Case Study byGroup II Akshay Sahu Amardeep Tirkey Anup Haldar Apurva Sinha A.

Harish

Vernacular architecture tends to evolve over time to reflect the environmental. but also has proponents who highlight its importance in current design. It has often been dismissed as crude and unrefined.  The building knowledge in vernacular architecture is often transported by local traditions and is thus based largely . in contrast to the geometrical and physical calculations that underlie architecture planned by architects.Introduction  Vernacular architecture is a term used to categorize methods of construction which use locally available resources and traditions to address local needs and circumstances.upon knowledge achieved by trial and error and handed down through the generations.but not only . This of course does not prevent architects from using vernacular architecture in their designs or from being firmly based in the vernacular architecture of their regions. . cultural and historical context in which it exists.

They are usually sealed in order to prevent heat loss. by contrast. even if they at first appear the same  Climate  One of the most significant influences on vernacular architecture is the macro climate of the area in which the building is constructed. leading to differing building forms for almost every different context. tend to be constructed of lighter materials and to allow significant crossventilation through openings in the fabric of the building. and openings such as windows tend to be small or non-existent.  Buildings for a continental climate must be able to cope with significant variations in temperature. Buildings in cold climates invariably have high thermal mass or significant amounts of insulation. and may even be altered by their occupants according to the seasons. . Buildings in warm climates.Influences In Vernacular  Vernacular architecture is influenced by a great range of different aspects of human behaviour and environment. even neighbouring villages may have subtly different approaches to the construction and use of their dwellings.

who shares which spaces. and buildings will be oriented to present minimal area to the direction of prevailing winds. how people interact and many other cultural considerations will affect the layout and size of dwellings. is of great influence on building forms.  Environment and materials The local environment and the construction materials it can provide governs many aspect of vernacular architecture. Flat roofs are rare in areas with high levels of precipitation. Areas rich in trees will develop a wooden vernacular.leading to dwellings on stilts in many regions with frequent flooding or rainy monsoon seasons. In the Far East it is common to use bamboo.  Culture The way of life of building occupants. and cannot be vernacular. and the way they use their shelters. areas with high winds will lead to specialised buildings able to cope with them. almost by definition. while areas without much wood may use mud or stone. as it is both plentiful and versatile. The size of family units. Similarly. and will not exhaust the local resources. If it is not sustainable. Vernacular. it is not suitable for its local context. how food is prepared and eaten. is sustainable. . Buildings take different forms depending on precipitation levels in the region .

.The tropic of Cancer passes through Chhattisgarh hence it gets warmer in the northern part after 2nd march.Area of Case Study  Mana Gaon 15 kilometers from Raipur . It’s a region of high rainfall. Chhattisgarh  Climate.

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.  This house is divided for three families. Each family has an average of 8 people.Derharam.  It was created in 1988 and is registered to Mr.  It has 09 Rooms and a courtyard.House 1  House is near Doomertarai wholesale Market.

 The walls are plastered with off white locally available mud called as “CHUHI” mud.  Walls Walls are made up of Mud mixed with grass and rice husk for strength purpose. . No toilet is provided.  No windows are provided inside the rooms.  No reinforcements are provided inside the walls.

Front Façade of the House Total Area of the House.357 m2 Right Façade of the House .21m x 17m .

Courtyard area – 15m x 5 m .

Some plantation is also done in the courtyard.Courtyard has Mud flooring which is very unstable in Rainy season. .

Large 2m x 1. 400 mm Thick Columns made up of mud and bricks are provided to carry load of the roof.50 m window is provided In the wall closing the corridoor. .

.Plinth is Made up of pure MUD laid a feet deep to the ground. The plinth is approx 1 foot ( 30 cm) in height.

.Attic (Patav) is provided in the first room Niche is provided in almost every wall in the house for multipurpose.

Braced and Batten doors are used. . Ledged.Bamboo Sticks runs through the room and provides base for Attic.

.The Roofing is done with Bamboo sticks and timber and is covered with Country tiles .

Thank You .

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