw,f/
b,favmuf½dk;MuovJqkd&if b,fXmeqkdif&m0efxrf;eJYyJ
awGUawGU? b,ftqifhyJjzpfjzpf t½dk;cHpdwfawGeJY ,HkMunftm;udk;
Muygw,f/ 'gayrJh tJ'Dvkd½dk;om;rIawG? rodem;rvnfrIawG
tay:rSm tcsKdUtcsKdUaom 0efxrf;awG[m aMumufwmudk
NzJajcmufNyD; &oavmufn§pf,laeMuqJygyJAsm/
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&uae vmbfay;vmbf,lrI? jcpm;rIawG
yaysmufatmif oufqdkif&m0efBuD;XmeawGtvdkuf Oya'udk
av;pm;vdkufemzdkY? 0efxrf;usifh0wfeJYtnD jynfoludk tvkyf
tauR;jyKzYkd rMumcP wzGzG owday;aeaomfvnf;yJ oufqikd &f m
Xmeqdkif&mawGrSm vlBuD;vufrSwfxdk;zdkY (xdk;&r,fhudprö SefuefrI
&Sdaomfvnf;) aqmif&GufwJhtcg atmufajcpma&;0efxrf;u
Mum;cH aiGawmif;cHaeMuqJuawmh ,aeYrsm;qDrSm rjzpfoifh
awmhbl;vdkY xifygw,f/ ,aeYrsm;qDrSm ajymif;vJoifhaewJh
udpaö v;awGudk uRefawmfhudk,fydkiftjrifeJY Oyrmav;awG ajymjy
csifygw,f/ qdkMuygpdkY jynfolwpfa,muf taqmufttHk
wpfvHk;aqmufr,f/ olaqmufr,fh taqmufttHkyHkpHudk
olY'DZdkif;eJY olYtif*sifeD,meJYolyHkazmfNyD; pnfyifom,mrSm

wGif azmfjyyg&SdcJUaom
atmifxG#f aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

aqmufvkyfcGifhoGm;wifygw,f/ tJ'Dpnfyifom,m&JUcGifhjyKrdefY
&zdkYyHkpHxJrSm rD;owfOD;pD;? usef;rma&;Xme? ajrpm&if;? &yfuGuf
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; pwJh yHkpHawGyg ygw,f/ oufqdkif&mvlBuD;awG
vufrSwfa&;xdk;zdkYyg/ tJ'DrSm olYXmeeJYolYtvdkuf vufrSwf
xd k ;aMu;awG owf rS w f x m;MuyH k rsm;Asm/ uRef a wmf h t jrif
tqdk;qHk;xifwmuawmh ajrpm&if;u ajrwdkif;pma&;u ajryHk
qGJc (&Spfaomif;usyf? n§dvQif enf;enf;avQmhay;) pnfyif
tif * sif e D , mu taqmuf t tH k y H k q G J c ponf j zif h a ygh A sm/
bPfpm&if;eJYr[kwf raMumufr&GHU ay:ay:wifwifawmif;cH
aeMuwm raeYrsm;qDutwdkif; rajymif;vJao;ygbl;/
rMumcifu Mum;od&wJh tNidr;f pm;q&mtdBk uD;wpfa,muf
&JU vwfwavmtjzpftysufav;wpfck ajymjycsifygao;w,f/
olY&JUudk,fydkifudpöwpfcktwGuf olYtdrfajr*&ef&zdkY w&m;0if
avQmufxm;wJhudpöav;yg/ yxrqHk;ajrpm&if;eJY pqufoG,f
&wmaygh/ tJ'DtprSmyJ ajrwdkif;pma&;udk *Pef;ig;vHk;wpfcg?
OD;pD;rSL;udk *Pef;ajcmufvHk;wpfcgpay;&awmhwmygyJ/ 'DvdkeJY
Nrd K Ue,f t k y f c sKyf a &;rS L ;½H k ; tqif h t xd ta&muf r S m awmh
oufqdkif&m pma&;r0efxrf;u tqifajyygNyD? vmawGUyg[k
wpfnae½H;k csdeu
f ek cf geD;rSm vSr;f ac:ygw,f/ oGm;awGUwJt
h cgrSm
w&m;0ifudpöawGtNyD; aiGusyfwpfodef;xyfawmif;ygawmh
w,f/ tNidrf;pm;q&mtdkBuD;u tHhMowBuD;eJY bmaMumifhrsm;
xyfay;&rSmvJvdkY ar;wJhtcg vlBuD;twGufyg? vlBuD;u
ajymif;&awmhrSmrdkY uefawmhzdkYygqdkNyD; taMumif;jycsufay;yg
w,f/ tNidrf;pm;BuD;u olray;EdkifaMumif; jiif;qefwJhtcgrSm
vlBuD;eJYawGUygqdkNyD; ajcmufygawmhw,f/ tNidrf;pm;q&mtdkBuD;
u &J&J0Hh0HhyJ awGUygr,fvdkY wHkYjyefvdkufwJhtcgrSmawmh tJ'D
pma&;r0efxrf;u jymjymovJ tckvlBuD;r&Sdao;bl;? tjyif
oGm;aew,fvYkd a&SUaemufrnDwphJ um;awG ajymvmygawmhw,f/
aemufqHk;awmh tNidrf;pm;q&mtdkBuD;vnf; oufjyif;cs&if;
n§Ed iId ;f aps;av;aomif;usyef YJ ajyvnfNyD; jyefvmcJ&h ygawmhw,f/
aemufqHk;tqifhrSm c½dkiftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;udk quf&ygOD;r,f/
olYcrsm oufjyif;awG tcgcgcs&if;eJYaygh/
jynfolY0efudkxrf;r,fh jynfolY0efxrf;awGtaeeJY 2010
jynfhESpfupvdkY raeYrsm;qDu rsufESmawGudk raeYrsm;qDrSmyJ
xm;cJhoifhygNyD/ ,aeYupvdkY ,aeY ,aeYaygif;rsm;pGm tem*wf
awGqDudk 'Drdkua&pDpepf&JU tESpfom&rsm;twdkif; avQmufvSrf;
MuygpdkYvm;/ jynfolrrkef;? jynfolcspfwJh jynfolxJu jynfolY
0efxrf;awG jzpfMuygap/
'Drif;opf

wGif
tcef;qufazmfjyyg&SdcJUaom aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

The Voice Weekly

EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;?
'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;ESifU
acsmwdkifwufolrsm;

jynfolh0efudkxrf;r,fh
jynfolh0efxrf;awGtaeeJh
2010 jynfUESpfupvdkh
raehrsm;qDu rsufESmawGudk
raehrsm;qDrSmyJ xm;cJUoifUygNyD/
,aehupvdkh ,aeh ,aehaygif;rsm;pGm
tem*wfawGqDudk 'Drdkua&pDpepf&JY
tESpfom&rsm;twdkif;
avQmufvSrf;Muygpdkhvm;/
jynfolrrkef;? jynfolcspfwJU
jynfolxJu jynfolY0efxrf;awGjzpfMuygap/

The Voice Weekly

rSefeef;aqmifuefhvefhumrsm;
xGufNyD

aeoefarmif

xGufawmh rnf

32
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

vGef

cJhaomvu *sme,fwcsKdUrSm &efukefwd&pämefO,smOfudk avSmfum;odkYajymif;a&TUvdkwJh or®w½Hk;0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;&JUqE´eJYvuf&Sdae&mrSmyJ xm;&SdapvdkwJh jynfolrsm;&JUqE´udk zwf½IcJh&yg
w,f/ 0efBuD;OD;pdk;odef;u wd&pämef½HkrSxGufaom teHYqdk;rsm;onf jynfolvlxkusef;rma&;udk xdcdkufEdkifjcif;? wd&pämefESifhywfoufaom a&m*grsm;jzpfay:vmEdkifjcif;wdkYaMumifh avSmfum;
odkY ajymif;a&TUvdkjcif;jzpfNyD; jynfolvufcHrS uRefawmfwdkYvkyfrSmygvdkY qdkxm;ygw,f/
wu,fawmh jynfolawGu ,cifppfwyftpdk;&vufxuf wdkYESifhtwl wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf; wnf&Sdaewm jzpfonfhtwGuf 0ufarG;jrLa&;vkyfief;rsm;vdk taumifawGpkNyHK>ywfodyfNyD;
rSm wcsKdU½Hk;BuD;awGajymif;a&TU? wcsKdUtaqmufttHkBuD;awG tbuf b uf u qG J a qmif r I r sm; yd k r d k j zpf x G e f ; apygw,f / arG;xm;wJhyHkpHrsKd;vnf; r[kwfygbl;/ wpfaumifcsif; odkYr[kwf
yk*¾vduvufvTJ pojzifh vkyfaqmifcJh&mrSm &efukefwd&pämef tu,fíom wd&pämefO,smOfudk avSmfum;odkY ajymif;a&TUypfr,f aumifa&tenf;i,fudk ae&mus,fus,f0ef;0ef;rSm odkavSmifNyD;
O,smOf e J Y Ad k v f c sKyf a tmif q ef ; tm;upm;uG i f ; BuD ; vnf ; qdkvQif vlolta&muftayguf ydkrdkenf;yg;NyD; Mumav,d,
k iG ;f rI arG;jrLxm;wmjzpfvdkY wpfaumifcsif; zsm;em&if wpfaumifcsif;
b,fawmhrsm; ta&TUcH&rvJ? b,folawG cGJa0,lMuOD;rvJqdkNyD; rsm;avjzpfNyD; wd&pämefO,smOfqw
kd m aysmufu,
G o
f Gm;rvm;awmif cG J j cm;NyD ; uk o ay;wJ h w d & pä m ef a q;uk q &m0ef r sm;vnf ;
awG;ylaecJhMuwmyg/ tckawmh pNyD; toHMum;vm&wmygyJ/ pdk;&drf&ygw,f/
&Sdygw,f/ wu,fpdk;&drfp&maumif;aewmu NrdKUawmfwpfcGifu
'gayrJh ]jynfov
l ufcrH }S ... qdw
k hJ pum;av;cHxm;vdYk awmfao;&JU
'Dae&mrSm 0efBuD;pdk;&drfaom tcsufESpfcsufudkvnf; owd acG;avacG;vGifhrsm;? wpfNrdKUvHk; ysHUESHYaewJh cdkpmauR;vkyfief;rsm;?
vdkY rSwf,l&ygw,f/
jyKrdygw,f/ yxrtcsufu wd&pämefrSxGufaomteHYqdk;rsm;u wdk;yGm;onfxuf wdk;yGm;vmaewJh vrf;ab;pm;aomufqdkifrsm;
vGefcJhaomESpfwpf&mausmfu wnfaqmufcJhwJh &efukef jynfolrsm;twGuf usef;rma&;udk xdcdkufEdkifw,fqdkwmyg/ teD;u a>r<uufBuD;rsm;&JU tEÅ&m,frsm;jzpfygw,f/
wd&pämefO,smOf[m ordkif;tarGtESpfwpfckjzpfNyD; trsm;jynfol teHYqdk;rsm;qdkvQif b,folrS r½SL½dIufcsifwmuawmh trSefygyJ/
&efukefwd&pämefO,smOf[m vGefcJhaom ESpfrsm;pGmuyif
tem;,ltyef;ajzEdik &f ef? A[kow
k &SmazGEikd &f ef? awm½dik ;f wd&pämef 'gayrJh ,ckwd&pämefrSxGufaom teHYqdk;rsm;qdkwmu wd&pämef t½H;I ay:aewJo
h wif;rsm; Mum;zl;ygw,f/ wjcm;urÇmEh ikd if rH sm;&Sd
ESifh aus;iSufrsm;udk xdef;odrf;umuG,fa&;twGuf jynfolvlxk avSmiftdrfteD;tem;rSmyJ xGufaewmyg/ wd&pämefO,smOfeJY wd&pämefO,smOfrsm;vnf; t½HI;ay:avh&Sdwm Mum;zl;ygw,f/
tm; pnf ; ½H k ; ynmay;Ed k i f & ef q d k w J h &nf & G , f c suf a wG e J Y teD;qHk;&yfuGufjzpfwJh z.q.y.v &yfuGufaejynfolrsm;? A[ef; 'gayrJh jynfolvlxktyef;ajzEdkifapzdkY EdkifiHawmfu 0efaqmifrI
wnfaqmufcw
hJ mvdYk od&ygw,f/ tvGeaf umif;wJh &nf&,
G fcsuf t0dkif;teD;u &yfuGufaejynfolrsm;xHrS teHYqdk;rsm;&w,fvdkY jyKay;wJhvkyfief;jzpfwJhtwGuf jynfolYb@muyJ t½HI;cHNyD;
awGyg/ 'gayrJh &nf&G,fcsufawGtwdkif; jzpfvmEdkifzdkY oifhawmf b,fwek ;f urS nnf;nLoHrMum;rdygbl;/ uReaf wmfu,
kd w
f ikd v
f nf; aqmif&Gufay;oifhygw,f/ wjcm; b,fvkyfief;&Sif? b,ftzGJU
wJhae&mwpfckrSm wnf&SdzdkYqdkwJh tcsufwpfcsufvnf; yg0if&rSm A[ef;t0dkif;em;u &yfuGufrSmaevmcJhwmyg/ ,cktcgrSm tpnf;udrk S tiSm;csxm;ay;jcif; rjyKoifyh gbl;/ rlv&nf&,
G cf suf
jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; oifhawmfwJhae&mtjzpf a&S;a&S;u wd&pämefO,smOfywfywfvnfrmS pm;aomufqikd rf sm;? vufzuf&nf rSmvnf; pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;tjrwftwGuf rygygbl;/ jynfolrsm;
vlawGu uefawmfBuD;em;uae&mudk a&G;cs,fcJhwmvdkY ,HkMunf qdkifBuD;rsm;yif zGifhvSpfxm;NyD; olYy&dowfESifhol pnfum;ae \ oufomacsmifcsda&;? pdwfat;csrf;pGm tem;,ltyef;ajz
&ygw,f/
vsufyg/ teHYqdk;rsm;&vdkY? pm;oHk;ol rvma&mufawmhvdkY Edkifa&;twGufomjzpfygw,f/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh EdkifiHh*kPfodu©m
,cktcgrSmawmh &efukefwd&pämefO,smOf&JU vuf&Sdae&m ydwfvdkuf&w,fqdkwJhqdkif r&Sdao;ygbl;/ 'gaMumifh ywf0ef;usif ESifhvnf; oufqdkifygw,f/ tem;,ltyef;ajzNyD;wJhtcgrSm
[m oifhawmfwmrS tvGefYtvGefoifhawmfwJhae&mudk jzpfaeyg jynfolrsm;twGuf teHYtoufqdk;rsm;tEÅ&m,frS uif;ygonf vef;qef;wuf<upGm wdkif;jynfwm0efxrf;aqmifEdkifrSmjzpfvdkY
NyD/ bmaMumifhvJqdkwmudk twdkcsKH;ajym&vQif &efukefNrdKUv,f [k qdkEdkifygw,f/
ynma&;&if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H r I ? usef ; rma&;&if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H r I a wG v d k
aumifrSm&SdaevdkYyJ jzpfygw,f/ tenf;i,fxyfNyD; tus,fcsJU
ajym&vQif vlwdkif;vlwdkif;[m tvkyfyifyef;wJhtcg udk,feJY
teD;qHk;u tqifajyqHk;ae&mrSm xdk;vSJNyD; tem;,lypfvdkufcsif
Muygw,f/ wpfarQmfwpfac:u wul;wuae&mudkoGm;NyD;
&SmazGNyD;awmhrS tem;,lcsifpdwfrsKd; r&SdwwfMuygbl;/ 'g[m
obm0yg/ xdkYtwlyJ wdkawmif;vSwJh tvkyftm;&ufuav;rSm
tem;,lzdkY BuH&G,fMuwJh omrefjynfolrsm;taeeJY avSmfum;vdk
wpfarQmfwpfac:ae&mudk oGm;NyD; tem;,lzdkYeJY uefawmfBuD;vdk
eD;eD;em;em;ae&mrSm b,fae&mudo
k mG ;Ny;D tem;,ltyef;ajzcsiMf urvJ
pHxuf
qdkwm tajzu&Sif;aeygw,f/ tvSrf;a0;wJhae&mrSm&SdwJh
tyef;ajzae&mrsKd;u tcsdefukefvlyef;NyD; aiGvnf;ydkukefap
ygw,f/ omrefjynfolvlxktwGuf aiGqdkwm csifhcsdefoHk;pGJ&
wmyg/ avSmfum;vdkae&mudk rqdkxm;bd/ r*Fvm'HkO,smOfvdk
ae&mrsKd;onfyif ,cktcsdefrSm vlolta&muftayguf enf;ae
ygNyD/ wd&pämefawGudk a&TUypfNyD; pdrf;vef;aom opfawmO,smOf
BuD;tjzpf ajymif;vJzdkYqdkwmuvnf; tem;rSm AdkvfcsKyfyef;NcH?
uefawmfBuD; ajrya'omuRef;wdkY&SdaeNyD;jzpfwJhtwGuf tJ'gawG
udkyJ EdkifiHwumtqifhrDatmif t&ifvkyfoifhygw,f/
,ckvuf&Sdae&m[m aeYpOfESifhtrQ ajy;vTm;½kef;uefae&
wJh &efukefNrdKUae omrefjynfolvlxktwGuf avhvmcsifp&m?
tyef;ajztem;,lcsifp&m ae&maumif;jzpfwJhtjyif te,fe,f
t&yf&yfrS bk&m;zl;vma&mufMuolrsm;? tvnfvm Muolrsm;ESihf
EdkifiHwumrS urÇmvSnfhc&D;onfrsm;twGuf a&Twd*Hkbk&m;?
jynfolY&ifjyif? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;jywdkuf? AdkvfcsKyfyef;NcH?
uefawmfBuD; ajrya'omuRef;? obm0ordik ;f jywdu
k ?f ig;jywdu
k f
'gayrJ h wd & pä m ef ½ H k t wG i f ; u avS m if t d r f r sm;teD ; ud k oabmxm;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ odkYaomfvnf; BuD;MuyftkyfcsKyfol
uyfvQifawmh wcsKdUavSmiftdrfawGu teHYqdk;awG awmfawmf wm0efcHwdkYu t½HI;enf;EdkiforQ enf;atmif? apwem&Sd&Sd?
aemufwpfcsufu wd& pämefESifU ywfoufaom
jyif;xefaeygw,f/ cyfa0;a0;uMunfhrSyJ teHYqdk;'Pfu wm0efodod vkyfudkifMuzdkYvdkygw,f/ pm&if;vdrfjy? wd&pämef
a&m*grsm;jynfolawGrSm ul;pufvmEdkifwmudk
oufomygw,f/ 'gu wm0efrausyGefwJh 0efxrf;wcsKdUeJY &du©mcdk;pm;? zJhpm;ae&ifawmh jynfolwdkY\ tyef;ajz&m wd&pämef
0efBuD;u pdk;&drfay;wmyg/
wm0efodwwfrIr&SdwJh BuD;MuyfuGyfuJolwcsKdUaMumifh jzpf& O,smOfBuD;rjzpfawmhbJ wd&pämefaq;½HkBuD;wpfckom jzpfaeyg
wmyg/ wdusjywfom;pGm &Sif;xkwfvdkY&wJhudpörsKd;yg/
vdrfhr,f/ 'gaMumifh wd&pämefO,smOfudk tkyfcsKyfuGyfuJol
'guvnf; oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk
aemufwpfcsufu wd&pämefESifh ywfoufaom a&m*grsm; wm0efcHrsm;&JUtydkif;uvnf; ta&;BuD;ygw,f/
EdI;aqmftoday;vdkuf½HkeJh ajyvnfEdkifwJUudpöyg/
jynfolawGrSm ul;pufvmEdkifwmudk 0efBuD;u pdk;&drfay;wmyg/
wd&pämefO,smOfvdkY trnfwyfxm;wJhtwGuf wd&pämef
ul;pufa&m*grsm; umuG,fjcif;qdkif&m
'guvnf; oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk EdI;aqmftoday;vdkuf arG ; jrLapmif h a &S m uf a &;vk y f i ef ; ES i f h opf y if y ef ; ref O ,smOf
tpDtrHrsm;? usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme?
½HkeJY ajyvnfEdkifwJhudpöyg/ ul;pufa&m*grsm; umuG,fjcif; pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;ESpfrsKd;aygif; pyfaeygw,f/ 'gaMumifh
qdkif&m tpDtrHrsm;? usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme? arG;jrLa&;ESifh wd&pämefO,smOfudk t"duudkifwG,fOD;aqmifol[m wd&pämef
arG;jrLa&;ESifU a&vkyfief;0efBuD;XmeawG&JY
a&vkyfief;0efBuD;XmeawG&JU vufatmufcHtzGJUtpnf;awGrSm arG;jrLa&;a&m aq;ukoa&;rSmyg pmawGUvufawGU? tawGU
vufatmufcHtzGJYtpnf;awGrSm &Sdxm;NyD;om;yg/
&Sdxm;NyD;om;yg/ wcsKdUa&m*gawGtwGufqdk&if Zmwfwdkuf tBuHK&SdwJh ynm&SifjzpfoifhNyD; pdkufysKd;a&;ynm&Sif? vufawGU
wcsKdYa&m*gawGtwGufqdk&if
avhusifhrIawGawmif vkyfxm;zl;w,fvdkY Mum;zl;ygw,f/ pdkufysKd;a&;uRrf;usifolrsm;vnf; yg&Sdoifhygw,f/ jzpfEdkifvQif
'gayrJh jynfolvlxktwGuf ylyifr,fqdk&ifvnf; ylyifp&m wjcm;aom wd&pämefaq;ukynm&Sirf sm;? pdu
k yf sKd;a&;ynm&Sirf sm;?
Zmwfwdkuf avUusifhrIawGawmif
awGxJu taMumif;tcsufwpfcktjzpfawmh yg0ifaeygw,f/ pdkufysKd;arG;jrLa&;au'goifwef;qif;rsm;? vkyfief;tawGUtBuHK
vkyfxm;zl;w,fvdkh Mum;zl;ygw,f/
wd&pämefawGu ul;pufwJha&m*gawGxJrSm 'Duae vlod &Sdolrsm;udk qE´tavsmuf? apwemtavsmuf yl;aygif; yg0if
'gayrJU jynfolvlxktwGuf
rsm;aewJh a&m*gawGuawmh (Muuf) iSuw
f yk af uG;? 0ufwyk af uG; vmatmif pnf;½Hk;zdwfac:NyD; tusKd;aqmiftzGJU? tBuHay;tzGJU
ylyifr,fqdk&ifvnf; ylyifp&mawGxJu
qdkwmawG jzpfygw,f/ 'ghtjyif a'gifhoef;a&m*g? acG;½l;a&m*g? ponfjzifh zGJUpnf;um ordkif;tarGtESpfwpfckjzpfaom &efukef
yvdyfa&m*g? ta&jym;a&m*g? oefaumifpGJa&m*g ... pwmawG wd&pämefO,smOfBuD;udk EdkifiHwumtqifhrDjzpfatmif BudK;yrf;
taMumif;tcsufwpfcktjzpfawmU
vnf; wpfyHkBuD;&Sdygw,f/ 'gayrJh jyoxm;wJh wd&pämefawGu oifhaMumif; tBuHjyKwifjyvdkuf&ygw,f/
yg0ifaeygw,f/
avSmiftdrfxJrSmyJ &SdaeMuwmyg/ 'ghtjyif MuufarG;jrLa&;?
pHxuf

&efukefwd& pämefO,smOfBuD;
wnfwHUcdkifNrJa&;ESifU zGHY NzdK;wdk;wufa&;

33

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

vufyHawmif; tpD&ifcHpmu ajymaompum;
aZ,sol
rmhacwfopfordkif;wGif rSwfwdkifjzpfaom vufyHawmif;awmif tpD&ifcHpmwGifjrifrdaom tcsuftvuftcsKdUudk qGJxkwf
Munfhrdonf/

pmcsKyfjyefjyifcsKyf
pDrHudef;udk&yf? ,ckykHpHtwdkif;qufvkyfESifh ykHpHajymif;
vkyf[k a&G;cs,fp&m enf;vrf;okH;vrf;&Sdonfhteuf wwd,
enf;vrf;udk a&G;cs,fvdkufonf/ pDrHudef;onf pD;yGm;a&;t&
wGufajcudkufonf/ odkYaomf obm0ywf0ef;usif? vlrIa&;
ponfwdkYudk wGufcsufrItm;enf;onf/ wdkwdkajym&vQif pmcsKyf
udk pdwfBudKufjyefjyifcsKyf/

pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf; abmifoGif;jcif;
jrefrmEkdifiHonf obm0o,HZmw<u,f0aom EkdifiHjzpf
ovdk tjcm;aompD;yGm;a&;u@rsm; rzGYH NzdK;ao;onft
h qif;&Jq;Hk
wpfEkdifiHjzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh obm0t&if;tjrpfudk tajccH
pD;yGm;&SmMuvdrfhOD;rnf/ xdkodkYvkyfief;rsm;aqmif&Guf&mwGif
pepfwus raqmif&GufEkdifvQif tjiif;tckHrsm; ay:aygufvm
Ekdifonf/ xdktjiif;tckHrsm;udk jzpfaomtcgrS wpfckcsif;pD
aumfr&Sizf UJG aevQif tcsed u
f ek v
f yl ef;vSonf/ xdYk aMumifh pnf;rsO;f
pnf;urf; abmifoGif;jcif; Institutionalization vkyfxm;EkdifrS
t&if;tjrpfy#dyu©ukd ra&Smif&mS ;Ekid o
f nfw
h ikd f pepfwusajzavQmh
Ekdifonf/ ,cktpD&ifcHpm\ pOf;pm;ykHrsdK;udk Institutionalization
jyKvkyfvdkufvQif obm0&if;jrpfESifhywfoufonfrsm;? pDrHudef;
rsm;udkpOf;pm;&mwGif ,cifxufydkrdkvG,fuljrefqefoGm;rnf/

a':atmifqef;pkMunfonfvnf; omrefvlom;omjzpf&m
vTwfawmfwGif;0ifNyD; rl0g'csrSwfoltjzpfodkY ul;ajymif;onfESifh
wpfauGYr[kwf wpfauGUwGif olYtm;ay:ay:xifxif qefYusif
rIrsm; awGY&rnfrSm rvGJ{uef/ xdkwpfauGUonf vufyHawmif;
awmif tpD&ifcHpmjzpfvmcJhjcif;om/
‘If you cannot stand the heat, don’t go into the kitchen’

]rD;ylrcHcsif&if rD;zdkaqmifxJ roGm;eJY}[laom pum;wpf&yf&Sd
onf/ EkdifiHhta&;vkyfrSawmh vlrkef;cH& twdkufcdkufcH&rSmyJ[k
qdkvdk&if; jzpfonf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ vufyHawmif;awmif c&D;pOf

a&mufrnf/ xdkYaMumifh a':atmifqef;pkMunf wm0ef0if,lvdkuf
jcif; jzpfykH&onf/ 2015onf olYtwGuf ta&;BuD;aomfvnf;
vufyHawmif;udpo
ö nf wdkif;jynftwGuf ta&;BuD;aomaMumifh
0ifxrf;vdkufjcif; jzpfykH&onf/
vufyHawmif;awmifaumfr&SifwGif Ouú|tjzpf xD;vdk
rif;vdk jzpfEkdifol a':atmifqef;pkMunfrSwpfyg; tjcm;ol rjrif
rdyg/ vufyHawmif;awmif aumfr&Sifonf jA[®mhOD;acgif;ESifh
wlaomaMumifh wdkif;jynf\ tjcm;ta&;rsm;wGif yg0ifonfh
tjcm;aom EkdifiHa&;orm;rsm;u cyfa0;a0;rS aeMuonfhwdkif
a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf &J&0J 0hH 0hH ifygcJo
h nfrmS ol\rdru
d ,
kd u
f kd
,kHMunfrIESifh wdkif;jynfta&; OD;xdyfxm;rIwdkYudk jyoaeonf/
rke;f wD;olukd qefYusif&onfrmS vG,af omfvnf; cspfou
l kd
qefYusif&onfrSm cufcJonf/ vlxktm;jzifh wufvmoltzdkY

EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI
jrefrmEkdifiHzGHYNzdK;atmifvkyf&ef jynfwGif;tm;ESifh rjzpfEkdif
aMumif; tm;vkH;odjyD;jzpfojzifh EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk
zdwfac:ae&onf/ EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHolrsm;onf nGefxJodkY
rqif;rD ajcwpfvrS ;f t&ifqif;&onfqo
dk nft
h wdik ;f jrefrmEkid if H
wGif; ajcpkHypfr0ifrD avhvmtuJcwfaeMuqJ/ txl;ojzifh
jynfolydkifodrf;onfh "avh&SdcJhonfh? qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;udk bGmcwf
avh&Sdonfh EkdifiHwGif ,if;wdkY\vkyfief;rsm;udk vma&mufwdk;csJU
oifh roifh pOf;pm;&mwGif pD;yGm;a&;tusdK;tjrwf&Sd r&Sd (Profit)
a&m? EkdifiHa&;t& &yfoGm;Ekdifjcif;&Sd r&Sd (Political Risk) udkyg
tav;ay;pOf;pm;aeMuonf/ vufyaH wmif;awmifupd u
ö kd Ekid if jH cm;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm; rsufpda'gufaxmufMunfhaeMucsdefwGif
tpD&ifcHpmu ]qdkcJap? NrJap} [k oufaojyvdkufonf/

