STEAM TABLES

and

Mollier Diagram
(S.I. Units)

dharm
\M-therm\C-steam.pm5

CONTENTS
Table No.
I

Page No.
(ii)

1.

Saturated Water and Steam (Temperature) Tables

2.

Saturated Water and Steam (Pressure) Tables

II

(iv)

3.

Superheated Steam at Various Pressures and Temperatures

III

(xiii)

4.

Supercritical Steam

IV

(xviii)

5.

Conversion Factors

V

(xix)

SYMBOLS AND UNITS USED IN THE TABLES
t

= Temperature, °C

t s = Saturation temperature, °C
p

= Pressure, bar

hf = Specific enthalpy of saturated liquid, kJ/kg
hfg = Specific enthalpy of evaporation (latent heat), kJ/kg
h g = Specific enthalpy of saturated vapour, kJ/kg
s f = Specific entropy of saturated liquid, kJ/kg K
s fg = Specific entropy of evaporation, kJ/kg K
s g = Specific entropy of saturated vapour, kJ/kg K
v f = Specific volume of saturated liquid, m3/kg
v g = Specific volume of saturated steam, m3/kg

9 2437.0 2475.353 0.001004 0.3 0.311 0.29 57.0010005 0.0061 – 0.106 0.0107 0.12 82.0336 0.0140 0.6 2435.5 2480.0170 46.579 8.437 8.7 104.950 9.474 8.690 8.016 8.8 2532.1 2517.8 84.3 206.750 9.4 2525.032 8.1565 9.0087 4.156 9.001002 0.115 9.0076 0.2 29.78 88.444 8.6 125.877 8.3 2465.031 0.282 0.601 8.8 2456.789 8.925 8.01 0.9 0.645 8.224 8.001002 73.0 2550.091 0.79 21 22 23 24 25 0.( ii ) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS TABLE I Saturated Water and Steam (Temperature) Tables Temp.828 8.4 2501.0206 0.0281 0.0234 67.519 8.0 2499.0010007 0.8 2482.077 9.6 16.0 2506.297 8.7 0.9 113.9 2508.407 8.001001 0.0425 109.1 157.4 12.026 0.99 38.495 8.0010003 0.2 8.pm5 .9 2541.85 77.950 8.805 8.57 45.0010008 0.36 26 27 28 29 30 0.852 8.45 48.0010002 0.781 0.735 8.1 2528.000 8.4 – 0.8 42.89 dharm \M-therm\C-steam.453 0.02 0.88 43.2 2484.2 1 2 3 4 5 0.2 2505.711 8.51 51.3 2539.0010002 0.0065 0.0378 0. Absolute (°C) pressure (bar) t p Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) hf hfg hg sf sfg Specific volume (m3/kg) sg vf vg 0 0.0401 0.04 65.0298 0.0010002 0.2 71.86 93.7 2468.8 2552.195 0.0081 0.7 2512.69 34.0 2496.8 63.121 0.4 2447.8 2449.0010001 0.623 8.367 8.5 100.9 2451.0115 0.5 2556.0010001 0.0220 0.001001 0.2 2432.136 0.0357 0.5 2549.6 2461.1 113.015 0.073 9.7 129.4 106.7 2543.4 33.156 0.001002 0.558 0.667 0.0182 0.0001 0.0010002 206.6 58.4 2536.0010004 0.4 75.975 8.672 8.2 2516.3 96.33 69.990 8.0010001 0.339 0.2 117.5 2454.632 8.298 8.0093 0.0 2470.191 8.262 8.0010009 99.6 2554.901 0.3 2501.6 179.9 2519.3 2538.2 50.0131 0.0317 88.0010002 0.595 8.155 8.000 9.0160 0.6 0.0 2463.334 8.909 8.382 0.4 11 12 13 14 15 0.0100 0.001003 54.076 9.8 2430.0070 0.226 8.93 16 17 18 19 20 0.3 2527.0 120.371 8.482 8.001002 0.6 79.051 9.4 2547.1566 9.2 147.7 2442.0123 25.0061 0.001004 40.04 61.1 2530.2 2458.061 0.5 2545.9 168.0264 0.0 2444.2 0.0150 0.01 2501.712 8.1 2477.3 2491.001002 0.423 0.516 8.7 2494.6 37.1 6 7 8 9 10 0.001001 0.0010001 0.9 2521.0194 0.0010001 192.4 2514.409 0.151 8.268 0.210 0.181 0.869 8.8 21.1 92.001003 0.537 8.239 0.130 9.253 0.325 0.4 54.4 2473.9 2489.3 2501.6 2503.086 8.8 2439.758 8.001003 0.001004 0.6 2523.557 8.0010004 137.1 0.0 2487.001004 0.046 0.166 0.6 2534.829 8.396 0.4 121.120 8.73 32.7 2510.77 36.0249 0.104 9.051 8.

4 2308.3 2392.001007 0.6 2385.3 188.60 20.8 2613.134 1.0959 46 47 48 49 50 Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) sf sfg sg vf vg 2558.1 2559.848 8.9 376.3119 259.1235 192.9 334.4 167.492 0.54 28.001044 4.785 7.471 5.54 13.001015 0.001005 0.2186 0.2859 0.546 0.03 52 54 56 58 60 0.22 12.8 2333.001026 0.1502 0.149 8.1 2425.165 0.001019 0.781 0.1 2406.878 7.57 17.0450 0.1 209.652 7.0503 0.001008 23.022 6.001005 0.6 0.0738 150.001022 0.001009 0.815 7.965 6.02 15.544 7.8 251.6 2606.131 3.( iii ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM Temp.1 2368.8 2588.586 0.9 2623.287 6.2 138.407 2.7 2572.1062 0.314 8.749 7.001010 18.001007 0.147 8.4 242.6 196.1817 0.2 2363.307 6.001018 0.915 7.1118 0.9 155.2 2382.678 0.7 2651.5 2619.433 8.9 355.416 7.685 8.7014 0.0532 0.9 2373.001011 0.2 163.192 1.94 22.599 0.410 6.001012 0.6 2348.4 2358.001020 0.3 0.015 1.495 7.0779 0.0 205.559 0.691 0.0595 0.433 7.220 8.0911 0.001011 0.7 175.828 2.2 0.6 41 42 43 44 45 0.413 8.001016 0.0700 0.67 16.816 7.001040 0.9 2561.3 142.0 234.353 0.393 8.9 419.3858 0.464 0.4 2390.846 7.201 8.0476 0.355 0.906 0.3 0.001005 0.909 0.183 8.6 293.22 2416.001006 0.505 7.7 2567.6 36 37 38 39 40 0.4739 0.7 226.943 5.0 2418.001006 0.2 2394.042 8.652 0.5 2583.0 2586.955 7.573 7.048 7.0 2353.97 10.0821 0.639 7.526 8.8 2296.372 8.2 2257.479 7.7 2585.0 1.0663 0.166 6.982 1.250 1.001006 31.076 0.3 2592.001036 0.910 6.01 26.1010 0.094 8.9 397.1 2616.8455 1.5 2574.626 0.361 1.1 0.5 2595.86 13.53 19.1 2568.5 2565.pm5 hg Specific volume (m3/kg) .7 2423.4 2421.7 2428.8 201.6 2599.253 7.717 7.001010 0.755 0.982 7.704 7.1994 217.037 6.6 2581.7 2338.001009 0.2 2270.01 9.451 0.0 159.4 2626.1 2676.2393 0.8 2576.238 8.464 7.589 7.831 7.730 0.001010 0.57 25.6 2590.948 7.975 7.17 29.621 7.755 0.001013 0.9 2411.557 7.8 0.5 267.9 180.478 0.2 2413.9 2570.1363 0.0 2635.8 2579.078 8.1 2377.800 7.667 6.782 7.930 0.0 2283.0628 0.1 184.373 8.0 2387.3 2401.0 134.3 2643.295 8.4 2404.372 7.671 62 64 66 68 70 0.276 8. (°C) t Absolute pressure (bar) p Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) hf hfg 31 32 33 34 35 0.0 2577.001008 0.682 7.042 75 80 85 90 95 100 0.612 0.9 276.001012 14.665 0.26 0.9 2660.5 146.1653 0.855 6.5 2409.7 2563.008 7.136 7.9 2399.519 0.942 7.001023 7.0135 313.0865 0.1175 0.856 0.881 7.001014 0.001007 0.612 7.74 21.5783 0.312 7.0563 130.0 2321.075 1.194 7.1 2668.403 7.2 2609.806 0.532 0.001017 10.7 2343.463 5.111 8.881 0.2 284.129 8.82 16.61 12.5 2397.1 2602.2617 0.001029 0.52 171.257 0.537 6.001033 0.334 8.673 dharm \M-therm\C-steam.

