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Industrial Training Report

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Assalamualaikum W.B.T First and foremost, I would like to thank my supervisor at Valserv Sdn. Bhd., Sir Mohd Sukry Bin Ismail and my supervisor of UiTM for this course, MadamSiti Nurulhuda bt. Mohd Imran who had taken a lot of efforts to meticulously go through my report and came up with helpful suggestions. Without helping from them, I surely came into deep problem in completing this industrial training. Secondly, I would like to acknowledgement my thanks again to Sir Mohd Sukry Bin Ismail for helping me in understanding the civil work on site. Thanks to all staff at the site office for all the new knowledge I gained during my practical. Besides thanks to my practical partners for sharing knowledge and experiences along two months of industrial training. Also thanks to all the staffs at Valserv Sdn. Bhd. for giving me full cooperation and endless patience in letting me shadow them during fieldwork and giving a talk. Their cooperation indeed make my work become easier and faster. Besides, I would like to extend my gratitude too, to the organization, Valserv Sdn. Bhd. for their kindness and their trust for giving me a chance to have my practical training in there. And at the same time, I would like to take a chance here to express my deeply thankful for my site supervisor, Sir Mohd Sukry Bin Ismail who had taken a lot of effort to go through my daily logbook report and answering all my doubtful concern around the work required here. Finally, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to my family, friends and also lecturer for their support, constructive suggestion and also critism. Also special thanks to Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysa, for gives me a chance to involves on profession areas and make me get a full of confident to get a job and responsible after graduated.

Industrial Training Report

MY PROFILE

NAME I/C NO. MATRIX NO. PROGRAMME SEMESTER HOME ADD.

: WAN MUHAMMAD ISA BIN WAN AHMAD ANUAR : 870921-38-5435 : 2008373063 : Bachelor In Civil(Hons) Engineering :6 : NO. 50, BATU 30 , KOTA LAMA KIRI, 33000 KUALA KANGSAR, PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN : 013-4729335 : LOT 33339, KEM TENTERA DARAT, JALAN PANCHING, 25990 KUANTAN, PAHANG DARUL MAKMUR : VALSERV SDN. BHD. : MOHD SUKRY B. ISMAIL : 10 MAY 2010 4 JULY 2010

H/P ADDRESS L.I.

PLACE OF TRANING NAME OF SITE SUPERVISOR DURATION OF TRAINING

Industrial Training Report

MY SITE SUPERVISOR PROFILE

NAME POSITION COMPANY STATUS WORK

: MOHD SUKRY BIN ISMAIL : SITE SUPERVISOR : VALSERV SDN. BHD. : CONTRACT

YEAR OF EXPERIENCE : 31 PROJECT INVOLVED : MASJID BANDAR PEKAN, PAHANG :HIGHWAY FROM GAMBANG TO PEKAN, PAHANG :OIL AND GAS AT GEBENG, PAHANG H/P : 016- 9215888

Industrial Training Report

CHAPTER 1
1.0 INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

1.1 Introduction

Industrial Training is a compulsory component of the curriculum which aims to expose students to the real nature of the engineering works and to get them involved in civil engineering projects. The technical and non-technical outcomes of the course may be assessed and evaluated through this industrial training.

1.2 Course Outcomes

All the end of this industrial training, students should be able to :CO1: Communicate effectively with fellow workers and supervisors in issues related to projects undertaken. CO2: Demonstrate and practice good working ethics and to internalize excellence. CO3: Demonstrate and practice good organizational skills in enhancing individual and group effectiveness and productivity. CO4: Demonstrate creativity and innovation in solving problems related to real-life projects. CO5: Demonstrate pleasant interpersonal skills in developing understanding and appreciation of individual differences and interpersonal skills in building self-confidence. CO6: Work independently or under very minimal supervision. CO7: Demonstrate good planning, management, constant monitoring and quality delivery of project undertaken.

Industrial Training Report

1.3Proposed Training Activities

The following are examples of proposed training activities which students can participate: a) Appreciation of clients requirements b) Participation in coordination meetings with different disciplines c) Attending site visits d) Interpretation of construction drawings from other disciplines such as Architecture or Mechanical & Electrical Engineering e) Interpretation and checking of construction drawings produced by the company whom the student is attached to interpretation of contract specification and involvement in contract administration f) Involve in project management (coordination, logistic, erections, mobilization, tendering, safty requirement and etc.) g) Other activities relevant to the training, as directed by the supervisor can also be included.