BudKwifpnf;rsOf;
EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm; pdwfcsvufcsvmyg[k tpD&if
cHpmu tcsufjyvdkufaomfvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHonf zGHYNzdK;qJEkdifiH
jzpfaomaMumifh rodem;rvnfbJ vmorQcGifhjyK? obm0
ywf0ef;usif txdcdkufcHrnf? vlrIywf0ef;usif txdcdkufcHrnf
r[kwf (t&yfpum;jzifh tcsOfr[kwf) [k aMunmvdkuf&m
a&mufonf/ 0ifvmorQaom EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIwdkYonf
Environmental Impact Assessment (obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif
xdckdufEkdifacs avhvmqef;ppfcsuf)? Social Impact Assessment
(vlrIa&; xdcdkufEkdifacsavhvmqef;ppfcsuf)? Corporate Social
Responsibility (pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;\ vlrIa&;wm0ef&SdrI)
ponfwdkYtwdkif; aqmif&GufEkdif&rnf/

toGiful;ajymif;
a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; qefYusiq
f E´jyonfrmS yxrqk;H
tBudrf[kqdkMuonfh qE´jyyGJaMumifh vltrsm;tHhtm;oifhcJhMuNyD;
,lusKH;r&jzpfolrsm;vnf; trsm;tjym;&Sdonf/ trSefrSm rnfrQ
xif&Sm;ausmfMum; vlcspfvlcifrsm;aomoljzpfap rl0g'csrSwfol
ae&modkY a&mufvmygu tm;vkH;\ tcspfcH&aomol rnfodkYrQ
rjzpfEkdif/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf olcsrSwfaomrl0g'onf
taumif ; qk H ; rl 0 g'jzpf y gapOD ; rauseyf o l r sm;&S d p NrJ /

"mwfykH-a&Ttif;om;cifarmif0if;
a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd vufyHawmif;awmiftpD&ifcHpmxGufvmNyD;aemuf rwfv 14 &ufaeYu rkH&GmaMu;eDpDrHudef;&Sd
v,fwDq&mawmfausmif;ocFrf;rS jyefxGufvmpOf

wGif; "mwfykHrsm;udk jrif&onfrSm txufygoabmw&m;udk
aumif;pGmESv;Hk oGi;f xm;yk&H NyD; rdru
d dk cg;cg;oD;oD;qE´jyolrsm;udk
wnfwnfNidrfNidrf&ifqdkifcJhonf/

wdkif;jyKjynfjyKyk*¾dKvfESifU EkdifiHa&;orm;
‘A politician thinks of the next election. A statesman
thinks of the next generation’

]Ekid if aH &;orm;onf vmrnfah &G;aumufyu
JG kd pOf;pm;onf/
wdkif;jyKjynfjyKyk*¾dKvfonf vmrnfhrsdK;qufudk pOf;pm;onf/}
[laom emrnfausmfpum;wpfcGef;&Sdonf/ EkdifiHa&;orm;onf
vmrnfah &G;aumufyw
JG iG f tEkid &f a&;twGuf rJay;rnfo
h l rBudKuf
rnfhudpörsm;udk a&Smifonf/ rJay;rnfhol BudKufrnfht&mrsm;
udkom axmufcHonf/ rJay;rnfholtBudKufonf olYtBudKufEiS hf
rwl? wdik ;f jynftusKd ;ESirhf wlvQiv
f nf; xkwrf ajym? raqmif&Guf/
wkdif;jyKjynfjyKyk*Kd¾ vfrSmrl vmrnfha&G;aumufyJGxuf wkdif;jynf\
a&&SnftusKd; okdYr[kwf vmrnfhrsKd;qufukd tav;xm;onf[k
qdkvdk&if;jzpfonf/
vufyHawmif;awmifudpöwGifvnf; 2015 a&G;aumufyGJ
twGuf xdckdufEkdifonf[k jrifMuonfrsm;&Sdonf/ trSefrSm
vufyHawmif;udpöom r&Sif;EdkifvQif 2015 yif a&mufcsifrS

vlxkxJrS tcsKdUrBudKufonfukd ajym&ef? vkyf&efrSm omrefowåd
jzifh rjzpfEkdif/
aumfr&SifwGif yg0ifaomaMumifh a':atmifqef;pkMunf
tok;H csc&H onf[k xifjriforl sm;vnf;&So
d nf/ odYkaomf aumfr&Sif
\ tpD&ifcpH mtwdik ;f emcHygrnf[k rnfonf&h v'frQrxGuaf o;rD
uwnf;u tpkd;&utmrcHcJhaomaMumifh a':atmifqef;pkMunf
onf trSefwu,fwGif blank check ac: vufrSwfxdk;xm;NyD;
rnfonfu
h ed ;f *Pef;rQa&;rxm;aom bPfraS iGxw
k cf suv
f ufrw
S f
&vdu
k o
f vdk jzpfomG ;onf/ BudKu&f maiGyrmPa&;NyD; oGm;xkwv
f Qif
&onfhoabm/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfqkH;jzwf&m emcH&awmh
rnfo
h abmjzpf&m tpd;k &u a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd ykt
H yfvu
kd f
jcif; (Trust) udk jrifEkdifonf/

pum;okH;vkH;
vufyHawmif;awmifudpöonf odrfarGUovdk eufeJonf/
,aeY jrefrmEkdifiH\tajctaeudk pum;vkH;okH;vkH;wnf;ESifh
tESpfcsKyf ajymygqdkvQif ]vufyHawmif;} [k ajymEkdifonf/
vufyHawmif; tpD&ifcHpmonfvnf; vuf&SdjrefrmEkdifiHhta&;
tpD&ifcHpmyifjzpfonf/
aZ,sol

34
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

&cdkifa'ozGHY NzdK;a&; vkyfaqmif&efcufcJ[k oHwreftzGJYqdk
&efukef? rwf13

owGif;y#dyu©rsm; rMumcPjzpfyGm;avh&Sdonhf&cdkifjynfe,fwGif vlYtzGJUtpnf;ESpfckvkH;uacgif;aqmifrsm; pm;yGJ0dkif;wGifrsufESmpkHnDNyD; Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk tajzr&SmEdkifbJ jyóemqufjzpf
aevQif &cdkifa'ozGHUNzdK;rIaESmihfaES;MuefYMumaernf[k tar&duefoHtrwfyg0ifaom oHwreftzGJUuqdkaMumif; jynfe,fvTwfawmftrwf OD;atmifjrausmfuajymMum;onf/

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

&cdik w
f ikd ;f &if;om;rsm; wd;k wufa&;
ygwD E S i h f rwf v 11 &uf a eYu
ppfawGNrdKUwGifawGUqkHpOf ,if;odkY
ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
&cdkifjynfe,fwGifjyóemrsm;
qufvufjzpfymG ;aeojzihf &cdik af 'o
zGUH NzKd;a&;twGuf taxmuftyHt
h vSL

aiGrsm; ay;&eftcuftcJjzpfay:ae
onf[k oHwreftzGJUuqdkonf/
tvSLaiGay;rnhfudpörsm;wGif
tcuftcJ&Sdaeonhfudpötjyif twl
,SOfwGJaexdkifa&;? vlYtzGJUtpnf;
ESpfckvkH;u acgif;aqmifrsm;rsufESmpkH
nDum jyóemtajz&Sma&;? 1982

ckESpf EdkifiHom;Oya'udpö? rdk;&moD
eD;vmNyDjzpfojzihf 'kuo
© nfrsm;ae&m
csxm;a&;? &cdik af 'ozGUH NzdK;a&; ponhf
udpörsm;ESihfywfoufí vma&muf
aqG;aEG;cJhaMumif; tqdkygtzGJUrsm;
xHrSod&Sd&onf/
tar&d u ef o H t rwf Derek
Mitchell ES i h f t wl N Ad w d e f ' k w d , oH
trwf? MopaMw;vs'kwd,oHtrwf
ESihf USAID rSwm 0ef&Sdolrsm;yg0if
aomtzGJUonf&cdkifjynfe,fta&;
udkavhvm&ef &cdkifjynfe,fppfawG
NrdKUodkY rwfv 11 &ufaeYwGifa&muf
&SdcJhNyD; y#dyu©jzpfyGm;aomtjcm;
NrdKUe,frsm;udv
k nf;oGm;a&mufavhvm
cJhaMumif; &cdkifjynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJUxH
rSod&Sd&onf/
1982ckESpfOya'ESihftnDpdppf
NyD ; Ed k i f i H o m;jzpf c G i h f & &S d o l r sm;ud k
EdkifiHom; jzpfcGihfay;NyD;wpfEdkifiHvkH;

ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;vIHhaqmfrI c&D;&SnfpufbD;pD;rnf
&efukef? rwf 14

umAGefxGuf&SdrIEIef;udk avQmhcs
apa&; ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;rI tod
ynmay;vI H Y aqmf r I w pf c k t jzpf
&efuek rf S ykord Nf rKUd e,faiGaqmifurf;ajc
txd rwfv 23 &ufaeYwGif c&D;&Snf
pufbD;pD;eif;rnfjzpfaMumif; Gaia
Sustainable Management Institute

rS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
tzGJU0if&SpfOD;cefY yg0ifaom
tqd k y gc&D ; &S n f puf b D ; pD ; eif ;
vIyf&Sm;rIudk rwf 23 &ufaeYwGif
&efukefrS ykodrf? rwfv 24 &ufaeY
wGif ykodrfrS aiG a qmif u rf ; ajc?

acsmif;omurf;ajctxd wpf&ufvQif
tenf;qk;H rdik f 100 ausmcf efY pD;eif;
rnfjzpfaMumif;? rwfv 25 &ufaeY
wGif aiGaqmifurf;ajcü obm0
ywf0ef;usiq
f ikd &f m ynmay;aqG;aEG;rI
rsm;udk tzGUJ wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;ESifh pufb;D
pD ; eif ; ol r sm;u jyKvk y f o G m ;rnf
jzpfaMumif;? rwfv 26 &ufaeYwGif
aiGaqmifrS ykodrfodkY jyefvnfpD;eif;
xGufcGmrnfjzpfjyD; 27 &ufaeYwGif
ykodrfrS &efukefodkY pD;eif;a&muf&rdS nf
jzpfaMumif;? obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif
xde;f odr;f apmihaf &Smufa&;wGif jynfol

vlxktm½kHpdkuf yg0ifvmapvdkjcif;
aMumifh ,ckuJhodkYpD;eif;&jcif;jzpf
aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
obm0ywf0ef;usif xde;f odr;f
a&; todynmay;onhf vIyf&Sm;rI
wpf&yfudk Zefe0g&DvtwGif;u ywf
0ef;usif xde;f odr;f a&;tzGUJ rsm;pkaygif;
í &efukefrS xm;0,ftxd pufbD;
pD;eif;rIjyKvkyfcJhNyD; vrf;wpfavQmuf
NrKdU½Gmrsm;wGif ywf0ef;usifqdkif&m
todynmay; wpfEikd w
f pfyikd v
f ufurf;
aMumfjimrsm; jzefYa0cJhMuonf/

v,fodrf;ajruGuf½dkufum tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;a&mif;pm;[k pGyfpGJ
bm;tH? rwf 13

u&ifjynfe,f bm;tHNrKd U? vSmum
aus;&Gmtkyfpk bm;yk½GmrS v,fajr
{u 50 udk 2005 ckESpfrS pwifum
tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;a[mif;OD;atmifatmifu
EIwfrdefYjzihfodrf;,lNyD;aemuf ay 40?
ay 80 tuGuf½dkufum ajruGuf 60
ausmu
f akd &mif;cscahJ Mumif; v,ford ;f cH
awmifol a':cifESif;axG;uajym
Mum;onf/
aus;&Gm ig;&Gmudq
k ufo,
G x
f m;
onhf bm;ykurf;em;vrf;azmufvkyf
&mwGifvnf;aumif;? bm;ykNrdKUjy
tdrf&mpDrHudef; taumiftxnfazmf
&mwGifvnf;aumif; ,if;v,f,m
ajrrsm;udk odrf;,lcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;
a'ocHrsm;uqdkonf/
ay 40? ay 80 ajrwpfuGuf
vQifwpfodef;wpfaomif;usyfjzihf
ajruGufaygif; 60 ausmfudktkyfcsKyf
a&;rSL;a[mif; OD;atmifatmifu
a&mif ; pm;cJ h a Mumif ; v,f o d r f ; cH
awmifow
l pfO;D jzpfonhf a':pdepf ed Of ;D

uajymMum;onf/
v,fajrrsm;udk tuGu½f u
kd x
f m;
onhf ,if;NcHajrrsm;onf ,cktcg
umvaygufaps; usyfodef; 20 cefY
aps;aygufaomaMumihf v,f,majr
qkH;½I;H rItwGuf xdu
k o
f iho
f nhf avsmaf Mu;
jyef&vdkaMumif; a':pdefpdefOD;u qdk
onf/
]]bd;k pOfabmifqufvyk pf m;cJw
h hJ
v,fawGuo
kd rd ;f NyD; tuGu½f u
kd af &mif;
pm;wmu uRefrwdkYvdkr&SdwJh vlawG
twGuef pfemygw,f}}[k ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
,cif u&ifjynfe,fc½dik f at;csr;f
om,ma&;ESifh zGUH NzdK;a&;aumifpOD uú|
'kwd,AdkvfrSL;BuD; OD;udkudkBuD;\
cGijfh yKcsufjzihf v,fajrrsm;udk odr;f ,l
cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;? bm;ykurf;em;vrf;
azmufvyk &f eftwGuf azmufvyk rf nhf
vrf;eHab;&Sv
d ,f,majrrsm;udk odr;f
qnf;NyD; bm;yk½GmxJwGif ajruGuf
jyefay;cJhaMumif;? v,f,majrrsm;udk
tuGuf½dkufa&mif;í udk,fusKd;okH;cJh

jcif;r[kwfbJ urf;em;vrf;azmuf
&mwGif vrf;cif;ausmuf0,fcjhJ cif;jzpf
aMumif; bm;ykaus;&GmOuú|a[mif;
OD;atmifatmifu The Voice Weekly
odkYajymMum;onf/
]]tJ'Dhvrf;azmufwm tMurf;
zsif; odef; 60 ukefw,f/ uRefawmf
ydkufqHokH;odef;eJYrwnfNyD; azmufcJh
wm/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkif tJh'Dvrf;
ab;u ajrESpfuGufudk 0,fr,hfvl
r&SdvdkY ESpfodef;ESpfaomif;eJY 0,fcJh&
w,f}} [ktqdkygyk*¾Kdvfuqdkonf/
bm;yk&mG urf;em;vrf;ajrae&m
rsm;onf rdk;wGif;a&mufygu a&jrKyf
aomae&mjzpfNyD; um;vrf;razmufcif
u oGm;vm&cufcJaMumif;? ,if;um;
vrf;onf ul;qdyf&Gm? bm;yk & G m ?
usKHydkuf&Gm? cJawmihf&GmESihf rkuúvd&Gm
wdkYudk qufoG,fxm;aomvrf;jzpf
aomaMumihf ,cktcg oGm;vm&vG,f
ulaeaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHro
S &d onf/

udkoGm;vmcGihfjyK&ef? EdkifiHom;r[kwf
olrsm;udk'ku©onfpcef;jzihfxm;&ef
ESiw
fh wd,Edik if o
H Ykd ydYk&efwifjycJah Mumif;
OD;atmifjrausmfu&Sif;jyonf/
]]wdik ;f &if;om;awGjyóemqd&k if
pm;yGJ0dkif;ajz&Sif;Edkifw,f/ cdk;0ifol
awGeJYawmh pm;yGJ0dkif;rajz&Sif;Edkifbl;}}
[k¤if;uqdkonf/
rsuEf mS pkn
H aD qG;aEG;rnfqykd gu
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&? jynfe,ftpdk;&

wdkYOD;pD;NyD; ESpfzuftzGJUtpnf;rsm;
tpGef;ra&mufaom yk*¾Kdvfrsm;? &cdkif
a'ozGHUNzdK;rIudktrSefwu,fvdkvm;
olrsm;yg0ifaomaqG;aEG;yGJ vkyaf qmif
ay;&efvdktyfaMumif; ppfawGNrdKUwGif
aexdik af om tpövmrfbmom0ifwpfO;D
uqdkonf/
]]ordkif;eJYcsDaevmwJholawGudk
awmharG;&mygEdkifiHom;ay;&r,f}} [k
¤if;u xyfrHajymMum;onf/

EdkifiHwumjrpfacsmif;rsm;aeh jrpfqkHwGifvlxkvIyf&Sm;yGJjyKvkyf
&efukef? rwf 14

{&m0wDjrpfqkHwGif rwfv 14 &ufaeY eHeuf 9 em&DtcsdefcefYwGif ucsif
vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESihf a'ocHtiftm; 100 ausmfupkaygif;í EdkifiHwum
jrpfacsmif;rsm;qdkif&maeYtxdrf;trSwf vlxkvIyf&Sm;rIyGJudkjyKvkyfcJhaMumif;
ucsifjynfe,ftajcpdkuf vlxktajcjyKzGHUNzdK;rItzGJUtpnf;rS OD;&Sa*gifwef*Gef;
uajymMum;onf/
rwfv 14 &ufaeYwGifusa&mufaom EdkifiHwumjrpfacsmif;rsm;qdkif&m
aeYwGif ucsifjynfe,fjrpfqkHü a'ocHrsm;ESihfvlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;pkaygif;í
aqG;aEG;a[majymyGJrsm;jyKvkyfcJh&m aqG;aEG;yGJtwGif; {&m0wDjrpfqkHqnf
pDrHudef;ESihf {&m0wDjrpftay:wGifwnfaqmufrnhf a&umwmpDrHudef;rsm;
vk;H 0&yfqikd ;f oGm;&efEiS fh jrpfu,
kd ,
kd iG ;f ysufp;D vmapaom a&Tw;l azmfa&;vkyif ef;
rsm; &yfqdkif;vdkonhftjyif pDrHudef;rsm;aMumihf z,f&Sm;cH&aomajrae&mrsm;
wGif jyefvnfvkyfudkifcGihfrsm;&&Sdap&efponfwkdYESihf ywfoufumaqG;aEG;cJhMu

aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/

[oFmw qdyfurf;cGefzsufodrf;rnf
[oFmw? rwf 13

EIef;xm;trsKd;rsKd;jzihf aumufcHaeonhf [oFmwNrdKUqdyfurf;jzwfoef;c
tcGefudk ukefonfESihfa'ocHrsm;ESpfoufrIr&Sdí {NyD 1 &ufaeYwGif pwifzsuf
odrf;rnfjzpfaMumif; [oFmwNrdKUe,f pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU vufaxmuf
nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;wifarmifaX;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
,if;qdyfurf; tcGefaumufcHolrsm;u qdyfurf;rSjzwfoef;onhf qef
wpftw
d v
f Qif 10 usy?f 15 usypf aom EIe;f xm;trsK;d rsK;d jzihf aumufcaH eMuum
ajypmay;jcif;r&SdaMumif;? NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU\ vkyfief;tm;enf;
csufudk {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;0efBuD;csKyfESihf txl;pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;OD;pD;Xme
wdkYodkY wifjyoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH qefpyg;ukefonfrsm;toif;
{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;toif;cGJ 'kwd,Ouú|OD;wif&Du ajymqdkonf/
[oFmwqdyu
f rf;rS &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;ESifh rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD;wdYk ukd
2012 ckESpfu qeftdwfa&ig;odef;ausmfESihf pyg;tdwfwpfodef;cefY wifydkYcJh&m
taESmihft,Sufjzpfaom ,if;qdyfurf;cGefzsufodrf;&ef ukefonfBuD;rsm;
0dkif;0ef;awmif;qdkcJhMujcif;jzpfaMumif; o&zla&mif;0,fa&;rS vkyfief;&Sif

OD;jrihfodef;OD;u ajymMum;onf/

b*Fvm;a'U&SfrS za,mif;yef;0ifa&mufrI oHk;qjrifUwuf
armifawm? rwf 11

a'owGif; y#dyu©rsm;aMumihf ESpfEdkifiHe,fpyfukefoG,frIrsm; aES;auG;
aeaom b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiHrS jrefrmEdkifiHodkY za,mif;yef; (EG,fyef;)0ifa&mufrI
rwfvtwGif; okH;qcefYjrihfwufvmaMumif; &cdkifjynfe,f armifawmNrKUd e,frS
ukeo
f nfrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
,cifvrsm;u wpfvvQif armif; 50 cefY jrefrmEdkifiHbufodkY 0ifa&muf
aomfvnf; ,ckvwGif armif; 150 cefY0ifa&mufvmaMumif; ukeo
f nfrsm;xHrS
od&Sd&onf/
za,mif;yef;udk &cdkifjynfe,f armifawmNrKdUe,f? ppfawGNrKdUe,fwdkYu
ukefonfrsm;onf b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiHu ukefMurf;tjzpf0,f,lNyD; ukefacsm
tjzpfjyKvkyfum ppfawG-rEÅav;vrf;aMumif;rS w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHodkY
wifydkYMuonf/
za,mif;yef; wpfarmif; (25 ydóm) udk b*Fvm;a'h&Sfwmum 10ç500
(usyf 105ç000 cefY) jzihf0,f,lNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif wpfarmif;udk 150ç000
usyf aps;aygufaMumif; ,if;aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&Sd&onf/
za,mif;yef;a&mif;0,frIudk w&m;0ifvkyfudkifcGihfrjyKxm;bJ ukefonf
rsm;ESihf tpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm;em;vnfrI,lum vkyfaqmifaeMujcif;jzpfaMumif;
cifarmifat;
ukefonfrsm;uqdkonf/

35

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

aea&mifxJu&efol
vJU&nfjrifU
usJusJawmufylaeaomfvnf; NrdKUBuD;rsm;\vrf;rxufwGif O'[dkoGm;vmvIyf&Sm;aeolrsm;ESihf jynhfodyf
aeonf/ yljyif;vSonhf aea&mifatmufwGif 0rf;a&;twGuf vIyf&Sm;½kef;uefaeolrsm;uvnf; tyl'Pfudk
arhavsmhaeMuonf/ ,ckvdkarhavsmhaejcif;aMumihf tylESihftwl rvdkvm;tyfaom aemufqufwGJ qdk;usKd;aygif;rsm;pGm
qufwdkufcHpm;&awmhonf/
k ef m&eftxl;vdt
k yfonf/ a'gufwm ausmaf usmu
pufru
I @zGUH NzK;d Ny;D Edik if t
H oD;oD; &efrsm;udk vdu
f ajymqdo
k nf/
aea&mifudk wdkuf½dkufxdawGU&
&Sd tdkZkef;vTmysufpD;&mu wpfqihf
]]'DaeY aexd aemufaeYta&jym;
dS yk pf w
k iG f ,mOfxed ;f &J? uifqmjzpfwmr[kwfbl;/ ESpfaygif;
aea&mifjcnfwiG f c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnf aom tEÅ&m,f&t
f rm;? vrf;jyif rsm;pGmxdawGUaerS uifqmjzpfwm
yg0ifrIjrihfrm;vmcJhonf/ urÇmYEdkifiH aqmufvyk af &;tvkyo
wdYkwiG f c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnfumuG,rf I tvkyform;? tiSm;,mOfarmif;ol? olu a&&Snfqdk;usKd;wpfckyJ/ tck
twGuf usef;rma&;ynmay;vkyfief; qdkufum;ESihf qdkifu,fpD;olrsm;? aq;cef;rSmawmh vwfwavmqd;k usK;d
d w
l Ykd yg0if yJ tawGUrsm;w,f}}[k ¤if;uxyfavmif;
rsm; wGifwGifus,fus,fjyKvkyfcJhNyD; tm;upm;orm;rsm; tp&So
f Ykdu ta&jym;a&m*g ajymMum;onf/
aomfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHwGifrl c&rf; NyD; tqdyk gyk*K¾d vw
vGeaf &mifjcnfEiS yfh wfoufNyD; jynfol rsm; tvG,fwuljzpfyGm;Edkifaom
a&wdkqdk;usKd;onf rdwfzkrsm;
rsm;tMum; us,fus,fjyefYjyefY &if;ES;D tajctaewGi&f adS omaMumihf BudKwif xGufjcif;? 0ufNcH? a&,kef? t&uf
f x
l m;&ef vdt
k yfaMumif; avmifjcif; (t&ufaomufokH;olrsm;
uRr;f 0ifrrI &Sad o;aMumif; awGU&S&d onf/ tumtuG,,
ta&jym;txl;ukq&m0ef a'gufwm tjzpfrsm;)ESihf ta&jym;av;zufem
vuf&t
dS csdew
f iG f jrefrmEdik if \
H
NrdKUe,ftcsKdUü c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnf ausmfausmfu The Voice Weekly a&m*gwdkYudk qdkvdkonf/
yrmP 8 &nfneT ;f ude;f rS 12 &nfneT ;f odkYajymMum;onf/
vwfwavm &efukefjynfolY
wpfzufwiG v
f nf; tqdyk gtkypf k aq;½kBH uD; ta&jym;a&m*gukXmewGif
ude;f xd&adS eaMumif; vef'eftajcpdu
k f
rdk;av0otzGJU 0ufqdkufwGif azmfjy wGif yg0ifonfjzpfap? ryg0ifonf uav;trsm;pk rdwfzkrsm;aMumihf vm
jzpfap aeylcsdefjrihfrm;aom aea&mif a&mufukorIrsm; &Sdaomfvnf; c&rf;
xm;onf/
tqdkygyrmPonf pdk;&drfzG,f atmuf oGm;&rnfqdkygu umuG,f vGefa&mifjcnf xdcdkufrIaMumihfvm
&mtqihfjzpfjyD; aeyl'Pfwdkuf½dkuf enf;wdkYudk enf;pepfrSefrSef vdkufem a&mufuo
k olr&Sad Mumif; tqdyk gXmeu
xdawGUrIudk enf;vrf;trsKd;rsKd;okH;í usihfokH;oGm;&ef vdktyfonf/
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
umuG,f&efvdktyfaeNyD[k ta&jym;
]]aeylxJ xD;rygbJ 'Dtwdkif;
usef;rma&;q&m0efu nTefMum;xm; c&rf;vGefxdawGY rIrsm;
xGufvdkufvdkY&Sd&if tom;awG ylpyf
,ckvydkif;twGif; &efukefNrdKU&Sd ylavmifBuD;eJY ae&xdkif&wm b,fvdk
onf / txl ; ojzih f aeyl ' Pf u d k
wdu
k ½f u
kd x
f ad wGUaomoltm;vk;H onf uav;i,ftcsKUd wGif tyl'Pfjrihrf m;rI rSe;f rod jzpfomG ;w,f/ aemufqkd xD;
oufqikd &f m ta&jym; q&m0efrsm;u aMumihf rdwfaygufjcif;? ,m;zkrsm; eJYyJ tjyifxGufawmhr,f}} [k &efukef
vrf;nTefxm;aomaqmif&ef? a&Smif aygufjcif;wdYk ydrk jkd zpfymG ;vsu&f adS Mumif; NrdKUv,f&Sd owif;rD'D,mwpfckwGif

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfusa&mufrI
wdkif;wmjcif;r&Sdao;[kqdk
&efukef? rwf 11

urÇmBuD;wGifpuf½kH tvkyf½kHrsm; rsm;jym;vmonfESihftrQ ,if;puf½kHrsm;rS avmifpmrsm;? pGefYypfypönf;rsm;
rD;½dIU&mrSxGufvmonhf "mwfaiGUrsm;aMumihf avxknpfnrf;vmNyD; tdkZkef;vTmaygufrIaMumifh umuG,fEkdifrI
enf;yg;vmum aerSxu
G v
f maom c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnfusa&mufrI urÇmESit
fh 0ef;jzpfay:aeNyD; jrefrmEdik if w
H iG rf l
,if;c&rf;vGef a&mifjcnfusa&mufrIudk wdkif;wmjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; rdk;av0oESihfZvaA'nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme
'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;cspfausmfuajymMum;onf/
]]jrefrmEdkifiHrSmu tylcsdefwdkif;wmyJ&Sdygw,f/ c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfusa&mufrIudk wdkif;wmwmr&Sdao;
ygbl;/ wkdif;wmwJhpuf0,fzkdYvnf; tpDtpOfr&Sdao;ygbl;/ wdkif;wmxm;wJhtylcsdefawGudkvnf; aeYpOfxkwf
tpdk;&owif;pmawGrSmazmfjyay;aeygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvkH;twdkif;twmESihf c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfusa&mufaejcif;jzpfjyD; ucsifjynfe,fESihf
ppfudkif;wdkif;txufydkif;wdkYwGif tEÅ&m,f&Sdaomtqihfjzpfonhf 8? 9 ? 10 txd a&muf&SdaejyD; wevFm&Dwdkif;
a'oBuD;ESihf rGefjynfe,fwdkYwGif tEÅ&m,f&SdaomtqihfxufausmfvGefonhfyrmP 14? &efukefwdkif;a'o
BuD;wGif 12 cefY? aejynfawmfwGif 12 ausmfcefYtxda&muf&SdaejyDjzpfípdk;&drfzG,ftajctae&SdaMumif; rdk;av0o
ynm&Sifa'gufwmxGef;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
]]UV wdkif;wmwJhEdkifiHwumu UV awareness tzGJUtpnf;awGeJY csdwfqufNyD; xkwfjyefay;aewmyg}}
[k a'gufwmxGef;vGifuqdkonf/
]]'Dvrdk sKd; c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnfeYJ ywfoufNyD; xkwjf yefay;aewJt
h wGuaf us;Zl;wifygw,f/ 'grS usef;rma&;
todeYJ qifjcifaexkid Ef idk rf mS yg}}[k orkid ;f wGiaf exkid af om touf 50 ausmt
f &G,f tdr&f iS rf wpfO;D uajymqko
d nf/
]]urÇmrSm "mwfaiGUxkwfvkyfrIrsm;vmwJhtwGuf tdkZkef;vTmuaygufoGm;NyD/ 'gaMumihf c&rf;vGef
a&mifjcnfu urÇmudkwdkuf½dkufxdvmjyD}} [k ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnf\ tnTef;udef;udkwdkif;wm&mwGif oknrS 3 txdudk tedrhfpm;? tqihf 4 rS 7
txdudk toihftwihf? 8 ESihftxufudk tEÅ&m,f&Sdtqihftjzpf owfrSwfxm;onf/
]]c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfu 10 ausmfvm&if ta&jym;uifqmawmifjzpfEdkifw,f}}[k aq;okawoeOD;pD;Xme
nTefMum;a&;rSL; (Nidrf;) a'gufwmjrihfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
tjyifxGufonhftcg tusÐxlxlESihf aea&miftumtuG,f,l&efvdktyfNyD; vlBuD;vli,fra&G; ae'Pf
umuG,f&ef rSeftppfESihfjyKvkyfxm;aom aeumrsufrSefwyfoihfaMumif;? tpm;tpmpm;okH;&mwGifvnf;
trSnhfvGef tcsOft&om&SdtoD;rsm;udk a&SmifMuOfoihfaMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnf tnTef;udef; 8? 9? 10? 11 txdqdkvQif ta&jym;qdkif&ma&m*grsm;? tjriftm½kH
csKdUwJhonhf a&m*grsm;ESihf 13? 14 txdoufa&mufygu om;orD;r&Edkifonhfa&m*grsm;ESihf c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnf
tnTef;udef; (8) ESihftxufudk vlYtouftEÅ&m,fudk xdcdkufEdkifonhftqihftjzpfowfrSwfxm;onf/ 