21 87.724 8.2 2 370.6 39.001019 0.pm5 .845 3 0.7 29.3 2 350.001012 0.649 7.995 6.0 2 582.2 2 392.6 2 609.070 0.330 8.0 2 366.132 8.3 187.7 191.861 8.5 101.142 4 7.532 7.207 8.50 34.177 5 7.622 0.276 8.709 6.6 57.2 2 601.001007 0.40 14.047 2 7.8 2 605.1 2 593.9 2 438.7 206.593 7.0 2 403.5 130.433 8.636 0.8 2 579.5 2 615.67 0.14 129.01 7.001017 10.296 8.168 8.027 0.7 2 419.74 22.058 8.4 2 355.8 178.4 2 514.861 1 7.451 0.261 0.214 8 7.832 1 0.772 1 0.086 8.24 60.1 2 572.2 2 561.109 0 8.9 2 584.1 62.000 0.4 2 432.3 2 484.14 47.828 8.3 54.001015 0.6 236.006113 0.20 0.2 2 358.106 0.9 260.2 2 423.312 0.001013 13.0 2 388.9 242.0 31.001013 0.541 0.055 26.0 21.10 0.5 88.3 2 533.009 3 7.965 8 7.476 0.696 0.077 3 7.990 8 6.423 0.3 41.117 8.3 2 397.001005 0.643 8.302 8.001007 0.331 8.761 7.5 2 574.001016 0.7 2 395.0 32.0 2 591.945 9 7.1 0.9 2 611.8 0.7 2 613.6 2 460.433 8.8 2 400.870 8.8 2 353.5 2 565.6 2 588.445 8.001017 0.463 8.001005 0.341 7.636 8.1 2 567.0 137.809 7.846 4 0.737 7.9 2 415.001006 0.9 2 428.559 0.187 8.2 63.9 213.045 0.7 163.1 2 545.1 61.085 0.5 151.001010 17.1 64.9 2 412.5 255.523 8.391 0.001003 0.9 121.8 44.892 5 7.001011 0.8 2 577.229 0.033 0.010 0.870 2 0.77 0.3 56.927 2 0.080 36.6 2 444.001003 206.0010007 0.0 246.717 0.001001 0.035 0.599 7.0 231.020 0.5 157.4 2 570.001014 0.001006 39.717 7.521 0.911 8.24 18.395 8.7 220.53 19.001008 23.001019 7.8 2 373.7 183.803 6 0.0 17.1 2 406.18 0.986 9 7.0 2 501.090 0.022 9.13 0.9 2 596.1 264.2 37.2 268.754 9 0.361 0.025 0.8 173.11 0.8 45.156 8.10 16.6 199.355 9.501 8.20 15.67 0.10 42.0 40.976 8.150 0.030 0.2 2 525.17 0.5 2 501.42 12.3 2 384.19 25.0 13.01 29.12 0.9 2 348.22 0.052 7.674 0.001002 0.5 0.065 0.21 0.7 49.69 0.447 dharm \M-therm\C-steam.001018 0.964 4 7.3 2 554.80 31.9 2 470.6 111.909 4 7.223 9.475 8.307 6.001015 0.13 28.001009 0.6 0.8 144.1 251.9 0.001010 0.15 0.390 7.818 2 7.16 0.0 52.608 0.001018 0.858 1 0.1 24.001009 0.2 2 616.0 55.6 2 603.4 2 409.0 2 581.5 0.4 2 558.23 0.882 0 7.251 8.9 34.0010002 0.196 0.25 45.500 8.8 59.015 0.788 3 0.6 2 550.2 2 380.0010000 0.156 8.36 11.7 73.876 4 7.98 67.040 0.2 2 376.19 54.018 4 6.075 0.00 54.675 7.01 20.578 0.( iv ) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS TABLE II Saturated Water and Steam (Pressure) Tables Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.0 226.565 7.9 2 607. (°C) Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m3/kg) ts hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 0.47 10.7 0.453 7.9 2 363.1 2 599.650 7.050 0.0 2 451.001004 0.4 168.095 0.919 7.060 0.9 2 361.7 43.4 51.5 2 540.254 4 7.0 0.632 8.576 0.982 7.001008 0.

7 322.246 5 0.579 5.0 65.670 9 7.6 405.169 6 1.6 2 261.1 2 340.3 115.001029 3.1 109.46 0.9 111.7 286.5 2 322.9 66.3 2 646.70 81.9 2 621.652 3.0 275.026 1 1.3 2 625.0 2 665.503 3.001024 0.962 3 0.994 7 5.271 5 7.5 2 704.2 458.079 2 6.805 8 7.9 2 675.32 0.2 2 316.60 0.3 295.011 3 6.455 0 1.594 7 7.001026 0.5 68.3 331.1 96.654 2 7.631 4 7.4 2 257.001046 0.972 1.001026 5.9 2 640.233 0 1.891 2 6.0 73.6 1.2 2 220.6 359.001022 0.8 2 305.0 2 630.240 2.5 2 278.4 74.0 2 338.433 6 1.001055 0.1 2 618.8 2 265.6 2 634.001023 0.001051 1.091 2 1.781 2 0.914 7 6.8 1.494 4 1.529 4 7.937 5 5.995 8 1.9 2 660.090 6 7.9 2 325.832 3 7.3 317.2 2 342.395 4 7.001040 0.408 4.9 118.6 376.7 289.772 5.944 1 0.1 2 332.435 2 7.001043 0.869 1.8 107.726 5 7.614 0 6.428 1.7 1.3 417.0 88.236 1.711 1 6.3 1.480 4 0.0 93.785 0 6.6 2 274.980 5.3 2 622.053 7 1.80 0.623 1 7.7 2 663.40 0.44 0.4 2 670.977 0.1 312.42 0.9 2 215.288 3 7.091 1.9 2 673.677 1 7.3 2 293.119 4 1.9 2 653.505 5 7.7 279.924 8 0.410 9 6.6 350.562 3 7.001022 6.087 1.9 368.747 0 6.549 1.25 0.929 dharm \M-therm\C-steam.001039 0.4 99.2 384.584 6 6.202 2 3.644 8 6.181 3 7.939 1 6.369 0.0 1.040 2 1.707 0 7.8 2 226.9 2 638.pm5 Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m 3/kg) vf vg .0 2 690.868 5 6.884 7 5.001037 0.3 2 313.2 2 699.286 5 6.0 340.85 0.001030 0.27 0.001032 0.001042 2.5 428.0 90.7 2 210.6 72.4 2 310.145 4 1.789 8 5.360 9 1.359 8 7.818 8 7.(v) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.2 1.4 2 344.50 0.1 78.001027 0.1 2 693.556 4 6.964 2.0 2 636.3 104.638 3 7.336 0 6.934 6 6.159 1.367 0.2 79.7 2 308.1 70.001029 0.95 92.777 1.233 4 7.993 3.057 1 5.001056 0.333 0 1.0 1.6 2 683.706 1 5.48 75.793 3 7.4 2 299.001021 0.6 327.4 2 328.3 113.5 391.688 4 0.0 2 649.4 2 696.922 4.3 83.192 1 6.3 1.979 5 0.1 2 237.6 467.9 2 250.4 2 628.4 2 632.26 0.229 4.2 1.36 0.769 5 7.608 6 0.8 2 231.001041 0.7 497.7 67.7 398.3 1.2 282.34 0.3 2 619.442 8 6.217 2.001060 1.0 2 269.746 7 5.8 2 244.747 4 7.144 0 0.4 2 687.30 0.001035 0.5 307.3 80.001033 0.5 95.4 483.7 2 642.9 77.5 1.066 7 1.125 8 6.001028 0.031 0.8 2 206.001048 0.90 0.914 6 0.387 3 6.893 2 0.3 2 319.4 2 679.298 4 7.5 301.269 6 1.532 7 7.213 1 1.201 7 7.29 65.732 2.302 7 1.414 7 7.327 7 7.6 2 288.001020 0.8 439.475 2 1.2 116.8 0.512 7 5.6 2 644.190 0.65 0.2 490. (°C) ts hf hfg hg sf sfg sg 0.325 1.162 2 7.001021 0.205 5.457 0 7.6 2 656.377 1 0.1 1.001058 0.398 0.535 2.846 6 7.386 8 1.9 336.3 272.243 9 6.667 8 5.825 4 6.1 1.55 0.001036 3.2 411.75 0.6 102.8 2 668.694 1.251 8 1.001020 0.162 9 6.7 98.28 0.4 449.0 2 701.0 2 346.1 475.7 2 624.001050 0.001025 0.1 0.5 2 336.904 1 0.38 69.001053 0.650 4.835 6 7.7 86.503 5 6.815 3.3 2 283.

