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PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURING OF CALCIUM

CHLORIDE
Grades 1) anhydrous CaCl2

2) dehydrate CaCl2.2H2O

3) hexahydrate. CaCl2.6H2O

1) Raw materials
a) Limestone (calcium carbonate) (solid lumps) CaCO3
source from mining of limestone
b) Hydrochloric acid (30%) solution in water (liquid state) HCl
Byproduct of chlorination plants
By product of chloroalkali plants
c) Calcium hydroxide (solid powder) Ca (OH)2
From manufacturer

2) Reaction
1) CaCO 3+ 2HCl -------→→ CaCl2 + H2O +
CO2
Molecular weight
kgs 100 2* 36.5 110.99 18
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2 CO 2 + Ca (OH)2 -----→ CaCO3 + H2O


Molecular weight
kgs 44 74.09 100 18

3 Ca(OH) 2 + 2 HCL -----→ CaCl2 + 2 H2O


Molecular weight 74.09 2* 36.5 110.99 2*18

3) Process description:-
a) Hydrochloric acid is charged into a acid proof brick lined tank
b) Lime stone/ calcium hydroxide is then charged slowly into the tank over a period of 5 to
6 hrs
c) the whole tank content is kept for reaction for 15 to 20 hrs till all the acid is consumed
d) the Ph of the reaction mass is adjusted to 7.5 to 8.0 using calcium hydroxide
e) the reacted mass is then transferred to the settling tanks
f) the settled reaction solution is then siphoned into a other collection tank

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g) the unreacted solid from the settling tank is again recycled to the reaction tank
h) the clear reacted solution in the collection tank is then filtered through filter press for
polishing the solution
i) the filtered calcium chloride solution is then send to the evaporation
vessels where the water is evaporated and the solid calcium chloride recovered
it is dryed in the dryer .
j) the calcium chloride is then pulverized to the desired size and packed.

4) Polution abatement
Unreacted solids are recycled so there is no solid waste production
The reaction produces carbon dioxide which is scrubbed into lime / ammonia solution
So gases are taken care of
The product is non toxic

VENT air
5) Process flow chart:-
Ca(OH)2
Ca(OH) 2/CaCO3 HCl water

CaCO 3 slurry

unreacted solid recycle

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Evapourated water

Calcium choride semifinished

Calcium chloride finished

MAERIAL BALANCE FOR THE PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURING OF


CALCIUM CHLORIDE

222tonne/ month anhydrous.


1) Raw material required
Reaction stage
a) Calcium carbonate or calcium hydroxide:- 200 tonne / 148.18 tonne
b) Hydrochloric acid 30% :- 486.66 tonne

Evaporation stage:-
a) Input for evaporation:- 598tonne/634tonne
b) Output from evaporation:- 222 tonne/ 222 tonne
calcium chloride
376 tonne/ 412 tonne
water. Vapour.
2) Energy required for the process
Energy is only consumed in evaporation is terms of fuel.
Wood :- 61347.36kgs / 67221.05kgs
Furnace oil:- 25902.22kgs/28382.22kgs

Ash produced bywood will be 3067.35 kgs / month used as a fertilizer in


plantation.
Flue gas will contain no sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
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