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Coll Turkish

Coll Turkish

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Published by Ashraf

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ashraf on Mar 17, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Functions of the infinitive ending -mek

1 The most common use for the -mek ending is the ‘I want to…’ type of sentence.

Biz de Amerika’ya gitmek istiyoruz.

We want to go to America as well.

Biber almak istedim.

I wanted to buy peppers.

2 Another relevant context is ‘I’m trying to…’. The word for ‘try’ is the same as for
‘work’: çalışmak. If this follows an infinitive, the meaning becomes ‘to try’ (compare
the English ‘to work on’). The infinitive followed by çalışmak is marked with the
dative case ending -e. For pronunciation reasons, the k in -mek is softened to ğ:

Türkçe öğrenmeğe çalışıyorum.

I’m trying to learn Turkish.

The -ğ- is usually written as y: öğrenmeye.

3 The -mek infinitive is also often found with için, to give ‘in order to…’. For example:

Futbol maçını seyretmek için eve gidiyorum.

I’m going home to see the match.

4 Finally, you also use -mek in sentences of the type ‘to…is…’. For example:

Yüzmek sıhhatli bir spordur.

Swimming is a healthy sport.

The infinitive ending -me

To express ‘I have to…’ Turkish uses the short form of the infinitive, the one with the
ending -me or -ma. There is not really much of a difference in meaning between the
two forms of the infinitive; if anything, you could translate the -me as an ‘-ing’ form
and the -mek as an infinitive with ‘to’:


to wait


the waiting


to talk


the talking

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