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The University of Georgia
Time Travel in a Classroom
1909 “Children, please take your slate home and show your parents what you learned. If they have questions, I’ll speak to them about it at services Sunday. Now, fifth year children, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the eight planets.” 1959 “Kids, please have your mother sign the graded papers and send them back as soon as possible so you don’t get a demerit. Now, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the nine planets.”
2009 “OK, quick texting each other and put the iphones away. Please remember to get your parent or guardian to log in to the class home page so that I know that someone has seen your posted assignments. Now, take out your science books and turn to page 141 so we can read about the eight planets.”
• Many things have changed in the last 100 years…
• Now, we have smaller class sizes, more diversity, less
order and respect for teachers, more technology • Content reflects recent events and understandings, there is more technology, and the reading level of the textbooks is easier
Has Curriculum Changed?
Then • Reading • Writing • Arithmetic • Gym • History and Geography • Science Now • Language Arts • Mathematics • P.E. • Social Studies • Science
Has it really changed? No, not in 100 years.
We are moving from industrial societies to knowledge societies We must realize that it is time to move past the 3 Rs of Reading.Cramond. and ‘rithmetic B. University of Georgia . ‘riting.
culture. Recursion . Rigor .making of connections 3. Relations . Richness of curriculum .In 1993. and with one’s own knowledge B. others.deep & multi-layered 2. Doll Proposed the 4 Rs 1.Cramond.high standards 4. University of Georgia .reflective interaction with the environment.
Cramond.5th R: Reverse the Role of the Learner • Passive---> Active • Consumer---> Producer • Dependent--> Independent B. University of Georgia .
and Vanderbilt University .A partnership between the American Psychological Association. Montgomery County Public Schools.
• Resilience • recognizing challenges as part of life. viewing obstacles as challenges.The Other 3 Rs: • Reasoning • focusing on effective problem solving particularly in regard to academic challenges.apa.org/ed/cpse/threershome.html . and developing persistence. • Responsibility • Being accountable for one's own actions and inactions • Academic • Personal • Social http://www.
it actually stymied it. • Watch the Ken Robinson video on YouTube Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity? .In Great Britain… • The National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education (1999) warned that the curriculum not only did not nurture creativity.
• The groundbreaking 2006 report. 2006).S. advised a systematic change in the curriculum. Tough Choices or Tough Times (National Center on Education and the Economy. .In the U.
technology. 8. and the arts. as well as literature. mathematics. and science. good at both analysis and synthesis. will be essential for many. Executive Summary). . candidates will have to be comfortable with ideas and abstractions. self-disciplined and well organized. history. beyond this.” (p.“Strong skills in English. able to learn very quickly and work well as a member of a team and have the flexibility to adapt quickly to frequent changes in the labor market as the shifts in the economy become ever faster and more dramatic. creative and innovative.
Economist The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work. new technology. who generate new ideas. Community and Everyday Life (2002) The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent (2005) There is a new social class.Richard Florida.Cramond. the creative class. and new creative content that profoundly influence work and lifestyle issues. University of Georgia . Nations are in competition to nurture and retain their most creative talent because they are linked to a nation’s prosperity. B. Leisure.
8. Netherlands. 10. Denmark. Japan. technology. the 3. the US. Switzerland. 2. Finland. Norway and 5. 4. Iceland. 9. and tolerance .Top Ten Countries for Creativity According to Prof. Sweden. 7. Florida’s Index*: 6.Germany *Talent. 1.
Patents .Another Measure of Creativity.
Swe de n Ja pa n Finla nd Switze rla nd Denm a rk 11 16 1 13 0 0 12 29 203 Ice la nd Ne the rla nds No rwa y Germ a ny C hina T a iwa n Ko rea Austra lia Physics Chemistry Medicine Literature Peace Economics .S.Number of Nobel Prizes Awarded By Country--All Categories Nobel Prizes Awarded by Country 8 2 1 4 88 19 R us sia U.
com .gregclinton.Other Indicators of Creative Energy: Creative Enclaves or Constellations • • • • • • • Greek Mathematicians Florence at the beginning of the 15th century Paris in the mid-to-late 18th century The Royal Society Tang Dynasty (constellation of poets) 7th C Vienna at the end of the 19th century: Harlem Renaissance/New York Creative Enclaves-.
Where are some Creative Enclaves Now? • India--film industry • Silicon Valley. New York. CA--technology • Milan. Paris. Tokyo--fashion .
