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O T T R A T S “
©2006 Little Kids Rock
what is Little Kids Rock?
DID YOU KNOW THAT MILLIONS OF KIDS IN AMERICA RECEIVE NO MUSIC EDUCATION?
That is just not cool! Little Kids Rock is a nonprofit organization that provides FREE music
classes and FREE musical instruments to thousands of kids in our country’s public schools. We teach kids to play the musical styles that they love. Our students learn to play rock, reggae, funk, hip-hop...whatever they are most interested in. They also learn to write their own songs. This video course will give you some of the same great lessons that the students in our classes receive. You will learn how to play guitar in some of these different styles, how to take a guitar solo and maybe even how to write your very own songs! By supporting Little Kids Rock, you can keep music where it belongs...in our schools!
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©2006 Little Kids Rock
parts of the acoustic guitar
Headstock Frets Strings Nut
Bridge Sound hole
Body Cool design
©2006 Little Kids Rock
More cool stuff at: www.littlekidsrock.org
parts of the electric guitar Tuning machines lesson #1 Headstock Frets Nut Strings Neck Pick ups Bridge Pick guard Volume knob Tone knobs Body ©2006 Little Kids Rock 4 More cool stuff at: www.org .littlekidsrock.
5th fret If at all possible.Tuning your guitar. get help! Less time tuning can mean more time playing! ©2006 Little Kids Rock Please support us at www. Next. The white circles show where to press and the red lines show which string the fretted note should sound like.. You can get an electronic tuner for about $20.Arghh! lesson #2 Tuning your guitar can be VERY frustrating! The good news is that just because you can’t tune doesn’t mean you can’t start playing.org 5 . the BEST way to tune it is by using an electronic tuner. try adjusting the tuning machine of the “A” string up or down until both strings sound the same. When you are just getting started on guitar. For example. here’s how to tune your guitar if no one else is around and you have no tuner. but when you go to tune the “B” string. it should sound like the string right next to it.littlekidsrock. NOT the 5th fret. The NEXT BEST way to tune your guitar is to get someone else who already knows how to do it for you. Continue across the strings like that. it should sound like the open “A” string just next to it. it should sound like the open “D” string just next to it.. If they don’t sound alike. press down on the 4th fret of the “G” string. However. This is a machine that will tell you when each string is in tune. when you press down on the 5th fret on the “A” string. When you press down on the 5th fret of a string. when you press down on the 5th fret on the “E” string. This drawing shows how to tune.
your fingers will find their places automatically! 1 3 2 ©2006 Little Kids Rock 7 .. Play strings that have red dots. That’s because after awhile people begin to remember chords by their shapes. The numbers tell you which finger to use. 3) Any string that has an “X” above it is NOT supposed to be played. 2) Any string that has an “ ” above it is supposed to be played. The drawing is simpler and there are no finger numbers. even though there is no finger on it. Once you are familiar with a chord’s shape. xx Lots of song books that you will find in music stores use chord diagrams like this one to the right.chord diagrams play it on your guitar. lesson #2 A chord diagram is just a drawing of what a chord looks like when you Nu t x x KEY 1 = finger used = play this string Frets 1 2 Fretboard 3 Strings x = don’t play this string HERE ARE TIPS FOR “READING” CHORD DIAGRAMS: 1) The red dots with numbers in them are where you place your fingers.. Look at the chord diagram and key below. note.
Press hard enough to get a sound. Curve your fingers like cat claws. If you look at the picture below. . Don't play strings with an "x" above them. x x D Looks like a triangle! 1 2 3 8 1 3 2 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www. Each finger touches just one string. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck. you'll see it looks like a triangle.org .littlekidsrock. Place fingers close to the frets. Play only the bottom four strings.. b u t my M o m is so p ro ud!) lesson #3 A good first shape to learn is the "D” chord. then play one string at a time to check the sound.l got a “D” (. Use the tips below to help you make the shape. Strum the chord with a pick.