7 2.5 686.423 0.486 0.844 8 5.846 0.pm5 .3 2.5 579.001081 0.472 8 7.4 6.606 0.634 2 1.001089 0.4 2 141.232 2 6.375 0.001080 0.211 9 5.4 676.832 9 0.001075 0.6 163.001096 0.5 2 754.3 517.5 2 756.3 588.080 0 7.7 136.6 2 197.094 9 7.5 2 749.4 120.862 3 6.8 2 072.001071 0.969 2 6.4 2 724.3 3.3 619.776 4 1.6 2 135.756 8 4.546 8 1.8 670.911 6 6.1 2 166.348 0.4 2 138.001061 0.2 6.8 158.8 692.4 4.943 7 1.2 3.001105 0.1 2 735.018 6 4.001099 0.1 3.794 5 1.8 123.8 664.001072 0.902 8 0.9 2 163.9 2 156.3 2 750.4 133.6 2 170.2 4.939 2 6.9 131.4 147.554 0.1 504.5 640.6 2 716.2 2 159.0 681.337 0.620 9 1.948 9 0.001086 0.001079 0.930 8 1.4 162.001091 0.725 2 6.001101 0.280 dharm \M-therm\C-steam.5 2 150.737 6 1.172 9 5.001077 0.903 3 4.7 2 731.769 0 0.5 592.4 556.1 2.3 124.805 9 6.2 570.8 143.668 0.7 529.8 140.646 0.4 535.6 145.562 7 1.2 551.3 154.876 9 4.7 612.767 0 5.917 6 4.1 646.980 2 4.524 0.9 138.6 2 739.592 9 5.7 126.7 633.0 2 730.6 3.6 2 712.2 121.958 8 4.860 4 1.9 2 721.135 8 6.877 9 6.8 600.001082 0.2 2.979 9 6.342 7 7.110 5 7.126 8 7.6 6.0 2 177.6 135.956 2 1.0 5.607 1 1.810 0.0 2 085.001066 0.625 3.819 2 6.793 2 6.001088 0.274 4 5.001094 0.001062 0.532 1 5.647 1 1.050 3 5.0 3.192 1 5.083 4 5.4 2 718.6 2.001083 0.7 1.9 2 752.875 4 1.9 2 706.8 3.7 156.001104 0.2 2 759.8 142.001065 0.3 2 736.7 3.6 2 201.001074 0.9 2 758.1 2 727.462 0.8 141.418 0 5.0 2 188.671 6 1.746 2.315 0.7 129.5 652.001102 0.5 2 122.297 0.885 0.6 2 714.154 1 5.1 161.828 7 1.1 148.4 566.727 3 1.002 3 0.473 4.296 5 5.361 0.6 523.563 7 5.716 8 5.2 2 112.693 0.802 7 4.7 584.026 2 7.3 1.5 2.968 4 1.117 9 5.288 0.3 540.7 2 726.3 2 708.0 4.0 2 127. (°C) ts Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m 3/kg) hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 2.8 137.779 4 4.958 9 6.757 5 6.5 2 760.7 2 068.001068 0.038 9 7.4 128.001069 0.747 6 1.3 2 747.8 2 741.8 2 755.990 9 6.9 2 184.7 2 153.001098 0.9 2 076.847 3 6.065 7 0.6 2 732.9 575.578 1 1.7 2 107.0 2 080.0 1.367 0 5.( vi ) Absolute pressure (bar) p ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Temp.2 2 719.735 6 6.001084 0.5 1.889 9 1.6 2 729.253 0 5.1 1.9 2 743.8 153.1 2 093.510 0.780 9 6.441 0.0 6.930 6 4.8 2 147.570 0.9 2 734.8 160.9 2 745.9 127.8 2.894 3 6.5 3.988 1 6.444 9 5.001064 0.7 150.2 2 737.7 2 089.851 4 6.718 0.405 0.8 561.5 2 710.3 2 117.9 546.530 1 1.2 2 193.2 132.6 4.596 7 5.4 5.7 511.5 134.3 604.826 7 4.001093 0.4 2 144.8 139.001107 0.5 1.920 5 6.6 5.501 9 5.497 0.929 7 6.7 596.587 0.4 2 102.2 157.8 151.052 0 7.5 2 133.001070 0.715 0 0.8 1.705 9 1.014 0 7.683 4 1.8 658.001076 0.746 4 6.001078 0.7 2 098.319 3 5.904 0 1.6 626.2 5.3 2 173.306 0.538 3.5 2 181.694 8 1.777 0.0 2.326 6.392 0 5.659 5 5.812 0 1.734 8 6.390 5.5 2 723.757 4 1.

014 1 2.6 8.153 3 6.177 0.120 0.5 2 046.124 0.001133 0.8 201.4 2 786.4 202.8 165.252 0.8 1 915.267 6 2.1 2 773.519 4 0.6 193.477 9 6.3 195.8 2 788.001127 0.0 2 019.589 8 0.112 2 2.6 746.001170 0.001126 0.7 806.3 2 782.158 8 2.7 2.3 199.235 0.4 172.5 2 789.157 0.9 2 061.258 0.1 2 057.2 2 778.0 16.0 742.065 7 2.3 2 064.1 167.084 8 4.178 6 2.314 5 2.273 0.001151 0.3 2.103 3 2.3 1 893.202 0.132 0.6 865.105 0.2 8.001130 0.7 822.505 0 6.0 198.206 0.121 0 2.7 716.5 830.2 1 927.001144 0.428 9 6.5 12.271 2 4.355 4 6.128 0.117 17.8 204.3 1 921.1 878.4 697.8 2 767.001116 0.001108 0.094 1 2.4 2.215 0.3 844.384 6 2.4 720.460 1 6.4 2 013.0 2 763.5 205.001156 0.001174 0.7 2 792.129 7 4.4 209.452 6 0.549 7 6.475 9 4.1 702.229 0.8 211.4 173.7 2.0 2 039.677 1 6.2 178.9 2.8 2 774.6 772.4 2 771.001121 0.7 2 050.659 6 6.136 15.000 7 3.299 3 4.0 11.0 184.7 2 772.3 884.113 0.2 1 957.596 9 6.185 0.492 0 4.613 9 4.991 8 2.619 2 6.198 10.8 2 795.9 2 790.6 2 787.107 0.7 207.1 2 785.365 1 6.( vii ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.672 1 4.9 725.3 1 984.9 734.001125 0.102 .2 2 764.210 4 4.5 17.343 6 2.713 4 4.0 9.233 8 2.6 2 793.440 6 6.0 19.6 2 005.0 196.1 789.0 10.9 711.0 2 773.073 9 4.001114 0.6 2 775.0 14.5 2 768.2 2 023.5 2 026.4 2 053.240 0.395 7 0.8 170.0 8.534 2 6.8 191.265 0.001112 0.611 6 6.181 4 4.0 18.407 1 4.371 3 4.642 9 6.7 814.4 8.3 871.7 851.582 8 6.0 188.001141 0.1 2 796.371 1 4.1 186.4 1.0 13.634 8 6.001118 0.9 2 794.577 2 4.151 0.422 8 2.4 1 970.4 729. (°C) Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m3/kg) ts hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 7.9 1 998.525 0 4.2 738.035 4 4.385 3 6.5 11.170 0.5 16.595 3 4.197 7 2.5 2 796.7 1 964.6 890.7 2 029.911 0 6.8 902.695 6 6.045 7 2.1 2 762.4 2.954 8 3.406 5 6.6 2 036.0 781.0 7.210 0.246 8.559 4 4.2 168.055 8 2.219 9.692 5 4.7 1 899.508 3 4.001120 0.329 2 2.303 3 6.001111 0.1 208.417 5 6.5 189.626 9 0.9 798.001154 0.001110 0.5 13.2 7.0 15.8 754.024 9 2.3 2 776.224 0.5 1 991.7 896.434 9 4.932 6 3.1 837.357 6 2.7 1 951.491 3 6.4 2 784.8 750.001166 0.8 2 791.4 2 766.8 758.001139 0.604 2 6.686 2 6.001136 0.6 9.5 1 977.048 9 4.075 3 2.336 6 4.410 3 2.4 171.001124 0.8 2 016.4 7.141 0.001149 0.0 166.3 177.194 0.465 1 6.283 7 2.444 6 4.5 18.705 2 6.3 1 904.146 0.1 179.2 2 032.7 2 781.345 9 0.5 19.2 1 933.4 2 770.001168 0.0 179.2 9.542 1 6.001115 0.4 174.001161 0.375 1 6.001146 0.001159 0.126 1 4.163 12.024 5 6.9 1 910.7 858.0 762.138 2 2.397 6 2.099 6 4.668 3 0.8 175.977 5 3.110 0.5 2 043.251 0 2.5 14.001123 0.651 1 6.2 1 939.6 7.001172 0.001163 0.3 2 765.003 1 2.3 169.001119 0.5 2 769.565 9 6.632 8 6.8 1 945.0 706.4 176.652 2 4.216 1 4.240 3 4.9 182.0 2 779.4 9.1 2 794.