"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

tvkyv
f yk af eol touf 25 ESpt
f &G,f
trsKd;orD; wpfOD;uajymqdkonf/
c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnfu &nfneT ;f
udef; 10 ESihftxuf&SdvQif yg0ifrI
tvGefjrihfrm;onf[k owfrSwfNyD;
&nfneT ;f ude;f 7-9 qdyk gu c&rf;vGef
a&mifjcnfyrmP jrihfrm;aeNyD[,
k q
l
aMumif; urÇmhusef;rma&;tzG J U u
w&m;0ifxkwfjyefxm;onf/
]]UV u 10-11 txufqdk&if
ta&jym;uifqmjzpfEikd w
f ,f}}[k aq;
okawoeOD;pD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;
(Nidrf;) a'gufwmjrihfOD;u The Voice
Weekly odkYajymqdkonf/
c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfudk wpfaeY
wm\ aetylqkH;tcsdef 12 em&DESihf 1
em&D0ef;usifwGif wdkif;wmNyD; ae&m
wpfckESihfwpfck? tcsdefwpfckESihfwpfck
&nfneT ;f ude;f rwlnaD Mumif; a'gufwm
ausmaf usmu
f xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
tylcsdefjrihfrm;onhf tcsdefrsm;
wGif c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnf trsm;qkH;
yg0ifaeaomaMumihf tjyifbufxu
G f
rnfqykd gu aeylcsed jf rihrf m;onht
f csed f
rsm;udk a&SmifíxGuf&efvdktyfonf/
xdYk tjyif aetyl'Pfjrihrf m;csdef
eHeuf 10 em&DrS nae 4 em&DtwGif;
tjyifxGufygu aeyl'PfcHc&ifrf
vdrf;jcif;? aeumrsufrSefwyfjcif;ESihf
t0wftpm;vkHvkHNcHKNcHKESihf csnfom;
yGyGtxnfwdkYudk 0wfqif&rnf/
aeyl'Pfc&ifrf vdr;f &mwGiv
f nf;
tvStytwGurf Munhb
f J vlBu;D vli,f
ra&G; aeylxJxGufolwdkif; vdrf;&ef
vdt
k yfaMumif;? aeylxo
J Yakd wmufavQmuf
xGufaernfqdkygu tqdkygc&ifrfudk
tenf;qkH; ESpfem&DMum;wpfcg vdrf;
ay;&rnfjzpfNyD; a& odYk r[kwf acR;
aMumihf c&ifryf sufoGm;onfqdkygu
rdepf &Spfq,fwpfcg jyefvnfvdrf;
ay;&ef vdktyfonf/
ae'Pf u muG , f & ef c&if r f
tvG,fwulr&Sdygu oeyfcg;vdrf;
jcif;? t0wftpm;vkHNcHKpGm 0wfqif
jcif;? OD;xkyfaqmif;jcif;? xD;aqmif;
jcif;ESihf aeumrsufrSefwyfjcif;wdkY
jzihf umuG,fEdkifaMumif; a'gufwm
ausmfausmfuqdkonf/

teD;uyfajcmufvSefhaeaom&efol
aea&mifjcnfu vlom;awG
twGuf tusKd;jyKay;aom obm0
uay;onh f &wemwpf c k j zpf N yD ;
aea&mifjcnfu&&Sad om Adu
k w
f mrif'D
u oli,fema&m*g? ta&jym;a&m*g
tcsKUd ESifh tonf;a&miftom;0ga&m*g
awGtwGuf tusKd;jyKay;ygonf/
,ckuJhodkY tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;&Sd
aomfvnf; c&rf;vGeaf &mifjcnfyrmP

jrihfrm;vmrIaMumihf a&&Snf aea&mif
'Pfc&H olrsm;tMum; ta&jym;uifqm
a&m*g? rJSYuifqma&m*g? ta&jym;
tdkpmjcif;ESihf rsufpdwdrfuG,fjcif;wdkY
jzpfyGm;apwwfaMumif; ta&jym;
txl ; uk q &m0ef B uD ; a'guf w m
ausmfausmfu ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g uifqmjzpfymG ;jcif;onf
tom;ta&jzLolrsm;wGif ydkrdkjzpfyGm;
wwfNyD; r,fveif (Melanin) "mwf
yg0ifrrI sm;aom tom;ndKolrsm;wGif
ta&jym;uifqm jzpfyGm;rIenf;yg;
onf/
ta&jym;uifqmESihf rJSYuifqm
a&m*gwdYkonf cE¨mud,
k w
f iG ;f &Sd ckct
H m;
pepf tm;enf;vmjcif;u wpfqihf
jzpfay:NyD; omrefMunhf½kHESihf a&m*g
tajctaerod&EdS ikd af Mumif;? rJYSuifqm
a&m*guvnf; aea&mifESihfwdkuf½dkuf
xdawGUaom ta&jym;ay:&Srd YSyJ o
Hk P²mef?
taetxm;? rsufESmjyifajymif;vJrI
udkMunhfNyD; a,bk,saumufcsufjyK
Edik af omfvnf; "mwfccJG ef;wGipf pfaq;
Munh f r S o m uif q mjzpf a Mumif ;
cGJjcm;od&SdEdkifonf/
xdkYaMumihf aea&mifESihf wdkuf
½du
k x
f ad wGUaeaom ta&jym;ay:wGif
rouFmzG,f&mawGU&Sdygu eD;pyf&m
ta&jym;q&m0efrsm;ESihf oGm;a&muf
wdik yf ifoihaf Mumif; ta&jym;txl;uk
q&m0efwpfOD;u qdkonf/
ta&jym;enf;wl rsufpdwdrf
uG,fjcif;onf c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnf
aMumihfjzpfaom tBuD;qkH;tEÅ&m,f
rsm;teufrS wpfcjk zpfonf/ urÇmay:
wGif vlOD;a& ESpfoef;rS oHk;oef;cefY
onf rsupf w
d rd pf aJG &m*gaMumihf rsupf d
tvif;aysmufcMhJ uonf/ ¤if;wdYkteuf
20 &mcdik Ef eI ;f ESit
fh xufonf aea&mif
jcnf&Sd c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfaMumihf
rsufpw
d rd pf aJG &m*gjzpf&aMumif; urÇmh
usef;rma&;tzGJUu xkwfjyefaom
tcsuftvufrsm;t& od&onf/
xd k Y aMumih f a&wd k ? a&&S n f
tEÅ&m,ftrsKd;rsKd;ay;aeaom c&rf;
vGefa&mifjcnf\ qdk;usKd;rsm;udk od&Sd
oGm;vQif aeyl'Pfwdkuf½dkufxdawGU
rIu BudKwifumuG,fEdkifrnhftjyif
vlom;wdkif; trIrJhtrSwfrJhxm;aom
teD;uyf&efol aea&mifjcnf'Pfu
umuG,x
f m;Edik af yvdrrhf nf/ okYdro
S m
c&rf;vGefa&mifjcnfaMumihfjzpfaom
ta&jym;a&m*grsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;Edkif
NyD; a&SUquf½ek ;f uef&rnhf aeYopfrsm;
twGuf usef;usef;rmrmESihf avQmuf
vSrf;Edkifygvdrhfrnf/
&nfnTef;-Ultraviolet radiation and
the intersun programme,WHO
:www.weatheronline.co.uk

36
3
6

VO
OICE
OI
ICE
IC
CE

The
Thee

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

]uRefawmfwdkhu y&dowfudk pmoifaewmr[kwfbl;/ azsmfajzaewmyg}
aw;oH&Sifaumif;jrwfav;ESifU awGYqkHjcif;
oefhZifOD;
rmEdkifiHwGif 2013 ckESpf ZGefv 1 &ufaeYwGif rlydkifcGihfOya'pwiftouf0ifawmhrnfjzpf&m tjiif;yGm;zG,f&mrsm; rMumcPMum;&avh&Sdonhf *Dw
e,fy,ftwGif;rS vli,ftEkynm&SifwpfOD;jzpfol aw;oH&Sifaumif;jrwfav;\ rlydkifcGihftay: ¤if;tjrifudk The Voice Weekly u ar;jref;xm;jcif;
jzpfonf/

"mwfykH-EkdifEkdifxGef;

rlyikd cf iG Ofh ya'pwif touf
0ifawmhr,hftay: tpfudkYtjrifav;
ajymjyay;yg/
KML : rlyi
kd cf iG t
fh ouf0if&ifawmh
oDcsi;f awGu vky&f udik &f wm ydNk yD;awmh
w&m;0ifjzpfomG ;r,f/ tJ'v
D jkd zpfomG ;
Voice :

wJt
h wGuf tEkynmudk yxrqk;H zefw;D
olawGjzpfwJh aw;qdkawG? aw;a&;
awG? xkwv
f yk o
f al wGtaeeJY cHpm;ydik f
cGihfawG ydkNyD;cdkifcdkifrmrmjzpfvmr,f/
oDcsi;f awG0,fwu
hJ pd aö wGrmS em;vnfrI
cifrifraI wGeYJvyk w
f yhJ pHk u
H ae w&m;0if

vkyw
f yhJ pHk rH sKd;udk ul;ajymif;vmr,fvYkd
arQmfvihfygw,f/
Voice : ukd,fykdifoHpOfeJY aumfyDrSm
b,f[mu tqdkawmfwpfa,muf
twGuf y&dowfMum;xJysHYESHYrI ydkjyD;
awmh tm;aumif;vJ/

jrefrmo&JZmwfvrf;wGJ jr0wD'pf*spw
f ,f½yk o
f v
H ikd ;f wGijf yornf
&efukef? rwf 11

&S e f y d e f c spf a omvl o m;rsm;
trnf&Sd jrefrmo&JZmwfvrf;wGJudk
jr0wD½kyfjrifoHMum;\ 'pf*spfw,f
½kyfoHvdkif;cGJwpfckjzpfonhf Settop
box rMumrDjyooGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
tqdkygZmwfvrf;wGJudk ½dkuful;ol
'g½dkufwmZrÁLxGef;oufvGifu The
Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
]]'D u m;rS m uaumif ; cef Y ?
eef;a'0D? &Jatmif? pdk;rdk;MunfeJY
[moo½kyfaqmifawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
ygw,f/ &Sefydefqdkwmuaumif;cefY
&JU emrnfajymifaygh/ oluvlawGudk
t&rf ; ul n D w wf w ,f ? aysmf a ysmf
vnf;aewwfw,f/ 'gayrJh olulnD
vd k u f r S wvG J a wG j zpf N yD ; vl a wG u
'ku©a&mufukefMuw,f/ wpfaeYus
awmh ol u rarQmf v ih f b J a ooG m ;
w,f/ aooGm;ayr,hfoluvlawG
udq
k uf ulnaD ewke;f yJ? olaowmudk
vlwdkif;uodayr,hfolYudk,folrod
awmhtvGJawGjzpfwmaygh/ [moeJY
0dnmOfaygif;xm;wJhZmwfvrf;av;
yg}} [k 'g½dkufwmZrÁLxGef;oufvGif
u ½kyo
f ZH mwfvrf;wG\
J Zmwfvrf;
tusOf;udkajymMum;onf/

April Fool

tqdkygZmwfvrf;wGJudk tydkif;
20 xd½dkuful;rnfjzpfNyD; ,cktcg
ajcmufydkif;txd ½dkuful;xm;NyD;jzpf
aMumif;? Zmwfvrf;wGJwpfydkif;udk
wpfywfvQif okH;BudrfpDvTihfrnfjzpf
aMumif;? ½dkuful;NyD;orQtydkif;rsm;
udkwnf;jzwfjcif;? aemufcHaw;*Dw
xnhfoGif;jcif;rsm;jyKvkyfaeaMumif;
¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
qif q mvG w f v yf c G i f h t csKd U
avQmhayghay;NyD;aemuf AGD'D,dkxkwf
vkyfa&;rsm;u o&Jum;rsm;tNyKdif
tqdik ½f u
kd u
f ;l vmMuaomfvnf;tjzpf
oabm½dkuful;rIrsm;ESihfywfoufí
]]jzpfapcsifwmuawmh aumif;atmif
vk y f a pcsif w maygh a emf ? o&J u m;
qdkaomfjim;vnf; 0dnmOfavmu?
emembm0avmu&JUoGm;vmvIyf&Sm;
ykHawGudk wu,frodao;wJhy&dowf
awGtwGuf aumif;aumif;av;eJY
yD y D j yif j yif a v; tuk e f t uscH N yD ;
½dkufapcsifygw,f}} [k 'g½dkufwm
ZrÁLxGef;oufvGifu tBuHjyKajym
Mum;onf/
]]OD;nDxifwmawmh animation
ydkif;udkuRrf;uRrf;usifusifzefwD;Edkif

ygwD

Sexy Dance

wJ h u G e f y sLwmynm&S i f a wG v d k r ,f
xifw,f? AGD'D,dkujyef&wJhtusKd;
tjrwfuvnf;enf;awm hynm&Sif
awGudkodyfray;Edkifbl;aygh/ EdkifiHjcm;
um;rSm vluae0HykavGjzpfoGm;wm
wdkYqdk mix jzpfatmifvkyfwm yDjyif
awmhMunhfaumif;w,fav/ jrefrm
jynfrSmu mix vkyfwmraumif;
awmhryDjyifbl;aygh}}[k 'g½dkufwm
nDnDxGef;vGifu jrefrmo&Jum;
rsm;\vdktyfcsufrsm;tay: ¤if;\
tjrifudkajymqdkonf/

S.I.R

KML : tEkynm&Siw
f ikd ;f u ud,
k w
f ikd f
zefw;D xm;wJo
h cD sif;udk qdck sifwmaygh
aemf/ t&rf;qdkcsifwJh oDcsif;awGus
awmh aumfyDrqdkbJ raeEdkifjyefbl;/
oDcsif;qdkwmu aumfyDeJY ukd,fykdif
oHpOf cGJjcm;zdkYxufpm&if tEkynm
cHpm;csufu y&dowf&ifxJa&muf
oGm;zdkU t"duygyJ/ uRefawmfwdkYu
y&dowfudkpmoifaewm r[kwfbl;/
azsmfajzaewmyg/ oDcsif;wpfyk'fu
udk,fydkifoHpOfvdkYajymNyD; y&dowf
&ifxJra&muf&ifvnf; tvum;yJ/
t"duu aumfyDoDcsif;jzpfayr,hf
y&dowf&ifxJrSm cHpm;vdkuf&w,f?
b0tarmawG ajyaysmufoGm;w,f
qdk&if uRefawmfu aumfyDoDcsif;qdk
rSmygyJ/ uRefawmfwYkd av;pm;tm;us
wJh udk,fydkifoHpOfudkrS ½l;oGyfwefzdk;
xm;NyD; jrwfEdk;wJh udkxl;tdrfoifvdk
vlrsKd;awmif aumfyDqdkp&m&Sd &J&J0Hh0Hh
qdkoGm;ao;wmyJ/ uRefawmfwdkYu
pum;BuD ; pum;us,f ajymp&m
taMumif;r&Sdygbl;/

rlyikd cf iG efh YJywfoufNy;D tpfukd
jyKvkyfxm;wJh jyifqifrIawG&Sd&if
odyg&ap/
KML : uRefawmfh&JU rMumcifrSm
xGurf hJ tcspf&&dS mt&yfoYkd rsufEmS rlí
qdw
k hJ tacGtwGuf aw;a&;q&mawG
qD u oD c sif ; awG 0 ,f w J h a e&mrS m
pepfwusjzpfwJh ykHpHrsKd;eJY0,f,lr,f/
olwYkd&UJ &ydik cf iG afh wGuv
kd nf; uReaf wmf
wdkYay;r,f? uRefawmfwdkY&JU &ydkifcGihf
awGudkvnf; jyefumuG,fr,f/
Voice : ½kyfoHvdkif;awGu oDcsif;
awGudk cGihfrawmif;bJ tokH;jyKwJh
twGuf aw;a&;q&meJY aw;oH&Sif
awG&UJ a0zefrt
l ay:ok;H oyfay;ygOD;/
KML : ½kyo
f v
H ikd ;f awG? aw;a&;awG?
tqdak wmfawGqw
kd m wpfavSwnf;pD;
wpfc&D;wnf;oGm;awGyg/ tm;vkH;
n§dn§dEdIif;EdIif;vkyfMur,fqdk 'D[mawG
u at;at;aq;aq; ajyvnfomG ;r,hf
udpaö wGyg/ wpfa,mufeYJwpfa,muf
av;pm;rIav;awGeJY vkyfMu&ifaygh/
oefYZifOD;
Voice :

tzGJY aEG&moDa&mcfU*DwyGJawmf usif;yrnf

&efukef? rwf 13

aw;oH&iS &f wemrdik f OD;pD;wnf
axmifxm;onhf My Lay Entertainment \ yGJOD;xGuftpDtpOftjzpf
S.I.R tzGUJ \ aEG&moDa&mch*
fw
D yGaJ wmf
udk rwfv 22 &ufaeY nae 6 em&D
wGif &efuek Nf rdKU jynfoYlO,smOfüusi;f y
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aw;oH&iS &f wemrdik f
u ajymMum;onf/

NydKifyGJxnfUoGif;

&efukef? rwf14

&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; '*kHNrdKUe,f&Sd Yangon International [dkw,fwGif {NyDv 1 &ufaeY rGef;vJG 1
em&DrS 6 em&DtwGif; April Fool ygwDudkjyKvkyfrnfjzpf&mvma&mufolrsm; ,SOfNydKifEdkifrnfh Sexy Dance
NydKifyGJudkxnfhoGif;xm;aMumif; pDpOfolwpfOD;jzpfol udktmum[def;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
tqdkygygwDwGif emrnfausmfarmf',frsm;jzpfonfh xGef;udkudk? qef;wdk;EdkifwdkYtjyif Miss qk&xm;olrsm;
u y&dowfrsm;ESihf aysm&f iT zf ,
G &f m*dr;f rsm; upm;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;NydKifyu
JG kd ygwDoYkdvma&mufaomy&dowf
rnfolrqdk,SOfNydKifEdkifaMumif;? 'Da*srsm;u zGifhay;xm;aomaw;oGm;tvdkuf NydKifyGJ0if&rnfjzpfNyD; qk&&Sdolrsm;
udk trSwfw&vufaqmifrsm;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
]]Sexy qdw
k mudk aumif;wJt
h jrif&o
dS vdk raumif;wJt
h jrifvnf; &SMd uygw,f/ uRefawmfwYkd uawmh vli,f
awG aysmfzdkYtwGuf aumif;wJhtjrifbufuvkyfwmyg}}[k tmum[def;u Sexy Dance NydKifyGJjyKvkyf&jcif;
taMumif;udk&Sif;jyonf/
,cifESpfoBuFefyGJawmfwGif a&upm;r@yfrsm;ü trsKd;orD;i,frsm;\ Sexy Dance tuESifhywfoufí
a0zefrIrsm; us,fus,favmifavmif xGufay:cJhao;onf/
]]Sexy Dance u uRefawmfwdkY jrefrmEdkifiH&JU,Ofaus;rI? tjrift&qdk rdom;pkvdkufMunfhvdkYroifhawmf
bl;vdkY xifMuwmaygh/ Oyrm Hip Hop tuwdkY? Ballroom Dance wdkYqdk rdom;pkvdkufMunfhvdkY&w,fav/
'gayrJh tuuawmhtuygyJ? tutrsKd;tpm;om uGJoGm;wmyg}} [k LIFE&DANCE tutzGJU\acgif;aqmif
rif;rif;xGPf;u ¤if;\tjrifudkajymMum;onf/
,if;ygwDtwGuf vufrSwfaps;EIef;udk 7000 usyfowfrSwfxm;NyD; awmf0ifpifwm level 1 &Sd ADV
FASHION PLACE ESifh Level 2 &Sd FASHION PALACE qdkifrsm;wGif 0,f,l&&SdEdkifonf/

"mwfykH-REASON PAGE

]]'DyGJav;udk t"duvkyfjzpfwm
u rdkifav; Entertainment &JU yGJOD;
xGuftaeeJYa&m? wuúodkvf0ifwef;
pmar;yGNJ yD;wJah eYrmS vli,fawGtm;vk;H
aysmfMu&atmifyg/ aemufydkif;rSm
Show yGaJ wGtjyif aw;pD;&D;awGvnf;
xkwfvkyfjzefYcsdoGm;zdkY&Sdygw,f}} [k
¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
S.I.R tzGUJ udk Big Bag ? Wanted?
Reason ESihf Idiots paom vli,f
y&dowfBuKu
d *f w
D tzGUJ av;zGUJ jzihpf ak ygif;
zGJUpnf;xm;NyD; Rock *Dwudk t"du
oDqdkaomtzGJUjzpfonf/
aEG&moDa&mchf*DwyGJawmfESifh
ywfoufí ]]S.I.R taeeJY oD;oefY
rqdkjzpfwmMumygNyD/ 'DMum;xJrSm

ykord rf mS yJ wpfyq
JG zkd ;l w,f/ &efuek rf mS
rqdkjzpfwmMumwJhtwGuf uRefawmf
vnf;pdwv
f yI &f mS ;aew,f/ av;a,muf
vkH; pkHpkHnDnDeJY 'DESpfxJrSm yxrqkH;
qdkjzpfwmqdkawmh y&dowftwGuf
Idea topfawGeJY aocsmazsmfajzzdkY
pOf;pm;xm;ygw,f}}[k Idiots tzGJUrS
aw;oH&Sifa&rGefu ajymMum;onf/
*DwyGJawmftwGuf vwfrSwf
aps;EIef;udk 6000 usyfowfrSwfxm;
Ny;D City Mart ? Ocean Super Center ?
pdeaf *[m? awmf0ifpifwmESifh jynfoYl
O,smOf&dS My Music um&mtdak uqdik f
wdkYwGif 0,f,l&&SdEdkifaMumif; rdkifav;
Entertainment rS pDpOfow
l pfO;D jzpfol
OD;aZmfrsKd;xufu ajymMum;onf/ 

37
THE VOICE WEEKLY 37

Vol.9 / No.11 - March 18 - 24 , 2013

VOICE

FOREIGN AFFAIRS
The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

awmifudk&D;,m;uRef;udk acsrIef;rnfUtpDtpOf uif*sKHtef xkwfjyef
jyKH;,rf;? rwf 12

haomESpfaygif; 60 ausmfcefYu udk&D;,m;ppfyGJtNyD; oabmwlnDxm;cJhaom typftcwf&yfpJa&;
vGef cJoabmwl
nDrIudk ajrmufudk&D;,m;u zsufodrf;vdkufNyD;aemuf awmifudk&D;,m;uRef;wpfuRef;udk acsrIef;
wdkufcdkufrnfh Ncdrf;ajcmufrIudk ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif uif*sKHtefu xkwfjyefvdkufaMumif; CNA owif;wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/
ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;e,f p yf & d S uif*sKHtef;\ txufygtajrmuf oabmwlnDcsufudk vGefcJhaom &uf
tajrmufwyfzGJYodkY oGm;a&mufcJhaom wyfzYJo
G Yko
d mG ;a&mufcrhJ o
I nf tar&duef ydkif;twGif;u y,fzsufypfcJhonf/
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;acgif;aqmif uif*sKt
H ef ESifh awmifudk&D;,m; yl;wGJppfa&;
ajrmufudk&D;,m;onf awmif
onf ESpfEdkifiHy#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhygu avhusifhrIjyKvkyfaejcif;ESifh wkdufqdkif udk&D;,m;uRef;udkwdkufcdkuf&ef Ncdrf;
ESpEf ikd if yH ikd ef uf tjiif;yGm;{&d,mteD; vsuf&dSonf/
ajcmufrrI sm;jyKvkyo
f uJo
h Ykd tar&du
awmifudk&D;,m;bufjcrf;wGif wnf
ajrmufudk&D;,m;onf 1953 udkvnf; EsLuvD;,m;jzifh wdkufckduf
&dSaom abanmif;uRef;onf yxr ck E S p f ud k & D ; ,m;ppf y G J t NyD ; wG i f rnf[k Ncdrf;ajcmufcJhonf/
OD;pm;ay;wdkufcdkuf&rnfhae&mjzpf oabmwlnDxm;cJhaom wpfEdkifiHESifh
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;Edik if yH ikd o
f wif;
aMumif; ajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
wpfEikd if rH usL;ausm&f [laom oabm at*sifpD KCNA wGif azmfjycsuft&
ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif wlnDrIygonfh typftcwf&yfpJa&; awmifudk&D;,m; abanmif;uRef;udk

rdrdonf oufqif\½kyfao;r[kwf[k &ifvwfjiif;qkd
befaumuf? rwf 13

xk d i f ; Ek d i f i H \ yxrqk H ; trsKd ;
orD;0efBuD;csKyf &ifvwf&iS ef m0yfx&m
u rdrdonftpfukdBuD;jzpfol ,cif
0efBu;D csKyaf [mif; oufqif&iS ef m0yfx&m
\ ½kyfao;½kyfwpf½kyfomjzpfonf[k
EkdifiHa&;avmuwGif; wGifwGifus,f
us,fajymqkdaerIrsm;rSm [kwfrSefrI
r&SdaMumif; xkwfazmfajymqkdvkduf
onf[k The Nation owif;pmu
azmfjyonf/
befaumufNrdKUawmf&dS Ekid fiHjcm;
owif;axmufrsm;uvyf (FCCT)
wGif ESpfpOfESpfwkdif; usif;yjyKvkyfNrJ
jzpf a om ]]0ef B uD ; csKyf E S i f h npm
twl p m;jcif ; }}[l í trnf & onf h
yG J w G i f &if v wf & S i f e m0yf x &mu
¤if;onf oufqif\½kyfao;r[kwf
aMumif; txufygtwkdif;jiif;qkd
jcif;jzpfonf/
]]wu,fvkdY uRef r om ol U
tay:rSm rDSckdae&w,fqkd&if uRefr
'Duv
dk mNyD; &Siw
f Ydk wpfawGar;jref;wm
ukd ajzEkdifr,fvkdYrxifrdbl;}} [k
rpö&if;vwfu FCCT üusif;yonfh
tqkyd gyGo
J Yw
dk ufa&mufvmol jynfwiG ;f ?
jynfyowif;axmufrsm;ukd wkHYjyef
ajymqkdonf/
tqkyd gnpmpm;yGw
J iG f jynfwiG ;f ?
jynfyowif;axmufrsm;u t*Fvdyf
bmompum;jzif h o m ar;jref ; Mu
aMumif;? ar;cGef;rsm;ukd ajzMum;&m
wG i f &if ; vwf & S i f e m0yf x &m\
t*F v d y f p mbmompum;t&nf
taoG;rSm ,refESpfuxuf wkd;wuf
aumif ; rG e f v monf u k d j rif a wG U &
aMumif; The Nation uazmfjyonf/
]]trsKd;om;jyefvnfoihfjrwf
a&;? vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifhay;a&;
pwJhudpöawGeJYywfoufNyD; tpfukd
oufqifqDu zdtm;ay;vmwmrsKd;
vkH;0r&Sdygbl;}}[k ¤if;u xyfavmif;
ajymMum;onf/

xkdif;awmifyidk ;f a'o rGwq
f vif
olyek rf sm;twGuf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyfciG hf
ay;Ekid jf cif;&S?d r&So
d v
d adk Mumif; ar;jref;
rIrsm;tay: ¤if;uajzMum;jcif;r&SdbJ
xkdif;tpkd;&taeESifh awmifykdif;a'o
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ay:xGef;Ekdifa&;twGuf
oufqidk o
f t
l zGUJ tpnf;rsm;tm;vk;H ESihf
aqG;aEG;n§Ed idI ;f rIrsm;jyKvky&f efBudK;yrf;
vsuf&Sdonf[kqkdonf/
xk d Y jyif xk d i f ; awmif y d k i f ;
Nidr;f csr;f a&;jzpfpOfonf &Snfvsm;rnfh
udpöwpfckjzpfaMumif;? ,if;a'o
ynma&;ESihf tajccHtaqmuftODrsm;
wk d ; wuf a umif ; rG e f a &;twG u f
bwf*suf 30 &mckdifEIef;ykdrkdokH;pGJcGifh
jyKxm;ygaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/

xkdif;-*smrefowif;axmuf
wpfOD;u xkdif;bk&ifESifh awmf0if
rd o m;pk t ay: xd c k d u f a pmf u m;rI
twGuf owfrSwfjy|mef;xm;aom
tjiif;yGm;p&mOya'ESifh uGefysLwm
'kp½ku
d rf t
I ufOya'wkYdonf wkid ;f jynf
\owif;pmvGwv
f yfciG t
hf ay: xdcu
dk f
onf[k trsm;u½IjrifaeMuonf[k
qkdonf/
tqd k y gud p ö E S i f h y wf o uf í
rnfokdYxifjrifaMumif;ar;jref ; &m
¤if;u ]]xkdif;EkdifiH&JUowif;pmvGwf
vyfr[
I m zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'eJYom
wpfom;wnf;jzpf&ygr,f}}[k wkHYjyef
ajymqkdonf/
„

