# Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design - II RC phase shift oscillator

Circuit Diagram:

RC Phase Shift Oscillator Circuit Diagram

Department of Electronics Engg., P.V.P.I.T., Budhgaon

This is termed as negative feedback. (20 KHz – 3 GHz).II RC phase shift oscillator
Title: RC phase shift oscillator.P.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design .V. Av..
βAv is made larger then 1. Barkhausen Criteria: In practice it is not sufficient to just make A v=1 in equation. As β usually cannot be greater than 1 (as it is attenuation network) then βAv≥1 means Av≥ . Equipments: CRO. bandwidth increases.T. Budhgaon
. Transistors. Consider diagram in which amplifier causes phase shift of 180⁰ between Vi & Vo (Av is negative in single stage common emitter amplifier). In the present idealization. we are considering the feedback network to be driven by a perfect source (zero source impedance) and the output of the feedback network to be connected into a perfect load (infinite load impedance).. It results in reduction of overall gain. Capacitors. distortion reduces. input resistance increases & output resistance decreases. In some systems. so as to reduce input. P. An example of an oscillator circuit that follows the basic development of a feedback circuit is the phase-shift oscillator. This circuit is as shown in Figure.e.The output is relatively free from distortion βAv should be only slightly >1.I. Components: Resistors. Theory: Any circuit which is used to generate a periodic voltage ac input signal is called oscillator. Oscillator provides a source of ac voltage at a desired frequency.
Department of Electronics Engg. To generate the periodic voltage the circuit is supplied with energy from a dc oscillator is called as sinusoidal or harmonic oscillator. Power supply. stability increases. Recall that the requirements for oscillation are that the loop gain. output of amplifier is feedback to the input in such a way. The result of positive feedback is oscillations. is greater than unity and that the phase shift around the feedback network is 180° (providing positive feedback). Aim: To Study and design RC phase shift oscillator. thus oscillator provides sinusoidal output at frequencies varying from audio band up to several Giga Hz (GHz) i.

..P.T.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design .II RC phase shift oscillator
Observations: Frequency of Sine wave: _______________ Amplitude of Sine wave: _______________ V p-p
Department of Electronics Engg.V. Budhgaon
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The frequency of oscillation is.. Therefore at special frequency fo.T. If values of R & C are selected such that. required gain of hfe(min) should produce distorted
Department of Electronics Engg.P. Ri=Input impendence circuit.V. 2. In order to make 3 RC sections identical R is chosen as R’=R . Budhgaon
. P. fo = The mean gain required to sustain oscillation is..Ri. Not more attenuation than since KAv must be ≥1. If the ratio output. Av=1 at an angle 0⁰. Thus such ladder network produces total phase shift of 180⁰ between input & output voltage for given frequency. Where. thereby satisfying barkhausen condition for oscillations. is changed. hfe(min)= The mean gain required should be at least 29 if we select R=Rc the minimum hfe is 56. Must provide positive phase shift of 180 ⁰ so as to provide signal that can be replace Vi. total phase shift from base of transistor around the circuit & back to base in exactly 360⁰ or 0⁰. The output of last RC section is being returned to input. for given frequency it will give phase shift of is 60⁰ for each RC section.
This condition of unity look gain Av=1 is called Barkhausen criteria with this criteria is satisfied system can be closed loop and output will continue.I.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design .II RC phase shift oscillator
In order to provide positive feedback the feedback network 1. Working: In these oscillators required phase shift of 180 ⁰ in different loop from output to input is obtained by using R & C components. In this circuit common emitter amplifier is followed by 3 sections of RC phase shift network.

Check the connections before applying power supply. List out the component values and take the components. do the connection as per the circuit diagram.. 3.O. Observe the waveform on C. Plot the graph on graph paper. 7.R.I./D. Mount the components on Bread Board (BB).V. Apply the power supply connection and switch ON the power supply. Disconnect the power supply and components. Show the connections to Lab Instructor and verify the connections.T. Budhgaon
. 4. P. 6.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design . 10.. 8.S. 5.O. Design the given problem carefully. Note down the readings (frequency and amplitude) carefully. 9.
Department of Electronics Engg. 2.II RC phase shift oscillator
Procedure: 1.P.

Budhgaon
.V.P.II RC phase shift oscillator
Problem:______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Solution:
Department of Electronics Engg..T. P..I.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design .

I.P.II RC phase shift oscillator
Department of Electronics Engg.V. P..T..Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design . Budhgaon
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II RC phase shift oscillator
Department of Electronics Engg. Budhgaon
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Department of Electronics Engg.I.P. P.Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design . The amplitude is ________ and frequency is _________..T.V.II RC phase shift oscillator
Conclusion: The RC phase shift oscillator is used to generate a sine wave of required frequency and amplitude. Budhgaon
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