1.4 Purpose of Writing a Report 1. To enable the trainee record the experience in working at the company and come up with opinion and useful suggestion to be by management side. 2. To fulfill one of the condition in endure industrial training. 3. To being used as a references to student in the future. 4. To assist the organization officer to evaluate students performance during industrial training. 5. To ensure the trainee have done all the responsibilities and task that have been given in good manner.

Industrial Training Report

CHAPTER 2
2.0 PREFACE Malaysia is dramatically developing country. All the agencies includes government and privates always cooperation to involve in every part in developing this country. Within this twenty years, there are many infrastructure kept being built up. As a vision which claim to make transform Malaysia to become a world class country by the year 2020, developing pace has been increase to make sure the vision became true. Meanwhile, as a globalization challenges gradually become greater and greater every day, more and more technology that has been developed. As a student of civil engineering, there is no doubt we have to deal with infrastructure division. Theoretical knowledge and basic concept is no longer enough to prepare us for future challenges ahead. Besides this entire theoretical concept we learn does not consider environment factor. There are thousands of potential problems causes by environment which we could ever imagine of. How can we be sure if we are ready for all these an unexpected challenges? So, that why university has prepared this practical training to us. Besides, through this industrial training, we can have the better insight into the reality of this field and gain some picture about the potential challenges which we might face in the future. Hoping we may have better prepare in facing future challenges, this training is being carried out. Through this we have chances to meet some experience engineers. We can learn way of solving problems, people to deal with, necessary precautions and even get some precious advices from them. The training will certainly benefit us as civil engineering students.

Industrial Training Report

CHAPTER 3

3.1 PROFILE COMPANY COMPANY NAME HEAD OFFICE : VALSERV SDN BHD : NO 59, JALAN BOLA JARING 13/15 SEKSYEN 13, 40100 SHAH ALAM SELANGOR DATE OF INCORPORATION: 9TH MARCH 1993 CO.SECRETARY : MA MGMT CONSULTANCY SERVICES SDN BHD NO 71B, JALAN SG 3/10 TAMAN SRI GOMBAK 68100 BATU CAVES SELANGOR AUDITOR : ARIFIN AHMAD & CO CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS 13A,JALAN SG PUSAT BANDAR SRI GOMBAK 68100 BATU CAVES SELANGOR

Industrial Training Report

3.2 QUALITY POLICY

BOLD, PERSEVERANCE, PROFESSIONAL, PARTNERSHIP VALSERV is fully committed towards committing indisputable quality end-products be it physical or services and thus, strive to be bold, persevere and professional in executing our designated tasks. In doing so, we treat our customers (clients & sub-contractors) as partners and thus, build mutually rewarding partnerships with our resources, industry and environment by adhering to the following values:V A Value & appreciate the clients, resources, industry and environment Ability to continuously acquire specialist skills & Accountable to

resources, industry and the environment L S E R Lean & Mean in executing tasks within the organization Subscribe to the concept of sharing Enhance efficiency, capabilities, expertise and competitiveness Responsive towards faith, commitment and the right Intention.

Responsible and grateful in our efforts V Value commitment towards rules, standards and prevention of

excessiveness and instill integrity by subscribing to the desired standards and behavior S B Self control in the face of challenge Brotherhood

Industrial Training Report

3.3 QUALITY OBJECTIVES 1. To our customer / client To portray professionalism To build clients confidence To give value for money

2. To our company To achieve constant growth To adapt to market changes To be Lean & Mean organization

3. To our team To enhance operational efficiency To promote continuous career development To instill best practices, ownership of responsibility and integrity

