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Clearly Lhe most i n l m o u s of the collabonr~ors he lernblc ol genocide in Bangladesh-- who has since been rehabili~a~ed--ish c ~ undcclared Amcer o f he Jamaal-e-Islami, thc Pakislani cilizcn Gholam Azam. If one were LO atlernpt L give all the speechcs and o statements Lha~Gholam Azam gave during the 260 days [hat hc
iravelled all over the country, voicing strohg suppoh for the army action and equally strong condemnaiion -of "miscreants," not a slight book like his orie, but a massive volume would be required. Simply in the interests of the nation, Gholam Azam's nefarious role during 197 1 must' be undertaken by well-qualified' and couragcous researchers. ~ e r c we are only providing a few , examples of his statemenis and activities during the Liberation War;io focus o n ' h o w Gholam Azam personally organized ihe Jarnaat-c-Tslarni, Islami Chhatra Sangha ( I s l m i c Siudents Union), and other anti-libcraiion forces, into a cohesive organization to massacre B e n g a l i ~ . ~ On April%, 197 1, Gholam *Azamissued a joint statement along with Moulana Numzzaman, Publicity secretary of the Jamaal, and Gholam Sarwar, ano thcr Jamaat leader."Indi a is i'riierltring," the staienxnt read, "in the iniernal affairs of East Pakistan. Wherever clemcnts and patriotic Pakistnis sec Indian agents or anti-Pahis~an infiltrators they will destroy them." In a radio broadcast on April 9, Gholam Azam issued a clarion call to the people. "1mprove.your lots through your own efforls," he exhorted them. 11 is clcar that by "improving their lols" he meant lootine Lhc property o'f Bengalis. One of thc main activities of the Peace C o m m i i ~ c c ,i t shouid bc noted, was to kill nationalisiic Bengalis and distribute their property among collaborators. On was shifted April 25, the office of the Ccnlral Pcacc Con~mittee from 5 Elephant Road 10 the house of Gholam Azam's uncle, A. Q. M. Shaliqul Islam, a few houses down ihe lane from Gholam Azam's own house. Since that day, this lane has remained thc centre of all intrigues and plots against Bangladcsh. A f k r the office was moved here, the Committcc issued a notice that read as follows: "As stated in ihc earlier notice, the olfice will remain open from 8:00 to 12:00 noon, and from 3:00 to 6:00 to hand out forms and receive applications for distribution of houses and shops. It
7. Thesc accounts have been taken from the Dainik Bangla .
should be n o t e d that the last da-y for submission'of applications is . . . . . . . . . . J,"he:15 . . - ; . . . .. :.'!.' . : ' . : Jn anothe'r; radio broddcast, .thi3'. I ; time after the Indian Prime ~ ~ r [ ~ r ~ tement in the ~~o :k ,~; a baboutl3angladesh refugees, ~i i ssta ha ,).?;., ,i . :>,;. : .. .~ h ~ . ~ . ~ m titizk-d',:We.,:prime MiSiSte r; . . am shocked a . ... . . . .., _ . . . . . . .. . . ie.~sibl.e: persbn. jil(.e.:helnd,ism.Prime should have . support and yh pathy for .JZaitPakistan. ". . Speaking about the' ed6.m Figh~ers,Ghoj:am Azam said, "India has seriously damaged our love for our counny by :arming 'the East ~akistaniinfiltrators. This sort of action cannot-help the . . . Muslims o f thisfegion." ' . . . . On June 17, a Governor's meeting was held in Rawalpindi, with Yahya Khan i n t h e chair. On June 18,. on arriving at Lahore airpon, Ghol3.m Azam spoke wilh,joumalists, statingthat, inordcr to further improve (he condition.^ in East Palustan, hc was going to . . providc some addilonal advice t o h e President. . ~ o w c i c r he rcfuscd.l< el'iborate any further on whal s o n of , advicc hc w a s going t o g'i-vc. Regarding thc siluation in East Pakistan, hc said,"The niiscrean[s are stillengagcd in destructive i~ctivides. Their main aim is to create terror and turbulence. Thcse mi,s&ants are being directed by Naxaliies and 1ef1-wing f'orces." He fuflhernotedthat,"People are eager to extend 'their Cull support to the Pakistan armed forces, but, because of threals against thejr lives, they are unable to extend this suppon. I f thc actual criminals are caught, conditions c a n be brought back to nonn 31." On June 19, bcl'orc Tikka Khan left for Dhaka, Gholnm Azam met Yahya ~ h a n . . After his mecling with Yahya Khan, he '. addressed a press con~ercncc Lahore. Hc told thc journalists, at "Thc miscreants arc. slill active in East Pakistan. People must be , provided anns to de&roy them." Addressing thc Jamaat workers, prior to the press conference, Gholhm Az:am said, "In order to prevent the disintegration of Pakistan, the armed forces had to be employed." He further noted that, "The recent tumult in East Pakistan was ten times greater than the 1857 Revolution in Bengal."