EPA

rD;awmufyifv,fjzpfatmif ajymif;
vJjypf&ef tajrmufwyfzGJYt&m&dSrsm;
ud k ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif
uif*sKt
H ef nTefMum;cJhonf/
awmifudk&D;,m; abanmif;
uRef;udkwdkufcdkuf&mwGif OD;pGmwdkuf
cdkuf&rnfhypfrSwfrsm;rSm a&'gpcef;?
[myGef;oabFmzsuf'kH;usnfypfpif?
130 rr bufpkHypf 'kH;usnfpcef;
ponfwYdkjzpfaMumif; ajrmufudk&D;,m;
acgif;aqmifuif*sKHtefu nTefMum;
cJhaMumif; tqdkygowif;wGifazmfjy
xm;onf/
ajrmufudk&D;,m;onf 2010
jynfhESpfu abanmif;uRef;teD;ü
awmifudk&D;,m;ppfoabFmwpfpif;
udk wdkyD'dkjzifhypfcwfcJhjcif;aMumifh vl
45 OD; aoqkH;cJhonf/
,if;uJhodkYypfcwftNyD;rMumrD
awmifu&kd ;D ,m; ,kaH jymif;uRef;teD;&dS

uRef;wpfuRef;ay:odkY tajrmufrsm;
jzifh ypfcwfcJhjcif;aMumifh vlav;OD;
aoqkH;cJhonf/
,ckajrmufudk&D;,m;u OD;pm;
ay;ypf r S w f t jzpf wd k u f c d k u f r nf h
awmifudk&D;,m; abanmif;uRef;
onf t&yf o m; 5000 cef Y ES i f h
ppfbuft&mxrf;rsm;vnf; aexdkif
Muonf/
vuf&dStcsed w
f iG f abanmif;uRef;
ü ta&;ay:vlaewJtdrfrsm; tjynfh
t0pkaqmif;xm;NyD; aus;&GmaumifpD
rsm;uvnf; ta&;ay:wyfvSefYxm;
aMumif; abanmif;uRef;tkyfcsKyfa&;
t&m&dSwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
awmif E S i f h a jrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;
wd k Y \ yd k i f e uf t jiif ; yG m ;aeaom
taemufbufurf;ajconf 1999?
2002 ESifh 2009 ckESpfwdkYwGif wdkufyGJ
rsm;jzpfyGm;cJhonfhae&mjzpfonf/ „

w½kwfor®w&mxl; &SDusifUzsif w&m;0if&,l
ab*sif;? rwf 14

NyD;cJo
h nfh 2012 ckEpS f Ek0d ifbmvu uGejf rLepfygwD\xdyyf idk ;f &mxl;ukd cefYtyfjcif;cHc&hJ ol &Su
D sizhf siu
f kd ,cktcg w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEkid if o
H r®wtjzpf
w&m;0ifcefYtyfvkdufNyDjzpfonf[k w½kwfxdyfykdif;acgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;u twnfjyKajymMum;aMumif; EkdifiHwumowif;Xmersm;u azmfjyonf/
rpöwm&Su
D syD if;onf ,cktcg vlOD;a& 1 'or 3 bDvD,H&SdNyDjzpfonfh w½kwEf idk if o
H r®w&mxl;wm0efukd 10 ESpfwmxrf;aqmifcJhol [lusifawmif
ae&mukd tpm;xkd;0ifa&mufjcif;jzpfaMumif;? xkdYtwl 0efBuD;csKyfopftjzpf rpöwm0rfusm;aygif\ae&mudk 0ifa&mufrnfholrSm vDuDuif;tjzpf
rwfv 15 &ufaeYwGif aMunm&efpDpOfxm;aMumif; BBC owif;Xmeuqkdonf/
uGefjrLepfygwD\taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;jzpfol rpöwm&SDusifhzsifudk EkdifiHawmfor®wtjzpf cefYtyfrIukd ab*sif;NrdKUawmfü usif;yvsuf&Sdonfh
w½kwftrsKd;om;jynfoYlueG *f &ufaqG;aEG;yGJBuD;wGif w&m;0ifxkwfjyefcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; cefYtyfrIaMunmNyD;aemuf ¤if;u wufa&mufvmolu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;ukd acgif;ikHYum t½kdtaoay;cJhonf/ tqkdyguGefu&ufukd urÇmhtBuD;qkH;uGefu&ufaqG;aEG;yGJBuD;tjzpf owfrSwfcH&aomfvnf; aqG;aEG;yGJrS
xGufay:vmaom qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;rSm xl;xl;jcm;jcm; tHhMop&maumif;avmufatmifr&SdaMumif; avhvmokH;oyfolrsm;u qkdonf/
Sky News owif;Xme\wifqufrIt& or®wopf &SDusifhzsiftwGuf t*wdvkdufpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;? aES;auG;aeonfh wkdif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;
jyefvnfwkd;wufaumif;rGefatmif wnfaqmufa&;? aus;vufESifh NrdKUjycsrf;om<u,f0rIuGm[aerIavQmhcsa&;? EkdifiHwpf0ef;a&wGufí r&Ekdifatmif
jzpfay:aeonfh obm0ywf0ef;usifqkdif&mjyóemrsm;wkdufzsufa&; tp&Sdonfh pdefac:rIrsm;u apmifhBudKvsuf&Sdonf/
&SDusifhzsifonf w½kwfor®w&mxl;&,lEkdifa&;wGuf vGefcJhonfhokH;ESpfwmumvywfvkH; jyifqifrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;? ½kyfoHtpDtpOfrsm;wGif
at;aq;wnfNidrfonfh acgif;aqmifrIykHpHjzifh xkwfazmfajymqkdcJhrIrsm;u ¤if;\or®wjzpfa&;OD;wnfcsufrsm;ukd rsm;pGmxif[yfcJhaMumif; tqkdygowif;
Xmeuqkdonf/
,cktcg touf 59 ESpft&G,f&SdNyDjzpfonfh or®wopf&SDusifhzsifonf uGefjrLepfygwDwGif; jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;jyKvkyfa&;? xdyfykdif;tpdk;&
acgif;aqmifrsm; tokH;tjzKef;BuD;rIrsm;avQmhcsa&; tp&SdonfwkdYtwGuf wkdufwGef;ajymqkdcJholwpfOD;vnf;jzpfonf/
,refESpftwGif; Bloomberg owif;Xmea&;om;csuft& w½kwfawmfvSefa&;acgif;aqmifESifh 'kwd,0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; Xi Zhongxun \
om;wpfOD;jzpfonfh rpöwm&SDusifhzsifESifhol\rdom;pkonf a':vm 376 oef;wefzkd;&Sdonfh ykdifqkdifrIrsm;&SdaeonfhtwGuf Ekid if aH &;avmuwGif
a0zefajymqkdcHxm;&aMumif;? tqkdygykdifqkdifrIrsm;onf tusifhysufjcpm;aompepfjzifh&&SdcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
„

38
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

tm*sifwD;em;omoemydkifudk vufwiftar&du yxrqkH;ykyf&[ef;rif;BuD;tjzpf wifajr§muf
AmwDuefpD;wD;? rwf 14

refuufovpfc&pf,mefwY\
kd tBu;D tuJ omoemydik yf yk &f [ef;rif;BuD; bife'D pf&mxl;ae&mrS qif;oGm;NyD;aemuf
¤if;\t½dkuft&mtwGuf tm*sifwD;em;omoemydkifbkef;awmfBuD; a*smhrm&D,dkbm*dk*vD,dkudk wifajr§mufcJh&m
vufwiftar&du yxrqk;H yky&f [ef;rif;BuD;tjzpf q,fhckepfyg;ajrmufykyf&[ef;rif;BuD;z&efppfbGJUjzifh wm0efxrf;
aqmifawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; BBC owif;wpf&yfu azmfjyxm;onf/
pd e f Y yD w m&if j yif & S d avom bk&if*sDbmoma&; *dkPf;0ifrsm;xJrS ausmif;awmfonf trsdK;orD;rsm;\
aqmifwiG f vltyk Bf u;D udx
k u
G í
f EIwcf eG ;f yxrqk;H AmwDueftBu;D tuJ jzpfvmol bmoma&; tcef;u@? bmomaygif;pkH
nDnGwfa&;ESifh urÇmhtcsdKUae&mrsm;
qufcJhNyD; ¤if;twGuf ,kHMunfpGmjzifh vnf;jzpf\/
0wfjyKqak wmif; Murnfavm[k ar;jref;
rwf 19&ufaeYwGif &mxl; wGif ,kMH unfouf0iforl sm; avsmhus
cJ&h mwGif vltyk u
f 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om vufcH tcrf;tem;BuD;udk jyKvkyf vmjcif ; ponf h pd r f a c:rI r sm;ES i f h
cs;D rGr;f Mobmay;cJMh uonf/ yxrqk;H rnf[k ausmif;awmfu owif;xkwjf yef BuKHae&onf/
yky&f [ef;rif;topfukd a&G;cs,f
vufwiftar&dutEG,0f if yky&f [ef; xm;onf/ ykyf&[ef;rif;BuD; z&efppf
rif;BuD;onf Society of Jesus ac: wuf v mcsd e f w G i f uuf o vpf NyD;pD;oGm;NyDjzpfaMumif; AmwDuefu

½dk

qD;&D;,m;uav;i,f ESpfoef;ausmf jynfwGif;ppf'Pf
qkd;0g;pGmcHae&[kqkd

EPA

ab&G&Gwf? rwf 13
ab

qD;&D;,m;EkdifiHwGif 2 ESpfMum
jzpfyGm;cJhaom jynfwGif;ppfyGJaMumifh
uav;i,f a ygif ; ES p f o ef ; cef Y r S m
pdwfykdif;qkdif&mESifh ½kyfykdif;qkdif&m
xdckdufrIrsm; qkd;qkd;&Gm;&Gm; jzpfay:
cJ h o nf [ k NAd w d e f E k d i f i H vef ' ef
tajcpkduf Save the Children u
ajymMum;onfudk DPA owif;Xme
u ukd;um;a&;om;onf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;wG i f NyD ; cJ h o nf h
2011 ckEpS rf S pwifcahJ om tmPm&Sif
or® w bm&S m tmqwf t pk d ; &
qefYusifjzKwfcsa&; qE´jyrIBuD;rS
wpfqifh jzpfay:vmonfh jynfwGif;
ppfaMumifh uav;i,frsm;rSm tpm
tm[m& csKdUwJhrI? a&m*gjzpfyGm;rIESifh
pdwftemw&jzpfyGm;rI ponfwkdYESifh
BuHKawGUcHpm;ae&onf[k Save the
Children tzGUJ u qko
d nf/
qD;&D;,m;a,musfm;av;rsm;rSm
ay:wmtjzpfvnf;aumif;? vlom;'kid ;f
rsm;tjzpfvnf;aumif; tokH;cscHae
&NyD; rdef;uav;rsm;rSmrl vdifykdif;
qkdif&m tMurf;zufwu
dk cf u
dk rf rI sm;rS
umuG,fEkdifa&;twGuf i,f&G,fpOf
tcsed rf mS yif vufxyfxrd ;f jrm;jcif;rsm;
jyKvkyfaeMu&aMumif; ]tylrD;0kdif;ae

aom uav;i,frsm;} acgif;pOfjzifh
xGufay:vmaom Save the Children
\ tpD&ifcHpmu qkdonf/
]]qD;&D;,m;uav;i,f oef;
aygif ; rsm;pG m &J U ½k d ; om;jzLpif w J h
uav;b0awG [ m tqk d ; ausmh
oHo&mBuD;rSm &Sifoef&yfwnfEkdif
atmif BudK;pm;&if; &ufpufMurf;
MuKwf w J h yuwd j zpf & yf r S e f a wG e J Y
tpm;xkd;jcif;cHvkduf&NyD jzpfygw,f/
uRefrwkdYtaeeJY 'Dtwkdif;qufjzpf
aewmukcd iG rhf jyKEkid yf gbl;/ qD;&D;,m;
uav;i,ftawmfrsm;rsm;&JU b0[m
tE å&m,f usa&mufaeygw,f}} [k
Save the Children \ Ouú|jzpfol
Carolyn Miles u ajymMum;onf/
qD;&D;,m;uav;i,frsm;onf
tpm;taomuf vkHavmufrQwpGm
&&S d a &;twG u f ½k e f ; uef & jcif ; ?
wif;ukyfrsm;? ,mOf&yfem;&mae&m
rsm;ESifh vdkPfacgif;rsm;xJwGif jzpf
ovkdaexkdif&jcif;? pmoifausmif;okdY
roGm;Ekdifjcif; ponfwkdYESihfvnf;
BuHKawGUae&onf[k tqdkygtpD&if
cHpmuqkdonf/
okdYtwGufaMumifh qD;&D;,m;
ppfrufy#dyu©wiG f yg0ifywfoufae

olrsm;taeESifh jyóemrsm;tm;vkH;
tqk H ; owf a &;twG u f tjref q k H ;
taumif t xnf a zmf o ih f a Mumif ; ?
tultnDtaxmuftyHh vkt
d yfaeol
rsm;twGuf axmufyHhEkdif&ef 0kdif;0ef;
vkyfaqmifay;oihfaMumif; Save the
Children u wkdufwGef;onf/
qD;&D;,m;wGif jzpfyGm;cJhaom
jynfwiG ;f ppfrufy#dyu©aMumifh aoqk;H
olOD;a& 70ç000 ausmf &SdoGm;NyD
jzpfonf[k ukvor*¾uqkdonf/
„

rwf 13&ufaeY naeydik ;f uwnf;u
tjzLa&mif rD;cd;k xkwv
f iT u
hf m ,kMH unf
ouf0iforl sm;udk owif;pum;tcsuf
jycJhNyD; wpfem&DcefYtMumwGif emrnf
ud k aMunmcJ h j cif ; jzpf a yonf /
&[ef;rif; topfu yxrqkH;vltkyf
udk ajymMum;&mwGif ¤if;\a&SUrS&[ef;
rif;Bu;D twGuf qkreG af umif; awmif;ay;
MuygpdYk [k pwifajymMum;cJah vonf/
tm*siw
f ;D em;Edik if H NrKd Uawmf jALEdUk pfat&pfpf
&Sd bk&m;ausmif;awmfBuD;a&SUwGiv
f nf;
tm*siw
f ;D em; uufovpf bmom0if
rsm; atmifycJG pH ½k ;Hk 0wfjyKcJMh uonf[k
owif ; rsm;u azmf j yxm;onf /
urmÇay:wGif 1 'or 2bDv,
D aH om

uufopfbmom0ifrsm;wGif 40&mcdik Ef eI ;f
rSm vufwiftar&dua'orS jzpfay
onf/
tar&duef jynfaxmifpo
k r®w
bm&uftb
kd m;rm;u tar&duefjynfol
rsm; ud,
k pf m; 0rf;ajrmufBudKqakd Mumif;
o0PfvmT ay;ydYck u
hJ m tar&durS yxr
qk;H yky&f [ef;rif;BuD;[k ok;H EIe;f *kPjf yK
cJhavonf/ ykyf&[ef;rif;BuD; topf
\ &mxl;vufcHyGJodkY tm*sifwD;em;
or®w c&pöweD mzmeef'ufZ'f cD &pf&efS m
wufa&mufrnf[k ,lq&NyD; uuf
ovpfbmom0ifjzpfol tar&duef
'kwd,or®w *sKd;bpf'ifvnf; wuf
a&mufrnfjzpfonf/
„

w½kwfESifUydkifeuftjiif;yGm;aepOf
tmqD,HESifUvkHNcKHa&;yl;aygif;&ef *syefBudK;yrf;
wdkusKd? rwf 13

w½kwfESifh ydkifeuftjiif;yGm;
vsuf&dSjcif;aMumifh ESpfEdkifiH qufqH
a&; wif;rm;aeaom *syefEdkifiHonf
ta&SUawmiftm&S (tmqD,)H Edik if rH sm;
ESifh vkHNcKHa&;qdkif&m yl;aygif;aqmif
&Guf&efBudK;yrf;vsuf&dSaMumif; CNA
owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

ygupöwef-tD&efa&eHydkufvdkif;pDrHudef;pwif
u&mcsd? rwf 10

tar&duefjynfaxmifpku qefYusifuefYuGufxm;aom ygupöwef-tD&ef a&eHydkufvdkif;wnfaqmufa&;
pDrHudef;udk ygupöwefor®wtmqpftmvDZm'g&DESihf tD&efor®wtmrwf'DeD*sufwdkYu pwifzGihfvSpfay;vdkuf
aMumif; BBC owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
ygupöwefEikd if w
H iG ;f qd;k &Gm;pGmjzpfymG ;aeaom pGr;f tifjywfvwfrjI yóemrsm;udak jz&Si;f Edik &f ef a&eHyu
kd v
f ikd ;f
pDrHudef;udkpwifjcif;jzpfonf/ tqdkygpDrHudef;pwifygu tD&efEdkifiHtay:csrSwfxm;aom ta&;,lydwfqdkYrI
tusK;d qufrsm;udk xnho
f iG f;pOf;pm;&efvdktyfaMumif; tar&duefjynfaxmifpku owday;ajymMum;xm;onf/
tD&efEdkifiHbuf&Sdydkufvdkif;pDrHudef;rSm NyD;pD;NyDjzpfaomfvnf; ygupöwefEdkifiHbufjcrf;pDrHudef;rSm ,ckrS
pwif&jcif;jzpfonf/ uDvdkrDwm 780 t&Snf&Sd a&eHydkufvdkif;udk ygupöwefEdkifiHü vmrnhfESpfESpftwGif;
tNyD;wnfaqmufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/
,if;uJhodkYa&eHydkufvdkif;wnfaqmufjcif;jzihf tD&efEdkifiHtay:csrSwfxm;aom tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\
ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIrsm;udkavsmhyg;xdcdkufaprnfjzpfaMumif; tar&duefEdkifiHu owday;ajymMum;oGm;onf/
a&eHydkufvdkif;pDrHudef;rSmygupöwefEdkifiH\trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;jzpfNyD; rnfonhfqefYusifzdtm;ay;rIrsm;
&Sd&Sd NyD;qkH;atmifvkyfaqmifoGm;rnf[k ygupöwefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; [De&mbmeD*g;u ajymMum;oGm;onf/
ygupöwefEdkifiHwGif; y#dyu©rsm; jyif;xefpGmjzpfyGm;aeaom bvl;csDpwefvlrsKd;pka'oudk jzwfoef;NyD;
a&eHydkufvdkif;wnfaqmuf&ef pDpOfxm;aomaMumihf vkHNcHKa&;qdkif&mNcdrf;ajcmufrIrsm; BuD;rm;pGmay:ayguf
aeaMumif; owif;wGif okH;oyfazmfjyxm;onf/
„

*syef 'kw,
d umuG,af &;0efBuD;
tygt0if 'kwd,0efBuD;tqifh&dS
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;ESihf tmqD,H 10 Edik if H
rSudk,fpm;vS,frsm; wdkusKd[dkw,f
wGif awGYqkHaqG;aEG;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJh
Muonf/
tqdkyg awGYqkHaqG;aEG;yGJwGif
tm&Sypdzdwfa'oonf vkHNcKHa&;ESifh
umuG,fa&;qdkif&mudpö&yfrsm;tyg
t0ifajz&Sif;p&m a&;&mudpörsm;pGm
&d S a Mumif ; ? ,if ; ud p ö r sm;xJ w G i f
awmifw½kwyf ifv,fyikd ef uf tjiif;yGm;
rIvnf;yg0ifaMumif; *syef'kwd,
umuG,af &;0efBuD; tmuDE&kd t
D w
D u
kd
tqdyk g wHcg;ydwaf qG;aEG;yGw
J iG f tzGihf
pum;ajymMum;cJhonf/
tzGJY0ifEdkifiH 10 EdkifiH&dSaom
tmqD,t
H zGYJ wiG f AD,uferf? b½lEikd ;f ?
zdvpfydkifESifh rav;&Sm;EdkifiHwdkYrSm
w½kwfESifh ydkifeuftjiif;yGm;aeaom
EdkifiHrsm;jzpfonf/
*syef E S i f h tmqD , H E d k i f i H r sm;
onf pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI
ESifhywfoufí &ifhusufrIwdk;yGm;vm
jcif;ESifhtwl vkHNcKHa&;ESifhumuG,f
a&;ud p ö r sm;wG i f v nf ; yl ; aygif ;
aqmif&GufrIudk wdk;jr§ifhoifhaMumif;
*syef'kwd,umuG,fa&;0efBuD;u

ajymMum;onf/
,ckaqG;aEG;yGJonf oabm
xm;wif;rmonfh rl0g'&dSaom *syef
0efBuD;csKyf &SifZdktmab;tpdk;&wuf
vmNyD;aemuf yxrqkH;usif;yonfh
aqG;aEG;yGJjzpfonf/
*syefESifh tmqD,HtzGJY0ifEdkifiH
wcsKUd onf w½kwEf iS yhf ikd ef uftjiif;yGm;
vsu&f NSd yD; ta&SUw½kwyf ifv,ftwGi;f
&dS uRe;f pkwcsKUd ydik q
f ikd rf EI iS yhf wfoufí
*syefEiS w
hf ½kwt
f Mum; tjiif;yGm;rIrmS
vGefcJhaomESpfrsm;twGif; jyif;xef
vmcJhonf/
xdkYtwl awmifw½kwfyifv,f
&dS ydkifeufe,fajrudpEö Sifh ywfoufí
vnf; tmqD,HtzGJY0ifEdkifiHrsm;jzpf
aom AD,uferf? zdvpfyikd ?f rav;&Sm;?
b½lEdkif;wdkYESifh w½kwfEdkifiHwdkYrSm
tjiif;yGm;rI jyif;xefvsuf&dSonf/
vGecf ahJ om 2 ESpt
f wGi;f w½kwf
ESiyhf ikd ef uf{&d,mydik q
f ikd af &; tjiif;yGm;
rIjyif;xefvmcJNh yD; zdvpfyikd Ef iS Ahf ,
D uferf
wdkYu w½kwfrSm &efvdkrIrsm;wdk;vm
onf[k pGyfpGJajymMum;cJhonf/
w½kwfonf ¤if;\tdrfeD;csif;
EdkifiHrsm;\urf;ajcteD;xd&dSaom
yifv,fjyif{&d,mudk ¤if;ydkifeuf
tjzpf ajymMum;vsuf&dSonf/ „

39

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

azmufuvefuRef;om;tm;vkH;eD;yg; NAdwdefvufatmufwGifaevdkaMumif; qE´rJay;
vef'ef? rwf 12

NAd

wdefESifhtm*sifwD;em;wdkYtMum;ydkifqdkifrItjiif;yGm;vsuf&dSaom azmufuvefuRef;om;rsm;udk vlxkqE´cH,lyGJ
usif;ycJ&h m uRef;om;tm;vk;H eD;yg;u NAdwed Ef ikd if \
H tcsKyftjcmatmufwiG af evdak Mumif; qE´raJ y;cJMh uonf[k
bDbDpDowif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
azmufuvefuRef;om; qE´rJ tkyfcsKyfrIatmufwGif qufvuf&dS
NAdwdefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; 0DvD
ay;ydkifcGifh&dSol 1ç672 OD;\ rJqE´ aeapvdkNyD; NAdwdoQtkyfcsKyfrIatmuf ,H[w
d u
f tqdyk g&v'fuBkd udKqdv
k u
kd f
rsm;t& qE´rJ 99 'or 8 &mcdik Ef eI ;f wGif raevdkonfhrJta&twGufrSm NyD; ,ck&v'fonf azmufuvef
rSm azmufuvefuRef;udk NAdwdoQ 3 rJom&dScJhonf/
uRe;f udk NAdwed \
f jynfye,fajrydik ef uf

tD&eftpövmr®pfawmfvSefa&;umvtaMumif;½dkuful;xm;onfU
atmfpumqk& Argo xkwfvkyfoludk tD&efw&m;pGJ&efjyifqif
wD[D&ef?rwf 14

EPA

1979 ck E S p f u tD & ef w G i f
jzpf y G m ;cJ h a om tpö v mr® p f a wmf
vS e f a &;umvud k aemuf c H x m;í
½du
k u
f ;l xm;aom ,ckEpS taumif
f
;qk;H
½kyf&Sifatmfpumqk&&dScJhonf Argo
½kyf&Sifxkwfvkyfolrsm;udk tD&efu
w&m;pGJqdk&ef jyifqifvsuf&dSaMumif;
pD t if t if o wif ; wG i f azmf j yxm;
onf/
tD&efEdkifiH\ *kPfodu©mudk
n§Kd;EGrf;apaom taMumif;tcsufjzifh
Argo ½ky&
f iS x
f w
k v
f yk o
f rl sm;udk w&m;pGJ
qdk&ef emrnfausmf jyifopfa&SUae
wpfOD;ESifh tD&eftpdk;&wm0ef&dSolrsm;
aqG;aEG;cJhaMumif; tD&eftpdk;&½kyfoH
Press TV wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
]]uRefrtaeeJY tD&efEdkifiH&JU
yk H & d y f u d k yk H z suf x m;wJ h Argo vd k
Zmwfum;rsKd;eJYywfoufNyD; tD&ef
bufuae umuG,af y;oGm;rSmyg}}[k
tD&eftpdk;&u iSm;&rf;rnfhjyifopf
a&SUae trsKd;orD; Isabelle CoutanntPeyre uajymMum;onf/
'g½dkufwm befzvuf ½dkuful;
í ¤if;udk,fwdkifo½kyfaqmifxm;
aom tqdkyg½kyf&SifZmwfum;onf
tD&efEdkiif w
H iG f 1979 ckEpS f tpövmr®pf
awmfvSefa&;tNyD;wGif tar&duef
oH½kH;0efxrf;rsm;udk tD&efawmfveS f
a&;wyfzGJYrsm;u zrf;qD;oGm;&mwGif
vG w f a jrmuf o G m ;ol tar&d u ef
EdkifiHom;ajcmufOD;udk tar&duef
tpdk;&u jyefvnfu,fq,fcJhykHudk
½d k u f u l ; xm;aom Zmwf v rf ;
jzpfonf/

tqdkyg½kyf&Sifum;ESifhywfouf
aom tcsuftvufrsm;udk ,cifu

tar&dueftpdk;&u vQKdU0Suftqifh
tjzpfodrf;qnf;xm;&mrS aemufydkif;
wGif vQKdU0SuftqifhrS y,fzsufay;cJh
NyD;aemuf Argo ½kyf&Sifum;tjzpf
½dkuful;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tD&efbmoma&;acgif;aqmif
tm,mwdkvmcgareDu tar&duef
a[mvd0k'fonf tar&dueftpdk;&
twGuf 0g'jzefYay;aeaom EdkifiHa&;
,EÅ&m;wpfckjzpfaMumif; NyD;cJhonfh
vu a0zefcJhonf/
tD&eftpdk;&onf Argo ½kyf&Sif
um;udk wefjyefonfhtaeESifh tD&ef
awmfvSefa&;wyfzGJYu tar&duef
EdkifiHom; 20 udk tar&duodkY jyef
vnf v T J a jymif ; ay;tyf x m;onf h
taMumif ; ud k tajccH o nf h The
General Staff trnf&Sd ½ky&
f iS Zf mwfum;
udk ½dkuful;&ef axmufyhHay;rnfjzpf
onf/
„

tjzpfqufvuf&aSd evdjk cif;udk &Si;f &Si;f
vif;vif;azmfxkwfvdkufjcif;yifjzpf
aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
tqd k y gvl x k q E´ c H , l y G J u d k
tar&du? uae'g? csDvD? ruúqDudk?
yg&ma*G ; ? e,l ; ZD v ef E d k i f i H w d k Y rS
apmifhMunfhavhvmolrsm;vma&muf
Munfh½IcJhMuNyD; vlxkoabmxm;
qE´cH,lyGJudk we*FaEGaeYeHeuf 10
em&DwiG pf wifí wevFmaeYn 9 em&D
wGifNyD;qkH;cJhonf/
qE´c,
H yl &JG v'fEiS hf ywfoufí
azmuf u vef u Ref ; om;rsm;u
oD c sif ; rsm;oD q d k j cif ; ? tvH r sm;
a0SY,rf;jcif;jzifh atmifyGJcHrIjyKvkyfcJh
Muonf/
,ck v l x k q E´ c H , l y G J o nf
w&m;Oya'ESifhnDnGwfrIr&dSouJhodkY
ukvor*¾\BuD;MuyfrjI zifh jyKvyk jf cif;
r[kwaf Mumif; vef'ef&Sd tm*siw
f ;D em;
oHtrwftvDqD,muwfpx½dku
ajymMum;onf/
azmufuvefom;rsm;\b0

