# ELEMEN SEGITIGA 3 NODE

ISOPARAMETRIK
2
u
3

3
u
2

v
2

v
3

u
1

v
1

1
x
y
L
1
L
3
L
2
SHAPE FUNCTION
=
)

¹
¹
´
¦
v
u
(
¸
(

¸

3 2 1
3 2 1
0 0 0
0 0 0
L L L
L L L
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦

¹
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
3
3
2
3
1
1
v
u
v
u
v
u
DIMANA :
L
1
+ L
2
+ L
3
= 1
u = L
1
u
1
+ L
2
u
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) u
3
…..(1)
dan L
3
= 1 - L
1
- L
2

v = L
1
v
1
+ L
2
v
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) v
3
…..(2)
X = L
1
X
1
+ L
2
X
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) X
3
…..(3)
Y = L
1
Y
1
+ L
2
Y
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) Y
3
…..(4)
ISOPARAMETRIK
 Shape function yang
dipakai untuk respon
perpindahan sama
dengan shape function
untuk fungsi interpolasi
koordinat
1 1 1
L
Y
Y
u
L
X
X
u
L
u
c
c
c
c
+
c
c
c
c
=
c
c
2 2 2
L
Y
Y
u
L
X
X
u
L
u
c
c
c
c
+
c
c
c
c
=
c
c
¦
¦
)
¦
¦

¹
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
=
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
2
1
2 2
1 1
L
u
L
u
Y
u
X
u
L
Y
L
X
L
Y
L
X
DERIVATION OF STRAIN
DENGAN MEMASUKKAN
DERIVASI PERS 1 – 4 :
)

¹
¹
´
¦
÷
÷
=
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
3 2
3 1
3 2 3 2
3 1 3 1
u u
u u
Y
u
X
u
Y Y X X
Y Y X X
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
(
¸
(

¸

÷
÷
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
3
2
1
3 1 2 3
1 3 3 2
1 1 0
1 0 1
1
u
u
u
X X X X
Y Y Y Y
J
Y
u
X
u
|J| = Jacobian det. = (X
1
– X
3
)(Y
2
– Y
3
) - (X
2
– X
3
)(Y
1
– Y
3
)
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
3
2
1
1 2 3 1 2 3
2 1 1 3 3 2
1
u
u
u
X X X X X X
Y Y Y Y Y Y
J
Y
u
X
u
BERLAKU JUGA UNTUK PERPINDAHAN ARAH V
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
¦
)
¦

¹
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
c
c
c
c
3
2
1
1 2 3 1 2 3
2 1 1 3 3 2
1
v
v
v
X X X X X X
Y Y Y Y Y Y
J
Y
v
X
v
¦
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
¦

¹
¦
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷
=
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦

¹
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
c
c
+
c
c
c
c
c
c
3
3
2
2
1
1
2 1 1 2 1 3 3 1 3 2 2 3
1 2 3 1 2 3
2 1 1 3 3 2
0 0 0
0 0 0
1
v
u
v
u
v
u
Y Y X X Y Y X X Y Y X X
X X X X X X
Y Y Y Y Y Y
J
X
v
Y
u
Y
v
X
u
{c} = [ B] {q}
BEBAN TRAKSI
| |
}
)

¹
¹
´
¦
=
S
y
x T
T
dS
T
T
N h Q
dS
T
T
L L
L L
L
L
L
L
h
y
x
S )

¹
¹
´
¦
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
}
2 1
2 1
2
2
1
1
1 0
0 1
0
0
0
0
dS
T
T
L
L
L
L
L
L
h Q
y
x
S
T
)

¹
¹
´
¦
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

=
}
3
3
2
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
(6, 5)
3
(2, 1)
(6, 2) 1
x
y
Tx = 10 Y (lb/in
2
)
CONTOH KASUS
x y
2 1
6 2
6 5
RUMUSKAN MATRIK BEBAN TRAKSINYA ?
Y = L
1
Y
1
+ L
2
Y
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) Y
3

T
X
= 10 Y = 10 [ L
1
Y
1
+ L
2
Y
2
+ (1 - L
1
- L
2
) Y
3
]
= 10 [ L
2
(Y
2
-

Y
3
) + Y
3
] = 10 [ L
2
(2

-

5)+5 ] = 50 – 30 L
2
dS = = | dY | = |Y
2
- Y
3
| d L
2
= 3 d L
2
2 2
dY dX +
2
1
0
2 2
2 2
2
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
1
1
0
) 3 )( 30 50 )( 1 (
0
) 3 )( 30 50 (
0
0
3
0
30 50
1 0
0 1
0
0
0
0
dL
L L
L L
h dL
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
h
} }
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷
=
)

¹
¹
´
¦
÷
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷
÷
= Q
T
¦
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
¦

¹
¦
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
=
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

+ ÷
÷
=
0
60
0
45
0
0
0
30 120 150
0
30 75
0
0
|
|
1
0
3
2
2
2 2
1
0
3
2
2
2
h
L L L
L L
h
Q
T
ATAU DENGAN CARA
INTEGRASI NUMERIK :
} }
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷
÷
=
)

¹
¹
´
¦
÷
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

=
S S
dY L L L
dY L L
h dY
L
L
L
L
L
h
0
) 30 50 (
0
) 30 50 (
0
0
0
30 50
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
3 2 3
2
2 2 2
3
3
2
2
Q
T
FORMULA INTEGRASI
S ds L L
S
j i
)! 1 (
! !
+ +
=
}
| o
| o
| o
S = Panjang sisi
h dY L h dY L h dY L L h
S S S
45 30 50 ) 30 50 (
2
2 2
2
2 2
= ÷ = ÷
} } }
h h dY L h
S
75 ) 3 (
! 2
! 1 ! 0
50 50
2
= =
}
h h dY L h
S
30 ) 3 (
! 3
! 2 ! 0
30 30
2
2
= =
}