Place fingers close to the frets. lesson #4 Curve your fingers like cat claws.org 9 . . Each finger touches just one string.littlekidsrock.. Press hard enough to get a sound. Use the tips below to help you make the shape.“A”IS FOR “AMPLIFY” . x A Looks like a line! 123 3 1 2 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.t h at m e a " n s " m a ke it lo ude r. Play only the bottom five strings. Don't play the top string. The "A" chord looks like a straight line. the one with the "x". Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck. Strum the chord with a pick. then play one string at a time to check the sound.
Here’s how they work. You can strum in two different directions: up and down. • Say the numbers and play them with down strokes.org .littlekidsrock. • Say any “+” signs as “and. ©2006 Little Kids Rock 10 More cool stuff at: www.. you can PLAY IT! For example. “ One.Simple rhythms Playing rhythm guitar is as easy as counting to four! lesson #4 When you play a chord on your guitar. two. The easiest rhythm is one where you play a single down stroke. One. The patterns are easiest to play and to learn when they are said and played together. three and four…” while you PLAY down down down up down. The following page has more easy rhythms.” Play these with up strokes. down down down up down. two.” play a down stroke. look at rhythm B on the next page. You will SAY. Start by counting to four. Everytime you say the number “one. This is a very important part of learning rhythms . it is called strumming.if you can SAY IT. three and four..
org 11 .littlekidsrock.Simple rhythms A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J) K) down lesson #4 1 down 2 down 3 down 4 down 1 1 down 2 down 3 3 (up) down + 4 + 4 down down 2 + 2 (up) down (up) down down 1 (up) down down 3 + (up) down (up) 4 + down 1 + 1 + (up) down (up) 2 + 2 + down 3 down 4 4 down down (up) down (up) 3 + down down 1 + (up) down (up) 2 + down (up) 3 + down (up) 4 + down 1 + 1 (up) down 2 down (up) 3 + down 4 down down 2 + (up) down 3 + (up) down (up) 4 + down 1 + (up) down 2 down (up) 3 + 3 down (up) 4 + 4 down 1 + (up) down 2 down down ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.
The chord progression below uses just two chords. you can play this progression with many different rhythms.org . “D” and “A.” You will see that there are eight measures in this song that get repeated many times.” However.” The that appears at the end of the progression is called a repeat sign. 4. 2. lesson #5 Most pop songs are made up of three to six chords that repeat in some sort of a pattern.First chord progressions A chord progression is just two or more chords played one after the other. 3.. ©2006 Little Kids Rock 12 More cool stuff at: www. Try using some of the different rhythms from the page called “Simple Rhythms” from the last lesson. The video lesson that goes with this page shows the progression being played with two different rhythms. It is there to tell you to start over again from the beginning of the progression. one downstroke per measure on the “1” and then two downstrokes per measure on the “1” and the “3. The bars to the left here are called a measure. Progression 1 x x D x A 1 2 3 123 x x D 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 note. Each measure gets four beats which we count as “1..littlekidsrock.
The video lesson that goes with this page shows the progression being played with the three different rhythms above.org 13 .. you can also play this progression with many different rhythms.First chord progressions this time they are in a different order. ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.. Here they are: 1st rhythm down 1 rest 2 rest 3 rest 4 2nd rhythm 3rd rhythm down 1 1 rest 2 down 3 rest 4 down down 2 down 3 down 4 note. Try using some of the different rhythms from the page called “Simple Rhythms” from the last lesson.littlekidsrock. Progression 2 x A lesson #6 The chord progression below uses the same two chords as the last one (“D” and “A”) but x x D x A x x D 123 1 2 3 123 1 2 3 This chord progression is played with three different rhythms on the video. However.