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In a published statement, he commended Tikka Kkirn's
decision to rcform the curriculum. Criticising the university professors f r misguiding students,he said, "A pmpr education o depends upon teachers. If the teachers themselves do not firmly believe in Pakistan, we c m o t expect anything cmstmctive fmm them," On August 14, independence Day, Gholam Azam issued a statemem saying, "The mot cause ol our present crisis has bccn our failure to uphold tfie ideals on which Pakistan was based." He prayed for the pesewation of Pakistan, and said, "If the atkmpt to save Pakistan fails, we will all have to live a mutilated, crippled existence." That same day, Gholam Azam spoke at a meeting organized by the central Peace Commia~ee Curzon Hal1,"God forbid that the at day should come when- Pakistan no longer exisw. 1C that ever happens, Bengali Muslims will have to die shamefil deaths." On this same occasion, he exhorted ;i peace-loving citizens "To assist ll thc Fcscc Committee to root out the enemies of Pakislan from every nook and comer of the country, and to destroy their very cxis~encc." the end of his speech, he said that, in order to At saleguard the interests of rhc counuy, the government should listen 10. and l i ~ l l o wche advice 01' the Peace Committee . Address~npanother galhering that day, this time at the Talabave A rahi va lsl arn lc Academ v H all. he said, "Sheikh Mujib and Sri T;ljuddin helleve h a t Banglatlesh should be governed by Bcnpal~s. That 1s whv the brave Berrpalr sold~ers have gone over to West Benpal and esianl~shedHarlvlatlesh [here. Muslims believe that true I reedorrl rrleans the treetlonl ro observe God's commar~dntents. Thcrel ore. I I tioes no1 ~.eallv matter whether the rulcr 1s our owrl countrvmarl or a lole~gner." ALa i-eeptronin hls hotlour organized by the Majlis-c-Shura of thc Lahore Ccntrul Jamaat, at Lahore on August 23. he spoke of the pamonsm ot the Jarnaat. "Those who labcl the Jarnaat-e-Islami as an unpatrjotic body do not know, or do not have the courage to
admit, the truth. Members of the Jamaat, in their zealous attempts to neutralize the poisonous evil of the miscreants, have paid with the sacrifice of their lives." Speaking at a press conference at Peshawar on August 26, he said, "The armed forces have saved us from the treachery of our enemies and from the evil designs of India. The people of East Pakistan are lending fi111 support to the armed forces in destroying miscreants and in1iltrators." Speaking to journalists at Karachi on August 29, he said, "In order to inculcate a feeling of security in the minds of the people of East Pakistan, some more steps need to be taken." During this tour, he gave an interview to a Lahore weekly, Zindagi, upholding the strong measures taken by the government. "The steps iaken by the government were necessary in order to save Pakistan. Was i t not necessary to have taken these steps earlier?" With reference to the Jamaat candidates in the byeeleciions, "I fear that in areas where here are no military personnel or Razakars, the paflicipants will be murdered by miscreants. Their property will be looted, their homes destroyed. Because of this situation they will star1 saying again that 'Bangladesh' will soon become a reality." To a question about attacks by Freedom Fighters on members of the J m a a t , Gholarn Azam said, "The secessionists consider the Jamaat their number one enemy. They have prepared a list of Jamaat members, and arc killing them one by one. They have destroyed their homes and are conlinuing to do so. Despite all this, members of the Jarnaat are flocking to join the Razakars im order to save Pakistan. They know that in Bangladesh there can be no place for Islam or for Muslims. The workers of the Jamaat can lay down their lives; they cannot chmgc. You will be shocked to learn that though only leading members of the Peace Ccmmittees are sought out and killed, each and every single member of ihe Jamaat is a target . . . . " He went on ro say, "I have travelled to Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Jessorc, Kushtia, etc. God in His kindness has
