Chris Zielinski Period: 0

 Unit 5 Test Corrections 
14. A. Obesity is a risk factor for developing which of the following sleep disorders? A) night terrors B) sleepwalking C) sleep apnea D) insomnia E) sleeptalking C, Sleep apnea is associated with obesity. B. Pg. 187, “Sleep apnea is associated with obesity” C. Gussed 21. A. The best indication that dreaming serves a necessary biological function is provided by the fact that A) most dreams are psychologically meaningless. B) the disruption of REM sleep leads to narcolepsy. C) most mammals experience REM rebound. D) sexual tension is naturally discharged during REM sleep. E) manifest content often replaces latent content in NREM dreams. C, it shows that dreaming serves a necessary biological function. B. Pg. 191, “Most other mammals also experience REM rebound, suggesting that the causes and functions of REM sleep are deeply biological.” C. Took an educated guess. 24. A. Researchers have demonstrated that hypnosis can be useful in

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 A) treating obesity. B) helping individuals with drug, alcohol, or smoking addictions. C) enhancing recall of stressful events. D) making individuals perform actions they wouldn't do otherwise. E) recovering childhood memories. A, Obesity is treated with hypnosis. B. Pg. 194, “Hypnosis is especially helpful for the treatment of obesity.” C. I thought they are used to aid treatments of addicts. 34. A. Research on the use of addictive drugs indicates that A) the majority of people become addicted to cocaine within a couple of years of their first use. B) individuals who are given morphine for pain relief seldom develop the irresistible cravings of an addict. C) only a small minority of America's ex-smokers kicked the habit on their own. D) regular marijuana smokers typically experience an irresistible craving for LSD. E) people who respond strongly to hypnosis are more prone to drug addiction. B, morphine does not have high levels of addictive substances. B. Pg. 198, “People given morphine to control pain rarely develop the cravings of the addict” C. Once again, a guess. 35. Which of the following is true of alcohol? A) In large doses, it is a depressant; in small doses, it is a stimulant. B) In large doses, it is a stimulant; in small doses, it is a depressant. C) In large doses, it is a hallucinogen; in small doses, it is a depressant.

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 D) In large doses, it is a stimulant; in small doses, it is a stimulant. E) In large doses, it is a depressant; in small doses, it is a depressant. E, Alcohol is a depressant. B. Pg. 199, “In large doses, it is a depressant; in small doses, it is a stimulant. False.” C. Didn’t read all of the answer choices. 36. A. Research indicates that alcohol A) impairs short-term recall of what has just been said. B) disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memories. C) impairs recall of existing long-term memories. D) increases REM sleep. E) decreases latent content. B, it turns recent experiences into long-term memories. B. Pg. 199, “Alcohol also disrupts the processing of recent experiences into longterm memories.” C. Didn’t read this far… 41. A. Soon after taking a psychoactive drug, Zachary experienced a diminished appetite, an increased pulse rate, dilated pupils, and feelings of self-confidence and euphoria. Zachary most likely experienced the effects of A) heroin. B) cocaine. C) LSD. D) marijuana. E) THC. B, cocaine causes those different effects. B. Pg. 201, “a user’s pupils constrict…” C. The diminished appetite threw me off.

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 44. A. A rewarding consequence of cigarette smoking is that it reduces A) blood pressure. B) sensitivity to pain. C) mental alertness. D) the release of epinephrine into the bloodstream. E) heart rate. B, smoking reduces your sensibility to pain. B. Pg. 204, “reduce sensitivity to pain.” C. Guessed. 46. A. One of the immediate effects of Ecstasy is A) increased appetite. B) dehydration. C) lethargy. D) pupil constriction. E) decreased blood pressure. B, Ecstasy causes dehydration. B. Pg. 205, “One is its dehydrating effect” C. Guessed. 47. A. The release of stored serotonin and the eventual damage of serotonin-producing neurons is most closely associated with the long-term use of A) alcohol. B) Ecstasy. C) morphine. D) barbiturates.

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 E) amphetamines. B, Ecstasy causes damage to serotonin-producing neurons. B. Pg. 205, “releasing stored serotonin” C. Guessed…again.  50. A. As oxygen deprivation just prior to death turns off the brain's inhibitory cells, neural activity increases in the A) visual cortex. B) motor cortex. C) cerebellum. D) brainstem. E) temporal lobe. A, neural activity increases in the visual cortex before death. B. Pg. 206, “Given that oxygen deprivation and other insults to the brain are…” C. Guessed, but A makes sense because of the whole “white light” you see when you are dying. 51. A. THC, the active ingredient in ________, is classified as a ________. A) marijuana; hallucinogen B) marijuana; stimulant C) cocaine; stimulant D) cocaine; hallucinogen E) heroin; depressant A, THC is classified as a hallucinogen. B. Pg. 206, “Marijuana is also a mild hallucinogen.” C. Fifty-fifty between A and B. 52.

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 A. Regular users of ________ may achieve a high with smaller amounts of the drug than occasional users. A) alcohol B) morphine C) marijuana D) heroin E) nicotine C, Marijuana stays in the body after use, allowing an easier high. B. Pg. 206, “regular users may achieve a high with smaller amounts of the drug than occasional users…” C. Didn’t know that. Guessed. 54. A. Like his father, Martin has been abusing alcohol for many years. Using the biopsychosocial approach in helping him understand his behavior, psychologists would A) reduce his experiences with alcohol to his immediate sensations and feelings. B) focus on possible unconscious motivations for his alcohol abuse. C) examine additional psychological and social-cultural influences on his alcohol use. D) examine how significant life stressors may have influenced his alcohol use. E) explore how his peers may have influenced his attitudes and his alcohol use. C, there are various influences of alcohol that must first be looked into. B. Pg. 209, “Psychological and social-cultural influences also contribute to drug use.” C. Didn’t understand the concepts. 72. A. The claim that hypnotic phenomena are regulated by normal conscious processes is associated with the theory that hypnosis reflects the power of A) parallel processing. B) dissociation. C) neuroadaptation.

Chris Zielinski Period: 0 D) social influence. E) activation-synthesis theory. D, Social influence influences hypnosis. B. Pg. 195, “power of social influence.” C. Had no clue, took a guess.

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