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S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm
PHẦN MỞ ĐẦU I.Lý do chọn đề tài. Năm học 2009-2010 là năm thứ năm thực hiện hình thức thi trắc nghiệm đối với môn tiếng Anh ở các kì thi tốt nghiệp THPT, thi ĐH của bộ GD & ĐT. Trong chương trình tiếng Anh THPT , Mệnh đề quan hệ là một phần kiến thức hết sức quan trọng, có trong các kì thi tốt nghiệp và thi ĐH. Muốn làm tốt được các bài tập trắc nghiệm về mệnh đề quan hệ thì học sinh cần phải nắm được các vấn đề liên quan đến mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng Anh, chuyển từ hình thức làm các bài tập tự luận sang bài tập trắc nghiệm. Vì vậy tôi chọn đề tài “Mệnh đề quan hệ và các dạng bài tập ” làm vấn đề nghiên cứu trong sáng kiến kinh nghiệm của mình. II.Mục đích. Khi viết sáng kiến kinh nghiệm này, tôi chỉ mong được góp thêm một vài ý kiến của mình về các vấn đề liên quan đến“Mệnh đề quan hệ và các dạng bài tập ” trong tiếng Anh giúp giáo viên có thể tham khảo thêm trong việc ôn tập cho học sinh chuẩn bị cho các kỳ thi sắp tới. III.Đối tượng nghiên cứu. Trong chương trình tiếng Anh THPT, mệnh đề quan hệ được đưa vào giảng dạy một chút ở khối 10, tập trung chủ yếu ở học kỳ II khối 11 và ôn lại ở khối 12 . Trong đề tài của mình, tôi chỉ tập trung vào những vấn đề lý thuyết của mệnh đề quan hệ như : mệnh đề quan hệ là gì? các đại từ quan hệ, trạng từ quan hệ, các loại mệnh đề quan hệ, dạng rút gọn của mệnh đề quan hệ, giới từ đi với đại từ quan hệ , những lưu ý về mệnh đề quan hệ và một số bài tập viết, bài tập trắc nghiệm tương ứng để củng cố cho phần kiến thức ở trên , nhằm giúp học sinh hiểu và nắm được những kiến thức cơ bản và nâng cao của mệnh đề quan hệ trong Tiếng anh để các em có thể làm tốt các dạng bài tập trắc nghiệm về mệnh đề quan hệ trong Tiếng anh. IV.Phạm vi nghiên cứu. Năm học 2009-2010 V.Cơ sở nghiên cứu. Tôi nghiên cứu đề tài này dựa trên những cơ sở sau: - Dựa vào thực tế giảng dạy. - Dựa vào một số tài liệu tham khảo về mệnh đề quan hệ - Dựa và một số ý kiến của đồng nghiệp.
Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 1 ng÷ - thÓ dôc
ta có thể lược bỏ which This is the book I like best The dress (which) I bought yesterday is very beautiful. CÁC ĐẠI TỪ QUAN HỆ 1. đại từ ấy. Whom. My father is the person that I admire most. II. That is the boy who helped me to find your house. có thể được dùng thay cho Who. đứng sau tiền ngữ chỉ người để làm chủ ngữ cho động từ đứng sau nó. when. It is mine. whose. which. why). This is the book. The boy whom we are looking for is Tom. Which trong mệnh đề quan hệ thuộc loại Restricted Clause (Mệnh đề xác định) Eg: That is the book that I like best. I can see the girl and her dog that are running in the park. Whom: -Là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người làm tân ngữ. -Theo sau who là một động từ Eg: The man who is sitting by the fire is my father. đứng sau tiền ngữ chỉ người để làm tân ngữ cho động từ đứng sau nó. Mệnh đề quan hệ đứng ngay đằng sau danh từ. 3. that ) hay các trạng từ quan hệ như (where. đại từ trong mệnh đề chính để bổ sung ý nghĩa cho danh từ. That is the bicycle that belongs to Tom. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 2 ng÷ . Định nghĩa . => The hat which is red is mine. thay cho tính từ sở hữu. -Theo sau which có thể là một động từ hoặc một chủ ngữ.Mệnh đề quan hệ là mệnh đề phụ được nối với mệnh đề chính bởi các đại từ quan hệ (who. I like it best. làm chủ ngữ hoặc tân ngữ cho động từ sau nó. Which:Là đại từ quan hệ chỉ vật.Whose:Là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . The hat is red. Eg: Eg: 4. Whose cũng được dùng cho of which. => This is the book which I like best. Who: -Là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người làm chủ ngữ. 5.phân biệt danh từ đại từ ấy với các danh từ đại từ khác. That: Là đại từ quan hệ chỉ cả người lẫn vật. 2. Chức năng của nó giống như một tính từ do vậy nó còn được gọi là mệnh đề tính ngữ. -Khi which làm tân ngữ. whom.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm PHẦN NỘI DUNG I. -Theo sau whom là một chủ ngữ Eg: The woman whom you saw yesterday is my aunt.