littlekidsrock. Play all six strings. Press hard enough to get a sound. E Looks like a car seat! 1 23 3 2 1 ©2006 Little Kids Rock 14 More cool stuff at: www. then play one string at a time to check the sound.“E” is for “electric” . Curve your fingers like cat claws. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck. . Each finger touches just one string.org .. Strum the chord with a pick. Place fingers close to the frets.l ike in "E le ct ri c G u it a r! " lesson #7 The "E" chord looks like a car seat. Use the tips below to help you make the shape.
country..everywhere! This particular arrangement is a blues.org 15 .” “D. People call it the “twelve bar blues” because it has 12 measures. 123 A x x D A A x A A 1 2 3 123 D E D x x D A x A A 1 23 1 2 3 123 E D A A ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www. ” and “E” chords. the “A. rock. hip-hop.littlekidsrock.. reggae. This is one of the most famous progressions in the world and it appears in blues.BLues in “A” x A lesson #8 The chord progression below uses three chords.
x x D Looks like a triangle. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck. Looks like a car seat.littlekidsrock.The key of “A” x A lesson #8 Looks like a line. ©2006 Little Kids Rock 16 More cool stuff at: www. 1 2 3 E 3 1 2 Press hard enough to get a sound. 1 23 3 2 1 Place fingers close to the frets. Each finger touches just one string.org . REMEMBER: 123 3 1 2 Curve your fingers like cat claws.
Makin’ it minor. then play one string at a time to check the sound. makin’ it sad The A minor chord lesson #9 The "A minor" or “Am” chord looks a lot like the “E” chord.. x Am Looks like the “E” chord! 1 23 3 2 1 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www. Play the bottom five strings. Each nger touches just one string.littlekidsrock. Press hard enough to get a sound. Use the tips below to help you make the shape.org 17 . the fingering just starts one string higher on the fretboad.. Place ngers close to the frets. Strum the chord with a pick. Curve your ngers like cat claws. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck.
Rhythm 1 Am D Am D x x x x x x 1 23 1 2 3 23 1 1 2 3 1 3 1 3 Rhythm 2 Am D Am D D x x x x x x x x 1 23 1 2 3 23 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 3 1 3 4 ©2006 Little Kids Rock 18 More cool stuff at: www.org .littlekidsrock. Try some rhythms of your own if you want.Latin Rock Jam This song has a Latin rock feel to it. Try them both out and see which you like better. lesson #10 Here are two different rhythms to try it with. Notice that there are two chords in each measure.
try them both and see which one is easier for you.Gee. the photo shows another. lesson Curve your ngers like cat claws. Press hard enough to get a sound. there are two ways to play “G” #11 e! The G chord. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck.org 19 .. Each nger touches just one string. Both rock in their own way... twic There are two different ways to finger a “G” chord. G STRETCH! 2 3 4 2 3 1 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www. Strum the chord with a pick. Play all six strings. then play one string at a time to check the sound. Place ngers close to the frets. Use the tips below to help you make the shape.. The chord diagram below shows one.littlekidsrock.
Strum the chord with a pick. Curve your ngers like cat claws. Each nger touches just one string. x C 1 2 3 ©2006 Little Kids Rock 3 2 1 20 More cool stuff at: www. Thumb looks like a fret on the back of The neck. Place ngers close to the frets.org . then play one string at a time to check the sound. Play the bottom five strings. Press hard enough to get a sound.littlekidsrock.The “C” chord lesson #11 Use the tips below to help you make the shape.