ESi¤hf if;wdYk \ Zmwdo½kyu
f akd v;pm;yg
aMumif ; ? azmuf u vef o m;rsm;
taeESihf NAdwed o
f m;tjzpf qufvuf
aevdkjcif;udk av;pm;ygaMumif;?
odkYaomf ¤if;wdkYaexdkifaomae&mrSm
NAdwdefajrr[kwfaMumif; ¤if;uajym
Mum;onf/
azmufuvefuRef;udk 1833
ckESpfwGif NAdwed Ef ikd if u
H odrf;,lxm;cJh
aomfvnf; tm*siw
f ;D em;u azmufuvef
uRef;onf ¤if;\ydkifeufjzpfaMumif;
ajymqdkxm;onf/
azmufuvefuRef;onf
tm*siw
f ;D em;ESihf rdik f 250 (uDvrkd w
D m
400)cefYtuGmta0;wGif&dSNyD; NAdwdef
ESifh rdkif 8000 (uDvdkrDwm 13000)
ausmfwGif wnf&dSonf/
azmufuvefuRef;om;rsm;\
qE´ESifhqefYusifí uRef;\tcsKyf
tjcmydkifeufudpöudk tm*sifwD;em;
ESihf aqG;aEG;rnfr[kwaf Mumif; NAdwed f
Edik if u
H tpOftNrJajymqdv
k su&f o
Sd nf/
„

a&t&if;tjrpf&Sm;yg;rI tm&SEdkifiHtrsm;pk
BuKHawGYae&[k tm&SzY GH NzdK;a&;bPfxkwfjyef
zdvpfydkif? rwf 14

tm&Sypdzdwfa'oEdkifiHrsm;rS
75 &mcdkifEIef;onf a&&&SdrIqdkif&m
vkHjcKHrIjyóemESifh &ifqdkifae&NyD;
oifah vsmaf ompDrcH efYcrJG rI sm;jzifh tvsif
tjref w d k ; wuf r I r sm;&&S d v matmif

&ufpGJrSwfwrf;
wevFm ? rwf 11 ? tar&duefjynfaxmifpu
k uefYuu
G x
f m;aomfvnf; tD&ef-ygupöwefa&eHyu
kd v
f ikd ;f wnfaqmufa&;

pwifomG ;rnf[k ESpEf idk if o
H r®wrsm;u xkwaf zmfajymMum;onf/ tqkyd ga&eHyu
kd v
f idk ;f wnfaqmufjcif;jzifh tD&ef
EkdifiHtay:csrSwfxm;aom tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm; xda&mufrIavsmhusoGm;rnfudk
pdk;&drfjcif;aMumifh tar&duefjynfaxmifpku uefYuGufaejcif;jzpfonf/
- 0efBuD;ESifh0efBuD;txuftqifhjrifht&m&SdBuD; 30 OD;udk vmbfpm;rI? tmPmtvGJoHk;pm;jyKrIrsm;jzifh NyD;cJhonfh
ig;ESpftwGif; pHkprf;ppfaq;cJhaMumif; w½kwftpkd;&a&SUaecsKyf Cao Jianming u xkwfazmfajymMum;onf/
NyD;cJo
h nhEf 0dk ifbmvtwGi;f usi;f ycJah om (18)Budraf jrmuf w½kwt
f rsK;d om;uGe*f &ufwiG f tusiyhf suv
f mbfpm;rIrsm;
taMumif;ukd w½kwfacgif;aqmifopfrsm;u tav;ay;ajymMum;cJhNyD; vmbfay;rIwkdufzsufa&;enf;vrf;opf
rsm;ESifh csOf;uyfrItopfrsm; vdktyfaeaMumif; owday;xm;onf/
t*Fg ? rwf 12 ? tpöa&; Iron Dome 'Hk;usnfumuG,fa&;pepf\ ,kHMunfpdwfcs&rItay: tar&duefxdyfwef;
'Hk;usnfumuG,fa&;uRrf;usifolwpfOD;u ar;cGef;xkwfvkdufonf/ *gZmppfaoG;<ursm;ypfcwfvkdufaom
'H;k usnf 84 &mcdik Ef eI ;f udk zsuq
f ;D Ekid cf ahJ Mumif; tpöa&;ppfbufuajymMum;oGm;aomfvnf; vufawGUzsufq;D Ekid pf rG ;f
rSm ,if;atmuf rsm;pGmavsmhenf;EkdifaMumif; MIT rS tar&duefygarmu© oDtkd'dkydkpwkdu axmufjyoGm;onf/
- awmifudk&D;,m; Baengnyeong uRef;udk tvHk;pHkzsufqD;ypfrnf[k ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif uif*sKHtef
u a&SUwef;ppfpcef;rsm;udk oGm;a&mufppfaq;pOf xkwfazmfNcdrf;ajcmufoGm;onf/ tar&duef-awmifudk&D;,m;
yl;wGJppfa&;avhusifhrIrsm;aMumifh awmif-ajrmuf typftcwf&yfpJa&;pmcsKyfESifh rusL;ausmfa&;pmcsKyfrsm;udk
wpfzufowf&yfqkdif;aMumif; ajrmufudk&D;,m;EkdifiHu aMunmxm;onf/
Ak'[
¨ ;l ? rwf 13 ? taemufbufurf;a'owGif tpöa&;wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;wku
d cf u
dk rf aI Mumifh ygvufpwkid ;f vlrsK;d wpfO;D aoqH;k Ny;D
&SpOf ;D xdcu
kd 'f Pf&m&&So
d mG ;onf/ ygvufpwkid ;f rsm;u rD;avmifA;kH rsm;jzifw
h u
dk cf u
kd rf u
I kd wefjyefcck w
H u
dk cf u
kd &f mrS
xko
d Ykd aoausxdcu
kd rf rI sm;ay:aygufvmjcif;jzpfaMumif; tpöa&;wyfrawmfajyma&;qkcd iG hf &So
d u
l ajymMum;onf/
- qD;&D;,m;uav;i,frsm;udk vufeufuikd rf sm;tjzpf tpd;k &ESihf twku
d t
f cHEpS zf ufpvH;k u pnf;½H;k odr;f oGi;f ae
aMumif; Save The Children tzGJU\tpD&ifcHpmwGifazmfjyxm;onf/ 18ESpfatmuf qD;&D;,m;uav;i,frsm;
taeESihf tMurf;zufrrI w
S pfyg; tjcm;rnfonft
h &mrSrod&adS wmhovdk pmayoifMum;cGiv
hf nf;r&jzpfaeaMumif;
ukvor*¾uav;oli,frsm;tzGJUu owday;oGm;onf/
Mumoyaw; ? rwf 14 ? uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiHtm; 1975 ckESpfrS 1979 ckESpftxd tkyfpdk;cJhaom crmeDtpdk;&tzGJUudk
yl;wGJwnfaxmifcJhol touf 87 t&G,f&Sdol Ieng Sary aoqHk;oGm;NyDjzpfaMumif; ukvor*¾ ppf&mZ0wfrI
w&m;½Hk;ajyma&;qkdcGifh&Sdol vmatmfpvefu ajymMum;oGm;onf/ ppf&mZ0wfrI? vlrsKd;wHk;owfjzwfrIrsm;jzifh
ppf&mZ0wfrIw&m;½Hk;ü Ieng Sary w&m;&ifqkdifaeqJwGif aoqHk;oGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
„

vkyaf qmifjcif;r&Syd gu rMumrDtcsdef
twGi;f a&&&Srd q
I ikd &f m tusyt
f wnf;
rsm;ESi&hf ifqidk Mf u&rnf[k tm&SzUHG jzKd ;a&;
bPf(Asian Development Bank)ESihf
tm&Sypdzdwf a&t&if;tjrpfzdk&rf
(Asia Pacific Water Forum) wdkYu
yl;wGJxkwfjyefaom tpD&ifcHpmwGif
owday;xm;onf/
tm&S E S i f h ypd z d w f a 'o&S d
tdraf xmifprk sm;\ 60&mcdik Ef eI ;f onf
oefY&Sif;vkHNcKHaom a&oG,fpepfESifh
wdk;wufaom a&qdk;pGefYypfpepfwdkY
r&SdbJ aexdkifvsuf&SdaMumif; 'kwd,
Ouú|u qdkonf/
]]awmiftm&Sa'oeJY ypdzw
d u
f Re;f
awGu tqd;k qk;H yg/ awmiftm&Sqdk&if
uGm[rIBuD;rm;ygw,f}}vdkU [meDu
ajymMum;onf/
tm&Sypdzw
d af 'o a&t&if;tjrpf
u@wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&eftwGuf
tar&d u ef a':vm 59 bDvD,H
tok;H cs&efvt
kd yfNy;D a&qdk;pepfaumif;
rGefapa&;twGuf tar&duefa':vm
71 bDv,
D t
H ok;H cs&&ef vdt
k yfonf[k
tqdkygtm&Sa&t&if;tjrpfzGHUNzdK;a&;
wl½lcsuf tpD&ifcpH mu cefYreS ;f tBuaH y;
xm;onf/
a'owGi;f a&t&if;tjrpfvNHk cKH
aumif;rGefapa&;twGuf jyKvkyfrnfh
pDru
H ed ;f rsm;twGuf aiGaMu;axmufyhH
&ef tm&SzUHG NzdK;a&;bPfu tqifoifh
jzpfaMumif;vnf; tqdkyg zGHUNzdK;a&;
tajcjyK b@ma&;tzGJUtpnf;u
qdo
k nf/ tqdyk ga&ESihf ywfoufonfh
tpD&ifcpH mudk tm&SEikd if rH sm;rS rl0g'cs
rSwo
f rl sm; wufa&mufMurnfh xdik ;f wGif
jyKvkyfrnfjzpfaom tm&Sypdzdwf
a&nDvmcHodkY wifoGif;zG,f&Sdonf/„

40
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

{NyD 14 wGif usif;yrnfUor®wa&G;aumufyGJ AifeDZGJvm;twkduftcHacgif;aqmif0ifNydKifrnf
u&muwf? rwf 11

14 ESpfMumtkyfcsKyfcahJ om AifeZD v
JG m;or®w[l*ckd sm;Auf uifqma&m*gjzifhuG,fvGefoGm;cJhNyD;aemuf twdkuftcHacgif;aqmif
Edkif iH0ifuadk&muf
,SOfNydKifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; bDbDpDowif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
¤if;onf vuf&dSAifeDZGJvm;
,m,Dor®wtjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmif
aeaom [l*ckd sm;Auf\ 'kw,
d or®w
jzpfol eDudkvwf rm'l½dkudk,SOfNydKifí
or®wa&G;aumufyGJ0ifrnfjzpfonf/
AifeDZGJvm;or®w [l*dkcsm;Auf

uifqma&m*gjzifh aoqkH;oGm;NyD;
aemuf ,m,Dor®wtjzpf 'kw,
d or®w
eDudkvwfrm'l½dk usrf;opömusdefqdk
cJjh cif;ukd twku
d t
f cHrsm;u uefYuu
G f
cJMh uNyD; ,ckvyk &f yfonf tajccHOya'
ESifhnDnGwfrIr&dSaMumif; ajymqdkvsuf

&dSonf/
AifeDZGJvm;tajccHOya't&
or® w aoqk H ; cJ h y gu Aif e D Z G J v m;
vT w f a wmf O uú | rS m ,m,D o r® w
tjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmif&rnfjzpf
onf/

awmifudk&D;,m;ESifUuefwyfrsm;yl;wGJppfa&;avUusifUrIpwif
typftcwf&yfpJa&;oabmwlnDcsufudk zsufodrf;ypfrnf[k
ajrmufudk&D;,m; Ncdrf;ajcmuf
qdk;vf? rwf 11

ud k & D ; ,m;uRef ; qG , f w G i f
wif;rmrIrsm;jrifhwufaeonfhtcsdef
wGif awmifudk&D;,m;ESifh tar&duef
wyfrsm;onf ESppf OfjyKvkyaf eus yl;wGJ
ppfa&;avhusifhrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJh&m
xdkppfa&;avhusifhrIrsm;udk ajrmuf
ud&k ;D ,m;u jyif;xefpmG ½Iwfcsjypfwif
um awmif-ajrmuftypftcwf&yfpaJ &;
oabmwlnDcsuftm; zsufodrf;ypf
rnf[k Ncdrf;ajcmufcJhonf/
xdkYjyif ajrmufudk&D;,m;onf
,ciftywfu ¤if;jcdr;f ajcmufajymqdk
xm;onft
h wdik ;f awmif-ajrmufEpS Ef ikd if H
Mum; qufo,
G af omta&;ay:zke;f vdik ;f
jzwfawmufvu
dk Nf y[
D v
k nf; od&onf/
wevFmaeY eHeuftapmydkif;u
awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiH\ udk&D;,m;
uRef;qG,f jyefvnfaygif;pnf;a&;
0efBuD;u ajrmufudk&D;,m;EdkifiHodkY
ta&;ay:zkef;vdkif;jzifh qufoG,f
&efBudK;pm;&m ratmifjrifcJhaMumif;
ajymMum;onf/
xdkta&;ay:zkef;vdkif;udk 1971
ckESpfu pwifwyfqifcJhjcif;jzpfNyD;
NyD;cJhaomESpfrsm;twGif; ig;Mudrf

jzwfawmufjcif; cH&zl;onf/
ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;onf ukvor*¾
u ¤if;tay:ydwfqdkYrIrsm; wdk;jr§ifh&ef
qH;k jzwfvu
kd rf u
I kd wkYHjyefonft
h aeESihf
awmif-ajrmufESpfEdkifiHMum; quf
oG,faomta&;ay: zkef;vdkif;udk
jzwfawmufrnf[k Ncdr;f ajcmufajymqdk
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
xdu
k o
hJ Ykd ukvor*¾u ydwq
f YkdrI
rsm;wd;k jr§iv
hf u
kd o
f jzifh ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;
ESiw
hf if;rmrIrsm;jrifw
h ufaeonft
h csed f
wGif awmifudk&D;,m;ESifh tar&duef
wyfrsm;onf yl;wGJppfa&;avhusifhrI
rsm; vkyfaqmifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/xdk
ppfa&;avhusifrh rI sm;udk Key Resolve
[ktrnfay;xm;NyD; ESpfywfMumjrifh
rnfjzpfum wyfom;aygif; 13ç000
ausmf yg0ifonf/
awmifu&kd ;D ,m;ESihf tar&duef
wyfrsm;onf ESpfpOf yl;wGJppfa&;
avhusifhrIrsm; jyKvkyfavh&SdNyD; xdkodkY
jyKvk y f w d k i f ; ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;u
jyif;xefpmG a0zefjypfwifavh&o
dS nf/
vuf&jdS zpfay:aeaom wif;rmrI
rsm;onf 2010 jynfhESpfu ESpfEdkifiH

Henrique Capriles u rMumrDusi;f yrnfh or®wa&G;aumufyw
JG iG f

e,f p yf & S d uRef ; wpf u Ref ; ay:od k Y
ajrmufudk&D;,m;u AHk;BuJrIaMumifh
awmif u d k & D ; ,m;Ed k i f i H o m;av;OD ;
aoqHk;cJhpOfu jzpfay:cJhaomwif;rm
rIrsm;xuf ydkíjyif;xefvsuf&Sdonf/
wevFmaeYxw
k f ajrmufu&kd D,m;
uGefjrLepfygwDowif;pm Rodong
Sinmun wGif ]]typftcuf&yfpJa&;
oabmwlnDrI ysufoGm;rIESifhtwl
,cktcsdefrSpí þuRef;qG,fwGif
bmjzpfvmrnfudk rnfolrQcefYrSef;
Edkifjcif;r&Sdawmhacs}}[k a&;om;xm;
onf/
„

EPA

vuf&Sd AifeZD v
JG m;wGif twdu
k f
tcHacgif;aqmifESifh uG,fvGefol
or® w [l * d k c sm;Awf \ axmuf c H r I
ud k & &d S c J h a om ,m,D o r® w wd k Y
tMum;wGif cg;oD;aomor®wrJq,
G yf JG
rsm;pwif a eonf h t ajctaeod k Y
a&muf&dSaeaMumif; owif;axmuf
rsm;u ajymMum;onf/
we*FaEGaeYu vmrnfhor®w
a&G;aumufyGJ0ifrnfh twdkuftcH
acgif;aqmif Capriles u vuf&dS
tmPm&ygwDjzpfaom PSUV ygwD
onf tajccH O ya'ud k c sd K ;azmuf
aMumif; pGyfpGJajymMum;cJhonf/
{NyDv 14 &ufaeYwGif usif;y
rnfh AifeDZGJvm;or®wa&G;aumufyGJ

wGif 0ifa&muf,OS Nf ydKifrnf[ak Munm
cJhaom twdkuftcHa cgif ; aqmif
Henrique Capriles onf ,refESpf
atmufwdkbmvu usif;ycJhaom
or®wa&G;aumufyGJwGif uG,fvGefol
[l*dkcsm;Aufudk ,SOfí a&G;aumufyGJ
0ifcJholjzpfonf/
tqdkyg or®wa&G;aumufyGJ
wGif [l*dkcsm;Aufu rJ&mcdkifEIef; 54
&mcdkifEIef;&&dScJhNyD; Henrique Capriles
u 44 &mckdifEIef;&&dScJhonf/
uifqma&m*gjzifh uG,fvGef
oG m ;cJ h a om [l * d k c sm;Auf \ ½k y f
tavmif;udk ,cktcg AifeZD v
JG m;Edik if H
NrdKUawmf u&muwf&dS ppftu,f'rD
wGif xm;&dSvsuf&dSonf/
„

qkdAD,ufacwfum,BuHUckdifa&;tpDtpOf
jyefvnfpwif&ef ylwifnTefMum;
armfpukd? rwf 14

ausmif ; om;ausmif ; ol r sm;
tm;vk;H rjzpfraewufa&mufatmifjrif
Edkifapa&;vkyfaqmif&ef vkdtyfonfh
,cifqAd k ,
D ufjynfaxmifpkacwfumvrS

tusifUysufjcpm;rItwGuf
0efBuD;tqifUt&m&Sd 30 ausmfudk w½kwftpdk;& ppfaq;
ab*sif;? rwf 10

NyD;cJhaom ig;ESpftwGif; 0efBuD;tqifhESifhtxuf tpdk;&t&m&Sdta,muf 30 udk tusifhysufvmbfpm;
rIESifhtjcm;vkyfief;qkdif&mjypfrIrsm;twGuf pkHprf;ppfaq;cJhaMumif; w½kwfxdyfwef;tpdk;&a&SUaewpfOD;u
ajymMum;onf[k EkdifiHykdif Xinhua owif;XmewGifazmfjyxm;onf/
2008 ckESpfrSpí tpdk;&a&SUaersm;onf tpdk;&t&m&Sdaygif; 13000 cefYudk tusifhysufvmbfpm;rIESifh
tjcm;vkyfief;qkdif&mjypfrIrsm;twGuf c½dkiftqihfESifhtxufwGif pHkprf;ppfaq;cJhNyD;jzpfonf[k EkdifiHawmf
a&SUaecsKyf½Hk; SPP \ tpdk;&a&SUaecsKyf Cao Jianming u 12 Budrfajrmuf trsKd;om;jynfolYnDvmcH NPC
\ yxrtBudrftpnf;ta0;ü SPP \ vkyfief;tpD&ifcHpmwifoGif;pOfu ajymMum;onf/
k zGUJ 0ifa[mif;
NyD;cJah om 5 ESpt
f wGi;f w½kwEf idk if w
H iG f w½kwu
f eG jf rLepfygwD CPC A[dak umfrwD\Ekid if jH AL½dt
wpfOD;jzpfaom Bo Xilai ESifh rD;&xm;0efBuD;a[mif; Liu Zhijun tygt0if tqifhjrifht&m&SdBuD;rsm;udk
pHkprf;ppfaq;rIrsm; &SdcJhonf/
(18) Burd af jrmuf w½kwu
f eG jf rLepfygwD CPC \ trsKd;om;nDvmcHusif;yNyD;csdefrSpí w½kwfEkdifiHonf
tusifhysufjcpm;rIudk jyif;jyif;xefxef ESdrfeif;vmcJhonf/ nDvmcHtNyD;ESpfvtwGif;rSmyif CPC onf
pDcRrfjynfe,f CPC aumfrwD\ wGJzuftwGif;a&;rSL;a[mif; Li Chuncheng tygt0if Oya'pnf;rsOf;rsm;udk
csKd;azmufonf[k oHo,tjzpfcH&aom t&m&SdtcsKdUudk xkwfy,fypfcJhonf/
tpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm;\Oya'ESifhrnDaomvkyf&yfrsm;udk azmfxkwf&efw½kwfEkdifiH\emrnfausmfvlrIa&;
uGef&uf0ufbfqdkufrsm;udk toHk;jyKaom tjzpfrSefazmfxkwfa&;orm;rsm;\vkyfaqmifrIaMumihf vwfwavm
„
tpdk;&t&m&Sd tcsKdUta&;,lcH&rIrsm; xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/

½kyfykdif;qkdif&m BuHhckdifa&;tpDtpOf
wpf&yfudk jyefvnf taumiftxnfazmf
usio
hf ;Hk &ef ½k&mS ;Ekid if o
H r®w Avm'Drm
ylwifu nTeMf um;vku
d af Mumif; The
Independent owif;pmua&;om;
azmfjyonf/
½k & S m ;vl r sKd ; rsm;taeES i f h
½kyyf idk ;f qkid &f m avhusifo
h ifMum;rIrsm;
tay: ykrd t
dk m½kpH u
dk &f ef vkt
d yfaMumif;?
taMumif;rSm ½k&Sm;onf tjcm;EkdifiH
rsm;ESiEhf idI ;f ,SOyf gu uk,
d u
f m,BuchH idk rf I
wGif aemufususef&pfcJhaomaMumifh
jzpf a Mumif ; ? *sL'k d t m;upm;uk d
pdwf0ifpm;NyD; ykHrSef a&ul;avh&Sdol
½k&mS ;or®w ylwifu ajymMum;onf/
½k&mS ;bmompum;jzifh *sw
D t
D [
dk k
twd k a umuf t rnf a y;xm;onf h
tqkdygqkdAD,ufacwftpDtpOfonf
uav;i,frsm;]rdrdESifh rdrd\rdom;pk?
aemufq;Hk wGif zcifEidk if aH wmf} twGuf
usef ; rmBuH h c k d i f p G m &yf w nf E k d i f & ef
oifMum;ay;jcif;jzpfNyD; 1931 ckESpf
wGif qkdAD,uftmPm&Sif *sKd;Zuf
pwmvifu azmfxw
k cf jhJ cif;jzpfonf/
*sw
D t
D \
dk t"dymÜ ,frmS qkAd ,
D uf
jynfaxmifpk\ tvkyform;rsm;ESifh
umuG , f a &;orm;rsm;twG u f
toifhjzpfa&;jzpfNyD; tajccHynm
pmoifausmif;rsm;ESifh wuúokdvfrsm;

rS ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;taeESihf
½kyfykdif;qkdif&mprf;oyfavhusifhrIrsm;
ukd ykrH eS w
f ufa&mufatmifjrif&ef rjzpf
raevkdtyfonf/
,if;tpDtpOfwGif xl;cRefpGm
atmifjriforl sm;ukd a&Twq
H yd f okYrd [kwf
aiGwq
H yd cf s;D jri§ jhf cif;cH&onf/
]]½k&mS ;uav;i,fawG&UJ ½kyyf idk ;f
qkdif&mzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrI[m ,cif
q,fpkESpfawGueJY EIdif;,SOfMunhfr,f
qkd&if ododomom qkd;&Gm;vmyg
w,f}} [k or®wylwifu qkdonf/
okdYaomf *sDwDtkdwGif yg0ifrnfh
½k&Sm;jynfolrsm; ESvkH;azmufj yef r I
rjzpfapa&;twGuf jyif;xefveG ;f onfh
avhusifhrIrsm; rjyKvkyfoihfaMumif;?
oifw
h ifah vsmufywfonfah vhusiahf &;
pHEIef;rsm;jzifhom jyKvkyfoihfaMumif;
¤if;u owday;ajymqkdonf/
,cifu tqkyd g*sw
D t
D t
dk pDtpOf
rSm uav;oli,frsm;onf qkdAD,uf
wyfeDawmf(Red Army) wGiftrIxrf;
&ef toifjh zpfa&;twGuf ½kyyf idk ;f qkid &f m
prf;oyfrrI sm;ukd tmPmykid rf sm;u t"du
tav;ay;jyKvkyfcJhMujcif; jzpfonf/
okYdaomf 1991 ckEpS f qkAd ,
D uf
jynfaxmifpNk ydKucJG sed rf pS í *sw
D t
D t
dk pD
tpOfrSm wjznf;jznf ; csif ; arS ; rS d e f
uG,faysmufoGm;cJhonf/
„

41

VOICE

The

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

vDuGrf,l;,lqonfU NrdKYawmfaumif;wpfck\t*Fg&yfrsm;
aumif;xuf0if;(&efukefwuúodkvf)
vHkNcHKpdwfcs&jcif;
'Dae&mrSm oufaomifo
h ufom
cHpm;&w,fqkdwJh tm½Hk? vHkNcHKrI&Sd
w,fqkdwJh tm½Hk&atmif zefwD;yg/
wpf c sd e f v H k ; aMumuf v ef Y ae&&if
ywf0ef;usifaumif;&Sdvnf; bmrS
toH;k rusawmhyg/ uReaf wmf e,l;a,muf
NrdKUawmf A[dkyef;NcHudkoGm;cJhwkef;u
vHkNcHKrIr&Sdbl;vkdY cHpm;cJh&w,f/
&JwyfzGJU[m pGrf;&nfjynfh0&
r,f/ odYk aomf vljrifuiG ;f rSm&Srd aeap
&bl;/ uReaf wmfwYdkrmS &yfuu
G &f pJ cef;
awG&Sdw,f/ &JawGu tJ'D&yfuGufu
vlawGudk odaew,f/ 'gaMumifh
vl p d r f ; 0if v m&if ol w d k Y od w ,f /
udk,fhrodwJhae&moGm;NyD; &mZ0wfrI
awG rusL;vGefEkdifatmif vlawGudk
wm;qD;&wmydkvG,fvmw,f/ bm
aMumifv
h q
J akd wmh 'D&yfuu
G u
f r[kwb
f J
'D&yfuGufxJ0ifvm&if cifAsm;udk
owdxm;rdrSmyJ/ 'DaeYqkd&if rdef;r
wpfa,muf[m reuf 3 em&DrSm
ajy;wmvkyv
f Ydk&w,f/ rawmfrw&m;
tvkyfrcH&bl;/ vHkNcHKrI[m aeaysmf
zG,fNrdKUawmfwpfck&JU r&Sdrjzpfvkdtyf
wJh tpdwftydkif;wpfckyJ/

ae&mtus,t
f 0ef;vHak vmufr&I jdS cif;
a[mifaumifrSm vlawGjynfh
usyfaew,f/ wkduftjrifhBuD;awG &Sd
w,f/ vrf;rBu;D awGay:rSmaea&mifjcnf
u &cJw,f/ pdrf;pdrf;pdkpdkr&Sdbl;/
'gaMumif h uRef a wmf u ajymw,f
aumif ; NyD taemuf u aeta&S U ?
ta&SUuae taemuf wpfNrdKUvHk;udk
jymcsNyD ; jyef w nf a qmuf r ,f /
a[mifaumifvkdr[kwfbJ uRefawmf
wkdYu wpfuRef;vHk;udk jzefYcsvdkuf

wm/ 'gaMumifh vlawGjynfu
h syrf aebJ
pdrf;vef;pdkjynfa&;vkyfzkdY ae&m&oGm;
w,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh (East Coast
Parkway) vrf;rBuD;azmufwJhtcg
rSm vrf;ab;wpfavQmufopfyifawG
pdu
k zf Ydkae&mvGwf vHv
k akH vmufavmuf
&Sdw,f/ ae&mus,fus,f0ef;0ef;
vH k v H k a vmuf a vmuf & S d w ,f q k d w J h
tm½H k & aeatmif pif u myl t aeeJ Y
qufxdef;xm;&r,f/
uRefawmfwYkd ydjk rifw
h t
hJ aqmuf
ttH k a wG a qmuf M uawmh r ,f /
'gayrJh eD;eD;uyfuyftwlwGJaqmuf
vk d Y a wmh r &bl ; / upm;uG i f ; awG ?
uav;awGeJY oufBuD;&G,ftdkawG
tyef;ajztem;,lzdkYae&mawG pdwfxJ
rS m xnh f x m;&r,f / 'D E k d i f i H [ m
uefYowfxm;wJhae&mtwkdif;twm
twG i f ; &S d a eayr,f h us,f 0 ef ; wJ h
EkdifiHBuD;awGrSmom arQmfrSef;&EkdifwJh
taxmuf t ul j yK ypö n f ; ypö , ?
taqmufttHkawGtm;vHk;eJY jynhfae
wJh Ekid if v
H kd cHpm;rdaeap&r,f/ vlO;D a&
b,favmufudk wm0ef,lEkdifr,f
qdkwm qHk;jzwfzdkYuawmh vuf&Sd
tpdk;& ajz&Sif;&r,fh jyóemyJ/

oGm;vma&;
NrdKUawmfqdkwm vIyf&Sm;oGm;
vmMu&w,fav/ ,mOfaMumydwNf yD;
oGm;vdkY vmvdkYr& jzpfMu&wmudk
uReaf wmfox
d m;ygw,f/ befaumuf
NrdKUBuD;[m erlemyJ/ ,mOfaMumxJrSm
wpfem&Dru ydwfrdwwfwmaMumihf
tayghpGefYzdkY tdk;awmifaqmif&r,fh
yHyk gyJ/ 'Dvjkd zpfaewm wefYomG ;atmif
vkyf&rSmuawmh um;ta&twGufudk
uefYowf&r,f/ tJ'aD wmhrS ,mOfaMum
u wpfem&D 25 rdkifavmufa&GUEkdif