(= at which) 2. (= in which) Do you know the country where I was born? Hanoi is the place where I like to come. Why: là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ lí do. those. that. on.nếu bỏ đi mệnh đề chính không có nghĩa rõ ràng. Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định ( restrictive relative clause) -Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định dùng để bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước. is a doctor. . => The boy whose bicycle you borrowed yesterday is Tom. thay cho a. là bộ phận quan trọng của câu. (= on which) I’ll never forget the day when I met her.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . Eg The girl who is wearing the blue dress is my sister. then Eg: May Day is the day when people hold a meeting. Where: là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ nơi trốn. his her…đứng trước. dùng thay cho at.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm -Theo sau Whose luôn là 1 danh từ Eg: The boy is Tom. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 3 ng÷ . is my daughter. dùng thay cho “for the reason” Eg: Please tell me the reason why you are so sad.restrictive relative clause ) -Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định dùng để bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước. You borrowed his bicycle yesterday. Eg My father. there) Eg: That is the house where we used to live. -Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định thường được ngăn với mệnh đề chính bởi các dấu phẩy. John found a cat whose leg was broken. IV. đứng sau tiền ngữ “the reason”. (= for which) He told me the reason why he had been absent from class the day before. 2. nếu bỏ đi mệnh đề chính vẫn còn nghĩa rõ ràng. III. on.Không được dùng that trong mệnh đề không xác định. Danh từ đứng trước thường là tên riêng hoặc trước các danh từ thường có các từ như: this.Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định (non. This girl. these. The book which I borrowed from you is very interesting. whom you met yesterday. 3. my. Its leg was broken. (=on which) That was the time when he managed the company. đứng sau tiền ngữ chỉ thời gian. in + which. in + which. CÁC TRẠNG TỪ QUAN HỆ 1. CÁC LOẠI MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ: có ba loại mệnh đề quan hệ 1. who is 50 years old. When: là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ thời gian. John found a cat.là phần giải thích thêm.
=> English is an important language to master. The house built now belongs to Mr.Using “to infinitive” or “infinitive phrase” (for sb to do): Bỏ đại từ quan hệ. . trợ động từ và bắt đầu cụm từ bằng past participle) Eg1The books which were written by To Hoai are interesting.Present participle: Dùng cho các động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở thể chủ động.Using noun phrases: mệnh đề quan hệ không xách định có thể được rút gọn bằng cách dùng cụm danh từ. => Here is the form for you to fill in. Eg He admires Mr Brown. The books written by To Hoai are interesting. The students punished by the teacher are lazy. Here is the form that you must fill in. There is a good restaurant where we can eat good food.Using past participle: . Pike.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 3.Mệnh đề quan hệ nối tiếp dùng để giải thích cả một câu. 4. Pike. Mary tore Tom’s letter.Using participle phrases (sử dụng hiện tại phân từ) .thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . The man sitting to you is my uncle. bắt đầu cụm từ bằng “infinitive” English is an important language which we have to master. đưa động từ chính về nguyên mẫu rồi thêm –ing) The man who is sitting next to you is my uncle. trường hợp này chỉ dùng đại từ quan hệ which và dùng dấu phẩy để tách hai mệnh đề. 3. V.Past participle: Dùng cho các động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở thể bị động (Bỏ đại từ quan hệ. Ta dùng present participle phrase thay cho mệnh đề đó (bỏ đại từ quan hệ và trợ động từ. bỏ chủ ngữ và trợ động từ. which surprises me. That is the hotel where we can stay. => There is a good restaurant to eat good food. Eg3 The house which is being built now belongs to Mr. Eg2 The students who were punished by the teacher are lazy. => That is the hotel to stay. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 4 ng÷ .DẠNG RÚT GỌN CỦA MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ: mệnh đề quan hệ có thể rút gọn theo 4 cách: 1. Mệnh đề này luôn đứng ở cuối câu. which made him sad.Mệnh đề quan hệ nối tiếp. Do you know the boy who broke the windows last night? Do you know the boy breaking the windows last night? 2.
