1. Find density in g/ml mineral oil – 250ml ; 0.23kg d = 230g / 250 ml d = 0.92 g/ml 2.

3NO2 + H2O  2HNO3 + NO N = 14 ; O=16; H=1 How many grams of NO2 required to produce 5g of HNO3 No. of mol of HNO3 = 5g / 64 = 0.078 mol 2 mol of HNO3 = 0.078 mol 1 mol of HNO3 = 0.078 / 2 = 0.039 mol No. of mol if NO2 = 0.039 x 3 = 0.117 mol Mass of NO2 = 0.117 mol x 46 = 5.382 g 3. C6H12O6 + NH3 + 3/2 O2  C5H9NO4 + CO2 + 3H2O What mass of O2 required to produce 15g of glutamic acid No. of mol of C5H9NO4 = 15g / 147 = 0.102 mol No. of mol of O2 = 0.102 mol x 3/2 = 0.153 mol Mass of O2 = 0.153 x 32 = 4.898 g

4. C6H12O6 + NH3 + 3/2 O2  C5H9NO4 + CO2 + 3H2O Given the mass of glucose is 15g and mass of oxygen gas is 3g i) Find the limiting reagent ii) What is the yield of glutamic acid from glucose i) No. of mol of glucose = 15g / 180 = 0.083 mol

09375 / (3/2) = 0.063 mol x 180 = 11. oxygen is the limiting reagent.816 = 0.of mol of glucose and oxygen.063 mol By comparing the no.09375 mol 3/2 moles of oxygen gas produce 0.261 g STEP 3 – FIND YIELD Yield = g of glutamic acid / g of glucose = 9. ii) STEP 1 – FIND MASS OF GLUCOSE *ALWAYS USE LIMITING REAGENT* Mass of glucose = 0.09375 mol Therefore 1 mol of oxygen produce. therefore.261 g / 11/34 g = 0.82 gg-1 .34 g STEP 2 – FIND MASS OF GLUTAMIC ACID Mass of glutamic acid = 0.No. of mol of oxygen gas = 3g /32 = 0.063 mol x 147 = 9. 0.

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