Industrial Training Report

3.4 SCOPE OF SERVICES CLASS A CONTRACTOR

VALSERV is a Building, Civil, Interior Renovation, Mechanical & Electrical contractor having registrations with Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor (Class A), CIDB (G7), Kementerian Kewangan, SIRIM and Tenaga Nasional Berhad. The scopes of services offered are: 1. Building, civil and infrastructure construction work 2. Interior renovation work 3. Mechanical & Plumbing works 4. Electrical work 5. Trading works 6. Project Management Services; in association with Excell Daya (M) Sdn. Bhd. Our clients range from: Government sectors Corporate companies Private owned companies Food & Beverage companies (e.g. A&W, KL Sentral Food Court, Taza Restaurant)

Industrial Training Report

3.5 ORGANIZATION

1. CHE IBRAHIM BIN CHE TAWANG POSITION QUALIFICATION : MANAGING DIRECTOR : B.Sc Engineering (UTM)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 19 Years 2. PUAN NORILA BT SHAARI POSITION QUALIFICATION : GENERAL MANAGER : Diploma in Administration

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 16 Years 3. ABD. RAZAK BIN MOHAMAD POSITION QUALIFICATION : PROJECT DIRECTOR : B.Sc Mech. Eng. (University Of Tulsa, USA)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 16 Years 4. IR. ROSLAN BIN YONG MOHAMAD POSITION QUALIFICATION : SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER : B. Sc. Civil Engineering (University of Glasgow)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 16 Years 5. AHMAD WARID BIN CHE ROHANI POSITION QUALIFICATION : SITE MANAGER : B.Sc Chemical Engineering (UTM)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 5 Years 6. MAZRULNIZAM BIN MAT NOOR POSITION QUALIFICATION : PROJECT ENGINEER : Bachelor of Civil Engineering (UiTM)

Industrial Training Report

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 4 Years

7. AHMAD TARMIZI BIN KASIM POSITION QUALIFICATION : PROJECT ENGINEER : Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (UKM)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 5 Years 8. KHAIRUL AFFENDI BIN BIDIN POSITION QUALIFICATION : PROJECT ENGINEER : Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (UMS)

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 4 Years 9. NURIPAIZAIL BIN AHMAD POSITION QUALIFICATION : PROJECT ENGINEER : Bachelor of Electrical Engineering (Power System) UMP YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 1 Years 10. JOHARUDIN BIN MOHAMAD POSITION QUALIFICATION : QUANTITY SURVEYOR : Diploma In Quantity Surveyor

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 15 Years 11.AZLIN BIN OTHMAN POSITION QUALIFICATION : M & E SUPERVISOR : Jabatan Bekalan Elektrik PW2

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 13 Years

12. NOR AZMILAH BT MOHD AZHAR POSITION QUALIFICATION : DRAFT PERSON : Diploma In Electronic Engineering

Industrial Training Report

(Politeknik Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah) YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 2 Years 13. SHAMSIDAR BT ABDULLAH POSITION QUALIFICATION : OFFICE MANAGER : Master Of Business Administration (UKM) Bachelor Of Economics (Administrative Studies And Politics) UM YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 9 Years 14. SYAHRINA BT MD. DALI POSITION QUALIFICATION : ACCOUNT EXECUTIVE : Bachelor of Commerce & Development

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 7 Years 15. RAFIDAH BT JAMIAN POSITION QUALIFICATION : ADMIN & ACCOUNT EXECUTIVE : Diploma In Technology Management (Accountancy) (UTM) YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 4 Years 16. SERI AFEZAN BT AHMAD FUAD POSITION QUALIFICATION : ADMIN ASSISTANT : Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 1 Years 17. NORAZRIN BIN MAHAMAD MISBAN POSITION QUALIFICATION : GENERAL CLERK : Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE : 1 Years

Industrial Training Report

3.6 ORGANISATION CHART

Industrial Training Report

3.7 LIST OF REGISTRATION

Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor - Taraf Bumiputera CIDB Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia - Bumiputera Tenaga Nasional Berhad - Kontraktor Kerja Tenaga Nasional Berhad -Pembekal & Kontraktor Perkhidmatan PETRONAS ISO

1401 A 2003 0500 1401 A 2003 0500

0120000927-SL060119 357-00041620 357-00041620

3011391

3011391

L-259150-A 21709-2008-AQ-SNG-UKAS

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Completed Projects Civil And Building Works

Industrial Training Report

THE PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL CENTRE PETRONAS COMPRISING 1 UNIT OF SHOPPING COMPLEX AND RECREATION CENTRE AT PART OF LOT 6490, RANTAU PETRONAS MUKIM KERTIH, DAERAH KEMAMAN TERENGGANU.