2. a city in northern Spain. (a)few. most.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . which is a city in northern Spain. two. Eg1 The man about whom you are talkingis my brother. none.GiớI Từ ĐI VớI MệNH Đề QUAN Hệ: -Chỉ có hai đại từ quan hệ là Whom và which thường có giới từ đi kèm và giới từ có thể đứng trước các đại từ quan hệ hoặc cuối mệnh đề quan hệ. to whom I spoke on the phone last night. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 5 ng÷ . several. half. each. Eg Do you know the boy (whom) we met yesterday? That’s the house (which) I have bought.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm Eg1 George Washington. whom I spoke on the phone to . either. Các đại từ quan hệ có chức năng tân ngữ trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định đều có thể lược bỏ. much. was a general in the army. one. both. Trường hợp này chỉ được dùng Whom và Which Miss Brown. Mr. Eg Mr Tom. is very interested in our plan. the first presidentof the United States. 3. Eg2 We visited Barcelona. many. any. Eg2The picture at which you are looking is very expensive. ta có thể đưa giới từ đó đứng trước đại từ quan hệ. Chú ý: -Khi giới từ đứng cuối mệnh đề quan hệ thì ta có thể bỏ đại từ quan hệ và có thể dùng that thay cho whom và which trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định. all of whom are teachers. -Khi giới từ đứng trước đại từ quan hệ thì ta có không thể bỏ đại từ quan hệ và có không thể dùng that thay cho whom và which . The man (whom) you are talking about is my brother. Cater. neither. who was the first presidentof the United States. Fortunately we had a map. We visited Barcelona. George Washington.Lưu ý về mệnh đề quan hệ 1. Khi danh từ được nói đến là tân ngữ của giới từ. VII. The picture ( which) you are looking at is very expensive. some. -Tuy nhiên các đại từ quan hệ có chức năng tân ngữ trong mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định không thể lược bỏ. VI. is a very nice teacher. was a general in the army. is very interested in our plan. + of which/whom Daisy has three brothers. Chú ý cách dùng của các cấu trúc mở đầu cho mệnh đề quan hệ: all. with whom we studied last year. without which we would have got lost.
few of whom I had met before. 9. 13. I respect this man most. first và last This is the most interesting film that I’ve ever seen. You make fun of him. This woman had helped me. My father is talking to him. c. The student is from china. Sau các tính từ so sánh hơn nhất. He sits next to me. Combine each pair of sentences using a relative pronoun or relative adverb 1. These children are orphans. 12. Moscow is the finest city that she’s ever visited. I am taking his course. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 6 ng÷ . 5. She was the first person that broke the silence. 8. 3.EXERCISES ON RELATIVE CLAUSES I. neither of whom I had seen before. 11. The professor is excellent. The boy is my cousin. You’re the very man that I would like to see. The man is my father. I’ll tell you something that is very interesting. You are acquainted with them. 14. You visited him yesterday. VIII. 2. Khi cụm từ đứng trước vừa là danh từ chỉ người và vật He told me about the places and people that he had seen in London b.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm I tried on three pairs of shoes. Mary and Margaret are twins. I’ve ever met this woman. She is the most intelligent woman. That is the last letter that he wrote. 4. 10. He asked me a lot of questions. The middle-aged man is the director. The man is my father. The two young men are not good persons. I’ll introduce you to the man.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . You met him this morning. Two boys. This doctor is famous. 6. only (duy nhất) và very (chính là) All that he can say is this. Các trường hợp sau đây thường phải dùng ‘that’ a. I thanked the woman. I respect his opinion most. They have got two cars. There were a lot of people at the meeting. most of which I couldn’t answer. 4. My father goes swimming everyday. none of which fitted me. Sau các từ all. Sau các đại từ bất định He never says anything that is worth listening to. came into my class. one of which they seldom use. His support is necessary for your project. I bought the only book that they had. She is taking care of these children. You met them yesterday. 7. d.
