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Legal Aspects of Professional Psychology Paper A person should be given proper data and information regarding the imminent issues included when practicing professional psychology. Informed consent is applied in order to aid patients in choosing their respective decisions. Informed consent, however, differ from that of the young people
when making judgment in court. Courts in United States used the process of disclosure as a form of informed consent process in the year 1975 (Hall. In the year 1950. The idea of informed consent originated from legalities way back time (Hall. Prochazka. 2012).and adult ones. 2012). There are various reasons that present laws gave impact to professional psychology. & Fink. Another. & Fink. & Fink. Prochazka. Legal Issues of Informed Consent and Informed Refusal In order to secure the identity and right of patients. This provides the patient the right to decide on what he or she wants to do with his or her body (Hall. Informed consent permits patients to arrive with their own decisions. informed consent is already been considered in research writing 1914 (Hall. diagnosis and evaluation. These set of rules aim to help psychologist when they are conducting tests. Prochazka. 2012). it is important to consider informed consent during therapy sessions. In 1914. Prochazka. 2012). & Fink. competence is psychology is vital in order to effectively interact with different people. Prochazka. the legal procedures about a case must be discussed first to client as an aspect of informed consent manner (Hall. Informed consent . 2012). Maintaining privacy and confidentiality is very essential in psychology. There are various standards and limitations about how informed consent can best be applied as prescribed by American Psychological Association (APA). & Fink.
& Fink. 1995). Torres. Informed refusal allows the client to understand the aspect of the thing he or she does not permit in the treatment and also the complexities of the treatment he or she refused to undergo. testing. This also ensures that the therapist is allowed to apply treatment to his or her patients (Wagner. Informed refusal is a package of client's approval using signature in the form of writing. & Proper. (Wagner. 2004). On the other hand. Legal issues associated with assessment. Torres. There is also the so called informed refusal of consent which has also has similar guiding principles of informed consent. informed refusal allows a patient to retract from treatment according to his decision or will. & Proper. Informed consent for young ones is being provided by their guardians or parents (Fisher. When in treatment. 2012). 1995). testing and . It is still important that the child is present when his or her guardian is going to sign an informed consent (Fisher. informed consent is a must but those under 18 years of age are not allowed to sign an informed consent (Fisher. 2004). Prochazka.ensures that the patients are well protected and secure in case of any unwanted circumstances (Hall. 2004). and diagnosis The American Psychological Association (APA) produced several writings about the guidelines and standards for evaluation. Informed consent varies on the age bracket of a person especially to those below 18 years old.
voice recording. Cramer.04 discussed about the permission to allow the release of a particular test results considering a specific situation (Pope & Vasquez. 2011). Monitoring aid to secure the product or results of an evaluation by carefully observing and examining the outcome of a specific incident (Pope & Vasquez. Pope and Vasquez (2011) discussed that every community and other legislative authority has irrespective laws and legislation that specifically pinpoint how clinicians. For instance.02 and 9. the Code's Standard 9. Shealy. and how it will remain private between the clinician and the patient. 2011). 2011). Such evidences have a considerable impact to the any kind of results. Third person observation has an effect to the validity of the evaluation and presents threat to the confidentiality of a particular test (Pope & Vasquez.diagnoses (Pope & Vasquez. 2011). The legal concern of testing may comprise of making test information available to the public. 2011). how a clinician thoroughly follow and guides and procedures of conducting a therapy and having to consider group of people who have abnormalities (Pope & Vasquez. Case laws are concerned with the confidentially of test results. therapist and psychologists should deal with their patient (p. 194). third person observation and careful monitoring.06 of the Code Law and the manner they consider the standardized method of test . There are different steps in evaluating legal problems such as video presentations. and Pirelli (2008) discussed about Standars 9.
