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Its not about the money Why English Progressive Schools opened and then closed, in the mid

d 20th century

1950s: Why did they close? Money

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Spoiler Alert!

It wasnt about the money

Beacon Hill
Bertrand Russell Dora Russell

Beacon Hill
We can only get married and have children if it can also be an intellectual endeavour

Fine by me!
(As long as I can still write my books, traipse around the world and we can see other people)

Malting House

My son will have a better education than me. He will have the scientifically best education one can have! Now where does one find a scientist?

Who did Pyke choose?

Susan Isaacs - Age 37 - Married to Nathan Isaacs (a business man) - She was a psychologist

Summerhill

AS Neill

A democratic school

The Progressives
Beacon Hill Malting House

Summerhill

Conventional View Why close? Beacon Hill


Dora & Bertrand Divorce Bertrand runs off with the Nanny! The 1929 Stock Crash Dora moves the school

In 1939 the War Office takes over the school site


With too few s, the school closes
It was all about the money

Why close: Malting House?


You said this was my school.and I dont think we have the money to exapnd

Geoffrey wanted to expand - quickly

Why close: Malting House?


NopeIm off!

Pays staff for a year

It was all about the money

Why stay open? Summerhill

A truer story?
Open Relationship

The 1968 Philpott letters The Tamarisk Tree - 1973

Pregnant another man!

Offered an alternative career

Dora stuck
Bertrand publicly denounced the school

A truer story: Malting House?


Nathans Letter

X
Pyke: Decline & despondency Letters from friends show concern Increasingly eratic behaviour in the markets Letters from solicitors warning him Why does he ignore all these warnings?

A truer story: Malting House?


Nathans Letter

X
And then.

- Nathan finds out - Susan leaves

Summerhill?

Romantic relationships not as central Only identity was as a teacher

Its not about the money Why English Progressive Schools opened and then closed, in the mid 20th century

Does money matter? Yes. But identity, motivation, romantic relationships, and careers all the needs of the adults appear to matter more.

Thank you!
Laura McInerney College of Education Lmm6y5@mail.missouri.edu