I recently went back to Paris. Fleming. 10. is the director of this company. 16. 24. Fill in the blanks with Relative pronouns or Relative adverbs where necessary 1. ________ is a wonderful feeling. We saw many soldiers and tanks ______ were moving to the front. She left on that day. 31. 17. 29. 21. 37. was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1945. 30. 4. One of the elephants had only one tusk. Mr. This is Mrs. We saw these elephants at the zoo. Tom has three sisters. Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. They are given at the top of the page. 2. 9. 7. 32. II. I used to live in it. I’ve sent him two letters. we studied last year no longer teaches in our school. Rod Lee has won an Oscar. They went to market. Love. Be sure to follow the instructions. I don’t know the girl’s name. We must find a time _______ we can meet and a place _______ we can talk. I know a place __________ roses grow in abundance. Dr.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 15. 19. That worries me. 6. 5. Is this the style of hair? Your wife wants to have it. You sent me a present. A man answered the phone. Hoan Kiem lake is a historical place. 33. Max isn’t home yet. 34. I was born in Paris nearly 50 years ago. 28. Jones. 13. 26. The day was rainy. Mr. 23. _________ is only 34. 35. I had come to see him. They showed me the hospital ________ buildings had been destroyed by US bombings.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . 36. Do you know the building? The windows of the building are painted green. 25. 8. He has received neither of them. It is still as beautiful as a pearl. 18.05 is the time. Is there any one ________ can help me do this? 3. Thank you very much for it. Clark. Its water is always blue. Do you know the music? It is being played on the radio. Freedom is something for _______ millions have given their lives. 22. I know his sister. Her son won the championship last year. 15. All of them are married. The teacher with ________. I recently went back to Paris. We have to cut down our daily expenses for that reason. Let me see all the letters _______ you have written. She’s just gone into the hall. 7. 38. Last week I went to see the house. Its engine is very good. 27. I don’t remember the man’s name. 20. He joined the political party _______ was in power. You didn’t tell us the reason. It is easy to find faults in people ________ we dislike. He said Tom was out. 14. _______ discovered penicillin. It was the nurse ________ told me to come in. I saw a lot of people and horses. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 7 ng÷ . 12. 11. comes to everyone at some time in his life. That man is an artist. The really happy people are those _______ enjoy their daily work. Brown. My plane arrives then. That car belongs to Dr.
You should take advantage of it to get a better job. I’ll go to London on that day. 6. I never forget the park. Mrs. The papers that are on the table belong to Patrica. The examination lasted two days. Use Relative adverb to combine each pair of sentences below: 1. We can look up telephone numbers in this book. I come from a city that is located in the southern part of the country. The first man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable. 9. This matter is of great importance. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 8 ng÷ . Use a Relative pronoun preceded by a preposition to combine each pair of sentences below: 1. You made fun of him. V. The boy is my cousin. 9. She divorced her husband of this cause. I do not take notice of it. 4. 5. The children who attend that school receive a good education. You can find valuable books in this shop. The number of students who have been counted is quite high. He is always the first who comes and the last who leaves. Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases 1. 7. George is the man who was chosen to represent the committee at the convention. I was successful in this examination. 2. She doesn’t want to speak of the cause. Do you know the woman who is coming towards us? 2. 2. I’ll show you the second hand bookshop. IV. The fence which surrounds our house is made of wood. 5. 3. 3. 4. The man who is talking to the policeman is my uncle. 10. We’re going to arrive at this airport. Replace the underlined clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase 1. 8. I don’t like him playing in the street. I am responsible to him for my work. 2. 5. We flew kites over it in our childhood. Brown. 5. 6.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . I’m pleased with it. We often stay in this house in summer. This is the result of our work. 8. You gave place to her on the bus. He was born on the day. VI. He simply loves parties. I’ve got a bottle of wine but I haven’t got anything that I could open it with. This is the house. There is a No parking sign. 7. His father was away on that day. 9.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm III. 6. 7. 4. I have not decided the day. Mr. The woman lives next door to me. They live in the house that was built in 1890. 3. I lived far from home on those days. 8. I wish we had a garden that he could play in. We met each other for the first time at this park. We are crossing the meadow. 4. 10. You should pay attention to it. The days were the saddest ones. The airport is the most modern one. Brown is the man. The last person who leaves the room must turn off the lights. Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page. Do you see my pen? I have just written the lesson with it. He was going to carry out an urgent operation at that moment. This is a rare opportunity. 3. 10. The book is a telephone directory. Brown rang Dr.