How much of what you learned in school is no longer true? • There may have been only 48 states in the U. even airplane trips were reserved for the wealthy. • Our food was not zapped.) . and our files were not zipped. (In 1960. • Man had not walked on the moon.S. the idea of a Catholic running for president was controversial. but travel was easy. • The idea of a Black man or a woman running for president was unthinkable.
Skype. • Going to school in your pajamas was a nightmare. • Amazon. • “Text” was not a verb. chats. • People. Second Life. .How much of what you learned in school is no longer true? (cont’d) • YouTube. Blue Tooth. cell phones. and Facebook had no meaning. email. not machines. iPods. and MySpace had different meanings. eBay. got viruses. not a fashion statement.
it is the learners who inherit the future.Cramond. The learned find themselves equipped to live only in a world that no longer exists” B.Hoffer. University of Georgia . 1973 “In a time of drastic change.
Failure to Recognize That Creativity… .
1…Can Be Expressed in Many Ways • Association only with the Arts .
Types of Creativity • Inventive • addresses a worthwhile problem • novel and appropriate solution • Expressive • Illustrates the creator’s emotions and aesthetics • original and valuable B. University of Georgia .Cramond.
and social arenas • Recognizes and identifies problems that may or may not be apparent to others. science.Cramond. University of Georgia Dean Kamen. • When solved result in an improvement in the domain B. Inventor .Inventive Creativity • Exhibited in mathematics.
S.Dean Kamen • Inventor-multimillionaire “inventrepreneur” • Didn’t graduate from college • Holds more than 150 U.Cramond. many of them for innovative medical devices Segway B. University of Georgia . and foreign patents.
Jr. • May produce an intangible product--such as a social movement B.Cramond. University of Georgia .Mohandas Ghandi and Martin Luther King.
B.Cramond. University of Georgia . • But from the need to communicate with others.Expressive Creativity • The impetus for the arts • Results not from the recognition of a problem.
Cramond.Not real dichotomy inventive • Aesthetic experience in the realization of an expressive elegant solution to a problem • There are many problems to be solved in the completion any artistic expression B. University of Georgia .
• French physician Armand Trousseau. University of Georgia . 11). who noted the similarity in their work.” (p. many of whom were Nobel Prize winners. The worst scientist is he who is not an artist. the worst artist is he who is no scientist. B.Root-Bernstein & Root-Bernstein. 1999 • Interviewed scientists and artists at the highest levels of accomplishment.Cramond. all art has its scientific side. “All science touches on art.
” . “A good soup is more creative than a bad poem. Can Be Expressed at Different Levels: C or c • Association only with the highest levels of creativity • Maslow.2.
Cramond.3…is Needed to Solve World Problems • Inventive • Novel solutions to unsolved problems • Early recognition & product creation • Market response B. University of Georgia .
4…Maximizes Human Abilities “The intuitive mind is the gift. We have honored the servant and ignored the gift.” Einstein . the rational mind is the faithful servant.
..5…Provides the passion that leads to achievement • "We are not born with unlimited choices. Our job in this lifetime is not to shape ourselves into some ideal that we imagine we ought to be. New York: Warner Books. The war of art: Break through the blocks and win your inner creative battles.. but to find out who we already are and become it.” Pressfield. S. (2002).
6…Makes Life Easier Ben Carson Dean Kamen .
More Enjoyable .7…And.
.8…Is Developmental In some cases the very qualities that cause creative individuals to have problems are the same ones that may facilitate their creative accomplishments.
And Must be Recognized… .
.…And Nurtured even when it is hard to do so.
some degree of creativity is required” .9…is something that we all have. like intelligence • When a person has no learned or practiced solution to a problem.
“When a person has no learned or practiced solution to a problem. some degree of creativity is required” B. University of Georgia .Cramond.According to Torrance.
What Can We Do About It? • Cherish our most valuable resource .
Education Must recognize and develop • Inventive Creativity – to solve problems • Expressive creativity – to help us understand and express our feeling about our changing world B.Cramond. University of Georgia .
at the turn of the century. Buckminster Fuller.Remember the Past • R. recalled that during his childhood. architect. mathematician. etc. writer. • fewer still thought of humanity in world terms . • only about 1% of the world was literate.
electrons. or even air wars as reality. . travel to the moon.Look at the Present… • people tried to predict the future and could not begin to conceive of automobiles.
Prepare for the Future! • We. are poised on the brink of change in this new millennium • Prediction is still true: successful adaptation to world change and enrichment of our world depend on creative endeavors. . too.
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