kindness has preserved us. Thanks be to God that we have not wavered in our faith. Of course, the miscreants are conlinuing to cany out their activities" (Sangram, September 8, 1971)On September 11, on the occasion of Mohammad Ali Jimah's death anniversary, Gholam Azam addressed a gathering of the Islami Chhatra Sangha at Curzon Hall. He commended the students, and told them, "Just as in the days of the Pakistan movement, so too today there is a need for a new force to preserve Pakistan. The Islami Chhatra Sangha alone will be able to save Pakistan, our great gift from the Quaid-e-Azam." Prior to his, at the end of his tour of West Pakistan, Gholam Azam gave an interview to the S a n g r a m regarding ihe announcement by Yahya Khan that he would hand over power within four months to the elected representatives of the people. "Immediately after October, when the flood waters have receded, the work of wiping out the miscreants wiU be taken up all over the countryside. Only after they have been completely destroyed will elections be possible. Naturally i t is difficult to hold elections unless they are completely eliminated. Until they are destroyed people will not feel safe to vote, nor will the candidates feel sale to stand for election." Somewhat earlier, on September 17, Gholam Azam visi red the Al-Badr headquarters and Razakar Training Camp at the Physical Training College at Mohammadpur. He was accompanied by Shafiqullah, the Labour and Welfare Secrctary of the Jamaat, Mahbubur Rahman Gurha, the Liaison Orficer of the Tejgaon Thana Peace Committee, and Mohmmad Yunus, the Commanderin-Chief of the Razakars. Addressing the trainees here, Gholam Azam said "The enemies of Islam are killing Alem and Ulema, Islamic scholars, Madrassah students, as well as other workers of Islam. This proves that our enemies believe that i t is only by killing these religious people that Pakistan can be destroyed. This assault upon the learned and religious people is God's mercy. Had his assult not taken place, they would not have, in fear of iheir lives,
and to save Pakiltan, felt the need to join the Razakars, Al-Badr, Al-Shams, Mujahid, and police. . . . . He exhorted ;he Razakar trainees to rise above partisanship. "The Razakar forces do not belong to any group. They belong to all those who belleve in Pakistan. There might be more people from one group, there might be less from another, but you must rise above d l groups and consider that all groups that believe in Pakistan are your own. The unity that has grown among the Islamic groups is llso a sign of God's mercy. The secessionists do not see any diferences between the Jamaat and the Nezam-eIslam. Rather, they are killing Islamic leaders and members of all at Islamic y~oups random. We might not consider ourselves one, but the enemy through its assults upon us, is forcing us to be one. I f even aflerlhis some or us do not give up our partisan tendencies, God will cure us of this Himself. Do not, therefore, hold grudges against people from different parties." R~femng the Bengalis who were fighting for independence, to he said, "The enemy within is far more dangerous than the enemy outside. Countless enemies have been created inside our country today. We do not have to ask at the present moment why and how these were created. I f a house is on fire, it behoves us to put the fire OUI. In this regard the armed forces have taken certain steps, and the 12uakars are following suit." Pra~sing Razakars for voluntarily coming forward to save the Pakis~an, said, "Even in the midst of adversity, you must abide he by your oath. Only then will God grant you the status of a mujahid, a fighter in a holy war." Calling upon the Razakars to train themselves well and as soon as possible, Gholam Azam exhorted them to fan out imto the countryside lo destroy the internal enemy. "The sooner you come forward to destroy the enemy within, the sooner will the armed forces be able to go back lo their work of safeguarding the country from external enemies."
