LESSON LINK

Present perfect and past simple
Oxford Grammar for Schools is a 7-level series that helps students understand and practise grammar, supporting and extending what they learn in their coursebooks. This lesson introduces or reviews the present perfect tense for events and experiences which are connected to the present. It will enable students to ask and talk about their personal experiences and understand how to use the present perfect with some time expressions and the past simple tense. Lesson length 30-45 mins Aims 1 To introduce/revise how to use the present perfect tense to ask and talk about past events, situations and experiences. 2 To practise using the present perfect tense with time expressions such as never / recently / once / lots of times. 3 To contrast the use of the present perfect with the past simple tense. Preparation You will need: 1 copies of the Activity worksheet Present perfect from Oxford Grammar for Schools taken from Student’s Book 3 page 62. 2 a set of 10 cards (or more if you have more than 10 students in the class) with a verb and noun phrase written on each one: borrow money/hear a really funny joke/ forget to do your homework/eat Japanese food/play netball or rugby/ride a horse/ go skiing/go ice-skating outside/break your leg/get 100 % for a test/travel by plane/ catch a fish etc.

1 PRESENTATION/LEAD-IN
❚ Write some past experiences you have had (some unusual ones if possible) on the board, for example: ride a horse   hold a snake   go rock-climbing   run a 5K race   break my finger ❚ Ask the students to guess which of these things you (the teacher) has done and put their hand up if they think you have. Say one sentence for each of your experiences, for example: I have ridden a horse. I have held a snake. I have been rock-climbing. ❚ Ask the students if they know when you did these things. Tell them it’s not important the first time you tell someone about an experience – it was at some time in the past. We use the present perfect tense to talk about a past event when the exact time it happened is not important to mention. ❚ Point out the past participle form ‘ridden’ in an example experience. Write the form on the board:

Subject + have or has + past participle of the verb + noun I have ridden a horse

PHOTOCOPIABLE

© Oxford University Press 2013

Exercise 9 ❚ Tell the students to look at exercise 9 on the worksheet and write true sentences with the present perfect and recently. We’ve been there twice and we want to go next year too. ❚ Distribute the cards you prepared. and ask their questions to each other. Then ask them to compare their recent experiences with their partner. 4 CLASS ACTIVITY HOMEWORK ❚ Ask students to choose three experiences that they’ve had and write a few sentences about it at home. for example: Have you ever been to Spain? and explain how to reply using the short answer ‘Yes. I haven’t. ❚ Ask the students to move around the class.LESSON LINK ❚ Elicit the question form as used to ask about someone’s experience: Have you (ever) … ? Ask a couple of students more questions using the names of countries. We had a great holiday.’ and write the question and answer on the board. We visited our grandparents in Italy. PHOTOCOPIABLE © Oxford University Press 2013 . Write this on the board to show the past tense and time reference: I rode a horse a long time ago. ❚ Hand out the worksheet and go through the presentation box at the top to review the question form. use and meaning of the present perfect tense. Answer them and then give an example of another question they could ask in the past simple. ❚ Explain that the past simple is used to give extra information when we want to say the exact time that something happened. You can go back to your example experience and give students a bit more information about when and where it was. Ask one student to read their question out as an example. one to each student in the class. Encourage them to use the time expressions from the presentation on the worksheet in their answers ❚ Write an example for them on the board: I’ve travelled by plane recently. or alternatively sit in groups of three or four.  5 It hasn’t rained recently. Explain or remind students about the irregular past participle ‘been’ when you are asking using the verb ‘to go’. when I was twelve years old. using the past simple. 2 REVIEW 3 PRACTICE Exercise 8 (Note that there will be audio included with the Level 3 Teacher’s book) ❚ Review the use of ‘recently’ from the presentation box. ❚ Ask students to practise asking and answering questions in pairs. ANSWERS  1 Have you taken a photo of them recently?  2 She’s never had a dog. and to give more information about experiences they have had using the past simple. and ask them to work out the present perfect question they should ask using the verb and noun phrase on the card. using your examples on the board.  4 I’ve broken my arm once. Ask students to work together to complete exercise 8 and check the answers as a class. Encourage them to use the present perfect in their answers. I have/No.  3 We’ve talked a lot recently.  6 You’ve told that story lots of times.