1 1 820.4 213.645 5 2.3 2.0 35.7 1 017.4 1 793.740 1 2.0546 0.001187 0.001183 0.513 6 2.2 2 798.0 1 863.0949 0.1 1 868.619 5 2.4 2 800.6 1 785.0605 0.1 228.7 1 037.4 1 065.665 1 3.5 981.5 1 843.001179 0.4 219.3 2 802.686 6 2.5 238.5 24.0 240.1 962.001209 0.524 1 2.8 2 801.152 3 6.177 2 6.5 36.4 2.632 0 6.628 3 2.0 31.7 2.371 4 3.203 6 6.2 1 744.0 245.0714 0.2 1 740.534 3 2.7 221.4 2 799.001181 0.601 6 2.479 9 6.2 908.7 1 049.0655 0.6 2 801.3 941.6 1 061.327 6 6.5 1 807.8 1 053.7 235.0 242.848 7 3.3 2 802.0 1 816.0 28.0554 0.5 229.1 217.8 234.001207 0.5 29.7 2.9 225.6 214.246 1 6.6 946.5 28.5 1 004.0 26.001216 0.5 34.5 2 800.710 1 2.3 920.0677 30.7 2 801.678 6 3.001227 0.5 931.224 4 0.809 3 6.0579 35.6 1 825.001211 0.2 1 853.8 1 772.564 0 2.7 1 029.725 3 2.682 1 3.7 976.0701 0.231 5 6.0832 0.217 3 6.001201 0.0 966.001195 0.6 1 883.0 1 021.1 1 776.384 4 3.001199 0.592 4 3.8 951.8 1 041.6 236.284 9 6.9 1 789.183 7 6.0539 .001224 0.0 2 801.0 29.0 223.9 990.747 4 2.128 6 0.001238 0.2 2 802.158 5 0.001220 0.3 1 756.190 2 0.2 245.3 2 801.345 8 6.0769 0.5 32.494 2 3.4 1 878.869 0 3.2 1 025.001242 0.336 6 6.0615 0.828 8 3.637 0 3.492 2 3.584 1 3.0783 0.5 218.0887 0.3 2 802.310 0 6.694 5 2.503 0 2.5 243.0 232.538 2 3.0587 0.001222 0.134 4 6.410 9 6.269 0 6.001205 0.9 936.0 20.0849 0.0 227.0815 25.001177 0.5 26.2 1 839.9 957.001231 0.170 9 6.2 2 802.6 1 798.3 1 829.6 1 033.0 25.7 1 057.6 2 801.117 1 6.5 23.0 36.0 233.5 27.523 3 3.001233 0.301 5 0.122 8 6.1 2 802.5 22.3 239.615 8 3.1 2.397 6 3.0907 22.2 2.001203 0.0868 0.544 4 3.0 ts Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m3/kg) hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 212.583 1 2.481 2 2.732 7 2.754 7 3.0666 0.2 1 873.261 2 0.508 7 3.0 1 888.553 3 6.0689 0.1 1 802.9 971.276 9 6.001197 0.5 21.4 2 801.702 3 2.2 1 736.001229 0.573 6 2.7 2 798.2 2 802.0 1 834.318 7 6.717 7 3.001193 0.5 37.670 5 2.451 8 3.554 3 2.4 1 760.889 8 3.105 9 6.1 2.0 925.4 1 012.2 2 797.001234 0.8 1 045.140 3 6.001218 0.568 6 3.7 2 799.253 6 6.210 4 6.1 1 858.0 233.0596 0.0570 0.2 240.238 7 6.8 222.716 8 6.9 2 802.4 1 781.0645 0.100 4 0.424 4 3.146 3 6.8 2 800.001239 0.0 34.( viii ) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.2 1 748.470 0 2.0727 0.771 3 3.5 31.5 237.7 1 768.9 2 802.001191 0.0 1 811.4 1 008.662 3 2.293 1 6.458 5 2.0562 0.446 9 2.001213 0.3 2 802.0 985.648 4 3.0 21.790 1 3.001225 0.0799 0.0 30.438 0 3.653 9 2. (°C) 20.0 2 802.001185 0.6 1 764.1 2 800.752 8 3.5 220.0 23.1 230.0 33.3 2 802.0 226.001189 0.9 241.610 6 2.5 995.699 3 3.3 1 848.5 33.0971 0.196 9 6.8 216.6 2 799.0 999.6 914.0 231.465 7 3.9 2 801.3 2 802.001236 0.0624 32.0995 0.599 8 3.0740 27.734 7 3.0754 0.0634 0.0927 0.2 1 752.1 2 802.001214 0.1 2 797.3 244.111 5 6.358 5 3.164 7 6.2 2 801.3 2 802.0 24.

3 2 799.6 1 668.0531 0.001252 0.920 6 2.085 3 3.0287 0.0371 0.0378 0.0421 0.4 2 792.0 44.6 1 108.272 0 3.068 5 6.4 1 724.5 39.019 1 6.0 46.7 1 571.001247 0.828 3 2.823 1 2.0302 65.885 5 2.179 9 6.4 1 531.0336 0.001299 0.9 2 800.5 38.8 282.899 5 2.296 1 3.0 2 796.0394 0.0511 0.9 1 190.8 2 801.4 1 184.9 1 512.890 8 5.0 58.0 39.0461 0.0440 0.0 41.001279 0.0524 0.906 6 5.202 3 3.136 2 3.9 2 774.7 2 797.852 7 5.3 274.0 47.8 253.001341 0.9 2 789.1 2 800.001276 0.112 9 2.6 277.0330 60.0356 0.157 9 3.001315 0.7 278.0430 0.768 9 2.8 1 241.743 3 2.7 279.6 40.7 1 578.0 53.973 5 5.9 271.0 54.0 1 262.001328 0.001245 0.9 1 646.5 1 115.863 5 2.796 5 2.0 59.0 66.8 1 135.0 2 788.845 8 2.0 49.0 64.0 2 787.6 1 202.956 1 5.001335 0.103 8 3.6 1 122.4 1 584.093 9 3.0 280.001289 0.5 276.001266 0.001309 0.9 2 800.084 2 6.0 ts Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) hf Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m3/kg) hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 1 069.0 51.881 4 5.965 0 3.3 1 661.001243 0.6 2 791.094 6 3.4 1 080.0 257.9 1 705.4 267.776 8 2.0349 0.0 1 598.073 7 0.048 2 6.931 9 2.8 2.875 3 5.0 2 789.4 1 712.0485 0.8 1 196.823 3 0.993 5 2.0 57.883 0 5.0 56.789 7 3.1 1 128.058 2 6.3 1 682.8 1 732.955 2 2.0 38.320 7 3.001345 0.3 248.095 0 6.3 2 801.5 246.974 2 5.3 1 235.760 0 2.0403 50.001269 0.9 2.7 1 154.0 2.333 2 3.0 68.6 1 101.1 272.001292 0.8 2 780.996 7 3.9 265.0 48.6 3.5 2 778.830 6 5.8 1 230.0 63.947 6 5.( ix ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.001302 0.001322 0.848 7 3.001286 0.3 1 141.867 7 5.0473 0.3 251.0343 0.6 268.0 269.1 248.943 1 2.837 9 5.8 1 148.4 2 798.0324 0.809 9 2.873 5 2.0517 0.5 247.7 1 558.001296 0.2 273.860 1 0.001255 0.9 1 525.0 1 551.8 249.032 8 3.9 2 785.3 1 208.000 4 5.7 1 632.7 3.2 254.775 9 2.8 1 690.8 1 611.7 1 618.001249 0.001282 0.001312 0.056 8 3.897 4 2.0363 55.917 9 2.0 67.1 1 246.5 2 779.7 260.8 283.0319 0.073 3 6.3 1 564.001306 0.0283 0.2 2 793.009 7 6.1 266.0 275.4 262.047 1 3.2 1 675.0497 0.936 4 2.001318 0.6 1 716.284 0 6.001348 0.991 3 5.5 1 251.4 1 094.1 1 653.0 69.066 4 2.075 9 3.2 1 538.7 1 076.898 6 0.726 8 2.0 43.001262 0.5 2.8 284.0 61.914 6 5.028 6 0.0 62.7 1 166.8 2 800.5 1 720.986 3 2.9 1 178.114 9 3.0 42.4 2 795.1 1 083.2 1 591.845 2 5.4 1 518.9 1 639.964 8 5.3 1 224.0 52.001338 0.922 7 5.939 2 0.0 1 087.0412 0.0278 .982 3 0.9 2 781.3 1 697.0 2 786.248 3 3.909 1 3.027 3 3.0 1 605.225 1 3.8 2 797.1 2 775.017 2 2.954 1 2.861 2 2.9 2 799.975 7 2.8 281. (°C) 37.0451 45.4 258.013 0 2.8 1 213.037 2 3.0292 0.0313 0.836 0 2.930 9 5.7 1 625.0297 0.0386 0.710 5 5.761 8 2.0504 250.0 2 784.007 1 3.782 9 2.0 2 782.7 2 794.3 2 777.5 1 544.001259 0.078 9 6.810 9 2.308 3 3.8 1 257.9 2 794.1 261.001332 0.038 3 6.7 1 219.5 1 160.8 1 172.052 9 3.0308 0.3 1 728.0 1 072.001272 0.7 2 790.0 263.089 6 6.001325 0.8 2 798.3 2.6 256.001250 0.793 8 5.

0 72.001364 0.0 102.324 2 3.599 9 2.001394 0.5 1 295.4 1 336.638 2 5.0274 0.524 6 2.4 2 734.595 5 5.4 2 747.353 4 2.0225 0.0239 80.809 0 5.148 4 3.0 83.8 296.9 2 758.353 8 2.5 1 340.4 1 350.223 9 3.001387 0.669 4 5.001445 0.539 5 2.154 8 5.663 1 5.312 9 2.0 1 416.7 1 368.0 84.0 106.7 1 442.0 76.740 4 5.2 2 762.9 1 325.6 1 395.5 1 399.0 2 731.0213 0.001442 0.3 1 283.402 9 3.701 2 5.2 300.714 1 5.8 286.480 7 5.001358 0.694 3 2.583 5 5.001481 0.7 1 368.(x) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.255 7 3.675 7 5.4 1 312.656 8 0.733 8 5.299 4 2.0 73.367 6 2.0 81.0211 0.309 3 3.001371 0.7 288.0 108.001435 0.0 91.3 3.338 8 3.5 1 356.001425 0.5 298.215 8 3.1 1 338.1 1 270.0235 0.4 1 363.767 3 5.001381 0.232 0 3.0 3.3 316.1 304.451 9 2.0 Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific volume (m3/kg) hfg hg sf sfg sg 1 267.7 297.0183 100.2 1 467.2 2 729.6 1 455.8 2 736.0168 0.794 9 5.001408 0.5 2 764.2 308.130 8 3.182 7 3.121 9 3.0187 0.2 1 387.191 1 3.001374 0.001368 0.2 1 411.0 104.239 9 2.7 2 733.0 99.1 2 766.0 308.301 8 3.2 1 344.0164 ts hf Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) vf vg .5 1 277.8 1 377.8 315.0222 85.0 98.263 6 3.9 305.423 5 2.247 9 3.001459 0.632 1 5.9 2 765.3 293.0261 0.707 6 5.1 1 417.747 1 5.509 9 2.001351 0.001378 0.0 307.625 9 0.0202 0.0 82.360 5 3.7 1 287.001474 0.760 5 5.0253 0.0 89.688 4 0.0 87.466 3 2.001421 0.4 313.9 301.0 94.0 74.0 294.619 8 5.2 2 770.316 8 2.2 3.374 8 3.0 3.1 1 292.180 6 2.4 2 757.3 1 372.8 2 761.388 9 3.001404 0.7 306.207 6 3.5 2 750.7 1 380.0246 0.409 4 5.0 1 331.0257 290.7 1 405.340 1 5.0185 0.0 79.3 1 393.7 1 297.0 299.0 86.7 2 738.2 294.6 1 362.001449 0.001391 0.7 1 345.0192 0.001418 0.6 289.001467 0.0232 0.232 8 2.8 1 436.4 1 317.6 1 359.720 6 0.294 3 3. (°C) 70.3 1 449.001384 0.9 2 749.3 304.001355 0.9 2 727.272 6 5.0265 0.0229 0.781 0 5.0205 0.6 1 282.1 312.5 2 772.816 2 5.001411 0.139 7 3.001401 0.0 2 755.646 5 2.774 2 5.7 1 425.6 1 493.495 2 2.381 4 2.694 8 5.3 3.1 1 390.437 6 2.569 5 2.7 1 506.1 1 442.615 3 2.5 2 773.2 2 720.0219 0.7 1 307.279 0 2.571 5 0.3 1 424.0199 0.7 309.5 1 307.9 2 769.6 75.0172 0.0 88.001452 0.4 1 272.7 287.678 2 2.4 2 739.0 92.2 1 381.0 285.0242 0.2 1 386.3 1 486.788 0 0.0181 0.1 1 321.5 2 716.727 2 5.199 4 2.802 0 5.001438 0.5 3.206 6 2.0 93.416 7 2.9 295.5 2 754.6 1 331.0189 0.2 1 319.2 1 433.0 311.9 2 759.9 1 461.0 2 752.9 1 326.001428 0.8 2 713.682 0 5.644 4 5.6 2 743.259 3 2.001397 0.326 4 2.7 302.001432 0.0 78.9 1 374.7 1 350.0176 0.0 303.165 7 3.0194 95.554 4 5.6 1 408.4 310.157 1 2.174 2 3.3 1 474.395 3 2.0197 0.1 300.0 97.0 1 354.286 7 3.6 1 430.001414 0.6 1 302.001361 0.0208 90.3 2 744.650 6 5.0 77.662 3 2.346 1 3.271 3 3.8 2 746.753 8 0.0 1 499.630 9 5.4 292.0 96.7 2 724.0 71.6 2 768.5 291.0269 0.0249 0.9 1 480.0 1 399.285 9 2.584 6 2.3 1 403.0216 0.607 6 5.1 3.331 5 3.0 2 741.

5 1 674.3 1 222.452 7 0.0 164.8 339.0 174.0160 0.0 1 209.001721 0.6 1 491.0 1 122.001757 0.4 2 652.824 0 3.5 1 587.6 2 642.185 5 5.2 2 684.7 338.0 178.001710 0.6 1 579.1 3.001535 0.00767 sf sfg Specific volume (m3/kg) sg vf vg .171 3 5.0 168.0 347.0 1 172.0112 0.722 6 3.5 1 683.978 2 1.7 1 057.5 2 647.9 795.404 7 5.850 4 3.1 2 565.6 1 458.0 2 662.6 325.1 811.8 1 634.497 2 3.00931 0.4 1 450.0 875.0 116.3 3.607 0 1.317 9 5.9 1 508.0 146.8 2 667.1 2 529.0 319.0128 0.7 1 700.4 2 537.0 114.0 172.392 5 0.127 8 0.8 3.512 1 0.9 1 555.0103 0.0 118.0134 0.0 333.0 128.2 334.4 1 031.536 0 3.0 166.5 2 521.756 0 1.0125 0.001602 0.8 332.3 335.6 1 160.0 342.9 327.3 348.0 1 524.706 6 1.00837 0.586 8 3.7 1 642.5 2 558.001629 0.0 905.681 8 1.0 1 540.7 3.00893 0.0 1 547.9 844.1 2 671.0 132.001648 0.343 1 5.2 354.078 3 2.3 350.001567 0.001745 0.001527 0.9 2 680.0101 0.1 1 571.797 4 1.001658 0.157 0 5.4 2 637.556 7 1.4 320.355 5 5.00874 0.4 1 709.5 1 658.0 156.001519 0.9 2 578.3 2 591.547 6 5.5 962.428 8 5.5 1 666.305 1 5.0 2 609.003 0 1.001543 0.264 3 5.0115 0.6 2 544.4 1 595.226 7 5.476 5 5.7 1 135.001689 0.3 1 109.0108 0.784 2 3.402 1 5.0 144.1 323.710 3 3.6 891.001783 0.0157 0.00911 0.2 1 475.001619 0.00784 0.599 3 3.001638 0.928 6 1.380 3 5.1 2 631.3 2 705.3 346.001810 0.649 0 3.953 3 1.2 344.0 176.319 8 1.00971 0.455 0 1.0 158.8 2 626.3 1 611.253 1 5.001511 0.129 1 2.506 0 1.656 9 5.001825 0.632 0 1.001584 0.0143 0.0 152.484 0 2.00951 160.1 1 070.0 828.3 2 620.2 355.574 2 3.0 1 691.0 1 618.3 349.805 3 1.470 8 3.480 6 1.6 337.6 2 551.444 0 3.430 4 3.581 9 1.3 2 657.6 3.00991 0.0 324.001796 0.0146 120.142 5 5. (°C) Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) ts hf hfg hg 110.001551 0.330 5 0.5 3.8 1 499.0137 0.0 122.6 2 584.771 7 3.0149 0.266 3 0.5 2 697.3 1 650.292 2 1.759 4 3.4 1 185.001593 0.7 1 083.053 1 2.0 1 017.734 8 1.6 2 676.279 3 5.6 1 004.0 318.0 934.199 4 0.0106 150.0 134.00801 0.464 6 5.611 8 1.0 352.4 329.0123 0.3 920.028 0 5.523 2 3.636 6 3.500 2 5.548 8 2.531 4 5.0 124.0 1 197.830 0 1.6 948.3 2 597.440 8 5.0 1 516.001668 0.685 9 3.0 138.1 1 147.837 2 3.001678 0.001611 0.1 356.( xi ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM Absolute pressure (bar) p Temp.001504 0.903 9 5.747 1 3.661 3 3.5 1 096.488 4 5.0 142.0 126.6 1 044.561 6 3.0110 0.5 1 532.863 5 1.5 2 572.0131 130.5 1 234.523 9 5.559 5 5.1 328.0153 0.6 3.0 154.347 3 1.8 1 563.001488 0.457 4 3.0 336.4 2 693.103 6 2.7 2 709.9 1 467.292 2 5.6 1 726.2 859.0 148.416 8 5.0 112.2 2 603.00855 170.001496 0.001576 0.001699 0.731 3 1.0 1 717.1 343.698 1 3.9 1 626.0120 0.9 341.7 322.780 7 5.535 7 5.239 9 5.6 1 258.624 2 3.0117 140.0 162.429 0 1.001733 0.367 9 5.374 8 1.810 7 3.3 353.0 136.510 2 3.854 6 1.001559 0.673 6 1.4 1 483.5 2 615.3 351.2 345.213 2 5.0139 0.0 330.0 990.7 1 246.00819 0.879 2 1.001769 0.3 976.3 1 603.6 2 689.4 2 701.

1 2 513.001989 0.5 491.0 1 939.00538 0.002125 0.4 2 281.00588 0.6 280.898 4 4.150 1 1.00483 0.001907 0.9 1 826.4 362.8 2 347.9 2 505.00412 220.9 2 307.8 1 743.851 0 0.179 2 1.227 6 0.8 2 479.0 4.207 9 1.1 2 011.791 7 4.2 4.00521 210.0 364.2 545.030 8 4.2 364.00717 0.5 0.942 9 3.00571 0.084 1 0.002483 0.0 356.090 3 1.0 182.014 9 4.0 204.0 202.001856 0.929 4 1.0 214.4 2 488.9 569.7 1 787.0 188.00317 . (°C) ts Specific enthalpy (kJ/kg) hf Specific entropy (kJ/kg K) Specific volume (m3/kg) hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg 180.1 2 440.065 1 4.5 1 919.2 461.00502 0.663 9 0.00439 0.6 1 816.00733 0.442 9 0.8 1 797.0 218.7 779.00555 0.1 2 451.0 365.5 1 734.970 6 3.998 3 4.602 6 0.002306 0.999 6 1.00701 0.0 1 848.529 3 0.002093 0.1 1 859.0 212.5 367.6 360.4 4.3 1 901.3 363.1 2 107.902 8 3.002161 0.186 1 4.049 8 0.00684 190.3 372.9 710.889 6 3.120 5 5.7 366.236 2 1.8 370.033 2 5.047 4 4.4 388.003170 0.002012 0.002201 0.5 2 470.926 3 0.4 341.5 591.0 1 806.294 7 4.002379 0.002249 0.7 2 418.066 1 5.0 221.0 194.9 1 872.016 0 4.9 357.154 3 4.6 2 248.001872 0.8 358.082 0 5.00373 0.00636 0.0 216.920 4 4.127 9 4.442 9 0.579 9 0.0 369.8 2 497.002671 0.980 0 4.4 2 364.0 196.3 2 379.4 1 752.1 372.00652 0.876 5 3.00668 0.941 2 4.0 2 195.0 4.8 3.8 3.( xii ) Absolute pressure (bar) p ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Temp.961 1 0.2 373.059 4 1.0 186.001926 0.3 692.00604 200.0 198.875 0 4.0 208.6 2 107.5 1 837.104 8 4.3 745.001946 0.9 1 769.984 9 3.995 1 0.1 519.3 727.00462 0.0 184.6 2 328.715 4 4.0 361.2 2 393.0 206.2 368.7 374.756 9 4.809 9 0.9 1 967.889 7 0.662 2 0.6 371.9 1 886.097 5 5.002064 0.4 2 406.916 0 3.0 673.765 7 4.1 1 760.00750 0.8 1 778.001889 0.001967 0.112 8 5.6 2 461.001840 0.3 654.7 2 429.956 6 3.2 613.4 184.3 368.3 427.1 762.0 192.717 5 0.1 634.285 2 4.027 8 0.849 8 0.7 359.002037 0.00620 0.961 4 5.434 6 4.822 3 4.

828 1.146 2658.6 8.4 2661.8 3132.519 3131.3 3074.0 2875.04 2588.209 3.5 (111.900 2659.5 8.4 7.18 2511.3 7.6 2780.356 2.757 2809.172 2658.1 8.134 3132.4 8.7 9.36 3133.0) v u h s 2.6 2977.6 9.143 2656.2 2516.602 62.448 19.967 241.749 2.419 1.1 9.361 1.349 4.4 2783.062 2967.844 1.2 8.406 2733.889 2585.544 3.643 1.225 48.7 2969.498 34.2 2676.7 7.6 2880.969 3.4 3074.8 2593.603 2810.100 26.211 2734.0 3279.6 7.68 3132.75 (92.9 2592.0 2976.864 7.7 9.209 2968.1 2445.9 2783.56 2659.027 2.2 8.2 7.51 2587.01325 (100) v u h s 1.0 2977.9 2879.009 48.01 (7.376 3131.755 3131.5 8.828 2.752 218.1 3076.28 2736.175 17.940 43.163 264.5 7.1 8.42 2516.834 2.4 2594.9 2812.4 3489.565 3131.821 2735.284 2811.5 8.9 2877.827 2.6 9.167 3.2 2688.9 8.3 2879.2 3076.2 2679.5 9.0 2876.6 2776.2 10.8 2776.639 2810.285 2579.19 2515.4 8.2 7.0 3488.613 2.4 10.7 8.9 3278.7 9.44 2812.138 2968.5 3073.5 2687.2 3487.6 8.501 2.5 7.82 2661.5 (81.3 3489.770 39.13 2969.5 2812.2 2872.2 3278.4) v u h s 1.0 8.696 2506.960 0.538 3.4 2688.6 9.8 3278.608 35.5 2736.421 52.8 2772.537 6.033 2.6 3076.7 10.027 2.0 8.2 2778.9) v u h s 29.216 3.2 7.3) v u h s 34.0 3489.898 0.2 10.067 2967.242 172.218 0.1 2875.1 8.4 7.66 2661.9 3074.0 8.6 3279.6 2682.5 9.0) v u h s 149.671 356.677 4.601 2732.912 2582.4 2975.3 3277.6 3488.9 3279.695 3.6 9.8) v u h s 14.375 2733.5 3278.3 7.9 9.155 0.520 2810.967 1.281 31.6 2974.3 8.2 8.3 3075.688 21.( xiii ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM TABLE III Superheated Steam at Various Pressures and Temperatures ↓p (bar) (t s) t (°C) → 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 0.7 8.5 2972.3 9.4 9.27 2509.3 8.2 8.57 2443.1 8.6) v u h s 1.513 195.647 .5 8.9 8.9 7.1 7.936 2582.904 24.344 310.14 2736.0 (99.05 (32.5 3488.587 2584.06 2968.834 1.78 2444.103 2967.158 4.7 2974.9 2978.1 (45.8 3488.3 2588.8 10.4 2783.0 9.928 71.356 5.