It is worth noting here that Mohammad Yunus. the Razakar chief who accompanied Gholam Azarn to this meeung, is today a member of the Majils-e-Shura, a millionaire, and one of the directors of the Islamic Bank. Mahmudur Rahman burha, Liaison Officer of the Tejgaon Peace Ccmmittee, who also accompanied Gholam Azam, is a leader of ihe local Jatiyo Party, and Chairman of the local Municipal ward. On September 18, congratulating the ministers o l Governor Malek, Gholam Azam said, "Almost immediately after the army action, the central and local Peace Committees have been working tirelessly to bring back normal conditions. I believe that the ministers can do much more lhan what they have done in this regard. " After the inauguration of a conference of the regional Majlis-eShura, on October 2, Gholarn Azam said, "If, God forbid, we are unable to save Pakistan, then we will be unable to save .either ourselves or our ideals. It is this belief that has bcen the motivating force behind the efforts of the Jamaat workers and syrnpathisers in defending Pakistan. The enemies of our country have made the Jamaat members their prime targets because they know that the Jamaat is their greatest obstacle. They know that unless they kill b e Jamaat workers, their nefarious plans will not materialise." At a public mecting of Lhe Jamaat, held at Baitul Mokarnm on October 16, Gholam Azam said, "The Jamaat, in its atlempt to bring back normal conditions in the entire country, has been working tirelessly with the Peace Committee." Meanwhile, some of the leaders of West Pakistan--Mahood Ali Kasuri of PDP, Moulana Kausar Niazi, Mufti Mahmood, etc. -had protested against the inhuman killings being perpetrated by the Razakars, Al-Badr, and Al-Shams. Calling these groups terrorist organizations, they called for their immediate banning. On November 12, Gholam Azam issued a statement criticizing these leaders. He noted that, "Unable to refute the accusation that leftists were supporting the secessionist movement in East
Pakistan, Moulana Kausar Niazi has brought charges against Gholam Azam and the Al-Badr." As soon as the Freedom Fighters reached the outskirts of Dhaka, Gholam Azam and other prominent leaders of the Jamaat realized that it was time to flee. They knew that because of the unparalleled cruelty they had manifested, they would never be pardoned. Just when the "defenders of Pakistanu--the Razakars, the Al-Badrs a ~ Al-Shams--needed them most, these leaders d deserted their following and fled to save their own skins. On the pretext of attending a meeting of h e Executive Committee of the Central Jarnaat, Gholam Azam, along with Moulana Abdur Rahrm, the Vice-Chairman of the Jamaat, and A. K. M. Yusuf, the Provincial Commerce Minister, left for Pakistan. From Pakistan, Gholam Azam continued to hurl invectives at the Freedom Fighters. By the end of November, the sun of a liberated Bangladesh loomed on the horizon of a blood-drenched land. The Freedom Fighters had given crippling blows to the Pakistani forces. On November 23, Yahya Khan declared a state of national emergency. Gholam Azam welcomed this announcement. He told the press at Lahore, "The best way to defend ourselves is by striking at our enemies." He stressed that, in order to restore peace to "East Pakistan," each patriotic citizen, each member of the Peace Committees, Razakars, Al-Badr, Al-Shams, must be a ~ m c d with modem, automatic weapons. At a meeting in Rawalpindi on November 29, he said, "There is no example. h history of a nation at war surviving without retaliation Aggression is Lhe best form of defence." On December 3, at Karachi he said, "An East Pakistani should be in charge of the Foreign Office, because it is only an East Pakistani who can cope with the 'Bangladesh tamasha,' the Bangladesh farce." Gholam Azam developed the Razakars, Al-Badrs, Al-Shams from the ranks of the Jamaat workers and other collaborating
