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Five reasons to support building SkyTrain for Surrey instead of LRT
• SkyTrain is faster transit that opens up citizens to more jobs within a reasonable commute time • SkyTrain offers the capacity to handle future growth in transportation demand beyond 2041 • SkyTrain has worked in Vancouver to increase transit modeshare and reduce motor vehicle use, the most pressing issue being faced by the City of Surrey today. • SkyTrain generates more benefits, and has a record of having attracted billions in economic transit-oriented development • SkyTrain has lower operating costs for more service (especially in the off-peak), and generates more revenue by attracting more riders and more new transit trips. This helps TransLink pursue further expansions in the regional bus network.
Scroll down to find out why more SkyTrain is the best and only option for Surrey
The Solution is bigger than LRT • Much bigger solution is needed for Surrey • SkyTrain expansion is needed on all 3 proposed corridors. for more consistent area-wide modal shift to meet goals • Above: two proposals being worked on by Better Surrey Rapid Transit .
e. accident at KGB & 88th will cause an LRT closure until cleared) Higher cost may lead to lower offpeak operating frequencies Better off-peak operating frequencies due to lower cost . risky environment may compromise reliability All at-grade transit governed by speed of road (50-60km/h) SkyTrain (grade-separated rail transit) Full grade segregation means better reliability Current SkyTrain service more than 96% on-time Higher speed (80-90 km/h) Higher capacity expansion potential to deal with growth beyond 2041 SkyTrain is better transit Accidents blocking track cause full disruption (i.Light Rail Transit (at-grade rail transit) At-grade running means interfacing with other vehicles. pedestrians.
5 minutes offpeak frequency SkyTrain is better transit • • • • Source: Evergreen Line business case and analyses For at-grade service with 6 minutes peak frequency. other than commute-to-work . 15 minutes off-peak frequency SkyTrain can cost less to operate for the same service SkyTrain can offer more off-peak service than LRT Off-peak service is provided at no premium More off-peak service encourages riders to use SkyTrain all-day and for all purposes.Evergreen Line as LRT (at-grade rail transit) Driver-manned $15 million annual operating cost Evergreen Line as SkyTrain (grade-separated rail transit) Driver-less $10 million annual operating cost For faster grade-separated service with 3 minutes peak frequency. incl.
. whereas atgrade transit is governed by the road speed limit of 50-60km/h. • More development: SkyTrain promotes higher density around transit. • Because of high frequency potential.SkyTrain Traits • High Reliability: SkyTrain service is 96% on time.000 tonnes in annual greenhouse gas emissions. all the time • Faster transit: SkyTrain runs at between 80-90km/h. • SkyTrain helps the environment by putting diesel bus riders and drivers onto emissions-free transit. and the upcoming Canada Line Marine Gateway. SkyTrain can offer a higher theoretical capacity and so will be ready for Surrey’s ridership needs beyond 2041. and has attracted tens of billions of dollars in development such as Metropolis at Metrotown. Plaza 88 in New Westminster. The Canada Line helps replace 14.
000 in 2041 4250 passengers peak load on Fraser Highway Just 12.4 billion vehicle km travelled reduction to 2041 Alternative has total daily ridership of 202.4 billion vehicle km travelled reduction to 2041 SkyTrain attracts 2x as many new transit trips Sources: Final Analysis PDF page 171 .000 in 2041 6600 passengers peak load on Fraser Highway 24.500 new daily transit trips across region 2.New transit trips with LRT5a (LRT on Fraser Highway + BRT) New transit trips with RRT1a (RRT on Fraser Highway + BRT) SkyTrain attracts more riders onto transit Alternative has total daily ridership of 178.500 new daily transit trips across region Just 1.
Portland MAX LRT – 85km Opened 1986. 68000 riders yearly Sources: TransLink media releases TriMet ridership data (Portland) Canada Line has more riders in 3 years than entire MAX LRT system has in 26 years .000 by 2021 Summer 2011 ridership was over 136.000 daily (weekday boardings) Averaged growth rate: approx. 1998.000 by 2013 and 141. 2009 Canada Line SkyTrain – 19km Opened in August 2009 SkyTrain attracts more riders onto transit MAX LRT lines have often not generated ridership meeting projections Total MAX system ridership in 2011 was recorded at 132. 2001. 2004. 5100 riders yearly Original projections involved daily ridership of 100.500 daily (weekday boardings) Averaged growth rate: approx.
projections 160000 141000 Portland MAX LRT (east-side) ridership vs.doc> .cecs. projections 45000 42500 40000 35000 140000 120000 136259 39500 34000 SkyTrain attracts more riders onto transit 100000 80000 100000 30000 25000 20000 22200 60000 40000 15000 10000 5000 0 20000 0 Average weekday boardings Projected ridership by 2013 (4 years of operation) Projected ridership by 2021 (12 years of operation) Average weekday boardings Projected ridership by 1990 (4 years of operation) Actual ridership by 1990 (4 years of operation) Actual ridership by 1998 (12 years of operation) Actual ridership by 2011 (2 years of operation) Actual ridership by 2005 (19 years of operation) Sources: TransLink media releases TriMet ridership data (Portland) Report by Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Portland State University <http://web.pdx.edu/~monserec/courses/urbantrans/projects/ce454f05_MAX20.Canada Line ridership vs.