management by providing test manuals as the standards to testing. There are several legal considerations regarding the assessment of a particular psychological case like wrong use of reimbursement. There are instances that some people having physiological problems should be provided thorough consideration for the conduct of a particular test. proper assessment and evaluation of a patient should be executed in detail because it can significantly help the right identification of a patient's problem. and the availability of information given by clinician about the implications of a certain treatment. There are cases that some therapists were not able to follow the guidelines of how to care a patient because they fail to appropriately read the psychological history of their patients. This may lead to an interpretation of data and how it will be compared to normative standardized sample (p. 2011). 2011). data and historical details. Another. 562). Whatever kind of not being honest when releasing billing paperwork is always regarded as deception (Pope & Vasquez. 2011). The wrong use of assessment may originate from the range of third person like what some insurance and HMOs companies are doing. (Pope & Vasquez. The therapist should give thorough details of how he or she sees the patient's . The 1999 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing permit changes in test administration considering that the person taking the test will be given the evidence of scores validity (Pope & Vasquez.
problems because it can have an impact on how he or she gives diagnostic to the patient. 2011). In case a therapist is having a session with several patients. both of these need to put their signature in the confidentiality form. The Importance of Maintaining Confidentiality Every therapeutic relationship must always consider the importance of ensuring the confidentiality of the matter. The APA suggested four ethical principles on how to ensure and preserve the confidentiality of his or patients’ case or issue. This facilitates the implementation of the . 2012). HIPAA is a law that assigns health care providers to establish and be at track with the procedures in order to keep safe medical data. Another. The stand of the therapist regarding the patient's problem is also important to communicate so that the patient can see the other side of his or her case or issue (Pope & Vasquez. like a mother and a child. Updating the medical records is also very important. It is a way of protecting the three individuals their identity. The code of ethics should always be at hand in order to secure the patient and also the therapist in case there are some unethical decisions. the therapist should also discuss the limits and constraints of the treatment a patient will be undergoing (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. It is basically the principle of applying judgment call in order to secure the confidentiality of the patient and discuss to the right authorities in case of getting sexually harassed the patient.
it is not a hard time to ensure confidentiality. (Pope & Vasquez. Being able to maintain professionalism during treatment session is very important. This rule. Understanding the proper timing of disclosing a particular data or information should be an aspect of protecting confidentiality. it is the obligation of the client to present the information. If abuse happens. this must be immediately reported to proper authority. This occurs in many times due to circumstance a patient is into. This requirement of a court system must be followed by the client so that the judge can see all the different sides of the case. There are patients who take much time to adjust with another therapist or psychologist. By ensuring confidentiality. In case therapy session information is required in a court system. Patients can communicate properly if they trust their therapist. can be used if there is no reported abuse was heard. 2011). If the patient appears to the therapist freely. This incident should be faced by the therapist in a professional manner in order to obey both the American Psychological Association but also the legal court system as well.code of ethics and distinguishing more ways to keep the data secure and confidential. Evaluate the influence of legislation on professional psychology . the therapist is both protecting the client and all the information involved in the treatment session. however.
For instance. In accordance with that. 1987). the legalities set by the state distributed this kind of document to allow psychologist to use the guidelines as set in this document as well as the legal laws. Nevertheless. confidentiality of the instrument and the information derived from the test as part of evidence which was used in court back in 1991 (AMA.The way legislative authority can affect psychology must be properly given attention like Model act applicable to state of licensure of psychologists. Dayton Hudson Corp. the MMPI and the California Psychological inventory. The MPPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) is one of the well known psychological test instrument that aim to evaluate personality of . in the situation of Soroka v. 2011). the Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists regarded as the prototype of coming up with a legislative standards to be followed by all practicing psychologist (APA. execution of professional psychology and implementation of APA policies. dba Target Stores.. this specific document provides learning with legislatures about proper psychology educational training. Another. Relatively. p 213 1987). Every state licensing assigns an execution a set of standards and group of laws to connect with the legislation of that specific state (APA. the impact of laws to professional psychology let most of organizations to circulate their practices in psychology evaluation. the test that are conducted in said establishment applies the validity. According to the standards set by APA. law still differs from state to state because APA Model Act only served as a blueprint for all practicing psychologist.