parties, and thus was the guiding force behind the nine-month-long killing of Bengalis. t~t he also played a similar role in the most gruesome atrocity committed by these forces just prior to independence: the massacre of th :Bengali intellectuals. In order to expose Gholarn Azarn's role in this crime, we are giving an extract from an article that appeared in Bichitra on April 17, 1981, "Ekatrore Bhul Korini: G h o l m Azam 0 Jamaater Rajniri" ( I Made No Mistake in 1971: Gholarn Azarn and the ~ a h a aPolilics). t Gholarn Azam was the chef protagonist in the murder of the intellectuals. In early September 1971, at a meeting with Rao Farman Ali, Professor Azam presented a blueprint on the killing of h e inlellectuals. It was in accordance with this blueprint that later in December, the intellectuals were cruelly murdered, Other Jamaat leaders such as Abdul Khaliq, Qorban Ali, Professor Yusuf Ali, Abbas Ali Khan, were also involved in this scheme. Documents discovered after liberation clearly reveal the plan to murder intellectuals. The plan was as follows: It might not be possible to preserve Pakistan. However, intellectuals, engineers, scientists, doctors, must be eliminated forever, so that even if we lose Pakistan, this country cannot function. Professor Azam gave directions to his cadres, the Al-Badr, and Al-Shams, to carry out the plans of the blueprint. Areas were also demarcated. In January 1972, quite a few of these blueprints were recovered from captured Al-Badr leaders, A p n i o n of one of these documents reads as follows: "The following persons must be killed. If necessary, the help of the armed forces may be taken. Incase any of these persons goes into hiding, one of the members of his family should be taken instead. This person must be tortured in such a manner that the fugitive will be forced to surrender." A directive written in Arabic noted: "Remember that if the
miscreants infiltrate the country, there is no safety for us. Therefore, in order lo preserve yourselves, muster up courage and continue to fight. " In November, the Jamaat circulaled a pamphlet which warned: "The enemy is all around us; therefore we must work very carefully." At a meeting of the Al-Badr, some Jamaat leaders exhorted those present, "You are fighting not only to preserve Pakistan; you are fighting to preserve Islam. In order to rescue our motherland from the hands of these Nimruds, follow the direcdves of our Ameer (Gholam Azanl)."
The Jamaat leaders have not rehted this article of Bichitra about the role of the Jamaat, the Al-Badr, and the Islami Chhatra
Sangha in killing the intellectuals under the guidance of Gholarn Azam. In September, after handing over the blueprint, Gholam A z q , along with some other leaders, had visited the Physical Training camp at Mohammadpur, tne headquarters of the Al-Badr, and the cenlre for the imprisonment and torture of the intellectuals. Here Gholam Azam had visited the Al-Badr and Razakar training camp. It was these trained Al-Badr and selected Razakars who later killed the intellectuals. Prior to this, Gholam Azam had issued several warnings to ihe intellectuals, telling them of the grave danger they were in for their un-Islamic stand in supporting Bangladesh. On September 25, at a reception in his honour given by the Dhaka city Jamaat, Gholam Azam said, "In the recent turmoil and destruction caused by the miscreants, the Pakistanis who lost their lives have, for the most part, been associated with the Jamaat-eIslami. The Jarnaat-e-Islami considers Pakistan and Islam as one and the same. Pakistan is the home of all the Muslims of the world. Therefore, if Pakistan does not survive, the workers of the Jamaait believe that it will be no use living in this world. That is why the Jamaat workers, putting their lives in danger. are continuing to fight to save the integrity and unity of Pakistan. Therefore, by
organizing the Peace Committees, by sending people to the AlBadr and Al-Shams, and by other means, they are continuing to work to bring back a sense of security to the people. It is for this reason that they have convinced two of their senior leaders to accept cabinet posts. These ministers are doing all in their power to bring back a sense of security to the people. " Responding to Gholam Azam's address, Abbas Ali Khan vowed to abide by the directives. "After every Karbala, Islam lives again. There are more Karbalas ahead of us. We must be ready. We must not be cowed down by this ordeal by fire. Rather we must strive even more ardently and unitedly to bring back peace and normal conditions to our country."