recently. twice (= two times). I’ve played aa computer 3 IHave haven’t eaten any chocolate 3 I haven’t eaten any chocolate 1 you taken a photo of them? (recently) 1 travel to another town or city 7 watch a film on TV or city yesterday / recently 1 travel to another town yesterday / recently . visited once times 6 about They’ve never at the weekend us. Did you ride a horse at the ? Have you ever spoken to Frank? WeWe use the present perfect to weekend talk use the present perfect to talk I didn’t do that when Ithe was a child . . we ask and talk about experiences.1 Add 8 11. (lots of times) 62 Me? I’ve never stayed in a five-star When the past time is important.  You’ve worked hard recently / on Monday. Have you spoken to Frank recently ? I’ve eaten Japanese food once. (recently) 5 It hasn’t rained. (never) 2 She’s had a dog. 1 snowed It snowed recently / in 2010 . I didn’t do that when I was a child . once . once.We use the present perfect to talk about past events when the exact time of the event is either obvious or not important. I ’ve never played basketball. about past events when exact time about past events when the exact time of the event is either obvious or or not We use recently with the present perfect We can also use these expressions: of the event is either obvious not important. 99 What have you or haven’t 11. What have you or haven’tyou youdone done 77 Choose the correct expression. . twice (= two times). Then listen. check and repeat. lots of Have you spoken Frank recently I’ve eaten Japanese food once Have you spoken to to Frank recently ? ? I’ve eaten Japanese food . check and repeat. .1 8 Add the time words in brackets to the recently? Write true sentences with 5 visit my aunts andtrue uncles You’ve worked hard recently / on Monday recently? Write sentences with correct place in the sentence. . (once) 6 They’ve never / at the weekend visited us. repeat. 4 I’ve broken my arm. when we give extra information about when we give extra information about play a computer game  2 Has he ever / recently taken a photo of you? an an event.. 9 What have you or haven’t you done hotel! but II stayed in hotel! but stayed inaaone-star one-star the past simple and anan exact time the past simple and exact time recently? Write true sentences with hotel in 2010. (once) 5 It hasn’t rained. . (recently) 6 You’ve told that story. 4 do my homework 4 do my homework 62 Present perfect 11. (once) 4 I’ve broken my arm. Have you stayed Have you stayed I’ve finished this book. 3 use aonce dictionary 7 Did he phone you recently / on Sunday? I haven’t played much basketball recently He ’s climbed that mountain lots of times I haven’t played much basketball recently . 3 We’ve talked a lot. We also use the past simple have or haven’t + recently. I finished this book yesterday I finished this book yesterday . ever play computer game  6 help with the housework 2 /a recently taken a photo you? play aa computer game  won prize? (ever) Has heever 2 Has hehe ever / recently taken a photo ofof you? Has I’ve played computergame gamerecently. We often use ever and never with the present event. I ’ve never played basketball.1 the words in brackets to the 8 Add the words in brackets to the 5 visit my aunts and uncles correct place in the sentence. lots of times important. (lots of times) 8 read this book never / lots of times. we ask and talk about experiences.  You’ve have  or haven’t + recently have  or haven’t + recently . I’ve finished this book.  worked hard recently / on Monday . we use hotel! but I stayed in a one-star the past simple and an exact time hotel in 2010.It Itwas wasterrible! terrible! expression. inin aa five-star Have you ever ridden a horse? I haven’t played much basketball recently . SB3. we ask and talk about experiences.indb 62 check and 22/10/2012 ever 6 help with the housework ever won a prize? (ever) Has he  6 help with the housework  Has he won a prize? (ever) 1 Have you taken a photo of them? (recently) 1 Have you taken a photo of them? (recently) 7 watch a film on TV 7 watch a film on TV 2 She’s had a dog. I didn’t do that when I was a child . use dictionary 5 It hasn’t rained. often use ever and never with the present perfect when Present perfect and past simple Present perfect and past simple We I finished this book yesterday. (recently) my bedroom 8tidy make a lot of grammar mistakes 5 We saw Jack ever / at nine o’clock 2 2tidy my bedroom 5 We saw Jack ever / at nine o’clock . Me? I’ve never stayed in a five-star 14:2 Present perfect . We also use the past simple expression. We can also use expressions: WeWe use recently with the present perfect We can also use these expressions: 5use We saw Jack ever / at nine o’clock to talk about events in the near past. hotel in 2010. 1 It snowed recently / in 2010 . we use 7 Choose the correct time expression. He ’s climbed that mountain lots of times . (recently) 3 3use aa dictionary 7 Did phone you recently / on Sunday 7 Did hehe phone you recently / on Sunday ?? 6 I’ve You’ve told that story. Have you ever ridden a horse? hotel recently? hotel recently? I’ve never eaten sushi. 3 I haven’t eaten any chocolate 1 travel to another town or city Did you ride a horse at the weekend Have you ever spoken to Frank? Did you ride a horse the weekend ? ? Have you ever spoken to Frank? yesterday / at recently . I’ve never eaten sushi. to talk about events in the near past. It was terrible! expression. Me? I’ve never stayed in a five-star LESSON LINK Activity worksheet: Present perfect and past simple 2these tidy my bedroom recently with the present perfect. Then listen. . (never) 3 We’ve talked a lot. 8 I’ve read this book never / lots of times. (lots times) PHOTOCOPIABLE © Oxford University Press of 2013 Sample extracts taken from Oxford Grammar for Schools 3 6 You’ve told that story. 1 It recently / in 2010 . in a five-star Have you ever ridden a horse? hotel recently? I’ve never eaten sushi. Then listen. Have you stayed I’ve finished this book. . 6 They’ve never / at the weekend visited us. 8 I’ve read this book never / lots of times.. lots of times to talk events in/the near past. 5 visit my aunts and uncles correct place in the sentence. we use When the past time is important. We often use ever and never with the presentperfect perfectwhen when I’ve played a computer game recently. (never) 4 She’s met Helen September / twice 4 She’s met Helen in in September / twice . I’ve never played basketball.. twice (= two times). 2 She’s had a dog. 4 do my homework Choose the correct time expression. When the past time is important.five-star He’s climbed that mountain lots of times. (recently) 8 make a lot of grammar mistakes 3 We’ve talked a lot. (recently) 8 make a lot of grammar mistakes 4 I’ve broken my arm. 4 She’s met Helen in September / twice. We also use the past simple when we give extra information about an event.

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