Patients necessitate ensuring that they trust their therapist in terms of capability in what he or she is doing (Pope & Vasquez 2011). Consequently. The California Psychological Inventory was regarded as the most famous self-report non-clinical inventories at present (DARA. p. 2011). Suggested that the idea of trust is important in order to comprehend the whole case especially when . In the year 1993. this review aimed to stop discussing the sexual orientation of a person. 2011). Competence in professional psychology Competence is very critical concept in the field of psychology. The first of this kind was made way back in 1930s and 1940s and eventually this was standardized in 1989 to demonstrate a cross section of group of people in America (Campbell. Such evaluation was initially formulated in 1987 and 1996 and the goal was to understand and evaluate a particular interpersonal behavior and social interaction of an individual (DARA. such review. 2011).1 of the California Labor Code (1992). Dayton Hudson Corp was under the § 1102. This instrument aims to know the concept of how a person is being seen using a clinical view. Another. 1 2011). a review was conducted about an issue which produces from a place somewhere in California Supreme Court. Soroka v. This can be applied clinically for alcohol rehabbed people. It is a very important device by many psychiatrists when weighing a person's alcohol or drug use or association (DARA.an individual (Campbell. 2011).
Before practicing their respective careers. There are times that the information the patient is giving to the therapist was very confidential (Pope & Vasquez. psychologists should ensure that they are licensed to work in the field. Psychologists have the capacity to identify whether a person should be treated at home or in a hospital. 2011). The license indicates that psychologist is equipped with enough knowledge and capability to treat people. Trust can be equated to power. 2011). .the patient gets involved with a treatment relationship with the therapist (p. In the field of psychology. The person who gives trust grants the receiver the ability to influence his or her life. There are people who have problems in giving trust especially when they are to receive therapy. and what can be harmful to their patients. psychologist may threaten the balance of power in a family structure (Pope & Vasquez. It is important that the trust provided by patients was not betrayed or discredited by the psychologist. Many of them are presented in court because their testimonies are important in ruling and judgment especially if the person at stake is mentally challenged. 1). 2011). the patient as well as the society entrust their well-being to psychologist or therapist with the assurance that these people will never them any harm or take advantage of their situation or case (Pope & Vasquez. Also. The idea of power a psychologist has is the power to provide care to the patient's case and situation.
The capability to influence the lives of patients is in need of having emotional competence and in order to understand and learn how to deal with these kinds of people. The knowledge and know-how of the therapist is very significant. power and care (Pope & Vasquez. Informed consent is one of the considerations in psychology. States vary from requirements they request from their patients but the process and the results they want to . Conclusion In professional psychology. The therapist should have knowledge on how to approach or reach his patients in order to facilitate effective treatment session. a therapeutic relationship should be the concerned of professional psychologist as part of his or her duties. But some psychologists take master of a particular area and may not be well acquainted with other psychological issues like substance abuse. This is when a patient sign a paper made by his or her therapist informing her about the treatment she will receive. there are various laws and limitations on how to properly treat a person.Psychologists make use of evaluation and test instruments to understand the problems or issues of his or her clients. On the other hand. Psychologists make master of a specific aspect of psychology. 2011). Psychologist should be knowledgeable in their chosen career especially in giving proper assistance and care to his or her patients along with trust.
. Trust and respect from patients indicate the therapist or psychologist is able to deliver good service.achieve remain the same.
dba Target Stores California Psychological Inventory (CPI) DARA.E. D. March). K. MA.aspx Fisher.). & Fink. G. Accessed August 12. R.. Phelps (Eds. J. R. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Hall. 2012 Pope. Sireci. S. P. T.. Correcting fallacies about educational and psychological testing (pp. Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling a practical guide (4th ed. S. 33(4). Mission-Protect the public: Licensure and certification testing in the 21st century. C.2011 Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Available from: PsycARTICLES. In R.. 533-540. Inc.66(3):214-226. Dec).org/ethics/code/index. (2012). Ipswich. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal. Informed consent for clinical treatment. & Hambleton. American Psychologist [serial online]. (2011).).B. Raymond Lloyd Richmond. 832-839. Phelps. Hoboken. (2012. April 2011. 184(5). (2004. Journal Of Clinical Child And Adolescent Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.. Prochazka. (2009). 199- . A. M.V. A..S. Dayton Hudson Corp.References American Psychological Association (2011) Soroka v. & Vasquez. Model act for state licensure of psychologists. P. K.apa. Informed consent and clinical research involving children and adolescents: implications of the revised APA ethics code and HIPAA.
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