The former head (Amir) of Jamat-e-Islam and a heinous war criminal. The vile monster behind the genocide of 1971, rapes and molestation of 45,00,000 Bengali women and murder of hundreds of pro Bangladesh intellectuals. In one of the photos recovered from the archive of Pakistan military intelligence after the liberation, Gholam Azam and his top associate Motiur Rahman Nizami are seen handing the list of the names of progressive Bangalee intellectuals over to the Pakistani generals for elimination. The guru of extremist Islamic ideologies in Bangladesh. The Leader of 70,000 Razakars, Al-Badr and Al-Sams forces. (New York Times, 30 July,1971).
Gholam Azam destroying the spirit of liberation war Gholam Azam's campaign against Bangladesh after the independence: On receiving an urgent telegram from Maududi, Gholam Azam went to Lahore, on 22 November 1971, to see him. He could not return to Bangladesh as his citizenship was revoked by Sheikh Mujib government. Failing to return to Bangladesh the arch criminal went to Mecca, ostensibly, for Hajj. From Saudi Arabia Gholam Azam traveled Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Beirut and Libya to lobby against Sheikh Mujib government and raise funds for counter revolution. Following his extensive
international PR activities Gholam Azam arrived in London. From London he published the Jamati newspaper Daily Sangram on a weekly basis. In 1974, the weekly Bichitra published a very interesting report on Gholam Azam’s activities in London: In early 1974, Gholam Azam presented a blueprint of anti Bangladesh activities at a committee meeting held in a house in East London. According to a reliable source some Pakistani nationals were also present in that meeting. The participants in that secret meeting were: AT Sadi, Toaha bin Habib, Ali Hossain, Barrister Akhtar Uddin, Meher Ali and Dr Talukdar. Pakistani citizen Mahmud Ali is one of the top Pakistanis present in that meeting. The chair of the meeting Gholam Azam said “ to continue our activities from London will be difficult. So someone has to go back home. We ought to take risk-otherwise there will be no outcome. But if you go home-you will have contacts. I have already contacted my people. Everything is okay. Handing out a leaflet to all members present Gholam said it has to be distributed among the people of every village of Bangladesh. People are with us. According to some sources the said leaflet contained propaganda for a proposed confederation with Pakistan. Others believed that it called for an Islamic revolution organized using the network of mosques. Some people were reported to have arrested near Dhaka carrying those leaflets. Gholam also mentioned the proposed support for anti Bangladesh activities from Pakistan and some other Middle Eastern countries. (Like Zia) Gholam said ‘Money is not a problem’. It was heard that Gholam collected 45,000,000 Reals from Saudi Arabia for reconstructing the mosques of Bangladesh demolished during the war. Shrewd Gholam spent a large portion of that money to purchase a house in Manchester in UK. Presently his son Mehedi Hasan is living in that house. Gholam Azam's eldest son Kaifi Azmi is a high ranking officer in Bangladesh Army and believed to be working as a link between ISI cell in Bangladesh Army and top Jamati policy maker i.e his dad and Nizami.
Gholam Azam, Rao Forman & Malek, discussing the blue print for killing the pro Bangladesh intellectuals in 1971
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