FOREIGN CARTOON

EPA

r,f/ uRefawmfwdkY bwfpfum;eJY
&xm; b,f[mydkaumif;ovJ jiif;cHk
aqG ; aEG ; cJ h M uw,f / uRef a wmf u
tuket
f usydo
k ufomwJh bwfpu
f m;
udk ydkBudKufw,f/ 'gayrJhaemufqHk;
rSmawmh ukefusp&dwfjrihf&xm;u
vrf;awGay:bwfpfum;awGacsmacsm
arGUarGUoGm;Ekdifatmif vrf;rawGxJ
u ,mOfaMumudkavQmhcsz,f&Sm;ay;
Ekdifwmudk owdxm;rdoGm;w,f/

oefh&Sif;oyf&yfjcif;
csHKykwaf wGay:usyfc;kd rnf;rnf;
awGUrdwwfw,f/ 'gaMumifh uReaf wmfu
Oa&my&JU umAGefpGefYxkwfrIpHtwkdif;
vkduef m&r,fvYkdajymw,f/ uReaf wmf
wdkY&JU npfnrf;rIpHawGeJY rudkufnD&if
rav;&Sm;uavmf&Dum;awG 0ifvm
vdkY r&bl;/ aemuftdrfeD;csif;awG
tay: pmemem;vnf&r,f/ qlql
nHnHrvkyf&bl;/ a&TpuúL? aiGpuúL
rD;½IdUvdkY jymawG[dkvGifh'DvGifheJY vlawG
taESmihft,SufjzpfapwmrsKd;rvkyf&/
uReaf wmf tdq
k mumudo
k mG ;wke;f
u "mwkaA'puf½HkuteHYawG ½SL&
w,f/ uReaf wmfu rjzpfb;l / 'Dpuf½kH
rsKd; wdkYcGifhjyKvdkYr&bl;vdYk ajymw,f/
uRefawmfwdkYrSmu uRef;aygufpav;
av/ rSefuefwJhae&mrSm rSefuefwJh
puf½Hkudk ae&mrcscJh&if tckwdkufae
wJhavudkom pOf;pm;vdkuf/ udk,fhNrdKU
udk,fcseif;ovdkjzpfoGm;rSm/ tvG,f

uav;eJY aeaysmpf &mraumif;wJNh rdKU
jzpfoGm;r,f/

tquftoG,faumif;rGefjcif;
acsmarGUvG,u
f v
l Ykd uReaf wmfwYkd
A[dktcsuftcsmae&mwpfckjzpfvm
wm/ av,mOf a wG t wG u f q d k & if
avqd y f u pG r f ; &nf x uf j ruf N yD ;
EdkifiHwumeJY tquftoG,faumif;
wmaMumifh jzpfw,f/ av,mOfc&D;
onfawGu &yfem;zdkYqdk&if pifumyl
udkyJa&G;w,f/ c&D;onfawG NrdKUxJ
tcrJv
h nfywfMunf½h zI Ykd um;awGppD Of
ay;xm;w,f/ NrdKUeJYeD;eD; [dkw,f
aumif;awGrmS wpf&uf? ESp&f ufem;ae
vdkY&w,f/ uRefawmfwdkYu c&D;onf
awG oufaomifo
h ufom vG,v
f ,
G f
ul u l j zpf a tmif pD p Of a y;w,f /
avqdyfrSm a&csKd;vdkY&w,f/
ta&;tBuD;qH;k uawmh tquf
toG,faumif;zdkYyJ/ wjcm;NrdKUawmf
awGu pifumyludk wdkuf½dkufysHoef;
MuwJhavaMumif;vdkif;awGtrsm;BuD;
&Sdw,f/ 'g[m uRefawmfwdkYtwGuf
tifrweftusK;d &Syd gw,f/ wu,fvYkd
'DavaMumif;vdik ;f awGom uGmvmvrfyl
'grSr[kwf *smumwmudka&TUoGm;r,f
qdk&if olwdkY½Hk;csKyfawGvnf; a&TUoGm;
MurSmyJ/ 'DrSmtajcpdkufcsifatmif
aumfydka&;&Sif;awGudk uRefawmfwdkY
qGJaqmifMu&r,f/

ydkifqdkifcGifU&Sdjcif;
ydik q
f ikd cf iG &hf w
dS ,fqw
kd hJ cHpm;csu?f
Nrd K Uawmf & J U wpf p d w f w pf y d k i f ; ud k
wdkYvnf; ydik q
f ikd w
f ,fqw
kd hJ cHpm;csuf
vlwdkif;rSm&Sdaeap&r,f/ wdkifayawmifu&kd ;D ,m;rSm vkycf pm;? vcpm;
awG u d k awG U cJ h z l ; w,f / ol w d k Y r S m
udk,fydkiftdrfr&SdMubl;/ tdrfcef;iSm;c
trsm;BuD;ay;&w,f/ tdrif mS ;ctwGuf
vpm0ifaiGxJu trsm;pk rukefus&
atmif tdrfaxmifpkwdkif; tdrfwpfvHk;
&SdzdkY uRefawmf&nfrSef;w,f/
olwYkd tdryf ikd o
f mG ;MuNyD/ NrdKUawmf
wdk;wufBuD;yGm;vmwmeJYtrQ wefzdk;
wufvmr,fyh akH oypön;f wpfck ydik o
f mG ;Ny/D
tdrf&Sifwpfa,muf[m olYtrd yf wf0ef;
usiu
f trsm;eJYqikd w
f ahJ e&mudk oefY&iS ;f
ay;w,f/ tdrfiSm;aewJhvluawmh
*½krpdu
k b
f ;l / tdrt
f wGi;f udyk J *½kpu
kd f
w,f/ 'gaMumifh vlwikd ;f udt
k rd yf ikd cf iG hf
ay;vdkufyg/ tdrfwGif;a&m tdrfjyifyg
oefY&Sif;aew,fqdk&if tJ'DtdrfawG?
ae&mawG&UJ wefz;kd u wufvmr,fvYkd
uReaf wmfu ajymjyw,f/ uReaf wmfwYkd
u om;awG ppfrx
I rf;ygap? ppfwu
kd f
zdkY oifygapvdkY vlxkudk ajymw,f/
cdkif;w,f/ olwdkYudkom cifAsm; tdrf
wpfvHk; ydkifcGifhray;cJh&if b,fwdkuf
awmhrSmvJ/
aumif;xuf0if;
(&efukefwuúodkvf)

ygupöwefwGif c&pf,mefqE´jyolrsm;ESifU&JwyfzGJY y#dyu©jzpf
u&mcsd? rwf 11

tajymaumif;? ta[maumif; qdk&S,fvpf&JabmfcsmAuf
aumif;uifbHkodkYa&mufavaomf . . .

wrefawmfrdk[mrufudkqefYusifaomjyKrlajymqdkrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhonf[laompGyfpGJcsufjzifh ygupöwefEdkifiH
vm[d;k NrdKU&dS c&pf,mefbmom0ifrsm;\aetdrf 150 ausmu
f kd vlpv
k al 0;jzifh rD;½dUI cJjh cif;udk qefYusiu
f efYuu
G af om
c&pf,mefqE´jyolrsm;ESifh ygupöwef&JwyfzGJYtMum; y#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; t,fvf*smZD;,m;owif;wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/
ygupöwefEikd if w
H iG f tenf;qk;H NrdKUBuD;ESpfNrdKUü aetdrfrsm;rD;½dIUcHcJh&jcif;udkqefYusifaomtm;jzifh c&pf,mef
bmom0ifrsm;pGm qE´jycJhMuNyD; ygupöwef&JwyfzGJUESifh y#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
ygupöwefNrdKUBuD;ESpfNrdKUjzpfaom u&mcsdNrdKUESifhvm[dk;NrdKUrsm;wGif c&pf,mefqE´jyolrsm;udk &JwyfzGJUu
rsu&f nf,Akd ;Hk rsm;? eHygwfww
k rf sm;ok;H í NzdKcGi;f cJNh yD; qE´jyolrsm;xJrS ajcmufO;D udzk rf;qD;xde;f odr;f xm;aMumif;
ygupöwef&JwyfzGJUu ajymMum;onf/
c&pf,mefrsm;\aetdrfudkrD;½IdUzsufqD;cJhol[k,lq&ol vl 150 ausmfudk zrf;qD;xdef;odrf;xm;aMumif;
udkvnf; vm[dk;NrdKU&JwyfzGJUu ajymMum;onf/
paeaeYu vm[dk;NrdKUwGif c&pf,mefrsm;\aetdrf 170 cefYudk rGwfqvifwpfpku rD;½IdUzsufqD;cJhonf/
ygupöwefEdkifiHwGifxkwfjyefxm;aom bmoma&;apmfum;rIOya'onf ygupöwef&dSc&pf,mef rsm;udk
rMumcPypfrSwfxm;vsuf&dSaMumif; vlYtcGifhta&;vIyf&Sm;olrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
ygupöwefEikd if aH &;orm;rsm;taeESiv
hf nf; tqdyk gOya'udk ajymif;vJjyifqif&efBudK;yrf;&mwGif bmoma&;
tkyfpkrsm;aMumifh tcufawGYvsuf&dSonf/
2011 ckESpfwGif tqdkygbmoma&;apmfum;rIOya'udk jyKjyifajymif;vJ&efwdkufwGef;cJhaom EdkifiHa&;
orm;ESpfOD; vkyfBuHcHcJh&onf/
„

42
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24 , 2013

Soccer Weekly Fixtures
16-3-2013 (paen^we*FaEGeHeuf)
y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf - 30
tJAmwef - refpD;wD;
n 7;15 em&D
tufpfwefADvm - usLyDtm
n 9;30 em&D
aqmuforfwef - vDAmyl;
n 9;30 em&D
pwkwfpD;wD; - 0ufpfb&Grf;
n 9;30 em&D
qGrfqD; - tmqife,f
n 9;30 em&D
ref,l - &D;'if;
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 00;00 em&D
tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf - 29
umwm;eD;,m; - tl'D;edpf
n 11;30 em&D
bdkavmh*fnm - *sLAifwyf
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 2;15 em&D
pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf - 28
qdkpD'uf - A,fvm'dkvpf
n 9;30 em&D
*Dwmaz; - bDvfbmtdk
n 11;30 em&D
&D;&Jvfruf'&pf - rma,mhum (we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
AvifpD,m - bufwpf
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 3;30 em&D
*smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf - 26
Ek&ifbwf - a&Smfau;
n 9;00 em&D
a'ghref - z½dkif;bwf
n 9;00 em&D
[dkzif[drf; - rdefYZf
n 9;00 em&D
[rf;bwf - tl;pfbwf
n 9;00 em&D
0g'gb&Drif - *½lomzwf
n 9;00 em&D
avAmulqif - bdkif,efjrL;epf (we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 00;00 em&D
jyifopfvD*l; yGJpOf - 29
n 10;30 em&D
bwfpfwD,m - vdkif,Gef
vdkifvD - tDAD,ef
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
vdk&D,efY - b&ufpf
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
armifhy,fvD,m - x½dk,ufpf (we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
&drf;pf - &ef;eufpf
(we*FaEGeHeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
qdk;acsmhpf - AvefpD;eufpf
t*FvefcsefyD,H&Spf yGJpOf - 38
vd',
f El u
kd w
f uf - [uf'g;zD;vf
n 7;00 em&D
csmvfwef - rDa0gvf
n 7;00 em&D
n 9;30 em&D
tpfqGpfcsf - abmfvfwef
n 9;30 em&D
rpf',fba&mh - bmrif*rf
n 9;30 em&D
[m;vfpD;wD; - aemfwif[rf
n 9;30 em&D
&SufzD;0rf;eufpfa'; - um'pfzf
n 9;30 em&D
0kAf - b&pöwdk;
n 9;30 em&D
bvufyl;vf - yDwmba&mh
n 9;30 em&D
befpav - 0ufzdkY'f
n 11;50 em&D
'gbD - vufpwm
17-3-2013 (we*FaEGn^wevFmeHeuf)
y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf - 30
qef;'g;vef; - aemf0pfcsf
n 8;00 em&D
n 9;30 em&D
pyg; - zlvf[rf
n 10;30 em&D
csJvfqD; - 0ufpf[rf;
n 10;30 em&D
0D*ef - e,l;umq,f
tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf - 29
qDem - uuf*vD,m&D
n 6;00 em&D
zDtdk&ifwD;em; - *sDEdktm
n 8;30 em&D
n 8;30 em&D
atpDrDvef - ygvmrdk
n 8;30 em&D
emydkvD - twåvEÅm
n 8;30 em&D
yufpfum&m - csDa,Adk
n 8;30 em&D
qrf'dk;&D;,m; - tifwmrDvef
n 8;30 em&D
wdk&DEdk - vmZD,dk
½dk;rm; - yg;rm;
(wevFmeHeuf) eHeuf 2;30 em&D
pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf - 28
nae 5;30 em&D
rmvm*g - tufpfyefnKd
n 10;30 em&D
qDADvm - Zm&m*dkZm
tdq
k mqlem - tufovufwu
D kd (wevFmeHeuf) eHeuf 00;30 em&D
bmpDvdkem - A,fvufumEdk (wevFmeHeuf) eHeuf 2;30 em&D
(wevFmeHeuf) eHeuf 2;30 em&D
*&efem'g - vDAefaw;
*smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf - 26
z&efYzwf - pwk*wf
n 9;00 em&D
*vufbwf - [efEdkAm
n 11;00 em&D
jyifopfvD*l; yGJpOf - 29
n 7;30 em&D
eefpD - Edkufpf
n 10;30 em&D
wl;avmhpf - abmf'dk;
pdefYtufwD,ef - yDtufpf*sD (wevFmeHeuf) eHeuf 2;30 em&D
t*FvefcsefyD,H&Spf yGJpOf - 38
b½dkufwef - c&pöw,fyJavhpf
n 6;30 em&D
bvufbef; - befav
n 7;00 em&D

'Dwpfywf&JU y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOfawGxJrSm 'gbDyGJpOfawGjzpfwJh
csJvfqD;eJY 0ufpf[rf;? pyg;eJY zl[rfwdkY yGJpOfawG[m azsmfajzrI&o
tjynft
h 0ay;Edik rf mS jzpfovdk refp;D wD;&JU ta0;uGi;f yGu
J syu
f pm;aerIukd
ref,w
l Ykd tcGit
hf a&;toH;k csEikd rf ,fh yGpJ OfawG yg0ifvmwJh y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
yGJpOf (30) cefYrSef;rI . . . /
tJAmwef[m refpD;wD;eJY 3 ESpftwGif; 6 BudrfawGUqHk&mrSm 1 yGJom
tJAmwef (7) Vs refpD;wD; (2)
½IH;edrfhzl;wJh&v'f[m refpDeDtwGufawmh tcuftcJjzpfaprSmyg/ aemufNyD;
aemufqkH;awGUqkHrI (3)yGJ
f iG ;f rSmvnf; 2 ESpq
f uf½;HI yGrJ MuHKzl;vdYk rd&k &f uftwGuaf wmh pdwyf ikd ;f qdik &f m
refpD;wD; 1 - 1 tJAmwef (2012) tdru
dS ajctaet& Oa&myNyKdiyf t
JG wGuf ae&mvk&mrSm
tJAmwef 1 - 0 refpD;wD; (2011) tompD;&aeygw,f/ vuf&t
trS
w
f
v
d
k
t
yf
c
suf
&
S
d
a
ewmaMumif
h tdrfuGif;½IH;yGJ 1 yGJom&SdwJhpHcsdefaMumifh
refpD;wD; 2 - 0 tJAmwef (2011)
{nfhonfawG ½kef;uef&rSmyg/ refpD;wD;taeeJY ref,l&JUyGJacsmifrIaMumifh trSwf
jywfvdkYrjzpfawmhwmrdkY tdrf&SifawGudkawmh tedrfhqHk;oa&upm;Edkifygvdrfhr,f/
ESpfoif;pvHk; EdkifyGJudk,fpD&xm;vdkY ajcpGrf;wufaew,fvdkY qdk&rSmjzpfNyD;
tufpwefADvm(17)Vs usLyDtm(20) tdr&f iS t
f oif;&JU vli,fupm;orm; awGjzpfwhJ befwu
D eD YJ tbGev
f a[mwdYk &UJ
aemufqkH;awGUqkHrI (3)yGJ
ajcpGrf;[m toif;udkwef;qif;ZkefuvGwfatmiftaxmuftuljzpfEdkifyg
*sLyDtm 1 - 1 ADvm (2012)
w,f/ usLyDtmuvnf; wef;qif;Zkeu
f vGwaf tmif &ufeuf&UJ tpDtrHawGMum;
ADvm 2 - 2 usLyDtm (2011)
rSm wdk;wufaumif;rGefvm&mrSm topfac:,lxm;wJh jyifopfwdkufppfrSL; &DrDeJY
usLyDtm 1 - 1 ADvm (2011)
Zmrdk&mwdkY&JUwGJzufrI[m ADvmaemufwef;xdef;zdkYtcufawGUaprSmyg/ usLyDtm
[m 'DyGJEdkif&if wef;qif;ZkefuvGwfrSmrdkY tjyif;txef½kef;uefvmr,fh {nfhonfawG&JUn§pftm;udk ydkBuKdufrdygw,f/
tdrfuGif;&v'f[m rqdk;bl;vdkYawmh ajym&rSmjzpfNyD; 14 yGJrSm
aqmuforfwef (16) Vs vDAmyl;vf (6) 5 yGJopdme½IfYwH;zldkY&aJUo;ygw,f
/ enf;jyopf vufxuftpydkif; ajcpGrf;aumif;rGef
aemufq;k H awGUqHrk I (3) yGJ
h aemufqHk;upm;cJhwJh 5 yGJrSm 1 yGJomEdkifxm;vdkY {nfhonfawGtwGuf
vDAmyl;vf 1 - 1 aqmuforfwef (2012) ayr,f
ifhtvrf;aumif;ygw,f/ vDAmyl;vf&JU ta0;uGif; 5 yGJrSm ref,lvdk
aqmuforfwef 2 - 0 vDAmyl;vf (2005) awmh tcG
;rsKd;udkom ½IH;cJhzl;wmaMumifh tdrf&SifwdkY rvG,favmufygbl;/
vDAmyl;vf 1 - 0 aqmuforfwef (2004) toif
a&mf*smvufxuf qGm&uf? pwm;vif;? pwm&pfeJY aumfwif[dkwdkY&JU xdyfwef;
ajcpGrf;aMumifh ,l½dkygvd*f0ifcGifhtwGuf trSwf&SmaewJh {nfhonfwdkY EdkifoGm;Edkifygw,f/ *dk;rsm;Edkifw,f/
tdru
f iG ;f ½I;H yGJ 2 yGo
J m&Sad o;wJh enf;jywdek yD v
l v
f pf&UJ Match Plan udak wmh
pwkwpf ;D wD; (11) Vs 0ufpb
f &Ge;f (8)
av;pm;&rSmyg/ 'gayrJh 3 yGq
J uf ½I;H yGq
J ufraI Mumifh ajcpGr;f usqif;aecsed jf zpfvYkd
aemufq;kH awGUqHrk I (3) yGJ
0ufpb
f &Ge;f 0 - 1 pwkwpf ;D wD; (2012) {nfhonfawGtwGuf tcGifhtvrf;awmh &Sdygao;w,f/ tdrf&SifawG&JU t"du
pwkwpf ;D wD; 0 - 2 0ufpb
f &Ge;f (2011) jyóem[m wm&ufeJYca&mhvfwdkY*dk;aygufaysmufaejcif;ygyJ/ 0ufpfb&Gef;
0ufpb
f &Ge;f 0 - 1 pwkwpf ;D wD; (2011) toif;rSm vlumul&JU ajcpGrf;[m awmufyaeNyD; 3 yGJquf*dk;oGif;xm;vdkY
pwkwfaemufwef; tvkyf½IyfaptHk;rSmyg/ odkYaomfvnf; tdrf&SifawG&JU
tdrfuGif;&v'faumif;aMumifh {nfhonftoif; oa&&ifawmif auseyf&rSmyg/
yxrtausmh ta0;uGif;rSm tmqife,fudk tEdkifupm;xm;vdkY
qGrfqD; (9) Vs tmqife,f (5)
{nfhonfawG vufpm;acsEdkifrvm;qdkwm apmifhMunfh&rSmyg/ qGrfqD;taeeJY
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
tmqife,f 0 - 2 qGrfqD; (2012) NyD;cJhwJhyGJrSm ½IH;yGJMuHKcJhvdkY tdrfuGif;rSm owdxm;upm;ygvdrfhr,f/ tmqife,f
tmqife,f 1 - 0 qGrfqD; (2011) [m csefyD,Hvd*fNyKdifyGJ upm;cJh&vdkY yGJyef;EdkifNyD; 0D½dkif;,m;vnf; yg0ifEdkifrSm
qGrfqD; 2 - 2 tmqife,f (2011) r[kwfvdkY upm;uGufaumif;rGefwJhavmh'f'&yf&JU tpDtrHawGMum;rSm rvG,f
avmufygbl;/ ESpfoif;pvHk;[m Oa&myvd*fNyKdifyGJae&mawGtwGuf wdkufyGJ
0ifaecsdefjzpfvdkY trSwfavsmhvdkYr&wJhtaetxm;rSm tdrf&Siftoif;&JUtaetxm;udk ydkBuKdufrdygw,f/
teD;uyfqHk;NyKdifbufjzpfwJh refpD;wD;&JU yGJusyfupm;&rItay: tdk;vf
ref,l (1) Vs &D;'if; (19)
x&ufzdkYvfrSm tcGifhta&;,lygvdrfhr,f/ ref,l[m tdrfuGif;rSm oa&yGJvHk;0
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
r&SdbJ ½IH;yGJwpfyGJom&Sdxm;vdkY {nfhonfawGtwGufawmh owif;aumif;
&D;'if; 3 - 4 ref,l (2012)
r[kwfygbl;/ &D;'if;[m 4 yGJquf ½IH;edrfhcJhrIaMumifh enf;jyxkwfy,fcHxm;&NyD;
ref,l 2 - 1 &D;'if; (2008)
,m,Denf;jyeJY 'DyGJudk jyifqifvm&mrSm tm;enf;rIawGawmh &SdvmEdkifygw,f/
&D;'if; 0 - 2 ref,l (2008)
'gaMumifh ref,ltaeeJY yGJcsdefjynfh owdxm;upm;&ifjzifh rEdkifEdkifp&m
taMumif;rawGUrdwmaMumifh *dk;trsm;eJY tqHk;oyfzG,f&Sdygw,f/
vuf&SdajcpGrf;t& qef;'g;vef;ajcpGrf;usqif;aeNyD; wef;qif;Zkefem;
qef;'g;vef; (15) Vs aemh0pS cf sf (14) uyfaevd
kY BuKd;pm;vmrSmyg/ tdrf&SifawG[m aemufqHk; 5 yGJqufEdkifyGJ
aemufq;kH awGUqHrk I (3) yGJ
qHk;cJhNyD; wdkufppfrSL;awG *dk;rdk;acgifaeygw,f/ aemh0Spfcsfuawmh
aemh0pS cf sf 2 - 1 qef;'g;vef; (2012) aysmuf
wdkY&JUajcpGrf;udk cyfrSefrSefom xdef;xm;vdkY twuf? tusawmh odyfrBuD;
qef;'g;vef; 3 - 0 aemh0pS cf sf (2012) ol
;/ 'gaMumifh ESpfoif;awGUqHkrIrSm ajcnDwJh toif;awGjzpfvdkY tdrf&Sif&JU
aemh0pS cf sf 2 - 1 qef;'g;vef; (2011) rm;ygbl
cHppfaMumif;udk {nfhonfawG xdk;azmufzdkYrvG,favmufwmrdkY *dk;enf;wJh
oa&yGJjzpfoGm;ygvdrfhr,f/
NyD;cJhwJhyGJrSm ½IH;yGJMuHKcJhvdkY enf;jybdkYvftm 'DyGJudk aocsmjyifqifvmyg
pyg; (3) Vs zlvf[rf (10)
vdrfhr,f/ pyg;taeeJY Mum;&ufrSm ,l½dkygvd*fupm;cJh&wmaMumifh yGJyef;rI
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
'Pfudk {nfhonfawGtoHk;csEdkifrvm;qdkwm apmifhMunfh&rSmyg/ zlvf[rfrSm
zlvf[rf 0 - 3 pyg; (2012)
awmh bmbmawmh&JU*dk;awG rjrif&wmMumNyDjzpfNyD; vef'ef'gbDjzpfwJhtwGuf
zlvf[rf 2 - 0 pyg; (2011)
yGJaumif;wpfyGJawmh jzpfvmrSmyg/ zlvf[rfenf;jy rmwif*sKd;[m tdrf&Sifpyg;
pyg; 0 - 4 zlvf[rf (2011)
toif;om;awG&JU yGJyef;'Pfudk tcGifhaumif;,lEdkifpGrf;&SdaewmrdkY {nfhonfawG
uyfNyD;awmh tEdkif&oGm;Edkifygw,f/
yxrtausmhrSm *dk;jywf½IH;edrfhcJhvdkY tdrfuGif;rSmawmh aocsmjyifqif
csJvfqD; (9) Vs 0ufpf[rf; (5)
vmrSmyg/ vef'ef'gbDyGJjzpfvdkY tNrJwrf; NyKdifqdkifrIjyif;xefavh&SdNyD; csJvfqD;
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
0ufpf[rf; 3 - 1 csJvfqD; (2012) &JU,l½dkygvd*fupm;cJh&wJhtajctaeaMumifh ajcpGrf;ydkif;rSmawmh uGm[rI usOf;
csJvfqD; 3 - 0 0ufpf[rf; (2012) ajrmif;Edkifygw,f/ csJvfqD;[m aemufydkif; 5 yGJquf ½IH;yGJr&Sd pm;xm;EdkifcJhNyD;
0ufpf[rf; 1 - 3 csJvfqD; (2011) 0ufpf[rf;uawmh 5 yGJrSm 2 yGJom tEdkif&xm;vdkY tdrf&Sif&JU t&eftiftm;
awmifhwif;rIudkawmh owdxm;&rSmyg/ zdtm;awGatmufa&mufaewJh
Oa&myNyKdifyGJtwGuf trSwfqHk;½IH;vdkYr&wJh csJvfqD;bufuae tm;ay;&ifpdwfauseyfrI&rSmyg/
xdyfwdkufawGUqHkrIt& tdrf&Siftoif;awGu tom&xm;wJh&v'fudk
0D*ef (18) Vs e,l;umq,f (13)
ajymif;vJEikd rf vm;qdw
k m {nfo
h nftoif;&JUupm;tm;tay:rSm rlwnfygw,f/
aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
rmwDeuf&UJ 0D*ef[m wef;qif;Zkeu
f vGwzf Ykd½ek ;f uef&mrSm xifoavmufv,
G u
f l
e,l;umq,f 3 - 0 0D*ef
rSmawmhr[kwfygbl;/ umq,ftaeeJY,l½dkygvd*fupm;xm;vdkY t"du
0D*ef 4 - 0 e,l;umq,f
upm;orm; tpHyk g0ifvmEdik &f ifawmh 0D*efwYk½d ;HI yGMJ uKH omG ;Edik yf gw,f/ tvefyg'½l;&JU
e,l;umq,f 1 - 0 0D*ef
wyfzGJUawG[m 'Pf&mjyóemuif;NyDqdkwmeJY EdkifyGJawG&vmcJhvdkY 'DyGJrSmvnf;
umbm,D? qpfqD? *sKd;eufeJU udkavmhpDeDwdkY yg0ifvmEdkifcJh&ifawmh tdrf&SifwdkY ½IH;yGJMuHKoGm;&Edkifygw,f/

Breaking News
t*Fvefvufa½G;piftoif;refae*sm ½GKd if;a[mfqefonf urÇmzh vm;ajcppfyt
JG jzpf qefrm&D,Ekd iS rhf eG w
f eD *D ½d;k wdYkEiS hf
upm;rnfhajcppfyGJpOftwGuf a½G;cs,f&mwGif vufa½G;piftoif;ESihf 2ESpfausmfMum vufwGJjzKwfcJhol touf 34 ESpf
t½G,f ref,lcHppfrI; &D,dkzm'DeefESifh 0pfb½Gef;*dk;orm; bifaz:pwmwdkY jyefvnfyg0ifvmaMumif; BBC wGif az:jyyg&Sd
onf/ zm'Deefonf 2011 ZGefvwGifupm;cJhonfh qGpfZmvefESifhupm;jyD;csdefupí vufa½G;piftoif;twGuf
a½G;cs,frcHcJh&mu ,cktcg ref,ltoif;wGif ajcpGrf;jyrIESifhtwl zD;*sKH;ESifh *sm*sm,fumwdkY'Pf&mjyóemrsm;aMumihf
jyefvnfta½G;cH&jcif;jzpfjyD; t*Fveftoif;ESihf 81yGJausmfMum upm;cJhonhf 0g&ifhupm;orm;wpfOD;vnf;jzpfonf/