Industrial Training Report

THE PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL CENTRE PETRONAS COMPRISING 1 UNIT OF SHOPPING COMPLEX AND RECREATION CENTRE AT PART OF LOT 6490, RANTAU PETRONAS MUKIM KERTEH, DAERAH KEMAMAN, TERENGGANU.

Industrial Training Report

Industrial Training Report

THE PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL CENTRE PETRONAS COMPRISING 1 UNIT OF SHOPPING COMPLEX AND RECREATION CENTRE AT PART OF LOT 6490, RANTAU PETRONAS MUKIM KERTEH, DAERAH KEMAMAN TERENGGANU.

Industrial Training Report

KERJA-KERJA REKABENTUK DALAMAN DAN PENGUBAHSUAIAN KE ATAS KOMPLEKS SEDIA ADA DAN KAFETERIA DI KOMPLEKS TABUNG HAJI KELANA JAYA, PETALING JAYA, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN.

FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM

Industrial Training Report

Completed Projects Mechanical and Electrical Works

KERJA-KERJA MEMBEKAL, MENGHANTAR, MEMASANG, MENGUJI, MENTAULIAH DAN MENJAMIN SELAMA DUA BELAS (12) BULAN PEMASANGAN SISTEM PENYAMAN UDARA & PENGALIHAN UDARA MEKANIKAL UNTUK CADANGAN MEMBINA DAN MENYIAPKAN SEBUAH GEDUNG MEMBELI BELAH BATU (2) TINGKAT, KOTA BHARU, KELANTAN.

Industrial Training Report

KERJA-KERJA MENAIK TARAF SISTEM PENGHAWA DINGIN BERPUSAT DI BANGUNAN BANK RAKYAT, KUALA LUMPUR.

Industrial Training Report

PROJECT AND ACTIVITIES INVOLVED IN VALSERV SDN BHD 1. Introduction to Project and Organization of Construction Drawing For the beginning, Id been at the main office and was introduced to the background of the company, the organization and the projects they had involved with. I was exposed to the construction drawing; who are responsible to do the drawing, contains of the drawing, detailing of the drawing, and how to analyze the drawing. Besides that, the staff of the office was described about the organization of civil, architectural, and mechanical and electrical drawings. I had learned how to differentiate the type of drawings in a project and their purposes. I was assigned to identify the parts of a building involving the bungalow, central facilities, hall, mosque, and exc. I also was assigned to check the list of drawings and set them in the order as listed. The other things I did is editing the bill of quantities included the checking for process and errors in bill of quantities until the process of printing and photostatting. It is a part of document tender of the project. The last thing I did at the main office was editing the drawing of the drain because some adjustment existing with the project. So, I have to do the plotting of site plan drawings, calculation and final checking of the length of u-drain involving u-drain, udrain and lid, and print out the drawing plan.

Industrial Training Report

2. Introduction to the Construction on Site For the second week, I had started my work at the project site at Kuantan, Pahang.As I been there, the officer has introduced me the project Im going to deal with. The project is:

PROJEK: CADANGAN MENYIAPKAN RUMAH KELUARGA (338 UNIT) PELBAGAI KELAS IAITU: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. 1 UNIT BANGLO B2 1 UNIT BANGLO C+ 1 BLOK KELAS E 6 BLOK KELAS F 14 BLOK KELAS G SURAU DEWAN SERBAGUNA TNB SUB-STATION KAWASAN GUNASAMA PUSAT KOMUNITI PUSAT KEMUDAHAN

DAN KERJA-KERJA BERKAITAN UNTUK PEGAWAI DAN ANGGOTA TENTERA DARAT DI KEM TENTERA DARAT KUANTAN, PAHANG DARUL MAKMUR UNTUK TETUAN KERAJAAN MALAYSIA.

He had given a brief introduction about construction on site and brings me for site visit to show all the buildings and area of the site.

