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NEC IEC

Area classification

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Hazardous locations division system

Identifying Type of Hazard


Class I Flammable Gases and Vapours Class II Combustible Dusts Class III Easily Ignited Fibres and Flyings

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Hazardous locations division system


Identifying Severity of Hazard Division 1
Normal Condition Hazard IS expected to be present

Division 2
Abnormal Condition Hazard IS NOT expected to be present

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Hazardous locations zone system

Identifying Type of Hazard


Traditionally only flammable gases Zones 0, 1 and 2 New combustible dusts Standards Zones 20, 21 and 22 Some countries did have DIP Standards

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Hazardous locations zone system


Identifying the Severity of Hazard
Based on probability of gas being present in sufficient quantities for an Explosion to occur. Zone 0 A place in which an explosive atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air of flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour or mist is present continuously or for long periods or frequently Zone 1 A place in which an explosive atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air or flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour or mist is likely to occur in normal operation occasionally. Zone 2 A place in which an explosive atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air of flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour or mist is not likely to occur in normal operation but, if it does occur, will persist for a short period only
R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC Seite 5

How the systems compare

Frequency of Occurrence Continuous Intermittent Periodically Abnormal Condition

CEC / NEC Division System

IEC/CENELEC/CEC /NEC Zone System Zone 0

Class I, Division 1

Zone 1

Class I, Division 2

Zone 2

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Area classification risk assessment

Risk

Division 2 Not Classified

Division 1

Duration of time Gas is Present


R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC Seite 7

Area classification risk assessment

Risk

Not Classified

Division 2 Zone 2

Division 1 Zone 1

Zone 0

Duration of time Gas is Present


R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC Seite 8

Zone classification - Gas Example


Zone 0 Zone 1 Div.1 Div.2

Zone 2 Zone 0 Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 0

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | SPP | Peter Krapf | Selection

04.2008 | Seite 9

Types of protection
for electrical equipment

NEC 500 - 504 Explosionproof enclosure

IEC, CENELEC, NEC 505 Flameproof enclosure Increased safety

Intrinsic safety

Intrinsic safety Encapsulation

Purged and Pressurized

Purged and Pressurized Powder filling Oil immersion

Nonincendive/ Non-Sparking/ Hermetically sealed

Type of Protection n

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Gas groups

Representative Gas Acetylene Hydrogen

Division Gas Group Group A Group B Groups B + C

Zone Gas Group

Group IIC Group IIB+H2 Group IIB Group IIA

Ethylene Propane

Group C Group D

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Temperature classes comparison


IEC/Article 505 Article 500 T1 T1 T2 T2 T2A T2B T2C T2D T3 T3 T3A T3B T3C T4 T4 T4A T5 T5 T6 T6
R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

Max. oC 450 300 280 260 230 215 200 180 165 160 135 120 100 85

Max. oF 842 572 536 500 446 419 392 356 329 320 275 248 212 185
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NEMA vs. IEC ratings


NEMA Enclosure Type Number 1 2 3 3R 3S 4 & 4X 5 6 & 6P 12 & 12K 13 IEC 60529 Enclosure IP Number IP 10 IP 11 IP 54 IP 14 IP 54 IP 65 IP 52 IP 67 IP 52 IP 54

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Environmental protection

NEMA Enclosure Type


- i.e. NEMA 4

IP Ratings
- i.e. IP 66

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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Overview - Certification North America Equipment or Component


Equipment can be installed according to NEC / CEC Component is part of Equipment
Note: An equipment approved for unclassified loactations could become a component for hazardous (classified) locations (e.g. ExMCB).