e.pdf> . 2011 Canada Line rider survey found trip speed was the most liked aspect by riders SkyTrain riders care about travel times Trip speed garnered more likes than next-best trait (system cleanliness) by almost 3x Survey found mid and high frequency riders most likely valued frequency.ca/MediaServer/documents/Satisfaction%20with%20Canada%20Line%20and%20Connecting%20Buses%20Wave%202%20March%202011. reliability Survey found overcrowding was least liked aspect of Canada Line (i. capacity is important to riders) Source: Satisfaction with Canada Line and Connecting Buses survey by TransLink & NRG Research Group <https://www.translinklistens.
500 1.000 2.000 Travel time benefits alone for SkyTrain to Langley + BRT exceed benefits of other BRT & LRT options SkyTrain to Langley + BRT generates more than twice the cost returns of LRT to Langley + BRT SkyTrain generates 3x travel time savings benefits as LRT BRT network LRT to Langley + BRT Full LRT network SkyTrain to Langley + BRT Other Travel Benefits Collission Cost Savings LRT vs SkyTrain benefits 1.000 500 0 Travel Time Savings Auto Operating Cost Savinsg Sources: Final Analysis PDF pages 349-369 Fare revenue GHG emissions .500 2.Life-cycle cost returns of alternatives Millions 3.
000 1.000 500 0 Full LRT network SkyTrain to Langley SkyTrain on all + BRT corridors (estimate) Travel Time Savings Auto Operating Cost Savinsg Other Travel Benefits Collission Cost Savings SkyTrain on all corridors could generate $3.46x the cost return of SkyTrain to Langley only + BRT LRT vs SkyTrain benefits Sources: Final Analysis PDF pages 349-369 Fare revenue GHG Emission reductions .500 2.Life-cycle cost returns of alternatives Millions 4.500 3.000 3.500 1.75 billion in benefits and cost return Benefits with SkyTrain on all corridors could be more than 3x a full LRT network 1.000 2.
SkyTrain will get more people out of their cars Reduction in amount of vehicles entering Vancouver between 1996-2006 coincides with additional SkyTrain expansion during this period 2011 Canada Line rider survey found 45% of respondents formerly commuted via SOV (single-occupancy vehicle) Sources: Vancouver Transportation Plan Update Satisfaction with Canada Line and Connecting Buses survey by TransLink & NRG Research Group <https://www.ca/MediaServer/documents/Satisfaction%20with%20Canada%20Line%20and%20Connecting%20Buses%20Wave%202%20March%202011.pdf> .translinklistens.
can be extrapolated to other corridors Light Rail Transit Sources: Final Analysis PDF page 171 .2041 forecast peak load (passengers per hour per direction) 7000 6000 5000 LRT vs SkyTrain ridership projections 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 King George Blvd to Newton Bus Rapid Transit Fraser Highway SkyTrain Average ridership gain of SkyTrain over LRT is approx. 53% on both corridors Indicates commonality in ridership estimation formula used.
2041 forecast peak load (passengers per hour per direction) 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 LRT vs SkyTrain ridership projections 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Passengers per hour per direction during peak Bus Rapid Transit on all corridors (BRT1) LRT to Langley only + BRT SkyTrain to Langley only + BRT Light Rail Transit on all corridors (LRT1) Peak hour load significantly higher with SkyTrain on all corridors versus LRT on all corridors or any other partial arrangement More passengers attracted to transit = more transit modeshare = less people in cars = closer to modal shift objectives SkyTrain on all corridors (estimate) Sources: Final Analysis PDF page 171 .
Left top: Newest Canada Line development proposal. near Bridgeport Station Left bottom: Richmond “character zone” development plan . More than $8 billion in development attracted in Richmond within 5 years through Canada Line SkyTrain SkyTrain can shape growth Strict coordination by Richmond to control growth around new SkyTrain line Innovative and well coordinated land-use plan directs development into several “character zones” Sources: Final Analysis PDF page 342-344.
more side-running (to avoid median utility relocation).e. at Willowbrook). Expo vs. funding participation from developers. guideway profile/construction method (i. over-street stations without mezzanines. Millennium Line).How to make SkyTrain a more feasible option • Discussing this can help address concerns about cost or visual impact • Potential ways to address cost issue could include: separate line with shared infrastructure but shorter (3-car?) trains and stations (“Better Option B”).e. build stations over parking lots (i. build stations over parking lots (i. integration tactics as with Canada Line in Richmond . • Potential ways to address visual issue could include: shorter trains and stations. at Willowbrook).e. alternate alignments (Surrey Central-Guildford). over-street stations without mezzanines.
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