6) v u h s 0.664 3045.9 8.546 0.3 6.6 3486.9 2768.9 2850.804 3299.460 0.2 8.8 3699.311 0.196 8.474 2723.3 3373.8 2844.716 2650.8 2761.0 3480.0) v u h s 0.708 0.8 7.709 1.7 3276.1 8.634 2570.0 7.1 7.267 7.773 2964.6 7.7 3069.862 2655.7 3163.967 0.471 2564.9 2957.0 (170.553 3044.9 2855.353 6.8) v u h s 0.171 0.2) v u h s 0.1 8.379 0.443 3126.298 0.9 3275.523 2802.8 7.635 0.7 7.169 0.549 2966.0 (133.6 3167.2 7.6 7.5 (127.2 3376.080 2654.0 (158.440 2960.570 2882.7 2764.8 6.1 3059.2 3161.633 0.052 2813.8 3487.325 4.3 7.1 7.409 0.875 2806.7 7.566 0.9 3064.2 3271.434 2801.414 3042.354 2878.087 0.371 2799.893 1.4 7.002 0.5 7.781 3130.352 2638.4) v u h s 0.574 3298.293 2715.1 3700.5 8.7 2868.0 7.8 2860.0 (143.2 2953.6 3482.4 2870.9 7.572 0.4) v u h s 0.2 3165.0 (120.2 3056.5 7.6 7.886 0.6 7.182 0.3 3377.724 0.9 2969.1 3270.8) v u h s 0.7 2967.059 0.372 0.867 0.6 7.6 2839.5) v u h s 0.517 0.794 0.8 7.6 3701.038 0.233 0.5 7.316 2808.7 7.4 3483.324 2797.6 3071.8 3481.957 2734.2 7.6 3275.078 0.655 2804.764 2574.238 2973.604 1.191 450 500 ↓p (bar) (t s) t (°C) → 200 250 300 350 400 600 5.6 7.960 2576.133 .889 3129.7 7.5 2960.796 2728.534 2646.816 0.474 2881.9 8.592 3127.502 3297.425 2642.2 7.0 3061.4 7.473 3043.8 3066.0 (151.410 3.5 3700.2 3484.( xiv ) ↓p (bar) (t s) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS t (°C) → 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 2.930 0.0 8.336 2718.424 3139.859 0.9 8.7 8.1 2964.0 3486.5 7.0 (165.2 2971.711 3128.9 8.8 6.1 6.384 2959.6 8.2 3374.300 2634.394 2720.507 3126.617 2963.7 7.033 1.7 2865.031 2965.4 7.8 3070.271 0.702 1.930 0.3 7.0 7.4 8.199 2731.670 3299.514 2962.105 0.7 7.513 2.789 1.507 1.119 1.261 2630.595 2726.5 2950.473 0.406 2879.899 0.187 3130.9 7.222 1.787 0.7 7.401 0.1 7.2 7.7 3267.945 0.9 3268.0 7.8 8.279 1.7 7.4 3273.5 2752.

1 2993.582 0.8 6.5 3445.3 2960.307 2957.159 3288.9 3126.3 3364.090 0.0 3682.5 3357.130 3025.819 0.7 3316.6 6.618 0.516 0.0453 2698.3 6.5 3350.7 2946.0519 2808.840 0.694 0.702 25 (223.596 30 (233.0588 2725.015 0.3 7.3 7.432 0.4) v u h s 0.163 3030.282 2875.752 0.2 3467.465 0.5 7.709 0.8) v u h s 0.8 3230.2 3479.187 2867.127 0.7 3092.1 7.6 6.2 3051.287 2795.0 3666.0578 2906.646 0.175 0.8 7.0 3433.539 0.5 6.1 3239.956 0.3 3473.446 3297.0 2855.0 6.0811 2750.545 0.9 3690.9) v u h s 0.455 0.0989 3279.766 0.5 6.078 10.8 6.6 7.0 (175.4 6.0 2924.408 0.0734 2919.7 6.570 0.9 6.4 7.5 6.3 6.234 0.120 2939.5 6.169 2783.208 0.7 7.6 3023.2 3247.644 0.2 3330.5 7.8 6.3 3698.3 3372.175 0.8 7.9 2942.8 7.1 6.230 2626.6 3147.7 7.219 3035.4) v u h s 0.083 0.139 2859.3) v u h s 0.9 3213.5 7.7 3068.0787 3273.7 3115.6 7.108 3020.0706 2644.260 2712.979 0.921 0.109 2851.0 3456.6 3195.( xv ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM ↓p (bar) (ts) t (°C) → 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 9.314 2876.102 0.3 6.0864 3099.1 3037.6 6.362 0.111 2679.269 0.762 0.330 3040.0 7.3 2833.6 3008.4 3478.8 3137.918 0.4) v u h s 0.936 0.287 0.8 7.132 2598.200 3290.0 (179.401 3296.8 6.9) v u h s 0.2 3053.7 6.8 3697.7 3159.6 8.341 2958.301 0.3 3370.3 6.2 7.812 0.1 7.1 7.769 0.839 20.449 0.0633 2999.424 0.9 3694.132 3285.9) v u h s 0.267 3293.029 15.0 7.6 6.0664 2826.1 3462.1 3674.369 50 (263.5 7.3 3255.9 6.0994 2932.176 3116.285 0.743 0.5 3265.125 2772.3 7.9 2827.0870 2662.151 2945.668 0.0 (198.976 0.140 3112.080 3010.354 3124.0 (212.352 0.5 7.116 3108.0905 2843.323 0.925 0.0989 2761.152 2695.206 2621.258 2793.2 6.0686 3091.8 2796.2 3157.6 7.259 .3 6.6 2880.3 3263.1 7.5 6.203 2951.5 7.509 40 (250.3 2923.123 0.9 7.0 3686.4 3344.235 3120.2 7.6 2902.9 8.394 3125.3 7.233 2709.367 3041.

0352 2769.5 6.228 0.212 0.01546 2894.4 6.6 3043.798 0.0 6.4 7.9 5.9 6.3 6.02680 3348.0399 2878.703 0.945 0.03164 3608.9 6.0442 2978.03222 3066.880 0.036 0.2 6.04857 3876.2 6.140 0.1) v h s 0.0567 3082.0481 3073.02080 3308.02905 3599.487 0.02293 3448.1 6.0) v h s 0.067 0.9 6.01322 2752.9) v h s 0.01388 2858.6) v h s 0.8) v h s 0.2 6.878 0.1 6.01565 2975.0 6.2 3422.7 5.0 6.881 0.04285 3633.541 0.3 7.6 6.02474 3459.2 6.9 5.959 0.089 0.02668 3224.859 0.021 0.9 3177.0521 2988.3 6.0) v h s 0.2 6.02796 3041.6) v h s 0.448 0.0 6.03075 3846.0 6.3 6.6 3158.7 6.02861 3840.944 0.05481 3882.935 0.853 0.03322 3852.285 0.6 6.931 0.484 0.03837 3625.02684 3469.01900 3027.01961 2887.3 6.8 6.555 0.4 7.6 6.089 375 400 450 500 550 600 ↓p (bar) (t s) t (°C) → 350 700 80 (294.7 3650.2 6.5 7.782 0.712 0.04358 3870.6 6.363 0.222 100 (311.03817 3272.3 6.957 .3 5.02007 3174.169 0.3 6.02252 3322.5) v u h s 0.663 0.3 7.0 7.562 0.168 70 (285.0474 2892.01721 2847.724 0.0653 3266.192 0.04175 3398.0 6.419 0.597 0.3) v h s 0.0362 2667.01722 3001.0258 2956.759 0.4 5.011 0.04845 3642.4 5.009 0.703 0.653 0.02351 3074.540 0.02491 3582.02453 3015.1 6.120 120 (324.0245 3335.9 3301.3 6.02412 3208.0 6.2 6.2 2884.756 0.04516 3521.281 90 (303.9 3658.4 3410.03217 3490.520 0.03279 3373.679 0.358 0.02952 3361.390 0.7 6.344 0.01725 2927.01931 2958.01845 3156.5 7.03610 3858.0295 2632.033 140 (336.03987 3511.606 0.245 0.903 0.4 3016.3 6.3 6.300 0.075 130 (330.851 0.719 0.02993 3117.075 0.0 3287.02929 3480.2 6.6 5.2 6.1 6.01145 2692.0 6.8 6.442 0.03432 3138.03677 3386.03350 3256.( xvi ) ↓p (bar) (ts) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS t (°C) → 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 60 (275.02194 3191.804 0.4 5.5 5.814 0.169 110 (318.0557 3260.7 6.02242 2923.7 6.0422 2789.8) v u h s 0.9 6.559 0.02641 3096.3 6.7 6.02108 3051.3 6.03564 3500.02169 2988.01511 2803.658 0.142 0.437 0.5 7.4 5.5 5.994 150 (342.03950 3864.9 5.3 6.4 7.2 6.2 2838.02683 3591.130 0.1 6.3 5.1 6.02975 3240.760 0.4 6.254 0.333 0.02995 2987.03470 3616.633 0.

