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SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003
Output Voltage Range Adjustable From 1.25 V to 37 V Output Current Greater Than 1.5 A
KC (TO-220) PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)
D D D
Internal Short-Circuit Current Limiting Thermal Overload Protection Output Safe-Area Compensation
KTE PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)
INPUT OUTPUT ADJ
INPUT OUTPUT ADJUST
KCS (TO-220) PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)
DCY (SOT-223) PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)
INPUT OUTPUT ADJ
INPUT OUTPUT ADJUST
The LM317 is an adjustable three-terminal positive-voltage regulator capable of supplying more than 1.5 A over an output-voltage range of 1.25 V to 37 V. It is exceptionally easy to use and requires only two external resistors to set the output voltage. Furthermore, both line and load regulation are better than standard fixed regulators. ORDERING INFORMATION
TJ PACKAGE† POWER-FLEX (KTE) 0°C to 125°C SOT 223 (DCY) SOT-223 TO-220 (KC) TO-220, short shoulder (KCS) Reel of 2000 Tube of 80 Reel of 2500 Tube of 50 Tube of 20 ORDERABLE PART NUMBER LM317KTER LM317DCY LM317DCYR LM317KC LM317KCS TOP-SIDE MARKING LM317 L3 LM317
† Package drawings, standard packing quantities, thermal data, symbolization, and PCB design guidelines are available at www.ti.com/sc/package.
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
Copyright 2003, Texas Instruments Incorporated
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
. . . and TA. . . and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not implied. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Or.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 description/ordering information (continued) In addition to having higher performance than fixed regulators. . . JESD 51-5 θJC 3°C/W 4°C/W 3°C/W θJA 23°C/W 53°C/W 19°C/W NOTE 1: Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max). . . . . . . . . . . An optional output capacitor can be added to improve transient response. . . . . by connecting a fixed resistor between the ADJUST and OUTPUT terminals. . . . . and safe-operating-area protection. the LM317 can function as a precision current regulator. . . 40 V Operating virtual junction temperature. . Tstg . . VI – VO . . . . . . 150°C Lead temperature 1. . . . . JESD 51-5 High K. . . . schematic diagram INPUT OUTPUT ADJUST absolute maximum ratings over virtual junction temperature range (unless otherwise noted)† Input-to-output differential voltage. . . . . . TJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. . . . . All overload protection remains fully functional. . . . . . . . TEXAS 75265 . . . These are stress ratings only. . . . . Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability. package thermal data (see Note 1) PACKAGE POWER-FLEX (KTE) SOT-223 (DCY) TO-220 (KC/KCS) BOARD High K. . . –65°C to 150°C † Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. . including uses in programmable output regulation and local on-card regulation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260°C Storage temperature range. . thermal overload protection. . . . even if the ADJUST terminal is disconnected. . . . . . . The ADJUST terminal can be bypassed to achieve very high ripple-rejection ratios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . which are difficult to achieve with standard three-terminal regulators. . . Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. . . . . . . . . . . The LM317 is versatile in its applications. . . . . . . . this device includes on-chip current limiting. . . . . . . . . θJA. . . . . . . . .6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds . . JESD 51-7 High K. . . . . . . The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TA)/θJA. . . . .
TEXAS 75265 3 .4 0. TJ = 25°C TJ = 0°C to 125°C Thermal regulation ADJUST terminal current Change in ADJUST terminal current Reference voltage Output-voltage temperature stability Minimum load current to maintain regulation Maximum output current RMS output noise voltage (% of VO) Ripple rejection VI – VO = 2. IO = 10 mA to 1500 mA VI – VO = 3 V to 40 V.5 0.5 2.02 0.7 3. NOTE 1: Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max). PD ≤ 20 W. and TA. the following test conditions apply: |VI – VO| = 5 V and IOMAX = 1. θJA.2 0. ‡ Line regulation is expressed here as the percentage change in output voltage per 1-V change at the input. VO = 10 V. PD < PMAX (see Note 1).2 20-ms pulse. POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.15 1.25 0.2 1.07 100 5 1.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 recommended operating conditions MIN VI – VO IO TJ Input-to-output voltage differential Output current Operating virtual junction temperature 0 3 MAX 37 1. § CADJ is connected between the ADJUST terminal and GND.03 50 0. Pulse testing techniques are used to maintain the junction temperature as close to the ambient temperature as possible.01 0. PD ≤ 20 W.5 70 1. IO = 10 mA to 1500 mA TJ = 0°C to 125°C VI – VO = 40 V VI – VO ≤ 15 V. TJ = 25°C TEST CONDITIONS† TJ = 25°C TJ = 0°C to 125°C VO ≤ 5 V VO ≥ 5 V VO ≤ 5 V VO ≥ 5 V MIN TYP 0. TJ = 25°C f = 10 HZ to 10 kHZ.5 V to 40 V.3 UNIT %/V mV %VO mV %VO %VO/W µA µA V %VO mA A %VO dB Load regulation IO = 10 mA to 1500 mA Long-term stability TJ = 25°C 0.07 25 0.003 57 62 64 10 MAX 0. TJ = 0°C to 125°C.1 20 0. PD < PMAX (see Note 1) VI – VO ≤ 40 V. V TJ = 25°C f = 120 HZ CADJ = 0 µF§ CADJ = 10 µF§ 1. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TA)/θJA.3 0.5 A. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.5 125 UNIT V A °C electrical characteristics over recommended ranges of operating virtual junction temperature (unless otherwise noted) PARAMETER Li regulation Line l ti ‡ VI – VO = 3 V to 40 V CADJ = 10 µF§.04 0.5 0.3 1 %/1k Hrs † Unless otherwise noted.