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

Vol.9 / No.11

rºav;ausmufpdrf;aps;opfajymif;a&TYa&;udpö jynfolhqE´twdkif; vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf[kqdk
rEÅav;? rwf 14

wdkif;a'oBuD; rEÅav;NrKdU r[matmifajrNrKdUe,f&Sd ausmufpdrf;ausmufrsufaps;udk tr&yl&NrKdUe,f qif&Gm-jrif;rSL;aus;&Gmü topfxyfrHwnfaqmufaeonhf aps;topfodkYajymif;a&TUa&;
udpt
ö m; jynfolYqE´twdkif;vkyfaqmifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; rwfv 9 &ufaeYwGifjyKvkyfaom ausmufpdrf;aps;topfwnfaqmufjcif;qdkif&m owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJü rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;
opfawmESihf owåKwGif;0efMuD;Xme0efMuD; OD;oef;pdk;jrihfu ajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYu jynfolu
a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufxm;wJh tpdk;&
jzpfw,f/ jynfolu vufrcHwJhudpö
udk twif;tusyfb,fawmhrS rvkyf
bl;}} [k 0efBuD;u tqdkygowif;pm
&Sif;vif;yGJüqdkonf/
ausmufpdrf;ausmufrsuf aps;
topf w nf a qmuf j cif ; ud p ö o nf
rEÅ a v;wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; tpd k ; &\
BuD;MuyfpDrHrIjzihf vkyfaqmifjcif;
jzpfaMumif;? tqdkygpDrHudef;twGuf
ajr{u 28 {uudk tvSL&SifwpfOD;
u vSL'gef;xm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;?

rEÅav;onf ausmufpdrf;NrKdUawmf
jzpfonhftjyif jynfwGif;tacsmxnf
rsm; xkwfvkyfonhftcsdefwGif EdkifiH
wumpHcsdefrD ausmufpdrf;aps;wpfck
&Sd&efvdktyfvmNyDjzpfojzihf ,ckuJhodkY
pDru
H ed ;f udk aqmif&u
G jf cif;jzpfaMumif;
tqdyk g owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGüJ 0efBuD;
uajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g ausmufprd ;f ausmufrsuf
aps;topfwGif ay 30_35 qdkifcef;
rsm;? ay 30_20 qdkifcef;rsm;? 12 ay
ywfvnf qdkifcef;rsm;ESihf ysHusaps;
onfrsm;twGuf oD;jcm;qdkifcef;rsm;

aqmuf v k y f a y;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ?
tajccHvlwef;pm;rsm; 0,f,lEdkifrnhf
aps;EIef;&Sdonhfqdkifcef; 1600 cef;&Sd
rnfjzpfNyD; tv,ftvwfvw
l ef;pm;
rsm; 0,f,lEdkifrnhf qdkifcef; 400 cefY
&Srd nfjzpfaMumif;? tqdyk gausmufrsuf
aps;topf t m; ,ck E S p f r wf v rS
pwifí pDrHudef;pwifaqmif&Gufae
jyD; Edk0ifbmvwGif aqmufvkyfNyD;pD;
rnf[k cefYrSef;aMumif;? ,ckpDrHudef;
pwifcsdefwGif BuKdwifpm&if;ay;oGif;
xm;aom qdkifcef;aygif; 600 ausmf
cefY&adS eNyDjzpfaMumif; tqdyk gausmuf

rºav;wdkif; 'pf*spfw,frDwmrsm; wyfqifcGifUjyKrnf
rEÅav;? rwf 13

rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;
vQyf p pf " mwf t m;ok H ; pG J & ef rD w m
avQmufxm;vmygu 'pf*spfw,f
rDwmrsm; wyfqifciG jfh yKrnf[k rEÅav;
wdkif;a'oBuD; vQyfppftif*sifeD,m
a':at;at;rif;uajymMum;onf/
0efxrf;tiftm; avQmhcsEdkif
jcif;ESifh vQyfppfr;D jyóem avsmhenf;
apa&;twGuf 'pf*spfw,frDwmrsm;
wyfqifjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdo
k nf/
]]'pf*spw
f ,frw
D mawGu t&if
rDwmawGxuf vkyfaqmifcsuf ydk
w,f/ vQyfppfrD;jywfawmufrIrjzpf
atmif uGefysLwmeJY xdef;csKyfxm;Edkif
w,f/ rD;tm;uswmawGtjyif trSm;
wpfcck ak wGUwmeJY tcsuaf y;wJt
h wGuf
jzpfwt
hJ rd u
f kd csucf si;f oGm;jyifEikd w
f ,f/
wpftdrf0ifwpftdrfxGuf vdkufppfae
p&m rvdkawmhbl;}} [k wdkif;vQyfppf
tif * sif e D , m a':at;at;rif ; u

ajymqdkonf/
rEÅav;c½dkiftwGif; ,cifwyf
qifxm;onhf tdrfokH;ESihf yg0grDwm
rsm;udk 'pf*spw
f ,frw
D mrsm;jzihf tcrJh
vJv,
S w
f yfqifay;&m r[matmifajr
NrKUd e,fwiG f NyD;pD;vke;D yg;&SNd yDjzpfaMumif;
¤if;uqdkonf/
tqdkygNrKdUe,fwyfqifNyD;pD;
ygu cGJ½kHrsm;tvdkuf wpfNrKdUe,fcsif;
wyfqifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;vnf;
¤if;uajymMum;onf/
]]'pf*spfw,frDwmawG wyfjyD;
a&m cgwdkif;xuf rDwmcenf;enf;
ydkusw,f}} [k r[matmifajrNrKdUe,f
tydkif; (1) wGif aexdkifol tdrf&Sifr
wpfOD;uqdkonf/
,cifrw
D mrsm;rSm ok;H pGo
J nhEf pS f
tvdu
k f vnfywfraI ES;ygu ok;H pGo
J nhf
,lepfavsmhjcif;rsm; &SdwwfaMumif;
a':at;at;rif;uajymqkdonf/

yvdyftif;a&iSufrsm; "mwfykHjyyGJusif;yrnf
rEÅav;? rwf 5

yvdyftif;rS a&iSufrsm;"mwfykHjyyGJESihfa[majymyGJudk rwfv 26 &ufaeYrS
27 &ufaeYtxd rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; pOfhudkifNrKdUe,f yvdyfNrKdU tajccHynm
txufwef;ausmif;wGif usi;f yrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;yGpJ pD Oforl sm;xHrS od&&dS onf/
tqdyk g"mwfyjHk yyGEJ iS fh a[majymyGu
J kd River Bank Art Centre ESifh a&Tz;l acgif
r*¾Zif;wdkYu pDpOfusif;yjcif;jzpfjyD; iSuf"mwfykH½dkuful;Muolrsm;jzpfaom
OD;ausmfrsKd;Edik ?f a'gufwmode;f atmif? OD;pderf sKd;jrihw
f Ykd yvdyt
f if;twGi;f ½du
k u
f ;l
xm;onhf a&iSu"f mwfyrHk sm;udjk yornfjzpfum jrefrmiSuEf iS fh obm0ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;toif; 'kwd,Ouú| a'gufwmodef;atmif? iSufrsKd;pdwf "mwfykH
ynm&Siaf usmrf sK;d Edik ?f aZarmifoed ;f wdYk u todynmay;a[majymrnfjzpfaMumif;
"mwfykHpdefrsKd;jrihfu ajymMum;onf/
,if;jyyGu
J kd yvdyt
f if;twGi;f usupf m;aexdik af om jrefrmrsK;d &if;iSurf sm;?
urÇmah 'otoD;oD;rS yvdyt
f if;twGi;f 0ifa&mufcekd m;aom iSurf sKd;pdwrf sm;udk
a'ocHrsm;od&Sdap&ef&nf&G,fí usif;yjyKvkyf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; jyyGJpDpOfolrsm;
xHrSod&onf/

rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;
vQyfppfrD;okH;pGJrI r*¾g0yf 400 eD;yg;
&SdNyD; rDwmtvkH;a& wpfodef;ausmf
&Sdonf/

rsufaps;topftwGuf ajrvSL'gef;
xm;ol rEÅ a v;NrKd U at;at;cd k i f
ausmufpdrf; ausmufrsuf ukrÜPD
ydkif&Sif OD;pdk;Edkifu ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g ausmufrsuaf ps;qdik cf ef;
rsm;tm; 2 ESpf tcrJah &mif;csciG afh y;jyD;
2 ESpfjynhfygu umvaygufaps;rS
30 &mcd k i f E I e f ; jyef a vQmh a y;um
t&pfusay;oGi;f aompepfjzihf a&mif;cs
ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
r[matmifajr ausmufrsuf
aps;rS ausmuf p d r f ; ausmuf r suf
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;rS topfwnfaqmufqJ
ausmufpdrf;ausmufrsufaps;topf
odkY ajymif;a&TUvdkaom qE´vkH;0r&Sd
aMumif;? tqdyk g ausmufprd ;f aps;opf
odkY rajymif;a&TUa&;twGuf oabm
rwlolrsm;u vufrSwfrsm;pkaqmif;
um qE´xkwfazmfrIudk azazmf0g&Dv
6 &ufaeYrS ,aeYwdkifqufvufvkyf
aqmifvsuf&SdaMumif;? rwfv 14
&ufaeYtxd rajymif;a&TUa&;twGuf
vufrSwfxdk;olaygif; wpfaomif;cefY
txd &&SdaeNyDjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg

rajymif;a&TUa&;udpöukd vkyfaqmif
vsu&f adS om r[matmifajrausmufprd ;f
ausmufrsuf a&mif;0,fa&;pcef;rS
ausmufuek o
f nfO;D pde0f if;uqdo
k nf/
]]owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwkef;u
0efMuD;ajymoGm;wmu jynfolYqE´
ryg&if bmrSrvkyyf gbl;vdYk ajymoGm;
w,f/ 'ghaMumihf vufrSwfawGudk
bmrSqufrvkyfao;bl; odrf;xm;yg
r,f/ ta&;BuHKvm&ifawmh xkwf
ok H ; ygr,f } } [k r[matmif a jr
ausmufpdrf;ausmufrsuf a&mif;0,f
a&;pcef;rS ausmufuek o
f nfO;D oef;aX;
uqdkonf/
r[matmifajr ausmufpdrf;
ausmufrsufa&mif;0,fa&; pcef;wGif
qd k i f c ef ; aygif ; 1117 cef ; &S d N yD ;
twGif;bufysHusa&mif;csol 400
ausmfESihf tjyifbuf jyefYusa&mif;cs
ol 276 cif;cefY&Sdrnf[k cefYrSef;
aMumif; ausmufpdrf;aps;topfodkY
ra&TUajymif;a&;aumfrwD (,m,D) rS
tzGJU0ifudkxl;uqdkonf/

rºav; rpdk;&drfq&mawmf b0ewfxHysHvGef
rEÅav;? rwf 14

rEÅav;NrdKU rpd;k &drw
f u
kd rf sm;\ em,ucsKyf
oufawmf&n
S rf pd;k &drq
f &mawmfBuD; b'´E&Å mZ"r®m
bd0Hoonf rwfv 13 &ufae n 11 em&D 38
rdepfwGif rEÅav;jynfolYaq;½kHBuD;ü OD;aESmuf
tusw
d af &m*gjzifh b0ewfxyH sv
H eG af wmfral Mumif;
q&mawmfBuD;\wynhf rpdk;&drfpmoifom;rsm;
xHrS od&Sd&onf/
]]OD;aESmuftusdwfawGUwJha&m*geJY ysHvGef
awmfrlwmyg}} [k q&mawmfBuD;\wynfhjzpfol
t&Si0f &D olu The Voice Weekly odYkred YfMum;onf/
rysHvGefrD azazmf0g&DvaemufqkH;ywfu
pifumyl EdkifiHodkY aq;0g;ukorIoGm;a&mufcH,l
cJhaMumif; rpdk;&drfwdkufopfausmif;wdkuf vlrI
Website wGif azmfjycsuft& od&Sd&onf/
q&mawmfMuD;udk ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;
rk&H mG NrKdUe,f tifwikd ;f aus;&Gm crnf;awmfO;D b0if;?
r,fawmf a':ESi;f OD;wdYku 1295 ckEpS f 0gqdv
k qkwf
3 &uf (1933 ckESpf Zlvdkif 19 &ufaeY) wGif
zGm;jrifNyD; 1315 ckESpfwGif jrihfjrwfaom&[ef;
"mwfykH-&J0if;Ekdif
abmifodkY a&mufawmfrlaMumif;? 1365 ckESpfwGif
rpdk;&drfwdkufopfBuD;\ t"dywdem,ujzpfcJhNyD;
1359 ckESpfwGif jynfBuD;wHcGefrpdk;&drfwdkufopf? 1367 ckESpfwGif a';0efOD;aypd rpdk;&drfwdkufopfwdkYudk
wnfaxmifawmfrlaMumif; q&mawmf\ax½kyÜwådt& od&Sd&onf/
q&mawmfMuD;onf rpdk;&drfwdkufopfBuD;oHk;wdkuf&Sd oHCmawmf 4000 cefYudk tkyfcsKyf&if; wdyd#uygVd
jrefrmtbd"mef? tbd"Zr[m&|*k½k q&mawmfOD;ol&d,mbd0Ho ax½kyÜwåd? rpdk;&drfwdkuf &mjynhftxdrf;trSwf?
rpdk;&drfordkif;ESihf omoem0if? tdE´d,? rav;&Sm;? tif'dkeD;&Sm;? pifumyltawGUtBuHK jynfyc&D;oGm;rSwfwrf;
pmtkyfrsm;a&;om;cJhaMumif; ,if;üazmfjyyg&Sdonf/
rpdk;&drfwdkufopfq&mawmfBuD; OD;&mZ"r®mbd0Ho\ oufawmf(80)jynhfylaZmfyGJudk 2013 ckESpf
azazmf0g&Dv 23 &ufaeYrS 25 &ufaeYtxd r[matmifajrNrKdUe,f pdefyef;ojAL;&yfwGif usif;ycJhonf/ 

44
II
The

VOICE

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

a&S;xdkif;bk&if\t½dk;tdk;[k,lq&aom taxmuftxm;tcsKdYawGY &Sd
rEÅav;? rwf 14

wdkif;a'oMuD; rEÅav;NrKdU tr&yl&NrKdUe,f awmiforeftif;aZmif;&Sd vif;Zif;ukef;okomefwGif xdkif;a&S;a[mif;okawoeynm&Sif 21 OD;u ozef;yGihfbGJUcH a&S;xdkif;bk&ifOD;wGefykH\
tkwf*l rSefuefrI&Sd r&Sd taxmuftxm;rsm; vma&mufwl;azmf&SmazG&m 21 &uf tMum rwf 11 &ufaeY naeydkif;wGif ,if;bk&if\ t½dk;tdk;[k,lq&aom taxmuftxm;tcsKdUudk
&SmazGawGU&SdcJhaMumif; xdkif;a&S;a[mif;okawoetzGJUrS 'kwd,acgif;aqmif rpfuD[wfu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
tqd k y g &S m azG a wG U &S d r I E S i h f
ywfoufí tao;pdwf rajymEdkif
ao;aMumif;? ,ck&SmazGawGU&Sdcsuf
rsm;tm; rEÅav;NrKdUawmf0efxHodkY
wifjy&efoGm;aeaMumif; rwfv 13
&ufaeY eHeuf 11 em&DcefYwGif xdkif;
a&S;a[mif;okawoetzGJUrS 'kwd,
acgif;aqmif rpfuD[wfuqdkonf/
]]awGU&Sw
d ,fqw
kd mu taxmuf
txm;tydkif;tp wcsKdUyg/ 'gawG
u aocsmw,fqdkwm rajymEdkifao;
ygbl;/ aemufwpf&uf ESp&f ufavmuf
aeqdk&ifawmh ajymEdkifavmufrSmyg}}
[k rpfuD[wfu ajymqdkonf/
&SmazGawGU&Sdaomae&mrSm rlv
u a&S;xdkif;bk&if\ tkwf*la[mif;
ae&m[kxifrSwfcJhaom r@vmwdkif
\ ta&SUajrmufaxmihaf e&m? tqdyk g
wdkifrS 15 aycefYtuGmwGif &Sdaom
&Spaf jr§mihyf o
Hk P²meftw
k yf \
Hk yEéuu
f kd
OD;wnf&mae&mwGif &SmazGawGU&SdcJh

aMumif; tqdkyg&SmazGrIESihfe;D pyfaom
cdik rf monfh owif;&if;jrpfxrH o
S &d onf/
tqdkyg taxmuftxm;ESpfck
rSm- ,if;ae&mrS teuf 1 'or 5
rDwmwGif a&Tcsxm;aomajrtdk;\
tyd k i f ; tpwpf c k u d k v nf ; aumif ; ?
xdYkaemuf teuf 1 'or 8 rDwmwGif
Mumzl;ykHoP²ef rSefpDa&Tcsxm;aom
o½d;k ESijfh yKvkyx
f m;onfh tpdwt
f ydik ;f
wpfckudkvnf;aumif; &SmazGawGU&SdcJh
aMumif;? tqdyk gtaxmuftxm;t&
a&S;xdik ;f bk&if\ tkw*f rl eS u
f efaMumif;
taxmuftxm;tjzpfaomfvnf;
aumif;? bk&ifrif;aqGrif;rsKd;wdkY\
tok;H taqmifrsm;ESiafh omfvnf;aumif;
qufpyfrI&Sdonf[k ,lq&aMumif;
tqdkygcdkifrmaom owif;&yfuGufrS
od&onf/
xdik ;f a&S;a[mif;okawoetzGUJ 0if
21 OD;u a&S;xdkif;bk&ifOwGefykH\
tkw*f rl eS u
f efr&I dS r&Sd vma&mufw;l azmf

rIukd azazmf0g&Dv 20 &ufaeYwGif
pwifaqmif&Gufvsuf&SdjyD; tqdkyg
&SmazGrIwGif xdkif;ynm&Sifrsm;tjyif

,Ofaus;rI0efMuD;Xme a&S;a[mif;
okawoe? trsKd;om;jywdkufESihf
pmMunhfwdkufOD;pD;Xme (rEÅav;Xme

cGJ) rS jrefrmynm&Sifrsm;vnf;yg0if
onf/

pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD twGif;a&;rSL;ESifU
aumfrwDtzGJY0iftcsKdY rJay;a&G;cs,frnf
rEÅav;? rwf 14

topfjyXmef;rnhfpnfyifom,ma&;
tzGJUOya'wGif pnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwD0if ckepfOD;yg0ifrnfjzpfNyD;
aumfrwDtwGi;f a&;rSL;ESifh aumfrwD0if
okH;OD;udk trsm;jynfolua&G;cs,fcefY
xm;rnfjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;wdkif;
a'oBuD; vTwaf wmfOya'Murf;qdik &f m
aumfrwD0ifwpfO;D uajymMum;onf/
,ckusi;f yonhf wdik ;f a'oBuD;
vTwaf wmf qXrtBudrt
f pnf;ta0;

rºav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif; a&&Sm;yg;aerI
or®wxHwifjyrnf
rEÅav;? rwf 14

rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBuD; jrif;NcHEiS hf
rdw¬Dvmc½dkifwGif;&Sd aus;&GmtcsKdUwGif
,cifEpS u
f xuf apmpD;pGma&&Sm;yg;rI
udBk uHKawGUae&ojzihf or®wxHwifjy
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;wdkif;
a'oBuD; vTwfawmfOuú|uajym
Mum;onf/
aomufo;Hk a&&&Sad &; tultnD
ay;Edik af &;twGuf vdt
k yfonhf b@m
aiG&&SdEdkifa&;twGuf wifjyoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
]]a&&Sm;wmu t&ifEpS u
f xuf
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
tm;BuD ; vmawmh wd k i f ; a'oBuD ;
tpdk;&tzGJUwpfckwnf;r[kwfbJeJY jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUeJY yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufr,f}} [k vTwfawmfOuú|
OD;0if;armifuqdkonf/
aomufokH;a&&Sm;yg;onhfaus;&Gmrsm;wGif a&wGif;ESihf a&uefrsm;wl;azmf&ef tao;pdwfavhvmrIrsm;
jyKvkyfaeaMumif; rEÅav;NrKdUawmf0ef OD;atmifarmif;u ajymMum;onf/
awmifomNrKdUe,fwGif;&Sd aomufokH;a&uefESihf qnftcsKdUcef;ajcmufjyDjzpfojzihf aomufokH;a&&&Sd&ef
cufcJaeaMumif; ajratmufa&iefrsm;jzpfojzihf a&wGif;wl;&eftqifrajyjzpfaeaMumif; vTwfawmfOuú|
OD;0if;armifuajymonf/
,refESpf rdk;a&csdefavsmhenf;cJhrIaMumihf jrif;NcHESihf rdx¬Dvmc½dkifwGif;&Sd uefESihfqnfi,ftcsKdU a&0ifenf;
ojzihf rdk;&moDra&mufrD apmpD;pGmcef;ajcmufcJhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;uqdkonf/
]]cgwdik ;f qdk {jyD? ar avmufrcS ef;wm 'DEpS u
f sawmh rwfvuwnf;ucef;aeNyD}} [k a'ocHwpfO;D uqdo
k nf/
anmifOD;NrKdUe,f&Sd aus;&Gm 218 &Gm&SdNyD; a&wGif;wl;azmf&ef 28 &Gmusef&Sdaeao;aMumif; anmifOD;NrKdUe,frS
wdkif;a'oMuD;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;oef;aX;uqdkonf/
]]OD;av;wdkY&Gma&wl;&if aywpfaxmifeD;yg;wl;rS a&&w,f}} [k ausmufyef;awmif;NrKdUe,f ESpfusyfcGJ
aus;&GmwGifaexdkifol OD;nKduqdkonf/
jrpfa&wifpDrHudef;jzihf yk*Ha'oteD;w0dkufwGif a&ay;a0rI&Sdaeaomfvnf; a0;vHonhfa'orsm;odkY
a&ay;a0&mwGif tcsdefokH;em&DMumojzihf vQyfppfrD;ysufrIaMumihf a&ay;a0EdkifrItcuftcJ&SdaMumif; anmifOD;
NrKdUe,frS wdkif;a'oMuD;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;oef;aX;uqdkonf/
]]rdkifajcmufq,favmufa0;wJh &GmawGudk 'DaeYreuf 6 em&Dwif&if aemufaeYreuf 6 em&DrS
tJ'D&Gma&&w,f/ rD;r&&if a&ubufjyefqif;oGm;w,f}} [k ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
a&jywfonhaf 'orsm;odYk a&ay;a0a&;twGuf a&onf,mOfrsm;vdt
k yfvsu&f jdS yD; pufa&wGi;f rsm;tjrefq;Hk
wl;azmfEdkifa&;twGuf trsm;jynfoluulnDEdkifaMumif;vnf; vTwfawmfOuú| OD;0if;armifuajymqdkonf/ 

wGif tqdkygOya'Murf;udk twnfjyK
jyXmef;rnfjzpfaMumif;? rEÅav;NrKUd awmf
pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDtwGuf
cefYtyfrnhf aumfrwD0ifrsm;udk Oya'
t& pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDrS
wpfO;D ? aus;vufzUHG NzK;d a&;XmerSwpfO;D ?
taxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;XmerSwpfO;D
yg0ifrnfjzpfjyD; jynfoYlu,
kd pf m;vS,f
wpfO;D ? NrKUd rdNrKUd zwpfO;D ? ynm&Sit
f zGUJ rS

wpfO;D udk a&G;cs,cf efYxm;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
pnfyifom,ma&;0efBu;D udk NrKUd awmf0ef
tjzpf cefYtyfrnfjzpfaMumif; Oya'Murf;
qdkif&m aumfrwDxHrSod&onf/
]]ckepfa,mufrmS av;a,mufukd
tjyifua&G;rSmqdak wmh aumif;ygw,f/
tukev
f ;Hk a&G;&if ydak umif;wmaygh}}[k
qDpufvkyfief;&SifOD;atmifaqG[def;

uqdkonf/

tdEd´,rS yJykyfzwfrsm; 0ifa&mufvmrI
aMumifU ESrf;zwfaps;jyefus
rEÅav;? rwf 14

tdE,
d´ Edik if b
H ufrS yJyyk zf wfrsm;
0ifa&mufvmrIaMumihf yJzwfaps;EIef;
xuf jrihv
f su&f adS om ESr;f zwfaps;EIe;f
onf ,ckrwfvü tenf;i,fjyefus
vsuf&SdaMumif; rEÅav;NrKdU pm;okH;qD
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
tdE´d,EdkifiHrS yJykyfzwfrsm;rSm
wpfydómvQif 910 usyfEIef;jzihf
0ifa&mufvmrIaMumihf 0,fvdktm;
rsm;vmaMumif;? xdkYjyif ,ck&moDrSm
MuufiSufwkyfauG; jzpfwwfaom
&moDjzpfojzihf yJzwf ESrf;zwf0,fvdk
tm;usum ,if;tpm; yJESrf;zwf?
rkefYn§if;zwfrsm; 0,fvdktm;jrihfvm
aMumif; rEÅav;NrKdUpm;ok;H qDaps;uGuf
twGif;rS od&onf/

,ckESpf ESpfpydkif;cefYu tjrihf
qk H ; aps;EI e f ; jzpf c J h a om ES r f ; zwf
wpfydómaps;rSm 1150 usyfcefY&SdNyD;
yJzwfwpfyo
d maps;rSm 1080 usyfcefY
&SdaMumif;? ESrf;zwfwpfydómaps;rSm
1000 usyfcefY&SdjyD; yJzwfwpfydóm
aps;rSm 850 usycf efY&adS Mumif;? rwfv
14 &ufaeYaygufaps;tm; rEÅav;NrKdU
"l0HqDpufrS od&onf/
ESr;f nKw
d pfyó
d maps;rSm rwfv
14 &ufaeY aygufaps;t& wpfydom
vQif 2200 usyfcefY&SdaMumif;? yJ
wpfydómvQif 1500 usyfrS 1750
usyf t xd & S d a Mumif ; rEÅ a v;NrKd U
tm&Som;qDpufrSod&onf/

rºav;wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif; 93
&mcdkifEIef;ausmf wuúodkvf0ifwef;ajzqdk
rEÅav;? rwf 14

rEÅav;wdkif;a'oMuD;twGif;
wuúodkvf0ifwef; ajzqdkcGihf&ol &Spf
aomif;ausmf&Sd&m ausmif;olausmif;
om;aygif; ckESpfaomif;cGJausmf (93
&mcdkifEIef;ausmf) ajzqdkrI&SdaMumif;
pmar;yGJajzqdkonhf 'kwd,aeYpm&if;
rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oMuD;twGif;
wuúodkvf0ifwef;ajzqdk&ef avQmuf
xm;ol ausmif;olausmif;om;aygif;
80ç573 OD;&SdNyD; pmar;yGJrajzol
ig;axmifausm&f adS Mumif; rEÅav;wdik ;f
a'oBuD; vlrIa&;&m0efBuD;u ajym

Mum;onf/
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oMuD;twGif;
aq;½kHwGifajzqdkol ajcmufOD;cefY&SdNyD;
rEÅav;jynfolYaq;½kHMuD;? anmifOD;?
ompnf? rvIdifaq;½kHwdkYwGif ajzqdkrI
&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
]]rEÅav;wdkif;u 'DESpfjrefrmpm
ar;cGef; uav;awGajzEdkifMuw,f/
vG,w
f ,fvYkdajymvdYk&wJh taetxm;
&Sw
d ,f}} [k wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;jrefrmpm
oifMum;jyool txufwef;jyq&mr
wpfOD;uqdkonf/