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America

02.2009 | Seite 15

Overview - Certification North America Hazardous Locations Equivalency of installed Equipment


Material Gases or Vapors Hazardous (Classified) Locations Cl. I, Zone 0 Cl. I, Zone 1 Cl. I, Zone 2 Class I, Div. 2 Zone 22 Class II, Div. 2 Class III, Div. 2
02.2009 | Seite 16

Class I, Division 1 Combustible Dusts Zone 20


IS only

Zone 21

Class II, Division 1 Fibers or Flyings Class III, Division 1

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America

Overview - Certification North America Hazardous Locations Equivalency of Components in Equipment


Material Gases or Vapors Hazardous (Classified) Locations Cl. I, Zone 0 Cl. I, Zone 1 Cl. I, Zone 2 Class I, Div. 2 Zone 22 Class II, Div. 2 Class III, Div. 2
02.2009 | Seite 17

Class I, Division 1 Combustible Dusts Zone 20 Zone 21

Class II, Division 1 Fibers or Flyings Class III, Division 1

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America

Overview - Certification North America


Legal Orangizations
Europe ATEX
Atmosphre Explosible

USA OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Canada SCC
Standing Consultative Commission

(International) (IECEx Scheme)


International Electrotechnical Commission Explosive atmospheres

Accreditations for Test Laboratories


Notified Body (NB) (PTB, IBExU, Deka/Exam, UL, FM, CSA, ..) Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories (NRTLs) (UL , FM, CSA, .) Certification Organization (UL, FM, CSA, QPS, ) Certification Bodies (ExCBs) (PTB, IBExU, Dekra/Exam, KEMA, UL/Demko, FM, CSA, ..)
02.2009 | Seite 18

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America

Overview - Certification North America


Standard Organizations
Europe Cenelec (EN)
Comit Europen de Normalisation Electrotechnique (European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization)

USA ANSI (NEC)


American National Standard Institute

Canada CSA (CEC)


Standing Consultative Commission

International IECEx
International Electrotechnical Commission Explosive Atmospheres

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America

02.2009 | Seite 19

Overview - Certification North America Certification Organization- North America


USA UL
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

Canada FM CSA
Canadian Standard Association International

Factory Mutual Approvals LLC

USA

CAN USA + CAN


R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | STGZ | Werner Frstner | 28.02.2009 Overview - Certification North America 02.2009 | Seite 20

typical system enclosures

Flameproof housings made of aluminium alloy or stainless steel

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | SPP | Jrgen Poidl | CUBEx 2010

01.2010

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Worldwide Certification
e II 2 G Ex d... IIB + H2 T6...T4 Ex d... IIB T6...T4 e II 2 D Ex tD A21 IP 66 T80 C ... T130 C

Atex

IECEx

Ex d... IIB + H2 T6...T4 Ex d... IIB T6...T4 Ex tD A21 IP66 T80 C ... T130 C Class I, Division 1, Groups B,C,D

UL

Class II, Division 1, Groups E,F&G Class III Class I, Zone 1, Groups IIB+H2 Enclosure Type 3, 4, 4X, 7 and 9

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | SPP | Jrgen Poidl | CUBEx 2010

01.2010

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New !!

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | SPP | Jrgen Poidl | Product Manager

10.2008 | Seite 23

Worldwide Certification
Atex II 2 G Ex d.. II C T4, 5, 6 II 2 D Ex tD A21 IP 66 T.. C

IECEx

Ex d.. II C T4, 5, 6

UL

Class I, Division 1, Groups A,B,C&D Class II, Division 1, Groups E,F&G Class III Class I, Zone 1, Groups IIC, IIB+H2, IIB or IIA T.. Enclosure Type 3, 4, 4X

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | SPP | Jrgen Poidl | Product Manager

10.2008 | Seite 24

Worldwide certification
ATEX Size 1 Size 2 Size 3
ATEX / IEC Gas explosion protection: Zone 2 II 3G EEx nR II T Dust explosion protection: Zone 21 II 2D IP66 T Zone 22 II 3D IP66 T NEC / CEC UL / cUL Listed Class I, Division 2, Groups ABCD Class I, Zone 2, Group IIC T4 Class II, Division 1 and 2, Groups FG; Class III NEMA Type 3, 4, 4X and IP66

IEC Ex

UL / CSA

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Produktmanagement | Dr. Andreas Kaufmann

05.2007 | Seite 25

Worldwide Certification
Power Distribution Panel

R. STAHL Schaltgerte GmbH | Roger Peters | IEC - NEC

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