Industrial Training Report

3. Taking-off and documentation

I had done the checking for taking-off of beam of hall and mosque in civil drawings. I used the scale ruler to measure the exact length of reinforcement bar in the drawing. Besides that, I have to identify the types of reinforcement bars used; Y10, Y20, Y25, R10, BRC A7 and BRC A8 and then check the measurement of bars to be cut, bent, drop, and overlapping. Supposedly, the reinforcement bar at the top is larger in size from the bottom one. The total reinforcement bar used was calculated after the process of checking. Finally, I have to check either the total is tally or not with the bill of quantities. Rifer Appendix 1

4. Request for Inspection(RFI) and Documentation The student as behalf of contractor will prepare RFI for the related structure to be checked by the consultant for an approval to the next jobs. Then, after the RFI approved the responsible is handed to the consultant that approves the RFI. After the checking is done, the consultant will give a comment regarding to the inspection officially. As a contractor they need to record all the documents for the further reference. 5. Request for Information(RFI) and Documentation

6. Job Responsible a) Inspection of workers and daily work progress - Spray anti-termite - Cut and bent of reinforcement bars - Leveling each floor - Formwork - Rectification G5 and drilling - Scaffolding upper floor beam

Industrial Training Report

Rifer Appendix 2

b) Inspection work progress at Mosque - The progress is at the pile cap stage. One problem occur that is flooding in the excavate area. For the solution they had pump out the water.

Industrial Training Report

c) Inspection of installation formwork and rebar column, slab, staircase, stump and pile cap. I did the inspection for size and dimension of formwork of pile cap. There are three types of pile cap which consist three, two, and one piles. I also did there inspection of reinforcement bar of pile caps. I also join the inspection did by SCG consultant to inspect formwork and rebar of column, beam, slab, staircase, stump, and pile cap before concreting. There were so many problems occurred during the inspection. For example, there was dirt in the formwork due to debris and rubbish, and they did not install the formwork properly on that structure.

Industrial Training Report

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Industrial Training Report

d) Inspection of concreting column, slab, staircase, stump and pile cap. Before the concreting process, as a supervisor, they should know the total volume of concrete needed. The supervisor also need to know the discipline of concreting of any structure; like when we do the concreting for slab, they must pour the concrete from one side to another side to make sure that the concrete do not harden before they achieve the same thickness. Normally, we use volume of concrete around 95-100 m3 for one slab. For the rest structure, its depending on the size and quantity of the structures. Sometimes, if the structure is too big and difficult to do the concreting, they just can complete the half of the structure on one day, and proceed the concreting on the next day. Usually, for pile cap and stump, we use the concrete of grad G35, while for the other structures, we use the concrete of grad G30. Example of problems on this stage is like the worker doesnt tell their supervisor in charge that the concrete wasnt enough, the mixer-lorry broke down, and concrete vibrator also broke down, and exc.

Industrial Training Report

Industrial Training Report

e) Inspection spray and injection anti-termite For any construction, they must take care of the damage cause by termite. There are two ways to prevent this type of problem; for normal structure, they directly spray the soil with anti-termite. They have to spray the soil, stump, and pile cap before backfill soil. Another way is to inject the anti-termite into the soil via a hole made on slab. We do this method if the workers forget to spray the anti-termite before the backfill, and for abandoned project. This anti-termite guarantee is 2 years. Spray Soil Anti-termite

Industrial Training Report

Injection Anti-termite

f) Inspection verticality of column(using timbang air or plumb bob) This is a traditional method that can find the verticality of column, slab, beam, and exc. This method is cheaper and easier to conduct.

Industrial Training Report

g) Inspection lean concrete (2-3 depth) In our construction, we use concrete grad G-15 as a lean concrete. Lean concrete used to separate the structure from directly connected to soil. Usually, we put the lean concrete about 2-3 inches thickness. It is also used for ground floor or any structure that is directly connected to the soil.

h) Inspection of installation cable wires or mechanical & electrical works, sanitary and cold water There are some sub-contractors that are responsible to the mechanical and electrical works in our construction. They should have their own short drawing of their works of each building. They should properly install the M&E equipment simultaneously with the civil works. For example, they should do M&E works before we put the BRC and concreting the slab.

