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(Anna A. Bagaturova, Mikhail F. Bagaturov. Leningrad zoo, St. Petersburg, Russia)
Genus Rhacophorus H.Kuhl and J.C. van Hasselt, 1822* *Notes. Some species of Rhacophorus also referred to as Polypedates, Aquixalus and Kurixalus according to different authors (Orlov and Ho, 2 005; Frost, 2004, Ohler et al, 2000 etc). Type Rh. Moschata Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1822 (= Hyla Reinwardtii Schlegel, 1840) The Genus comprised by near 60 species (Orlov and Ananieva, 2007).
Species Rhacophorus (Polypedates) feae (Boulengher, 1893) Types: MSNG, BMNH. Type territory: “Thao, northern Burma (=Myanmar)” Distribution: South China (Yunnan), Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, North Thailand, Viet Nam (North and South – 1 locale). Observation in nature: In fact it is known from Thailand (Fang Distrikt, Chieng Mai Provinz) (ref - Michael Cota), North (Lao Cai and Lai Chau provinces) and South (Kon Tum province) Vietnam (Nikolai Orlov, Roman Nazarov, Nguen Tien Tao, Chris Mattison, Thomas Ziegler, others).
Picture 1. Adult male Rhacophorus feae. Photo (c) M. Bagaturov
largest male. Two large longitudinal ridges alongside lateral fold of the head in adult are characteristic of the species differentiated it from other giant treefrog – Rhacophorus (Polypedates) dennisii found in the same areas in South China and Vietnam. .female. Very large. bamboo and bush branches. big branches and rock surfaces around the pool at a stand of 1.6 cm. 6-13. Group of Rhacophorus feae adult males in terrarium of Leningrad zoo. .Natural history of species in Vietnam (by Orlov and Ananieva.4 –15. cca 13. Specimens kept in Leningrad zoo: . Found mostly in primary forests but may be found also near the villages. cca 15. Bagaturov Description. Some specimens (depending on the local population) may have various large blotches on their back. Most breeding pools are deep and allows adult specimens to hide in which they do readily under any thread. Nests usually constructed not high above the pools (less than half a meter) on rocks. Picture 2. presumably the largest arboreal species of frog of world fauna. Body bit depressed not as rounded as in other closely related species. Photo (c) M. banana trees and large Aroid plants. Breeds in May-June on quiet reaches of mountain streams densely covered with bamboo. Calling males usually occupy plants’ leaves. 2007) Inhabits mountain range on 1200-2000 m above see level.8 cm. Coloration is of different shades of green or dark olive-brown.5-3 m. Records listed for female of Litoria infrafrenata for 14 cm of TL as the largest. sometimes near the water on the ground.
Captivity sources known. after 6 months or so some males may adopt enough well to be handled with care but no females to our experience. With some time. Vietnam and poss. Rhacophorus (Polypedates) feae is very hard species to adapt in captivity. skin diseases etc.) ii) needs of law temperatures of keeping conditions iii) nervous (nearly hysterical especially in adult females) nature To avoid the above listed problems large heavily planted tank with big layer of water and many hides (underwater and arboreal) is needed to adopt frogs. Petersburg (Evgeny Ribaltovsky) .ZooFond. Moscow (Rustam Berdiev) Many farm bred young specimens (Hanoi Amphibian station.Zoocom Ltd. Petersburg (Mikhail Bagaturov and Anna Bagaturova) . 4. skin diseases and not proper husbandry. No day lights or artificial light sources shall be used for them for the adaptation period. St. Picture 3.Leningrad zoo. St. No captive breeding of this species is known. Average size adult male Rhacophorus feae on a palm (on left). Bagaturov . Adaptation of frogs in captivity. Adaptation may take several months or over the year especially in females.. Trades. pair of frogs in process of amplexus. Successful keeping (over 1 year) known only from 3 collections in Russia: . Since now no any groups of Fea's Treefrog outside from Vietnam and Russia are known from any collections. Photo (c) M. other sources) as well as WC subadult to adult frogs traded to private collections and institutions but most of the frogs lost due to bad condition. Known just from several collections in captivity. There are several reasons for that. i) poor condition of the specimens due to a transportation (dehydration. It is also very good to cover 2 or 3 of the terrarium walls with black paper or other material overall to make frogs feel more secure.