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

Vol.9 / No.11

umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfZmwdajr bk&m;xD;awmfwif
xm;0,f? rwf 13

awmftoD;oD;wGif udk,fpm;vS,f 25 &mckdifEIef;&,lxm;qJjzpfaom wyfrawmf\ umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvdIifonf ¤if;\Zmwdxm;0,fNrdKU&Sd a&Tawmifpm;
apwDwGif xD;awmfwifvSLcJhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
jref r mtpk d ; &vuf x uf w G i f jynforl sm;\ pkaygif;yg0ifvLS 'gef;rIjzifh
oufwrf;101 ESpf&Sd xD;awmf
a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmfjrwf rGefjynfe,f oxkHtajcpkduf wyfr
wifvSLylaZmfcJhjcif;r&Sdaom bk&m; xD;awmfopfwifrnfjzpfaMumif; wifvLS rSm &moDOwk'PfaMumifh ysufpD; BuD;ukd vkH;awmfjynfh a&TouFef;awmf (44) wyfrrSL;? &Sr;f jynfe,f Bwd*w
H kdif;
xD;awmfudk rwf 13 &ufaeY eHeufyidk ;f yGJzdwfMum;vTmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ ,kd,Gif;aeNyD; a&Tawmifpm;apwD ESpf qufuyfekdif&ef cefYrSef;ukefusaiG ppfXmecsKyw
f idk ;f rSL;? ppfO;D pD;wuúov
dk f
wGif wifvSLcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; xD;awmf
,if;aMumifh 'kw,
d Adv
k cf sKyrf LS ;Bu;D 250 jynf h txd r f ; trS w f y G J t rD usyf 696 ode;f ausm&f rdS nfjzpfaMumif; ausmif;tkyfBuD; wm0efrsm;udkxrf;
opfwifvSLylaZmfyJGESifh apwDawmfBuD; rif;atmifviId o
f nf Edik if EH iS w
hf yfrawmf xD;awmfwifjcif;jzpfonf/
bk&mBuD; a*gyutzJGY\ tpnf; aqmifcJhonf/
vk;H awmfjynfh a&Tpifa&Tom;a&TouFe;f tBuD;tuJrsm;u xif&Sm;onfhapwD
aumZm ouú&mZf 1116 ckESpf ta0;rSww
f rf;wpf&yft& od&onf/
csD w uf a eonf h 'D r k d u a&pD
uyfvSLcJhonf/
rsm;wGif xD;awmfwifvSLavh&Sdonfh wGif wnfaxmifcJhaom xm;0,fNrdKU
apwDxD;awmfwifrnfh 'kwd, vrf;aMumif;wGif tpk;d &\ tkycf sKyaf &;
'k w d , Ad k v f c sKyf r S L ;BuD ; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tpkd;&opfwufvm wnfNyD; &SpfESpftMumwGif wnfxm; AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; rif;atmifvIdifukd vkyfief;rsm;ukd wyfrawmfu rSefrSef
rif;atmifvdIifESifh ZeD;a':MuLMuLvS NyD;aemuf yxrqkH;xD;awmfwifvSL uk;d uG,cf o
hJ nfh a&Tawmifpm;apwDawmf xm;0,fwkdif;&if;om; rdbESpfOD;u uef u ef &yf w nf a qmif & G u f a y;
wkYd ukd trIxm;í weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'o onfh wyfrawmftBuD;tuJjzpfvm ESifh bk&m;BuD;0if;ukd NyD;cJhonfh 2 ESpf 1956 ck E S p f w G i f xm;0,f N rd K U oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyf
BuD; tpkd;&tzGJUESifh apwem&Sif rdb cJhonf/
0ef;usifu pwifjyifqifcJhonf/
ajrmuf&Gm&yfwGif arG;zGm;onf/
rSL;BuD;u 2012 ckESpf wyfrawmfaeY
zcifjzpfol OD;cifviId rf mS &efuek f tcrf;tem;wGif ajymqkdcJhonf/
yef;csyD ef;ykausmif; tBuD;tuJa[mif;
xD;awmfwifrnfh a&Tawmifpm;
wpfOD;jzpfNyD; 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; apwDawmfjrwfBu;D onf oHawmif 100
rif;atmifvidI u
f dk arG;zGm;NyD;aemufyidk ;f ÓPfawmftjrifh&SdNyD; 1126 ckESpfwGif
wGif &efuek Nf rKdUokYad jymif;a&TUaexkid cf o
hJ nf/ yxrtBudrf? 136 ESpf tMum 1262
'k w d , Ak d v f c sKyf r S L ;BuD ; ckEpS w
f iG f 'kw,
d tBudr?f 11 ESpt
f Mum
rif;atmifvidI o
f nf or®w OD;odef;pdef 1273 ckESpf wwd,tBudrf toD;oD;
vufxufwGif AdkvfcsKyfBuD;&mxl; xD;awmfwifvLS um ,ckpwkwt
¬ Budrf
xm;0,f? rwfv 13
qdkonf/
2015 ckESpfwGif yxrtqifh pDrHudef; jzihf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf xD;awmfwifvSLcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
xdik ;f Edik if t
H ajcpdu
k f tDwmvs-H
wm0ef u k d pwif x rf ; aqmif c J h N yD ;
aumZmouú&mZf 1124 ckESpf
]]uReaf wmfwYkdu aygif;pyfnEd§ iId ;f NyD;pD;&ef vsmxm;onf/
xdkif; ukrÜPDu taumiftxnfazmf
pDru
H ed ;f yxrtqifw
h iG f a&euf 2012 ckESpfwGif AdkvfcsKyfBuD;rS 'kwd, waygif ; vqef ; 5 &uf a eYwG i f
vsuf&Sdaom xm;0,fpDrHudef;wGif ay;wmyJvkyfygw,f/ DDA u pmydkY
a'ocH r sm;tay: vl Y t cG i f h t a&; xm;wmawGu tkyfcsLyfa&;ydkif;eJY qdyfurf;? xm;0,frS xdkif;odkYazmuf AkdvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;tjzpf wkd;jr§ifhwm0ef a&Tawmifpm; apwDawmfjrwfBuD;ukd
wnfxm;ukd;uG,fcJhonf[k orkdif;
h rf;? a&t&if;tjrpftwGuf ay;cH&onf/
csKd;azmufrIrsm; BuKHawGUae&onf[k qdkifoGm;NyD}} [k OD;,kvGifuqdkonf/ vkyrf nfv
¤if;onf ppfwuúokdvf Akdvf rSwfwrf;rsm;t&od&onf/
xm;0,fprD u
H ed ;f taumiftxnf a&umwmponfwdkY yg0ifonf/
qkdum wkdifMum;xm;csufukd xkdif;
Dawei Watch
avmif;trSwfpOf (19) qif;jzpfNyD;
Dawei Watch
azmfa&;wGif oufqdkif&m aumfrwD
trsKd;om;vlYtcGit
fh a&; aumfr&Siu
f
ESpfzufawGUqkHum ppfaq;rnfjzpf rsm;zJGUNyD; ajymif;a&TU&ef n§dEdIif;jcif;?
aMumif; xm;0,fa'ozHGUNzdK;a&;tzJGU jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&; ae&m&Sd tdrf
(DDA)rS OD;&Jvif;jrifu
h ajymMum;onf/ rsm;\ t&nftaoG;udk ppfaq;jcif;
pDru
H ed ;f taumiftxnfazmf&m ponfhvkyfief;udk aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd
wGif a'ocHXmaewdik ;f &if;om;rsm;ukd aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
BudKwifowif;tcsuftvuf a0rQ
vuf&SdwGif NyD;cJhonfh 2010
today;rIr&Sdjcif;? oifhwifhavsmuf jynfEh pS u
f wnf;u a&wGux
f m;onfh
ywfaom ajymqkdaqG;aEG;cGifhrsm; tyif t a&twG u f pm&if ; rsm;ud k
r&&Sdjcif;? oabmqE´rygbJ ajymif; jyefvnfppd pfa&wGujf cif;? rl;'l;aus;&Gm
a&TUae&mcsxm;rnfh tpDtpOfrsm;ESifh uJhodkYaom ueOD;ajymif;a&TU&ef vsm
pH E I e f ; rJ h a vsmf a Mu; jyóemrsm; xm;cH & onf h & G m rsm;wG i f xyf w d k ;
taMumif;udk xdkif;vlYtcGifhta&; tdrfaxmifpkrsm;udk jyefvnfpm&if;
h nf/ jyKpkjcif;wdkY aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/
aumfr&Sio
f Ykd DDA u wkid Mf um;cJo
]]wkdifMum;wmeJY ywfoufNyD;
xm;0,fprD u
H ed ;f onf b@ma&;
aumfr&Sifu ESpfzufukd xkdif;rSm tcuftcJ? pDrHudef;taumiftxnf
awGYr,f/ aemufNyD; xm;0,frSmvm azmfonfhae&m&Sd ajrjyifvkyfief;cGif
pkHprf;r,fvdkY aumfr&Sifu uwdjyKcJh rsm;wGif EdkifiHwum EIef;pHrsm;ESifh
w,f}} [k OD;&Jvif;jrifhuqkdonf/
rudu
k n
f jD cif;wdYak Mumifh pDru
H ed ;f MuefYMum
xdkYtjyif xm;0,fa'owGif jcif;ESihf a'ocHvx
l \
k ,HMk unfraI vsmh
tDwmvs-H xkid ;f ukrP
Ü u
D o
hJ Ykdyif tjcm; usvmjcif;wdkY&ifqdkif &vsuf&Sdonf/
pDrHudef;rsm;wGifvnf; xkdif;EdkifiHom;
uk r Ü P D t aeES i f h ajymif ; a&T U
ydkif ukrÜPDrsm; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;onfh &rnfo
h rl sm;ukd ay;tyfrnfhavsmfaMu;
twGuf vTwfawmfrSwpfqifh tpdk;&? ESifh ywfoufí &Sif;jyajymqkdjcif;
tpdk;&rSwpfqifh ukrÜPDrsm;udk zdtm; r&Sdojzifh tpkd;&tmPmykdifrsm;ESifh
ay;Edik &f ef xdo
k Ydw
k idk Mf um;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ajr,myGJpm;rsm;u a'ocHrsm;tay:
DDA rS OD;bkdbkdatmifuqdkonf/
tjrwf x k w f ? vmbf p m;jcif ; rsm;
"mwfyHk-&mausmf
]]xdkif;vlUtcGifha&; aumfr&Sif jzpfay:EdkifaMumif; DDA \ pmwGif
taeeJY xkdif;vTwfawmfudk zdtm;ay; azmfjyxm;onf/
weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'oBu;D xm;0,fNrKd U\usuo
f a&aqmifjzpfonfh a&Tawmifpm;
xm;0,fpDrHudef;udk taumif
Ekid af tmifvYkdyg}}[k¤if;uajymqko
d nf/
apwD
a
wmf
Ak
'
g
¨
bd
a
ou
taeuZmwif
t
crf
;
tem;ES
ihf a&Tx;D awmfwiftcrf;tem;
,if;odYk pmydYo
k nfEiS yhf wfoufNyD; txnfazmf&eftwGuf tDwmvsHud
k
rwf
v
13
&uf
a
eY
eH
e
uf
w
G
i
f
jyKvk
y
f
c
J
h
o
nf
/
rdrdtaeESifh rnfonfhrSwfcsufrS ay; xk d i f ; uk r Ü P D E S i f h jref r mh q d y f u rf ;
tqdyk gtcrf;tem;odYk wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf 'kw,
d Adv
k cf sLyfrLS ;MuD;
f Ykd 2008 ckEpS u
f wnf;u
p&mr&S[
d k xm;0,fprD u
H ed ;f taxmuf tmPmydik w
rif;atmifvdIifESifhZeD;? umuG,fa&;OD;pD;XmerSt&m&Sdrsm;? wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&
tuljyKtzJGUOuú|OD;,kvGifu ajym em;vnfrIpmcRefvTm a&;xdk;cJhNyD;
tzJGU0ifrsm;tygt0if y&dowfrsm;pnf;um;pGm vma&mufMunfndKMuaMumif;
od&Sd&onf/
tqdkyg xD;awmfwiftcrf;tem;wGif tvSLcH&&SdaiG usyfodef;aygif; ig;axmifh&Spf&mausmf&&SdNyD; ,cktBudrf
onf ESpfaygif; 250 twGif; pwkwåKtBudrfajrmuf xD;awmfwifvSLjcif;jzpfonf/

xm;0,fpDrHudef; vlhtcGifUta&;csKd;azmufrI
xkdif;aumfr&Sifppfaq;rnf

a&Tawmifpm;apwD pwkw¦tBudrf xD;awmfwif

42
ii
The

VOICE

rlyD
onfrGef
vHk;eJY odyfpdrf;wJh t&m
awmh r[kwfygbl;/
tcktcsdefrSm vlawGtawmf
rsm;rsm; ajymvmwmu rl0g'udpö?
Oya'a&;&m udpaö wGyg/ rlwdkY? Oya'
awGqdkvdkY BuD;BuD;us,fus,f rxif
vdkufygeJY/ bmOya'awG xGufvm
w,f/ b,fvdkrl0g'awG csrSwfw,f
qdkwmudk vlawGpdwf0ifpm;vmwm?
ajymqdkaqG;aEG;vmwm? &ifckefvm
Muwm jzpfygw,f/
ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm rl0g'awG?
Oya'awGtay:rSm arQmv
f ifch surf chJ w
hJ hJ
vlxk\ yxqHk;&ifckefjcif; umv
qdkvnf;rrSm;ygbl;/
'gayrJh tJ'Dvdk &ifckefcGifh&ol
awGu vlwdkif;r[kwf/ atmufajc
vlxktMum;rSmawmh &ifckefcGifhxuf
&ifwkef&wJhtjzpfu weifhwydk;/
]]tay:uawmh ajymaewmyJ}}
qdkwJhpum;u atmufajcu vlxk
Mum;rSm rMum;csifrStqHk;/

rlyDzdkh
rl0g'awG tyDtjyifjzpfzdkYqdkwJh
ud p ö r S m a'ocH a wG b uf u vnf ;
tm;xkwfzdkYvdktyfovdk oufqdkif&m
Xmqdkif&mrsm; bufuvnf; ½dk;½dk;

Monday, March 18 - 24, 2013

om;om;&Szd Ydk ? tjrwfrxkwzf Ykd ? yDjyifrI
&Sdatmif toufoGif;zdkYvdkygw,f/
uarÇm'D;,m;Ekid if rH mS NyD;cJw
h EhJ pS f
Zlvidk v
f wke;f u or®wOD;ode;f pdeu
f
EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIeJYyufowfNyD;
jrefrmh&if;ES;D jr§KyEf rHS aI umfr&Siu
f csrw
S f
xm;wJh rl0g'av;csuu
f akd jymcJyh gw,f/
tJ'Drlav;csufu (1) jrefrm
EkdifiHol EkdifiHom;wkdY\ tusKd;pD;yGm;
ukd umuG,f&ef? (2) EdkifiHawmf\
*k P f o d u © m uk d umuG , f & ef ? (3)
EkdifiHawmf\ tcsKyftjcmtmPmukd
umuG,&f efeYJ(4) obm0ywf0ef;usif
ukd rxdcu
dk af om &if;ES;D jr§KyfErHS u
I o
dk m
cGifhjyK&ef qdkNyD;awmhjzpfygw,f/
'Drlav;csufteuf EdkifiHom;
rsm;&JU tusK;d pD;yGm;? Edik if &H UJ *kPo
f u
d m©
eJYywfoufNyD; atmufajcrSm awGUBuHK
&wmawGukd t"duaqG;aEG;vdyk gw,f/
tckaemufyidk ;f xm;0,fa'ocH
vlxkawGu or®w&JUrlav;csufudk
&GmawGrSm pdkufxlwm ydkydkrsm;vmyg
w,f/ bmaMumifv
h J . . . / or®wajym
cJhwJh rlav;csufeJY rudkufnDwJh zDvm
qefYusifaewJhjzpf&yfawG xm;0,f
a'orSm ydkydkjzpfvmwmaMumifhvdkY
aumufcsufqJGvdkY &ygw,f/
'Dawmh ]bmaMumifhrsm; 'DrlawG
eJYrudkufwJh udpöawGjzpfae&ygovJ}
vdkY ar;cGef;xkwfp&m&Sdvmygw,f/
awG;rdoavmufu 'DrlawGtwdkif;
jzpfzdkYqdk&if yxrqHk;taeeJY or®w
ajymwJh rlav;csufudk oufqdkif&m

Xmeqdkif&mu wm0ef&SdolawG odzdkY
vdkygw,f/
aemufNyD; topfxGufvmwJh
Oya'awG? enf;Oya'awGeJU csdefxdk;
NyD; 'Dral wGukd b,fvt
kd aumiftxnf
azmfrvJ? vlxt
k wGuf b,fvt
kd usK;d
&Sdatmif aqmif&Gufay;&rvJqdkwm
odzdkYvdkygw,f/
vuf&rdS mS awmh t&ifvyk v
f ufp
EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIa&m? EdkifiHom;
&JU &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIa&mu a'ocHvlxk
&JU tusKd;pD;yGm;udk umuG,fwmrsKd;
rjrif&ao;ygbl;/
a'ocHawGu olwdkY&JU tcGifh
ta&;twGuf olwYkd ÓPfro
D avmuf
awmif;qdkMu? BudK;pm;Mu? azmfxkwf
MuwJt
h cg wm0ef&o
dS t
l awmfrsm;rsm;
u &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolbufuyJ&yfwnf
NyD; ajymqdkwmrsKd;udk awGU&ygw,f/
Ed k i f i H a wmf & J U *k P f o d u © m ud k
umuG,fzdkYqdkwmuvnf; EdkifiHom;
rsm;&JU *kPo
f u
d m© udu
k muG,rf jS zpfygr,f/
tcku jynfwiG ;f u ausmufr;D aoG;
wl;wJhae&mudk oGm;a&mufavhvmol
EdkifiHom;awGudk EdkifiHjcm;om;jzpfol
ukrÜPDydkif&Sifu EdkifiHul;vufrSwfjy?
rSwfyHkwifjyqdkNyD; ajymif;jyefjzpf&wJh
tjzpfawGvnf; &Sdygw,f/
cGifhjyKcsufr&Sd&if r0if&qdkNyD;
pnf;urf;&Sdw,fqdk&ifvnf; 'DEdkifiHeJY
Edik if o
H m;awG&UJ *kPo
f u
d m© udak v;pm;
w,fqdk&if ,Ofaus;pGm ajymqdk&rSm
jzpfygw,f/

a&eufqdyfurf;ESifU pufrIZkefowif;aMumifU NrdwfwGif
tdrf? NcH? ajraps;ckefwuf
Nrdwf? rwf 10

weomF&Dwdkif;a'oBuD; NrdwfNrdKUe,f jyif;i,f&GmwGif pufrIZkefwnfaqmufrnfh owif;aMumifh ,if;
a'otygt0if teD;0ef;usif&Sd &yfuGufaus;&Gmrsm;ü tdrf? NcH? ajraps;EIef;rsm; tqrwefjrifhwufoGm;aMumif;
tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmif todkif;t0dkif;xHrS od&onf/
a&eufqdyfurf;ESifh pufrIZkefowif;aMumifh NrdwfNrdKUay:rS olaX;rsm;? tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;qmifrsm;rS
tdrf,majrrsm;udk vdkufvH0,f,laeMuaMumif; jyif;i,f&GmrS OD;aemifeDu ajymqdkonf/
]]t&ifu ESpfodef;cJGavmufwefwJh ajrwpfuGufudk tck 25 odef;avmuf aps;aygufaew,f}} [k
OD;aemifeDuqdkonf/
jyif;i,fESihf qufpyfvsuf&dSonfh awmxGifBuD;aus;&Gm? a&Tjynfwef&yfuGuf? ukef;azmuf&yfuGuf?
tif;av;NrdKif&yfuGuf? &mjynfh&yfuGufwdkUwGifvnf; tdrfajraps;rsm;jrihfwufvsuf&dSaMumif; tdrf? NcH? ajr
tusKd;aqmifrsm;uqdkonf/
vuf&SdtajctaewGif aps;wufjcif;omjzpfNyD; 0,fvufrsm;u aiGtNyD;racsbJ pmcsKyfcsKyfNyD; tydkifcsKyf
ouJo
h Ykd vkycf sio
f nfursm;aomaMumifh a'ocHtrsm;pkura&mif;Mu[k jyif;i,fa'orS a'ocHwpfO;D u&Si;f jyonf/
xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&; pufrIZkefwnfaqmufrnf[k owif;rsm;xGufay:pOfuvnf; pufrIZkef{&d,m
tjyifbuf&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajraps;EIef;rsm; xdk;wufoGm;zl;aMumif; xm;0,fNrdKUcH tdrf? NcH? ajr tusKd;aqmif
OD;pdk;odef;uqdkonf/
]]tJ'Dwkef;u ig;odef;avmufaygufwJh oD[dkVfNcHwpf{uudk odef;av;q,f? ig;q,ftxdaygufwmrsKd;
jzpfzl;w,f}} [k OD;pdk;odef;uqdkonf/
tdrf,m O,smOfNcHajraps;EIef;rsm;onf pufrIZkefpDrHudef;rsm;? um;vrf;rpDrHudef;rsm;ponfh pDrHudef;
rsm;ESifh qufET,fNyD; aps;EIef;twuftusjzpfavh&SdaMumif;? ,if;pDrHudef;rsm; taumiftxnfazmfrItay:
rlwnfNyD;vnf; aps;EIef;rsm;ajymif;avh&SdaMumif; OD;pdk;odef;u ajymonf/
]]Nrdwfudk awmfawmfrsm;rsm; ajr0,fzdkY oGm;aeMuw,fvdkYMum;w,f/ xm;0,frSm cH&NyD;NyDqdkawmh Nrdwf
a'ocHawG t&rf;repfemavmufbl;xifwmyJ}}[k ¤if;urSwfcsufjyKonf/
pDrHudef;rsm;wnfaqmufrnf[k owif;xGufay:onfh ueOD;umvwGif ajr,maps;upm;rIrsm;udk
tawGUtBuHKr&SdonfhtwGuf aps;tedrfhjzifh a&mif;rdonfrsm;&SdouJhodkY pDrHudef;{&d,mtwGif;usonf[k
owif;xGuo
f nfNh cHrsm;udk tpd;k &uavsmfaMu;ray;bJ odr;f rnf[x
k ifum &onfah ps;ESihf a&mif;ypfcMhJ uaMumif;
OD;pdk;odef;uqdkonf/
NrdwfNrdKUe,f NrdKUopfwGif ig;? ykpGeftat;cef;puf½kHrsm;ESifh a,mBuD;0acsmif;wpfbufurf;ü Nrdwfa&euf
qdyfurf;ESifh pufrIZkefpDrHudef;udk rav;&Sm;EdkifiH SHEI PHIA Holding SDN BHD ESifh The New Light Shiping
Line jrefrmEdkifiHtrsm;ydkifukrÜPDwdkYyl;aygif;í taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&GufrnfjzpfaMumif; azazmf0g&D 10
&ufaeYxkwf aMu;rkHowif;pmwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
pDrHudef;udk 2013-2014 ESpftwGif; taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&GufrnfjzpfNyD; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIyrmPrSm
Dawei Watch
tar&duefa':vmoef;aygif; 4440 jzpfaMumif;od&onf/

b,folYcGifhjyKcsufrSef;rodbJ
ausmufvnf; ,lcsio
f vd,
k ?l ajrvnf;
,lcsifovdk,l? oJvnf; pkyfcsifovdk
pkyfvkyfaecGifhay;xm;wmuvnf;
'DEdkifiHudk &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawG t&m
roGif;wmjzpfygw,f/
wpfenf;qd&k if 'Dvkd vkycf iG ahf y;
xm;wmawGu Edik if aH wmfeUJ Edik if o
H m;
rsm;&JU *kPo
f u
d m© udu
k sqif;apygw,f/
ydkNyD; *kPfodu©mxdcdkufwmu
'DEdkifiHudk pDrHcefYcJGcGifh&xm;wJh ouf
qdkif&m tpdk;&Xmersm;yg/
t&yf o m;pum;eJ U ajym&&if
'DEikd if rH mS arSmufcsifovdak rSmuf? vSef
csifovdk vSefvdkU&w,fqdkwmrsKd;u
t&ift&Sed af Mumifah &m? tcktcsed t
f xd
oufqdkif&mXmersm;u xdef;xdef;
odrf;odrf; r&SdwmaMumifha&m &if;ESD;
jr§KyfEo
HS al wG&UJ pdwx
f rJ mS pJaG eygw,f/
'gu EdkifiHtwGuftEÅ&m,fyg/

rQnDzdkh
Edik if o
H m;rsm;&JU tusKd;pD;yGm;udk
umuG,fzkdY? EdkifiHawmf&JU *kPfodu©m
udk umuG,fzdkYqdk&mrSm oufqdkif&m
Xmeqdkif&mrsm;u EdkifiHom;tm;vHk;
udk omwlnrD Q qufqzH Ykd ? omwlnrD Q
tcGit
hf a&;ay;zdYk ? vmbfay;vmbf,l
r&SdzdkYvdkygw,f/
'gawGudk rapmifhpnf;&ifawmh
EdkifiHom;awG&JU tusKd;pD;yGm; ysuf&m
ysuaf Mumif;awGjzpfvmovdk Edik if aH wmf
eJU Edik if o
H m;rsm;&JU *kPo
f u
d m© udv
k nf;
xdckdufvmrSmjzpfygw,f/
wef;wl&nfwl tcGifhta&;r&
rIeUJ ywfoufNyD; atmufajcvlxak wG
trsm;pkBuHK&wmu rdrdpdkufxm;wJh
pdu
k cf if;ajrae&mawGu NrKd Uay:uolaX;

awG? Xmeqdkif&mrsm;eJY yvJeHyoifh
olrsm;u ydkifqdkifvmwmrsKd;yg/
a'ocHvx
l t
k rsm;pku v,f,m
ajrvkyfydkifcGifh avQmufxm;zdkYudk arh
avsmhaewwfMuygw,f/ 'gayrJh
topfxu
G v
f mwJh v,f,majrOya'
t& vkyfydkifcGifhavQmufxm;olrsm;
uvnf; NrdKUay:u trSefwu,f
pdkufysKd;olr[kwfwJholawGudk ausmf
EkdifzdkY tawmfhudkcufcJygw,f/
xm;0,f r S m awmh tJ ' D v d k
tajctaeawG a Mumif h ud k , f h & J U
pdkufvufp pdkufcif;awGudk rD;½dIUcH&
wJholawG &Sdygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk pdkufcif;
rD;½dIUcH&wJh olwpfOD;&JUtqdkt& olY
ajrudk pdkufysKd;cGifhwifxm;wm ESpfcsD
aeNyDjzpfayr,fh tyifvnf; pdu
k rf xm;?
aemufusrSvnf; avQmufxm;wJh
Nrd K Uay:u ol a X;wpf a ,muf u
vkyfydkifcGifh&oGm;wmrsKd;yg/
tJ'Dvdkjzpf&yfrsKd;&JUaemufuG,f
rSm t&yftac: ]a&avmif;w,f} vdkY
ac:wJ h vmbf p m;rI r sm; jzpf E d k i f
ovm;/ ydkay;wJholudk pdkufysKd;cGifh
csxm;ay;wmvm;/ vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;eJU
ydknDvdkYvm; pojzifh ar;cGef;rsm;pGm
ar;aerdygw,f/
'gu tawmfhudk ½dk;&Sif;ygao;
w,f/
r[mpDrHudef;rsm;&JU ½IyfaxG;
vSwJh vkyfief;pOfawGudk taumif
txnf azmfwt
hJ cgrSm tqifw
h ikd ;f rSm
aphpyfaocsmzdkYvdkygw,f/ aphpyf
aocsmrI? wm0ef,lrI? wm0efcHrI
r&Sd&if? yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&Sd&if rlu
rlom jzpfaerSmjzpfygw,f/
ryDwhJ rlrsm;omjzpfaeygvdrrhf ,f/
onfrGef

vufcwfjrif;rdk&fawmif tpdrf;a&mif
e,fajrtjzpf owfrSwf&efpDpOf
xm;0,f? rwf 6

a&S;bk&ifrsm; wnfxm;uk;d uG,f
aom orkdif;0ifapwDawmfrsm; wnf&d S
onfh xm;0,fc½kid f avmif;vk;H NrdKUe,f&dS
vufcwfjrif;rk&d af wmifudk tpdr;f a&mif
e,fajrtjzpfowfrSwfEkdif&ef pDpOf
vsu&f adS Mumif; vufcwfjrif;rk&d af wmif
bufpkH omoemjyefYyGm;a&; a*gyu
tzJGYrS Ouú|OD;ausmfaxG;u ajym
Mum;onf/
bufpkHomoemjyefYyGm;a&;ESifh
ab;rJhawmtjzpf xdef;odrf;Ekdifa&;
twGuf &nf&G,fum ,ckuJhodkY pDpOf
jcif;jzpfNyD; obm0ywf0ef;usifukd
xdef;odrf;vmEdkifum ab;rJhawm
wd&pämefrsm;vnf; ckdatmif;vmEdkif
rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;ausmfaxG;uajym
qkdonf/
]]tcku iSufawG? arsmufawG
r&Sad wmhb;l / olwYdkjyef0ifEidk v
f matmif
vkyfwmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
vwfcwfjrif;rdk&fawmifonf
xm;0,fNrdKUrS 18 rdkifausmftuGmwGif
wnf&Sdonf/
a&S;a[mif; ,Ofaus;rIorkid ;f 0if
tarGtESprf sm; xde;f odr;f &ef? obm0
awmawmifESifh ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJGrsm;
xdef;odrf;jcif;jzifh &moDOwkrQw
rSefuefvmap&ef? a&t&if;tjrpf
a&xGufrsm; xdef;odrf;Ekdif&efESifh

obm0ab;tEÅ&m,frsm;rS umuG,f
Ekid af p&ef vufcwfawmifobm0 xd
ef ; od r f ; e,f a jrzJ G U pnf ; &jcif ; jzpf
onf[k od&onf/
]]tJ'DrSm &Sm;yg;opfcGawGeJU
trnfrazmfjywwfwJh yef;awGtrsm;
BuD;awGUw,f}} [k xm;0,fordkif;
avhvmol OD;aZmfol&uqdkonf/
vufcwfjrif;rkd&fawmifonf
avmif;vkH;NrdKU\ taemufawmif
bufwGif wnf&SdNyD; awmif\{&d,m
udk GPS jzifh wkdif;wmcsuft& 914
{u&Sdonf/
]]awmifywf0ef;usirf mS opfyif
ckwfwmawmif,m vkyfukdifwmawG
&S d a evk d Y tjref v k y f c sif a ew,f /
omoemhe,fajreJY tpdrf;a&mife,f
S Ef idk f
ajr (Green Zone) tjzpf owfrw
zdkYudk jynfaxmifpktqifhukd wifjy
oGm;r,f}}[k OD;ausmfaxG;uqko
d nf/
at'D 1763 ckESpfwGif
taemf&xmESihf wyfawmfBuD; xm;0,f
a'ookdY ppfcsDwuf&if;a&muf&Sdvm
csdefwGif avmif;vkH;NrdKUe,f&Sd tjrifh
ay 1927 &Sad om vufcwfawmifajcü
acwåpcef;cspOf awmifxdyfay:wGif
apwDwpfqw
l nfxm;cJo
h nf[k orkid ;f
taxmuftxm;rsm;t&od&onf/
Dawei Watch

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful