8.0 M. Dia.

Tank Cone Roof Static Design

Page:1 Rev. : 2

INDEX
SHEET NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Index Design Criteria & References Design Data DESCRIPTION PAGE NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7-8 9 10 11 12 13-14 15-21 22

Allowable Stress Calculation Shell Thickness Calculation Thickness

Bottom & Roof Plate Compression Ring Wind Girder

calculation

Calculation

Section Modulus Weight Calculation C.G. Calculation Wind Analysis Seismic Analysis Foundation Load & Summary

API-650 11TH Edition, June.2007,Add.2008

8.0 M. Dia.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Design criteria and References DESIGN CODES API-650 11TH EDITION. JUNE 2007 Addendum 1 November 2008 REFERENCES a. b. c. d. e. Client's Tank data received Client's P & ID No. N.A Standard specification and reference drawings Design Basis Environmental data

Page: 2 Rev. : 2

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

. . . . .

All components of the tanks are designed in accordance with Addendum 1 November 2008 API-650 API-650 11TH EDITION. JUNE 2007 Shell is designed as per one Foot method. Fixed Roof Design as per Appendix F. Wind force and moment calculated as per API 650 guide line Seismic force and moment calculated as per API 650 guide line

Other Reference design : 1.0 Structural calculation for Fixed Cone Roof

API-650 11TH Edition, June.2007,Add.2008

00 Max.0 Operating pressure atmospheric Po mm wc 'C 55.6.Add.0 Design pressure Pi mm wc 0.6 Corrosion allowance ( Shell & Internals) mm 1.2.8.2.1b) Pv mm wc 25.2007.2008 . E Appendix M applicable NO 8000 Tank nominal diameter (Uncorroded) D mm 7200 Tank height Ht mm 2 Hmin 500 mm Min.00 Insulation thickness NIL 0 mm 3 Kg/m Density of Insulation Material 0 Radiography As Per Section 8 & Fig.0 Operating temperature max To 2 Potable water Fluid handled 1.6. JUNE 2007 Addendum-1.1 of API 650 Corrosion allowance ( Bottom) mm 1.1d) Hoh mm 'C Tht 40 Hydrotest temperature Ambient Design Snow load Sw KPa 0.0 Minimum Vacuum pressure Cl.00 Min. Design Metal Temp. Dia. 2008 Applicable Appendix Basic Design & App.5.0 M.1k) km/hr 190 Actual site wind speed km/hr 160 Topography factor S1 1.0 Design vacuum pressure mm wc 25. Filling Level 7200 Normal Filling Level mm 7200 Design liquid Level mm 3 m 361. June.5.2H Bolting for manhole A 193 Gr B7/A 194 Gr.5.0 MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION Shell All courses A 36 Bottom / Roof Plate A 36 Roof structure/Compression Ring A 36 Nozzle Pipes A 106 Gr B Nozzle Flanges A 105 Manhole Neck and cover A 36 Bolting for nozzle A 193 Gr B7/A 194 Gr.0 Design temperature Td (max) 'C Min.9 Maximum capacity of Tank Cl. : 2 DESIGN DATA Design Code API-650 11TH ED.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Page:3 Rev. Design Wind Speed Cl.2.2.0 Statistical factor S3 Seismic Calculations As per App.0 Is it internal floating Roof with Circulation vent NO Vacuum pressure mm wc 25. Td (min) 0. 8.0 Ground Roughness S2 1.2H External attachments / pads A 36 Anchor Bolt If required A 307 API-650 11TH Edition.2.6 Corrosion allowance (Roof & Structural) mm 1.000 Specific gravity G 7200 Primary Design Liquid Column Ho mm 7200 Hydrotest Liquid column Cl. Pumping Rate In m3/Hr Out 342. E II Seismic Zone 3 m /Hr 2 130. Nov.5.2 3 2 m Net working capacity Cl.0 'C 55.0 0.05 1.3 255.5.

5.HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION (Sec.Add.0 As per API-650 N. Tensile strength UTS 400.0 Mpa No 160.2008 .0 Product Design Stress fs 160.A As per Fig.1) As per Table 5.0 160.2a Min.0 MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa ALLOWABLE STRESS .DESIGN CONDITION (Sec.2a Hydrotest temperature 40. June.allowable product design stress Sd 166.0 Mpa St = 3/4 * Ys St = 3/7 * UTS Max. 5.2007.8.5 Mpa 171.allowable product design stress Joint Efficiency Joint Efficiency Radiography Requirement Sd St 187.0 'C Min.2.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Allowable Stress Calculation.6.7 160. Yield strength Ys 250.SHELL . MATERIAL SPECIFICATION AND ALLOWABLE Design temperature Appendix M applicable Yield strength reduction factor Specification STRESSES Td fy 55.00 NO 1.0 Mpa Hydrostatic Test stress St 171. Tensile strength UTS 400.8-1 MPa API-650 11TH Edition.2) As per Table 5. Yield strength Ys 250.SHELL . Dia.6.0 Min. : 2 'C (Table-M1a) ALLOWABLE STRESS .0 M.000 A 36 Page : 4 Rev.0 Mpa Min. allowable Hydrostatic test stress Appendix A applicable? Max.0 Sd = 2/3 * Ys * fy Sd = 2/5 * UTS Max.4 Mpa 171.2.

0 M.6.700 4.700 4.92 2.005 Nominal diameter D 7.60 CA Corrosion allowance 7850 Specific gravity of Steel ρ REQUIRED THICKNESS FOR DESIGN CONDITION Pressure equivalent liquid column Hydrotest Pr.1 CYLINDRICAL SHELL WITHOUT ANY INTERNAL PRESSURE STAKE NUMBER 1 Material A 36 Radiography As Per Section 8 & Fig.200 2.8. Dia.0 0.0 Page : 5 Rev. THK 3.Tank Cone Roof Static Design SHELL DESIGN : As per Cl.24 0.200 Design liquid level Ho 7.55 0.700 1.50 1.700 4. : 2 mm mtr mtr mtr mtr mm wc mm wc mm 3 Kg/m mm mm Td 55.19 1.200 5.50 1.56 2. No.2008 .29 2.9 * D * (H . THK 1.50 1.58 1.K 7021 9359.3.0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total 7.700 1.0 Thickness of Bottom Shell Course t1 8.200 5.9 * D * (H .200 H 7.0 Hydrotest pressure Pt 1. equivalent liquid column Design liquid column = H = H p + Ho Hydrotest liquid column = H = H h + Hoh Design temperature Hp Hh 0.2007.6.200 Hydrotest H 7.200 2. Total wt.82 Hoh 7.1.200 5.700 1.200 Reqd.1 of API 650 This will consider only in Appendix.000 Design specific gravity G 1.2 kg.0 Allowable stress (Design) Sd 171.00 Design pressure Pi 0.400 Stake width 1.0 Allowable stress (Hydrotest) St Required thickness (Design) = 4.200 5.200 Reqd.50 1. Of Shell : Kg.40 Design Ho 7. 5.2] [5.200 2. Total corroded wt : API-650 11TH Edition.89 0.6.1] Provided THK 8 6 6 6 6 2 2 Shell ht Hence all provided thicknesses are O.Add. June. Required thickness Course No.200 Hydrotest level Hoh 0.0.200 2.700 1.700 4.00 o o C 40 Hydrotest temperature Tht 160.200 Tank Height Ht 7.3) * G / Sd + CA Required thickness (Hydrotest) = 4. 8.21 C MPa MPa [5.A & S 5.3) / St 5 mm Min.

of Bottom plate Uplift force on bottom due to Vacuum pressure Resisting downward force due to bottom plate wt.2 Min.0 2418 23719 degree mm mm mm mtr mm mm Kgs N OK .667 6. Cl. tmin + CA = Provided thk.3. 5.60 8.60 m MPa MPa mm 8. Bottom plate thickness is O.Tank Cone Roof Static Design API 650 Clause 5.005 160.1) Min.00 6. then Design shall be as follows: ts Thickness of bottom shell course Max.00 50.0 65 65 738 1. 5.83 6.00 0. thk of annular Plate (Cl.1 tmin Therefore Required Thk. Table 5.29 33. Annular bottom plate width inside of shell Projection outside shell Lap of bottom annular plate Min.200 3.00 7.292 1.5.00 25.5.Add.5. Dia.000 641 738 750 1149 1. 5.K in Vacuum Bottom plate Outer Diameter Do Approximate weight of Bottom Sketch Plate ROOF PLATE Type of Roof : Supported Cone Roof Cone angle [Slope = 1: 6 ] Corrosion allowance for Roof plate Min.1 Corrosion allowance CA Minimum required thickness.4 & BOTTOM PLATE & ANNULAR PLATE Annular Plate : As per Clause 5.5) 8.462 1.4.1 Mean diameter D Product stress Sd Hydrostatic stress St Corrosion allowance CA Annular plate is not required If Client ask to provide. required radial width Calculation of greater radial width Design specific gravity G 0.60 6.00 7.0 82.0 171.00 600. : 2 5.60 8.583 8.2. of annular plate Radial width : As per Cl.4.0 7. required thickness of annular Plate Provided thk.2008 Page : 6 Rev.0 1.5 Annular bottom plate width = 215 * t b / (H * G) Hence Min. thickness as per Clause 5.24 8146 2244 mm m mm mm mm MPa MPa mm mm mm OK mm mm mm mm mm mm mm Kgs mm mm mm mm Kgf/m Kgf/m mm Kgs 2 2 OK OK θ CAr trmin tr htr Treq tr Wr pro 9.10.2007. required width of Annular plate Provided annular width Approximate weight of Annular Plate Bottom Sketch Plate : API 650 Clause 5.2 Min.0 M. Of 1st Shell Course td tt Thickness (Costructed) Product Stress Hydrostatic test stress Min.0 6.0 5. Of Cone Hence required Roof Thickness Provided Roof plate thickness Approximate weight of Roof Plate API-650 11TH Edition.8. Design Liquid level H Required thk. thickness + CA Approximate Ht. June.

((0.00425M/D 3) Wind Moment M DLS Wt.8xPf < (0.6 to be calculated.4 Internal Design Pressure Nominal Roof Thickness P=((A*Fy*tan( θ))/200*D²)) + 0.3 0.08*th)/(Fy*tan( θ)) Page : 7 Rev.P.2 P max = Where .282) Pf Pmax 0.0 th A 50. Hence required copmpression area shall be calculated based on Failure 1.00127D LS/D²) + 0.00 Roof thickness less corrosion allowance th 9.2007.8xPf = (0. framing and Structure 207262 134253 1.8 kpa NO API-650 WITH APP.08*th-0. of Shell. Roof and attached framing? NO BASIC DESIGN PLUS APP.424 P max Now Failure Pressure as per F. Hence Pf 1.1) Ar =200xD²*(Pi-0.Tank Cone Roof Static Design ROOF TO SHELL COMPRESSION AREA 0. of Shell .5.F 5.472 Weight of Roof Plate in term of under pressure NO Does Internal Pressure exeed weight of Roof plate? BASIC DESIGN 2.047xth (0.000 Internal Test pressure P NO Does tank have Internal Pressure? BASIC DESIGN 0.3 Now.000 Design Internal Pressure Pi Appendix F is applicable? 8. Roof and attached framing (PRESSURE) Does I. Dia.454 Wt.0 M. specified Yield strength Fy -122.282) Pmax = Incase tank is designed for Frangible joint .4. June.0 Min.167 TAN (θ) 250.8.9 Required compression area ( Cl. Failure Pressure as per F. Design Pressure at the base of the shell as per F.2008 .08*th) 6.exeed weight of Shell.424 Pressure P 314.6xPi-0.F.226) 0.Add.644 Kpa mm m2 Kpa Kpa N-m N Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Area resisting the compressive force P Max.000 Tank Diameter D 0.6 shall be As per F. : 2 Kpa m kPa Kpa Kpa mm degree Mpa mm² Maximum Design Pressure and Test procedure as per F.4.462 Angle of Roof to shell joint θ 0.5 Ar Kpa mm² API-650 11TH Edition.F1 TO F6 Does Internal Pressure exeed 1.

5 Page : 8 Rev. Participating width of Roof =Min(0.30 92.0 6.1.k Approx.2 5. wt.8.80 8.300)) Participating width of shell =0.95 50x50x5 65x65x6 744 Aa 2348. 5.0 M. June.5 Min.Add. Dia. of Curb angle W 146 Kgs API-650 11TH Edition.9 Size of Curb Angle provided Area of Curb angle Total Available Area = (wih*th + wc*tc + Area of curb angle Unit weight of curb angle Tank Diameter 0. : 2 0.6*(Rc*tc)^0.no.0 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm² mm² mtr As available area is greater than required area.2008 .3*(R2*th) ).5. size of curb ange as per API-650 Cl.00 1 Thickness of roof plate Corossion Allowance for Roof Thickness of shell plate at Roof Junction Inside radius of tank shell Length of Normal to roof = Rc/sin( θ) Max. Curb angle size is O.0 4000 24332 209.0 1.2007.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Calculation of Provided copmression area as per Fig F-2 Thickness of compression Bar tb Refer Detail 'b' th CAr tc Rc R2 wh wc 5.

9.7.500 2 3 1.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Wind Girder Calculation.500 5 1.400 6 7 8 9 10 H = 7.72+(ped-pef)) Cl.500 1.000 16.6 Sec.7 1.488 Transformed width Htr = Since Htr < H1 intermediate wind girder is not required.7 Tank Nominal diameter Top mean course thickness Corrosion allowance for Shell Design temperature Design Wind velocity as per Sec.5.005 4. Appendix 'M' is applicable? API 650 Section 5.240 0.000 160 168.588 1.40 Wtr 0. Basic wind speed Topography factor Tarrain category factor Statistical Factor Design Vacuum pressure Vacuum considered in Cl.00 25.00 52. June.9.78 1.5.40 1.9. Modulus Correction Factor Zc = ( v / 190 )2 = Required Section Modulus of WG Z = D2 * Hi * Zc/ 17 = Cm3 1.2007. of wind girder Unstiffened Height Shell Course Required Height Course W No.245 0.Add.00 190.5.500 1.000 Htr = 6.2008 .9.1.5.928 Page : 9 Rev.400 2nd WG = = 3rd WG 0 4th WG - m nos mtr Distance between WG & top angle Hi-1 m As per Clause 5.9.488 Where H = Σ W & Htr = Σ Wtr Wtr = W * (t/tc)5/2 API-650 11TH Edition.47*t*(t/D)3/2*Cws*Cpe*Ce Height of transformed shell based on net thicknesses W Actual width of each shell strake = tc Net thickness of each shell strake = Transformed width of each shell strake Wtr = W * (t/tc)5/2 6.40 4.7. Dia.500 1.00 1.0 46. : 2 m mm mm 'C km/hr m/sec mm of WC Kpa Kpa Mpa Mpa km/hr km/hr m/sec m Wind Speed Correction factor=(vd / v')2 Maximum height of unstiffened shell (Cl.60 55. No.7. 1 1.8.40 4.500 4 1.72/(1.0 M.9.400 required 1st WG tc 6.1(d) Young's modulus @ design temperature Young's modulus @ ambient temperature Reduction factor due to modulus of Elasticity Site actual wind speed Design wind velocity = v*S1*S2*S3 = No D t CA T vd v1 S1 S2 S3 ped pef Cpe Ed Ea Ce v v' Cws H1 8.40 4.05 1.7.997 199000 199000 1.0 0.1(a) Correction factor for excess vacuum =1.40 4.500 1.7.1) = 9.

2007.G from Shell inside Section Modulus Width of respective area depth of respective area d mm 6.17 97.2008 . Dia.61 624.0 115. June.6 -18.Add. : 2 Moment of inertia of section Dist.9 An*yn 3 mm 1672 337150 Y mm In cm 4 y1(y-yn) mm 94.7 An 2 mm 557 2914 = = = = = I = ymax Z b d ∑( I n + Ay12) = I / y Thickness of Shell 6 mm 13.G.00 Not Required 1218 124.005 Nominal Diameter of Tank D Section provided as per API-650 fig.8 Total Σ 1 2 2nd 3 Total Σ 1 2 3rd 3 Total Σ 3471 338821 624.G of respective area = In Moment of Inertia of respective area ∑A Y = Y Distance of section C.D to C.1 An*y12 4 cm 499 95 I cm 4 Z 3 cm 0.0 yn mm 3.G. from = ∑A Shell inside = y1 Distance of section C.8.5 8.4*(Dt)^0.2 M Page: 10 Rev.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Section Modulus Calculation As per Cl.9.7.17 Unit wt 0 Kg/mtr Unit wt Kg/mtr Unit wt Kg/mtr API-650 11TH Edition.0 M.of C.G of respective area IWG Section 1 2 1st 3 b mm 92.24 = yn Distance from Shell I. 5.6. 5. from C.

00 0.00 0. on Roof = SUM (4.2008 . 14. 7. 7. Dia. of shell and attachments = SUM (1. 11. 4.9 361. 13.300 361. 2.169 12. 6.2007.Tank Cone Roof Static Design WEIGHT CALCULATION Component 1.00 0.251 0.650 1. 6. : 2 Weight (Metric tons) 9.407 3.8.000 0. Of shell 19.500 0. Empty weight (Erection condition) = SUM (1 to 12) Operating weight = SUM (1 to 13) Hydrotest weight = SUM (1 to 12 + 14) Wt. 18. 5. of roof. 8. 2. 10. 5.021 API-650 11TH Edition.0 M.50 380.418 0. 16.Add. June. Shell Compression Ring Bottom plate & Annular Plate Roof plate Roof Supporting Structure Staircase & Railings on Shell Railings on Roof Intermediate Wind Girder 1 Intermediate Wind Girder 2 Intermediate Wind Girder 3 9. Nozzles & accessories on shell Nozzles & accessories on roof Insulation with str. 3. 19.393 2. 7 & 10) Wt.404 0.359 0.500 0.059 20. 17. Miscellaneous Weight of contents Weight of water for hydrotest Page: 11 Rev. 12.833 381. 8 & 9) corroded wt. Railings & attach.146 3.9 15.

92 3.G.8.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Page:12 Rev.5 Mean Ht. : 2 CALCULATION OF C.700 Bottom plate & Annular Plate Shell course 1 Shell course 2 Shell course 3 Shell course 4 Shell course 5 Shell course 6 Shell course 7 Shell course 8 Shell course 9 Shell course 10 Shell course 11 Shell course 12 Roof Plate Compression Ring Railings on Roof Roof Supporting Structure Nozzles & accesories on shell Intermediate Wind Girder 1 Intermediate Wind Girder 2 Intermediate Wind Girder 3 Nozzles & accessories on roof Staircase & Railings on Shell Miscellaneous 2417.0 1658.9 1777.200 7.Add. of tank 18.0 7.600 7.600 Total (tons) Ht.004 0.16 7.018 2369.750 5.750 2. of C. (Kgs) 3393.0 M.G.718 m API-650 11TH Edition.874 145.200 3.2008 .0 1777. (m) 0.600 3. June.533 7.3274 650 500 0 0 0 500 1404 300.8 251.2007. Dia. FOR SHELL AND ATTACHMENTS Component Wt.250 3.0 1777.533 3.250 6.

k) on Roof P2 N/m2 2 1440.000 Hc Height Correction factor = (v / 190 ) 860.600 For Shell z1 = H/2 z1 mtr 0. KN Where Z =z1+z2 3.00 Basic Wind velocity vb Km/hr 2 1.016 Effective diameter against wind Dw m 160.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Page : 13 Rev.4 16.67 Effective frontal area of Roof Ae2 m2 49.000 kN-m Mpi Mw = Overturning Moment about the shell to bottom joint from horizontal 207.2452 Vacuum pressure Pv N/m2 860.17 Effective wind pressure N/m 860.11.60 Mean height from base = H/2 z m 57.5 /1000 6.2.2.Add.7 MF kN-m Effective weight of Liquid wL=59tb(FbyH) 0.200 Height of tank(up to Curb angle) H m 8.000 Design internal Pressure Ip Kpa 0.5.51 and Roof supported by the shell MDL kN-m 115.2008 .00 Snow load N/m2 1440.016 Outer diameter of tank Do m 0.000 Tank diameter D m 8.649 Wind load on Shell = Ae1 * P1 F1 kN 3.222 For Roof z2 = H+h1 h1 mtr 7.11 7.262 plus vertical wind pressure kN-m Mw MDL = Moment about the shell to bottom joint from the weight of the shell 429. June.00 Wind Pressure as per(CL. Dia.25 Total External pressure on Roof P2=Pw+Pv N/m2 3.00 Effective wind pressure = P1 * Hc Pw N/m2 0.25 Total External pressure for Shell P1=Pw+Pv N/m2 0. 3.0 M.2007. : 2 WIND ANALYSIS AS PER API-650 CL.72 Effective frontal area of Shell Ae1 m2 Ae = Dw * H 2.1.8 However.25 Hence effective external pressure on shell P1 N/m2 0. W L should not exeed 0.90HD 0.00 Effective wind pressure = P2 * Hc Pw N/m 0.0 WL Hence .7 Shape Factor 2 602.8.2 and H = m 51.0 WL Where tb = mm KN 250 and Fby = MPa 7. 5.492 Total Load F kN 207.245 Vacuum pressure Pv N/m2 1440.422 z2 mtr API-650 11TH Edition.000 Insulation thickness on shell I mm 8.000 Total force due to Internal Pressure If KN Mpi = Moment about the shell to bottom joint from design internal pressure 0.53 Weight of Shell and Roof Ww kN MF = Moment about the shell to bottom joint from Liquid weight 57.1(k) )on shell P1 N/m2 860.843 Wind load on Roof = Ae2 * P2 F2 kN 53.90HD KN 16.262 Moment at Base = F1*z1+F2*z2 M kN-m As per Clause No.00 Wind Pressure as per(CL.2 0.

8.4 286. Anchor Bolts are not required Codition-2 Mw+0.0 M.6Mw+Mpi MDL/1.6 kN-m kN-m As the above second equation satishfy.2008 . : 2 Codition-1 0. Dia.Add.4Mpi < (MDL+MF)/2 Page : 14 Rev.4Mpi (MDL+MF)/2 .Tank Cone Roof Static Design As per 5.5 Mw+0.6Mw+Mpi < MDL/1.= 207.= 124.= .2007.2 For Unanchored Tank the followings are to be satishfied 1 2 0.3 243. June. Anchor Bolts are not required API-650 11TH Edition.= .5 .11.3 kN-m kN-m As the above first equation satishfy.

111 N N tanh( 0.866 D H D ) H W p Wi for (D/H) < 1.2007.0 M.8 Weight of the tank bottom Ratio Now effective weight of product: As per clause no.Add.5 N 2690377.200 8.1 Total Design base shear V V 2 Vi + Vc 2 56205803 N where.218 ⎟ *W p H ⎝ ⎠ N 2690377. E.8 Total weight of shell and appurtenances Ws 96719. knuckles.2 N N N Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing. Design base shear due to impulsive component from effective weight of tank Vi and contents Ai*(Ws+Wr+Wf+Wi) Vi 56075976 Design base shear due to convective component of the effective sloshing wt.8. Wi 2749840.0 − 0. any permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load Wr 36430. Dia.8 D⎞ ⎛ ⎜1.6.200 7.APPENDIX E) Tank height upto curb angle Design liquid level Nominal tank diameter Ht H D Page : 15 Rev.2008 .333 Wi Wi Effective impulsive portion of the liquid wt.866 Wi 0.5 1.333 Wf D/H 33285.000 m m m CALCULATION OF SEISMIC DESIGN LOAD : Clause No. Vc Ac*Wc Vc 3818016.5 N API-650 11TH Edition. E-6. : 2 7.Tank Cone Roof Static Design SEISMIC ANALYSIS (API 650 .11 of API-650 for (D/H) ≥ 1. June.

Dia. 5 QF R wi a S 0 ⎛ I ⎜ ⎜ R wi ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ ≥ 0 .1-1a) Ti 1 2000 Page : 16 Rev.8. No.5.2007.67 ⎢ H ⎣ H D )⎤ ⎥ *W p ⎦ N N 904861.134 %g 2.6) i) Mapped design method (seismic site class A to D) Ai S DS ( I ) = 2 .625 S p ( ) Rwi Rwi 5.Add.464 API-650 11TH Edition.230 tanh(3.0 M.629 5 %g kg/m3 MPa mm Impulsive design response spectrum acceleration coefficient Ai (Cl.5Q ( I * )Sa0 Rwi %g 29.4.333333333 Condition 19. No.174 sec 6.786 %g Ai ≥ 0. Coefficient for determining impulsive period of tank Ci from FIGURE E-1 Density of fluid Elastic modulus of tank material Equivalent uniform thk. of tank shell ρ E tu 0.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Effective convective (sloshing) portion of the Wc liquid weight Wc Wp Total weight of the tank contents Natural period of vibration for impulsive mode of behaviour (Cl. E. E.4.6 3550352 ρ C i H tu D Ε Ti where. 007 Ai ii) Mapped design method (seismic site class E & F only) Ai Ai iii) Site specific response spectra Ai Ai 36.2008 .5S1 ( I I ) = 0. : 2 D ⎡ 0. June.1 1000 2100000 5.

929 %g Q( I R wi )S * a 19.Tank Cone Roof Static Design iv) Site specific response spectra (assuming the impulsive period=0. E. No.219 ⎛ I QK ⎜ ⎜ R ⎝ wc ⎞ ⎟S ⎟ ⎠ * a ≤ Ai %g 10.5 Sloshing period coefficient (Cl.579 Regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion TL 2 Is Tc <= TL NO Convective design response spectrum acceleration coefficient Ac (Cl. 5 KQF ⎛ Ts S0⎜ ⎜T ⎝ c Ac 6.4. 5 KQF Ac iii) for site specific design method Ac Ac API-650 11TH Edition.5.6) Condition 2 For mapped design methods.4.8.629 %g Natural period of convection (sloshing) mode of behaviour of the liquid Tc 2. i)When Tc ≤ TL Ac KS D1 sec 4.947 (Cl.2008 ⎛ T sT L S0⎜ ⎜ T 2 ⎝ c 4. No. E. : 2 Q ( I R wi )S * a 3.3125 .2165 %g ii) When Tc > TL Ac KS D1 ⎛ TL ⎜ 2 ⎜T ⎝ c ⎞⎛ I ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ R ⎠ ⎝ wc a ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎛ I ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ R ⎠ ⎝ wc ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ≤ Ai ⎠ %g = 2 .2-a) 1. No.219 %g ⎛ 1 ⎞⎛ I ⎟⎜ ⎜ ⎜ T ⎟⎜ R ⎝ c ⎠ ⎝ wc a ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎛ I ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ R ⎠ ⎝ wc ⎞ ⎟ ≤ Ai ⎟ ⎠ = 2 .2-c) Ks tanh sec 0 .2007. 587 ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ 3 .Add. June. E. Dia.2) Ai Ai v) for site specific response spectra (based on calculated impulsive period Ti) Ai Ai Page : 17 Rev.0 M.8KsD0.4.5. 68 D H ⎞ ⎟ ⎠ Ks 0.

000 Mapped.250 i) for seismic use group I I 1. June. 5% damped. 5% damped.0 M.Add.75 Mapped. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures from map 33.500 i) Self anchored 1 3. spectral response acceleration parameter at Ss short periods (0.75 Design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed Sp by ASCE methods from map 23.00 i) where ASCE 7 methods apply Q 0.500 The design.000 ii) for seismic use group II II 1. MCE. 5% damped. Dia.000 S a* from map .25*Sp a period of one second 28. MCE.2 sec period) (Based on SITE CLASS) TS (FvS1)/(FaSs) 0. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures 11.000 Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral accelerations Q 1.value corresponding to T i=0. 5% damped. spectral response acceleration parameter at one second SD1 QFvS1 based on ASCE 7 methods 28.000 from map . 5% damped.500 (Table E-4) Rwi Cond. MCE.2007. 2 1.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods SDS QFaSs 103. 1 3.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Page : 18 Rev.2008 .000 Sa0* The 5% damped.500 ii) Mechanically anchored 2 4.000 Coefficient to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.2 sec) from map 103.000 Force reduction factor for the convective mode (for self anchored Rwc and mechanically anchored) (Table E-4) 2. spectral response acceleration parameter at S1 1.000 The 5% damped.000 Mapped.5% damping K 1. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.8. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure) S0 from map 28.667 ii) where ASCE 7 methods do not apply Q 1.2 sec 11.value corresponding to calculated T i 11.000 Force reduction factor for the impulsive mode %g %g %g %g %g %g %g %g %g %g Acceleration-based site coefficient (at 0.250 iii) for seismic use group III III 1.00 The design. : 2 Is Ac <= Ai ? YES Importance factor coefficient set by seismic use group (from table E-5) Cond.2791262 sec API-650 11TH Edition.

848 N-m m m m 0. : 2 on SITE CLASS) E-1 1.144 0.6358E+06 2. No.3333 Xi Xi Xi Page : 19 Rev.175 m 25.5) {[Ai(WiXi+WsXs+WrXr)]2+[Ac(WcXc)]2}0.094( D / H )]H Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the shell's center of gravity Xs 3.422 Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the center of action of lateral seismic force relative to the convective liquid force for ringwall moment ⎡ cosh ⎢ ⎢1 . E.8.848 2. excluding corrosion allowance.5 Mrw where.13 m 99t a Fy HGe N/m wa where.3333 i) for D/H <1.2007. of the bottom annulus under the shell required to provide the resisting force for self anchorage ta 6.000 E-2 1. Height from the bottom of the tank shell to i) for D/H ≥1.375H [0.2) πxD wa 5. No. E. 67 H ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ −1 ⎥ D ⎝ ⎠ ⎥H ⎛ 3 .23 API-650 11TH Edition.000 Moment) 1.5 − 0.6.700 2. 26094.4Av) 0.599 Thickness.0 sec period) (Based Fa TABLE Fv TABLE Overturning moment at the base of the tank shell (Ringwall (Cl.1.14SDS or greater for ASCE 7.513 Height from bottom of tank shell to the roof and roof appurtenances center Xr of gravity 7. 67 H ⎞ ⎥ sinh ⎜ ⎟⎥ D ⎝ ⎠⎦ m m Xc Xc CHECK FOR OVERTURNING DUE TO SEISMIC MOMENT Circumferential length Force resisting uplift in annular region (Cl. 0 − 3 .9423 Specific gravity G 1 Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Av 0. Dia.1HDGe 10915.0 M.4 Minimum specified yield strength of bottom annular Fy 250 Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effects Ge G(1-0.Add.2008 mm MPa %g . June.Tank Cone Roof Static Design Velocity-based site coefficient (at 1. unless otherwise specified by the purchaser Computation of 201. 67 H ⎢ ⎢ D ⎣ ⎤ ⎛ 3 .1HDG e 201.6.

Cl.Add.2.2.1a Hence. 4 Av ) ⎠ N/m wAB 1146.4 MPa mm . June.17 where.6. : 2 NO 0. including 10% of the specified snow load Snow Load Sw 0.01723t a(Fy/HGe)^0.18 Mrw D2[w 1− 0.1. Tank and roof weight acting at the base of the shell wt wt w t = W s + w ∏ D rs 3942.2. Anchor is not required Anchorage ratio (Cl.54 Total weight of the tank shell and appurtenances Ws 96719.1 to be followed I) SHELL COMPRESSION IN SELF-ANCHORED TANKS Maximum longitudinal shell compression stress i) When J<0. 1.8.E.4 Av ) + wa ⎞ 1 ⎜ ⎜ 0.1.5 Hence .035D Now L=0.75 CHECK FOR SHELL COMPRESSION : In our case The tank is self-anchored.0 As J<= 1.0 M. E.2.60 a Calculated design uplift load due to product pressure per unit wint circumferential length 20000 Therefore.3 − wa ⎟ ⎟ 1000t s ⎝ ⎠ 9.2007. Dia.1.22 Roof load acting on the shell.00 wrs 2367.1-1) L L wa Page : 20 Rev.18667[J ]2.54 The tank is self-anchored Calculated design uplift load on anchors per unit circumferential length wAB N/m N N/M2 N N/m N/m ⎛ 1 .6. as per E.907 6.6694 10908. No.785<J<=1.6.785 ii) When 0.2800 0.4 Av ) + ⎟ D 2 ⎠ 1000 t s ⎝ ⎛ wt (1 + 0.54 Condition 2 In our case Maximum longitudinal shell compression stress σc Thickness of bottom shell course less corrosion allowance ts API-650 11TH Edition.50 w Force resisting uplift in annular region 26094. 273 M rw ⎜ D2 ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ − w t (1 − 0 .4w t( v) + w a −0 int] mtr mtr N/m J 1.4A .Tank Cone Roof Static Design Is wa <= 201.1.607 − 0.273 M rw ⎞ 1 ⎛ ⎜ wt (1 + 0.2.1HDGe ? Now L=0.2008 1.

the tank is stable API-650 11TH Edition. Allowable longitudinal shell membrane compression stress FC 1.685 MPa Min. as σc < Fc.Add.4 11. specified yield strength of shell Ys Fty 250 125 MPa MPa As Fc < Fty.the stresses are within limits Also.5 Hence .5(GH)^0.5D)+7.8.273 M rw ⎛ ⎜ w t (1 + 0.0 M.2007. Dia.Tank Cone Roof Static Design II) SHELL COMPRESSION IN MECHANICALLY ANCHORED TANKS Maximum longitudinal shell compression stress σc ALLOWABLE LONGITUDINAL SHELL-MEMBRANE COMPRESSION STRESS IN TANK SHELL Thichness of the shell ring under consideration Computation of GHD 2/t2 As GHD^2/t^2 is lessr than 44. June.25 mm m 46. Fc=83ts/(2. : 2 ⎞ 1 ⎟ ⎠ 1000 t s 5.74 MPa 6.4 Av ) + D2 ⎝ Page : 21 Rev.2008 .

00 6.26 kN kN-m Fs Ms 574.00 6.0 M.Tank Cone Roof STATIC CALCULATION Foundation Loading Data Tank Parameter Nominal tank diameter Total tank height Max.1 kN kN kN F Ip 53.8.35 1635.75 N.00 6.R N.4 3740.A kN kN-m N.00 6. Design Liquid height Design Summary Bottom Plate Thickness Shell Thickness tb S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 Rt Wg1 Wg2 Raf. : 2 Roof Thickness Wind Girder Details Rafter Sizes Tank Load Empty Weight Operating Weight Hydrotest Weight Wind Load Shear at Base Moment at Base Seismic Load Shear at Base Moment at Base Total Uplift Counter Balance Weight required in Foundation Anchor Bolt WE WO WH 191.2007 . 8.2 3734.00 6.A Not Required API-650 11TH Edition.R ISMC-100 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm D Ht H 8.200 7.200 m m m Page: 22 Rev. June.00 8.49 207. Dia.00 N.005 7.

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