A. A & C are correct 11) Frank invited Janet. ____ he had met in Japan. who B. who B. whose B. (in) VIII Choose the best answer 1) The book ____ I bought at the bookstore yesterday is expensive. that D. who D. This is a form for you to fill. whose C. who B. that D. who D. A & C are correct 12 The girl ___ design had been chosen stepped to the platform to receive the award. (in) 5. who B. that D. B & C are correct 8) Where is the girl ____ sells tickets? A. ____ has a population of over 10 million. A. who B.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm VII. A. who B. ____ sister works for my father. A & C are correct 10) The artist ____ name I couldn’t remember was one of the best I had ever seen. A & B are corre 5) This is Henry. The floor is dusty but I haven’t got a brush to sweep it. He was the second person to be killed in this way. A. that D. whose B. A & C are correct 4) Mexico City.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . B & C are corre 2) What’s the name of the blonde girl ____ just came in? A. whom D. A. I have just found a river to swim. whose C. A. A. 4. that D. who B. whom C. A & C are correct 7) Could you iron the trousers ____ are hanging up behind the door? A. whose C. whose C. whom D. that D. who B. which B. which Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 9 ng÷ . which C. whose C. is probably the fastest growing city in the world. Rewrite these sentences using a relative clause in place of the infinitive or infinitive phrases 1. A. that D. A. whose C. The pilot was the only man to survive in the crash. A. whose C.All are correct 6) He’s the man ____ people like at first sight. which 13) I need to find a painting ____ will match the rest of my room. (with) 2. that D. A & C are correct 9) The man____ we consider our leader had much experience in climbing mountains. who B. which 14) There are too many poor people ____ do not have enough to eat in the world. to the party. whom C. A. whose C. 3. A & B are correct 3) I don’t like people ____ lose their tempers easily. whose B. who B. whom D. that D. whom C. whose C. whom C.
A & C are correct Betty is the most intelligent girl ____ I have ever met. All are correct Do you know the music ____ is being played on the radio? A. who B. that D. A. who B. who B. that D. A. which C. whom B. A. where D. whose B. that D. whom B. whose D. whom C. whom D. whom B. who D.thÓ dôc . which C. which C. whose B. B & C are correct 18) I don’t like the stories ____ have unhappy endings. B & C are correct This channel often shows the cartoons of ____ the children are very fond. which C. that D. that C. that C. A. B & C are correct The dress ____ she bought last week doesn’t fit her well. A. B & C are correct 19) The students ____ don’t have library cards can’t borrow books from the library. which D. A. B & C are correct 17) What’s the music to ____ you are listening? A. Tæ ngo¹i Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 10 ng÷ . who B. A. A & C are correct The teacher notices the students ____ often come to class late. which B. whom This is my beloved school ____ I studied when I was young. that D. that D. whomD. A & B are correct The teacher punished the student ____ was naughty. which 16) The teacher ____ teaches us French is coming today.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 15) The trees ____ have the beautiful flowers grow near the gate of the garden. whichC. whom C. whom B. whose I like to write to friends ____ are living far away from me. 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) A. who B. A. which B. A. who B. which C. who C. which C. A & B are correct She fell in love with a man ____ was from another country. A. that D. who B. which C. A. whom C. B & C are correct Do you know a shop ____ sells good coffee? A. which C. that B. whose D. whom B. that D. A. whose The woman ____ has been arrested lives in an apartment. whose D. A & B are correct Here’s the paper ____ you need. A & C are correct I bought some pencils ____ are in different colours. which D. who C. that C. B & C are correct She ate an apple ____ was still green. whose B. who D. whom C. A. A.