funk. salsa. A syncopated rhythm is simply a rhythm that skips one or more downbeats and has two or more upbeats in a row. rap. hip-hop. you know they’re there and you give them their space in the song. Remember: if you can SAY it.littlekidsrock. On the next page. But if you like rock. country or any other music whatsoever. you can PLAY it! 3) Another way to practice is to say the word “rest” on any gray number. you just don’t play it. 2) Playing a syncopated rhythm is like singing the kids’ song “Bingo. two and skip and four. Try counting out syncopated rhythms as follows: + and” two down three and down up (rest) up Notice that the rhythm above has two up-strokes in a row. One. One.Syncopated rhythms A SYNCOPATED RHYTHM 1 2 3 + YOU SEE YOU SAY WHILE YOU PLAY “one down lesson #11 Syncopated rhythms are funky and a little harder to play than simple rhythms. resting on those beats. Instead. two and rest and four.org 21 . you will understand how cool syncopation sounds. Also notice that we didn’t say “4” when we were counting. two and rest and four…” 4) Yet another way to practice is to say the word “skip” on any gray number. TIPS FOR TRYING SYNCOPATED RHYTHMS: 1) Try to “feel” the beat. two and skip and four…” ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www. we rested or “skipped” that downbeat. blues. For example on rhythm L: “One.” Even when you don’t sing the letters. rhythms L through S are examples of syncopated rhythms. To say and play them. reggae. The missing downbeat is still there. you simply leave out the gray numbers. For example on rhythm L: “One.
littlekidsrock.Syncopated rhythms L) M) N) O) P) Q) R) S) 22 down lesson #11 1 down (up) 2 + 3 + 4 (up) down down 1 1 down 2 + 3 + 4 + (up) (up) (up) down down (up) 2 + 3 + 4 + down (up) (up) down (up) 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + (up) down (up) down (up) down (up) 1 + 2 (up) + 3 (up) + 4 (up) + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + (up) (up) down (up) down (up) 1 down 2 down 3 + 4 + down (up) (up) 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + (up) (up) (up) (up) ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.org .
. try this rhythm for some variety.rock in “G” Rhythm 1 G C x lesson #12 Try this rhythm while you get used to changing between the chords. C x G x x D 1 2 3 4 3 2 3 2 4 1 2 3 1 2+3 4 Rhythm 3 G When you are ready to rock.org 23 . try this syncopated rhythm. G x x D 1 2 3 4 3 2 3 2 4 1 2 3 12 3 4 Rhythm 2 G When you are more comfortable.or others! C x G x x D 1 2 3 4 3 2 3 2 4 1 2 3 1 2+ + 4 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.littlekidsrock..
” So much for rules! Listen to the track to get the feel. If you mute the strings after each upstroke. The strum pattern is “Down. Here’s the progression with the rhythm written below. Rhythm 2 x A x x D E 1 123 1 2 3 23 D U (S) D(S) D U (S) D(S) D U (S) D(S) D U (S) D(S) ©2006 Little Kids Rock 24 More cool stuff at: www. STOP.littlekidsrock. Up. The first strum is a downstroke. STOP” which we have shortened here to be: D U (S) D(S). That is the opposite of rock where most of the emphasis is on the downbeats. Down. Be sure to squeeze both the “D” and “E” chords into the second measure.” be sure to mute the strings. When you see “STOP. Rhythm 1 x A x x D E 1 123 1 2 3 23 The next rhythm is trickier. Look at this rhythm: Notice that all the strums are upstrokes. even though it comes in on the “and” of “one.org .reggae in “A” Reggae music has a very syncopated feel. lesson #13 Most of the emphasis is on the “up” beats. it will have a real reggae feel.
littlekidsrock. The final thing to notice are the rests. Don’t strum any chord where you see “(rest). Notice that each measure has two different chords.” x A x A x x D E x x D x x D 1 123 123 1 2 3 23 1 2 3 1 2 3 ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.rock in “A” lesson #14 Below you will see a very popular chord progression. All strumming for this one involves downstrokes. You will hear this progression in many very popular tunes.org 25 .
LK R Starting on the "A"string x 1 34 xx Try these on an electric guitar! Curve your fingers like cat claws.l have the power! Below you'll find two very cool chords. ©2006 Little Kids Rock 26 More cool stuff at: www. They are barre chords. Place fingers close to the frets. they will sound good.littlekidsrock. Press hard enough to get a sound. That means that wherever you play them. They are called power chords and everybody from Jimi Hendrix to Nirvana has used them. lesson #15 Starting on the"E"string xx x 1 34 Tips: Use the length of your fingers to mute.org .