Industrial Training Report

Industrial Training Report

i) Inspection of problems on site (rectification reinforcement, honey comb and etc) Since it is an abandoned project, we found that many reinforcement bars was stolen from the site, involving the bars from column, beam, and slab. For the solution, we use Hammer Capsule method to rectify the problems. It is a method from Germany. Usually we use two Hammer Capsules for one hole. But, it is too expensive and difficult to conduct. Therefore, we use another method which is G5 method. It is a Malaysian method and is cheaper from another one. It also can carry high loading up to 40 tonne. The steels are completely set 2 hours after rectification. The depth for the rectification is about 6-8 inches for both methods. Problem that normally we have to face at site is honeycomb. Honeycomb is a situation which is the structure does not properly covered by concrete the concrete is not homogenously poured and caused because the reinforcement bars to expose to the air. As the solution, we should use the cement grout; which is a special material that has special characteristic and strength, requested from the consultant.

Industrial Training Report

Reinforcement bars was stolen

Rectification Reinforcements by using G5 method

Rectification Reinforcements by using Hammer Capsule method

Industrial Training Report

Comparison between G5 and Hammer Capsule Method

Rectification of Honey Comb

Industrial Training Report

Cement Grout used for repair concrete

Industrial Training Report

j) Inspection of earthwork works This stage is involving the works of cut and fill, compaction, layering, leveling, and site clearing around the site area. The time of completion of the work is depending on the soil characteristic, weather, existing material on site, and machineries used.

k) Inspection compaction of soil n aggregate for road We use aggregates of size 30-50 mm for road layer. Normally, we compact the soil or aggregates four times per layer based on consultant requirement. But, the JKR standard require 12 times of compaction per layer. The self weight of the compactor is one tone. l) Inspection of brick lays and alignment

Industrial Training Report

The bricks must be lay according to the drawing details based on the centre line and grid line. The alignment must be set up and followed by the brick layers. We hire a specialist to do the brick layers to ensure the layers are straight and not waving.

m) Inspection setting direction of KIBLAT This inspection needs the guide and co-operation from Jabatan Agama Islam Pahang (JAIP). They have to be there during the inspection to ensure the direction is accurate. From our surveyor, he just used the theodolite to measure the correct direction of Kiblat. Then, our surveyor was checking the result with JAIP for conformation. After that, if the result is tally, then JAIP will give a certificate by Mufti approval. Only after we get the certificate, we can start to construct the mosque.

Industrial Training Report

n) Conduct concreting of pile cap, stump and slab

As a practical student, I had assigned to conduct the concreting for certain structures like pile cap, stump, and slab. I had learned how to manage the workers, machineries, and concrete during the concreting. They also give me a chance to make an order for concrete from the concrete agent.

o) Update monthly report progress

The report progress must be update at the end of every month. So, I suppose to capture the structure of each buildings, photocopy, analysis, print, arrange report in order, and bind them together. We have two types of report that should be updated every month which is; progress report, and quantity assurance and quality control report. We have to prepare ten copies of each report for the clients and consultant references. Project manager and resident engineer must check and approve the report before it is bring into the meeting.

7. Learn about site progress a) Request for Inspection (RFI)

Industrial Training Report

RFI is used by the contractor to inform the consultant about the inspection progress of the structure. It is always used in any construction by the contractor for the purpose of construction work. b) Terms(LAD,CF,LR,EOT) LAD Liquidated Ascertained Damage CF Certificate of Fitness (practical completion) LR Liquidity Period (period that client can claim for defects construction) EOT Extension of Time

c) Batching plant operations Batching plant is a machine that is used to mix the concrete due to the grad request by the client. On the batching plant, it has several concrete components such as; water, sand, cement, and aggregates. It can produce up to 100 m3 of concrete per day. For example, ratio for grad 30 concrete is 1:2:3 which is aggregate 82 kg, cement 5 kg, and water 849 liters. Every concrete produced will be tested using slump test and cube test. We pour the concrete until three layers and do the hammering 25 times for each layer. Slump for concrete of grad 30 should be around 25 mm. Cube test also carried out at the site. We need to do hammering 35 times for each three layers. After 7 days, we test the strength of the concrete using unit load, and do the same at the 28th day

Industrial Training Report

Slump Test

Cube Test

Industrial Training Report

d) How to make special blocks Special block is the small blocks make from cement, sand, and water. It is used as the concrete cover for columns, beams, slabs, and exc. Usually the dimensions of the blocks depend on the structure design.

Industrial Training Report

e) Estimate store capacity At this stage, I have to calculate the quantity of cement bags that can be stored in the material storage. f) Workers The workers had been divided into certain work such as concreting, carpenter, tukang besi. They work as teamwork in a building or for a certain structure. g) FDT Test(for soil) h) Conclusion i) As the conclusion, this industrial training had given me a lot of knowledge and new experiences towards my work after I finish my study afterwards. The valuable eight weeks of training was very meant to me as I had exposed to the real civil engineering works like preparing the reports, go to inspections, conducting the workers, and make order for construction materials. With the guidance from the site supervisor, I have learned many new technologies applied at the site that I cant be found in the formal lectures at the university. With those experiences, I can share with my friends about new technologies in Malaysia. j) From this industrial training also, I had known how to apply all the knowledge I gained in the class previously since Im in the diploma stage until now in the real engineering works. Besides that, I can refresh my mind about what I had learnt before and improve my understanding about the applications of those engineering softwares like autocad, MATLAB, ESTEEM, and exc. Without this experiences, I would not know how to utilize these softwares that will make our works easier

Industrial Training Report

and even faster. In the future, I have to learn more about softwares used in civil engineering works. k) Last but not least, I can improve my communication skills through the industrial training; the communication with the staffs, persons from other department and with the community as this is one of the important skills an engineer have to acquire. After eight weeks of training, Ive found myself are ready to face the real civil engineering world soon. l) I have some suggestions to improve the industrial training in the future. Firstly, the faculty should extend the industrial training duration like the other faculty do that is six months of practical to give chance for the students to learn more and ready their self for the works. Secondly, the faculty should provide lists of good companies/consultants/contractors for the students to do their industrial training as their reference because some students had go to the places that dont give them much knowledge, and some students do have lot of knowledge but some do not. So, the students need the guide from the faculty. m) Industrial training is a good platform for the students to gain knowledge and experiences as much as they can. Without all these, they will not ready to face the real works and become a professional engineer as wished by the faculty and the university. n)

Industrial Training Report

o) Reinforcement bar and BRC Reinforcement Bars Y10, Y12, Y16, Y20,Y25 and R10

Industrial Training Report

British Reinforce Code(BRC) A7 and A8

Industrial Training Report

Conclusion As the conclusion, this industrial training had given me a lot of knowledge and new experiences towards my work after I finish my study afterwards. The valuable eight weeks of training was very meant to me as I had exposed to the real civil engineering works like preparing the reports, go to inspections, conducting the workers, and make order for construction materials. With the guidance from the site supervisor, I have learned many new technologies applied at the site that I cant be found in the formal lectures at the university. With those experiences, I can share with my friends about new technologies in Malaysia. From this industrial training also, I had known how to apply all the knowledge I gained in the class previously since Im in the diploma stage until now in the real engineering works. Besides that, I can refresh my mind about what I had learnt before and improve my understanding about the applications of those engineering softwares like autocad, MATLAB, ESTEEM, and exc. Without this experiences, I would not know how to utilize these softwares that will make our works easier and even faster. In the future, I have to learn more about softwares used in civil engineering works. Last but not least, I can improve my communication skills through the industrial training; the communication with the staffs, persons from other department and with the community as this is one of the important skills an engineer have to acquire. After eight weeks of training, Ive found myself are ready to face the real civil engineering world soon. I have some suggestions to improve the industrial training in the future. Firstly, the faculty should extend the industrial training duration like the other faculty do that is six months of practical to give chance for the students to learn more and ready their self for the works. Secondly, the faculty should provide lists of good companies/consultants/contractors for the students to do their industrial training as their reference because some students had go to the places that dont give them much knowledge, and some students do have lot of knowledge but some do not. So, the students need the guide from the faculty. Industrial training is a good platform for the students to gain knowledge and experiences as much as they can. Without all these, they will not ready to face the real works and become a professional engineer as wished by the faculty and the university.

Industrial Training Report