T. 6. Bagaturov Among left group of 3 after some time all was identified as males.5 months of acclimatization and quarantine as of described in Adaptation of frogs in captivity chapter a pair was identified and given to Evgeny Ribaltovsky (Zoocom Ltd. T. Several big leafed artificial plants were placed to form arboreal hides for frogs. mice) rejected. Picture 5. They housed in very large vertical tank (150 cm high x 80 cm x 60 cm) filled with 30 cm deep water. like Paramesotriton laoensis.) for husbandry. duboisi. They produce law loud call. During the year 20092010 males found calling many times. Since that time the collection grows to over 50 species of different amphibians of all 3 groups and a number of species are in breeding. Kurixalus odontotarsus. Dendrobates tinctorius. They fed exclusively with imagoes of house crickets (Acheta domestica) as all other food sources (locust. Rhacophorus orlovi. Polypedates dugritei. 2008. . Rhacophorus annamensis. of Insectarium and Amphibians) Here I will describe the success of the Department of Insectarium and Amphibians of Leningrad zoo in keeping and breeding these beautiful giants of the tree frogs. On the beginning of September 2009 a group of 5 adult frogs was donated to the zoo by private person. Foam nest of Rhacophorus feae in terrarium at Leningrad zoo. Rhacophorus feae is the one species which one planned for breeding in the zoo. R. stellatum. Photo (c) M. After the 1. Average temperature in the room was 18-21 C during the warm period and 15-16 C during the cold period of year. Trachycephalus resinifictrix. Developing the breeding technique for the species allows breeding some other larger mountain rhacophorid species like Rhacophorus (Polypedates) dennysii. asperum. several big tree trunks and half of bamboo perches.Keeping and breeding experience in Leningrad zoo (Dep. Theloderma corticale. T. some others. Picture on left showing ruler for measurement. They were brought from Vietnam (Sa Pa population). The Department of Insectarium and Amphibians of Leningrad zoo is relatively new department in zoo of city of Saint-Petersburg (Leningrad zoo) was established in the Year of frog. bicolor.
On December 14 male found to trying the amplexus with other male which produce “release-calls”. The same evening in the terrarium the amplexus pair was found.5 C. III tadpoles found to be developed as well. Developed eggs and larvae of Rhacophorus feae into the foam nest (on left) and emerged larvae showing yell-sac and gills. The following week males found vocalizing. when separated from female and was cured using the complex medication (see Bagaturov. Other part of the nest was taken and placed into the 2d container left in the parents’ room (= Group II) under the lower temperatures. Bagaturov On December. A total of cca 300 larvae emerged from the nest (however it is very hard to count tadpoles in Group 3). Those eggs found were not developed and though not to be fertile.18 cm high x 14 cm width x 10 cm deep (in the deepest place). It was placed on the terrarium wall attached to bamboo above 25-27 cm from water level. Remains of the nest left into the parents’ enclosure for incubation let the tadpoles fall into the water during manual misting of the terrarium (=Group III). During this period the temperature of amphibian room where the males kept as well as female solely in separate terrarium maintain at average 16 C during the day with night drops to 10-12 C. . Nest parameters: . Photo (c) M. 18 part of the nest (lower part. In Groups II. On December. Picture 7. 8. During the quarantine male found to develop keratoleucoma on one of the eyes. a foam nest built during the night was found. 12 2010 females was placed into the terrarium with group of males.In late October 2010 a pair of adult frogs was obtained from another private keeper in Moscow (presumed to be from the same population from Vietnam). Egg mass uniformly distributed in the nest observed of yellow color 0. The container was replaced outside the cold room at constant temperature 23-23. 1/3) was removed into the separate container and placed above the water (floated) (= Group I). 2010). 19 early morning first tadpoles with yell-sacs were found fall into the water actively moving in Group I. In the morning. On evening December. In average 65-70% of eggs deposited in the foam nest thought to be fertile.4 mm diameter (those seen on the surface). December 15.
December 22. 21-22 all tadpoles emerged from nest. Will be continue… . III. Since now as it was expected tadpoles in Group I kept at a higher temperature developing faster than those of Groups II and III left in cool room. Aquarium compressors were used for water aeration since December. Tadpoles of Rhacophorus feae of day 3 feeding on fish food. Bagaturov On December. During the day (December. The following weeks tadpoles of Group I actively feeding and increasing their size rapidly unlike their siblings of Groups II. But in Group I at a higher temperature yell-sacs are already dissolved and gills were developed unlike in both Groups I and II. 19. 19) tadpoles were fall from the nest in all three groups.Raising of larvae. Picture 9. 2010 – tadpoles in Group I already show no gills. Aquarium fish flakes dropped into water for feeding. Photo (c) M. Tadpoles of Groups I and II removed into the larger containers.
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