The cool thing about them is that once you master one power chord.” This rhythm is played using all down strokes.power chord progression lesson #15 Power chord progressions are heard in many different styles of music including heavy metal. It’s called a sixteenth note rhythm because each measure has 16 different beats in it.littlekidsrock. In the progression played during the video. To count it we say “one-e-and-a-two-e-and-a-three-e-and-a-four-e-and-a. rap and punk.org 27 . It also sounds cool if you mute the strings slightly. you can move it up and down the neck to make different chords. rock. a new kind of rhythm is played. sixteen down strokes per measure sixteen down strokes per measure That’s a lot of down strokes!! ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.
org . Next pick three fret numbers between 1 and 9. Fill the measures below with the fret numbers you chose in any order you like. You just stir it up! Well. Song Title:____________________________ Artist:____________________________ (Your name here!) fret__ fret__ fret__ fret__ _____? 1 2 3 4 fret__ fret__ fret__ fret__ 5 6 7 8 ©2006 Little Kids Rock 28 More cool stuff at: www. you don't worry too much about what part goes where.POWER CHORD SCRAMBLE lesson #15 When you scramble an egg. Try using more or fewer fret numbers depending on what sounds good to you. Pick ONE of the two power chord forms. this song writing exercise is similar.littlekidsrock. After you've tried it with one chord form. Play the chords and see how it sounds. try it with the other one too.
The "E" is played on the 1st and 2nd strings. then hitting the open string and third finger twice. Be careful to only play two strings at the same time. The "A" is played on the 2nd and 3rd strings. The rhythm can be counted by the fingers: 11 33 11 33 A x x xx xx D xx 1 3 1 3 E xx xx 1 3 A D E A D D A A A A A A ©2006 Little Kids Rock More cool stuff at: www.shuffle BLues in “A” It is amazing to think that playing just two strings at a time can sound sooooo good! lesson #16 Each of these three "chords" is played using just two strings at a time.org 29 .littlekidsrock. The "D" is played on the 3rd and 4th strings. You play each chord by hitting the open string and first finger together twice.
We say..org .." Look! © 1999 Little Kids Rock 30 More cool stuff at: www.THe famous TWONOTE guitar soLo! lesson #17 Guitar solos are the kinds of things that can make an audience sit on the edge of their seats or stand up and yell for more. "Try to use just two notes. taking a guitar solo yourself is not as hard as you may think it is. However.littlekidsrock.
Play 4 first. See the two red dots? Those are the two notes we’ll be playing. 4 th finger.littlekidsrock.littlekidsrock." You can play it over the jam track on the CD-ROM. Play picking up.Look at the picture of the guitar neck. 1 st finger. Play on the 5th fret with your Play on the 8th fret with your Play each note by itself.. fret h t 5 1 ! o l o s t s r fi r u o e k a L et's t We will play it over "The Blues in A. Play picking down. We’ll be playing them on the high “E” string which is also the thinnest string on the guitar lesson #17 Try this.org © 2006 Little Kids Rock 31 . You can also play it with your guitar teacher or pal. Play 1 first. they will rock! fret 8th 4 Mor ec ool stuf t: fa www. No matter what order you play these two notes in.org ™ More cool stuff at: www..
The Four note soLO #18 Playing a two-note solo can be cool. solo can be twice as cool! Look at the drawing of the fretboard and look at the high “E” string. Those are the same two notes we just used in the two-note solo. Playing a four-note lesson EADGBE high Try to rock along with the video Mor 5th fret 11 44 ec ool stuf t: fa ©2006 Little Kids Rock www.littlekidsrock. Therefore. Now. once you learn to finger the two notes on the “E” string. Do you notice any similarities between the two strings with notes? Each of the fingerings is identical. fingering the notes on the “B” string will feel familiar.org ™ 32 . look at the “B” string and you’ll see that we’ve added two more.
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