whom D. when C. who B. A. ____ job involves a lot of travelling.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm A. A. A. All are correct 44) This is the result of our work ____ I’m pleased with. which B. All are correct 4o) Do you know the doctor for ____ I send? A. which 51) This new stadium. whom C. A. that B. that B. A.000 people. A & C are correct 36) What is the picture ____ you are looking at? A. whom C. which B. that D. who B. All are correct 42) The woman ____ Ann must take care of is very poor and old. whom C. All are correct 47)Ann. which C. ____ I have known for a very long time. A. that D. whose C. that B. A. that C. whom C. which B. whom C. which B. who D. whom B. A & C are correct 37) In the middle of the village. A & B are correct Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 11 ng÷ . B & C are correct 50) Sheila. A. is one of my closest friends. whom C. that D. is very friendly. All are correct 48) We went to Sandra’s party. A & C are correct 35) That is the chair ____ he used to sit on for meals. there is a well from ____ the villagers take water to drink. whose C. that D. A & B are correct 39) I must thank the people ____ I got the present from. which D. A. A & B are correct 38) There is a NO PARKING sign ____ I did not take notice of. who 49) John. who B. that C. that D. All are correct 43) This is the man to ____ I gave some money this morning. that D. which C. ____ we enjoyed very much. whom D. whose C. whose D. which D. A & C are correct 46) The boy ____ you made fun of yesterday is my cousin. whom B. whom C. A. All are correct 41) The man about ____ I was telling you is standing over there. who D. that C. that D. that D. that B. which C.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . who B. A. whose B. will be opened next month. is away from home a lot. A & C are correct 34) The house in ____ I was born is for sale. ____ lives next door. who D. A. A. which D. that D. whose B. A & C are correct 45) The problem in ____ we are very interested has been discussed in class. A. A. ____ can hold 90. whom C. that B. A. whom C. who B. who D. that B.
when C. which B.that D.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . All are correct 66) Tell me the reason ____ you were absent yesterday. which C. All are correct 65) Do you remember the clock tower ____ I first met you? A. A. that D. A & B are correct 69) The house in ____ I was born and grew up was destroyed in an earthquake ten Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 12 ng÷ . A. which C. that D. that D. A. B & C are correct 57) Mary has three brothers. why D. provides us with heat and light. ____ is one of millions of stars in the universe. A. where C. which B. that 67) Do you know the reason ____ Laura doesn’t like me? A. where B. where B. All are correct 62) My room has a very large window ____ you can see the whole lake. them B. that D. it C. A. who D. them B. whose B. all of ____ are married. that C. A. which B. All are correct 59) There were a lot of people at the party. only a few of ____ I had met before. where B. to which B. whose D. A. whom C. where D. B & C are correct 58) We were given a lot of information. why 68) There was a time ____ dinosaurs dominated the earth. is the largest state in the United States. A. . which C.D. most of ____ were very helpful. who D. whom C. which B. where C. A & B are correct 55) The sun. that C. ____ my brother lives. A. which C. whom 61) A café is a small restaurant ____ people can get a light meal. is small. A & B are correct 53) My office. that D. which B. A. that B. which B. which C. All are correct 63)Alaska. A. that D. All are correct 64) This is the house ____ we often stay the summer. 60) The meeting ………I went was interesting. A & B are correct 54) She told me her address ____ I wrote down on a piece of paper. B & C are correct 60) I sent her two letters. when C. which B. that D. ____ is on the second floor. who. neither of ____ she has received. A & B are correct 56) Tom made a number of suggestions. who D. is a doctor. that D.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 52) My brother. which D. which C. A. who B. ____ lives in Houston. A. A. most of ____ was useless. these C. where B. A. that C.
I’ll introduce you to the man whose support is necessary for your project. A. where B. why D. after 79) ____ these cars are cheap. 5. 7. My father whom you met this morning goes swimming everyday. A. that D. The two young men whom you are acquainted with are not good persons. why D. although D. 11. 2. that B.This doctor whom you visited yesterday is famous. 4. These children whom she is taking care of are orphans.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm years ago. why B. Mary and Margaret whom you met yesterday are twins. since B. A & B are correct 77) Tell me the countries ____ the traffic moves on the left-hand side. A & B are correct 78) We keep our bread in the bridge ____ it doesn’t go bad. A. which B. The boy whom you make fun of is my cousin. 6. that D. so that C. that D. Although D. 9. that D. A. A. A. In order that C. where C. 10. All are correct 70) Summer is the time of the year ____ the weather is the hottest. 8. which C. because B. which C. The man whose opinion I respect most is my father. which C. they last a long time. which C. so that C. when B. Because B. why B. A. that D. After 80) You should give the iron time to heat up ____ you iron your clothes. 3. before KEY TO EXERCISES ON RELATIVE CLAUSES I. where B. which B.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . All are correct 75) Can you suggest a time at ____ it will be convenient to meet? A. A. where C. which B. She is the most intelligent woman whom I’ve ever met. that D. even though D. A. which C. that D. A. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 13 ng÷ . when C. The middle-aged man is the director whom my father is talking to. that 76) Is there any reason for ____ you should have a holiday? A. B & C are correct 71) The reason ____ Jim has just lost his job is that he didn’t work hard enough. B & C are correct 72) They hid the money in a place ____ it was safe from robbers. which C. 1. All are correct 73 ) Please tell me the reason for ____ I should let you go. B & C are correct 74) I know a wood ____ you can find wild strawberries. The man whom I respect most is my father.
that 14. all of whom are married. I don’t know the name of the girl who has just gone into the hall. 30. 35. 8. whom 12. 25. with which I am pleased. This is the result of our work. 37. the water of which is always blue. whose son won the championship last year. where 9. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 14 ng÷ . II. You didn’t tell us the reason for which we have to cut down our daily expenses. One of the elephants which we saw at the zoo had only one tusk. I recently went back to Paris. 26. the engine of which is very good. who 4. Jones. 3. Thank you very much for the present which you sent me. who I had come to see. 38. Mr. 5. 6. lasted two days. lives next door to me. The professor whose course I am taking is excellent. 7. 20. is a historical place. 24. is an artist. who 3. 17. 19. which is still as beautiful as a pearl. The day on which she left was rainy. Smith. There is a No parking sign of which we don’t take notice. 16.is of great… 4. 28. 22. I saw a lot of people and horses that went to the market. 33. that 8.05 is the time at which my plane arrives. A man who answered the phone said Tom was out. Tom has three sisters. who 11.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i .Do you know the music which is being played on the radio? 21. 2. which 6. that worries me. This is a rare opportunity of which you should take advantage to get a better job. I recently went back to Paris. 1. Clark. The student who sits next to me is from China. 7. 27. neither of which he has received. said he was too busy to speak to me. Brown is the man to whom I am responsible for my work. Do you know the building the windows of which are painted green? 36.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 12. 18. 14. 31. I thanked the woman who had helped me. who 10. I’ve sent him two letters. ∅ 7. I’ll introduce you the man whose support is necessary for your project. 15. in which I was born nearly 50 years ago. where 13. The woman to whom …. 39. That car. when/where 5. whose sister I know has won an Oscar. Max isn’t home yet. which III. Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page. Rod Lee. Hoan Kiem lake. 1. 23. This is Mrs. Is this the style of hair which your wife wants to have? 32. 34. Last week I went to see the house in which I used to live. The boy of whom you made fun of is my cousin. The examination in which I …. whose name I don’t remember. That man. Mr. to which you should. This matter. ∅ 2. 29. that (which) 15.…. belongs to Dr. 13.
3. The number of students counted They live in the house built in 1890. We are crossing the meadow over which we flew kites in our childhood. 4. Be sure to follow the instructions given at the top of the page. The children attending that school receive a good education. Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 15 ng÷ . 2. 5. I have just found a river in which we can swim. 6. I never forget the park where we met each other for the first time. 9. 10. This is a form which you have to fill in. He was the second person who was killed in this way. He was born on the day when his father was away. VI. Brown when he was going to carry out an urgent operation. 9. 7. He is always the first to come and the last to leave. The man talking to the policeman is my is quite high. 10. I have not decided the day when I’ll go to London. Mrs. VII. with which I’ve just written the lesson. The days when I lived far from home were the saddest ones. 10. 1. This is the house where we often stay in summer. 8. 7. The book in which we can look up telephone numbers is a telephone directory. The last person to leave the room must turn off the lights. 3. 5. IV. anything to open it. She doesn’t want to speak of the cause why she divorced her husband. uncle. 3. 1. Brown rang Dr. I’ve got …. Do you know the woman coming towards us? I come from a city located in the southern part of the country. The pilot was the only man who survived the crash. 1. 5. 1. The airport where we’re going to arrive is the most modern one. 2. 5. V. 8. 4. I wish we had a garden for him to play. The papers being on the table belong to Patrica. The first man to be interviewed was entirely unsuitable. 3. 4. The floor is dusty but I haven’t got a brush which sweeps it with. 2.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm 9.. 6. George is the man chosen to represent the committee at the convention. Do you see my pen. 2. The fence surrounding our house is made of wood. 4. I’ll show you the secondhand bookshop where you can find valuable books.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i .
Xin chân thành cảm ơn! Melinh. đồng nghiệp để vấn đề tôi đưa ra được hoàn thiện hơn. Đề xuất: Là một giáo viên trẻ. Trong quá trình giảng dạy. học sinh học khối D thì tôi đã giới thiệu thêm phần một số phần chú ý về mệnh đề quan hệ . giảng dạy chưa lâu. tôi đã yêu cầu học sinh nhắc lại kiến thức đã học trong phần các thì tiếng Anh và các kiến thức có liên quan khác. còn đối với đối tượng học sinh khá. tôi nhận thấy học sinh phần lớn đều nắm được các kiến thức cơ bản và áp dụng làm được các dạng bài tập trắc nghiệm phục vụ cho kì thi tốt nghiệp THPT. Đối với những đối tượng học sinh yếu. thì yêu cầu về kiến thức cũng khác nhau.Vì vậy. Vì vậy.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i . kinh nghiệm chưa nhiều nên tôi biết vấn đề mình đưa ra còn nhiều hạn chế. đối với đối tượng học sinh yếu. giỏi. khi dạy phần kiến thức này. Tuy nhiên. tôi rất mong nhận được sự tham gia xây dựng của các thầy cô. thì các em vẫn còn gặp một số khó khăn vì đây là phần kiến thức liên quan chặt chẽ với các phần kiến thức tiếng Anh khác. tôi đã giới thiệu cho các em học sinh những kiến thức cơ bản về mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng Anh. Đối với từng đối tượng học sinh khác nhau. hoặc chỉ phục vụ thi học kỳ hoặc thi tốt nghiệp THPT thì tôi chỉ giới thiệu những phần cơ bản . ngày 15 tháng3 năm 2010 Người viết Nguyễn Minh Phương Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 16 ng÷ .Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm PHẦN KẾT LUẬN Trong quá trình giảng dạy tiếng Anh khối 11 và khối 12. có hiệu quả hơn trong quá trình giảng dạy.
DẠNG RÚT GỌN CỦA MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ VI.PHẠM VI NGHIÊN CỨU V.Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm Mục lục Phần mở đầu I .LƯU Ý VỀ MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ VIII. ĐỊNH NGHĨA II.thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i .MỤC ĐÍCH III.ĐỐI TƯỢNG NGHIÊN CỨU IV.GIỚI TỪ ĐI VỚI MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ: VII. CÁC TRẠNG TỪ QUAN HỆ IV.CƠ SỞ NGHIÊN CỨU Phần nội dung I.CÁC LOẠI MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ: V. CÁC ĐẠI TỪ QUAN HỆ III.EXERCISES ON RELATIVE CLAUSES Phần kết luận Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 17 ng÷ .LÝ DO CHỌN ĐỀ TÀI II.
thÓ dôc Tæ ngo¹i .Trêng THPT M‰ LINH S¸ng kiÕn kinh nghiÖm Gi¸o viªn NguyÔn Minh Ph¬ng 0982865644 18 ng÷ .
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