8 6.6 6.0 5.442 0.772 220 (373.346 0.7 6.9 6.302 375 400 450 0.0 5.922 160 (347.7 6.4) v h s 0.01117 2776.6 6.902 0.828 200 (365.00994 2818.01190 2887.8 6.7) v h s 0.01909 3796.02674 3833.2 6.505 0.01110 3017.01575 3119.00482 2345.3 6.301 0.448 0.1 5.554 0.00907 2779.5 6.537 0.01722 3528.01634 3519.02113 3809.480 0.01088 2853.269 0.00825 2737.01924 3546.1 6.6 6.5 6.9) v h s 0.01930 3294.948 0.00881 2671.218 0.179 0.1 4.188 0.995 0.02042 3555.01302 2918.6 5.01678 3267.856 0.689 0.9477 3238.8 5.7 6.858 190 (361.6 6.3 6.9 6.01390 3223.01426 2947.02509 3827.8) v h s 0.02231 3815.1 6.2 5.259 0.01462 3100.4 6.7 5.301 0.8 5.1 5.227 0.01572 3252.604 0.745 .02174 3564.811 0.7) v h s 0.0 6.140 0.091 500 550 600 700 0.640 0.5 5.9 6.335 0.4 5.6 6.01564 3382.01655 3393.570 0.9 5.01361 3080.407 0.3 5.3 5.3) v h s 170 (352.6 5.01797 3281.799 210 (369.00645 2511.02362 3821.01481 3370.0 6.2 6.01701 3138.066 0.539 0.405 0.01245 2818.01993 3426.01186 3039.02134 3437.00767 2602.889 180 (356.103 0.01269 3060.1 5.02323 3573.00996 2727.00975 2615.622 0.5 6.9 5.5 6.9 5.622 0.0 6.01312 3208.01818 3537.474 0.6 5.6 6.01868 3415.3) v h s 0.444 0.075 0.02006 3802.042 0.( xvii ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM ↓p (bar) (ts) t (°C) → 350 0.754 0.9 6.01756 3404.369 0.5 6.810 0.483 0.

2 4.003 0.833 0.1 6.444 0.9 4.8 3.3 3.1 5.503 0.375 6.011 6.0 3790.666 500 v h s 0.8 3332.00144 1790.588 0.142 0.031 0.7 3.6 4.851 6.775 0.00147 1797.946 0.411 700 v h s 0.542 0.5 3.00339 0.6 5.412 0.00137 1669.00267 0.00110 1762.273 0.680 0.1 5.00868 3081.00137 1560.00632 3061.4 3845.233 6.5 3.8 3.2 5.719 6.492 5.9 4.00611 0.00163 1843.529 600 v h s 0.00189 2312.030 0.7 5.0 4.8 3.561 6.419 0.6 3.4 3.877 0.00155 1608.2 5.01821 0.984 0.247 5.00140 1566.00355 0.00156 1716.00164 1742.396 0.674 0.762 0.01152 3346.442 0.795 0.307 0.7 3434.2 4.0 4.01112 3162.2 4.5 3.00133 1553.00746 3151.00142 1679.5 4001.213 900 v h s 0.128 1000 v h s 0.00247 2463.163 0.0 4.5 3889.0 4.4 3.4 4.587 0.00152 1914.00530 2614.4 5.00748 2691.7 4.472 0.00279 2151.196 0.00171 1967.01239 3193.01308 1552.00146 1687.7 3.00915 2869.00788 2806.00162 1632.00916 2949.8 5.00157 1822.8 5.00249 2284.638 0.00483 0.00809 0.00157 1927.088 0.151 5.01145 0.00173 1874.( xviii ) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS TABLE IV Supercritical Steam p(bar) t (°C) → 350 375 400 425 450 500 600 700 800 230 v h s 0.00209 2179.00562 2903.00160 1623.8 4.01562 3443.2 6.00150 1699.7 6.00908 3247.628 0.213 0.00152 1597.137 0.01040 2995.3 5.00484 2915.00994 0.01153 0.00526 0.6 4024.137 0.671 6.00152 1808.00773 0.762 0.00600 2580.00179 1791.360 5.00197 1848.934 300 v h s 0.6 3616.00221 1912.327 0.961 6.7 4.00297 0.050 .00219 2394.232 0.764 0.2 6.3 3.505 0.8 4.02063 3510.944 0.753 6.4 5.415 6.8 4.463 6.00953 0.470 0.642 0.745 400 v h s 0.00182 2001.00139 1673.00389 2720.2 5.01554 0.5 4047.6 3381.3 3.579 0.7 3.174 0.00296 2567.00163 2043.1 5.4 3775.00693 2994.00398 0.5 6.643 0.00135 1556.8 3.00343 2373.00627 0.790 0.00369 2512.00149 1588.612 0.00169 2062.2 4056.473 0.00144 1575.872 0.0 4.4 3.2 5.00434 2859.00496 2672.307 800 v h s 0.00452 0.473 0.00548 2982.4 3.586 0.118 6.2 3978.00673 2821.4 3681.4 6.01328 3395.1 4.01366 0.5 3.7 3492.1 3763.9 4.645 6.082 6.9 3.360 6.930 0.607 0.00177 2086.7 4.8 3933.5 3713.4 3.219 6.01665 0.4 5.01891 3491.818 6.1 5.00189 2122.1 4.9 4.150 0.01414 0.00163 1943.2 3.485 0.032 0.932 0.6 4.7 5.765 0.4 3.173 0.664 6.00253 2198.113 0.1 3.3 3726.980 250 v h s 0.0 3.9 3745.00201 2060.932 0.833 350 v h s 0.829 0.126 0.4 5.554 0.00397 0.959 0.4 3.8 5.00191 1930.2 3553.3 5.00210 1987.00201 2346.0 4.673 0.4 3.764 0.6 3803.

012 kgf 9.9869 atm 105 N/m2 103 kg/m-sec2 1 N/m2 = = = 1 pascal 10 – 5 bar 10 – 2 kg/m-sec2 1 atm = = = 760 mm Hg 1.184 × 103 joule 427 kgfm 1. = = = = = 1 joule/sec = 0.184 joule 1.81 joules H 427 K 1 watt 1 h.7778 × 10 – 7 kWh 0.p.86 kcal/h 75 mkgf/sec = 0.239 cal 0.1757 kcal/sec 735.6 × 106 joule 1 kgfm = FG 1 IJ kcal = 9.81 N 1 bar = = = = 750.1622 × 10 – 6 kWh 1 kcal = = = 4. Energy or Heat Power 1 kW .( xix ) STEAM TABLES AND MOLLIER DIAGRAM TABLE V Conversion Factors Force = = = 1 kg-m/sec2 0.01325 × 105 N/m2 1 joule = = = = = 1 newton metre 1 watt-sec 2.06 mm Hg 0.239 × 10 – 3 kcal 1 cal = = 4.1622 × 10 – 3 kWh 1 kWh = = = 8.3 watt 1000 watts 860 kcal/h 1 newton 1 kgf Pressure Work.03 kgf/cm2 = 1.01325 bar 1.6 × 105 cal 860 kcal 3.

system 1.16123 joules/s-m-K = = 0.16123 watt/m-K 1.8598 kcal/h-m-°C 1. Gas constant (R) 29.18 kJ/kg-K = = = 0. Flow through nozzle-exit velocity (C2) 91.24 × 4.K.°K = 4.163 watt/m2-K Thermal conductivity 1 watt/m-K 1 kcal/h-m-°C Heat transfer co-efficient 1 watt/m2-K 1 kcal/m2-h-°C IMPORTANT ENGINEERING CONSTANTS AND EXPRESSIONS IN SI UNITS Engineering constants and expressions M. Specific heats (for air) cv = 0.81 kg-m/kgf-sec2 848 kgf-m/kg mole-°K 3.184 = 1 kJ/kg-K 5.17 × 4. Heat transfer The Stefan Boltzman Law is given by : Q = σT4 kcal/m2-h when σ = 4.81 = 8314 J/kg-mole-°K ( 3 1 kgf-m = 9.5 √U where U is in kcal 44.17 kcal/kg-°K cp = 0.9 × 10 – 8 kcal/h-m2-°K4 Q = σT4 watts/m2-h when σ = 5.86 kcal/m2-h-°C 1. Refrigeration 1 ton = 50 kcal/min = 210 kJ/min 7. units 1 kg-m/N-sec2 848 × 9.7 √U where U is in kJ 6.71128 kJ/kg-K cp = 0.( xx ) ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Specific heat 1 kcal/kg .27 kgf m/kg-°K for air 4.24 kcal/kg-°K S.S. Value of g0 Universal gas constant 9.81 joules) 8314 = 287 joules/kg-K for air 29 cv = 0.I.67 × 10 – 8 W/m2K4 . 2.184 = 0.

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