FOOT STEP POWER GENERATING SYSTEM

A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by SREEKUMAR.K(21207106310) VINU VISWANATH(21207106311) AJEESH.V.RAJAN(21207106003)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

RAJIV GANDHI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, SRIPERUMBUDUR

ANNA UNIVERSITY: : CHENNAI 600 025
APRIL 2011

ANNA UNIVERSITY :: CHENNAI 600 025

K. SUMAN MISHRA M.602 105 INTERNAL EXAMINER EXTERNAL EXAMINER .. SUMAN MISHRA SUPERVISOR Assistant Professor Assistant Professor Department of ECE Department of ECE Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering Sriperumbudur .BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report ³FOOT STEP POWER GENERATING SYSTEM´ is the bonafidework of ³SREE KUMAR.(Ph. HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT SIGNATURE Mr. AJEESH.d).602 105 Sriperumbudur . SIGNATURE Mr.RAJAN´ who carried out the project work under my supervision.E. VINU VISWANATH.V.

We take this opportunity to express ourgratitudeand thanks to Dr.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to make a special mention of the following people without whose help this project would have notbeen completed.Head of the Electronics and Communication Department Engineeringand our project coordinator Mr.support and prayers.Georgeour General Secretary and Correspondent for his valuable thoughts and consistent encouragement. We specially thank Mr.Madhu for his valuable suggestions and technical guidance.G. We express our sincere gratitude toMr.Suman Mishra. Arocky Raj for his guidance.Suman Mishra.our internal guide for giving us an opportunity to do thisproject and also other staff members who gave us support.encouragement and suggestion which had helped to make the right choice at this juncture of our career.Special thanks to the Dean of our college DrVasuElaveetil for his guidance. We are grateful toOurParents for their care. ABSTRACT . First we render our thanks to Almighty God to give us the strength for completing this project.We like to acknowledge the support given to us by our and also special thanks to our Principal Dr.love.

‡ The battery type is Lead-Acid battery ‡ The battery is connected to the inverter which is used to convert the D. ‡ For this project the conversion of the force energy in to electrical energy. ‡ The Generator is coupled to the Ply wheel Shaft with the help of Spur Gear Mechanism.C. This 12 Volt is stored in a 7 AmpHour Battery. ‡ The Output of the generator is 12 Volts. ‡ Non-conventional energy using foot step is converting mechanical energy into the electrical energy.C generator. ‡ This project using simple drive mechanism such as rack and pinion assemble and chain drive mechanism.C 12 ‡ Volt to the 230 Volt A. .C generator used in this project is Permanent Magnet D. battery and inverter control.‡ In this project we are generating electrical power as non-conventional method by simply walking or running on the foot step . D. ‡ The D. ‡ By increasing the capacity of battery and inverter circuit.C generator. The control mechanism carries the rack & pinion. the power rating is increased.

1. man began to use the wind for sailing ships and for driving windmills. it would not be wrong to say that the sun was supplying all the energy needs of man either directly or indirectly and that man was using only renewable sources of energy. With further demand for energy. and the force of falling water to turn water wheels. The blocks that make up the system would depress slightly under the force of . He added a new dimension to the use of energy by domesticating and training animals to work for him. say. man started to cultivate land for agriculture. the platform of a subway terminal. which he hunted. Till this time.1 MOTIVATION: Man has needed and used energy at an increasing rate for his sustenance and well being ever since he came on the earth a few million years ago. and the force of falling water to turn water for sailing ships and for driving windmills. With the passage of time. Primitive man required energy primarily in the form of food. He derived this by eating plants or animals.CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.2 AIMS: The main purpose of our project is 1.The "Crowd would work something like this A responsive sub-flooring system would be placed under.

among other things. they would generate power in the form of an electric current. like capable of . to light up signs about the energy created by the pedestrians. 3. airports etc. music halls. railway stations. subways. CHAPTER 2 EXISTNG SYSTEM Other people have developed piezo-electric (mechanical-to-electrical) surfaces in the past. but the Crowd Farm has the potential to redefine urban space by adding a sense of fluidity and encouraging people to activate spaces with their movement. the creators say. The electric current could be used." said cocreator Thaddeus Jusczyk. theatres. bus stands. As the blocks slipped against each other. nightclubs and a large gathering space for rallies. People should understand the direct relationship between their movement and the energy produced. This technology would facilitate the future creation of new urban landscapes athletic fields with a spectator area. demonstrations and celebrations. it could really draw some power from a crowd producing thousands of steps.While the Crowd Farm wouldn't work in the home (a single human step generates only enough power to light two 60-watt light bulbs for one second).human footsteps. 2. The Crowd Farm floor is composed of standard parts that are easily replicated but it is expensive to produce at this stage.

The electrical energy generated at such farms will be useful for near by applications. . Walking across a "Crowd Farm. temples. etc. then." floor.will be a fun for idle people who can improve their health by exercising in such farms with earning. CHAPTER 3 PROPOSED SYSTEM NEED FOR THE SYSTEM: Proposal for the utilization of waste energy of foot power with human locomotion is very much relevant and important for highly populated countries like India and China where the roads. This whole human/bioenergy being wasted if can be made possible for utilization it will be great invention and crowd energy farms will be very useful energy sources in crowdedcountries. railway stations. are all over crowded and millions of people move around the clock.harnessing human locomotion for electricity generation. bus stands.

.FOOT STEP POWER GENERATION MODEL HARDWARE EREQUIREMENTS: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ FOOT STEP ARRANGEMENT RACK & PINION AND CHAIN SPROCKET ARRANGEMENT DC GENERATOR BATTERY INVERTER LIGHT LOAD WORKING PRINCIPLE: ‡ The complete diagram of the foot step power generation is given above.

C. so that it is running the same speed of pinion. ‡ The generated voltage is 12Volt D. ‡ The spring is used to return the inclined step in same position by releasing the load. . ‡ The gear wheel is coupled to the generator shaft with the help of another gear wheel. ‡ This action locks like a cycle pedaling action.C. This inverter is used to convert the 12 Volt D. ‡ The rack & pinion.C voltage is stored to the Lead-acid 12 Volt battery. ‡ The pushing power is converted into electrical energy by proper driving arrangement. is permanent magnet D.‡ Only one step is inclined in certain small angle which is used to generate the power. ‡ This larger sprocket is used to transfer the rotation force to the smaller sprocket. ‡ The flywheel is used to increase the rpm of the smaller sprocket shaft. ‡ The pinion shaft is connected to the supported by end bearings as shown in fig. ‡ This D. ‡ The smaller sprocket is running same direction for the forward and reverse direction of rotational movement of the larger sprocket. ‡ The generator is used here. ‡ The battery is connected to the inverter. ‡ The larger sprocket is coupled to the small cycle sprocket with the help of chain (cycle). The fly wheel and gear wheel is also coupled to the smaller sprocket shaft. ‡ The larger sprocket also coupled with the pinion shaft. spring arrangement is fixed at the inclined step.C generator.C to the 230 Volt A.

C voltage is used to activate the light. fan and etc.‡ This 230 Volt A. the power rating is increased BLOCK DIAGRAM FOOT STEP ARRANGE MENT RACK & PINION AND CHAIN SPROCKET ARRANGEMENT DC GENERATOR BATTERY INVERTER LIGHT LOAD ADC ON/ OFF AT89C51 MICRO EXPLANATION: CONTROLLER RELAY LCD FOOT STEP ARRANGEMENT: . By increasing the capacity of battery and inverter circuit.

multiply that single step by 28. RACK AND PINION ARRANGEMENT: A rack and pinion is a type of linear actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert rotational motion into linear motion. a device that converts the energy of motion into that of an electric current. and the result is enough energy to power a moving train for one second. The Crowd Farm is not intended for home use as a single human step can only power two 60W light bulbs for one flickering second. The circular pinion engages teeth on a . the dynamo-floor principle can be applied to capture energy at large levels. Greater movement of people will generate more energy. for example. But get a crowd in motion.527 steps. The slippage of the blocks against one another as people walked would generate power through the principle of the dynamo.A Crowd Energy Farm would work like this: a responsive sub-flooring system made up of blocks that depress slightly under the force of human steps would be installed beneath the walking lobby. And while the farm is over crowded with moving population.

This larger sprocket is used to transfer the rotation force to the smaller sprocket.linear "gear" bar±the rack. track or other perforated or indented material. spring arrangement is fixed at the inclined step. up to the limit of its travel. The spring is used to return the inclined step in same position by releasing the load. It is distinguished from a gear in that sprockets are never meshed together directly. and differs from a pulley in that sprockets have teeth and pulleys are smooth. The larger sprocket is coupled to the small cycle sprocket with the help of chain (cycle). The smaller sprocket is running same direction for the forward and reverse direction of rotational movement of the larger . The pinion shaft is connected to the supported by end bearings as shown in fig. Here the rack & pinion. CHAIN SPROCKET: A sprocket is a profiled wheel with teeth that meshes with a chain. Rotational motion applied to the pinion will cause the rack to move to the side. The larger sprocket also coupled with the pinion shaft. so that it is running the same speed of pinion.

Battery cells are grouped together into a single . separators.C generator. The source of mechanical energy may be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine. water falling through a turbine or waterwheel. The generator is used here. electrodes-anode and cathode.sprocket. the power rating is increasedBattery cell consists of five major components. It is somewhat analogous to a water pump.C voltage is used to activate the light. This action locks like a cycle pedaling action.The gear wheel is coupled to the generator shaft with the help of another gear wheel. The battery is connected to the inverter. This inverter is used to convert the 12 Volt D. By increasing the capacity of battery and inverter circuit. The reverse conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy is done by a motor.C to the 230 Volt A. BATTERY: The D. This 230 Volt A. The fly wheel and gear wheel is also coupled to the smaller sprocket shaft. A generator forces electrons in the windings to flow through the external electrical circuit. compressed air or any other sources of mechanical energy.C voltage is stored to the Lead-acid 12 Volt battery. a hand crank. is permanent magnet D. an electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy.C. motors and generators have many similarities. DC GENERATOR: In electricity generation. a wind turbine. terminals. fan and etc. which creates a flow of water but does not create the water inside. The generated voltage is 12Volt D. electrolyte and a case or enclosure. an internal combustion engine.C.

mechanical and electrical unit called a battery module. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . These modules are electrically connected to form a battery pack which powers the electronic drive system.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful