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SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS AIM / TUJUAN

MAKNA Tujuan ialah sebab menjalankan eksperimen dengan mengaitkan pemboleh ubah manipulasi (WTC) dan pemboleh ubah bergerak balas (WTO). CARA MENJAWAB To investigate the relationship between WIC and WIO/M. Untuk menyiasat hubungan antara WIC dan WIO/M. CONTOH What is the aim of this investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? Untuk menyiasat hubungan antara kehadiran cahaya matahari dan keadaan pokok.

Latihan 1. Diagram below shows an investigation. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu penyiasatan.

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation?

Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________

2. Diagram shows two beakers. Each beaker has a grasshopper in it. Rajah menunjukkan dua buah bikar. Setiap bikar mengandungi seekor belalang. grasshopper food P (a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Q water

3. Salim carries out an investigation as shown in the diagram below. He pours some water into the measuring cylinder and puts some iron balls into it. Salim menjalankan satu penyiasatan seperti gambarajah di bawah. Dia menuangkan air ke dalam silinder penyukat dan memasukkan beberapa biji bebola besi ke dalam silinder penyukat tersebut.

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

4. The diagram below shows an experiment carried out by Robbin. All the test tubes are left for several days. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang dijalankan oleh Robbin. Semua tabung uji dibiarkan selama beberapa hari.
Mineral water Nail
P Q R

Oil Boiled water Anhydrous calcium chloride

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation?


Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

5. Three filter funnels are filled with different materials and were placed in the beakers marked X, Y and Z as shown in the diagram below. 100 ml of water is poured into each filter funnel and is left for 10 minutes. Tiga corong turas diisi dengan bahan yang berlainan dan diletakkan di dalam bikar X, Y dan Z seperti dalam rajah di bawah. 100ml air dituang ke dalam setiap corong turas dan dibiarkan selama 10 minit.
Nylon

Sponge

Cotton Wool

Filter funnel

Filter funnel

water

Water

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 6. Two method of ploughing are used in a paddy field to compare the duration
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to finish the job. Dua kaedah telah digunakan untuk membandingkan masa yang diambil untuk membajak sawah.

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

7. A Year 5 student study the properties of materials P, Q, and R by using litmus paper. The results are as shown in table below. Seorang murid tahun 5 mengkaji tentang sifat bahan P, Q dan R dengan menggunakan kertas litmus. Keputusan direkodkan dalam jadual di bawah. Material Bahan P Q R Change in the colour of red litmus paper Perubahan warna kertas litmus merah No change Turns blue No change Change in the colour of blue litmus paper Perubahan warna kertas litmus biru No change No change Turns red

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

8.

_________________________________________________________________ Diagram shows the shadows of a vertical pole in the middle of a field from 9.00am to 3.00pm. Rajah menunjukkan bayang-bayang sebatang tiang yang tegak di tengah padang mulai jam 9.00 pagi hingga 3. 00 petang. (a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? 3.00 pm Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? 9.00 _________________________________________________________________ am
10.00

_________________________________________________________________ 11.00a 12.00p 1.00p


m m m

am

2.00pm

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Two ice cubes of different sizes are put into two beakers P and Q as shown in Diagram. The temperature of water in beaker P and Q is recorded in Table 2 below. Dua ketul ais kiub yang berlainan saiz diletakkan di dalam dua buah bikar P dan Q seperti di atas. Suhu air di dalam bikar P dan Q direkodkan di dalam jadual dibawah. Beaker Bikar P Q Initial Temperature (C) Suhu awal 30 30 Table 2 Temperature after the melting of ice (C) Suhu selepas ais cair 15 25

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? _________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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Diagram 4 Diagram 4 shows an experiment carried by Adilah. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang telah dijalankan oleh Adilah. (a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. The bar graph below shows the number of Bengal tigers over a period of 2002 until 2005. Carta bar di bawah menunjukkan bilangan Harimau Bengal dari tahun 2002 hingga 2005.
Number of Bengal tigers

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? 2002 ini? 2003 2004 2005 Apakah tujuan penyiasatan

Year

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 12. The bar chart below shows the number of trees that were cut down over the 5 years. Carta bar di bawah menunjukkan bilangan pokok yang telah ditebang selama 5 tahun.

Number of trees that

were cut down

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Year

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 13. Three different size of blocks P, Q and R, were pushed with the same amount of force. The distances that are travelled are recorded in table below. Tiga blok yang berlainan saiz P, Q dan R telah ditolak dengan menggunakan daya yang sama. Jarak yang dilalui direkodkan di dalam jadual di bawah. Block Blok P Q R Distance travelled Jarak yang Dilalui 15 cm 10 cm 17 cm

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

14. The table below shows the distance travelled and the time taken by four vehicles W,X,Y and Z Jadual 2 menunjukkan jarak yang dilalui dan masa yang diambil bagi empat buah kenderaan W,X,Y dan Z Toy car Distance Travelled (cm) Time taken (hour)

W X Y Z

200 200 200 200

80 90 70 60

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 15. The table below shows the time needed by a student to reach the floor from inclined planes, P, Q, R and S at different heights. Jadual menunjukkan masa yang diperlukan bagi seorang murid untuk Sampai ke bawah daripada satah condong P, Q, R dan S yang berbeza ketinggian. Height of inclined plane Ketinggian satah P Q R S The time needed to reach the floor (s) Masa yang diperlukan untuk sampai ke bawah 30 50 45 40

(a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Force

Force

Force

Force

16. Diagram shows the force that is applied on a spring. Rajah menunjukkan satu daya yang dikenakan ke atas spring. (a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________