If the input is shorted to ground during a fault condition. especially when adjustment and output capacitors are used.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION D1 (Note E) 1N4002 VI Input LM317 Output VO (Note C) R1 240 Ω Adjust IAdj Vref = 1. but is recommended. VO is calculated as shown: VO +V ref ǒ ) Ǔ) 1 R2 R1 (I Adj R 2) Because IAdj typically is 50 µA. protection diodes provide measures to prevent the possibility of external capacitors discharging through low-impedance paths in the IC. E. it is negligible in most applications. A 0. C. If CADJ is used. D. CO improves transient response. Figure 1. it prevents amplification of the ripple as the output voltage is adjusted higher. Ci is not required.1 µF R2 CADJ (Note D) NOTES: A. but is not needed for stability. CADJ is used to improve ripple rejection.25 V D2 (Note E) 1N4002 CO (Note B) 1. it is best to include protection diodes. By providing low-impedance discharge paths for CO and CADJ. B. TEXAS 75265 .0 µF Ci (Note A) 0.1-µF disc or 1-µF tantalum provides sufficient bypassing for most applications. D1 and D2 prevent the capacitors from discharging into the output of the regulator. particularly if the regulator is not in close proximity to the power-supply filter capacitors. respectively. Adjustable Voltage Regulator 4 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.
Figure 3.1 µF R3 680 Ω R2 3 kΩ VO is calculated as: VO R3 I Adj(R2 R3) – 10 V R1 Since IAdj typically is 50 µA.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION LM317 +35 V INPUT OUTPUT R1 120 Ω VO ADJUST –10 V C1 0. TEXAS 75265 5 .2 R1 ADJUST Figure 4.1 µF NOTE A: D1 discharges C2 if the output is shorted to ground. ref +V ǒ) 1 R2 ) Ǔ) ) Figure 2. Adjustable Regulator Circuit With Improved Ripple Rejection LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT R1 I limit + 1. it is negligible in most applications. 0-V to 30-V Regulator Circuit LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT R1 240 Ω D1 1N4002 (see Note A) C3 1 µF R2 5 kΩ C2 10 µF VO ADJUST C1 0. Precision Current-Limiter Circuit POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.
LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION R2 720 Ω ADJUST VI INPUT OUTPUT R1 240 Ω LM317 LM317 OUTPUT INPUT ADJUST VO R3 120 Ω C1 0. 1. TEXAS 75265 .2 kΩ ADJUST R2 20 kΩ Figure 6.25-V to 20-V Regulator Circuit With Minimum Program Current LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT VO† R1 120 Ω VI LM317 INPUT OUTPUT VO† VI LM317 INPUT OUTPUT VO† ADJUST ADJUST ADJUST R2 1 kΩ † Minimum load current from each output is 10 mA.1 µF C2 1 µF Output Adjust R4 1 kΩ Figure 5. Figure 7. Adjusting Multiple On-Card Regulators With a Single Control 6 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. Tracking Preregulator Circuit LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT VO R1 1. All output voltages are within 200 mV of each other.
