P. 1
Conference_1999_A.Cítrico acidulante

Conference_1999_A.Cítrico acidulante

|Views: 0|Likes:
Published by Alfonso Mena

More info:

Published by: Alfonso Mena on Mar 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/19/2013

pdf

text

original

Uses of Clarified Lemon Juice as an Acidulant

Vicente Micol, PhD Centro de Biología Molecular y Celular Universidad Miguel Hernández Elche (Alicante) SPAIN

Introduction
Overview of citrus production and demand

New perspectives about consumption
•Citric acid •Clarified lemon juice

Utilization of by-products
Citrus Research Center at Spain

Citrus Consumption Overview

World-wide Citrus Market Yearly consumption per capita (per liter) Over 20 Betwen 10 and 20 Under 10 Other .

German Consumption of Fruit Juices .

Consumption of Fruit Juice in Europe 40 Liters/hab. Germany Austria Schwitzerland Netherlands Finland Belgium Sweden United Kingdom France Denmark Spain Ireland Italy Greece Portugal USA 30 20 10 0 1 Country .

Trends in Fruit Juice Consumption GERMANY .

Trends in Fruit Juice Consumption Tropical Pineapple Others Grape SPAIN Orange Peach Apple Tomato .

European Citrus Production .

Citrus Market in Europe • Spain: – 4th World producer. mandarin and lemon. – 1st producer in Europe and Mediterranean area. • Orange. . • Reconstituted from concentrate (FC). • Chilled juice consumption has doubled since 1990 (10%). not from concentrate (NFC). Southeastern coast.

Citrus Production in the Mediterranean Area 6000 Thousand Metric Tons. 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Grapefruit Lemon Mandarin Orange Spain Morocco Greece Turkey Egypt Israel Italy .

Citrus Production versus Demand 15000 12000 9000 10000 EUROPE 20000 15000 N. AMERICA ASIA 1995 2005 20000 10000 0 Production Demand Production Demand . AMERICA 6000 3000 5000 0 TMT 0 Production Demand 30000 Production Demand 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 S.

Citrus Production versus Demand 100000 80000  WORLWIDE TMT 60000 40000 20000 0 1995 2005  Production Demand .

Citric Acid as an Acidulant .

• Growth rate of 4 .Citric Acid as an Acidulant for Food and Beverages • Europe is the main producer (45%) • United States is a net importer Household detergents and cleaners. Food and beverages. .7% per year.

Demand for Citric acid 72% Food and beverage Surfactant 14% 14% Chemical and pharmaceutical applic. Citrus-based / phosphoric-based .

Clarified Lemon Juice as a Natural Acidulant .

Citric / malic : 14-30 (maturity) High titrable acidity  High quality 5-6 g acid /100 ml turbid juice. malic. . fumaric • • • • and oxalic). Titrable acidity does not change with cross-flow filtration.Acid Components in Lemon Fruits • Organic acids (citric.

70% ) CLJ (5. versus clarified lemon juice 400 Citric acid (5.66% ) NaOH (mL) 300 200 100 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 pH .Total acidity of commercial citric ac.

.8 Citric / malic.....32 Volatile comp. (ppm). 351 240 pH...............53 0.. (ppm).7 Total acidity (g/L as citric.. (g/100ml)............Turbid and Clarified Lemon Juices Turbid Clarified Pectin as MGA...8 Vitamin C (mg/100 ml)........1 4........... 5.3 ºBrix........... 960 20 ......9 10................ 12............. ac...............5 Sugars (g/100 ml)....... 2.2 7..9 9................... 0.... 60. 11............................... 9......1 56..9 Nitrogenous subs........).4 2.........

Protein Lemon Juice Polarization layer Membrane Membrane Porous .Lemon juice cross-flow filtration Sol. Pectin Pectinase Sol.

Advantages of Lemon Juice as a Natural Acidulant versus Citric Acid .

2.Advantages of Lemon Juice as a Natural Acidulant versus Citric Acid 1. 3. Less browning reactions under storage. . Higher nutritional value. Better acidic taste profile. 4. Improvement on the color and flavor profile.

1. Browning Reactions 16 14 45ºC. 20 days C itric 60 50 Furfural (ppm ) 12 10 8 6 4 HM F (ppm ) 40 30 C itric 20 10 2 0 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 0 Tim e (days)  furfural and HMF in Prunus nectars .

hesperidine. anthocyanins and xanthophylls (Color). Nutritional Value • Vitamin C (Bioavailability) • Flavonoids (Antioxidants) – eriodictyol. • Protective Properties – Degradation of sugars. quercetin and phloroglucinol.2. aminoacids and vit C (Pasteurization) – Carotenoids. .

“You are what you eat” • Some nutrients reduce cancer and heart disease. Compound Vitamin C Flavonoids Action Antioxidant Antioxidants Source (100 ml juice) Daily value 60 mg -10 IU 1 mg 3. Thiamine Nerve transmission Nerve transmission Potasium and cell strengh . nutrition and risk of disease.1 mg 140 mg Visual perception Vit A Vit B1.500 mg 60 mg 3 mg 20 IU 0.Designing of Nutraceutical Products • Relationship bet.

Citric Ac. • Malic acid (apple): – Taste-blending qualities (fruit flavour). Malic Ac.3. – Synergy with high intensity sweeteners. – Prolonged acid taste. Acidulant for beverages . Acidic Taste Profile • Citric and malic acids.

Color Profile Citric acid CLJ LL L a b b a CLJ  Lower browning under storage at 30ºC .4A.

1 Citric acid 2 Turbid LJ 3 Clarif.4B. LJ . Flavor Profile Aroma 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 % Total Answer Approved Strange Non accept.

Manufacturing Costs • Use of lemon juice as an acidulant in canned peach in syrup  small increase of the manufacturing direct cost of 0.2% (referred to the sale price) • A low increase in the sale price by offering these products as natural and healthier canned fruit. • Many other applications in food and beverages. .

Citrus Research in Spain .

Optimization of the production processes on pilot plant scale.  Environmental impact .European Quality Control System of Citrus Juices Research Project 1. Utilization of compounds from fruit juice industry by-products. 2.

AIJN Code of Practices . Analytical methods for juice characterization and avoidance of adulteration. Exchange between Companies and Universities. 4.Research Project 3.

(ASOZUMOS) .Citrus Research Center in Spain • FMC • Universidad Miguel Hernández (CBMC) • Citrus and other fruit juices Industries Assoc.

• José Manuel Miranda • José Lorente • Domingo Saura • Victoria Lizama • Vicente Micol .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->