Works Cited McKenna, Bernard. “What’s Wrong with Standardized Testing?” Standardized Testing Issues: Teacher’s Perspectives.

Del Monte Research Park, Monterey, California: CTB/ McGrawHill, 7-10. 1977. Print. In this book, different teachers write about their own experiences and opinions about standardized testing. McKenna has a chapter named, “What’s Wrong with Standardized Testing?” In this chapter McKenna discusses such things as; how standardized testing began and the content of these tests. He states that, “The process of administering the tests is demeaning, wasteful of time, and counterproductive.” McKenna breaks down all the faults with standardized testing and explains why they are wrong. Reading this chapter helped me decide how I was going to start my paper. I now know to trace back the origins of standardized test to the Standford-Binet IQ Test. I really connected with this chapter because I feel the same way McKenna does. McKenna’s experiences will help me with more to understand how teachers feel about standardized testing as well.

Iannone, Anthony. Practice Makes Perfect? North Carolina English Teacher (Summer 2009):1922. Print. In this article, Iannone what End of Grade (EOG) and End of Course (EOC) tests do. He explains that schools prepare more practice test; which increases the amount that students spend in class to complete them. Iannone discusses how each week teachers are given data sheets at weekly meetings. “Time is spent going over the data, celebrating areas of improvement and attempting to better understand why students are not improving in other areas.” Because of this students are easily looked at as just numbers. Administrative staffs are more concerned about how their school looks on paper than how their students are actually doing. This article is also by a teacher; so it helps to have another teacher’s perspective. Unlike McKenna’s; this article is more up to date so I can see the problems with standardized testing today. Iannone also included an example of a data sheet that the teachers use weekly; which I would like to include in my paper. I can incorporate Iannone’s article by comparing the issues with standardized testing from 1977 with the issues of present day testing.

Phelps, Richard P. Kill the Messenger. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. 2003. Print. In this book, Phelps takes a completely different stance on standardized testing than McKenna and Iannone. Phelps purpose is to actually explain why we have standardized testing and why it should be seen as a good thing. He believes that standardized testing helps to provide, “clarity, focus, direction, and coherence to curriculum and instruction systems.” I do not personally agree

with Phelps, but I feel as though it would be interesting to include someone who actually agrees with standardized testing. I can use his point of view to work with my argument against standardized testing.