+ ǒ) Ǔ Figure 8. Battery-Charger Circuit LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT 24 Ω ADJUST Figure 9. 50-mA Constant-Current Battery-Charger Circuit LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT R1 240 Ω R3 50 kΩ VO = 15 V D1 1N4002 ADJUST R2 2. TEXAS 75265 7 .2 Ω (see Note A) R1 240 Ω LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT ADJUST R2 2.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION RS 0.4 kΩ NOTE A: RS controls the output impedance of the charger. Z OUT R S 1 R2 R1 The use of RS allows for low charging rates with a fully charged battery. Slow-Turn-On 15-V Regulator Circuit POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.7 kΩ 2N2905 C1 25 µF Figure 10.
Figure 12.6 A for a 1-Ω resistor). AC Voltage-Regulator Circuit LM317 VI+ INPUT OUTPUT R1 240 Ω ADJUST R2 1. TEXAS 75265 . Current-Limited 6-V Charger Circuit 8 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.1 kΩ R3 (see Note A) VI– NOTE A: R3 sets the peak current (0.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT 480 Ω 120 Ω ADJUST 12 VI(PP) ADJUST VI INPUT OUTPUT 120 Ω 480 Ω 6 VO(PP) 2 W (TYP) LM317 Figure 11.
LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION LM317 VI INPUT OUTPUT 0.5 V to 25 V LM317 INPUT OUTPUT 0.5 kΩ Figure 13. TEXAS 75265 9 .2 Ω ADJUST LM317 INPUT OUTPUT 0.2 Ω ADJUST 4.2 Ω ADJUST 100 Ω 5 kΩ _ TL080 + 200 pF 150 Ω 5 kΩ 2N2905 1. Adjustable 4-A Regulator Circuit POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.
B. Figure 14.LM317 3-TERMINAL ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR SLVS044O – SEPTEMBER 1997 – REVISED JULY 2003 APPLICATION INFORMATION TIP73 2N2905 500 Ω VI 22 Ω 5 kΩ LM317 INPUT OUTPUT 120 Ω 1N4002 See Note A 47 µF VO ADJUST 10 µF 10 µF (see Note B) NOTES: A. High-Current Adjustable Regulator Circuit 10 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. This optional capacitor improves ripple rejection. TEXAS 75265 . The minimum load current is 30 mA.
114) 0.10 (0. TEXAS 75265 .287) 6.MECHANICAL DATA MPDS094A – APRIL 2001 – REVISED JUNE 2002 DCY (R-PDSO-G4) PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE 6. This drawing is subject to change without notice.30 (0. D.66 (0.02 (0.009) Seating Plane 0.70 (0.130) Gauge Plane 1 2.80 (0.08 (0.70 (0.0008) 0.23 (0.067) 1.071) MAX 1.264) 6.122) 2.10 (0. Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion.84 (0.10 (0.70 (0. Falls within JEDEC TO-261 Variation AA.30 (0.030) MIN 1.014) 0.0040) 0.004) M 4 7.248) 3.004) M 0°–10° 0. C.60 (0.033) 0. POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.003) 4202506/B 06/2002 NOTES: A.30 (0. All linear dimensions are in millimeters (inches).026) 0.25 (0.30 (0.35 (0.264) 3.10 (0.146) 3.70 (0.181) 2 3 0.75 (0.010) 0. B.091) 4.059) 0.50 (0.90 (0.
54) 0.295 (7. Dimensions do not include mold protrusions.200 (5.006 (0.050 (1. Falls within JEDEC MO-169 PowerFLEX is a trademark of Texas Instruments.25) NOM Gage Plane 0.79) Seating Plane 0. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).010 (0.25) NOM 0.320 (8.49) NOM 0.03) 0. The center lead is in electrical contact with the thermal tab.03) 0.360 (9.041 (1.365 (9.220 (5.14) 0.87) Thermal Tab (See Note C) 1 3 0.27) 0.025 (0.001 (0.375 (9.04) 0.031 (0.420 (10. not to exceed 0.360 (9. D. POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.67) 0.59) NOM PowerFLEX™ PLASTIC FLANGE-MOUNT 0.410 (10.031 (0.350 (8.080 (2. B.89) 0.010 (0.MECHANICAL DATA MPFM001E – OCTOBER 1994 – REVISED JANUARY 2001 KTE (R-PSFM-G3) 0.63) 0.010 (0.15).13) 0.070 (1. TEXAS 75265 1 .08) 0.350 (8. E.100 (2.52) 0.41) 0. C.10) 0.13) 0.27) 0.79) 3°– 6° 0.040 (1.005 (0.89) 0.310 (7.004 (0.14) 0. This drawing is subject to change without notice.25) M 0.25) 4073375/F 12/00 NOTES: A.02) 0.010 (0.78) 0.
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